You are on page 1of 42

Ostroumov S.A.

Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

Overview
of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on
prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants and animals -
ecological and biospheric importance: new priorities and the new
facet of bio-chemical ecology (on the basis of the author’s studies)

S. A. Ostroumov
ar55@yandex.ru

1overvew.doc
There is no arguing against facts and
experiments.
Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

1. Synoptic review of selected background literature

In analyses of environmental problems and priorities (Yablokov,
Ostroumov, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1988; 1989 a,b; 1990, 1991; Jablokov,
Ostroumov, 1991; Fedorov, Ostroumov, 1984; Ostroumov, 1980, 1981,
1984 a,b, 1986 a,b,c,d; 1989; Ostroumov, Krassov, 1986) the importance
of environmental pollution of the biosphere was emphasized.
The role of synthetic surfactants as environmental pollutants has been
studied mainly on the basis of data on bacteria (e.g., Stavskaya et al., 1988)
and on some algae and invertebrates (Mozhaev, 1976; Lewis, 1991a,b).
Many authors considered their role far beneath that of priority pollutants,
such as heavy metals and pesticides (e.g., Wilson, Fraser, 1977; Moore,
Ramamoorthy, 1984; Maki, Bishop, 1985; Rand, Petrocelli, 1985).
We analyzed the number of scholarly publications on the biological
effects and the ecological role of synthetic surfactants on the basis of

84
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
materials published in the abstract journal, Referativny Zhurnal (Moscow,
VINITI, ISSN 02202-4233). The average monthly number of publications
on synthetic surfactants was 9 times less than those on pesticides, and 16
times less than those on heavy metals (1995-1997).
The total annual production and consumption of surfactants (including
soap) was above 15 million metric tons worldwide (Berth, Jeschke, 1989),
which included 8.9 million metric tons of soap and 7 million tons of other
surfactants. By the end of the 1980s, in the U.S.A., Western Europe and
Japan the annual production of soap was 1.57 million metric tons and of
the other surfactants 5.3 million tons. In Russia, according to various
estimates, the discharge of surfactants to aquatic bodies is at least 4-12
thousand metric tons annually. The average efficiency of the removal of
surfactants from the sewage water treated at water treatment facilities is
circa 48-80% (Boichenko, Grigoriev, 1991); that of some types of
surfactants is as low as 40% (Zhmur, 1997). At winter time the efficiency
was reported to be only circa 20% (Boichenko, Grigoriev, 1991).
The mechanisms of the action of surfactants on organisms were studied.
Surfactants are considered membranotropic agents (e.g., Stavskaya et al.,
1988; Ostroumov, 1991 a, b). The importance of the hazards from
disturbing biomembranes was additionally substantiated by studies of the
roles of biomembranes, membraneous structures/organelles and some
associated functional activities; those were studied in the earlier works in
which we were involved (Ostroumov et al., 1973; 1974; 1975 a,b; 1979 a,
b; Drachev et al., 1974 a, b, c; 1976; Skulachev et al., 1974; Barsky et al.,
1975 a, b; Ostroumov, 1974; 1975; 1977; 1979; 1986 e, f, g; Ostroumov,
Vorobiev, 1976; 1978). In the current study, we focus on organismal and
ecological, rather than molecular, aspects of the biological effects of
surfactants.

85
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Science moves, but slowly slowly,
creeping on from point to point.
Alfred Tennyson (1809-1892)

2. Methods, organisms, materials used

To reach adequate general conclusions, we have used a broad
spectrum of freshwater and marine species, ranging from bacteria to higher
invertebrates. The typical and representative species included:
1. Autotrophs, e.g., the cyanobacteria Synechococcus, diatoms
Thalassiosira pseudonana (Hustedt) Hasle et Heimdal, green algae
Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.) Bréb, vascular plants Pistia stratiotes L.,
Elodea canadensis Michx., Sinapis alba L., Fagopyrum esculentum
Moench, Oryza sativa L., Lepidium sativum L., Camelina sativa (L.)
Crantz, and Triticum aestivum L.
2. Heterotrophs, e.g., the bacteria Hyphomonas, gastropod Lymnaea
stagnalis, freshwater bivalves Unio tumidus, marine bivalves Mytilus
edulis, M. galloprovincialis, and annelid Hirudo medicinalis.
A new method for quantitative data analysis and the juxtaposition of
the results of assessing biological activities has been developed
(Ostroumov, 1990 a, 1991 a,b). New variants of methods for characterizing
filtration rates by benthic invertebrates were also proposed and successfully
used.
The main substances, the biological effects of which were analysed,
included representatives of all main classes of synthetic surfactants:
1. Anionic surfactants: sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), and sulfonol;
2. Non-ionic surfactant: a representative of alkylphenols, Triton X100
(TX100, TX);
3. Cationic surfactants: representatives of quarternary ammonium
compounds, e.g., dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, and
tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide (TDTMA).
4. High-molecular weight surfactants: e.g., SHMA.
In addition, a number of industrial detergents that contain surfactants
as part of the mixture were studied. Those included, e.g., Tide, Losk,
Kristall, Bio-S. Also, some products were investigated which were being
used as body-care products. To make comparisons, we also studied the
bioeffects of pesticides, e.g., DNOC and lontrel.

86
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

Clear the air! Clean the sky! Wash the
wind!
T.S.Eliot (1888-1965)

3.Biological effects of anionic surfactants

We studied the biological effects of SDS representing the class of
alkylsulphates. The latter are produced and used in large quantities. Thus,
only in the U.S.A. are over 136 000 metric tons of alkylsulphates consumed
annually (Fendinger et al., 1994). The annual production of alkylsulphates
in the USA, Europe and Japan amounted to 370 thousand metric tons by
the end of the 1980s.
In experiments with algae, it was shown that both SDS and sulfonol
were capable of inhibiting their growth (Goryunova, Ostroumov, 1986;
Ostroumov, 1990 a; 1991 b). In the experiments with aquatic macrophytes
and plant seedlings the following was shown. Sulfonol at the
concentrations of 0.06-0.12 mL/L impaired the growth and development of
Pistia stratiotes (Ostroumov, 1990 b). Sulfonol at the concentrations of
0.05-0.25 microliters/mL and above inhibited the growth of Fagopyrum
esculentum and several other species. For F. esculentum, EC50 was found
0.6 microliters/mL. SDS inhibited the elongation of plant seedlings at
concentrations of 1 mg/mL and above. Plant seedlings (Sinapis alba,
Lepidium sativum, F. esculentum) were successfully used as a bioassay to
confirm the efficiency of removing sulfonol from polluted water. The
removal was carried out by the biotechnological method of applying the
bioreactor with immobilized bacteria Pseudomonas mendocina 2S
(Ostroumov, Samoilenko, 1990).
Anionic surfactants were also efficient as chemical agents affecting
invertebrates. In the experiments with bivalves, SDS inhibited water
filtering by Mytilus edulis and M. galloprovincialis. During the 30-min
period after starting the exposure to SDS, at a concentration of 1 mg/L SDS
inhibited the filtration rate of M. edulis by 22.8 %, at 2 mg/L by 44.7 %,
at 4 mg/L by 76.8 %, and at 5 mg/L by 95.7 %. The quantity of algal cells
remaining in the water column following the period of water filtering by
mussels was influenced by SDS more drastically than the filtration rate.
Thus, the inhibition of the filtration rate induced by SDS (1 mg/L) led to
a 2.71-fold difference between the concentrations of cells of Isochrysis

87
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
galbana in the experimental and control sets of beakers, after an incubation
period of 90 min. For additional data on the biological effects of some
anionic surfactants (SDS and sulfonol) see in (Goryunova, Ostroumov,
1986; Maximov, Nagel, Ostroumov, 1986 a; Maximov et al., 1988 a,b;
Ostroumov, Samoilenko, 1990; Ostroumov, 1991 b; 1998; Ostroumov,
Donkin, 1997; Ostroumov et al., 1997 a,b; 1998; see Table A.1).

Now, what I want is, Facts… Facts alone
are wanted in life.
Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

4.Biological effects of nonionic surfactants

These were studied using Triton X100 (TX100, TX) as the
representative example of alkylphenol ethoxylates. In the late 1980s, the
total annual production and use of alkylphenol ethoxylates in the U.S.A.,
Europe and Japan was 380 thousand metric tons, which was more than the
production of such important surfactants as alkyl sulphates (370 thousand
metric tons), alkyl ether sulphates (250 thousand tons), and alkane
sulphonates (80 thousand tons).
We have studied the effects of TX100 on some heterotrophic bacteria,
cyanobacteria, diatoms, euglens, plant seedlings, and bivalves.
In the bacteria Hyphomonas sp. MHS-3 and VP-6, TX100 produced
mild inhibiting effects. The inhibition of the growth of the cultures of
Hyphomonas VP-6 was ca. 21, 34, and 62 % (relative to the control of
100%) at concentrations of TX100 of 5, 10, and 50 mg/L, respectively
(day 6).
The response of the marine cyanobacteria Synechococcus (strains
7805 and 8103, WHOI collection) to the presence of TX100 in the growth
medium was positive (a stimulatory effect) at a TX100 concentration of 0.5
mg/L. At the higher concentration of 5 mg/L, the responses depended on
the specific strain of Synechococcus. The growth of the strain
Synechococcus 7805 was inhibited, but the growth of the strain
Synechococcus 8103 was stimulated by 50.3-50.5 % (day 13).

