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Quranic Arabic

Program
Level 5: Advanced Arabic
Muhammad Mubashir Nazir

At the end of this level, you’ll be able to appreciate the fine rhetorical
concepts in the Arabic language. You’ll be able to understand the
Islamic literature in Arabic without consulting a dictionary frequently.

www.mubashirnazir.org
This book is the beta version of this program. Quality review is in progress. Certain spelling, grammar or
language mistakes are possible in this book.
Table of Contents

Description Page
Introduction 4

Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication     7

Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas 13

Lesson 2A: Parables !"# 35

Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab 38

Lesson 3A: Types of Parables !"# $%& 56

Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith 60

Lesson 4A: Allegory '"() !"#* 79

Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab 82

Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-. 104

Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People 113

Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341 135

Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity 143

Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7 163

Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I 170

Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 


192

Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II 201

Lesson 9A: Wish, Hope & Call      223

Lesson 9B: Travels of Ibn Batuta 229

Lesson 10A: Description & Omission


  254

Lesson 10B: Human Being in the Muslim Philosophy 259

Quranic Arabic Program 2 Level 05


Table of Contents

Description Page
Lesson 11A: Sequence of Words ="> :=0- 280

Lesson 11B: Political Views of Ibn Khaldun 284

Lesson 12A: Use of Proper & Common Nouns ="2 ?0 1 305

Lesson 12B: Views of Muslim Philosophers on Ethics 315

Lesson 13A: Use of Specifications in a Sentence ""- @A6 335

Lesson 13B: An Introduction to Quranic Studies 340

Lesson 14A: Limiting Something - 361

Lesson 14B: The Seven Odes – Part I 365

Lesson 15A: Amount of Words to Describe Meanings 384

Lesson 15B: The Seven Odes – Part II 391

Lesson 16A: Use of Communication for a Different Purposes 411

Lesson 16B: Styles of Expression in the Quran 415

Lesson 17A: Turning the Direction of Communication 86 439

Lesson 17B: Surat-ul-Saba to Surat-ul-Zumur 441

Lesson 18A: I’lm-ul-Badee’ 90 :;< 464

Lesson 18B: Surat-ul-Mu’min to Surat-ul-Hujuraat 469

What’s Next? 499

Bibliography 500

Quranic Arabic Program 3 Level 05


Introduction

Dear Reader:
Assalam o alaikum!
Thanks for selecting “Quranic Arabic Program” to learn the Arabic Language. We will take you through a
series of lessons. At the end, you will be able to understand the Arabic Language Insha Allah. This program
contains an easy approach to learn the Arabic Language. This program covers the language of Islamic
Literature but it is name the “Quranic Arabic Program” because the Quran resides at the central position in
this program.
People learn Arabic Language due to two reasons: To understand the Quran, the Hadith and classic Arabic
Literature; or to speak and write in the modern Arabic to communicate with Arabs. This course is targeted
towards the former objective. Although people with the second objectives can also get benefit of this
program.
Due to its systematic nature, Arabic is one of the easiest languages of the world. It has well-defined rules
and a developed language structure. If you are familiar with these rules, you can learn this language in a few
weeks.
To understand the Quran and the Hadith, it is essential to learn the Arabic Language used in the Quran, the
Hadith and the Islamic literature. We will focus on its linguistics, philology and figurative speech.

Study Methodology
Study Methodology is very simple. Study one lesson daily. Solve all the exercises provided under “Test
Yourself”. Do not read the answers before attempting the questions. Once you solve the exercises, compare
your answers with the answers provided to you. In a few weeks, you will find that your Arabic Language
skills are improving.

The Boxes
Following boxes are provided to you for your ready reference. They contain very important information for
you.

Rule of the Day


Build Your Personality Grammar and language rules will be
Objective of our course is not only provided in this box.
teaching the Quranic Arabic. We are
also concerned about transforming our Do you know?
personalities according to Quranic Facts about the Arabs, their Language,
teachings. This box will provide you the Islamic literature and history will be
tips for Personality Development. provided in this box.

Face the Challenge! Worth Reading


This box will challenge you which will help Links to good articles will be provided in
you in developing your language skills this box.

Quranic Arabic Program 4 Level 05


Introduction

The Program is organized as follows:


• Level 0: The objective of this level is to enable you to read the Arabic script.
• Level 1: The objective of this level is to enable you to understand the religious Arabic used in the
routine life.
• Level 2: This level is designed to improve your language skills. You learn basic grammar and enhance
your vocabulary. After completing this level, you become able to understand 30-40% of the Islamic
literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 3: This level enhances your skills further. You read advanced concepts of grammar. Your
vocabulary becomes vast. After completing this level, you become able to understand 75-80% of the
Islamic literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 4: You complete your studies of Arabic Grammar at this level. At completion of this level, you
become able to read 100% of the Islamic literature in Arabic by using a dictionary.
• Level 5: This is the last level of this program. You study the advanced concepts of “Arabic Eloquence”
at this level. At the end of this level, you become able to appreciate the fine rhetorical concepts in the
Arabic language. It enables you to understand the Islamic literature in Arabic without consulting a
dictionary frequently.

Level 1 – 5 are also divided into two streams. “A” series deal with the rules of Arabic Grammar &
Eloquence. Enough exercises are provided to you to learn the Grammar & Eloquence rules.
The objective of “B” Series is to build your vocabulary. Passages from the Quran, the Hadith and selected
writings of Arab scholars are provided to you. You have to learn the words and styles and then translate the
passages into English. You need not to cram these words. The lessons and the exercises are designed in a
way that you will automatically learn the grammar rules, words and Arabic styles. At this level, we shall not
provide you the answers for the B Series.
This program is not designed to teach you day-to-day conversation in the Arabic language. This program is
also not designed to teach you how to write in Arabic language. But this program will help you in achieving
these two objectives. You need an Arabic speaking environment as well as a teacher to achieve these two
objectives. Nevertheless, the program is basically designed to teach you comprehension in the Arabic
language.

Ask Your Questions


If you are facing difficulty in any lesson, feel free to ask your questions. Send an email at
mubashirnazir100@gmail.com. Feel free to share your views and valuable comments. Scholars of Arabic
language are strongly requested to please identify any mistakes in this book. Any constructive criticism will
be highly welcomed.

Important Note
This book is the beta version of this program. Quality review is in progress.
Certain spelling, grammar or language mistakes are possible in this book.

Quranic Arabic Program 5 Level 05


Introduction

Set-up Your Resources


Enable the Arabic Language in your computer. Follow these steps:
For Windows Vista Users
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• Press “Keyboards and Languages” tab.
• Press “Change keyboards…” button
• Press “Add” button
• Select “Input Language: “Arabic“
For Windows XP Users
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• Choose Language tab.
• Check the "Install files for Complex Script and right-to-left languages (Including Thai)".
• Press Apply to proceed
• Press Details button.
• Press Add button.
• Select the “Arabic (Saudi Arabia)” in Input Language drop down list.
• Select the default “Arabic (102)” keyboard.
• Press “OK” and then “Apply”.
The system may ask you to provide Windows CD during this process.
Warning: If you are using an unlicensed version of Windows, it may corrupt.
Download the following resources from this link to continue this program:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/Courses/Arabic/Level01/AR000-01-Contents-E.htm
• The Holy Quran
• Arabic Font
• A Dictionary: Download the Sakhr Arabic-English Dictionary and install it in your computer. After
that, do the following steps:
• Open "Regional and Language Options" from Control Panel
• In Regional Options change the standard format to Arabic (Saudi Arabia), and the location to be
Saudi Arabia
• Press the 'Advanced' card (The third card up) and then change the language to Arabic (Saudi
Arabia), then ok and restart your computer.
• Check that Sakhr Dictionary is working.
• Go back to the Regional Settings and change the settings to your normal settings.

Quranic Arabic Program 6 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
Congratulations! Now you have completed the rules
of Arabic Grammar. You are able to read any Arabic Take care of your parents. They have taken
book with the help of a dictionary. With the care of you, when you were not able to do
expansion of your vocabulary, your dependence on anything.
dictionary will decrease.
From this lesson, we are going to start the discussion about Advanced Arabic. In the classical language in
which the Quran was revealed,     was considered extremely important. The Arabs used to
conduct prose and poetry competitions in their festivals. Their Orators used to deliver sermons and their
poets used to read their poems. The winner was awarded in a way that his master-piece was hanged with the
wall of the Holy Ka’aba. These orators and poets enjoyed the highest status in their society.
At that time, the Quran was revealed. All Arabs whether they believed or not that it is the book of God,
agreed on the point that the language of the Quran is at the highest level of     , and that level is
not achievable for any human being. At that time, the Almighty Allah challenged the opponents of Quran to
produce a language master-piece equivalent to the language of Quran with their combined effort.

:= KL M N( !( U; M( KO P= G( := L Q  RK SK<O=  !( ;( ) G( P= G( 3H 4 SK$T( SK*B DC 5( = < C;< EF5 EG( I
H 0=4 J(D := KL M N( 
(2:23 3 - ) .V  %( O( W
If you are in doubt what We have revealed on Our servant (Muhammad), bring a chapter like it and call all
of your helpers (for it), if you are true.

Despite of their communication skills, they failed to produce something like the Quran. Even the strongest
opponents of Islam and Prophet Muhammad :; !";< ^ ;W admired the language of the Quran. Walid
Bin Mughira, who was one of the major opponents of Islam, said to his friend Abu Jahl, “No person knows
war-poetry, biographical-poetry, intuitional-poetry and general poetry better than me, but by God, nothing is
comparable to this Quran. The sweetness and beauty of this communication is excellent.”
In these lessons, we shall learn the communication standards of the Classical Arabic.

Do you know?
Scholars differ on the definition of the term “Literature _O&”. Some include every
written item in it. Some of them use it to describe that piece of communication which
causes a change in mind, and emotions of its audience. An effective piece of
communication must be clear, complete, concise, cohesive, concrete, correct and
creating a nice impression. It should contain unique way of description, intellectual
depth, fantastic imagination, and attractive presentation. This is called “effectiveness”.
The effectiveness of a good piece of communication is similar to that of a masterpiece
of music, painting, poetry or some other art.

Quranic Arabic Program 7 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

Fasahah   
Literal meaning of   D is “to become clear”. The `"  2 is the communication that is clear in
meanings. The words used in that communication should be formed by the grammar rules, their meaning
should be easily understandable by the people of that language. The words are used in a style that is widely
used by the language experts.
In evaluating the   D of a communication in a particular language, literary taste of its native people is
very important. It is the sense that distinguishes between the good and the bad language. For example, to
describe the rainy clouds, Arabs use different words i.e. @
a 1KT b 0= O b5FKG etc. First two words are easy to
speak. They produce good acoustic effect on the ears of the listener. On the contrary, the word @
a 1KT is
difficult to speak and it also creates a sense of ugliness while listening.
Language experts have describe the following attributes of a `" D communication:
• The communication should not be formed against the grammar rules unless the native people use that
style against the grammar rule as an exception.
• The communication should not include any ugly word which is difficult to speak and creates a bad
impression on the listener.
• The communication should not include a combination of words that is difficult to speak or listen. For
example, try to read briskly the following verse of an Arab poet about the war:
c
K%_
H  c
(%_
 L% d
 "C : K  %C M( C2 T( _
H  c
K%
(The grave of war is in the desert: Going near to the grave of war is not a grave itself.)
It is very difficult to read this verse briskly. Therefore, it is not a `" D communication.
• The words must be arranged in a proper sequence. If the arrangement is not proper, it may result in
unclear meaning. For example “If this hat does not fit your head, it should be made smaller.” In this
sentence, it is not clear which should be made smaller i.e. head or hat? The correct sequence is “The hat
should be made smaller, if it does not fit your head.”
• Proper words should be used which clearly describe the intended meanings. The words must be well-
known and they must be used by the language experts i.e. writers and poets.
• The communication must be free of unnecessary repetition and use of too many words.

Balaghat T
T is the appropriateness of a communication to its audience. The e"; 2 is the communication that is
`" D and appropriate words and sentences are used with respect to audient in order to produce desired
results. For example, if the objective of an advertisement is to invoke its audience to buy a product and
people got bored by looking at the advertisement, it will not be a e";T communication.

T is an art that refines the aesthetic sense of a student. After learning it, the student is able to differentiate
between an appropriate or an inappropriate communication.

Quranic Arabic Program 8 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

Balaghat T (continued)


T is like painting. As an artist uses an excellent combination of colors to affect different physical and
intellectual senses of his audience, the e";T communicator uses an excellent combination of words and
sentences to affect the physical and intellectual faculties of his audience.
A good communicator organizes his views in form of appropriate words, sentences and styles and present it
in a way that directly affect the listening, aesthetic, logical and emotional faculties of the audience in a
positive way. A word, phrase or sentence may produce excellent effects at one place but may be extremely
unsuitable at another place. For example, a piece of excellent comedy poetry may produce a great laughter at
a matrimonial ceremony but it will be extremely unsuitable for a funeral ceremony.
A e";T communicator should consider the use of words, phrases and sentences appropriate to the intellectual
level of audience, their emotions and personal trends, place, topic under discussion etc. The T is not
limited to the words or their meanings. It encompasses all the aspects of communication i.e. words,
meanings, styles, audience, place, spot etc.
I’lm-ul-Balaghah  :;<
The
 :;< is developed to describe the rules by which words are derived from a set of source letters.
The S :;< is developed to describe the rules by which appropriate case  I 5 9D4 is assigned to
words. Similarly, there are three disciplines developed to describe the rules about     . Their
detail is as follows:

• J(51 :;<: It is the set of rules by learning which a person can protect himself / herself against
the mistakes in describing some meaning.
• M" :;<: It is the set of rules by learning which a person can make his / her communication
clear.
• 90 :;<: It is the set of rules by learning which a person can communicate in a beautiful way.

Face the Challenge!


Describe ten attributes of e"; `"  2 .

Rule of the Day:


When a pointing noun is used with a proverb, it gives the meaning of “they
are ones who”. For example MS;f :g hi (they are ones who are
successful).

Quranic Arabic Program 9 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

Style _SL;&
_S;L (plural I"(&) stands for the style in which something is described. It means the “style of
expression” to achieve the specific objective of that communication. It includes a lot of this e.g. selection &
sequence of words & sentences, expression of fine feelings etc. We’ll study them in the next chapters. There
are three types of I"(&:

• J;(1 _S;j (Intellectual Style)


• J(TOj _S;j (Literary Style)

• J(Tkl _S;j (Persuasive Style)


Intellectual Style J(;(1 _S;j
This is the plain style that targets to the intellect of the audience. In this style, fantastic imagination which is
normally used by the poets is not used. Knowledge and intellectual arguments are clearly described. The
major characteristic of this style is “clarity” of the communication. The power of communication is the
clarity of language and presentation of arguments. The language is simple and does not require any
commentary of explanation. Easy words are used and there is no confusion about the meaning of a word.
Most of the text books are examples of this style.

Literary Style J(TOj _S;j


This is the style of poets and some prose-writers. Its major attribute is fantasy and imagination. Wonderful
ideas are presented, points which are difficult to understand are described in an absurd way, physical objects
and deeply-rooted thoughts are discussed in an allegorical way.
The poets do not look at the things like scientists. For example, a scientist considers a “rose” as a flower that
is used in pollination to produce further plants of roses. On the contrary, a poet considers it as a symbol of
“love”. A scientist considers the “moon” a planet on the sky moving around the earth. A poet considers it a
symbol of “beauty”. A scientist considers the “fire” as something which burns. A poet may use this word to
describe the human feelings of rage, hatred and jealousy.

Persuasive Style J(Tkl _S;j


It is the combination of above two styles used by the public-speakers. They use the power of words,
meanings, arguments, logic, emotions to persuade their audience to do something. The main attribute of this
style is its effectiveness. If a communication really motivates its audience to act accordingly, it is successful
otherwise not. The effectiveness of that communication depends on the position of the speaker, his way of
delivering the speech, his appearance, his style of presenting arguments, his use of voice and non-verbal
methods to convey his message.
The distinguishing feature of this style is the use of persuasive words, use of proverbs and different words
persuading for the same objective. Different expressions e.g. descriptions, interrogations, exclamations and
even silence (like a silence for a moment during the speech) are used to motivate for the same objective.

Quranic Arabic Program 10 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

Test Yourself
1. Describe the distinguishing features of : J(Tkl _S;j J(TOj _S;j J;1 _S;j
2. Translate the following passages and identify the type of _S;& of each one.

