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1. What is a Data Warehouse? A Data Warehouse is a collection of data marts representing historical data from different operational data source (OLTP). The data from these OLTP are structured and optimized for querying and data analysis in a Data Warehouse. 2. What is a Data mart? A Data Mart is a subset of a data warehouse that can provide data for reporting and analysis on a section, unit or a department like Sales Dept, HR Dept, etc. The Data Mart are sometimes also called as HPQS (Higher Performance Query Structure). 3. What is OLAP? OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing. It uses database tables (Fact and Dimension tables) to enable multidimensional viewing, analysis and querying of large amount of data. 4. What is OLTP? OLTP stands for Online Transaction Processing Except data warehouse databases the other databases are OLTPs. These OLTP uses normalized schema structure. These OLTP databases are designed for recording the daily operations and transactions of a business. 5. What are Dimensions? Dimensions are categories by which summarized data can be viewed. For example a profit Fact table can be viewed by a time dimension. 6. What are Confirmed Dimensions? The Dimensions which are reusable and fixed in nature Example customer, time, geography dimensions. 7. What are Fact Tables? A Fact Table is a table that contains summarized numerical (facts) and historical data. This Fact Table has a foreign key-primary key relation with a dimension table. The Fact Table maintains the information in 3rd normal form. A star schema is defined is defined as a logical database design in which there will be a centrally located fact table which is surrounded by at least one or more dimension tables. This design is best suited for Data Warehouse or Data Mart. 8. What are the types of Facts? The types of Facts are as follows. 1. Additive Facts: A Fact which can be summed up for any of the dimension available in the fact table. 2. Semi-Additive Facts: A Fact which can be summed up to a few dimensions and not for all dimensions available in the fact table. 3. Non-Additive Fact: A Fact which cannot be summed up for any of the dimensions available in the fact table. 9. What are the types of Fact Tables? The types of Fact Tables are: 1. Cumulative Fact Table: This type of fact tables generally describes what was happened over the period of time. They contain additive facts. 2. Snapshot Fact Table: This type of fact table deals with the particular period of time. They contain non-additive and semi-additive facts.


10. What is Grain of Fact? The Grain of Fact is defined as the level at which the fact information is stored in a fact table. This is also called as Fact Granularity or Fact Event Level. 11. What is Factless Fact table? The Fact Table which does not contains facts is called as Fact Table. Generally when we need to combine two data marts, then one data mart will have a fact less fact table and other one with common fact table. 12. What are Measures? Measures are numeric data based on columns in a fact table. 13. What are Cubes? Cubes are data processing units composed of fact tables and dimensions from the data warehouse. They provided multidimensional analysis. 14. What are Virtual Cubes? These are combination of one or more real cubes and require no disk space to store them. They store only definition and not the data. 15. What is a Star schema design? A Star schema is defined as a logical database design in which there will be a centrally located fact table which is surrounded by at least one or more dimension tables. This design is best suited for Data Warehouse or Data Mart. 16. What is Snow Flake schema Design? In a Snow Flake design the dimension table (de-normalized table) will be further divided into one or more dimensions (normalized tables) to organize the information in a better structural format. To design snow flake we should first design star schema design. 17. What is Operational Data Store [ODS] ? It is a collection of integrated databases designed to support operational monitoring. Unlike the OLTP databases, the data in the ODS are integrated, subject oriented and enterprise wide data. 18. What is Denormalization? Denormalization means a table with multi duplicate key. The dimension table follows Denormalization method with the technique of surrogate key. 19. What is Surrogate Key? A Surrogate Key is a sequence generated key which is assigned to be a primary key in the system (table). 20. What are the client components of Informatica 7.1.1? Informatica 7.1.1 Client Components: 1. Informatica Designer 2. Informatica Work Flow Manager 3. Informatica Work Flow Monitor 4. Informatica Repository Manager 5. Informatica Repository Server Administration Console. 21. What are the server components of Informatica 7.1.1? Informatica 7.1.1 Server Components: 1. Informatica Server 2. Informatica Repository Server. 22. What is Metadata?


Data about data is called as Metadata. The Metadata contains the definition of a data. 23. What is a Repository? Repository is a centrally stored container which stores the metadata, which is used by the Informatica Power center server and Power Center client tools. The Informatica stores Repository in relational database format. Informatica 7.1.1 Repository has 247 database objects Informatica 6.1.1 Repository has 172 database objects Informatica 5.1.1 Repository has 145 database objects Informatica 4.1.1 Repository has 111 database objects 24. What is Data Acquisition Process? The process of extracting the data from different source (operational databases) systems, integrating the data and transforming the data into a homogenous format and loading into the target warehouse database. Simple called as ETL (Extraction, Transformation and Loading). The Data Acquisition process designs are called in different manners by different ETL vendors. Informatica ----> Mapping Data Stage ----> Job Abinitio ----> Graph 25. What are the GUI based ETL tools? The following are the GUI based ETL tools: 1. Informatica 2. DataStage 3. Data Junction 4. Oracle Warehouse Builder 5. Abinitio 6. Business Object Data Integrator 7. Cognos Decision Stream. 26. What are programmatic based ETL tools? 1. Pl/Sql 2. SAS BASE 3. SAS ACCESS 4. Tera Data Utilities a. BTEQ b. Fast Load c. Multi Load d. Fast Export e. T (Trickle) Pump 27. What is a Transformation? A transformation is a repository object that generates, modifies, or passes data. Transformations in a mapping represent the operations the PowerCenter Server performs on the data. Data passes into and out of transformations through ports that you link in a mapping or mapplet. Transformations can be active or passive. An active transformation can change the number of rows that pass through it. A passive transformation does not change the number of rows that pass through it. 28. The following are details description of Transformations available in Informatica. Transformation Type Description


Aggregator Application Qualifier Custom Expression External Procedure Filter Input Joiner Lookup Normalizer Output Rank Router Sequence Generator Sorter Source Qualifier Source

Active / Connected Active / Connected

Performs aggregate calculations Represents the rows that the Power Center Server reads from an application, such as an ERP source, when it runs a session. Calls a procedure in a shared library or DLL. Calculates a value Calls a procedure in a shared library or in the COM layer of windows. Filters data Defines mapplet input rows. Available in the Mapplet Designer Joins data from different databases of flat file systems. Looks up values Source qualifier for COBOL sources. Can also use in the pipeline to normalize data from relational or flat file sources. Defines mapplet output rows. Available in the Mapplet Designer. Limits records to a top or bottom range. Router data into multiple transformations based on group conditions. Generates primary keys. Sorts data base4d on a sort key. Represents the rows that the PowerCenter Server reads from a relational or flat file source when it runs a session. Calls a stored procedure. Defines commit transactions. and rollback

Active or Connected



Passive / Connected Active / Connected or Unconnected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Passive / Connected or Unconnected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected Passive / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected

Stored Procedure Transaction Control Union Update Strategy XML Generator

Passive / Connected or Unconnected Active / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected Active / Connected

Merges data from different databases or flat file systems. Determines whether to insert, delete, update, or reject rows. Reads data from one or more input ports and outputs XML through a single output


For each repository database registered with the Repository Server it configures and manages a Repository Agent process. Targets 3. Global objects 3. Mappings 4. Informatica client connects to the repository server through the host name/ IP address and its port number. The Repository Server can manager multiple repository on different machines on the network. The Repository Agent is a multi-threaded process that performs the action needed to retrieve. How many types of Repositories are there? There are three types of Repositories: 1. Source Definitions 10. 29. Represents the rows that the PowerCenter Server reads from an XML source when it runs a session. What are features of Informatica Repository Server? Features of Informatica Repository Server. Multi-dimensional metadata 6. Save Lock 33. Sessions and Batches 8. Transformations 6 . Read Lock 2. 5. Reusable Transformations 7. What are the types of metadata stored in Repository? The following types of metadata are stored in Repository: 1. Target definitions 11. Local Repository 31. 2. 4. What are Repository objects which we can export? We can export the following Repository objects: 1. What are the types of locks in Repository? There are two types of Locks in Repository: 1. Transformations 32. Sources 2. Global Repository 3. Write Lock 3. XML Parser XML Source Qualifier Active / Connected Active / Connected Reads XML from one input port and outputs data to one or more output ports. Shortcuts 9. Informatica client application and Informatica server access the repository database tables through the Repository Server. Database connections 2. Mapplets 5. 30. Standalone Repository 2. insert and updated metadata in the repository database tables.port. Execute Lock 4. Fetch Lock 5. 1. 3.

44. Mappings 6. pmcmd returns zero on success and non zero on failure 36. The monitor window displays the status of each session when you poll the Informatica Server. Recover sessions. What is the use of Stored Procedure Transformation? We use the Stored Procedure Transformation for populating and maintaining the database. 38. To check whether records already exists in the table. Getting a related value form a table using a key column value 2. A WorkFlow is created from Workflow Manager. 37. 40. What is a Load Manager? The Load Manager is a primary Informatica Server process.4. What is Metadata Reporter? It is a web based application that enables you to run reports against the repository metadata. Check whether the Informatica server is running 2. Mapplets 5. It is a file created in a notepad and saved with . Update slowly changing dimension table 3. It performs the following tasks: • Manages sessions and batch scheduling • Locks the session and read the session properties • Read the parameter file 7 . What is the use of partitioning the sessions? The partitioning of session increases the session performance by reducing the time period of reading the source data and loading the data into the target. With a metadata reporter you can access information about your repository without having knowledge of SQL. What is a Work Flow? A Work Flow is a set of instructions on how to execute tasks such as sessions. What are actions which can be performed by pmcmd command? We can perform the following actions with pmcmd: 1. What is meant by Lookup Cache? The Informatica server builts a cache in memory when it process the first row of a data in a cached lookup transformation. emails and shell commands. What is a Parameter File? The parameter File is used to define the values of the parameters and variables used in a session. Start and stop sessions and batches 3. What is commit interval? A commit interval is the interval at which the Informatica Server commits data to relational targets during a session. What is Polling? It displays the update information about the session in the monitor window.prm extension. 4. 43. Sessions 34. What is the uses of Lookup Transformation? The Lookup Transformation is useful for: 1. 41. 39. Stop the Informatica server. 42. 35.

