Festival Mondial des Arts Negres

ADIAS Science and Technology Exhibit at Le Meridien President, Dakar, Senegal December 10-31, 2010 Prepared for The Delegates
* English Version

About this Document

This document is a compilation of the floor plans, modules and technical specifications for the Senegal World Festival Black Contribution to Science and Technology Exhibit in Dakar, Senegal, from December 10 - 31, 2010. It was assembled to address the needs for better communication of the exhibit and its planned layout at Le Chapiteau at Le Meridien President, Dakar, Senegal. It serves as a comprehensive visual communication for stakeholders, sponsors, and partners to understand the breadth and depth of the exhibit. This document is the property of the Robert R. Taylor Network, Inc. (RRTN) and is intended for its sole use and the audience to whom it is distributed. This document is the copyright of RRTN. This document can not be reproduced in part or in whole for any other purpose without explicit written permission from RRTN. This document can not be used to replicate the exhibit in part or in whole without explicit permission or licensing from RRTN. This document is not to be used as a promotional piece, sold, duplicated or altered in any fashion without explicit written permission. For further information, questions or comments, please contact: Darian Hendricks, CEO Robert R. Taylor Network, Inc., c/o MIT Center for Educational Computing Initiatives, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 9-355, Cambridge, MA 02139. Tel: 1-617-253-4058. Fax: 1-617-253-8632. E-mail: info@rrtn.org. Website: www.rrtn.org.

Table of Contents
Exhibit Contributors Overview Exhibit Goals The Experience: Floor Plan: Flow of Information The Experience: Floor Plan: Exhibit Modules A. Introduction Video A. Introduction Wall

PAGE
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 24 25 30 31 32 11

B. History of Black Africa’s Contribution to science and technology C. Modern Science Research in Africa D. Thank You Wall F. Blacks in Space

E. Advancement of Civilization Trajectories G. Black Achievement in Science and Technology

H. ADIAS Multimedia Interactive Timeline, Encyclopedia, Website, and Social Community I. 25 Pioneers J. Blacks in Science: Perception vs. Reality K. 100 Profiles Video Technical Specifications Contacts and Partners Community Outreach L. Summary Wall

Appendix: American Slavery and Inventors Rod & Cathy Brown

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

Exhibit Contributors
CORE TEAM:

This exhibit was made possible by the contributions of several individuals and institutions. We thank each person and organization for their invaluable input to the realization of this exhibit.

DESIGN:
Beyond MEASURE Productions LLC, Proverb Ltd.

The Robert R. Taylor Network - Loic Assobmo, Tristen Graves, Darian Hendricks, Tanu Henry, Anne Khaminwa, Chris Luna, Adriel Mingo, Meg Westlund, Feng Wu.

TECHNOLOGY:
Dipity, IBM, Lenovo

ADVISORS:
Professor Wayne Dawkins, Hampton University; Dr. Cheikh M’Backe Diop, Association KHEPERA; Professor Kenneth Manning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, (MIT); Professor Sekazi Mtingwa, MIT; Professor Ahmadou Wague, University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal; Professor Cardinal Warde, MIT; Professor Scott Williams, State University of New York, Buffalo.

PRODUCTION AND LOGISTICS:
Marianne Bathily, Exp Agency, Le Meridien President, Ahmadou Jean-Charles Tall, WB Incorporated

SPONSORS:
MIT, IBM, Lenovo, Government of Senegal This exhibition was produced by the Robert R. Taylor Network in association with: Daren Bascome, Miranda Craigwell, Noah Christofer, Logan Jones, Alesha Gunn, Jonathan Vergara, Kyle Marcella, Christine Needham, Jake Radzevich, Jean Transtamar, Aniek Van Leeuwen. Special thanks to: Djibril Diallo, Coordinator, U.S. Committee for World Festival of Black Arts and Culture and Senior Advisor to the Executive Director UNAIDS; Judi Hampton; Sonia Lawson.

CONTENT:

Association of African Universities; French Cultural Center of Boston, Massachusetts; Professor Madiagne Diallo, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro; MIT Academic Media Production Services; MIT Museum; NIHERST, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago; OMPI; Professor Henrique Cunha Junior, Universidade Federal do Ceará; Research Institute of Agriculture, Senegal; Research Institute of Food Technology, Senegal; University of Dakar.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 3

Overview

The World Festival Exhibit on Black Contribution to Science and Technology showcases the contribution of Africans and the African Diaspora from ancient civilization to the present. The exhibit will take you through a journey of how people of African descent have always contributed to our understanding of the world around us and the advancement of civilization through scientific discovery, technological innovation, and invention. Black people have been part of the scientific community and continue to make significant contributions to the advancement of human knowledge and economic impact through invention and discovery for the betterment of mankind. The exhibit begins with the contributions by early African Civilization during the BC era to mathematics, science, systems, and engineering, including present day research from leading African research institutions. The exhibit then moves into an overview of contributions by black people to 10 key industries - Agriculture, Communications, Computing, Energy, Engineering and Materials, Environment, Mathematics, Medicine and Health, National Security, Space Exploration, and Transportation. There is a special tribute to the black pioneers in space. Subsequently, the exhibit will immerse you in a 25 towering column maze of pioneers of science from the African Diaspora. A multimedia presentation of interviews and profiles of 100 innovators will engulf you with what young people are thinking about science today, leaders in the fields of science and engineering, and the reality of the practioners. There is an engaging and interactive multimedia timeline of black history in science and technology looking at inventions, inventors, and firsts in the field with a linked Wiki-like encyclopedia. Individuals will be able to add comments and content via their mobile phone, computers on site, and from anywhere with a web browser. This exhibit was created by the Robert R. Taylor Network, Inc. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA in collaboration w i t h Professor Ahmadou Wague, University of Dakar, and Cheikh M’backe Diop. To learn more about the exhibit, please visit www. blackworldfestival.com and www.adias.org.

http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/rrtn
PG 4

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

Exhibit Goals

“Wow” “Cool” “Proud”
EXHIBIT OBJECTIVES:
• Create a sense of wonder: “Wow, I didn’t know that!” • Reinforce the genius of science and technology: “Hey, that’s cool!” • Engender self-pride in the accomplishments and contributions of blacks to sciences: “I am proud!”

AUDIENCE LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
• Black people have made significant contribution to the advancement of civilization through science and technology since man’s beginnings in Africa. • Black culture has and continues to contribute to society’s advancement and economics through science and technology. • Young black scientists and engineers can have an impact on society and economics. • Robert R. Taylor Network at MIT in partnership with global institutions is creating a digital media production celebrating black culture in science and technology. Africa, specifically Senegal, is the first to debut the production.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 5

The Experience: Floor Plan: Flow of Information
This is a floor plan visually describing how someone moves through the exhibit tent at Le Meridien. The exhibit information and sections are arranged into areas which answer the questions, What?, When?,

Why?, and Who?. The exhibit modules are given a letter to coorelate to a page in this book which describes the section.

WHAT is the purpose of this exhibit? WHEN and How did black culture impact our world? WHY is it important to celebrate black cultural contribution to science and technology? WHO are the black scientists and engineers advancing society in modern times?

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 6

The Experience: Floor Plan: Exhibit Modules
The exhibit is comprised of 10 modules or sections. Nine (9) sections are in the Le Chapiteau tent and one (1) section* is outside the tent, potentially in the rotunda lobby of the Le Meridien President hotel.
50 m (150’)

Each section is labeled with a corresponding letter and associated title. The order of exhibit modules has to do with location.

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

K J K
Fire Exit

G I I I H E L A
Entrance & Exit

F E D A
w/

20 m (60’)

B B

C

C

MODULES:
WHAT
A. Introduction Video and Wall

@ Le Chapiteau 2, Le Meridien President, Dakar, Senegal
1

Plan

WHY

Scale: 3/32" = 1'-0"

WHEN

B. History of Black Africa’s Contribution to science and technology C. Modern Science Research in Africa D. Thank You Wall E. Advances in Civilization Timelines
Ahmadou Wague and Dr. Cheikh M’backe Diop Display

F. Blacks In Space Wall G. Video Compilation H. ADIAS Timeline

* American Slavery and Inventors Display: By Rod and Cathy Brown Location to be determined (TBD)
*Rod and Cathy Brown’s American Slavery and Blacks in Science posters commissioned by the Senegalese Ambassador to the United States were added the week before all exhibit plans had closed. These paintings and posters will need to be incorporated at Le Meridien upon arrival with Rod and Cathy Brown on Wednesday, December 8, 2010. PG 7

WHO

I. 25 Pioneers Display J. Street Interviews K. 100 People Profile L. Summary Wall

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

A. Introduction Video
MESSAGE:
The introduction video invites viewers into the great promise and exciting future of science through the eyes and words of its youngest stars. The intro video opens with a fictitious ‘view’ of what these students see as scientists/mathematicians and students of color. The intro video’s theme is the grand and noble charge given in Phillis Wheatley’s epic poem, “Hymn to humanity”. Visually, a bright and vivid universe creates a background for extreme close ups of the students’ faces and graphic manipulation of the eye using a version of Ron McNair’s ‘fish eye’ lens.

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

Phillis Wheatley was born in Senegal, Africa. At a young age she was enslaved and brought to New England where she was bought by a family in 1761. Her owners, John and Susanna Wheatley raised her with their children. Together with their daughter, Mary, they taught her how to read and write and encouraged her talent for poetry. Writing her first poems in her early teens, she become a popular accomplished poet steeped in the religious and classical traditions of New England. She was freed in 1773, the same year that she published a book, “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral.” This made her the first African American to publish a book.

