Quranic Arabic

Program
At the end of this level, you’ll be able to
understand 30-40% of Islamic literature in
Arabic by using a dictionary, Insha Allah
Muhammad Mubashir Nazir
Level 2: Intermediate Arabic
Answers Book
www.mubashirnazir.org
This book is the beta version. Quality review is in progress. Certain spelling, grammar or language
mistakes are possible in this book.
Quranic Arabic Program 2
Level 02
Table of Contents
75
Lesson 8A: Fractional and Adjective Numbers ,.·
69 Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
108 Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
105 Lesson 10A: Conjunctions & Others Huroof
91 Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
86
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
78 Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
63
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
57 Lesson 6B: Dialogues
55
Lesson 6A: Linking Pronouns .,=,« |· .=v·
48 Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
45
Lesson 5A: Variations in the Sentences starting with a Noun -,r· - ·« -
39 Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
38
Lesson 4A: Arabic Sentences - ·« -
28 Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
Lesson 3A: Pointing Nouns ··=v· .=·
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Lesson 2A: Arabic Phrases =·,·,-
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
Lesson 1A: Proper & Common Nouns ·,´·|· , -·,-'· .=v·
Introduction
Description
25
18
16
9
7
4
Page
Quranic Arabic Program 3
Level 02
Table of Contents
198 Bibliography
117 Lesson 11A: Other Huroof
121 Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
135 Lesson 12A: Exclamatory Huroof
136 Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
168 Lesson 15A: Directions, Relations and Date
197 What’s next?
172
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
158
Lesson 14B: The Night Prayer of the Prophet .·=, -|¹, -,·- =· ¸·=
154
Lesson 14A: Further Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
147 Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
144
Lesson 13A: Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Description Page
Quranic Arabic Program 4
Level 02
Introduction
Dear Reader:
Assalam o alaikum!
Thanks for selecting “Quranic Arabic Program” to learn the Arabic Language. We will take you through a
series of lessons. At the end, you will be able to understand the Arabic Language Insha Allah. This program
contains an easy approach to learn the Arabic Language. This program covers the language of Islamic
Literature but it is name the “Quranic Arabic Program” because the Quran resides at the central position in
this program.
People learn Arabic Language due to two reasons: To understand the Quran, the Hadith and classic Arabic
Literature; or to speak and write in the modern Arabic to communicate with Arabs. This course is targeted
towards the former objective. Although people with the second objectives can also get benefit of this
program.
Due to its systematic nature, Arabic is one of the easiest languages of the world. It has well-defined rules
and a developed language structure. If you are familiar with these rules, you can learn this language in a few
weeks.
To understand the Quran and the Hadith, it is essential to learn the Arabic Language used in the Quran, the
Hadith and the Islamic literature. We will focus on its linguistics, philology and figurative speech.
Study Methodology
Study Methodology is very simple. Study one lesson daily. Solve all the exercises provided under “Test
Yourself”. Do not read the answers before attempting the questions. Once you solve the exercises, compare
your answers with the answers provided to you. In a few weeks, you will find that your Arabic Language
skills are improving.
The Boxes
Following boxes are provided to you for your ready reference. They contain very important information for
you.
Build Your Personality
Objective of our course is not only
teaching the Quranic Arabic. We are
also concerned about transforming our
personalities according to Quranic
teachings. This box will provide you the
tips for Personality Development.
Face the Challenge!
This box will challenge you which will help
you in developing your language skills
Do you know?
Facts about the Arabs, their Language,
Islamic literature and history will be
provided in this box.
Worth Reading
Links to good articles will be provided in
this box.
Rule of the Day
Grammar and language rules will be
provided in this box.
Quranic Arabic Program 5
Level 02
Introduction
The Program is organized as follows:
• Level 0: The objective of this level is to enable you to read the Arabic script.
• Level 1: The objective of this level is to enable you to understand the religious Arabic used in the
routine life.
• Level 2: This level is designed to improve your language skills. You learn basic grammar and enhance
your vocabulary. After completing this level, you become able to understand 30-40% of the Islamic
literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 3: This level enhances your skills further. You read advanced concepts of grammar. Your
vocabulary becomes vast. After completing this level, you become able to understand 75-80% of the
Islamic literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 4: You complete your studies of Arabic Grammar at this level. At completion of this level, you
become able to read 100% of the Islamic literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 5: This is the last level of this program. You study the advanced concepts of “Arabic Eloquence”
at this level. At the end of this level, you become able to appreciate the fine rhetorical concepts in the
Arabic language. It enables you to understand the Islamic literature in Arabic without consulting a
dictionary frequently.
Level 1 – 5 are also divided into two streams. “A” series deal with the rules of Arabic Grammar &
Eloquence. Enough exercises are provided to you to learn the Grammar & Eloquence rules.
The objective of “B” Series is to build your vocabulary. Passages from the Quran, the Hadith and selected
writings of Arab scholars are provided to you. You have to learn the words and styles and then translate the
passages into English. You need not to cram these words. The lessons and the exercises are designed in a
way that you will automatically learn the grammar rules, words and Arabic styles. At this level, we shall not
provide you the answers for the B Series.
This program is not designed to teach you day-to-day conversation in the Arabic language. This program is
also not designed to teach you how to write in Arabic language. But this program will help you in achieving
these two objectives. You need an Arabic speaking environment as well as a teacher to achieve these two
objectives. Nevertheless, the program is basically designed to teach you comprehension in the Arabic
language.
Ask Your Questions
If you are facing difficulty in any lesson, feel free to ask your questions. Send an email at
mubashirnazir100@gmail.com. Feel free to share your views and valuable comments. Scholars of Arabic
language are strongly requested to please identify any mistakes in this book. Any constructive criticism will
be highly welcomed.
Important Note
This book is the beta version of this program. Quality review is in progress.
Certain spelling, grammar or language mistakes are possible in this book.
Quranic Arabic Program 6
Level 02
Introduction
Set-up Your Resources
Enable the Arabic Language in your computer. Follow these steps:
For Windows Vista Users
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• Press “Keyboards and Languages” tab.
• Press “Change keyboards…” button
• Press “Add” button
• Select “Input Language: “Arabic“
For Windows XP Users
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• Choose Language tab.
• Check the "Install files for Complex Script and right-to-left languages (Including Thai)".
• Press Apply to proceed
• Press Details button.
• Press Add button.
• Select the “Arabic (Saudi Arabia)” in Input Language drop down list.
• Select the default “Arabic (102)” keyboard.
• Press “OK” and then “Apply”.
The system may ask you to provide Windows CD during this process.
Warning: If you are using an unlicensed version of Windows, it may corrupt.
Download the following resources from this link to continue this program:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/Courses/Arabic/Level01/AR000-01-Contents-E.htm
• The Holy Quran
• Arabic Font
• A Dictionary: Download the Sakhr Arabic-English Dictionary and install it in your computer. After
that, do the following steps:
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• In Regional Options change the standard format to Arabic (Saudi Arabia), and the location to be
Saudi Arabia
• Press the 'Advanced' card (The third card up) and then change the language to Arabic (Saudi
Arabia), then ok and restart your computer.
• Check that Sakhr Dictionary is working.
• Go back to the Regional Settings and change the settings to your normal settings.
Quranic Arabic Program 7
Level 02
.=v· ·,´· ,| -·,-- .=v· ·,´· ,| -·,--
.· ´ · 3 , , |· -·,-- · = · · · | . =|· -·,--
-, · ` =· « · » ` = - , ·,´· . · · | ., « · - · -·,--
· , , · =· - |:=|· -·,-- . =|· . ´ | ¸ - - -·,--
-·,--
-·,--
·,´·
·,´·
·,´·
·,´·
-·,--
·,´·
·,´·
·,´·
-·,--
·,´·
. · ., = |· - · ., ·
-· | _ ¬ |·
= , = · . | : · -
` -· , | · ., · . . | · ,. = -
¸ - · . · - ·, | · , « ·
. . | . | =·· -
·, «·· · ··|·
· ·, · | · · , . - · · - ¸ -
·| . ´ |
·· «.|· ¸ - . , · | ·· -
¸ - . , · | ·· «.|· ·· -
¸ v· ·=· , ·
·· , = . . , · - ·,´·
. . | ` =· = - ` ., = - ·,´·
· ,· = - ·,´·
. . ·, · | ¸ · ` ¸ , - ·,´·
¸ · ¸ v· -·,--
. · ., = . « « |· -·,--
c | . =· · ´ |· -·,--
c | . =· · ´ |· -·,--
` =« ¬ - =· .,= -·,--
=· ,`=|· ., « · . « |· -·,--
= « ¬ |· -· | -·,--
. = · ; «· « · | ·,´·
The Result (1)
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 1A: Proper & Common Nouns ·,´·|· , -·,-'· .=v·
Worth Reading! How to get rid of poverty? Is there any shortcut available?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0004-Poverty.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 8
Level 02
The Result (?)
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
.=v· ·,´·|· -·,-'· .=v· .=v· ·,´·|· -·,-'· .=v·
=·, « · =·,«·|· , · , ,|·
· , = ·,.|· · ·~ ,· · ·~,´|·
.· .·,|· ~ = ~=|·
¸ |·,|·
¸,·· ,=· _ ·
(It is already a proper
noun wrongly given
hereto test.)
.·=,=|·
.·-|·
· ··,-v·
3··,'·
· ~·´|·
=.-|·
· ··=·'·
· .·=·v·
·,,-·
=··=|·
¸ |··
¸,·· ,=· _ ·
.·=, =
. · -
· ··,-|
` 3··, -
· ~ · ·
` =. -
· . ··= · -
· .·=·|
·,, -
` = ·· =
.`, = .`,=|·
·· « = ··«.|·
· =| · =v·
. = .=|·
3, · 3, ,|·
· =·, · · =·,«|·
` =··· (a book) =·· ´|·
. = · . = »·
·| 3,|·
- =, - · -=,- ,|·
=· , = =·,=|·
` = « - =«-·
Lesson 1A: Proper & Common Nouns ·,´·|· , -·,-'· .=v·
Quranic Arabic Program 9
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
So He will forgive (on merit) whomever He wants and will punish whomever He wants (based on his / her
deeds). Allah is powerful over everything.
If you demonstrate whatever is in your mind or hide it, Allah will make you accountable for that.
Whatever is in the heavens and the earth is for Allah.
. ´ , =· ¬ · ·, « ¬ · , | . ´ . «· | ¸ · · - ·, = , · . · , -·|· - ·
· - -·|· , ·· = · ¸ - == - · , ·· = · ¸ «| , « - , · ` ,· = | · ¸ = ¸ · ¸
¸ v· ¸ · · - , =· , «.|· ¸ · · - -· |
, « ¬ · = . ·
,«-
You hide it
(Note: =is used to described
“you”.)
He punishes
For whom He wants,
With it
So, He will forgive (Note: . is
used to described “he”.)
He will hold you accountable
Explanation
== - ·
| ¸ « ·· = ·
· -
· ,«- . . , « - ,
, =· ¬ · . ´
Word
. «· | . ´
¸«·| is plural of ¸«· which
means soul, mind, personality.
·, = , · You show
If . ·
Earth ¸ v·
Heavens, skies =· , «.|·
Explanation Word
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Rule of the Day
In Arabic, there are two type of verbs due to time. One is ¸-·
¸=·- (Past Tense) and the other is -·=- ¸-· (Present & Future
Tense). The same verb is used for both Present & Future
Tense. You have to specify it based on the context.
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference
between common &
proper noun?
Quranic Arabic Program 10
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
Allah does not make responsible any person except for what is in his / her capability. Whatever (s)he
earns, it is for him / her and (s)he will be responsible for it.
. , . · · - · . | .· . - = , v · ·. « · -·|· .· ´ · v . , . · ·· · - · . , · - ,
c , | · , · ·· c ·· , « - · · - | | , · · - «= ·, |· | , ~ = « |·
They said, “We listened and obeyed. O Lord! Pardon us, to You we have to return.
(They said:) We do not differentiate among anyone from His Prophets.
They all believed in Allah, His angels, His Books and His Prophets.
The Prophet believed on what is revealed to him by his Lord and the believers (also believed).
- · = , - , · · , - · ´ ·: - , -·|· · ¸ -¹ ¸ ·
- · = ¸ - = - | ¸ , · 3`, « · v
- , « |· , -`· ¸ - - , | · . ,· | · « · .,=,|· ¸ -¹ ., ·
·, |· | They said . , . · ·· It earned
- · = ¸ - = - | Anyone of His prophets . , . · It earned
¸ , · Between - = , · . Its capability
3,· . . 3`, « ·
We differentiate (Note: . is
used to described “we”.)
·. « ·
Singular of ¸«·|. Person, mind,
soul
He makes responsible
Destiny, the place of return
Your pardon! (A word to seek
forgiveness)
We followed, we obeyed
We listened
Explanation
.· ´ ·
~ = « |·
c ·· , « -
· · - | |
· · - « =
Word
., · - , « |· The Believers, the Faithful
, | Or
It was revealed to him, it was
brought down towards him.
. ,· | , | · -
On what, with what · · «
He believed ¸ -¹
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 11
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
You are our Master, so help us against the unbeliever nation.
¸· , ·· ´ |· - , « |· ¸ · - · · , =·· · · ·v , - . · | . , ·,«,|· 2:284-286 .
Or our Lord! Don’t place a burden on us that is unbearable for us. Forgive us, pardon us and be Merciful
to us.
O our Lord! Don’t place a burden on us as You placed a burden on those who were before us.
(They pray:) O our Lord! Don’t make us accountable if we forget or commit a mistake.
¸ · - - · · « - · « · ·, = · · · , · - ¸ « ¬ · v , · ·· · · · , | ¸ - ¸· =|·
· - . -· , - · · · | - |· | v · - · · ·`« ¬ · v , · ·· · · « - · , · · | , « -· , ·
· · | = - | , | · ·, . · . · · · = -· , · v · ··
- |· | Capability, power
·`« ¬ · v · · Don’t burden us ¸· , ·· ´ |· The infidels, the unbelievers
· · · , | ¸ - ¸· =|· Those who were before us - , « |· The nation
· · « - - You burdened it · , =·· · · So, help us
Our Master
Be merciful to us
Pardon us
From us
Forgive
Explanation
v , - · ·
« - · · ·
| , « -· · ·
· · ¸ - .·· -
. -·
Word
·, = · Burden
¸ « ¬ · v Don’t burden
We committed a mistake · · | = - |
We forgot · ·, . ·
You examine us = -· , · · ·
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
If the word .·· is added to any verb in present tense, it makes in past continuous tense. For example
¸ ·| · (he eats), will become ¸ ·| · .· · (he used to eat).
Quranic Arabic Program 12
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
Surely, anything in the Earth or the Heavens is not hidden from Allah.
· ¸ · v , ¸ v· ¸ · · ¸ = - , · - ¸ « ¬ · v -·|· . · ·· «.|
Verily, there is a hard punishment for those who rejected Allah’s verses. And Allah is very Powerful and
Capable for retribution.
He revealed the Book on you with truth, it is confirming whatever is in their (Jews & Christians) hand. He
revealed the Torah and the Gospels before to guide people. He has (now) revealed the Criterion of truth
(i.e. the Quran).
This is Alif, Laam, Meem. Allah, there is no god except Him, The Live, The Eternal.
· ¸ , · · « | ·|`= = - `_ ¬ |· · =· · ´ |· c , · - ., · . = · ¸ , | ¸ - ¸, ¬ · v· , ·· ,·|· . , ·| , - · = ¸··· |
.· | , « |· . , · | ,
` =· = = ` =· = - . . | -·|· =· ·\ · ·, , « · ¸· =|· . · -· « · ·· , . ` ,· , - -·|· ,
.· . -,, « |· ¸ ¬ |· , · v · - | · v -·|·
.· | , « |·
The Criteria for right &
wrong i.e. The Quran
. = · | ¸··· Guidance for humanity · ¸ = A thing, anything
¸, ¬ · v· The Gospels ¸ « ¬ · v It is not secret
·· ,·|· The Torah -· « · ·· , .
One who take revenge, capable of
retribution
Very Powerful & Respectful
Harsh punishment
With Allah’s verses, with Allah’s
signs
Those who disbelieved
Verily, certainly, without any
doubt
Explanation
` ,· , -
` =· = = ` =· = -
-·|· =· ·\ ·
·, , « · ¸· =|·
. ·
Word
. , · | He revealed
¸ , · · = · - Between his both hands
Confirming for what ·|`= = - | · «
With the truth · `_ ¬ |·
He revealed gradually ., ·
Explanation Word
Face the Challenge! What is a phrase? Identify the
types of “phrase” in English?
Quranic Arabic Program 13
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
= · · - ., - ,· , · - · . . ·, · | ¸ · ¸· =|· ·- | · , - ·· , | · ·· - · ·· , - · · « |· ·· - · ·· - · - - ·· v · - ·· , | · . · - · · -
-·|·
So those, whose hearts have a deviation, follow the allegorical verses with an intention to mislead and to
give it their own interpretation. Nobody knows their real meaning except Allah.
He is the One Who revealed the Book on you (O Prophet!). In it, there are established verses which are
the foundation of the Book while others are allegorical (to describe the details of the Hereafter).
There is no god except Him, the Powerful, the Wise.
He is the One Who shapes you in the mother’s wombs according to His will.
., ´ ¬ |· ,· , - |· , · v · - | · v
« ´ ¬ - ` =· ·¹ - · - =· · ´ |· c , · - . , · | . =|· , · ` =· . ·· = · - , - | , =· · ´ |· - | ¸ · ` =·
·· = · . , · -· - v· ¸ · . · `, = · . =|· , ·
· - . · - · He does not know
` =· . ·· = · -
Allegorical
(Note: Verses about Hereafter are described in allegorical way. Since we have not seen
the details of Hereafter therefore we are not able to conceive their real meaning.)
, - | Other ·· , | · - Its meaning
- |
Mother, base from where
everything else is derived
- · · « |· Misleading, test
` =· « ´ ¬ - Established, clear, decisive ·· - · ·· To seek
It becomes an allegory
So they follow
Deviation
Their hearts
So regarding those who
Explanation
- ·· = ·
· ., - ,· ,
- ·
·, · | . .
· ·- | ¸· =|·
Word
., ´ ¬ |· The Most Wise
. , · ·· = · As He likes
The mother’s wombs -· - v·
He makes your form `, = · . ·
He is the One Who . =|· , ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 14
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
“Our Lord! Surely, You will gather people on the Day which is beyond any doubt. Verily Allah does not
violates the promise.
. · -, · . · v - , , | ¸··|· - -· - c· · · ·· .· -, « |· . · ¬ · v -·|· . , .·,«- .¹ 3:1-9 .
“Our Lord! Don’t deviate our hearts after You have guided us and provide us from Your Own Mercy.
Verily only & only You are the Provider.”
While the scholars with established knowledge say, “We believed in whatever is coming from our Lord.”
Nobody takes heed except the people of wisdom (who say:)
· | . · , · · · · = · . · = - · · · ·, · | - , · v · ·· =·· , |· . · | c· · - « - c · = | ¸ - ·
¸ - ¸ · - · ·· -¹ ., |, « · . · - |· ¸ · .,¬ =·,|· , =· , | v· ·, | , | v · ,·= · · - , · ·`· =· -
· · = · · · You guided us .· -, « |·
The promise, the time of fulfilling
a promise
= - · . · After when v . · ¬ · He does not violate
v - , · Don’t deviate -, · . · v There is not doubt in it.
·, · | · · Our hearts | - , , On the day
·, | , | =· , | v· The people of wisdom ¸··|· People
Collector, the one who gathers
Grantor, Giver, Provider
Verily You You (to emphasize on
“You”)
From your own mercy
Provide for us
Explanation
- -· -
=·· , |·
· · c . · |
· = | ¸ - c - « -
. · | · ·
Word
· - ,·= ·
They don’t take heed / pay
attention
= · - Near
Each ¸ ·
They say (Note: ., is used to
described “they”.)
., |, « ·
Established, grounded, firmly
fixed
., ¬ =·,|·
Explanation Word
Do you know? If the language of a particular time has a word for something, it means that such item was
existing at that time. For example, if we find a word for “axe” in the literature of a society written in
500BC, it means that axe was used by that society. Similarly the word “computer” was not available in
the English literature of 1930s. Therefore, the literature is used for getting information about that society.
Quranic Arabic Program 15
Level 02
Lesson 1B: Attitude of Believers
Have you noted?
• There is a . at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun “he”. For example:
¸ « ¬ · (He hides), `, = · (He shapes).
• There is a = at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun “you”. For
example: , « ¬ · (You hide), `, = · (You shapes).
• There is a . at the beginning of words with present tense having a pronoun “we”. For example:
3`, « · (We differentiate), `, = · (We shapes).
• There is a ·· at the end of words having a pronoun “our or us”. For example: · · , =·· (Help us),
· · « - · (Be Merciful to us). This word also comes at the end of words in Past Tense. Here it
means “we”. For example: · · - « = (We listened), · · | = - | (We committed a mistake).
• In Classical Arabic, direction of a communication changes. Observe these verses:
- , « |· , -`· ¸ - - , | · . ,· | · «· ., =,|· ¸ -¹ ., · . . - · = , - , · · , - · ´ ·: - , -·|· · ¸ -¹ ¸ · ” 3`, « · v
- · = ¸ - = - | ¸ , · . “ ·, |· | , ” · ·· c ·· , « - · · - | | , · · - « = : ~ = « |· c , | · , . “ ·. « · -·|· .· ´ · v
. . , . · ·· · - · . , · - , . , . · · - · . | · . - = , v · ” · ·· : · · | = - | , | · ·, . · . · · · = -· , · v ..... “
., |, « · . · - |· ¸ · ., ¬ =·,|· , ” · ·`· = · - ¸ - ¸ · - · ·· -¹ “ . =· , | v· ·, | , | v · ,·= · · - , ” · ·· : v
= | ¸ - · · | . · , · · · · = · . · = -· · · ·, · | - , · =·· , |· . · | c· · - « - c · . · ·· : ¸··|· - -· - c· ·
-, · . · v - , , | “ .· -, « |· . · ¬ · v -·|· . · .
In these verses, sentences of red color are said by the people under discussion while black words
are those of Allah. Objective of this change of direction from first person to third person and third
person to second person is to draw attention of the audience.
Worth Reading
The Report of Transparency International and a
Hadith. This article is an eye-opening writing on the
condition of Muslim Ummah.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-
0004-Transparency.htm
Do you know?
Literature of a language
provides information about
the socio-economic
background of the society in
which it was written.
Quranic Arabic Program 16
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
.·,-
., -,|· ¸ « -,|·
The Most Affectionate, The Eternally Merciful | ¸«,=,· .·,- Both have the
same number, gender, case and .·. They are .«= whose =,=,- is ;'·-|· =.
., -,|· ,· , - |·
The Powerful, The Eternally Merciful | ¸«,=,· .·,-
¸ v· , =· , «.|·
The heavens and the earth | ¸«=- .·,- because a conjunction is used.
` < , · ., =
A respectable prophet | ¸«,=,· .·,-
., = ¬ |· c · ·
That limits | .·=· .·,-. c·· is ··=· .=· whereas .,=- is -,|· ·=-.
-- v· c · ·
That nation | .·=· .·,-
·v , · ··r·
Names of these | J·=· .·,- Here ··r· is =·=-. Its -,|· =·=- is ·v,·.
=· ¬ = v· c · | , |
Those friends | .·=· .·,-. c·|,| is ··=· .=· whereas =·¬=| is -,|· ·=-.
· ,. = - ` -· , |
Purified Spouses | ¸«,=,· .·,-
· · ., | ,
Its fuel | J·=· .·,- No .· or tanveen on .,|,. Its -,|· =·=- is ··.
. . ·· .¹ ¸ · . . - ·· = |
Their fingers in their ears | .·- .·,- Prepositions are used. ..-··=| is a .·,-
J·=·. Its =·=- is -··=| and =·=- -,|· is .·. Same is the case with .··.¹. Both of them
are connected with a preposition J to make a complex .·,- .·- .
, -v· - , , |·
The Last Day | ¸«,=,· .·,- Both have the same number, gender, case and .·.
` ., = - ` =· = -
A big punishment | ¸«,=,· .·,- Both have the same number, gender, case and
without .·.
¸·`=|· - , · c |· -
Owner of the Day of Judgment | J·=· .·,- It is double. -,· is the =·=- for ¸·=|·
whereas c|·- is the =·=- for -,·.
., « · . « |· =· ,`=|·
The straight path | ¸«,=,· .·,- Both have the same number, gender, case and .·.
; « |· - |· `=
The Lord of the worlds. | J·=· .·,- No .· or tanveen on =. ;'·-|· in its
possessive case ,-.
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 2A: Arabic Phrases =·,·,-
Quranic Arabic Program 17
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
.·,-
-, |,|· · , ¬ =
Tree of Zaqqum | J·=· .·,-
-·|· = - ,
Promise of Allah | J·=· .·,-
- · , « |· · = ·
This town | .·=· .·,-
= , « |· = -
View of death | J·=· .·,-
. ´ ·· « · | ¸ · , -·|· ·
By meaningless in your vows | .·- , J·=· .·,- Here ,-·|·· is a .·- .·,-
whereas .´··s| is a J·=· .·,- which makes a .·- .·,- with J.
. · ,· . ·
Your wives | J·=· .·,-
··,=|· , ·· = | , |·
Trouble and adversity | ¸«=- .·,-
. ´ ·, · |
Your hearts | J·=· .·,-
· , ·=|· ·· , ¬ |· · = ·
This worldly life | .·=· , J·=· .·,- Here double phrase. ·,·=|· ··,- is .·,-
J·=· but it is -,|· ·=- of ·=·.
- · - , - - - |
A believer slave-girl | ¸«,=,· .·,-
··|· =· ¬ = |
People of hell | J·=· .·,-
=· . ¬ |· -· , =
Fast in evaluation | J·=· .·,-
` ; , - ¯, = -
An open enemy | ¸«,=,· .·,-
· , ¬=|· · = ·
This tree | .·=· .·,-
-· , ¬ |· , .=|·
The protected month | ¸«,=,· .·,-
= , - « |· , 3 , = « |· ¸ , |
Towards the east and the west | .·=· , J·=· .·,-. Here double phrase.
=,-'· , 3,='· is ¸«=- .·,- but it is -,|· =·=- of ¸,|.
` < = | ` c · ·
An old blame | ¸«,=,· .·,-
- = | 3 , ·
Over his head | J·=· .·,- It is double. ¸| is the =·=- of · whereas 3,· is
the =·=- of ¸|.
Lesson 2A: Arabic Phrases =·,·,-
Quranic Arabic Program 18
Level 02
Abu A’isa (Tirmidhi) said, “This Hadith is authentic & reliable.”
` ¬, ¬ = ` ¸ . - .·=- ·=· ¸.,- ,·| .·| . , .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..=-,· 19?+ .
Mercy is a branch from The Merciful. So whoever joins it, Allah will join him and whoever cuts it, Allah
will cut him.
=· - · = , · . · = , ¸ « · .· >,|· ¸ - - · ¬ = . -,|· =· - - = | · . - = | ¸-, .
Be merciful to those who are in the earth, The One Who is in the heavens will be Merciful to you.
The Most Merciful mercies upon those who are merciful.
Abu Umar described to us: Sufyan described it from A’mr Ibn Dinar from Abu Qaboos from A’bdullah
Ibn A’mr: He said: Allah’s Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= said:
.· >,|· . . « -, · ., « -·,|·
·\ «.|· J ¸- . ´ « -, · ¸v· J ¸ - ·, « -·
¸ · , , « - ¸ - .· ,« = · · ·= - , « - ¸ ·| ¸· · · ·= - .· | , ,« - ¸ · =· =, - ¸ - ¸, ·· | ¸ ·| ¸ - · ·· .
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· ., = .· |
Healthy (more authentic than ¸.-
Hadith)
Good (used to describe an
authentic Hadith)
He cut it
He joined it
Branch
Explanation
` ¬, ¬ =
` ¸ . -
- = | · .
· = , · .
- · ¬ =
Word
·\ «.|· Heavens
¸v· Earth
Be merciful! ·, « -·
He becomes Merciful for them « -, · . .
Merciful people ., « -·,|·
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
The Result:
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries five mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Do you know? In Arabic, pronouns are usually attached at the end of a word. Similarly, various
single-letter words are attached at the beginning of a word. Therefore, one word is sometimes a
combination of three words.
Quranic Arabic Program 19
Level 02
Two boys fought. One boy was from the Migrants while other was from the “Ansaar”. (Boys belonged to
different groups). The migrant or migrants called, “O Migrants! Help.” and the Ansaari called, “O Ansaar!
Help.”
.· -: - ¸ · · |· . · =·v· ¸- ` -: -, ¸· , -· . '· ¸ - ` -: - . .,, -· . «·|· , | , -· . '· . .· · · ·
¸· , -· . «· |·· : . · =·v· . .· ·, · · =·: |· · :
¸·,· ¸· =·=,- ¸· =>| ···=- . ~· ···=- . .·| ,··- ¸- ~·,|· ,·| ···=- ·
Ahmad Ibn A’bdullah Ibn Younus described to us: Zuhair described to us. Abuzzubair described to us
from Jabir -·- =· ¸=: He said
A man said, “O Allah’s Prophet! Should I tie it (camel) and trust (in Allah)? Or should I leave it untied
and trust (in Allah)?” He replied, “Tie it and trust (in Allah).”
A’mr Ibn A’li described to us: Yahya Ibn Sa’eed Al Qattan described to us: Mughirah Ibn Abi Qurrah Al-
Sadoosi described, he said, “I have listened Anas Ibn Malik -·- =· ¸= saying:
¸ - .·| ” · , · |, · . « ·| | ,| ¸· , · | , · . · «-| =· ., = · · ¸ “ .·| ” ¸· , · , · . · «-· . “ , =··· ..=-,·
.--·,«|· -«=|· ?517 .
· ~ - '· ···=- .·= «|· =,-= ¸· _- ···=- ¸·- ¸· ,,«- ···=- .-r .·| ¸ =, =.|· ·, | ¸ ·| ¸·
.,«· c |· - ¸· ¸ ·| ·
¸· , -· . '·
Migrants (people who migrated from
Makkah to Madina with the Prophet)
· - . ´ So he beat on the back
` -: - Boy : · ·|· Both of them fought
¸ · · |· Fought -, · ·· -· ¸ ·|
People of Ignorance Period
(before Islam)
Call
So he came out
O Migrants! Help (This is call
for help)
So he called
Helpers (people of Madina who
helped the Migrants)
Explanation
. ,- .
- , ¬ ·
¸· , -· . «· |··
· . .· ·
· =·v·
Word
¸· , · Trust (in Allah)!
· . · «-· Tie it!
I release it · . « · | |
Should I trust (in Allah)? ¸· , · |
I tie it · . · «-|
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Quranic Arabic Program 20
Level 02
He said, “Then no problem. The man should help his brother while he is an offender or be offended. If he
is the offender, then he should forbid him. This is the help for him (to protect him from a sin). And if he is
the offended one, he should help him.”
.·| ' ¸| · : · . · -, ·= - ,| · « |· » ·· -| ¸ -,|· , = · ,|, . ` , = · -| -·· · . - . · ,· · · « |· » .· · .· . .·,
· , =· , ·· · -, ·= - .·· . ' , ._··|,|· , =·,|· =··· ..·.- 2584 .
.·,|·| ” v . =· .,= ·· : , -v· · « · = -| - . ´· : · ·|· ¸ , -: - .| v· . “
They said, “O Allah’s Prophet! It is nothing except that they two boys fought and one of them beat at
other’s back.”
Then Allah’s Prophet came out, he said, “What is this call of the people of ignorance?”
.·«· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= - , ¬ · ' · · -, · ·· -· ¸ ·| . ,- . · = · ·- '
So his should help him
Help
So he should forbid him
Offended
Offender
Explanation
· , =· , ··
` , = ·
· . · ,· -
· -, ·= -
· « |· »
Word
· -| · His brother
, = · ,| He should help
Then there is no harm, then
no problem
· ¸| · :
Other , -v·
One of both of them = -| · « ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Do you know?
Most Arabs of the Prophet’s ·¯ ·,· = ¸.
. time did not use to write. They used to
memorize whatever information they had
including history, literature etc. They used
to describe the trail of entire information
from its origin to the person who was
describing that information. This
information was compiled in form of books
mostly in 2
nd
and 3
rd
century Hijra / 8
th
&
9
th
century AD.
Rule of the Day
Neither an .· nor a Tanveen can be added to the
=·=- in a J·=· .·,-.
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference between .·,- , J·=· .·,-
¸«,=,·. Identify the difference in their meaning as
well as in the form of both.
Rule of the Day
When the word ` ¸·· is written in joining, its Alif is
deleted because it is a ¸·=, ·,« ·.
Quranic Arabic Program 21
Level 02
The Prophet . ·,· = ¸. used to roll the straw mat at night time and then he used to pray while he used
to unroll it at day time and used to sit upon it.
Abu Mu’awiyah said, “(It is mandatory) upon you.”
- · ,· - - ,·| .·| ' .´,·- . ' , ._··|,|· , =·,|· =··· ..·.- ?961 .
=,- ¸· ~· _·=-, . ,·,- ···=- . .·,· ,·| ···=- . -·,·-- ,·| ···=- . ,´· ,·| ···=-, -
-,,= _| ¸· , -| =«·|·, . . .·,·,· _| ¸- .-·= _| ¸- .¸«-v· ¸- -,·,, -·,·-- ,·| ···=-
.·| · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .·|
Zuhair Ibn Harab described to us: Jarir described to us: Abu Kuraib described to us. Abu Mu’awiyah
described to us & Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Shiba described to us (words belong to him). Abu Mu’awiyah &
Wakee’ described from A’mash from Abu Saleh from Abu Hurairah -·- =· ¸= , he said that Allah’s
Prophet said:
' . ´· - ¸ «=| ¸ - ¸ |· ·, , =·· . . ´ |, · , · ¸ - _· ·, , =· · v, . =· - «- · ·, ., · v .| = -| , . · . '
“Look at the one who is at a lower grade than you. And don’t look at the one who is above you. It is the
best thing that you do not disgrace Allah’s blessings.”
Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr described to us: Mu’tamir described to us from U’baid Allah from Sa’eed Ibn
Abi Sa’eed from Abi Salmah Ibn A’bdur Rahman, from A’yesha .· = ¸.:
·|· · · ~ = - , ¬ ·¬ · .·· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· .| -, · - ¸ ·¬ , · · .·|· · - = ., ·, .¸· = , · ¸,
,´· _| ¸· =«= _·=- · ¸· -«·= _| ¸- .=,-= _| ¸· =,-= ¸- .=· =,,- ¸- .,«·-- ···=-
· .· - =· ¸ = -=··- ¸- .¸>,|· =,- ·
·, ., · v
Don’t look down upon, don’t
disrespect
-, · - ¸ ·¬ , · So sits upon it
At day time
He unrolls it
Straw mat
He winds up, he rolls
Blessing
Explanation
· .·|· ·
- = ., ·
· ~ = -
, ¬ ·¬ ·
- «- ·
Word
= -|
More appropriate, the most
appropriate
´ |, · . Above you
(O you all!) Don’t Look ·, , =· · v
At a lower grade ¸ «=|
(O you all!) Look ·, , =··
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Quranic Arabic Program 22
Level 02
· = , · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= _·|· _· ., ·, · · ¸··|· ¸ - ¬ · .· « · ¸ ,|| · .·, , · · ¸· - - ·: = · ., ·
So people started gathering with the Prophet and started prayer with his prayer until they became large in
numbers. So he approached them and said:
· .·· . ., «, = · · - .· «-v· ¸ - ·, = - . ¸··|· · .·| · · _· .· «-v· . - | .·, .·, · « · _- ¸ « · v =
¸ | .·, -· . · - =· .. , .3·|,|· =··· ..·- 55?1 .
O People! Only adopt the deeds which you are capable to perform. Surely Allah does not become tired
while you become tired. The favorite deeds near Allah is the one which is consistent although less.
Surely, what people have found from the words of earlier prophethood is “If you are not ashamed (for bad
deeds), then do whatever you want.”
Ahmad Ibn Younus described to us: Zuhair described to us: Mansoor described to us from Rib’i Ibn
Harash: Abu Mas’ud ·· = ¸. described to us: He said that the Prophet said:
, ¸ |,v· ·, , ·|· -: · ¸- ¸··|· = .| ·« - .· · . · = ·- - ·=· · ¬ ·. · . | · .· . , .=.v· =··· ..·-
5769 .
¸·,· ¸· =>| ···=- · ~· ···=- · ¸·,- ¸· ¸-· ¸- .,=·- ···=- · .·| .,-.- ,·| ···=- ·
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= _·|· .·| ·
. - | The favorite
·, · « · You became tired . · = You wanted
¸ « · v He does not become tired - ·=· · Then make
., «, = · You are capable ¬ ·. · . | You did not become modest
Earlier
Words of Prophethood
He perceived, he found
It became less
It continued, it was consistent
Explanation
¸ |,v·
·, , ·|· -: ·
= .|
¸ |
-· .
Word
·, = - (O you all!) Catch! Take!
¸ ,|| ·
So he put attention, so he
approached
They became large in number ·, , · ·
Till ¸· -
They return ., ·, · ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Quranic Arabic Program 23
Level 02
Yahya Ibn Ayub, Qutaibah & Ibn Hajar described to us, they said: I’smael described to us from Al-A’la
from his father from Abu Hurairah ·· = ¸. that the Allah’s Prophet said: “Do you know what is
backbiting?” They said, “Allah and His Prophet are more knowledgeable.”
,¬- ¸··, -,,·|, =,·| ¸· _- ···=- . ·,|·| · _| ¸- .-,·| ¸- .·:-|· ¸- ¸,-·r· ···=-
.·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| ··,·,· ' · · - ,, -|· · - ., = · | ' ·,|·| · . ·-| - |, = , =· .
=,-= ¸· -,,·| ···=- . ,·,-|·=,- ···=- , ..,·=|· _-· . .·,·,· _| ¸- .-,·| ¸- .·:-|· ¸-
.·| · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .·|
Qutaibah Ibn Sa’eed described to us: A’bdul A’ziz i.e. Darawardi from A’la from his father from Abu
Hurairah ·· = ¸., he said that the Prophet said:
' , ·· ´|· -· -, ¸ -, '· ¸ ¬ = · ,·=|· .' , ._··|,|· , =·,|· =··· ..·.- ?957 .
“The world is a jail for the believer and a paradise for the unbeliever.”
Surely the worst of people is the one having two faces. The one who comes with this face and that face (a
hypocrite)
Qutaibah Ibn Sa’eed described to us: Lith described to us: Muhammad Ibn Ramh described to us: Lith
also informed us from Yazeed Ibn Abi Habeeb from Arak Ibn Malik from Abu Huraira ·· = ¸. that he
listen the Prophet saying:
' ; .- ,|· , . ¸··|· , = .· . --,· ·v,·, . -- , · ·v , · ¸ ·| · . =|· .' , .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..·.- ?5?6 .
=,-= ¸· -,,·| ···=- . .,| ···=- . ¬- ¸· =«= ···=-, - . _| ¸· =·,· ¸- .,·|· ··~-|
¸·= =· .,= - « = -·| ··,·,· _| ¸- .c|·- ¸· =·,- ¸- ..,,- .,«· .·=, -,·- =· ·
The most knowledgeable, more
knowledgeable
Backbiting
Do you know?
This
Explanation
. ·-|
- ,, -|·
| ., = ·
·v,·
Word
-- , · With a face
¸ ·| · He comes
Person with double
personality, dual standards
; .- ,|· , .
The worst of people ¸··|· , =
Jail ¸ ¬ =
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Quranic Arabic Program 24
Level 02
“Charity does not decreases the wealth. Due to forgiving (others), Allah does not increases anything for a
slave except respect. A person does not becomes humble for Allah except Allah raises him.”
.·| ” · ,´ · · « · =· -| = ,· . . “ ¸, | · · ., || · - ¸ -| ¸ · .· · .· .·| , ·|
He said, “You talk about your brother in a way that he dislikes.”
.·| ” - ·, ·-· = « · . ., « · ·- -,· .·· .· . - · . · =«· .-,· ¸ ´ · . | .·, . “ , .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..·.- 2589 .
It was said, “What is your opinion if my brother has (the weakness) what I am talking?” He said, “What
you are talking, if it is in him, then it is backbiting, if it is not in him, then surely it is a false blame.”
Yahya Ibn Ayub, Qutaibah & Ibn Hajar described to us, they said: I’smael described to us from Al-A’la
from his father from Abu Hurairah ·· = ¸. that the Allah’s Prophet said:
' ,« - · · =, - =· .· · - , .· - ¸ - - | = = . = « · ·- ·, - v· . =· - - · v· = = - | - =· , · · -, . '
, .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..·.- 2588 .
,¬- ¸··, -,,·|, =,·| ¸· _- ···=- . ·,|·| · ¸,-·r· ···=- , ,«-- ¸·· ,·, . ¸- .·:-|· ¸-
.·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= ¸- .·,·,· _| ¸- .-,·|
He raises him
He becomes humble
Respect
With forgiveness
A slave (of Allah)
Explanation
- · -
- =· , ·
·, -
,« - ·
· =, -
Word
.· It increased
- | = = Charity
It does not decrease . = « · ·-
He dislikes · ,´ ·
Your description, your
remembering
= ,· .
Explanation Word
Lesson 2B: Social Conduct
Worth Reading
What is backbiting? What is its impact
on a society? Read in detail:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/Engl
ish/PE02-0003-Backbiting.htm
Face the Challenge!
Make a table. Write down different
types of =·,·,-. Describe their
components. Give three examples of
each from the lessons of B Series.
Quranic Arabic Program 25
Level 02
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
¸ ·,-
English
c · · - · -· · · , = - That is complete ten.
c · · c , · - · ·, · · · -·|· =· ·¹
Those signs of Allah we are reciting on you.
(‘this’ changed to ‘these’ due to difference in
language styles.)
c · · ¸··|· ¸ , · · . | ,· = · -·· v·
Those are the days that We turn among the
people.
. · = - · ¸ - . ´ · - · · , « - c | . ., , ´ = · . ´· - |
Then We forgave you after that, so that you may
be thankful.
c | . -·|· =· ·\ · ., , « ´ · ·, ·· · . .· | ·
That is why they certainly used to deny Allah’s
verses.
¸ , · .· , - ` , ´ · v , ` ¸ · · v · , « · · .· · c | .
Verily, a cow neither too young nor too old, but
the middle-aged between that.
· · « ·· , - ¸ - ¸ - « · c | . . ´ · -
So what is the reward for whom among you who
does that?
· c | = . . | , | ¸ · - . . · , | ¸ - ¸· =|· .· |
Like that, the same was said by those who were
before them.
·- ·=· · What is this?
·=· | ·` =··· Is this a book?
c·· ·|,-· That is a woman.
c|·. ¸ - That is a man.
v ` .·| ·=· . . No, this is a pen.
.-· ` =··· ·=· . . Yes, this is a book.
Lesson 3A: Pointing Nouns ··=v· .=·
Rule of the Day
In ¸«,=,· .·,-, you will find that the .«= is following its =,=,- in case, gender, number and
specification. In J·=· .·,-, the -,|· =·=- will always be in ,- .
Quranic Arabic Program 26
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
. · ·, |· | .· = · . | .· =· , · .· , -· . |
. ´ = | ¸ - . ·· - , ¬ ·
They said, “These two (Moses & Aaron) are
certainly expert magicians who intend to drive
you out of your land.”
¸ · · ·· . = - · c ¬ ´· | . | =· | ¸`· · .· | ¸ , ·· ·
He said, “I intend to marry you with one of my
these two daughters.
c · | , | ., , =· ¬ |· . · Those are the ones who are in loss.
· = · ¸ , | ¸ - · · | . =|· This is the one which was given to us for eating.
· = · -·|· = · - ¸ - This is from Allah.
¸ - -· `= · = · ·· -¹ ·= · · O Lord! Make this city peaceful.
· = · . · _ ¬ |· ¸ = « |· , . | Surely, this is the true story.
· · , « · v , · = · · , ¬=|· And do not go near this tree.
·, · - .· · = · - · , « |· Enter this village.
¸ · ., « « · · · - · = · · , ·=|· ·· , ¬ |· Whatever they spend in this worldly life.
· = · = , - , ` -· - · | That is cattle and crops.
c · · . ., ·· - | That is their own desires.
c · · . · - = | -- | That is a group that had passed.
c · · · ·, · , « · : · -·|· ., = -
That is the boundary set by Allah’s, so do not go
near it.
· c | = ·= = , -- | . ·· · · - - Like that, We have made you the middle group.
Lesson 3A: Pointing Nouns ··=v· .=·
Rule of the Day: When a pointing noun is used with a proverb, it gives the meaning of “they are ones
who”. For example .,¬·«'· .· c=|,· (they are ones who are successful).
Quranic Arabic Program 27
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
c · | , | . = . |· · - |:=|· · , , · =· ¸· =|· Those are the ones who bought error for guidance.
¸ , · ; · = · = - c | . ¸ | · v ·v , · ¸ | · v ,
·v , ·
Wavering between that. Neither in these, nor in
those. (Due to difference in English style, last
word is translated as those instead of these)
· c ·· = . , - , · ¸ | · c`· ¸ - .· ·· · , ·
So those two were the clear proofs from your
Lord to the Pharaoh.
.· « · ·v , · ··· = - ., . « « · ., .· ´ · v - , « |·
So what is the matter with these people. They do
not understand the word.
c · | , | . .`· ¸ - . = · ¸ · - c · | , | , . ·
., ¬ · « « |·
Those are on the right path from their Lord and
those are the ones who will be successful.
· ·· ·v , · · ·, · = | O our Lord! These have led us astray.
.· = · .· « = - These two are the two adversaries.
c · | , | ., = |· - · ., · . · -· ¬ |· =· ¬ = |
Those are the people of paradise. They will
remain there forever.
· . , ´ c · · · · - , =, . = · -- | ¸ · ¸ - · · · - · . ·
¸ · - ·v , · ·=, . =
So how it will be When we will bring from each
nation and call upon you (O Muhammad!) to
testify against these.
c · | , | - « - , . .`· ¸ - ` =· , · = . . , · -
c · | , | , ., = · . « |· . ·
Those are the ones on whom blessings and peace
will be from their Lord and those are the rightly
guided ones.
| ·v , · -·|· · ·, « . | | ¸· =|· Are these the same people who swore Allah?
··r· · ¸ ·, · , · | ·v , · ; | .· = . ·· · . · Tell me the names of these if you are true.
Lesson 3A: Pointing Nouns ··=v· .=·
Rule of the Day
Pointing nouns are used not only for physical
distance, it is also used for mental distance.
Face the Challenge!
Compare Arabic pointing nouns with those of
English. What is the difference?
Quranic Arabic Program 28
Level 02
In front of the door of the Holy Ka’aba, there is the standing place of Abraham, peace be upon him. In
Eastern direction of the Honored Mosque, Safa, Marwah and Zamzam are situated. It (Zamzam) is a
blessed well.
., ··, · · -· « - - ·, = '· -,- ´|· =·· -· - | - -:.|· - , · - - , · «=|· -·, -· = ¬ . '· ¸ - -, | ,=|· - . -· J . ¸ · , - , - , .· , , '·
- · ·, - ` , · · .
Around the Holy Ka’aba, there is a great mosque, its name is “Masjid-ul-Haraam” (the honored mosque).
The Venerable Makkah is an old sacred city. The Honored Ka’aba is situated in it which (Prophet)
Abraham & his son (Prophet) Ishmael, peace be upon both of them, built with an instruction from Allah,
Who is Pure and High.
The Venerable Makkah
´|· · ., · . - == « - - s= | - ··= - - -, ´ '· -´ - , -·r· - · ··, ., ··, · · ···· · _|· - ·, = '· - , - ¸ - -:.|· ·« . , · - - -·|· ¸ - , - | · -
_·- · , - ··¬ , = - .
-r· ` ., = - ` = ¬ . - - ·, = ' · - ,- ´|· . , - ” -· , -· = ¬ . '· “
-. -, ´ '· -.´ -
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
- ·, = '· Honorable -· - | In front of · , , '·
Marwah, another hill near
the Ka’aba
- , - ´|·
Holy Ka’aba, the Holy
House
-· , -· Honored · «=|·
Safa, a hill near the
Ka’aba
- == « - Sacred ` = ¬ . - Mosque -, | ,=|· Eastern
- . -·
-· « -
=· ·
Word
The direction
The place of standing
Door
Explanation
Around
By the instruction
He constructed it
Explanation
. , -
· , - |
·· · ··
Word
Old - s= |
Any city, with .· “The City
of Prophet.”
- ·· = -
Honored, venerable - -, ´ '·
Explanation Word
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Worth Reading
How to conduct work for Islamic Da’wah? How a Da’wah strategy should be developed? The article is
in Urdu language.http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0005-00-Dawat.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 29
Level 02
Allah, the Exalted, ordered the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, for migration from the Holy
Makkah to the Enlightened Madina.
-·|· , - | - - ·· ¬ , = - ¸ ,·|· - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - , · '· - ··= '· _ · - -, ´ '· -´- ¸ - · , ¬ »·· . ·
The Migration
· , ¬ . |·
. ¸ - ,|· = , . - ¸ . · - -, ´ '· -.´ - . ¬ · ¸ ¬ · ¸ ,·|· = | , · ., · , - .·= , - , · - -·|· ¸· = - .
We love the Holy Makkah because it is the place of coming down of revelation and in it the Prophet,
peace and blessings be upon him, born.
Muslims face towards the Holy Ka’aba in their prayers and perform its pilgrimage every year.
Around the Holy Makkah, there is a vast land that has boundaries. Its name is “Al-Haram” (the protected
area). Allah has forbidden fighting and hunting in this area.
. ·: = J - ·,= '· - , - ´|· ¸ | · .,« · . '· - ¬· · -· - ¸ · ·. , | · .,¬ ¬ · , . . .
« . · ` .,= - ·. | - - =·, ` ¸ | - -, ´ ' · -´ - . , - ¸ , - , -· . = ,=|·, .·· «|· ·.,· -·|· -, - .
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
¸« . · It is named . . ·: = In their prayers · , ¬ »· The migration
` .,= - Limits - ¬· ·
He turns his face
towards
¸ - ,|· Revelation
- - =·, Vast = ,=|· Hunting = , . - Place of coming down
. ¬ ·
¸ · -· -
.,¬ ¬ ·
Word
We love
Every year
They perform the
pilgrimage
Explanation
Fighting
He has made unlawful
The honored and
protected area
Explanation
.·· «|·
-, -
- , -·
Word
Blessed - · ·, -
A well ` , · ·
Zamzam, a well near the
Ka’aba
- , -
Explanation Word
Do you know?
Arabic is a Semitic language. With the spread of Islam, Arabic literature and grammar had a
strong impact on some Indo European languages like Persian. A large number of Arabic words
are included in modern-day Urdu & Hindi.
Quranic Arabic Program 30
Level 02
When the Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= entered into the Enlightened Madina, he made each Migrant and
Helper brother of each other.
., =,|· ., - . = · - , - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - . · = · |, , -· . - ¸ · ; · ¸ -¹ · , · '· -··='·
The Helpers (Inhabitants of Madina) and the Migrators (Immigrants from Makkah) welcomed both of
them with happiness and joy.
, ,.|·, - , «|·· ., , -· .'·, · = · v· · « . · , « · =·,
, -· · , - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - _· ==|· , ´ · , · | - , -· = , - - · - -·|· ¸ = - ; « |· = ·.,| · : = , , · , · '· - ··='· _ ·
The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= and his companion Abu Bakr the Truthful, may Allah be pleased with him,
migrated towards the Enlightened Madina and reached there safe and sound.
The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= came out and with the power of Allah, nobody from them saw him.
In the night of migration, the infidels stayed around the house of the Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= to kill him.
., =,|· - , - , - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - -·|· · = « · . . · - ` = - | · , · .. | , . . , · -
,|· . , · - . , - ·« ´|· . | , ·, ¬ »· - · , | J , ., = - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - ·, · · « , |
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
· , · . | He has not seen ; « |· =
Two safe and sound
persons
; · Between
·, · · « , | So that they kill him : = ,
Both of them joined /
reached
¸ -¹
He made them
brothers
. , · - Home _· ==|·
The true man, Abu Bakr
-·- =· ¸=.
., - . Entering
·« ´|·
The infidels who rejected
the Prophet.
- , -· = His companion = · - Since
, ,.|·
- , «|··
· « . · , « · =·
Word
Pleasure
With happiness
He received both of
them
Explanation
He migrated
With the power
Any one
Explanation
, -· ·
· · = «
` = - |
Word
He stayed . | ,
Enlightened, full of light of
guidance
· , · -
Night - · , |
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day: The Pointing Nouns of .·,- =-·, are used with plural nouns for non-intellectual things.
For example, · =·= - ` . · · · =· (these new books), = , - , ` -· - · | · = · (these cattle & tilth), ¸, ·· «·|· · = · (these
idols), · . · v· · = · (these rivers) etc.
Quranic Arabic Program 31
Level 02
., =,|· ¸· - - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= - « ´|· = ·· ¬ ·, - := v· ¸··|· -· , · =·, · = , = - _ · ¸ = , ,- := v· , = · ·· _ - ·
. |· -|· J .· ´ - ¸ · .
The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= remain alive for 10 years. He preached Islam to the people, struggled against
the infidels until Islam spread and reached at each place in the world.
Then they constructed the Prophetic Mosque in the Middle of the Enlightened Madina.
He and his companions built a mosque at Quba in south of Madina. It is the first mosque in (the history
of) Islam.
,·'· -··='· = = , ¸ · . , ,·|· = ¬ . '· · , · · . ·, ·
- ·· = '· =, · - ¸ · ·· , | = ¬ . - - ·· ¬ = |, ¸ · · - - := v· J = ¬ . - .,| , · ,
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
· , · · They built -· , ·
He preaches / will
preach
. |· -|· The world
.,| First =·, · = Years .· ´ - Place
=, · - South , = - Ten ¸ = , He joined
, = · ··
·« ´|·
= ·· ¬ ·
Word
It spread / disseminated
The infidels who opposed
the Prophet
He strives / will preach
Explanation
He remained alive
Middle
Prophetic, related to the
Prophet
Explanation
¸· -
= = ,
. , ,·|·
Word
Quba, a village near
Madina
·· , |
His companions - ·· ¬ = |
He built ¸ · ·
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
Arabic Sentences are formed by joining words
and phrases. If the major word of the sentence
is a noun, it is called a “Noun Sentence” and
if the major word of the sentence is a verb, it
is called a “Verb Sentence.”
Face the Challenge!
Identify the parts of a sentence in English.
Do you know?
It is essential to read the poetry and prose of
the time of revelation of the Quran in order
to learn the language of that time.
Rule of the Day
Pointing nouns are used not only for physical
distance, it is also used for mental distance.
Face the Challenge!
Compare Arabic pointing nouns with those of
English. What is the difference?
Quranic Arabic Program 32
Level 02
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
The Honored Mosque & the Holy Ka’aba
Place of
Abraham
-:.|· -,·-
Safa & Marwah
The Garden of Paradise
The Prophetic Mosque
Quranic Arabic Program 33
Level 02
Note: Look that only one .·· added the meaning of “used to” in the entire sentence.
Muslims used to gather in the Mosque of the Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= and used to listen carefully
whatever was revealed from the Venerable Quran. They used to meet each other in it and talk about their
religious and worldly affairs. They used to attend the study circles.
, · - =· ¸· = .,=,|· =¬ . - J ., - « · ¬ · .,«·.'· .·· - : · · , .<,´|· .¹,«|· ¸ - .,· ·- ¸ |· .,- « · . ·, .· = , . , |
-, · - .,, = ¬ · , . ··, · . , . . ·· . ,- | ¸ - .,·= ¬ · · , =·« · .·-|· .
The Prophetic Mosque was small and simple in its construction at the time of the Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·=
. The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= bought the land on which the Mosque was constructed from his companions
for 10 gold coins.
-·|· ¸· = ., =,| · = . - J . , ,·|· = ¬ . « |· .·· · =· = | , - ··· · J ·=, . ·, ·~ - = .· = , - , · - - , · - -·| · ¸· = .,=,|· . ,
, = - · ·. ··¬ = | ¸ - =¬.'· ·. , · - ¸ ·|· ¸v· .· = , ~ ··· . · .