TC_COMMIT_AFTER 3. TC_COMMIT_BEFORE 2. 54. TC_ ROLLBACK_BEFORE 4. What are Bad Rows (Rejected Rows)? The Informatica Server will dumped the bad or rejected rows which are sent out by the transformation into a text file with tablename. 52. DD_INSERT DD_UPDATE DD_DELETE DD_REJECT 0 1 2 3 DD Stands For Data Driven 50 What are the benefits of Star Schema Design? • Fewer tables • Designed for analysis across time • Simplify joins • Less database space • Supports drilling on reports 51 What is Data Scrubbing? The Data Scrubbing is the process of cleaning up the junk in the legacy data and make it accurate and useful. What is the end value of the Sequence Generator? The end value of the Sequence Generator is 2147483647.• • Expand the server and session variables and parameters. What are the tasks performed by Sequence Generator Transformation? 1. Verify permissions and privileges 45.bad extension. Cycle through a sequential range of numbers. making good data out of bad data. 4. We can apply “Distinct” clause only in Source Qualifier and Sorter Transformations. TC_ROLLBACK_AFTER 5. Simply. How to implement Update Strategy? To implement Update Strategy Transformation the source and target table should have primary keys to compare the records the records and to find out the latest changes happened. 47. 53. 3. Replace missing values 3. 55. TC_CONTINUE_TRANSACTION [Default] 48. Logical Modeling 8 . 2. The Normalizer Transformation is mainly used to extract and format the Cobol files. What are types of Dimensional Modeling? 1. Create keys 2. 49. What are constants of Update Strategy Transformation? The constants of Update Strategy Transformation are: 1. Physical Modeling 3. Conceptual Modeling 2. 46. What are variables supplied by the Transaction Control Transformation? 1.

You cannot use XML source qualifier in a mapplet and Joiner and Normalizer Transformations.While importing source definition the metadata that will be imported are: 1. You cannot use Incremental Aggregation when the mapping includes an aggregator transformation. What is common use of creating a Factless Fact Table? The most common use of creating a Factless fact table is to capture date transaction events. SAP R/3 5. What is Forward Engineering? Using the Erwin tool the data modeler will convert the . We can stop the Batch by two ways: 1. 62. SAP BW 7. Concurrent 65. What are the Session Partitions types? 1. Flat Files 3. RDBMS 2. Web Methods 8. Data Types 5. 58. Database partitioning 61.SQL script (logical structure of tables) into a physical structure tables at the database level. 57. Legacy Systems. What is stop the Batch and types of Batches? Grouping of sessions is known as Batch. Hash keys 3. Server Manager 2. What is a tracing level and types of Tracing level? 9 . There are two types of batches: 1. XML Files 4. PeopleSoft 6. 59. this is called as Forward Engineering. Round-robin 2. By pmcmd command 64. Sequential 2. Web Services 9. Pass-through 5. Seibel 10. What are the different sources of Source systems of Data Warehouse? 1. Source Name 2. Column Names 4. Database Location 3. 60.56. Key Constraints 63. Cobol Files 11. Key range 4.

What are the types of OLAPs ? 1. else inserts. Target Definition – to where the database has to be loaded 3. What does the Top Down Approach says? The Top Down Approach is coined by Bill Immon. 3. Normal Verbose Verbose lnit Verbose Data 66. What is the default join that source qualifier provides? Inner Join 67. Micro strategy. 71. 69. 10 . Update as Insert: Inserts a new row for each update. Types of Slowly Changing Dimensions: 1. 73. DOLAP: The OLAP tool which words with desktop databases are called as DOLAP. 75. Type – 1 (Recent updates) 2. 2. ROLAP: The OLAP which works with Relational databases are called as ROLAP. What is a Data in a database this include the source of tables. What does the Bottom Up Approach or Ralph Kimball Approach says? The Bottom Down Approach is coined by Ralph Kimball. 72. Type – 11 (Full historical information) 3. Type – 111 (Partial historical information) 68. Source Definition – from where the database has to be loaded 2. the meaning of the keys and the relationship between the tables. What does a Mapping document contains? The Mapping document contains the following information : 1. Micro strategy. According to his approach he says “First we need to implement the Enterprise data warehouse by extracting the data from individual departments and from the Enterprise data warehouse develop subject oriented databases called as “Data Marts”. What is a Dimension Modeling? A Dimensional Modeling is a high level methodology used to implement the start schema structure which is done by the Data Modeler. In Conceptual Modeling and Logical modeling the tables are called as entities. Update as Update: Updates each row flagged for update if it exists in the table. 74. 76. 3. What are Update Strategy’s target table options? 1. 2. Example: Cognos EP 7 Series and Business Objects. Types of Tracing levels are: 1.Tracing level represents the amount of information that Informatica server writes in a log file. Who is the first person in the organization to start the Data Warehouse project? The first person to start the Data Warehouse project in a organization is Business Analyst. 4. Business Logic – what logic has to be implemented in staging area. Example: Business Object. Update else Insert: Updates if row exists. Cognos ReportNet and BRIO. According to his approach he says “First we need to develop subject oriented database called as “Data Marts” then integrate all the Data Marts to develop the Enterprise data warehouse. 70. 2.

Data cache 5. HOLAP: The OLAP which uses the combined features of ROLAP and MOLAP are called as HOLAP. Persistent Lookup Cache 4.3. 89. Index cache 87.rep 78. Which join is not supported by Joiner Transformation? The non-equi joins are not supported by joiner Transformation. Dynamic Lookup Cache 3. 85. 11 . What is the basic difference between reusable transformation and mapplet? Maplets are set of reusable transformation logic and reusable transformations are created by single transformation logic. 4. 80. What are the Direct and Indirect methods in the Flat file extraction? In the direct method the extract the flat file by using its own meta data. What is Sort Key? The column on which the sorting takes place in the Sorter Transformation is called as “Sort Key” Column.What is Rank Index? When you create a Rank Transformation by default “Rank Index” port will be created. 88. What is unconnected Transformation? The transformation which does not involve in mapping data flow is called as Unconnected Transformation. 81. 82. 79. A maplet contains one maplet input Transformation and one maplet output Transformation. Which Transformation is responsible to maintain updates in warehouse database? Update Strategy Transformation. What are the caches contained by the Look up Transformation? 1. MOLAP: The OLAP which is responsible for creating multidimensional structures called cubes are called as MOLAP. What is SQL Override? Applying the joining condition in the source qualifier is called as sql override. What is default group in Router Transformation? In the Router Transformation the rejected rows are captured by default group and the data will be passed to target table. 84. 77. to store the number of ranks specified. In indirect method we extract all the flat files by using one flat file’s meta data. Example Cognos ReportNet. What is Connected Transformation? The Transformation which involve in mapping data flow is called as connected transformation. 83. By default all the transformation are connected transformation. What is the extension of Repository backup? The extension of the Repository backup is . Static Lookup cache 2. What is the Maplet? Mapplet is type of meta data object which contains set of reusable transformation logic which can be reused in multiple mapping. 86. Example: Cognos ReportNet.

96. we can accomplish the following tasks. 94. What is worklet? The worklet is a group of sessions. What are join types in Joiner Transformation? 12 . The Constraint Based Load order is used for implementing snow-flake schema data loading. Why we use lookup transformation? Look up Transformations can access data from relational tables that are not sources in mapping. Return Values 3. User defined group 2. 100. Sequential 3. creating input and output ports for every column in the source. What are the groups available in Router Transformation? 1. 92. 91. With Lookup transformation. What is File Watch Event? The Event Wait activity of a session has event called as File Watch which will watch wether the file is copied or not. Which tool you use to create and manage sessions and batches and to monitor and stop the Informatica server? Informatica server manager. Why we use partitioning the session in Informatica? Partitioning achieves the session performance by reducing the time period of reading the source and loading the data into target. Control flow loading 93. 95. Status code 101. How may Loading criteria? There are three types of Loading criteria. Why we use stored procedure transformation? For populating and maintaining databases. Default group 102. Paralle loading 2.90. What is Constraint Based Load ordering? The Constraint Based Load ordering specified the loading of the dimensions tables based on the constraints designed in the dimension table. Input/output parameter 2. To execute the worklet we have to create the workflow. 97. 99. 98. 1. What are the types of data that passes between Informatica server and stored procedure? There are three types of data 1. Which transformation should we use to normalize the COBOL and relational sources? When you drag the COBOL source into the Designer workspace. What is Target Load Planer? The Target Load plan is the order in which we should load the target to implement the Data Acquisition Process. the normalized transformation automatically appears.

Mapping Designer 2. Can you use the mapping parameters or variables created in one mapping into another mapping? No. Click the add button on the ports tab.How can you improve session performance in aggregator transformation? Use sorted input. We can use mapping parameters or variables in any transformation of the same mapping or mapplet in which you have created mapping parameters or variables. Detail Outer Join 4. Transformation Developer 3. 111. 115. 105.In a sequential batch can you run the session if previous session fails? Yes. Full Outer Join 103. What are the basic needs to join two sources in Source Qualifier? The two source tables should have a primary key – foreign key relationship and the two source tables should have matching data types. In which circumstances the Informatica creates a reject file (bad file)? When it encounters the DD_REJECT in Update strategy Transformation Voilets database constraints file in the rows was truncated or overflowed. Drag the prot from another transformation 2. 112. 13 . 107. 106. by setting the option always runs the session. What are the tasks to be done to partition a session? • Configure the session to partition the source data • Install the Informatica on a machine with multiple CPU 108. 114. Master Outer Join 3. Mapplet Designer 104. Can you start a session inside a batch individually? We can start our required session only in case of sequential batch in case of concurrent batch. What is Data Driven? The Data Driven is the instruction which is fed to Informatica Server whether to insert/delete/update when using Update Strategy Transformation. because reusable transformation is not contained with any mapplet or mapping.The joins supplied by the Joiner Transformation are: 1. How many ways your create ports? Two ways: 1. We can do like this. 113. 110. What is a Status code? Status code provides error handling facility during the session execution. Can you use the mapping parameters or variables created in one mapping into any other reusable transformation? Yes. How can you stop the batch? By using server manager or pmcmd. 109. What are the designer tools available for creation of Transformations? 1. Normal Join 2.