‘HYMN TO HUMANITY’’
I. Lo! for thIs dark terrestrIaL baLL forsakes hIs azure-paved haLL a prInce of heav’nLy bIrth! dIvIne humanIty behoLd, What Wonders rIse, What charms unfoLd at hIs descent to earth! II. the bosoms of the great and good WIth Wonder and deLIght he vIeW’d, and fIx’d hIs empIre there: hIm, cLose compressIng to hIs breast, the sIre of gods and men address’d, “My son, My heav’nly fair! III. “DescenD to earth, there place thy throne; “to succour Man’s afflicteD son “each huMan heart inspire: “to act in bounties unconfin’D “enlarge the close contracteD MinD, “anD fill it with thy fire.” Iv. QuIck as the Word, WIth sWIft career he WIngs hIs course from star to star, and Leaves the brIght abode. the vIrtue dId hIs charms Impart; theIr g-----! then thy raptur’d heart perceIv’d the rushIng god: v. for When thy pItyIng eye dId see the LanguId muse In LoW degree, then, then at thy desIre descended the ceLestIaL nIne; o’er me methought they deIgn’d to shIne, and deIgn’d to strIng my Lyre. vI. can afrIc’s muse forgetfuL prove? or can such frIendshIp faIL to move a tender human heart? ImmortaL frIendshIp LaureL-croWn’d the smILIng graces aLL surround WIth ev’ry heav’nLy art.

http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/rrtn

VOICE OVER

Recorded in both English and French by Afro-British Belgian performer and Artistic Director of London’s Vocab Dance Company, Alesandra Seutin.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 8

A. Introduction Wall

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Along with a video montage, the exhibit opens with a strong temporal visual collage of the black experience in science and technology from the African Diaspora to the current African Renaissance. This image is overlayed with inspirational words describing the exhibit and setting context to black culture in science and technology. By way of a quote from “The Complexion of Science” by leading his-

torian and researcher in the field of Science, Technology, and Society, Professor Kenneth Manning, the audience is grounded to the reality of the science community’s need to be more inclusive and accepting of black and other non-white cultures in order to advance our greater good.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

FROM AFRICAN DIASPORA TO AFRICAN RENAISSANCE.
Africans and people of the African Diaspora around the globe have changed the world, not just with culture such as music, dance and art, but also with science, technology, engineering, and math. Through their discoveries, inventions and innovations that benefit every one of us every day, they have advanced civilization even when society made it almost impossible. They have always contributed to the world economy, but their contributions have not often been recognized, and indeed have been stifled. This exhibit introduces you to African civilization’s early contributions and to some of the formally and informally trained scientists of African heritage. Their story hasn’t been told very often, but their legacy is unstoppable.

‘The social dynamics of this struggle [participation in science by marginalized groups] have made the scientific community more turbulent, more complex, and ultimately more diverse—whether the community acknowledges it or not. Newtonian optics provides a useful analogy here. On the surface, a ray of light exhibits a uniform makeup. But when viewed through a prism, light scatters into the many colors of the rainbow. Under the prism of analysis, the scientific community similarly reveals its heterogeneity. …To return, then, to our Newtonian analogy: as light passes through the prism, we discern the myriad colors of the rainbow. In the scientific community, perhaps we are witnessing the beginnings of a prismatic effect. The colors have been muted periodically by the force of social and political circumstances. But to carry the analogy further, recall how Newton took a second prism, positioned it in the path of the refracted rays and resolved the component colors again into one ray. When we do that, we are in an entirely new position. We can see both the separated rays and the unified ray—signifying the capacity to focus, embrace, and focus again. If we do not follow through with both parts of the experiment, choosing to fall back instead on the colorless image of what people like to call “scientific objectivity,” we could forgo a rich, diverse level of participation by all who want to be part of the scientific enterprise.’ Kenneth Manning, “The Complexion of Science” Technology Review, Nov/Dec 1991, pg. 60

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 9

B. History of Black Africa’s Contribution to Science and Technology
PROFESSOR AHMADOU WAGUE AND DR. CHEIKH M’BACKE DIOP 60 - 65 FREE STANDING POSTERS
http://www.ucad.sn
Périodisation
Invention Outil de pierre taillée : basalte, silex, quartz …

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

. Vers la pensée symbolique
Date années 2.7 millions Commentaire
Lieux : Kada Gona (Éthiopie), Omo (Éthiopie), Lokalelei (rives du lac Turkana au Kenya). Fonction : découper, forer, racler, … Les outils de pierre, que les hominidés perfectionneront au cours du temps, seront utilisés jusqu’à la période historique. Des formes standardisées des outils de pierre apparaissent. L’atelier de taille le plus ancien identifié est situé à Lokalelei (rive ouest du lac Turkana, Kenya). Il est daté de 2,34 millions d’années. Atelier de taille. Lieux : Gorge d’Olduvai, Melka Kunturé (sites de Gomboré I, Garba XII). Les vestiges (disposition particulière de pierres sur le sol et délimitant une zone de forme ovale) semblent indiquer la construction d’abris (huttes) faits de branchages. Lieux : Chesowanja, (Olduvai, Kenya), Bodo, Gadeb (8E) (Éthiopie), Melka-Kunturé/Garba I (Éthiopie). Nombreux objets passés par le feu : pierre, ossements, ocre, … portés à des températures de l’ordre de 400 à plus de 700° C. Domestication du feu et technique d’obtention du feu. « Récipient » naturel en écorce Olduvaï (Tanzanie), Olorgesailie (Kenya), Hargufia, Gadeb, Melka-Kunturé (Ethiopie). Animaux : éléphants, hippopotames, ... Afrique du Sud, émergence de la pensée symbolique.

Exposition : Histoire des sciences et des techniques Contribution de l’Afrique noire
Continent et Diaspora

- La préhistoire - L’antiquité - La période post-pharaonique jusqu’au XVIème siècle - Du XVIème à 1960 - De 1960 à nos jours
1960 à nos jours

Habitat

1.8 million ( ?), 1 million

L’Afrique, origine de l’homme
XVIème siècle à 1960 Période post pharaonique

Feu

1.4 million ( ?) 550 000 ans

0

Toumaï : 6 à 7 millions d’années
Civilisations anciennes 4000 ans Homo sapiens sapiens 200 000 ans Origine de l’homme 5-6 millions d’années

Panier

époque d’Ergaster époque d’Ergaster À partir de 164 000 ans

Ahounta Djimdoumalbaye, le découvreur du fossile, Tchad

Atelier de boucherie Art, parures

UCAD

« It's been suggested that the first thing Homo sapiens did once he and she had evolved was head for the beach. This is demonstrated in dramatic fashion by a series of discoveries in Middle Pleistocene sediments from a South African sea cave near Pinnacle Point. The finds suggest that by around 164,000 years ago, the residents were on a diet that included shellfish — the earliest evidence for the exploitation of coastal resources by some 40,000 years. There is also evidence that they used pigments such as red ochre for symbolic behaviour. This was at a time when the world was going through a cool, dry spell, and Africa was mostly desert. Perhaps this environmental stress drove small bands of hunter–gatherers down to the sea in search of new food sources and lifestyles. »
Dans l’état actuel de la science l’Afrique est le continent de la naissance de l’homme. Sur une échelle de temps d’une dizaine de millions d’années on a pu mettre en évidence l’émergence et le déploiement géographiques de différents types d’hommes aux capacités intellectuelles et émotives de plus en plus développées liées au développement du cerveau : de 400 cm3 pour l’australopithèque à 1400 cm3 pour l’homme actuel. Un crâne au front haut , abritant des lobes frontaux volumineux, distingue l’homme actuel (appelé par les spécialistes homme anatomiquement moderne ou homo sapiens sapiens) de ses prédécesseurs. L’homme partage avec les grands singes africains un ancêtre commun, ainsi que le postulait le naturaliste anglais auteur de L’origine des espèces, Charles Darwin, en 1871. Australopithèque Homo habilis Homo erectus – homo ergaster Homo sapiens sapiens

Innovations africaines de la préhistoire

Gravures et peintures rupestres
À partir de -35 000 ans

WO RL D FE AFR BLA ST ICA CK IVA N L2 01 0

L’art se manifeste avec homo sapiens sapiens
Les premiers hommes anatomiquement modernes ou homo sapiens sapiens

Des migrations …

Omo I : 195 000 ans

Louis Seymour Bassett Leakey (1903-1972) Kenya :

B. Asfaw, Ethiopie

Homo Idaltu : 160 000 ans

The site, called Blombos Cave, is near the southern Cape shore of the Indian Ocean, nearly 200 miles of Cape Town, South Africa. the artifacts date back more than 70 000 years.
Découverte de petits coquillages marins perforés, dans la grotte des Pigeons à Taforalt, Maroc oriental : il y a 82 000 ans
Perles. Enkapune Ya Muto Lac Naivasha, Kenya - 40 000 ans

http://www.ucad.sn

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 10

C. Modern Science Research in Africa
RESEARCH POSTERS FROM THE FOLLOWING AFRICAN UNIVERSITIES:
(PLANNED BUT NOT CONFIRMED EXHIBITORS AT TIME OF PRINTING OF BOOK.)

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

• Association of African Universities • University of Dakar • Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle • Research Institute of Agriculture • Research Institute of Food Technology

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 11

D. Thank You Wall

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

In appreciation of all who have contributed both in-kind and monetary resources to the project as well as a tribute to a significant black pioneer in educating future blacks in science and technology, Robert Robinson Taylor, a wall of appreciation was created. The wall also showcases the first early black graduates in the late 1890’s and

early 1900’s from the prestigious and world renowned institution for science and technology, MIT. A special tribute is given to His Excellency President Wade and the country of Senegal for its leadership in inaugurating this global exhibit on black culture in science and technology.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

ROBERT R. TAYLOR NETWORK WOULD LIKE TO THANK:
His Excellency President Abdoulaye Wade, the Government of Senegal, and our host nation, The Republic of Senegal, for their leadership and foresight to recognize contributions of Blacks in fields beyond the arts. And we thank the African people who work everyday towards the development of Africa.

