Semester exam study guide / geography / Trudeau 1.

The name for the state of __ used by one of the tribes of the Caddo nation has come into widespread use. a) Louisiana b) Mississippi c) Texas d) Oklahoma 2. The home of the Caddo today: a) Louisiana b) Mississippi c) Texas d) Oklahoma 3. The first European explorer to visit the Caddo: a) Iberville b) DeSoto c) Bienville d) Nacogdoches. 4. Principal nations involved in colonization: a) France & Spain b) France & England c) Spain & England. 5. The Caddo were devastated by diseases brought by the colonials. Another word for devastated: a) damned b) defiled c) dislocated d) decimated. 6. Which group first invaded the Caddo lands? a) Osage b) US troops c) European colonists d) Choctaw. 7. Based on the sound and appearance of the word, the term Anglo must refer to the settlers from a) England b) Spain c) France d) Germany. 8. Was the date of the Louisiana Purchase before or after the US treaty with the Caddo? a) before b) after c) both. 9. One of Louisiana's neighbors was classified as a separate and foreign nation during the 1800s. That was a) Alabama b) Texas c) Arkansas d) Mississippi. Please see the reading on which these questions are based: 1. Texas 2. Oklahoma 3. DeSoto 4. France & Spain 5. decimated 6. Osage 7. England (see the ngl sound) 8. before 9. Texas 5 themes of geography . . . Location of the people? Manhattan Character of the place? Island at confluence of Interaction of people and the place? Movement of people, goods and ideas? Comparison of places: how are they similar and how different? - Identify the equator and prime meridian. - Sailors, pilots and the makers of GPS (Global Positioning System) devices are among those who depend on this grid system. - After explaining the coordinate system, have the student add a line of both latitude and longitude to your map. - Show your student the coordinates for Shreveport on the map: 32N, 94W. - Ask your student to place these major cities using only the coordinates. New York City: 40N, 74W

Paris: 49N, 2E Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 23S, 43W Johannesburg, South Africa: 26S, 28E The Caddo in 4 States quiz - concepts in social studies - using context to enrich your vocabulary 1. "Confederacy:" a) organized group b) rebels c) native Americans. 2. "cohesive tribe:" a) conflicted b) sticking together c) diminishing 3. Ozark Mountains: a) southern Arkansas b) northern Arkansas 4. Nacogdoches and Natchitoches were names that came from the: a) settlers b) native peoples c) we are not sure of the source. 5. This article implies that the Caddo consumed ___ protein. a) much b) little 6. "Kadohadacho" were tribal peoples also known as the a) Hasinai b) Natchitoches c) Caddo. 7. "Decimated" means a) measured b) destroyed c) aided by. 8. The Ohio Valley tribe that overpowered the Caddo: a) Iroquois b) Hasinai c) Osage. 9. In 1836, one year after the founding of Shreve Town, aka Shreveport, the Republic of __ proclaimed freedom from the vast nation of Mexico. a) Texas b) Oklahoma c) the United States. 10. T / F The name "Texas" comes from the Spanish language term for "friend." 11. "August" has a meaning beyond (see the title of this article) the name of the 8th month: a) high in status b) warm to hot c) small to medium-sized. 1.a2.b3.b4.b5.b6.c7.b8.c9.a10.f11.a Otzi is one of the most famous aboriginal people on the planet. Some 5000 years ago he died on a mountaintop in the Austrian Alps. Some 20 years ago he was discovered in a frozen state where he had lain since 3000 BC. Review quiz Which item of the 5 Themes is indicated by 1. Shreveport's humid climate. 2. Tax incentives (rewards) for movie production in Shreveport. 3. The Gulf Coastal Plain includes Shreveport. 4. Shreveport's indigenous people were expelled around 1835. 5. Shreveport is some 300 miles north of New Orleans. 6. The Fant Parkway was built alongside the Red River in the 1970's. 7. People in the media sometime refer to this area as "S-B Land." 8. Hispanic people comprise (make up) about 2% of the population. 9. Eldorado and Sam's Town are casinos (casino means "house" in Italian) that were added to the Shreveport side of the Red River. 10. Water from the Red River can be purified for use as a municipal (having to do with a