· - · = ¬ . - .· = , - , · - -·|· ¸· = .,=,|· ¸ · · · , · '· - ·· = '· - |,- = | _, v· -··v· = .
The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= built his mosque since initial days after his entering at the Enlightened
Madina.
The Holy Prophetic Mosque
.· ,=|· . , ,·| · = ¬ . « | ·
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
·~ - = Small . , · It came down =·« · - Circles, plural of -«·-
= . - Period .,- « · . ·
They listen with
attention
.,, = ¬ · They attend
.·· Was ., - « · ¬ · They gather . ··, · . Their world
- |,- = | For his entering ~ ··· . · , = - ·
For 10 dinars
(gold coins)
. . ·· . Their religion
_, v· Earlier ·. ··¬ = | Its i.e. its owners ,- | Affairs, plural of ,-|
.,·= ¬ · ·
. , |: · ·
<,´|·
Word
They talk
They meet
Honored, venerable
Explanation
He bought
Its building
Simple, plain
Explanation
. , · =·
- ··· ·
·=, . ·
Word
The days -··v·
He built ¸ · ·
Honorable .· ,=|·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 34
Level 02
The rank of this mosque is great. So it is from the three mosques towards which saddles are tightened
(people travel). The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= said:
” = = · v = -·. - - ·: · | v· .·-,|· · ¸=|v· = ¬ . '¹ , . -·, -· = ¬ . « | · ·=· . = ¬ . - , “
There is the Venerable Garden inside it about that The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= said, “Whatever is
between my home and my pulpit is a garden from the gardens of paradise.”
- «· ,=|· - = ,,|· -, · , .· = , - , · - -·|· ¸· = .,=,|· ·. · - .·| ¸ ·| · · ” ¸ , · ·- -· -· ¸·· ¸ - - = , . , , · - , _ , · “
“Prayer in my this mosque is better than a 1000 prayers at some other place except the Honored Mosque.”
(Agreed by Bukhari & Muslim).
-:.|·, ·:=|· -,·- .·|, · ” ·«,· ·:= .|| ¸- ` ~- ·=· .=¬.- J ·:= -·,-· =¬.'· v· ··,= “ , -,·- _«·- . .
·|· - ·:·|· =-·.'· ¸ - , . · ` ., = - =¬.'· ·=· ¸ = · = = · ¸ .· = , - , · - =· ¸· = .,=,|¹ .·| . .·-`,|¹ ·. , |· ·
“Don’t travel (to perform prayer) except the three mosques: The Honored Mosque (at Makkah), The Far
Mosque (at Jerusalem) and My This Mosque.” He, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
` ~- Better - «· ,=|·
Honored,
venerable
-· -· The paradise
¸=|v·
The farthest i.e. the
Mosque of Jerusalem
- = ,,|· The garden ¸··
Gardens, plural of
-=,
. , , · -
- = ,
_ , ·
Word
My pulpit, on which
sermon is delivered
A Garden
My home
Explanation
Agreed upon (by
Bukhari &
Muslim)
Other than it
One Thousand
Explanation
-,·- _«·-
·,= ·
.||
Word
Saddles are tightened i.e.
To be prepared to travel.
= = ·
.·-`,|·
Three - ·:·|·
Favor ¸ = ·
Explanation Word
Worth Reading
What is ostentation and what is its impact on the personality of a person? What will be the impact of
ostentation on the Deeds Account of a person in the real life i.e. Hereafter? Read in English.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0002-Ostentation.htm
Do you know?
Arabic is a Semitic language. With the spread of Islam, Arabic literature and grammar had a strong
impact on some Indo European languages like Persian. A large number of Arabic words are included
in modern-day Urdu & Hindi.
Quranic Arabic Program 35
Level 02
Note: The word .·| includes automatically the meaning of “he said”. There is no need to bring a
separate word for “he”.
He (The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·=) said, “Whoever reads an alphabet from Allah’s Book, for him there is a
good deed. Each good deed will be rewarded 10 times. I do not say that .· is an alphabet. Alif is one
alphabet, laam is another alphabet and Meem is another alphabet.”
.· = , -, · - -·|· ¸· = .· | , · ” . - · . - - · - · · -·|· =· · · ¸ - · · , - | , | ¸ - ., | | v · . |··-| , = - · - · . -·, , .· . ` = , -
` = , - ` . , - , . ` = , - - v , ` = , - ` . || ¸´ |, “
- v· ¸· , , - - · . , · . -·|· =· · · < , ´|· .¹ , «|· ; - `¸- v· `_·|· ¸· - -:.|· -, · - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·=
He (The Prophet .·=, -,·- =· ¸·=) said, “The best of you is the one who learns the Quran and then teaches
it.”
.· = , -, · - -·|· ¸· = .· | · ” - «· - , .¹ , «|· .· - · ¸ - . · , , - “
It was revealed by the Trustworthy Gabriel, peace by upon him, on the Not-formally-educated Prophet
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·=. So that he warns people from the punishment of Hell and provide them with good news
of the blessings of Paradise. There is information about the previous nations and stories of the Prophets
and Messengers in it.
- · · . · ,`= , · , . .· . - =· = - ¸ - ¸··|· = · , | · ¸ = | , - « ··.|· . - v· · , - | -, · , . -· -· ., ;· = , '·, ·· , ,· v .
< , ´|· .¹,. «|·
The Holy Quran is the book of Allah.
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
So that he warns = · , |
· ., - · About the blessings .· - ·
He learns (as a
student)
., | | v I do not say
. · ,`= , · He gives them good news . · , , - The best of you · . |··-| Times of it, plural of ¸·-
¸··|· People ;· = , '· The prophets , = - · With 10
¸ = | Stories, plural of - = | - · . - Good deed
· · , -
| , |
- «· -
Word
An alphabet, a letter, (it is
in .=· )
He read
He teaches it
Explanation
Previous
The Nations
News
Explanation
- « ··.|·
. - v·
· , - |
Word
Gentile, not formally
educated
`¸- v·
The honest and trustworthy ;-v·
Gabriel, the angel ¸· ~ -
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 36
Level 02
Note: Since the Jinn is a group, therefore the verb for .·,- has been used for them because a group is
.·,- in Arabic.
Hassan lives in the residential area of the university in the Hostel No. 1, Second Floor and Room No. 10.
Muslims is a brother of another Muslim.
. · . '· , - | . · . '·
<,´|· .¹, «|· . - « = · - = · - ¸ -· .|· | · ” · , ¬ - ··¹ , | · · - « = ·`·· . · ·`· , · = , = · ¸ | , - · ·· -\ · = =,|· _ · . = . · ·= - | “
· ,=|· .,v· -¬.'· J---·-· ¸ ´ = J ` ¸ . - ¸ ´ . · ·, =· -|· -·,-|· J _··| .
Hassan is a new student. He studies at the Islamic University. He is from Japan.
· , . -,- : = v· - - -· -· J ¸ = · ` =· = - ` .|·| ` ¸. - . .· ·· ,|· ¸ - ,
When the Jinn listened the Venerable Quran they said, “Surely we have listened a wonderful read
document which guides towards the right path so we believed in it and we will never associate anyone to
our Lord.”
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
··¹ , | A read document ` .|·| Student -·, -|· Room
· · - « = We listened , - | Brother ,=|· Storey
She said (also used for a
group)
.|· |
·`·· Surely we ·= - | Anyone -¬.'· Hostel
. - « = She listened · ·`· , · To our Lord ¸ ´ = Place of residence
¸ -·
Jinn, Giant, a supernatural
creature
= , = · ¸ |
We will never be
polytheist
¸ ´ . · He resides
·· -\ · - ·
So we believed in
it
.· ·· ,|· Japan
- - -· -·
¸ = ·
` =· = -
Word
The university
He studies
New
Explanation
Right path
He guides
Wonderful,
astonishing
Explanation
= =,|·
. = . ·
· , ¬ -
Word
But ¸´ |
An alphabet (it is in -· ) ` = , -
Letters at the start of some
Surahs
. |·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 37
Level 02
Note: This lesson is adapted from the Arabic Language Course of the International Islamic University,
Madina.
Hassan says, “Ali lives with me in the room. He is from America and Muhammad (also lives with me) and
he is from Ghana.
So our countries are different but thanks God we are brothers in Islam.”
Allah, the exalted, said: “Surely the believers are only brothers (to each other).”
Allah’s Apostle .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= said, “Muslim is a brother of another Muslim.” (A hadith)
` ¸. - ., « · · ” « ¬ -, ·´ · , - | ¸ - , · , ` ¸· - - · , -|· J ¸ - - ¸ ´ . · · ·· - ¸ - , · , ` =
He said, “No one of you can become a believer unless he likes (the same) for his brother whatever he likes
for himself.”
-:.|·, ·:=|· -,· - .· | , · ” - . « · | . ¬ · · - -, -v . ¬ · _- .· =-| ¸ -, · v . “
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·=-·|· ., = .·|, ' · . · . '· ,. - | .·.'· ” , .·=.-· .
_· - · -·|· .· | · ” · , - · ., ·-,'· ·«· · “
v· ¸ · ·, - · ¸ ¬ · -· | = « -·, - « · · ¬ - · · .: , · -: = . “
Lesson 3B: Makkah, Madina & Prophet’s Migration
So our countries · .: , · ·
- « · · ¬ - Different .· =-| Anyone of you
¸ -, · v
He is not a
believer
- . « · | For himself
-, -v
. ¬ ·
_-
Word
For his brother
He loves, he likes
Until
Explanation
The believers
So we are only
Brothers, plural of
,-|
Explanation
., ·-,'·
·«· ·
·, - ·
Word
Ghana, an African country · ·· -
With me ¸ - -
Tenth ·, =· -|·
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
If both the ~- , ·=·,- have an .· or both are without
it, it is a ¸«,=,· .·,-. If the .· is only on the ·=·,-,
then it is a -,r· -·<.
Face the Challenge! Although not
defined in this lesson, but try to identify
the parts of a -,·-· -·<.
Quranic Arabic Program 38
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
=· · ´ |· c | . -, · . · v That book, there is no doubt in it.
. . | ` ., | | ` =· = - For them, there is a painful punishment.
c · · - · -· · · , = - They are complete ten.
¬ ¬ |· ` =· -, · - - ` , . = |
The Pilgrimage is (to be performed in) known
months.
¸··|· · = -· , -- | People were one nation.
c · | , | ··|· =· ¬ = | They are the people of hell.
. · ., = |· - · ., · They will live in it for a long period.
· « ., · ` ~ , · ` . · · In both of them, there is a big sin.
· « . « · · · « . - « · ¸ - , , · |
Their loss of both of themis greater than their
benefit.
. · ,· . · . ´ | = , - Your wives are your tilth.
3:=|· .· ·, - The divorce is twice.
c | . ` ., = - ` , · That is a great success.
Result
·=·,- is mentioned in the blue color whereas ~- is depicted in the red color. Check your result. Each
line carries 4 marks. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the test.
Lesson 4A: Arabic Sentences - ·« -
Do you know?
In all languages, there are certain words used in a meaning other than their literal meanings. It is
called a metaphor. It adds to the beauty of the language. Arabic language is very rich in
metaphors.
Quranic Arabic Program 39
Level 02
Those who spend their wealth in Allah’s way
The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is
Like the parable of a grain that sprouts into seven fruiting spikes, and each spike has 100 grains.
- · , · = ¸ · ¸ · ¸ ·· · = - , = . · , · | -, - ¸ · « · -, - - ·· -
And Allah increases multiple times for whom He pleases. And Allah has boundless knowledge.
-·|· ¸, , = ¸ · . . |· , - | ., « «· · ¸· =|·
` ., · - ` - =· , -·|· , ·· = · ¸ « | . -· = · -·|· ,
-·|· ¸, , = ¸ · . . |· , - | ., « «· · ¸· =|· ¸ · -
· ¸ · «
Like the
example of
- · , · = A single fruiting spike . · Then
-·|· ¸, , = ¸ · In Allah’s way ¸ · ¸ · In each, in all of them ` - =· , Vast, boundless
|· , - | . . Their wealth ¸ ·· · =
Fruiting spikes of a
plant, plural of -·,·=
·· = · He pleases
| ¸ «
. -· = ·
- ·· -
Word
For whom
Increasing
exponentially
One Hundred, 100
Explanation
Seven
Sprouts, produces
buds and branches
Grain
Explanation
- , =
. · , · |
-, -
Word
They spend ., « «· ·
Those who ¸· =|·
Example,
parable
¸ · -
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Quranic Arabic Program 40
Level 02
And Allah is self-sufficient, forbearing.
For them, their reward is available with their Lord.
And they shall have nothing to fear and nothing to regret.
. . | v , ·· - ·, « «· | · - ., - , · · v . ·
Then they do not follow what they have spent with reminders of their generosity and do not injure the
feeling (of the recipient)
Kind words and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injuring feelings.
., · , ¬ · . · v , . . , · - ` = , - v ,
` ., · - ¯¸ · - -·|· ,
. .`· = · - . · , - | . . |
| · . - , · · - | = = ¸ - ` , , - · , « - - , ` =, , - - . , | . .
= · - `· . . With their Lord ` , , - Good, better
, - | . · Their reward · , « - - Forgiveness ` ., · - Forbearing
. . |
Injuring other’s
feelings
` =, , - -
Good, kind, well-
known
¯¸ · -
Self sufficient,
free of all needs
. . |
- , · · · .
¸ - - | = =
Word
Injuring feelings
That is followed
by
Than charity,
from charity
Explanation
Words, saying
They will grieve.
On them
Explanation
. , |
., · , ¬ ·
. , · - .
Word
Reminding one’s
generosity
·· -
What they have
spent
· - ·, « «· |
Do not follow up v ., - , · ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
Quranic Arabic Program 41
Level 02
They will not be able to receive anything which (they feel that) they have earned.
Like that who spends his wealth to be seen by people,
And he does not believe in Allah and the Last Day.
|· · . ´ ·· | = = ·, · = , · v ·, · -¹ ¸· =|· · .· | · · . . v· , `¸ «
O believers! Do not make your charity worthless by reminders of your generosity and by injury to the
recipient's feelings.
So his parable is like that of a hard barren rock having soil on it. A heavy rain falls on it and leaves it a
barren stone.
, -v· - , , |· , -·|· · ¸ - , · v ,
·, , . · ·« - · ¸ = ¸ · - ., = « · v
¸··|· ·· · - |· - _ «· · . =|· ·
·· , - ·· = | · ` =· , · - , · - .· , « = ¸ · « · - · · « · ·= · = - · , · · ¸
·· ·
To show,
ostentation
¸ ·· , Heavy rain ·, , . · They earned
|· - - His wealth · ·· = | - So reaches it ·« - . ¸- ·- From that
· `¸ « |·
By reminding
one’s generosity
` =· , · Soil, dust ¸ · - · ¸ = On anything
., = « ·
·= · =
· · , · -
Word
They are able to
do
Barren stone
So leaves it
Explanation
On it
Hard barren rock
People
Explanation
, · - -
.· , « =
¸··|·
Word
Your charities,
plural of -|==
·· | = = . ´
You do not make
worthless
v ·, · = , ·
O believers!
· .· | · · ¸· =|·
·, · -¹
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
Face the Challenge! Identify the Metaphors in this lesson.
Quranic Arabic Program 42
Level 02
Would anyone of you likes that he has a garden (full) of date-palm trees and grapevines, and streams
flowing underneath, having all kinds of fruits
And parable of those who spend their wealth to seek the pleasure of Allah and to strengthen (the piety) in
their personality,
¸· , ·· ´ |· - , « |· . = . · v -·|· ,
And Allah does not guide the unbeliever (or thankless) group of people.
Is like the parable of a garden on a high place. When a heavy rain falls on it, its yields up twice, and if no
rain falls, even a light moisture is enough for it. And Allah is observing whatever you are doing.
·· = , - ·· - · ·· . . |· , - | ., « «· · ¸· =|· ¸ · - , . . . « · | ¸ - ··, , · · , -·|·
| , ¸, ¬ · ¸ - -· - - | ., ´ · . | . · = - | . , · | ¸ · ¸ - · ., · - | · . · v· · . · ¬ · ¸ - . , ¬ · =· · -
=· , «·|·
· . · · | . ·\ · ¸ ·· , · . ·· = | · , · , · -· - ¸ · « · « · -·|· , . ¸ = · ¸ ·· , · . , = · . | . · · ¸ , « - = ., · « - · ·
` ~ = ·
· . ·\
So it yields up,
so it brings
| . , ·
Would one
likes?
=· , « ·|·
Fruits, plural of
·,s
· · , · , On a high point ` ~ = · Observer · . · v·
Streams, rivers,
plural of ,·
¸ - . « · | . . From their souls ., · « - · You do · ¸ - · ¬ · .
Flowing
underneath it
··, , · · Strengthening · · « With that . , ¬ · That flows
·· = , -
Pleasure,
happiness
¸ = · Light moisture =· · - | Grapes
¸, ¬ ·
. | ., ´ · | -
= - | . ·
Word
Date-palm trees
That there be for
him
Any one of you
Explanation
So if does not
reaches it
Two times,
twice
Its edible items
Explanation
· . · . | , = · · .
¸ , « - =
· · | · .
Word
To get ·· - · ··
Unbeliever
group of people
- , « |· ¸· , ·· ´ |·
He does not
guide
v . = . ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
Quranic Arabic Program 43
Level 02
And do not intend to pick out the worst things to give as charity.
And he reaches to old age having children not strong (enough to earn their living)
(At that time) it is caught by a whirlwind, with fire therein, and be burnt up? (So the reward of those who
spend their wealth to be seen by the people will be lost in the same manner.)
In this way, Allah clarifies these signs to you, so that you may ponder over them.
·· « - = -·` . - | , , , ´ |· - ·· = | ,
. | , · -· · ` · · -, · ` · = - · · . ·· = | ·
O believers! Spend the best portion of your earned wealth and whatever We have produced for you from
the land.
´ « · · . ´· - | =· ·v· . ´ | -·|· ¸`, , · c | = · ., ,
., « «· · - · - ., , ¬ |· ·, «« , · v ,
. · · - =· ,`, | ¸ - ·, « «· | ·, · -¹ ¸· =|· · .· | · · ¸ v· ¸ - . ´ | · · - , - | ·« - , . · ,
` · · Fire ·, « «· | Spend - · - From it
, · - In it ., ,´ « · ·
You think about,
you ponder over
., , ¬ |·
The worst thing, the
opposite of =·,,|
` · = - · Windstorm · - | . ´ So that you ·, «« , ·
Make an intention to
pick out
· ·· = | · . So reached it =· ·v· Signs, verses ¸ v· Earth
·· « - = Weak | . ´ For you · · - , - | We brought out
- ·«
. · , . ·
=· ,`, |
Word
From that, from which
You have earned
Good and pure things
earned legitimately
Explanation
He explains, He
clarifies
Like that
Then it burned
Explanation
¸`, , ·
· c | =
. | , · -· ·
Word
Children, offspring -·` .
Old age , , ´ |·
Reached him ·· = | -
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
Quranic Arabic Program 44
Level 02
And Allah is boundless and He knows everything.
Whereas you yourself will not take it except if you close your eyes about it.
And bear in mind that undoubtedly, Allah is self-sufficient and praiseworthy.
Satan threatens you with poverty (to not spend your wealth on charity) and prompts you to (spend your
wealth to) commit vulgar acts.
-, · ·, = « - · . | v · -· = -\ · . · . | ,
` =, « - ¯¸ · - -·|· . | ·, « · -· ,
And Allah promises you for His forgiveness and bounties.
·· = ¬ « |· · . · , - | · , , « « |· . · = - · .· = ,=|·
` ., · - ` - =· , -·|· , . , · 2:261-268 .
: = · , - · - · , « - - . · = - · -·|· ,
. | ·, = « - ·
That keeping
your eyes closed
· ·· = ¬ « |·
, - | · . ·
, « « |·
Word
For unseemly, for
vulgar acts
He orders you
Poverty
Explanation
He promises
you, he warns
you
Praiseworthy,
Admirable
Know
Explanation
= - · . ·
` =, « -
·, « · -·
Word
Except v ·
With taking it · · = -\ -
You are not, you
would not
. · . |
Explanation Word
Lesson 4B: Spend in Allah’s Way
Rule of the Day
In order to make a -,r· -·<
negative, add the word ·- before
it and change the form of ~- to
.=·.
Do you know?
Each language has five levels: Slang, Intermediate,
Standard, Literary and Poetic. Modern Arabic spoken in the
Arab world is slang. Most of the books are written in
literary and standard languages. Absurd ideas are usually
presented in the Poetic language.
Quranic Arabic Program 45
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
Made negative
Impact on Meaning:
·-
Action by:
= gave ,- to the ~-.
Impact on Form:
Made empathetic
Impact on Meaning:
Impact on Meaning:

Action by:
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form:
Made empathetic .·
Action by:
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form:
Made interrogative
Impact on Meaning:
¸·
Action by
None
Impact on Form:
·-
Action by:
Made negative
Impact on Meaning:
Gave .=· to the ~-.
Impact on Form:
: ·· - ` =, - = ·-
Saeed is not ignorant.
· ~ · · - · «|· The army group is big.
· ~ · · - · «|· ¸ ·
Is the army group big?
¸ ·· - · =· ·-
Allah is not ignorant.
` ,· = | · ¸ = ¸ · ¸ · - -·|· Allah is powerful over everything.
· ¸ = ¸ · ¸ · - -·|· . ·
` ,· = |
Definitely, Allah is powerful over everything.
` ~ = · -·|· Allah is observing.
` ~ = · -·|· . ·
Surely, Allah is observing.
¸ ·· - ` =, - = Saeed is ignorant.
Result
Check your result. Each line carries 4 marks. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the test.
Lesson 5A: Variations in the Sentences starting with a Noun -,r· - ·« -
Rule of the Day
The word .·· converts a -,r· -·« - into Past
Continuous Tense.
Do you know?
Seven Hangings or =·«·-- -,= are the seven
poems which were hanged with the Holy Ka’aba
due to their poetic standard.
Quranic Arabic Program 46
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
., = . ·¬ - ., «· - '· The teachers are hard-working.
., = . ·¬ - ., «· - '· ¸ ·
Are the teachers hard-working?
Impact on Form Impact on Meaning Action by
None Made interrogative ¸·
., = . ·¬ - ; «· - '· .·
Definitely, the teachers are hard-working.
Impact on Form Impact on Meaning Action by
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Made empathetic .·
.· Made empathetic
Action by

Made empathetic
Action by
.|
Made empathetic
Action by
Made empathetic
Impact on Meaning
Impact on Meaning
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form:
Impact on Meaning
Gave .=· to the ·=·,- that is
a pronoun, so the change is
hidden.
Impact on Form:
Impact on Meaning
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form

Action by
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form
` ., · - ` - =· , -·|· . ·
Surely, Allah is widely powerful and knowledgeable.
-· | ·, « |· The power is for Allah
-· | ·, « |· . |
Definitely, the power is for Allah
` ; , - ¯, = - . ´ | , · He is your open enemy.
` ; , - ¯, = - . ´ | -· ·
Verily, he is your open enemy.
=· « - |· =· = = -·|· Allah is hard in punishment.
=· « - |· =· = = -·|· . |
Definitely, Allah is hard in punishment.
` ., · - ` - =· , -·|· Allah is widely powerful and knowledgeable.
Lesson 5A: Variations in the Sentences starting with a Noun -,r· - ·« -
Quranic Arabic Program 47
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
= gave ,- to the ~-
Made negative ¸,|
= gave ,- to the ~-
Made negative ¸,|
= gave ,- to the ~-
whose ,- and .=· are
same
Made negative
¸,|
= gave ,- to the ~-
Made negative ¸,|
| Made interrogative
Action by Impact on Meaning
| Made interrogative
Action by Impact on Meaning
| Made interrogative
Action by Impact on Meaning
.| Made empathetic
Action by Impact on Meaning
¸,| Made negative
Action by Impact on Meaning
None
Impact on Form
None
Impact on Form
None
Impact on Form
Gave .=· to the ·=·,-.
Impact on Form
= gave ,- to the ~-
Impact on Form
=· ´ · -·|· ¸ , | |
Does Allah not enough?
` -: » , · He is a big offender.
-: = · ¸, | , ·
He is not a big offender.
=, , - · | -: = · ¸ , | -·|· . |
Allah is definitely not an offender for His slaves.
. · - | · -·|· ¸ , | , |
Does Allah not the most knowledgeable?
_ · - . =|· ¸ , | , |
.· « · ¸ v· , =· , «.|·
Does That Who has created the heavens and the earth not powerful?
Lesson 5A: Variations in the Sentences starting with a Noun -,r· - ·« -
Worth Reading
What is the difference between an extremist and a moderate person? Which approach is better:
Extremism or Moderatism? http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0015-Extremist.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 48
Level 02
(Narrated) by Jabir, he said that Allah’s Apostle forbade plastering the graves, writing upon them,
constructing a building above them and passing over them by putting foot. Abu A’isa Tirmidhi said that
this Hadith is middle-to-high level of authenticity.
, «|· ¸= ¬ · .| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· ¸ . · .·| ,··- ¸- | |, · .|, ·.,·- ¸ ·, · .|, ·.,·- . ·´· .|, , . ,·| .·|
¬,¬= ¸.- .·=- ·=· ¸.,- . , .,···-· =··· ..=-,· 1052 .
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “A younger one should salute the elder
one, walker should (salute) the one who is sitting and a small group should (salute) the larger group.”
(Narrated) by Jabir, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “Don’t eat with your left hand. Surely the Satan eats
with the left hand.”
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “A believer with a strong body is better and
more liked by Allah as compared to a believer with a weak body.”
.· | -· - -·|· ¸ = · , · , · _ | ¸ - · .· = , - , · - =· ¸· = -·|· ., = .·| · ” . = -· «|· ¸ · - ·'·, . ~ , ´ |· ¸ · - ~ -=|· .·. ·
~ · ´|· ¸ · - ¸, · « |·, . “ , ..·=··=v· =··· ..·- 5877 .
.· | - · - -·|· ¸ = · , · , · _ | ¸ - · .· = , -, · - -·|· ¸· = -·|· ., = .·| · ” ¸ - ,'· ¸ - -·|· ¸ | · . - | , ` , , - . , « |· ¸ - ,'·
., -=|· . “ , .=«|· =··· ..·.- ?66+ .
.· | - · - -·|· ¸ = , ·· - ¸ - · .· = , - , · - -·|· ¸· = -·|· .,= .·| · ” ¸ · | · .· = ,=|· .· · .· «`=|·· ·, · · | · v
.· «`=| ·· . “ , .-·,=v· =··· ..·.- ?019 .
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
.·. ·
He salutes / will
salute
~ · ´|· More
. - |
Favorite, more or the
most liked
¸, · « |· Less | |, · .|
To pass by putting a
foot
` , , - Better = -· «|·
Sitter, the person
sitting
¸ ·, · .| To build
, , «|·
. ·´ · .|
¸= ¬ · .|
Word
Graves
To write
To plaster
Explanation
Walker, one passing
by
Big, elder
Small, little, younger
Explanation
·'·
~ , ´ |·
~ -=|·
Word
Powerful, healthy . , « |·
With left hand · .· «`=|·
Don’t eat ·, · · | · v
Explanation Word
Face the Challenge! What is the impact of words .· or .| on the form and meaning of a -,r· -·« -?
Quranic Arabic Program 49
Level 02
(Narrated) by Anas, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “Nobody from you can become a believer unless I
become beloved for him more than his parents, children and all people.”
· - -·|· ¸· = `¸ ,·|· ¸ - - ·- -·|· ¸ = ¸ · | ¸ - .·| .· = , - , · ” = |· , ¸ - - , | · . -| .,· | ¸· - . · = - | ¸ - , · v · = | , , ·
;- « - | ¸··|· , . “ , ..·sv· =··· ..·- 15 .
(Narrated) by Ayesha, she described that Allah’s Apostle said, “Each drink that intoxicates is forbidden.”
- , · - =· ¸· = ¸ ,·|· ¸- ·. · - =· ¸ = -= ·· - ¸ - .·| .· = , · ” ` -· , - , . · , ´ = | =· , = ¸ · . “ , .··.=|· =··· ..·- 119 .
(Narrated) by I’bn U’mar, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “Don’t forbid your women (from coming at)
mosques although their homes are better for them.
(Narrated) by Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud, he said that I asked Allah’s Apostle, “Which deed is liked most by
Allah?” He said, “Performing prayer at its time.” I said, “Then which one?” He replied, “Being generous
to the parents.” I asked, “Then what?” He said, “Striving in Allah’s way.”
.·| · « . · - -·|· ¸= , « - ¸ ·· ¸ - · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= -·|· .,= .·| · ” ` , , - ¸ . ·, , ·, . = -·.'· . · ·· . · ·,- · « · v
¸ . | . “ , .·,·=|· =··· ..,·. ,·| 567 .
, = . | | = .·| -·- -·|· ¸= ., - . - ¸· -·|· = , - ¸ - .·= , - , · - -·|· ¸· = -·|· . · ” ·-·|· _· . - | ¸ « - |· . | “ .·| ·
” · . · | , ¸ · - ·:=|· “ . . · | · ” ¯.| . · “ .·| · · ” ¸ · = |·, |· , · “ . · | · ” ¯.| . · “ .·| · · ” -·|· ¸, , = J .· . -· “ , =··· ..·.-
..·sv· 119 .
¸, , = Way ` -· , - Forbidden, protected
.· . -· Striving , ´ = | It intoxicates
¸ · = |·, |· Parents =· , = Any drinkable thing ;- « - | All of them
, · Generosity ¸ . ·, , · Their homes · = | , His child
· = |· ,
.,· |
¸ - , · v
Word
His father
I become
He does not
believe
Explanation
Mosques
Your women
Don’t forbid
Explanation
= -·.'·
. · ·· . ·
·,- · « · v
Word
Its time · . · | ,
Deed, action, practice ¸ « - |·
Which . |
Explanation Word
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
Quranic Arabic Program 50
Level 02
Narrated by Bara Ibn A’azib, “The Prophet commanded us for seven and forbade us from seven: He
ordered us for (1) Visiting patients; (2) Going with funerals; (3) Saying =· c>,· for a sneezing person; (4)
Fulfilling oaths; (5) Helping the offended person; (6) Spreading salutation; and (7) Accepting (the
invitation) of an inviter. He forbade us from golden rings; silver utensils; silky cushions and different
kinds of silky cloths. (All these items were extremely expensive at the Prophet’s time.)
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah, he said, “The Prophet kissed Hassan Ibn A’li while Al-Aqra’ Ibn Habis Al-
Timi was sitting with him.” He said, “I have 10 children, I never kissed any of them.” The Prophet of
Allah looked at him and said, “One who is not merciful will not receive mercy (of God).”
·«.·- =· ¸= = · - ¸ · ·· , ,|· .·| · ” -, = ¸- · ·· . ·, -,. · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ , ·|· · · , -| · . ¸· , « |· · .· , - · ··,-|
. . «|· · ,··, . ¸ |· -|· ., «= ·, . · · · ¬ |· -· ,`··, ·, .¸ -·=|· - ·· -·, . -:.|· ·· =··, . -, ·= « |· ,= ·, . ·· , - ¸- · ·· .
-, . «|·, . , ·· , « |· ¸-, . -= «|· - , ·¹ ¸-, . . ·=|· -· ,· =|·, . 3 , , ·=v·, . . “ , .-·´·|· =··· ..·- +880 .
.· | - · - -·|· ¸ = · , · , · _ | ¸ - · ¸ · ¸ . -· .· = , - , · - -·|· ¸· = ¸ ,·|· ¸, | ¸ · - , |v· · = · - , · « . · - -·|· ¸ = `¸· -
·. |· - ¸ «, «·|· ¸ ·· - . .· « · · ” ·= - | . . · - . ·, | · - = | , |· ¸ - · , = - _ .· . “ .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= -·|· ., = - , |· , = · ·
.· « · · ” . - , · v . - , · v ¸ - . “ , .=.v· =··· ..·- 5651 .
· ·· . · He forbade us ,= · Help -· ,· =|·
A type of cloth
fabricated by silk
· -,. For seven . . «|· The oath 3 , , ·=v·
A heavy cloth fabricated
by silk
· · , -| He ordered us · ,·· Fulfilling -, . «|·
A type of cloth
fabricated by silk
. - , · v
He does not receive
mercy
¸ |· -|· The sneezing person , ·· , « |· Silky cushions
. - , · v
He does not be
merciful
., «= ·
Saying =· c>,· when
someone sneezes
- , ·¹ -= «|· Silver utensils
, = · · So he looked · · · ¬ |· Funeral . ·· , - . ·=|· Golden rings
¸ -·=|·
- ·· -·
·· =··
Word
The inviter
Accepting
Spreading
Explanation
Following
The patient
For visiting (a patient)
Explanation
-· ,`··
¸· , « |·
· · .· , -
Word
I kissed . ·, |
Sitting ·. |· -
He kissed ¸, |
Explanation Word
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
Quranic Arabic Program 51
Level 02
(Narrated) by Jabir Ibn A’bdullah, he said that a funeral passed, Allah’s Apostle stood up for it and we
also stoop up with him. So we said, “O Allah’s Prophet! Surely he was a Jew.” He replied, “Verily the
death is a terror. Whenever you see a funeral, stand up.”
.·| · =· =,- ¸· ,··- ¸- · · · · - =, - . .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= · . | -· « · . - - - · ·« |, . ··· «· · ” =· .,= ·· : · .··
-· ., . · . “ .·«· · ” ` -, · =, « |· .· . ·, -, « · · · · ¬ |· . ··| ·.·· . “ , .,···-· =··· ..·.- 960 .
(Narrated) by Anas, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “Help your brother whether he is an offender or
being offended.” They said, “O Allah’s Prophet! We will help the offended one by how can we help the
offender?” He replied, “By catching his both hands from top.”
Narrated by Anas that the Prophet said, “Three thing follow the died. His family, his wealth and his deeds.
So two (of them) return and one remains (there). His family and his wealth return while his deeds remain
(there with him).
.·| -·- =· ¸= ¸·| ¸- · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .·| · ” · -, ·=- ,| · « |·» =· -| , =· · . “ ·,|·| · ” .,= ··
=· : ·· « |·» · , =· · ., ´ · .· -,·=- · , =· · ·=· “ .·| · ” -· = · 3, · = -|· . “ , ..·='· =··· ..·- ?11? .
, · - =· ¸· = `¸ ,·|· ¸ - - · - -·|· ¸ = ¸ · | ¸ - .·| .· = , - · ” - ·: · .`,'· - , · · · - · « -, - |· -, - · ·| . ¸ « , ·, . .· · ·· - - , , ·
` = -· , · - · « - ¸ « , ·, . - |· -, - · · | - - , · . “ , ._··|,|· , =·,|· =··· ..·.- ?960 .
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
, =· · Help! =, - It passed
¸ « , ·
He remains / will
remain
-· = · His both hands ·, -, « · So stand up
.· · ·· Two 3, · Above . ··| You see
- - , , ·
So he returns / will
return
= -|·
You catch / will catch, you
take / will take
` -, · Fear, terror
- · ·| His family ., ´ · So how =, « |· The death
-· ., . ·
- - - · ·« |
-· « ·
Word
Jew
We stood up with him
So he stood up
Explanation
We help him
Be offended
Offender
Explanation
· , = · ·
· -, ·=-
· « |·»
Word
Three - ·: ·
Dead body .`,« |·
He follows / will
follow
- , · ·
Explanation Word
Worth Reading In the Land of the Quran & the Bible. At travel story to the sites
related to God’s prophets. The writing is in Urdu.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0014-00-Safarnama.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 52
Level 02
(Narrated) by Tamim Al-Dari that Allah’s Apostle said, “The religion is (the name of) well-wishing.” We
said, “For whom?” He replied, “For Allah, for His Book, for His Prophet, for the leaders of Muslims and
their public.”
.·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ , ·|· .| ·`. ·=|· ., « · ¸- ' · - ¬, =·|· ¸·`=|· ' ···| · ” · ¸ « | “ .·| ” -« ·v, - |, = , |, - ···´|, =
. ·· -· -, ; « ·. « |· . “ , ..·sv· =··· ..·.- 95 .
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Apostle said, “The Hellfire is wrapped by desires while the
Paradise is wrapped by difficulties.
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Apostle said, “One cannot become strong by wrestling. Surely
the strong is the one who controls himself in the state of anger.
·,·,· _| ¸- · .·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · ” · · ´ « |·· -· ¬ |· .,¬-, . =· , .=|· · ··|· . , ¬- . “ , ..·-
.3·|,|· =··· 61?? .
-·- =· ¸= · ,· , · _| ¸- · .·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · ” . =|· =·==|· · « ·· . - -,=|· · =· ==|· ¸, |
. = - |· =· - - .« · c ·« · . “ , .=.v· =··· ..·- 5761 .
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
· · ´ « |· · By troubles . ·· -· - Their ordinary people
· « ·· Surely only =· , .=|· · By desires -« ·| Leaders, plural of -·-·
· ¸ « |
- ¬, =·|·
¸·`=|·
Word
For whom?
Well wishing
The religion
Explanation
It is wrapped
Intense anger, rage
He controls himself
Explanation
. , ¬-
. = - |·
- .« · c ·« ·
Word
The art of
wrestling
- -,=|·
Hard =· ==|·
Not ¸, |
Explanation Word
Worth Reading
What is the difference between Monotheism and Polytheism? Why the
Polytheism not acceptable in front of God? How to avoid polytheism in our
prayers? http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE01-0009-Monotheism.htm
Rule of the Day
The word ¸,| converts a -,r· -·« - into negative meaning.
Quranic Arabic Program 53
Level 02
(Narrated) by Jabir Ibn A’bdullah that Allah’s Apostle said, “Beware of offence. Surely the offence will
become darkness on the Day of Judgment. Beware of miserliness (greediness). Surely the misery killed
people who were before you. It overwhelmed them (and the result was) that they shed their blood and
make the forbidden women lawful for them.
(Narrated) by Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari that Allah’s Apostle said, “Cleanliness is half of faith. = =«-· fills the
balance and = =«-· , =· .·¬,= both of them fill the space between the heavens and the earth. And the
prayer is a light, the charity is an evidence (of being generous), the patience is a light, the Quran is an
evidence for or against you (whether you follow it or not). All people start their morning and sell
themselves. Then they are either freeing themselves (from the Hellfire) or putting themselves into danger.
| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · =· =, - ¸ · , ·· - ¸- .· ” .· =|· ·, «·· . - -· , « |· -, · =· « · » .· =|· .·· . ¬ =|· ·, «··,
= .| ¸ · - . . · « - .. ´ ·, | .·· ¸ - c ··| ¬=|· .·· . . - · ¬ - ·, · ¬ · =·, . · ·· - . · , ´ « . “ , .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..·.- ?578 .
.·| ·`. , -=v· c|· - ¸ ·| ¸- · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .·| ” .· « ·v· ,= = , .=|· . , ] = =« ¬ |· [ :« ·
.· ,, « |· . , ] = =«-·, =· .· ¬, = [ . :« · , :« · , | . ¸v·, =·,· «.|· ;· · - . ` , · ·:=|·, . .· ·, · - | ==|·, .
·· , = ~=|·, . c, · - ,| c | -¬ - .¹, « |·, . , =- · ¸··|· ¸ · . - .« · ` - ·· , · . · . « ·, - ,| · . « ·- « · . “ , .··.=|· =··· ..·.- ??1 .
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
~=|·
Patience, being
steadfast
¬ =|· Miserliness
.· ·, · Evidence, proof =· « · » Darkness, plural of -«·»
. . - · ¬ -
Their forbidden women,
plural of -,=. Women
with whom marriage is
not allowed
- | ==|· Charity ·, «·· Be careful! ·, · ¬ · =· The try to make lawful
` , · Light · . « ·, - One who puts it in danger . · ·· - . Their blood
. :« ·
Both of them fill /
will fill
· . « ·- - One who manumits it · , ´ « = .| That they shed
.· ,, « |· The balance ` - ·· · Buyer . . · « - It overwhelmed them
. ´ ·, |
.· · ¸ -
c ··|
Word
Before you
Who were
It killed
Explanation
He starts the morning
Evidence, proof
Light
Explanation
, =- ·
-¬ -
·· , =
Word
It fills / will fill :« ·
Half ,= =
Cleanliness, purity , .=|·
Explanation Word
Worth Reading Why people have two faces? What is the impact of dual personality on the reputation?
Read the details in: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0016-Twofaces.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 54
Level 02
(Narrated) by Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Apostle said, “(A person) does not (become) rich due to
abundance of wealth. But the rich is the one who is rich by heart.”
(Narrated) by I’bn A’bbas, he said that Allah’s Apostle said, “A person who gets back his gift is like a dog
which vomits and then eat its vomit back.”
.·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· ¸- . · ,· , · ¸ ·| ¸- · ” , ¸«·|· ¸ · - _-|· ¸´ |, . ¸ , -|· · ,· · ¸- ¸ · -|· ¸,| . “ , ..·-
.3·|,|· =··· 6081 .
.·| ·«.·- =· ¸= ¸·,- ¸·· ¸- · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· .·| · ” ¸ · ., - · . · ·¸ « · . . · ´|· · - · , · ¸ · = ·· -|·
- ·, | . “ , .-,»· =··· ..·- ?++9 .
Lesson 5B: Manners & Etiquettes
His vomit - ·, |
He vomits / will
vomit
·¸ « ·
¸ · -|· Rich
¸ · -
¸ , -|·
· ,· ·
Word
Free of, rich
Wealth
Abundance
Explanation
Like a dog
He returns
Not
Explanation
· . · ´|·
., - ·
¸,|
Word
His gift - · , ·
One who returns = ·· -|·
Explanation Word
Do you know?
In addition to Pre-Islamic Arab poets, their speakers also had a
great status in the society. They were the spokespersons of their
tribes. At occasions of conflict, they used to represent their
tribes with the help of their speaking power. They were called
=,.= of their tribe.
Do you know?
In Pre-Islamic Arabia, a lot of festivals were conducted before
and after the Pilgrimage to Makkah. These festivals included a
huge trade and commerce activity. In addition to that, these
festivals were the meeting point of Arab poets and speakers to
demonstrate their capabilities.
Quranic Arabic Program 55
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
¸· =|· . , - |· · ., · - , · Those who believe in unseen truth.
.: - v· , . · , = · . . · - - = · , ¸ ·|· . ·· ·
. . , · -
And he (the Prophet) relieves them (Jews and
Christians) from their heavy burdens and the yokes
that were around their necks.
. · ¸· =|· . | - | . . · =· |· . . , · - ·· , = ·, , « ·
. · =· ·
Certainly, those who disbelieve, it is equal for
them whether you warn them or do not warn them.
· = · . =|· ¸ , | ¸ - · · | This is what we were provided with before.
-·|· - ·· -, - ¸ - ¸ | ¸ ·|· · .· , - | - , - |
Say, “Who has forbidden the good things (created
by) Allah that He has produced for His slaves.
.= , · ¸· =|· , , - v , | ·, « · » . =|· . . | ¸, |
Then those who were unjust replaced the word
with that which was not told to them.
¸ · « · . . · · - . =|· ·· · = | , · =·
Their parable is like the parable of that person
who burnt fire.
- == « « |· ¸ v· ·, · - .· - , | · · ¸ ·|· . · ·
. ´ | -·|·
O My Nation! Enter into the holy land that Allah
has assigned to you.
. ´· ·, = , -· ¸··|· · .· | · · . =|· . ´ « · -
O People! Worship your Lord Who has created
you.
=· , = ¸· =|· . . , · - . « - · | The way of those who You have blessed upon.
¸ «·|· ·, · · « · v , ¸ ·|· -·|· -, -
And do not kill the person whose life is declared
sacred by Allah.
, .· =·|· · « ·, .\ · . ´ · - · . ·· , · | ·
And those two who commit it within you, punish
them.
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 6A: Linking Pronouns .,=,'· .=v·
Face the Challenge!
How to make a -,r· -·« - interrogative?
Quranic Arabic Program 56
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
.· = - , . = . =|· .¹ , « |· -, · . ,· |
The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran
was revealed.
·· .`·|· ¸ ·:|· ·-· ´ · ., - , · v The women who do not expect to be married.
¸· =|· c · | , | . = . |· · - |:=|· · , , · =·
Those are the ones who bought error for the
guidance.
¸ | · , · . | | ¸· =|· =· · ´ |· ¸ - ·,, = · ·, ·, |
Have you not seen those who were given a share
from the Holy Book.
· . ¸ - . =|· ·· . - ·= , | -·|· ¸ , « · Who is the one who can lend Allah a good loan?
¸ - .· ··|· -, · - =· ¸ · = `¸ ,·|· ¸ · - · · , ·· = ·
- -· ,| ¸ - .· = ,
Who were those two from the wives of Prophet
with whom he had Zihaar?
- · , « |· ¸ - . . | | =· , ¸ ·|· , ¬ , |· · , =· - . ·· ·
And ask about the village that was situated on the
sea?
¸· =|· c · | , | -·|· . . · - | Those are the ones who were cursed by Allah.
., | = , · . · | . =|· · ¸ · . | , · . =|· ` , , - , ·
Do you want to replace that is superior to that is
inferior.
¸· =|· . ´ · , | ¸ - Those who were before you.
, ¸ ·:|· . ´ ·· . · ¸ - - = -· « |· ; · | ·
And those from your women who commit
adultery.
-· ¬ |· ¸ · - ¸ ·|· ., «· « |· = - ,
Parable of the paradise that is promised with the
pious people.
. ´ ·· .- | ¸ ·:|· . ´ · - = | Your mothers who nursed you.
Lesson 6A: Linking Pronouns .,=,'· .=v·
Rule of the Day
If the word after a pointing noun has .·, it is the -,|· ·=- of that
pointing noun e.g. ·=· =··´|· (this book). If it does not have an .·,
then it is the ~- while pointing noun is its ·=·,-.
Quranic Arabic Program 57
Level 02
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
` = -· -
-·.|· J ··- ·.·-,
·-,=|· ¸- -·, ,·|·
¸` = « |·
.· = , - , · - -·|· ¸· = _·|· .· | ' · ¸ « - ¸ ·- -: = v· ¸ · · · · .· . =
·, . - |, = , · = , - ·=« ¬ - .|, -·|· v· -|· v .| ·····, . ·:=|· -· |
.·= - - , = , . . , ,|· ¬-, . ··· ,|· .
Hamid
What came in the
Prophetic tradition
about fasting?
Teacher
The Prophet said, “Islam is based on five things: (1)
Testifying that there is no god except Allah and Muhammad
is His slave and His prophet. (2) Establishing prayer. (3)
Paying obligatory charity. (4) Performing pilgrimage of the
House (of Allah), and (5) Fasting during Ramadan.
Allah, the Exalted said, “O Believers! Fasting is enjoined on
you like it was enjoined on those who were before you so
that you become God-fearing.”
_·- · -·|· .· | · · · · « · -· ,=|· . ´ , · - . · · ·, · -¹ ¸·=|· ·.·| · · .
., «· · . ´·- | . ´ · , | ¸ - ¸·=|· ¸ · - .
And the peace, Allah’s blessings and
His benedictions may also be upon you.
- ··· , · , =· - « - , -:.|· . ´, · - ,
Teacher
¸` = « |·
Students
=: =|·
What Allah, the
Exalted has said
about fasting in the
Qur’an?
J _· - · -·|· .·| · .·-
·- ,=|· ¸ - .¹ , «|·
The month of Ramadan, the blessed, is coming near….. And today, our lesson is about
fasting.
=·,'· .· = - , . = =, · | · ... . - ,=|· ¸ - - , ,|· ·· = . , .
Peace be upon all of you and Allah’s
blessings and His benedictions
- ··· , · , =· - « - , . ´ , · - -:.|· .
- ,..=|·
Bilal
Teacher
Teacher
.: ·
¸` = « |·
¸` = « |·
, . = Month . · · It was made obligatory -·, ,·|· Related to Prophet
-·.|·
··-
-· ,=|·
Word
Established practice
It came
Fasting, plural of -,=
Explanation
Fasting
Our lesson
9
th
month
Explanation
- ,=|·
·· = .
.· = -
Word
It came near =, · | ·
Students, sing. .|·| =: =|·
The teacher ¸` = « |·
Explanation Word
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Quranic Arabic Program 58
Level 02
.: · · -, = · .| , ··. « · | , ¬ · v| ¸` = « |· ,=«|·, - ,=|· - | , ¬ · .¸ · · .
Bilal
Is it not allowed for the
traveler to fast?
Teacher Yes, it is allowed for him to fast or leave fasting.
` = -· -
-··| ¸ - ·= - · _· - · - | , | ¸· - - ·-
· , -|
¸` = « |·
-··| - - · | ¸·, « |· , = ·| · .· – : · - - .· = - ¸ ·
.· = - , , - ¸ · -··| - - · | -, =· . , ·· . '· c |= · , .
Hamid
What is the meaning of His
saying “he should count
(fasting) in other days.”
Teacher
If , for instance, a sick person has left fasting for
four days during Ramadan, he should fast for
four days in (the months) other than Ramadan.
Similar is for the traveler.
Fasting is neither obligatory on the sick nor on
the traveler. Allah, the Exalted said, “So
whoever of you is sick or traveling, he should
count (fasting) in other days.”
, ·· . « |· ¸ · - v, .¸·,« |· ¸ · - -,=|· . ¬ · v . .·|
_·-· -·|· · ·= - · , « = ¸ · - ,| ·=· , - . ´ · - .· · ¸ « ·
, -| -··| ¸ - .
Teacher
¸` = « |·
O teacher, should a sick
person fast?
· .· ·= | ·· ¸·,« |· -, = · |
Ahmad
= « -|
. ¬ · v It is not obligatory , = ·| He did not fast ,= « |· Not fasting
.· ·= | Teacher , -| Other , ¬ · It is allowed
¸ · ·
, , -
: · -
Word
Yes, but
Other
For example
Explanation
Counting
Travel
Traveler
Explanation
·= -
, « =
, ·· . '·
Word
Sick ¸·,« |·
He fasts -, = ·
It is built ¸ · ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
Rule of the Day
In Arabic, a group of people is usually
considered feminine although the individual
members of that group are masculine.
Face the Challenge! What is the significance of
.,=,« |· .=· in Arabic? Why they are used?
Do you know?
Topics of Pre-Islamic Arab poetry and speech
were limited. They used to talk about the objects
around them e.g. camel, desert etc. In addition to
that, inter-tribe wars were a major topic of their
poetry and prose. Describing the attributes of
their tribe was a favorite topic for Arab poets.
Quranic Arabic Program 59
Level 02
Ahmad What is the time of departure? Bilal
The airplane will take off at 1 ‘o’ clock
afternoon, if Allah, the Exalted wills.
= « -| · - · -`,|· = - , - ¸ · - . :·
··= .· ·, .» · = -· ,|· - -·.|· ·, ··=|· -· « ·
_· - · -·|·
= « -| · · . , -|·, -, , ¬ |· · , , =| · = =-| . :· .·· .··, | ., -=|· ·~ =|· c|=·, . .- ·
Ahmad
Have to taken the visa to go out and
return?
Bilal
Yes, similarly (I have taken) the visa to
enter Pakistan.
= « -| · , ··. · ¸ ·| _ · . :· .··.··· _ ·
Ahmad To where are you traveling? Bilal To Pakistan.
= « -| · = , ¬ - | . :· ·,· =·|· .· , · =·, = , ¬ - . .- ·
Ahmad Have you reserved ( a flight)? Bilal
Yes, I have reserved and I have bought
the ticket.
Yes, I am going to travel on Saturday, if
Allah wills.
.- · . ` , ··. - · ·| -·|· ·· = .· .,.|· - , · .
And the peace, Allah’s blessings and
His benedictions may also upon you.
-:.|· . ´ , · - , - ···, · , =· - « - , .
Bilal
. :·
Bilal
. :·
,. «..|·
I have heard that you are going to
travel. Is it right?
c ·| . - « = ·· = · ` ¬,¬= | ` , ··. -
Peace be upon you and Allah’s
blessings and His benedictions
. ´ , · - -:.|· - ···, · , =· - « - , .
Ahmad
Ahmad
= « -|
= « -|
·· = He wills ·,· =·|· Ticket = - , - Promised time
.,.|· Saturday .· , · =· I bought ., -=|· Entering
· . , -|·
·~=|·
= =-|
Word
Return
Visa
You took
Explanation
I reserved
You reserved
You travel
Explanation
= , ¬ -
= , ¬ -
, ··. ·
Word
Yes .- ·
Right ` ¬,¬=
I heard . - « =
Explanation Word
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
Quranic Arabic Program 60
Level 02
Hassan
People have come out, they are happy to see
these full blown flowers and to sit under these
green trees.
Muhammad
I wish that the spring
remains forever.
` ¸ . -
·= · ¸ | · ·, , = ·, | ., - , · . · , ¸··|· - , - = « |
· ¬ =v· c · · . ¬ · ·, .· ¬ , |, -¬`· « · « |· ,·,|·
·· , = ¬ |·
` =« ¬ - -,= · -,·,|· . , |
` ¸ . - -, ,|· ·= · ¸ «=|· ¸« - | ·- : ` =« ¬ -
, = ·· ¸«·= = ·· -,·,|· ¸ = · ·= ·
¸ · J · ·v·, · , = -· ¸ |·
.·´-
Hassan What a beautiful weather today! Muhammad
This is spring seasons, my
friend, look at the greenery
and flowers everywhere.
¸ «=|·
Allah may give you better reward.
·~- -·|· =·,-
Bilal
. :·
Ahmad
Peace might be your companion in all of your
actions.
= « -| .·-, ·|·, ¸ -· J --:.|· c · « ·· .
· ·v· Flowers, plural of · ,· -,= · It remains forever
, ¸ ¬ |·
.·-, ·|·
In all of your actions
(in travel & while
staying)
· , = ¬ |· Greenery . , | I hope
--:.|· Peace, safety , = ·· Look · ¬ =v· Trees, plural of ` , ¬ =
c·« ·· It accompanies you ¸«·= = My friend ·, .· ¬ , | So that they sit
·, .» Afternoon -,·,|· Spring -¬`· « · « |· Full blown
- -·.|· Hour ¸ = · Season ,·,|· Flowers, plural of · ,·
·, , = ·, |
., - , ·
.·´-
Word
So that they see
They became happy
Place
Explanation
Weather
More or the most
beautiful
He rewarded you
Explanation
¸ «=|·
¸« - |
=·,-
Word
Airplane ·, ··=|·
It takes off -· « ·
Travel - · -`,|·
Explanation Word
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
Quranic Arabic Program 61
Level 02
Saleh Was here the battle (took place)? Teacher
Yes, here was the first battle between
the Muslims and the infidels.
` ¬ |·= · - ·, - '· . ··· · · · | ¸` = « |·
. ··· ·· · . . - · ;«· . '· ¸ , · -·, - - ., |
·« ´|· ,
` = |·- ¸ , · - ··. '· . · · = · , ·,· '· - ··= '· ¸` = « |· -·:· - ··. '· , · -,·, · -··-, ., .« -,
- · - = · . .·, _·
¸` = « |· ¸ ¬ · .¸ ··· · | ·· = · ..·, J .v·
Teacher O my sons, we are now at the valley of Badr.
Khalid
What is the distance between the
Enlightened Madina and Badr?
Teacher The distance is 153 kilometers.
` ¸ . -
, ` . , · ·· ·`=|· ¸ « · . - « - .,= «|· =: · -· ¸ · . · J
-. ·· · ¸=· ¸ · J, ¯, - . ,=|· J, ` , = - .·, ¬ |·
-« · · ¬ - ` =·,, = -,
` =« ¬ -
_ · - . =|· -·|· .· ¬ , =
.· « ¬ |· ·= · ¸ · :
Hassan
Surely there is (Allah’s) mercy in change of
weather. During winter, it is cold, In autumn, there
is rain and in summer, it is hot. In each season,
there are different fruits & vegetables.
Muhammad
Allah is Exalted Who
has created all this
beauty.
` , = - Rain .· « -· Beauty . ··· Was
.·, ¬ |· Autumn -« · · ¬ - Different · · · Here
` . , · Cold ` =·,, = - Vegetables - ·, - '· Battle
- ··. '·
.v·
. .·,
Word
Distance
Now
Valley
Explanation
Fruits
Hot
Summer
Explanation
-. ·· ·
¯, -
. ,=|·
Word
Winter ·· ·`=|·
Seasons, plural of ¸=· .,= «|·
Difference =: · -·
Explanation Word
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
Quranic Arabic Program 62
Level 02
Surely, the battle of Badr was a great
battle. It is true that no battle was greater
than it.