Promote a standard transformation from mapping designer. Relational and ERP. 14 . 122. 124. Infomix) to a single source qualifier. 120. What are Target Options on the Servers? Target Options for File Target type are FTP File. create a new independent batch and copy the necessary sessions into the new batch. represent values you might want to change between Sessions such as database connections or source files. 117. What are the session parameters? Session parameters are like mapping parameters. Loader and MQ There are no target options for ERP target type. 119. If you wants to start batch that resides in a batch. Can you generate reports in Informatica? Yes. Design it in the transformation developer. Type of join 3. such as averages and sums. After you ass a transformation to the mapping. 127. can you map these three ports directly to target? No. Unless and until you join those three ports I source qualifier you cannot map them directly. What is Code Page used for? Code page is used to identify characters that might be I different languages. What are Target Types on the Server? Target Types are File. Where should you place the flat file to import the flat file definition to the designer? Place it in Local folder. What are the methods for creating reusable transformations? There are two methods: 1. If your are importing Japanese data into mapping. 129. 123. Condition of the join 128. oracle.116. you must select the Japanese code page of source data. 121. By using Metadata reporter we can generate reports in Informatica. Can you start batches with in a batch? You cannot. 118. Master and detail source 2. 126.What is the aggregate transformations? Aggregate transformation allows you to perform aggregate calculations. 125. What are the settings that you use to configure the joiner transformation? 1. Can you copy the batches? No. How do you identify existing rows of data in the target table using lookup transformation? Can identify existing rows of data using Unconnected transformation. After dragging the ports of there sources(sql server. you can promote it to the status of reusable transformation. What is a source qualifier? It represents all data queried from the source. 2.

134. 132. Configure the session to partition source data. 131. 2. Uni code mode 133. Run the session only if previous session completes successfully. What is difference between stored procedure transformation and external procedure transformation? Inner equi join. To achieve the session partition what are the necessary tasks you have to do? 1. No need to have data base connection in case of external procedure transformation. You chooses the data movement in the Informatica server configuration settings Two types of data movement modes available in Informatica. the Joiner transformation reads records from the detail source and performs joins. What are the data movement modes in Informatica? Data movement modes determine how Informatica server handles the character data. 137. How many ways you can update a relational source definition? There are ways you can update a relational source definition: 1. of sessions • Server cannot obtain an execute lock for the session • Server encounters database errors • Network related errors 138. the Informatica Server reads all the records from the master source and builds index and data caches bases on the master rows. 135. Where as in external procedure transformation procedure or function will be executed out side of data source. Install the Informatica server on a machine with multiple CPU’S 136. What are the joiner caches? When a Joiner transformation occurs in a session. Performance tuning in Informatica? The goal of performance tuning is optimize session performance so sessions run during the available load window for the Informatica server. Edit the definition 2. That is you need to make it as a DLL to access in your mapping. • Server cannot allocate enough system resources • Session exceeds the maximum no. You needs data base connection to import the stored procedure in to yours mapping.When can session fail? The session fails when. 2. After building the caches. By designing it in the transformation developer 15 . What is difference between stored procedure will be compiled and external procedure transformation? In case of stored procedure transformation procedure will be compiled and executed in a relational data source. ASCII mode 2. How many ways you can create a Reusable Transformation? There are two ways to create a Reusable Transformation 1. 1. reimport the definition 139. What are different options uses to configure the sequential batches? There are two options: 1. Always runs the session.130.

140. update or reject. In which scenario does the Update Strategy Transformation is best suited? Within a session: When you configure a session.2. By promoting the already existing Transformation to reusable from its properties. There are two types of data movement modes: 1. Uni code mode 148. By flag value 3. The Informatica server saves the value of mapping variable in repository in the send of the session and uses it for the next session run. If you partition a session with file target the Informatica server create one target file for each partition. Use this map to load new data without disturbing the existing data. 143. What are the Transformations that restrict the partition of sessions? 16 . you can instruct the Informatica server to either treat all records in same way (treat all as insert/treat all as update/treat all as update) or use instructions coded into the session to flag records for different database operations. What is a Mapping Variable? A Mapping Variable represents a value that can change throughout the session. By using the copy session wizard you can copy a session in a different folder or Repository. you use the update strategy transformation to flag records for insert. 149. 150. But first you should copy the mapping of that session before you copy session. Why you use Repository connectivity? When you edit or schedule the session each time. Can you copy the session to a different folder or Repository? Yes. By version number 2. What is the difference between partitioning of relational target and partitioning of file target? If you partition a session with a relational target Informatica server creates multiple connections to the target database to write target data concurrently. ASCII mode 2. 144. 141. What is data cache and Index cache? When you use aggregator transformation in your mapping then Informatica server creates Data and Index cache in memory to process the transformation. 145. Slowly growing target: Loads a slowly growing fact or dimension table be inserting new rows. 142. What are the data movement modes in Informatica? The data movement modes determines how Informatica server handles the character data. How can you recognize whether or not the data is added in the table in Type – II dimension? 1. Within a Mapping: Within a mapping. Simple pass through mapping: loads a slowly growing fact or dimension table be inserting new rows. 147. By effective date range 146. Use this map to loading new data into it. What are the types of mappings in Getting Started Wizard? 1. What is a aggregator cache in aggregate transformation? The aggregator transformation stores the data in the aggregator cache until it completes aggregate calculations. 2. Informatica server directly communicates the repository to check whether or not the session and users are valid.

6. Advanced External Transformation External Procedure Transformation Aggregator Transformation Joiner Transformation Normalizer Transformation XML Targets 151. What is a Power Center Repository? The Power Center Repository allows you to share metadata across repositories to create a data mart domain. 17 .1. you can create a single global repository to store metadata used across an enterprise and a number of local repositories to share the global metadata as needed. 4. In a data mart domain. 2. 5. 3.

What is Automatic Association? The group association of a newly created summary. What is a Catalog and what are the types of Catalogs? Catalog is a file with . A Catalog does not store data but contains metadata information like what database to access. This Bulk fetch can improve the processing time for large queries. 6. Shared Catalog 18 . This prompt gets the values from a text file which is already being extension that contains all the information necessary for impromptu to access and retrieve information from a relational database.Cognos EP7 Series 1. 11. There are four types of Catalogs: 1. The data for the catalog pick list comes from the warehouse database. 4. 9. 3. Secured Catalog 3. There are four types of Prompts available in impromptu. 10. They are: Type – In Prompt Catalog Pick List Prompt File Pick List Prompt Report Pick List Prompt 7. The Report pick list prompt picks the values from the report. 8. What is Report Pick List Prompt? A pick list which is created from the report is called as Report Pick List Prompt. What is Cascading Prompt? A prompt which takes the values from another prompt is called as Cascading prompt. The location of the group where you create the summary determines its automatic association. 2. Associated data item suppress duplicate data values but do not generate a control break. The Associated column displays only one data value for the group with which it is associated. Personal Catalog 2. What is Associated Data Item? A data item linked to the group data item. What is a File Pick List Prompt? A pick list which is created from ASCII / text files is called as File Pick List prompt. 5. The Cascading prompt can be implemented with the concept of Report Pick List Prompt. What is a Prompt and types of Prompts? It is a dialog box that asks the user to enter/select information when report is opened and which it uses to filter so as to get the information that user wants. What is a Catalog Pick List Prompt? A pick list prompt which is create from the columns of the tables which are existed in the catalog. What is a Bulk fetch? Retrieval of more than one row of data from your database in a single fetch call is called as Bulk fetch. What is Alias Table? An alternative name for a table generally used in self joins. where the database is stored. What is Cache Query? A temporary cache on your personal computer that Impromptu uses to store report results. and how the tables in the catalog are joined.

customer list etc. What is a Fixed Association? A group association entered into the definition of a summary data item. 13. The Distributed Catalog is ideal is the users wants to work with the Impromptu offline. 20. 14. 18. 22. The Secured catalog is useful for users who are not familiar with Impromptu and just want to analyze the data in the pre defined reports. Unlike an automatic association. the Fixed Association remains the same when you move it to a new location. What is Shared Catalog? A Shared Catalog is intended for a workgroup or company were several users need to create and edit their own reports. You can use Dynamo to generate HTML controls that are placed on a page of a power prompt application. The Shared Catalog is ideal in a LAN environment where the catalog can be stored in a central and shared drive and accessed by all the users. any value in PowerPlay or any node in the Scenario’s tree view. Distributed Catalog 12. You can navigate through a set of associated reports. 19. A Hot File can be joined either with a database table or with another Hot File itself. 21. What is a Personal Catalog? A Personal Catalog is intended for the small business owner who wants to maintain a data such as personal information. What is a Measure Object? In PowerPlay the number by which you guage the performance. What is Drill Through? Drill through is an action that enables Impromptu PowerPlay and Scenario users to view transactions level details in an Impromptu report. 16. What is a Hot File? A separate local data table that can be added to your catalog or used in the report as a data source and as if it is a regular database table. 15. You can setup a Drill Through for any cell in Impromptu. What is a Reusable prompt and Non reusable Prompt? 19 . 17.4. The users cannot change this catalog in any way. What is a Dynamo? The Dynamo formats the result of an SQL query against an ODBC data source. 23. What is a Macro? A customized sequence of instructions (“macro commands”) that Cognos application can carry out. What is Secured Catalog? A Secured Catalog is intended for users who do not need or want to create or edit their own reports. What is a Power Cube? A file that contains data that is structured to provide for fast retrieval and exploration of data in PowerPlay. What is Distributed Catalog? The Distributed Catalog is intended for a workgroup or company where several users need to create and edit their own reports and change the catalog content and work offline with Impromptu. use Personal Catalog if you are the only person using the catalog and you are using the Administrator version of Impromptu.

Create an Alias Table. To resolve the Loop exception do one of the following actions: 1. What are different data sources to generate the reports? The different data source to generate the reports are: 1. Leave the join structure as it is. The Thumbnail will be deleted when you close the entire application. Attributes / Columns 30. Add a join between two table groups to create a Spanning tree. You can have more than one query on a page. 29. 2. 26. 31. 2. The result is displayed either in a diagram format or as an expression. When “Isolated Table – Exception” is occurred and how it is resolved? If a table is not joined to other table then the “Isolated Table” exception occurs. Set Governor values 20 . What is a Snapshot? A permanent local copy of the report data which can be even manipulated later without connecting to the original database. Limit folder access and restrict select values 3. Thumbnail 25. You cannot add a data item into the snapshot. Hot File 4. 24. 27. Catalog 2. What are objects that exists in the catalog? A catalog contains the following types of objects: 1. Limit table access 2. What is a Sub Report? A sub query that is associate with a main query. Prompts 4. To resolve this do one of the following: 1. You can include several sub reports in one main query. You can add a data item into the thumbnail. Snapshot 3. Expressions 3. 3. Best suitable when you are working in a disconnected network. Leave the join structure as it is.The prompt that are create in the catalog are called as reusable Prompts and the prompts that are created in the report environment are called as Non reusable prompts. Remove that table form the catalog 4. How can you test your Joins? We can test the joins from the Test option in the Catalog’s Join dialog box. 28. What is a Thumbnail? A temporary data file with a restricted number of rows best suited for testing the report. Remove one or more join. In what ways User Classes can help you control access to data in the database? 1. 32. Filter values 4. Filters 2. When “Loop – Exception” is occurred and how it is resolved? Is two tables share a single lookup table then the “Loop – Exception” is occurred.