_S;& J(T <


Sg (?  K  JDC O P "= T _ K S2 (!ƒ"(5 ;< qL EFK  (^ K  Sg ML ‰ L-
;< _ (  1  ( Š ;L T( qC F 5 MC ‰ - sM& := ;C <D : K "= $ G& ... ( EGjy P "= T a *( SKG
.!("(  * !( *( O  KG J(D !K "5(1G MSC;10 !K 5SK 0 :s; SK5C2D .:((C T I ( "(&
P( kT P(G …
L -L $0 '( †k J(D n <( ^ y „ 4& -D „ ( CS ( qC  9K  ,* 5N €
  M {D
qL F0 D .!0(S
= * b 
 "
( R a 0 !K 5 KO N qH G PG G bqG } ( 4j ;< !K C G !( ƒG&
^ 'T J(k1K* ˆ €  $ .!"N ~ (  L 4 : ‡L 1= *  'C k hT ? K kL ;0 ^
.y #0 G y #0 PG J(k1K0 ˆ
P< OK SK1-C  M (w1  _ ( ST& 9" J(D xG< x "= ) y < M z{D
M MN .(T ST& 9" P(G !(S>T ;K q( G|T !( T(gC  h .I ( $2
pK 4K SLD  ML K1 .!( ($5 ;< I ( $2 P< } K -5 M x "= $0 y <
P "= (g( Cz I
( 2 `( (  J(D ~ (  J1 q( <jT Sg 5N !( %( S& @ K C5
8=  $  C I2f J(D :00& € = -5 w ( 1 P< ~ K   1K %C z{D .P "= (
h ;* ( "=  PG @ ( D| J(D ~ K   < C T qL S j € = 
 C 5 M( 1 @ K S&
.%( k5 P< ‚  > "D @( +ƒ  I ( ;A J(D ( C06
8= +  T = %C (5Gj o(N 3C ES-L  9K m M E5N( KI$ =  DC n"G& 3"K< ST& P= 2L 0 :C
!( T(=W& PG n <  qL S  r C 1 T  S= 0 8+  T :PCAS= G PG C)& J(D 3L ES-L  pg
:= gK O E +  !=< := K < !s; Jt4 3"K< T& :";<  EG& u0 - n ="<( =SU-;"
pK  "= C :v = , ( 0 := C  =* PG nT  (

Quranic Arabic Program 11 Level 05


Lesson 1A: Attributes of a Good Communication    

_S;& J(T <


 M2G oN  % K!%C  = & !K 1  & !K ;C Š R _ ( TL  PG !( ";< hz qA ;D
oN hz pK C<D ./ =  0 :;D '( j !( C;< ;=<j !K C   A& C'DL Š 'L ( 0
PG ERBT !( %( •G oN O< E:–L K!K P 2C  )C04 ED (`=  @ ( A6 V  T C  sM&
! !K L( M2D .hz 'C % pK g & % M MH 2G J(D !K G SLA K> d   Š DC o j !( *(E G
( C  3( ER( J(D O + !K 5& „ E 
 D —S%& ( "5) J(D ( = E  P< pK FK , = <( K?1 t&
.@
( A6 ` ( =  9( TK* J(D (V1 ` ( CD J(D
G H E"G &L J(T J(D x <( ^ „ 4& -D CMCk;“$ !T E# K ( qC  9K  ,
= * 5N €
 ;% M {D
O 4& P=" ‹ ( E 2L  ”( E$ q( ƒ  P(G “<& G I ( g U P(G :K1K  :< &
J ( 0Š PG :K $  = & Jg H 0 I
( ;k qC f 9,* 5N €  ;% MN .O 4& G :(T ^
.!";< €  5& G
( (7T( N „ 4( = *K  b CF( = G N !"D €5& G @  SCD G ^ SD "D €5&
ML ‘‘‘‘$5(N u
( "= 1  I
( "(kT( E ‘Š0K D ML ‘‘ - 5K E:* G z(N H JR †'‘‘L2‘
( 
ML F‘‘‘ C& 8
a  $
 G M‘GEF;‘( b ‘‘<ESGK ‹
a S5C& ( g‘ 9K ‘(‘,DC
ML S‘‘;K 6T U'  ‘( ‘G ‘‘‘L;‘ƒ$
 0K Mb S;K ’
( O( S
 ; ‘(
9 C & .OK 4=SfC !C%R ˆ G‡ qC %N ( 6 ;<  PK T ^ ( K = < 'C % &
!KG ^ ( 8 K SC;W  ƒJ(T  U;1 * .8 ( " !*0ŽT nA4 B0  !K 5$ M2D (M  L-T
( E,
 ; ( '(  1 ; !$ 5 4 C 5 .!†;( PG !  F &   !";<
.9tS g ( "=  J(D M<StSG Kg .
K (> ‹ K = 6 :M :;1 J(D
._(  1  M( $;( T( qC EF5 5N ^ _
(  9 "( sMBT :K ;1 :^ _ (  :K ;(< ‹( ( PG
(OR46 (_Oj (!;( 0(F= * J(D } ( =  (> SK$G (^ _ (  Œ( ( T( LDC ( 1
.( T6

Quranic Arabic Program 12 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

Dear Reader! Build Your Personality


In this lesson, we shall continue our study of the Holy Quran. A successful person is one who can
The Surahs mentioned in the Lesson 1B & 2B are structured
lay a firm foundation with the bricks
in a way that they give a complete message. It is your
assignment to discover the structure of this part of the Quran. that others throw at him or her.

:"  P=  ^ :$T MC C% L 3L 4 SK


}( 4= BC  8(  E$ h K ; GK !K C ˆ(U . x 0(5 V  ( C1; ( MC SL2"( 1p( ( = < ™;C < MC C% = L  qC EF5 ˆ(U „ 4 *
!( 5( KO P= G( L7  E*  . x 0(- * pK 4 E-C DC H J= R U'L  ;C >  h ( ; K  J(D h a 0( R !K C P= 2L 0 := C  xC   7 ( E0 := C 
3n "  C  *xS= G MC SL2;( = 0 C  x1 5 C  › t  := ( $
( L 5=BC( MC S2L ;( = 0 C  MC SL-;C 7
= 0K := gK  ni"= R MC SL-;L 7
= 0 C n  (‰
. x4SK#5K C 
. x4 K+  x; L y = -C DC ۖ MC K > ‰ a S= %C !( "= ;C < !K 5<&C  pK  D h a D N( UN( C™g M N( K C C P 0(U qC C% 
J(D E ƒ$ :K ;C 1= 0 ˆ(U !K CF 5=&C ' %L .n;"(W&C  3n  2 TK !( "= ;C < ™;C = *K J ( DC 2 V  (E BC ˜ K A( &C SLC% 
J(D J(#= 0   1Uk 'L L B 0 3 q( SKE  C™g q( G SLC%  .x"( 4 x4SLC MC C !K E5N( ۚ } ( 4= BC  8 (  E$
ۚ = G( 'L L B 0 b E !K C ML SL2* = &C Fa = C !( "= CN( ™-C ; 0K = &C . x 0(5 !K 1 G MC SL2"DC h a ;C G !( "= CN( qC F( 5=&L CS= C ۙ @
( S= BC
. 4x SK$ = G n;K 4 UN( MC SK1(E* M N( MC SK(U‡ qC C% 
x "= > h
 C 'C 1  Q R M N( ˆ(U „ 4 * .n;"( MC SK1"(k$ = 0 C;DC Sœ;  DC qC C)G= BC h
 C SKT  t  ? "= C = ‡L 5=
P=  ( 5= <= &C  ۖ ( < E$(T SKTUC ' T . x4SK %L h  C ' 1 ,= 0  4K 5=BC (
= * P= G( ˆ( , = * 8
H E h  (™zC P= G(
x5C2G = G( SL-&L CzN(  . x˜D( +  n‡“"Š * C SK1(  H "(1T MH C2G P= G( := K *=&C4 CzN( . x˜1(  ( < E$(T _  UC
. x˜)(C x4SK–L SK<O=  x (  x4SK–L  S= " SK<= * C . x4SK–L h  (gK =S< O V
 5(E -C GK n-ƒ"t

(1) The ˜t in p< indicates the love and affection of Almighty Allah for His Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. The chiefs of
pagans were torturing the Prophet mentally. These verses indicate the concern of Almighty for His Prophet. The
objective is to relieve the Prophet’s heart. (2) Use of q1D _T means “he asked to write”. The question was raised
because the pagans knew that the Prophet does not know reading or writing. (3) This question expresses ridicule of
the pagans.

Death, destruction x4SK–L Roaring x˜D( + Fake h


a D N(

Quranic Arabic Program 13 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

MC y#0 G "(D := K C . x˜( G   F := K C € = 5C ۚ MC SL-EK   <( K J(U ( ; 7 K  L E = &C a "= > h
 (™zC &C ' %L
:= K5=&C&C qL S-L "DC !( U; M( KO P= G( MC KK1= 0 G  := gK K # K = 0  S= 0  .nSLi$ = G x<=  h  ƒT4 ™;C < MC C ۚ P 0((>
h 5( KO P= G( C 7 ( E5 M &C C J(Š= 0 MC C G h 5= K SL%C ŸC'"(E$ Sœ;t  := gK = &C ( C•K ™g ˆ(O<( := K; ;C t
= &C
MC SLSL-* T( := L SKTUC = -C DC . x4SKT xGS= %C SK5C    † SK$5 ™E  := gK Q T‰ := K 1= EG P= 2( ™C  Q "( = &C P= G(
. x˜(C xT C< !K % ( 5K := 2L = G( := ;( ‡ 0 P= G  ۚ x = 5 C  nD = W
 MC SK1"(k$ = * DC
:= 2L   1= T ; 1   ۗ @ ( S= BC J(D MC SK#= 0   1Uk MC SL;L B "C := KE5N( UN( 1 V  ;(  = K  P G( h
 ;C = %C ;  4= &C G 
L 2C (C;  "= ;C < qC F( 5=&L CS= C 5Q C-( MC SK = 0 C P 0(U qC C%  . x˜( T h  “T4 MC C  ۗ 2 MC K (= *&C n = D( / H 1= (
. ˜x (C ›SK<K =S<  := ( $
( L 5=&C J(D K 2 = ( -C C ۗ ET4 ™—  5 = &C
SL;( < G ™CN( G= ( %C  .3 x4SK, = G x ,= ( MC SLSL-0  V  G( ( ,
= K ; ( H i(G S= 0 ™—  #
= TK C C 2C (C;  CM =  0  S= 0
K U-#
 *  S= 0  .n;"(-G PK $  = &C  › -C $
= GK a "= > H i(G S= 0 ( E,
  _ K W = &C . x4SL)= G  g pK ; 1 ,  DC 'H  < P= G(
P 0( D( C2 C;< xGS= 0 MC C  ۚ P( ™ = E ;( “   H i(G S= 0 hK ; K  .n;0(F= * L 2C (C;  qC ƒF5K  ( Š (T y E$
J("= C ™;C 0=  0 .n;"( q( SKE  9 G 8 K  7  E* J("= C 0 qL SL-0 !( 0= 0 ™;C < :K (U‡ 4 “/1 0  S= 0  . x˜$ ( <
.n L> M( $5={(; ( ML Ck"= E# MC C  ۗ J(5Q  z N(  1= T (  † P( < J(U;t  &C = -C C .n;"(;> x5C;DL  7( E*&C := C
P G( › K <  J(5 †'2L ( ; 1  h  (™C C  . x4SK,= G MC ‰= -L  C™g L7  E* J(GS= %C UMN( ƒ_4 0 qL SKE  qC C% 
ۚ 3n  (  ;K ML ‰= -L  !( "= ;C < qC ƒF5K CS= C K C C P 0(U qC C%  . x˜( 5  x0O( g h  ƒT  T( ™C C  ۗ V G( ( ,
= K 
. x˜$ (  * P $
 = &C  ƒ
 (T „ i ( UN( 'H )C T( h
 5SK*B 0 C  .5 n;"(* = * pK ; E*4  ۖ „ O •DL !( T( €
 ƒ)CK( h
 (™C C
.n;"( 'œ t  &C  x5C2G ¡ R h  i(™C L& : E  ™CN( =:( g( SK K 6 ™;C < MC K #  = 0K P 0(U
(1) It is an indirect communication to the pagans. The communication is directed towards the Prophet but actually
the question of the pagans is answered.
(2) If a directive / request is described in a descriptive way, it indicates that the speaker is motivating people to do
so. If a 
is added to it, it creates more emphasis.
(3) This word has two meanings: Big cover and veil or “I seek refuge”. Here it is used in the second meaning.
(4) Cutting hands with teeth is an expression for regret.
(5) '"* * means reading with special arrangement. It may be self-reading or reading in front of people.
(6) The word ;< after M #ž indicates that the word is in meaning of MS$0 which means “pulling & dragging”.

Deserted, target of foolish task x4SK,= G Dust  g Worthless x4SKT

Quranic Arabic Program 14 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

SKTUC P 0(U ( S= -C  CN( g z ; -L DC . x 0(+  MC K4g pK >&C !K 1 G ; 1   _  2(  SKG "= *‰ = -C C 
5= <= &C  ۖ n 0‰ ~
( E;( := gK ; 1   := gK %   &C 'C K “  SKTUC EC ” H SK5  S= %C  .1 x˜G( = * := gK 5 = EG DC *(0Ž(T
!K C T=  t  ¢;L  . x˜)(C h  (™zC P "= T x5 K %L  ƒ~E  _  W = &C  O SKC–  xO<  .x"(&C xT C< V  ( (U‡;(
ۚ 5 =  0 SK5SL20 := ;C DC &C ۚ ( S= E$  kC G 8 =  k( G= &L J(U ( 0 = -C  C;< =S*&C = -C C  .1 x˜(= * 5 = E* ¢;L  ۖ qC C)G= BC
. x4SK#5K MC SK = 0 C SK5C ' T
M &C CS= C ( (‰ P= < ;œ 
( "KC O C M (N .nSK4 !K U; r C 1 T ˆ(U C™g &C x FK gK UN( h  5 L7 ( E0 M N( „ = C&4 CzN( 
pK Sg !K  ™CN( C 7 E* P( G €  0=&C4 &C .n;"( 'œ t  &C P= G _ C1  MC =  0 V  ( MC SK;C 1= 0

 S=   ۚ "= ;C < 5 = W


:= gK ' T ۖ ( 15=BCC UN( := gK M N( ۚ MC SL;-( 1= 0 = &C MC SK1 $
= 0 := gK  )C &C UM&C I
K $ = * = &C Ÿn;"(  !( "= ;C < ML SL2* €  5=BCDC &C
2 .n;"(
 'œ t &C
pK = %C E:–L Ÿn;"(O !( "= ;C < d  = E# ; 1  E:–L x(  !K ;C 1 ,
 C Q R S= C  U'†‡ EG ?  "= C h  ƒT4 ™CN( 3  * := C&C
ˆ(U S gK  . x4SK#5K 4 E 'C 1   x*K  S= E  x( 'C "= U; :K 2L C 'C 1  ˆ(U S gK  . x˜$ ( 0 x= %C "= CN(
!K "-( $= 5K  x"= G 3n  ; T !( T( J "(
= K( . x4SKAC  G ( E$ P G( F 5=&C  ۚ !( ( = 4 ˆ
=  0 P "= T x #
= TK ”
 0ƒ  'C  4= C&
S= C  . x4SL L UN( ~ ( E K )C &C ™TBCDC K UU"( =:K "= T 4 pK D E W = -C C  . x˜)(C EJ( 5&C  xG15=&C - ;C > EG(
. x˜(C xO( !( T( := gK = g(   P 0( D( C2 (9k( *K C;DC . x 0(5 H 0 = %C †'L J(D ) 1 C i R(
x ,
= (  x>+ = T K "= T 'C 1   ‚ a &L a`; G( C ™g  8 a  DL _ a  < C™g P( 0=   =  ‚   G ˆ(U S gK 
MC KK1= 0  . x 0(%C h  “T4 MC C  ۗ x = W (  x$  5 !K ;C 1 ,
 DC x #
 T (  P G(  ;C > ˆ(U S gK  .5 x4SK, = G
x ƒ#GK UN( „ ;  4= &C G  . x˜( C !( ƒT4 ™;C < K D( C2 MC C  ۗ := gK “  K 0 C  := K 1K C = 0 C G !( U; M( KO P= G(
.n;"( !( ƒT4 ™CN( C 7
( E0 M &C Q R P= G UN( H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G ' %L . x 0(5 
(1) Use of 4 G with the verb indicates the intensity. (2) The objective of these comments on the pagans is to express
God’s sympathy for the Prophet. (3) Here the word for t G  indicates that each person of the audience is
targeted individually. (4) The sentences ˜ O .... pD W - are directed towards the Prophet !‰ !";< ^ ;W
:; . It is common in all languages that some special point which is not part of the original communication is placed
in between the communication. People are asked to ponder into the signs of God. Suddenly, an important instruction
is given to the Prophet and then the original communication is resumed. Such important point is called t 1G ;K.
(5) Here it is in the meaning of cover and veil.
Marriage Relation (in-law
relation)
x = W
( Extermination, destruction x˜(= * Destruction, ruin x˜G( = *