88
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
The growth of the diatoms Thalassiosira pseudonana was inhibited at
concentrations of TX100 0.1 mg/L and above. The specific growth rate was
inhibited, and the time it takes for the culture to reach its maximum density
increased (Fisher, Maertz-Wente, Ostroumov, 1996).
The elongation of plant seedlings was strongly inhibited by TX100
at appropriate concentrations. Thus, the elongation of the seedlings
of Fagopyrum esculentum was inhibited by TX100 at concentrations
of 0.06 microliters/mL and above. EC50 (21-26 hrs.) was estimated to be
0.36 microliters/mL. EC50 (21-26 hrs. from germination; 0-5 hrs. after
starting the exposure to TX100) was estimated to be 0.36 microliters/mL.
EC50 (26-43 hrs. from germination; 5-17 hrs. after starting the exposure to
TX100) was estimated to be 0.14 microliters/mL.
Along with the inhibition of the elongation rate, we have discovered a
new type of biological effect at lower concentrations of TX100: the
impairment of the development of the root hairs (Ostroumov, Maximov,
1991). At these TX100 concentrations, which did not produce any
significant inhibition of the root elongation, the total disappearance of the
root hairs in several plant species (F. esculentum and Triticum aestivum)
was discovered (Ostroumov, Maximov, 1991).
In our experiments with bivalves, TX100 decreased their filtration
rate. Thus, the filtration rate of the freshwater bivalve, Unio tumidus (wet
weight with shells 16.7-25.3 g) was inhibited, and was 32.5% compared to
the control group (100%). The removal of Synechocystis 6803 (courtesy of
Dr. N. N. Kolotilova) from the water during the filtration process was
measured in this experiment.
In the marive bivalves, Mytilus edulis, TX100 was also a potent
inhibitor. The filtration rate during 30 min after starting the exposure to
TX100, compared to the control, was 77.25% at a concentration of TX100
1 mg/L; 39.42% at 2 mg/L; 14.24% at 4 mg/L (at 16 C). The differences
between experimental and control beakers were statistically significant (the
significance level >99.9%). The efficiency of removing algal cells from the
water column (measured as the difference between the cells concentrations
in the experimental and control beakers) was even more pronounced than
the effect on the filtration rate (Ostroumov et al., 1997 a,b; 1998).
Comparing the sensitivities of organisms to TX100, the following
sequence is produced (from the highest sensitivity to the lowest): the
filtration efficiency of M. edulis; the filtration efficiency of Unio tumidus;
the growth of Hyphomonas; the growth of plant seedlings. Our data and
those from literature attest to the higher sensitivity of the filtration rate of
bivalves than the growth of prokaryotes. This difference in sensitivities to
the same xenobiotic (exemplified by TX100), especially the imbalance in

89
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
the responses of filter-feeders (mussels) and their potential food objects
(phyto- and bacterioplankton), has important ecological consequences.
For more details on the biological effects of TX100, see: Maximov,
Nagel, Ostroumov, 1986 (F. esculentum); Ostroumov, 1991 b; 1998;
1999 d (Lepidium sativum); Ostroumov, Maertz-Wente, 1991a, b
(Thalassiosira pseudonana); Waterbury, Ostroumov, 1994 (Synechococcus
sp.); Fisher et al., 1996 (Thalassiosira pseudonana); Ostroumov et al.,
1998; Ostroumov, Maximov, 1988 (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz, Triticum
aestivum L.); Weiner, Ostroumov, 1998; Ostroumov, Fedorov, 1999; Table
A.2).

Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in
information?
T.S.Eliot (1888-1965)

5.Biological effects of cationic surfactants

The biological effects of cationic surfactants were studied using some
quarternary ammonium compounds (QAC). These chemicals are the most
important group of cationic surfactants.
We have studied the effects of several alkylammonium xenobiotics on
some bacteria (Weiner, Ostroumov, 1999), cyanobacteria (e.g., Ostroumov
et al., 1999), plants (e.g., Ostroumov, Maximov, 1988; Ostroumov,
Tretyakova, 1990; Ostroumov, 1999 d), annelids (e.g., Ostroumov, 1991 a),
rotifers (e.g., Kartasheva, Ostroumov, 1998); gastropods (e.g., Ostroumov,
2000 a; Ostroumov, Kolesnikov, 2000; Ostroumov, Kolesnikov, in press),
and bivalves (e.g., the effects tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide on
Mytilus galloprovincialis - see in [Ostroumov, Toxicological Bulletin. 2000
b. No 3. P. 34-35]).
In experiments with marine heterotrophic bacteria Hyphomonas, the
cationic surfactant dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (M.m. 308.3)
produced inhibitory effects on the growth of cultures of Hyphomonas
MHS-3. The inhibition was 18-31.3 % (hours 19-43) at a concentration of 5
mg/L and 96.3-99 % (over the same time period) at a higher concentration

90
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
of 10 mg/L. Later (at hour 96), the degree of inhibition decreased to 12.5%
at 5 mg/L and 51.9% at 10 mg/L.
The cationic surfactant, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide
(TDTMA), produced a pronounced inhibition in the elongation rate of
plant seedlings. E.g., using the seedlings of F. esculentum, we have shown
that the average length was 65.3 % relative to the control group (100%) at a
concentration of TDTMA of 50 mg/L after an incubation period of 53 h,
and 44.1% after a period of 69 h (Ostroumov, Tretyakova, 1990). The
inhibitory effect of TDTMA was stronger than that of SDS.
Both lethal and sublethal effects of TDTMA were found using leeches
(Hirudo medicinalis) as the test-organism (Ostroumov, 1991 a).
We have found some ecologically important effects relevant to the
feeding activity of molluscs. We have studied representatives of two major
taxons, gastropods (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Lymnaea stagnalis) and
bivalves (Anisomyaria, Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis;
Eulamellibranchia, Unio tumidus, U. pictorum).
Observing the feeding patterns of L. stagnalis, we discovered a
decrease in its feeding activity under the effect of TDTMA. Moreover, at
the same concentrations of 2 mg/L, the production of pellets per 1 g of the
wet weight of molluscs of this species decreased by 41.7% (over an
incubation period of 72 h). When the food was leaves of Nuphar lutea, the
content of C in the pellets was 69.74%; N, 2.3-2.9%; P, 0.4-0.5%; Si, 1.1-
1.9%, Al 0.054-0.059% (the help of Dr. M.P.Kolesnikov is acknowledged).
The filtering activity of bivalves (M. galloprovincialis) was also inhibited
by TDTMA Ostroumov, 2000 b).
The inhibition of feeding activity of both gastropods and bivalves is
important in terms of ecological and biogeochemical consequences. The
pellets of animals of both taxons contribute to the mass transfer in the
ecosystems and the system of processes leading to water purification in
aquatic bodies.
E.g., using our data on the L. stagnalis biomass density in natural
ecosystems, we have calculated that the total transfer of elements to the
bottom sediments of the ecosystems may be as high as (mg per square m,
per the 4-month‟s period of time): C, 14931; N, 606; P, 107; Si, 370.
Analogous numbers for pellets generated by the community of
freshwater bivalves (Unio tumidus, U. pictorum, Crassiana crassa,
Anodonta cygnea) were: C, 55324; N, 2349; P, 336; Si, 981 (based on
analytical measurements of Dr. M. P. Kolesnikov).
Therefore the inhibitory effects of xenobiotics (such as those
demonstrated with TDTMA) on the feeeding activity and the mass transfer

91
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
through ecosystems are of significance to biogeochemistry and self-
purification of aquatic bodies.
More detail on the biological effects of cationic surfactants is
available in: Ostroumov, 1991 (the effects of TDTMA on Hirudo
medicinalis and F. esculentum); 1998; 1999; Ostroumov et al., 1999 a,b,c
(the effects of TDTMA on Spirulina platensis (Nordst.) Geitl.,
Synechocystis sp., Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turp.) Breb., Brachionus
angularis Gosse); Ostroumov, Maximov, 1988 (the effects of ethonium on
Chlorella vulgaris and Monochrysis lutheri); Ostroumov, Tretyakova, 1990
(the effects of TDTMA on Nostoc muscorum Ag., Bracteacoccus minor
(Chodat) Petrova, soil cyanobacteria, soil green algae, soil diatoms, and F.
esculentum); Kartasheva, Ostroumov, 1998 (the effects of TDTMA on
Brachionus angularis Gosse); Ostroumov, Kolotilova, 1998 (the effects of
cetyltrimethylammonium bromide on Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803);
Weiner, Ostroumov, 1999 (the effects of dodecyltrimethylammonium
bromide on Hyphomonas sp. MHS-3); Ostroumov, 2000 a (the effects of
TDTMA on Lymnaea stagnalis); see Table A.3.

92
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

Ignorance is not innocence but sin.
Robert Browning (1812-1889)

6.Biological effects of detergents and other industrially produced mixtures
containing surfactants

Industry produces a wide range of products including surfactants as
part of their content. Synthetic detergents are made up of up to 20% of
surfactants. Some body care products contain up to 40% surfactants.
Annual consumption of detergents and other wash products containing
surfactants in the U.S.A. is over 25 kg, in Western Europe - over 15 kg per
person (Ostroumov, Khoroshilov, 1992).
We have studied the effects on organisms of various industrial output
that contain surfactants, including such products as Kristall (Ostroumov,
1991; Ostroumov, Wasternak, 1991; Ostroumov et al., 1998), Bio-S
(Wasternak, Ostroumov, 1990), Tide, Losk, Lotos, Kashtan, Verbena,
Vilva (Ostroumov, Khoroshilov, 1992), and some others. Our studies have
shown that they produce some important inhibitory effects on a variety of
organisms: inhibition of the growth of the euglens (Euglena gracilis
Klebs), inhibition of the elongation of the plant seedlings (Oryza sativa L.,
F. esculentum Moench), and inhibition of the water filtration by the bivalve
molluscs (Mytilus galloprovincialis).
The chemicals that inhibited the water filtration and clearance by M.
galloprovincialis:
Chemicals Concentrations, mg/L, and
temperature
Tide-Lemon 33 (25.2 ºC)
Losk-Universal 7 (27.8 ºC)
Lotos-Extra 25 (21.6 ºC)
Avon Herbal Care 5 (25.7 ºC)

The summary of our studies on the effects of detergents and other
chemicals that contain surfactants is given in Table A.4.
To compare the biological effects of surfactants and other chemicals, we
have studied the biological effects of some pesticides, including DNOC
(Maximov et al., 1988 a) and Lontrel (Ostroumov, Pavlova, 1988; Kartsev
et al., 1990).

93
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

I am I plus my surroundings and if I do not
preserve the latter, I do not preserve
myself.
José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955)

1. General discussion and conclusions: inferences for the concepts of
ecological hazards of man-made impact and self-purification as a
microbiospheric process

Our data revealed some new facts on various biological effects of
surfactants and detergents. The effects mainly included: (1) the inhibition
of growth of cultures and organisms (later that kind of effects is labeled as
„i‟); (2) lethal effects and increases in mortality, labeled as „m‟; (3)
sublethal effects („s‟); (4) behavioral responses („b‟). In short, the total
broad spectrum of the new data obtained by the author covered the
following:

Groups of organisms Types of biological effects
Heterotrophic bacteria and i, m
cyanobacteria
Diatoms, green algae, and euglens i, m
Vascular plants i, m
Annelids b, s, m
Gastropods b, s
Bivalves b, s

Which of the organisms showed themselves to be more sensitive?
Less sensitive? Among the most sensitive systems/tests were diatoms,
some cyanobacteria, behavioral responses in annelids, and filtration
(changes in filtration/clearance rates by bivalves). Among the relatively
more resistant organisms were some vascular plants.
Virtually all the studied species are involved in the system of ecological
and biochemical processes leading to water purification in ecosystems.
Therefore the surfactant- and detergent-induced impairments of functions
of those organisms contribute to the potential ecological hazards arizing