city) water supply. The S-B map: 1. Name the curving, NW to SE thoroughfare (area where things are moved). 2. Name the principal N-S conveyance (area where things are moved). 3. Spt's downtown buildings are north of I-20. T/F 4. Magnet is across the red from a major institution in Bossier: a) La Boardwalk b) Diamond Jacks / Isle of Capri Casino c) Barksdale Air Force Base. 5. I-20 is basically a highway that carries traffic a) East-West b) North-South c) NW - SE across the US. 1. Human-Environment adaptation 2. Movement of ideas and goods. 3. Place / physical characteristics. 4. Movement of people. 5. Location, relative. 6. Human-environment modification. 7. Regions, vernacular. 8. Place, human characteristics. 9. Human-environment modification. 10. Human-environment dependency. On this map students will be able to sketch and identify Red R. Teague Parkway Fant Parkway Stoner Ave Youree Dr Olive St Magnet / Valencia Park Henry Miller Shreve was the developer of the shape and style of the Mississippi River Steamboat, according to author and professor Gary Joiner. His design featured - a wide, shallow draft hull - 2 decks - boiler on main deck - improved engine The steamboat brought wealth to the Red River valley through increased trade. Imagine giant stacks of cotton bales on the front and rear decks of a steam boat. Shreve also enabled river traffic by clearing the Red of a log jam called the Great Raft. By one account the obstructions in the channel stretched from Shreveport to Baton Rouge. He developed a steam-powered work craft called a Snag Boat to fully leverage the

clearing of the river of the masses of heavy trees and debris. The Snag Boat featured a split front hull topped with an armature, or frame, that enabled the men to better use a winch and pulley to extract heavy trees from the river sediment. Cave-ins of dirt and trees were the main elements of the log jam. The jam was so thick that islands developed in the main channel. Today Shreveport faces a transportation problem somewhat similar to that of the Great Raft. It is the air access problem due to the oddly high cost of flying in or out of Shreveport Regional Airport. We need a visionary in the mold of Henry Shreve to clear the obstructions in local air traffic. If we can find a way to lower ticket prices to a competitive level, this region will surely develop more wealth and comfort. Hydrologists 1. The Ozark Mountains: a) Northern Arkansas b) Southern Arkansas. 2. Before the 1700's there was quite a conflict between the a) Osage and the b) Iroquois. Which was the more powerful tribe? 3. The date of the Louisiana Purchase: a) 1783 b) 1803 c) 1835 d) 1836. 4. Which is sweeter, more succulent (juicy) and more aromatic (appealing aroma), the a) pimento, or cherry pepper, or the b) red bell pepper? 5. The Spaceship Earth project is an example of learning that we may term a) tactile b) holistic c) kinetic d) mnemonic. 6. With a population of 6.8 billion, most people on earth are competing to get an adequate supply of jobs, food, housing and __ . a) living space b) money c) ecosystem d) water. 7. One of these nations has a totalitarian government, one which has absolute power in regards people's lives. a) China b) India c) Asia d) Africa. 8. 40N, 74W: a) Beijing b) New York City c) Paris d) Chicago. 9. The most important item learned in the recent Mississippi Valley map quiz: a) 10 states b) tributaries c) memorization d) mnemonics. 10. A hydrologist might be a geologist. T / F 11. The Caddos, Celts, Zulu and Choctaw are indigenous peoples but the aborigines of Australia are not what we call indigenous. T / F 12. There is a great ocean current which flows around the peninsula of Florida and moves slowly north along the Atlantic coast. It is the: a) equatorial b) Canary c) North Atlantic d) Gulf Stream. 13. The devastating Katrina sequence seen in New Orleans in 2005: a) wind-rain-broken levees-flooding b) rain-broken levees-wind-flooding c) flooding-broken levees-windrain. 14. Relatively large Island which visibly separates the Caribbean from the Gulf of Mexico: a) Cuba b) Florida c) Venezuela d) Haiti. 1. Northern Ark. 2. The Iroquois; return to the Caddo history to see the explanation.