Quranic Arabic Program 15 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

 ;C > ˆ(U . x˜(> p( O( <( _ ( SK5L T( !( T( ™C C  ۚ p( ( = 


 T( `= ƒ  8
K SK0 C ˆ(U ƒJ   C;< ' US * 
. x˜(> !( T( q BC= CD PK ™ = E  ۚ w
( = 1  C;< ™—S = E:–L H E0&C ( E( J(D K "= T G  }  4= BC  8
(  E$
(3,) . x4SL5K := gK O +  5 K GK B * ( K , K$ = 5&C KP™ = E  G  SLC% P( ™ = E ;( K,
K = :K K C 'C "(% CzN( 
'C "= U; 'C 1  ˆ(U S gK  . x˜(GK x  %C  x  ( "(D 'C 1   x K TK ( E$ J(D 'C 1  ˆ(U „ 4 *
. x4SL2RK O 4&C = &C  UU0 M &C O 4&C P=  ( n C ; >( 4 E 
.xGC; SLC% MC SL;g( , :K K AC > CzN(  5xS= g }
( 4= BC C;< MC SK#= 0 P 0(U P( ™ = E  OK <( 
.xG"%(  xE,K := ( ƒT  ( MC SK"(0 P 0(U 
.xGC-GK  › -C $
= GK 8
= Q  E5N( .xG  C MC C T C< UMN( ۖ : E  _
 C< E<

= ( W
= ET4 MC SLSL-0 P0(U 
.xG S%C h
 (™zC P "= T MC C  K K- 0 := C  SLD ( $
= 0K := C SL-C 5=&C CzN( P 0(U 
ۚ MC SK5F= 0 C  ƒ
 (T UN( !K U;  E  J(U d
  E MC SL;K- 0 C   > ‰ x™CN( !( U; 9 G MC SK<= 0 C P 0(U 
P G ‰ _
 * P= G UN( .x5GK !( "(D = ;L 7
= 0  ( G "-(   S= 0 _
K C1  !K C ?
= < 0K .1 xGC–&C  ; 0 h  (™zC ' 1  0 P= G 
_ * P= G  .x"( 4 x4SLC !K U; MC C  ۗ 8 H $   := ( *(Ciƒ" !K U; qL ƒ0K h  i(™C LBDC 1 x(W n; < 'C ( < 
.xTG !( U; CN( _K SK0 !K E5{(DC x(W 'C (< 
.xG  ( “ G S( Š= U;(T “ G CzN(  4 “F MC K #
= 0 C P0(U 
.x5"= <K  ›W
K "= ;C < “ 7
( 0 := C := ( ƒT4 8
( 0Ž(T K †zL CzN( P0(U 
.2 xGGN( V
 -( EK ; ( ; 1 =  PH "K<= &C 3C E %L *(E0ƒ4zL  (  += &C P= G( C I
= g ET4 MC SLSL-0 P 0(U 
› -C $
= GK €
= $
K  ۚ "(D P 0((> .xGC;  n E"
( * "D( MC S= U-;C 0K  K W  T( C DC = ŠK  MC = F , = 0K h
 i(™C L&
.xG F( ML SL20

 S= $
 DC := KT=UC = -C DC ۖ := L £K <OK CS= C JƒT4 := 2L T( BL1= 0 G ' %L .xGC-GK 
(1) These two sentences provide a comparison.
(2) It is not a prayer to get leadership. It is a prayer for the right guidance of one’s family and followers.

He does not care BL1= 0 G They are not stingy K K- 0 := C Atrocious, seizing xG  C

Quranic Arabic Program 16 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

:"  P=  ^ :$T ( ‰ 1 #


K  3L 4 SK
:= ( "= ;C < q ƒF5K B #
 5 M N( .V  (G( •= GK SK5SL20 U&C h  $   5 9a >( T h
 U;1 C .V ( (K  _ ( 2(  8K 0‰ h  ; *( .:$A
SK5C UN( ’ H   = GK P( ™ = E  P G( H  z( P= G( := ( "(*B 0 G  .V  1( t
( > C := K %L <= &C € = U;‡C DC n 0‰ ( E$ P G(
= 5=&C := C }
( 4= BC CN( =  0 := C  &C .MC SLF( = $ = 0 !( T( SK5C G y 5=&C := ( "(*B "$
 DC SKTUC = -C DC .V t ( ( 1= GK !K = <
FK 0(F1  S K C h ET4 UMN(  .V  (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h  (™zC J(D UMN( ŸH¤ ( C ‚ H = + †'L P= G( "(D
.:K "( E 
.MC SL-E0 C&C ۚ MC S= < = D(  S= %C ...V
 ( (U‡  S= -C  €
(  M( &C ™ SKG h
 “T4 ™—O5 z N( 
:= K C  .MC K4g ™CN( ' ( 4= BCDC J(5$( K ;( kC = 0 C  ˆ(4=W
 K "(0  .M( SKT†2C 0K M &C
K >&C Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 qC C%
.M( SL;K- 0 M &C

K >BCDC 1 I
a 5=zC EJ;C <
2 .MC SK1( $
= GK := 2L 1 G E5N( ۖ *(0Ž(T g z CD ۖ U;C qC C%
.'C "(  = N( J(T 1 G ' ( 4= &C M &C .V
 ( C1 ƒ_4 qL SK4 E5N( CSL-DC MC S= < = D( "*(B DC
P G( €
 5=&C  €
 ; 1 DC J(U h
 ;C 1= DC €
 ; 1 DC  ŸV(( „ ( K <K P= G( "(D €
 ) (C  x"(  "(D h
 ƒT  5K := C&C qC C%
.P 0( D( C2
P G( J(;C 1   x 2 K JƒT4 J( I
 g S DC := 2L K >( EC := 2L = G( 8
K 4=  C DC .3 V †E P G( 5&C  nzN( K; 1 DC qC C%
.'C "(  = N( J(T 8 = E< M &C EJ;C < “K * b  1= (5 h
 ; *(  .V
 ;(  = K 
ŸV( C1 “_4 G  ML S= < = D( qC C%
.V
 (%( SKG := K= L M N( ۖ K "= T G  }
( 4= BC  8
(  E$ “_4 qC C%
(1) The Israelites were enslaved by the Pharaoh. Once an Egyptian was beating an Israelite. Prophet Moses 3S;  !";<
$ stopped him to do so. He attacked on him. By defending himself, Moses jabbed him with his fist which hit him
unintentionally at a sensitive place and he died. That incident became the reason of his migration. Here, he is
indicating that incident. (2) A sentence is omitted here due to its perceptibility. “After receiving instructions of his
Lord, he went to the Pharaoh with his brother Aaron.” Then he demanded the manumission of Israelites from
slavery. (3) This word is also used to describe “one in search of something”. Here it is used in this meaning.
You enslaved 8
 = E< It is eloquent K ;( kC = 0 One who frets himself to death 9a >( T

Quranic Arabic Program 17 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

ŸCMSK1( $
= * C&C !K CS=  P=  ( qC C%
.V
 (E BC :K 2L (T‰ “_4  := 2L “T4 qC C%
.Mb SK,
=  C := 2L "= CN( 'C ( 4= &L ˆ(U :K 2L CSK4 UMN( qC C%
.MC SL;-( 1= * := K= L M N( ۖ K "= T G  _
( ( Š=    @
( ( #
=   “_4 CqC%
.V
 5(SK,$
=   P G( h
 E;C 1 = BCC ˆ( "= C x™CN( 8
  7
 E* P( i(C qC C%
ŸHV(GK H J= #
 T( h
 Ki ( S= C  &C qC C%
.V
 %( O( E  P G( €
 = L M N( !( T( 8
( B DC qC C%
C™g UMN( !K CS=  {(;C  ; ( qC C% .P 0( ( E;( y "= T J g( Cz{(DC pK  0 ‹
 F 5 .Va (GK Mb 1= –L J g( Cz{(DC pK  < ™-C BCDC
ŸCM K GK B * CzDC p( ( 
=$( T( := 2L t ( 4= &C P= G( := 2L  ( 7
= 0K M &C K 0( 0K .:a "(;< a ( $C
.:H "(;< 4H E †'2L T( „ SK*B 0 .P 0( R(  P( (   J(D r
 1 T=  pK >&C  != (4= &C SLC%
SK5C M N( 3C  
 E$ 9K (E5 U;1 C ŸCMSK1( ,
= GK := K5=&C ' g ~
( E;( 'C "(%  .H SL;1= G H S= 0 8
( C-"(( 3L  
 E$ 9 ( , K DC
.V
 ((Š :K gK
P ( C nzN( := 2L E5N(  := 1 5 qC C% ŸV((Š PK 
= 5 EL M N( x = BCC C EP(&C MC S= < = ( ( SLC% 3L  
 E$ Q  E;C DC
.V T(E -C K 
PK 
= C E5N( MC S= < = D( 3( EF1( T( SLC%  := K E"( <(  := K C ( =S-C BCDC .MC SL-; GK := K5=&C G SL-&C ™ SKG := K C qC C%
.P 0((  3L   E$ J -( BLDC .MC SL2D( B 0 G ?
K -C ; * J g( Cz{(DC pK  < ™ SKG ™-C BCDC .MC SK(Š
.MC K4g  ™ SKG ƒ_4 .V
 ( C1 ƒ_  T( EG ‰ SLC%
EP1 †k%C BLC ۚ MC SK;C 1= *

 S= $
 ;C DC  
= ƒ$ :K 2L  U;< ˆ(U :K L ˜K (2C C !K E5N( ۖ := 2L C MC zC ‰ M &C 'C = %C !K C := K= G ‰ qC C%
1 .V 1(  = &C := 2L E†;W
 BLC 
H C;>( P= G( := 2L ;C K 4= &C  =:2L 0( 0=&C
(1) Amputation was a common practice for the Pharaoh. He also used to punish by crucifying.

Quranic Arabic Program 18 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

.V
 (G( •= K  qC E &C EL M &C 50Ck> “T4 C  ( Š= 0 M &C 9K k 5 E5N( .MC SK;( -C = GK ƒT4 ™CN( E5N( ۖ  "= t
 C SLC%
( C•K ™g UMN( .P 0( R(  P( (   J(D ML S= < = D( 'C  4= BCDC .MC SK1EGK := 2L E5N( ˆ(O1( T( ( = &C M &C ™ SKG ™CN( "=  = &C 
.MH SK"<K  8 H E P= G( := gK =  >= BCDC .MC K4z(  9a "(,  C E5N(  .MC SL‡(ŠC C := K E5N(  .MC SL;"(;%C b G z( = # ( C
.'C "(  = N( J(T g–4 = &C  h
 (™C C .¤H ( C H C-G  +H SKL 
J 1( G UMN( ۖ U;C qC C% .MC SL4 = K C E5N( ™ SKG _ K W = &C qC C% M( 1= ,
  —Q  * E;C DC .V  %( ( #= GK := gK SK1*=BCDC
O( S= UkC @H = D( 'œ L MC C2DC  ;C C 5=CD ۖ  
=  „  1 T( _ = ( t= M( &C ™ SKG ™CN( "=  = BCDC .P( 0(= " JƒT4
h (™zC J(D UMN( .P 0( > Ž %   &C E:–L .V
 1(  = &C !K 1 G P= G  ™ SKG "= ,
 5=&C  .P 0( > Ž E:–C  C+= &C  .:( "(‡1 
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h
 ET4 UMN(  .V  (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC
.V
 ( ( < C 'œ ‡C DC xGW = &C K K1= 5 SLC% 1 ŸCM KK1= * G !( G( S= %C  !( "(TBC( qC C% z N( .: "(g  T=N( BC5 := ( "= ;C < 'L *= 
.MC SL;1  0 h
 (™C C 5Q T‰ 5=   ' T SLC% ŸCM “ 
K 0 = &C := 2L 5SK1C = 0 = &C ŸCMSK<= * z N( := 2L 5SK1 $ = 0 ' g qC C%
ˆ(U .V  ( C1 E_4 UN( J( ¡ K < := K E5{(DC ŸCMSKG % CB :K L £K T‰ := K5=&C ŸCM KK1= * := K= L G := K0=C&  DC &C qC C%
E:–L J(K"(0K ˆ(U  .V ( ( # = 0 S K DC €
K t = ( G CzN(  .V ( -( $
= 0  J(K 1( k 0K S gK ˆ(U  .P( 0(= 0 S K DC J(-C ;C >
2 .V ( (E (T J(-  ( &C  x2 K J( I = g ƒ_4 .P( 0ƒ  S= 0 J(iC"(k> J(  ( Š= 0 M &C 9K  A C& ˆ(U  .V ( "( = 0K
P G( MC C !K E5N( J(TBC( = (   .:( "(1E ( E ( –C4  P= G( J(; 1 =  .P 0( >( Ž J(D @ H = W ( MC $( J( ' 1 = 
.MC SL)1 = 0K  S= 0 J(5F( 7
= *K C  .V
 †E
8
( + ƒ TK  .V  -( EK ; ( L E,
  €
( C (+= &L  .:H "(; I
H ; -C T( ! U; *&C P= G UN( .3 MC SKT C  qb G 9K C = 0 C  S= 0
.MC K ( = 0 = &C := 2L 5 K K = 0 ' g !( U; M( KO P= G( .MC KK1= * := K= L G P 0=&C := K C 'C "(%  .P 0( Š; ( :K "(,
 
.MC SK1 = &C d "(;T=N( OK SKK  .MC K Š  := gK "(D SK2( = 2L DC
(1) The objective of this question is not to seek information. It is asked to depict the humility of idols.
(2) The communication was directed towards people. Suddenly its direction has changed from people to Allah. This
way of communication is very effective if the audience has a slight willingness. (3) This is a t 1G ;K.

Mountain O( S= Uk Those who make angry MC SL‡(C No problem! We don’t


care
 "= t
 C
They were toppled one over
each other
SK2( = L At the time of sunrise V
 %( ( #
= GK Group b G z( = R(

Quranic Arabic Program 19 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

U;t
 &C G  .V  ( C1 ƒ_  T( := 2L 0ƒS$
 5K z N( .VH (GK qH C;t  J(C EL M N( !( U;* .MC SK( 7 = 0 "(D := gK  SLC%
UMN( .V (G( •= K  P G( MC SL2DC 3n E C C UM&C S= ;C DC .:H "(  H 0(W  C  .V  1( D( R P= G( C DC .MC SKG ( , = K  UN(
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h
 ET4 UMN(  .V
 (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D
! U; SL-E*CD .V
a G( &C qb SK4 := 2L C Jƒ5N( .MC SL-E* C&C ”
a SK5 := gK SK>&C := K C qC C% z N( .V  ;(  = K  ” H SK5 K S= %C €
= TUC
.M( SK1"(A&C  ! U; SL-E*CD .V ( C1 ƒ_4 ™;C < UN( ˆ
 ( = &C M N( ۖ H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G  .M( SK1"(A&C 
ŸCMSLzC 4= BC h
 1 E*  h
 C PK G( •= 5K&C SLC%
O( 4( CkT( 5&C G  .MC K 1K #
= * S= C ۖ JƒT4 ™;C < UN( := K TK$ ( M N( .MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C T( J(; <( G  qC C%
.Va (GK a 0(5 UN( 5&C M N( .V
 (G( •= K 
.V
 G( SK =   P G( EP5SL2C ”
K SK5 0 !( = * := C P= i(C SLC%
.V
 (G( •= K  P G( J 1( G P= G  J(ƒ,5  x= DC := K "= T  J("= T `
= D CD .M( SKTUC J(GS= %C UMN( ƒ_4 qC C%
MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( .V
 %(  K 1= T %   &C E:–L .M( SK# =   h ( ; L  J(D !K 1 G P= G  pK "= , =5BCDC
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h
 ET4 UMN(  .V  (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C
! U; SL-E*CD .V a G( &C qb SK4 := 2L C Jƒ5N( ŸCMSL-E* C&C Oa SKg := gK SK>&C := K C qC C% z N( .V  ;(  = K  Oa < €= TUC
n 0‰ 9H 0(4 †'2L T( MC SK= *&C .V
 ( C1 ƒ_4 ™;C < UN( ˆ  ( = &C M N( ۖ H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G  .M( SK1"(A&C 
.M( SK1"(A&C  ! U; SL-E*CD .P 0(4E := K#
= kC T := K#
= kC T CzN(  .MC K;L 7 = * := 2L U;1 C 9 5( G MC L7 ( E*  .1 MC SL)1= *
_ C< := 2L "= ;C <

K >&C Jƒ5N( .MH SK"<K  8 H E  .V  (T  H 15=BCT( := L EG &C .MC SK;C 1= * T( := L EG &C ˆ(U SL-E* 
.:H "(‡< H S= 0
.V
 ‡( <( S  P G( P= 2L * := C = &C €
 ‡ <  &C "= ;C < ¥ S SLC%
MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۗ := gK 2 ;C g= BCDC pK SKTU2C DC .V  T(U1 K T( PK 
= 5 G  .V  (E BC K ;L >K UN( C™g M N(
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h
 ET4 UMN(  .V  (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C
1. A’aad nation is famous for their construction. They used to build towers at different places without any use to
demonstrate their artistic power. Their archeological sties in Oman & Yemen reside such towers.