SPONSORS:
• The Government of Senegal • Robert R Taylor Network, Inc. • Massachusetts Institute of Technology • L’Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar • Lenovo • IBM

CONTRIBUTORS:
• Dr. Cheikh M’Backe Diop, Association KHEPERA • Professor Kenneth Manning, MIT • Professor Sekazi Mtingwa, MIT • Professor Ahmadou Wague, L’Université Cheikh Anta Diop • Professor Cardinal Warde, MIT • Professsor Scott Williams, State University of New York – Buffalo • Darian Hendricks, CEO, Robert R. Taylor Network • The National Institute for Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology (NIHERST), The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Some of the methods and plans of (MIT) have been transplanted to the Tuskegee institute and have flourished and grown there; if not the plans in full, certainly the spirit, in the love of doing things correctly, of putting logical ways of thinking into the humblest task …of using them … to build up the immediate community. and in this way increasing the power and the grandeur of the nation. This …should serve as a witness of the part which (MIT) is contributing to the scientific awakening of the negro.” Excerpt From “Scientific Awakening of the Negro” by Robert R. Taylor 1911 MIT Technology Day

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 12

E. Advancement of Civilization Trajectories
A timeline of 10 key industries that signify civilization’s advancement are highlighted in time with some of the contributions by blacks from around the world to those industries and man’s progress to

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

engineering the world around him. The industries were also selected based on their importance and impact on the African continent, now and into the future.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION •

TRAJECTORIES:
• Computing • Space Exploration • Mathematics • Agriculture

Butt To Graphic Displays

1980 = 1982 = 1987 2001 = 1989 1996 = 1996 =

Mark Dean débute une carrière chez IBM où il développe trois des neuf brevets d’IBM sur lesquels est basé l’ordinateur personnel (PC).

Mark Dean begins a career at IBM that includes developing three of IBM’s original nine patents for the personal computer (PC).

1958 = 1979 = 1980 = 1983 = 1986 = 1987 = 1992 = 1995 = 1999 = 2009 =

Adolphus Samms invente un mécanisme d’ouverture de parachute qui peut être actionné à distance. C’est seulement l’une de ses nombreuses inventions dont la pompe d’alimentation des moteurs de fusées (1961) et d’autres qui ont fait avancer le voyage dans l’espace.

Adolphus Samms invents a parachute release mechanism that can be operated remotely. This is only one of his many inventions. The others, such as the Rocket Engine Pump Feed System (1961), further advanced space travel.

1791 = 1947 = 1950 = 1954 = 1965 = 1969 = 1972 = 1973 = 1997 =

Le Président des Etats-Unis George Washington nomme Benjamin Banneker dans une équipe de prospection de la future Washington D.C. Après le renvoi du plani cateur Pierre L’Enfant, Benjamin Banneker joue un rôle central dans la poursuite du projet.

United States President, George Washington appoints Benjamin Banneker to a team that is surveying the future Washington D.C. A er planner Pierre L’Enfant is red, Benjamin Banneker plays a central role in keeping the project going.

1834 = 1836 = 1846 =

Henry Blair dépose un brevet pour le planteur de graines.

Henry Blair receives a patent for a seed planter.

1798 = 1843 = 1887 1904 = 1887 = 1892 =

James Forten achète l’entreprise de voiles de son employeur. Il va ensuite créer une voile plus facile et plus rapide à manœuvrer. Son entreprise est orissante et avec ses moyens Forten devient un membre actif du mouvement abolitionniste. Benjamin Bradley invente un moteur à vapeur assez puissant pour tracter un navire de guerre à 16 nœuds (soit 29 miles). Cependant, étant esclave, il ne put déposer un brevet pour son moteur et fut forcé de le vendre. Granville T. Woods invente plus d’une douzaine d’appareils pour améliorer les trains. Parmi les brevets déposés, il y a le frein électromécanique, le tunnel pour trains, le système de trains électriques, et le frein à air automatique. Alexander Miles invente la fermeture automatique des portes d’ascenseurs et le système qui les maintient fermées entre les étages. Andrew Beard invente une variation du « Jenny coupleur », un appareil dont les mâchoires horizontales se ferment automatiquement quand deux voitures de trains sont en contact. Cette invention élimine le risque que des hommes perdent leur vie ou leurs membres en reliant manuellement les voitures de trains. Granville T. Woods développe une méthode de fourniture d’électricité aux trains sans câbles apparents et sans batteries. Il développera ensuite le concept de troisième rail encore de nos jours utilisé sur les plateformes de métros. Elijah McCoy nait. Formé en mécanique et en ingénierie en Ecosse, McCoy invente une tasse de lubri cation qui maintient huilées les parties mobiles d’un train. L’invention de McCoy eut tellement de succès que l’expression « le vrai McCoy » fut créée pour décrire les appareils ables. Garret Morgan dépose un brevet pour le feu de signalisation Morgan. Plusieurs systèmes de signalisation avaient auparavant été brevetés, mais celui-ci est produit à bas coût et est le début de nos feux de signalisation modernes. Richard Spikes dépose un brevet pour le système de freinage automatique qui permet un freinage alternatif en cas de dommage aux freins normaux d’une voiture. Il a également inventé la transmission automatique des véhicules (1932) et a travaillé aux feux directionnels des automobiles (1913). Michael Burton rejoint General Motors. Il est le designer en chef des extérieurs de la Cadillac SRX et de la STS. Il est actuellement directeur du design intérieur et travaille sur les tractions avant pour GMC, Saturn et Buick. Le nigérian Jelani Aliyu, chef designer de General Motors travaille dans l’équipe qui a conçu la Chevrolet Volt, la première voiture de masse à moteur électrique.

James Forten buys his employer’s sail company. He goes on to invent a sail that could be better maneuvered at higher speeds. His business succeeded, and with his newfound wealth he becomes active in the abolitionist movement. Benjamin Bradley invents a steam engine powerful enough to move a battleship at sixteen knots (or 29 KPH). However since Bradley is enslaved, he is unable to patent his engine, and is forced to sell it to someone else. Granville T. Woods invents more than a dozen devices to improve electric railway cars. Some patents include the Electromechanical Brake, the Electromotive Railway, Tunnel Construction for Electric Railways, Electric Railway System, and the Automatic Air Brake. Alexander Miles invents the automatic closing doors on elevators and the locking system that keeps them shut when the elevator is not on that oor. Andrew Beard invents a variation to the “Jenny coupler”, a device in which horizontal jaws automatically lock together when two train cars bump into each other. This invention eliminates the need for men to risk life and limb by manually linking train cars. Granville T. Woods develops a method for supplying electricity to a train without exposed cables or batteries. He subsequently develops the concept of the third rail that is still used on subway train platforms today. Elijah McCoy is born. Educated in mechanics and engineering in Scotland, McCoy goes on to invent an automatic lubricating cup for keeping the moving parts of a train oiled. McCoy’s invention is so successful that the phrase “the real McCoy” was coined to describe well-made devices. Garret Morgan receives a patent for the Morgan Tra c Light. Though many had patented tra c light systems before, his was inexpensive to produce and formed the basis of our modern tra c light. Richard Spikes invents an improved automatic gearshi for cars. He is also known for his work on directional signals and the automatic safety brakes.

Marc Hannah cofonde Silicon Graphics Incorporated, entreprise fondée sur la technologie 3-D utilisée dans l’industrie du divertissement, l’ingénierie, la recherche médicale et militaire. John Henry Thompson invente le langage de programmation Lingo. Il utilisera Lingo pour développer Macromedia et Shockwave, programmes qui livrent des contenus audio-visuels sur internet. Philip Emeagwali, scienti que et ingénieur invente un super ordinateur qui peut e ectuer 3.1 milliards de calculs à la seconde, ce qui constitue le record du monde. Il y a réussi en créant un moyen de relier les processeurs d’ordinateurs, devenant ainsi un des précurseurs d’internet. Ingénieur-électricien, Akintunde Ibitayo Akinwande, reçoit le Prix Career Award de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences pour son travail dans le domaine des écrans plats, la technologie « vacum » appliquée à la miniélectronique, et des semi-conducteurs à large bande. Il travaille actuellement sur les écrans intelligents qui utilisent les pixels intelligents. Mark Dean est admis au panthéon des inventeurs nationaux. Dean et son co-inventeur, Dennis Moeller, ont inventé un système de micro-ordinateurs qui partagent des informations avec des périphériques comme les disques durs, les appareils vidéo, les haut-parleurs et les scanners. Mark Dean dirige l’équipe qui développe le premier microprocesseur d’un gigahertz qui peut traiter un milliard de calculs par seconde, rendant ainsi les ordinateurs plus rapides et plus petits.

Marc Hannah co-founds Silicon Graphics Incorporated based on his 3-D technology research which is used in entertainment, engineering, medical and military research. John Henry Thompson invents the Lingo programming language. He goes on to use Lingo to develop Macromedia Director and Shockwave, programs that deliver audio-visual content over the internet. Philip Emeagwali, Scientist and Engineer, invents a supercomputer that can compute 3.1 billion calculations per second, the world record. He does it by devising a way for computer processors to talk to each other, thus making him one of the founders of the internet.

Henry Blair dépose un brevet pour un planteur de coton.

Henry Blair receives a patent for a cotton planter.

Wesley Harris est le pionnier de l’utilisation des ordinateurs pour résoudre les problèmes de déplacements rapides d’air de la NASA. Depuis cette expérience, la NASA a acquis des superordinateurs puissants.

Wesley Harris pioneers the use of computers to solve problems of high-speed air movement at NASA. Based on his work, NASA is able to acquire more powerful supercomputers.

Elbert F. Cox devient Chef du Département de mathématiques de l’Université Howard.

Elbert F. Cox becomes chair of Howard University’s Department of Mathematics.

Le cosmonaute cubain Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez devient la première personne d’ascendance africaine dans l’espace. Il est membre de l’équipe de Soyouz 38.

Cuban cosmonaut, Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, becomes the rst person of African ancestry in space as part of the Soviet’s Soyuz 38.

Le théorème Rao-Blackwell émerge du travail de David Blackwell et de son collègue C. Rao. Ce théorème permet l’amélioration des performances d’un estimateur.

The “Rao-Blackwell Theorem” emerges from the work of David Blackwell and his colleague, C. Rao. This theorem allows one to improve the performance of an estimator.

Norbert Rillieux dépose un brevet pour un évaporateur à ra ner le sucre. Il est toujours utilisé dans l’industrie sucrière ainsi que dans la fabrication de savon et d’autres produits.

Norbert Rillieux patents an evaporator for re ning sugar. It is still used in the sugar industry as well as in the manufacture of soap and other products.