3. 1803 4. pimento 5. tactile 6. water 7. China 8. NYC 9. mnemonics 10. T 11. F 12. Gulf Stream 13. wind-rain-broken levees-flooding 14. Cuba The Rubric (required elements) that will guide Essay Writing in geography class includes: 1. Colorful opening. There are 3 recommended ways to create an interest-getting opening: a) use a quote b) ask a question c) write with vivid description. 2. Blend the topics continually in the paper. Do not write a block of material about one topic and then write a separate block about the other topic. Integrate the topics as you offer insight and evidence. 3) Use comparison terms: * different from, * the same, * Both, * similar to, * Neither, ... nor, * like X is (adjective), * ... than X is (adverb) than. * both, ... * either...or * likewise * similarly * although, * but neither... * nor * however * on the other hand 4. Specific examples must be used to support generalities. An example: generality - The Incredibles was an awesome movie. specific - The Incredibles appealed to me because the characters (especially the mom and the teen sister) were believable. They sounded like people I know.

5. Grammar counts. 6. Spelling, too. When in doubt, see a dictionary or ask me. 7. Punctuation is paramount. Again, ask me or your Grammar Check software. 8. Include documentation via "according to ...". This means include your source - from World Book to your little brother - in the body of your writing. Usually you place it at the end of the first or second sentence, says Grammar For Today. 9. Write a snappy title. Ways to make a title fun are to tweak a song or movie title or use alliteration. Also, write an explanatory subtitle. Example: "Dinkas are Incredibles;" "Many refugees from the Sudanese Dinka tribe have moved from poverty in east Africa to comfort in the US." 10. Finally, please don't put quotation marks around your title - unless you are quoting someone. Commonly used demographics include gender, race, age, income, disabilities, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. Pratt Industries (USA), Inc. operates as a paper and packaging company in the United States and Australia. It also operates paper mills, recycling facilities, and sheet and box plants. In addition, the company offers corrugated products for durable and non-durable goods, including lighting, electronics, glass, telecommunications, automotive, pharmaceuticals, toys, sporting goods, wine and spirits, vegetables, fruits, pizza, poultry, meats, and fish. Pratt Industries operates some 50 plants in about 20 states in the US and Mexico. Founded in 1948 by Leon Pratt, grandfather of current chairman Anthony Pratt, the company is owned and controlled by Australian-based Pratt family investment vehicle Visy Industries. Geology - N Amer Plate - S Amer Plate - African Plate - Eurasian Plate

- Arabian Plate - Indo-Australian Plate - Earthquake Zones - Arrows indicating direction of tectonic forces - core (esp note nickel, molten) - mantle (esp see pliable, magma, thickness) - crust (see both thick and thin) - watery planet and add explanations for, from pp. 45 - 47: - Ring of Fire - subduction - spreading - converging - faulting A number of experts say that California is due for a large earthquake; likely a quake that would emanate from the San Andreas fault line, which runs under much of Southern California. During such an earthquake, waves would become trapped in the sediment underneath Los Angeles, causing 7.8-level tremors that could shake the area for up to two minutes, says the University of Southern California Daily Trojan. Tectonics 1. The process that enables the earth's plates to move: a) convection b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 2. The word for the circular process in which materials rise when heated and fall when cooled. a) convection b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 3. The location of the heat which is thought to drive movement of the earth's plates: a) core b) mantle c) crust d) oceans. 4. Which is lighter, the a) continental crust or the b) oceanic crust? 5. When two plates of the same type meet: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 6. When two plates grind against each other: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 7. When two plates move in opposite directions: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 8. When a lighter and a heavier plate meet: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 9. The textbook says that "Human population is growing fastest along the Ring of Fire, the zone marked by volcanoes and earthquake regions." T / F 10. The San Andreas Fault runs through the middle of Los Angeles but does not reach San Francisco. T / F 11. A split in the earth's crust may be called a __ valley. a) rift b) pangaeaic c) fault d) volcanic .