Quranic Arabic Program 20 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

10000BC ”S5
2000BC :"g TN
900BC M"; O O
2000BC ¦S
1500BCP0G
1200BC MS< D 5000BC OSC–

Site of ‘Aad, Zofaar, Oman 6000BC O<


(Thanks to www.55a.net)
300BC 

Positions of the nations mentioned in the Quran

Noah’s Mountain, Turkey


(Thanks to www.panoramio.com)

Temple of the Sun, Sheba, Marib, Yemen


(Thanks to www.eltwhed.com)

The Site of Shu’aib’s Nation, Al-Bid’, Saudi Arabia

The Carved Homes of Thamud, Madain Saleh, Al-’Ula, Saudi Arabia

Quranic Arabic Program 21 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

! U; SL-E*CD .V a G( &C qb SK4 := 2L C Jƒ5N( ŸCMSL-E* C&C ` a (W := gK SK>&C := K C qC C% z N( .V  ;(  = K  OK SK–C €
= TUC
gK g G J(D MC SL  = *K&C .V  ( C1 ƒ_4 ™;C < UN( ˆ  ( = &C M N( ۖ H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G  .M( SK1"(A&C 
Ÿ1 V  g( 4( CD x*SK"TK q( ,
(  P G( MC SK( = *  Ÿa:"(g 1K ; AC 'H 7 = 5  ‹ H K4+K  ŸHMSK"<K  8 H E J(D ŸV(G( ‰
.MC SK;( = 0K C  } ( 4= BC J(D MC K$ (  0K P 0(U .V D( ( $
= K   G= &C SK1"(k*K C  .M( SK1"(A&C  ! U; SL-E*CD
.V
 %( O( E  P G( €
 = L M N( H 0Ž(T 8
( B DC ;L ) G( a #
 T U(N €
 5=&C G .P 0( E$
 K  P G( €
 5=&C E5N( SLC%
.:H "(‡< H S= 0 _
K C< := L C >K B "DC H SK$T( gS“$ * C  .H S;L 1= G H S= 0 _
K = R( := 2L C  _
a = R( C b %C 5 p( ( ™g qC C%
UMN(  .V
 (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۗ _
K C1  :K gK C > BCDC .V
 G( O( 5 SKW
= BCDC g K -C 1 DC
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h
 ET4
! U; SL-E*CD .V
a G( &C qb SK4 := 2L C Jƒ5N( .MC SL-E* C&C ¦ b SL := gK SK>&C := K C qC C% z N( .V  ;(  = K  ¦H SL K S= %C €
= TUC
P G( 2 MC   œ  MC SK*B *&C .V ( C1 ƒ_4 ™;C < UN( ˆ  ( = &C M N( ۖ H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G  .M( SK1"(A&C 
.MC KO< a S= %C := K5=&C ' T ۚ Ÿ=:2L (  += &C P= G( := 2L “T4 := 2L C  ;C > G MC K4C *  ŸV( C1
.V
 (  7
= K  P G( EP5SL2C ¦
L SL 0 !( = * := C P= i(C SLC%
.MC SL; 1= 0 EG( J(;g= &C  J(ƒ,5 ƒ_4 .V
 (C- P G( := 2L ;(  1 ( Jƒ5N( qC C%
Q $DC ۖ x kC G := ( "= ;C < 5 = kC G= &C  .P 0( > Ž 5 = EGO E:–L .P 0( T(Š J(D x+SK,< UN( .V  1(  = &C !K ;C g= &C  pK "= E,DC
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h  ET4 UMN(  .V (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( .P 0(4C = K  K kC G
! U; SL-E*CD .V
a G( &C qb SK4 := 2L C Jƒ5N( .MC SL-E* C&C I a "= 1 RK := K C qC C% z N( .V  ;(  = K  ( 2C 0=BC _K W = &C _
 UC
SK5SL2* C  3 'C "= 2C  SLD = &C .V  ( C1 ƒ_4 ™;C < UN( ˆ  ( = &C M N( ۖ H = &C P= G( !( "= ;C < := 2L LBC= &C G  .M( SK1"(A&C 
}( 4= BC J(D =S)C1= * C  := gK Q "R= &C ~
 E SK$7  = * C  .:( "(-$ = K  ~ ( Ck$ = -( (T SK5+(  .P 0( $ (7= K  P G(
.V
 (E BC C U;(,
(   := 2L -C ;C > ˆ(U SL-E*  .P 0($ (  GK
(1) Thamud are famous for their homes carved into rocks. They are still available near U’la, Saudi Arabia.
(2) The nation of the Prophet Lot $ 3S;  !";< is famous for their homosexuality.
(3) The nation of Prophet Shu’aib $ 3S;  !";< is famous for their dishonesty in business deals.

Generations C U;(,
(  Those who lag behind P 0( T(Š Juicy :a "(g

Quranic Arabic Program 22 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

"= ;C < …
 -( = BCDC .V
 T(z( C2 P ( C h
 “‡L 5 M N(  ;L ) G( a #
 T UN( €5=&C G  .P 0( E$ K  P G( €  5=&C E5N( SLC%
.V
 %( O( E  P G( €
 = L M N( ( E$ P G( n$  (
J(D UMN( .:H "(‡< H S= 0 _
 C< MC C !K E5N( ۚ ( U;‡œ  ( S= 0 _
K C< := gK C > BCDC pK SKTU2C DC .MC SL; 1= * T( :K ;C <= &C JƒT4 qC C%
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S K C h  ET4 UMN(  .V  (G( •= GK := gK K )C &C MC C G  ۖ n 0ŽC h
 (™zC
J(T < MH $;( T( .P 0(4( = K  P G( MC SL2( h  (; %C ™;C < .V K G( BC ”
K “  !( T( qC F 5 .V  ( C1 ƒ_4 'L 0(F= C !K E5N( 
™;C < pK EF5 S= C  ŸC'"(  = N( J(T y ;C <K !K  ;C 1= 0 M &C n 0‰ := K C P= 2L 0 := C  &C .V
 (E BC ( TK+K J(C !K E5N(  .V
H (GK
C .V  G( ( ,= K  _ ( SL;%L J(D pK 2 ;C  h  (™C C .V  (G( •= GK !( T( SK5C G := ( "= ;C < pK &C  -C DC .V  ( ,
 <= BC /
( 1= T
.: "(BC _
 C1  K  0 ™E  !( T( MC SKG( •= 0K
M N( € 0=&C  DC &C ŸCMSL;,( 1= $
= 0 T( C1 (DC &C ŸCM K ‡C = GK PK 
= 5 ' g SLSL-"DC .MC K 1K # = 0 C := gK  n Š= T := K "*(B "DC
P= G( 2 ;C g= &C G  .MC SK1E 0K SK5C G := K = < ™ &C G .MC K< SK0 SK5C G := gK Q  E:–L ŸV(( := gK 1= EG
G  := K C J(Š= 0 G  .V K A( "E# !( T( € = CEF* G  .V  ( (C EL G  ™—   z( .MC K4( = GK C UN( H 0 = %C
.MC SL KF1=  C 9( = E$ P( < := K E5N( .MC SK1"(k$ = 0
P(  ( h
   /
= ( >=  .V T(  % BC h
 *˜# ( < 4= ( 5=&C  .V T(U1 K  P G( MC SL2DC  > ‰ x™CN( !( U; 9 G ‹ K = * C;DC
ˆ(U .:( "( E  F( 0(F1  C;< ' US *  .MC SL; 1= * EG( ¥ ˆ( T Jƒ5N( ' -L DC „ S=  < M ({DC .V  (G( •= K  P G( h
 1 E*
.:K "(;1  9K "(E$ S gK !K E5N( .P 0(( E$ J(D h  ;œ -C *  .K SL-* V  ( „  0
.MC SKTz( C := gK K )C &C  9 = E$ MC SL-; 0K .:H "(–&C „H UD&C †'L ™;C < qL EF* ŸKVA( "E# qL EF* P= G ™;C < := 2L iLƒ5&L ' g
UN( .MC SL;1  0 C G MC SLSL-0 := K E5&C  ŸCMSK"(0 OH  †'L J(D := K E5&C  * := C&C .MC K Š :K K 1K (E0 y  1 “# 
P 0(U :K ;C 1= "  ۗ SK;( L G ( 1= T P= G( K  5=  x˜)(C ! U; K C zC  8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U
.MC SK;( -C = 0 I
H ;C -C = GK Eˆ&C SK;C C

Worth Reading! What is Jealousy and what is its impact on human personality? Read
more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0012-Jealousy.htm

They wander aimlessly MC SK"(0 Those who go astray MC K Š Separated MC SL KF1= G

Quranic Arabic Program 23 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

:"  P=  ^ :$T ' 3L 4 SK


.MC SK*•= 0K  3C C;E  MC SK"(-0K P 0(U .V  (G( •= K ; ( ™—  #
= TK  —xgK .V H (GK _
H (  M( ‰= -L  8 K 0‰ h  ; *( ۚ dA
.MC SK 1= 0 := K DC := K C<= &C := K C EE0+ 3(  >( Ž(T MC SKG( •= 0K C P 0(U UMN( .1 MC SK%( SK0 := gK 3(  >( Ž(T := gK  3C CEF
M K C P= G( MC ‰= -L  U-;C KC h  E5N(  .MC K $  >= BC :K gK 3(  >( Ž J(D := gK  _ ( C1  y SK := K C P 0(U h  i(™C L&
.:H "(;< :H "(2 
.MC SL;kC = * := 2L U;1 C d H %C _ H # ( T( := 2L "(*‰ = &C H 7
 T( = G( := 2L "(*Ž x45 € K $ = 5‰ Jƒ5N( !( ;( g= BC( ™ SKG qC C% z N(
5&C !K E5N( ™ SKG 0 .V  ( C1 ƒ_4 !( U; MC = K  CS=  P= G  4( E J(D P= G „ 4( SKT M &C ˆ  O( SK5 gQ  E;C DC
C ™ SKG 0 ۚ I = †-1 0K := C  x T(= GK ™U  M§  E5BCC “F= * g‰4 E;C DC ۚ „  < ( &C  .:K "(2   FK 0(F1  !K U;
.:a "( 4 4a SLC Jƒ5{(DC H SK  1= T x$ = K qC ET E:–L : ;C C P= G UN( .MC SL; = K  Eˆ C
K 70 C Jƒ5N( ? = 7  *
:= K E5N( ۚ !( G( S= %C  MC S= < = D( ™CN( 8
H 0‰ 9( $ = *( J(D ۖ H SK ( "= C P= G( Q "= T ‚ = K 7
= * h  ("=  J(D „  0 ' >( O= &C 
= -C "= =  T( K    .V a (GK a 
= ( C™g SLC% 2 3n  ( = GK *K0‰ := K *=Q  E;C DC .V  -( ( CD xGS= %C SK5C
.P 0($ (  K  L %( < MC C ?
 "= C = ‡L 5=CD 3 ۚ ›S;L <K  x; L := K $ K L 5=&C
.V (G( •= K  p( O( <( P= G( ˜
H )(C ™;C < ;C EDC ˆ(U !( U;( K =    CC%  ۖ x; <( MC "= ;C K  O K O "= *‰ = -C C 
S K C C™g UMN( ۖ H J= R †'L P= G( "(* &L  ( "= Uk  k( = G = †;<K ~ K E “0&C 0 qC C%  ۖ O K O ML "= ;C K ’ C 4(  
=S*&C CzN( ™E  .MC SK<+ SK0 := K DC 4 ( "= Uk  d ( 5={(  ƒP, (  P G( pK OK SKK MC "= ;C $
K (  # ( K  .V K (K  'L 
= C 
C := gK  pK OK SKK  ML "= ;C K := 2L E k( = 0 C := 2L ( $G SL;>K O= 'L = E “0&C 0 b ;C = 5 €= CC% '( = E O(  ™;C <
EJ;C < €  = 1 5=&C J(U h   1= 5(  2L R= &C M &C J(<= +( = &C ƒ_4 qC C%  (S= %C P= G( 5 n2 ( t : E$DC .MC K 1K # = 0
.V ( (E  „ O( <( J(D h  ( =  T( J(; >( O= &C  pK t = * x(W 'C  <= &C M &C  Eˆ (  ™;C < 
(1) Double pronoun indicates emphasis. (2) It means eye-opening. (3) Words ›S;L <K  x; L are q . It means “They
refused unjustly with arrogance while their hearts believed”. (4) It is clear that the army of Prophet Solomon !";<
$ 3S;  was composed of human, jinn and animals. He was watching their parade. (5) :$* means “smiling”. It
may be as a ridicule to another but 2 t :$* means “He smiled in a joyful manner”.
They’re kept in control &
discipline
MC SK<+ SK0 You warm yourself MC SL;kC = * I felt €
K $
= 5‰
An ant b ;C = 5 It twisted like a
snake
M§  E5BCC “F= * Lighted torch d
H %C _
H R(

Quranic Arabic Program 24 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

!K E
 Tz BCC = &C x0(R xT C< !K ET†< BLC .V ((Š P G( MC C = &C 1  gK = K  —4&C C J ( G qC C-DC  "= Uk  U-C * 
2 {HT( {H P= G( h  Ki (  !( T( …
 ( *K := C T( € K k  &C qC C-DC H "(1T  "= C rC 2C  DC .V H (GK MH Ck; $K T( Jƒ"*(B "C = &C
G S= %C  *K=   .:a "(‡< w a = < C  H J= R †'L P= G( € = "*( L&  := K 2L ;( = * 3n &C  G= 8
K =  Jƒ5N( .V H -( 0
C := K DC '( "(E$ P( < := gK E DC := K C<= &C ML Ck"= E# :K K C 3 P E0+  !( U; M( KO P= G( d ( = E#;( MC K, K$ = 0
G  MC SL7 = *K G :K ;C 1= 0  }
( 4= BC  8 (   E$ J(D Q I = 7   ‚ K ( 7 = 0K ˆ(U !( U;( K, K =$0 U&C .MC K= 0
.:( "(‡1  w( = 1  “_4 S gK UN( ! ™CN( C !K U; .MC SK;( 1= *K
= ‡L 5=CD := K = < UqS * E:–L := ( "= CN( != -( BCDC C™g J(T2( T( I
= g z ŸVT(z( C2 P G( €  = L = &C €
 %  W
 &C K L‡=  qC C%
!( U; :( $ = T(” !K E5N(  MC "= ;C K P= G( !K E5N( .¤a ( C _ a ( EJCN( J -( &L Jƒ5N( BL;C   “0&C 0 €
= CC% 4 ŸCMSK1( = 0 CzG
“.5 V ( ;( $
= GK J(5SK*&  EJ;C < SL;1= * U&C .:( "( E  P( ™ = E 
3H ES%L SL L& PK  = 5 SLC% .M( K # = * ™E  x G= &C n 1 A( C% € K = L G ˆ( G= &C J(D J(5SKD &C BL;C   “0&C 0 € = CC%
g K$ D &C n 0 = %C SL;> O CzN( „ SL;K  UMN( € = CC% .P 0( GK B * CzG ˆ( ‡L 5=CD h ( "= CN( K G= BC  H 0(R H~B T SL L& 
.MC SL; = K  9K ( = 0 : T( 3b  ( DC H E0(  T( := ( "= CN( b ;C ( = GK Jƒ5N(  .MC SL;1  0 h
 (™C C  ۖ n Uz( &C ;( g= &C 3C EF<( &C SL;1  
.MC SK   * := 2L (E0(  T( := K5=&C ' T := L *‰ EG( a "= > !K U; J (5*‰ DC 6 qH T( P( 5 “( *K&C qC C% MC "= ;C K Q  EC;DC
.MC K ( W := gK  n Uz( &C = G( := K E ( 7= KC  T( := K C 'C %( C OH SK,
K T( := K E"*(B ;C DC := ( "= CN( 9= ( 4=
h "(*‰ 5&C ƒP, (  P G( 7 € a 0(  <( qC C% .V ( ;( $
= GK J(5SK*B 0 M &C 'C = %C R( = 1 T( J("(*B 0 := 2L “0&C BL;C   “0C& 0 qC C%
!( T( h  "(*‰ 5&C _ ( 2(  P G( :a ; <( pK  = <( ˆ(U qC C% .V a G( &C ¡ˆS( -C C !( "= ;C < Jƒ5N(  ۖ h  G( C-G P= G(  SL-* M &C 'C = %C !( T(
K L  &C = &C K 2L R= &C&C J(5S ;L = "( JƒT4 '( 
= DC P= G( C™g qC C% pK  = <( › -( $
= GK pK ‰4 E;C DC ۚ h  DL = AC h  "= CN( E* = 0 M &C 'C = %C
.¤a ( C ¡J(C JƒT4 UM{(DC  C C P= G  ۖ !( $ (  ( K 2L #
= 0 E5{(DC  2C R P= G  ۖ
(1) Use of birds for delivering message was common at ancient times. (2) This is a beautiful example of rhyme
without forced affectation. Sheba was a country consisting of modern Yemen & Southern Saudi Arabia while the
Prophet Solomon $ 3S;  !";< used to govern at Palestine. The nations surrounding him subdued to him. (3) It is a
t 1G ;K i.e. from :"‡1 w 1 ... :v P0+. (4) Unnecessary details of the story are omitted here to avoid boredom
and focus on the lesson. (5) The word “Muslim” is used in its literal sense i.e. obedient, subservient. (6) This
question is to express disapproval. (7) €0 < stands for very strong, powerful and sly person.

