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First Aid on Bites
TREATMENT - The priority is to ensure the safety of yourself and bystanders. If the animal is still a risk, do not approach it but call the local Animal Control Service through your police department. For serious wounds: 1) Help the injured person sit down to help reduce shock. 2) Treat any bleeding by: - Looking in the wound - Applying direct pressure - Elevating the site if it is a limb 3) Take or send the person to hospital.
For smaller wounds and scratches: 1) Wash the wounds thoroughly with soap and water. 2) Dry the wound with clean gauze or other non-fluffy material and cover with a dressing. 3) Seek medical advice.
First Aid on Cuts and Wounds
Minor cuts and puncture wounds can be treated at home. Take the following steps.
FOR MINOR CUTS: 1) Wash your hands with soap or antibacterial cleanser to prevent infection. 2) Wash the cut thoroughly with mild soap and water. 3) Use direct pressure to stop the bleeding. 4) Apply antibacterial ointment and a clean bandage that will not stick to the wound. FOR MINOR PUNCTURES: 1) Wash your hands with soap or antibacterial cleanser to prevent infection. 2) Use a stream of water for at least 5 minutes to rinse the puncture wound, then wash with soap. 3) Look (but do NOT probe) for objects inside the wound. If found, DO NOT remove -- go to the Emergency Department. If you cannot see anything inside the wound, but a piece of the object that caused the injury is missing, also seek medical attention. 4) Apply antibacterial ointment and a clean bandage that will not stick to the wound.
First Aid on Internal Bleeding
TREATMENT 1) Treatment for shock. Keep the person warm. Place him in a comfortable position, preferably lying down with the legs slightly raised. Reassure him. Treat any external bleeding or bleeding from orifices. 2) Call 911 as soon as possible and explain what has happened. Monitor and record the person s pulse and breathing rates. This information will be useful for the medical staff in determining the extent of the injury. If the person becomes unconscious, place in recovery position and monitor airway and breathing. Be prepared to resuscitate if necessary.
First Aid on Nose Bleeding
2) If the bleeding comes under control. If bleeding continues then take the child to hospital. 2) Help the victim into a sitting position. If this is the first attack. First Aid on Slashed Body Parts / Amputation TREATING AMPUTATION 1) Your priority is to stop any bleeding at the site of the injury. Do not let the ice come into close contact with the amputated part.HOW TO TREAT NOSEBLEEDS: 1) Lean the child forward and encourage her to spit blood into a handkerchief or some other receptacle. If the bleeding has not stopped after 10 minutes. or blow her nose. Label the container with the time of injury and the victim s name and make sure that you personally hand it over to medical staff. not to drink hot liquid. enable him to use it. pick. Fractures . Help the victim to take the medication every 5-10 minutes. 3) Treat for shock and reassure the person. While the preventive treatments are very effective. 4) Call 911. 3) Once the bleeding has stopped. advising that there is an amputation. a serious attack can be fatal. 1) Wrap the part in a plastic and wrap the bag in a clean cloth. particularly if caused by a twisting or tearing movement. Be prepared to apply continuous pressure using several pads as necessary. If the attack eases and the person finds it easier to breathe. because all these activities can dislodge the clot and cause the bleeding to start again. and not to exert herself. VI. Apply direct pressure and raise the injured stump. advice the child not to scratch. Place the cloth-wrapped bag in ice and place into a sturdy container. cover the wound with a sterile dressing or clean non-fluffy material tied in place with a bandage. leaning slightly forward. First Aid on Asthma Attack TREATMENT An asthma attack should not be underestimated. he will not need immediate medical attention but should advise a doctor of the attack. FOR THE AMPUTED PART A surgeon may be able to reattach amputated part. as most of people with asthma find this an easier position for breathing. the medication does not work within 5 minutes. and the drugs to relieve attacks usually work very well. A person will often be very tired following an attack so it is best to ensure that he is accompanied home to rest. 3) If the victim has a medication. 1) Reassure the victim as this will have a positive effect on his breathing. Do not wash the amputated part. V. 2) Pinch the child s nose just below the hard part at its top to and apply firm pressure for 10 minutes (this is the amount of time it takes for a clot to form). You should be prepared to resuscitate. The strain of a serious asthma attack can cause the breathing to stop or the heart to cease beating. apply pressure for two further periods of 10 minutes. because this will damage the flesh. Inhalers are the main form of treatment. or the victims is in severe distress and then call an ambulance. VII. An amputation high on the arm or leg can be accompanied by severe arterial bleeding. left untreated.