94
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
from possible disturbances in the biomachinery of water purification
(Ostroumov, 1998; 1999 a, b, c; 2000 a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h).
The broad and diverse spectrum of effects and responses induced by
the xenobiotics under study has prompted us to develop a new concept of
the analysis of environmental hazards from chemicals (contaminants,
xenobiotics). This concept includes the analysis of the four levels of biotic
impairments and disturbances (also relevant are the analyses offered by
Yablokov, Ostroumov, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1989 a,b; 1990, 1991; and
by Ostroumov, 1980, 1981, 1984 a,b; 1986 a,b,c,d; 1989; Ostroumov,
Krassov, 1986; Telitchenko, Ostroumov, 1990):
1. Disturbances at the level of individual/populational responses; these
include toxic (esp. lethal), genotoxic, developmental, and behavioral
effects.
2. Disturbances at the aggregated responses level; entire groups of
organisms are involved (e.g., primary or secondary production en bloc;
chlorophyll and oxygen concentrations in water; total biomass of
zoobenthos or phytobenthos; BOD; etc).
3. Disturbances at the level of the integrity and stability of
ecosystems. These include plankton-benthic (pelagial-benthal) coupling;
water filtration; water self-purification; information channels and
information transductions in ecosystems; etc.
4. Disturbances at the level of the contributions of ecosystems into
biospheric processes. These include changes in the biogeochemical fluxes
of elements (e.g., C, N, P, S, Si), matter as a whole, and energy. Our new
data on biological effects of surfactants and detergents provide vital
examples of the impairments at each of the four types.
Before drawing final conclusions, it should be noted that the problem
of setting optimal priorities is of key importance in environmental policy.
We discussed the problem of environmental priorities in some publications
(e.g., Yablokov, Ostroumov, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1989 a,b; 1990,
1991; Fedorov, Ostroumov, 1984; Ostroumov, 1980, 1981, 1984 a,b; 1986
a,b,c,d; 1989, 1990; Ostroumov, Krassov, 1986; Telitchenko, Ostroumov,
1990). The cost of solving environmental problems is so high that any
change in priorities translates into the reallocation of billions of dollars.
Thus, we can measure pollution abatement expenditures by using new
capital business expenditures for pollution abatement by selected U.S.
industries. The following data were published by the U.S. Department of
Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in: Statistical Abstract of the United
States, 1989 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1989). The
percent of total capital outlays by total nonfarm business (pollution
abatement expenditures) in the 1980s was 1.7-2.9%, amounting to over 7.7-

95
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
9.1 billion dollars annually. Annually public and private institutions in the
United States are spending more than $90 billion for pollution abatement
and control. During only eight years in the 1980s (1980-1987), did the
cumulative U.S. spending on pollution control and abatement exceed one-
half trillion dollars. Most experts predict that this high level of spending
will prevail in the future (Rosenbaum, 1991). These not insignificant funds
are allocated to specific programs according to principles and approaches
that are based on a certain vision of priorities. Our data and the data-based
concepts (Ostroumov, 1998; Ostroumov, Fedorov, 1999; Ostroumov et al.,
1997; 1998 a, b) contribute to setting more optimal and adequate hierarchy
of priorities.

Our results provide the basis for some generalizations and suggestions:
1. Traditionally it is the lethal effects and determination of LD50 and
LC50 that are considered the solid basis and pillar for
ecological/environmental hazards assessments. We recommend improving
the system of priorities in the areas of environment hazard evaluations and
decrease of man-made impact. We recommend ascribing higher priorities
to the sublethal consequences of human impact including the sublethal
effects of xenobiotics and contaminants - higher priorities than were
ascribed before. Our system of criteria and priorities was given in
(Ostroumov, 2000 c, Doklady Biological Sciences [English translation of
Doklady Akademii Nauk]. Vol. 371: 204-206).
2. It is general knowledge and popular belief that the overwhelming and
prevailing responsibility for water self-purification lies with bacteria. By
changing and expanding the scope of relevant priorities, we advance the
broader vision and concept of aquatic biota (the biota in toto, not only
microbiota as has been tacitly emphasized before) as the driving force, the
vitally important and pollution-susceptible core component of the
biomachinery of water purification in ecosystems (Ostroumov, 1998;
2000 d). It is the non-bacterial component of the biomachinery that is
relatively more vulnerable to aquatic pollution than the component
represented by heterotrophic bacteria (Ostroumov, 1999 a, b [the
presentation and abstracts at the ASLO Meeting, 1999]; Ostroumov, 2000 e
[the presentation at the ASLO 2000 Meeting]; Ostroumov, Fedorov, 1999).
3. It is a firmly established practice to consider pesticides, some aromatic
and halogenated organic chemicals, heavy metals, and some other
chemicals as the top-priority pollutants which became the nobility in
environmental science, with the tacit assumption that the other chemicals
belong to the lower caste. We propose viewing surfactants and detergents

96
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
from a new perspective that is developed by the combination of our new
data and concepts. From our perspective, surfactants and detergents as a
whole also comprise a formidable class of environmental pollutants that
must be ascribed a higher priority than has been previously thought.
4. It is aquatic resources and aquatic bodies that are the prerequisites
for sustainable development. We would like to stress the importance of the
potential of ecosystems to purify water as an additional and essential
prerequisite for the sustainable use of aquatic resources, and therefore a
necessary precondition for sustainable development. Those aspects of
biological effects of contaminants posing a threat to the self-purification
potential of ecosystems are of greater importance than was earlier assumed.
We predict that new examples of the effects of chemicals on organisms
constituting threats to the self-purification potential will come to light in
the future.
5. The new data on biological phenomena that result from interactions
between surfactants and organisms exemplify a segment of development of
an important discipline, bio-chemical ecology, which includes the study of
chemico-biological interactions and their ecological and environmental
roles (Ostroumov, 1984 a, 1986 a, 1998, 1999 e, 2000 d; Telitchenko,
Ostroumov, 1991).

The line of our reasoning is based on our new experimental data and is
in accord with a vision of the environment as the biosphere in which the
living organisms are the most decisive and active factor for key processes.
Many an ecological process comprises, in essence, a contribution to
“biogenic [i.e. driven by organisms, or initiated and caused by organisms –
the comment by S.O.] migration of atoms in the biosphere” (Vernadsky,
1965). As for the practical side of science, we consider our studies as a
contribution to better understanding of the most important prerequisites for
the sustainability of aquatic resources and the biosphere. “Sustainable
development depends on a multitude of factors, including availability of
freshwater as an important resource” (Ostroumov, 1999 f, “Water self-
purification in ecosystems...”). These new data on the biological effects of
surfactants, a concept of aquatic biota as the vulnerable biomachinery to
purify water, the conception of four levels of man-made impairments and
disturbances in living systems, and the suggestions concerning better
priorities in assessing environmental hazards (see above) constitute our
responses to the challenges of the new millenium. ”For also knowledge
itself is power” (Francis Bacon 1561-1626; Meditationes Sacrae, 1597).

97
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Table A.1. Some data on the effects of anionic surfactants on
organisms
Organisms References: Refs: References:
Authors Year Details
Various species Stavskaya et al. 1988 Book: Microbiological
of bacteria Purification of Water…
Scenedesmus Goryunova, 1986 Biol. Sciences, 7:84
quadricauda Ostroumov
Scenedesmus Maximov, Nagel, 1988 Water Resources, 1:
quadricauda Kovaleva, Ostroumov 165
Scenedesmus Telitchenko, 1990 Book: Introduction to
quadricauda Ostroumov Problems of Biochemical
Ecology
Sinapis alba Nagel, Ostroumov, 1987 Biol. Sciences, 12:81
Maximov
Sinapis alba Maximov, Nagel, 1988 Hydrobiol. Journal,
Ostroumov 24(4): 54
Fagopyrum Nagel, Ostroumov, 1987 Biol. Sciences, 12:81
esculentum Maximov
Fagopyrum Ostroumov, 1990 Bulletin of Moscow
esculentum, Samoilenko University (Vestnik
Sinapis alba, MGU),
Lepidium sativum 3:74
Oryza sativa Ostroumov 1990 Bull. of Mosc. Univ.
2:27
Oryza sativa Ostroumov 1991 Chemistry and
Technology of Water 13
(3): 270
Oryza sativa Ostroumov, Golovko 1992 Hydrob. J., 28(3): 72
Pistia stratiotes Ostroumov 1990 Ecological and
Technological Aspects of
Detoxification, p.12
Mytilus edulis Donkin, Ostroumov 1997 Toxicological Bulletin
(Tox. Vestnik) 3:37
Mytilus edulis Ostroumov, 1997 Bull. of Mosc. Univ.,
Donkin, Staff 3:30
M. Ostroumov In New data
galloprovincialis press
Lymnaea Ostroumov In New data
stagnalis press
Cyprinus carpio Ostroumov, Kaplan, 1988 Ecotoxicology and Nature
Kovaleva, Maximov Conservation, p. 133

98
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Table A.2. Some data on the effects of non-ionic surfactants on
organisms
Organisms References: References: References:
Authors Year Details
Hyphomonas Weiner, 1998 Tox. Bull., 4: 42
MHS-3 Ostroumov
Hyphomonas Ostroumov 2000 DAN, 372: 279
VP-6
Synechococcus Waterbury, 1994 Microbiology, 63: 259
Ostroumov
Thalassiosira Ostroumov, 1991 First Int. Ocean Pollut.
pseudonana Maertz-Wente, Symp., p. 27
Thalassiosira Ostroumov, 1991 ASC, 201st Nat.Meet.
pseudonana Maertz-Wente, 31(1): 18
Thalassiosira Fisher, Maertz- 1996 Biology Bull. (Izvestia)
pseudonana Wente, 1:91
Ostroumov
Fagopyrum Maximov, 1986 Problems of Ecological
esculentum Nagel, Monitoring and Ecosystem
Modeling, 9: 87
Ostroumov
Lepidium Ostroumov, 1999 Tox. Bull.,
sativum Samoilenko 4: 41
Triticum Ostroumov, 1988 Ecotoxicology and Nature
aestivum Maximov Conservation, p. 133
Camelina sativa Ostroumov, 1988 Ecotoxicology and Nature
Maximov Conservation, p. 133
Camelina sativa Ostroumov 1990 Bull. of Mosc. Univ.,
2:27
Mytilus edulis Ostroumov 1998 Rivista di Biologia/Biology
Forum, 91:247; new data
Mytilus edulis Ostroumov, 1998 DAN, 262: 574;
Donkin, Staff New data
Unio tumidus Ostroumov 2000 Food Industry Thresh. Third
Millenium 2(5): 254; also,
new data
Unio sp. Ostroumov In press New data