Do you want to help me P( 5 “( *K&C Don’t be arrogant


against me
EJ;C < SL;1= * U&C A hoopoe  gK = K 

Quranic Arabic Program 25 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

C2C ™g &C 'C "(% 1 8 = Q  E;C DC .MC K= 0 C P 0(U P G( ML SL2* = &C ˆ(= *&C = ‡L = 5 R = < C K †25 qC C%
M( KO P= G( K K1= * € = 5C G gEW   .V  ( ;( $= GK EL  ;( = %C P= G( : ; 1(  "(* L&  ۚ S gK !K E5BCC €= CC% ۖ h( RK = <
P= < € = C #  C  n E,L !K = $
(  !K *=&C4 E;C DC ۖ ”
 = E  J(;>K O= C 'C "(% .P 0( D( C H S= %C P= G( € = 5C E5N( ۖ !( U;
!( U;( MC  "= ;C K 9 G €
K = ;C = &C  J($ 5 € K = ;C C Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 € = CC% ۗ  0(4 S%C P= G( Oa E  GK ” a = W
 !K E5N( qC C% ۚ "= %C 
2 .V
 ( C1 ƒ_4
: ( ( S= %C 0 qC C% .MC SK( 7 = 0 M( C-0( DC := gK Cz{(DC ! U; KK<= M( &C x(W := gK >&C O SK–C ™CN( ; 4= &C = -C C 
P=  T(  h  T( 5 = E"UA SLC% .MC SK  = *K := 2L U;1 C ! U; MC K ( Š= $ = * CS= C ۖ ( $
   'C = %C ( iCƒ"E$(T MC SL;, ( 1= $ = *
J(D MC K$ (  0K …
H g= 4 L 1 $= *( ( 0(  J(D CMC  .MC SK *K a S= %C := K5=&C ' T ۖ !( U;  = <( := L K (CA qC C% ۚ h  1 G
E5N(  !( ;( g= &C h
 ;( = G 5= ( R G !( ƒ"(S ( EPCSL-C E:–L !K ;C g= &C  !K Eƒ"KC !( U;(T SK C-* SLC% .MC SK;( = 0K C  } ( 4= BC
E5&C := g( ( 2 G L %( < MC C ?  "= C = ‡L 5=CD .MC K 1K # = 0 C := gK  x 2 G 5 = 2C G  x 2 G K 2C G  .MC SL%O(  C
.MC SK;C 1= 0 H S= -C ( n 0ŽC h  (™zC J(D UMN( ۗ SK;C C T( n 0 ( > := K *KSK"TK 3 h  ; (DC .V  1(  = &C := K G S= %C  := gK 5 = EGO
.MC SL-E0 SK5C  SKG ‰ P 0(U "= ,  5=&C 
M( KO P= G( 3n S = R qC ƒ  MC SK*B C 4 := 2L E(&C ŸCM K ( = *K := K5=&C  C #  ( C MC SK*B *&C !( G( S= -C ( qC C% z N( nASL 
ۖ := 2L (0 = %C P= G( ¦
H SL qC ‰ SK ( >= &C SLC% M &C UN( !( G( S= %C _  S MC C DC .MC SL; , = * a S= %C := K5=&C ' T ۚ Ÿ($ƒ
Q $DC ۖ x kC G := ( "= ;C < 5 = kC G= &C  .P 0( T(Š P G( g54= E%C !K *&C  G= UN( !K ;C g= &C  pK "= ,
 5=BCDC .MC K EkC 0 ~ a 5&L := K E5N(
.P 0(4C = K  K kC G
(1) As mentioned above, it is the Quranic style to omit unnecessary details to keep focus on the lesson of the story.
(2) It is style in the classic Arabic to not describe anything which the audience can understand clearly. Otherwise the
audience may consider it a ridicule to their level of intelligence. Therefore, the lesson is left for the audience. When
the Queen of Sheba saw the abundance of wealth and the progress of sciences and arts with the Prophet Solomon !";<
$ 3S;  along with his devotion to God, she was impressed so much that she left worshipping the sun and
believed in One God. The incident is also described in the Bible, the Book of Kings. The lesson of all the stories
mentioned in this Surah is described at the end. (3) “h;*” indicates the proximity of Thamud’s homes to the Arabs.
(4) The question is asked to describe
disapproval and hatred for homosexuality.
Adorned by Oa E  GK Make it confused
for her
C K †25
Group, family, tribe …
H g= 4 Glasses  0(4 S%C Palace ”
 = E 
We’ll attack definitely at night !K Eƒ"KC We consider you a
sign of bad luck
h
 T( 5 = E"UA Pool of water n E,L

Quranic Arabic Program 26 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

1 ŸCMSL ( #
= 0K EG&C a "= > !K U;‰ ۗ ™C kC W
= P 0(U p( O( <( ™;C < a C;  !( U;( K = 
  '( %L
MC C G H ,
 = T 8
 Cz  (   !( T( = 5=BCDC  G ( E$ P G( := 2L C qC F 5=&C  }  4= BC  8 (  E$  ;C > P= EG&C
2 .M C SL( 1= 0 a S= %C := gK ' T ۚ Ÿ(!U; 9 G !a ™CN(&C ۗ g  ,
 R SK(= *K M &C := 2L C
!a ™CN(&C ۗ xF(  P( 0=  
=  P "= T 'C 1   J (  4 C 'C 1   x45=&C CC;>( 'C 1   x4  %C }  4= BC C'1  P= EG&C
2 .M C SK;C 1= 0 C := gK K )C &C ' T ۚ Ÿ(!U; 9 G
G n;"(;%C ۚ Ÿ(!U; 9 G !a ™CN(&C ۗ }
( 4= BC Q C;C >K := 2L ;L 1 ,
= 0  Q S“$ ?
K #
( 2 0  pK <O CzN( E kC 
= K  I
K "(,0K P= EG&C
.MC K UC *
ۚ Ÿ(!U; 9 G !a ™CN(&C ۗ !( ( = 4 ˆ
=  0 P "= T x #
= TK ”
 0ƒ  'L ( = 0K P= G  ( 
=   ƒ  8
( ;L L J(D := 2L 0(= 0 P= EG&C
2 .MC SL ( #= 0K E< !K U; C1*
M N( := 2L 5g = TK SK*g ' %L ۚ Ÿ(!U; 9 G !a ™CN(&C ۗ }
( 4= BC  ( E$ P G( := 2L %L +K = 0 P= G  pK K "(10K E:–L  ; 7
  &L= 0 P= EG&C
.V  %( O( W := K= L
„ 4 EO '( T .MC SL)1 = 0K MC E0&C MC K 1K #
= 0 G  ۚ !K U; UN( I
 "= Š  }
( 4= BC  8(  E$ J(D P= G :K ;C 1= 0 C ' %L
.MC SK< = G( := gK ' T ۖ = G(  hR J(D := gK ' T ۚ 3(  >( Ž J(D := K K ; <(
M N( 'L = %C P= G( 5£K T‰ PK = 5 C™g 5= <( K = -C C ŸCMSK  =7K C E(&C 5£K T‰ xT  *K EL CzN(&C K C C P 0(U qC C% 
M F 
= * C  .V  G( ( ,= K  L %( < MC C ?  "= C K ‡L 5=CD }( 4= BC J(D K˜( ' %L .V  (E BC ˜
K A( &C UN( C™g
.MC K 2L = 0 EG( H "= t
 J(D P= 2L * C  := ( "= ;C <
ˆ(U / K 1= T := 2L C
 O( 4 MC SL20 M &C ™$  < ' %L ŸV%( O( W := K= L M N( K <= S  C™g ™G MC SLSL-0 
“P2( *K G :K ;C 1= "C h
 ET4 UMN(  .MC K 2L #= 0 C := gK  )C &C EP2( ™C  ~
( E C;< 'H 
= DC LC h ET4 UMN(  .MC SL;, ( 1= $
= *
.V H (GK _
H ( J(D UN( } ( 4= BC  ( E$ J(D H (C P= G( G  .MC SK;( 1= 0K G  := gK 4K KW K
(1) This small question “Whether Allah is better or their false gods?” is related to each question starting from P
= EG&C.
This verse is the connection between the verses before and after it. (2) Change of direction of communication depicts
condemnation of pagans and expresses regret on their condition.

It came near to you (a


thing coming after other)
:2

 O( 4 It became confused (it


mixed)
„ 4 EO Enjoyment, happiness H ,
 = T

Quranic Arabic Program 27 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

b  = 4  —xK C !K E5N(  .MC SL;( 7


= 0 !( "(D := gK ˆ(U  )C &C 'C "(  = N( J(T ™;C < “¬-L 0 MC ‰= -L  C™g UMN(
ƒ   C;< h E5N( ۖ !( U; C;< ' US DC .:K "(;1  FK 0(F1  S gK  ۚ !( ( 2 
K T( := K "= T J(- 0 h  ET4 UMN( .V  (G( •= K ; (
J( = 1K  ˆ(OT( € 5=&C G  .P 0( T(= GK =SU  CzN( Q <“ E:“  9K ( $ = *K C  ™*S=   1 9K ( $ = *K C h  E5N( .V ( (K 
.MC SK;( $= GK := K DC *(0Ž(T PK G( •= 0K P= G UN( 9K ( $
= *K M N( ۖ := ( (CC;t
 P= <
.MC SK%( SK0 C *(0Ž(T SK5C ~  E UM&C := KK †;2C *K 2 } ( 4= BC P G( n ET O := K C =  >= &C := ( "= ;C < qL S= -C  9 %C  CzN( 
:= KT=UC &C qC C% y CzN( ™E  .MC SK<+ SK0 := K DC *(0ŽT( _ K †2C 0K P= EG( xS= DC H EG&L †'L P= G( K # K = 5  S= 0 
.MC S-L k( = 0 C := K DC SK;C C T( := ( "= ;C < qL S= C- 9 %C   .MC SL; 1= * := K= L CzEG&C x; <( T( SLk"(*K := C  J(*0Ž(T
 S= 0  .MC SKG( •= 0K H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ Ÿ3 x ( = GK 4 E  !( "(D SK2L $ = "( 'C "= U; ; 1  E5&C =  0 := C&C
.P 0( >( O pK S= *&C '§ L  ۚ !K U; Q R P= G UN( }( 4= BC J(D P= G  8 (  E$ J(D P= G ‹  F( C DC 4( S“  J(D Œ K C = 0K
˜
a (> !K E5N( ۚ H J= R U'L P -C *=&C ˆ(U !( U; 9 = W K ۚ_ ( E$ E G “ K * J g(  3n  G(  K$  = * qC , (  — * 
€
= E2L DC ( iCƒ"E$(T Q  P= G  .MC SKG( ‰ H i(G S= 0 ‹H F DC P= G( := gK  = G( a "= > !K ;C DC ( $
   (T Q  P= G .MC SL;1  * T(
.MC SL; 1= * := K= L G UN( MC = F , = *K ' g 4( E J(D := K gK SK K
P G( MC SL&C M &C 8 K = G( &L  ۖ H J= R 'œ L !K C  G E  ˆ( U 3(  ;  p( ( ™g E_4  K<= &C M &C 8 K = (G&L E5N(
P G( 5&C E5N( ' -L DC U't P= G  ۖ !( $ (  ( ˆ(= 0 E5{(DC ™— g= P(  DC ۖ MC ‰= -L  S ;L *=&C M &C  .V  ( ;( $
= K 
.MC SL; 1= * E< 'H D( ŠT( h
 “T4 G  ۚ 5SLD ( 1= DC !( *(0‰ := 2L 0( "K !( U;( K =  '( %L  .P 0(4( = K 
(1) The source letters ‹  ~ mean “to listen”. When they are used in q1DN _T, they mean “to make hear”.
(2) In Ahadith, it is mentioned that Allah will make a final arrangement of warning the people before the end of the
world. A special creature will speak like humans to warn the people. Some people consider the technological
developments of information technology as }4j T O.
(3) It is a common style of expression in Arabic to omit comparable words. Here, the full sentence is: ' C "= U; ; 1  E5&C
!"(D SL; 1= " x ( = GK 4 E  !( "(D SK2L $
= "( x;( ‡ GK . The words x;( ‡ GK and !"(D SL; 1= " are omitted due to their perceptibility. One of
these words is related to “night” and other is related to the “day”.

Worth Reading! Developing trust is very important. How and why? Read
more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0012-Trust.htm

Submitted, humiliated P 0( >( O Something walking, an animal n ET O They speak MC SL-k( = 0

Quranic Arabic Program 28 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

:"  P=  ^ :$T ¬ - 3L 4 SK


UMN( .MC SKG( •= 0K H S= -C ( ƒ  (T MC S= < = D(  ™ SKG {(5 P= G( h  "= ;C < SL;= 5 .V
( (K  _ ( 2(  8 K 0‰ h  ; *( .:$A
:= gK Q $5( J(" = $= 0  := gK Q T=&C `
K ƒTC 0K := K = G( n C (CA ?
K 1( 
= $ = 0 x1"R( ;C g= &C 'C 1   }
( 4= BC J(D C;< MC S= < = D(
n E(&C := K ;C 1 ,
= 5  }( 4= BC J(D SL1(  = K= P 0(U C;< EPK 5 M C& K 0( 5K  .P 0($ (  K  P G( MC C !K E5N( ۚ
SK5C G := K = G( gK O SKK  1 MC Gg  MC S= < = D( ˆ  ( 5K  }( 4= BC J(D := K C P †2 5K  .V  –(4( S :K K ;C 1 ,
= 5 
.MC K4C  = 0
E5N( ۖ J(5F = * C  J(D7* C  ƒ:" J(D !( "(-BCDC !( "= ;C < €( >( Cz{(DC ۖ !( "(1t ( 4= &C M &C ™ SKG ƒ&L ™CN( 2 "=  = &C 
MC S= < = D( UMN( ۗ x5F   › K < := K C MC SL2"( MC S= < = D( qL ‰ K!kC -C CD .V
 ;(  = K  P G( pK SL;<(   h ( "= CN( pK “O 4
™$  < pK SL;K- * C ۖ h C  3 J( PH "= < 8 K E %L MC S= < = D( 8 K &C  G= €
( CC%  .V  i(A( > SK5C gK O SKK  MC Gg 
.MC K 1K #
= 0 C := gK  xC  pK C 7( E5 = &C 1C = 0 M &C
.V (G( •= K  P G( MC SL2( (; %C ™;C < k T4 M &C CS= C !( T( ˆ(= KC 8 = O C M N( ۖ n4( CD ™ SKG ƒ&L OK •DL `  W
= &C 
'L = %C P= G( 9 t (    !( "= ;C < G= E   .MC K 1K #= 0 C := gK  I H KK P= < !( T( 8 =  K DC ۖ !( "ƒ %L !( (>= BL( € = CC% 
K"= < E -C * J= C !( ƒG&L ™CN( pK 5O= O  DC .MC SKW ( 5 !K C := gK  := 2L C !K 5SL;L 2 0 €
H "= T '( g= &C ™;C < := 2L œOK &C ' g € = CC-DC
.MC SK;C 1= 0 C := gK  )C &C EP2( ™C  ¡  !( U;  <=  UM&C : ;C 1= (  MC F 
= * C 
™;C < C 0(  'C > O  .V
 ($( = K  ˆ(F, = 5 h  (™C C  ۚ x; <(  x2 K pK "= *‰ ™—S =  4 pK ERK &C eC ;C T EC 
P= G( ˆ(U !K –CŠ= CD ۖ p( ƒ K < P= G( C™g  !( (1 "(R P= G( C™g M( C;(- 0 P( "= ;C K 4 "(D   S DC ;( g= &C P= G( H ;C  C V
( (
¡ K < !K E5N( ۖ M( Ck"= E# '(  < P= G( C™g qC C% ۖ !( "= ;C < ™  -C DC ™ SKG pK F C S DC p( ƒ K < P= G( ˆ(U C;< !( (1 "(R
T( ƒ_4 qC C% .:K "( E  4K SLŠ  S gK !K E5N( ۚ !K C  C Š DC J( = (  CD J($ 5 € K = ;C C Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 qC C% .V a (GK '§  ( GK
.V G( ( , = K ; ( x˜( C MC SL&C P= ;C DC EJ;C < €  = 1 5=&C
(1) He was a close fellow of the Pharaoh who was specifically interested in persecuting the Israelites. (2) Here the
word J is not used as a term. It is in its literal sense i.e. We generated an idea in her mind. (3) As mentioned in
Surat-ut-Tahreem that the wife of the Pharaoh was a believer woman. “Comforting eyes” is a metaphor for a state of
being relaxed and happy. (4) The age of physical and intellectual maturity.