and push upward and inward. place your arms around the chest and your hands over the middle of the breastbone. 3) Cover the burn. Use large amounts of cool water to cool the burn. 2) Hold the fist with your other hand. open the mouth by lifting the jaw and tongue. First Aid for Choking (For Young Children) 1) Kneel next to the child who should be lying on his or her back. 3) For victims who are pregnant or obese. because it causes body heat loss. 7) Call for help. Make a fist and place it against the victim s abdomen. thumb side in. and protect the victim from drafts. keep it clean and apply an antibiotic ointment. four times quickly. Do not put any ointment on a burn unless it is very minor. call your doctor for advice. Do not use any other home remedies. 6) If the victim does not begin to breathe after the object has been removed from the air passages. Pregnant Woman and Obese Person) 1) Stand behind the victim and place your arms around him. sweep it out with your little finger. and repeat these steps until the object is dislodged and the victim is breathing normally. Note: Never try to remove an object you can t see because you may push it in more tightly. between the navel and the breastbone. some people can be allergic to topical ointments. use mouth to mouth resuscitation. Remember. and do not break any blisters. Try to raise the burned areas above the level of the victim's heart if possible. Place your hands on the abdomen and push in the same direction on the body that you would if the victim were standing (inward. sterile dressings or a clean cloth to help prevent infection and reduce pain. . For minor burns or burns with broken blisters that are not severe enough to require medical attention. wash the burned area with soap and water. Bandage loosely. IX. and look for the swallowed object. Use dry. and toward the upper body). Put out flames or remove the victim from the source of the burn. Never use ice except on small superficial burns. like the face. BURNS Care for Burns 1) Stop the burning. For a victim of severe burns. 5) If you are not successful. being sure to continue adding water to keep the cloth cool. If you can see the object. lay him or her down unless he or she is having trouble breathing. so if you have any doubts. you can soak a clean cloth and apply it to the burn. If the area cannot be immersed. 2) Cool the burn.First-aid Depends on type & location of fracture For open fractures 1) Control bleeding before treatment 2) Rinse and dress the wound 3) For open / closed fractures 4) Check the breathing 5) Calm the person 6) Examine for other injuries 7) Immobilize the broken wound 8) Apply ice to reduce pain / swelling 9) Consult a doctor VIII. 4) A victim who is lying down should be rolled over onto his or her back. CHOKING First Aid for Choking (For Adults. Give four quick chest thrust.
have regular meals.Get plenty to drink. Note: Never try to remove an object you can t see because you may push it in more tightly. * DO NOT try to make the person stop convulsing. Deliver six to ten thrust inward and toward the upper body. open the mouth by lifting the jaw and tongue. 6) Stay with the person until he or she recovers. CONVULSIONS and SEIZURES 1) When a seizure occurs. *In an infant or child. 5) Call for help. 4) Turn the person on his or her side. this helps make sure that the vomit is not inhaled into the lungs. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects. using two fingers. especially if the child has had fever convulsions before. * DO NOT move the person unless he or she is in danger or near something hazardous. turn the baby over and.A doctor can recommend resources for a professional home-safety consultant visit. and tub mats are safety measures that may help avoid injury to the patient. Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. 3) If this doesn t work. .2) Position the heel of one hand on the child s abdomen between the navel and the breastbone. Meanwhile.Make your home safe for a chronically dizzy person. use mouth to mouth resuscitation. See fever convulsions fever convulsions. 2) Deliver five rapid blows to the back. so that the head is lower than the feet. 5) Look for a medical I. . monitor the person's vital signs (pulse pulse. face down. 2) Cushion the person's head. and repeat these steps until the object is dislodged and the victim is breathing normally. and look for the swallowed object. . and get plenty of rest. Try to prevent a fall. * DO NOT place anything between the person's teeth during a seizure (including your fingers). rate of breathing). . if the seizure occurs with a high fever. bracelet with seizure instructions. . especially around the person's neck. XI. *DO NOT immerse the child in a cold bath. with the heel of your hand. between the shoulder blades. the main goal is to protect the person from injury.Standing up more slowly may help dizziness associated with position changes.Secure rugs and carpeting to avoid falls. * DO NOT give the person anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert.Banisters. - DIZZINESS Dizziness may be a symptom of something dangerous and should always be discussed with a doctor. it is recommended for the patient to do the following: . 3) Loosen tight clothing. a walker or cane. 4) If the victim does not begin to breathe after the object has been removed from the air passages. X. First Aid for Choking (For Infants) 1) Hold the infant along your forearm. If you can see the object. cool the child gradually with tepid water. You can give the child acetaminophen (Tylenol) once he or she is awake. sweep it out with your little finger. He or she has no control over the seizure and is not aware of what is happening at the time.D.Reassurance can help an anxious person who feels dizzy. If vomiting occurs. At home. . . give four quick thrusts to the chest. or until you have professional medical help. DO NOT: * DO NOT restrain the person. 3) If this doesn t work.