99
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Table A.3. Some data on the effects of cationic surfactants on
organisms
Organisms References: Refs: References:
Authors Year Details
Various species of Stavskaya et al. 1988 Book: Microbiological
bacteria Purification of Water…
Hyphomonas Weiner, Ostroumov 1999 Tox.Bull. 4: 40
MHS-3
Nostoc muscorum, Ostroumov, 1990 Ecology, 2: 43
soil cyanobacteria, Tretyakova
soil green and diatom
algae
Synechocystis Ostroumov, 1998 Tox.Bull., 5:30
sp. PCC 6803 Kolotilova
Spirulina platensis Ostroumov, 1999 Tox.Bull., 1:35
Kraevsky, Lyamin
Monochrysis lutheri, Ostroumov, Maximov 1988 Ecology, 6:57
Chlorella vulgaris
Thalassiosira Fisher, Maertz-Wente, 1996 Biology Bull. (Izvestia)
pseudonana Ostroumov 1:91
Euglena gracilis Ostroumov 1991 Chemistry and Techn. of
Water, 13 (3): 270
Fagopyrum Ostroumov, 1990 Ecology, 2: 43
esculentum Tretyakova
F. esculentum Ostroumov 1991 Water Res. 2:112
Cucumis sativus Kartzev,Ostroumov, 1990 Allelopathy and Plant
Pavlova Productivity, p. 124
Brachionus angularis Kartasheva, Ostroumov 1998 Tox.Bull., 5:30
B. angularis; Ostroumov, Kolotilova, 1999 Aquatic Ecosystems and
S. quadricauda, Piskunkova, Kartasheva, Organisms,
Synechocystis 6803, Lyamin, Kraevsky p.45
S. platensis
Brachionus plicatilis Kartasheva, Ostroumov 2000 Food Industry Thresh.
Third Millenium 2(5):
248
Hirudo medicinalis Ostroumov 1991 Water Res. 2:112
Mytilus Ostroumov 2000 Tox. Bull., 3:34; also,
galloprovincialis new data
Unio sp. Ostroumov 2000 New data
Lymnaea stagnalis Ostroumov 2000 Tox. Bull., 1: 42; also,
new data
Lymnaea stagnalis Ostroumov In New data
press

100
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Table A.4. Some data on the effects on organisms of some detergents
and other chemical products that contain surfactants
Organisms References: Refs: References:
Authors Year Details
Rhodospirillum Ostroumov, 1990 Ecol. and Technol.
rubrum Golovko, Aspects of Detox., P.14
Khoroshilov
Synechocystis Ostroumov, 2000 Tox. Bull., 2:31; new
sp. PCC 6803 Kolotilova data

Synechocystis Kolotilova, 2000 Probl. of Ecology and
sp. PCC 6803 Ostroumov Physiology of
Microorganisms,
p.66; also, new data
Olisthodiscus Ostroumov, 1990 Ecol. and Technol.
luteus Golovko, Aspects of Detox., P.14
Khoroshilov
Euglena gracilis Wasternack, 1990 Hydrobiol. J., 26(6):78
Ostroumov
Euglena gracilis Ostroumov, 1991 Bull. Mosc. Univ., 2:67
Wasternack
Euglena gracilis Ostroumov, 1998 Tox. Bull., 5: 29
Halama, Blazej,
Legotsky, Slugen
Oryza sativa Telitchenko, 1990 Book: Introduction to
Ostroumov Problems of Biochem.
Ecology
Fagopyrum Ostroumov 1991 Chem.Techn.Water,
esculentum 13(3): 270
Fagopyrum Ostroumov, 1992 Biology Bull. (Izvestia),
esculentum, Khoroshilov 3:452
Oryza sativa
Mytilus Ostroumov 2000 Food Industry Thresh. Third
galloprovincialis Millenium, 2(5): 248; new
data
Unio sp. Ostroumov 2000 New data
also, in
press
Lymnaea Ostroumov In press New data
stagnalis

101
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Acknowledgements
The author thanks Prof. V. D. Fedorov and many colleagues
(Department of Hydrobiolgy, Faculty of Biology, Moscow University;
Russian Academy of Sciences; American Society of Limnology and
Oceanography; and other institutions) for encouragement.
This work was supported by the MacArthur Foundation (Research and
Writing Initiative of the Program on Global Security and Sustainability),
Research Support Scheme of the Open Society Support Foundation (Grant
No. 1306/1999), EERO, and IBG. The scientific conferences and seminars
organized by ASLO, Moscow University, Russian Academy of Sciences,
SETAC, ECOTOX, WHOI, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, SUNY,
Columbia University, University of Maryland, TNO, UFZ, Institute of
Freshwater Ecology (Berlin) and some other national and international
institutions were instrumental in better viewing important scientific
problems. The author is grateful to Prof. N. Fisher, Prof. R. Weiner, Prof.
J. Waterbury, Prof. J. Widdows, and Dr. P. Donkin for providing laboratory
space and facilities for doing research; Prof. R. Wetzel, Prof. Rita Colwell,
Prof. G. Likens and Academicians (Members of the Russian Academy of
Sciences), Prof. M. E. Vinogradov, Prof. D. S. Pavlov, Prof. M. V. Ivanov,
Prof. V. N. Bolshakov, Prof. G. V. Dobrovolsky, Prof. G. A. Zavarzin,
Prof. A. F.Alimov, Prof. A. V. Tsyban, Prof. A. V. Yablokov,
Prof. D. A. Krivolutsky, Prof. V. V. Malakhov, Prof. E. A. Kriksunov, and
Prof. V. M. Zakharov for advice; Prof. Dr. Ch.Steinberg, Prof. Dr. N.Walz,
Prof. Curtis J. Richardson, Prof. S. M. Adams, Prof. N. M. van Straalen,
Prof. R. Newell, Dr. Rita Triebskorn, Prof. B.A. Kurlyandsky,
Prof. V.S. Petrosyan, Dr. S. McCutcheon, Dr. T. Feijtel, Dr. P. J. van den
Brink, Dr. E. Kristensen, and Dr. M. Scholten for discussions;
Prof. D. Page, Dr. M. Marcus, Ms. N. E. Zourabova, Dr. N. N. Kolotilova,
and Dr. M. P. Kolesnikov for help.
The author thanks Professor P. J. Wangersky, Dr. M. Caldwell, and
Ms. E. Schuster for valuable comments and help in editing the text.
The publication was sponsored by the MacArthur Foundation.

Previous publication of the series ‘Ecological Studies, Hazards,
Solutions’ (Vol. 1, 1999): Aquatic Ecosystems and Organisms (Proceedings
of the international conference, 19-20 April 1999, Moscow)

102
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Bibliography
(some of the author‟s publications, starting with the books, followed by the papers, in
chronological order; to save space, only the selected author‟s publications are
included; the other part of bibliography and full references to the other publications
are to be found in Ostroumov, 1991 b; Ostroumov et al., 1997 a; Ostroumov, 1998,
2000 c,d; Ostroumov, Fedorov, 1999)

Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of the Animal World. Znanie press,
Moscow, 1979.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Nature Conservation: Problems and
Prospects. M., Lesprom press, 1983. 272 p.
Conservation Biology: An Evolutionary-Ecological Perspective (Ed. M.
Soule, B. Wilcox) 1980, 395 pages. (Translated from English into
Russian by S.A.Ostroumov). Russian edition: 1983, 430 pages.
Fedorov V.D., Ostroumov S.A. Ecology, Biocoenology and Nature
Conservation. Moscow University press. 1984.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Levels of Living Nature Conservation.
1985. Nauka Press. 176 p.
Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Bio-Chemical Ecology. 1986. Moscow
University press. 176 p.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of Living Nature and
Resources: Problems, Trends, Prospects. 1991. Springer Verlag.
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo, Hong Kong,
Barcelona, Budapest. 271 p.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Conservacion de la Naturaleza Viva (in
Spanish). 1989 a. Vneshtorgizdat Press. 238 p.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Opaznavate na Zhivata Priroda
(Conservation of Living Nature). Zemizdat press. Sofia. 1989 b. (in
Bulgarian).
Telitchenko M.M., Ostroumov S.A.. Introduction to Problems of Bio-
chemical Ecology: Biotechnology, Agriculture, Environment. 1990.
Nauka press, Moscow. 288 p.
Ostroumov S.A. Uvod v Biokhimichna Ekologia (Introduction to
Biochemical Ecology). Nauka i izkusstvo press. Sofia. 1990. 155 p.
(in Bulgarian).
Jablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Ochrana Zive Prirody. Praha. Academia.
1991. 345 p. (in Czech).
Ostroumov S.A., Samuilov V.D., Skulachev V. P. Transhydrogenase-
induced responses of carotenoids, bacteriochlorophyll and

103
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
penetrating ions in Rhodospirillum rubrum chromatophores. FEBS
Letters. 1973, 31: 27-30.
Drachev L.A., Jasaitis A.A., Kaulen A.D., Kondrashin A.A., Liberman
E.A., Nemecek I.B., Ostroumov S.A., Semenov A.Y., Skulachev
V.P. Direct measurement of electric current generation by
cytochrome oxidase, H-ATPase and bacteriorhodopsin. Nature. 1974
a, 249: 321-324.
Drachev L.A., Kaulen A.D., Ostroumov S.A., Skulachev V.P.
Electrogenesis by bacteriorhodopsin incorporated in a planar
phospholipid membrane. FEBS Letters. 1974 b, 39: 43-45.
Ostroumov S.A. Isolation and properties of the bacteriorhodopsin
generator of the transmembrane gradient of H+ electrochemical
potential. Abstracts of the scientific presentations at the 3th Meeting
of the All-Union Biochemical Society. Zinatne press, Riga, 1974,
Vol. 2, p. 114.
Skulachev V.P., Drachev L.A., Kaulen A.D., Nemecek I.B., Ostroumov
S.A., Semenov A. Yu.. Voltmeter-measured electric generation by
cytochrome oxidase, H+-ATPase and bacteriorhodopsin. Abstracts
9th Meet. Fed. Europ. Biochem.Soc., Budapest, 1974. p. 221.
Ostroumov S.A., Samuilov V.D., Skulachev V.P. Membrane potential
induced by the transhydrogenase reaction in the chromatophores.
Biological Sciences. 1974. No. 2. p. 92-95.
Drachev L.A., Kaulen A.D., Kondrashin A.A., Liberman E.A., Nemecek
I.B., Ostroumov S.A., Semenov A.Y., Skulachev V.P., Jasaitis A.A.
Generation of electric current by cytochromoxidase, H-ATPase and
bacteriorhodopsin. DAN (Reports to the Academy of Sciences).
1974 c, 2: 481-484.
Barsky E.L., Bonch-Osmolovskaya E.A., Ostroumov S.A., Samuilov
V.D., Skulachev V. P. A study on the membrane potential and pH
gradient in chromatophores and intact cells of photosynthetic
bacteria. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1975 a, 387: 388-395.
Barsky E.L., Drachev L.A., Ostroumov S.A., Samuilov V.D., Skulachev
V.P. Direct measurement of the generation of electric current by
lipoprotein complexes. Bioorganic Chemistry. 1975 b, 1: 113-126.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological oxidation. Large Russian Encyclopedia.
1975 a. Vol. 18, p.343-345.
Ostroumov S.A. Oxidative phosphorylation. Large Russian
Encyclopedia. 1975 b. Vol. 18, p.346.