He jabbed F C  His group !( (1 "(R So he picked him


(used for a lost child)
!K kC -C CD

Quranic Arabic Program 29 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

h
 E5N( ™ SKG !K C qC C% ۚ !K >K ( = $ = 0 d ( G= BC(T pK   = = ˆ(U Cz{(DC I K U%  0 n(> ( 0(  J(D `  W
= BCDC
C J(;C K- * M &C K 0( *K&C ™ SKG 0 qC C%  K C ¡ K < S gK ˆ(U(T u  k( = 0 M &C O 4&C M&C E;C DC .V a (GK ¡ˆS( Š C
.V ( ;( = K  P G( MC SL2* M &C K 0( *K G  } ( 4= BC J(D x4E MC SL2* M &C UN( K 0( *K M N( ۖ d ( G= BC(T x$ 5 €
 ; %C
h
 C Jƒ5N( ‚= K >= CD „ SL;K- "( h T( MC K ( *B 0 BC;C  UMN( ™ SKG 0 qC C% ™1 $ = 0 ( 0(   % &C P= G( 'b K 4 Q  
.V ( (U‡ ( S= -C  P G( J(ƒ,5 ƒ_4 qC C% ۖ I K U%  0 n(> = G( ‚   7
 DC .V  (W ( E P G(
!( "= ;C <    P 0= G Q G O 4  EC  .'( "(E$ Q S J(0( = 0 M &C JƒT4 ™$  < qC C% P 0= G Q C-; *( ! ES* EC 
™E  J(-$ = 5 C CC% ۖ 1 2L Kk > G qC C% ۖ M( O L* P( "= *&C  G= :K ( 5( KO P= G(     MC SL-$= 0 ~ ( E P G( n EG&L
P= G( EJCN( €  F 5=&C ( Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 qC C-DC †'†‡ CN( ™US * E:–L K C ™-C $  DC .˜
a (C Œ a "= R 5SKT&C  ۖ y <ƒ  4 ( = 0K
€ "= -C  G  = &C h  0F( ,= "( „ SK<= 0 J(T&C UMN( € = CC% 2 H "
= (= C;< J(#= * gK  = N( !K *=Q ,CD .˜ a -( DC H "= >
.V
 ( (U‡ ( S= -C  P G( 8 S= ,
 5 ۖ ?
= 7  * C qC C% ¬   -C  !( "= ;C < E¬%C  pK Q  E;C DC ۚ C
h   2( 5=&L M &C K 0(4&L Jƒ5N( qC C% .V K G( BC “ˆS( -C  8  =  B = P( G  "= > UMN( ۖ pK = ( B = €
( T&C 0 gK  = N( €= CC%
M &C K 0(4&L G  ۖ „ ( = <( P= ( DC x # = < €  =  *=&C M {(DC ۖ ®H,  ( J 5(–C J(5  K B * M &C ™;C < P( "= *g EJT= — = N(
C;DC €
K "=  %C P( "= ;C  BC E0&C ۖ h
 "= T  J("= T h
 (™zC qC C% .V  ( (E  P G( !K U; Q R M N( J(5K , (  ۚ h "= ;C < ERK &C
.'b "(  qL SL-5 G ™;C < !K U;  ۖ EJ;C < MC  = <K
€
K $
= 5‰ Jƒ5N( SL)2L G= !( ;( g= BC( qC C% x45 4( Sœk I ( 5( P= G( d  5‰ !( ;( g= BCT( 4   'C  BC SKG ™  %C E;C DC
.MC SL;kC = * := 2L U;1 C 4( E P G( 3H    = &C H 7
 T( = G( := 2L "(*‰ J†;1 C x45
(1) This phrase is used to ask some important matter i.e. What is your matter? What is your trouble? (2) The Quran
indicates the modesty of these women. Details of such modesty are described in Surat-ul-Noor.

Worth Reading: What is glamour and what is its impact on human personality?
Read more: http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0011-Glamor.htm

Shepherds, plural of J< 4 y <ƒ  They consult each other MC K ( *B 0 He expects (a danger) I
K U%  0
Firebrand 3H    Both of them drive
away
M( O L* He cried for help ­
K ( = $
= 0

Quranic Arabic Program 30 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

!K U; 5&C Jƒ5N( ™ SKG 0 M &C 3(  , E# P G( ( C 4 K  ( 1 - K J(D P(  0=BC O( S ( A( R P= G( ˆ  O( SK5 g*&C E;C DC
' (% &C ™ SKG 0 ۚ I = †-1 0K := C  x T(= GK ™U  M§  E5BCC “F= * g‰4 E;C DC ۖ „  < ( &C M &C  .V  ( C1 “_4
h "= CN( := K t
=  H SK ( "= C P= G( Q "= T ‚ = K 7= * h  ("=  J(D „ 0 h = ;L = .V  (G( Ž P G( h
 E5N( ۖ ?= 7  * C 
.V
 -( ( CD xGS= %C SK5C := K E5N( ۚ !( i(;C G  MC S= < = D( ™CN( h
 ƒT4 P= G( M( 5g = TK h 5( CDC ۖ I( g= E  P G( h
  
!K ; ( 4= BCDC x5$( JƒG( `K  D &C S gK ML K4g J(>&C  .M( SL;K- 0 M &C
K >BCDC x$ 5 := K = G( € K ; %C Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 qC C%
x5Ck; K 2L C 'L 1 ,= 5  1 h "(>BCT( „  K < “#
K  qC C% .M( SKT†2C 0K M &C
K >&C Jƒ5N( ۖ J(%L ƒ 0K O= 4( J 1( G
.MC SK(Š 2L 1 E* P( G  K5=&C *(0Ž(T ۚ 2L "= CN( MC SL;( 0 C;DC
.V
 (E BC (T‰ J(D C™ T( 1= (  G  —x  GK a  = ( UN( C™g G SLC% 8 H ƒ"T *(0Ž(T ™ SKG := gK Q E;C DC
`
K ;(  0K C !K E5N( ۖ 4( E L %( < !K C ML SL2* P= G  p( ( = <( P= G( ™— K (T Q  P=  T( :K ;C <= &C JƒT4 ™SKG qC C% 
V
( †k C;< ML Gg 0 J( = %( = BCDC ˆ( "= C !H ™CN( P= G( := 2L C € K = ;( < G BL;C   “0&C 0 ML S= < = D( qC C%  .MC SK(U‡
.V
 T(z( C2 P G( !K “L BCC Jƒ5N(  ™ SKG !( ™CN( ™CN( 9K ;( UA&C J†;1 C x = W J( ' 1 = CD
pK O SKK  pK 5 > BCDC .MC SK1 = 0K C "= CN( := K E5&C S“C  ƒ   ( "= Š T( } ( 4= BC J(D pK OK SKK  S gK  2 = 
 S= 0  ۖ 4( E CN( MC SK<= 0 n E(&C := gK ; 1   .V  ( (U‡ L %( < MC C ?  "= C = ‡L 5=CD ۖ ƒ:" J(D := gK 5 DC
.V ( SK-   P G( := gK ( G "-(   S= 0  ۖ n 1= C "5=“ p( ( ™g J(D := gK 1= *=&C  .MC K  = 0K C ( G "-( 
:= K U;1 C n  = 4  —xgK  ~ ( E;(  ( T ™C LB MC K -L  2 ;C g= &C G ( 1= T P= G( _ 2(  SKG "= *‰ = -C C 
E2( ™C  .P 0(g( E# P G( €  = L G   G= BC SKG ™CN( "=   %C z N( ƒJT( = Š  I
( 5(,T( 2 €  = L G  .MC K UC 0
EL E2( ™C  *(0‰ := ( "= ;C < SL;= * P 0= G '( g= &C J(D x0 ( C– € = L G  ۚ K K 1K  :K ( "= ;C < qC  CkDC x5 K %L 5B # =5&C
H 0(5 P= G( := gK *&C G xGS= %C 4 ( = K( h ƒT4 P= G( n  = 4 P= 2( ™C  0=O 5 z N( 4( Sœk I( 5(,T( €  = L G  .V  ;( ( = GK
.MC K UC 0 := K U;1 C h
 ;( = %C P= G(
(1) It is a proverb for providing support: “I’ll strengthen your arm by your brother”. (2) From description, the
communication has been suddenly directed towards the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. It is called 8 .

Present x0 ( C– As a helper O= 4( Beach, edge ( A( R


Those who are made ugly V
 ( SK- G Area, place, spot ( 1 - K

Quranic Arabic Program 31 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

h *(0‰ 9 (EDC nSK4 "= CN( €


 ;  4= &C CS= C ET4 SLSL-"DC := ( 0(0=&C €= G E%C T( b "( GK := K "( *K M &C CS= C 
:= C  &C ۚ ™ SKG J *( L& G 'C ) G( J *( L& CS= C SLC% 5( = <( P= G( “   :K gK Q  E;C DC .V  (G( •= K  P G( MC SL25 
_H 2( T( SK*B DC ' %L .MC K D( C ¯'2L T( E5N( SLC%   g C‡* M(  =( SLC% ۖ 'L = %C P= G( ™ SKG J *( L& T( K L 2 0
.V
 %( O( W := K= L M N( !K 1= (E*&C K = G( ™— g= &C S gK !( U; ( = <( P= G(
ۚ !( U; P G( —xgK ( "= Š T( pK Sg 9 E* P( EG( 'œ t&C P= G  ۚ := gK Q Sg= &C MC SK1(E0 E5&C := ;C <= CD h  C SK"(,$ = 0 := C M {(DC
_
 2(  :K gK "= *‰ P 0(U .MC K UC 0 := K U;1 C qC S= -C  :K K C ; EW  = -C C  .V  ( (U‡  S= -C  ˆ(= 0 C ! U; UMN(
.V  ( ;( $
= GK !( ;( = %C P= G( EL E5N( ƒT4 P= G( “   !K E5N( !( T( EG ‰ SLC% := ( "= ;C < ™;C =0K CzN(  .MC SKG( •= 0K !( T( := gK !( ;( = %C P= G(
.MC SL-( = 0K := gK % + 4 EG(  C iCƒ"E$ ( $
  (T MC y4 = 0  K W  T( P( "= *E G := gK  = &C MC S= *•= K0 h i(™C L&
.V ;( g( , JŠ( = 5 C := 2L "= ;C < a C; := 2L L<= &C := 2L C  L<= &C C SLC%  !K = < SKt  <= &C S Š= U; SK1(  CzN( 
9( (E5 M N( SLC%  .P 0(= K (T :K ;C <= &C S gK  ۚ y #0 P= G ˆ(= 0 ! U; EP2( ™C  €  =  = &C P= G ˆ(= * C h  E5N(
n%+= 4( H J= R †'L 8 K   –C !( "= CN( ™, = 0K xG( ‰ xG   := K C P= †2 5K := C  &C ۚ t( 4= &C P= G( ? = Uk7  5K h
 1 G ™— K 
.MC SK;C 1= 0 C := gK  )C &C EP2( ™C  E5K C P= G(
EL  ۖ n;";( %C UN( := g( ( 1= T P= G( P= 2C $
= *K := C := K K( $G h  ; (DC ۖ 1 #
 "(1G 8 =  k( T H 0 = %C P= G( 2 ;C g= &C := C 
EL G  ۚ *(0‰ := ( "= ;C < SL;= 0 nSK4 ƒG&L J(D r C 1 = 0 ™E  ™—  -L  h
 ;( = GK h
 “T4 MC C G  .V  –(4( S PK  = 5
.MC SK(C ;L g= &C  UN( ™—  -L  J(2;( = GK
P=  DC &C ŸCMSL;-( 1= * C;DC &C ۚ ™-C T=&C  a "= > !( U;  = <( G  ۚ K0+(  "5=“ 3( "   ‹
K  DC H J= R P= G( := K"(* L& G 
.P 0(   
= K  P G( ( G "-(   S= 0 S gK E:–L "5=“ 3( " ‹
 G pK 1= EG P=  C !( "(%C S K DC x$
  x<=  pK 5= < 
( C•K ™g ET4 qL S= -C  :K ( "= ;C < E  P 0(U qC C% ŸCMSKK<F= * := K= L P 0(U J (C  RK P 0=&C qL SL-"DC := ( 0(O0K  S= 0 
:= L Q C  RK SK<O= 'C "(%  .MC KK1= 0 5E0N( SK5C G ۖ h  "= CN( 5&E * ۖ 0=S C C := gK 0=S  &C ۚ 0=S  &C P 0(U
ŸCM K= 0 SK5C := K E5&C S= C ۚ _
 C1  K &C4  := K C SK"(,$ = 0 := ;C DC =:gK S= <  DC
(1) They became arrogant due to their economy i.e. abundance of wealth.

It became arrogant 8
=  k( T It is attracted towards !( "= CN( ™,
= 0K We are snatched away ?
= Uk7
 5K

Quranic Arabic Program 32 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

EGBCDC .MC SLQ $0 C := K DC H i(G S= 0 1 y 5=BC :K ( "= ;C < €


= "( 1 DC ŸV
 ;(  = K  :K K=  &C CzG qL SL-"DC := ( 0(O0K  S= 0 
G ۗ 4K 7
= 0  y #0 G K ;L 7= 0 h  “T4  .V  ( ;(  K  P G( MC SL20 M &C 2 ™$  1 DC x(W 'C ( <  P G ‰ _  * P= G
.MC SK;( 1= 0K G  := gK 4K KW
K “P2( *K G :K ;C 1= 0 h“T4  .MC SL ( # = 0K E< ™C1*  !( U; MC = K ۚ 3L  "7 (  :K K C MC C
.MC SK1 = *K !( "= CN(  :K 2 
K  !K C  ۖ 3(  >( Ž  ™C LB J(D K = 
  !K C ۖ S gK UN( ! ™CN( C !K U; S gK 
C;DC &C ۖ ŸH"
( T( := 2L "(*B 0 !( U; K "= C !a ™CN( P= G ( G "-(  ( S= 0 ™CN( xG =  'C "= U; :K 2L "= ;C < !K U; 'C 1  M N( := K=0&C4 &C ' %L
ŸCMSK1 $ = *
'H "= ;C T( := 2L "(*B 0 !( U; K "= C !a ™CN( P= G ( G "-(  ( S= 0 ™CN( xG =  4 E :K 2L "= ;C < !K U; 'C 1  M N( := K0= &C4 &C ' %L
P= G( SKŠ= (  !( "(D SK2L $ = ( 4 E  'C "= U; :K 2L C 'C 1  !( ( = 4 P= G(  3 ŸCM K ( = *K C;DC &C ۖ Ÿ(!"(D MC SK2L $ = *
.MC K 2L # = * := 2L U;1 C  !( ;( 
= DC
SK*g ; -L DC x"(R H EG&L †'L P= G( <= F 5  ŸCMSK<K F= * := K= L P 0(U J (C  RK P 0=&C qL SL-"DC := ( 0(O0K  S= 0 
.MC K  0 SK5C G := K = < U't
  !( U;( E
  UM&C SK;( 1 DC := 2L 5g = TK
( = 1K T( y SKC !K   *(CG UMN( G +( SK2L  P G( pK "= *‰ ۖ := ( "= ;C < ™Š DC ™ SKG ( S= %C P= G( MC C 4 MC K4C% UMN(
ۖ 3C  >( Ž 4 E !K U; „ *‰ "(D e( T=  .V  ( ( C  “I ( 0K C ! U; UMN( ۖ ”
=   * C !K GK S= %C !K C qC C% z N( 3( ES-L  J( L&
C ! U; UMN( ۖ } ( 4= BC J(D O $C  e( = * C  ۖ h  "= CN( !K U; P $
 = &C C P= $ ( = &C  ۖ "5=“ P G( h  "( 5 d  = * C 
P G( !( ;( = %C P= G( h
 ;C g= &C = %C ! U; UM&C := ;C 1= 0 := C  &C ۚ ˆ(= <( :H ; <( ™;C < 5 !K K"(* L& E5N( qC C% .P 0($ (  K  “I ( 0K
.MC SKG ( ,
= K  :K ( T(SK5zL P= < qL BC$ = 0K C  ۚ x1=  K )C &C  3n ES%L !K = G( “R &C S gK P= G M( K -L 
(1) y 5=BC :K ( "= ;C < €
= "( < means that “they became so confused that they were unable to speak”.
(2) When the word $< is used for some act of God, it is in the meaning of a promise.
(3) Word MS1$* is used while describing the night but the word M * is used while describing the day. At night, a
person cannot see but he/she can listen. At day time, everyone can see clearly. Selection of these words is
meaningful.
(4) In Bible, his name is “Korah” (Numbers Chapter 16). He was a close relative of Prophet Moses $ 3S;  !";<
who revolted against him. His story is told to depict the character of the close relatives of Prophet Muhammad ^ ;W
:; !‰ !";<. The closest of them was his uncle Abu Lahab whose character was similar to that of Korah.
(5) It is the mentality of arrogant people. When Allah blesses them with something, they consider it a result of their
own effort and ignore the Almighty. Such attitude is also common today.
Those who become arrogant
due to happiness / wealth
V
 ( ( C  They carry it y SKC Eternal, forever xG = 

Quranic Arabic Program 33 Level 05


Lesson 1B: Surat-ul-Furqan to Surat-ul-Qasas

!K E5N( ML K4C% J *( L& G 'C ) G( C €  "= C 0 "5=“ 3C "   MC K0( 0K P 0(U qC C% ۖ !( (0(+ J(D 1 !( G( S= %C ™;C < ‚   7
 DC
C  x(W 'C ( <  P G ‰ P=  ( a "= > !( U; _ K S–C := 2L ;C 0=  : ; 1(  SK* L& P 0(U qC C%  .:H "(‡< ¯°  LC
G  !( U; M( KO P= G( !K 5 K K = 0 H iCD( P= G( !K C MC C DC }  4= BC p( 4( T(  !( T(  $
7  DC .MC K T(E  UN( 2 gU-;C 0K
P=  ( @  += ƒ  …L$ K = 0 ! U; UMBC2C 0=  MC SLSL-0 d ( G= BC(T !K 5C2G =SE * P 0(U `  W = &C  .P 0( ( = K  P G( MC C
.MC K D( C2 ` K ;(  0K C !K E5BC2C 0=  ۖ T( ?
 $ 7  C "= ;C < !K U; EPG M &C CS= C ۖ 3 4K ( - 0  p( O( <( P= G( y #0
Q  P= G .V  -( EK ; ( L %( 1  ۚ xO$DC C  }
( 4= BC J(D ›S;L <K MC K0( 0K C P 0(U;( ;L 1 ,
= 5 3L  >( Ž 4K E h  ; *(
.MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C G UN( 8 ( Ciƒ"E$ SL;( < P 0(U —F, = 0K C;DC ( iCƒ"E$(T Q  P= G  ۖ = G( a "= > !K ;C DC ( $
 (T
qH ;C t
 J(D S gK P= G  ™— K (T Q  P= G :K ;C <= C& JƒT4 ' %L ۚ OH 1G ™CN( „ “O  C MC ‰= -L  h  "= ;C < }  DC ˆ(U UMN(
C  .P 0( D( C2; ( x˜( C EP5SL2* C;DC ۖ h  ƒT4 P= G( n  = 4 UN( _ K 2(  h  "= CN( ™-C ; 0K M &C SK = * €  = L G  .V H (GK
‹K = * C  .V  ( ( #= K  P G( EP5SL2* C  ۖ h  ƒT4 ™CN( ‹ K O=  ۖ h
 "= CN( €
= CF( 5=&L z N(  1= T !( U; 8
( 0‰ P= < h  E5“K 0
.MC SK1 = *K !( "= CN(  :K 2 
K  !K C ۚ !K  =  UN( h
a (g H J= R 'œ L ۚ S gK UN( ! ™CN( C ۘ  > ‰ x™CN( !( U; 9 G
(1) Korah came with his slaves and servants to demonstrate his wealth. Similar examples are common in our leaders.
(2) The pronoun g is directed towards the admonition and wisdom.
(3) Words #0 Pf are omitted here due their perceptibility.