XII. If someone is able to do CPR. place into the recovery position. * Turn the person's head so that the affected side is up. gently remove it by hand or with tweezers. but you cannot see it. XIII. If he does not recover after 15-20 minutes. provide rescue breathing before moving on to an assessment of circulation and full CPR as necessary. since this may make the insect sting. get medical help. DROWNING TREATMENT OF A NEAR-DROWNING VICTIM Your priority is to ensure an open airway and that the person is breathing. 3) If the victim is not breathing. since oil can cause other kinds of objects to swell. The insect should suffocate and may float out in the oil. or baby oil into the ear. XIV. FAINTING 1) Lower the head between the knees. olive oil. 1) Open the airway by tilting the head. bring the patient to the nearest hospital or clinic for medical attention. try pouring mineral oil. Ask the family. prepare to give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). get a paper or plastic bag big enough to cover the face. DO NOT reach inside the ear canal with tweezers. This is done to draw blood to the head. INSECT IN THE EAR * DO NOT let the person put a finger in the ear. checking the mouth. if the patient is sitting on a chair. let him lie flat with the head lower than the feet. 2) Or. Have someone call a doctor or get ready to transport the patient to the nearest hospital. * Try using gravity to get the object out by tilting the head to the affected side. You can do more harm than good. 5) Check if the patient is diabetic or not. and lifting the chin. * If the object doesn't come out. * If this doesn't work. pull the ear lobe gently backward and upward for an adult. 3) Check pulse and respiration to see if breathing and pulse is strong. and wait to see if the insect flies or crawls out. Stop only when the patient s pulse becomes palpable and he is already breathing. DO NOT strike the person's head. Check for breathing for up to 10 seconds. or backward and downward for a child. Then. 4) If the patient is not breathing and his pulse cannot be felt. Shake it gently in the direction of the ground to try to dislodge the object. RUPTURED EARDRUM . give CPR while the patient is being transported to the hospital. If the breathing is rapid and the pulse is strong. OBJECT IN THE EAR * Calm and reassure the person. Small insect parts can irritate the sensitive skin of the ear canal. * Even if an insect appears to come out. * If you think a small object may be lodged within the ear. Hold the bag over the nose and mouth and let patient breathe in and out slowly in the bag for a few minutes. get medical attention. depending on the type of ear emergency. AVOID using oil to remove any object other than an insect. get medical help to make sure the entire object was removed. As you pour the oil. 2) If the victim is breathing. - EAR INJURIES Follow the steps below. * If the object is sticking out and easy to remove.