L’ingénieur et colonel de l’armée de l’air à la retraite, Guion Bluford, Jr., devient le premier africain-américain à aller dans l’espace. Il est membre de l’équipage de la navette Challenger.

Engineer and retired Air Force Colonel, Guion Bluford, Jr., becomes the rst African American to go to space. He is a member of the space shuttle Challenger.

David Blackwell est nommé Professeur de statistiques à l’Université de Californie à Berkeley. Il publie « La théorie des jeux et les décisions statistiques ».

David Blackwell is appointed Professor of Statistics at the University of California at Berkeley. He publishes the “Theory of Games and Statistical Decisions.”

1896 = 1914 1918 = 1925 = 1939 =

George Washington Carver dirige l’Institut Tuskegee. Pendant les 30 années qui suivirent, Carver développe des innovations agricoles qui revitalisent l’économie du sud américain. Il invente des utilisations pour les patates douces, le niébé, les graines de soja, les arachides, et d’autres produits.

George Washington Carver arrives at Tuskegee Institute to be the Agricultural Director. Over the next thirty years, Carver develops agricultural innovations that revitalize the economy of the American South, and invents uses for sweet potatoes, cowpeas, soybeans, peanuts, and others.

Electrical Engineer, Akintunde Ibitayo Akinwande, receives the National Science Foundation’s Career Award for his work in the areas of at panel displays, vacuum microelectronics, and wide bandgap semiconductors. He is currently focusing on intelligent displays that use smart pixels. Mark Dean is inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Dean, and his co-inventor, Dennis Moeller, invents a microcomputer system with bus control means for peripheral processing devices that facilitates the use of plug-ins such as disk drives, video gear, speakers, and scanners. Mark Dean leads the team that builds a one-gigahertz chip that can process a billion calculations per second, helping to make computers faster and smaller.

Le physicien et astronaute, Ron McNair, meurt avec les autres membres d’équipage lorsque la navette Challenger explose au décollage.

Physicist and astronaut, Ron McNair, dies along with all other crew members when the space shuttle Challenger explodes a er launch.

David Blackwell est élu à l’Académie nationale des sciences. Il est le premier africain-américain à être admis à l’Académie.

David Blackwell is elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He is the rst African American to be inducted into the Academy.

Henry McBay prouve que les tiges de gombo remplaçaient e cacement la bre de jute dans la fabrication de sacs utilisés pendant la première guerre mondiale.

Henry McBay proves that okra plant stems could be an e ective substitute for jute ber in the making of rope and fabrics for sacks used in World War I

1997 = 1997 = 1999 = 2002 = 2006 =

L’ingénieur-mécanicien William D. Harwell conçoit une manière de capter des satellites en orbite à partir de la navette spatiale. Plus tard il conçoit un mécanisme d’adjonction magnétique et d’autres outils poule programme spatial.

NASA Mechanical engineer William D. Harwell designs a way to capture orbiting satellites from the Space Shuttle. Later he designs a magnetic attachment mechanism and other tools for the space program.

Le manuel de cours de David Blackwell « Statistiques de base » est l’un des premiers sur les statistiques bayésiennes. Ce domaine incorpore des connaissances antérieures, avec un jeu d’observations courantes, a n de créer des inférences statistiques.

David Blackwell’s textbook, “Basic Statistics” is one of the rst on Bayesian statistics. This eld incorporates prior knowledge, along with a given set of current observations, in order to make statistical inferences.

1892 =
Lloyd Augustus Hall créé une nouvelle manière à sécher rapidement le chlorure de sodium (sel) pour produire un conservateur de viande. Lloyd Augustus Hall devises a new way of ash-drying Sodium Chloride (salt) to produce a widely used meat preservative.

Mae Jemison e ectue son premier voyage dans l’espace comme membre d’équipage de la navette Endeavour. Elle e ectue des recherches sur la cellule des os et est la première africaineaméricaine dans l’espace.

Mae Jemison makes her rst trip into space as part of the space shuttle Endeavour crew. Her role is to help conduct bone cell research studies. She is the rst African American woman in space.

Francis Allotey fonde l’Université Kwame Nkrumah de Science et de Technologie le Centre Informatique, introduisant ainsi l’enseignement informatique dans son pays, le Ghana.

Francis Allotey founds the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Computer Centre, thus introducing computer education to his country, Ghana.

Fred Jones et Joe Numero déposent un brevet pour l’appareil de réfrigération des camions cargos qui seront plus tard appelés Thermo King. Ce produit révolutionne plusieurs industries y compris celles du transport et des fruits et légumes.

Fred Jones and Joe Numero receive a patent for the truck cargo air-conditioning device that would later be called the Thermo King. This product revolutionizes several industries including the shipping and grocery businesses.

1893 = 1923 = 1962 = 1999 =

James McLurkin débute le Projet Swarm avec deux collègues. Le projet est basé sur leurs recherches en robotique miniature et imite le comportement des abeilles et des fourmis pour programmer des minirobots à travailler à l’unisson. Les robots sont programmés pour travailler de manière indépendante à un objectif commun. Adekunle Olusola Adeyeye est nommé parmi les 100 meilleurs jeunes innovateurs par Technology Review pour ses recherches sur le procédé « spin electronics », la nano fabrication et le nano magnétisme.

James McLurkin begins the Swarm project with two colleagues based on his miniature robotics research at MIT. The project imitates the behaviour of bees and ants to program mini-robots working in unison. The robots are programmed to work independently towards achieving a common goal. Adekunle Olusola Adeyeye is named one of the world’s Top 100 Young Innovators by Technology Review. His research includes spin electronics, nanofabrication and nanomagnetism.

Bernard Harris devient le premier africain-américain à marcher dans l’espace.

Bernard Harris becomes the rst African American to walk in space.

Francis Allotey reçoit le prix Prince Philip Gold Medal Award pour sa théorie « formalisme Allotey », une technique utilisé pour déterminer la matière dans l’espace.

Francis Allotey is awarded the Prince Philip Gold Medal Award for his theory, “Allotey Formalism”, a technique used to determine matter in outer space.

1956 =

George Alcorn reçoit le prix Government Technology Leadership Award pour l’invention et la commercialisation du système LIDAR de topographie aérienne. C’est un outil qui détermine les reliefs sur les planètes et les lunes en « regardant » à travers des couches épaisses de poussière.

George Alcorn is awarded the Government Technology Leadership Award for the development and commercialization of The Airborne Lidar Topographical Mapping System (ALTMS). This is a tool for determining the elevation of landforms on planets and moons by being able to “see through” thick layers of dust.

Kate Okikiolu devient la première femme à recevoir une bourse Sloan Research Fellowship, la plus prestigieuse des récompenses pour les jeunes mathématiciens. La même année, elle reçoit également la Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Kate Okikiolu becomes the rst black person to win a Sloan Research Fellowship, the most prestigious award for young mathematicians. In the same year, she also receives a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Le biologiste Percy Julian synthétise la cortisone à partir de graines de soja. Cette invention réduit fortement le coût des médicaments et soulage des milliers de personnes sou rant d’arthrite et d’autres maladies.

Biologist, Percy Julian, synthesizes cortisone from soybeans. His invention greatly reduces the cost of the medicine and brings relief to thousands of people su ering from arthritis and other ailments.

1957 = 1977 =

F.M. Jones dépose un brevet pour une méthode de conservation de denrées périssables.

F.M. Jones receives a patent for a method of preserving perishables.

Janet Emerson Bashen dépose un brevet pour Linkline, une application informatique utilisée pour véri er le respect du principe d’égalité des chances égales en matière d’emploi. Elle est la première africaineaméricaine à obtenir un brevet pour une invention en informatique.

Janet Emerson Bashen patents LinkLine, a so ware application used to monitor Equal Employment Opportunity compliance. She is the rst African American woman to get a patent for a so ware invention.

L’ancien astronaute, Charles F. Bolden, Jr., prend ses fonctions de 12ème Administrateur de la NASA, le tout premier africain-américain à diriger l’agence.

Former astronaut, Charles F. Bolden, Jr., begins his duties as the 12th NASA Administrator, the rst ever African American to lead the agency.

2006 =

William Massey devient membre de Institute for Operations Research and Management Sciences pour ses contributions et avancées de l’analyse des systèmes de les d’attente. La théorie des les d’attente est l’étude mathématique des systèmes incluant des clients attendant d’être servis. Le travail de Massey a aidé à améliorer l’e cacité des opérations des entreprises.

William Massey is made a fellow of the Institute for Operations Research and Management Sciences for his contributions and advances to the analysis of queuing systems. Queuing theory is the mathematical study of systems involving customers waiting for services or resources. Massey’s work helps to increase the e ciency of business operations.

Michael Burton joins General Motors. He is the lead designer on the exteriors of the Cadillac SRX and STS. He is currently director of interior design working on the front-wheel-drive platforms for GMC, Saturn and Buick. Nigerian Jelani Aliyu, a lead creative designer of General Motors, is on the team that designs the Chevrolet Volt, the rst mass-market vehicle to operate on an electric motor.

Emmett Chappelle commence ses recherches sur l’utilisation de la uorescence induite par laser pour véri er à distance la santé de la végétation. Son travail conduit à de meilleures méthodes de détection du stress des plantes.

Emmett Chappelle begins research on using laser-induceduorescence (LIF) to remotely sense the health of vegetation. His work leads to better methods for detecting plant stress.

2009 =

( Electronique_ Computing )

( Exploration
Spatiale_Space Exploration )

( Mathématique_ Mathematics )

( Agriculture_ Agriculture )

Transportation )

( Transports_

• Transportation

• Communications • Energy

• Engineering and Materials
PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION • PROGRÈS DE LA CIVILISATION • ADVANCES IN CIVILIZATION •

1876 = 1884 = 1887 = 1891 =

Lewis Latimer dessine les plans de la nouvelle invention de Graham Bell, le téléphone. Avec l’aide de Latimer, Bell put déposer le brevet de son invention avant ses rivaux.

Lewis Latimer dra s plans for Alexander Graham Bell’s new invention, the telephone. With Latimer’s help, Bell is able to patent his telephone before any of his competitors.