- «,= - -·, - - = · -·, - - . · . ·. «= - | ·- ·« -
-·, - - ¸ - :
Teacher
` ¬ |·= , « - ·« ´|· ¸· - ;«· . « ·| , = · ., | .· · ·· ·,
Teacher
Here was the first help (of God) for
the Muslims against the infidels.
And Allah sent a great help for His believer slaves, although their number was small. He sent angels to
fight along with them.
-· | - - ·«,=- ·, = · ;· - , '· · .·, - -·|· , = · , . . - - ¸··« · - ´·: '· ¸ = |, .· . = - .
When Quraish got this information, they came out of Makkah and moved quickly to fight with the
Muslims. On the 17
th
Ramadan 2H (calendar starting from the Prophet’s migration), the two armies faced
each other at the valley of Badr.
;- , . - -´ - ¸ - ·, - , ¬ · , ,¬ |· · ` ¸ · , | .« · - ;« · . '· .·· « | . - ·.· | .·= - , . = ¸ - , = - -··.|· - , ,|· J , -, ···|·
= · ..·, J .·= , ¬ |· ¸« · |· · , ¬ .|· ¸ - .
So the Prophet ordered to face it in order to recover whatever the infidels (of Makkah) have taken from
them at Makkah. When the leader of the caravan heard that, he traveled to another way and the caravan
escaped.
· · .| · .· =, - , · - -·|· ¸· = .,=,|· . · , - |· ·«´|· · = - | ·- ¸ - · .,=,-· . · . .· - | · . | ·, =,- -´- J . . · - . -« = ·« |,
· ··«|· . ¬ · , , -¹ _·, | J · = c|= · - · ··«|· = ··| - .
The Muslims knew at the Enlightened Madina that the caravan of Quraish was returning from
Syria.
·, «| -···| . | ·, · '· -··= '· J ., «· . '· . · - -·=|· ¸ - - - -· ¸ .
Teacher
¸` = « |·
·, =,- · · They exposed . ¬ · He escaped
- - -· Returning _·, | Way .·= , ¬ |· Two armies
¸ ·, | The tribe of Prophet · = He traveled ¸« · |· He met
- ·.|·
.·· |
;- , . -
Word
Year
Fighting
Quickly moving
Explanation
Leader
He caught him
They recover
Explanation
= ··|
· = - |
.,=,-· . ·
Word
Caravan -···|
He made it big ·. «= - |
Help , = ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 6B: Dialogues
Quranic Arabic Program 63
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
¸ · - . · . , - , · ¸ | · =· ·¹ In nine signs to the Pharaoh.
=: · , ¬ « |· ·: = ¸ , | ¸ - =·, - Three times before the Fajr prayer.
., |, « , = - ·: · - ·· . . , · · . .
They say, “They (people of cave) were three and the
fourth was their dog.
., |, « · , = .· = - . « - . . , · · . .
And then they say, “They were five and the sixth was
their dog.
., |, « · , - - , = , · -· · . . , · · . .
And then they say, “They were seven and the eighth
was their dog.
¸ , - , ¸ · ¸ - ¸ , · ·· For each gender two.
` ¸ « · · = -· , One person.
` -· - | ` = -· , One kind of food.
` - | · ` = -· , One God.
-- | · = -· , One group of people.
¸· , · . . ·· . · ¸ - ., | , · ¸· =· | - - · | , . = |
Those who renounce sexual relationships with their
wives on oath, (the women should) wait for four
months.
¸ · v· ¸ - , ¸ , · ·· , « , |· ¸ - , ¸ , · ·· And from camels two, and from cows two
.· · ·· . ´ · - . = - · , . Two reliable persons from you
The Result (1)
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Worth Reading
The Report of Transparency International and a Hadith. This article is an eye-
opening writing on the condition of Muslim Ummah.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0004-Transparency.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 64
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
= ¬ · - - · | , ,=|· ¸ - So take four birds.
- , ·· « · . |=|· ¸ - . -· , | ¸ , · ·· , - « |· ¸ - , .
¸ , · ··
For eight heads (of cattle), take two from sheep
and two from goats.
¸ . . «· | · ¸ =· , · · =· «· = « |· , - ·: · ·, , |
And the divorced women should keep themselves
waiting for three menstrual periods.
¸ · , - | · . | - , ·· « · . « « · | . · · ¬ ¬ - ·, = -
= = · - ¸ « ·
That you work for me for eight years. So if you
complete ten years, it will be (additional) from
your side.
- ·· = « |· ¸ · .· · , - - . · = · And there were nine ringleaders in the city.
¸··|· .· ´ · v | =: · .· , |
That you will not be able to speak with people for
three nights.
. . , | · · · · = | . · ¸ , · ·· · · · , - · · « ·, ·= ´ · . |· ·
Remember when We sent two prophets to the.
They denied both of them, so We strengthen them
by the third one.
, · · ·-· , | ., = · , . ´ · - . ,· , · · ¸· =|· , ¸ =·
¸ . . «· | · - - · | , , . = | ·, = -
Those who die among you and leave wives, (their
wives) should wait for four months and ten
(days).
. · , · | - , = ¸ ·· · = It grew into seven branches.
- ·: · `¬ ¬ |· ¸ · -·· | - - , = , c · · . · - - · . ·
· , = - - · -· ·
Three days during the Hajj (pilgrimage) and
seven days when you return back. These are
complete ten.
¸ ··, . · - , = =· ,· « = So He fashioned them into seven heavens.
¸ · ¸ v· , =· , «.|· _ · - -· = -·· | He created the heavens and the earth in six days.
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Rule of the Day
In Arabic, there are different words for simple
numbers, adjective numbers and for decimal
numbers.
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference between , =:·
-·:·?
Quranic Arabic Program 65
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
·, .· . · , ·- . · And they increased it by nine (years).
¸ · · « . · , · · - , ¸ v· , =· , «.|· _ · - . =|·
-· = -·· |
Who created the heavens and the earth and
whatever is between them in six days.
-· - | · - · ·« ´ · · , = - ; ·· . -
So the penalty (of breaking oath) is feeding ten
poor persons.
¸ v· ¸ · ·, ¬, . · - - · | , . = | So move on the earth for four months.
-· - · v· ¸ - . ´ | . , · | , - , ·· « · -· , |
And He brought down for you eight pairs of
cattle.
- · · - · . ¬ |· · ·· - ¸ - , = - · . |· · - |
Whoever performs a good deed, for him (its
reward will be) ten times.
. | ¸`· · - , = ¸ . · · | · .· « = =· , « · ` - , =
, ` =· ¬ - - , = =· . ·· · , - | , , = - =: , · =
I saw in my dream seven fat cows which were
eaten by seven lean cows, and seven green ears of
corn and others were dried up.
. . , · - · · ,¬ = - , = , .· , | - , ·· « · ·-, . - -·· |
He let loose on them for seven nights and eight
days.
¸ . , · - ·, = . = · =· · - - · | . ´ · - So ask for four witnesses from you.
¸ =, - · · , ·¹ = « | , - . · =· ·`, · =· ·¹ And certainly, We gave Moses nine clear signs.
= · - , · . . | , · c`· ¸ , - ¸ « ¬ · , - , ·· « ·
That day, eight (angels) will be carrying the
throne of your Lord.
·-· , | . ·· · , - ·: · And you will become three pairs.
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Do you know?
In Classical Arabic, the words used to describe numbers were
limited. The maximum number was .|| (1000). In Modern
Arabic, words are invented for big numbers e.g. .,,·-
(1,000,000).
Quranic Arabic Program 66
Level 02
.=- , =·«|| .
Number
, .····- .,.>
250
, =v¹ -,··s -··- ¸> , -·:· , .,-·|
8543
, .·«|| -··- =:· , .····· , .,·=
2362
, -··- -,= --,= , .,-·|
747
, =v¹ --·| .·-··- , -·:· , .,-,=
4273
, =v¹ - - , = -··- - ·| , ¸ ·· s , .,·:·
7438
, -··- =:· -.· , .,,=-
329
, =v¹ - .« - -··- . =
5600
, -··- -.· .····· , ., .>
952
, .,,·- .|| .,-·| , .= , -··- , -··- -·| , ¸> ,
.,-.·
1,146,495
The Result (2)
Now calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the
exercise.
Note the following points:
• The digit and the color of word is the same.
• For big numbers, the normal sequence is ‘descending’. Start with the left-most digit, then next, and
then next . The exception to this rule are the two right-most digits. First describe the most right digit
and then the next one.
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Quranic Arabic Program 67
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
. ´ · - ¸ ´ · . · ., , = - ·, , · - · ., , ·· = ¸ , · ·· -
If there are 20 steadfast from you, they will
overcome 200.
-·|· - ·· - | · - ·· - -· - So Allah gave him death for 100 years.
. ´ · - ¸ ´ · . · · - ·· - ·, , · - · · , ·· = ¸ , · ·· -
If there are 100 steadfast from you, they will
overcome 200.
. ´ · - ¸ ´ · . · , - ·· - ·, , · - · ·« | |
If there are 100 from you, they will overcome
1000.
. ·· · -= | , · , = - ¸ · · ·· ·« - | ·|· , = |
And We divided them into 12 tribes (and made
them as) nations.
· . , · - , = - - - . · On it, there are 19 (guards).
-·|· = · - , .=|· ·= - . · , = - · · ·· ·, . =
. .. . . · . · - - - · | ` - , -
Certainly, according to Allah, the number of
months is 12 months. Out of these 4 are sacred.
. ´ · - ¸ ´ · . · ` . | | ·, , · - · ¸ , « | | -·|· . . · ·
If there are 1000 steadfast from you, they will
overcome 2000.
I saw 11 stars in my dream. . · | ¸`· · , = - = - | ·, · , ·
And We appointed 12 chiefs from them. . . · - · · · - · , , = - ¸ · ·· ·,, « ·
So 12 springs came out of it. - · - = , ¬ «·· · · , = - · · · ·· ·· , -
The Result (3)
Now calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the
exercise.
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Worth Reading! How to get rid of Frustration? The author has analyzed the
reasons of frustration and provided solutions to get rid of it. The writing is in
Urdu. http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0002-00-Frustration.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 68
Level 02
¸ ·,-
English
- · , · = ¸ · ¸ · - ·· - -, - In each ear, there are 100 grains.
· . ´· . ·= « · . | =v¹ - ·: · - ´ ·: « |· ¸ -
; | , · -
That your Lord will help you with 3000 angels
(specifically) coming down (for your help).
¸ - ` , , - = « |· - · , | . | | , . = The “Night of Value” is better than 1000 months.
,« - · , | . · = - | . , · . | | - · = Each of them want to live for 1000 years.
· . ´· . · . = « · · = · =v¹ - . « ¬ ¸ -
; -`, . - - ´ ·: « |·
Your Lord would help you with 5000 angels
making a terrific attack.
¸ | · ·· · · = | , . | | - ·· - ., =· , · , |
And We sent him to 100,000 people or even more
than that.
· · = « - .· · - , · . | | ; . « - - · =
The day whose length will be equal to 50,000
years.
· « . · - = -· , ¸ · ·, = · -· · ¸ ··,|· , - , ··,|· - ·· -
· = · -
The fornicator man and woman, flog each of them
100 lashes.
· · = « - .· · - , · ¸ · . | | - · =
In the day whose length will be equal to 1000
years.
And certainly, We sent Noah to his nation. Thus
he lived in them for 1000 years except 50 years
(so total 950 years).
. ., · . , · · - - , | ¸ | · ·-, · · · · = | = « | , . | |
v · - · = ; . « - ·-· -
And they lived in their cave for 300 years plus 9
additional years (Total 309 years)
. . « . · ¸ · ·, · , | , - ·· - =: · ·, .· . · , ; · =
·- . ·
I will help you with 1000 angels. | · . ·= « - ¸`· | . | - ´ ·: « |· ¸ -
Lesson 7A: Numbers .=-|· .=·
Quranic Arabic Program 69
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
You were on the threshold of a big hole full of fire, so He protected you from it. In the same way, Allah
clarifies His signs for you, so that you are rightly guided.
· - . · = « · | · ··|· ¸ - · , « - · « = ¸ · - . · · · , · . . , = · . · . ´· - | - ·· ·¹ . ´ | -·|· ¸`, ,· c | = · . .
Remember Allah’s blessing upon you when you were enemies (of each other). Then He developed love in
your hearts, so you became brothers due to His blessing.
O believers! Be fearful to Allah in the way you should be fearful to Him. Do die except in the state of
being a Muslim (one who has submitted himself to Allah.)
Firmly hold Allah’s rope collectively and don’t divide yourself into sects.
·· = - | . · · · . · . ´ , · - -·|· - « - · ·, , · .· , · , - · - · « - · · . · ¬ , = | · . ´ ·, · | ¸, · .| | · ·· .
·, |, « · v , ·-, « - -·|· ¸ , ¬ · ·, « = · -· , .
- ·· « · _ - -·|· ·, «·· ·, · -¹ ¸· =|· · .· | · · ., « · . - . · · | , v · ¸ ·, « · v , .
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
·, |, « · v
Don’t be divided
into sects
· · « - · - With His blessings
·-, « - Collectively . · ¬ , = | · So you became ., = · . ·
You are rightly
guided
-·|· ¸ , ¬ ·
Allah’s rope i.e.
Islam,
· .| |
So He developed
love
. ´· - | So that
·, « = · -· Hold firmly ·· = - | Enemies ¸`, , · He clarifies
· = « · | . ·
· , « - · « =
··· , - ·
Word
So He rescued you
Threshold of a big
hole
Brothers
Explanation
You were
Allah’s blessings
Remember
Explanation
. · · ·
-·|· - « - ·
·, , · .·
Word
Don’t die ¸ ·, « · v
The best way for
being God-fearing
- ·· « · _ -
Be fearful to
Allah
-·|· ·, «··
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day: Masculine numbers are used with feminine nouns while
feminine numbers are used with masculine nouns.
Quranic Arabic Program 70
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
And those whose faces will turn white, they will be in (the light of) Allah’s mercy. They will remain in it
forever.
-·|· - « - ¸ « · . . ·, - , .= , ·· ¸· =|· ·- | , ., = |· - · ., · . · .
On the day when some faces will turn white and some will turn black. To those whose faces turned black,
(it will be said:) “Did you denied after having your faith? So taste the punishment because you used to
deny.”
Don’t be like those who divided themselves into sects, and fall into disputes after clear signs came to
them. For them, there is a great punishment.
There should a group among you, calling towards piety, advising for the right and forbidding from evil
practices. They are ones who are successful.
¸· =|· ·- | · ` ·, - , . , . · , ` ·, - , ¸ , , · - , · , |, = · . ´ ·· s · = - · . · , « · | . . ·, -, =. , =· =· = - |· ·
., , « ´ · . · · · · « · .
, - | · , , , ¬ |· ¸ | · ., - = · -- | . ´ · - ¸ ´ · | , · c · | , | , , ´ · « |· ¸ - . , . · · , =, , - « |· · ., .
., ¬ · « « |· .
= - · ¸ - ·, « · · -· , ·, |, « · ¸· =|· · ·,·, ´ · v , ` ., = - ` =· = - . . | c · | , | , =· ·`, , |· . · ·· - · - .
, ´ · « |· The evil practices ., = |· - Living forever
. , . · ·
They forbid / they
will forbid
. , . ·
It turns / will turn
black
.= , ·· It turned white
=, , - « |·
For the known
right practices
=· ·`, , |· The clear signs ., , « ´ · . · · ·
You used to
deny
., , - | ·
They instruct or
suggest or request
·, « · · -· They disagreed · « ·
For what,
because
·, |, = ·
=. , =·
¸ , , ·
Word
So taste
It turned black
It turns / will
turn white
Explanation
They divided into
sects
Don’t be
The successful
Explanation
·, |, « ·
·, ·, ´ · v
., ¬ · « « |·
Word
They call / they
will call
., - = ·
A group -- |
There should be ¸ ´ · |
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 71
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
O our Lord! You have not created this useless. You are Exalted. So please protect us from the punishment
of Hellfire.
=· = - · · « · c ·· ¬ , = : |· · · = · . « · - · - · ·· ··|·
Those who remember Allah while standing, sitting and laying on their sides and ponder into the creation
of the heavens and the earth (and think:)
·, · - ¸ · - , ·., - | , ·-· , | -·|· ., , ·= · ¸· =|· ¸ v· , =· , «.|· _ · - ¸ · ., ,´ « · · , . .
Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of day and night, there are signs for
the people of Wisdom.
Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, is for Allah. All matters are referred back to Him.
These are Allah’s signs that We are reciting upon you in truth. Allah does not intend for any injustice to
(the people) of all worlds.
, ¸ ,·|· =: · -· , ¸ v· , =· , «.|· _ · - ¸ · . · =· , | v· ¸ |, v =· ·v · .·|·
·|· · - , `_ ¬ |· · c , · - · ·, · · · -·|· =· ·¹ c · · ; « |·- · | ·« · » =· , · -
-·|· ¸ | · , ¸ v· ¸ · · - , =· , «.|· ¸ · ·- -· | , , - v· - - , · . , .·,«- .· 3:102-109 .
¸ ,·|· The night ·, · - ¸ · - . .
Lying on their
sides
=: · -·
Disagreement,
difference
·., - | Sitting · « .· · = 3 · · So protect us
- - , ·
It is returned, it is
referred back
·-· , | Standing c ·· ¬ , =
You are exalted
/ glorified
: |· ·
. « · -
., ,´ « · ·
Word
Void
You created
They think, they
ponder
Explanation
They remember
For the people
of wisdom
The day
Explanation
., , · = ·
=· , | v· ¸ |, v
· .·|·
Word
For the worlds | ; « |·- ·
He intends =· , ·
We recite it , · · · · ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 72
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
So their Lord accepted and responded to them: “Surely, I will not waste the performance of a performer,
male or female. You are from each other.
- ¸ -· - ¸ « - -, = | v ¸`· | . .· . . | =· ¬ · =· · ¸ - · ¸ - . ´ = - · ¸ · · | , | , · . ¸ - .´ · .
O our Lord! Provide us what You have promised us through your prophets. Don’t make us shameful on
the Day of Judgment. Surely You do not violate the promise.
O our Lord! Surely we have listened the call of one inviting (us) to Faith: “Believe in your Lord.” So we
believed. Our Lord! Please forgive our sins and remove our bad deeds from us and cause us to die with
pious people.
O our Lord! Surely, the person You will enter in the Hellfire, truly You have made him shameful. There is
no helper for the offenders.
· · , ¬ · v , c · = ¸ · - · · · = - , · - · · ·¹ , · ·· .· -, « |· . · ¬ · v c· · - -· , « |· - , ·
- , - · · , - | = « · ··|· ¸ - = · ¸ - c· · · ·· · = · | ¸ - ; « |·=· | ·
. | .· s ; | . .· · · ·· .· · - · · - « = · ··· · ·· · ·, · . · · | , « -· · · ·· ·· -\ · . ´`· , · ·, · -¹ · · ·· ·`, = ·· - ,« · , ·
· , · v· - - · ·· , · ,
·, · . · · Our sins . · ¬ · v
You don’t
violate
·· -\ · So We believed · · , ¬ · v
Don’t make us
shameful
. .· · · He calls · · · = - ,
You promised
us
, | , · . ¸ · · | Male or female
·· .· · - Caller · , · v· - -
With pious
people
¸ -· - ¸ « -
Performance of
a performer
-, = | v
· =· ¬ · =· . . |
.· -, « |·
Word
I do not waste
So He replied to
them
The promise
Explanation
Cause us to die
Our sins
Remove from us
Explanation
· ·· , ·
· · ·· ·`, =
·· - ,« ·
Word
Helpers · = · |
You made him
disgraced
· · , - | -
You enter ¸ - = ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 73
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
So those who migrated, driven out from their homes, tortured in My way, fought and were killed, I will
definitely remove their mistakes from them. I will definitely enter them in gardens (of the Paradise)
having rivers flowing underneath, the reward from Allah!. The best reward is with Allah.
Arrogant movement of unbelievers in the cities should not mislead you. It is a small enjoyment (for them),
then their ultimate home will be the Hell. What a bad place to live!
But for those who feared their Lord, there will be gardens (of the Paradise) having rivers flowing
underneath. They shall remain there forever. A blessings for their Lord! Whatever is with Allah is the best
for the pious people.
· - . .: , |· ¸ · ·, , « · ¸· =|· . · « · c·, - · v .· . « |· ¸ · · , .· . - . ·· , | - . · ¸,· | ` -·
· ·, ., | , . · · · . ¸ - ·, - , - | , ·, , -·· ¸· =|· · · ·`, = . . · - . ,« ·v ·, · · | , ·, · ·· | , ¸ ·, , = ¸ . . ·
· · . · v· · . · ¬ · ¸ - . , ¬ · =·· - . .· · - .v , =· ,·|· ¸ . - · = · - -·|· , -·|· = · - ¸ - ··· ,
¸ - . , ¬ · ` =·· - . . | . .· · , «·· ¸·=|· ¸ ´ | |· = · - ¸ - v , · · ., · ¸· = |· - · . · v· · . · ¬ · · - , -·
· , · : | ` , , - -·|· = · -
v ,« · .
Definitely, I
will remove
. · « ·
Moving
arrogantly
·, - , - |
They were
driven out
·, · · | , ·, · ·· |
They fight and
killed
·, - · v c
It should not
mislead you
· , · : |
For the pious
people
·, ., |
They were
tortured
¸ . - Good, the best v , · A gift
. · · · . Their homes ··· , · Reward ¸· = |· - Living forever
¸ · · .· . « |·
· , | - . ·
` -· · - ¸, · |
Word
What a bad
dwelling place
Their ultimate
living place
A little
enjoyment
Explanation
Gardens with
rivers flowing
underneath
Definitely, I will
enter them
Explanation
. , ¬ · =·· -
· . · ¬ · ¸ -
· . · v·
v · - . · . .
Word
Some of you
from some i.e.
members of
one community
¸ - . ´ = - ·
¸ - ·
They migrated
(for God sake)
·, , -· ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 74
Level 02
Lesson 7B: Conduct of Ummat-e-Muslimah
O believers! Be steadfast, compete (each other or unbelievers) in becoming steadfast, strengthen each
other and be fearful to Allah so that you become successful (in this world and the Hereafter).
·, = ·· , ·, , ·· = , ·, , , =· ·, · -¹ ¸· =|· · .· | · · ., ¬ · « · . ´· - | -·|· ·, «·· , . , .·,«- .· 3:190-200 .
Surely, there are some people from the People of Book (i.e. Jews & Christians) who believe in Allah and
what was revealed to them. They are God-fearing. They do not sell Allah’s verses for a small (worldly)
price. They are the ones for whom, a reward is their near their Lord. Surely, Allah is fast in account.
| · - , -·|· · ¸ - , · ¸ « | =· · ´ |· ¸ · | ¸ - . · , -· | ; - =· - . . , | · . , · | · - , . ´ ,| · . , · ., , · = · v
- . · , - | . . | c · | , | :, · | ·· « · -·|· =· ·\ · =· . ¬ |· -· , = -·|· . · . .`· = ·
·, , ·· =
·, = ··
Word
Compete each other in
being steadfast
Link to each other,
strengthen each other
Explanation
Be steadfast, be
patient
Counting,
calculation
Fast
Explanation
·, , , =·
=· . ¬ |·
-· , =
Word
A small price ·· « · :, · |
They don’t buy /
exchange
., , · = · v
God-fearing ; - =· -
Explanation Word
Face the Challenge!
Identify the metaphors in this lesson.
Do you know?
Islam had a great impact on the poetry and prose of Arabs. The
poetry, which was full of lust and vulgarity, was used to describe
high ethical values. Islam also had a sound impact on the prose and
poetry of Persian, Turkish, Hindi and other languages.
Worth Reading
Suspicion is the major reason for our disputes. How to avoid the
suspicion? http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-
0007-Suspicion.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 75
Level 02
· · ·· · . · · ¸ , · · ·· · « . · · .· · · ·|· = , · ·« -
So if they (sisters of deceased) are 2, for both of
them, there will be 2/3 of what is left.
¸ . · · ` = | , . ´ | .· · . · · ¸ « ·|· . · · , · ·« -
So if you have a child, then they will receive
1/8 of what you have left.
¸ . | , - ·,|· ` = | , . ´ | ¸ ´ · . | . · . · · , · ·« -
And for them 1/4 of what you leave, if you do
not have a child.
. ´ · · ` = | , ¸ . | .· · . · · - ·,|· ¸ · , · ·« -
And if they had a child, then you will receive
1/4 from what they had left.
. ´ | , . = · ¸ . | ¸ ´ · . | . · . ´ -· , | = , · · -
` = | ,
And for you, there will be 1/2 of what your
wives have left, if they do not have a child.
-`- : · · , - · - | .· · . · · ¸ =.|·
If (s)he had brothers or sisters, then his mother
will receive 1/6.
-`- : · ·· , · | - · , , ` = | , - | ¸ ´ · . | . · · . · ·|·
Then if (s)he (deceased) had no child and only
his parents are the only heirs, then his mother
will receive 1/3.
And for (deceased person’s) parents, each one
of them will get 1/6 of the estate if (s)he
(deceased) have a child.
· « . · - = -· , ¸ ´ | - · , · v , ¸ =.|· . · = , · ·« -
` = | , - | .· ·
If she is 1, her share will be 1/2. . ·· · . · · = -· , · . · · . =`·|·
So if they are women (daughters) above 2, their
share will be 2/3 of the what is left.
3 , · ·· . · ¸ · . · · ¸ , · · ·· ¸ . · · · · · · = , · · -
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 8A: Fractional and Adjective Numbers
Rule of the Day
Two or more nouns combined by a conjunction are
called a ¸«=- .·,-. The case i.e. ,- ..=· .-· will
be the same for all of them.
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference between .=:·
. · · ..|··?
Quranic Arabic Program 76
Level 02
- . -· ¬ |· , ¸ - .· · . · - , · - -·|· - · - | . |
; · .· ´ |·
And the fifth one (oath) that Allah may curse him
if he is a liar.
- | ¸ - | · = · . · ., - . · , ` - . · ¸ | , - ¬ - ·
- ¬ - · · = -· ,
Surely, this is my brother having 99 sheep and I
have only one sheep.
¸ , · ·· ¸ ·· · · - |· ¸ · · « · . ·
The second one of the two when both of them
were in the cave.
. , ¬ · ¸ - ., ´ · · - - ·: · , · v · - ·· . .
It does not happen that 3 persons converse
secretly except He (Allah) is the fourth of them.
¸ =, - · · = -· , . · , ; - · | - · , |
And remember when We promised Moses for 40
nights.
¸ · ·· · , = . . · . · ·|·
So they will be partners in the 1/3 (of deceased
estate)
., - |· , =:|· . · · | , · | . ·· · - , - · |··|· . , - v·
Have you even seen Lat and U’zza, and Manat,
the third one. (Names of gods in Arabian
mythology)
-· | . | · · ¸ = ¸ - . · « · - · «· | ·, «· -· , - . « -
., =,· | ,
And know that whatever you find as spoils of war,
so 1/5 of that is for Allah and the prophet.
And he reached at (the age of) 40 years. - · · , ; - · | - · =
(O Prophet!) Certainly you stand (for prayers)
approximately for 2/3 of the night or its 1/2 or its
1/3.
¸ - ¸ · . | -, « · c· | ¸ · · · , ¸ ,·|· - « = · , - · · ·
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 8A: Fractional and Adjective Numbers
Do you know?
Different Arab tribes used to pronounce certain words
differently. Similarly, there were certain phrases, words or styles
used by some specific tribes.
Quranic Arabic Program 77
Level 02
¸ · ··| - -, = -··= -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ , ·|· - -
.·=,
I saw the seventh of seven persons with the
Prophet.
v , - . « - , · v · = .· = . .
And they (talking secretly) are not five except He
(Allah) is the sixth one with them.
- ·,·|· J ··| - - ·· .|· ¸- , = -|· , -· ,v·
It (Lailat-ul-Qadr) was in the seventh night of the
last ten (of Ramadan).
· · · , - · . |· ·
So We strengthened them by (sending) a third
(prophet).
J · ·, . « ·|· · - . -· -·, - - ·· .|·, - - =··|·
So search it (Lailat-ul-Qadr) in the ninth, the
seventh and the fifth (nights of the last decade of
Ramadan.)
|· .|·| --=·· The ninth woman said.
-·|· . · ·, |· | ¸· =|· , « · = « | - ·: · . |· · · - ,
` - | · v · - | · ¸ - ` = -· ,
Definitely those have denied the faith who said,
“Allah is the third one out of three.” And there is
no god except the One God.
., |, « · , - - , = , · -· · . . , · · . .
And they say, “They were seven and the eighth of
them was their dog.”
And they say, “They were five and the sixth of
them was their dog.”
., |, « · , - . « - = .· = . . , · · . .
Second (point is) that, they twist it around to lead
others astray from the way of Allah.
¸ ·· · -·|· ¸, , = ¸ - ¸ = , | - « = -
They will definitely say, “They were three and
the fourth of them was their dog.
., |, « , = - ·: · - ·· . . , · · . .
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 8A: Fractional and Adjective Numbers
Worth Reading
Secrets of success.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0015-
Secrets.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 78
Level 02
“Which one of you is the nearest in the family to that man who claims that he is a prophet?” Abu Sufyan
said, “I said that I am the nearest in family in all of these people.”
Abul-Yaman Hakam Ibn Nafi’ described to us and said, Shuaib described on behalf of Zuhri, he said,
U’baidullah Ibn A’bdullah Ibn U’tbah Ibn Mas’ud informed me that A’bdullah Ibn A’bbas informed him
that Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb informed him:
That Hercules sent (a messenger) to a caravan of Quraish who came to Syria as traders, during the period
in which the Allah’s Prophet had an agreement. Abu Sufyan and other infidels of Quraish were in (that
caravan). They came to him at Jerusalem. He called them in his court, the chiefs of Rome were around
him. Then he called them and also called his translator and said:
¬ · ·, ···, . ¸· , | ¸ - .· ¸ · -, |· ¸ =| ¸ | , · .| =· ¸·= =· ., = .·· ¸ ·|· ·= « |· ¸ · . -|=|·· · · .· ,« = · ·· · ., · ..· - .·=, -,·-
·¬ - ¸ · . ·· - = · . ·· , ··· · .·, ·, ·| · . ¸·,| ·« ·, - ·· « -, · · ·-., .··-. . · . -,, |· ·· « = - - |, -, . - . .·«· . ·
” , · -·| . - , · .=|· ¸ -,|· · = . · · ,. · = ,|| . ´·| ·¯¸ “ .·,«= ,·| .·«· · ” · ,. · . . ·,|| ··| .· « · . “
.·| - ·· · ¸· . ´ ¬ |· .· « ,|· , ·| · ··= - · .·| . ,· , |· ¸- ` ., - = · · , ,-| · . ., -. - ¸· - ,· - ¸· =· =, - ¸· =· =, , - ¸ ·, ,-| ¸· =· =, - .|
· , , -| = , - ¸· .· ,« = · ·| .| . · , , -| ¸·, - ·
.· - He made an agreement -,, |· Rome
-|=|· Syria ·· « = - Chiefs, the plural of .,=- . - , · He claims
· ·¬ · Traders - |, - Around him · ,. · Family chain
= ,||
. ´·|
- ·· « -, ·
Word
The nearest
Which one of you
His translator
Explanation
His place of sitting, his
council
Arabic name of
‘Jerusalem’
So bring him
Explanation
- . ·¬ -
·· , ···
·, ·| ·
Word
Caravan .·
He sent ¸ =|
Hercules, a famous
Roman king
¸ | , ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Do you know?
In Pre-Islamic Arabia, Arabs used to travel from Yemen to Syria
for trading. There were certain tribes who adopted the
profession of robbing trade caravans. These robbers did not use
to rob the caravans of Quraish due to their respect for the Holy
Ka’aba.
Face the Challenge!
Based on your knowledge of
English prepositions, prepare a
list of Arabic prepositions used
in this lesson. Get the help of
your translation.
Quranic Arabic Program 79
Level 02
He said, “Bring him near me and also bring his companions near to him and ask them to sit behind his
back.” Then he asked his translator: “Ask them that I am going to ask some questions from this man. If he
tells a lie, then deny him.” By God, if I were not ashamed that they will associate falsehood to me,
definitely I would have told a lie.
Then the first question he asked me about him (the Prophet) and said: “What about his family in you?” I
said, “He belongs to a respected family in us.” He said, “Anyone has claimed the same (Prophethood) in
you before him?” I said, “No.” He said, “Was there any king from their ancestors?” I said, “No.” He
asked, “Whether the people of high rank follow him or weaker of them?” So I replied, “But their weak
people.” He asked, “Are they increasing or decreasing?” I said, “They are increasing.”
.· | .| - · - ¸ · || = ·- .,| .·· .· · ” ·. ´, · - , . · ., · “ .· | · ” . . · , . · ·, · , · . “ .·| · ” . ´· - ., «|· · = · .· | ¸ . ·
· - ·, | = | ` = -| “ .·| . · ” v . “ .·| · ” · c · - ¸ - - ···¹ ¸ - .·· ¸.· “ .·| · ” v . “ .·| · ” -| - ·, - ,· · ¸··|· =· ,=|·
·. ·,· « - = “ .·«· · ” .·,·«-= ¸ · . “ .·| · ” · ., = «· · -| ., =· , ·| “ .·| · ” .,=·,· ¸· . “
He asked, “Whether anyone of them has left his religion after entering in it due to dissatisfaction?” I said,
“No.” He asked, “Before his claim (of Prophethood), did you use to accuse him for telling a lie?” I said,
“Never.” He asked, “Does he breaks his promise?” I said, “No. But now we have a contract with him, we
don’t know whether he fulfils it or not.” He (Abu Sufyan) said, “It was not possible for me to add
anything except these words (against the Prophet).”
.·| · ” -, · ¸ -= · .| =- · - ·· = | - =¬ = ..·- ` =-| = ·, · ¸. · · “ .·| · ” v . “ .·| · ” .| ¸,| == ´|· · - ·, « .· · . ·· · ¸.·
·.·| ·- .,« · “ .·| · ” v . “ .·| · ” · =- · ¸.· “ .·| · ” ·., · ¸ -· · , · ·- . = · v ·= - ¸ · -· - ¸-, .v . “ .·| · ” .,
- « · ´|· · = · , , - · ·,= ·.,· ¸ -.| - « · · ¸`· ´« · . “
.·«· · ” - ·· ¬=| ·, ·, |, .¸`· - ·, · .| . “ · ,. » =· - . ·, · --·· . -··« -,· | .·| . · · ” .·· . ¸ -,|· ·=· ¸- ¸·· = ¸`·· . . | ¸ |
·, ·=´· ¸ ··= · . “ · = ´| · ·= · ¸ · - ·, , ·| · .| ¸ - ·· , ¬ |· v,| =·,· -· - . .
· ·= · False, telling a lie ., = «· ·
They decrease in
number
¸`· ´« · . It was not possible for me
·, , ·| · They quote ., =· , · They increase . = · v We do not know
·, ·=·
(O you all!) Deny
him
. ·,· « - =
The weak people, plural
of .,-=
·= - Period, contract
¸ ··= · He tell a lie to me - ·, - ,· · They follow him =- · He breaks promise
- ·, « .· ·
¸ -= · .|
- =¬ =
Word
You accused him
Their entering
Dissatisfaction
Explanation
People of high rank,
plural of .·,=
Ever
Person belonging to a
family chain
Explanation
=· ,=|
= |
. . · , .
Word
The one who asks a
question
¸·· =
Make / keep them . ·, · --·
(O you all!) Bring
near!
·, ·, |
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Quranic Arabic Program 80
Level 02
He said to the translator – tell them: “I asked you about his family, so you told that he belongs to a noble
family. Like that, the prophets are send in the best family in the nation. I asked you whether anyone from
them has made such claim before, you told me ‘no’. So I say that if anyone had made such claim before,
then I was able to say that this main replicating the claim which was made before.
I asked you whether there was a king in his forefathers, you told me ‘no’. If there was a king in his
forefathers, I was able to say that the man is demanded the country of his father. I asked you have you
ever accused him for telling a lie, you told me ‘no’. I already know that if he does not tell a lie for people,
he will definitely not tell a lie about God.
He said, “Have you fought with him?” I said, “Yes.” He asked, “What about your war with him?” I
replied, “The war is a rivalry between us and him. Sometimes he takes it from us and sometimes we take
it from him.” He said, “What does he teach?” I said, “He says – ‘Worship Allah alone, don’t associate
anyone with Him, leave what your forefathers say’ – He instructs us for prayer, truth, chastity and being
generous to kith and kin.
.· « -,··| .·«· · -| ¸ | · ” ,|· c | = ´ · ...· ,. .´,· -·| = ,· =· - , . · ¸- c ·||= · . -,| . . · J . -, · ¸ = . c·||=,
.·| ` =-| .·· ,| .·«· .v .| =,·=· . .,«|· ·=· .´·- ` =-| .·| ¸· ¸, | ., « · ¸=| · · ¸ - .· «| . - ·, | .,«|· ·=·
- ·,| . .·| .v .| =,·=· . c · - ¸ - - ···¹ ¸- .·· ¸· c·||=, · c· - . ·= · ¸- .·| . c·- ¸- -···¹ ¸- .·· ,··
-, ·| . ·=· ..·| ·- .,«· .| ¸,| == ´|·· - ·, « .· · .··· ¸· c·||=, ¸·- == ´|· = , | ¸ ´ · . | -·| = ,-| = « · .v .| =,
=· ¸·- = =´ ·, ¸··|· .
.·| · ” · ·, « ·· ·· | ¸.· “ .·| · ” .-· . “ .·| · ” · ···· . ´ |· · | .·· .,´· “ .·| · ” .· · ·, ·· - .· · · . .· ¬ = - ·,·, · · ·, · =, ¬ |·
-· - . “ .·| · ” ·. · , -| · ·. ·- “ .·| · .,«· · ” ·- ·, · ,··, .· ·, = - · ·, · ,= · v, · =- , =· ·, = ,- · ··,-|·, .. ·,··¹ ., « ·
- ·`=|·, =· « -|·, 3=`=|·, ·:=|·· .
= , · . You described = =´ · He tells a lie
.· · · He obtains, he takes - ·`=|·
Being generous to
kith and kin
= · He leaves / will leave
.· ¬ = Competition, rivalry, =· « -|· Chastity ¸ ´ · . | He was not
=, ¬ |· The war 3=`=|· Truth = ,-| I know
. ·= ·
¸=| · ·
. -, ·
Word
He demands
He follows
You were sent (passive
voice)
Explanation
(O you all!) Leave
(O you all!)
Worship
We obtain, we take
Explanation
·, · ,· ·
·, = ,- ·
.· · ·
Word
Only with him ····
Your war . ´ |· · |
You have conducted war ·, « ·· ·· |
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Quranic Arabic Program 81
Level 02
I asked you whether people of high rank follow him or weak people (are his followers). You told me that
the weaker of them are following him. This is the case of the followers of the prophets. I asked you
whether they are increasing or decreasing. You described that they are increasing. The matter of faith is
like this till it becomes perfect. I asked you did anybody left high religion after entering in it due to
dissatisfaction, you told me ‘no’. The faith is like it when its cheerfulness mixes with the hearts. I asked
you whether he breaks a promise, you told me ‘no’. Like that Prophets never break their promise. I asked
you what he orders. You told me that he commands you to worship Allah and to not associate anything
with Him. He forbids you from worshipping idols. He orders you for prayer, truth and chastity.
If you have told me the truth, then soon he will become the owner of the place which is under my these
two feet. I already knew that he is going to appear. I didn’t use to thing that he will be from you. If I had
known it, I would have become loyal to him and bear all troubles to meet him. If I were with him, I had
definitely washed his feet. Then he called for bringing the letter of Allah’s Prophet that he sent by Dahya
Kalbi to the governor of Busra and he forwarded it to Hercules. He read it. It was (written) in it:
. ; ·· · ¸ - = | - =, - c ·« , . · · « - ., « · ·- .·· .·· ,·· ..´·- -·| ¸ »| ¸ ·| . | .` - · - -·| . ·-| .· · =|, .-, |· ¸ ·-| ¸`·| . ·-| ¸`·|
- - = | ¸ - . · . - | · =· - .· · ,|, . · ·· «| .«= ¬ ·| . “ · . - · .=|· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= =· · ´ · · - . . · ., = - _· ¸ ,· ´|· - ,- . -
-,· · .· · . ·| , « · . ¸| , · _· - - ·= · .. ,=· ·
,·«-= .| =,·=· .. ·,· « - = -| ·, - ,·· ¸··|· =·,=| c·||=, ,·=· ..,=«·· -| .,=·,·| c·||=, . ¸ =,|· -· ,·| .·, .·,-,·· .· =
. · · _- .·sv· ,-| c|=·, ..,=·,· ..·| . ·=· .-,· ¸ -= · .| =-· - ·· = | - =¬ = =-| =·, ·| c·||=, ; - .·sv· c|=·, .v .| =,
=, · «|· - · =· = · = |· ¬ · . =- · v ¸ =,|· c|=·, .v .| =,·=· . =- · ¸· c·||=, . ·, = ,- · .| .·,-|· -·| =,·=· .. · , -|· ·s c·||=,
. .· ·,v· · .· , - ¸- . ·· .· ·, .· ·,= -· ·, · ,= · v, =· =·«-|·, 3==|·, ·:=|· · . · , -|·, ·
.· ·,v· Idols (for worshipping) ¸ »| I think - - ·. He forwarded it
. ·· .· · He forbids you ¸ ·| . | I was not . ,= · ., = -
Chief of Busra, a
town in Syria
=- · She (or you) break promise ` - · -
Coming out,
appearing
. - · He sent
=, · «|· The hearts, plural of .·| ; ··· These two =· · ·
Book, a written
document
- · =· = · Its cheerfulness ¸ - = | My foot . · . - |
Definitely I will
wash
· ·· « |
.«= ¬ ·|
¸ ·-|
Word
Meeting
Definitely I would
suffer
I become / will
become loyal to
Explanation
Place
Soon he will
become owner
Truth
Explanation
- =, -
= c ·« ,
· « -
Word
It mixes / will mix with = |· ¬ ·
It completes, it becomes
perfect
. · ·
Followers of prophets, plural
of -···
¸ =,|· -· ,·|
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Quranic Arabic Program 82
Level 02
Abu Sufyan said; When he said whatever he was saying and became free from reading the letter, noise
increased near him and sounds were raised and we were driven out. I said to my companions while we
were coming out, “Now the matter of Ibn Abi Kabsha has increased a lot. The king of Romans fears him. I
did not leave my opinion until Allah entered me into Islam.
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammad, Allah’s slave and His Prophet,
towards the Hercules, the leader of Rome. Peace be upon him who followed the right. After that:
I call you towards the call of Submission (Islam). Submit yourself (to Allah), you will be safe. Allah will
give you double reward. If you turn your face, then the sin of your followers will be on you. And:
“O People of Book! Come towards a word that is common between us and you that let we do not worship
anyone except Allah and we do not associate anything with Allah. Let we not make each other a god other
than Allah. So now if they turn your face, then say, Be witness! We are the submitters.”
.·,«= ,·| .·| · · =·- , · · . =· · ´|· · ·· , | ¸ - - , ·, ..·| ·- .· | ·«·· .·«· .· · - ,- |, =· ,=v· . - « · ·, . ¬=|·
· ·- ,-| ; - ¸ ·· ¬=v · , «=v· ¸ · · c · - - ·· ¬ · -·· .- =, · ¸ ·| ¸·· , -| =«| . =· ¸ -.| ¸· - , .= , = -·| · · |, - .| · « ·
- :=v· ¸·- .
, , =· =, - =« ¬ - ¸- . ., -,|· ¸ « -,|· =· .. · -,,|· ., = - ¸| , · _· - |, = · ¸`·· · . =- · ·-| .. = . |· - ,·· ¸ - ¸· - ` -: =
= ,-| =· c ·, · .. ·. · . · =| .-:=v - ·· - = · =, -.| . ¸ ,`, .·, ,|· . ·· c, · - .·· .,|,· .·· . ¸ , ·, - , · =·· ´|· ¸·| · ·
= ,- · v .| . ´ ·, ·, · · ·, · ·· , = - « · · _· ·, |· - · · =- · · · =- · = ¬· · v, · ·, = -· = ,= · v, =· v· .·· =· ., . ¸- · ·· ·|
., « ·. - ··| · · , = . =· ·, |, « · ·, | , · .
. ·· Sin, crime - , ·
He became free (from
some work)
· · |, - My opinion
.,|, ·
You turn your
face
., « ·. - Submitters .| ·- I never left
= ,-| Your reward · , = . =·
(O you all!) Be
witness!
, «=v· ¸ · ·
Yellow nation, the
Romans
c ·, ·
He gives you /
will give you
·, | , · If they turn their face - ·· ¬ · He feared him
. ·. · You will be safe =· ., . ¸- · ·· ·|
False gods other than
Allah.
· · - ,- | We were driven out
. · =| Submit yourself · =- · · · =- · Each other =· ,=v·
Sounds, plural of
=,=
. - « · ·
. ¬=|·
, · ·
Word
It raised
Noise
It increased
Explanation
He makes / will make
Equal, common
(O you all!) Come!
Explanation
= ¬· ·
·· , =
·, |· - ·
Word
Call - ·· - .
I call you =, -.|
He read it ·| , |
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Quranic Arabic Program 83
Level 02
They said, “Nobody circumcise except the Jews. So don’t worry about their condition. Write to the
(governors of) the cities of your country, so that they will kill the Jews living in their cities.” While they
were discussing this matter in us. A man was brought to Hercules who was sent by the king of Ghassan
with information about Allah’s Prophet.
Ibn Natur, the governor of Jerusalem and friend of Hercules, the bishop of Syrian Christians, describes
that when Hercules entered Jerusalem, he (came to his court) in the morning with a worried personality.
Some of his council members said to him, “We are founding your personality changed.” Ibn-e-Natur said,
“Hercules was an astrologist. He used to observe starts.” When they asked him, he replied, “I have seen
tonight when I observed starts that the king of circumcised people appeared. So (tell me) who circumcise
in this nation?”
·,|·| · ” · . · ··, .. . ·|= c·« . · :· . .,. ,|· v· ¸ · ·- ¸,| ., . ,|· ¸ - ..,· ¸ - ·, · ·« , · . c´· - ¸ ·· = - _ . “ . · · « ·, ,·
.·. - c · - - · ¸ =| ¸ - , · ¸|,· ¸ · | .. · ,-| ¸ · - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= , , - ¸ - , ,¬ · .
· ¸· - ·« « =| . ¸ | , ·, ·· , ··· .-·= . , |··|· ¸ ·· .··, ¬ ,=| . ··,··· - = | ;- ¸|,· .| =`= ¬ · .-·=|· . · = · -,·
- · | · = · ¸-· .·«· . ¸«·|· ., , - · ,|··|· ¸·· .·| . c · ·,· · ·, ´· ·=· =| · .. | .·«· . -, ¬·|· ¸ · , =·· ·· , - ¸|,· .··,
·, ||= ¸ ,- · .· · ¬ |· c · - -,¬·|· ¸ · =, = · ;- - ·,·|· .·| ¸`·· · -- v· ·= · ¸ - ¸ · ·¬ · ¸«· . , . » = |
· ·, ´· ·=·
We have found
changed
, . » He appeared / He dominated , ,¬ · He informed
- | · = ·
King’s council,
plural of _·,=·
.· · ¬ |·
People who circumcise i.e.
Jews & Muslims
.·. -
An ancient state at
Syria
¸«·|· ., , -
A worried
personality
=, = · I observed ¸ ·| He was brought
¬ ,=|
He started his
morning
- ·,·|· The night ·, · ·« · They kill
- = | He came .·| I saw ¸ ·· = - Cities, plural of -··=-
=`= ¬ · Describes -, ¬·|· Stars, plural of .- . · ·· Write!
. . ·|=
c·« . · v
¸ · ·¬ ·
Word
Their position
Don’t be worried at all
He circumcises / will
circumcise
Explanation
He observe / will observe
Astrologist
Your form, your appearance
Explanation
, =··
·· , -
c · ·,·
Word
Bishop, leader of
Christians
. « =|
I entered ¸ -.|
Soon he will
dominate
, .= , =
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Quranic Arabic Program 84
Level 02
Then he wrote to his friend at Rome. He was like him (Hercules) in the knowledge (of astrology).
Hercules went to Hims. He had not yet left Hims when the letter of his friend arrived. His opinion was in
agreement to Hercules opinion about the appearance of the Prophet . ·,· = ¸. that he is the (true)
prophet. Hercules called the chiefs of Rome in his palace at Hims. He ordered to close the doors. Then he
informed them (about it) and said:
When Hercules inquired, then he said, “Go and see whether they are circumcised or not?” So they
searched for it and described that he was circumcised. He asked about the Arabs, he told that they
circumcise. Hercules said, “This is the king of this nation who has appeared.”
¸ · · , , = · .··, . -, -, , · -| .-·= ¸ |· ¸|,· . · · . · ·· ·| ¸· - ¸« - - , · .·· . ¸ « - ¸ |· ¸|,· · =, . .· -|· ` =·· ·
¸·= `¸ ,·|· -, , - ¸· - ¸|, · .· _ ·· , · - , -· = ¸ - · -,,|· ·· « = - | ¸|,· ..|· .¸ ,· -·|, ..·=, -,·- =· -| · , ´= . ¸
.·«· - ·|· . · . . «· -· · . ··,·|· , -| . · . ¸« ¬ · ·
.·| ¸|,· · , ,¬ ·=· ·«·· · , ·`=¬· . -,|· ·, ,=·· ·v -| , · ` ¸ · ·¬-| ·, , =··· ·, , ·.| .·«· . = , -|· ¸ - - ||=, .` ¸ · ·¬ - -·| · ·
., · · ·¬ · .· . ¸|,· .·«· · ” , . » =| --v· · =· ` c · - ·=· . “
., · · ·¬ · They circumcise _ ·· , · He agrees with - ·|· He informed
·, ,=·· So they searched for ·· ·| He came to him . «· - It was closed
-| Or - , · . He did not yet leave · . ··,·| Its doors, plural of =··
` ¸ · ·¬ - A circumcised person ¸ « - A city of Syria · , ´= . Palace
.|· ۡ .
-, , -

Word
So he announced
Coming out
He saw
Explanation
He visited
His example, like him
Rome, capital of Italy
Explanation
· =
· , , = ·
-, -,
Word
Look at! Search! ·, , =···
(O you all!) Go! ·, , ·.|
He received
information
· , ,¬ ·=·
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Rule of the Day! Certain nouns have the same form in both ,- , .=·. They are called =,=·- ~-.
Some others remain the same in all three forms. They are called _,-.
Worth Reading
Positive attitude affirms the
life.http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0017-
Positive.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 85
Level 02
Abu Abdullah said, Saleh Ibn Kaisan and Yunus Ibn Ma’mar narrated it from Zuhri.
“O Romans! In order to (achieve) the success and the true path, and to protect your country, would you
like to pledge your alliance with this prophet?” They ran towards the doors like wild donkeys but they
found them closed. When Hercules saw their hatred, he became hopeless about their faith. He said,
“Return them to me.” Then he said, “I have said my previous words to test your firmness on religion. So I
have seen it.” They prostrated in front of him and became happy with him. This was the latest position of
Hercules.
=·=,- ,·| .·| · `. ,·,|· ¸ - , «- - ¸· ¸ ·, ·, .·., · ¸· ¬ |·= ·· , , . ..·- 7 .
” . ,· · .|, . ==,|·, -: «|· ¸ · . ´| ¸· . -,,|· , =- - ·· ·¸ ,·|· ·=· ·, - ·· , · · . ´ ´· - “ _· ¸-,|· , « - - =, - ·, =· ¬·
.. . · ,« · ¸|,· .| ·«·· .. «· - =| ··, = - ,· . =·,·v· .·| . .· « ·v· ¸ - ¸ ·|, · ” .·|, .¸·- . ·,. · ¸ · |·«- .·| ¸`··
| ·, =¬ .· . .·| =«· ..´ ··. ¸·- .´ ·= = ·. · , , ·-| · « ·¹ ¸|,· .|= , -¹ c|. .·´· . -·- ·, =, - .
·, =· - They ran
·, - ·· , ·
Pledge allegiance
to
. ·,. They returned him ··, He narrated it
. ´ ´· - Your country ¸ ·| He became hopeless ·, =
They became
satisfied
. ,· · .| To protect . . · ,« · Their hatred .·| I saw
.´ ·= =
, , ·-|
· « ·¹ ¸ · |·«-
Word
Your firmness
I tested
My previous words
Explanation
They found it
Wild donkeys, plural of
· « -
Running
Explanation
··, = - ,
, « - ¸-,|·
- =, -
Word
Guidance ==,|·
Success -: «|·
O People! , =- - ··
Explanation Word
Lesson 8B: The Opinion of Prophet’s Enemies about Him
Do you know?
Like English, in Arabic, prepositions are used with
specific nouns and verbs. Rules for use of
preposition are different in different languages. In
one language, one preposition is used while in the
other one, some other preposition (not its
equivalent) is used. For example, in English “By
God” is described in Arabic as =·,.
Worth Reading
O God! Who is like you? An article for
invoking God’s love.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/Engli
sh/PE01-0008-LikeYou.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 86
Level 02
· · ·· .-· ¸· =|· ,|· Treat the parents with generosity.
=· . · , = · · = ,
Allah helped you at Badr. (‘with’ replaced by
‘at’)
.· , ·=· · ¸· ···=
I bought it for two dinars. (‘with’ replaced by
‘for’).
-,· ·· : = ,·· · ·· - -: . O Noah! Dismount here with peace from Us.
., · · · . · «|· I wrote by the pen.
· .. =· With the name of Allah.
·:=· | . ., · · . · ¸ - - - « ¬ |· - , ·
When the call is given for the prayer on Friday.
(‘from’ replaced by ‘on’)
· ,· =|· ·· , -· · .·, =| ¸ - · , -~|·
You are happy with this world as compared to the
hereafter. (‘from’ replaced by ‘as compared to’)
¸ - ¬ , =|· From the morning
From the house. ¸ - ., ,|·
A ring made from gold. . ·· - ¸ - . · =|·
Whatever you spend from anything. ·, « « · · · - ¸ - · ¸ =
English
¸ ·,-
The Result (1)
Now compare your translation with the translation given below and calculate your score. Each sentence
carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
Quranic Arabic Program 87
Level 02
=« -· | -· The praise is for Allah.
, ¸¬ =|· I swear by the day.
_ For me.
| -· For Allah.
.´| J ·,,- ¸·=«|· For you, there is a life in the retaliation.
J .,,|· In the home.
-·|· . · - ¸ · - . . ·, · | Allah put a seal on their hearts.
¸·- .«.|· On the roof.
· · · . |¹ ¸ · · · · ¸ ¬ · · - ¸ - c | , |
We are not going to leave our gods due to your
teachings.
c ·, | | . · ¸ - , « ¬ |· They ask about intoxicants.
Go towards the home. . ·.· _· ., ,|·
From the Mosque of Makkah towards the
Mosque of Jerusalem.
¸ - -· , ¬ |· = ¬ . « |· ¸ | · ¸ = | v· = ¬ . « |·
With me. _
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
Face the Challenge!
Can you identify the prepositions other than
those mentioned in this lesson?
Quranic Arabic Program 88
Level 02
· .,· = · « ¸· - ., ··,·· Like as You sent blessings on Abraham.
. . · · - · · · · =|, ·=· ¸ · «
Their example is like the parable of that person
who burnt fire.
~·| -··«|· ¸ - ¸·«|·
Religious persecution is a greater crime than
killing. (‘from’ replaced by ‘than’)
| . . J , ` . , - ·,· =|· J ` =·= - · ,-v·
` ., =-
There is disgrace for them in this world and in the
hereafter, they will face the great punishment.
¸·- , . ·, · | ¸·- , . . -« = ¸·- . · · =·|
On their hearts and on their ears and on their
eyes.
.· | ·- -· J ·- , =· ,· « .|· J ¸v·
Verily, all that which is in the heavens and in the
earth is for Allah.
- =· , · .· -|· .·| ¸·- .·.- ¸ · Seeking knowledge is obligatory on each Muslim.