can mean the difference between a dangerous and a safe level of noise. You should always wear ear plugs when riding snowmobiles or motorcycles. CUTS ON THE OUTER EAR * Apply direct pressure until the bleeding stops. Rubber mats can be put under noisy kitchen appliances. * Don't try to drown out unwanted noise with other sounds. and tape it loosely in place. don't turn up the volume on your car radio or headset to drown out traffic noise or turn up the television volume while vacuuming. * Cover the injury with a sterile dressing shaped to the contour of the ear. DO NOT move the person if a neck or back injury is suspected. You are at risk if you are regularly exposed to loud noise at work or play. * Don't use several noisy machines at the same time. * If part of the ear has been cut off. This step is especially important for people who work in noisy places and who go to and from work in noisy city traffic. attending concerts. * Get medical help immediately. * Have the person lie down on the side with the affected ear down so that it can drain. Get medical help immediately. when using power tools.* The person will have severe pain. * Apply cold compresses over the dressing to reduce pain and swelling. Try to keep television sets. However. computer printers and typewriters to cut down on noise. * Use sound-absorbing materials to reduce noise at home and at work. keep the part. Loudness is a habit that can be broken. For example. * Have your hearing checked. and tape it loosely in place. Persons at risk for hearing loss should have their hearing tested every year. or when traveling in loud motorized vehicles. lawn mowers or leaf blowers. XVI. Storm windows or double-pane windows can reduce the amount of outside noise that enters the home or workplace. Disposable foam earplugs cost about $2 a pair and are available in drugstores. These earplugs. Special earmuffs that protect your ears are available for people who work in noisy environments (such as around heavy machinery). DRAINAGE FROM INSIDE THE EAR * Cover the outside of the ear with a sterile dressing shaped to the contour of the ear. which can quiet up to 25 dB of sound. Place sterile cotton gently in the outer ear canal to keep the inside of the ear clean. You can also reduce your exposure to noise by choosing quiet leisure activities rather than noisy ones. * Place the part in a clean cloth and keep it on ice. * Develop the habit of wearing earplugs when you know you will be exposed to noise for a long time. * Get medical help. EYE INJURIES . stereos and headsets low in volume. XV. NOISE-INDUCED HEARING LOSS How can I prevent noise-induced hearing loss? * Reduce your exposure to noise. Curtains and carpeting also help reduce indoor noise.
If you wear contact lenses. arms and hands. If possible. Casualties usually respond well to rest and medication. * Assist the casualty to take his medication. * A feeling of weakness.Is a cramp-like pain caused by a reduction in oxygen reaching the heart. * The pain is more severe and extensive than the casualty normally experiences. * A tightening sensation in the jaw. * Seek immediate medical attention by dialing 9-1-1 or going to the nearest emergency room. * If you can see the object. * The pain does not respond to the casualty's medication. For a relatively large number of people. arms and hands. wet washcloth to wipe the object away. It is usually brought on by exercise or excitement. You may notice: * Crushing chest pain.If you have an object in your eye. * Pain may spread to the jaw. XVII. This will prevent further contamination or infection. HEART ATTACK . * The pain starts when the casualty is resting. you may try to remove it from your eye with a washcloth.First Aid for Eyes and Chemical Exposure . gently pull the upper eyelid down over the top of the lower eyelid. * Shortness of breath. take the container of the offending substance with you so that you can tell your doctor what you have been exposed to. angina is an ongoing problem that has a familiar pattern. ANGINA HEART PROBLEMS . If this does not work. You may try to remove the particle if it is not embedded in the eye. First Aid When You Have Something in Your Eye . When to call an ambulance: * This is the casualty's first angina. * A sensation of heaviness in the arms. and use a clean. do not irritate your eye by rubbing it. begin flushing it immediately with cool water and continue to do so for approximately 15 minutes. * Try flushing the eye with water. causing unnecessary damage and pain. Gently lift the upper or lower eyelid. * If you suspect chemicals have entered your eye. But. Treatment: * Sit the casualty down on the spot. remove them immediately if you get chemicals in your eyes. * Allow the casualty to rest until he has completely recovered. seek immediate medical attention. follow these first aid tips first: * First wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Keeping them in your eyes may hold the chemical against the cornea. Using your finger and thumb. This should cause tearing and flush the object out. You may need to repeat this several times.
* Abdominal discomfort. often mistaken as indigestion. * Make the casualty comfortable in a semi-sitting position. * A blue tinge to the skin. * Pale. even collapse. ensure good support. * Dial emergency services. * If the casualty has no objections and isn't allergic. Treatment: * Treat the casualty immediately. * Rapid. * Central chest pain. The attacks often occur at night. HEART FAILURE .. When the heart doesn't pump. like electrocution or anaphylactic shock. particularly if he seems to 'doze off'. It could be due to a heart attack or because of other conditions. NECK OR SPINAL INJURIES . Heart failure may occur following a heart attack or it could be a symptom of other heart diseases. * Dial emergency services. Dial emergency services as soon as possible. weak pulse that's often irregular. oxygen can't circulate through the body and the heart and brain will be rapidly damaged. especially the ears and lips. Treatment: * Help the casualty into a semi-sitting position and ensure good support.Heart attacks usually occur because a part of the heart is suddenly starved of oxygen. * Faintness or dizziness. * Constantly be aware of the casualty's overall condition. cold and clammy skin. You will notice: * Breathlessness. * Breathlessness. You may notice: * Central chest pain. often described as a tight band around the chest. give him an aspirin tablet to CHEW. Very often. * Abdominal discomfort.The heart muscle becomes inefficient and the circulation through the lungs becomes 'sluggish' causing fluid to gather in the lungs. or intense pain under the breastbone. * Pale. XVIII. * Never leave the casualty unattended and always be ready to start resuscitation. It is usually due to a blood clot blocking an artery. HEAD. * Be prepared to perform resuscitation. * Rapid deterioration. The first-aider will have to perform resuscitation immediately and until emergency services have arrive. cold and clammy skin. collapse into cardiac arrest is sudden and unremarkable. often severe.This is a sudden and unexpected stopping of the heart's pumping action. CARDIAC ARREST .