How can you optimize the Catalog? The catalog can be optimized by using the following options: 1. Governors 6.CAT Macros .MAC Cognos Query File . 38. 34. 37. 3. 35. 2. What is a Cognos Script? A script like visual basic used to write macros.IMT Hotfiles .IQD Cognos Content Report .SSS format 39. are the privileges and restrictions you can apply in Governor tab page of Set restrictions on queries for a user class Grant or deny user privileges Set limits for table retrieval or data retrieval. Client / Server balancing 3.33. Database functions 4. grouping. 41. To resolve the Loops. Who is a Report Author? An Impromptu user who creates complex reports and has in-depth knowledge of the powerful features in Impromptu. What catalog? 1.CQ Impromptu Query Definition . formatting and filtering. To Provide alternate join structure.ICR PowerPlay Files . 3. 2. What are the extensions of files in Impromptu File Type Extension Reports . What is Impromptu? 21 . Hot Files. Database interaction 2. 36. To create self joins with in a table.MCX 40.IMS Catalogs .HH:SS. What are the uses of Alias Table? The uses of Alias Table are: 1.IMR Templates . Table weighting and qualification 5.DAT Compiled Macros . Who is a Report Creator? An Impromptu user who creates basic reports using the report wizard or a template and applies skills such as sorting. What are the general formats of the data in Impromptu? Data Format Numbers With no symbols Alphabets / Alphanumericals With an initial capital letter Dates In MM/DD/YY format Date – time In MM/DD/YY HH:MM:SS am/pm format Intervals In D.

tailored reports. 47. What is a Summarized Data? 22 . Access up-to-the-minute corporate information. What are the uses of Impromptu? The following are some of the uses of Impromptu: 1. 49. IF…THEN…ELSE Statements 7. Provides clear answers to real business questions. finally a control break will be occurred with every change in the data item of the grouped column. 44.Impromptu is a windows based powerful interactive query and reporting tool that lets you query data and create sophisticated reports in a easy-to-use and sophisticated desktop interface. 2. Catalog Columns 3. 51. You can use the Predefined conditions for: 1. Values 6. Calculations can contain 1. What is a Calculation? A Calculation computes a new data based on existing data items. 46. 45. conditions and prompts. Identify and highlight exceptional data. Report Columns 2. Create and distribute sophisticated. A Folder contains columns from one or more tables and also contains calculations. the duplicate values will be removed. Operators 50. 4. 48. Summaries 4. second. 43. What is a ad hoc report? An ad hoc report is a simple report or one-time report that is outside the set of standard reports you may have available to you. What is a Expression Editor? The Expression Editor is used to define or build a common filter expressions to a complex filter expressions. 42. You use IF…THEN …ELSE constructs to create the Conditional Statements. To create filter containing only the predefined conditions 2. What is Grouping? Grouping allows you to display hierarchical relationships within the data in the report. When you group your data then first the data within a group is sorted in ascending order. What is a Conditional Statements? The Conditional statements are often used in calculated columns to highlight general categories of data. To create a more complex filter expression by combining the predefined condition with other conditions. Functions 5. What are Folders? Folders are meaningful group of information. They are based on expressions that result in a true-false value. Most of the conditional statements will be processed locally. What is a Filter? A Filter is a set of criteria which you apply to a report to change its focus. What are Predefined Conditions? The Predefined conditions are those that are created by impromptu Administrator and stored in the catalog. 3.

54. pictures and charts. in Cognos EP 7 there are two ways to access data from multiple database to create a catalog 1. time 6. What is a Crosstab Dimension? The Crosstab Dimensions are the qualitative values of a data item along the top of the Crosstab report. Data in the group 3. Form Frame 6. In a Crosstab report we have Rows. 52. What is Scope of Data? The Scope of data will determine what data is displayed in a form frame. 1. We use Summarized data to see a roll-up view of the data and to perform exploratory analysis of the data. Picture Frame 5. The functions can use any of the following Impromptu’s only supported data types: 1. Single row of data 2. 53. Columns and Cells. What is a Crosstab Report? A Crosstab report summarize information in tabular format showing a value at the intersection point of each row and column. the Impromptu will have an automatic association to that summary by default that is the summary which we have done will be associated with an data item. Position Dependent: A summary with an automatic association changes value depending on its position in the report. By Staging Database 23 . text. data 4.The Summarized Data includes the type of summary to perform on any data item. data – time 5. There are two types of Summary Associations: 1. 55. OLE Object 57. What is Summary Association? When you add a summary to a query. What are Frames? Frames are the building blocks or containers used to design and create the report objects like data. List Frame 2. Text Frame 4. There are six Frame types that you can insert into a report. Chart Frame 3. All Data 58. 2. character 3. interval 56. perform an operation and return a result. What are Functions? Functions are commands that take one or more values. Functions can be included in calculations to perform data manipulations that would otherwise be impossible to do. They are : 1. numeric 2. Position Independent: A summary with a fixed association has a value that does not change when you move it form one place to another. For example if the “Country” data item is show in crosstab report then the country names are the crosstab dimensions. Can you use multiple database to create catalog? Yes. There are three options available to set the scope of data.

When you want detail and summary information in the same report. When to use Limited Local Processing? Use Limited Local Processing settings when:  Most processing is done on the database server by creating multiple queries  Local sorting is not allowed  You cannot use summaries in headings  Both database and local functions are available 63.2. 60. 61. Drill-Through Report 62. What are the Query options for performance? The following are the options which you can set for a query for better performance: → Override all catalog governor settings → Automatically retrieve data → Include the missing table join values (outer joins) → Maximum number of characters to be retrieved for large text items commonly for BLOB data type columns. We use the system of report to provide:  To navigate from summary level information – details through Sub reports  Report-to-Report drill through feature. By Hotfiles 59. When you are advanced user. 64. What is System of Report? The System of Report contains multiple queries and multiple report layouts. When you want multiple queries in a report. How can you improve Data Access Time? The Data Access time can be improved by accessing: ⇒ Local snapshot ⇒ Thumbnail ⇒ Cache 65. What are ideal circumstances to use Sub Reports and Drill Reports? Report Type Sub Report Best Used When When you want single or multiple queries in a single report. What is Staging Database? Combining two different database (say data marts) and integrating into a single database to create a catalog. 24 . When you a beginner or intermediate user. or a series of reports When you want detail and summary information in different reports. When to use Flexible Processing? Use Flexible Processing settings when:  Impromptu determines where processing takes place  Both built – in and database functions are available  Full querying capability is available  The entire result set can be sent to your computer.

Use a combination of report columns and other components to create calculations. rather than the current grouping Use data from one query to filter on another Allows you to include the necessary columns in the query data list and also prevent it form being visible in report Enable users to navigate through a set of associated reports. Used to show summary information for the entire database.IMS extension. Summary information in tabular format where more than one data item in the rows or columns is present. The following are the uses of Hotfile:  To compare historical values  To access subsets of large tables  To speed up processing  To access data from more than one database to create a catalog. What is a Hotfile and what are the uses? A Hotfile is a file sequential file (not indexed) that holds from a report and acts like a separate local database table. 67. A compact report format for displaying summary information. The Hotfile must be accessed from a catalog.66. Creates simple to complex crosstab for the sophisticated user. Drag-and-drop technique for quickly creating a crosstab report. displaying information more effectively and showing more information than a single report can. Summary of Impromptu Objects The following are some of the benefits for the Impromptu’s features (objects) Feature Benefit Sub-reports Unlinked Sub-reports Linked Sub-reports Mark for Insertion Drill through report Crosstab Report Pivot Build Crosstab Nested crosstab Filters Advanced Calculations A report containing multiple queries. The Hotfile is saved with . 68. 25 . What are the external influences of reducing performances? The following are the external influences on reducing the performances: • Network issues • Non-indexed tables • Slow on another query tool • Hardware / software limits. Creates simple to complex cross tabs for the sophisticated for the sophisticated user.

A description (optional) 3. What are the Cognos EP7 Series Products? The products of the Cognos EP7 series are: 1. Cognos Access Manager 10. called the Information Catalog. A native driver (built within Impromptu) 2. Scheduler 4. Non equi-joins 3. A catalog type 4. Cognos Impromptu Administrator 2. Cognos PowerPlay Transformer 5. 70. Self joins 5. To verify contents of catalog 3. Impromptu builds a view of the data in the business terms. Cognos Configuration Manager 71 What is a Join? A Join identifies the columns from one table that are used to link to another table. Complex joins 26 . Cognos Architect 9. What you require to create a catalog? To create a catalog we require: 1. Outer joins 4. Cognos Macros 11. Equi-joins 2. Cognos Web Reports 7. 72. 69. To log changes 4. 74. As a hard copy backup 2. A database vendor’s gateway 3. A catalog name 2. that shields end users from the complexity of the database. What is Impromptu? Impromptu is a business query and reporting tool that access data in the database through the Impromptu user interface. Database definition (driver) 5. What are the uses of Content Overview report? 1. What are Joins available in Impromptu? The different types of joins available in Impromptu are: 1. A Join is commonly formed by a foreign key definition within the database. What are the ways to connect to a database from Impromptu? With Impromptu you can connect to the Database through: 1. Compound joins 6. Cognos PowerPlay Reports 6. Cognos Query 8. As an analytical tool 75. Cognos Impromptu User 3. Required tables. ODBC 73.Stored Procedures Uses code routines from the database to return a result set to the list report.