12. Current measurements indicate the age of the earth is about __ years. a) 2.6 billion b) 3.6 billion c) 4.6 billion d) 5.6 billion Sustainability is the capacity to endure, says Wikipedia. In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. For humans it is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which in turn depends on the maintenance of the natural world and natural resources.[1] California & Silicon Valley 1) Napa Valley is associated with the art and science of making wine - something at which California excels. Wine-making is called a) vino b) vineyard c) viticulture d) vintners . 2) Birth of the Fender Telecaster and Precision bass: a) Los Angeles b) Sacramento c) Palo Alto d) San Diego. 3) Founded by a duo; functions as a triumvirate: a) Google b) Microsoft c) Apple d) US government. 4) Position of the island called Alcatraz relative to the Golden Gate: a) East b) West c) North c) South. 5) With Stanford University, Google and UC Berkeley in the region, the main industry of Silicon Valley is higher education. T / F 6) Pacific Rim location is an advantage for the Port of Los Angeles because cargo can come directly from __ to the US. a) India b) Britain c) Brazil d) China. 7) Affluent area: a) San Francisco b) Anaheim c) Oakland d) Malibu. 8) “We live in a litigious society.” In other words, a society that is a) entrepreneurial b) prone to spraining ligaments c) suit prone d) communications-minded. 9) Stanford students Sergey Brin and Larry Page collaborated on the creation of a) Yahoo b) Google c) Apple d) the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. 10) Los Angeles is found at about 34N latitude, 118W longitude. If you had a gigantic tunnel-machine capable of drilling through the core of the earth, you could start at LA and come out, on the other side of the globe, near Beijing. T / F 11) T / F Vietnam and Tibet border China. 12) Cheap labor and highly-educated workers are abundant in the nations of China and __. a) South Korea b) Somalia c) Britain. 13) The area to be known as Silicon Valley was initiated into the high tech world by a) the Navy Research center b) NASA’s aeronautics research c) a venture capital arrangement by a Stanford professor. 14) Not a part of Silicon Valley: a) Mountain View b) Cupertino c) Palo Alto d) Oakland. 15) The Pirates of the Caribbean movies made extensive use of computer-generated images (CGI). Based on our recent studies, we can assume much of the work for those

movies was done in a) San Francisco b) Los Angeles c) San Diego d) New Orleans. 16) Hewlett-Packard, an early American high tech company, was founded in a) 1939 b) 1959 c) 1979. 17) In the 1970s and 1980s, ____'s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) played a pivotal role in object-oriented programming, graphical user interfaces (GUIs), Ethernet, PostScript, and laser printers. a) Apple b) IBM c) Xerox d) Microsoft. 18) The Sierra Nevada mountains are part of the Rocky Mountains. T / F 19) In California’s southeasternmost region is a large empty quarter. No mountains, no municipalities. That area must be a) the Mojave b) Death Valley c) Nevada d) San Joaquin Valley. 20) According to the Silicon Valley article in, the following organizations are headquartered there: eBay, Dreamworks Animation & TiVo. T / F California quiz answers 1. c) viticulture 2. d) Fullerton 3. a) Google 4. a) East 5. F 6. d) China 7. d) Malibu 8. c) suit prone 9. b) Google 10. T 11. F 12. a) South Korea 13. a) Navy research center 14. d) Oakland 15. a) San Francisco 16. a) 1939 17. c) Xerox 18. F 19. a) the Mojave 20. T

Topics 1. Sierra Nevada range 2. Lake Tahoe 3. Yosemite Valley 4. Giant Sequoia / Redwoods 5. The Central Valley, aka The Valley

6. San Francisco Bay 7. Mojave Desert 8. Death Valley 9. San Diego 10. Los Angeles history 11. Los Angeles demographics / ethnic diversity 12. Los Angeles landmarks 13. Los Angeles economy 14. San Francisco history 15. San Francisco landmarks 16. Silicon Valley 17. Stanford University 18. Univ of Cal at Berkeley 19. Sacramento 20. San Andreas Fault 21. California ethnic demographics 22. California agriculture 23. Golden Gate Bridge 24. Colorado River 25. Mediterranean climate 26. Big Sur region 27. California State Route 1, aka the Coast Highway 28. Santa Barbara 29. Orange County 30. Marin County 31. Venice, Los Angeles 32. Hollywood 33. UCLA 34. Los Angeles / Long Beach Harbor More Tectonics 1. The adversary system is one in which governmental groups aid each other in getting their tasks completed. T / F 2. A person who is friendly and has a lot in common with you may be described as __ . a) patriarchal b) sympatico c) onomatopoeic d) muy bonita. 3. Pratt Industries is an awesome company that operates paper mills and recycling plants. Additionally, it manufactures commodities including "lighting, electronics, glass and communications." T / F 4. Tarshar, chief of the Caddo, had an ally (friend and supporter) in the 1835 negotiations with the US government. He was a) Larkin Edwards b) William B Stoner c) Henry Miller Shreve d) John Coates. 5. Watching the tracking info that shows the shipment of an Apple computer as it journeys on ship from Shanghai, China, to the port of Los Angeles. a) Ring of Fire b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 6. The mid-Atlantic ridge: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 7. What is happening on the Western side of South America where the Nazca Plate is