1922 = 1967 =

Le champion du monde des poids lourds Jack Johnson dépose le brevet d’une clé à molette inventée alors qu’il est emprisonné pour avoir violé la loi Mann (qui interdit aux hommes noirs d’épouser, de sortir ou de fréquenter des femmes blanches).

World Heavy Weight champion, Jack Johnson, patents a wrench he invented while imprisoned for breaking the Mann Act (a law that prohibited black men to marry, date, or associate with white women).

1880 = 1888 1900 = 1931 =

Lewis Latimer vend le brevet de l’ampoule électrique à lament de carbone à l’entreprise d’électricité des Etats-Unis. C’est cette amélioration de l’ampoule originale d’Edison qui mène à la fourniture généralisée de lumière électrique dans les rues et dans les maisons. Il inventera l’ancêtre de l’air conditionné (1886).

Lewis Latimer sells the patent for the “Incandescent Electric Light Bulb with Carbon Filament” to the United States Electric Company. This is his improvement on Edison’s original light bulb invention that leads to the widespread provision of electrical lighting in public and at home. He goes on to invent a forerunner of the air conditioner in 1886.

1914 =

Garret Morgan dépose un brevet pour sa capuche de sécurité protectrice contre la fumée. En 1916, il l’utilise pour sauver 32 hommes pris au piège dans une mine. Plus tard, elle est améliorée et utilisée par l’armée pendant la première guerre mondiale.

Garret Morgan patents his “Safety Hood” and “Smoke Protector”. In 1916 he used it to rescue 32 men trapped in a mine, and later it was re ned for use by the Army in WWI.

Granville T. Woods dépose le brevet du transmetteur téléphonique.

Granville T. Woods patents a telephone transmitter.

George Alcorn obtient son doctorat en physique atomique et moléculaire de Howard University.

George Alcorn earns his Ph.D. in atomic and molecular physics from Howard University.

Scale @ 25%
1959 = 1962 = 1964 1995 = 1971 = 1976 1991 = 1992 =

Granville T. Woods dépose le brevet du système télégraphique à induction qui permet aux trains en mouvement de communiquer. Il sera plus tard poursuivi par Thomas Edison qui prétendait l’avoir inventé. Wood gagna le procès mais mourut sans le sou.

Granville T. Woods patents the “Induction Telegraph System”, that allows moving trains to communicate with each other. He is later sued by Thomas Edison, who claimed to have invented it. Woods won the suit, but he died penniless.

Granville T. Woods dépose des brevets pour le système aérien de conduite des trains électriques, la batterie galvanique, l’interrupteur d’électricité et le freinage automatique.

1980 1988 = 1980 =

Sekazi Mtingwa co-développe une théorie des faisceaux de particules appelé di usion des faisceaux. Cette théorie établit la limite de performance de plusieurs accélérateurs modernes. Elle a également aidé à améliorer le taux de collision proton-antiproton à Fermilab. Thomas Mensah travaille pour Air Product and Chemicals en Pennsylvanie. Il améliore l’e cacité des procédés chimiques de création un mélange plus pur de poly-acétate de vinyle, un polymère.

Sekazi Mtingwa co-develops a theory of particle beam dynamics called intrabeam scattering. The theory sets the performance limits on many modern accelerators. It also helps to improve the rate of proton-antiproton collisions at Fermilab. Thomas Mensah goes to work at Air Product and Chemicals in Pennsylvania. He improves the e ciency of a chemical engineering process for the creation of a much purer blend of the polymer, polyvinyl acetate, than existed before. George Alcorn receives a patent for his innovative imaging x-ray spectrometer. This device improves scientists’ understanding of the component parts of many materials. For his e orts he is awarded the 1984 NASA/GSFC Inventor of the Year Award. James H. Williams Jr. publishes the 854-page book, Fundamentals of Applied Dynamics, just one among his many research accomplishments in advanced ber reinforced composites. Cardinal Warde is awarded the Companion of Honour by the Barbados Government for his ten inventions, including the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulator and Membrane-Mirror light shutters based on MicroElectro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). Martin Culpepper is selected as one of the MIT Technology Review Nano 100 for his work building the machines needed to make high-quality, low-cost nanofabrication a reality. Herbert Winful, of the University of Michigan, publishes a landmark paper that explains a quantum tunneling paradox regarding the amount of time taken by an atom to tunnel through a barrier. Quantum tunneling is used in scanning tunneling microscopes that enable scientists to make observations at the atomic scale possible. Larry Sass, Director of the Digital Design Fabrication Group at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, displays his “Digitally Fabricated House for New Orleans” at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

Granville T. Woods receives patents for the “Overhead Conducting System” for Electric Railways, the Galvanic Battery, the “Automatic Safety Cut-Out” for Electric Circuits, and the “Automatic Circuit-Breaking Apparatus”.

1936 = 1940 = 1944 =

Percy Julian devient le directeur de recherche de la division des produits à base à soja de l’entreprise Glidden à Chicago. Il dépose plusieurs brevets et crée une mousse ignifuge utilisée par les forces armées pendant la seconde guerre mondiale pour éteindre les feux, sauvant ainsi des milliers de vies.

Percy Julian becomes the Director of Research of the Soya Products Division at the Glidden Company in Chicago, IL. He produced numerous patents and products, including a re-retardant foam used by the Navy and other armed forces during WWII to extinguish gasoline res thus saving thousands of lives.

ELEMENT: B1_Timeline Wall 1
1893 =
Le Dr. Daniel Hale Williams e ectue la première opération à cœur ouvert. Il est également le fondateur de l’Hôpital Provident de Chicago qui fut le premier hôpital des Etats-Unis appartenant à un africain-américain. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the rst successful open heart surgery. He is also the founder of the Provident Hospital in Chicago which is the rst African-American-owned hospital in the United States.

• National Security

1900 = 1936 =

Granville T. Woods dépose un brevet pour la couveuse qui est une de ses nombreuses inventions dans l’électricité et la communication.

Granville T. Woods patents the egg incubator, just one of his many electrical and communication inventions.

Philip Downing invente la boite aux lettres de rue, le prédécesseur de la boite aux lettres d’aujourd’hui.

Philip Downing invents the “street letter box”, the predecessor to today’s mailbox.

David Crosthwait crée le système de chau age du Centre Rockefeller de New York.

David Crosth wait designs the heating system for New York’s Rockefeller Center.

Richard Spikes invente l’arme à canons multiples.

Richard Spikes invents the multiple-barrel machine gun.

Berry Leonidas invente un instrument de vision directe appelée la sonde de gastroscopie utilisée pour enlever des tissus malades de l’estomac.

Berry Leonidas invents a direct vision instrument called the Gastroscopy scope used to remove diseased stomach tissue from a patient.

Otis Boykin invente une résistance de précision qui baisse les coûts de production des ordinateurs, des radios et des télévisions. Cette résistance a également contribué à la création du stimulateur cardiaque.

Otis Boykin invents a “Wire Type Precision Resistor” that makes computers, radios, and televisions less expensive. His resistor also contributes to the development of the pacemaker.

James E. West et son collègue Gerhard Sessler déposent un brevet pour le transducteur électroacoustique (microphone). Leurs technologies sont présentes dans 90% des microphones utilisés aujourd’hui, y compris ceux des téléphones.

James E. West and his colleague, Gerhard Sessler, receive a patent for the Electroacoustic Transducer Electret Microphone. Their technologies are used in ninety percent of microphones used today, including those in telephones.

1984 = 1996 = 2003 = 2004 = 2006 =

George Alcorn dépose un brevet pour son spectromètre à rayons X. Cet appareil améliore la compréhension des composants de plusieurs matériaux. Pour cette découverte il reçoit en 1984 le prix NASA/GSFC de l’inventeur de l’année. James H. Williams Jr. Parmi ses réalisations, il y a les composites renforcés de bres. Il publie un livre de 854 pages intitulé Fondamentaux de la dynamique appliquée. Cardinal Warde reçoit le prix Companion of Honour du Gouvernement de la Barbade pour ses dix inventions, dont le modulateur spatial de lumière, les fenêtres en miroir-membrane basées sur les microsystèmes électromécaniques (MOEMS). Martin Culpepper est choisi par le MIT Technology Review parmi les Nano 100 pour ses travaux de construction des machines qui permettent la nano-fabrication de grande qualité et à bas coûts. Herbert Winful de l’Université du Michigan publie un article réputé qui explique le paradoxe des tunnels quantiques en ce qui concerne le temps mis par un atome pour traverser une barrière. Les tunnels quantiques sont utilisés dans les microscopes à e et tunnel qui rendent possibles les observations à l’échelle atomique. Larry Sass, Directeur de Digital Design Fabrication Group au Massachusetts Institute of Technology expose sa maison de fabrication numérique destinée à la Nouvelle-Orléans au Musée d’Art Moderne de New York.

1969 = 1973 & 1987 = 1975 = 1977 = 1978 =

Marie Van Brittain Brown et Albert L. Brown déposent un brevet pour un contrôle d’un système de sécurité domestique qui peut être actionné à distance. C’est le précurseur des systèmes modernes de sécurité domestiques.

Marie Van Brittain Brown and Albert L. Brown co-patent an audiovisual door-monitor/home Security System that can be operated remotely. This is the forerunner to the modern home security system.

Ernest Wilkins Jr. rejoint le Projet Manhattan qui travaille à la fabrication d’une bombe atomique. Avec le futur prix Nobel, Eugene Wigner, il identi e l’e et Wilkins et le spectre Wigner-Wilkins, tous les deux en rapport avec la physique des réacteurs nucléaires.

Ernest Wilkins Jr. goes to Chicago to work on the Manhattan Project. He is charged with building an atomic bomb. Together with future Nobel Laureate, Eugene Wigner, he identi es the “Wilkins e ect” and the “Wigner-Wilkins spectrum” that relate to nuclear-reactor physics.

1941 =

Charles Drew est le pionnier d’un système de conservation du sang qui fut déterminant dans la création de la première banque de sang. Ses e orts ont sauvé des milliers de vie pendant la deuxième guerre mondiale. Il crée les opérations de dons de sang au pro t de la Croix Rouge américaine.