ensure that the casualty's airway is open. shaking the shoulders or possibly pinching an ear lobe. There are four levels of consciousness. . use the AVPU method to determine the casualty's level of consciousness. Recognizing a Spinal Injury: Always consider the possibility of a spinal injury following an accident. y The casualty was thrown from a horse. A casualty that was or is unconscious will be admitted to hospital for observation. control in limbs. The following accidents should always alert the first-aider to the possibility of a spinal injury: y A fall from a height. y Tell the casualty (if he is conscious) not to move. U . Act appropriately. y Never tug or pull at the casualty's head.A casualty suffering a head injury needs to be seen by a doctor. P . stiffness. y Difficult or abnormal breathing. *If the casualty is unconscious.Unresponsive: Unconscious. y No sensation. that the casualty is breathing and that the casualty has a carotid pulse. y Do not support the neck with anything. Act accordingly. .g. AVUP Method A . tingling and weakness. but may be drowsy. y Any traffic accident that causes rapid or sudden deceleration. y An abnormal shape to the spine. y Head or chest injuries. y A dive into shallow water. y Never move the casualty as this could damage the spinal cord even further. y Do not lift the casualty's head. Check for breathing and a carotid pulse. You may notice: y Complaint of neck or back pain. y Tenderness over the affected part of the spine.Voice: The patient responds to your voice. y Dial emergency services. The most useful indicator that a casualty suffered a head injury is an altered state of consciousness. move the head and neck very gently and with GREAT care. motorbike or bicycle. y Abnormal sensation of heaviness.Scalp wounds bleed profusely and may indicate underlying injuries.Head Injuries . elicits a response. but a painful stimulus.Alert: Normal level of consciousness. or loss of. y Pedestrians hit by a vehicle.Pain: The patient is not alert and does not respond to your voice. y Incontinence. e. y Do not place your hand in the nape of the casualty's head. y A heavy object fell on or across the casualty's back. keeps his eyes closed and may not speak coherently. y Reduced. Treatment: y Check the casualty's mouth for any loose objects (like teeth) and remove. V . y If resuscitation is necessary.
A check AIRWAY * Is the airway clear of objects? * Is the airway open? If the airway is not clear. with the knee touching the ground. and then continue. so grasp both their hands and ask them to squeeze they may respond by squeezing one of your hands. * Kneel beside the person. roll the person away from you. * To the affected person. . check for DANGER * To you. * To others. * Sudden severe headache with no known cause. they are probably unconscious. * While supporting their head and neck.The following plan assumes you have at least one other person to assist you. R check RESPONSE D Ask the person their name. * An unexplained fall.St John Ambulance Australia recommends you follow the DRABC Action Plan in every emergency. and * Drowsiness. * Difficulty talking or understanding speech. they may not be able to talk. It helps you determine whether someone has a life-threatening condition and what first aid is needed. they are conscious: follow the directions at the end of the page while you wait for help to arrive. * Put their arm that s farthest from you out at right angles to their body. Follow the DRABC Action Plan . the other leg should be straight. B check for BREATHING * Tilt the head back. * Bend their nearer leg up at the knee.XIX. check for breathing and turn the person into recovery position (see below) before calling an ambulance. If the person does not respond. confusion or loss of consciousness. If you are alone with the casualty. starting mouth-to-mouth breathing if necessary. STROKE Signs of a stroke include: * Weakness. Does the person respond? If so. * Sudden difficulty swallowing. work down the plan to breathing . Then resume the plan. * Vision suddenly becoming blurred or decreased. especially in one eye. keep their top legs bent at the knee. turn the person into recovery position. particularly on one side of the body. Make sure someone has dialed 000 for an ambulance. * When they are on their side. * Is the person s chest rising and falling? * Can you hear the person breathing? * Can you feel their breath on your cheek? . If someone has had a stroke. dizziness or loss of balance someone suffering from stroke may resemble a drunken person. paralysis (inability to move) or numbness of the face or limbs. * Place their nearer arm across their chest.