.·,| ¸ .¬ '· ¸- ~ -· A generous person is nearer from the piety.
¸·- `, ,|· On the piety.
Anger on anger. ` . = - ¸·- . = -
On the people with bad character. ¸·- ; « =· «|· -, «|·
Towards the straight path. _· ., « ·. - =· , =
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
Rule of the Day
The noun after a preposition will always be in its possessive form i.e. ,- . For =,=·- ~- nouns,
their ,- will be like .=·. For example, it will be ¸- ¸,-·r· not ¸,-·r· ¸-.
Quranic Arabic Program 89
Level 02
. ´ =, · ·, « · ¬ · v , ¸· - -· ¬ - . = . |· - · , ·
Do not shave your heads till the animals of
sacrifice reach at their place.
·, · , =· , ·, · · , ¸· - = , ¬ |· . ´ | ¸, , · ·
. , = v· = , ¬ |· ¸ - ¸ , · v·
And eat and drink till the dawn the clearer for you
from the darkness.
c | ¸ - , · ¸ | ¸· - · , . - -·|· . , ·
We will not believe in you till we see Allah
clearly.
¸· ` -: = _- , ¬ «|· - ·=- It is peace till the rising of dawn.
, , = -|· And the time.
, , « «|· And the moon.
, ¸« =|· And the sun, [Here , is used as a conjunction.]
, , = -|· I swear by the time.
, , « «|· I swear by the moon.
, ¸« =|·
I swear by the sun. (I present the sun as an
evidence.) [Here , is used as a preposition.]
Like the parable of a garden at at high place.
(‘with’ replaced by ‘at’).
· -· - ¸ · « · · , · ,
Like that who spends his wealth to show the
people.
· ¸··|· ·· · - |· - _ «· · . =|·
Like the example of a grain which sprout into
seven branches.
· ¸ ·· · = - , = . · , · | -, - ¸ · «
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
Quranic Arabic Program 90
Level 02
=· . · - ¸·- , . ·, · | ¸·- , . . -« = ¸·-
. · · =·|
Allah put a seal on their hearts, and on their ears and
on their eyes.
| . . J , ` . , - ·,· =|· J ` ., =- ` =·= - · ,-v·
There is disgrace for them in this world and in the
hereafter, they will face the great punishment.
· ¸··|· ·· · - |· - _ «· · . =|· Like that who spends his wealth to show the people.
, = -|· , And the time. (, as a conjunction)
· .,· = · « ¸· - ., ··,·· Like as You sent blessings on Abraham.
¸· ` -: = _- , ¬ «|· - ·=- It is peace till the rising of dawn.
.· | ·- -· J ·- , =· ,· « .|· J ¸v·
Verily, all that which is in the heavens and in the
earth is for Allah.
- =· , · . · -|· .· | ¸ · - . ·. - ¸ · Seeking knowledge is obligatory on each Muslim.
¸ |· .,« ·. « |· =· , = |· Towards the straight path.
, , « « |· I swear by the moon.
¸ · - . «.|· On the roof.
· · ·· . -· ¸· = |· , |· Treat the parents with generosity.
.· , · =· · ¸· · ·· = I bought it for two dinars. (‘with’ replaced by ‘for’).
. , · · · . · « |· I wrote by the pen.
· =· .. With the name of Allah.
¸ - -· ,=|· Since morning
From the house. ¸ - ., ,|·
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 9A: Harf – Prepositions ,- =,,-
The Result (2)
Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Quranic Arabic Program 91
Level 02
.« ,·|· - « = · .« ,·|· . , · · . ., « · .| -·|· ¸`« . · ' · -·|· .. · . ' · = -· , - · , = , ··=|· =·,· |· -,« ´ · = , = · . ¬ . « ·
¸ , - =,|· ¸ |· - ,« · , - . - , ·« . · . = - · ,| . ··'· ., - , - = - = · - . · . '· .« , · · = , - ,| ¸ ,« | - |·« - ·=· .
The Method of (Performing) Tayammum: He intends for Tayammum. He pronounce Allah’s name i.e.
he says, “In the name of Allah.” (Then) he strikes his both palms on pure soil once. Then he wipes both of
them on his face. (Then he strikes again and wipes on) both of his palms on the both wrists. The Muslim
performs Tayammum at the time of not finding water or due to having a reason for not using it due to
sickness or fear.
·, = ,|· - « = · , .=|· ··'· .·.'· , = ¬ · . ·, = ,|· ., · · . ., « · · -·|· ..· . ··: · -,« · ¸ . - · . _ = · · .· , ¸ « = « · ·
··: · . ··'· · - · , ¬ | ¸· ¬ ·, . ··: · - .- , ¸ . - · . ··: · ¸ , « · , '· ¸ |· - · = · ¸ . - · . · = -·, ·, - ¸ , · .v· - - - = | ¬ . « · . ¸ . - ·
'· · - - ·· =| ¸· ¬ ·, . ··: · ¸ , , - ´|· ¸ |· - , · - ·· .
The Method of (Performing) Ablution: A Muslim takes clean water. He intends for ablution. He says,
“In the name of Allah.” He washes his both palms thrice. (Then) he rinse water out of his mouth and takes
water in his nose three times. (Then) he washes his face thrice and put his fingers wet with water in his
beard. (Then) he washes his hands including his both elbows thrice. They he wipes his wet hand on head
with both ears once. (Then) he washes his both feet including both ankles twice. Then he put his wet
(hand) fingers inside his (foot) fingers.
¸ . - · He washes · = · -
His both hands, -,··· of ` = ·
- ·· =| - His fingers
., · · He intends . , ¬ | Beard ¸ , , - ´|·
Two ankles, -,··· of ` .- ·
, .=|· Clean, pure ¸· ¬ ·
He places his fingers
inside
, · - - His two feet, -,··· of ¸ -
··« |· Water ` - - , Face ¸ , · .v· His two ears, -,··· of . . |
= | -
¬ . « ·
¸ , « · , '·
Word
His head
He anoints, he wipes with
his wet hands on
The two elbows, -,··· of
` _ ·, -
Explanation
He takes water into his
nose
He rinses water out the
mouth
His both hand palms, -,···
of ¯. ·
Explanation
_ = · · .·
¸ « = « · ·
,« · -
Word
He brings, he takes , = ¬ ·
Ablution ·, = ,|·
Method, attributes - « =
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Quranic Arabic Program 92
Level 02
- ·· · -· ¸ - ¸ . -|· - « = · ¸· - ·· · -· · ·=|· ¸- · , . = · `¸ · « |· ., , · ,·, . , ,·v· = = -· ,| -·« ¬ · ¸ · ·v· ,| ,
· , ¬ · . - ·· ·-· ¸ - ¸ . -|· . , · · . -·|· ¸`« . · . ··: · - ,« · ¸ . - · . - - , · ¸ . - , · . - |·« = ¸ · - -·, « , · ··'· . = · . ·« · |= , · ·
·:=· | |= , · · . - ·=· ¸ ·- ··« |· ¸, « · . · ·:· - =| ¸ ·- ··« |· ¸ ·¬ · . ,| ·«· --·-· =·- , -¹ .· ´- J - , - = | ¸ . - ·
··,| ¸v· . ·· · . ¸ -· , · · · , .·v· . · · = . - ¸ - ¸ « ·v· . ·· ¬|· ¸. -· | =, · .| .
The Method of Taking a Bath in case of Janabat: Janabat is the bigger impurity. It means discharging
semen with sexual desire by male or female during sexual intercourse or similar to that. He intends to take
a bath. He provoke Allah’s name. Then he washes his both palms thrice. He pours water with his right
hand over his left hand. Then he washes his sexual organs. Then he performs ablution like the ablution for
prayers. Then he pours water on his body. Then he pours water on his head thrice (and start taking a bath).
(At last) he washes his both feet at some other place, if required as in case the land is muddy. He starts
from the right side i.e. he starts washing from the right organs of his body and then the left ones.
¸ ,- Sickness . = · He pours (water) . ·· ¬ |· The side
- |·« - ·=· Its use · , ¬ · Like it | =, · He starts
= - · Having some reason -·« - Sexual intercourse ¸ -· , · · He starts from right
., - , - = - In absence of ¸ · ·v· The female ··,| Clay, mud
.« , · ·
He performs
Tayammum
, ·=|· The male, the penis --·-· Need
¸ , - =,|·
Two wrists, -,··· of -=
· , . = Lust, sexual desire .· ´ - Place
- · , = Beating, striking `¸ · « |· Semen ¸ ·¬ ·
He pours (water or
something)
, ··=|· Pure, clean ., , · Coming down - ·=· His body
=·,· |· Dust, soil , ,·v· Bigger or the biggest ¸, « · He flows water over
= , = · He strikes, he beats = = -· Impurity |= , · ·
He performs Wudu
(ablution)
- - , ·
- |·« =
- ·, « ·
Word
His sexual organs
His left hand
His right hand
Explanation
Impurity
Washing, taking a
bath
Fear
Explanation
- ·· · -·
¸ . -|·
= , -
Word
It means, i.e. .|
It is named ¸`« . ·
Purification in absence
of water
.« ,·|·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 93
Level 02
Obligatory Prayers: The obligatory prayers are five. They are:
The Dawn Prayer: They are two Rak’at (prayer cycles). Its time starts from the second rising of dawn
till sunrise. (Dawn is the first light of the day that appears around 1.5 hours before sunrise)
The Noon Prayer: They are four Rak’at. Its time starts from coming down of the sun (from its highest
point) till the time that the (length of the) shade of everything becomes equal to its height.
The Afternoon Prayer: They are four Rak’at. Its time is becoming the shade of everything equal to its
height till sunset.
The Sunset Prayer: The are three Rak’at. Its time is from the sunset to the disappearing of the red light
on the horizon.
The Night Prayer: They are four Rak’at. Its time is from disappearing of the red light till the half night.
-·, · ´ '· =·, ·=|· · ¸ · , . ` ¸ « - -·, · ´ '· =·, ·=|· ·
- .·· - · ¸ ·, . , ¬ «|· ·: = . ¸ «=|· -, · | ¸ |· _ ··|· , ¬ «|· -, · | ¸- · . · | ,, .
- =· - · - · | ¸ ·, . , . =|· ·: = , . · ¸= ¸ · ¸ » ~ = · .| ¸ |· ¸ «=|· .· , ¸- ·. · | ,, - · · - .
- , , = ¸- ·. · | ,, . =· - · - · | ¸ ·, . , = -|· ·: = , ¸ «=|· =, , - ¸ |· - · · - · ¸= ¸· ¸ » · , .
- =· - · =: · ¸ ·, .=,- « |· ·: =, . , « -v· _ «=|· ., - - ¸ |· ¸ «=|· =, , - ¸- ·. · | ,, .
- =· - · - · | ¸ ·, . ·· = -|· ·:=, . ¸,·|· . = · ¸ |· , « -v· _ «=|· .,-- ¸- ·. · | ,, .
, = -|· Afternoon . = · Half
· . · | , Its time - · · - Like him ·· = -|· Night
.·· - ·
Two prayer cycles, -,··· of
--·
¸ » Shade , « -v· Red
, ¬ «|· Dawn ~ = · .| To become _ «=|·
The he red light at
horizon after sunset
-·, · ´ '· The written, obligatory .· , Coming down ., - -
Sunset, the time or place
of sunset
=,- « |·
=, , -
· , , , =
Word
The time or place of
sunset
Disappearing, sunset
Becoming
Explanation
Many prayer cycles,
plural of --·
Noon
Rising
Explanation
=· - ·
, . =|·
-, · |
Word
The left , .·v·
His body · = . -
The right ¸ « ·v·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 94
Level 02
He says, “Allah is the Greatest” and bows down and say thrice, “My Great Lord is free from any
weakness”. (Then) he stands and says, “Allah has listened the one who has praised Him. Our Lord! Praise
is for you.” Then he says, “Allah is the Greatest” and prostrates and say thrice, “My Highest Lord is free
from any weakness.” Then he says, “Allah is the Greatest”, sits and says, “O Lord! Forgive, O Lord!
Forgive me.” Then he says “Allah is the Greatest”, prostrates again and says, “My Highest Lord is free
from any weakness.” Then he says, “Allah is the Greatest” and stands for the second Rak’at. This is one
Rak’at. Then he performs the second Rak’at as he performed the first one.
., «· , - · ,· , ,`, ´ · ' · .,= -|· ¸`· .·¬ , = ' ··: · . - .,«· , -, « · ' · = « -· c | , · ·· . · = « - ¸ « | -·|· -« = . ' ,`, ´ ·
.,«· , . = ¬ . ·, ' · ¸ · -v· _ .·¬, = ' ··: · . .,«·, ¸ · ¬ · , ,`, ´ · ' · _ , « -· `= ._ , « -· `= . ' = ¬ . · , ,`, ´ ·
.,« ·, - , ··· ' · ¸ · -v· _ .·¬ , = ' ··:· . - , ···|· - - ·,· | -, «· , ,`, ´ · . - - · · = · . ¸· = ·« · - , ···|· - - ·,|· ¸· =· ,
¸ |,v· .
The Method of Prayer: He intends for the prayer, faces towards the prayer direction and stands straight.
He raises both of his hands parallel to his both shoulders or till the edge of his ears and says, “Allah o
Akbar.” He puts his right hand on his left hand on his chest. He reads the opening prayer like that he says,
“O Allah! You are glorified, with Your praise, Your name is blessed, Your glory is exalted, and there is
no god except You.” He recites the “Surat-ul-Fatihah” and another Surah, or whatever he can (recites)
easily.
·:=|· - « = · - ·:=|· ., · · . - · , «|· ¸ , « · . · . ·« ··| . , · . · . - , · . | -, , · ¸ |· ,| . - , ,´ · - , = - - · = · - · , · ,`, ´· , . .
==|· ¸ · - . , . ,|· · = · ¸ · - ¸ ·« ,|· · = · - = · . ., « · .| ¸ · - . -·· « · =v· ··- . |, « · ' · = · , · , = = « ¬ · , . .·|· c ··¬ , =
= , , - - |· v, == - ¸ |· - · , cr· . ' · - ,. , · ·- ,| .. , -| · , =, - ¬ ··«|· ·, = | , « · ·. .
, = - , ,´ · - -
At the level of his both
shoulders
-·· « · =v· Opening - - · A prayer cycle
- · , · He raises ··- .
Call, invitation,
prayer
¸ · ¬ · He sits
·« ··| Standing | , « · He reads = ¬ . · He prostrates
. , · . · He becomes straight ==|· The chest ,`, ´ · He says ~·| =·
-, « ·
- · ,·
,. , ·
Word
He stands
He bows down
What he can do easily
Explanation
His left hand
His right hand
Lower part of his
both ears
Explanation
. , . ,|· · = ·
¸ · « ,|· · = ·
-, , · , · . | -
Word
The prayer direction - · , «|·
He faces towards ¸ , « · . ·
He says, “Allah o
Akbar”
,`, ´ ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 95
Level 02
The Method of Prayer for the Dead Person: He intends and says, “Allah is the Greatest.” Then he
recites “Surat-ul-Fatihah”. Then he says “Allah is the Greatest” and pray for the Prophet. Then he says
“Allah is the greatest” and pray for the dead person. Then he says “Allah is the greatest” and salutes.
.`, « |· ¸ ·- ·:=|· - « = · - ¬ ··«|· | , « · , . ,`,´· , . , · · . .· =, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· ¸·- ¸· =· , ,`, ´ · . ,`, ´ ·
.`, « · | , - =· , . .· .· , ,`, ´ · .
This is performed in the prayer having two Rak’ats. In others, he stands up again after the “Tashahud” to
complete the prayer. He prays like the two earlier Rak’ats, then he sits for the last Tashahud at the end of
the prayer. After reciting Tashahud he prays for the Prophet. Then he seeks refuge from the Hell’s
punishment, the punishment of grave, the test of life and death and from the test of Antichrist. Then he
calls (Allah) for whatever he wants. Then he salutes on his right and on his left.
-, ·· · ·|· ·:=|· J · = · . =|· . · , | =. =·|· = - · -, « , · .·· , , - J ·-| ·: . ¸ · - . · ; ,|,v· ;·-·,|· J ¸·= ·«· ¸·=·,
·=· =.=·|· · ··, | =-·, ·:=|· -··.· ¸ · ~ -v· =.=··| - ¸ - -·|·· .`, - · · . ..·=, -,·- =· ¸·= `¸ ,·|· ¸·- ¸ =·=
=· « « |·, · ,¬ « |· - ·· · ¸ -, , , « |· =·=- ¸ -, .· . - , -= · . · . .·-=|· ¬, . « |· -··· ¸ -, . , - ·,« · ¸- .·. · . · ·· = ·« ·
· ·.· .
After the second prostration (in the second Rak’at) he sits to recite “Tashahud”. After that he salutes on
his right and left and says, “Peace and Allah’s Mercy be upon all of you.”
=. = ·· | ¸ · ¬ · - , ···|· · = ¬ .|· = - ·, . .,«,· · · . · ¸ -, - ·, « · ¸ - .· . · c | . = -·, ' · -·|· - « - , . ´ , · - -:.|· .'
; ,|,v· The first two, -,··· of .,| · ,¬ « |· Life
. · , | So that he completes - ·· · Testing, persecution
-, ·· · ·|·
Duet, (prayer having two
Rak’ats)
, , « |· The grave .`, « |· The dead person
· · . · On his left .· . - The Hell ·· = He wanted
, -= ·
.·-=|· ¬, . « |·
=· « « |·
Word
He calls, he seeks
from Allah
Antichrist
Death
Explanation
He seeks refuge from
End
Other
Explanation
.`, - · ·
- ··. ·
~ -v·
Word
He salutes, he says -:.|·
.´,·-
.· . ·
To testify =. = ·
He performed prayer ¸· =
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 96
Level 02
The Major & Minor Pilgrimage: Limits are of two types:
Time Limit: They are: Shawwal, Zul Qa’dah and 10 days of Zul Hajj. It is not right to perform the
rituals of the Major Pilgrimage except these. The Minor Pilgrimage is allowed at any time.
Place Limits: These are the places from where it is essential to wear the Ihram for the one who intends
to perform the Hajj or U’mrah . They are:
Zul Hulaifah: It is the limit for the people of Madina.
Juhfa: It is the limit for the people of Syria (coming from North)
Yalamlam: It is the limit for the people of Yemen (coming from South)
Qarn-ul-Manazil: It is the limit for the people of Najd (coming from East)
Dhat-ul-I’rq: It is the limit for the people of Iraq (coming from North East)
·, « -|·, ¬-· · ., |· ,« |· -- .·« . | ¸ · ·
, | . ¸ ·, . -, ·· - ., |·, - · = · v . -¬ -· . . ¸ - ` , = - , . · = - «|· , . , . .·, = ·., · v· `¬ -· .·« -| ¸- ·¸= ¬ . ·-|
. | , ¸ · J ¬ = · · · , « -|· .
, = . - ·. · - - , ¬ · _|· ¸ ··-v· ¸ · , . -, ··´ - ., |·, - ·,« -|·, ¬ -· .·| ¸ . ¸ ·, ·
1 - - ··='· ¸ ·| =·«, - , · , . - « , · ¬ |· , . . (A place in outskirts of Madina, 400km from Makkah)
? - -·=|· ¸ ·| =·«, - ¸ · , . - « ¬ -· . (A coastal town at Red Sea150 North West of Makkah)
1 - ¸ « ,|· ¸ ·| =·«, - ¸ · , . . · « · · . (A place about 100 km South West of Makkah)
+ - = ¬ · ¸ ·| =·«, - , · , . . · · '· . , | . (A place about 80km South East of Makkah)
5 - 3·, -|· ¸ ·| =·«, - ¸ · , .3 , - =· . . (A place about 100 km North East of Makkah, see map)
· = - «|· , .
11
th
month of the lunar
calendar
¸ ··-v· Places, plural of .·´- = ¬ ·
The area in East of
Makkah
.·, =
10
th
month of the lunar
calendar
-, ··´ - By place ., |· ,« |·
Appointments plural of
=·«,-
-, ·· - By time ¬ = ·
It is correct (for
feminine)
.: ,|· ¸ ·| People of countries
.·|
-·, -v·
- , ¬ ·
Word
He intended, he
decided
Unstitched dress for
pilgrimage
He wears -·,-·
Explanation
Deeds, rituals, plural of
¸ « -
It is correct (for
masculine)
12
th
month of the lunar
calendar
Explanation
.·« -|
¬ = ·
-¬ -· , .
Word
Two types, -,··· of ..|
.·« . |
Additional pilgrimage ·, « -|·
The obligatory
Pilgrimage
¬¬ |·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 97
Level 02
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Map of Miqats around Makkah
Tawaf
Satanic Pillars (=·,« -) at Mina
Safa & Marwah: View of the exterior and interior of the gallery for ¸-=
The dress for
pilgrimage -·,-·
Satellite Map of Mina, Muzdalifah & Arafat
Quranic Arabic Program 98
Level 02
Method of Performing U’mrah: The person performing U’mrah should wear Ihram from the
(respective) Meeqat, he should intend for it and say “I am at your service, my Allah!, I am at your
service.” Then he goes to Makkah, walk around seven times around the Ka’aba starting from the Black
Stone (the starting point). He performs two Rak’at behind the place of Prophet Abraham. He walks briskly
between Safa & Marwah seven times. He shaves his head or cuts (his hair), then he comes out of Ihram.
· , « -|· - «= · ¸`, ·· , . , ·· , .=·«,'· ¸- , « · - « |· - , ¬ · . = · , - =·, =| - - ,= - , - ´|· · =, =· , -´- ¸ |· .·=· , ¬ ¬ |· · ··
. , =v· . -:.|· -,·- .,··,·· -· « - . · - ¸ , · - · ¸· = · . =·, =| --,= · ,, « |· , ·«=|· ¸ , · ¸ - . · . ,| . - = | _ · ¬ ·
- -·, -· ¸- ¸· ¬ · · , . ,`= « · .
U’mrah (the Minor Pilgrimage): It has three components. They are: (1) Wearing Ihram. (2) Walking
around the Holy Ka’aba. (3) Walking briskly between Safa & Marwah
·, « -|· · ¸·, . .·· | -·: · ·. | , · 1 . -·, -v· , . ? . -, -´|·· =·,=|· , . 1 . · ,, '·, ·«=|· ¸ , · ¸-.|· .
The Prophet said, “They are for them (the people living at these boundaries) and for the one other than the
residents of these areas who comes to them with an intention to perform Hajj or U’mrah.”
It means that these are the boundaries for the people of these towns and for those who passes through
these boundaries heading towards Makkah for performing Hajj & U’mrah. People of Makkah wear Ihram
for Hajj from the Makkah and for U’mrah, they wear it from the nearest point at the boundary of
Makkah’s Protected Area.
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= _·|· .·| ' · « | ¸ . · ·| , , - ¸ - ¸ . ,·- ¸ ·| ¸ « |, ¸ . | ¸ · · , « -|·, ¬-· .·| ¸ . ' .| · ·=·
·· , - ¸ « | c |=·, . ·,·='· .: ,|· ¸ ·v ., |·, '· ·,« -|·, `¬-· ··.v -´ - ¸ |· ·.¬· - . ¸- `¬ ¬· | ., - , ¬ · -´ - ¸ ·|
¸ -· ¸ · .| ¸- ·,« - · | ., - , ¬ ·, .-´ - .
=·,=|·
To walk around the Holy
Ka’aba
·· = · , - Starting with
¸ -·
Boundary of Makkah’s
Protected Area
=·, =|
Cycles, plural of =,= ¸· ¬ · · He leaves the -·,-·
¸ · .| Minimum (nearest) =, =· He walks around ,`= « · He reduces, he cuts
., - , ¬ · They wear -·,-· .·=· He goes _ · ¬ · He shaves
··.| Performing - ,, · ·|· Saying c,,| ..·|· c,,| ¸ - . · He runs, he walks briskly
. · -
, ¬ -·
. , =v·
Word
Behind
The black stone fixed in
the wall of the Holy
Ka’aba
Explanation
He recites the ..·|· c,,|
c,,|
The person performing
U’mrah
To walk briskly
Explanation
¸`, · ·
, « · - « |·
¸-.|·
Word
Going to in direction of ·.¬· -
He passed , -
Described ·,·='·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 99
Level 02
The Method of Walking Around (Ka’aba): He (the person performing Hajj or U’mrah) comes to the
Holy Ka’aba and walks around it seven times starting from the Black Stone. He indicates (with his hands)
towards it (the Black Stone), kisses it (if possible) and says, “In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest)”.
He walks around Ka’aba until he reaches again to the Black Stone. Then he indicates towards it and kisses
it, if possible. Otherwise he can just indicate by his hand. This is one cycle. Similarly he completes the
remaining cycles. During the “Tawaf”, he remembers Allah, the Exalted, and calls Him. While (walking)
between the Yemeni Corner and (the corner) of the Black Stone, he says: “O our Lord! Give us good
things in this world and good things in the Hereafter and protect us from the punishment of Hellfire.”
=·,=|· - «= · ¬ -· · ··.·· =·, =| - - , = ·. · =, =· , . - , - ´|· _ |· .,«·, . - ·`, «· , - « · · . , · . . , =v· , ' · -·|· ..·
~·| -·|·, . ' . , -| ·, - .,=v· ,¬-· ¸ |· ¸ = · .| ¸ |· -,-´|·· =,= · , |· ·=| v·, .c|. - · ´ -| ·.· -·`, «· , - « · · . , · . -
· = , · . =·,=v· -,«· . · · ·=´·, . = , = ·=· . ·,-=·, ¸ |·- · -·|· ,·=· =·,=|· ····| J, . ¸ ·· « ,|· ¸·,|· ¸ , · ., «·,
. , =v· , ¬ -·, ' · | , -· . - · , -v· J , - · . - ·, ·=|· J ·· ·¹ ··· ··|· =· = - · · . '
Method of wearing Ihram at Meeqat: The person comes at Meeqat and wear the Ihram. He says, “O
Allah, I am at your service for U’mrah.” Then he recites “Talbeeh” and continues saying it until he
reaches at the Holy Ka’aba. The Talbeeh is: “I am at your service, O Allah! I am at your service. There is
no associate to You. I am at your service. Surely the blessings are Yours and the Kingdom (of entire
universe) is Yours. There is no associate to You.” The person wearing Ihram for the Hajj should say, “O
Allah, I am at your service for Hajj.” He continues reciting it till the 10
th
Zul Hajj. He ends it before
throwing stones to the Satanic Pillars.
=·«,'· ¸ - -·, -v· - «= · .,«,· . - , ¬ ·, . =·«,'· _|· ' · · , « - . .·|· c ,, | .' ¸· - - ,, · ·|· J , « · .· , .¸`, · · . ·
- , - ´|· ¸ |· ¸ = · . - , , ··|· ·=· · ,, | c | c· , = v c ,, | . c ,, | . .·|· c ,, | c | c· , = v c ·'·, c | - « -`·|·, = « -· .· . c
.' .,«· `¬ -· · - , ¬ « |· ' · ·¬ - . .·|· c ,, | . ' ,=·-|· -,,|· ¸·- - , , ··|· J , « · .·, . · «¬ |· ¸ - ¸ , | ·. - = «·, .
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Yemeni Corner of
Ka’aba
¸ ·· « ,|· ¸·,|·
· «¬ |·
The Satanic Pillars plural
of · , « -
-,«· Remaining ¸ . ·
It is an established
practice
¸ -
Throwing pebbles or
arrows
= , = Cycle ¸·- Special
·. - = «· He cuts it ·=| He signals · · | Protect us
¸ = · He joins, he reaches ¸ ´ -| It is possible - · . - Good
·· ·¹
····|
Word
Give us, provide us
At the time of
Explanation
He kisses
He indicates with
his hand
Initiating
Explanation
¸`, «·
. · · . ·
··.··
Word
He continuously do , « · .·
I am here at your service c ,, |
He comes ¸ ·|·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 100
Level 02
This is one cycle. Similarly he completes the remaining cycles. During Sa’ee, he remembers (Allah) and
prays a lot. After completing the Sa’ee, the person performing U’mrah shaves his head or cuts his hair,
and comes out of his Ihraam.
= , = ·=· . - ,|·,|· =·,=v· ¸ « ´ · ·=´·, . ··-=|·, ,·=|· ¸- , · ´ · ¸ -.|· ····| J, . _ · ¬ · ¸-.|· ¸- ··.··v· =-·,
, -· ¸- ¸· ¬ ·· , . · , - = ,`= « · ,| . - = | , «·-« |· - -· .
The Method of Performing Sa’ee: After Tawaf, he comes to the Safa mountain, then either he climbs on
it or stays near it and face towards the Prayer Direction (i.e. Ka’aba). Then his raises his both hands and
pray. Then he comes down from Safa and walks towards Marwah. When he sees the green sign on the
wall of the gallery of Sa’ee, he walks briskly until he reaches at the other green sign. Then he walks
(normally) until he reaches at the Marwah. Then either he climbs or stays near it and recites as he recited
at Safa.
¸ -.|· - «= · · = · - . « · ,| ··| , , · ·«=|· ¸, - _|· =·,=|· = -· - · , «|· ¸ , « · . ·, . . , - =·, - · = · - · ,· . . ·=· `, ´· ,
=·`, - =:· ··-=|·, . , ·=|· . ·,, '· _· ¸ =« · , .·«=|· ¸- . , · · . · . ·· , = ¬ |· - -: -|· . , · ·-=·-, . · = - ¸·-
. · . -,···|· ··,=-· --:-|· _· ¸=· ¸·- - ,. · ¸ -. « |· .·· = · - . «· ,| . ···| , , · . ·,,'· ¸ |· ¸ =· ¸·- ¸=« · .,«·,
·«=|· ¸ ·- .·| ·«· .
There is no special prayer other than this. A Muslim can call for whatever he wants. It is an established
practice during the initial Tawaf to do “Idtiba’a”. It means that he should not veil his right shoulder.
Walking with moving shoulders in the first three cycles is similar to this.
·« · , -=· .| . · . «·|, .·=· ~ - ¸·- ··- . =·,=·| ¸,| ··= . ,·. · v .| ,· , . -·, = =v· -, = «|· =·,| J ¸ . · ,
¸ « ·v· - « · · . ¸ |,v· -·:·|· =·,=v· J ¸ - , · .| c |=·, .
- · ,· He raises ¸ « ´ · He completes
--:-|· ··,=-·
Green sign
The place between
Safa & Marwah
where people walk
¸ -. « |·
. « · He stays - ,. · He moves quickly ¸· ¬ ··
He comes out the -·,-·
··| , · He climbs on it · = ¬ |· The wall ,`= « · · , - = He cuts his hair
¸ - , ·
He walks with moving
shoulders
¸ =« · He walks _ · ¬ · He shaves
. · · Shoulder . , · · He comes down ·· . ·· v· End
, · ´ ·
Word
He increases
Explanation
Times, plural of ·, -
Remembering
He repeats
Explanation
=·`, -
, ·=|·
`, ´ ·
Word
He veils, he hides ,·. ·
Naked shoulder -·, = =v·
Arrival -, = «|·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 101
Level 02
Forbidden Acts during Ihram: These are the acts which are not allowed for the person wearing Ihram to
do after wearing his Ihram and before unclothing it:
1. The person wearing Ihram does not cut his hair. And he does not trim the nails.
2. He does not cover his head.
3. He does not wear the stitched cloths like shirt & trousers. Similarly he does not wear socks or leather
socks.
4. He does not use perfumes.
5. He does not kill the game at the land. (At sea, it is allowed.)
6. He does not marry or be married. And he also does not propose.
7. He does not perform sexual intercourse. He does not touch his naked skin (with that of his wife for
sex). (Due to these restrictions, keeping Ihram is a difficult act.)
-·, -v· =·, = ¬ - · · =-· ·. · - « · .| - , ¬ «·| ,- v _|· =·, . · '· ¸· - · · ¬ · ¸ , |, - -·,- . ¸ ·, ·
(1) , -=|· _ · ¬ · v - , ¬ '· . ·« »v· .· « · v, .
(2) - = | ¸= - · v, .
(3) · v c|=·, .¸·,·,.|·, ¸, « «|· ¸ · - =, ¬ '· ¸ , · · v, ¸ , « ¬ |· v, ¸ , · , ¬ |· ¸ , · .
(4) ., = · · v , .
(5) `, ,|· = , = ¸ · « · v, .
(6) . = ¬ · v, . ¬ ´ · · v, . ¬ ´ · · v, .
(7) - -·¬ · v, . ,=·, · v, .
He kills ¸ · « ·
·« »v· The nails ¸ , « -· Leather socks ,=·, ·
He touches wife’s skin
for sex)
He uses perfumes ., = · ·
.· « · He cuts ¸ , · , -· Socks - -·¬ ·
Her performs sexual
intercourse
, -=|· Hair ¸·,·,.|·
Trousers, plural of
.· ,, =
. = ¬ ·
He proposes (for
marriage)
¸ · ¬ · Coming out of -·,-· ¸, « «|· Shirt ¬ ´ · ·
He is married (passive
voice)
·. · - « · .| To do it =, ¬ '· Sewn / stitched cloths ¬ ´ · · He marries
`, ,|· = , =
Word
Hunting at land
Explanation
He wears
Prohibitions
He covers
Explanation
¸ , · ·
=·, = ¬ -
¸= - ·
Word
The person who has worn
-·,-·
- , ¬ '·
It is not allowed ,- v
Forbidden things, plural of
-,.·-
=·, . · « |·
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 102
Level 02
Method of Performing the Benefit Pilgrimage: The person who intends for getting benefit of U’mrah
with Hajj during the months of Hajj, he comes out of Ihram after (performing) the U’mrah. He remains in
lawful (condition) at Makkah (i.e. he can perform the forbidden acts for Ihram). On 8
th
day of Zul-Hajj, he
wears Ihram for Hajj from his home. He moves towards Mina after the Fajr prayer. He perform the Zuhr,
A’sr, Maghrib, I’sha and Fajr of 9
th
day there.
`¬-· -«= - -· « ·|· · -· , .=| J ¬-· _· ·,« -|·· -· « ·|· .·| ¸- , « · - · ¸ « ,· , .·,«-|· =-· - -·,-· ¸- ¸· ¬ · · , .`¬
-´- J v: - . - | ~- ¸- `¬-· · - , ¬ · -¬ -· .. ¸- ¸-··|· -,,|· J, ,¬«|· · := =-· _ - ¸ | · -`-, ·· , . . - · ¸· =· ,
=··|· -,,|· ¸- ,¬«|·, . ··= -|·, =,-'·, , =-|·, , . =|· - .
Types of the Pilgrimage: The Pilgrimage has three types, the are: (1) Single Pilgrimage: In it, the pilgrim
wears Ihram for the Hajj only. (2) Joining Pilgrimage: In it, he wears the Ihram for U’mrah and Hajj
together. He does not come out of Ihram after U’mrah. (3) Benefit Pilgrimage: In it, he wears the Ihram
for U’mrah during the months of Hajj. He comes out of Ihram after the U’mrah and remain at Makkah.
Then he wears the Ihram again for the Hajj on the 8
th
day of Zul Hajj.
(It is called the benefit pilgrimage because the pilgrim take advantage of both Hajj & U’mrah in one trip.)
`¬-· -·,·| · ¸ ·, . -·:· ¬-· -·,·| , · 1 . =«· `¬-· · -·-· - , ¬ · .| ,· , ..·, ·v· , . ? . - , ¬ · .| ,· , . .·, «|·
·,« -|· =-· ¸·¬ · · v .|, . ·- - `¬-·, ·,« -|·· , . 1 . ¬ · · , .`¬-· , . =| J ·,«-|·· - , ¬ · .| ,·, . -· «·|· .·,«-|· =-· ¸·
.. ¸- ¸-··|· -,,|· J `¬-· · -,¬ · . . -´- J ¸ « , ·, -¬ -· .
Components of the Pilgrimage: Components of the Pilgrimage are four: (1) Wearing Ihram; (2) Staying
at A’rafat; (3) Thorough Circumambulation; (4) Walking between Safa & Marwah
`¬ -· .· · | · ¸ · , . - - · | `¬ -· .· · | , · 1 . -·,-v· , . ? . - · , - =, | , , , . 1 . - =· ·v· =· , | , , . + . ¸ -.|·, .
Combining (Hajj
with U’mrah)
.·, «|·
- « | ., -
Land situated between
Arafat & Mina
¸ · -
Mina, a piece of land at
Makkah
-·¬ |· Pilgrim performing Hajj , . =|
Months, plural of
` ,. =
-· «·|·
=«·
Word
Taking benefit,
enjoyment
Only
Explanation
Separation, being single
Types, kinds, plural of
-,·
Thoroughness
Explanation
.·, ·v·
-·,·|
- =· ·v·
Word
Arafat, a vast piece of land
near Makkah
- · , -
Staying =, | ,
Parts, components, plural
` ¸·
.· · |
Explanation Word
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Quranic Arabic Program 103
Level 02
See words table on the next page.
Now everything becomes lawful for him including (sexual intercourse) with wife. Then he returns to Mina
and remains there for 3 nights. This is for the one who does not hurry (to return home). The one who
wants (to return) early, he has to throw pebbles (to the all Satanic pillars) till 12
th
day only. (One who is
not in hurry has to throw pebbles on the 13
th
day as well.)
··.·|· ¸· - ¸= ¸· -| ¸ ¬ · = · · ,-, . ·.,|·, · · -·· | -·:· - · ¸« , ·, . _ - _· - -,· . . ¸¬ - · ¸ - ·-|, . ¸¬ - · · . | ¸« | ·=·
= « · , = - ¸ ···|· -,,|· ¸ · · ., -, · -··· .
At the morning of 10
th
day, he performs the Fajr prayer and stays near the Holy Monument and pray from
Allah till he starts his journey. Then he moves towards Mina before the sunrise. There he throws seven
pebbles to the biggest Satanic pillar after sunrise. After that he slaughters (the sacrifice). Then he shaves
(his head) or cuts (his hair). The pilgrim comes out of Ihram after these rituals. This is the first coming out
of Ihram, so everything becomes lawful for him except (the sexual intercourse) with women (i.e. wife).
Then he goes to Makkah and perform the thorough circumambulation (i.e. the circumambulation essential
during Hajj days) and Sa’ee between Safa & Marwah.
, - = '· =·- . «·, . ,¬«|· ¸·= · , =·-|· -,,|· -· ,= J, ¸,| _ - _· --, · · . , « . · ¸·- -·|· ,-=·, -·, -· -,·|
¸«=|· . |· -, · | =-· =·, = - - , . · . , , ´|· · , « -· ¸ -,· =···, ¸«= . ,`= « · ,| _ · ¬ · . . ¬ ·=· c|. =-· . ¸·¬ · · ,
· -| ¸ ¬ ,· .,v· ¸ · ¬·|· .· «-v· ·=· =-· -·-· ·· .`·|· v· ·¸ = ¸ . . -=··v· =·, | =,=·, . -´- _· . ·= · .
·,,'·, ·«=|· ;· ¸ - .· , .
After that, he moves towards Arafat after sunrise. There, he performs the Zuhr & A’sr prayers in
combined and short (format) with one Azan (first call for prayer) and two Iqamats (second call for
prayer). A short after sunset, he leaves the Arafat and moves towards Muzdalifah. There he performs
Maghrib and I’sha prayers in combined and short (format) with one Azan & two Iqamats. He stays at
night there.
¸«=|· -, · | = - · -· , - _· -- , · · c|. =-· . -·, .·. | · ·,=|, ·- « - ,=-|·, , . =|· ¸· = · c |·· ·, ¸ , · -·|·, = . . «· .
¸«=|· =, , - ¸·- ·,-=·, -·|· , · =·, - · , - · . , - _· --, ·· , . =··,- .· - · ¸, · «· ¸«=|· =,,- =-·, =···, . -« |.
¸ , ·-·|·, =-·, .·.| · ·,=|, ·- « - ··=-|·, =,-'· ¸·= · ·. · ., ,· , . .
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Rule of the Day
The noun doing a work (the Subject) will
always be in -· while the person on whom
the work is performed (the Object) will
always be in .=· .
Do you know?
Arabs used to sing certain songs while
traveling to increase the speed of their
camels.
Face the Challenge!
Prepare a list of Arabic conjunctions from
the studies you’ve taken.
Quranic Arabic Program 104
Level 02
Note: This lesson is adapted from the Arabic Language Course of the International Islamic University, Madina.
The Days of Hajj: The 8
th
Zul Hajj is named “The Day of Meditation”. The 9
th
day is named “The Day of
A’rafat”. The 10
th
day is named “The Day of Sacrifice”. And three days, 11
th
, 12
th
and 13
th
are called “The
Days of Shine”.
`¬-· -··| · -¬ -· .. .| ¸ -··|· -,,|· ¸« . · , 8 ' . -· , ,· |· -,· .' - =··|· -,,|·, , 9 ' . - · , - -,· .' ,=·-|· -,,|·,
, 10 ' . , ¬·|· -,· .' -·:·|· -··v·, - . , = - . |··|·, . , = - _ ··|·, . , = - . .·-· , 11 . 1?.11 . - ' _·,=·|· -··| . '
After throwing pebbles to the Satanic pillars on the 12
th
day, one who is in hurry returns to Makkah, the
one who wants to stay long (return) on 13
th
day. Before he leaves it, he performs the final
circumambulation.
,,|· ¸ ·, ¸¬ - · «·| ,=- ¸ ···|· -, ,|· J ·«-· ¸ - =-·, -´- ¸ |· - -, · ,-| · ¸« | ,=- .|··|· - . ·· .·- · .| ¸, |,
-· . ,|· =·,| =,=· .
Lesson 9B: The Cleanliness, the Prayer & the Pilgrimage
Sacrifice , ¬·|·
,-| · He delayed _·,=·|· Shining, saying: · = , ~·· =· ~·· =·, =· v· -|· v ~·· =· ~·· =· =«-
` -··|
-· , ,· |·
Word
Days, plural of -,·
Meditation
Explanation
It is named
Last (before leaving at place)
To leave it
Explanation
¸« . ·
-· . ,|·
·· .·- · .|
Word
One who is
hurrying
¸¬ - · '·
Throwing
pebbles on the
pillars of Satan
at Mina
¸ -
·«-·
Explanation Word
He runs, he walks
quickly
¸ - .·
., ,· ·. · He stays there at night ¬ ·=· He slaughters ¸¬ - · He hurried
.· - · He leaves =·, = - Pebbles, plural of ·· = - ¸¬ - · ·
He hurries / will
hurry
. «· He stays
. , , ´|· · , « -·
The biggest Satanic pillar · ,|·, · ·. At its night time
¸ , · -·|·
Two final calls for
prayer
¸ -,· He throws (pebbles) - -,· He returns
= · · ,-
¸ ¬ ·
Word
Then
He comes out of
-·,-·
Explanation
He travels
A monument at Muzdalifah
At morning
Explanation
, « . ·
-·, -· , - = '·
-· ,=
Word
First call for prayer .·. |
Reduced format ·,=|
Combining ·- « -
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 105
Level 02
Lesson 10A: Conjunctions & Others Huroof
- | . · , . - Do you think?
· ¸ . · · · ¬ ¬ |· , | · , . | = = | So it is like stones or even harder that it.
= | · · , , ¬ · - · . , | · . · · -
We will bring with some better thing than it or
like it.
| . | -·|· . | . · - · ¸ · - ` ,· = | · ¸ = ¸ ·
Do they not know that verily, Allah is powerful
over all things.
- | . ´ |, = ·, | | . · . | ., =· , · Do you intend to ask your Prophet?
·., · .· · ¸ - , | . · = · Who became a Jew or a Christian?
, ··· , - | . ·· · · . ·· , - | . · . ´ ·, « · . ·
. ´, , ¬ · . · ., - - , · - , | ·
And you were dead, so He gave life to you, then
He will cause you to die, then He will make you
live, then you will be returned to Him.
. · . . = , - ¸ · - - ´ ·: « |· Then presented it to the angels.
· - , - | · - ¸ - =· , «·|· So He grew with it from the fruits.
· . . v ., - - , · So they will not come back.
· , | .`, = ¸ - ·· «.|· Or like rain from the sky.
, . . | ¸, | · . · And when it is said to them.
, · , · - · . · ¸ | · . . ·, |· , = And when they are alone with their devils.
, · - . , · | ¸ - c · , | , · ., · |, · . · · ,-v·
And, what revealed on before you, and, on the
hereafter they believe.
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Worth Reading! Islamic Threat – Myth or Reality. An introduction to the book of John L. Esposito.
A detailed analysis about the world Islamic movements by an American professor who studies Islam
and Muslim Movements in an unbiased manner. The writing is in Urdu.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0012-00-Islamic Threat.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 106
Level 02
Lesson 10A: Conjunctions & Others Huroof
- | ·· = . = . ·· · Were your witness?
·, - ,·· . . | ¸, | · . · , · - ·, |· | -·|· . ,· | ¸ ·
· · ·· ·¹ - , · - · · , « | | · - - ,· ·
When they are asked to follow what Allah has
revealed. They said, “(No) but we will follow the
path on which we have found our ancestors.
. | , = · · . | = |, · . , . | ` = - | ·, « · - | ¸ ´ · .
He does not beget. And He is not begotten. And
there is no associate with Him.
. · · . | ·, · - « · ¸ | , ·, · - « · · ··|· ·, «··
So if you not do and you will definitely not do,
then beware of the fire.
, · - . ´ «· - · . | ., « · - · ·, ·, ´ · And he teaches you what you did not know.
. . · =· |· - | . | . · =· · Whether you warn them or not warn them.
·- · , =· = - |· ·- · - -·.|· Either the punishment or the time (of judgment).
·- · , == - · . | ·- · ·· . - . ., · = ¬· · . | Either you punish or you do good with them.
·- · , . . ·= - · ·- · =, · · Either You punish them or forgive them.
·- · , ¸ « · · . | ·- · ; « · « |· ¸ ¬ · ., ´ · . | Either you put down or we put down.
. · · · , « - · - . ´
Then We forgave you. ( ¸- is not translated due
to different style in English language).
English
¸ ·,-
Rule of the Day! Preposition change the case of the noun after it into ,-. While
conjunctions do not have any impact on the =·,-· of a noun.
Do you know?
During last 1400 years, there is no change in the structure of Arabic language.
There are certain changes in use of some words. Some new words are added. On
the contrary, other languages usually change significantly in 200 years.
Quranic Arabic Program 107
Level 02
Lesson 10A: Conjunctions & Others Huroof
, v ` =· , - | -·|· ¸, , = ¸ · ¸ · « · ¸ « | ·, |, « ·
¸ · , ·· , - | ¸ ´ | v ., , - = ·
And don’t call those who were killed in the way
of Allah, that they are dead, but they are alive, but
you do not realize it.
·., · ·, ·, · ·, |· | , , | ¸ | ·, = · . · . · = · ¸ ·
·«, · - ., ·· , · · -· -
And they said, be a Jew or a Christian, so that you
will be rightly guided. Say, “But the faith of
Abraham is the upright one.”
- ·· ¬ , = ·= | , -·|· = ¬·· ·, |· | , ¸ · - | · - ¸ ·
¸ v· , =· , «.|·
And they said, “God has taken to himself a son.”
He is free from such things. But to Him is
whatever in the heavens or the earth.
, ¸ ´ | ·, « · · -· · « · , ¸ -¹ ¸ - . . · - ¸ - . .
, « ·
But they differed, so from them are those who
believe and from them are those who disbelieve.
, ¸ ´ | ¸ -¹ ¸ - , , |· · -·|· But the piety is that one believes in God.
, · - , .· « , · = , « · ¸ ´ | ·, , « · ; |· ,=|·
Solomon did not disbelieve, but the devils were
those who disbelieved.
, · - | , · ·, « · » ¸ ´ ., « · = · . . . «· | ·, ·· ·
And they did not harm us but they harmed
themselves.
, ., = . « « |· . · . .· · v ¸ ´ | ., , - = ·
Verily, they are the ones who make mischief but
they do not realize it.
- | · . · ., = = , · = · | . . | - | ` ¸ , - | . . |
· . · ., , = , · - | · . · ., - « . · .· .¹ . . |
Do they have hands to hold with? Do they have
eyes to see with? Do they have ears to listen with?
English
¸ ·,-
Worth Reading
Wealth is a great blessing of God but it also creates some problems.
Read more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0008-
Wealth.htm
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference between words .| . .| . .·?
Quranic Arabic Program 108
Level 02
Lower the wing of kindness humbly for both of them and say, “O Lord! Be merciful to both of them as
they cherished me in childhood.” You Lord better knows what is in your minds if you are pious. Surely
He is the forgiver for those who repent.
Don’t make another god with Allah, lest you sit back, condemned, forsaken. Your Lord has decreed to
you that: You have to worship none except Him. You have to be generous with your parents. When
anyone of them or both of them reach at old age, don’t say to them any word of contempt and don’t scold
them. Talk with both of them in kind words.
`= ¸ | , - « -,|· ¸ - . =|· -· · - · « . | ¸ « -· , ·~ - = ¸ ·· ,· · « · · « . « - · . ·, ·, ´ · . · . ´ =, « · ¸ · · « · . · - | . ´·
·, « - ; ··, : | .· · -· · · ; ¬ |·= .
¬ - ·-, - = - = - « · · , -¹ ·. | · -·|· - - ¸ - ¬ · v v, = . = |· , |· · , ··· · v · ·, = , - · v| c· ¸ = | , = = · - ¸ - · , · ·- · ··· . - · ¸·
, `= | · « . | ¸ « · : · · « ·: · , | · « · = - | , , ´ |· ·s , · v , | · « . | ¸ | , · « · , . · · v .
¸ · = |· , |· The parents , . · · v Don’t scold, don’t rebuke ; ··, v· Repentants, plural of ` =·,|
v |
That you should not, it
is v .|
`= |
An Arabic word to show
lack of respect
. ´ =, « ·
Your personalities, plural
of ¸«·
¸ = | He decided ¸ « · v Don’t say ¸ ·· ,·
Both of them cherished
me
v, = ¬ - Forsaken, helpless · « ·: · Both of them · « . « - ·
Be merciful to both of
them
. =|·
-· · -
¸ « -·
Word
Humbleness
Wing
Lower
Explanation
Old age
They reach
Being generous
Explanation
, , ´ |·
¸ - · , ·
··· . - ·
Word
Defamed, condemned ·-, - = -
You sit (also used for
“she sits”)
= - « ·
Don’t make ¸ - ¬ · v
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Do you know?
A specific type of Arabic Poetry is called -,·,- . ¸·. These are the poems which are
written to express grief at death of a person or in case of a disaster. Positive attributes
of the deceased person are described in it.
Quranic Arabic Program 109
Level 02
. | , · ¸ ¬ · 3: - · - , = - . · .v , | ·, · · « · v , ·~ , · ·· = - .· · . . · · | . · . ···· , . . ·· = , - = -· · .· · -· · ¸ ·`,|· ·, · , « · v ,
:, , = .
Don’t kill your children due to fear of poverty. We provide them sustenance to them and you. Surely
killing them is a great blunder. Don’t go near to fornication. Surely it is a shameful deed and an evil way.
Don’t follow (someone blindly) for what you do have knowledge. (Use your ability to listen, observe and
think.) Surely you will be made accountable for all of your abilities to listen, to observe and to think.
Give the relatives, poor and (the needy) travelers their right. Don’t spend in an extravagant manner.
Surely the people who spend lavishly are the brother of Satans and the Satan is thankless for his Lord.
If you have to avoid them (needy & poor) because you are waiting for blessings of your Lord, then talk to
them courteously. Don’t hang your hand with your neck (miserly) and also don’t stretch it fully (for over
spending), lest you will sit back blameworthy and destitute. Surely your Lord stretches the sustenance for
whom He wishes and plan it (for whom He wishes). Surely He is Well-informed and Observing for his
slaves.
, ¸, ,.|· ¸ ·· , ; ´ . « |· , -« - ¸ · , « |· · . =¹ , ·,· = , · = , · v . |· .· · , ; |· ,=|· .· , - · ·, ·· · ¸· = , « |· . · -`· , | .· = ,=
·, « · .
· c`· ¸ - - « - ·· - · ·· . . · - ¸ = , - · ·- · , ·, . , - v , | . . | ¸ « · · ·, - , . · . = . , · v , c « · - ¸ | · - |,· - - = = · ¸ - ¬ · v ,
·, . ¬ - ·-, · - = - « · · = . , |· ¸· . · · = « · , ·· = · ¸ « | 3 `,|· = . , · c· . · ·~ = · ·~ , - · .· , - · .· · - .
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
·· - · ·· Seeking, aiming at = . , · He stretches ·· = Worse
¸ = , - · You want to avoid ·, . ¬ - Destitute, poor ·· = - Mistake, blunder
·, « ·
Denier, a thankless
person, ungrateful
·-, · - Blamable, blameworthy . . | , ·
We provide them
sustenance
.· , - · Brothers, plural of ¸-| = . , |· Stretching - = -· ·
Shameful, lacking
modesty
¸· = , « |·
Persons who spend
lavishly
· . = . , · v You do not stretch it ¸ ·`,|· Adultery, fornication
·,· = , ·
Squandering, spending
lavishly
c « · - Your neck 3: - · Poverty, destitution
- , = -
. · .v , |
= « ·
Word
Fear
You children, plural of
=|,
He gives with planning
Explanation
Tied
Soft
You hope for it
Explanation
- |, · - -
·, . , -
· ·, - , ·
Word
Don’t spend lavishly = , · v
Relatives ¸ · , « |· · .
Give =¹
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 110
Level 02
Don’t go near to the wealth of the orphans except in the best way (with sincerity) until he reaches at
maturity. Fulfill your contracts, surely the contract will definitely be asked for. Give full measure
whenever you measure. Weigh with the even scale. That is the best way and the best at the end.
Don’t kill a person whose Allah has forbidden except in case of a legal right (decreed by a court of law).
Whoever killed a person unjustly, We have made his heirs authorized (to put a lawsuit). They should not
go beyond the limits in retribution. Surely they will be helped.
¸ . - | ¸ · ¸ ·|· · v · ., · , |· .· - ·, · , « · v , = . - |· . · = . - |· · ·, · , | , ·= =| - · , · ¸· - v, · . - .· · . . · · · · . · ¸ , ´ |· ·, · , | ,
¸ . - | , ` , , - c | . ., « · . « |· ¸· = . « |· · ·, · , :· , | · . = , |· , - «.|· . · ` . · - - · c | ¸ , | · - . « · v , ¸ · .· , « |· , ,
v, · . - - · - .· · c · | , | .
¬ |· · v · -·|· -, - ¸ ·|· ¸ «·|· ·, ·· « · v , = · = -`, | , | · · · - - = « · ·-, · = - ¸ · | ¸ - , `_ .· · -· · ¸ · « |· ¸ · = , . · :· ···
·, =· - .
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
¸ . - | The best, better ·, · You all should weigh
·, =· - Helped . · · · You measure .· , « |· Ability to think, heart
= , . · v
He should not cross
the limits
¸ , ´ |· Measure, scale , = , |· Ability to see
··· = · =
Government, king, a
legal right
v, · . - Made responsible - «.|· Ability to listen
-`, | , His guardian, his heir = . - |· Promise, contract, oath . « · v
Don’t track, don’t
pursue
:· , | ·
., « · . « |·
¸· = . « |·
Word
Interpretation, at the end
Straight, right, even
Balance, scale
Explanation
Complete
His maturity age
He reached
Explanation
·, · , |
·= = |
- · , ·
Word
We made · · · - -
He was killed
(passive voice)
¸ · |
He forbade, he
protected
-, -
Explanation Word
Face the Challenge!
What is the difference between words ·.· . .·?
Quranic Arabic Program 111
Level 02
The slaves of The Merciful are those who walk on the earth humbly and when arrogant people address
them (to engage them in useless dialogues), they say, “Peace on you” (to get rid of these people.) Those
who spend their nights to prostrate and stand in prayer for their Lord. Those who say, “O our Lord! Avert
the punishment of the hell from us. Surely its punishment is horrible.” Surely it is the worst abode and
dwelling place. Those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor stingy. They stand at the middle
position.
Don’t walk on the earth arrogantly. Surely you can neither rend the earth nor you can reach at the height
of the mountains. All that (attitudes) are evil and hateful in the sight of your Lord. (O Prophet!) That is
from the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you. (O People!) Don’t make any other deity with Allah,
otherwise you will be cast to the hell being blameworthy and rejected.