IMPROMPTU. Number of records 7. Summary of Catalog Types Catalog Run Reports Create/Edit Types Reports Personal Yes Yes Secured Yes No Edit Folders Yes No User has own copy Yes No Meant for multiple users No Yes 27 . such as: 1. 80. Running macros in CognosScript 4.SQL (where XX is OR for Oracle. What is a User Class? A defined group of users with the same data access needs. Creating PowerCubes in PowerPlay Transformer 3. Number of tables 8. Cross-product queries 5. UDF and database specific . What are the .INI 2.INI files that are created by Impromptu: 1. What is meant by Governors? To apply privileges and restrictions for a user class. COGNOS. Governor settings are used to set restrictions on queries by user class. How to access the database UDFs? • Create a UDF in database. What is use of defining User Class? • Easy access to data • Control of access to data • Performance • Streamlined administration 83.INI 3. Query execution time 81. Executing DOS executable and batch files. D2 fro DB2 and so on) • Add the function name and a list of parameters of XXFUNCT. • Add the function declaration to COGUDFXX.INI 4. Outer joins 3. What is the job of Scheduler in Impromptu? Scheduler works as part of the Cognos BI suite and coordinates the following takes: 1. Running reports in Impromptu 2.INI (where XX is OR for Oracle. CER2.SQL  Add the function name and a list of properties to IMPFUNCT. Suppress duplicates 4. 82.INI 77. D2 for DB2 and so on) 78. Retrieval of large text items 6. privileges and restrictions.INI files created by Impromptu? The following are the . To provide access to the UDFs  Create the UDF and place it in the a library  Tell Impromptu where to fine where to fine the library  Add the function declaration to COGUDF.76.INI 79. Sorting on non-indexed columns 2. What is a User-Defined Function (UDF)? A User – Define Function is a custom function created outside of Impromptu.

Shared Distributed Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes 28 .

2. The prompts are very faster and easier than repeatedly changing the filter. 5) What are the types of folders in Cognos connection? Report can be organized by creating the folders. Use model calculations provided in the package. Report Studio 3) Cognos connection: Use to access all corporate data available in ReportNet. 4) What is the default formats of reports? HTML. The corporate data available to you is stored in a package that has been created by the Report Net administrator and published to Cognos Connection. business intelligence reporting solution from Cognos. 3. dynamic. While editing of the report in Query Studio. 12) What is Frame Work Manager? 29 . From the report viewer. 11) How can you add the calculated data to a report? 1. Compare and analyze data. Create new report items using data from existing report items. Cognos connection iii. 10) What is prompt? The prompt is dynamic filter. Packages use corporate business rules to define and group the data to be used for business reporting.1 1) What is Report Net? Report Net is the web-based. Customize ad hoc reports that have been saved. Public Folders: Public Folders can be viewed by many users.Cognos Report Net 1. 2) Components of Report Net: i. My Folders: Personal Folders that you can organize according to your preferences. 9) How can you view the data from existing report? 1. which can extract the data from existing report. Create ad hoc reports that can be viewed by others. Query Studio iv. 6) What are the uses of Query Studio? 1. Framework manager. 7) What is a Package? Package is interfacing between the data base and End user nothing but Business user. 8) How can you create Ad hoc reports? The administrator previously creates a package in Framework Manager and publish to a location in the Cognos Connection portal to which you have access. Summarize existing detail values predefined summary functions (such as sum. CSV and XML. ii. 2. With that we can use in our ad hoc reports. 3. PDF. avg) 2.

you can restrict the function sets. I. 18) What is a Model? A model in Frame work manager is a business presentation of the structure of the data from one or more databases. G. Stored Query subjects. E. C. A model Name spaces Data sources Parameter maps Packages Folder Query subject Query item Relation ship 12) What are the types of Query Subjects? 1. H. Consume. with contains: A. 13) What are the phases of the Cognos Report Net workflow? Plan. Manage. so that it lists only the vendors that you want to use in your project. you have to interact with a project. However. The Presentation layer is made up primarily of model query subjects that you create. Model. Default data source query subjects 2. Model Query Subjects 3. Author. Frame work manager creates a query subject using the following statements. F. which are used for working with local Languages that the default value is ‘EN’ 15) What is physical layer? The Physical layer provides the physical query layer and is made up primarily of data source and stored procedure query subjects. Or A model is a set of related query subjects and other objects. 30 . In frame work Manager. 17) Define function set: A function set is a collection of vendor specific database. D. Example When we import the product the table from Go sales sample database. Frame work manager provides Meta data model development environment to develop the business packages as per the business requirements.Frame work manager is an application that runs in Microsoft windows and provides a model development environment. 19) Explain about Data Source Query Subject? Data Source query subjects contain SQL statements the directly reference data in a single data source. The parameter maps are key value phase. B. It acts as the foundation for the presentation layer. Frame work manager allows you to develop the Meta data models called projects. 16) What is Presentation layer? The Presentation layer makes it easier for report authors to find and understand their data. 14) What are the advanced features of Report Net? The Cognos Report Net has multilingual database accessibility. The Expression editor lists the function sets for all available vendors. Frame work manager automatically creates a data source query subject for each table and view that you import into model.

2 Native SQL: Native SQL is the SQL. Disadvantages: You can not enter nonstandard SQL. iv. vi. the data source uses. Interact more effectively with Cognos applications. 23) What is the security filter? 31 . You can enter any SQL supported by the database. You cannot use SQL that the data source does not support for sub queries. 2. 3 Pass-Through SQL: Pass-Through SQL lets you use native SQL without any of the restrictions the data source imposes on sub queries. Pass-through SQL. but you cannot uses Native SQL in a query subject that references more than one data source in the project. 1 Cognos SQL: By default Cognos Frame work manager uses Cognos SQL to create and edit Query subjects. Have fewer database restrictions 3. You can use SQL that is specific to your database. ii.“select * from [go sales]. Apply or embed a filter Apply or embed a calculation Insert a Macro Insert a data source reference. The query subject may not work on different database type. such as Oracle SQL. Performance is optimized across all related query subjects. The SQL may not work on a different data source. Advantages: 1. iii. updating and querying relational data base management system. Advantages: 1. These all are we can find it in “Edit definition window”. Change the SQL type. Change how SQL is generated. Native SQL 3. Advantages: 1. Can contain metadata from multiple data sources. 2. 22) How can you restrict the tables retrieved by a query? By setting governors we can restrict the tables. There is no opportunity for Frame work manager to automatically optimize performance. v. Disadvantages: 1. 21) What are the types of SQL? SQL is the industry language for creating. 1.product” 20) How can you edit the data source query subject? i. Disadvantages: 1. 2. tables. Types of SQL. Cognos SQL 2.

31) What is the use of Short cuts? To organize the information that you use regularly is called short cuts. 2. 30) What are the types of filters? In framework manager we can create two types of filters. Detailed filters 2. 24) Is there any impact if the package republish with frame work manager to Report Net server? No. Query filters. 25) Explain Stitch Queries? In the event of cross fact table queries. 32) What is the use to disable entries in Cognos connection? We can disable the entries. 27) How can you create the query subject? We can create the query subjects through models. 28) What is parameter map? The parameter maps are key value phase. 1. Tabular filters: Tabular filters are two types A. An error appears if any reports of report sections require local SQL processing. which will be merged locally by stitching together the common dimensional records in each record set.A security filter controls the data that is shown to report authors when they set up Their reports. Summary filters B. no reports are impacted. Filters: In the report studio we can find two types if filters. 29) What is a Macro? To change the SQL syntax conditionally is called macro. It will retrieve two record sets. 2. Model filters. Limited Local: The database server does as much of the SQL processing and Execution as possible. When you disable a folder. 1. 33) What is Query Studio? Query Studio is the adhoc querying tool for ReportNet. 32 . one for each fact table. ReportNet will send two separate Queries to the data source. data sources. However. some reports or report sections use local SQL processing. if republish the package. and stored procedures. Disabling is useful when you want to perform maintance operations. which are used for working with local Language that The default value is ‘EN’. Grouped filters. to prevent other users from accessing it. Disabling it. which was created by you. 1. Tabular filter 2. Summary filters 1. 26) What are Query Processing Types? There are two types of query processing. Database only: The database server does all the SQL processing and execution with the exception of tasks not supported by the database. everything in the folders is disabled as well.

a default data source query subject is created for each object you select (for example table) and creates the default relationships between query subjects for you automatically. 38) When the default data source query subject is created? During the initial metadata import operation. 36) How it appears a project in Frame work manager? A frame work manager project appears as a folder that contains a project file (. 35) What are the report items? The items. published metadata on which reports and queries are based. 41) What is a Physical Layer? The physical layer is a representation of the metadata as it appears in the data source. Provides a foundation for the presentation layer. It is created import only the smallest number of objects required and to create calculations and filters that meet a wide range of business requirements.34) Which component will create a package? The package will be created by the Report Net administrator and will publish to Cognos connections. 37) What is the difference between the Frame work manager model and the adhoc query authors? Frame Work Manager model Adhoc query authors With in Frame Work Manager. It is made up primarily of data source and stored procedure query subjects. 33 . 42) What is Presentation Layer? The Presentation Layer is a modeled business view of the metadata from the data source. which are added from the package to your report are called report items. facilitates report authoring and it is made up primarily of model query subjects and shortcuts. modelers A report or adhoc query author interacts with a interact with a development model. This model appears as the set of the file system. 39) What are phases the work flow process consists in Frame Work Manager? The work flow process consists of the following phases: • Design and create project • Prepare Metadata • Prepare the Business View • Create and Manager Packages • Set Security • Publish • Manage the Project 40) How you set the security Frame work manager? To set the security you have to set as: • Define access to packages. • Create Security filters • Define access to objects • Define package administration access. which run-time version of the Framework Manager exists within the XML based project located on model.cpf) and the specific XML files that define the project.

such as CSV or Unicode text. We can edit the meta data in Frame work manager. or a run Locale. Frame work manager uses the default value when it executes a query that contains a session parameter.43) The types of query processing? There are two types of query processing to choose from: • Limited Local : The database server does as much of the SQL processing and execution as possible. calculations and relationships. And also we can translate the metadata to a more convenient format. Each parameter map consists of two columns: • Key (must be unique) • Value (Used for substitution) 48) What is session parameter? Session parameter is a variable.  It determines the aggregation rules of query items and calculations. 49) What is override value? The override value is to test the results that value returns. If no override value exists. 50) Where you can use the prompts? • The prompts where we can use: • Parameter maps • Session parameter • Stored procedure arguments • Expression. The different Usage property settings are:  Identifies  Fact  Attribute  Unknown 46) Can you edit the metadata in Frame Work Manager? Yes. 44) What are the Building Blocks in Frame work manager? The Query subjects are called Building Blocks in Frame work Manager. such as username. • Database Only : The database server does all the SQL processing and execution with the exception of tasks not supported by the database. and is not saved when you save the model. The syntax is : ?<prompt name>? 52) How can restrict the number of rows? 34 . 45) What is usage property? And what are different setting to set usage property?  It identifies the intended use for the data represented by each query item. including filters. 47) What is parameter map and what it consists of? Parameter maps are similar to data source look-up tables. that Frame work manager associates with a session. 51) What is the use of prompt value? A prompt value can be used when user input is required for variables beyond the report author’s control. The override value is valid only while you have the model open.