Worth Reading
Allah has demonstrated the accountability of the
Hereafter in the world. Why & How?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PN/R0002-
Evidence.htm

Definitely taking you to „ “O  C Hey! It is like that UMBCC ˆ


=  We caused him to be
swallowed by the earth
!( T(  $
 >

Quranic Arabic Program 34 Level 05


Lesson 2A: Parables !"#

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In all languages, parables are used to describe
abstract ideas. The parable !"(#* is comparison of
Take care of your spouse. All relatives will
leave you but your spouse will spend his /
something with another thing based on some
her life till death.
common ground.
For example, "( ± d ( = E# €5& (You are like the sun in the light). Here the person is compared with the
sun. The reason may be that his face is shining or he may be spreading the light of knowledge. Similarly in
( < ,#
K  ± (  j S gK (He is like the lion in bravery), the person is compared with a lion due to his bravery.
There are four components of a !"#*.
• E#
 GK : The person or thing that is compared with something else. In above examples, S gK €5& are the E#
 GK .
Sometimes, the E#  GK is not expressed in words because it is understood. For example, if it is asked ?  "
ŸJ;< (How is Ali?), the answer will be ( < ,#K  ± (  j (Like the lion in bravery). Since the answerer
knows that Ali is under discussion, so it is not required to mention his name.
 GK : The person or thing with whom E#
• !(T E#  GK is compared. In above examples, j d# are the E#
 GK
!T.
• !=#
(  !K  : The common attribute due to which E#
 GK is being compared to !T E#  GK . In above examples,
<,# " are the !# ! . If the common attribute is obvious, it is usually not described in words.
It is understood in the sentence. For example, (  j a 0+ (Zaid is like a lion). The common attribute is
obvious, so it is not described.
• !"# 3 O&: The word used to describe a comparison. In English, we use the word “like” for it. In above
examples, „  is the !"# 3 O&. UMB is also used for this purpose. It is also deleted sometimes.
It is important to describe a principle at this point. In modern languages, each and every concept or thing is
described in words. If something is not described in words, the language lacks clarity and it is not considered
a e";T `" D communication.

At the time of revelation of the Quran, the principle was reverse. Describing obvious things in words was
considered a weakness in communication. If someone was describing obvious things in words, he was
supposed to be considering his audience unintelligent. Due to this reason, describing obvious things in words
was considered an embarrassing situation for the audience. As a result, the communication used to become
ineffective.
In the classical language of the Quran, we find at a lot of places that obvious things not described in words
but they are implied in the text. You’ve seen various examples in the last lesson.

Quranic Arabic Program 35 Level 05


Lesson 2A: Parables !"#

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and identify the four parts of !"#* as provided in the
example. Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis J(T <


The hypocrites who are discussed in the
!#G
context. n45  %C S= = ˆ(U '( )C C := K ;L )CG
The one who burnt fire !T !#G !K U; I g zC !K CS=  G 8 = Q t&C E;C DC
A hypocrite’s deeds are fruitless like the one
8 H ;L L J(D := K C  *  := g( 4( SKT(
who burnt fire and then the light of the fire is !# !  := K DC Ja = <K :a 2 TK ¡:W K .MC K ( = 0K
(2:17) .M C SK1( = 0
lost.

') !"# 3 O&


!#G
ˆ(U '( )C C K C C P 0(U 'L )CG 
!T !#G  5(   <OK UN( 9K  $= 0  T( K 1( = 0
!# ! .MC SL;-( 1= 0  := K DC Ja = <K :a 2 TK ¡:W
K
!"# 3 O& (2:171)

!#G
!T !#G
OH $DC = &C d
H  5 ( "= Š T( n$5 'C %C P= G
~
 E 'C %C E5BC2C DC } ( 4= jQ J(D
!# !
(5:32) .n1"( 
!"# 3 O&
!#G
!T !#G .b U;L !K E5BCC := K %C S= DC 'C ,
  - 5 z N(Q
!# ! (7:171)
!"# 3 O&

Quranic Arabic Program 36 Level 05


Lesson 2A: Parables !"#

Analysis J(T <


!#G
!T !#G P= G( E > E5BC2C DC !( U;(T „= ( #
= 0K P= G
!# ! (22:32) .( E$

!"# 3 O&
!#G
'L )CG } ( 4= jQ  8 ( S E$ 4K SK5 !K U;
!T !#G ”
a = G( "(D 3H C2#
= ( C p( 4( SK5
!# ! L  “F H  +K J(D ” K = ( 
(24:35) .¡ˆƒ4OK I a C S= C E5BCC
!"# 3 O&
!#G
!T !#G .V
a <(

( = Uk 8
K  W ( C% := gK  = <( 
!# ! (37:49) .M b SK2 G /
a "= T EPK E5BCC
!"# 3 O&

Worth Reading
What is the significance of Character in building a nation? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0001-Character.htm

Rule of the Day


If the word after a pointing noun has q , it is the !"
4#G of that pointing noun e.g.
_2 g (this book). If it does not have an q , then it is the c> while pointing
noun is its G.

Quranic Arabic Program 37 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

Dear Reader! Build Your Personality


In this lesson, we shall continue our study of the Holy Quran. You cannot dream yourself into a
The Surahs mentioned in the Lesson 1B & 2B are structured character; you must hammer and
in a way that they give a complete message. It is your
forge yourself one.
assignment to discover the structure of this part of the Quran.

:"  P=  ^ :$T 8SK2C 1 3L 4 SK


EP ;C 1= ";C DC ۖ := ( ;( = %C P= G( P 0(U EDC = -C C  ŸCMSK 0K C := gK  EG ‰ SLSL-0 M &C SL  = 0K M &C ~ K E I  $ (  &C .:
G Q  ۚ 5SL-($ = 0 M &C 8( Ciƒ"E$ MC SL; 1= 0 P 0(U I$ (  = &C .V  T(z( C2 EP ;C 1= "C  SL% W P 0(U !K U;
E5{(DC  g  P= G  .:K "(;1  9K "(E$ S gK  ۚ 8 H ŽC !( U; 'C  &C UM{(DC !( U; Q C-( SK = 0 MC C P= G ŸCMSK2L  = 0
:= K = < UM  †2C KC 8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P0(U  .V  ( C1 P( < ¡J(Š C ! U; UMN( ۚ !( $ (  ( K g( ,0K
.MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C ˆ(U P $  = &C := K E0F( ,
= C  := (*(Ciƒ"
EJCN( ۚ K 1= k( *K C;DC :a ; <( !( T( h
 C d  "= C G J(T „ ( # = K( „ g  M N(  ۖ x$ = K !( 0= ( ST( MC $5={( "= EW  
.V
 ( (E  JD( := K E;C >( = KC 8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U  .MC SL; 1= * := K= L T( := 2L iLƒ5BLDC := 2L 1K ( = G
a = 5 Q  P= i(C  !( U; _ ( C1 C ~ ( E C = D( 'C 1  !( U; JD( ˆ z( L& Cz{(DC !( U;(T EG ‰ qL SL-0 P= G ~ ( E P G( 
P 0(U !K U; EP ;C 1= "C  .V ( C1 4( KWK J(D T( : ;C <= BCT( !K U; d  "= C  &C ۚ := 2L 1 G EL E5N( EPLSL-"C h  ƒT4 P= G(
.V
 -( D( K  EP ;C 1= "C  SKG ‰
P= G( := gK 0Ck> P= G( V  ;( G( T( := gK G  := L 0Ck> ' (  =   ;C "( SK1(E* SKG ‰ P 0(U;( K C C P 0(U qC C% 
SK5C E< ( G "-(   S= 0 EPLBC$= "KC  ۖ := ( (C-–&C 9 G nC-–&C  := K CC-–&C EP;L ( 
= "C  .MC SKTz( C2C := K E5N( ۖ H J= R
.MC K  0
MC SK(C := gK  ML CDSœk :K gK C > BCDC xG< V
$( = > UN( H  ?
 &C := ( "(D r
C (;C DC !( G( S= %C ™CN( x SK5 ; 4= &C = -C C 
.V
 ( C1; ( n 0‰ g; 1   ( "(E$ _
 W
= &C  pK "= ,
 5=BCDC
Face the Challenge! Identify the central theme of each Surah in this lesson. Ponder deeply to identify the
relation of each verse with that central theme. Relate the central theme of each Surah in Lesson 1B & 2B
with each other.

Typhoon, cyclone, flood ML CDSœk He’ll definitely test EP ;C 1= "C He strived hard  g 

Quranic Arabic Program 38 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

P= G( MC KK1= * E5N( .MC SK;C 1= * := K= L M N( := 2L C a "= > := 2L (™zC ۖ pK SL-E*  ! U; KK<= !( G( S= -C ( qC C% z N( : "(g  T=N( 
 = <( SKŠT=CD n%+= 4( := 2L C MC SL2;( = 0 C !( U; M( KO P= G( MC KK1= * P 0(U UMN( ۚ n2D N( MC SL-;L 7 = *  x5C– = &C !( U; M( KO
C;< G  ۖ := 2L ;( = %C P= G( :a G &L _
 UC = -C DC SKT†2C *K M N(  .MC SK1 = *K !( "= CN( ۖ !K C K 2L R=  pK KK<=  @  += ƒ  !( U;
.VK (K  ² L C; UN( q( SKE 
}
( 4= BC J(D K˜( ' %L .˜ a$ ( 0 !( U; C;< h  (™zC UMN( ۚ pK K "(10K E:–L  ; 7   !K U; ³ K ( = 0K ?
 "= C =  0 1 := C  &C
P= G _ K †1 0K . a 0(%C H J= R †'L ™;C < ! U; UMN( ۚ 3C  >( Ž 3C BC# = E L # ( = 0K !K U; E:–L ۚ  ; 7   &C T ?
 "= C K ‡L 5=CD
P= G( := 2L C G  ۖ ( E$ J(D C  } ( 4= BC J(D P 0(F, ( 1= K T( := K5=&C G  .MC SK;C - *K !( "= CN(  ۖ y #0 P= G :K  = 0  y #0
h i(™C L&  J( = 4 P= G( SK$i(0 h  i(™C L& !( (C-(  !( U; 8
( 0Ž(T K C C P 0(U  .˜ H ( 5 C   J(  P= G( !( U; M( KO
.:a "(&C _
a C< := K C
H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h  (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ 4( E P G( !K U; pK ,5=BCDC pK SL%ƒ  = &C pK SL;K% SLC% M &C UN( !( G( S= %C _  S MC C DC
K L 2 0 ( G "-(   S= 0 E:–L ۖ "5=“ 3( "
  J(D := 2L ("= T 3C EOS G x5C– = &C !( U; M( KO P= G( := *K 7  E* E5N( qC C%  .MC SKG( •= 0K
qC C%  ۘ ¦ b SL !K C P G ŽCD .P 0( W ( 5 P= G( := 2L C G  4K E :K L  B G  x1= T := 2L  K 1= T PK 1 ; 0  /
H 1= T( := 2L K 1= T
3C ESK“ !( (E0ƒ4zL J(D ; 1   _  SL-1= 0  @  = N( !K C = g   .:K "(2   FK 0(F1  S gK !K E5N( ۖ JƒT4 ™CN( a ( GK Jƒ5N(
.V( (E  P ( C 3(  >( Ž J(D !K E5N(  ۖ "5=“ J(D pK  = &C pK "= *‰ _  2(  
MC SK*B C := 2L E(&C .V
 ( C1 P G( H  &C P= G( T( := 2L -C  G C #
 ( C MC SK*B C := 2L E5N( !( G( S= -C ( qC C% z N( nASL 
( SLC% M &C UN( !( G( S= %C _
 S MC C DC ۖ  2C = K  :K 2L 0(O5 J(D MC SK*B *  'C "(E$ MC SK1kC - * qC ƒ 
.P 0($
(  K  ( S= -C  C;< J(5 = K 5= ƒ_4 qC C% .V %( O( E  P G( €  = L M N( !( U; _ ( C1 T(
.V
 ( (C SK5C ;C g= &C UMN( ۖ ( 0 = -C  p( ( ™g '( g= &C SL2;( = GK E5N( SLC% ™—  # = K(T : "(g  T=N( ;L K 4K 8
= Q EC 
.P 0( T(Š P G( €
= 5C !K *&C  G= UN( !K ;C g= &C  !K E"ƒ,KC ۖ "(D P=  T( :K ;C <= &C PK 
= 5 SLC% ۚ nASL "(D UMN( qC C%
(1) It is a long t 1G ;K from :"& _ < ... =  0 := C  &C. Between the words of Prophet Abraham $ 3S;  !";<,
Allah has added His comments. This is called V*. This term is used for the added words of a speaker while
describing words of someone else.