Charles Drew pioneers a way to preserve blood that is instrumental in the establishment of the rst blood bank. His e orts save thousands of lives in WWII and form the foundation of the American Red Cross’ blood drives.

• Medicine and Health

1944 =
L’ingénieure physicienne, Meredith Gourdine, une pionnière dans le domaine de l’électro-gaz-dynamique invente « Incineraid » qui chasse fumée des bâtiments en feu (1973), et un procédé pour débarrasser les pistes d’atterrissage des aéroports du brouillard. (1987). Engineering Physicist, Meredith Gourdine, a pioneer in the eld of Electrogasdynamics invents “Incineraid” which helps remove smoke from burning buildings (1973), and a method of clearing airport runways of fog and mist (1987).

Phillip A. Carswell dépose un brevet pour une technique de cryptage la logique sécurisée des arrangements cryptographiques, qui permet de sécuriser nos communications nationales.

Phillip A. Carswell patents an encryption technique, “Secure Cryptographic Logic Arrangement”, that helps ensure that our national communications and security are safe.

1943 =

Valerie Thomas travaille à la NASA. Elle dirige le développement de « Landsat »; le premier satellite à envoyer des images de l’espace. Elle a également déposé un brevet pour l’invention de « l’émetteur d’illusions » (1980).

Valerie Thomas works at NASA. She manages the development of “Landsat,” the rst satellite to send images from space. She also receives a patent for inventing an illusion transmitter (1980).

1945 = 1959 = 1969 = 1986 = 1992 1995 =

Henrietta Bradberry, une femme au foyer dépose un brevet pour un moyen pneumatique étanche qui permet de tirer des torpilles sous la mer. Elle dépose également un brevet pour une ridelle pour accrocher des vêtements.

Henrietta Bradberry, a housewife, patents a waterproof, pneumatic means to re torpedoes under the sea. Her other patent, in 1940, was a rack for hanging clothing.

L’inventeur autodidacte Fred Jones invente la machine à rayons X portative. Il ne dépose pas de brevet pour son invention et malheureusement verra d’autres hommes s’enrichir avec leurs versions de la machine.

Self-educated inventor, Fred Jones, invents the portable x-ray machine. He did not patent his invention and unfortunately witnessed other men make fortunes o their versions of the machine.

Clarence L. Elder dépose un grand nombre de brevets pour son système d’économie d’énergie « Occustat » qui utilise les détecteurs de mouvement pour réduire le chau age dans les pièces inoccupées.

Clarence L. Elder earns a number of patents for his energy saving “Occustat” system that uses motion detectors to lower thermostats in a building’s unoccupied rooms.

1970 =
La résistance électrique bon marché d’Otis Boykin est à la base de la résistance variable qui dirige les missiles téléguidés. Otis Boykin’s inexpensive electrical resistor becomes the basis for the variable resistor that directs guided missiles.

Dewey Sanderson invente la machine d’analyse urinaire.

Dewey Sanderson invents the urinalysis machine.

Le physicien nucléaire Henry Sampson invente une cellule électrique gamma- électrique. Son invention permet la transmission de signaux audio par des ondes radio. Cette découverte mènera à l’invention du téléphone cellulaire.

Nuclear physicist, Henry Sampson, invents a gamma electrical cell. His invention allows for audio signals to be transmitted wirelessly through radio waves. This work leads to the invention of the cellular phone.

Lester Lee dépose le brevet du laser au dioxyde de carbone, destiné à fournir les faisceaux laser au moyen d’une expansion rapide de gaz.

Lester Lee patents the “Carbon Dioxide Laser Fuel”, designed to fuel gas laser beams by means of rapid gas expansion.

Hugh MacDonald invente un système de catapulte qui éjecte les pilotes des avions en perdition.

Hugh MacDonald invents a rocket catapult system that safely ejects pilots from disabled aircra s.

1984 = 1988 =

Benjamin Carson devient le premier directeur de neurochirurgie pédiatrique de l’Hôpital John Hopkins.

Benjamin Carson becomes the director of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital.

La physicienne Shirley Jackson travaille aux laboratoires AT&T Bell. Ses inventions incluent le fax portable, le téléphone tactile, la cellule photovoltaïque, les câbles de bre optique et la visualisation du numéro de l’appelant et des appels en attente.

Physicist, Shirley Jackson, works at AT&T Bell Laboratories. Her inventions include developments in the portable fax, touch-tone telephone, the solar cell, ber optic cables, and developments in caller ID and call waiting.

Alfred A. Bishop dépose un brevet pour les améliorations de la technologie nucléaire, particulièrement le « réacteur nucléaire à couverture radiale ».

Alfred A. Bishop receives a patent for developments made to nuclear technology, speci cally the “Nuclear Reactor with Self-Ori cing Radial Blanket”.

Pendant qu’elle travaille aux Laboratoires Alamos, la chimiste Betty Harris dépose un brevet pour un test qui identi e les explosifs dans un environnement normal.

Chemist, Betty Harris, receives a patent for her spot test for identifying explosives in a eld environment while working at the Los Alamos Laboratory.

Patricia Bath dépose un brevet pour la sonde Laserphaco, un appareil qui aide à supprimer la couche blanche des yeux (cataracte) d’une manière plus précise. Elle est la première femme-médecin noire à déposer un brevet.

Patricia Bath receives a patent for the Laserphaco Probe, a device that can help remove cloudy lenses in the eyes (cataracts) in a less invasive and more accurate way than previous methods. She is the rst black female doctor ever to receive a patent.

Lincoln Hawkins reçoit la Médaille nationale de technologie des mains du Président des Etats-Unis, George H. Bush pour des avancées dans l’isolation des câbles plastique ont permis l’universalisation du téléphone.

Lincoln Hawkins is awarded the National Medal of Technology from U.S. President George H. Bush for a career in which his advances in plastic wire insulation help make universal telephone service possible.

2008 =

2006 =

Une équipe de chercheurs du MIT dont Paula Hammond, e ectue une modi cation génétique de virus pour créer de minuscules batteries lithium-ion. Les virus modi és collectent de l’oxyde de cobalt et de l’or pour créer une anode, un des électrodes de la batterie.

A team of MIT researchers, including Paula Hammond, genetically alters viruses to create ultra-small lithium ion batteries. The altered viruses collect cobalt oxide and gold to create an anode, one of the charged ends of a battery.

Pendant son mandat de Directeur du Programme Seawolf, Osie Combs conçoit, développe et fabrique un sous-marin techniquement avancé pour la marine américaine, le Sea Wolf.

Osie Combs designs, develops, and constructs, the US Navy’s technologically advanced nuclear submarine, SEAWOLF, during his term as SEAWOLF Program Manager.

1997 =

Benjamin Carson e ectue la première séparation de siamois craniopagus de type II. Il e ectue également le premier placement intra-utérin de shunt pour un jumeau hydrocéphale.

Benjamin Carson performs the rst completely successful separation of type-2 vertical craniopagus (Siamese) twins. He also performs the rst successful placement of an intrauterine shunt for a hydrocephalic twin.

Communications )

( Communications_

( Ingénierie et Matériaux_ Engineering and
Materials )

( Energie_

Energy )

( Sécurité Nationale_ ( Médecine et Santé_Medicine National Security ) and Health )

SELECTION CRITERIA The criteria used in compiling this list was: • Innovation • Impact of invention or accomplishment • Created by an African, African-American or Afro-Caribbean

ELEMENT: B2_Timeline Wall 2
FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 13

F. Blacks in Space

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Blacks in Space gives tribute to all the black astronauts in the space programs.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

ASTRONAUTS:
• Edward J. Dwight, Jr. • Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. • Arnaldo Tamayo-Méndez • Guion S. Bluford, Jr. • Ronald E. McNair • Mae C. Jemison • Frederick D. Gregory • Bernard A. Harris, Jr. • Livingston Holder • Yvonne Darlene Cagle • Winston E. Scott • Robert L. Curbeam, Jr. • Michael P. Anderson • Stephanie D. Wilson • Joan E. Higginbotham • B. Alvin Drew • Leland D. Melvin • Jeanette J. Epps • Charles F. Bolden, Jr. • Robert L. Satcher, Jr.

“I believe that in urban and rural cities there are great minds and talents with the hands that can control a spacecraft with the same dexterity that they control and handle a basketball. This talent must not be wasted.” Ron McNair speaking to the Massachusetts State Legislature on education.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 14

G. Black Achievement in Science and Technology
The compilation video explores the plight of blacks from Africa to America and showcases the great bounds made in science while the same progress was happening simultaneously in terms of equal rights in America. The compilation video will begin in Africa, and progress through the history of blacks in science (inventors, airmen, astronauts, etc) and the positive contributions and accomplishments. It will then tell of the challenges, the racism and the underbelly of such

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

accomplishments. This section will end with the lives of those who died in pursuit of science (Dr. Lawrence, Ron McNair) over some of the most moving speeches in honoring these men we will insert footage of black children who fought for education in the ‘50s. This footage will be put over sound bytes from the scientists/inventors themselves speaking about the importance of leadership, diligence, and persistence.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/rrtn
FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 15

H. ADIAS Multimedia Interactive Timeline, Encyclopedia, Website, and Social Community
BLACK CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
A multimedia interactive timeline of black firsts, black inventors, black inventions, and pioneers in science and technology.

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

The Timeline is a chronological account of black achievements in Science and Technology. Focus on the black experience, it includes entries on inventions by black people, black astronauts and the founding of professional organizations for black scientists.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 16

H. ADIAS Multimedia Interactive Timeline, Encyclopedia, Website and Social Community
WIKI ENCYCLOPEDIA
The timeline is linked to a unique encyclopedia reference on global black culture in science and technology. The Wiki-like encyclopedia includes biographies on people, institutions, awardees, books, events, etc. The Wiki will be in English and French with future language versions to be added. http://www.adias.org/

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 17

I. 25 Pioneers

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

A columnar maze walkthru of black pioneers of science and industry from around the globe whose research and inventions have redefined their field and have had impact on the betterment

of mankind. Each profile includes a photograph, title, birthdates, region and country, a short bio, and a relevant quote. The profiles are both in English and French.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS

25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS · 25 PIONNIERS · 25 PIONEERS

1932>TODAY
PHYSICIEN | MATHÉMATICIEN | PROFESSEUR
Ghanéen, Francis Allotey est un physicien et mathématicien internationalement reconnu. Il est le créateur du « formalisme Allotey ». Il est devenu le premier professeur titulaire de mathématiques ghanéen à l’Université Kwame Nkrumah des Sciences et Technologies, et le premier à introduire la formation informatique au Ghana. Allotey a reçu de nombreuses distinctions pour son dévouement.