Report Administrator: This can administer the public content. fro example. sales. which are • Per-defined group or roles • User-defined groups or roles 54) What tasks do you perform to set the repository control? To set up repository. is a burst report 60) How can you distribute the reports? You can distribute reports to other users to share information with the. as well as restrict character length on binary large objects (BLOBs). human resources. print or email 4. Server Administrator: Can administer services and dispatchers. 35 . 59) When a report cannot be viewed? A report cannot be viewed at the time it is run when it: 1. “A confirmed dimension has relationships to more than one fact table” 58) What are the ReportNet Administration Roles? 1. folder. has a delivery method of save. Directory Administrator: This can administer the contents of namespaces. System Administrator: This is like super key. 4. Cognos namespace contains? The Cognos namespace contains security objects. 55) What tasks will be done after creating of segment? You can create a segment so that you can: • Organize a project according to organizational requirements. and finance. or according to business rules. • Maintain consistency • Reuse information 57) What is use from the Dimensional Information? Dimensional information is used to associate attribute with levels to ensure proper aggregation and avoid double counting or repeating values. you can modify or delete it through the connection manager. • Distribute responsibility for the modeling process amongst multiple groups according to areas of expertise. It runs later 2. has multiple formats or languages 3. • Share and reuse project information to avoid duplication in a new folder. 53) What are security objects. perform the following tasks: • Create the repository • Set up the path to the repository • Configure a connection to the repository • Add the project to the repository Once the repository connection has been established. You can also set time limits for query execution. or namespace. you can restrict the number of tables retrieved by a query as well as restrict the number of rows returned. can access and modify any object in the content store.By setting the Governors. 56) What is a link? What are the uses from links? A link is a shortcut to an existing project. 3. The uses from links are: • Organize work across large projects. 2.

Use bursting to run a report once and divide the results for distribution to multiple recipients. delete. Chart reports Note: • You can combine different report types on the same page • You can use pre-define templates. Choose Appropriate Report Type 3. Burst reports can be distributed by email. Provides many methods of formatting. A web-based report authoring tool. such as name and email address. and distributing your findings. List reports 2. Note that the search functionality is not case – sensitive. 67) What are the logical steps to build a report? 1.You can distribute reports by: 1. 2. 69) What is a Repeater? 36 . 64) How you remove an entry permanently? Delete an entry if you want to permanently remove it from the portal. Cross tab reports 3. • Use Repeater to display objects multiple times on the same page. Determine Data to be Displayed 2. 2. 62) What are the distribution lists contain? The Distribution lists contain a collection of users. printing them 61) What is the use from a Burst Report? 1. you can create contact information for this person. 63) We can user cut and paste functionality to move a report or other entry to another location in the portal. Saving them where other users can access them 2. As a result. Each recipient will only view a subset of the data 3. it you rename. or other distribution lists. Build report 4. 65) How can search for entries in Cognos connection? Can fine types of entries by leaving the search string box empty and selecting a specific entry type in the Advanced Search Criteria. roles. such as a package or a report. groups. Apply Filters or Create Prompts 5. An entry refers to another entry. or both. contacts. or start with a blank report. saved to a directory. presenting. sending them to other users by email 3. If a recipient is not part of the Cognos security system. or move a referenced entry. Format Report 68) What are the types of Reports? Report Studio uses three main report types: 1. 66) What is Report Studio? The Report Studio is : 1. the entries that refer to this original entry may no longer run properly.

Summarized aggregated data 2. and trends 73) How many ways to add an object or item? Three methods to add an object or item to your report are: 1. Charts are an effective way of showing comparisons. relationships and trends. double-click 2. or profit margin. 77) What is a measure? A measure what data is being reported on. are useful for showing comparisons. 72) What are the uses from Chart Reports? The chart reports uses are: 1. Total is chosen unless it is changed in the model. Present data graphically 2. 76) Can you list headers and footers in list report? Yes. Summarize data and display results in a two-dimensional grid 2. are useful for comparative analysis Note: Cross tabs must include at least three query items.A Repeater is a table in which you can insert items. relationship. 71) What are the uses from Cross tab reports? The Cross tab reports uses are: 1. 70) What are the uses from list reports? The List Reports uses are: • Display data as a series of columns • Are useful for presenting tabular list information. quantity. such as a table. 37 . drag and drop 74) What are the types of data? There are two types of data: 1. 75) What is aggregated data and types of aggregated data? Aggregated data is grouped or summarized data. such as revenue. 78) What is a chart and types of chart? Display data graphically using one or more of the available chart types. right-click and inset 3. Detailed non-aggregated data. This is useful for creating mailing labels. There are various chart types available including. But not to a cross tab report or chart report. that will be repeated. You can set the aggregation in the Properties pane to: • Total • Maximum • Aggregated • Count • Minimum • Automatic • Average • Calculated • None Note: By default. can add headers and footers in list report.

85) What are the roles and responsibilities of prompts. you can convert a list report into a cross tab report. we can convert a list to repeater. parameter values? Parameters : Parameters from the question you want to ask users. Parameter values: Parameters values provide the answers to the questions. 86) How may ways are there to create prompt? To create a prompt you can: • Use the Build prompt page tool • Build your own prompt and prompt page 38 . click Convert List to Repeater. Create a new report using Repeater template. and lets you view data for one group of items at a time. In the properties pane set ID. Prompts : Prompt controls provide the user interface in which the questions are asked. and an object such as a table. you must set ID. You can create a list to repeater. or by converting a list into a repeater. To gain a different perspective on your data. Note: * Only a list report can be converted into a repeater. 82) Can convert a list to a repeater? Yes. Add a Layout component Reference object to any page of your report that references the original object.The list of charts: • • • • • • • • • Column Line Point Bar Pie Radar Pareto Area Combination 79) How to create a repeater report? 1. 83) How can you create Reuse objects? 84) What is the reuse object? How can you create reuse object? The object which is reusable in the same report or another report is called as reuse object. 80) What is the use to break a report into sections? The use of create section is to show grouped information in separate report objects. parameters. You cannot convert a cross tab or chart into a repeater. and then populate the object with query items. 2. Creation of reuse object: 1. 81) Can you convert list to Cross tab report? Yes. Note: * If you want to change list tab to cross tab report you must have three or more than three columns. This makes information easier to locate. 2. Create a list report and then from the Structure menu. You can create a repeater using the Repeater temple.

91) You can use the Schedule Management tool to: ◊ Change the properties of a job ◊ Modify a scheduled report ◊ View the run history of a report ◊ Run a scheduled entry once ◊ Delete a schedule 92) What is parameter? Parameters are placeholders that require a value to determine what data to report on. copy. Product Language : The language used by the portal interface. It provides information about the report itself. • Use padding and margins to create white space • Avoid fixed size objects. • String variable : If there is more than one outcome. you can cut. not about data found in the database. 96) How to Identify the Architecture? To effectively administer the ReportNet server environment you should understand the underlying architecture. just as you can with files and folders in Windows Explorer. 89) To get the possible outcomes what types of variables you use? The types of variables are: • Boolean variable : If there are only two possible outcomes. based on string values you will specify. and paste entries. Model : Create Framework Manger projects 4. 90) To ensure professional results and make report designing easier. 95) Identify the phases of the Cognos ReportNet workflow process? 1. Content Language : The language used to view or produce reports. 94) Specify the Portal and Report Language? 1. such as current date.• Create a prompt directly in a report page 87) What is the use from Customize prompts? Customize prompts in order to help users select and submit their choices. Plan : Develop the application scope as part of a system development lifecycle. 93) How do Organize Data in Cognos Connection? To reorganize data content in Cognos Connection. and administer the environment 3. 2. configure to meet reporting requirements. Consume: End-users consume the required business reports. where the values will be Yes or No. current time. Manage : Install the product. including: ♦ UI and server components 39 . Author : Use Report Studio and Query Studio to create and save reports for business community 5. 88) What is the Layout Calculation? Layout calculation creates a calculation that contains run-time information. and user name. remember to: • Set properties on the highest level item. 2. • Language Variable : Language variable when the values are different languages.

98) What are the User Interface Components? • Cognos Connection • Report Studio • Query studio • Frame work manager • Cognos configuration 99) What are the Features of the ReportNet Architecture? Features of the ReportNet architecture include: • Web administration • A common dispatcher • Scalable • Supports and leverages leading Relational Database management System(RDBMS) for content management.♦ Communication protocols ♦ Third-party applications ♦ Load balancing 97) How do you secure the ReportNet Environment? To implement security in the ReportNet environment. or adding filters. you should: • Understand the ReportNet security model and develop a plan • Identify and configure third-party authentication providers • Lock down the environment • Control access to functionality • Assign access permissions to content. 102) Can you edit an existing report? Yes. • Multilingual • Integrates with Web farms • Platform independent • Open and extensible 100) What are the tiers of the ReportNet Architecture? The ReportNet architecture can be separated into three tiers: • Web server • Applications • Data 101) What is the affinity? Affinity is between request and server ensures that requests are routed to an appropriate computer for execution. we edit the existing report by inserting additional report items. every Monday at 2pm). or you can focus on specific data by removing unnecessary report items. 104) How can you configure ReportNet to perform Bursting? To burst report data. 103) What is the use of schedule? The schedule allows you to run a report at a later time or run it on a recurring basis (for example. you have to configure:  Specify burst repents from a data source  Create the report and specify a burst key in Report Studio  Set burst options in Report Studio 40 .

groups. reference the email address for each user that is stored in your authentication source when bursting to directories 2. Locating hard – to – objects in a report 2. you can either: 1. 107) What is CAMID? CAMID is an internal path to users. You can add multiple layouts to accommodate different languages. 110) How can you set the burst options? Ensure that the report contains the query item you intend to burst the report on and group it. quickly moving objects from one area of a page to another 3. The layout section of the report specification consists of: • Pages • Layout Objects 114) What are the tool bar objects (explorers)? 41 . A report requires at least one layout. Burst key : defines how the data should be filtered and divided 2. Set the following burst options: 1. Modifying object properties. Using the CAMID syntax.  Unique Identifier  List of Recipients  Data item to Burst on 109) What is the impact of changes to row or columns of the burst table? Burst reports that are affected by changes to the burst table may fail when they are run. supply the email address in the report itself by creating a calculated filed 3. reference the appropriate burst table column 112) What is the use from page structure view? 1. Run the report with bursting enabled in Cognos Connection. Burst recipient : determines who receives the subset of data 111) The consideration of Burst to Email Recipients? To supply email addresses when you burst a report to email recipients. 108) What are the information do you need to create burst table? To create a Burst table to map recipients or groups of recipients to specific data that they are allowed to see. 105) What is a burst key? The Burst key is who the intended recipients are and by what method you intend to distribute the reports in the ReportNet. 113) How can you add a layout to Report Specification? The layout section of a report specification determines how the data is displayed on the pages of the report. 106) Determine what are the Burst Recipients? You can distribute burst reports to : • Users • Groups • Roles • Email address and distribution lists. but may have more. roles contacts or distribution lists. you can substitute a static user ID with a dynamically generated user ID when creating your burst key.