104
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Drachev L.A., Frolov V.N., Kaulen A.D., Liberman E.A., Ostroumov
S.A., Plakunova V.G., Semenov A.Y., Skulachev V.P.
Reconstitution of biological molecular generators of electric current:
bacteriorhodopsin. J. Biol. Chem. 1976, 251: 7059-7065.
Ostroumov S.A., Vorobiev L.N. Membrane potential as a potential
polyfunctional regulator of activities of membrane proteins.
Biological Sciences. 1976. 7: 22-26.
Ostroumov S.A. Participation of chloroplasts and mitochondria in virus
reproduction and the evolution of the eukaryotic cell. J. theor. Biol.
1977, 67: 287-297.
Ostroumov S.A., Vorobiev L.N. Membrane potential and surface charge
densities as possible generalized regulators of membrane protein
activities. J. theor. Biol. 1978, 75: 289-297.
Ostroumov S.A., Vorobiev L.N. Membrane potential and surface charge
densities as possible generalized regulators of membrane protein
activities // Journ. Theor. Biol. 1978. V. 75. P. 289-297.
Ostroumov S.A., Jasaitis A.A., Samuilov V.D. Electrochemical proton
gradient across the membranes of photophosphorylating bacteria.
Biomembranes (Ed. L. Manson) 1979 a, 10: 209-234.
Ostroumov S.A. Origin of the eukaryotic cell and energy-transforming
organells. Journal of General Biology. 1979. 40 (2): 202-208.
Ostroumov S., Samuilov V.D., Jasaitis A.A. Electrochemical gradient of
H-ions across the membranes of bacteria. Usp. Sovrem. Biol.
(Advances of Modern Biology), 1979 b, 87: 155-169.
Ostroumov S.A.World Conservation Strategy. Nature. (Priroda). 1980, 12:
40-41.
Ostroumov S.A. Nature conservation. Veterinary Encyclopaedic
Dictionary. Moscow. 1981. p. 416.
Foreword. In: Man and the Biosphere. Man-made effects on the animal
world. Moscow: The Central Library of Academy of Sciences. Under
the aegis of UNESCO-MAB (Man and the Biosphere Program).
Issues: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989.
Ostroumov S.A. Biochemistry and Environmental Conservation: in
Search for Regulators. Man and Nature, 1984 a, 4: 11-69.
Ostroumov S.A. Problems of conservation of ecosystems: a conceptual
analysis. Man and Nature, 1984 b, 5: 3-15.
Nagel H., Ostroumov S.A. Bioassay of solutions of anionic surfactants.
In: Problems of modern biology. Proceedings of the 17th conference

105
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
of young scientists of Moscow University (Faculty of Biology),
Moscow, 22-25 April, 1986 / Moscow University.- Moscow, 1986. -
Part.3. Dep. in VINITI 15.09.86, № 6662-B, P. 146-150.
Maximov V.N., Nagel H., Ostroumov S.A. Studies of responses of
seedlings of Fagopyrum esculentum to pollution of aquatic medium
by detergents. In: Problems of Ecological Monitoring and Ecosystem
Modeling. 1986, 9: 87-97.
Ostroumov S.A. Pollution of the biosphere. In: Encyclopedic Dictionary
of Biology, 1986 b, p. 205-206.
Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of nature [and biodiversity]. In:
Encyclopedic Dictionary of Biology. 1986 c, p. 437-438.
Goryunova S.V., Ostroumov S.A. Effects of an anionic detergent on green
alga and some angiosperms. Biological Sciences. 1986, No.7: 84-86
Ostroumov S.A. Conservation of [biodiversity, ecosystems and] nature.
In: Encyclopedia of Forest. 1986 d. Vol. 2. p. 183-185.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological oxidation. Encyclopedic Dictionary of
Biology. Moscow. 1986 e. p. 419-420.
Ostroumov S.A. Chemiosmotic hypothesis. Encyclopedic Dictionary of
Biology. Moscow. 1986 f. p. 685.
Ostroumov S.A. Oxidative phosphorylation. Encyclopedic Dictionary of
Biology. Moscow. 1986 g. p. 420-421.
Ostroumov S.A., Krassov O.I. Nature conservation. Forest Encyclopedia.
Vol. 2, Moscow. 1986. p. 183-185.
Ivanov I.G., Kartzev V.G., Kovaleva T.N., Ostroumov S.A., Pavlova I.A.,
Dulov L.E. Bioassay of several xenobiotics and diagnostics of their
effects on hydrobionts and other organisms. In: Problems of modern
biology. Proceedings of the 18th conference of young scientists of
Moscow University (Faculty of Biology), Moscow, 1987/ Moscow
University.- Moscow, 1987. - Part.1. Dep. in VINITI 14.09.87, N
6662-B, P. 207-208.
Nagel H., Ostroumov S.A., Maximov V.N. Inhibition of elongation of
seedlings under the effect of sodium dodecylsulphate. Biological
Sciences. 1987, No.12: 81-84.
Ostroumov S.A., Novikov A.I., Pavlova I.A., Golovko A.E. Improving
methods of assessment of ecological hazards of chemicals polluting
the hydrosphere. Man in the biosphere. Proceedings of the
conference 14-16 December 1988. Moscow, Center of Ecological
Projects, 1988, p. 124.

106
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Maximov V.N., Nagel H., Ostroumov S.A. Biotesting waters containing a
surfactant (sulfonol) and DNOC. Hydrobiological Journal, 1988 a.
24 (4): 54-55.
Yablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. Omul si Natura: de la probleme la solutii
(Man and Nature. From problems towards solutions. In Romanian).
In: B. Stugren (Ed.). Ocrotirea Naturii. Dacia press. Cluj-Napoca,
Romania, 1988. p. 65-80.
Maximov V.N., Nagel H., Kovaleva T.N., Ostroumov S.A. Biotesting of
water polluted by sulfonol. Water Resources. 1988 b. 1: 165-168.
Ostroumov S.A., Maximov V.N. Degradation of algae under the water
pollution by ethonium. Ecology. 1988. No. 6: 57-58.
Ostroumov S.A., Maximov V.N., Disturbance of the onthogenesis of
Camelina sativa and Triticum aestivum under the effect of a
surfactant. In: Ecotoxicology and Nature Conservation. Riga. 1988.
p.133.
Ostroumov S.A., Kaplan A.Y., Kovaleva T.N., Maximov V.N. Studies of
aspects of ecotoxicology of an anionic surfactant sulfonol on plants
and other organisms. In: Ecotoxicology and Nature Conservation.
Riga. 1988. p.134.
Ostroumov S.A., Pavlova I.A. Assessment of the biological activity of the
pesticide lontrel using plant species. In: Chemistry and Technology
of Piridine-Containing Pesticides. Vol.2. Chernogolovka, 1988.
p.107.
Ostroumov S.A. Chemical pollution of the environment and
carcinogenesis. Problems of Environment and Natural Resources.
1989, 8: 12-20.
Kartsev V.G., Ostroumov S.A., Pavlova I.A. Usage of Cucumis sativus
and other species to bio-assay chemicals. In: Allelopathy and Plant
Productivity. 1990. p.124-128.
Ostroumov S.A. Assessment of biological activity of xenobiotics. Bulletin
of Moscow University, Ser. Biology. 1990 a, No. 2: 27-34.
Ostroumov S.A. Bioassay of solutions of xenobiotics using pistia.
Ecological and technological aspects of detoxification of industrial
wastes of the industry of polymers. Proceedings of the conference
15-17 February 1990, Donetzk. Minkhimnefteprom USSR.
Cherkassy. 1990 b, p. 12-13.
Ostroumov S.A. Borisova E.V., Lenova L.I., Maximov V.N. Effects of
sulfonol on Dunaliella asymmetrica and on Fagopyrum esculentum.
Hydrobiological Journal. 1990 a. 26: 96-98.

107
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Ostroumov S.A., Golovko A.E., Khoroshilov V.S. Biotesting surfactants
and compound products containing surfactants. In: Methods of
Ecological Regulation. Section 3. Problems of assessment of man-
made effects on ecosystems. Kharkov. 1990 b, p.139.
Ostroumov S.A., Golovko A.E., Khoroshilov V.S. Biodiagnostics and
bioassay of polluted waters and xenobiotics: in search of non-
traditional test species and methods. Ecological and technological
aspects of detoxification of industrial wastes of the industry of
polymers. Proceedings of the conference 15-17 February 1990,
Donetzk. Minkhimnefteprom USSR. Cherkassy. 1990 c, p. 14-15.
Ostroumov S.A. Samoilenko L.S. Assessment of efficiency of
biotechnological destruction of anionic surfactant. Bulletin of
Moscow University (Vestnik MGU), Ser. Biology. 1990, No.3: 74-
78.
Ostroumov S.A., Semykina N.A. 1990. Ecological and technological
aspects of detoxification of industrial wastes of the industry of
polymers. Proceedings of the conference 15-17 February 1990,
Donetzk. Minkhimnefteprom USSR. Cherkassy. p. 13-14.
Ostroumov S.A., Tretyakova A. Effects of environmental pollution by a
cationic surfactant on soil algae and plant seedlings. Ecology. 1990.
No.2: 43-46.
Wasternack C., Ostroumov S.A. Effects of water pollution by the
detergent Bio-S on euglens. Hydrobiological Journal. 1990. Vol. 26.
No.6, p.78-79.
Ostroumov S.A. Responses of test-organisms to a quaternary ammonium
compound. Water Resources. 1991 a. 2: 112-116.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological activity of waters polluted by surfactants.
Chemistry and Technology of Water. 1991 b. Vol. 13, No. 3: 270-
283.
Ostroumov S.A. Ecologically significant biologically-active substances
and methodological aspects of the analysis of the biological activity
of pollutants. Advances in Chemistry (Uspekhi Khimii). 1991 c. 60:
(3) 554-555.
Ostroumov S.A., Maertz-Wente M. Effects of water contamination by the
non-ionogenic surfactant on marine diatoms Thalassiosira
pseudonana. Abstracts of the First International Ocean Pollution
Symposium. 1991 a. University of Puerto Rico, p. 27.
Ostroumov S.A., Maertz-Wente M. Effects of the non-ionogenic
surfactant on marine diatoms. American Chemical Society. Division