·· , · ¸ v· ¸ · - ., = « · ¸· =|· ¸ « -,|· .· , - , ·-: = ·, |· | ., · ·· ¬ |· . . , |· - · . · , . ·-· , | , ·=¬ = . .`· , | ., ·, , · ¸·=|· , .
.· . - =· = - ·· - = , =· · ·· ., |, « · ¸· =|· , ·-· , - .· · · . ·· = - . · . ·-· « - , ·, « · . - = ·· = · .· · . . | ·, « «· | · . · ¸· =|· ,
·-· , | c | . ¸ , · .· · , ·, , · « · . | , ·, · , . · .
¸ v· 3 , ¬ · ¸ | c· · ·- , - ¸ v· ¸ · ¸ « · v , v, | .· , ¬ |· - · , · ¸ | , . ··, , ´ - c`· = · - - ·`, = .· · c | . ¸ · . c | .
- ¸ - ¬ · v , - « ´ ¬ |· ¸ - c· c , | · ¸ - , | ·« - - = - ·-, · - .· . - ¸ · ¸ « · · · , -¹ ·. | · -·|· - ·, . , ¸,··,=· _· 17:22-39 .
¸ « · · You will be sent ·=¬ = Prostrating ·-· , | Standing, firm
- « ´ ¬ |· Wisdom ., ·, , · They do at night time ·, , · « · . |
They do not spend
miserly
¸ - , | He revealed ·-: =
Peace on you for
avoiding them
·, · , . · . |
They do not spend
lavishly
··, , ´ - Not liked, hated ., · ·· ¬ |·
Ignorant, arrogant with
ignorance
·-· « - Standing place
- ·`, = His evil . . , |· - He speaks to them ·, « · . - Place to stay, residence
v, | In length, in height ·· , · Humbly, with humility = ·· = It became worse
·-· , -
= , =·
·-· , |
Word
Grievous, horrible
Send away! Avert!
Standing for prayer
Explanation
They walk
Slaves, plural of =,-
Rejected
Explanation
., = « ·
.· , -
·, - = -
Word
You did not rend, you
did not tear
3 , ¬ · ¸ |
Arrogantly ·- , -
Don’t walk ¸ « · v
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Quranic Arabic Program 112
Level 02
Those who do not bear witness to falsehood. When they pass by useless activities, they pass with dignity.
Those when they are reminded with the verses of their Lord, they do not turn a deaf ear and a blind eye to
them. Those who say, “O our Lord! Make our spouses and our children to be comfort to our eyes. Make
us the leaders of God-fearing people (i.e. give us lead in good deeds not in evil practices.)”
Those who do not call any god with Allah, they do not kill any person whose Allah has protected except
in case of a legal right. They do not fornicate. Whoever does so, he will be punished for that sin. On the
Day of Judgment, the punishment will increase multiple time for him and he will stay in it with disgrace.
Except those who repented, believed and performed good deeds, so Allah shall replace their sins with
good deeds. Allah is surely the Most Forgiving, the Merciful. Whoever repented and did good deeds,
surely he has turned to Allah with a good turn.
, -·|· · ·,, - · . · , ,,|· ., = . =· v ¸· =|· , ·-· , · ·,, - . - ·,, ¬ · . | . .`· =· ·\ · ·, ,· . · . · ¸· =|· , ··· , « - , ·« = · . , · .
. , · · -· , | ¸ - · · | . · · ·· ., |, « · ¸· =|· , · - · ; «· « · | · · · - -· , ¸ , - | ·, | · · ···` ·- .
· · « · v , , -¹ ·. | · -·|· - - ., - = · v ¸· =|· , · v , `_ ¬ |· · v · -·|· -, - ¸ ·|· ¸ «·|· ., ·-· · | _ · · c | . ¸ - « · ¸ - , .,· , .
- -, · = · ¬ · , - -· , « |· - , · =· = - |· - | . -· = · ··· . . c · | , | · ·¬ |· = : « - ¸ « - , ¸ -¹ , =· · ¸ - v · . . ·· ·`, = -·|· .`= , ·
·«, - ·, « - -·|· .· · , =· · . - . - -·|· ¸ | · =, · · -· · · ·¬ |·= ¸ « - , =· · ¸ - , ··· · .
.`= , ·
He changes / will
change
·,, - They passed ¸ , - | ·, |
Comfort for the eyes,
plural of ;-
··· . - Insulted ,,|· Falsehood, untruth · · ···` .
Our progeny, plural
of -·.
= · ¬ ·
He will remain for a
long period
., = . = · v They do not witness · · | . · Give us
. -· = ·
It will be increased
multiple times
··· · - Repenting, returning back ··· , « - Blind
·-· · | Sin =, · · He repents, he turns back ·« = Deaf
_ · · He meets / he finds =· · He repented, he turned back ·,, ¬ · . | They do not fall
·, ,· .
·-· , ·
, -·|·
Word
They are reminded
Respectfully
Non sense, useless
Explanation
Forgiver
Good deeds, plural of -·.-
Their mistakes, plural of
-·,=
Explanation
·, « -
=· · . -
. . ·· ·`, =
Word
They do not perform
fornication
., · , · v
They do not kill ., · · « · v
They do not call ., - = · v
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Quranic Arabic Program 113
Level 02
We instructed the man for his parents. His mother carried him in her womb while suffering weakness over
weakness and then weaning him for two years. So you should be thankful for Me and for your parents.
Your returning place is to Me. If both of them (your parents) argue with you to associate a deity with Me
and you do not have any knowledge about such false god, then don’t follow both of them. Treat them in
worldly matters in a good way. Follow the way of the person who returned to Me, then all of you have to
return to Me, then I will inform you about what you used to do.
·· · , -- | - · · « - - · = |· , · .· .· v· · · ,= , , · , | , ¸ | , ´ =· . | ¸ , -· - ¸ · - |· = · , ¸ · , ¸ · - ~ = « |· ¸ | · c · = | . = , = · . | ¸· - =· = ·· - . · ,
· « . , -· = , · « . - = · : · ` . · - - · c | ¸ , | · - ¸ · ¸ | · =· · | ¸ - ¸, , = - ,·· , ··, , - - ·, ·=|· ¸ · « - · . ·· · · « · . ´ ·`, · | · . ´ - - , - ¸ | · . · ., · .
We gave the wisdom to Luqman to be thankful to Allah. Whoever becomes thankful (to Allah), surely he
becomes thankful to himself. And whoever becomes thankless, then Allah is free of all wants, Worthy of
all praise. Remember when Luqman said to his son while he was enjoining him: “O my son! Don’t
associate someone with Allah. Surely the polytheism is a great offence.”
Those are the ones who will be rewarded with a lofty place for their patience. They will be welcomed with
greetings and salutations. They will live forever at that excellent dwelling and excellent living place. Say,
“My Lord does not care whether you call Him (or not). You have denied (His call), so soon the inevitable
will happen.”
- , -· | , ´ =· . | - « ´ ¬ |· .· « « | · ·, ·¹ = « | , . · · , « · ¸ - , - . « · | , ´ = · · «· · · , ´ = · ¸ ` =, « - ¯¸ · - -·|· . · · - = - · , · , - · ·v .· « « | .· | . · ,
` ., = - ` . · = | = ,`=|· . · -·|· · = , = · v ¸ · · .
· . ,« · · , ·, , , = · « · - · , - |· . , , ¬ · c · | , | ·-: = , -, ¬ · · ., . ·-· « - , ·, « · . - . · . - · ., · ¸· = |· - . = « · . · ,· - . v , | ¸`· . ´ · | , - · · - ¸ |
·-· , | ., ´ · = , . · . · ·= · . , .·|,«|· 25:63-77 .
Word Explanation Word Explanation Word Explanation
. · ·= · You denied . · « - She carried ··, , - - Good manners
. · ,· - . Your call, your prayer - · = |· , His both parents · « . , -· = Deal with both of them
| , - · He does not care · · ,= ,
We admonished, we
bequeathed
· « . - = · v Don’t obey both of them
. · . - It became good = - · He admonishes · = ·· -
Both of them try, both
of them argue
-, ¬ · Salutation , « ·
He denies, he becomes
unthankful
~ = « |· The place to reach
. ,« · · They will meet , ´ = · He thanks ¸ , -· - Two years
- |· = ·
·· · ,
-- |
Weaning him
Weakness
His mother
To be thankful
We gave
Inevitable
, ´ =· . |
· · , ·¹
·-· , |
Room, dwelling place - · , - |·
They will be rewarded . , , ¬ ·
Leader, one who is at
the front
·-· - ·
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Quranic Arabic Program 114
Level 02
Be moderate in your pace and lower your voice. Surely the harshest of the sounds is the braying of a
donkey.
“O my son! Surely if there is a something equivalent to the weight of a grain of mustard seed lying on a
rock or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it (into light). Surely Allah is Well-Informed and
Knowledgeable of the finest details.”
v· , ´· | . · c · , = ¸ - ¸ = -· , c , = - ¸ · = = |· , ~ « ¬ |· = , = | =· , = . , .·««| 31:12-19 .
¸ - - ·· , =, , - « |· · , - | , ·:=|· . | | ¸ · · · · , - ¸ - c | . . · c ·· = | · - ¸· - , , =· , , ´· « |· , - v· - . == - ,`- = · v ,
¬ · v -·|· . · ·- , - ¸ v· ¸ · ¸ « · v , ¸··· | , ¬ · .· · ¬ - ¸ · . .
“O my son! Establish the prayer, enjoin good and forbid evil, and be patient on what befalls you. It is at
part of the determination in your affairs. Don’t turn you cheek from the people (with arrogance) and don’t
walk on the earth arrogantly. Surely Allah does not like any self-conceited boaster person.
· . . , - ¸ - -, - .· « · - c · . · · .· · ¸ · · · · | · ¸ v· ¸ · , | =· , «.|· ¸ · , | · , ¬ = ¸ · ¸ ´ · ` ., = | -·|· . · -·|· · . · =
` ~ , - .
` ., = |
Knowledgeable on the
finest details
,`- = · v Don’t turn arrogantly ~ « ¬ |· Donkey
· . · = | · He brings it , - v·
Matters, affairs, decisions,
plural of ,-|
=· , = v· Sounds, plural of =,=
· , ¬ = A rock - , - Determination , ´· | The harshest
. . , - Mustard seed c ·· = | It hit you, it reached you c · , = Your voice
-, - A grain , , =· Be patient ¸ = -· Lower!
.· « · - At the weight of , ´· « |· Well-known evil practices
c , = - = = |·
Keep your pace
medium
c · Is, be - ·· Forbid! , ¬ · Proud, Boaster
. ´ ·`, · | I inform you =, , - « |· Well-known good practices .· · ¬ -
Self conceited, proud,
arrogant
. ¬ · v
·- , -
== -
Word
He does not like
Arrogantly
Your cheek
Explanation
Instruct! Preach! Advise!
Enjoin!
Establish!
Informed
Explanation
, - |
. | |
` ~ , -
Word
Your place of return . ´ - - , -
He returned =· · |
Follow - ,··
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Quranic Arabic Program 115
Level 02
Surely the believers became successful. Those who are God-fearing during their prayers. Those who avoid
useless things. Those who are the payer for the mandatory charity. Those who are the protectors of their
sexual organs, except in case of their spouses or what their right hands possess (their female half-wife
slaves) . (In that case) they are not blamed.
So you are provided with whatever anything, it is an enjoyment of this world. Whatever is with Allah, is
better and permanent for the believers. They trust in their Lord. (The believers are) those who abstain
from major sins and shameful deeds. When they become angry, they forgive (others).
., · - , « |· ¬ · · | = | . ., - =· - . . ·: = ¸ · . · ¸· =|· . ., = , - - , -·|· ¸ - . · ¸· =|· , . ., · -· · ·· ·,· | . · ¸· =|· , . ¸· =|· ,
., = ·· - . . -, , « | . · . · · · . . ·· « · | . ´ · - · - ,| .. -· , | ¸ · - v · ; -, · - , , - . . .
- | , ·:=|· ·, -· | | , . .`· , | ·, ·· ¬ · =· ¸· =|· , ., « « · · . ·· · | ·« - , . . · , · . , = . · , . . · ¸ - , |· . . ·· = | · . · ¸· =|· ,
., , = · · · . , .,= 42:36-39 .
Those who respond to their Lord, establish the prayers, their (collective) matters are decided by mutual
consultation, whatever We have provided them, they spend from it (in Allah’s way). Those when they are
targeted by an affliction, they help (each other).
- , · , ·=|· ·· , ¬ |· -· · « · ·¸ = ¸ - . ·, ·, | · « · ¸ · - , ·, · -¹ ¸· =· | ¸ « · |, ` , , - -·|· = · - · ., ·· , · · . .`· . ., , · · ¬ · ¸· =|· ,
- · . · ·, , = - · - · . · , ¸ -· , « |· , . · v· , ·· , · ., , « .
¸ -· , « |·
Vulgar acts, plural of
-=-··
., , = · · · They help (each other) ; -, · -
Blameworthy, plural of
-,·-
. · v· , ·· , · Big sins, plural of ~,· ¸ - , |·
Offence, tyranny,
injustice
. ´ · -
. . ·· « · |
Slave Half-wives
., , · · ¬ ·
They abstain / will
abstain
., « « · ·
They spend (in Allah’s
way)
., = ·· - Protectors
., ·· , · · They rely / will rely . , = Consultation . . -, , ·
Their sexual organs,
plural of -,·
¸ « · | It remained . · , - |
Their matter, their affair,
their decisions
., · -· · Doers, performers
., = , - -
., - =· -
¬ · · |
Word
Avoiders,
Humble in front of God
He became successful
Explanation
They respond to
They forgive
They became angry
Explanation
·, ·· ¬ · =·
., , « - ·
·, , = -
Word
The life ·· , ¬ |·
Enjoyments, blessing -· · -
You were provided . ·, ·, |
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Quranic Arabic Program 116
Level 02
So the people who want to go beyond that, then they are the transgressors.
., -· . · = . - , . . ·· ·· - v . · ¸· =|· , . ., = ·· ¬ · . . ·· , · = ¸ · - . · ¸· =|· , . ., · · , |· . · c · | , | . ¸ , . , « |· ., · , · ¸· =|·
., = |· - · ., · . · . , .,·-,- 23: 1-11 .
Those who care about their trust and their promises. Those who protect their prayers. They are the owners
(like inheritors). They will own the Paradise, in that they will live forever.
., .· - |· . · c · | , | · c | . ·· , ¸ - · ·· ¸ « · .
¸ , . , « |·
., · , ·
., · · , |·
Word
Paradise
They inherit / will
inherit
Inheritors, plural of
=·,
Explanation
They protect / will protect
Shepherds, Responsible, plural
of ¸-·
Their trusts, plural of .··-|
Explanation
., = ·· ¬ ·
., -·
. . ·· ·· - |
Word
Transgressors,
plural of .·-
., .· - |·
Beyond ·· ,
He seek, he
wished
¸ - · ··
Explanation Word
Lesson 10B: The Quranic Concept of Personality
Rule of the Day
Word .| ..· are used to increase emphasis in a sentence. While the word
.| adds ‘ing’ to the meaning of a verb. Word .· is synonym of “if”.
Do you know?
At the time of revelation of the Quran, a large number of slave-women were available
in the society who had no rights. Their masters used to cohabitate with them. Islam
provided them rights and declared them the wives of their masters. Ways to their
manumission were introduced. For details, see the book “Abolition of Physical &
Intellectual Slavery in Islam”. http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/Slavery/L0018-00-
Slavery.htm
Worth Reading
How creativity can be improved? Think outside the box. Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0013-Pineye.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 117
Level 02
Lesson 11A: Other Huroof
· . | . · , ·, · - « · ¸ | ··|· ·, «·· · ·, · - « ·
So if they do not and definitely do not, so beware
of the fire.
· · ., -,|· =·,·|· , · -
Surely, only He is the acceptor of repentance, the
eternally merciful.
- | ., =· , · . | . ´ |, = ·, | | . · Do you intend to ask your Prophet?
. · : · - = , = · . | ¸ , ¬ · . · v -·|·
Surely, Allah does not hesitate to describe a
parable.
· - - · -·|· , - | . | ¸ =, · What Allah has ordered to connect.
. · ; | .· = . ·· · If you are truthful.
. · · , « · ·, ¬ · = · . | . · , - | · -·|· Surely, Allah commands you to sacrifice a cow.
. · -·|· ·· = If Allah wills.
. · . · = | . ·, · | · If they are brought to you as prisoners.
, · - - - , - , « · , · ¸ - =· = - |· . | ,« - ·
And it is not protecting them from the punishment
to live long.
. | ·-, « - -· | ·, « |· Surely, entire power is for Allah.
.| ` ,· = | · ¸ = ¸ · ¸ · - -·|· Surely, Allah is powerful over everything.
. · ` ,· = | · ¸ = ¸ · ¸ · - -·|· Surely, Allah is powerful over everything.
· · ·· . «.|· . · . . Surely, they are the foolish people.
. · ·, , « · ¸· =|· Surely, those who disbelieved ….
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Rule of the Day
Words .| ..· convert the ·=·,- in .=· .
Quranic Arabic Program 118
Level 02
Lesson 11A: Other Huroof
. · ·, - ,·· ¸· =|· ¸ - ·, - ,·· ¸· =|· |, ,·
Remember when the followers will renounce those
who were followed.
¸ | . . · · , · ¸ , « · Their repentance will definitely not be accepted.
, . · . · ·· - . ., ´ « . · v . ´ |· ·, - · · = - |
And remember when We took a covenant from
you that you shall not shed blood among yourself.
·,· , ¸ | ¸ - -· , ¸ · ·~ · · c ¬`, . ·
Make an assistant to me so that we glorify You a
lot.
·· · . . , · ¸ | · -`- | ¸ · · . · , - , « ·
We returned him to his mother so that her eyes
may be comforted.
¸ · . ´ · - ·· , · - v· ¸ , · - |, . ., ´ · v So that it does not revolve within your rich.
· . · . . | ¸, | When they are asked.
. · - ´ ·: « · | c· .· | Remember when your Lord said to the angels.
, . · . , - , · .¹ ¸ - . ·· · ,¬ ·
And remember when We delivered you from the
people of Pharaoh.
, . · .· | , « |· , =· · ´ |· ¸ =, - · · , ·¹
And remember when We gave Moses the book and
the criterion for the right & wrong.
¸ | , , |· ·, |· · · ¸· - .,, ¬ · ·« - ·, « « · ·
You will definitely not not be pious until you
spend your favorite wealth.
¸ | -· ¬ |· ¸ - = · He will definitely not enter into the paradise.
·, |· | , ¸ | ··|· · ·. « · v · · ., = - - ·-·· |
And they said, “The fire will definitely not touch
us except a few days.
¸ | , , = · ¸ · - = -· , -· - | We will definitely not endure on one kind of food.
¸ | c | ¸ - , · We will definitely not believe in you.
English
¸ ·,-
Face the Challenge!
Word ·- is used in different meanings. Identify
its all possible meanings.
Quranic Arabic Program 119
Level 02
Lesson 11A: Other Huroof
v , | ` c · - - , · - . ,· | Why not angel been sent down to us?
, | . . - « . · . · = | -·|· ·· =
If Allah wills, He would definitely had taken their
hearing.
, | ., « · - · ·, ·· · I wish they know.
, | ·, « · » ¸· =|· . , · . · =· = - |· . , , ·
If those who are unjust could visualize when they
will see the punishment.
. · · c | . = - · ¸ - . · ,| , · v , · -·|· ¸ = ·
¸· , =· ¬ |· ¸ - . ·· ´ | - · « - , . ´ , · -
Then even after you backed out. So if there would
not have been the grace and mercy of Allah upon
you, you surely would have been among the losers.
v , | · · «· ´ · Why not He speaks to us?
v , | = = . « | ¸ - , · . . = - · ¸··|· -·|· - · .
¸ v·
If Allah would not be repelling one set of people
by the might of others, there would indeed be
disorder on earth.
v , | . . | , | ¸ - · , - v· , .,, ···,|· . ··. · ·
. ¬.|· . . · · | , . · v·
Why not their Rabbis and the Jurists of laws forbid
them from uttering sinful words and eating
unlawful things?
, | - · = . | | ,« - · They wish they live for 1000 years.
. · = . - · ., ·, « |· , · . · ·, = ·· -
And they fulfill their promises when they make a
promise.
· . · - ,, = - . . · ·· = | When a trouble reaches them.
· . · ., ´ , · ¸ · - | ., « · · «· · · ·, - | ¸ =|
When He decides a matter, He only says, ‘be’ and
it happens.
, · . · ·, · -¹ ¸· =|· ·, « | And when they meet the believers.
English
¸ ·,-
Quranic Arabic Program 120
Level 02
Lesson 11A: Other Huroof
- · ¸ = · · - , v · ; « =· « |·
And He does not leave astray except those the
transgressors.
· · | . · - v v · · · · «· - · -
We do not have knowledge except what You have
given to us.
=· · ´ |· ., « · - · v .,,`- | . . · - , v · ¸ ·· - |
And there are illiterates who do not know the Holy
Book except their own desires.
., = , - · v v · -·|· They do not worship (anyone) except Allah.
¸ , | 3 , = « |· ¸ , | . ´ ·, - , ·, | , · . | , ,|·
= , - « |· ,
It is definitely not the piety that you turn your faces
towards the east or the west.
¸ , | . ´`· ¸ - : = · ·, - · , · . | ` -· · - . ´ , · -
There is definitely not blame on you if you search
for the bounty of your Lord.
¸ , | · ¸ = , - v· ¸ - c | There is definitely not for you in this matter.
-·|· . | , ¸ , | =, , - · | -: = ·
And verily, Allah is definitely not cruel for His
slaves.
English
¸ ·,-
Do you know?
A specific type of Arabic Poetry is called -=-. These are the
poems written to describe the positive attributes in personality
of a person. The kings used to sponsor poets to write poems
about them. It is a shameful chapter of the Muslim history.
Worth Reading
How to overcome obstacles on your way to success? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0010-Block.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 121
Level 02
Azar had an extremely rightly-guided son. The name of that son was Abraham. Abraham used to see
people prostrating in front of the idols. He used to see that people worship those idols.
A long time ago, long long time ago. In a town, there was a very famous man. The name of this man was
Azar. Azar used to sell idols. In that town, there was a very big house. There were idols in this house. A
very large number of idols.
People used to prostrate in front of these idols. Azar used to prostrate in front of these idols. Azar used to
worship these idols.
·= - ` =, = ` = | , - | ¹ .· · , . ., ·· ,· · = | ,|· · =· .=· .· · , . -··=:| .,=¬.· ¸··|· .,· .,··,·· .··, . ¸··|· .,·,
-··=v· .,=,-· .
¸··|· .·· , -· · = v· · =. | ., = ¬ . · . -· · = v· · =. | = ¬ . · ¹ .· · , . -· · = v· · =· =,-· ¹ .· · , .
· ~· · -·· | ¸ ,| . ·= - · ~· · . ·= - , . = - ¸- - ·, | J .·· . ¹ ¸-,|· · = · .=· .· · , . -· ·=v · - , , · ¹ .· · , .
·=- ` ~, · ` .,· - · , « |· · =· ¸ · .· · , . · ~ · · -· ·= | .-··= | .,,|· · =· J .· · , : ·=- .
` .,· House, home . , · He looks, He opines
` =, =
=,-·
., = ¬ . ·
Word
Rightly guided
He worships / will
worship
They prostrate / will
prostrate
Explanation
Idols
He sells / will sell
Famous
Explanation
-· ·=v ·
- , , ·
, . = -
Word
Village - ·, |
Very, too much,
many
·= -
Before ¸ ,|
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Rule of the Day
Word ¸,| convert the , ,- in .=· .
Face the Challenge!
From the lessons you’ve already studied, prepare a
list of exclamatory words used in Arabic.
Quranic Arabic Program 122
Level 02
Abraham used to say to his father: “O my father! Why do you worship these idols? O my father! Why do
you prostrate in front of these idols? O my father! Why do you ask (for help) from these idols? These
idols cannot cause harm or benefit! For what you put food and drinks for them? Surely these idols, my
father! Cannot eat or drink.
Abraham used to say in his mind: “Why people prostrate in front of the idols?” He used to ask from
himself: “Why people ask (help) from these idols?”
Abraham used to know that these idols are merely stones. He used to know that the idols cannot speak and
cannot listen. He used to that that surely these idols cannot cause harm or benefit. He used to see that if a
fly sits on the idols, they cannot push it. He used to see that mice eats the food of idols and they cannot
forbid (it).
· = |·, | ., « · ., ·· , ·· .· · , · ” _ | ·· : = ¬ . · · .·' ¸ · | · · , · -· · = v· · =· = , - · · . · ' · =· . | . · · . ·' ¸ · | · · , · - ·· =v· · =. |
- «. · v, .· ´ · · v -· · =v· · =· . · · -· · = v· : - «· · v , ,= · v -· · = v· ·=· .· , : -· -=|· · . | - = · · ¸ = `. v ,
v , ¸·| · v ¸ · | · · -· · = v· · =· . · , · =· ,=|· , = ,= · : “
· · ¬ - -· ·=v· .| =,- · ., ·· ,·· .· ·, . - « . · v , . · ´ ·· v -· · =v· . | =,- · .· · , . , = · v -· · =v· . | = , - · .· · ,
- « · · v , . = · :· -· · =v· ¸ · - ¸ · - =· · =|· . | . , · .· · , - · . - · « · :· -· · =v· -· - | ¸ · | · |«|· . , · .· · , .
- . « · ¸ · . , « · . , ·· , · · .· · , · ” · - ·· =:| ¸· ·|· = ¬ . · · .· « | “ - . « · . | . · ., ·· ,· · .· · , · ” ¸··|· . | . · · .· « |
· -··=v· “
=· · =|· Fly, bee · .·' Why?
- « · ·
She (or you) causes a
benefit
= , - · She (or you) worship = ,= · She (or you) drinks
, = ·
She (or you) causes a
loss
. | . · He asks / will ask - = · She (or you) put
. | . ·
¸ · | · ·
= ¬ . ·
Word
She (or you) ask
O my father!
She (or you) prostrate
Explanation
Food
Mouse, rat
She (or you) push (Note
the symbols of he, she &
you.)
Explanation
-· - |
| «|·
- · = ·
Word
She (you) speaks . · ´ ··
Stones, plural of ` , ¬ - · · ¬ -
He knows / will know =,- ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 123
Level 02
People went and Abraham left in the home. Abraham came to the idols and said to the idols, “Do you not
speak? Do you not listen? Do you not listen? This is food and drink! Do you not eat? Do you not drink?
The festival day came and people became happy. People went out for the festival and children also went
out. Abraham’s father came to him and said to Abraham, “Will you not go out with us?” Abraham replied,
“I am sick.”
Azar used to be angry and did not use to understand. Abraham was a well wisher for his nation. People
used to be angry and used not to understand. Abraham said, “I’ll break the idols when people will go.
Then these people will understand.”
.,, |· J ., ·· ,· · ¸ « · , ¸··|· . · . , . -· · =:| .· | , . -· · =v· ¸ | · . , ·· , · · ·· - , · ” · =· ·.,-«.· v| ·.,«·´·· v|
` =· , =, ` -· - | : · .,· , = · v | · .,··| · v| “
. .« · v , . = - · ¹ .· · , . ., , = - · ¸· ·|· .· · , . - - , « | ¬=· · ., ·· , ·· .· · , .,« .« · v, . ., ·· , ·· .· | · ” , . · | · ·|
¸··|· . . « · = · ·, - , .¸··|· . · . · .· -· · = v· . “
¸ ··|· - , « · = , - - , · ·· -, . .· « |v· - , - , = , - · | ¸ ··|· - ,- , . ., ·· , ·v .· | , . , ·· , · · = |· , - , -, · ” - , ¬ · v |
·· · - - “ ., ·· ,·· .·| · ” ` . , « = ·· | : “
, . · |
I break (Note the
symbol of ‘I’.)
.· « |v·
Children, plural of
¸«|
.,· , = · You all drink
.,« .« · They understand. - , · He became happy .,· ·| · You all eat
., , = - · They become angry = , - A festival ., - «.· You all listen
.,«·´··
` . , « =
= |· ,
Word
You all speak (Note the
symbol of ‘you all’)
Sick, ill
Father
Explanation
He came
Then
He went
Explanation
·· -
= · ·, -
. · .
Word
He is a well-wisher. ¬=· ·
He understands . .« ·
He becomes angry . = - ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Rule of the Day! In Arabic, the same word is used for the Present & Future Tense. When the word َ نَآ
is added before a word of Present & Future Tense, it gives sense of Past Continuous Tense. For
example ُ ََْ means “he understands or he will understand”. ُ ََ نآ means that “He used to
understand” or “He was understanding.”
Quranic Arabic Program 124
Level 02
They said, “Who has done this with our gods? We have heard a boy talking about them he is called
Abraham. Have you that this with our gods, O Abraham?” He said, “But the biggest of them has done that
so ask them if they can speak.” They said to Abraham, “You know that the idols do not speak.”
People returned and entered into the house of idols. People intended to prostrate in front of idols because
it was the festival day. But they surprised and amazed. People regretted and became angry.
The idols remained silent because they were stones which do not speak. Abraham said, “Why do you not
speak?” The idols remained silent and did not speak. Then Abraham became angry and took the axe.
Abraham hit the idols with the axe and broke the idols. Abraham left the biggest idol and hanged the axe
in his neck.
·,|· | · ” .· « · . · , · = · ¸ · · · · - « = ··· · . |\· · = · ¸ - · ¸ - ., ·· , ·· - | . .,·· ,· · · · · · · . |\ · · = · . · - · . ·| | · “ .· | · ” - · - · ¸ ·
.,«=·· ·, ·· · .· .·,||=·· · =· . ·~ , · . “ . , ·· , · v ·, |·« · · ” _ = · · v -· ·=v· . | . · - · .·| . “
_= · · v · ·¬ - ·· v -· ·= v· . · ´= , . ., ··, · · .· | · ” ., « = · · v .´|· - · “ . « = · ·- , -· ·=v· . ·´ = , . . = - =· ·, -
¸ |« |· = - | , . , ·· ,·· . -· · =v· , . · , ¸ | «|·· -· ·= v· ., ·· , ·· = , = , . ¸ · ¸ | «|· _· - , , ,· v· . ·=|· ., ·· , ·· = , · ,
-« · - .
-· · =v· . , · ¸ · · , · - . , ¸ ··|· - - , . =, - - , · - · v -· · = :| ·,=¬ . · . | ¸··|· .· | , . ·, = · . , ¸··|· .¬ - · ¸ ´ | , .
·, , = - , ¸··|· .= | · , .
, . · He broke ·, = · . They surprised. · ,||=· .· So (O you all!) Ask them!
= , = He hit / he walked .¬ - · He surprised. - | .· « · He is called
¸ |« |· The axe - - He returned , · = · . · He discussed them
. « = · She spoke « · - - Its neck ¸ · · A Boy
· . |¹ ··
·, , = -
.= | ·
Word
Our gods, plural of -|·
They became angry. (Note the
symbol of ‘they’)
He regretted.
Explanation
He hanged
The biggest,
bigger
He left
Explanation
_· -
, ,· v·
= , ·
Word
She became silent . ·´ =
You all speak ., « = · ·
She (or you) speak _= · ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 125
Level 02
People gathered and said, “What should we do? Surely Abraham broke the idols and insulted our gods.”
People asked, “What is the punishment for Abraham? What is the return for Abraham?” The answer was:
“Burn him and help your gods.” And like that happened. They ignited a fire and threw Abraham in it.”
Abraham said, “How do you worship the idols while they cannot cause harm or benefit? How do you ask
(for help) the idols while they cannot speak or listen? Do you not understand anything? Do you not think
logically?” People became silent and ashamed.
People used to know that the idols are merely stones. The used to know that the stones cannot listen or
speak. They used to know that the biggest idol is also a stone. And that the biggest idol is not able to walk
or move and the biggest idol is not able to break the idols.
·,|·| , ¸·`·|· - « · -· · ” »v· .· ·| , -· · = v· , . · .,·· ,· · . · ·¸ -« · ·.· - - : “ ¸··|· .| =, · ” ·· , - · - · ., ·· , · · =· « - · -
· ., ··,· · “ =·, -· . ·· · ” .´· »¹ ·,, =·· , ·,|,- . “ .· · · = ´ · , · .,··,·· ·., · ·, «||, · · · · , = | , | .
·· ¬ - -· ·=v· .| ., ·, - · ¸· ·|· .· · , . _=· · v, -« . · v · · ¬ -· . | . , · , - · ·, ·· · , . . · =|· . | .,· , - · ·,·· · ,
` ,¬ - ·= ·| ~ · v· . =,¬ ··, ¸ = « · . | = « · v ~·v· .·=|· .|, . -··=v· ,.´· .| = « · v , ,·v· . ·=|· . | , .
., · ·, · · .· | · ” « · · v , , = · v ·.· · , -· · =v· . , = , - · . , ´ · · v, _ = · · v ·.·· , -· · = v· . , | |. · ., · , · - v| · - « .
· ., · «- · : ·| . ·· ,= ., « . « · “ ·, · ¬ - , ¸· ·|· .´ = , :
¸ -« · We do / will do · , = | , | (O you all!) Ignite the fire
=,¬ ·· He moves / will move - « · -· He gathered , |`, - · Burn him
¸ = « · . |
To walk ( .| gives the
sense of ‘to’)
·, · ¬ -
They became
ashamed
=·, -· The answer
·· , -
=· « -
.· ·|
Word
Reward
Punishment
He insulted
Explanation
Do you not
think?
You all
understand
To break
Explanation
| · : ., · «- ·
., « . « ·
,.´· .|
Word
He is / will capable of = « ·
Stone ` ,¬ -
They know / will
know
., ·, - ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Worth Reading
The Sermon of Mount delivered by the Prophet Jesus -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-.
Its contents are applicable today. Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0009-Mount.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 126
Level 02
At night, Abraham saw a star. He said: “Is this my Lord?” When the start disappeared, Abraham said,
“No! This is not my Lord.” Abraham saw the moon, so he said, “Is this my Lord?” When the moon
disappeared, Abraham said, “No! This is not my Lord.” Then the sun rose. Abraham said, “Is this my
Lord? This is the biggest.” When the sun disappeared into the night, Abraham said:
But Allah helped Abraham and said to the fire, “O fire! Be cold and peaceful for Abraham.” And like that
happened. The fire became cold and peaceful for Abraham. People saw that the fire do not cause to
Abraham. People observed that Abraham was happy, that Abraham was safe. People became astonished
and amazed.
··· | . ·|, .,·· ,·· , =· =· ¸ ´| , · ” · · · · : . , ·· , · · ¸ · - ·-: = , ·. , · _,· . “ ·- : = , ·. , · ··|· . ··· ..·· ·=´· ,
. , ·· , · · ¸ · - . ., ·· ,·· , = · v ··|· .| ¸··|· .|, . .·= .,·· ,·· . | , .,, . - .,·· , ·· .| ¸··|· .| , . , ¸· ·|· ¸ · . ,
·,~¬ · .
.·« · . ·, ·, · ., ·· , ·· . | - · , | =· . , · ” ·¸`· · =· “ ., ·· , ·· .· | . . · ,´|· =· - ·' , · ” v : ¸`· , · ¸ , | · =· : “ . | ,
.· « · , « « |· .,·· , · · · ” ·`_ · =· “ . , ·· , · · . ·| , « « |· =· - ·', · ” v : `_,· ¸,| · =· : “ .,··,·· .· « · . ¸ « =|· .-· | , ·
” ~· | · =· _ · =· · “ ., ··,·· .· | ¸ , ·|· J ¸ «=|· . ·· - · ' , ·
,, . - Happy ·« | When
. | He saw ·, ·, · A star . ·· - She disappeared
·. , · Cold - · , | =· . At the night time ¸ « =|· The sun
. -· |
, « « |·
=· -
Word
She rose (‘Sun’ is feminine in
Arabic)
The moon
He disappeared (‘Star’ is
masculine in Arabic)
Explanation
They surprised
He astonished
Safe & sound
Explanation
·,~¬ ·
¸ · .
.·=
Word
Be! (Used for a
feminine noun)
_,·
He helped , = ·
(O you all!) Throw! ·, «||
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Do you know?
Pre-Islamic Arabic Tribes used to fight against each other
regularly. They used their poetry to motivate their fellow
tribesmen to fight. Such poetry is called ,-.
Worth Reading
What is the relationship between the revelation and the intellect?
Read more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0007-
Revelation.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 127
Level 02
Abraham called his nation towards Allah and forbade them from worshipping the idols. Abraham said to
his nation: “What do you worship?”
Abraham knew that Allah is his Lord because Allah is alive, He does not die and Allah remains, He does
not disappear. And Allah is powerful, nothing can dominate Him. Abraham knew that Allah is the Lord of
starts. Allah is the Lord of the moon and Allah is the Lord of the sun and Allah is the Lord of all worlds.
Allah guided Abraham and made him a Prophet and (His) Friend. Allah ordered Abraham to call his
nation and forbid them from worshipping the idols.
“No! This is not my Lord. Surely Allah is alive and He does not die. Surely Allah remains and do not
disappear. Verily Allah is very powerful, nothing can dominate him. While the start is weak, the morning
has dominated it and the moon is weak and the sun has dominated it and the sun is weak because the
clouds dominate it. The start cannot help me because it is weak. The moon cannot help me because it is
weak. The sun cannot help me because it is weak. Allah helps me because Allah is alive, He cannot die.
He remains and He do not disappear. He is powerful, nothing can dominate Him.
· · .· , - ¸ - .. - · - , =· _· - -, | .,··,·· · - . , - - , «| .,··,·· .· | -· ·=v · ” · ., =,- · · - “
” v : ¸ · , · ¸ , | · =· . =, « · v ¸ - =· .· . ., - · v 3·· -·|· .· . - , · - · ., - = . ·, ´|·, ·¸= -, · - · v ¯. , | =· .·
¬ , =|· . ¸ «=|· - , · -· ` ., - = , « «|· , . . , - |· · ., · - · , ¸ , ·|· · . , · - · - «, - = ¸«=|· , . .,- = -· v . · , ´ |· ¸ ·,=·· v, .
., -= -· v, « « |· ¸ ·,=· · v, . - «, - = ·.· v ¸«=|· _ ,=· · v, . =· _, =· · , . =,s v ¯¸ - =· .v . ., - · v 3· · , .
·¸= - , ·- · v ¯. , | , . “
-· =· . | .,··,·· = , - , . =,s v ¸ - =· . v . ., - · v 3·· =· . | , . · ¸= -,· - · v ¯. , | =· . | , . .,··,· · = , - ,
. ·, ´ |· = =· . | : , « «|· = =· . | , : ¸ « =|· = =· . | , : ¸ , « |· -|· = =· . | , : ·,,· - · - -, .,··,·· =· . = ·,
:, · - , . , - ¸ - .. - · « ·, - - , | , - = · .| .,··,·· =· , - | , -· ·=v· · .· .
¬ , =|· The morning , - = · .| To call .,,= · They harm
, · - · - He dominated him :, · - Friend ., - « · · They cause benefit
., - ·
He disappears (compare
with =· -)
. = · He guided ., - = · You all call
- · - ..
· - .
· .· , -
Word
He forbade them
He called
Worship
Explanation
He helps me
Clouds, fog
She (or you)
dominate him
Explanation
¸ ·,=··
. , - |·
- , · -·
Word
Remaining 3··
He dies / will die =, « ·
Alive ¸ -
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 128
Level 02
Abraham said, “I do not worship these idols. But I am an enemy of these idols. I worship the Lord of all
worlds. The One Who created me. So He guides me! He is The One who feeds me and gives me to drink!
When I become sick, He cures me! He will cause me to die and then He will make be alive! Surely the
idols do not create and do not guide. Verily they cannot feed anyone and do not give for drink. When
anyone becomes sick they cannot cure. Surely they cannot cause anyone to die and do not give life.
They said, “We worship idols.” Abraham said, “Do they listen you when you call? Or give you benefit or
harm?” They said, “Nay, we have found our forefathers doing the same.”
·, |· | · ” ·-··=| =,- · . “ . ,··,· · .· | · ” ,= · , | . ´ ·, - « · · , | · ., - = · .· .´ ·,- «. · ¸ · · ., “ ·, |· | · ” ¸ ·
.,· -« · c |=· · ····¹ · · = - , . “
.,··,·· .·| · ” -· ·=v· · =· = , -| v · · |· . -· · = v· ·=» ` , = - · ·| ¸ · . ¸ , « |· -|· = = , - | · · | . ¸ · = . · , . · _ « · - . = |· :
; « .· , _ « - = · , · .=|·, : ; « = · ,. · . =, - · .·, : ;, ¬ · . _·, s . = |·, : . =. · v , _ · ¬ · v - ·· =v· .· , . v · .· · ,
¸« . · v, ·= -| . - =· . ¸ «= · v ¸. · ` = -| ¸ , - · . · , . ¸,¬ · v, ·= -| ., « · v · ·· , . “
` , = - Enemy ;, ¬ ·
He gives life to
me
., « · She / you causes to die
= , -|
I worship (Note the
symbol of ‘I’)
¸ ··, s
He cause me to
die
¸ «= · She / you cure
.,· -« · They do / will do ; « = · He cures me ¸ , -
He became sick (Compare with
.=,-)
c |=· Like that . =, - I become sick ¸« . · She / you give water to drink
. - =·
. =. ·
_ · ¬ ·
Word
She / you feed
She / you guide
She / you create
Explanation
He gives me drink
He feeds me
He guides me
Explanation
; « .·
_ « - = ·
¸ · = . ·
Word
Our forefathers, plural of
' ` =
· ····¹
We found (Note the
symbol of ‘we’)
· · = - ,
But, nay ¸ ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 129
Level 02
· =- ` . |· » , . ·=- ` ~, · ` c · - - ··= « |· ¸ · .·· . c · «·| .,= ¬ .· ¸· ·|· .··, . v, = =¬.· .,·· ,·· . | c · '· - «=,
= - v =¬ . · . . ,·· ,· · .·|, c·'· .=-· . =· v· ·=-| =·- v .,··,·· .··, . . , ·· , · · ·· - , .
In the city, there was a very great and very cruel king. People used to prostrate in front of the king. The
king heard that Abraham prostrate only for Allah and do not prostrate for anyone. The king became angry
and demanded for Abraham. Abraham came, he did not use to fear anyone other than Allah.
The king called a person and killed him. He called another person and left him. He said, “I give life and I
cause to die. I have killed a man and left other man (to live).” The king was a great fool and each
polytheist is alike. Abraham intended to explain the king and explain his nation. Abraham said to the king:
“Surely Allah brings the sun from the East, you bring it from the West.” The king astonished and
remained silent. The king became ashamed and he did not find an answer.
The king said, “Who is your Lord, O Abraham!?” Abraham replied, “My Lord is Allah.” The king said,
“Who is Allah, O Abraham!?” Abraham said, “The One Who gives life and causes to die.” The king said,
“I give life and cause to die.”
c · '· .·| · ” ·., ·· , · · · · c· ¸ - “ .,·· , ·· .· | · ” =· _ : “ c ·« |· .· | · ” ·.,·· , ·· ·· =· ¸ - “ .,·· , ·· .· | · ” ¸, ¬ · . = |·
.,s, . “ c ·'· .· | · ” . , - |, ¸,- | · ·| . “
- · · |, : - c·'· · - ., . - · , ·, , -¹ : - · - ., . .· |, · ” : - . · , · , : - . · · | . .,-|, ¸,-| ··| . “ c·'· .· ·,
= , = - ¸· c | = ·, .·=- ·=, ·· . - - , | . . « ·, . c·'· . .« · .| .,··,·· .·|, . c · «·| .,··, ·· .· «· · ” _|· =· . · ·
= ,- '· ¸ - · . · = |· 3 , = '· ¸ - ¸ «=|· · . “ . ´ = , c ·'· ,,¬ · · . ··· , - = -, · -, .c ·'· ¸¬ -, .
¸ , - | I give life ¸ «=|· · _|· He brings the sun
- · · | He killed him .·| He intended = - , He found
=·¬ · He fears / will fear ·=, ·· Stupid, foolish ¸¬ - He became ashamed
. ´ =
,,¬ ·
· = | · . ·
Word
He became silent
He astonished
So bring it
Explanation
I have left
I have killed
I cause death
Explanation
. · , ·
. · · |
., - |
Word
He demanded . · |
King ` c · -
She / you give life ¸,¬ ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 130
Level 02
Abraham’s nation, the king and Abraham’s father became angry. Abraham intended to travel to another
city. He (intended) to worship Allah in it and call people towards Allah. Abraham came out of his city and
left his father. Abraham decided for Makkah and his wife Hager was with him.
- | .· «· . ·= ·| · =|·, ,- = · .| .,··,·· .·|, · ” . · | ·· : , =,· v, - «. · v · - =,- · . | . ,= · v, - « · · v ·- =,- · . |, . ··
. · | : .· =,=|· =,-· v : . ·| ·· : ¸ « -,|· = ,- · : “
Abraham intended to call his father as well. He said to him: “O my father! Why do you worship what
cannot listen or see? Why do you worship what cannot give benefit or harm? O my father! Don’t worship
the Satan. O my father! Worship the Most Beneficent.”
The father of Abraham became angry and said: “I shall beat you. Leave me and don’t say anything.”
Abraham was tolerant. He said to his father, “Peace be upon you.” And he said to himself, “I shall go
from here and shall call my Lord.” Abraham regretted a lot and he intended to go to another city and
worship his Lord and call people towards Allah.
. ·| , . .,··,·· =|·, . = -, · ” ·· , = ¸ « · v, _·,·· · . c· ,=| ··| . “ · = |·, | .· « · .·«, · - .,··,·· .· ·, · ” c,· - ` -: = . “
- | .· |, · ” `_ , - .|, · · · ¸ - . ·.| · · | . “ . , -¹ = ·· _· . ·= · .| .·|, .·= - .,·· , ·· .= | ·, ¸· ·|· , - = · , . -· =,- ·,
=· ¸ |· .
, ·· , ·· =|·, . = - , c·'· . = - , .,·· ,· · -, | . = -, . . , · =,- ·, , -¹ = · · _· , ·· . · . | ., ·· , ·· .· | , , - = · , =· -
=· _· ¸··|· . · = | ·, -. , , · = · · ¸ - .,·· , · · - ,- , . ,-· · -- , - - - , - ´ - ., ··, · · = = | , .
·«, · - Tolerant . ·= · .| To go - - , His wife
¸ « · v Don’t say .= | · He regretted = = |
He decided (to do
something)
- . ,
= · ·
, ·· . · . |
Word
He left
City, country
To travel
Explanation
(O you all!) Call!
Here
I go / shall go
Explanation
, - .|
· · ·
. ·.|
Word
So leave me ¸ ··,··
I shall beat you c · ,= |
Worship! (an order) = ,- ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 131
Level 02
Allah helped Hager and Ishmael. He created water for both of them. The water came out of the earth and
Ishmael and Hager drank. Water remained there. So it was the well of “Zamzam”. Allah blessed Zamzam.
This is the well from where people drink during pilgrimage and bring the water of Zamzam to their
country. Have you drunk Zamzam?
Makkah had neither vegetation nor trees. There was no well or river at Makkah. There was no animal or
human being at Makkah. Abraham reached at Makkah and went down in it. Abraham left his wife Hager
and his child Ishmael. When Abraham intended to go, his wife Hager said to him, “Where are you going?
O my respected (husband)! Are you going to leave me here? Are you going to leave me and there is no
water here? And not any food? Has Allah ordered you for this?” Abraham said, “Yes!”. Hager said, “Then
He will not kill us.”
, ¬ = v , .=- · ., · ¸,| -´ - .·· · , . ` , . · v , ` ,·· · ., · ¸, | - ´ - .·· · , . , =· v , .· , , - · .,· ¸ , | -´ - . ·· · , .
· ., · . , · , -´ - _· .,·· ,· · ¸ = , , . ¸, -·r· ·= | ,, , -· · - - , .,·· , ·· =, · , . -| . |· | .·= · . | .,··,·· .· | ·« | ,
,-· · - -, · ” - · · · ¸,| , ¸ ··, · · | ·· ·· _·,··| ·. = , = · · ¸·| _ · -· - | v, ··· : ··=· =· = , - | ¸ · “ ., ·· , ·· .· | ·
” . - · : “ ,-· · . |· | · ” · · -, =· v ·. · : “
Ishmael felt thirst once. His mother intended to bring water for him but where was the water? Makkah had
no well and no river. Hager required the water. She ran from Safa to Marwah and from Marwah to Safa.
| ¸ ´| , ·· - - , «.· .| --| =.·| , . ·, - ¸, -·r· ¸ = - , · ., · ¸ , | -´ - , .,·· · ., · ¸ ,| -´ - , · ··'· ¸ · ,· : . ·· · ,
¸ -, · , , '· _· · « =|· ¸ - . , ¬ · , ·· « |· .· = · ,-·· · « =|· _· ·,, '· .
·· - · « » _ · ¬ · ¸,-·r· , = ·, ,-· · =· , = · , . ,-· · . · , =, ¸,-·r· = , =, ¸v· ¸- ··'· -,-, . .·´· ··'· ¸«·,
·.·- =,=· _|· ,·,|· ¸· ·=·, -,- ¸ · =· = · ,· .-,- ,·· .·=·· _· -,- ··s ., ·|·, ¬-· J ¸··|· . . · , = ¸ ·
· - , - ·· -
` , = · Human being ·, - Times . · , = She drank
.· , , - Animal ¸ = - He became thirsty = , = He drank
` , . · River, canal -, = · · · He will kill us . , ¬ ·
She (or you) runs / will
run
.· = ·
- , «.· .|
--|
Word
She (or you) needs / will
need
To give him drink
His mother
Explanation
Water
Are you going to leave
me?
O My Master! (for
respect)
Explanation
·· -
| ·,·· _
. = , = · ·
Word
Well ` ,··
Tree ` , ¬ =
Grass, herbage ` .= -
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 132
Level 02
Abraham took Ishmael with him and took a knife. When Abraham reached at Mina, he decided to
slaughter Ishmael. Abraham asked Ishmael to lay down on the ground. Abraham decided to slaughter him,
so he put the knife on the throat of Ishmael.
Abraham returned after some time to Makkah. He met Ishmael and Hager. Abraham became happy due to
his son Ishmael. Ishmael was a little child. He used to run, play and go out with his father. Abraham used
to love Ishmael a lot.
·=- = - · -´ - _· ., ·· ,·· .· - , . -·r· · = | , · .,·· , ·· -, ·, . ,-· · ¸«|, ¸, -·r· ¸« |, ¸, . . ·~ - = ·=|, ¸, -·r· .··,
· = |·, - - -,¬ · , . -· ·, . , ¬ · . ·=- ¸, -·r· . - .,·· ,·· .· ·, .
At night, Abraham saw in dream that he is slaughtering Ishmael. Abraham was a true prophet. His dream
was a true dream. Abraham was Allah’s friend. He decided to do what Allah has ordered him in the
dream. Abraham said (to Ishmael), “I saw in the dream that I am slaughtering you, so consider it, what is
your opinion?” He said, “O father! Do what you are instructed. If Allah wills, you will definitely find me
one of steadfast people.”
¸,-·r· ¬ ·= · - · | -· ·'· J .,·· , ·· . | -·,| =· ., . ·|.·= ·-··- --··- .· ·, . ·|.· = ·, , · .,··, ·· .··, . .,··,·· .··,
-··'· J =· ·,-| ·- ¸ -«· .| .· | · . =· ¸, · - . .,·· , ·· .·|, · ” ·.,· ·.·- , =·· · c ¬ · .| _| -· · '· J . | ¸ ·· “ .·| · ” · ·
.·| : ¸·,··=|· ¸ - =· ·· = .· _= ¬ · = , -,· · - ¸ - ·· . “
··,´ = = - |, - - - ¸,-·r· .,··, · · = - |, . ¸,-·r· ¬·=· .| .· | .¸ ·- .,··,·· - ·· · « |, . ¸ · - ¸, -·r· -¬ = =·,
¸ v· . ,-·r· -, «·- ¸ · - ; ´.|· - = , · ¬ · =· .| .,·· , ·· .· |, ¸ .
. -· · He plays / will play . , · You see, you opine ` -, «· - Throat
. , ¬ · He runs / will run c ¬ · .|
I slaughter / will
slaughter you
- = , He kept
- , · He became happy . | I see, I opine - ¬ = =· He caused to lie down
¸« | He met ·|.· = True - ·· He reached
··,´ =
= = ¬ · _
, - ,·
Word
A knife
Soon you (or she) will
find me
She (or you) are ordered
Explanation
He slaughters
Sleeping, dream
He loves / will love
Explanation
¬ ·= ·
-· ·'·
. ¬ ·
Word
Period ·= -
He returned .· -
He blessed = · ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
Quranic Arabic Program 133
Level 02
Abraham was building the Ka’aba with his hand and Ishmael was also building the Ka’aba with his hand.
Abraham used to remember Allah and call Him. Ishmael also used to remember Allah and call Him, “O
our Lord! Accept it from us, surely You are the Listener, the Knowledgeable.”
· ¸,-·r· .· · , · = , · -,- ´ |· ¸ ·, · ., ·· ,·· .· · , · = , · -,-´ |· _ , . , - = · , =· , ·=· ., ·· ,·· .· · , . =· , ·= · ¸, -·r· .··,
, -=· , . ” ··· : . , · -|· - , «.|· . · | c·· ·· - ¸, « · . “
But Allah liked to see whether His friend does what He commands him. Does he loves Allah more or he
loves his son more. Abraham became successful in the test. Allah sent Gabriel with a ram and he said,
“Slaughter this, don’t slaughter Ishmael.” Allah loved the Abraham’s work. He ordered the Muslims to
slaughter on the festival of sacrifice.
· ,-|· · - -·, · - ¸ -« · ¸ · . , · .| . ¬ · =· ¸´|, . ,·· | - · · · . ¬ · , | ,·· | =· . ¬ · ¸·, . .· ¬·-v· J ., ··,· · ¬ ¬ · , .
.· |, -· -· ¸ - ¸, ´· ¸· ~- =· ¸= |· ” ¸, -·r· ¬· = · v, ·=· ¬·.· . “ ¬·=|· · ; « · .« |· , -|· . .,·· ,·· ¸«- =· .-|,
¸¬ =v· =, - J .
Abraham went and returned after that. He intended to build a house for Allah. There were many house but
there was no house for Allah where they worship Allah (only). Ishmael intended to build a house for Allah
with his father. Abraham and Ishmael transported stones from the mountains.
May Allah bless and give peace to Abraham the Friend. And may Allah bless and give peace to his son
Ishmael.
.·=, ¸,· -· .,··,·· ¸ · - =· ¸ · = . .·=, ¸, -·r· -· ·· ¸ · - =· ¸· = , .
, · ¸ · , · . | .·| , . c |. =- · .· - , .,··, ·· . · . , · ~ · · = ,, ,|· . ·· · , = ·· . =· - , · . , = , - · = .,· .· · ·-, . .· | ,
· = |·, -- = ·· , · _ , · . | ¸, -·r· . .· , -· ¸- · · ¬ -· ¸, -·r· , .,·· , ·· ¸ « · , .
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
¬ ·.· Slaughter! ¸ « · He transported, moved ·· - ¸, « · Accept from us
` ¸, · Ram, male sheep ¸ · , · . | To build · =·| Too, also
, ·=·
¸ ·, ·
.· , ¬ |·
Word
He remembers, he
discussed
He built
Mountains
Explanation
The festival of sacrifice
I love
Don’t slaughter!
Explanation
¸¬ =v· =, -
. -|
¬· = · v
Word
He sent ¸= |
The test .· ¬·-v·
He became successful ¬ ¬ ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 134
Level 02
Allah blessed the progeny of Isaac like He blessed the progeny of Ishmael. There were prophets and kings
in them.
Allah accepted (the contribution) of Abraham and Ishmael and blessed the Ka’aba. We face towards
Ka’aba in each prayer. Muslims travel towards Ka’aba during the days of pilgrimage and walk around the
Ka’aba and pray near it. Allah blessed the Ka’aba and accept (the contribution) of Abraham and Ishmael.
Allah may bless and give peace to Abraham. Allah may bless and give peace to Ishmael. Allah may bless
and give peace to Muhammad.
