# Problem Solving (Communications) 1.

In the equation of the instantaneous voltage as a function of time e(t ) = 5sin(5000t + 30) , what is the amplitude of the wave in rms? a. 5 volts b. 30 volts c. 3.54 volts d. None of the above 2. What is the frequency of the signal in Problem 1? a. 5000 Hz b. 5 Hz c. 30 Hz d. 796 Hz 3. Calculate the wavelength in free space corresponding to a frequency of CB radio band. a. 300 m b. 11.1 m c. 7.5 cm d. 3 cm 4. A receiver has a noise power bandwidth of 10 kHz. A resistor that matches the receiver input impedance is connected across its antenna terminals. What is the noise power contributed by that resistor in the receiver bandwidth, if the resistor has a temperature of 27ºC? a. 4.14 x 10-17 W b. 4.14 x 10-18 W c. 4.14 x 10-16 W d. 4.14 x 10-15 W 5. A 300 Ω resistor is connected across the 300 Ω antenna input of a television receiver. The bandwidth of the receiver is 6 MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature. Find the noise power applied to the receiver input? a. 24.2 nW b. 24.2 pW c. 24.2 fW d. 24.2 μW

6. Compute for the noise voltage applied to the receiver input in Problem 5. a. 5.4 mV b. 5.4 μV c. 5.4 nW d. 5.4 pV 7. A diode noise generator is required to produce 10 μV of noise in a receiver with an input impedance of 75 Ω, resistive, and a noise power bandwidth of 200 kHz. (These values are typical of FM broadcast receivers.) What must be the current through the diode be? a. 0.133 μA b. 276 mA c. 7.5 μA d. 13.3 nA 8. Two resistors (R1 and R2) are in series at two different temperatures (R1 = 300 K and R2 = 400K). Find the total noise voltage produced at the load (RL=300 Ω), over a bandwidth of 100 kHz. a. 779 mV b. 779 μV c. 779 nV d. 779 pV 9. Find the noise power produced by the circuit in Problem 8. a. 0.605 μW b. 5.06 nW c. 0.6 pW d. 0.506 fW 10. A receiver produces a noise power of 200 mW with no signal. The output level increases to 5 W when a signal is applied. Calculate (S+N)/N as a power ratio. a. 25 b. 0.10 c. 0.04 d. 5.2

4.374 d. Find the operating frequency. 600 kHz 16. a. a. As the frequency of the reference input is gradually raised from zero.01542 MHz d.98654 MHz 17. A portable radio transmitter has to operate at temperatures from -5ºC to 35ºC.50 MHz d. 14 MHz d. assume the Q is 15? a. 169. Find the modulation index if a 10 V carrier is amplitude-modulated by thee different frequencies with amplitudes of 1 V.50 MHz c. A PLL has a VCO with a freerunning frequency of 12 MHz. as a ratio? a. 146. what is the S/N at the output (in dB)? a. 10 MHz and 11 MHz d. Find the minimum transmit frequency for Problem 16. 21 MHz and 1 MHz c. 48 dB b. What is the equivalent noise temperature? a. 100 b. 146. If its signal is derived from a crystal oscillator with a temperature coefficient of +1 ppm/degree C and it transmits at exactly 146 MHz at 20ºC.3 c. 22 MHz and 20 MHz b. The signal at the input of an amplifier has an S/N of 42 dB.11. 0. Sine-wave signals with frequencies of 10 MHz and 11 MHz are applied to a square-law mixer. 196. 0. If the amplifier has a noise figure of 6 dB. 3 d. 16 MHz 21. 145.6 K b. 4. 146.00219 MHz c. None of the above 12. 600 kHz 15. 300 kHz b.1 b. What is the bandwidth needed for Problem 14. An RF amplifier has a tank consisting of L=25 μH and C = 50 pF.3 . The signal power at the input to an amplifier is 100 μW and the noise power is 1 μW.6 K c.2 c.00219 MHz c. 0. At the output. find the maximum transmitting frequency? a. 145. All of the above 19. a. 300 kHz b.99635 MHz b. 36 dB d. a. a. 2V and 3V respectively.01542 MHz d. 8 MHz b.50 MHz d. 156. 7 dB c. What frequencies appears at the output? a.99635 MHz b. 8 MHz b.50 MHz c. 4 MHz c. 146. 145. 145. None of the above 13. 0. 14 MHz d. 33. 16 MHz 20. 1. An amplifier has a noise figure of 2 dB.98654 MHz 18. the loop locks at 10 MHz and comes out of lock again at 16 MHz. Find the lock range of the PLL in Problem 19. Find the capture range of the PLL. the signal power is 1 W and the noise power is 30 mW. What is the amplifier noise figure. 1.7 L 14. 4 MHz c.7 K d. 126.