108
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
of Environmental Chemistry. Papers presented at the 201st National
Meeting. Atlanta, GA, 1991 b. Vol.31, No.1: 18-19.
Ostroumov S.A., Maximov V.N. Biotesting of solutions of surfactants.
Biology Bulletin of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 1991. No. 4:
571-575.
Ostroumov S.A., Semykina N.A. Responses of macrophytes to water
pollution by a high molecular weight surfactant. Ecology. 1991. No.
4: 85-87.
Ostroumov S.A., Wasternack C. Responses of photoorganotrophically
grown flagellates to water pollution by the detergent Kristall.
Bulletin of Moscow University. Ser. Biology. 1991, No. 2: 67 - 69.
Ostroumov S.A. Nontraditional nonanimal approaches to the
ecotoxicology of xenobiotics. Abstracts of papers of the American
Chemical Society. 1992. 203: 302-ENVR, Part 1. Apr. 5 1992.
Ostroumov S.A., Golovko A.E. Biotesting the toxicity of a surfactant
(sulfonol) using the seedlings of rice. Hydrobiol. Journal. 1992, Vol.
28, No. 3: 72-74.
Ostroumov S.A., Khoroshilov V.S. Biological activity of waters polluted
with a liquid detergent. Biology Bulletin of Russian Acad. of Sci.
(Izvestia RAN, Ser. Biol.). 1992. No.3: 452-458.
Ostroumov S.A., Samoilenko L.S. Studies on some aspects of
ecotoxicology and biochemical ecology of surfactants. Abstracts of
the 9th International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Symposium (Leeds, UK). 1993, p.66.
Ostroumov S.A., Semykina N.A. Responses of Fagopyrum esculentum to
water pollution by a high molecular weight surfactant. Ecology.
1993. No.6: 50-55.
Ostroumov S.A. Ecotoxicology and the biological activity of surfactants.
Third European Conference on Ecotoxicology (Zurich, August 28-
31, 1994). Abstracts. 1994. Abstract No. 6.26, p.141.
Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of ecotoxicology and biochemical ecology
of surfactants. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of
Ecology (21-26 August 1994, Manchester), 1994. p.127.
Waterbury J., Ostroumov S.A. Effects of a non-ionic surfactant on marine
cyanobacteria. Microbiology, 1994, 63: 259-263.
Fisher N., Maertz-Wente M., Ostroumov S.A. Effects of a non-ionic
surfactant on marine diatoms. Biology Bulletin of Russian Acad. Sci.
1996. No. 1, p.91-95.

109
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Donkin, Peter, and Ostroumov, S.A. 1997. Ecological hazard from sodium
dodecylsulphate [the effects on bivalves]. Toxicological Bulletin. 3:
37.
Ostroumov, S.A., and Donkin, Peter. Effects of contaminating aquatic
environment with surfactants on the biological mechanisms of the
removal of the particles of phytoplankton from the water column [by
invertebrates] with possible consequences for the optical parameters
of the aquatic ecosystem. In: Physical Problems of Ecology.
Moscow. 1997. Part 2. pp. 71-72.
Ostroumov S.A., Donkin P., Staff F. Effects of surfactants on mussels
Mytilus edulis. Bulletin of Moscow University. Ser. Biology. 1997.
No. 3. p. 30 - 36.
Kartasheva N.V., Ostroumov S.A. Tetradecyltrimethylammonium
bromide [the biological effects on rotifers Brachionus angularis].
Toxicological Bulletin. 1998. No.5. p. 30-32.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological filtering and ecological machinery for self-
purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: towards a
holistic view. Rivista di Biologia/ Biology Forum. 1998. 91: 247-
258.
Ostroumov S.A., Donkin P., Staff F., Biofiltering and self-purification of
water by aquatic ecosystems and its impairment under effect of
anthropogenic stress: importance to ecological evaluation of
industrial projects and ecological monitoring // ECWATECH-98.
Water: Ecology and Technology. Third International Congress
(Moscow, May 25-30, 1998). Moscow: SIBICO International Ltd,
1998 a, P. 72.
Ostroumov S.A., Donkin P., Staff F. Filtration inhibition induced by two
classes of synthetic surfactants in the bivalve mollusc. Doklady
Akademii Nauk, (DAN) 1998 b. Vol. 362: 574-576.
Ostroumov S.A., Halama D., Blazej A., Legotsky I., Slugen D. Synthetic
detergents Kristall and Lotos-Automat [New data on the biological
effects on Euglena gracilis Klebs]. Toxicological Bulletin. 1998 c.
No. 5, p. 29-30.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolotilova N.N. Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide
[New data on the biological effects on Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803].
Toxicological Bulletin. 1998. No.5, p. 30.
Weiner, Ronald, and Ostroumov, S.A. New data on the biological effects of the
surfactant Triton X-100: the inhibition of the growth of Hyphomonas MHS-3.
Toxicological Bulletin. 1998. No. 4. p. 42-43.

110
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
McCutcheon S.C., Ostroumov S.A. Investigation of biological activity and
transformation of organic chemicals by green plants and algae. In: Aquatic
Ecosystems and Organisms. 1999. Dialogue-MGU press. P.10.
Ostroumov S.A. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-
purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: stopping an ecological
time bomb. Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century.
February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO, Waco, TX. 1999 a. P. 134.
Ostroumov S.A. The ability of mussels to filter and purify the sea water is
inhibited by surfactants. Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating
into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
ASLO, Waco, TX. 1999 b. P. 134.
Ostroumov S.A. Surfactants and marine pollution: another environmental
hazard of the third millenium. 1999. PACON. (International
Congress on Oceanography, June 23-25, 1999). 1999 c. P. 24.
Ostroumov S.A. Triton X-100 [new biological effects on Lepidium
sativum]. 1999 d. Toxicol. Bulletin. №. 4. P. 41.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological effects of surfactants in the context of man-
made interventions into the environment: a concept of a system for
criteria of environental hazard. In: Aquatic Ecosystems and
Organisms. 1999 e. Dialogue-MGU Press. P.43.
Ostroumov S.A. Water self-purification in ecosystems and sustainable
development. In: Aquatic Ecosystems and Organisms. 1999 f.
Dialogue-MGU Press. P.14.
Ostroumov S.A. Biological processes of water self-purification:
importance and vulnerability. In: Aquatic Ecosystems and
Organisms. 1999 g. Dialogue-MGU Press. P.13.
Ostroumov S.A. Experimental rationale for a new discipline and area in
ecology, bio-chemical ecology of bioremediation and self-
purification of aquatic ecosystems. In: Aquatic Ecosystems and
Organisms. 1999 e. Dialogue-MGU Press. P.44.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolotilova N.N., Piskunkova N.F., Kartasheva N.V.,
Lyamin M.Y., Kraevsky V.M. Effects of a cationogenic surfactant on
freshwater unicellular cyanobacteria, green algae, and rotifers. In:
Aquatic Ecosystems and Organisms. 1999. Dialogue-MGU Press.
P.45-46.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolotilova N.N., Piskunkova N.F., Lyamin M.Y.,
Kraevsky V.M. A study on the effects of synthetic surfactants on
Cyanophyta and Chlorophyta [the effects of CTAB on Synechocystis;
TDTMA on Scenedesmus quadricauda etc]. Algologia. Vol. 9 (2):
105-106.

111
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Ostroumov S. A., Kraevsky V.M., Lyamin M.Y. Dodecyltrimethyl-
ammonium bromide [new biological effects on Spirulina platensis].
Toxicol. Bulletin. 1999. No. 1, P. 35-36.
Vinogradov, M.E., Steinberg, C., Wetzel, R.G., Ostroumov, S.A. et al.
(Editors) Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Vol. 1.
Weiner R., Ostroumov S. A. Quarternary ammonium compound
dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide [new biological effects of
DDTMA on marine organisms Hyphomonas MHS-3]. 1999. Toxicol.
Bulletin. No. 4, P. 40-41.
Kartasheva N.V., Ostroumov S.A. A study on the ability of a surfactant
to inhibit the water filtering activity of rotifers. In: Food Industry on
the Threshold of the Third Millenium. Vol. 2, Issue 5. Moscow,
2000, P. 245-247.
Kolotilova N.N., Ostroumov S.A. Growth of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
under the effect of the composite product which contains a
surfactant. In: Problems of Ecology and Physiology of
Microorganisms. Moscow. Dialogue-MGU Press. 2000. P. 66.
Ostroumov S.A. Tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide [effects on the
feeding activity of Lymnaea stagnalis]. Toxicological Bulletin.
2000 a. No.1., p. 42-43.
Ostroumov S.A Tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide [effects on
Mytilus galloprovincialis]. Toxicological Bulletin. 2000 b. No 3. P.
34-35.
Ostroumov S.A. Criteria of ecological hazards due to anthropogenic
effects on the biota: searching for a system. DAN (Doklady
Akademii Nauk). 2000 c, P. 844-846 in the Russian edition. (English
translation of the journal: Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, P.
204-206)
Ostroumov S.A. Concept of aquatic biota as a labile and vulnerable
component of the system for water self-purification. DAN Doklady
Biological Sciences (Doklady Akademii Nauk). 2000 d. Vol. 372.
No.2., P. 279-282 in the Russian edition.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolesnikov M.P. Biocatalysis of the matter transfer in a
microcosm is inhibited by a contaminant: an effect on Lymnaea
stagnalis. DAN Doklady Biological Sciences (Doklady Akademii
Nauk). 2000. Vol. 373. No.2., P.278-280 in the Russian edition.
Ostroumov S.A. Aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale, diversified bioreactor
with the function of water self-purification. DAN Doklady
Biological Sciences (Doklady Akademii Nauk). 2000. Vol. 374.
No.3, P.427-429 in the Russian edition.

112
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Ostroumov S.A. Inhibitory analysis of the regulatory interactions in food
webs. DAN. 2000, vol. 375. no. 6, pp. 847-849 in the Russian
edition.
Alexeev A.P., Ananiev V.I., Artyukhin E.N., ...Dubinina V.G., ...Nemova
N.N., ... Ostroumov S.A. et al. (26 coauthors in toto). Conservation,
reproduction and sustainable use of biological resources of the
hydrosphere. Moscow. 2001. –128 p.

Ostroumov S.A. Ecological processes and ecosystems: functioning
towards water purification. Aquatic Sciences Meeting: Research
Across Boundaries. June 5-9, 2000, Copenhagen, Denmark. ASLO,
Waco, TX. 2000 e (Abstract ss25-01).
Ostroumov S.A. Inhibitory effects of surfactants on water filtration by
Unio tumidus, Unio pictorum, and Mytilus galloprovincialis. Aquatic
Sciences Meeting: Research Across Boundaries. June 5-9, 2000 f,
Copenhagen, Denmark. ASLO, Waco, TX. 2000 (Abstract ss25-
p02).
Ostroumov S.A. Surfactant-containing preparations inhibit water
clearance rate by Mytilus galloprovincialis. In: Food Industry on the
Threshold of the Third Millenium. Vol. 2, Issue 5. Moscow, 2000 g,
P. 248-251.
Ostroumov S.A. The effects of surfactants on the rate of removal of cells
of unicellular organisms from water by unionids. In: Food Industry
on the Threshold of the Third Millenium. Vol. 2, Issue 5. Moscow,
2000 h, P. 251-254.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolesnikov M.P. Participation of molluscs in the
biogeochemical fluxes of C, N, P, Si and Al in aquatic ecosystems
and the effects of a xenobiotic. In: Food Industry on the Threshold of
the Third Millenium. Vol. 2, Issue 5. Moscow, 2000, P. 254-256.
Ostroumov S.A., Kolotilova N.N. Detergent (Tide-Lemon) [effects on
cyanobacteria Synechocystis PCC 6803]. Toxicological Bulletin.
2000. No. 2. P. 31-32.
Ostroumov S.A., McCutcheon S. Defining a modern interface between
water quality engineering and aquatic ecosystems research. Aquatic
Sciences Meeting: Research Across Boundaries. June 5-9, 2000,
Copenhagen, Denmark. ASLO, Waco, TX. 2000 (Abstract ss25-07).
Ostroumov S.A., Revkova N.V. Growth of green microalgae in cultures
limited by phosphorus and the concept of cell quota. In: Problems of

113
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Ecology and Physiology of Microorganisms. Moscow. Dialogue-
MGU Press. 2000. P.87.