meeting the South American Plate: a) converging b) subduction c) faulting d) spreading. 8. These places are considered desirable despite the threat of earthquakes and volcanoes: Southern California, Japan and a European nation: a) England b) Italy c) Spain d) France. 9. What kind of crust might include anchovies (fish preserved in brine)? a) oceanic crust b) continental crust c) subductional crust d) Arabian crust. 10. Iron mixed with nickel: a) core b) crust c) mantle d) nucleus. 11. Includes solid and pliable material as well as magma. a) core b) crust c) mantle d) nucleus. 12. Similar in direction of movement to the Indo-Australian Plate: a) Eurasian plate b) African Plate c) Arabian Plate d) South American Plate. 13. The earth's plates move because of force generated by : a) subduction b) convection c) faulting d) spreading. 14. The textbook says, in effect, that human population is growing fastest around the Pacific Plate. T / F 15. The Tectonic Plate Boundaries Map, p. 43, demonstrates that earthquake zones are more common in the Northern Hemisphere as well as in the Western Hemisphere. T / F 16. The length of the San Andreas Fault is approximately a) 350 b) 550 c) 750 d) 1,150 miles. 1. False. See WG (World Geography, a Global Prespective); an adversary is your opponent. 2. Sympatico. Class notes; MT (MondoTrudeau). 3. False. MT. And logic. 4. Larkin Edwards. MT. 5. Ring of Fire=the Pacific rim. None of the tectonic terms made sense. 6. Spreading. WG. 7. Subduction. WG. 8. Italy. WG. 9. Oceanic crust. For fun. 10. Core. WG. 11. Mantle. WG. 12. Arabian Plate. WG. 13. Convection. WG. 14. True. WG and MT. 15. False. Northern and Eastern Hemisphere. WG. 16. 750 miles. WG and MT. The Magnet mission that unites our energies each day: a) Be responsible. b) Be respectful. c) Seek excellence. John Muir (1838 – 1914) was one of the earliest mountain men of California. His activism helped to save the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now one of the most important conservation organizations in the United States.

The world's richest Iranian is American technologist-philanthropist Pierre Omidyar. Please compare him to fellow-Silicon Valley mensch Steve Jobs. Omidyar founded eBay. Jobs founded Apple. Images generated by students and vocab notes from the map study: - sombre ro - poncho / serape / rebozo - Tex-Mex cooking, ex fajitas - chili pepper orognated here - vanilla bean origination - chocolatl is an Aztec word. - Aztec and Mayan pyramids. Strengths of both Aztec and Maya civilization: -calendars - astronomy - mathematics - architecture - cities - language and books - botanic medicine It is called Land of the Feathered Serpent; see the Aztec god Quetz,coatl. And see the long-tailed bird called the Quetzal. George Walton Lucas, Jr. (1944) is an American film producer, screenwriter, director and founder/chairman of Lucasfilm Ltd, says Wikipedia. He is best known for being the creator of the science fiction franchise Star Wars and joint creator of the archaeologist-adventurer character Indiana Jones. Today, Lucas is one of the American film industry's most financially successful independent directors/producers, with an estimated net worth of $3.25 billion as of 2010.[1] Skywalker Sound and Industrial Light & Magic, the sound and visual effects subdivisions of Lucasfilm, respectively, have become among the most respected firms in their fields. Lucasfilm Games, later renamed LucasArts, is well respected in the gaming industry. He lives in Marin County, north of San Francisco. WWII Largely a repeat of WWI. French & British vs Germany (joined by Italy). - 1939 - 1945 - US enters war as ally of GB in 1941. - Hitler's blitzkrieg ("lightning warfare") results in takeover of small nations such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, etc. - Successful German takeover of France. - Battle of Britain (1940) - German bombing of London and English cities in preparation