, - ´|· ¸ · = · ·, ¸,-·r·, . ,·· , · · ¸ - =· ¸, « · , - . · : = ¸· J -,-´|· _· --,·· ¸- . J -,- ´ |· _· .,«·.'· , ·· . ·,
`¬ ¬ |· -· · | . · · = · - .,· = · , - , - ´ |· · ., ·,= ·, . ¸,-·r·, ., ·· ,·· ¸ - ¸, « ·, -,-´|· J =· =· · . . ,·· ,·· ¸·- =· ¸ · =
.· =, . .·=, ¸, -·r· ¸·- =· ¸· = . .·= , =«= ¸·- =· ¸·= , .
Abraham also had another wife. Her name was Sarah. Abraham had another son from Sarah, his name was
Isaac. Abraham lived in Syria and Isaac also. Isaac built a house for Allah in Syria like his father and
brother built a house at Makkah.
· · = · .r· .. ,- | ` -, .,··,·v .· · , . 3·¬=· -r· · · = ¸ - , -¹ ` = | , .,··, ·v .· · , . . -·=|· J ., ·· ,·· ¸´ = ,
3·¬=· ¸ ´=, . J · ·, · ·,- |, ·, ·| _· ·«· . -·=|· J = ··,· 3·¬=· _·, -´ - .. . .
r· . v, | J = · · · « · 3·¬= · . v, | J =· = · ·, =, · '· , ·· , ,·| .., · .· · , .¸, -· .
Lesson 11B: Who did break the idols?
, =, ·
=, · '·
¸´ =
Word
He sees
Kings, plural of c·-
He lived
Explanation
Other
Spouse, wife or husband
They pray
Explanation
. ,- |
` -,
.,· = ·
Word
They walk around ., ·, = ·
We face -- , · ·
He accepted ¸, « ·
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
Exclamatory Words are used to call someone or
express some emotion.
Face the Challenge!
What is the impact of ·· on the word coming after it?
Quranic Arabic Program 135
Level 02
Lesson 12A: Exclamatory Huroof
·, |· | . - · They said, “Yes”
v | ` .· , | -·|· , = · . · Beware! Certainly Allah’s help is about to come.
- · ¸ = · · - , v · ; « =· « |·
And He does not leave astray except those the
transgressors.
v | ., = . « « |· . · . .· ·
Beware! Certainly they are the ones who make
disorder.
¸ · · ·« - - , · - ·= - , Yes!, this promise is obligatory on Him.
¸ - ¸ · · ¸ «·· , · = . - · ¸ · , | Yes!, whoever fulfilled his promise and is careful.
¸ - ¸ · · - · · ` ¸ . ¬ - , · , -· | - . - , . · = |
-`· = · - · , - |
Yes!, whoever submits his face to Allah and is
generous, so his reward is available with his Lord.
¸ - ¸ · · - ·`, = . . · Yes!, whoever commits evil doing.
· .· | · · v: - ¸ v· ¸ · ·« - ·, · · ¸··|·
·,`, |
O people! Eat from the earth the lawful and pure
things.
· .· | · · , ,=|· · ·, ·, - · =· ·, · -¹ ¸· =|·
·:=|· ,
O those who believe! Seek help by the patience and
the prayer.
·.·| added because there was an .· on the next word.
· .· | · · . ´· ·, = , -· ¸··|· O people! Worship your Lord.
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Do you know?
Arabic literature is widely studied in religious and secular educational institutes across the Muslim
world. The Muslims have preserved the Pre-Islamic Arabic Literature to keep the language of the
Quran alive.
Quranic Arabic Program 136
Level 02
Hassan Ibn Thabit Ansari -·- =· ¸=
· , · · , ¸| · =- · · ·· ·· ¯¸ , · · = ,- · ¸v· ¸ · .··,v· , ¸ = ,|· ¸ -
The Prophet who came to us after hopelessness and a long period empty of Prophets while the idols were
worshipped in the land. [Explanation: There was a period of about 600 years between Prophet Jesus &
Muhammad -:.|·, ·,·=|· ·«.,·-.]
He (Allah) derived (the Prophet’s name) from His name. So the Owner of the Throne is “Mahmood” and
this is “Muhammad”. [Explanation: He derived =«= from .,«= after deleting the , from it.)
(The Prophethood) has ended on him. For his prophethood, there is a stamp from Allah, which is seen. It
appears and it witnesses. [Explanation: Hassan has indicated the stamp of Prophethood that was embossed
on the back of Prophet’s body.]
The God has joined the name of Prophet with His name, when the caller for prayer says in five (calls for
prayer), “I witness (that there is no god except Allah and I witness that Muhammad is the Prophet of
Allah.)”
- · - ¬ , | -r· ¸ - - | _ = , · =« ¬ - ·=· , ` ., «¬ - ¸, -|· , =·
-r· - - `¸ , ·|· .=· -|v· . = , · = . =· .. , « |· ¸ « ¬ |· J .·| ·.·
` . ·· - ·, , ··| -,·- , -| · = .= · , -,· · ` ., .=- =· ¸-
. = He merged ` ., «¬ - Praise-worthy
= .= · He ¸, -|· , .
Owner of Throne,
Allah
.··,v· Idols, plural of ¸·,
-,· · It appears, it shines - · - ¬ , | To make him · , · · Period
¸| ·
· ·· ··
=« ¬ -
Word
Hopelessness
He came to us
Praise-worthy
Explanation
He tore, He derived
I testify
Announcer (for
prayer)
Explanation
_ =
= . =·
.. , « |·
Word
Well-observed ` ., .=-
Stamp, seal, ring ` . ·· -
He finished , -|
Explanation Word
The Result
Calculate your score. Each verse carries 5 mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
Quranic Arabic Program 137
Level 02
-· - ,= · , · · · · · =·|, · = « ¬ · =·· -:=v· · · « · - ,
He warned us about the Hellfire and provided news for the Paradise. We knew Islam, so we thank Allah.
· · .· · , · ~ · ·. - · -·, = ¸ .-| · · =· . « |· ¸, « =|· -v · « · -, · ·
He became a lamp spreading light (of guidance) and the Guide. He shines like an Indian-polished (sword)
shines. [Explanation: India was the industrial center at Prophet’s time. Its polished items were considered
the best in Arabia. So he has used this allegory for the Prophet.]
All the creation, blessings and matters are for You. So we seek guidance only from You and we worship
only for You.
[O Allah!] You are the God of creatures. You are my Lord and my Creator. I witness that I have lived in
the people with that (sense).
O Lord of Humanity! You are Exalted from the saying for that person who called any (false) god other
than You. You are the Highest, the Glorious.
- · · , -v· , ··« - ·|· , _ · ¬ |· c| · = , - · =··· , . = . ·. · =····
· - . ¸ - ., | ¸- ¸··|· = ., |· - · · = ¬ -| , ¸ ·-| .·| . · . |· =· , =
¸ « |· - , ¸`· _ · ¬ |· - |· .·| , · = . =| ¸··|· ¸ · = , « - · - c | = ·
-v He appeared, shined = « ¬ · We praise . = . ·. · We seek guidance
-, · ·
He appears / will
appear, he shines
,= · He gave us good news ··« - ·|· Favors, blessings
· · .· · One who guides · · =·| He warned us = ¬ -| Glorious
¸ ·-|
=· , =
., |· - ·
Word
Highest
Other than You
You are Exalted
Explanation
I lived
Indian
Polished
Explanation
= , « -
=· . « |·
¸, « =|·
Word
Giving light · ~ · ·. -
Lamp · -·, =
He became ¸ .-|
Explanation Word
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
Quranic Arabic Program 138
Level 02
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
I regret that you are not like him. You should keep reserve for this matter (Hereafter) which has already
reserved.
Al-Aa’sha
¸ «·|· ¸ - .· , · ¸- , · . | .·| ·.· · · ., , · = | ¸ - =, « |· =- · ., |v ,
When you have not traveled for (getting) the supplies of God’s fear. The person who has arranged these
supplies will find them after death.
=« ¬ - ·· = , - « . · . | = = -| · · = . =| , ¸ =,| ; - - |v· ¸ , ·
I find that you have not listened the preaching of Muhammad. He is the Prophet of God while he preaches
and testifies (that there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet). [Explanation: In Arab,
“·.·.= (Testimony)” was a special thing. The spokesperson of a tribe was called the “Testifier”. Based on
his testimony, people used to believe something. Prophet . ·,· = ¸. had the status of “Testifier” for
God.]
- · · « · ., ´ · v .| ¸·- . - = · · · = = | .·· .=|· ,-: | = = , · ·
= . =|
He witnessed with
full certainty
. - = · I regretted
¸ =,| He preached · ., , ·
He arranged supplies
(for travel)
; - When ., |v You met · = = |
He kept reserve (of
money)
= = , ·
- · · -
., ´ · v
Word
You keep reserve (of
money)
Like him
You do not become
Explanation
Being God-fearing
Supplies (for traveling)
Why did you not travel
Explanation
¸ «·|·

¸- , · . |
Word
Bequest, preach ·· = ,
You have not listened - « . · . |
I find you = = -|
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
In order to make a sentence interrogative, simply
add an interrogative word before the sentence.
Face the Challenge!
Prepare a list of “Interrogative” words in
Arabic.
Quranic Arabic Program 139
Level 02
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
- | ·· «.|· . ¬ · ¸ - ¸ · ` ,¬ . - · = -| - ´· - . ,· · · .| ¸ - , · · v
All what is below the sky is subjugated to Him. It is not possible for anyone to resist (against Him).
Warqa Ibn Noofil Al-Asadi -·- =· ¸=
. ´ « |· - , , - · . |· . = , - · v · . = - - ·, . ·, |, « · . ·, - . .| ·
Don’t worship any god other than your Creator. If you are called (to worship any god), then say: “Other
than Him are (beyond) the limits.”
. . | . · | , -· ,|v . ¬ = · = « | · = -| . · , - · :· ,· =·|· ··|
Surely, I have advised nations and said to them, “I am a Warner, so anyone of you should not be deceived.
[Explanation: “The Warner” was a special role in Pre-Islamic Arabian society. A person who had some
news about a potential risk, used to tear his cloths, stand on a high place and inform his nation about the
risk. Prophet is also called “The Warner” in the Quran because he warns about the risk of Hellfire.]
The Owner of Throne (Allah) is exalted. Nothing can become equal to Him. He is the Sustainer of
humanity. He is Single and Self-Sufficient.
He is Exalted. Then He is Exalted. We seek refuge from Him. Before us, Judi & Jamad glorified Him.
[Explanation: Judi is a mountain in Eastern Turkey. The Ark of Prophet’s Noah ·· ·.. ·,· stayed there.
Jamad is another mountain near it. The poet is indicating to that event.]
- · ., - · · ·· ¬ , = . · - ·· ¬ , = · = « ¬ |· , . ., ¬ |· ¬, = · · · , | ,
- | .· - · ·¸ = v ¸, - |· . . .· ¬ , = · = « = ` = -· , ` ., · -· , ,|· =
. = - Limit ¬, = He glorified Allah - ´· - His kingdom
. ·, - . You were called ., - · We seek refuge . ,· · · .| To resist
. = , - · v Don’t worship = « = Self-sufficient ¸ - , · · v It is not possible
` ,¬ . -
= « ¬ |·
. ., ¬ |·
Word
Controlled, subjugated
Another mountain near
Judi
A mountain in Turkey
Explanation
Single
Humanity
It becomes equal to Him
Explanation
` ., ·
-· , ,|·
- | .· - ·
Word
Deceive you . · , - ·
Warner ,· =·|·
I advised . ¬ = ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 140
Level 02
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
- | =, - =|· .· . .· .· «, · = v , · . , , |· · . ·, · . , ¬ · ¸ ·v· , ¸ ¬ |· ,
King Solomon -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·- is also not here while nations, giants and humans subjugated to him. Cold is
now prevailing among it. [Explanation: It means that they are not present now. So everyone will vanish.]
- · =· = · ¸ « , · . , · ·« - ·¸ = v · = | ,|· , .· « |· . ., · , -|v· ¸ « , ·
There is nothing among things you see whose freshness remains. The God remains and He gives wealth
and sons. [Explanation: In ancient Arabian society, male children were the symbol of respect and power.
In absence of Police and central government, the person having more children was considered more
influential and powerful.]
- · ·· , - · -, · , -, · ¸- ¸ - · . | · ·, = · - · « · ` .· - . | ,· - = | = · ¬ |· ,
Today (in this world), Hurmuz and his treasures cannot satisfy you. Regarding eternal life, the nation A’ad
tried (to live forever) but they did not remain forever. [A’ad was an ancient Arab nation which used to live
in present-day Oman in South of Arabian Peninsula. It was a developed and civilized nation.]
No doubt, the water-basin there was full of roses. There is nothing available today from their roses, as
they left.
: · ` ., , - c |· · · ` ¸, - = = · · ·, . , · « · · -, · · . , ¸ - = ·v
, -, · A Persian king = = · v It is not false
¸ - · . |
You are not self-
sufficient
` ., , - Full of roses . , , |· Coldness
= | ,|· Children c |· · · There, then ¸ ·v· Human beings
.· « |· Wealth ` ¸, - Basin, pond ¸ ¬ |· Giants
. ., · He gives ·, = · - They remained forever =, - =|· Nations
¸ « , · He remains ` .· - An ancient Arab nation .· . He subjugated
·, . ,
· . ,
= ·v
Word
They arrived
Its roses
No escape, definitely
Explanation
She (they) tried
Forever
His treasures
Explanation
. | ,· -
= · ¬ |·
- · ·· , -
Word
Freshness - · =· = ·
You remain ¸ « , ·
You see . , ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 141
Level 02
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
U’mar Ibn Khattab -·- =· ¸=
· « · =, · « |· · , · . ¸- ¸·`=|· · ¸ - ·=· · · ¸·=|· ¸- . ·· , · = · =, · « |· ¸ · - · =·
Be undesirous for the world by (focusing on) the religion like the kings don’t care about the religion due
to their worldly matters.
·, - · | = | ¸·`=|· ¸ · .| · v· - . | · ., =|· · ¸, -|· ¸ · ·, = . ·· | v ,
I saw men who contented on minimum in their religion but I see that in their (worldly) life, they do not
satisfy with something less. [Explanation: Dual character of people is described that in religious matters,
they satisfy the minimum requirements of religion while in worldly matters, they seek the best.]
I surprised about a person who exchanges the deviation for guidance. The person who buys his worldly
affairs at the cost of religion, I also astonish.
I surprise more for the one of two (i.e. the seller of guidance for deviation and the seller of religion for the
world) who sells his religion for worldly affairs. I astonish that worldly affairs are equal to religion for
him.
- ·· . -· · ¸ - ¸· = · ¸ - . ¬ -|, · . ¬-| ¸· . ¸ - , . · ··, = · , · = ·
. = . |· · - |: =|· -· · , « | . , ¬ - · . ¬ -| ¸·=|· · ·· , · . . , ·= · ¸ -,
¸, -|· Life, enjoyments of life =, · « |· Kings, plural of ` c · - . ¬ -| I astonish
·, = They became satisfied ¸ · - · =· He became undesirous . , ·= · He buys
- |: =|·
-· · , -
. , ¬ -
Word
Astray
Buyer
I surprised
Explanation
World
Be undesirous! Be in no
need of!
Inferior, less
Explanation
· , · .
¸ - ·=·
., =|·
Word
They contented ·, - · |
Inferior, lower ¸ · .|
I see . |
Explanation Word
Do you know?
When different countries were conquered by the Muslims, their subjects
adopted Arabic along with maintaining their local languages. Arabic
preserved its identity while the local languages adopted a lot of words
from the Arabic due to religious reasons.
Quranic Arabic Program 142
Level 02
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
A’li Ibn Abi Talib -·- =· ¸=
· = |· , =· - = | ., · ,|· ¸, | · . . ¬ |·, . · - |· ., · · ., · , |· .·
The orphan is not the one whose father has died. Definitely the orphan is the one who lacks knowledge
and respect.
· · ·· , · =· , ·| · .· « ¬ |· ¸, | · = .v· , . · - |· .· « - .· « ¬ |· .·
Beauty is not due to cloths that we wear to make us attractive. Surely the beauty is the beauty of
knowledge and ethical behavior.
We are satisfied with the division of The Extremely Powerful (Allah) in our matter. The knowledge is for
us while the wealth the for ignorant (arrogant) people.
Surely the wealth will destroy soon. But definitely the knowledge will remain forever, it will not vanish.
.· , | ¸ - ¸ · « · .· « |· .· · · .· , · v 3· · . · - |· .· ,
· ·, · ·, ¬ |· - « . | · ·, = · .· - .·. ¬ · | , ` . · - · ·|
., · ,|· Orphan ·, ¬ |·
Extremely Powerful i.e.
God
.· , · v It will not vanish
= .v· Ethics, good manners - « . | Division 3· · Remaining
¸ · « ·
.·. ¬ |·
· ·, ·
Word
It ruins / will ruin
Extremely ignorant /
arrogant
In us, in our matter
Explanation
We became satisfied
Respect
He died
Explanation
· ·, =
. . ¬ |·
=· -
Word
We dress ourselves to
look attractive
· · ·· , ·
Cloths, plural of ` =, · =· , ·|
Beauty .· « ¬ |·
Explanation Word
Worth Reading
What is the significance of Character in building a nation? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0001-Character.htm
Rule of the Day
An .· on the noun after an ··=v· .=· indicates that the noun is
pointed our. If there is no .·, then it indicates that it is the ~-.
Quranic Arabic Program 143
Level 02
(The six elements are:) Intelligence, greed (of knowledge), effort, reaching it, guidance of a teacher and
long period (of study).
- - · · , ` .· . · -· , ` ¸ , - , ·· · . · .· - ., | , .· · =· .· = ·,
O my brother! You cannot achieve knowledge without six things: I will soon tell you the explanation of
the details of my statement.
-· . · v· .· - |· .· · · ¸ | ¸ -| · .· , · · . ·, = « · ¸ - c,`,·| =
If I am at home, the knowledge is with me or if I am in the market, the knowledge is with me.
¸ - - -,· . · - |· .·· ., ,|· ¸ · . · · .· · 3,.|· ¸ · . · - |· .· · 3,.|· ¸ · . · · ,|
Muhammad Ibn Idrees Al-Shaf’ii (d. 204H)
U’mar Ibn A’bdul A’ziz (d. 102H)
- | ¸ ´ · . | a , -| ¸, - ¸ · , , - v, · ` ., = · ·, « |· · . ¸ · =· - -
There is no good in the life of a man if he does not have a share with Allah in the real place of living (i.e.
Hereafter).
·.·· · · =· · | · , ·=|· .¬ - · .· · · ` .· , | .· ,,|· , ¸, · | ` -· · -
If it is amazing to love for the world so surely it is a little sustenance and its decline is about to come.
· =· · | Love .· , · Explanation .· · =· Teacher
.¬ - · He amazed · . ·, = « · Its details .· = · Guidance
` ., = · Share c,`,·| = I shall tell you - - · · Reaching
` .· . · -·
` ¸ , -
·· · .
Word
Effort
Greed
Intelligence
Explanation
You will not reach
Market
Decline
Explanation
.· · · ¸ |
3, .|·
.· ,,|·
Word
Place of stay (i.e.
Hereafter)
·, « |· · .
Man a , -|
Life ¸, -
Explanation Word
Lesson 12B: Arabic Poetry
Quranic Arabic Program 144
Level 02
. · , - · · .· | ¸· | · = · c |
He said, “O Mary! From where did this came for
you.
· « · · | , , ¬ · = | · v -`- , ·
Wherever he turns his face, he does not bring a
good thing.
., « , · . .· .· · · - , · , ¸ · | . ·· · ¸· =|· ¸ ·· · , =
., « - , ·
On that day, a call will be given for them. So He
(God) will say, “Where are My associates about
whom you used to consider (them as My
associates)
¸ · | ·-, « - -·|· . ´ · = | · ·, ·, ´ · · -
Wherever you are, Allah will bring all of you
together.
· = , - « |· , 3 , = « |· -· | , · « · · | . · · ·, | , ·
-·|· - - ,
The east and the west is for Allah. So wherever
direction you turn your face, so there is the
presence of Allah.
, ¸ - . - , · ¸ - ., ·· , · · -· - v · ¸ - - « =
- . « ·
And whoever will turn away from the religion of
Abraham except the one who is a foolish person.
¸ - ¸ · · ` ¸ . ¬ - , · , -· | - . - , . · = |
Yes!, whoever submits himself to Allah and he is
generous
¸ - ¸· , , ¬ | ·, = - .· · Whoever became enemy of Gabriel.
¸ · - ¸ - · .· , - ¸ - ·· = · On whom He pleases from His slaves.
¸ - c | . ¸ - « · Whoever does that.
¸ - - · ·, = - - · . |· - | , - ·`, = . . ·
Whoever commits an evildoing and his mistakes
encircles him.
¸ - , -v· - , , |· , -·|· · ¸ -¹ Whoever believe in Allah and the day of judgment.
, ¸ - ¸··|· ¸ - -·|· · ·· -¹ ., « ·
And from the people, there are the ones who say
that we believe in Allah.
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 13A: Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Rule of the Day! If a | comes before .·, both of them are merged.
For example ' -,,|· will be -,,|¹, similar ' =· will be =¹.
Quranic Arabic Program 145
Level 02
. , · =· ·v· . . | ¸`, , · How We have clarified the signs for them?
. , · . . ·· s · = - · ·, , « · ·- , | -·|· . = . ·
How can Allah guide a group who have renounced
the faith after believing in it?
-· - v· ¸ · . · `, = · . =|· , · . , · ·· = ·
He is the One Who shapes your faces in (mother’s)
wombs whatever He likes.
· , . ¸ · | `= ., ·· , · · .· | . , · ¸ ¬ ·
¸ · , « |·
And remember when Abraham asked his Lord,
“Show me how will You give life to the dead.”
. , · . ·· , - | · ··· , - | . ·· · , -·|· · ., , « ´ ·
How can you deny Allah, as you were a non-living
matter, then He made you alive.
¸ · - -·|· , = · . · v | ` .· , | -·|· , = ·
When Allah’s help will come. Beware!, surely
Allah’s help is about to come.
., |, « · , ¸ · - ; | .· = . ·· · . · = - , |· · = ·
And they say, “When this promise will be fulfilled,
if you are from truthful persons.”
. | , | ¸ v· ¸ | · · , , · . · ¸ · ¸ - · ., · · · · , · |
< , · - ,
Have they not seen at the earth How much noble
pairs we have caused to grow in it.
. · . , | ¸ - . . · , | ¸ - · · ´ · · |
How many generations We have destroyed before
you.
.· | . · ·- , · . · , | .· | . · , |
He asked, “How much time you remained there?”
He said, “I remained for a day.”
. · · ~ · · - · · . , · - - ·, · | - · · ¸ - · -·|· . . ·
How many small groups dominated over large
groups ____ the permission of Allah.
. · . ·· · , ·¹ ¸ - - ·`, · - ·¹
How much We have provided them with clear
signs.
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 13A: Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Do you know?
The Quran has a specific rhyming scheme due to
which it is easy to memorize the complete Quran
and recite it like a rhyme. Although it is not
poetry.
Face the Challenge!
Revise the different types of =·,·,- or
phrases in Arabic.
Quranic Arabic Program 146
Level 02
¸· | _ - | ¸ ¬ · , · · , · - c · « |· - | ., ´ ·
- · - c · « |· ·
How can he be the king on us? Whereas we deserve
more the government than him.
`= ¸· | ` = | , ¸ | ., ´ · O Lord! How can there be a son for me?
¸·| =, ·| Where is your father?
, · - c · , | ¸ - . , · | And that is revealed before you.
¸ · v · ., , =· · . | -·|· . . , · | · ¸ · ¸ · »
Are they waiting for coming of Allah to them in
clouds? (.| is translated as ‘ing’ in the word ‘coming’)
., |, « · ¸ · · · | ¸ - · ¸ = ¸ - , - v· They say, “Do we have from this matter anything?”
¸ · c · . · v · ., « |·=|· - , « |· Could anyone be destroyed except the offender group.
¸ · ~ = , |· , ¸ « - v· . , · . · Is the blind and the seeing alike?
¸ · . · = · - ¸ - . · - Do you have something from knowledge?
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 13A: Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Worth Reading
Prophet Muhammad . ·,· = ¸. seek refuge of Allah from
procrastination. What’s the solution? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0016-
Procrastination.htm
Face the Challenge!
Prepare a complete chart of =,,- studied
in this course.
Worth Reading
What are the Quranic teachings about defamation? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0006-
Defamation.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 147
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
Women are like a farmland for you. So come to your farmland in whatever way you want. Take care of
what you send forward for yourself (in the Hereafter) and fear Allah. Know that you have to meet Him
and give good news to the believers.
(O Believer Men!) Don’t marry polytheist women until they believe (in One God). Definitely a believer
slave woman is better than a polytheist woman although she appeals you. (O Believer Women!) Don’t
marry polytheist men until they believe (in One God). Surely a believer slave is better than a polytheist
although he attracts you. All of them call you towards the Hellfire and Allah calls you towards the
Paradise and forgiveness. He explains His signs for the people so that they are reminded (for their real
life.)
They ask you about the menstruation. (O Prophet!) Tell, “It is a discomfort, so keep away from the
women during menstruation. Don’t come near to them (for sex) until they are clean. When they cleanse
themselves, come to them from where Allah has instructed you. Surely Allah loves those who repent and
He loves those who cleanse themselves.
, . · · = ¸· | . ´ · , - ·, · | · . ´ | = , - . · ,· . · . ´· | ·, « · -· , -·|· ·, «·· , . ´ . «· v ·, -`= | ; · - , « |· ,`= · , ·, |: - .
|· ·, | , · -· · . . | , · ¸ | ¸, ¬ « |· ¸ - c ·, | | . · , · . , . = · ¸· - ¸ ·, · , « · v , ¸, ¬ « |· ¸ · ·· .`· ¸ - ¸ ·, · | · . ,. = · · . ·
, ; ··,·|· . ¬ · -·|· . · -·|· . · , - | . , - ¸· ,`. = · « |· . ¬ · .
· - , - - - v , ¸ - , · ¸· - =· ·, = « |· ·, ¬ ´· · v , ·, ¬ ´· · v , . ´ · , ¬ - | , | , - · , = - ¸ - ` , , - - ·, · - , · ¸· - ; · , = « |·
, | . ´ , ¬ - | , | , = , = - ¸ - ` , , - ` ¸ - , - ` = , - | , · ¬ |· ¸ | · , - = · -·|· , ··|· ¸ | · ., - = · c · | - ·· ·¹ ¸`, , · , - · . · · · , « -« |· , -
., ,· = · · . .· - | ¸··· | .
¸`, , ·
He explains, makes
clear
. ,. = · They purify themselves , |: - Visitors
, - = · He calls . , . = · They become pure ·, -`= | You send for yourself
., - = · They call ¸ ·, · , « · Come near to them . · · = You want
. ´ · , ¬ - | She appeals you ·, | , · -· Keep away = , - Farmland
¸· ,`. = · « |·
. , -
¸ ·, ·¹
Word
Those who seek purity
Wherever
Give them
Explanation
Harm, discomfort
Menstruation
You receive
Explanation
. . |
¸, ¬ « |·
., ,· = · ·
Word
Slave woman - - |
Pagan women,
plural of - · ,= -
=· · , = « |·
Don’t marry ·, ¬ ´· · v
Explanation Word
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Quranic Arabic Program 148
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
The divorced women should wait for three menstrual cycles. It is not allowed for them to conceal what
Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the Day of Judgment. Their husbands have
the priority to return them in that period, if they are determined for reform. Women have the rights similar
to the rights (of men) exercised against them according to the established practice of the society, but the
men have a status above them. Allah is the Mighty, the Wise.
Don’t make Allah’s (name) a target of your oaths to make an excuse to prevent you from dealing justly,
being God-fearing and making reconciliation among people. Those who take an oath to not perform sex
with their wives, they (the wives) should wait for four months. If they (the husbands) return, then Allah is
the Forgiver, the Merciful. Allah will not make you accountable for senseless oaths but He will make you
accountable for what your hearts have earned. Allah is the Forgiver, the Tolerant. If you are determined
for divorce, then surely Allah is the Listener, the Knowledgeable (and He will make you accountable.)
·, , | - ·: · ¸ . . «· | · ¸ =· , · · =· «· = « |· , | ¸ · -·|· _ · - · - ¸ « · ´ · . | ¸ . | ¸ ¬ · v , - , , |· , -·|· · ¸ - , · ¸ · . · ¸ . -· -
| . · c | . ¸ · ¸ ·`. , · _ - | ¸ . ·|, - · , , -v· - « |· · ¸ . , · - . =|· ¸ · - ¸ . |, ·-: = · ·, .· -·|· , - - . ¸ . , · - .· -`,· | , =, ,
` ., ´ - ` ,· , - .
, ·,, , · . | . ´ ·· « · v - = , - -·|· ·, · - ¬ · v , ` ., · - ` -, « = -·|· , ¸··|· ¸ , · ·, ¬ · = · , ·, «· · . ¸· , · . . ·· . · ¸ - ., | , · ¸· =· |
, - ` , « - -·|· . · · ·, ·· · .· · , . = | - - · | ` . . ¸ ´ | , . ´ ·· « · | ¸ · , -·|· · -·|· . · = -· , · v . ´ ·, · | . , . · · « · . · = -· , ·
` ., · - ` , « - -·|· , . ` ., · - ` -, « = -·|· . · · 3:=|· ·, - , - . · , .
. · = -· , ·
He makes you
accountable
¸ « · ´ · . | To hide - - . Rank
·, ·· · They return ¸ ¬ · v It is not allowed =, , - « |·
Established good
practice of a society
, . = | Months, plural of ,.= ·, , | Menstrual cycle ·-: = · Reforming, correction
¸· , · They wait ¸ =· , · · They wait ·, .· | They decide
., | , ·
They vow for not
performing sex
=· «· = « |· Divorced women ¸ ·`. Returning them
·, ¬ · = ·
You reform, you make
correct
3:=|· Divorce _ - | One having priority
¸ . · |, - ·
¸ ·
¸ . -· - |
Word
Their husbands, plural
of .,- ·
They become
Their wombs, plural of
.-
Explanation
You decided
She (they) earned
Nonsense
Explanation
·, - , -
. , . ·
, -·|·
Word
You execute ·,, , · . |
Your vows, plural of
; « ·
. ´ ·· « · |
Target, aim - = , -
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 149
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
- · · ` ¬· , . · , | =, , - « · ` =· . -· · .· ·, - 3:=|· ¸ ·, « · , ·¹ ·« - ·, = - | · . | . ´ | ¸ ¬ · v , .· . · «, « · v | · ·· ¬ · . | v · ·· , =
-·|· ., = - · «, « · v | . · « - .· · -·|· ., = - |· ., = - c · · - · = = · ·· · «,· · « . , · - -· · - : · ., = - = - · · ¸ - , · ·, = · - · : · -·
., « |·=|· . · c · | , | · -·|· .
The divorce is twice. After that, keeping her according to an established good practice of society or
leaving them in a good manner. It is not allowed for you to take whatever things you have given to them,
except if both of them fear that they will not observe Allah’s limits. If you fear that both of them will not
maintain Allah’s limits, then there is no blame on them if she (the wife) gives a ransom (to get rid of her
husband). These are Allah’s limits. Don’t cross them. Whoever crosses Allah’s limits, they are the
offenders.
If he divorces her then she will not be allowed (for remarriage) with him until she marries another
husband. If he also divorces her, then there is no blame on both of them (the wife and her first husband) to
return back, if both of them think that they will maintain Allah’s limits. These are Allah’s limits, He
explains them for a nation who does not know.
¬ ´· · ¸· - = - · ¸ - - | ¸ ¬ · : · · . «· | . · · . | · « . , · - -· · - : · · . «·| . · · · , , - ·- , ., = - · «, « · . | ·· » . · · - -· ,· ·
, « · - · - , « | · . ·`, , · -·|· ., =- c · · , -·|· . .
·, = - | · . | You take . · « - You fear · - -· , · · Both of them return
.· . - · Favor ., = -
Limits, plural of =-
= - · · He crosses limit
· ·, = · - · v
= = · ··
-· · - v
Word
Don’t cross limits
She pays ransom
No harm, no blame
Explanation
Both of them establish
Both of them fear
You have given to
them
Explanation
· «, « ·
· ·· ¬ · . |
¸ ·, « · , ·¹
Word
Discharging, leaving ` ¬· , . ·
Holding, keeping,
grasping
` =· . -·
Twice, -,··· of ·,-
.· ·, -
Explanation Word
Do you know? In order to tease women, Pre-Islamic Arabs used to swear for not having sex with their
wives. This practice was called ·:··.The Quran closed the door of such oaths. If a person swears for
not having sex with his wife, she will become automatically free after four months.
Do you know? The wisdom behind the instructions of Allah to wait for three months after the divorce
is that both husband and wife have a chance to think deeply about the consequences of their divorce on
their family. There is a high probability that both of them will reverse the process of divorce after
thinking again and again for three months and the family will not be ruined. After the three months, the
divorce will be enforced. In case of first or second divorce, both of them can even re-marry after the
waiting period. Allah wants to maintain the family up to the last extent.
Quranic Arabic Program 150
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
When you divorce women and their term (of three menstrual cycles) reaches, then either keep them in a
right way or leave them in a good manner. Don’t keep them for harming them otherwise you will cross the
limits. Whoever does that, he has offended against himself. Don’t make Allah’s verses a joke. Remember
Allah’s blessings upon you and what He has revealed the Book and the Wisdom on you. He guides you
with it. Be fearful to Allah and know that Allah knows everything.
´ . - | · ¸ . · - | ¸ - · , · ·· .`·|· . · «· | · . · , , ´ . « · v , =, , - « · ¸ ·, -`, = , | =, , - « · ¸ ·, ¸ - « · ¸ - , ·, = · - · | ·· , = ¸·
· -·|· =· ·¹ ·, = ¬· · v , - . «· . · » = « · c | . · - . ,· | · - , . ´ , · - -·|· - « - · ·, , · .· , ·, , - « ´ ¬ |· , =· · ´ |· ¸ - . ´ ,
´ · -·|· . | ·, « · -· , -·|· ·, «·· , - · . ´ = - · ` ., · - · ¸ = ¸ .
¸ ·, ´ . - | Keep them ·, = ¬· · v Don’t make
. ´ = - ·
·, , ·
Word
He exhorts you
Joke
Explanation
An intention to harm
Don’t keep them
Leave them
Explanation
·· , =
¸ ·, ´ . « · v
¸ ·, -`, =
Word
Their term ¸ . · - |
They reach at ¸ - · ·
You divorce . · «· |
Explanation Word
Do you know?
In the patriarchic society of Pre-Islamic Arabia, there was a practice of divorcing wives and then
canceling the divorce in order to tease them to infinite number of times. In order to protect women, the
Quran limited the number of divorces to two. After the third divorce, the husband has no right to
cancel the divorce.
The law which was revealed to protect women, unfortunately people have started using it against them
and a heinous practice of “Halalah” (temporary marriage) has been invented. According to Islam, the
marriage is a life-time contract. If a couple divorces thrice, they are separated forever. If the woman
marries with another man and then that man divorces her or dies, she has the right to remarry the first
husband, if she wills. There is no concept of a temporary marriage in Islam. The Prophet -,·- =· ¸·=
.·=, declared the person used in a temporary marriage is like a rented bull.
Do you know?
In these verses, a word =,,-- is coming again and again. It has two meanings: (1) good deeds about
which all human beings agree that they are good e.g. piousness, helping poor, chastity etc. (2)
established practice / law of a society. The Quran has left many things on the society to decide e.g.
how much amount a husband should pay to his wife at the time of marriage? How much he should pay
on monthly basis? How a husband and wife should divide the joint responsibilities of home? It is not
possible to make a universal law about it. Therefore, it is left on the society / government to decide
about it. In these verses, the word has been used in the both meanings.
Quranic Arabic Program 151
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Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
= - · : · ¸ . · - | ¸ - · , · ·· .`·|· . · «· | · . · , . · , · · , =· , · · . · ¸ . -· , | ¸ ¬ ´· · . | ¸ ·, · - , · . ´ · - .· · ¸ - - · = -, · c | . =,, - « |· · . -·|· · ¸
-·|· , , . | | , . ´ | ¸ · | . ´ | . , -v· - , , |· , ., « · - · v . · · | , . · - · .
When you divorce women and their term (of three menstrual cycles) completes, don’t make it difficult for
them to remarry their husbands if they come to an agreement according to the best practices of society.
This is enjoined on everyone who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment. This is more virtuous and
chaste for you. Allah knows while you don’t know (the wisdom of protecting your family system).
Mothers should breast-feed their children for two complete years. It is for whom who decides to complete
the breast-feeding. It is the responsibility of the father to provide sustenance and dress according to the
best practices of the society. A person will not be made responsible beyond his capacity. A mother will
not be harmed due to her child and a father will also not be harmed for his child. On the heirs (of the
father), there is a responsibility similar to that. If both of them decide with mutual agreement and
consultation to wean, there is no blame on both of them. If you decide to arrange a foster-mother for your
children, then there is no blame on you provided that you pay whatever (remuneration) you decide (for the
foster-mother) according to the practice of society. Fear Allah and know that Allah is observing your
deeds.
¸ , · -· · ¸ , | , - ¸ · .v , | ¸ - = , · =·= |· , |· , | ., | , « |· ¸ · - , - -· =,|· . · · . | .· | ¸ « | ` ¸ « · .· ´ · v =, , - « |· · ¸ . · , . · , ¸. | - v ·
- | ` ., | , - v , · · = | , · · = |· , · = · v · . - = , = · · .· | . · · c | . ¸ · - = · , |· ¸ · - , · = | , · · « . , · - -· · - : · ,· = · , · « . · - ¸· , · ¸ - v·
-· · - : · . · .v , | ·, - = , · . · . | . · . | . · , ·· , =, , - « |· · . · , ·¹ · - . · «· = · . · . ´ , · - ` ~ = · ., · « - · · « · -·|· . | ·, « · -· , -·|· ·, « .
¸ · .v , | Their children · = · v
She will not be
harmed
. · , ·¹ You gave
¸ - = , · They suckle · . - = , Its capacity . · «· = You settle
=· = |· , |·
Mothers, plural of
·=|·,
.· ´ · v
It is not made
responsible for
·, - = , · . ·
You arrange a foster-
mother
, . | | Chaste, more pure ¸ . · , . · Their dress . · . | You decided
¸ · |
Virtuous, more
pure
¸ . | Their sustenance ,· = · They consult
= -, ·
It is sincerely
advised
-| ., | , « |·
Father, who has a
child
¸· , · Agreement
v· = ·
· .· |
= · , |·
Word
Weaning
Both of them decide
Inheritor
Explanation
Suckling, nursing
That they complete
Two complete years
Explanation
- -· =,|·
. · · . |
¸ , · -· · ¸ , | , -
Word
They reach at an
agreement
· , =· , ·
That they marry ¸ ¬ ´· · . |
Don’t make it
difficult
¸ ·, · = - · v
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 152
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
, · · ·-· , | ., = · , . ´ · - . ,· , · · ¸· =|· , · · · . · · ·, = - , , . = | - - · | ¸ . . «· | · ¸ =· ¸ · - · · «, · . ´ , · - -· · - : · ¸ . · - | ¸ -
, - ., · « - · · « · -·|· , =, , - «|· · ¸ . . «· | ¸ · ` ~ .
Those of you who die and leave wives, they (wives) should keep themselves waiting for 4 months and 10
days. When their term completes, there is not blame on you whatever they do about yourself in a right
way. And Allah is informed about what you do.
|· - , = - ¸ - - · . · =, - · «, · . ´ , · - -· · - v , ´· | -·|· . · - . ´ . «· | ¸ · . ·· · · | , | ·· .`· v ¸ ´ | , ¸ . ·, , · = · = .
··, , - - v , | ·, |, « · . | v · ·,= ¸ ·, = -· , · | =· · ´ |· - · , · ¸· - -· ´`·|· · = « - ·, - , - · v , ¸ · · - . · - · -·|· . | ·, « · -·, - · -
, · - ` , « - -·|· . | ·, « · -· , ·, = -· · . ´ . «· | ` . .
There is no blame on you whether you propose to the (widowed or divorced) women or keep it in your
mind. Allah knows that soon you will mention it to them, but don’t promise them (during the waiting
period) secretly except what you say is a good manner. Don’t determine the wedlock until the legal period
completes. Know that Allah knows what is in your minds, so be warned. Know that Allah is the Forgiver,
the Tolerant.
There is no blame on you if you divorce the wives before having intercourse with them or before the
dowry is decided. It is obligatory to pay them according to the best practices of the society, the rich man
will pay according to his capacity and the poor man will pay according to his capacity. The sustenance
will be according to the best practice of the society. It is an obligation on the righteous people.
. « · . | · - ·· .`·|· . · «· | . · . ´ , · - -· · - v ¸ · - ¸ ·, -`· - , - =· , · ¸ . | ·, = , « · , | ¸ ·, · = | , · « « |· ¸ · - , · = | - =, « |·
; · . ¬ « |· ¸ · - ·« - =, , - « |· · ·-· · - .
. ·· · · | You concealed ·, = -· So be warned , · « « |· Poor man
- , = -
Proposing for
marriage
- · , · It reaches · = |
According to his
means
. · =, - You presented · = « - Knot - =, « |· Rich person
¸ · - · They did ·, - , - · v Don’t be determined ¸ ·, -`· - Give them
- =· , ·
·, = , « ·
¸ ·,. « ·
Word
Obligation of dowry
You make obligatory
You touch them i.e.
perform sex
Explanation
Secretly
You make a promise to
them
You will mention to
them
Explanation
·, =
¸ ·, = -· , ·
¸ . ·, , · = ·
Word
They wait ¸ =· , · ·
They leave ., = ·
They die . ,· , · ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 153
Level 02
Lesson 13B: Islamic Family Law
· = | , ¸ ·,. « · . | ¸ , | ¸ - ¸·, « · «· | . · , . | v · . · = , · · - . = · · - =·, · ¸ . | . · = , · = « - · = , · . =|· , « - · , | ., « - ·
|· · , .· · v , . , «·· | = , | | ·, « - · . | , -· ´`·|· ` ~ = · ., · « - · · « · -·|· . · . ´· , · ¸ = « .
If you have divorced them before you have touched them and fixed a dowry for them, then you have to
pay the half of what you have fixed except they (the woman) waives it or the one (usually the guardian of
that woman) in whose hand the wedlock is, agrees to waive the amount. If you waive (pay the full dowry),
then it is nearer to God-fearing attitude. Don’t forget to show kindness to each other. Surely Allah is
observing what you do.
, = , ·-· , | ., = · , . ´ · - . ,· , · · ¸· =|· , · · -· , - · , , - . , ¬ |· ¸ | · ·-· · - . . -· , v - · - ¸ · . ´ , · - -· · - : · ¸ - , - .
, ´ - ` ,· , - -·|· , =, , - - ¸ - ¸. . «· | ¸ · ¸ · - · ` . . «· « |· ¸ · - ·« - =, , - « |·· ` -· · - =· «· = « · | , ; . . ´ | -·|· ¸`, , · c | = ·
., · « - · . ´· - | - ·· ·¹ . , ·,«,|· 2:221-242 .
Those of you who die and leave wives, they should bequeath for their wives for a maintenance for a year
and not driving out (of husband’s home). If they go out (by their own to marry another person), there is no
blame on you about what they do about themselves in a decent way. Allah is the Mighty, the Wise. For
the divorced women, you have to pay reasonable maintenance, it is an obligation on the God-fearing
people. In this way Allah explains His verses for you so that you understand.
| ·, -, | , ¸ = = , |· ·:=|· , =· , ·=|· ¸ · - ·, = ·· - ; · ·· | -· . · · . ·· - | · . · · ··· , · , | v· - , · . · « - . · · · « · -·|· ·, , · .
., « · - · ·, ·, ´ · . | · - . ´ «· - .
Protect your prayers, especially the Middle Prayer, and stand in front of Allah with true devotion. If you
face a risk, then pray whether you are walking or riding (in the best possible way). When you become free
(of that risk), remember Allah in the way He has taught you what you did not know.
·, = ·· - Protect (O you all!) . ·· - | You become safe
· , .· · v Don’t forget ··· , · While riding
= , | | Nearest v· - On foot ¸`, , · He explains
¸ - , -
-· , - ·
-, = ,
Word
They come out
Driving out
Bequest
Explanation
Straight, obedient
Stand (O you all!)
Middle
Explanation
; · ·· |
·, -, |
¸ = = , |·
Word
You forgive ·, « - · . |
They forgive ., « - · . |
You made obligatory . · = , ·
Explanation Word
Do you know?
Pre-Islamic Arabs had a view that a Giant (Jinn) can control the mind of a poet to create extra-ordinary
masterpiece of communication. They used to consider the Quran a revelation of a Jinn.
Quranic Arabic Program 154
Level 02
. | ·- , | ., = - · Why do you argue with people?
·.·« | · ., ´ ¬ = · Why do you laugh?
. . | ¸ · , · ·« - . . | ¸ · , , . .· = · | . , · · ·« -
., , . ´ ·
Woe on them for what their hands have written
and woe on them for what they have earned.
¸ | ¸ « | . , = v· ¸ - . ´· = · | ¸ · Say to those who are in your hands as captives.
·. · c· · ¸ « | ; « |·=|·
Definitely, then you will be definitely from the
unjust people.
. · » | ¸ - , ¸« - , · = · . | -·|· = -· . - - · -
· ., ·
And who is more unjust than whom prevents
(people) from the places of worshiping for Allah
to mention His name in them
. | -·|· =· ·\ · ., , « ´ · Why you deny the signs of Allah?
·, . ·· · . | . · , ·« - ¸· =|· ¸. « , | ., |, « ·
` ., | | ` =· = - . . · - ·, , « ·
If they do not stop saying about what they say, a
painful punishment will definitely befall on those
who disbelieve.
·« - ., « «· · . ·· · | They spend from what We have provided them.
_- _· ··· · ` ¸ |· - .·| You are sitting here till when?
·, |· | ., · . ·· · They said, “In what condition you were?”
., | | . · v , ·« - ., · « - · ·, ·· ·
And you will not be asked about what they were
doing.
=· · ´ |· ¸ · | · · . | ., ·· , · · ¸ · .,-· ¬ ·
O people of Book! Why you argue about
Abraham? (Also note that ·· has given .=· to
¸·| which is =·=-.
English
¸ ·,-
The Result
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 14A: Further Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Do you know? Polytheist Arabs who did not believe in the
Quran, also used to consider it a masterpiece of communication.
Quranic Arabic Program 155
Level 02
·, · · ¸··|· · .· | · · ·« - ·,`, | v: - ¸ v· ¸ ·
O people! Eat from what the lawful and pure
food (produced) from the earth.
¸ « | - |, = , -·|· = · -
For whom who have started a war against Allah
and His Prophet.
·, = - | · . | . ´ | ¸ ¬ · v , ·« - ·· , = ¸ ·, « · , ·¹
It is not lawful for you to take back from what
things you have given to them (your divorced
wives).
. ´ · ·=· · ´|· ·= · This book is how much?
¸·| _· · =, -| .·. To where your brother went?
·.·' ·=· ., · -« · Why are you doing this?
c · « |· - , · · , ¸« - ·· = ·
You take away the government from those You
want.
· ·· = , - .·· | - -·.|· ¸ - c ·, | | . · . ., · . · |
· ·· , · . ¸ -
They ask you about the time (of judgment) when
will it come? But in what capacity you can
describe it.
., =,|· - ,· · ¸ - . · - · | ¸« - ¸ · - . · «· ·
- , , « -
So that we distinguish those who follows the
Prophet from those who turn back on their heels.
-·|· · « - ·« - . · = Allah has forgiven what happened in the past.
¸ « | . . · - ¸ -¹ For those who believed among them.
c· · , ¸ « | ; · = , « |· And definitely, you surely from the prophets.
` ., = · . . | c · | , | ·« - ·, , . ·
They are the ones for whom there shall be a share
from what they have earned.
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 14A: Further Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Rule of the Day
A J·=· .·,- is composed of two words: -,|· =·=- .=·=-. The .· is always without a tanveen and
.· cannot be added before it. The -,|· =·=- is always in the condition of ,-.
Quranic Arabic Program 156
Level 02
. · · c | · = | , How many kids you have?
¸« - ., « ·· · - =· , - v· ¸ - . ´ | , - From those villagers around you are hypocrites.
., ´ · | c · = , · c,`¬ · · - , , |· · ¸ « | - ·¹ c « · -
(O Pharaoh!) So today, We will protect your body
so that you become a sign for those succeeding
you.
, ¸« - `_ ¬ |· · ., = . · -- | · · « · -
And from those, We have created, there is a group
of people who guide others with the truth.
¸ ·· - · -·|· · - , ·« - ., · « - · And Allah is not unaware about what you do.
c · - -·|· · « - . | . . | .· . |
Allah forgives you. (But) why did you allow
them?
. · » | ¸ - , ¸« - ·· = · -·|· ¸ · - . , · ··
And who is more unjust than that who forges a lie
against Allah?
. · ¸ · . ·· · . · , ·« - · · = , - ¸ · - · · |, ·
And if you are in doubt about what We have
revealed upon Our slave
··· . ¸ . - | ¸ - , ¸« - -· | - . - , . · = |
And who has a better religion than whom submits
his face to Allah?
¸ « | ·. « |· = -· , |· -· | - , , |· c · « |·
Today, the kingdom is for whom? For Allah, the
single, the irresistible.
¸ |· - · , - ·· ¬ , = ·« - ., « = ·
He is free and highly exalted over what they
describe about him.
. · ·, =·- · =, «· · How much students are present?
. · | · · . | v , , = , · v , - « . · v · - = , - ·
·· , = c · - ¸ · - ·
O father! Why do you worship (idols) which
cannot listen, which cannot see and which cannot
satisfy you for anything?
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 14A: Further Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Worth Reading
Developing trust is very important. How and why? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0012-Trust.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 157
Level 02
. | _ ¬ |· ., « · ´ · , ¸ |· , |· · _ ¬ |· ., . , · ·
., « · - · . · · | ,
Why do you confound the truth with falsehood
and knowingly conceal the truth?
c -· · - ¸ « -· , ¸ « | c - ,··
And lower your wing (of kindness) for those who
follow you.
`= .· | . | ·~ = · .· · = | , ¸ « - | ¸ · · , = -
He said, “O Lord! Why did you raised me up
blind while I was clear-sighted before.
- - = , - ¸ · ¸ · = · · . · , , · - , · ·« - . - = |
On that day, you will see that every nursing
woman will forget about that she was feeding.
. | -·|· ¸, , = ¸ - .,= = · Why do you obstruct the path to Allah.
·, · - ¹ ¸· =|· · .· | · · . | ., · - « · v · - ., |, « ·
O Believers! Why do you say what you do not
practice?
- « · - ¸ « | ·, ´ = .· | , | ,·= · . | .· |
A lesson for that who desires to learn a lesson or
desires to be thankful (to Allah.)
. | . · v ·« - ., | | . · . · , ¸ - « ·
He will not be asked about what they do and
(only) they will be asked.
-·|· ¸ |· - · · ·« - ., · , = ·
So Allah is highly exalted above what they
associate (with Him).
¸ « | · ., · ¸ - , ¸ v·
For whom belongs the earth and whatever is
inside it.
v , | ¸ . - | ¸ - , ¸« - ¸ « - , -·|· ¸ | · · - .
; « · . « |· ¸ - ¸ ·· · .· | , ·¬ |· =
And who is better than that who called towards
Allah, did good deeds and said, “Surely, I am a
Muslim (one who submits himself to Allah).”
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 14A: Further Interrogatory Huroof -·.«·=· =,,-
Face the Challenge!
Identify the Arabic words used for
describing directions. Also identify the
words used for describing relationships.
Rule of the Day
A ¸«,=,· .·,- is composed of two words:
=,=,- ..«=. Both will be the same from the
aspect of gender, number, case and having .·.
Quranic Arabic Program 158
Level 02
O Allah! I submitted myself to You. I believed in You. I trusted in You. I returned towards You. With
Your support, I argue. I sue in Your court. So forgive me for whatever I did in past and will do in future,
(forgive whatever) I have concealed and whatever I have disclosed. You are the One Who make (some
people) forward and (some people) backward. There is no god except You.” or he said, “There is no god
other than You.”
Ibn A’bbas said: When the Prophet . ·,· = ¸. used to stand at night for the performing the Night
Prayer, he used to say: “O Allah! Praise is for You, You are the establisher of the heavens and the earth
and whoever is between them. Praise is for You, You are the light of the heavens and the earth. Praise is
for You, You are the King of the heavens and the earth and whatever is in them. Praise is for You, You
are the truth, Your promise is the truth, meeting with You is the truth, Your talks are the truth, the
Paradise is the truth, the Hell is the truth, the prophets are the truth and Muhammad is the truth, and the
Day of Judgment is the truth.
. . , · | c,|·, . . ·· , · c,·-, . .·-¹ c·, . .« ·=| c| ..·|· .-= | ·- ¸ | , « -· · . . « ··- c,|·, . . « =· - c·,
.·|, . -`= « « |· .·| . . · · -| ·-, = ,=| ·-, . =,-| ·-, ,| . .·| v· - |· v . ,`- , « |· · = ~ - -|· v . “ , =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
·«.·- =· ¸= ¸·, - ¸·· .·| · =¬ . · · ¸,·|· ¸ - -·| ·.· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· .·· .·| · ” .·| . =«¬ |· c| . .·|·
, · .·| =«-· c|, .¸ .,· ¸ -, ¸v·, =· ,· «.|· .`, | =·,«.|· c · - .·| . =«-· c|, .¸v·, =·,«.|·
|, ._ ¬ |· = =- ,, ._ ¬ |· .·| .=«-· c|, .¸.,· ¸-, ¸v·, ._- ··|·, ._- -· ¬ |·, .¯_- c |,|, .¯_- =,· «
- -·.|·, ._- .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ` =« ¬ -, ._- .,, , ·|·, _- .
, « -· Forgive = ~ - Other than you
. « ·· - I put a lawsuit ,`- , « |· One Who postpones
- -·.|·
Time, The Time of
Judgment
. « =· - I engaged in a dialogue -`= « « |· One Who gives early
,· « | = Meeting with you . , · | I left on . · · -| I announced
= ,=|
=,-|
.-= |
Word
I hid, I concealed
I postponed (I shall do in
future)
I sent in advance (I did in
past)
Explanation
I trusted
I believed
I submitted myself
Explanation
. ·· , ·
.·-¹
.« ·=|
Word
Light , ·
Establisher, One who
establishes
.`, |
He performs prayer at
late night
=¬ . · ·
Explanation Word
The Result
Compare your translation. Each line carried ten marks. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 159
Level 02
Narrated by A’yesha, the mother of believers: Allah’s Apostle offered the prayer in the Mosque one night
and the people followed him. The next night he also offered the prayer and too many people gathered. On
the third and the fourth nights more people gathered, but Allah's Apostle did not come out to them.
In the morning he said, “I saw what you were doing and nothing stopped me from coming to you except
the fear that it (i.e. the additional night prayer) might become obligatory on you.” And that happened in
the month of Ramadan.
·.·- =· ¸= ;·-,'· -| -=··- ¸- · |· ¸ · - ·, | =· . ¸· = .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| - ·: = · ¸·= · . = ¬. «
, - « · -· . · . ¸··|· , · ´ · . - · ·· «|· ¸ - ¸·= . · .` ¸· · ..,|· - ,¬ · .· · . - - ··,|· ,| -· |··|· - ·,·|· ¸ - · =· ¸·= =· .,=
.·| ¬ , =| ·«·· ..·=, -,·- · ” |· -, , ¬ |· ¸ - ¸ · - ·« · . |, . . · - ·= . =|· .·| = | ¸ ,« · .| ., = - ¸ ··| v· .´,
. ´,· - . “ .· = - ¸ · c | ., . , =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
I listened Mughira while he was saying: “The Prophet used to stand (for prayer) or used to perform his
prayer until his both feet or legs swelled. It was discussed with him, he said, “Why not should I become a
thankful slave (of Allah)?”
Narrated by Masrooq, he said: I asked A’yesha about the Prophet’s prayer at night time. She said, “It was
seven or nine or eleven (Rak’at) other than the two Rak’at of Fajr Prayer.”
.,«· -·- =· ¸= · ~ - « |· . - « = · ¸·- ¸· = , | ,| -, « , | .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· .·· .· ·· |· = ,| . ·· - = | - , · .