Query explorer tool box 115) Can you create a custom toolbox object? Yes.xml file:  Layout View  QueryView_queryset  QueryView_BIQuery  QueryView_tabularModel  QueryView_tabularSet 116) Can you create Custom Templates? Yes. we can not delete Cognos namespace 122) What are the Built – in Entries? Built – in entries are fundamental entries required to access and administer ReportNet. you must add it to the Template. and then reference it from the Toolbox. 119)What are the Groups and Roles? Groups and roles represent collections of users that perform similar tasks. 118) What is Authorization? Authorization is the process of granting or denying users access to data. and cannot be deleted. groups.xml file. and roles used for authentication. you must add it to the Standard components. To create a new toolbox object. 120) What is the Cognos namespace? And what is contains? The Cognos namespace is the ReportNet built-in namespace. It contains Cognos objects: Groups Roles Sources Distribution lists Contacts 121) Can you delete Cognos namespace? No. Those are: 1. You can add the object reference to one of the following sections of the Toolbox. based on their sign on identity. Authentication providers define users. The Built – in entries are: • Anonymous • All Authenticated Users • Everyone • System Administrators. and then reference if from the AppComponents. 117) What is the Authentication? Authentication is the process of verifying the identity of users when they log on.xml file.xml file. to create a new template. 42 . Query explorer tool box 3.xml file. Page explorer tool box 2.The objects available in the toolbox are different depending on which explorer you have open. Note: User authentication in ReportNet is managed by third – party authentication providers.

which are: • Built – in groups or roles • Predefined group or roles • User – defined groups or roles 128) What is the use of the Cognos namespace?  Create groups and roles specific to a ReportNet application  Repackage security data available for authentication providers  Avoid cluttering authentication providers 129) Evaluate Policy Rules? The basic rules that affect access permissions for each entry in ReportNet include those for: ⇒ Acquired policies ⇒ Traversing to view child entries ⇒ Group inheritance ⇒ Implicit deny ⇒ Explicit deny versus grant 43 . Traverse: View the child contents of a parent container entry 125) What is Deployment? Deploy entries to move applications from one installation to another. such as:  Public folders  Packages and reports  Data sources  Distribution lists and contacts  Printers  Schedules  The Cognos namespace  Deployment specifications and history  Configuration settings 127) What are the security items Cognos namespace contains? The Cognos namespace contains security entries. They can be modified or deleted. The deployment can include data sources and access permissions. 126) What are the entries can you deploy in content store? You can deploy the entire content store. which includes all entries in the portal. Set Policy: Read and Modify the security settings for an entry 5. Read: View all the properties of an entry 2. The Predefined Entries are: • Consumers • Query users • Authors • Reports Administrator • Server Administrator • Directory Administrator 124) What are Access Permissions? The Access permissions are: 1.123) What are predefined Entries? Predefined entries are logical roles provided as a convenience when setting up your security infrastructure. Write : Modify any of the properties of an entry 3. Execute : Process an entry 4.

44 .⇒ Union of permissions ⇒ ownership 130) To tune the performance of the server environment as follows: → Group dispatchers → Set processing capacity → Set number of processes and connections → Maximize usage during peak periods → Set queue time limits in ReportNet 131) Examine Audit Logging Details and Categories? The ReportNet operations are logged based on the following categories: ⇒ Audit ⇒ Audit administration ⇒ Audit run-time usage ⇒ Audit other.

Logout Page Page Content :. There are two kinds of Categories: 1. PDF 45 . HTML 2. New Documents 6. PDF 3. Scheduled Documents 4) What are the documents you can access from Infoview? INFOVIEW allows you to access the corporate documents from three storage areas like: 1.The INFOVIEW Toolbar contains the following links to the following pages. Corporate Category 2. 2) What is Universe? The special semantic layer that isolates you from the technical issues of the database is called as Universe. Business Objects Format 7) What are the formats supported for Web intelligence documents? You can view Web intelligence documents in the following formats: 1. Page content Toolbar :. Personal Documents 3. HTML(Interactive) 3. It enables you to access. Search 3. HTML 2. 1. Toolbar 2. Home Page 2. Corporate Documents 2.1b 1) What is Web intelligence? Webintelligence is a single tool for understanding and controlling the business tasks. Help Page 5. Inbox Documents 5) What are the Document categories in INFOVIEW? Categories are a way of organizing documents in INFOVIEW portal. Inbox Documents 5. To access Webintelligence we log into the INFOVIEW portal via Internet Explorer. My Infoview Page 3. Personal Documents 4.Business Objects 6. The Universes are created by a Universe designer using Business Objects Designer software. analyze and share corporate data over internets and extranets for RDBMS AND OLAP servers. Personal Category 6) What are the formats supported for Business Objects documents? You can view Business Objects documents in the following formats: 1. Add a Document 7. Enhanced Document Format 4. Optional Page 4. Corporate Documents 2.The Page Content contains the following options: 1. 3) Explain INFOVIEW Portal? The INFOVIEW portal is organized into the following parts: 1. A Category displays only the documents that have been assigned to it.

8) Explain the query process in Webintelligence? Using the Webintelligence Report Panel. We use this Report Panel to:  Manage all the objects and variables in the document (Data Tab). based on the definition of the query filter. 46 . HTML Report Panel: Enables you to create simple reports helped by wizard – like style tabs. This question is sent in the form of a query to the Business Object’s server where the data and send it back to the Webintelligence in the form of a Data Provider. Java report Panel: Enables you to create sophisticated documents containing multiple reports. Data Tab 2.  Change the type of blocks in the report (Templates Tab). You can create complex filters. custom formulas and highly formatted documents in Java Report Panel. Properties Tab 4. There are three types of Objects exists in the Universe. The query Filters are made up of three parts: 1. Operator. Detail 10) What are the Report Panels exits in Webintelligence? Webintelligence provides two types of Report Panels: 1. Operand 3. The Query Filters retrieve a sub-set of the available data. Through query filter. Templates Tab 3. You can apply simple filters and standard calculations to a report in HTML Report Panel.  Format the properties of the report and its contents. crosstabs and charts etc. tables and charts.  You minimize the quantity of data returned to the document to optimize performance. (Properties Tab)  Navigate through the documents (Map Tab). 2. you can minimize the quantity of data returned by the report and thus reduces the time required to create and refresh the document over the network.  You hide data you don’t want specific users to see when they access the document. Measure 3. 11) What is Report Manager in Webintelligence? The Report Manager is displayed to the left hand side of the Webintelligence Java Report Panel. Map Tab 12) What is Query Filter? What are the advantages of Query Filter? To restrict a query means you limit that amount of data that is retrieved from the data source and returned to your Webintelligence reports. 1. 9) What is object? What are the types of Objects in Universe? Objects are elements in a Business Objects that correspond to a selection of data in the database. The following are the advantages of the Query Filters:  You retrieve only the data you need to answer a specific business question. Restricting the query in this way ensures that you retrieve only the data that interests you. you construct a business question that represents the information you need. The contents of the Data Provider are then projected into a Webintelligence report in the form of tables. The Report Manager is made up of four tabs: 1. Dimension 2. Object 2.

Report Format 3. Single and Multi – value Filters 3. Query Filters – to restrict data 2. Vertical Table 2. Line charts 3. Bar charts 2. Calculations 3. Filters 47 . Radar. There are four sub tabs in the Report properties tab to change the default format of the report. It inserts a blank row or column after each value enabling you to insert subtotals for the subgroup of data. Polar and Scatter Charts 16) What are the Reporting Tools available in the Report Panel Toolbar? The following are the Reporting Tools available from the Report Panel Toolbar: 1. Prompted Filters 5. Predefined Filters 2. Complex Filters 14) What are the types of tables available in web intelligence? Web intelligence provides four different types of tables: 1. 18) What are Filters? In Webintelligence there are two types of Filters: 1. Horizontal of Financial Table 3. Filters 5. Report Properties 2. Prompted Filters 4. Single value Filters 3. When you apply break. Predefined Filters 2. Pie charts 5. Area charts 4. Form 15) What are the basic chart types available in web intelligence? Web intelligence provides the following basic types of Charts 1. Report Page Layout 4. Breaks 2. 1. Multi value Filters 4. Webintelligence separates all the data for each unique value of the selected variable. Cross tab 4.13) What are the types of Query Filters that you use in Webintelligence? There are four types of Query Filter you use in Web intelligence: 1. Nested Filters 19) Explain the Report properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Report properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. Sorts 4. Sections 17) What are Breaks? Breaks allow you to break up data in tables and cross tabs into subgroups according to the data and values you select. Report Filters – to hide data Types of Query Filters: 1.