If the person is not breathing: * turn the casualty onto their back.Children with chronic health problems. * Then tilt the head backwards. What are heat cramps? Heat cramps are the mildest form of heat injury and consist of painful muscle cramps and spasms that occur during or after intense exercise and sweating in high heat. go to the next step (step C). exercising. They also produce more heat with activity than adults. and sweat less. What is heat exhaustion? Heat exhaustion is more severe than heat cramps and results from a loss of water and salt in the body. HEAT RELATED ILLNESS What are heat-related illnesses? . * Heat stroke. pinch the nose closed and give 2 initial mouth-to-mouth breaths. the most severe form of heat illness. occurs when the body's heat-regulating system is overwhelmed by excessive heat. or participating in sports. C give CPR * Kneeling beside the person. Sweating is one of the body's normal cooling mechanisms. are also more susceptible. tilt the chin and give 2 mouth-to-mouth breaths while pinching the nose shut. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is unable to cool itself properly and. such as marching band or football uniforms. Use 2 hands with the fingers interlocked. or those who take certain medicines. can progress to heat stroke. Children who are overweight or wear heavy clothing during exertion. if left untreated.Exposure to abnormal or prolonged amounts of heat and humidity without relief or adequate fluid intake can cause various types of heat-related illness. * Keep alternating between 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the person shows signs of life or medical help arrives. What is heat stroke? Heat stroke. . Children adjust more slowly than adults do to changes in environmental heat. and * If breathing does not return and there are no signs of life. It occurs in conditions of extreme heat and excessive sweating without adequate fluid and salt replacement. Children often do not think to rest when having fun and may not drink enough fluids when playing. * make sure the chest rises and falls with each breath. While waiting for help XX. It is a life-threatening emergency and requires immediate medical attention. * Heat exhaustion. follow steps below under while waiting for help . There are three types of heat-related illnesses: * Heat cramps. may be more susceptible to heat-related illnesses. If the person is breathing. * tilt their head backwards. . give 30 chest compressions on the lower half of the breastbone. * lift the chin.
simple paronychia may respond to frequent warm water soaks and elevation of the hand. * If your child has a medical condition or is taking medication. Drinks of choice include water and sports drinks. as these can lead to dehydration. or more. However. * Dress your child in light-colored. In addition.The following chart contains the most common symptoms of heat-related injuries.Because finger infections have the potential to become severe. loose-fitting clothing on hot days. each child may experience symptoms differently. lightweight. * Teach children to take frequent drink breaks and "wet down or mist themselves with a spray bottle to avoid becoming overheated. .A small. such as diabetes. especially on hot days. A very minor paronychia may be managed at home if you have no other complicating medical illness. * Schedule vigorous activity and sports for cooler times of the day. Because delay in treatment may result in disability or loss of the finger. All of the other infections require urgent evaluation and treatment by a doctor. * Protect children from the sun by having them wear a hat and sunglasses. XXI. * Do not leave children unattended in a hot automobile. home care is limited. if no improvement is noticed in one to two days. coffee and cola.Symptoms and first-aid measures for heat injuries: . specific treatment will be determined by your child's physician and may include some. avoid fluids with caffeine such as tea. * Increase time spent outdoors gradually to get your child's body used to the heat. you should see your doctor at once. * Try to spend as much time indoors as possible on very hot and humid days. you should not hesitate to obtain medical care. . However. * Take rest periods in shady or cool areas. Use a sunscreen that is at least SPF (sun protection factor) 15. of the following: How can heat stroke be prevented? Some general guidelines to help protect your child from heat-related illnesses include the following: * Drink plenty of fluids during vigorous or outdoor activities (including sunbathing). consult your child's physician for further advice for preventing heat-related illnesses. INFECTION Treating a Finger Infection Treatment .
III III-1 NSTP-1 . Mark Anthony C.First Aid and Safety Measures Ayllon.
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