.,«,· .- | .· « , · · ” ·· , ´ = · =, - ., ·| : · | “ , =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
.·| 3, ,. - ¸- · · ¸·= =· .,= ·: = ¸ - .·.·- =· ¸= - = ·· - . | | = . |· «· . ¸,·|· · .·=, -,·- = · ` - . ·, ` - , =
,¬ « |· ¸ · -· . , =, . · ,= - . =-·, . , =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
·· |· = His both lower-legs, -,··· of 3·= ·, - « · -· They gathered ¸ ,« ·
It is / will be made
mandatory
., = -
¸ · - ·« ·
. · - · =
Word
I feared
It forbids me
You made
Explanation
It increased
Next
Thankful
Explanation
, · ·
- · ·· «|·
· , ´ =
Word
His both feet, -,··· of -=| ·· - = |
It swelled - , ·
Other than . , =
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Rule of the Day!
The word ·- combines with different prepositions in order to give different meanings:
• = - ·- = · « · (With what)
• . - ·- = · « | (For what)
• ¸ - - ·- = ·« - (From what)
• ¸ - - ·- = ·«- (About what)
Quranic Arabic Program 160
Level 02
Narrated by Anas that the Prophet said, “Nobody of you can become a believer unless he likes for his
brother what he likes for himself.”
· - -·|· ¸· = `¸ ,·|· ¸ - - · - -·|· ¸ = ¸ · | ¸ - .·| .·= , - , · ” . « · | . ¬ · ·- -, -v . ¬ · ¸· - . · = - | ¸ - , · v - . “ , _«·-
-,·- ..
Narrated by Abu Hurairah: Allah's Apostle said, “Satan puts three knots at the back of the head of any of
you if he is asleep. On every knot he reads and exhales the following words, 'The night is long, so stay
asleep.' When one wakes up and remembers Allah, one knot is undone; and when one performs ablution,
the second knot is undone, and when one prays the third knot is undone and one gets up energetic with a
good heart in the morning; otherwise one gets up lazy and with a mischievous heart."
Narrated by A’yesha, she said: Allah's Apostle used to give up a good deed, although he loved to do it, for
fear that people might act on it and it might be made compulsory for them. The Prophet never prayed the
prayer after sunrise, but I offer it.
-·- =· ¸= ·,·,· ¸ ·| ¸- · .·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · ” , · ·.· . · = - | ¸| - , ·· | ¸·- .· =,=|· = «- ·
· =« - ¸· .· ´ - ¸·- = ,= · . = « - =: · -· · · =· , · = · = «, · =· .· · . = | ·· ¸· , | ¸, | c, · - |= , · .·· . · =« - .· ¬ ··
| · =, = · ¬ ,= | · . ·=«- .·¬ ·· ¸· = .·· . ·=«- .· ¬ ·· .:. · ¸«·|· ., , - ¬,=| v· , . ¸«·|· .`, .. , =··· ..·-
=¬.·|· .
.|·| ·.·- =· ¸= -=··- ¸- · · , ·, . ¸ « -|· - = , | .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .·· .· - ,= - . - · ¸ «- · .| . ¬
=· .,= ¬, = · -, ..., · - ¸ ,«, · ¸··|· - · ¸ «- · .| . ¬, = v ¸`··, . = | ¸ ¬=|· - ¬, = .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= · . , ..·-
=¬.·|· =··· .
= «- · He ties a knot |= , · He performed ablution | - . « · For himself
· . ¬, = |
I provoke Allah’s
exaltedness
.· ¬ ·· It is untied v , - - For his brother
= | Ever, never = «, · =·
He wakes up (after a
sleep)
¸ - , · v He is not a believer
¸ ¬=|· Time after sunrise = | · Keep sleeping .:. · Lazy
- ¬, =
Provoking Allah’s
exaltedness
¸· , | Long ¸«·|· ., , -
Having a dull
personality
¸«·|· .`, |
· =, = ·
·=«-
Word
Having a pleasant
personality
Active, energetic
Knot
Explanation
Knots, plural of · = « -
He slept
Back side of head
Explanation
= « -
-· ·
¸| - , ·· |
Word
He provokes Allah’s
exaltedness
¬, =
It is / will be made
obligatory
¸ ,« ·
He leaves - = ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 161
Level 02
Narrated by Ibn U’mar, he said that the Prophet said, “Islam is based on five (principles): To testify that
there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle. To establish the (compulsory
congregational) prayers (dutifully and perfectly.) To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) To perform Hajj.
(i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca) To observe fast during the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari reported it)
.·| · « . · - -·|· ¸= , « - ¸ ·· ¸ - · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= -·|· .,= .·| · ” ¸ « - ¸ · - - : =v· ¸ · · · -| · v . | · .· . =
.·:=|· -· |· , . -·|· ., = ·=« ¬ - . |, -·|· v· .· = - -, = , .`¬ ¬ |·, .·· ·,|· ·· ··· , . “ , .·¬,|· ··, ..
Narrated by Anas Ibn Malik: Once the Prophet entered the Mosque and saw a rope hanging in between its
two pillars. He said, “What is this rope?” The people said, “This rope is for Zainab (Prophet’s wife) who,
when she feels tired, holds it (to keep standing for the prayer.)”
The Prophet said, “No, untie it. Everyone of you should pray as long he feels energetic, and when he gets
tired, he should sit down."
Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said: “Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night
down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: ‘Is there anyone to
invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his
request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?’”
.·| -·- =· ¸= c|·- ¸· ¸·| ¸- · ; · ` ., =« - ¸ , - · .· · ..·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· ¸ - . .·«· . ; · · ·.|· · ” ·=· ·-
· ¸ , ¬ |· “ ·,|·| · ” . «· - · = , · · · .·· . . ·· , | ¸, - · = · . “ .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· .·«· · ” . · = -| ¸ = , | . ·, · - .v
= - « ,· · , · · · .·· . - |· = · . . , =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
-·- =· ¸= ·,·,· ¸ ·| ¸- · .·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · ” ··«.|· ¸ |· - ·, | ¸· ¸ |· - ·, =· , · · ·· . , · ·
.,«· . , -v· ¸,·|· . · · ¸ «, · ; - .· ,·=|· · ·. · ¸- . -, =-| · ¸ · || . · ¸- .-| ., ¬ ·=| · ¸ ·, -= · ¸ - - | , «-| · ¸ ·, «- ..
, =¬.·|· =··· ..·- .
¸ ·, «- ·. ·
He sake forgiveness
from me
·, · - Untie it -, = Fasting
-, =-| I give him . «· - · She hangs ·· ··· Giving, paying
¸ · || . · He asks me = , · · She becomes tired · .· . = Witness, declaration
., ¬ ·=| I will respond him ; · · ·.|· Two pillars, -,··· of -··= ¸ · · It is built over
¸ ·, -= · He calls Me ` ., =« - Hanging, stretched = - « ,| He should sit
, · ·
- |· = ·
¸ = , |
Word
He becomes tired
His energetic body
condition
So that he prays
Explanation
A rope
He entered
Forgive!
Explanation
¸ , -
¸ - .
, «-|
Word
He / it remains ¸ «, ·
He comes down . , · ·
Lazy .:. ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 162
Level 02
Ma’roor Ibn Suwaid said: I saw Abu Dhar Al-Ghafari wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a
cloak. We asked him about that (i.e. how both were wearing similar cloaks). He replied, “Once I abused a
man and he complained of me to the Prophet . The Prophet asked me, 'Did you abuse him by slighting his
mother?' He added, 'Your slaves are your brethren upon whom Allah has given you authority. So, if one
has one's brethren under one's control, one should feed them with the like of what one eats and clothe
them with the like of what one wears. You should not overburden them with what they cannot bear, and if
you do so, help them (in their hard job)."
Reported by Jabir Ibn A’bdullah that Allah’s Apostle passed by the market, entering from its upper side,
and people were on his side. So he passed by a dead sheep having small ears. He caught it from its ear and
said, “Would anyone of you like (to buy) this for a silver coin?” They said, “We don’t like to buy it for
anything. What will we do with it?” He said, “Do you like to owe it?” They said, “By God! If it was alive,
there is a defect in it because its ears are small. So how we can owe it while it is dead?” He said, “By
God! For Allah, this world is more inferior than it is (inferior) for you.”
=· , = ¸· , ,- « |· .· | · , . -· - -,· -, .-·- =· ¸= `. ·« -|· . · ·| .·| .·«· .c | . ¸ - ·· ·|| . · . -· - - -: - ¸·- ·
..·=, -,·- =· ¸·= `¸ ,·|· ¸ |· ¸ ··´=· .: - . , ·· = ¸ ·· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· ¸ | .·«· , · -`- |· - ·,, -| .. .·| . · ·
, « · .. ´· =·| .¬ · =· . . · - - .. ´ | , - . ´ ·· ,-· .· ,· , |, . ¸ ·| · ·« - - « -= ,·· . · = · .¬ · ·, -| .·· ¸ . ¸ ,· · ·« - - .
, ·- · · - . ·, « ·«· · .·· . . . , ·- · ·- . ·, «· ´ · v, . ·, ·, -| · . . .. , ._·-|· =··· ..·- 2545 .
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .| · =· =, - ¸· , ·· - ¸- · · ¸··|·, . - , |· - |· ¸- · ¸- : -· . . 3,.|·· , - - · « . , « ·
` .`,- c =| . = ¬ · . - · . | · =-|· - | ,· · · · . .·| . · ” · . · = · - | · = · .| . ¬ · . ´·| “ ·,|·«· · ” ·¸ = · · · | -·| .¬ · ·- . ·-,
·- · - ·= · “ .·| ” ·.´| -·| .,, ¬ ·| “ ·,|·| · ” =·, : ¯c =| -·v .-, · · ,, - .·· .·, - .·· ,| . ·` .,- , ·, .,´· “ .·«·
” =·,· : .´, · - ·=· ¸ - . =· ¸·- . ,·| · ,·=·| . ' , ._··|,|· , =·,|· =··· ..·.- ?956 .
- | ,· · · He took it · ,, - Weakness, defect . . · - - He made them
` .`,- Died ·, - Alive . ´ | , - Your brother
c =| Having small ears .,, ¬ · You all love / like - ·,, - You blamed him
. = - Goat - ·= · We make ¸ ··´= He complained about me
· « · · - They were on his side ·¸ = A thing . , ·· = I insulted
- , |· - |· ¸- · Higher part .¬ · We love, we like ·· ·|| = We asked him
- -: -
-· -
. ,·|
Word
His boy (slave boy)
Gown
The most inferior
Explanation
Dirham, a sliver coin
Its ear
He caught it
Explanation
. · .
- · . |
=-|
Word
Entering : -· .
Market 3, =
He passed , -
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 163
Level 02
Narrated by Abu Hurairah, he said: Allah’s Apostle delivered a sermon to us and said: “O People! Allah
has made the pilgrimage obligatory to you, so perform the Hajj.” A person said, “O Allah’s Prophet!
Every year?” He remained silent until he (the person) said three times. Allah’s Prophet Said: “If I had
said, ‘yes’, it would have become obligatory on you while you were not able to do that.” Then he said:
“Leave whatever I leave for you. People before you destroyed due to a large number of questions and
disagreements with their prophets. When I instruct you about anything, take it according to your
capabilities. When I forbid you from anything, then leave it.”
Narrated from A’di: A’di took a white and a black thread. He looked at them at some part of night, but
they did not become clear. At the morning he said, “O Allah’s Prophet! I put them under my pillow.” He
said, “Then your pillow is very wide. Black and White Threads are under your pillow.” [The Hadith was
about the Quranic instruction about fasting: “Eat and drink until the white thread (of morning) becomes
distinguishable from the black thread (of night).” In the verse, black and white thread are an allegory for
the night and the morning. A’di understood the verse in its literal meanings and placed a black and white
thread under his pillow. When he told his story to the Prophet . ·¯ ·,· = ¸., he joked to him, “Then
your pillow is very wide. Black and White Threads are under your pillow.”]
· ,· , · ¸ ·| ¸- . .·| · .·«· .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= · · , = - ” ¸··|· ·.·| : ·,¬ ¬ · ¬ ¬ |· . ´,·- =· ¸ , · = | . “
¸ - .· « · · ” =· .,= · · · -· - ¸ · | : “ . ´ . · . · ·: · ·. |·| _- . .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= .· « · · ” .· | ,| ·
. - · . . , -, | . . ·- = ·=· ·« |, . “ .·| . · · ” . ´ · ·, · · - ¸ ·, . . . ·: ·-·, . . |·,= · ,· ´ · . ´ ·, | .· · ¸ - c · · · «··· ¸· - .
. . ·· , ,·| . . ·- = ·=· · - -· - ·, ·| · ·¸ = · . ´ · , -| · .· · . ·, - = · ·¸ = ¸- . ´ ·, . · ·.·, . “ , .¬-· =··· ..·.- 1117 .
.·| . = - ¸- · ¸ - · .·· ¸· - . . ,=| v· « -, ¸ ,·| v· « - . = - = -| .·| ¬ , =| ·« ·· .· · , , ·. · . ·· . , = · ¸,·|· · ” · ·
¸ · .· = , . ¬ · . · - - . =· ., = . “ .·| · ” ,=v·, ¸ ,·v· =, ¬ |· .·· .| .` ¸· , -| · .· = .· = , .· c · .· = , .¬ · . . .
, .~.«·|· =··· ..·- +?+0 .
. ·, ·, -| Help them =, ¬ |· Thread . . |·,= Their questions
. ·, « ·«· · You made them responsible ` ¸· , - | Definitely very wide c · · He destroyed
. . , ·- · It overwhelms them .· = , Pillow . ´ · ·, · I leave you
. ·, «· ´ · You make them responsible ¸ · .· = , My pillow ¸ ·, . Leave me
¸ ,· · He wears dress . · - - I put / make . ·- = ·=· You were capable of
- . ,· , | He should provide him dress · · , , ·. ·
Both of them become
visible
. , -, |
Definitely it becomes
mandatory
¸ ·| · He eats / will eat , = · He looked at . ´ = He became silent
-· -
·,¬ -
¸ , ·
Word
Year
O you all! Perform
pilgrimage
He made obligatory
Explanation
Black
White
Thread
Explanation
. ,=|
¸ ,·|
v· « -
Word
He should feed him - « -= ,|
Your both hands . ´· =·|
Under .¬ ·
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 164
Level 02
Narrated by A’bdulalh Ibn Mas’ud from the Prophet, he said: “No body will enter the Paradise having
arrogance equivalent to the weight of a small grain in his heart.” A man said, “Surely a person likes that
his cloths and shoes are good.” (Prophet) said, “Surely Allah is graceful and He loves handsomeness.
Arrogance is denying the truth and considering people inferior.”
While the Prophet was saying something in a gathering, a Bedouin came and asked him, “When would the
Hour (Doomsday) take place?” Allah's Apostle continued his talk, so some people said that Allah's
Apostle had heard the question, but did not like what that Bedouin had asked. Some of them said that
Allah's Apostle had not heard it. When the Prophet finished his speech, he said, “Where is the questioner,
who enquired about the Hour (Doomsday)?” The Bedouin said, “I am here, O Allah's Apostle .” Then the
Prophet said, “When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour (Doomsday).” The Bedouin said, “How will
that be lost?” The Prophet said, “When the power or authority comes in the hands of unfit persons, then
wait for the Hour (Doomsday.)”
·| .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= `¸ ,·|· ¸ - . ., -. - ¸ · =· =, - ¸- . · ” · ¸ - · . .· «· - - ,· | ¸ · .·· ¸ - -· ¬ |· ¸ -= · v , , . “ .·|
¸ - · ” - · . - - ·- ·, · ·. - - ·, · .,´ · .| .¬ · ¸ -,|· .· . “ .·| · ” .· « ¬ |· .¬ · ¸, « - =· .· . = « -, `_ ¬ |· , = · , , ´|·
¸··|· . “ , ..·sv· =··· ..·.- 1+7 .
.·| ·,·, · ¸ ·| ¸- · -, «|· =`= ¬ · ¸ ·¬ - ¸ · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· · « ·, · .·«· ¸ ·· , -| · ·· - . · ” · - -·.|· ¸ · - “
-,«|· ¸ - · .·«· . ==¬ · .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= ¸ = « · · ” .· | · - · , ´ · .·| · - - « = . “ .. =-· .·|, · ” . | ¸·
- «. · . “ .·| - ·· = - ¸ = | ·.· ¸ ·- · ” - -·.|· ¸ - ¸ ··.|· ·· | ¸·| . “ .·| · ” =· .,= ·· · ·| · · “ .·| · ” - ·· -v· . -`, = ·.··
- -·.|· , = ···· . “ .·| · ” ·· . · -· =· ., · “ .·| · ” - -·.|· , = ··· · - ··| , , - ¸ |· ,-v· =`= , ·.· .. , ..·-|· =··· ..·- 59 .
¸ = - He went ¸ -= · v He does not enter = « - To despise
¸ ·· , -|
An Arab Villager,
Bedouin
- ··| , , -
Other than competent
people
`_ ¬ |· , = ·
Being careless about the
truth
· ·· - He came to him =`= , It is given .· « ¬ |· Beauty
=`= ¬ · He describes, he talks · . · -· =· Its wastage ¸, « - Handsome, beautiful
¸ ·¬ - Sitting , = ··· Wait! - ·- · His shoes
·, - . Leave it (O you all) - ·· -v· Honesty · ·. - Good
. ´ ·, . · I forbid you . -`, = It is wasted - ·, · His cloth
, , ·
· . .· «· -
- ,· |
Word
Pride, arrogance
Equal to the weight of a
grain
His heart
Explanation
I saw him
He finished, he
declared
He disliked
Explanation
·· |
¸ = |
· , ·
Word
Take it ·, ·| ·
I order you . ´ · , -|
Their disputes . . ·: ·-·
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 165
Level 02
Narrated by A’li Ibn Abi Talib about Allah’s Apostle that when he used to stand for prayer, he used to
say, “I have turned my face in straight position for The One Who originated the heavens and the earth. I
am not one from polytheists. Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death is for Allah, the Lord
of all worlds. There is no associate to Him. For that I am instructed and I am the one from submitters.
Narrated by Nawas Ibn Sam’an Al-Ansari, he said: I asked Allah’s Apostle about the piety and the sin. He
said, “Piety is having good character while the sin is what creates a feeling of discomfort in your chest and
you don’t like to disclose it to people.”
Narrated by Umm Salemah: One night the Prophet woke up, saying, “There is no god except Allah! How
many afflictions have been sent down tonight, and how many treasures have been sent down (disclosed)!
Who will go and wake up (for prayers) the lady dwellers of these rooms? Many well dressed soul (people)
in this world, will be naked on the Day of Resurrection."
.|· | - «· = `-| ¸- · .,«· , ·, . ¸,·|· ¸ - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= ¸ ,·|· = «, ·=· · ” ¸ - -·,·|· . ,·| · . · - . =· v· -|· v
. -· , = = |, · ¸ - . ¸ ·· , ¬ |· ¸ - . , ·| ·.·- . - · · «|· -, · - · · - · ,·=|· ¸ · - , =· · ¸ - . · . =· , ¬ ¬ |· - -· , «|· . “ , =··· ..·-
.¸·,·|· 5844 .
·| ·.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= ¸- . . |· | ¸ ·| ¸· `¸·- ¸- .·| ·:=|· ¸ |· -· | ·.· .·· - · ” . =·| ¸ . - , ..- ,
; · ,= « |· ¸ - · ·| ·-, · «, · - ¸v·, =· ,· «.|· , = · . ; « |· -|· `= = ¸ ·· « -, .· , ¬ -, ¸ ´ . ·, ¸ ·:= .· . c· , = v
; « ·. « |· ¸- ··|, = , - | c | = ·, - | .
. · =·v· .· -« = ¸· ¸·,·|· ¸- . .·| · «· · . ·v·, `, , |· ¸ - .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· .,= . || = .· ” ¸. - , ,|·
_ · ¬ |· . -,· - - ·= · .| . · , ·, . = = = ¸ · =· - · - . ·v·, ¸··|· . “ , .-·=|· , ~|· =··· ..·.- ?551 .
= «, ·=· He woke up - · · - One without cloths = , - | I am instructed
- ·= · .| To inform - , =· · One having cloths ¸ ·· « - My death
. · , · You disliked =· , ¬ ¬ |· Small rooms, plural of ·,¬ - .· , ¬ - My life
= = = Your chest . -· , =
People, owners, plural of
.-·=
¸ ´ . · My sacrifices
=· - It caused abrasion = |, · He arouses · «, · - Straight
, = ·
¸ . - ,
..- ,
Word
He originated
My face
I faced towards
Explanation
Treasures, plural of -··,-
Test, temptation, persecution
It came down
Explanation
¸ ·· , ¬ |·
- · · «|·
. ,·|
Word
Good character _ · ¬ |· ¸. -
Sin . ·v·
Piety `, , |·
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Quranic Arabic Program 166
Level 02
When he used to raise up, he said, “O Allah! My Lord! The praise is for You equivalent to the full
measure of the heavens, the earth and whatever is between both of them and equivalent to the measure of
whatever thing You want after that.”
O Allah! You are the King. There is no god except You. I have offended against myself. I confess my
sins, so forgive all of my sins. Surely nobody forgives the sins except You. Guide me for the best
character. Nobody can guide for the right character except You. Take away its evil from me. Nobody can
take it away except You. I am available at Your service. I am obedient to You. All good is in Your Hands.
Evil cannot be associated to You. I am for You and submitted towards You. You are Self-Blessed and
Exalted. I seek forgiveness from You and return to You.”
When he used to bow down, he said: “O Allah! I have bowed for You. I have believed in You. I have
submitted to You. My ears, eyes, brain, bones and nerves are submitted to you.”
.·| - · · .·, ” ..·|· : . - · c | . . · -¹ c ·, . . « ·=| c|, . . , = ·, ¸ -« = c | - = - . ¸ , = -, ¸ « = -, ¸`¬ -, . “
.·| - · · .·, ” ..·|· : ·- ·¸ -, ¸v· ·¸ -, =· ,· «.|· ·¸ - =« ¬ |· c| · ·· =- · ·¸ = ¸ - .· = ·- ·¸ -, · « . ·, · . “
..·|· : .·| v· - |· v c · « |· .·| . -, « - ¸ ·, · . ¸ | , « -·· ¸ ,· . . · , · -·, ¸ . « · .« · » .·| v· =, · =|· , «- · v - ·· .·
3:-v· ¸ .- v ¸ · = ·· , . .·| v· · . · .-v . =. · v . · . ·`, = ¸`·- = ,=·, . .·| v· · . ·`, = ¸`·- = ,= · v . c,, | :
c· =- =, : c· = · ¸ · - · · ~ ¬ |·, . c, |· ¸, | ,=|·, . c, |·, c · · ·| . ., |· - ·, . · · , · . c,|· =, ·|, = , «- ·=| . “
¸`·- = ,=· Take away from me =, ·| I return to ¸`¬ - My brain
. =. · He guides = , «- ·=| I seek forgiveness from you . , = · My eyesight
¸ .- | Better or the best ., |· - · You are Exalted ¸ -« =
My power to
listen
, «- · He forgives . · · , · You are The Self-Blessed - = - I surrender myself
¸ ·, · . My sins, plural of .·. ,=|· Evil . « ·=| I submitted myself
. · -¹
. - ·
- ·
Word
I believed
I bowed
He bowed
Explanation
I am obedient to You
He does not takes away
Its sin, its evil
Explanation
c· =- =
= ,= · v
· . ·`, =
Word
My sin ¸ ,· .
I confess . · , · -·
I offended .« · »
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Face the Challenge!
Describe different types of nouns and verbs.
You can get help from the Book of Level 1.
Quranic Arabic Program 167
Level 02
Then at the end, he used to say between Tashahud and Tasleem, “O Allah! Forgive me what I did in past
and what I shall do in future, what I have concealed and what I have disclosed and what I have crossed the
limits. You are More Knowledgeable than me. You are the One Who make (some people) forward and
(some people) backward. There is no god except You.”
(Translation of some Ahadith is adapted from the Hadith Software of Islambase Publications.)
When he used to prostrate, he said, “O Allah! I have prostrated for You. I have believed in You. I have
submitted to You. My face has prostrated for the One Who has created it, shaped it and carved ears and
eyes in it. Allah is Self-Blessed, the Best of the creators.”
., ·.·|·, =. =·|· ; · ., « · · - , -¹ ¸ - ., ´ · . · ” ..·|· : =,-| · -, .-= | · - ¸ | , « -· . .· ·-| · -, = , =| ·-, . · -,
.· , =| . ¸`· - - · . ·-| . ·| ·-, . ,`- , « |· .·|, -`= « « |· .·| . .·| v· - |· v . “ , .·,·=|· =··· ..·.- 771 .
.·| = ¬ = ·.·, ” ..·|· : = = ¬ = c| . .· -¹ c ·, . . « ·=| c|, . - - « = _ =, . · , =, - « · - .=·| ¸ .- , = ¬ =
· , = ·, . ;«|·¬ |· ¸ .-| =· =·,· . “
=- · After
.· = You liked, You pleased _ = He carved .· , =| I crossed the limits
·¸ -
Filled quantity, equal to
the measure of
· , = He shaped it ., ·.·|· Prayer for peace
=. =·|·
., ´ ·
;«|·¬ |· ¸.-|
Word
Testimony
He becomes / will
become
The Best of creators
i.e. Allah
Explanation
He created it
I prostrated
He prostrated
Explanation
- « · -
= = ¬ =
= ¬ =
Word
He raised (his head) - ·
My nerves ¸ , = -
My bones ¸ « = -
Explanation Word
Lesson 14B: The Rights of Allah & the Rights of Human Beings
Worth Reading
What is glamour and what is its impact on human personality? Read
more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0011-Glamor.htm
Do you know?
Prophet Muhammad .·=, -,·- =· ¸·= used to visit Arabic
festivals in order to introduce people with the message of Quran.
Quranic Arabic Program 168
Level 02
c· ¸ - - c · ¬ · ·· , = Your Lord has made a stream under you.
| c· . · , = ¸··· | · , « - -
Verily, your Lord is the owner of forgiveness for
the people.
` ,· , - -·|· . · , . -· « ···
Verily, Allah is the most powerful and holder of
revenge.
. · ,· · · | , . · ,· ·¹ . ´ | = , | | . .· | ., = · v
·- « ·
Your parents and your brothers, you don’t know
who is nearer to you in providing benefit.
, · .· , · - | .· - And recall the brother of A’ad.
.· · - · ¬ · ` , · ·
Under him, there was a treasure. (i.e. in his
control)
¸ - . «.|· . . , · - , ¬ · . . | , ·
So We dropped down their roof on them from their
overhead.
¸ - . , ¬ · . . · ¬ · · . · v· Rivers will flow under them.
3 , · ¸ · . . ` ., · - . · -
Over each possessor of knowledge, (Allah) is
knowledgeable.
¸ , ¬ |· · · « · · . · . . | , ·
And remember when We suspended the mountain
over them.
¸ - , . .· = · | ¸ , · ¸ - . .· , ·v . . « · - ¸ - ,
. . ·· « · | ¸ - , . . · ·· « =
I will definitely come them from their front, from
their back, from their right and from their left.
¸ - ·, · , · , | . . « · - ··· - = -·` . If they have left at their back weak children.
· - , . .· = · | ¸ , · · - . · - · . . « · -
He knows what is in their hands and what is at
their back.
, ¬ « , | .· .· v· =· , · - -· - |
Man intends to keep on doing evil acts on his
front. (in future)
English
¸ ·,-
The Result (1)
Calculate your score. Each sentence carries one mark. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Lesson 15A: Directions, Relations and Date
Quranic Arabic Program 169
Level 02
=· ¬ = | ; « , |· =· ¬ = | , .· «`=|· People of right and people of left.
¸ « - | 3 , · ·, , - ¸ = | I am carrying bread over my head.
·, · , =· · 3 , · 3· · - v· So beat over their necks.
¸ - . . · ·, « ¬ · · . | . . « · - They have not joined them from their back.
¸ · · ¸ . ·· , - · ¸ · · , | ¸ . ·· , - |
Children of their brothers or children of their
sisters.
- | .· · . · · · , - · : · -`- ¸ =.|·
So if he had brothers (and sisters), so for his
mother , there is 1/6.
. ´ ·, - , ·, | , · . | , , |· ¸ , | 3 , = « |· ¸ , |
= , - « |· ,
It is not the piety that you turn your faces towards
the east and the west.
- ·· · · ¸ ·, | ¸ - ·- | , - |· « = · And whoever was given his report in his left hand.
- ·· · · ¸ ·, | ¸ - ·- | · - ·, « , · So whoever was given his report in his right hand.
¸ - ¸ «=|· · ¸ · | · -·|· . · · 3 , = « |· · . · = | ·
¸ - = , - « |·
So verily, Allah brings the sun from the east, (if
you are a god), bring it from west.
-· | , 3 , = « |· = , - « |· , For Allah, there is the east and the west.
¸ - .· ,« · · « |· ¸« · · · ; « , |· ¸ - , .· «`=|·
` =, - |
When two scribes (angels who record good and bad
deeds) sitting on right and left.
` =·· , = - =· ,«.|· - ·, « , · The heavens are rolled up in in His right hand.
¸ - .· ·· - .· « = , ; « · Two gardens from right and left.
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 15A: Directions, Relations and Date
Quranic Arabic Program 170
Level 02
¸ - =· = - |· . ·· = - · - , · . . | , · ¸ - , . ¬ ·
. . · - |
That day, the punishment will encircle them from
their overhead and from beneath their feet.
. ´ , · - . -`, - . ´ ·· , - | , . ´ ·· · · , . ´ ·· .- |
, . ´ ·v· - , . ´ ··« - , =· · · , - v· =· · ·
. - v·
(These women are) forbidden for you: your
mothers, your daughters, your sisters, sisters of
your father, sisters of your mother, daughters of
your brother and daughters of your sister.
v ¸ =, - .· | -, - ., · · Moses said to _____ Aaron.
¸ . « · v · c · - | v ¸`· · ¸ - | ,
I do not owe anything except myself and my
brother.
.· · · . .· - ; · · , He was owner of wealth and sons.
=\ · · . -« - ¸ · , « |· So give the holder of relationship his right.
··· · . . , · - · · ¬ · · · . · · . =· = = =· = -
When We opened the door that was possessor of
intense punishment.
· · · . ¸ , · , « |· O possessor of two connections!
¸ - c ·, | | . · . . ¸ , · , « |· They ask about the possessor of two connections.
¸ | · · , - · ·v . . :, , = ¸ , - |·
They would have tried to find a way towards the
Owner of the throne.
·· ·· · . . ¸ · , « |· Giving holder of relationship.
| -· · , = . · - Verily, He is the possessor of knowledge.
-·|· , , . ., = - |· ¸ = « |· And Allah is the possessor of virtue and greatness.
¸ | , « -· `= ¸ - v , O Lord! Forgive me and my brother.
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 15A: Directions, Relations and Date
Quranic Arabic Program 171
Level 02
The Result (2)
Each word carried one mark. If your score is below 80%, repeat the test.
Do you know? Certain adjectives are also added to the names of certain months e.g. , « = . -· , ¬ |· -, ¬ -
.· = - . .= - « |· .·,- = . .- , « |· . - . , , ¬ |· -, ´ « |· etc.
¸ · ,==| =·- -·= 1?? - 3 Aristotle died in 322 BC.
= ,- « |· ¸, , | ,= - |· =- · ` =,= =·- - - « ¬ |· -, ·
-·= ¸·,·· ,. = ¸ - , = - ¸ -· ¬ |· ?008 ·
Rashid died after A’sr prayer just before
sunset on Friday, 15 April 2008 CE.
¸ · _,v· . , , ´|· = , ¬ |· = · = · ¸ =.-| ¸ - -··,|·
191+ ·
The first world war started on 4 August
1914 CE.
| `¸ · - ¸· ¸ , . ¬ |· = | , ¸« ¬ ¸ - ., · - .· ,- = ,. =
.· --·| -·=
Hussain Ibn A’li was born when 5 nights
were passed from Sha’baan of 4H.
J = | , , ···· .,| 1980 · He was born on 1 January 1980 CE
.·«· - ¸ · | · , = - ¸ ·· « · | - - « ¬ |· -, · ¸ - . · - ..
., ·:· , ` ¸« - -·= -¬ ¬ |·
U’thman was martyred on Friday when 18
nights were passed from Dhul Hajj of
35H.
_·==|· ,´·,·| =· - .·«·| ···:·|· -,· ¸ - ¸ , « ·
.· ·,=- =:· -·= . ,- v· ..· « -
Abu Bakr, the truthful died on Tuesday
while 8 days were remaining from Jumadi
ul Ukhra 13H.
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· ., = ¸· , · ¸ ,··v· -, ·
.· · , = - =-| - · = .,v· -, · ,. = ¸ · , =- ¸ ···|·
The Allah’s Prophet died on Monday, 12
Rabi’ ul Awwal 11H.
.·=, -,·- =· ¸·= =· ., = = | , ¸ · ¸ ,··v· -, ·
-· - .,v· -, · ,. = ¸, «|·
The Allah’s Prophet was born on Monday
in month of Rabi’ ul Awwal in the year of
Elephants (a famous war between Quraish
& Yemeni armies in which the elephants
were used)
English
¸ ·,-
Lesson 15A: Directions, Relations and Date
Quranic Arabic Program 172
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
Little Joseph astonished a lot. He did not understand this dream. How can starts, the sun and the moon
prostrate for a man? Little Joseph went to his father Jacob and described this amazing dream: “O father! I
have seen 11 stars, the sun and the moon. I have seen them prostrating for me.”
Isaac had a son, his name was Jacob and he was a prophet. Jacob had twelve boys, Joseph the son of Jacob
was one of them. There is an amazing story about Joseph in the Quran. This story is described to you.
Joseph was a little boy. He had 11 brothers. Joseph was a handsome boy. He was an intelligent boy. His
father Jacob used to love him more than all of his brothers. One night, Joseph saw an amazing dream. He
saw that 11 stars, the sun and the moon, all of them prostrate for him.
·~ · · ~ -=|· .=, · .¬ - · : ·, ¸«=|·, . ·· , ´|· = ¬ . · . , · ·· ,,|· · =· . . · · - , .=,· . · . ·¸ - , | , « «|
=, «-· -,·| _ · ~ -=|· . - ,, ¬ -|· · ·,,|· ·=· -| ¸´-, . ” , « « |· , ¸ «=|· , ·,·,· , = - = - | . · | ¸`·· . · | ·· . . · · |
¸· = - ·= ¸ | . “
·-| , = - = - | - | .·· , . ·~-= ·= | , .=,· .·· . ·,· . ·- : - . = , · .· · , .:, « - ·-: - .=,· .·· , . ·, ·| .· · ,
-·,-· -,< ¸- , · · | -, ¬ · =, «- · . - ,,¬ - · ·, .=,· .| - ·,| =·. . , ««|· , ¸ « =|· .| , · ,· , · ,= - =- | .|
-| = ¬ . · ¸ · .
· , , · .· ·, =, « - · -r· ` = |, 3·¬=v .· ·, . =,«-· ¸ · . =, · . .· - .· =|, ,=- ···· -| =,«- · .··, . -= | -| .=,·,
.¹, «|· ¸ · - ,, ¬ - . -=«|· ·= · c,|· , .:
. . ·
¸· = - ·=
. . · · |
Word
He understood
Prostrating, plural of
=-·=
I saw them
Explanation
Star
Dream
All
Explanation
· ,· , ·
· ·,
-,<
Word
Intelligent, brilliant ·,· .
Strange, amazing -,,¬-
Story -=|
Explanation Word
The Result
Calculate your score. Each line carries ten marks. If your score is less than 80%, repeat the exercise.
Rule of the Day
A .·- .·,- is composed of two words: ,,¬ - .,- =,-. The ,,¬ - is the word coming after the
,- =,-. It is always in its ,- .
Quranic Arabic Program 173
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
His father Jacob was a prophet. Jacob became happy a lot for this dream. He said, “Allah has blessed you,
O Joseph! Soon it will be your position. This dream is a good news for you about knowledge and
prophethood. Allah has blessed upon your grandfather Isaac, He also blessed your grand-grandfather
Abraham. It is He who will bless upon you and will bless upon the progeny of Jacob.”
Jacob was a great old man. He used to know people’s nature. He used to know how the Satan dominates a
person and how the Satan plays with a person. He said, “O my son! Don’t inform anyone in your brothers
about your dream. They will be jealous to you and will become your enemy.
·|· - · ·, | = , - · .· · , . ·~ , · ·¬ , = =,« - · .·· , ¸· . =,=|· . - · · ., · , ..· = , =|· . ·- · . , · =, - · .·· , .·
.· . · v·· . .· « · ” · ·· c·,-· ¸ - ·= - | · · ,,|· · =· ~¬ · v ..= | , · · ·,= - c | ., ·, ´ · , c ·,=.- .. . “
·, , · =,« - · ·, ·| .··, . ·~ · · · ·,,|· ·=· =, « -· - , · . .· | , ” .|= c | .,´ , . · .. =,· · · c | =· =·· . ··,,|· ·=·
·,,·, . · - · ··=· . ¸·- =· . -· | = | , 3·¬ = · == - ¸ · - =· . - ·| = | , ., ·· ,·· =`=- . .¹ ¸·- . - ··, c,· - . - · · -· · ,
=, « - · . “
. - · · He blesses or will bless . - · · He plays / will play
== - Your grandfather . ·- ·
He dominates / will
dominate
·,= - Enemy
., ·, ´ ·
c ·,=.-
, ,¬ · v
Word
They become / will
become
They become / will
become jealous to you
Don’t inform
Explanation
Nature, plural of --,,|
He knows
An old man
Explanation
- · ·, |
= , - ·
·¬ , =
Word
He blessed upon . - ·|
Good news ··=·
He became happy - , ·
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
A ¸«=- .·,- is composed of three words: -,|· =, =- - .=, =- - ..=- =,-. The =,=-- is the word
coming after the .=- =,- while -,|· =, =- - is the word coming before the .=- =,-. Both .=,=--
-,|· =,=-- have the same case , ,- ..=· .-· .
Rule of the Day
In Arabic, if you have to praise a person or a thing, you use the word . - ·. It gives the meaning of “What
a nice!!!” e.g. ¸ |, « |· .- · (What a nice master). On the contrary, if you have to express your disparagement
about a person or a thing, you use the word ¸· ·. It gives the meaning of “What a bad!!!” e.g. ~ = « |· ¸ · ·
(What a bad place to live!!!!). For feminine nouns, words . « - · and . .· · are used.
Quranic Arabic Program 174
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
_ ··,
¸·, ·· . '·
_· , |
,· ·
·, «||
Word
They agreed
Travelers
Way
Well
Throw him
Explanation
¸ ´ - He told the story ¸|·- Pure
Then, at that time
Far, remote, distant
(O you all!) Throw
They gathered
It intensified
Explanation
=··,-
· =, - ·
·, - , |·
- « ·-·
= · =|
Word
··· ,| | Powerful, healthy
` =· , = Young, youth
Why? · .·« |
Two weak persons .· «, - =
Two little .· ~ - =
Explanation Word
Joseph had another brother from his mother, his name was Binyamin. Jacob used to love both of them
intensely. He did not use to love anyone like that. The brothers used to be jealous with Joseph and
Binyamin. They used to be angry and used to say: “Why our father love Joseph and Binyamin more? Why
our father love Joseph and Binyamin while both of them are little and weak. Why does he not love us like
Joseph and Binyamin. We are grown up and powerful. It is a strange matter.”
Joseph was a little child. He described the dream to his brothers. When they listened the dream, they
became much angry and their jealousy increased. One day, the brothers gathered and said, “Kill Joseph or
throw him in a remote land. Then your father will be only for you. His love will be pure for you.” One of
them said, “No, throw him in a well on the way. Some travelers will take him.” All brothers agreed upon
it.
. = - , -·,-v ··, ,|· ¸ ´ ¬ · . ·~ - = ·= | , . =,· .· · , .·=. - =·=| , ··, ,|· ·, - r ·« | ·= - ·,-v· . ·,-v· - « ·-· ,
·, |· | , ·- , · ” · =, - · · =| ·, - , |· ,| .=,· ·,· · |· . ·=|·- .´| -, - .,´·, .· =|·- .´| . ·, ·| .,´· =··,- . “ .· |
.·= -| · ” ¸·, ·· . « |· ¸- · · =-|· _·,| J ,· · J ·, «|| ¸ · v . “ ·,-v· -, « - - ,·- _ ··, , .
; -· ,· · -r· --| ¸- ,-¹ -| -| . = ,· .· · , . - . ¬ · v .··, . ·=· = = ·, - ·«., ¬ · = , « - · .· · , ·=-| ·.·· . .· ·,
.,|, « · ·,··· .,, = -· , ;-·,· · , .=,· .,=.- ·,- v· · ” · · . ·« | , · ,·· | ; - ·,· · , .=,· · ·,·| . ¬ · · .·« | ··, · | . ¬
.· «, - = .· ~ - = ·« · , ;-·,·· , .=, · . ··· ,| | =·,= ¸¬ · ;-·,·· , . =, · ¸ · - ··, ¬ · v · .·« | .,¬ - , -| · =· . : “
Quranic Arabic Program 175
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
When they agreed on this opinion, they went to Jacob. Jacob used to fear about Joseph a lot. He used to
know that the brothers are envious of him and they don’t like him. Jacob did not use to send Joseph with
the brothers. Joseph used to play with his brother (Binyamin) and did not use to go away. The brothers
used to know that but they determined to do evil.
They said, “O our father! Why you do not send Joseph with us? Why do you fear? He is our beloved
brother. He is our little brother. We are the sons of the same father. Brother always play with each other
collectively. Why we do not go and play together? Send him with us tomorrow. He will enjoy and play
and we will protect him.” Jacob was a great old man. He was very intelligent and patient.
·, |· | ” =· ¬ · · .·- ·.=,· ·· - - ¸=,· v · .·« | · ·· ·| · · : =| ·· ··| ¸¬ · , . ~-=|· ·· , -| , . ,· , -|· · ·,-| , · . ·,-v·,
- .- · · , ¸¬ · . ·= · v ·.·«·· . ·-, « - ., , -·· ·«·· . ··-, « ··¬ | - | ··· , . - · · , - · , · · = - · · - - - · =| .,= . “ .· · ,
·«, ·- : |· - =, «- · .· · , .·~ , · ·¬,= =, « - · .
=,« - · _· ·,,· - .|,|· ·=· ¸· - ·, « «·· ·« | , . · .| =,-· .· · , .·~ · · . =, · ¸ ·- =· ¬ · =,«-· .· · , ·,-v
-·,,¬ · v , -·,=. - . ·,-v· -- .=, · ¸= , · v =, « - · .· · , . · ·, . ·=, - · . ·= · v , -,- | - - . - · · . =, · .· · , .
`,=|· ¸ · - ·, - , - ..·´| , . c |. ., · , - · ·,-v· .
. ·= · He goes / will go ·· ··| Sons, plural of ¸·· .,= ··- Protectors
-· ,·
·=-
-·=|
.- · ·
. ·= ·
·«·· .
Word
He enjoys
Tomorrow
Send him
We play / shall play
We go / shall go
Always
Explanation
. - · · He plays / will play ,· , -|· Dear, valuable
You fear
What
You send
They determined
They know
Explanation
=· ¬ ·
·. ·-
¸=,·
·, - , -
., · , - ·
Word
¸= , · He sends / will send
=· ¬ · He fears / will fear
They went ·,,· -
Opinion .|,|·
They agreed ·, « «··
Explanation Word
Face the Challenge!
Prepare a summary of the rules
studied in Level 2.
Quranic Arabic Program 176
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
.=,· -· - = - , · . | .- v =, «- · .··, . · ~·· . =,· ¸ · - =·¬ · .· · , . ” ., · ··- -· - . ··|, .· =|· -··|· .| =·-| . “
·,|·| · ” · , .- · ·| · .,· , · .,=· - ¸¬ · , .· =|· -· ·| · .,· ·= ·| ···· ,| | .·, = ¸¬ “ . =, ,| =,« - · . .| , .
Jacob did not liked to send Joseph away from him. He feared a lot about Joseph. (He said:) “I fear that a
wolf may eat him while you will be negligent.” They said, “Never, how can a wolf eat him while we are
actively monitoring? How can it eat him and we are powerful young men.” Jacob allowed (them) for
(taking) Joseph.
The brothers were happy a lot because Jacob had allowed for (taking) Joseph. They went to a forest and
threw Joseph in a well at the forest. They did not have mercy upon on the little Joseph. They did not have
mercy upon the great old man Jacob. Joseph was a little child. His heart was small. The well was deep.
They well was dark and Joseph was alone. But Allah provided good news to Joseph and said to him:
“Don’t be grieved and don’t fear. Allah is with you. Soon your condition will change. Soon your brothers
will come to you and you will tell them about what they did.”
.=,,| =, «- · ..| ·« | ·~· · ·,-v· -, ·, . · . | , - ·· -|· J ,· · J .=,· ·,«|| , -·· - _ · ·,, ·. , .=, · ·,« -,
~ ,´|· ¬, =|· =,« - · ·, « - , · . , . ~-=|· . ·~ - = -,· | .· · , . ·~ - = ·= | , .=, · .· · , . .· · , .-«, « - ,· ,|· . ···,
·=, - , .=,· .· · , -«·=- ,·,|· . -| .·|, .=,· ,= · =· ¸´| , · ” . ¬ · v, . , ¬ · v . c| .,´,=, .c-- =· .·
.|= . ·, · - · · « · . · , ,¬ ·, · ,-v· c,|· , =¬ , = . “
·= ·| Permanently -«, « - Deep , =¬ , = Soon he will appear
.,· ··- Negligent people ·, « -, · . |
They did not be
merciful
. ¬ · v Don’t fear
. , ¬ · v
,= ·
·=, - ,
- « ·= -
Word
Don’t be grieved
He provided good news
Alone
Dark
Explanation
.·=|· Wolf - ·· - Forest
He allowed
Young men
Actively monitoring
people
Explanation
..|
.·, =
., =· -
Word
-··|· .| To eat him
=·-| I fear
To go away = - , · . |
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 177
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·, - « · -· ,·,|· ¸ · .=,· ·, «||, ..·|= ¸ - ·, - , · ·« |, ·,|·|, · ” ·· ·, ·v ., « · ·.·- “ . . =- · .·| · ” =·-| .,« · ··, ·| .··
=|· - · · | = | · ···| · · . |= = - |, «· · .·=|· - ··|· .| .· . “ ·,|·| , c|. ¸·- ·,-v· _ ·· , ” .·=|· - · · | -| ., « · . - · . “
When they became free from their matter and threw Joseph in the well, they gathered and said, “What
should we say to our father?” Some of them said, “Our father was saying that he fears that a wolf may eat
him. So we shall say that, O father! What you told became truth. Wolf has eaten him.” The brothers
agreed upon it. They said, “Yes, We shall say about him that the wolf has eaten him.”
Their father Jacob was a prophet and a great old man. He was wiser than his children. He used to know
that when a wolf eats a person, he tears him (his body) and tears his shirt. The shirt of Joseph was not
damaged. It was dyed in blood. So Jacob knew that the blood is false and the story of wolf is a fake story.
Some brothers said, “But what is the evidence for that.” They said, “The evidence of that is blood.” The
brothers caught a ram and slaughtered it. They took the shirt of Joseph and dyed it (with blood). Now the
brothers were very happy. They said, “Now our father will believe in us.” They went to their father and
night while they were weeping. They said, “O our father! We went for a race and left Joseph near our
luggage, the wolf has eaten him.”
·~ , · ·¬,= .· · , .·,, · =,«-· .· ,·| .·· , . ·.v,| ¸ - ¸ «-| .· · , . · ·· .·· ¸·| ·.· .·=|· .| =,-· =, « - · .· ·,
- =,«| _ =, - - , - . · « |· = .=,· ¸,«| .· ·, . · -=| .|, == · - . -·| =,«- · = ,- · -=|· J ·-,, = - .··, .· =|
- -,=, - -=| .
.·,-v· ¸- · .·| · ” ·c | . -·¹ ·- ¸ ´ |, “ ·,|·| · ” -=|· c|. -·¹ . “ ·, ¬ · . , ·= , · ·,-v· = -|, . .=,· ¸,« | ·, =-| ,
·, - , =, . · =- ·,-v· -, ·, · ·,|·|, ” · ·, ·| 3`= =· .v· . “ .,´ , · ·· = - .···| ·,··-, . ·,|·| ” _ , ·. · · ·, · . ··· ····| ··
.·=|· - · ·|· · · -· · - =·- . =, · · ·· , ·, . “ = = · - = · - =,«| ¸ · - ·, ·· -, . .=,· - . ·=· ·,|·|, :
.,´ , · They weep -·¹ Sign, evidence -=|· Blood
·, - , = They dyed it ¸ «-| Wiser or the wisest - -,=, - Fake
·-,, = -
· « |· =
_ =
- - , -
Word
Dyed
Undamaged
He tore
He wounded him
Explanation
·= , · Ram, male sheep · · -· · - Our belongings
We left
We raced
We went
Explanation
· ·· , ·
_ , ·. ·
· ·, · .
Word
. |= = You told the truth
·, - , · They became free
You will inform them . · , ,¬ ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 178
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·. v, v .· «· · ··, « · - = , - = | · =· ¸ · . ¸,< ` , ,= · . “ · , , = , , = -·´|, · =·= = · ·, - .=,· ¸ · - =,« - · . , - , :,« - .
· ¸·|, ,·,|· ¸ · . =, · ·, · , ·, . .,,|· ¸ |· ·,-v· - - , ¸· , «|· ¸ · - ·, -· ·, . -· -=|· · ,-v . v, . ,· ,|· ¸ · .=, ·,
-· - | v, ¸· , · . ·, -· ·, . .=,· .·,-v· ¸ . ·, . · =-| ¸ . · ·-, . .=,· -· · ·-, .
He said to his children, “Nay, this is a story that you have invented. So patience is an excellent way (will
be my response.” Jacob grieved about Joseph intensely but he tolerated it with an excellent patience. The
brothers returned to the home and left Joseph in the well. The brothers eat the meal and slept on the bed
while Joseph was in the well. There was no bed or food (there). The brothers forgot Joseph and slept.
Joseph did not sleep and he did not forget anyone.
A group of people was traveling in that forest. They felt thirst in their way and searched a well. They saw
a well and sent a man to fetch water for them. The man came to the well and hanged his bucket. He pulled
the bucket but the bucket was heavy. He brought it out but a boy was with the bucket. The man amazed
and called, “What a good news! This boy!!!!”
Jacob remained remembering Joseph and Joseph remained remembering Jacob. Joseph was in the well
and well was deep. The well was in the forest and the forest was lonely. It was the night time and the night
was dark.
-··-|· ·=· ¸ · , ·· . · - -· « - .···, . ,·· ¸ - ·, · ¬ ·, . _· ,=|· ¸ · ·, = = -, . . . | ¸ ·| , | : - ·.,|· ·, · =|· .· ,· · ·,| ,
·· « |· · . · ,| . ¸ |.|, .,·,|· ¸ |· ¸-,|· ·· - . - ·, « · , |=|· ·.·· . , |=|· - , ·, : ` -: - ,|=|· ¸ · ·.·· · . - , -|, : ¸-,|· ¸ · .
. .· ·, . ” . ,= · ·· : -:- ·=· :: : “
=,«-· ,·=· .=,· ¸«·, . .=,· , ·= · =,«-· ¸ « ·, . -«,«- ,·,|· . ···, .,·,|· ¸ · .=,· .··, . ¸ · ,·,|· . ·· ·,
- = -, - -·· -|· .·· ·, . -·· -|· . - « ·= - ¸,·|· .··, . ¸,·|· ¸ · c|. .··, .
¸· , «|· Bed ·, = = - They became thirsty , |=|· Bucket
·, -· · They slept , ·· . · They traveled - , · He pulled
¸ |.|
¸ ·| , |
·,|
·, · ¬ ·
Word
He hanged bucket
To bring
They saw
The searched
Explanation
·, · , · They left - -· « - Group of people
Lonely
He slept
He forgot
Explanation
- = -, -
-· ·
¸ . ·
Word
· ·, - Grief
. , - He became grieved
You invented it ··, « · - = ,
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 179
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
· , « -| , ·=- ¸··|· - , · , . ·, .· · , 3,.|· ¸ · ·,-·| , . , = - ¸ |· ·,· = , , · ” ·=· .,·=· ¸ - · -:-|· ·=· . ,·= · ¸-
· -:-|· “ · .,= - - . ·· = · . =,· ,· , -|· . , ·= · . .=,· ·, · , - · - , ·¬·|· - -· · , . .·| , . · , = | _ · ,· , - |· - · . · .,
- · | ,-v · ” ` =,= ` = | , - · · . . =, · ¸ - ,· | . “
People became very happy and concealed it. They reached at Egypt. They stood at the (slave) market and
called, “Who will buy this boy? Who will buy this boy?” The A’ziz (Prime Minister of Egypt) bought
Joseph for a few silver coins. The traders sold him. They did not know Joseph. The A’ziz took him to his
palace. He said to his wife, “Treat Joseph with respect. He is a decent boy.”
The wife of A’ziz seduced Joseph for disloyalty (with her husband) but Joseph refused. He said, “Never! I
will not by disloyal to my master. Surely he did good with me and gave me respect. I fear Allah.” The
wife of A’ziz became angry and complained her husband. A’ziz knew that the woman is a liar. He knew
that the Joseph is an honest person. He said to his wife, “Surely you are the one from those who commit
mistake.”
- ·· , ¬ |· ¸ · - .=,· ,· , -|· ·|,-· =. ,· , . .·|, . ¸ ·| .=,· ¸´|, · ” : · : ¸ |· ¸ . - | -·· ..=`, = ., - | v · · |
¸ · -,· | , . =· =· - | ¸`· · . “ · . - , _· . ´ =, ,·, -|· · | ,-· . , =- , . - · .· · ·| , '· . | ,· , -|· = , - , . . =,· .| =, - ,
` ; - | . - - , , | .· «· · ” ; · |·¬ |· ¸ - . · · c· · . “
· .,= - - A few : · Never! ; · |·¬ |·
Those who commit
mistake
,· , -|·
The Prime Minister of
Egypt
¸ ·| He refused ` ; - | Honest
. , ·= · He bought - ·· , ¬ |· Disloyalty, dishonesty - · .· · A liar woman
. ,·= · He buys ·|,-· Woman, wife . ´ = She complained
. , = -
¸ · -,· |
.=`, =
., - | v
Word
She became angry
He respected me
My master
I shall not be disloyal
Explanation
·, .· · They called = . ,· She seduced
Decent
Treat with respect!
He sold him
Explanation
` =,=
¸ - ,· |
- -· ·
Word
· , « -| They concealed him
. ,= · ·· What a good news!
Heavy - ·, « ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 180
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
.·| ` =-| ·¹ ·. · , . - |· « ¬ · , =- J .=, · = , -, · ” ` <,· ` c · - v· · =· . · .·, = · · =· · - . “ . |· | , · |,'· .= - =·=| ,
. =,, | · ” ¸ ¬`.|· ¸ |· . ·= · . .· : “ .=,· .·| ” ¸ |· . -| ¸¬.|· . “ ¸ | · . =, · ¸ = , · .| ,·,-|· .| -··| =- ·,
¸ ¬ .|· . ·. , · .=,· .| =,-· ,·,-|· .··, . ¸ ¬`.|· . = , · ¸ - . , .
Joseph became well-known in Egypt for his handsome personality. Whenever anyone say him, he said,
“This is not a man, definitely he is only a respected angel.” Anger of the woman intensified. She said to
Joseph, “Then you will go to the jail.” Joseph said, “The jail is more liked for me.” After some days, the
A’ziz opined to send Joseph to the jail although he knew that Joseph is innocent. Joseph entered into the
jail.
Two persons entered into the jail with him and both of them described their dreams. One of them said, “I
have dreamt that I prepare wine.” Other said, “I have dreamt that I am carrying bread over my head and
birds are eating out of it.” They asked Joseph to interpret. Joseph was a great scholar for interpretation of
dreams. Joseph was one of prophets. People of his time used to worship (gods) other than Allah. They had
made a lot of gods from their own.
All people of jail knew that Joseph was a respected young man and that Joseph had a great knowledge and
he has a merciful heart in his chest. People of jail liked Joseph and respected him. People became happy
due to Joseph and gave him a great respect.