Section Properties 2. Chart Properties 2. we often refer to two activities that are related: 1. 1. Section Page Layout 4. the Scope of Analysis corresponds to the hierarchical levels below the object selected for a query. Sorts 5. 2. Send a document to another user or group of users 2. Chart Format 3. Section Format 3. 25) How many ways you can share Webintelligence and BusinessObject documents? You can share Webintelligence and BusinessObject documents in three ways: 1. Chart Page Layout 4. 1. Save documents as files on your computer in PDF and Excel format. There are five sub tabs in the Section properties tab to change the default format of the Section. Sorts 6. Table Page Layout 4. This extra data does not appear in the initial document results. There are six sub tabs in the Table properties tab to change the default format of the Table. Table Properties 2. Viewing the document in drill mode. Sorts 5. but you can pull this data at any time into the report from the data cube. Breaks 5. Filters 23) What is Scope of Analysis? The Scope of Analysis for a query is extra data you can retrieve from the database to give more details on the data returned by each of the objects in a query. Filters 21) Explain the Table properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Table properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. 26) What are the advantages using BusinessObjects? The advantages of using BusinessObjects are: 48 . either in Webintelligence Report Panel or in Info View and analyze the data at different levels of detail.20) Explain the Chart properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Chart properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. In the Universe. Filters 22) Explain the Section properties tabs in the Report Manager Panel? The Section properties tabs are appeared vertically on the left side of the Report Manager Panel. Table Format 3. 1. Schedule documents to be refreshed and sent automatically but using the Broadcast Agent 3. There are five sub tabs in the Chart properties tab to change the default format of the chart. Setting up a Webintelligence or Business Object document so that you and other users can analyze the reports in drill mode. 24) What is Drill in Webintelligence documents? When we talk of drill mode in Webintelligence.

29) What are the tabs of Universe Parameter dialog box? The sub tabs of the Universe parameter are: 1. Controls 5. Self Join 31) What is Theta Join? A Theta Join contains an expression that is based on something other than equality. Users construct queries via objects named in their own business terminology using drag and drop technology 2. It can also be a useful aid to designer in understanding database structures. Cardinality is used by BusinessObject to provide enough information to detect and resolve loops. Links 30) Explain Joins in BusinessObjects? A Join is a condition that restricts the result set of a multi-relational query. a description of it and a connection to the target database that the Universe provides a front end. Definition 2. Deploy 7.1. As part of the process of creating the . Implement 5. The value of the statistic is dependent on the dimension and detail objects in the query. Quter join 3. 49 .unv file you have to set certain parameters. These parameters are the name of the Universe to be contained within the file. Test 6. 27) What is the Universe development process? The flowing are the phases involved in development of Universe: 1. Evolve Note: Universe design should always be driven primarily by user requirements and not the data source structure. Analyze 3. 3. Theta Join 4. constants. 34) What is Measure? Measures are used to provide dynamic statistical information in a BusinessObject query. The BusinessObject supports the following Joins: 1. Plan 4. Prepare 2. SQL 6. Strategies 4. calculations or a concatenation therof in the select clause of the select statement but not aggregates. Users can analyze and format the data locally. Summary 3. 33) What is a Dimension? Dimensions are used to infer columns. Equi-join 2. 32) What is Cardinality? Cardinality is the term used for expressing the relationship between tables based on joins. User queries are sent directly to the target database without day to day intervention from the MIS department.unv extension. 28) What are Parameters? A Universe is built within a file that has a .

When a BusinessObjects Query is made which includes a measure it automatically infers a Group By clause in the select statement. 38) What is the problem caused by Loop? The joins in the structure are used to create the where clause in the inferred SQL of a query.A Measure object is created by using aggregate functions like Sum. chasm Trap returns too many rows i. Their purpose is to restrict the data that is returned by the query. Maximum and Minimum. We can resolve the Self Joins by inserting Aliases. Check query results 4. Check objects exist 2. 40) How you resolve the Loop by using context? Generally in normalized dimensions Aliases are not suitable resolve loops and in such situation we use Context. Check inferred SQL 3. Measure objects are very flexible because they are semantically dynamic. Count. when you have a many-one-many relationship for tables in the from clause the resulting logical 50 . Using Aliases 2. Check projection with Slice & Dice 37) What is a Loop? A Loop is caused by asset of joins which defines a closed path through a set of tables in the structures. 42) What is a Self Join and how it is resolved? A Self Join from one column of a table to another column of the same table. Using Contexts Note: IT is very important that all cardinalities are set correctly for the loop detection and resolution routines to work correctly. They are: 1. Unlike Loops. Contexts are set to identify alternative routes in the universe structure. 43) What is Chasm Trap and how to resolve it? Chasm Trap is the problem that is inherent is SQL which is caused by the order in which the elements of Select statement is processed. A Context is a list of joins which identify a path through the structure. 41) What is a Shortcut Join? A Shortcut Join is a join that links two tables together but bypasses intervening tables that exist in the universe. Contexts identify joins which are compatible within the same Select statement.e. Average. This is used when designing universes where it is possible in certain circumstances to make the inferred SQL more efficient. Make a query with a minimum of two dimensions and a measure 6. the joins will apply more restrictions than the designer intended and the data returned will be incorrect. In a Loop. 36) What are the elements to test the Dimension object? The following are the elements to test the Dimension object: 1. 35) What is the SQL rule in Inference of the Group By clause? If the Select clause line contains an aggregate. The Chasm Trap can occur when tow joins from many to one converge on a single table. Repeat with other dimensions 5. 39) How to resolve the Loops? There are automatic routines built in the Designer module which can be used to identify and resolve the Loops. everything outside of that aggregate in the clause must also appear in the Group By clause.

47) When to use the List of Values? There are three things that a universe designer should bear in mind when deciding whether to associate a LOV to an object: 1. @Aggregate 2. @Variable 5. the list will only hold values that exist within the database. @Prompt 3. there is no point in associating it with the object. Unlike Loops. Alter SQL parameter for the Universe 2. this is the reason of the Chasm Trap effect. Alter SQL parameter for the Universe 2. Note: Always use combination of context and aliases to resolve Fan Traps 45) How many @ Functions are there? The following the @ Functions available: 1. 50) What is Aggregate Awareness? 51 .e. @Script 4. set SQL parameters option in Universe Parameter dialog box i. 2. To resolve Chasm Trap we use 1. Because a LOV is based on a SELECT DISTINCT query which is fired at the target DB. which are used for multidimensional analysis. 3. Fan Trap returns too many rows i. Note: Always use contexts to resolve Chasm Traps 44) What is Fan Traps and how to resolve it? Fan Trap is the problem that is inherent in SQL which is caused by the order in which the elements of Select statement is processed. Unless the LOV is based on a personal file and not a query. this is the reason of the Fan Trap effect. select the SQL tab and there select the option called “Multiple SQL statements for each measure”. 48) What is a Hierarchy? A Hierarchy is an ordered series of related Dimensions objects. Region and City. The only purpose for creating a LOV is to assist the end user in choosing an operand value for a condition. If the LOV does not do this. A LOV is used on the operand side of a condition in the query panel of the user module.e. For example. 49) What is a Multidimensional Analysis? Multidimensional analysis is a technique for manipulating data so that it can be viewed from different perspective and at different levels of detail. Use combination of Context and Aliases. when you have a one-to-many relationship for tables in the From clause the resulting logical table will produce something similar to Cartesian product. @Where 46) What is a List of Values? List of Values is a list of the distinct values from the column to which the object refers. The Fan Trap can occur when there is “one to many” join to a table that fans out into another “one to many” join to another table. a geographical hierarchy could group together Dimension objects such as County.table will produce something similar to Cartesian product. To resolve Fan Trap we use 1. Inserting Contexts According to the first option. associating a LOV will have implications for the efficiency of BusinessObjects. in the Universe Parameter dialog box.

4. Universe Domain – 1 table and Document Domain – 24 tables. 3. 4. These are used to speed up queries which contain statistics. 2. store and analyze the business information for multidimensional analysis. Redefine objects using @Aggregate Aware. Define incompatible objects using Aggregate navigation. 2. each of which contains the same core set of objects. Universe Domain – consists of 24 database tables used to store universes. The Business Intelligence is accomplished through: 1. Statistical Forecast Analysis. User (Normal user) 52 . OLAP Tools 2. 3. Security Domain – consists of 25 database tables used to store BusinessObjects users and their permissions. 53) Explain the Repository of the BusinessObjects? The Repository of the BusinessObjects is a database consists of: 1. 54) Why should we link universes? One possible reason for linking universes is where have a number of universes. Make a copy of the universe file and place it on the file server. set joins and cardinality.Some databases have Summary tables which contain figures aggregated to a high level. Designer 4.lov). List of Value files (. etc.unv file containing the universe. General Supervisor 2. 56) What is Repository? A Repository is a centrally storage place where the Meta Data definitions are being stored for each report. The Aggregate Awareness is the BusinessObjects process by which these higher level aggregates are incorporated into a universe. 57) What are the User Profiles in BusinessObjects? The following are the User Profiles in BusinessObjects: 1. Supervisor – Designer 5. Data Mining 4. 52) What is the procedure for distributing a universe in Work Group? The procedures for distributing a universe in Work Group are as follows: 1. Note: Step 1 and 2 are not required if the summary table does not contain foreign keys. 51) What is the procedure of applying Aggregate Awareness? The following are the procedure for applying Aggregate Awareness: 1.rep). Insert the summary Table in the Universe structure. Inform the users about the location of the . Query and Reporting 3. 3. Set password protection if required. 55) What is Business Intelligence? It is a broad category of application programs and technologies by using which users can gather. By linking you could avoid this. Set the contexts. 2. Ensure an appropriate driver exists on the server and that the universe connection is of shared type. Security Domain – 25 tables. By creating each universe as a separate entity you are effectively coding the same objects several times over. Document Domain – consists of database table used to store files including BusinessObjects documents (. Supervisor module is responsible for creating Repository with 50 database objects (tables) with 3 basic domains. Supervisor 3.

Key? a file that contains the address of the repository’s security domain. In BusinessObject the prompt is created by using “@Prompt”. p3. p5) Where p1 : name of the prompt p2 : data type p3 : LOV pointer p4 : Mono or Multi p5 : Free or constraint 62) What are Blocks? In Webintelligence Blocks represents tables. Generally the name of the class reflects the type of object it contains. p2. 53 . 60) What is a Object? An object is the most refined component in the universe. @Prompt(p1. By default the Bomain.6. It maps to the data or the derivation of the data in the database. p4. Versatile 58) What is a Bomain.Key file will be placed in “BusinessObjects\LocData folder. Measure Object 3. There are three types of objects we can create in BusinessObjects: 1. This file must be distributed to all users who will access the BusinessObject repository to share universes and documents. A class in further sub divided into sub classes. A Report Manager manages the data to be represented in a different formats called as Blocks and allows to set the properties of Blocks. 59) What is a Class? A class is defined as a logical grouping of objects defined in the universe. charts. Dimension Object 2. cross tabs and forms in which the business information is displayed. Detail Object 61) What is a Prompt? A Prompt is a dynamic filter which allows the end users to feed the condition at the run time and displays the results on the report based on the values fed in the prompt.

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