1855>1937
INGÉNIEUR | GÉOGRAPHE | PHILOSOPHE
Theodoro Fernandes Sampaio est le ls d’esclave. Il devint ingénieur, urbaniste, géographe, philosophe et intellectuel au début du 20ème siècle. Il a travaillé à Rio de Janeiro, dans les États de Sao Paulo et de Salvador de Bahia. Au début de sa carrière, il rachète la liberté de sa mère et de ses frères.

Ghanaian, Francis Allotey is an internationally recognized physicist and mathematician and the developer of “Allotey Formalism.” He became the rst Ghanaian Full Professor in Mathematics at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and was the rst to introduce computer education to Ghana. Allotey has received numerous honors for his dedication.

Allotey

PHYSICIST | MATHEMATICIAN | PROFESSOR

Theodoro Fernandes Sampaio was the son of a slave. He grew up to become an engineer, an urbanist, a geographer, a philosopher and intellectual of the beginning of the twentieth century. He worked in Rio de Janerio, Sao Paulo State and Salvador, Bahia. Early in his career he paid for his mother's and siblings’ freedom.

« J’AI VÉCU MA VIE SELON CE PRINCIPE : POUR Y ARRIVER, IL FAUT BEAUCOUP TRAVAILLER, FAIRE DES SACRIFICES, FAIRE PREUVE DE CONCENTRATION ET DE DISCIPLINE. VOUS DEVEZ VOUS PRÉPARER À SERVIR LA SOCIÉTÉ DANS LAQUELLE VOUS VIVEZ ET AVOIR DE BONNES COMPÉTENCES INTERPERSONNELLES. »
-Francis Allotey

Francis Allotey PHYSICIEN PHYSICIST 1932>TODAY GHANA AFRICA

Theodoro F. Sampaio INGÉNIEUR 1855>1937 BRAZIL SOUTH AMERICA

« THEODORO SAMPAIO EST POUR BEAUCOUP DANS LES PREMIÈRES PRODUCTIONS SCIENTIFIQUES EFFECTUÉES À PARTIR D’UN POINT DE VUE BRÉSILIEN. AUPARAVANT, TOUT CE QUI AVAIT ÉTÉ FAIT DANS CE DOMAINE DANS NOTRE PAYS ÉTAIT LE FAIT DE SCIENTIFIQUES ÉTRANGERS – AMÉRICAINS ET EUROPÉENS ATTIRÉS PAR L’ABONDANTE VIE ANIMALE ET VÉGÉTALE DU BRÉSIL. »

” I HAVE LIVED MY LIFE ACCORDING TO THIS: FOR YOU TO SUCCEED IN LIFE MEANS HARD WORK, SACRAFICE, FOCUS AND DISCIPLINED LIFESTYLE. YOU MUST BE PREPARED TO SERVE THE SOCIETY YOU LIVE IN AND HAVE GOOD INTER-PERSONAL SKILLS”
-Francis Allotey

Francis

-Ademir Pereira dos Santos

THEODORE FERNANDES

Sampaio

PHYSICIST

ENGINEER

ENGINEER | GEOGRAPHER | PHILOSOPHER

• Francis Allotey • Aba Bentil-Andam • Ogobara K. Doumbo • Diola Bagayoka • Salimata Wade • Phil Mjwara • Zohra Ben Lakhdar • Earl Long • Ramsey Saunders • George Norris Melville • Cyril Lennox Moore • Theodoro Fernandes Sampaio • Juliano Moreira • Andre Reboucas • Shirley Ann Jackson • Percy Lavon Julian • Ernest Everett Just • Herman Russell Branson • Roger Arliner Young • M. Wharton Young • Lewis Howard Latimer • Ronald E. McNair • David Harold Blackwell • Harold Amos • James H. Williams Jr.

25 PIONEERS:

Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Africa Caribbean Caribbean Caribbean Caribbean Latin America Latin America Latin America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America

Ghana Ghana Mali Mali Senegal South Africa Tunisia St. Lucia Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Brazil Brazil Brazil United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America

Profile of Francis Allotey

Profile of Theodoro Fernandes Sampaio

SELECTION CRITERIA This list was compiled with input from our advisors. Factors that were taken into consideration were their accomplishment in the Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Being African, African American, or Afro-Caribbean. And their having made a lasting impact in their chosen field.
FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 18

J. Blacks in Science: Perception vs. Reality
VIDEO DESCRIPTION
The street interview video presents a juxtaposition of contrasts between professional and protégé, expert and everyday people, and interviews and stills. It showcases both sides of the young scientist’s academic plight: the ignorance and unfamiliarity of laymen versus the challenging and perhaps isolating demands required for excellence in their field.

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

Bolu Anifowose, 17 year-old student

http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/rrtn

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 19

K. 100 Profiles Video

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

A slideshow presentation featuring iconic figures in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields from Africa, the Caribbean, Europe and the United States. Each icon includes their picture, their name and a brief tagline of

accomplishment. The visual impact of this roll call of icons is powerful and brings realization to the magnitude of black contribution to STEM.

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

http://techtv.mit.edu/collections/rrtn
SELECTION CRITERIA The criterion for this was accomplishment in the Sciences, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. And Being African, African American or Afro-Caribbean

NAME OF PERSON
Agnes Day Akintunde Akinwande Anthony R. James Aprille Ericsson Arlie O. Petters

REGION
North America Africa North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America

COUNTRY
United States of America Nigeria United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America

DESCRIPTION
Microbiologist - Howard University Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT President and CEO, Savannah Electric Aerospace Engineer

Arlington W. Carter, Jr. Arnold Stancell Arnold W. Donald

Professor of Mathematics, Physics and Business Administration at Duke University Vice President and General Manager, Boeing Missile Systems Chemical Engineer Former Chairman of the Board, Merisant Company President, Lockheed Martin Federal Systems Built the first clock in the colonies and published an astronomy Almanac Former Astronaut, first African-American to walk in space, to the right
FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

Arthur E. Johnson Bernard Harris

Benjamin Banneker

PG 20

K. 100 Profiles Video (cont.)
NAME OF PERSON
Bessie Coleman Bruce Ovbiagele Carol Espy Wilson Charles Bolden Charles Drew Cyril Moore

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

REGION
North America Africa North America North America North America North America North America Caribbean North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America Africa North America Caribbean North America

COUNTRY
United States of America Nigeria United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America Trinidad & Tobago United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America Central African Republic Trinidad & Tobago United States of America United States of America

DESCRIPTION
The first female African-American pilot Vascular Neurologist, Assistant Professor of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles First African-American Ph.D. in electrical engineering Former Astronaut, 12th Administrator of NASA Chief Executive Officer and Chief Scientific Officer of NanoVec biotechnology company. Physician, developer of blood banks during World War II Biochemist (retired)

Chad Womack Ph.D.

Col. Guion Bluford Dale Emeagwali

Astronaut, and aeronautical engineer, first African-American in space. To the right Microbiologist, and Professor at Morgan State University

Daniel Hale Williams Darnell Diggs Derrick Pitts Dr. Eliza Grier

First African American surgeon to perform open heart surgery, founder of Provident Hospital, Chicago Physicist Chief Astronomer, Franklin Institute Science Museum, right Chemist, AT&T Bell Laboratories

Dr. James W. Mitchell

Emancipated slave who graduated from Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1897 Professor of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Chancellor, University of Maryland Vice President, IBM

Dr. Janice Green Douglas Dr. John Brooks Slaughter Dr. Mark Dean Dr. Samuel L. Kountz Dr. William Wiley Earl Lucas Edray Goins

Dr. Warren M. Washington

Pioneering kidney transplant specialist Microbiologist and Educator, deceased Car Designer at Ford

First African American president of the American Meteorological Society

Edward Bouchet Erroll B. Davis Fern Hunt Fox Harrell

Associate Professor of Mathematics, Purdue University First African-American to earn a PhD in Physics Biochemist and Inventor. Holds 14 patents President, Wisconsin Power & Light Mathematician

Emmett Chappelle

Freeman H. Hrabowski, III Gaston N’guerekata George Carruthers George Melville Homer Neal

Associate Professor of Digital Media, MIT

Mathematician, President of University of Maryland, Baltimore County Professor of Mathematics, Morgan State University Engineer and Astrophysicist

Academician, Researcher, Diplomat and Administrator, PhD and MD Professor of Physics, University of Michigan

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 21

K. 100 Profiles Video (cont.)
NAME OF PERSON
Ida Owens J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. James West

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

REGION
North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America Africa North America North America North America North America North America North America North America

COUNTRY
United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America South Africa United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America

DESCRIPTION
Senior Investigator, National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development Mathematician Research Professor at Johns Hopkins University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Inventor of the Electret Transducer Former Astronaut, Discovery, to the right

Janet Emerson Bashen Joan Higginbotham Jocelyn Elders John Harris II Joanne Berger Sweeney

Inventor of Linkline software application, Founder and President of Bashen Corporation Neuroscientist, Dean, School of Arts and Sciences, Tufts University, Massachusetts The first African-American Surgeon General VP, Contracts and Supply Chain, Raytheon Company

Kevin T. Kornegay Leland Melvin Lt. General Albert J. Edmonds Linda Gooden Louis Tompkins Wright Lt. Gen. Joe N. Ballard Luther S. Williams Lydia W. Thomas Mae Jemison Mary Daly

Director, Cornell Broadband Communications Research Laboratory

Astronaut, Atlantis, twice. Associate Administrator for the NASA Office of Education President, Lockheed Martin Information Technology New York’s first African-American police surgeon Civil Engineer and B89Pilot REMOVE

Director, Defense Information Systems Agency. Manager, National Communications System

Lt. Comdr. Donnie Cochran

Chief of Engineers and Commander, US Army Corps of Engineers President and CEO, Mitretek Systems, Inc.