75 kW c. 615. 13. 0. 6.6 amd 0. a. An AM broadcast transmitter has a carrier power output of 50 kW.91 b.67 W b. Calculate the modulation index if the maximum voltage is 150 mV and the minimum voltage is 70 mV.000 W and at 85% modulation. 8. 111. a. What is the modulation index for an AM having Vmax and Vmin of 2. 1. respectively? a.m2=0.68 d. 5 kHz c. Determine the bandwidth of an AM signal modulated by a 5-kHz tone. a. 0. 1. How much of the transmitted power contains the intelligence? a. Determine the total transmitted power of Problem 29. An AM transmitter radiates 100 W at 100% modulation. 80 kW d.34% b. 10 kHz c.1115 b.6 W b. Determine the total sideband power of Problem 29.33 E d. 20 kHz 27. determine the total modulation index? a. What total power would be produced with 80% modulation? a.5.6 W c. 65% d.56% c. 33. None of the above 28. a. 89. Find the percentage of modulation.2 c.6 W c. and m4=0.29. 5 kHz b.86 30.7793 c.1. 2.75 c.m3=0. 0. 15 kHz d. 57. 0.2. An AM transmitter has a carrier voltage of 50 Vrms at a carrier frequency of 10 MHz.3 kW c. How much is the total rms voltage transmitted? .8 W d.14 23. 16 kW 25.65 kW d. it is modulated at 75% by a 1-kHz sine wave. CB radio channels are 10 kHz apart. 0. 270 kHz d. None of the above 29. 150 W c. m1=0. 2. How much power is required for the carrier? a. None of the above 31. 66 kW b. None of the above 32. What is the maximum modulation frequency that can be used if a signal is to remain entirely within its assigned channel? a. 0.4.22.2511 26. 36.47 d.73 kW b.364 b. None of the above 24. a. For an AM DSB-FC transmitter with an unmodulated carrier power of 500 W that is modulated simultaneously by four tones. 0. An antenna current of an AM transmitter is 11 A when unmodulated but increases to 14 A when modulated.9655 d. 10 kHz b.6 W b. An AM broadcast station operates at its maximum allowed total output of 50. 115. 57. 50% 33. 115. 66. 615.8 W d.

83. 65 W Answer: C 39. 23. 0.1234λ d.67 Vrms b.2314λ . Determine the average output power at 100% modulation. 75% d. A SSB transmission drives 110-Vpeak into a 75-Ω antenna. a. Determine the approximate bandwidth of an FM signal modulated by a 15-kHz tone whose frequency deviation is 45 kHz. 15 kW b. For a shorted coaxial transmission line with the following characteristics: Zo = 75 Ω. 10 kW c. Calculate the PEP. An Am transmitter must transmit 39. f = 1. a. 11. a.66 d. 15 kW c. a.9 cm d.1 cm 42.3494λ c.5% c. a.132∠ 54° c. Calculate the percentage power saving when the carrier and one of the sidebands is suppressed in an AM signal if the modulation index is 25%. 161 W b. determine the length of the transmission line. 80. 98.362∠108. 10 kW c. 0. 125 W c. 66. Determine the distance the quarterwave transformer must be placed from the load to provide matching of Problem 42. What is the modulation index of an FM transmitter whose frequency deviation is 50 kHz while its audio frequency is 10 kHz? a. 15 kW b. 0.9 kW d. determine the reflection coefficient of the line.0994λ b.632∠ − 108. 0.a. 0.3% b.2 c. 56.43 ° b. 96 Vrms 34. It maintains an average current of 1. 38 cm b. 50 kW 37. 25% 38. 50 kW 36. 150 Vrms c. A 75-Ω transmission line is terminated with a load equal to 25j50Ω. Єr = 0. 10 kW b.43 ° d. 240 kHz d.7. Determine the unmodulated carrier power of Problem 34. 9. 0. 39.5 40. 50 kW 35.9 cm c. 0. 0. None of the above 43. 5 kW d. 5 kW d. a.5 A and an 80% plate efficiency.5 GHz.9-kW PEP. 120 kHz b. 180 kHz c. 60 kHz 41. a.6 Vrms d.67 W d. a. and Zin = -j70 Ω. 5 b. 1. 0. a. Determine the audio power present in the transmitted power of Problem 34.