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A carabao has a mass of 196000 g and has an initial temperature of 48ºC, after it grazed on bushes its temperature raised to 52ºC. Determine how much calories was taken. Given: Ti = 48ºC ∆T=Tf – Ti =52ºC – 35ºC =4 Tf = 52ºC m = 196000 g

No. of cal = m x ∆T =196000 g x 4 =784000

2. A man has gained 228250 calories after he had dinner. He had the initial temperature of 35ºC that rose up to 37.9 ºC. Calculate the mass of the man. Given: Ti = 35ºC Tf = 37.9ºC Cal = 228250

∆T=Tf – Ti =37.9ºC – 37.9ºC =2.9

m= No. of cal. / ∆T =228250 / 2.9 =78706.9 g

3. A koala has a mass of 12500 g, and has an initial temperature of 32 º C. After it ate Eucalyptus, he had taken 201000 cal. Determine the koala’s final temperature after it ate.

Given: Ti = 32ºC Cal = 201000 m= 12500 g

∆T=No. of cal / m =201000 / 12500 g =16.08

32ºC = 16.08 = 48.08 ºC

**4. If a man weighs 52 kg and has a temperature of 36.02ºC eats
**

lunch so then his temperature raised to 38.92ºC. How much calories did he take?

Given: Ti= 36.03 ºC

∆T=Tf – Ti

Tf= 38.93ºC

m= 52 kg

No. of cal = m x ∆T = 38.92 ºC – 36.02 ºC =52000 g x 2.9 = 2.9 =150800

5. A goat weighs 26000 g then gained a temp. from 32.2 ºC to 35.6 ºC. How much calories was taken?

Given: Ti = 32.3 ºC

∆T=Tf – Ti =35.6 ºC - 32.3 ºC

Tf= 35.6 ºC

m= 26000 g

No. of cal = m x ∆T =26000 g x 3.4

=3.4 Entropy

= 88400

1. If a 62 kg athlete dashes at an oval in a velocity of 82 m/s and has a temp. of 36.7 ºC, what will be his’ entropy? Given: m= 62 kg T= 36.7 ºC > 309.7 K v= 82 m/s

KE=1/2mv² = (62 kg)(82 m/s) / 2 = 208444 J ∆S= Q/T = 208444 J/309.7 K = 673.o5 J/K 2. An object has a mass of 29.3 kg and has a temp. of 163 K. Find its entropy. Given: m= 29.3 kg Solving for Q: Q=mT =29.3 kg(163 K) =4775.9 J T= 163 K ∆S=Q/T =2775.9 J/ 163 K = 29.3 J/K

3. If an object has an entropy of 5432 J/K and has a temp. pf 256 K, find heat. Given: ∆S = 5432 J/K Q=∆ST =5432 J/K (256 K) = 1390592 J 4. Calculate the heat of an animal if it has a temp. of 365 K and an entropy of 35 J/K. Given: ∆S = 35 J/K Q=∆ST =35 J/K (365 K) = 12775 J 5. A bird glides at a velocity of 2 m/s and it has a mass of 2 kg. Find it’s entropy if it has a temp. of 215 K. Given: m= 2 kg v= 2 m/s T= 215 K T=365 K T= 256 K

KE=1/2mv² =(2 kg)(2 m/s )² =4J ∆S=Q/T

= 4 J/ 215 K = 0.02 J/K Buoyancy 1. A 3.14 kg/l² wooden block is placed in a basin with a liquid halfway full that has a density of 1.60 kg/l². Determine if the wooden block will float or sink. Given: Pobj = 3.14 kg/l² Fs=Pobj/Pfl = 3.14 kg/l² / 1.60 kg/l² = 1.96 v 2. A cork having a density of 2.34 kg/l² was placed in a container with water. Solve the ratio. Given: Pobj= 2.34 kg/l² Fs=Pobj/Pfl =2.34 kg/l² / 1.01 kg/l² = 2.32 3. A sphere that has water has a mass of 65 g and has a radius of 2.35 m. If the density of the diluted object is 35.2 g/ml³, will it sink or float? Given: m = 65 g r= 2.35 m Pobj=35.2 g/ml³ Sphere = 4∏r ³/3 =(4)(3.14)(2.35) ³ = 9.84 g/ml³ Fs=Pobj/Pfl = 35.2 g/ml³/6.61 g/ml³ =5.33 ^ 4. A 0.12 g/ml³ leaf fell on a pool of water. Solve the ratio between the two. Given: Pobj= 0.12 g/ml³ Pfl= 1.01 g/ml³ Pfl=m/v =65 g/ 9.84 g/ml³ = 6.61 g/ml³ Pfl=1.01 kg/l² Pfl = 1.60 kg/l²

Fs = Pobj/ Pfl =0.12 g/ml³ / 1.01 g/ml³ = 0.12 5. A 19 g/ml³ ball dropped on a bowl of jello that has a density of 3.14 g/ml³. Determine if it will float or sink. Given: Pobj = 19 g/ml³ Pfl = 3.14 g/ml³

Fs=Pobj/Pfl =19 g/ml³ / 3.14 g/ml³ = 6.05 v Bernoulli’s Principle/Entrainment 1. A venturi has a measurement of 7 cm in radius then narrowed to 2.93 cm with a flowing liquid having a speed of 5 cm/s. How fast could the liquid flow in the entrainment? Given: r= 7 cm – 2.93 cm v= 5 cm/s

A = ∏r² A=∏r² =(3.14)(7 cm)² =(3.14)(2.93 cm)² =153.86 cm² =9.20 cm² V2=A1/A2 x V1 = 153.86 cm² / 9.20 cm² x 2.93 = 48.99 cm/s

2. A pipe has an area of 128.23 cm² with a flowing liquid having a speed of 5.32 cm/s. The pipe then narrowed at area of 27.6 cm². Determine how fast the liquid flows in the entrainment. Given: A1=128.23 cm² A2=27.6 cm² v=5.32 cm/s V2=A1/A2 x V1 = 128.23 cm² / 27.6 cm² x 5.32 cm/s = 24.72 cm/s

3. A funnel has a radius of 90.4 cm² then narrowed to 45.2 cm² with water flowing at the speed of 14.2 cm/s. How fast could the water flow through the entrainment? Given: r= 90.4 cm² - 45.2 cm² v= 14.2 cm/s A = ∏r² A=∏r² =(3.14)(90.4 cm)² =(3.14)(14.2 cm)² =25660.58 cm² =141.93 cm² V2=A1/A2 x V1 cm/s =25660.58 cm² / 141.93 cm² x 14.2 cm/s = 12.73

4. Determine the speed of the flow of a 25.36 cm/s water that flows through a tube that narrowed from 34.93 cm² to 12.62 cm². Given: A1= 34.63 cm² V2=A1/A2 x V1 A2= 12.62 cm² v=25.36 cm/s

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