University of Salahaddin College of Science Department of Chemistry

Course Book Physical Chemistry (Kinetic Chemistry) for third Stage (Kinetic

M.Sc. in Inorganic Chemistry Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry Academic Year: 2010-2011
Lecturer Dr. Sulaiman Gahfar muhamad E-mail: Mob: +964 (0) 750 4468093

Class hours: Tuesday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

8:30 am – 10:30 am Group A 10:30 am – 12:30 pm Group B 8:30 – 5:30 Practical 8:30 – 5:30 Practical

Course Objective At the first half of course we attempt to understand the molecular mechanism of change.). we need to understand how molecules move. After the exam. How to use integrated rate expressions to determine the reaction order and find the rate constant for a single reaction given concentration vs. rate coefficient. etc. How to make an Arrhenius plot and extract rate parameters from it. elementary reaction. How and when to use classical analytical approximations made in analyzing reaction mechanisms: the partial equilibrium approximation and the pseudo-steady-state approximation. At this half of course we will be concerned with the theory of reactions or mechanisms. bimolecular reaction. we will introduce the language and terms used to describe the rates of chemical reactions. and describe the overall rates of reaction. How to write rate equations and how to analytically integrate simple rate expressions for a single reaction (0th order. reaction order. Furthermore the course contains these subjects. unimolecular reaction. 1st order. reaction mechanism. -Introduction of Kinetic theory -Postulate -Pressure of ideal gases in kinetic theory -Internal energy of an ideal gas -Root mean-square velocity -Temperature and kinetic energy -Collision Number -Mean Free Path -Viscosity of gasses -Maxwell Speed Distribution Directly from Boltzmann Distribution -Degree of freedom -The translational kinetic energy -The Specific heat of gases -The collision theory of reaction rate -Transition State Theory -Photochemistry -Photochemical reactions -Photochemical law . in free flight in gases and what dose degree of freedom tell us. 2nd order. time data. reactive intermediates. Definitions of: reaction rate. Arrhenius equation. law of mass action.

5% for practical . -Enzyme kinetics: the Michaelis-Menten equation: -Studying fast reactions Goals of the two Courses The major goals for this course are centered on acquiring a conceptual understanding of~ Kinetic theory of gases. kinetic of chemical reaction and@principle of photochemistryN Grading The students are required to do at least two closed exam at the course besides other assignments and each student must prepare full report at the end of the year. Physical chemistry +electrochemistry %50 for third stage=Kinetic chemistry%50 Physical chemistry (kinetic +electrochemistry): End grad: 25% for theoretical and 15% for practical Final: 50% for theoretical and 10% for practical course: Kinetic course: End grad: 12. This course is apart from the physical chemistry subject.5% for theoretical and 7.-The Beer-Lambert law -Kinetic of photochemical reaction -Quantum yield -Photosensitization -Chemical kinetics -Rate of reaction -Reaction Rate Law -Orders of reaction -Methods for determination of Order of reaction: -Fitting data to rate laws -Factor affecting the reaction rate -Relation to equilibrium constants -The Kinetics of Complex Reactions -Elementary steps and rate laws.

In-class problem days may include class discussions and problem presentation students Quizzes In class every week. the students should already have knowledge of subject tacked Web links There is a huge network of information available about physical chemistry.colby. So all exams of kinetic course have 12.Final: 25% for theoretical and 5% for practical.5 count 1.http://www. and ready for any quizzes.5 marks: -Preparation of the copybook has 1mark. and it can be bewildering to find your way to it.http://www. -Examination 8. Some web links for kinetic chemistry information: 1. a piece of information may be needed that we have not included in the text. -quiz tests have 1.classroom. Home work . 3. -the In-class Problems and discussion Some class periods will be devoted to in-class problems and discussion.html 2. Also.absence marks.smu.activities.5 marks.docbrown. The web site might suggest where to find the specific data or indicate where additional data can be found. -Full report has 1 mark.

We will have several "endurance problems".Problem solving skills are very important to chemists. The solving of some endurance problems must be done in" In class problem and discussion" Books Any general physical chemistry text (such as P W Atkins Physical Chemistry. OUP. 2007. Elsevier Inc.House "Principles of Chemical Kinetics" Second Edition. any edition) will have several chapters on chemical kinetics.of collisions with wall -Mean Free Path -Viscosity of gases Week 5: . Course Program Week 1: Introduction of Kinetic theory -The kinetic particle model of an ideal gas -Postulate Week 2: -Pressure of ideal gases in kinetic theory -Internal energy of an ideal gas Week 3: -Root mean-square velocity -Temperature and kinetic energy -Collision Number Week 4: -Number . There is a nice small book about kinetics in the college & general library for example: James E.

Maxwell Speed Distribution Directly from Boltzmann Distribution -Velocity Distribution in One Dimension -Kinetic Energy Distribution in Three Dimensions -Speed distribution as a sum over all directions Week 6: Degree of freedom -The translational kinetic energy -Rotational kinetic energy -Vibrational energy The Specific heat of gases Week 7: The Theories of Reaction Rate -Reactions involving collisions between two species -The orientation of collision -The energy of the collision -Activation Energy Week 8: -Validity of the theory and steric factor -Steric factor -Transition State Theory Week 9: Photochemistry Photochemical reactions Week 10: Photochemical law Grothus Draper Law Einstein-Stark Law Week 11: Frequency and wavelength Rates and rate constants of photochemical processes The Beer-Lambert law .

Kinetick of photochemichal reaction Week 12: Chain reaction Quantum yield Photosensitization Week 13: EXAMPLES Week 14: Review of first part of course Week 15: First Examination Week 16: Chemical kinetics Rate of reaction Reaction Rate Law Differential Rate Laws Integrated Rate Law Reaction Rate Constant Half-Life Reaction Week 17: Orders of reaction -Zero Order Reaction -First Order Reaction -Second Order Reaction Week 19: -Third order reaction -Pseudo First Order Reaction -Fractional order of reaction .

Influence of solvation: 3. Polarity of solvent: 2. Dielectric constant of the solvent: 4-Effect of viscosity: .Week 20: Methods for determination of Order of reaction: 1-Traial method a) Graphical method b) Equation method 2-Initial Rate method 3-Half life method Week 21: Fitting data to rate laws -Absorbance -Conductivities -Titration -Change of volume -Change of pressure Week 22: Factor affecting the reaction rate -Nature of Reactants -Temperature Arrhenius Equation Week 23: -Concentration-Effect -Physical state -Catalysts -Pressure -Medium Week 24: Solvent affect the reaction rate 1.

The rate-determining step Week 28: Enzyme kinetics: the Michaelis-Menten equation: Studying fast reactions Week 29: Examples Week 30: Second examination . The steady-state approximation.Week 25: Effect of Light Relation to equilibrium constants Week 26: The Kinetics of Complex Reactions Consecutive reactions Parallel or competitive reactions Chain reaction Week 27: Elementary steps and rate laws.

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