Biologist, Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs at Tuskegee University Former Astronaut, first African-American woman in space on the Endeavour The first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry Part of the first Expedition to reach the North Pole in 1909 Ophthalmologist Assistant Professor in Zoology, University of Toronto

Matthew Henson

Maurice F. Rabb Jr. Melvin Ramey

Maydianne Andrade

Michael P. Anderson Ndumiso Cingo Oliver McGee Patricia Bath Neil deGrasse Tyson

Professor Emeritus, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis Astronaut, deceased when Space Shuttle Columbia exploded on entry Head of the CSIR National Laser Centre in South Africa Astrophysicist

Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Howard University Ophthalmologist and inventor Chairman and Managing Director, Mobil Producing Nigeria Inc. Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, MIT Chief Designer at Chrysler Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Emeritus at Michigan State University

Paul L. Caldwell, Jr. Paula Hammond Percy Pierre Ralph Gilles

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 22

K. 100 Profiles Video (cont.)
NAME OF PERSON
Ramsey Saunders Reginald Van Lee Robert Satcher Rodney O’Neal Ron McNair Robert Curbeam Jr. Rodney C. Adkins Caribbean

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

REGION

COUNTRY

North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America Africa North America North America North America Africa

Trinidad & Tobago

DESCRIPTION

United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America Ethiopia United States of America United States of America United States of America South Africa

Physicist - Research Scientist and an Educator Senior Vice President, Booz Allen Hamilton Former Astronaut, Discovery twice and Atlantisonce Astronaut, Atlantis and an Orthopaedic Surgeon Vice President, Development, IBM

Executive Vice President, Delphi Automotive Systems

Samuel Massie

Astronaut, deceased when Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart shortly after take-off, Worked as a chemist on the Manhattan Project to develop the atom bomb Professor of Mathematics at State University of New York, Buffalo Electrical Engineer President, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Physicist Astronaut, Discovery, three times Cosmologist

Scott W. Williams

Shaundra S. Daily Solomon Bililign

Shirley Ann Jackson Stephanie Wilson Sylvester Gates Thulani Dlamini Ursula Burns Walt Braithwaite

Professor of Physics, North Carolina A&T State University

Stephon Alexander

Physicist and Mathematician. Martin Luther King Visiting Professor in Physics at M.I.T. Toll Professor of Physics at the University of Maryland, College Park Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (SA). Group Executive for R&D Vice President, Information Systems, Boeing Commercial Airplane Group President and CEO, The Aerospace Corporation Mechanical Engineer and President, Business Group Operations, Xerox Corporation

North America North America North America Africa North America North America North America North America North America/ Africa North America North America North America

United States of America United States of America United States of America Kenya United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America United States of America/ Kenya United States of America United States of America United States of America

Wanda M. Austin Wangari Maathai Wesley Harris Wesley A. Brown William D. Smith, P.E. William Massey Window Snyder Winston Scott Yvonne Cagle

Environmentalist, First African Woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, 2004 First African-American graduate of the Naval Academy Professor, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Associate Provost, MIT President, Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc. Professor of Operations Research and Financial Engineering

Former chief security something-or-other (her official title) at Mozilla Retired Astronaut, Endeavour twice

Woodrow Whitlow

Associate Administrator for Mission Support at NASA

Astronaut in training, qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 23

L. Summary Wall
The exhibit closes with an inspirational visual collage of black innovation and the advancement of civilization and an inspirational quote and text to youth about the future contributions by Africans and the African Diaspora.

Fire Exit

Fire Exit

w/

Fire Exit

Entrance & Exit

Dr. Mae Jemison “Don’t let anyone rob you of your imagination, your creativity, or your curiosity. It’s your place in the world; it’s your life. Go on and do all you can with it, and make it the life you want to live.” Dr. Mae Jemison In 1992, physician and astronaut Mae Jemison became the first African American woman to travel in space.

UNSTOPPABLE!
People of African heritage have always been inventors, innovators, and entrepreneurs. They took their creativity, curiosity, spirituality, and passion into areas of science and technology, even when at times it was considered off limits for black people. And they made a difference. These are just some of the people, like you, who have made and continue to make significant contributions to our understanding of the world. They have advanced civilization and made the world a better place. We all build upon what they have accomplished. It is the diversity of thought and the full participation of all cultures, countries, and regions, in advanced research and the like, that will enable us to reach beyond the stars, beyond our current comprehension of the universe and its inner-workings, for the betterment of all. In the African Renaissance, we will see from the scientists of today and tomorrow, innovations, breakthroughs in computational-based and biotech industries, new forms of high speed travel, new financial models that govern macro- and micro-economics, new materials and new industries and businesses that will dominate world markets.
PG 24

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

Technical Specifications
FUNCTION ROOMS CAPACITY CHART FUNCTION ROOM Pavilion Senegal Chapiteau Meridien Sq.M. 300 1000 Sq.Ft. 984 3.3 Length M. 20 50 Length Ft. 65.6 164.1 Width M. 15 20 Width Ft. 49.2 65.6 Hight M. Central 5.5 7

In assembling the final exhibit in Senegal, there are several technical and logistical requirements to fulfill the multimedia experience in a built enviroment. This includes audio and visual equipment,

electricity, lighting, computer hardware and software, projection systems, security, communication technology, and cooling/ventilation systems.

Hight Ft. Central 18 23

Hight M. Lateral 4 4.5

Hight Ft. Lateral 13.1 14.8

Theatre / 700

Classroom / /

UShape / /

Boardroom / /

Translation Booths / /

Office Secretary / /

Cocktail / 700

Dinner Cocktail Dancing / 600 / 850

ADIAS Science and Technology Exhibit

American Slavery and Inventors By Rod and Cathy Brown

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 25

Technical Specification (cont.)
WALL AND EQUIPMENT PLAN
12 - 3x4 Frames 08 - 2x3 Frames 26 - Coyote Round Towers 02 - 120”W x 89.3”H Projector Screens 04 - 144”W x 89.3”H Projector Screens 06 - Projector Floor Bases
Note: Due to last minute changes and requirements by the Festival, the specifications for walls and columns were changed to address the change in printing and inability to acquire the planned wall system. Wood frames will need to be built in Senegal as well as exhibit frame poles used.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 26

Technical Specification (cont.)
ELECTRICAL PLAN

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 27

Technical Specification (cont.)
PROJECTOR PLAN

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 28

Technical Specification (cont.)
PROJECTOR ELEVATIONS

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 29

Contacts and Partners
INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS
Sonia Lawson World Black Festival Of Arts And Cultures P.O. Box 6577 Dakar Etoile: Sénégal
 Paris Tel: +33 6 14 15 69 40 Dakar Tel: +221 77 33 24 927 Email: sonia_lawson@hotmail.com

This is a list of organizations and contacts assisting on both sides of the Atlantic to address logistics, shipping, manufacturing, production, set-up and execution of the exhibit on the ground at the Festival.

LOCATION, INTERNET AND CONFERENCE ROOMS:
Frederic Mariani Director Of Sales & Marketing Le Meridien Presidentpointe Des Almadies, BP 8181,DAKAR, SENEGALN 14°44’ W 17°3 lemeridien.com Tel: +221 33 869 69 09 Mob: +221 77 637 77 76 Fax: +221 33 869 69 18 Email: frederic.mariani@lemeridien.com

SENEGAL CONTRACTORS TO SUPPLY:
• DVD players • Lighting • Sound Systems • Video projectors • Wall frames & pipping • Novel Computers • Samsung

diable.sakho@lemeridien.com, “Diallo, Ngone” <ngone.diallo@ lemeridien.com>, “Provis, Jean-Marc” <jean-marc.provis@ lemeridien.com>, “Gueye, Abib” <Abib.Gueye@lemeridien.com>, “Tahiri, Rachid” <rachid.tahiri@lemeridien.com>, “Kande, Helene” <helene.kande@lemeridien.com>

TENT FABRICATION:
Senegal Baches

EXIHBIT FABRICATION:
John C. Walsh WB Incorporated 1 Westinghouse Plaza Boston, MA 02136-2059 www.wbinc.com Tel: 617-364-3890 800-649-2462 Fax: 617-364-3893 Email: jcwalsh@wbinc.com

LIGHTS, STAGE AND SOUND:
37.2 Mr Racine SY Tel: +221 77 644 52 64 Jean Sébastien Tel: +221 77 650 67 93 Email: jsvdk5@gmail.com

EVENT PLANNING:
Marianne M Bathily Directrice d’Agence Sénégal et Afrique Francophone www.expagency.biz Tel: +221 33-869-16- 96 Fax: +221 33-867-64-99 Directe: +221 77-637-74-31

TRANSLATION BOOTHS, VIDEO PROJECTOR, DAY SCREEN, SCREEN AND SONORISATIONSOUND
Omar Ndiaye ICONA Tel: +221 77 611 09 28 Email: icona@orange.sn

LOGISTICS, SHIPPING AND CUSTOMS:
Lamine Tumba SDV USA
FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 30

Community Outreach
RRTN: Node Network: Technology Development Bundle for Senegal
RRTN will be establishing technology development labs at universities and schools in Senegal during the presentation of our Exhibit at Senegal World Festival of Black Arts and Science. Current target institutions that RRTN has identified through research and partners are: • University of Dakar • College Universitaire d’Architecture • Politechniques of Dakar • The International School of Dakar RRTN plans on deploying our Taylor Development Lab solutions at these institutions. The bundle includes e-services, hardware and software created by or provided by RRTN and its partners. These technologies will support research, archiving, meetings, remote and virtual collaboration, education, training, and content delivery and programs centered on cultural history, ASTEM and professional development. Below are detailed diagrams.

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 31

Appendix: American Slavery and Inventors
By Rod and Cathy Brown - Location to be determined (TBD)

FESTIVAL MONDIAL DES ARTS NEGRES: ADIAS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EXHIBIT

PG 32

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.