Ostroumov S.A., Kolotilova N.N. Aquatic Ecosystems and Organisms-2. М.: MAX-
Press. 2000, p. 60.
Ostroumov, S.A. Principles for analyzing environmental hazards of anthropogenous
effects including effects of chemical pollution: a concept and new data. Vestnik
MGU 2000 no. 4, pp.27-34.

дополнить русск список
Остроумов С. А., Колотилова Н. Н. // Водные экосистемы и организмы-2. М.:
МАКС Пресс. 2000. С. 60.

ADDITION MADE IN 2011
New sites with additional references, more recent information, updated relevant
material:

THIS IS THE LIST OF RECENT POSTS FROM THE PERSONAL BLOG AT THE
PROFILE OF THE AUTHOR AT THE PORTAL RESEARCHGATE (A NETWORK
FOR SCIENTISTS):
Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov‟s works: comments of experts, citation in
scientific literature worldwide. Updated January 2, 2011.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7034_Comments_Evaluation_Janu
ary2_2011; http://ww...(Read more)

Ecology, materials on site, scipeople
С.А. Остроумов (S.A. Ostroumov); Экология, Биология, Охрана окружающей среды,
Биосфера; http://www.scribd.com/doc/46153615; список материалов на сайте:
http://scipeople.ru/users/2943391/ (на сайте даны ссылки на доступные онлайн полные
тексты и под...(Read more)

German.French.Japanese
Ecology, Environment. List of publications by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov, translations into several
languages.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6965_GermanFrenchJapanese; **
English to French translation: http://www.scribd.com/doc/460...(Read more)

Wissenschaftliche.Publikationen
English to German translation. 29 Dec 2010: the German translation of the list of publications
see: http://www.scribd.com/doc/46039376 Dies ist ein Computer-Übersetzung vom Englischen
ins Deutsche. The original list of references in English see a...(Read more)

Экосистемы, организмы, инновации-12
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/3334_ProceedingsConferenceEcos
ystemsOrganismsInnovations-12; Выпуск, который включает в себя материалы 12-я
международной сессии стендовых сообщений (конференции) "Экосистемы, организмы,
ин...(Read more)

114
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

in 9 Languages. On the paper in Hydrobiology 2006
Inhibition of [water filtration and] mussel suspension feeding by surfactants of three classes.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6917_9LanguagesHydrobiol6; Full
text of this paper online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/459581...(

Ecotoxicology.Detergents.6.languages
About the book entitled 'Biological Effects of Surfactants [and Detergents: Ecotoxicology]':
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6878_EcotoxicologyDetergents6la
nguages; Table of contents and some comments in English, German, Fr...(Read more)

At scribd, some full texts available online free:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6882_scribd_fulltexts; The full
texts of the following papers were made available online free, (on Dec 26, 2010, at the web-site:
scribd) Ostroumov S.A. Identification of a new type of ecolog...(Read more)

Ecology Environment; in.Swedish
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6796_Ecology_Environment_inSw
edish; Några papper och material (ekologi, miljö) som finns tillgängliga online gratis [se:
http://www.scribd.com/ eller http://www.scribd.com]: Text i vol...(Read more)
I like this!
You like this commentView details
Ecología, Medio Ambiente.Spanish.

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 22, 2010–0 comments–8 views

Ecología, Medio Ambiente: to whose who speak Spanish.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6767_Ecologia_Medio_AmbienteS
panish; Algunos documentos y materiales (Ecología, Medio Ambiente) que están disponibles en
línea gratuitos [...(Read more)
I like this!
You like this commentView details

Ecology Environment; in Danish

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–5 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6771_Ecology_Environment_in_D
anish; List of materials (Ecology, Environment); in Danish. Nogle papirer og materialer
(økologi, miljø), der er tilgængelige online gratis http://www.scribd.com/d...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Ecology.Environment.online.free

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–32 views

Some papers and materials (Ecology, Environment) that are available online free:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6766_EcologyEnvironmentonlinefr
ee; [see: http://www.scribd.com/ or http://www.scribd.com] : J. Pandey,...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Environment.Ecology.Materials.in.Korean

115
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–6 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6776_EnvironmentEcologyMateria
lsinKorean; 어떤 서류와 자료 (생태, 환경) 온라인 무료 [참조 : http://www.scribd.com/ 또는
http://www.scribd.com] 사용할 수 있습니다 : 볼륨의 텍스트 : Ostroumov sa를 Kotelevtsev
SV, Toderas...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Environment.in.Dutch

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–6 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6772_EnvironmentinDutch;
Materials in Dutch (translated by the computer). Wat papieren en materialen (ecologie, milieu)
die online beschikbaar zijn vrije [zie: http://www.scribd.com/ of http:/...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Materials.in.Chinese

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–7 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6774_MaterialsinChinese;
Ecology, Environment, Water: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45897645;
一些文件和材料(生态环境),可在线免费[见:http://www.scribd.com/或http:
//www.scribd.com]: 卷的文 字:Ostroumov萨,Kotelev...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Materials in Dutch

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–3 views

Materials in Dutch (translated by the computer). Wat papieren en materialen (ecologie, milieu)
die online beschikbaar zijn vrije [zie: http://www.scribd.com/ of http://www.scribd.com]: Tekst
van het volume: Ostroumov SA, Kotelevtsev SV, Toder...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Materials.in.Japanese

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 21, 2010–0 comments–3 views

いくつかの論文や材料(生態環境)無料オンライン[参照してください:http://www.scri
bd.com/またはhttp: //www.scribd.com]利用可能です: ボ
リュームのテキスト:オストロウーモフSAは、Kotelevtsev SVは、Toderas
IKを、GorshkovaのOM (編)生態学的研究、災害、ソリューション、2010年第15巻;
http://www.scribd.com/doc/45765589、2言語、英語とロシア語で材料;キーワード:...(Rea
d more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Book. Praha. Conservation

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 18, 2010–1 comments–17 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6693_Book_Praha_Conservation;
The book (Jablokov A.V., Ostroumov S.A. 1991. Ochrana živé prírody. Problemy a

116
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
perspektivy. Academia, Praha, in Czech language) is included in the sylabus of the...(Read
more)
Edit post Delete postView details
2005.RJE

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 17, 2010–0 comments–9 views

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic
Ecosystems. - Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–420.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6654_2005RJE; DOI: 10...(Read
more)
Edit post Delete postView details
2010.DBS.Au

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 17, 2010–0 comments–6 views

Gold nanoparticles, nanomaterials: S. A. Ostroumov and G. M. Kolesov. The Aquatic
Macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum Immobilizes Au Nanoparticles after Their Addition to
Water. - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2010, Vol. 431, pp. 124–127. http://www.res...(Read
more)
Gold nanoparticles, nanomaterials: S. Ostroumov, G.Kolesov.
http://www.scribd.com/doc/45579375; Macrophyte C. demersum Immobilizes Au
Nanoparticles... - Dokl.Biol.Sci., 2010 S. A. Ostroumov, G. M. Kolesov. The Aquatic
Macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersu...

French.list

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 17, 2010–0 comments–26 views

List of posts, the personal blog of Dr. Sergei Ostroumov, in French:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6666_Frenchlist;
http://www.portalus.ru/modules/biology/rus_readme.php?subaction=showfull&id=1292797433
&archive=&am...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
German.List

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 17, 2010–0 comments–9 views

List of posts, the personal blog of Dr.Sergei Ostroumov, in German:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6667_GermanList;
http://www.portalus.ru/modules/biology/rus_readme.php?subaction=showfull&id=1292785289
&archive=&...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Tolerance.Macrophytes

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 17, 2010–0 comments–8 views

E. A. Solomonova and S. A. Ostroumov. Tolerance of an Aquatic Macrophyte Potamogeton
crispus L.to Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate. Moscow University Biological Sciences Bulletin, 2007,
Vol. 62, No. 4, p. 176–179. http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Os...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details

117
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
2 innovations

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 5, 2010–0 comments–16 views

TWO INNOVATIONS IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL SCIENCES
http://www.scribd.com/doc/44767516;
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6295_2_innovations; S.A.
Ostroumov, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow; Curre...(Read more)
Vladimir Tyurin-Avinsky likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
3 Key Blogs

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 5, 2010–1 comments–18 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6293_3_Key_Blogs; ---Welcome
to look at three new blogs, which contain lots of info on many sites with innovative publications
and relevant activities and opportunities - Ecology, Environment,...(Read more)
Dr. Shantilal Savalia likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Poster.Session2011, February12

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 4, 2010–5 comments–421 views

Meeting Announcement and Call for Abstracts: 14th International Poster Session 'Ecosystems,
Organisms, Innovations-14':
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6258_PosterSession2011_February
12; http://www.scribd.com/doc/44668962: T...(Read more)
Kritika Sudan likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Key.Publications.

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 3, 2010–1 comments–19 views

Ecology, Environment, Water Quality - Key publications:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6234_KeyPublications ; -------------
----authored by S.A.O.: Tolerance of an Aquatic Macrophyte Potamogeton crispus L.to Sodium
Dodecy...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
list.of.Blogs.Ecology.Biology

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 3, 2010–0 comments–38 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6238_listofBlogsEcology ; •
http://www.scribd.com/doc/44629443 ; List of blogs at the personal profile, at the portal
ResearchGAte. The topics of the blogs: innovations and priorities...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
New.poster.session2011

Sergei Ostroumov–Dec 1, 2010–0 comments–20 views

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: New poster session: „Ecosystems, Organisms, Innovations-14‟,
February 12, 2011; Amherst, MA, USA;
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6191_Newpostersession2011;
Session, 2011, February12; http://www.resea...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details

118
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Elements.in.Biodetritus

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 28, 2010–1 comments–22 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6079_ElementsinBiodetritus; New
publication - ecology, biogeochemistry: This is a fragment of a letter I got from Springer Press.
May I share the info on the new publication with you: Dear Dr...(Read more)
Lava Kafle likes this comment.