·« ···, -,·- ·= | , . : - ¸¬ .|· - - - ¸ -., ·« · = - | .· | , ” · ,« - , = - | ¸ ·· | ¸`· · . “ ,-v· .·|, ” ¸ « -| ¸ ··| _·
-· - , ,=|· ¸ ·| · · , , - ¸ =| 3, · . “ ¸· ,|·|· ¸ - .=,· v|=, . · · ,,|· ¸·,|·· ·« |·- . = , · .·· , . ¸ - ·,, · .=,· .· · ,
·· , , ·v· . =· ~ - .,=,- · - ·· - J ¸··|· .· · , . . . . «·| = · - ¸ - · , , · · ··· · | ·,- =,, .
` . · , · ` =· = . =,· .| ·-, « - ¸ ¬.|· ¸ ·| = , -, . ., = - ` . · - · =· - .=, · .|, . .,- .·| · == J . =,· .| , .
·,- ,· | , .=, · ¸ ¬`.|· ¸ ·| .- | , . ·,«= - , .=,,· ¸· ·|· - , · , .
=·= Young man ¸ « -| I carry ··· · | Gods, plural of =
·. , · Innocent, clear · ,« - Wine ·,- =, They made
- ·· -
¸· ,|·|·
, ,=|·
· , , -
Word
His time
Explanation
Birds
Bread
Explanation
. ·= · You go / will go ,= - | I make juice
Both of them told story
They respected him
They respected him
Explanation
·= |
·,«= -
·,- ,· |
Word
.= - Anger, rage
` c · - Angel
He was known = , -
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 181
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·,|·|, ” · , . 3 ,|· = · =· , . ,¬ ,|· = · =· , .`, ,|· = ·=· , = « |· = · = . “ c ¬=· , c|. ¸ · . , · . =,· .· ·, .
¸´,· , c|. ¸· .· - · .=,· .· · , . =· ¸ | · . ·,-= · . | =·, · .=,· .· · , . ¸ ¬`.|· ¸ · c|. ., ´ · .| =· .· | = |, .
¸¬.|· ¸·| _¬·.· v| · - = -, « |· ¸¬ .|· ¸·| _ ¬ ·. · v| ¸¬.|· ¸·| ¸,|| · =· .· , - ¸¬.|· ¸·| ¸,|| · - « - ,|·
· -.¹ ¸ ··
They used to say, “This is the god of land, this is the god of sea, this is the god of sustenance and this is
the god of rain.” Joseph used to see all that and laugh. Joseph used to know all that and weep. Joseph
intended to call them towards Allah. Allah decided to make that in the jail. Do people of jail not deserve
an incitement for good? Do people of jail not deserve mercy? Are people of jail not Allah’s salves? Are
people of jail not sons of Adam?
Although Joseph was at jail but he was a free and brave man. Although Joseph had no wealth but he was
very generous and open-handed. Definitely the prophets speak loudly about the truth at each place.
Definitely the prophets improve (the conditions) of their time with generosity. Joseph said in his heart,
“Surely, need has brought these two persons to me. Surely a needy person becomes soft and surrenders
himself. Surely a needy person listens and obeys. If I said something to both of them, they will definitely
listen.” People of Jail listened but Joseph did not hurry.
· ·· , - · , - .·· -·´| , ¸ ¬ .|· J .=, · .· · . · , ¬ = · .· , - .·· -· ´| , · ~ « · . =,· .·· . `_ ¬ |· · ., , . ¬ · ·· , , ·v· .·
.·´ - ¸ · J . .·- ¸· J ~ ¬ |· · ., ., ¬ · ··, ,·v· .· . - .« · ¸ · .=, · .· | · ” ¸ |· ; · -,|· . |· = --· ¬ |· .· . .· ,
- =¬ ·, ; · · --· ¬ |· .-· = . - «. ·, -, = · --· ¬ |· .-·= .·, . · - « . | · ·, = · « . | .· | ,·· . “ ¸¬.|· ¸·| - « =,
¸ ¬- ·. · . | .=,· ¸´|, .
· ·· , - · , - Free & brave --· ¬ |· Need
- = -, « |·
Incitement of doing
good
.·- Period, time ¸ ¬- ·. · He hurries
_ ¬ ·. · He deserves ., ., ¬ · They improve · - « = Both of them listened
-, = ·
- =¬ ·
; · ·
. |· =
Word
He obeys
He surrenders
He becomes soft
It drives
Explanation
¸´,· He weeps ., , . ¬ · They speak loudly
Openhanded
Generous
An unwealthy person
Explanation
· , ¬ =
· .· , -
· ~ « ·
Word
c ¬=· He laughs
, = « |· Rain
Land `, ,|·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 182
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·« . | .·| ¸· · ” ´ -· - | · « ´, ·|· .| ¸,| · ·, ,|· ¸· ,| · · · « · , ,- | ··| · « . “ .=,· ·« . | .·| . · ··| « |·, · . · ¬ · · ` . |· - ··|
.· · ,,|· ¸· ,| ·· ¸`· _ «·- ·« - ·« ´ |. ··|«|·, · - , «· . - · = - , - |= ,· -= ,«|· . =, · = - , · · ·, .
But he said to both of them, “I shall tell both of you the interpretation of your dream before your food will
be brought to both of you.” So they sat in a satisfied manner. Then Joseph said to both of them, “I know
the interpretation of the dream. That is from what my Lord has taught me, so they became happy and
satisfied. Now Joseph found a free time so he started his sermon.
Here Joseph took a break and asked both of them, “You say that it is the god of land, or the god of sea, or
the god of sustenance or the god of rain. We say that the God of all worlds. Are miscellaneous gods better
or One Allah, the Dominant is better?”
“But Allah does not give His knowledge to everyone. Surely Allah does not give His knowledge to a
polytheist. Do you know why my Lord has taught me? Because I have left the way of polytheists. I follow
the religion of my forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. We having nothing to associate anything with
Allah.” Joseph added, “This Monotheism is only for us, but it is for all human beings. This is Allah’s
blessing on us and on all human beings but majority of people do not thank (Allah).”
· « . ||=, . =,· . | , · · ·, . ” « |· = , 3 ,|· = , , ¬ , |· = , , ,|· = ., |, « · , = . ;' ·-|· = ., « · ¸¬ ·, . |
. « |· = -· , |· -·|· - | ` , , - ., |`, « · - ` =· · | · · “
” =-| ¸ · - « · - ¸ ·, · v =· ¸´|, . =,= « |· -«·- ¸ ·,· v =· .· . ¸·| _·,| .· , · ¸ ·v ·¸ · ¸ ·«·- ·.·« | .· ·,- · ¸ ·
=,=|· . =,«-·, 3·¬ =· , .,·· , · · ¸·· ·¹ -· - . -, ·| , . ·¸ = ¸- =· · = , = · .| ··| .·· · - . “ .=,· .·| · ” =, - ,·|· · =· ,
= « · · ·| ¸, | . ·-, « - ¸··· | , · ¸ · . ¸ ´ | , ¸··|· ¸ · - , · · , · - -·|· ¸ = · ¸ - c | . ., , ´ = · v ¸··|· , · · | . “
¸ · «· - He taught me . | , He took a break
|= · He started = « · Only
·. « |·
., |`, « · -
., « ·
., |, « ·
Word
Overwhelming
Miscellaneous
We say
You say
Explanation
-= ,«|· Free time . -, ·| I followed
To associate
Both of you know
He does not give
Explanation
= , = · .|
.· ·,- ·
¸ ·, · v
Word
··| « |· Both of them satisfied
¸ ·|· .| To bring
I inform both of you · « · , ,- |
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 183
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
- ·.· - ¸ ·, | ·,='· =, 3,|· =, ,¬,|· =, `, ,|· = ¸·| =· ,· «.|· ¸ · ` =, = . . | -| ¸v· ¸ - ·, « · . ·, , =··
.· .·v· _· ·,,=··, ··«.|· _·, ¸v· _· . - ·, . ¸ - ¸·=|· _ · - ·.·- ¸ ·,|· =· _ · - ·=· . =, ~|· = .,·,
·,='· =, 3,|· =, ,¬,|· . · ,· ·¹ , . · · | · ·, « · ,« = ··r· . = ,-v· . = ¸v· . = c· « |·, . = .´ ¬ |· . ·, = , - · v |
.`, « |· ¸·`=|· c | . ··· · v · . ., « · - · v ¸··|· , · · | ¸ ´ | , .
“Where is the god of land, the god of sea, the god of sustenance and the god rain? Show me what they
have created in the earth or have they any share in the heavens? Look at the earth, at the heavens and at
look at the man. This is creation of Allah, so show me what (gods) other than Him have created.”
When Joseph became free from his sermon, he told both of them about the interpretation of the dream. He
said, “Regarding one of you, so he will offer drinks to his lord, and regarding the other, he will be
crucified and birds will eat from his head.” He said to the first one, “Discuss me with your lord.” Both
men went out. First one became responsible for drinks for the king while the other was crucified. The
drinks manager forgot to talk about Joseph with the king. Joseph stayed for years in the jail.
.··,,|· ¸· ,|· · · « · , , -| - ·=-,- ¸ - .=, · - , · ·« |, .·| · ” · , -v· ·- | , ·, « - -· ¸ «. , · · « · = - | ·- | ¸ · | · · . · = ,
- = | ¸ - , ,=|· . “ .,: | .· | , ” c`· =· - ¸ ·, ·.· . “ . · =, c · «·| · , |·= ., v· .· ´· . . : -,|· - , - , , -v· . ¸ . · ,
c · '· =· - . =, · ,· = · . | ¸|·.|· . ; · = ¸ ¬.|· J . =, · -· | | , .
.´ ¬ |· Order ¸ · | · You eat ; · = Years, plural of - · =
-· | |
. · =
· , |·=
¸ ·, ·.·
Word
He stayed
He was crucified
Responsible for drinks
Discuss me
Explanation
·, « · ,« = You have given names . · = · He will be crucified
He offers drinks
You worship
Kingdom
Explanation
¸ « . ·
·, = , - ·
c· « |·
Word
` =, = Polytheism
·, , =·· Look at
Show me ¸ ·, |
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 184
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
- ,, ¬- · ·, ,= - c · - . | , . .· « = =· , « · -, = -· · « |· ¸ · .| . ` =· ¬ - =·,« · -, = =·, « ,|· · = · ¸ ·| ·, . .|,
=· . ·· · =: ,· = -,=, , = - =: ,· = -,= c· « |· . ¸ - · ·· . · - .|=, -,,¬-|· · ·,,|· ·=· ¸- c·'· .¬ - · ¸· ,|·|· .
The king of Egypt saw an amazing dream. He saw seven fat cows while sleeping. Seven thin cows were
eating these (fat) cows. The king saw seven green and seven dried fruiting spikes. The king wondered
about this amazing dream and asked his companions about the interpretation.
They said, “This is nothing. A sleeping person sees a lot of things which has no reality.” But the Drinks
Manager said, “No, I will tell you the interpretation of this dream. The Drinks Manager went to the jail
and asked Joseph about the interpretation of the dream of the king. Joseph was very generous, open-
handed and benevolent for Allah’s creatures, therefore, he informed about the interpretation. Joseph was
very generous and open handed. He did not know misery. So Joseph informed about the interpretation and
also indicated about the planning (to resolve the issue indicated in the dream.)
·, |· | · ” | - «, « - v · ~·· ··,= | . , · .···|· . ·¸ = · ¸,| · =· · . . “ ¸|·.|· .·| ¸´|, · ” · =· ¸·,|· · . · , ,- | ¸ · .v
· ·,,|· . “ ·'· · ·, ¸· ,|· ¸ - .=,· .|=, ¸ ¬`.|· ¸ |· ¸|·.|· . · ., c . =· _· - ¸· - · « « = - ·s, · ·.·, - . =,· .··
¸· ,|·|·· · , ,-|· . ¸¬ ,|· = , - · v ·s , · · .· , - .=,· .·· , . , , ·= ·|· ¸ · - .. , ¸· ,|·|· · .=,· ~-|· .
, = - Green .···|· Person who sleeps , , ·= ·|· Planning
..
¸¬ ,|·
· « « = -
. · , ,- |
Word
He indicated
Misery
Kind
I inform you
Explanation
=: ,· = Fruiting spikes · ·· . · - His companions
He amazed
Dried up
A fruiting spike
Explanation
.¬ - ·
=· . ·· ·
- · ,· =
Word
` =· ¬ - Lean, thin
.· « = Fat
Cows, plural of ·,«· =· , « ·
Explanation Word
Do you know?
Due to its systematic nature, Arabic is the easiest-to-learn
language in the world for its non-native people. You’ll study the
system of Arabic language at the next level.
Worth Reading
What is Jealousy and what is its impact on human personality? Read
more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0012-
Jealousy.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 185
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
.· | ” - · ,· = ¸ · . ·= = - ·- ·, · , ·· , . ; · = -, = ., - , · ., · ·| · ·« - :,·| v· . -, · .,· ·| · ` -· - = ¬ | c|. =-· ., ´ · ,
:, · | v · . · · , - · - . ; ·= -,= _· = ¬ « |· ·=· ., = · , . ¸··|· . = ¬ ·, , =·|· ¸ ·| · c | . =- ·, . , ,-|, ¸ |·.|· . · .,
·· ·, ¸· ,|· · c ·« |· .
He said, “You will grow crops for seven years. Leave whatever you harvest in its fruiting spike except a
small quantity that you eat. After that, there will be a general lack of rain. You will eat in that what you
have stored except a small quantity. This rainlessness will prolong for seven years. After that (Allah’s)
help will come and people will prosper.” The Drinks Manager went and informed the king about the
interpretation of his dream.
When the messenger went to Joseph and told him that the king is calling you. Joseph did not agree to
come out of the jail. People were saying, “This is Joseph. Yesterday he was put into jail. Surely the A’ziz
did wrongfully.” Joseph was a great person. Surely he was a great intelligent man.
When the king heard this interpretation and planning, he became very happy. He said, “Who is the
interpreter of this interpretation?” Then the king said, “Who is this noble man who has advised us and also
indicated the solution?” The Drinks Manager said, “This is Joseph, the truthful, he already informed that I
shall become the Drinks Manager for my master, the king.” The king desired to meet Joseph. He sent (a
messenger) to Joseph and said, “Bring him to me, I will give him a special position with me.”
=, -= · c·'· .· -| .·|, .=,· ¸ |· ., = ,|· ·· - ·« |, : · = ´ · ¸ ¬`.|· ¸ - - , ¬ · .| .=,· ¸ = ·- . ¸··|· ., « ·,
.=,· · = · : ,· , -|· .· - -··. ¸¬`.|· ¸ · ¸ -| .·· ·=· . , ,· .· · .=,· .· .· , ·| ¸ «·|· , , , · .· · .=, · .· ¸ « -|· ,
·, · . .
·| , .· = - - , · ~·=·|·, ¸·,|·|· · =· c·'· - « = ·« | , . · ” · ¸·,|·|· ·=· . -· = ¸ - “ c·« |· .·| , · ” ¸-,|· ·=· ¸-
· , , ·= ·|· ¸·- . . , · · | ¬ = · .=|· . ·,´|· “ ¸|·.|· .·| · ” , |· = ., ·| = ¸`·| , ,-| . =|· , ·, _·`=`=|· .=,· ·=· ·
c · « |· . =`, . | . .·|, .=,· ¸ |· ¸ =|, . .=,· ··« | ¸ |· c· « |· 3· · =·, . c·« |· ” ¸ . « · | - = · ¬ · = | - · ¸ ·, · ·· . “
. · · , - You stored ¬ = · He advised .·- He did corruption
` -· - = ¬ | General lack of rain · = - Very, too much ¸= He pleased
- = · ¬ · = |
¸ ·, · ··
3· · =·
_·`=`=|·
Word
I shall specialize him
Bring him to me
He desired
The truthful
Explanation
., · ·| · You eat . = ¬ · He enriches
Help
It will come
It will prolong
Explanation
, =·|·
¸ ·| ·
., = ·
Word
. ·= = - You harvest
·, · , ·· Leave it
You grow crops ., - , ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 186
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
c·« |· ., = - | .· |, ” = , = ·· ·, =, -= · c· « |· .· . “ - , -, ¸¬`.|· =·· ¸ |· ¸ -,|· ·=· -, =v . . | .=, · ¸´|,
- ,. · . ¸ ¬- ·. · . | .=,· ¸´|, . c·« |· .,=,| .·| ¸ · · ” ¸ · ,= | ¸ - .¬ ,|· =· | ··| ¸, ·« ·|· =· | ··| . “ .| =,
, · . =, · .| ¸··|· . ·-, c·«|· . · -, .=,· ¸ - c·« |· ·. . c·« |· - - , · |, ···, · .=, · - , - , .
The messenger of the king told him, “The king is calling you and waiting for you.” His objective was that
this man will walk quickly to the door of the jail and will go out.” But Joseph did not move quickly. He
did not hurry. But he said to the messenger of the king, “I want to investigate. I need an enquiry for my
matter.” The king enquired about Joseph. He knew as well as all people knew that Joseph was innocent.
Joseph came out clean-handed and the king gave him respect.
Their dogs eat but people do not find anything to eat. Their homes are covered with (precious) cloth but
people do not find any dress. Nobody will give benefit of earth’s treasures to people except the one who is
a caretaker and a knowledgeable person. The one who was careful and knowledgeable did not know
where are the treasures of the earth and how to get benefit of it.
Joseph used to know that people have less honesty. He used to know that corruption is widespread in the
people. He used to see that people misappropriate the treasures of Allah. He used to see that there are
great treasures in the earth but they were wasted. Surely they were wasted because the leaders do not fear
Allah in this matter.
., · ·|· · - ¸··|· = ¬ · v, . . ·: · ¸ ·| · · . ., . ,· · · - ¸··|· = ¬ · v, . . ·, , · ¸ ,· ·, . v· ¸v· ¸ ·· , ¬ · ¸··|· - «· · v ,
· «, · - · =, « - .·· ¸ - . ·, ¸v· ¸··,- ¸·| .·- · v · «,·- .·· ·-, · =,«- .·· ¸ -, · . · - « ·· · ., .
¸··|· ¸ · - ·, · | - ·· -v· .| .·- · .=,· .··, . ¸··|· ¸ · · , ,·· - ·· , ¬ |· .| .·-· .=,· .··, . .| . , · .=,· .··,
=· .·,-| ¸ · ., ·, ¬ · ¸··|· . - - ·· = · .·´| , · , ,·· ` ¸ ·· , - ¸v· ¸ · .| .,· .··, . ., ·· ¬ · v ·· , - v· .v --··= ·.··
· ., · =· .
- ·· -v· Honesty ., ·· ¬ · They fear · =, « - Protector, caretaker
¸ · ,= | My matter - - ·· = Wasted - « ·· · He gets benefit
- «· ·
., . ,· ·
= ¬ · v
=: ·
Word
He gives benefit
They wear
He does not find
Dogs, plural of .··
Explanation
¸, ·« ·|· Investigation ` ¸ ·· , - Treasures, plural of -··,-
Wealth
They misappropriate
Corruption
Explanation
.·,-|
., ·, ¬ ·
- ·· , ¬ |·
Word
- ,. · . | He did not hurry
- , =| He hurries
He waits you = , = ·· ·
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 187
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·.,· ., ¬ ·, ·.·- ¸ ·|· · =,«- .·· ·-, · «,· - .· · ¸ -, . ·«,·- ·=,«- .=,· .··, . = ,· · . | =·, · v . =,· .· · ,
¸··|· .· ,-| ., · ·| · ·· , -v· . ·, « ·, ., -, ¬ · ¸· ·|· . , · .| = « · v . =, · .· · , ., . ¸ - ¸, ¬ · . · v .=,· .··,
`_ ¬ |· . c · « · | .· « · . ” ` ., · - =, « - ¸·· ¸v· ¸ ·· , - ¸ · - ¸ · · - - · . “ , = - ¸ ·· , ¬ | · ·, -| .=,· .·· · = ´·, . -· , ·=·,
=· ·, = « -, · = - ¸··|· . .=,· , , -| ·«· - -· ¬ - -·=|·, ,= - J .· · , . ,= - ¸ · .| =,«- · - « =, -·=|· ¸·| - « =,
·«, - : - . ¸v· ¸··,- ¸·- , ·, . · « ·,· · .·, - ,=- ¸ · .|, .
People who know and who are caretaker of them, eat from it and misappropriate it. Joseph was a careful
and knowledgeable person. Joseph did not want to leave these people to eat public money. Joseph was not
able to see that people are hungry and dying (with hunger). Joseph did not use to hesitate for truth. He said
to the king, “Make me responsible for the treasures of earth. I am a careful and knowledgeable person.”
So Joseph became responsible for the treasury of Egypt. People felt relaxed a lot and thanked to God. In
Egypt and Syria, there was a famine as Joseph informed. People of Syria heard and Jacob also heard that
there is a kind person at Egypt. In Egypt, the administrator of earth’s treasures is a generous and respected
person.
People used to go to him and bring food. Jacob also sent his sons to Egypt with wealth to bring food.
Binyamin left with his father because Jacob used to love him a lot and he did not want to send him away.
Jacob was fearful about him as he used to fear about Joseph. The brothers of Joseph directed towards
Joseph. They did not know that it is their brother Joseph. They did not know because (in their opinion)
Joseph was in the well. They thought that he had died. How did he not die while he was in the well. He
was in the well and the well was deep. The well was in the forest and the forest was lonely. It was at night
time and the night was dark.
=,«-· ¸ =|, -·-=|· ., = -| ·, -,|· ., , ·= · ¸··|· .··, -· -=|·· ·, ·|, | .· « |·· ,=- ¸ |· · ·· ··| . · = |·, =· - ; -· ,· · ¸ « ·,
·, -·- = -, · .| =·, · .·· ·-, · = - -, ¬ · .·· =,«-· .v .=,· ¸· - =·¬ · .·· ·«· -,·- =·¬ · =,«-· .· . -- , ·,
.=,· . ·, -| -·| ., · ,- · v . ·, .=,· _· .=,· ·,-· . ,· ,|· ¸ · .·· . =|· .=,· -·| ., ·,-· v .·, . .,· = · . ·,
=· - = | -·| . ,·,|· ¸ · .·· =|, =, « · v .,·, . - «, « - ,·,|· . ·· ·, ,·,|· ¸ · .·· . .···, -·· -|· ¸ · ,·,|· . ···,
- = -, - -··-|· . · « ·= - ¸,·|· .··, . ¸,·|· ¸ · c | . .··, .
., ·, « · They died ., = -| · They take .,· = · They think
., · ,- · v
-- , ·
·, ·|, |
Word
They don’t know
They directed
To bring
Explanation
., -, ¬ · They felt hunger - -· ¬ - Famine, lack of rain
He relaxed
He hesitates
Explanation
-· , ·=·
¸, ¬ · . ·
Word
= « · v He is not able to
=·, · v He does not intend
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 188
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
Joseph laughed in himself but did not say anything. Joseph desired to meet his brother Binyamin. Allah
wanted to test Jacob second time. Joseph ordered to give food to them. He said to them, “Bring you
brother from your father. You will not find any food if you will not bring him.” Joseph instructed (his
staff) to put their price in their luggage.
.=,· 3· ·=·, · ·,= ¸ « · . | ¸´|, - .« · ¸ · .=,· c ¬ =, ;-·,·· -,-| ¸ |· . - , ··· ·, - =,«-· ¸ ¬ ·« · .| =· .·|, .
-· -=|·· .=,· . . | ,-|· . .. | .·|, · ” . ´, · | ¸ - . ´ | - | · ¸ ·, · ·· . - · ·, ·| · . | ·.· · -·-| ., = ¬ · v, . “ .=,· , -|,
. . -· · - ¸ · - = , · . . |· « · .
·,|· | · ” .,·· ,·· ¸· 3·¬=· ¸· =,«-· , -:.|·, =·,·=|· ..,·- . “ .·| · ” · , -¹ ` - | . ´ | ¸ · “ ·,|· | · ” -r· ` -| ··| . . - ·
;-·,·· : “ .·| · ·. ´ - - ·· - ·- · .·« | “ ·,|·| · ” -· - = -, · .| . ¬ · v, - · , · · v ·· = |· , .v . “ .·| · ” ¸ · - ·,·· v ·¸= `.v
··=- ` , , - = ` = | , , · “ ·,|·| · ” · , ·., . ·, - · · - - . · . . .=,· -r· ` -| - | .·· ¸´|, v =·- .=,· · ·· , ·, _ , ·. · ·
.· =|· - · ·|· · · -· · - . “
They said, “Jacob the son of Isaac the son of Abraham (Peace and blessings be upon all of them).” He
said, “Do you have any other brother?” They said, “Yes, we have another brother, his name is Binyamin.”
He said, “Why did he not come with you?” They said, “Because our father does not leave him and does
not like to send him away from him.” He said, “For what he does not leave him? Is he a very little child?”
They said, “No, but we had another brother named Joseph. Once he went with us. We went for a race and
left Joseph near our luggage. The wolf ate him.”
. · , . . · , - · - , · - ·, · - = · . =, · · , - · ·· - , ., , ´· - - | . .=,· . · , ´ ·| ·- ¸´|, . - ·, ·,- · v .=,,| ¸· ,´· - ·, ···
. . · , - ¸· . ,·,|· ¸ · ·, «|| ¸·=|· . · ·v , · .| .=,· = , - . « - =· ¸´|, - · · | ., =·, · ·, ·· · ¸·=|· . · ·v,· .|, - = .
. . ¬ = « · . |, · ·,= . . | ¸ « · .| .=,· ¸´|, . .. | .·|, .=,· . . «· ·, · ” ·.··| ¸·| ¸- “ ·,|·| · ” .·-·· ¸ - : “ .· | ·
” ·. ·, ·| ¸ - “
The brothers of Joseph came and entered into his (court). He knew him while they were ignorant. They
were ignorant about Joseph and did not know hi but Joseph did not forget them, he knew them. Joseph
knew that these are the ones who threw him in the well. These are the ones who wanted to kill him but
Allah protected him. But Joseph did not say anything to them and did not expose to them. Joseph talked to
them and said, “From where you are coming?” They said, “From Canaan.” He said, “Who is your father?”
= « - He protected ·, - Times - = , He placed, he made
·, ·| · . |
., = ¬ ·
¸ ¬ ·« ·
Word
You did not bring
You find
He tested
Explanation
., =·, · They intend , -¹ Other
He did not disclose
He did not say
Explanation
¬ = « ·
¸ « · . |
Word
, ´ ·| He was not newsless
., , ´· - Deniers, uninformed
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 189
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
The brothers entered from different doors as instructed by their father and reached to Joseph. When
Joseph saw Binyamin, he became very happy and lodged him in his home. Joseph said to Binyamin, “I am
your brother.” and Binyamin became satisfied. Joseph met Binyamin after a long time. His talked about
his mother, father, his home and his childhood.
= ,, . ·, ·| . · , - | ·«· -|,« · - =·,·| ¸ - ·,-v· ¸ - ., .=,· _· ·, · . ¸ · - | , ·|, · =- - , · ;-·,·· .=,· . | ·« |,
- ·, · . ;-·,·,| .=,· .·|, · ” =,-| ··| ¸`·· . “ ;-·,·· .| «|·, . ¸·, | ` ¸ - =- · ;-·,·· .=,· ¸ « |, . ·· ·|, --| , · = ·
· , - = , · ., - ·, · , · ., .
. ., ·v ·,|·«· . . -· · - ¸ · . . |·- ·,= - ,, · ” · ··- = -|· . |, · · |·- . =| . ` . ·,· ¸- ,·,-|· .· · · « . ;-·,·· ··-- ¸ =|
·=·| -« - = -| · . “ =,«-· .. | .·| · ” · ., - -, · . ´ ·| =· ·, = ·· - · ¸·- . ´-- - · =| ¸ | . · ,-| ¸ · - ·, , ·- · .| v· - . “
=,« - · .· | , =· ·,= ·· - , · ” ¸,·, ., « · · - ¸· - =· . “ -, · ,| =, «- · -|·| , · ” ·, · - .· , = -· , =· · ¸ - ·, · - = · v ¸ · · · ·
- |`, « · - =· , · | ¸ - . “
They found their price in their luggage. They said to their father. “The A’ziz is a generous man. He has
returned our wealth and not taken the price. Send Binyamin with us. We shall take his right too.” Jacob
said to them, “I will definitely not send him with you unless you promise with Allah that you will take
him back except that you are dominated in your matter.” They promised Allah and Jacob said, “Allah is
the Guardian over what you say.” Jacob said to his sons, “O sons! Don’t enter (Egypt) from one door.
Enter from different doors.”
- | ·, |·| , ~¬ |· · ·,, ,-| , . ., ·| _ · ·, - - , · ” ,·, -|· = · - · ~ - = ¬ · v v· , .· ·· -| · · - - ¸ = | . “ =,«- · ¸ - ·, , · |,
·, |· | , ;-·,·· · ” ., = ·· ¬ | - | ··· . “ =,«-· .·| · ” - -, - | ¸ · - . ´ ·· - | · « · v · - , · - . ´ · -¹ ¸ · ¸ , | ¸ . - = | . ·, . · ¸ ·
.=,· . · = « - ·« · ;-·,·· ., = «¬ · | · .=,· . ; « -·,|· . - | , · , · = ·· - ` , , - -·|· · . “
They returned to their father and gave him the information and said to him, “Send our brother with us
otherwise we will not find any good with A’ziz (Joseph).” They demanded Binyamin from Jacob and said,
“We will protect him.” Jacob said, “Will you protect him like you protected his brother before? Have you
forgot the story of Joseph? Will you protect Binyamin like you protected Joseph? Allah is the Best
Protector. He is the most Merciful in all those who have mercy.”
. ·, . · You forgot ·, , ·- · .| To be dominated ·, = ·· - · You promise
· , - =
¸ « |
¸,·,
Word
His childhood
He met
Protector, trustee
Explanation
·, , · | They demanded ., = «¬ · You protect
We catch
He returned
Explanation
= -| ·
.
Word
= ¬ · v We do not find
¸ = | Send!
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 190
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
They said, “By God! You know that we have not arrived to spoil this land, we are not thieves.” They said,
“Then what is the punishment if you are telling a lie.” They said, “The punishment of the one in whose
luggage it is found, so his punishment will be (catching) himself. In this way we punish the offenders.”
·, |· | · ” ¸ v· ¸ · = . « · | · · · - · - .· « · - = « | -·|· · ; | · = ·· · · - , . “ ·, |· | · ” ; · .· · . ·· · . · · ,· ,- · « · . “ ·, |· | · ” · ,· , -
=|· . , ¬ · c | = · · ,· , - , . · - · - ¸ · = - , ¸ - ; « |· . “
-· · , ·· -· · · =·- ;-·,·· ¸ , ¬ · .| .=,,| ¸ ´« · .,·, ·,· . .·· .=,· ¸´|, ·` ., = - ` .· =| · = · .· . . , = , , : |· - .
-, · = ,= · .··, . ; « · ·· ·· .=,· =·- .·· . ´·· .., - ..|, ;-·,·· -· · - ¸ · ···v· · = · - = ,, ., | · . | . . .« ·|·,
·,|·|, . · ,-v· ” · ., = «« · · .· - “ ·,|·| ” , , - · ¸ « - -· ·· - ¸ « |, . c· «|· ···· -·, = = «« · . “
Without any reason, how was it possible for Joseph to lock up Binyamin with him from returning to
Canaan? Surely it was a great offence. But Joseph was very intelligent and wise person. Joseph had an
expense utensil, he used to drink in it. He put that utensil in the luggage of Binyamin and an announcer
announced, “Surely you are the thieves.” The brothers directed. They said, “What are you lacking?” They
said, “We lack the measuring bowl of the king. Whoever will bring it, we will give him (grains equivalent
to) the weight of a camel.”
, -, · ¸ · ·· , · ;-·,·· · =· - ¸ « , · .| .=,· .· |, - ·, · ¸ - - ||. · , - «· ´ · . ;-·,·· , . c|. ¸ |· ¸, ,.|· ., · ¸´|,
= ·· - ·,-v· , c|. _· ¸,,.|· .,·, · .·-·· _· · = - ` - -· · . . - - - · ·, - -, · .| ¸·- =· ·,
Joseph wanted to keep Binyamin with him to meet him every day and talk to him and ask about his home.
But what was the way to do that? Binyamin was returning to Canaan tomorrow. What was the way to do
that while the brothers promised Allah to return him with them?
·· ·· Utensil -·, = Utensil to measure .., - Caller, announcer
¸ , ¬ · .| To put in jail = «« · We are lacking . , ¬ · We reward
¸ ´« · It is possible ., = «« · You are lacking ; | · = Thieves, plural of 3·=
= . « · |
, , - ·
¸ « -
Word
So that we spoil
Camel
Weight
Explanation
` - -· Returning person .« ·|· They turned
He announced
Expensive
Explanation
..|
; « ·
Word
¸, ,.|· Way
- «· ´ · He talks to him
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 191
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
The brothers astonished how to return to their father. Each of the brothers was thinking what to say to
their father? Surely they had afflicted him yesterday about Joseph, today how they afflict him about
Binyamin? Elder of them refused to return to Jacob and said to his brothers, “Return to your father and
say, ‘O father, our brother stole. We have not found any evidence except what we knew and we are not
keeping record of secret things.’”
v· ¸ ´ · , ·..,·| ¸ |· ., - -, · ., · · , -v· ,, ¬ · , . . =, · ¸ · ¸-| ·, - ¬ · ..·· ·..,·v ., |, « · ·.·- · ,- - ·, - ¬ « , · |
«-· ¸ |· - -, · .| ¸ ·| · . · , ,,· ·-| · ;-·,·· ¸ · -,,|· - · , -v .·| , =, · = c · ·· . · · ·· · | · · ·, |, « · . ´, · | ¸ | · ·, - - · 3 ,
- . , - · | ·· · · - , · · « · - · « · v · · · = . = · - , ; = ·· .
· -, « - .·,-v· - , · , .=,· =· - ;-·,·· ¸ « · · = ´ · , . ··| ¸ - ` =-| . , · v ¸·, | ` ¸ - =· - · =, - , .·· .=,· .· - . ,
·· , · · =· - - . ,¬ · : ·| ;-·,·· -, |· =· 3· = = | - «· ´ · , . ·· = ·| -, -| =·- ` -| ., « · .| . · =|· ¸ - ¸ · ,
In this way Binyamin remained with Joseph and all brothers became happy. Surely Joseph was alone since
a long time. He had not met anyone from his family. Allah had driven Binyamin to him. So why not he
lock him with himself to see and talk. Is it an offence to keep a brother with a brother?
·,|·| ¸´|, ·,-v· ¸ ¬ ¬ · ;-·,·· -· · - ¸ - ···v· - , -, ¸ ¬ - , , - ¸ - · ” ¸ - .=,· -| ` -| 3 , = = « · ;-·,·· 3 ,. · .·
¸, | . “ ·,· .=,· .··, . =- · . |, . ´ . · .· ·. ,|· ·=· .=,· -« =, · «, · - · « . ·, |· | ” ,· , - |· · .· | · · : ·¬ , = ·· | - | . ·
. ¬ « |· ¸ - =· , · ·· · - ·· ´ - · · = - | = ¬ · ·~ , · ; · . “ .· | ” - · · -· · - · · = - , ¸ - v · = - | · . | -·|· .· - - ., « |· = | ·. · ·· · · = · . “
The bowl came out of the luggage of Binyamin, so the brothers ashamed but they said without any shame,
“If Binyamin has stolen it, then his brother Joseph has stolen before.” When Joseph heard this false blame,
he remained silent and did not become angry. Joseph was very generous and tolerant. They said, “O
A’ziz! Surely our father is a great old man, so take anyone of us in his place. We see that you are from
righteous people.” He said, “I seek refuge of Allah that we take anyone except the one in whose luggage
we have found our property. Then we will be great offenders.”
=· , · We see you ·, - ¬ · They afflicted him · · = - , We found
.· ·. ,|· False blame ,, ¬ · He confused . , - · | For hidden
· · = . =
¸ ·|
- ·, - ¬ « ·
Word
We observed
He refused
They afflict him
Explanation
3 , = He stole ., « · .| To establish
He puts in jail
He drove
Explanation
¸ ,¬ ·
3· =
Word
3 ,. · He steals
¸ ¬ - He ashamed
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 192
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
He mentioned Joseph and his grief reinstated. He said, “Alas! O Joseph! And your mother and his sons.”
They said, “You will keep mentioning Joseph until you will die.” Jacob said, “Surely I take my grief and
distress to Allah. I know from Allah what you do not know.”
.·|, - ·, - .= ¬ ·, .=,· , · = · · .=,· ¸·- ¸ « =| ·· · ·· ··| -`- v, . “ ·,|·|, · c ·. · ¸· - .=, · , ·= · .· , · v c·· .
=,«-· .·| · ” ¸ - . · - | , -·|· ¸ | · ¸ · , - , ¸· · , ´ = | · «· · ., « · - · v · - -·|· . “
-, «¬ - - «´ - c|. ¸ · = .· . -· · , . ·,`. · . · · .· , - ¸ ¬ · «· . , · . | =· .· . ., · - . . ,=- ¸ · ¸ « · , ,,´|· ¸ ·v· .· . ·
.·-·· ¸ |· - -, · .| ¸ · |, · =·| . ¸ , ··· ¸ · ¸,| ¸ - - ¬ · = |, ·=·| . |··|· ¸ · -¬«,· | . ., ´ · v ·=· .· . .|«|· · · ·,
.·|, =,«-· · - |· , · -· · ·-, « - . . · ¸ · ,· | · . | -·|· ¸ . - ., ´ ¬ |· ., · . v , = · .· | · = = ¸ · · , = · .·· =,«-· ¸´|,
,¬ - - -= | .
Surely Allah had a hidden wisdom in it. Surely Allah keep testing His slaves, but then He makes it easy
for them and bless them. Then the elder son also remained in Egypt and refused to return to Canaan. Is He
afflicting about the third one as well while He had afflicted about two before? This is not possible. Now
Jacob became satisfied and said, “I hope Allah will bring all of them to me. Surely He is the
Knowledgeable, the Wise.” But Jacob was a human being, he had a heart in his chest, not a piece of stone.
c | . ¸ · · = · = .| . · - -= «|· =,«-· - « = ·« | , . ` ¸ ¬ · « - =· .| , . ;-·,·· ¸ · - ¬« · -,,|· , .=,· ¸ · - ¬ · ¸-|
- - ¬« · v =· .· . ¸ , · ,, = - -,· - - «¬ · v =· .· ¸ , ··· ¸ · . ;-·,·· , .=,,· ;··· J --¬«· v =· .· . c | . ¸ · = .·
- , « - · = · .
When Jacob listened this story he knew that Allah has put His Hand in it and Allah is testing him.
Yesterday, He afflicted him about Joseph and today He is afflicting him about Binyamin. Surely Allah
does not gather two afflictions. Surely Allah will not afflict him about two sons. Surely Allah will not
afflict him about two sons like Joseph and Binyamin. Surely Allah had a Secret Hand in this matter.
- , « - Secret - -= | Part ¸ · , - My grief
¸ , · ,, = - Two afflictions ¸ · , · | · . | To bring ¸· · My distress
- «¬ · v He does not gather . -· · He bless , ´ = | I complain
c ·. ·
.= ¬ ·
.· , · v
Word
You will die
It reinstated
Without a break
Explanation
¸-| Yesterday ,`. · He makes easy
Definitely
Secret
Explanation
. , · . |
-, «¬ -
Word
` ¸ ¬ · « - One who tests
· = · He put his hand
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 193
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
Allah is Exalted! Is Joseph alive or did he die in the well? What a peaceful news! Does Joseph became the
Prime Minister of Egypt? He was the one who instructed us about the food? Now, no doubt remained that
the person they are talking is Joseph, the son of Jacob. They said, “Then definitely you are Joseph.” He
said, “I am Joseph and this is my brother. Allah has blessed us. Surely the one who fears and be patient, so
Allah do not waste the reward of righteous people.”
=· .· ¬, = : ,·,|· ¸ · =· - ·-|. ¯¸ - . =, · ¸ · . -: = ·· : =|·· · · | , -| · .·· .=|· , · · ,= - ,· , - , · .=,· ¸ · · -· -
=,«-· ¸· .=,· , · ..«·´ · .=|· .| ` c = . · =· - ¸«· ·-, : ·, |· | ” · . =, · . · v c· · | “ .· | ” = | ¸ - | · =· , . =, · · · |
. · · , , = · , _· · ¸ - -· · · · , · - -·|· ¸ - ; · . ¬ « |· , - | -, = · v -·|· . “
- _· ..·,,=-, . · ,« · ., ´= · ··,,·v· ····|, ¸ ·| ·· ··| =, · « |· ¸ - c· . . . |· - . | ¸ ·- ¸ |·, . .· - ,-v· ¸ « - | ¸ · - _·
. . | .·|, .=,· c·« · . | ·¸ ·| . | v ¸ ·- _·, · ” . · · | . · -, - | , . =, , · . · ·- · · - . · « · - ¸ · · ., · ·· - “ ·,-v· . ·· ,
¸¬ ·, .=,· v· - « ·- · v ,`.|· · =· .| ., « ·- · . .=,· -·| ·, « · - · .
The sons of my father and the sons of prophets complain about their poverty and affliction to a king from
many kings. Till what time I can conceal the matter from them and till what time I shall see their
condition and till what time I will not see my father? Joseph did not control himself and said to them, “Do
you know what you did with Joseph and his brother, are you not aware?” The brothers knew that this is a
secret. Nobody knows it except Joseph and us. So they knew that he is Joseph.
,,· ·· - - | =,«-· .··, .` ,«· ¸| ,|· .| .·-· =,«-· .··, =· ¸ · ` , . ¸- ·, · ¬, , | ,=- ¸ |· · ·· ··| =,«- · ¸ =|,
c | . ¸ · ·, = . ·¬ ·, ¸ ,-·,·· , .=,· . -v· .·., . =· - « - ¸ - ·, = ·« · .| ¸ - =,«-· . . - · -, - · |· · ·,- ,=- _· ·, .
·, || =, . . · ,, = -, . · ,« · -,|· ·, ´ =, .=,· ¸·- ·,·-., ¸= «|· . c ·« · . |, .=,· ¸ · . ¬ |·, ., ¬ |· -· · · · ·,
- .« · .
Jacob used to know that being hopeless is thanklessness. Jacob had a great hope in Allah. Jacob sent his
sons to Egypt to search Joseph and Binyamin and to put effort in it. Jacob forbade them to be hopeless
from Allah’s mercy. The brothers went to Egypt third time. They entered to Joseph and complained about
their poverty and affliction and asked about his generosity. Here grief and love aroused in Joseph and he
was not able to control himself.
·, = . ·¬ · They try hard ., ´= · They complain _· · He became careful
¸ -
c· · |
,`.|·
Word
He bestowed upon
Are you
Secret
Explanation
·, · ¬, , | So that they search c ·« · . | He did not control
It aroused
Their poverty
Explanation
-· ·
. · ,« ·
Word
·· - Hope
¸| ,|· Hopelessness
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 194
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
“I find the fragrance of Joseph.” They said, “By God! Surely you are in your old error.” But Jacob was
true. When the person with good news came and put (the shirt) on his face, he became sighted.” He said,
“Did I not say to you that I know from Allah what you do not know?”
” . =, · ¬· = -v ¸·· . “ ·, |· | ” < =«|· c | : = ¸« | c· · =·· . “ .· |.· = =,«- · .· · ¸ ´| , ·· « | | ~ = , |· ·· - . | ·« · ·
·~ = · = · · · - . - , ¸ · - . .· | · ” · - · v · - -·|· ¸ - . · - | ¸`· · . ´ | ¸ | | . | | ., « . “
, = -| ., = · v ·, ·|, -· -=|·, =· ,=|· -| ., = · .,·, -· · - v, -· - | v, ` =· . =|, .,.|· , . » =|, .,`.|· . = ´·· = |
¸- ¸ « - =| =,«-· .··, =,«-· ¸ , - , « · .| =· .· | .=,· .· « · . , ¬ |·, ·· ´ ,|· ·,·· · ” ·, « | | · · = · ¸ =, « « · ·, , · .·
« - | . ´ · · | · ¸ ·, · | , ·~ = · = | · ¸ · | - - , ¸ · - ; - . “ «-· ¸ -| . .·-·· ¸ |· .=,· ¸, « « · .· -`,|· · = ·« |, - ¬ ·· =,
.·|, .=,· ·
How did he like drinks and food while his father was not taking drinks, food and sleep. The secret was
disclosed and opened. Allah wanted to give comfort to Jacob’s eyes and Jacob became blind due to
weeping a lot in grief. So Joseph said, “Take my shirt and put it on the face of my father. He will become
sighted. Bring your entire family to me.” When the men traveled to Canaan with the shirt of Joseph, Jacob
felt the smell of Joseph and said:
·,|·| ” |· ¬ | ·· · . · , · · , · - -·|· =, ·¹ = « | -·|· · ; · . “ .·| ¸· . . . · ·- · ¸·- .=,· . .-v ·-, ” . - | , · , . ´ | =· , « - ·
; « -·,|· . “ | = |, -,|· 3· ·= · v .,·, . =,«-· ··« | _· .=,· 3· ·=·, 3· , «|· .· . ,`.|· , . » = |, .v· , ,= · ·.·« | , .
They said, “By God! Allah has preferred you in us. We were the wrong-doers.” Joseph did not reproach
them on their deed. But he said, “Allah will forgive you, He is the most Merciful among all having
mercy.” Joseph desired to meet Jacob. How would he not desired him while separation was prolonged.
Why to wait now when the secret became open.
., = · It become favorite . - ¬ ·· ¬· Smell, fragrance ·~ = · Looking, sighted
3· , «|· Separation ¸ -| He felt = · · It returned
3· ·= · v He does not desire · = He traveled ~ = , |· One giving good news
· |.· =
< =«|·
c | : =
Word
True
Old
Your error
Explanation
. - | The Most Merciful ¸ « - He became blind
To be peaceful
It exposed
Explanation
, « · .|
. = ´··
Word
. .-v He blamed them
= , ·¹ He preferred you
Explanation Word
Quranic Arabic Program 195
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
.=,· .·|, · ” ·« - ¸`· · . · - - = | ¸ , | ¸- .· · , ¸· , | · · = · . | . . ··| ,««|·, ¸«=|·, · , ·, · , = - = -| .·| ¸·· ¸
¸· = -· = . “ · , , · · · ,`, | · = « - =· .=,· = « -, . · «, = - · ,´ = c | . ¸·- .=,· , ´ =, . ¸ · =,«- · .¹, =,«-· ¸ « ·,
:· , | · ·- ,=- . ,=- ¸ · - - , , =,« - · =· -, . `, - · . |, =· ¸ - ., = -|· c· « |· ·=· .=,· ¸ -= · . |, · , . .··,
- ·· ¬ ·, · = ,- ·, =· , ·= · . =, · . =· , -· ,| = «· ·, =· .´ ¬ · . ´¬ · .=,· .··, .
Joseph said, “This is the interpretation of my previous dream. My Lord has made it true. I saw 11 stars,
the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating for me.” Joseph praised Allah at lot with purity. Joseph
thanked a great thank on that. Jacob and his progeny remained in Egypt for a long time. Jacob and his
wife died at Egypt. This great kingdom did not make Joseph busy (to avoid) Allah, it did not change him.
Joseph used to mention Allah and worship Him and fear Him. Joseph used to decree according to Allah’s
decree and used to implement Allah’s instructions.
·, |· | ” ; · |· - ·· · ·· · · · ·, · . · · | , « - · =· · ·· · | · · . “ .· | ” -,|· , « - |· , · -· · ¸`· . ´ | , « - · = | = , = ., . “ ¸ = , ·« |,
, · « . - , · ¸- .|. · v, .=,· - · , « · =· ,= - _· =,«-· · « · , , = . · ·· , - · -,· .··, ,=- ¸ · · ., .= - · -, · .··, . ,
=¬ = . . · · ·, - | ,, ¸, -|· ¸ · - -· , ·| . =, · - · .=,, | · .
They said, “O our father! Seek forgiveness for us for our sins. We were the wrong-doers.” He said, “Soon
I will seek forgiveness for you from my Lord. Surely He is the Forgiver, the Merciful.” When Jacob
reached Egypt, Joseph welcomed him. Don’t ask about their happiness and their pleasure. It was a known
day at Egypt and it was a blessed day. Joseph raised his parents to the throne and all of them prostrated for
Joseph.
, , = Pleasure ¸ -= · . | He did not become busy
.|. · v Don’t ask ·« - Truth , -· ,| Orders, plural of ,-|
= «· ·
. ´¬ ·
· ,`, - · . |
Word
He implements
He make decisions
It did not change him
Explanation
¸ , « · =· He welcomed ·, - | , They happened
Blessed
Seen
Explanation
· ·· , -
· ., .= -
Word
, « - · = | I seek forgiveness
, « - · =· Seek forgiveness!
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
A ¸«=- .·,- is composed of three words: -,|· =, =- - .=, =- - ..=- =,-. The
=,=-- is the word coming after the .=- =,- while -,|· =, =- - is the word coming
before the .=- =,-. Both -,|· =,=-- .=,=-- have the same case , ,- ..=· .-· .
Quranic Arabic Program 196
Level 02
Lesson 15B: The Story of Yousuf (Joseph) -:.|·, ·,·=|· -,·-
·, ·, ,,· · ·,= · = - · v, · , ,·· c· « |· . , · v .=,· .··, -- , =¬ · , c · - =, - =, « · .| .¬· v .=,· .·
=, · « |· . ; ¬ |· =|· -- , =¬ ·, =,- =,- =,« · .| .¬ · .=,· .·· ¸ · .
Joseph did not use to consider the kingdom much and he did not use to consider it a big thing. Joseph did
not use to like to die the death of a king and gathered (on the Day of Judgment) with kings. But Joseph
used to love to die the death of a slave (of Allah) and gathered with pious people.
.=, · ·· - . .··, · ” .·.·-v· ¸· ,|· ¸ - ¸ · ·«· - , c·« |· ¸ - ¸ ·· , ·¹ = | `= J ¯¸ | , . ·| ¸ v· , =·,·«.|·, |· · .
; -·=|·· ¸ ·« ¬ || , ·« · . - ¸ · ·, · · , -v· , · ,·=|· . “ ·, .,··,· · - ·· ·\ · - « ¬ || , · « · . - =· ···, · , =· ¸· = =,«-·, 3·¬=
.·= , · ·, , · ¸·- , . .,· - .
The prayer of Joseph was: “O Lord! You have given me a share in kingdom and taught me interpretation
of things. You are the Originator of the heavens and the earth. You are the friend in this world and the
hereafter. Cause me to die as a Muslim (submitter to God) and join me with pious people.” Allah caused
him to die as a Muslim and joined him with his forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. May Allah’s
blessings and peace be upon them and on our Prophet.
- « ¬ ||
¸ ·« ¬ ||
¸ · ·, ·
Word
He joined him
Join me
Cause me to die
Explanation
=,« · .| To die ¸ ·· , ·¹ You gave me
Call
Originator
Explanation
·· - .
, |· ·
Word
, =¬ · He will gather
· = - · v It does not promise
Explanation Word
Rule of the Day
The Proper Noun , -·,-'· .=· . has seven types which we’ve discussed in previous lessons: (1) Name , ` . · - .
of a specific person, thing or town. (2) All pronouns e.g. ··| ..·| .,· etc. (3) All pointing nouns , .=·
··=v· . e.g. c·· .c|. .·=· etc. (4) All linking pronouns , .,=,'· .=· . e.g. c·|,| ._|· ..=|· etc. (5)
Nouns having .· at their beginning. (6) Nouns whose -,|· =·=- is a proper noun e.g. . · | . =-·- =···
¸` = « |· etc. The nouns whose -,|· =·=- is a common noun are also common nouns e.g. . |· | =· · · (a
book of a student) (7) The noun which is called by an exclamatory word e.g. · =, | , ·· . ¸ - ·· etc.
Quranic Arabic Program 197
Level 02
What’s Next?
In Level 2, you have learnt the Intermediate Arabic. Now you can understand the most part of the
Quran. At next level, you will continue learning Intermediate Arabic. You will start the art of deriving
words from a single source which is called =,= .·-. Some highlights are as follows:
• Source & Weight
• Active & Passive Voice
• Past Tense
• Present & Future Tense
• Instructing & Forbidding Verbs
• Derived Nouns e.g. Subject, Object, Adjective etc.
• Major & Minor Tables
In addition to that, you will also see more advanced passages from the Quran, the Hadith, the Quranic
Exegesis, Islamic Jurisprudence, Arabic Literature and writings of ancient scholars.
So continue Level 3 for learning the Intermediate Arabic.
Worth Reading
Personality Development Program. A series of articles at
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/Personalityenglish.htm
Quranic Arabic Program 198
Level 02
.· =¬ |· , .¹,«|·
. · ,´|· .¹, «|·
¸·| ¸·· c |· « | · |, « |·
.·- -·-;| .¬,¬=|· --·¬ |·
-·-;| . ¬, ¬=|· - -· ¬ |· .·.-
--·- ¸··, ¸··.· , .=-,· , .,·. _| ¸ · =
¸ ·,-|· =.v·
= , - |· · · | ¸· =«= . · ¸·,.|· .=,
=|· . ¸ ·,-|· `¸·|· ·, = ¸ · -, ·,- |· - -: ,|· - =· . ,··
¸·=-|· =« -| ¸· =·=,-
-,·- =· ¸·= ., =,|· . = - ¸ · -, -: -v· . ·· , ¬ |·
.··· ¸·- ¸· =,-= . .·=,
¸ ·. ¬ |· ¸·- ¸ . ¬ |· ,·| . = , -|· = .| ¸ - =· · · ¬ -
.,= ·|·
.·| ¸ « -,|· =,- ,··=|· . -·· ¬=|· ··, - ¸ - , =
·=··
.·, ,- , ¸,-·|
¸´ , · - · ¸-, ,··=|· . .,, ·´·· ¸·,- ¸,-·| . , « |·
.=·¬ |· ¬-· , ,| ,¬= -·,=| ¸,-·«|·
.=,·,|· ¸ ·,. ¬ |· ¸=·,- =«= =,.|· .¸,,-|· -··
,¬· |· , =,=|· .·-
¸··,«|· ¸·=|· =, « - . ,¬·|· 3·,=|
¸ ·,- .·=¹ ,-·,´ .·- ¸« -,|· .=| .
.·- ··.|·=,- .,|,- . .·-- ·· ¸ ·,-
.,.·,-| ¸ « -,|· =, - =··- . =,=|· =· · ·
=,-.|· .,=·|· =,- . -=.,'· -, ·,-|· --·|· =-·,|
,··. . ,«- ··¬ - = « -| ,··. . ¸=·=v· ,¬ · |·
- =· « - =«= ,··. . .·,· ¸·¬·|· ¸«==-
.,=·|·=,-
¸ ,-| ¸« == - , - · ¬ |· ¸·- . ¬ =· ,|· ,¬ · |·
· . |· =« -| =,.|· . -, ·,- |· - - ·| -, =· =v· = -· , « |· ¸ « =
--:,|· .·-
¸ ,-| ¸« == - , - · ¬ |· ¸·- .- ¬ =· ,|· - -: ,|·
=,.|· . -· = ,|· , .· , ,|· , ¸ ·· - «|· ¸ · - -: ,|· ,··,-
¸ « =· . |· =« -|
_·-,¬·| . --:,|· ·,=|
Bibliography
Following sources are consulted during preparation of this book:
-, ·,-|· --·|· .,·-·
·,· « |· -··=« · -,-:=v· ---·- . -, ·,-|· --·|· .,·-·
.,··,·· ¸· ¸ « -, |· =,- ,··. .c· = · ¸ , · -, ·,-|·
=,- =«= .;.- ,··=|· ··¬ - ,··. ..·,«|·
¸=· =«= _|·¬ |·
·= |· . · . · ¸ , « |· · |· , , - | -, ·,-|· - - · |· ¸, . = , · .
., - ,|· =, -
Quranic Arabic Program 199
Level 02
Other Writings of the Author (Available at www.mubashirnazir.org)
Quranic Arabic Program 200
Level 02
Other Writings of the Author (Available at www.mubashirnazir.org)
Quranic Arabic Program 201
Level 02
Other Writings of the Author (Available at www.mubashirnazir.org)

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