for invasion by troops. Royal Air Force (RAF) proves equal to the attack by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). Turning point of the war. - German invasion of Russia was unsuccessful. German control of Russian Black Sea oilfields was unsuccessful. - Germans depended on synthetic fuel - gasoline made from coal. In 1944 the bombing of those plants by US and British bombers crippled the German forces. - Invasion of US/British forces at Normandy, France, begins the displacement of Germany's forces in Western Europe. - War is concluded by the invasion of Germany by US/British forces in the west and by successful Russian troops which invaded Germany from the east. World geography notes on WWI - 1914 -1918 - France (and Britian) vs Deutschland - new war technology included biplanes, modern machine guns, tanks and poison gas (mustard gas, chlorine, phosgene). - stalemate - little movement - trench warfare - war of attrition - war of deliberate sacrifice or loss of troops to death in battle; the side with the largest number of combatants was expected to prevail. - huge casualties - some 16 million dead. US entered war in 1917. - delayed involvement in war due to large German-American immigrant population as well as Isolationist (non-involvement) spirit. - German immigrants largest group of European immigrants to US. Ex: town of Minden. Treaty of Versailles notable for leading to WWII. Deutschland / Swing Kids 1. The movie "Swing Kids" takes place in Hamburg. The story of the White Rose is a similar chronicle of young people who protested the Reich. Students who were in the White Rose were executed in 1945. The White Rose story took place in a) Hamburg b) Munich c) Berlin d) Amsterdam. 2. The capital of Germany is the city of a) Hamburg b) Munich c) Berlin d) Amsterdam. 3. The capital of the region of Bavaria is a) Hamburg b) Munich c) Berlin d) Amsterdam. 4. The dates of US involvement in WWII include declaring war against Germany in 1941, beginning the Invasion of Europe (D-Day) in 1944 and forcing - along with the Russians - the surrender of Germany in the year of a) 1944 b) 1945 c) 1946 d) 1947. 5. In the movie, the fate of Thomas Berger's father and Peter Muller's father was similar. T/F 6. The censorship and control of artistic materials on the part of the Nazis means that the regime was a) nationalistic b) socialistic c) totalitarian d) ethnocentric. 7. "It don't mean a thing if it ain't got that swing," was a theme of the swing kids. That line was from a song written by a) Benny Goodman b) Gene Krupa c) Django Reinhardt

d) Duke Ellington. 8. The protagonist of the movie: a) Peter Muller b) Thomas Berger c) Arvid Hitmann d) Mr. Muller, Peter's father. 9. a) Verrator b) Jugend c) Achtung d) Verboten: Choose the German word that means "forbidden." 10. The short form of the name National Socialist German Worker's Party: a) Axis powers b) fascists c) Nazi d) socialists. 11. German Jew who escaped to the US in the 1930's: a) Karl Marx b) Albert Einstein c) Count Von Zeppelin d) Django Rheinhardt. 12. Lederhosen and the dirndl are traditional garb in the region around a) Munchen b) Frankfort c) Hamburg d) Berlin. 13. Which German word means "youth"? a) Jugend b) Juden c) Krieg d) Heine. 14. The Deutsch Mark has been replaced by the a) Euro b) Franc c) Pound d) USD. 15. a) BMW b) Audi c) Volkswagen d) Mercedes Benz e) Lexus f) Mini Cooper. Which of these auto companies is not German? 16. The attitude of the many German officers who murdered innocent Europeans: a) "We just play along. We get whatever we want." b) You've got to go along; make the best of things. We're not in charge." c) "I just wised up." d) "You must learn to steel yourself." 17. The swastika is a symbol for good fortune borrowed from a) Poland b) Gypsies c) India d) Turkey. 18. Germany did not control this nation during the 1940's: a) Denmark b) Norway c) Austria d) Russia. 19. The German word for "traitor:" a) Verrator b) Jugend c) Achtung d) Verboten. 20. The German word for "Watch out! or "Beware!:" a) Verrator b) Jugend c) Achtung d) Verboten. 1. b Munich 2. c Berlin 3. b Munich 4. b 1945 5. T 6. c totalitarian 7. d Duke Ellington 8. a Peter Muller 9. d Verboten! 10. c Nazi 11. b Einstein 12. a Munchen (Munich) 13. a jugend 14. a Euro 15. e Lexus 16. b "You've got to go along." 17. c India (and China) 18. d Russia 19. a verrator 20. c Achtung! Neighbors of the nation called Deutschland (9): Denmark Poland Czech Republic Austria Switzerland France Luxembourg Belgium Netherlands Bavarian Alps Rhine River Danube River