KeyRoles.FilterFeeders

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 26, 2010–0 comments–25 views

Key Roles of Filter-feeders.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6023_KeyRolesFilterFeeders;
Identification of the fundamental roles of aquatic organisms (filter-feeders, suspension feeders)
in engineering the biomachinery of a...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Key Blogs

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 24, 2010–3 comments–50 views

Some of key blogs:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5974_Key_Blogs; publications
authored and coathored by S.A.Ostroumov are available online free:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5152_TextsOnlineFre...(Read
more)
Edit post Delete postView details
FAQ.Detergents.Surfactants.Risk

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 22, 2010–1 comments–37 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5898_FAQDetergentsSurfactantsRi
sk; FAQ (Frequently asked questions) : how to use the book and relevant papers on detergents
and surfactants. A book on surfactants and detergents (entitled: Bio...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Evaluation.by.Prof.A.P.Kapitsa

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 16, 2010–1 comments–22 views

About the publications by S.A.Ostroumov.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5724_EvaluationbyProfAPKapitsa;
(from a paper published by Prof. A.P. Kapitsa, Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of
Sciences; Chair, Department of...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Bio.upgrade.Water.Quality.Free.

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 15, 2010–0 comments–39 views

Bio.upgrade.Water.Quality.Free.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5699_BioupgradeWaterQualityFre

119
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
e; The paper made available free: Ostroumov S. A. Biological filtering and ecological
machinery for self-purification and bioreme...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Water Quality,Ecology,papers,available,

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 14, 2010–5 comments–52 views

Water Quality,Ecology,Environment;
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5653_Water_Quality_Ecology_pap
ers_available Papers available online free: Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering
activity of filter-feeders. - Hyd...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Book.Pollution.Self-Purification.Restoration.

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 10, 2010–0 comments–17 views

Book: Ostroumov SA "Pollution, self-cleaning and restoration of aquatic ecosystems» =
Pollution, self-purification and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. M.: MAX Press. 2005. 100 p.
http://scipeople.com/publication/69887/; PUBLISHED REVIEWS, COMMENT...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Ecological repair

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 10, 2010–0 comments–20 views

Abstract of a new paper:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5568_Ecological_repair; S. A.
OSTROUMOV. Ecological repair in aquatic ecosystems: processes of maintaining and
restoration of water quality. - Ecology of Industrial Pr...(Read more)
Hilyati Putri likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Concepts.Ecological.Chemomediators

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 8, 2010–1 comments–27 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5465_ConceptsEcologicalChemom
ediators Ostroumov S. A. On the Concepts of Biochemical Ecology and Hydrobiology:
Ecological Chemomediators. - Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 1, No....(Read
more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Publications.S.A.Ostroumov.GoogleScholar

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 7, 2010–1 comments–15 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5457_PublicationsSAOstroumovG
oogleScholar More info on the author: Publications in English:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5152_TextsOnlineFree;
Publications in Engi...(Read more)

Modernization: Test Strategy,Toxicology

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 6, 2010–1 comments–23 views

120
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Modernization: Test Strategy,Toxicology.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5413_Modernization_Test_Strateg
y_Toxicology In a series of publications, a revolutionary change in priorities in assessing
environmental hazards and r...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Cited.Publications.Update

Sergei Ostroumov–Nov 3, 2010–4 comments–28 views

Published Reviews and Evaluations (of the books authored and co-authored by
S.A.Ostroumov): http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401 Examples of citations of publications
authored by S.A.Ostroumov: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumo...(Read
more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Elements of CV

Texts:Online.Free

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 28, 2010–7 comments–231 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5152_TextsOnlineFree;
http://www.scribd.com/doc/40747774/Papers-available-online-november2-2010; Sites where
the full texts in English or abstracts or additional information on the papers ar...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 27, 2010–2 comments–20 views

New definition of ecosystem. Two papers. One of them is in English. The second one is in
Russian. (View details)Delete postView details
Toxic nanoparticles: Bibliography

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 26, 2010–3 comments–42 views

Toxicity of nanoparticles.Bibliography.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5106_Toxic_nanoparticles_Bibliog
raphy Zheng-Jiang Zhu, Rachel Carboni, Michael J. Quercio, Jr., Bo Yan, Oscar R. Miranda,
Douglas L. Anderton, Kathleen...(Read more)
Bazira Henry likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Bioassay.Biotests.Assessment.Chemicals:Methods.

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 25, 2010–0 comments–25 views

www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/ Methods.Bioassay.Biotests.Assessment.Chemicals.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5072_BioassayBiotestsAssessment
ChemicalsMethods; A book was published that in Chapter 2 covers and describes in d...(Read
more)
Hilyati Putri likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Cancer 20 years after drinking officially good water

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 23, 2010–0 comments–29 views

121
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Women have increased risk of cancer 20 years after drinking and using slightly contaminated
water (which was officially - according to all formal criteria - considered safe and of proper
quality), according to a new paper.(View details)Edit post Delete postView details
New paper.Eutrophication.Gagneten

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 22, 2010–2 comments–22 views

New paper on Eutrophication.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5009_New_paperEutrophicationGa
gneten; A. M. Gagneten. Effects of Contamination by Heavy Metals and Eutrophication on
Zooplankton, and Their Possible Effects on th...(Read more)
Srinivas Acharya likes this comment.

Cancer Risk,Environment,Contaminated Drinking Water

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 21, 2010–0 comments–31 views

Cancer Risk,Environment,Contaminated Drinking Water.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4981_Cancer_Risk_Environment_
Contaminated_Drinking_Water New interesting scientific information: A relevant presentation
was made at Univer...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
SELF-PURIFICATION, BIOREMEDIATION: AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 21, 2010–1 comments–39 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4964_SELF-
PURIFICATION_BIOREMEDIATION_AQUATIC_ECOSYSTEM; SELF-PURIFICATION,
BIOREMEDIATION: AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM. This paper is being well-cited: Ostroumov S.
A. Biological filtering and ecologi...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 14, 2010–0 comments–17 views

A new type of effect of potentially hazardous substances: uncouplers of pelagial-benthal
coupling:
https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?key=d988acb599e121964c48114374a87e8d;
www.springerlink.com/index/28V23JBFADL1Y100.pdf;
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/358_Three_new_key_hazards_to_
the_functioning_of_the_biosphere ;(View details)Delete postView details
Guide to publications

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 14, 2010–1 comments–41 views

Guide to publications on ecology, environment, water quality, ecotoxicology (authored and
coauthored by S.A. Ostroumov) and relevant blogs:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4789_Guide_to_publications;
http://www.researchgate....(Read more)

Biochemical Ecology

122
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4575_Biochemical_Ecology;
Biochemical Ecology. Many natural products were described, especially secondary metabolites,
that have biological effects on a broad range of organisms. Some of them...(Read more)

Ecotoxicology:Detergents
Book:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4528_EcotoxicologyDetergents;
http://www.scribd.com/doc/44432486; some other publications of the same author, online free,
see: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/...(Read more)
Mohadese Tahami likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Oil Spill

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 5, 2010–0 comments–21 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4530_Oil_Spill Oil spill attracted
attention to the book: Biological Effects of Surfactants This is a site with additional info on the
book, and info on how to order (obtain, buy) it: http://w...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Ostroumov's definition of ecosystem was cited

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 4, 2010–3 comments–37 views

Dr S.A.Ostroumov's definition of ecosystem was cited:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4470_Ostroumovs_definition_of_e
cosystem_was_cited It was cited in the journal HOMELAND SECURITY AFFAIRS. The new
definition was published...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
List of publications. S.A.Ostroumov

Sergei Ostroumov–Oct 3, 2010–1 comments–21 views

Ecology, Environment, Life Sciences, List of publications, Author: Ostroumov S.A. updated,
2010 (June 10) ; See on the page:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/publications/ Guide to publications (by
S.A. Ostroumov) and relevant bl...(Read more)
Lava Kafle likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
Innovations:Ecology,Life Sciences,Environmental Sciences:...

Sergei Ostroumov–Sep 29, 2010–3 comments–102 views

THE LIST OF SITES WITH SOME OF PUBLICATIONS: Environmental pollution, including
the recent monstrous oil spill, made it very important: See the summary of some relevant
achievements in ecological and environmental studies conducted by Dr. S. Ostro...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details
Oil spill made it very important

Sergei Ostroumov–Sep 27, 2010–1 comments–33 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/4307_Oil_spill_made_it_very_imp
ortant; The oil spill that happened recently attracted attention to the issues of pollution, ecology
and environment. Some of them were revisited in the followi...(Read more)
Edit post Delete postView details

123
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Dispersed element concentrations of rare elements in aquatic biodetritus

Sergei Ostroumov–Sep 7, 2010–5 comments–36 views

It is the first time the concentrations of many elements were measured in the biodetritus that was
formed in aquatic system under controlled conditions. The concentrations were found to
decrease in the following order: Ca > Zn > Ba > Br > Ce > Se > Nd > La > U > Hf > Sb > Th >
Sm > S > Cs > Au.(View details)Edit post Delete postView details
ecology of water quality

Sergei Ostroumov–Sep 7, 2010–5 comments–107 views

Useful analysis of ecology of water quality:
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/3821_ecology_of_water_quality
Two innovative articles that discoivered new aspects and complex mechanisms of how
organisms and especially communi...(Read more)
Mehrdad Zamanpoore likes this comment.Edit post Delete postView details
biodetritus in accumulation of elements in aquatic ecosystems

Sergei Ostroumov–Sep 6, 2010–0 comments–25 views

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/3804_biodetritus_in_accumulation
_of_elements_in_aquatic_ecosystems New paper entitled: The role of biodetritus in
accumulation of elements in aquatic ecosystems S. A. Ostroumov, G. M. Kolesov....(Read
more)
Lava Kafle likes this comment.
Some of those and other publications are available online:

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5974_Key_Blogs;

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5152_TextsOnlineFree;

Comments on the publications:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/43251041;

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5724_EvaluationbyProfAPKapitsa;

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/3407_Evaluations_of_works_of_D
r_S_Ostroumov

Published Reviews and Evaluations (of the books authored and co-authored by
S.A.Ostroumov): http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401;

Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov‟s works: comments of experts, citation in
scientific literature worldwide. Updated January 2, 2011.
http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7034_Comments_Evaluation_Janu
ary2_2011;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/46147087; (Content of this material: Fragments from some
publications on the achievements in scientific research conducted by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov).

124
Ostroumov S.A. Overview of new data on the effects of surfactants and detergents on prokaryotes, algae, flagellates, vascular plants
and animals.–In:Biological Effects of Surfactants and the biosphere/S.A.Ostroumov.Moscow.MAX Press, 2000, p. 84-113
Scholars of those institutions have cited publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov (examples):
http://www.scribd.com/doc/44305970;

Additional info: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/; http://www.famous-
scientists.ru/3732/; http://ru.linkedin.com/pub/sergei-ostroumov/21/970/41;

Key blogs: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5974_Key_Blogs;

125