Berlin Hamburg Frankfurt Munich Volkswagen Volks, "folks," or "people" and wagen, or ""auto" The "people's Car," 1934 Dr Ferdinand Porsche, engineer / Adolph Hitler Cheap, fuel efficient, reliable, easy to repair. Sold in US and Canada in 1950's. Sales rose during the mid-1960's. Also German and notable Porsche Mercedes Benz BMW (Bavarian Motor Works) Audi there are numerous additional German auto companies! Social Studies Book Experience / in-class set of novels Ray Bradbury's classic sci-fi novel, Fahrenheit 451 (the temperature at which book paper catches fire and burns). It is a cinematic story written in 1950 about life in the Twenty-fourth century. 1. Explain why Bradbury's opening is not boring. - active verbs 2. Themes - one theme is "change." 3. Trudeau's writing guidelines - active verbs. Quote 3 verbs in the opening pages that describe action. Leaping. Burning. 4. Finding definitions through context: "stolid." "solid" 5. Colors presented: yellow, orange, red, black. 6. Use of irony: quote a brief image that is ironic, inasmuch as the protagonist is burning books. Firemen burn books and houses. 7.Metaphor for books: "pigeons landing with open wings." . 8. "Singed." Explain. Edges have been burned. 9. What does a "Minstrel man" ordinarily do? Dance, sing, entertain. Often with a "black face" via makeup. 10. Why is the helmet described as more than "black"? Beetle-like. To emphasize the mystery and sense of evil. 11. Briefly describe the protagonist's acrobatic trick. Sliding down fire house pole by falling; catches himself at the last moment. 12. What device was described as having a "lubricated flue," "puff of warm air" and "Cream-tiled escalator." The fire house. 13. Keep a list of items that will fit the category of Modern Technology. Ex: wall-size TV's; Sea shells, or bluetooth ear buds, robot dog.

14. "air charged with a special calm: " Literal foreshadowing - of what sort of person? positive, good person. 15. Salamander: a fire-proof reptile in mythology. Explain the Phoenix. Reborn after being destroyed by fire. 16. Without moving, what does Clarisse do in regards Montag? Disturbs his thoughts and touches his heart. 17. Sensual writing: describe 2 smells. "kerosene is perfume to me." "fresh apricots and strawberries in the air" 18. What's ironic about the fireman's slogan? They burn and destroy rather than save. 19. "White blurs are houses." The speaker? Clarisse 20. "You think too many things." Speaker? Montag 21. "Two hundred-foot-long __s." billboards - so people can see them as they drive by at high speeds. 22. McClellans have been arrested twice. Why? For driving too slowly. For being a pedestrian. For oddness. 23. "But what do you Talk about?" Montag 24. "Sleep lozenge." Explain. Use of sleeping pills is common. 25. "Expert at lip reading." Are you pretty good at it? Mildred. Because she's often listening to music and seeing someone talk to her simultaneously. 26. "Do you agree to that, Helen?" "I sure do." Explain. The soap opera script draws Mildrd into the plot and action. 27. "Fourth wall-TV." Surround screens. 28. "You're not like the others." Clarisse to Montag. 29. "The dead beast, the living beast." The Mechanical Hound. 30. olfactory: sense of smell. proboscis: nose or snout. ballistics: science of projectile travel. trajectory: course of a speeding projectile. 31. "It doesn't like or dislike." Capt Beatty about the hound. 32. "Chemical balances and percentages are recorded in the master file." The hound. 33. "I'm anti-soical, they say." Clarisse, who likes a slower pace. 34. "We never ask questions, or at least, most don't." Sound familiar? Current day society. 35. "They name a lot of cars or clothes . . ." Superficial social talk. 36. Art as seen in museums has changed. How so? It is entirely abstract. 37. Vocab: proclivities: things you like to do. 38. "Once upon a time; what kind of talk is that?" The past seemed threatening in this new society. 39. "First fireman: Benjamin Franklin." Big lie. 40. "None of those books agree with each other." People are afraid of discussion, controversy and the work needed to make a compromise. 41. English heretic, 1555: "We shall light a candle as shall never be put out." Knowledge

and truth are indelible. 42. Burnt by chemicals to a brittle straw." Like some people's hair today. 43. Dante, Swift, Marcus Aurelius. Classic writers. 44. "Photography. Then motion pictures." The banning of upsetting media took this path. 45. "Quadruple population." Over-population is a key to understanding this distorted world. 46. "Books cut shorter. Condensations." People had shortened attention spans. That is porbably true today. 47. "School shortened, discipline relaxed, philosophies, histories, languages dropped." To some degree, those are changes we've experienced in recent decades. 48. "Spelling gradually neglected; finally, ignored." The "slippery slope" toward a careless society. 49. "Empty the theaters save for clowns." Theaters no longer presented tragedies and documentaries. 50. "More sports for everyone, group spirit, fun and you don't have to think, eh?" Sports engage people so that they can avoid thinking about morals and mortality. 51. Who are the 'relatives' ('aunts,' 'uncles') who can be heard chatting in the Montag household? They are fictional performers. They are the soap opera characters who seem to be family to their listeners. 52. "Why learn anything save pressing buttons?" (Beatty) Does the advent of the computer and advanced software take us in this direction? Kind of like today: why memorize facts if you Google them at any time? There is, of course, still value in knowledge committed to memory. 53. "Don't step on the toes of the dog lovers, the cat lovers." (Beatty) Each special interest group is sensitive. Should each have their way when it comes to making their point of view into public policy? 54. "The bigger your market, Montag, the less you handle controversy." (Beatty) Controversy: must we always minimize it? Is a certain amount of controversy the mark of the society which can sustain a healthy dialogue? 55. "Magazines became a nice blend of tapioca." (Beatty) Nothing but niceness and sweetness in magazines. Tapioca is a bland, vanilla pudding. 56. "But the public, knowing what it wanted, let the ___ books survive. And the threedimensional __ magazines, of course." (Beatty) Are these the bottom line publications of a modern society? 57. "It didn't come from the __ down. There was no (government) censorship to start with." (Beatty) Social tensions created a climate in which book banning was seen as a a good idea. The government flowed suit, moving to enforce the idea. 58. "Technology, __ __ and minority __ carried the trick." (Beatty) How we were able to function as a society yet ban most books. 59. "You are allowed to read __, the good old ____ or ___ journals." (Beatty) These books do not stimulate people to think deeply. 60. "With _____ graduating more runners, racers, tinkerers, instead of examiners, imaginative creators. . . " (Beatty's analysis)

Schools have decided to help society remain peaceful and content by focusing on sports and mechanical activities. Sports began to be more highly valued than ideas and inventions. 61. "Not everyone born free and equal . . . but everyone Made equal. Then all are happy." (Beatty) A way to attain a peaceful society. 62. "A book is a loaded gun . . . who knows who might be the target of the well-read man?" (Beatty) Well-read men, it is assumed, might make the less well-read feel uncomfortable by comparison. 63. "Custodians of our peace of mind, the focus of our dread of being inferior." (Beatty) Not letting anyone feel inferior becomes an obsession in this society. The book-burning 'firemen' keep everyone equal in their educational background. 64. "You must understand that our society is so vast that we can't have our minorities upset and stirred." (Beatty) Is it too much trouble for a nation to mediate between the various minority points of view? 65. Terminology in social studies: "A slippery slope argument states that a relatively small first step inevitably leads to a chain of related events culminating in some significant impact, much like an object given a small push over the edge of a slope sliding all the way to the bottom." Beatty's argument is based on the slippery slope concept. T / F Yes. Beatty says that once we banned certain kinds of literature, we could not stop banning materials. 66. When a segment of society is upset by a book, the answer to the conflict is to __ __ . (Beatty) There are many more answers to the problem of working through a controversy. 67. The Big Flue is symbolic of the excision of the ritual of the ____ . Death is scary and even embarrassing. Therefore it is almost entirely hidden. 68. "She didn't want to know How a thing was done, but Why. That can be embarrassing. You ask Why to a lot of things and you wind up very unhappy, indeed." (Beatty) The 'why' of doing things has to do with examine your philosophy. That is a higher level of thinking and leads to a difference of opinion. 69. How does a totalitarian government control thoughts that may lead to unrest and protest? Give the population __ information. (Again, Beatty) Keep the populace busy with "bread and circuses." That was part of the system of control developed during the Roman Empire. 70. "Police alert. Wanted: fugitive in the city. Has committed murder and crimes against the state." Media statement in regards finding Montag. This is similar to today's scene, in which a fugitive in a car might be seen by people watching TV cameras follow the wanted person online.

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