Quranic Arabic Program 39 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

E5N( ۖ M F 
= * C  ?
= 7  * C SLC%  2 x<4= zC := ( T( @  t  := ( T( Q J( nASL ;L K 4K 8 = Q  1 M &C EC 
( E$ P G( xF= 4( ( 0 = -C  p( ( ™g '( g= &C ™;C < MC SLF( = GK E5N( .P 0 ( T(Š P G( € = 5C h  *&C  G= UN( h
 ;C g= &C „ S“,GK
.MC SL;-( 1= 0 H S= -C ( n ƒ"T n 0‰ = G(   * = -C C  .MC SL-$K  0 SK5C T(
}( 4= BC J(D =S)C1= * C   >( Ž  S= " SK 4=  ! U; KK<= ( S= %C 0 qC C-DC x"= 1 RK := gK >&C 3 P 0= G ™CN( 
:= 2L C P E"* = %C  O SK–C  3 xO<  .V  ( –( := g( 4( O J(D SKW = BCDC L C = E  :K K *=C > BCDC pK SKTU2C DC .P 0($ (  GK
MC K4C%  .P 0( ( = $ = GK SK5C  '( "(E$ P( < := gK E DC := K C<= &C ML Ck"= E# :K K C P E0+  ۖ := ( (( $G P= G(
¢;2L DC .V  -( T( SK5C G  } ( 4= BC J(D K 2 = CD 8 ( ƒ"(T ™ SKG := gK Q  = -C C  ۖ MC Gg  MC S= < = D( 
!( T(  $
 > P= G := K = G(  L  "= E  !K *=C > &C P= G := K = G(  xW (  !( "= ;C < ;  4= &C P= G := K = ( DC ۖ !( (5=C T( 5 > &C
.MC SK;( ‡ 0 := K $
 L 5=&C SK5C P= 2( ™C  := K  ;( ‡ "( !K U; MC C G  ۚ %   &C P= G := K = G(  }
 4= BC
€K "= C 8
( SK"K P g = &C UMN(  ۖ x"= T 8= C 7  E* 8( SK2C = 1  '( )C C Q "( = &C !( U; M( KO P= G( L7  E* P 0(U 'L )CG
.:K "(2  FK 0(F1  S gK  ۚ H J= R P= G( !( 5( KO P= G( MC SK<= 0 G :K ;C 1= 0 ! U; UMN( .MC SK;C 1= 0 SK5C S= C ۖ 8 ( SK2C = 1 
UMN( ۚ ƒ (T } 4= BC  8 (  E$ !K U;  ;C > .MC SK(1 UN( ;L -( 1= 0 G  ۖ ~ ( E;( TK (  = 5 qL C)G= BC h ; *( 
P( < ™ = * 3C C;E  UMN( ۖ 3C C;E  :( %( &C  _ ( 2(  P G( h  "= CN( J ( L& G 'L *= .V  (G( •= K ; ( n 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D
.MC SK1= * G :K ;C 1= 0 !K U;  ۗ K  &C !( U; K  ( C  ۗ ( 2C = K   ( #= C 
qC F( 5=&L ˆ(U(T EG ‰ SLSL%  ۖ := K = G( SK;C C P 0(U UN( PK $  = &C J g( J(U(T UN( _ ( 2(  'C g= &C SLO( ,*K C 
P 0(UCD ۚ _
 2(  h "= CN( F 5=&C h
 (™C C  .MC SK;( $= GK !K C PK  = 5  a (  := 2L K ™CN(  K ™CN(  := 2L "= CN( qC F( 5=L&  "= CN(
€ = L G  .MC K D( C2 UN( *(0Ž(T K  , = 0 G  ۚ !( T( PK G( •= 0K P= G ( C•K ™g P= G(  ۖ !( T( MC SKG( •= 0K _
 2(  :K gK "= *‰
4( KW K J(D 8 a ƒ"T 8
a 0‰ S gK ' T .MC SL;k( = K  _  *4= C nzN( ۖ h  ("("T( !K kœ 7 K * C  _ H ( P= G( !( ;( = %C =PG( SL;= *
.MC SK(U‡ UN( *(0Ž(T K  , = 0 G  ۚ : ; 1(  SK* L& P 0(U
(1) If the word M
 & comes between EC and a verb after it, it gives the sense of a reason. It means: “Lot felt bad and
tired because our messengers came to him”. His feeling was due to the reason that the angels were in form of
attractive young boys. Prophet Lot $ 3S;  !";< worried that homosexuals will force him to handover these boys to
them. If he does not allow them to enter his home, they may become victim of the homosexuals. (2) It means that
“he became tired due to it”. (3) Relative verbs are omitted due to its perceptibility.
He doubts _
 *4= C Wind throwing stones xW
(  Earthquake L C = E 

Quranic Arabic Program 40 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

E5&C := ( ( 2 0 := C  &C .V
a (GK a 0(5 5&C E5N(  !( U;  = <( 8
K 0Ž E5N( ' %L ۖ !( ƒT4 P= G( 8
a 0‰ !( "= ;C < qC F( 5=&L CS= C SLC% 
J("= T !( U;(T ™C C ' %L .MC SKG( •= 0K H S= -C ( ™—   z(  n  =  C h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ := ( "= ;C < ™;C = 0K _
 2(  h  "= ;C < F 5=C&
:K gK h  i(™C L& !( U;(T K C C  '( A( (T SKG ‰ P 0(U  ۗ } ( 4= BC  8 (  E$ J(D G :K ;C 1= 0 ۖ x"(R := 2L "= T 
.MC K ( 7
.MC K 1K #
= 0 C := gK  n Š= T := K E"*(B "C  _
K C1  :K gK Q ,C ›$  GK 'b  C& CS= C  ۚ _ ( C1 (T h
 5SL;,
( 1= $= 0 
€
(  = * P= G(  := ( %( S= DC P= G( _
K C1  :K gK #Š= 0  S= 0 .P 0( D( C2(T b kC "(K C : E  UMN(  _ ( C1 (T h
 5SL;,
( 1= $ = 0
.MC SL; 1= * := K= L G SL% Lz qL SL-0  := ( ;( K 4= &C
"= CN( E:–L ۖ 8( S=   L -C ( Cz d H  5 'œ L .M( KK<= CD ˆ  E0{(DC 1 b 1 (  J(t4= &C UMN( SKG ‰ P 0(U ˆ  O( <( 0
4K 5=BC ( = * P= G( ˆ( , = * nD  L ( E,
  P G( := K ECƒSKC 8( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P0(U  .MC SK1 = *K
'L (  = * C H ET O P= G( P= ƒ0BCC  .MC SL;US 0 := ( ƒT4 ™;C <  K W  P 0(U .V  ;( G( 1 K = &C : 1= 5( ۚ "(D P 0((>
.:K "(;1  9K "(E$ S gK  ۚ := L E0N(  %L +K = 0 !K U; %C += 4(
ŸCMSL2DC •= 0K ™E5BCDC ۖ !K U; EPLSL-"C   -C   d  = E#  E7  }  4= BC  8 (  E$  ;C > P= G := K CB P= i(C 
qC EF5 P= G := K BC P= i(C  .:a "(;< H J= R †'2L T( ! U; UMN( ۚ !K C 4K ( - 0  p( O( <( P= G( y #0 P=  ( @  += ƒ  … L K$= 0 !K U;
.MC SL;-( 1= 0 C := gK K )C &C ' T ۚ !( U;( K = 
  '( %L ۚ !K U; EPLSL-"C *(S= G ( 1= T P= G( } 4= BC !( T( " = BCDC  G (E$ P G(
.MC SK;C 1= 0 SK5C S= C ۚ ML S"   J ( C 3C  >( Ž 4 E UMN(  ۚ I a 1( C  Sa = C UN( "5=“ 3L "
  p( ( ™g G 
.MC SL ( # = 0K := gK CzN( ƒ  CN( := gK E,5 E;C CD P 0ƒ !K C V  ( ;( 7 = GK ! U; KS< O h ( ; L  J(D SK(4 Cz{(DC
~K E ? K Uk7  0K  xG( ‰ xG   ; 1  E5&C =  0 := C  &C .MC SK;C 1= 0

 S= $ DC ۖ SK1E "(  := gK "= *‰ T( K L 2 "(


= &C xT( C !( U; C;< ™—  D P( EG( :K ;C  C& P= G  .MC K L 2 0 !( U; (  1= (T(  MC SKG( •= 0K '( A( (DC &C ۚ := ( (S=  P= G(
ŸP0( D( C2; ( —xS) G : E  J(D d  "= C&C ۚ pK Q  EC ƒ  (T _  UC
.V
 ($
(= K  9  C ! U; UMN(  ۚ ;C KK := K E0( = C "(D Kg  P 0(U 
(1) The content of these verses indicate that they were revealed during the last years of the Prophet’s :; !";< ^ ;W
stay at Makkah. The Muslims were prepared to migrate to another land and strive hard in Allah’s way. The last verse
is a clear indication that Allah is going to provide them a shelter at a new land.

They should enjoy benefit SK1E "( We’ll definitely, surely


settle them
:= K ECƒSKC Sudden n Š= T

Quranic Arabic Program 41 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

:"  P=  ^ :$T ( K  3L 4 SK


K G= BC !( U;( ۗ V
 (( 9( 
= T( J(D .MC SK;( Š= " := ( (;C C ( 1= T P= G( := gK  2 } ( 4= BC 5O= &C J(D .1 K “  € ( ;( L .´
 <=  .:K "( E  FK 0(F1  S gK  ۖ y #0 P= G K K = 0 ۚ !( U; ( = T( .MC SKG( •= K  ”
K   0 H i(G S= 0  ۚ K 1= T P= G(  'L = %C P= G(
P( < := gK  "5=“ 3( "  P G( x g( C MC SK;C 1= 0 .MC SK;C 1= 0 C ~( E  )C &C EP2( ™C  pK  <=  !K U; ? K (;7 = 0K C ۖ !( U;
.MC SL;D( C := gK 3(  >( Ž
ۗ ›$  GK 'H  &C  ƒ
 (T UN( K "= T G  } 4= BC  8 (  E$ !K U;  ;C > G ۗ := ( $ ( L 5=&C J(D K U2C 0 := C  &C
L %( < MC C ?  "= C K ‡L = "DC }
( 4= BC J(D K˜($0 := C  &C .MC K D( C2C := ( ƒT4 ( C-;( T( ~ ( E P G( x˜)(C UMN( 
:= K *=Q   g K  < EG(  )C &C g K  <  }  4= BC K4C–&C  3n ES%L := K = G( ER &C SK5C ۚ Ÿ=:( ;( = %C P= G( P 0(U
P 0(U C %( < MC C E:–L .MC SK;( ‡ 0 := K $  L 5=&C SK5C P= 2( ™C  := K  ;( ‡ "( !K U; MC C DC ۖ 8 ( ƒ"(T := K ;L K 4K
.MC SLF( = $
= 0 T( SK5C  !( U; 8 ( 0Ž(T SKTUC M &C ™—&CS“$ y&C
:= K C P= 2L 0 := C  .MC SKG ( , = K  dK ;( = 0K L < E$ K SL-*  S= 0  .MC SK1 = *K !( "= CN( E:–L pK K "(10K E:–L  ; 7
  &L= 0 !K U;
P 0(U EGBCDC .MC SL%E C 0 H i(G S= 0 L < E$ K SL-*  S= 0  .P 0( D( C := ( (C  #K T( SK5C  y 1C RK := ( (C  RK P= G(
3(  >( Ž ( C-(  *(0Ž(T SKTUC  K C C P 0(U EG&C  .MC K  = 0K H t
 = 4 J(D := K DC 8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰
J(D K =    !K C  .MC SK(= *K V  (  MC SK$= *K V  ( !( U; MC = $ K CD .MC K    = GK _ ( C1  J(D h  i(™C LBDC
.MC K ( ‡ *K V
 (  ›"# ( <  } ( 4= BC  8 (  E$
(1) As mentioned before, confirm events of future are described in the past tense. (2) Nearest land i.e. Syria &
Palestine. (3) Word 9T is used for a number 3 to 9.

Do you know?
In start of seventh century, there was a great chain of wars between the two super powers of that time i.e.
Roman & Persian Empires. At the time of revelation of this Surah, Persian forces invaded Rome and
captured the most part of present-day Turkey, Syria, Palestine and Egypt. The Pagans of Makkah
ridiculed the Muslims that our pagan brothers i.e. Magus have defeated your brothers i.e. the Christians
who are the People of Book. This Surah was revealed to comfort the Muslims with a prophecy that the
Romans will soon dominate the Persian empire. Within a few years, the Roman Emperor Hercules
gathered his armies and defeated the Persians.

He became extremely
despaired
d
K ;( = 0K They inhabited it g K  < They exploited K4C–&C

Quranic Arabic Program 42 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

.MC SK  7
= *K h
 (™C C  ۚ *(S= G  1= T }
 4= BC J("
= 0K  ƒJ
  P G( €
 ƒ"  ‚
K ( 7
= 0K  €
( ƒ"  P G( EJ
  ‚
K ( 7
= 0K
.MC K #
( = * a #
 T := K5=&C CzN( E:–L _
H  *K P= G( := 2L -C ;C > M &C !( *(0‰ P= G( 
J(D UMN( ۚ n  = 4  3n EOS G := 2L "= T 'C 1   "= CN( SK2L $
= ( x  += &C := 2L $
( L 5=&C P= G( := 2L C  ;C > M &C !( *(0‰ P= G( 
.MC K U2C 0 H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC
.V
 ( (1; ( 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ := 2L 5( S&C  := 2L ($
( &C

K C;(>=  }
( 4= BC  8
(  E$ K ; > !( (*0‰ P= G( 
.MC SK1 $
= 0 H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ !( ;( 
= DC P= G( := L £K Š(T=  4( E  '( "= U;(T := 2L GK G !( (*0‰ P= G( 
J(D UMN( ۚ  *(S= G  1= T }
 4= BC !( T( J("
= "KDC  G ( E$ P G( qL ƒF0K  x1 AC  nDS= > @  =  :K 2L 0( 0K !( *(0‰ P= G( 
.MC SL;-( 1= 0 H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC
.MC SK K 7
= * := K5=&C CzN( }
( 4= BC P G( 3n S <= O := L <O CzN( E:–L ۚ p( ( G= BCT( }
K 4= BC  y E$  SL-* M &C !( *(0‰ P= G( 
ۚ !( "= ;C < ML S g= &C S gK  pK K "(10K E:–L  ; 7
  &L = 0 ˆ(U S gK  .MC SK5(C% !K C '§ L ۖ }( 4= BC  8 (  E$ J(D P= G !K C 
ۖ := 2L $ ( L 5=&C P= G( n;)CG := 2L C _   t  .:K "(2   FK 0(F1  S gK  ۚ }
( 4= BC  8
(  E$ J(D ™;C <= BC 'L )C  !K C 
:= 2L (C "(7C := K 5SLD7* ¥ S !( "(D := K5=BCDC := L% + 4 G J(D Q C  RK P= G( := 2L 5K0=&C € = 2C ;C G G P= G( := 2L C ' g
P=  DC ۖ :H ; <( ( "= Š T( := gK Q Sg= &C SK;C C P 0(U 9 E* '( T .MC SL;-( 1= 0 H S= -C ( 8 ( 0Ž 'L ƒ C 5K h  (™C C ۚ := 2L $
 L 5=&C
.P 0( W
( 5 P= G( := K C G  ۖ !K U; U't  &C P= G ˆ(= 0
PK 0ƒ h (™zC ۚ !( U; ( ; 7
 ( 'C 0(= * C ۚ "= ;C < ~
 E  kC DC J(U !( U; 8
  k D( ۚ n"(  P( 0ƒ;( h   =  1 := %( BCDC
.V
 ( ( #
= K  P G( SK5S2L * C  3C C;E  SK"(%&C  pK SL-E*  !( "= CN( V  ("(GK .MC SK;C 1= 0 C ~( E  )C &C EP2( ™C  :K ƒ"-C 
.MC SK ( DC := ( 0= C T( _
H F= ( 'œ L ۖ x1"R( SK5C  := K 0(O SL%E DC P 0(U P G(
:= ( ƒT  T( := K = G( a 0( DC CzN( n  = 4 !K = G( := K %C Cz&C CzN( E:–L 2 !( "= CN( V ("(GK := K ET4 =S< O ¡ t K ~  E EdG CzN( 
T( :K U;2C 0 S K DC x5Ck; K := ( "= ;C < F 5=&C = &C .MC SK;C 1= *

 S= $
 DC SK1E DC ۚ := gK "= *‰ T( K L 2 "( .MC SL ( # = 0K
CzN( := ( 0(0=&C € = G E%C T( b iCƒ" := K = ( *K M N(  ۖ T( SK ( DC n  = 4 ~ E % zC &C CzN(  3 ŸCMSL ( # = 0K !( T( SK5C
.MC SKG( •= 0K H S= -C ( 8
H 0ŽC h (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ 4K ( - 0  y #0 P=  ( @  += ƒ  …
L$ K = 0 ! U; UM&C =  0 := C  &C .MC SLk- 0 := gK
(1) The communication is directed towards the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W as the representative of the Muslims. (2) It is
the q depicting their condition. (3) The question indicate the wrath and reproach of Allah.

Quranic Arabic Program 43 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

:K gK h  i(™C L&  ۖ !( U; ! =  MC K0( 0K P 0(U;( a "= > h


 (™zC ۚ '( "(E$ P T=  V  2( $ = (   !K U-  ™T = -L  Cz 8
( ŽCD
3H C+ P= G( := K"= *‰ G  ۖ !( U;  = <( SKT = 0 C;DC ~
( E q( SG= &C J(D S TK = "( 1 xT4( P= G( := K"= *‰ G  .MC SK;(  K 
.MC SL1( 
= K  :K gK h i(™C LBDC !( U; ! =  MC K0( *K
P= G( := 2L (™zC P= G( 'L 1  0 P= G := 2L (C  RK =PG( ' g ۖ := 2L "("
= 0K E:–L := 2L K"(0K E:–L := 2L %C + 4 E:–L := 2L -C ;C > ˆ(U !K U;
~ ( E ˆ( 0=&C € = $ C T( (  =   ƒ  J(D OK $C    C .MC SL ( # = 0K E< ™C1*  !K 5= K ۚ H J= R
P 0(U L %( < MC C ? "= C K ‡L 5=CD } ( 4= BC J(D K˜( ' %L .MC SK1( = 0 := K U;1 C SL;( < ˆ(U /  1= T := K C-0("K(
.V
 ( ( # = GK := gK K )C &C MC C ۚ 'L = %C P= G(
!( "= ;C 1 DC  C C P= G .MC SK<EE 0 H i(G S= 0 ۖ !( U; P G( !K C EO  G C a S= 0 J *(B 0 M &C '( = %C P= G( :( ƒ"-C  P( 0ƒ;( h
  =  := %( BCDC
ۚ !( ;( = DC P= G( 8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U ˆ  F( , = "( .MC K = 0 := ( $ ( L 5=BC;( DC x(W 'C ( < P= G  ۖ pK K  L
.P 0( D( C2 “I( 0K C !K E5N(
P= G( SKŠ= (  p( ( G= BCT( h
K ; L  ˆ  ( , = (  !( ( = 4 P= G( := 2L -C 0("K(  8 H  ƒ#GK ”  0ƒ  'C ( = 0K M &C !( (*0‰ P= G( 
P G( = -C 5=CD 8
( ƒ"(T := gK y,  DC := ( G( S= %C ™CN( n;K 4K h  ;( = %C P= G( ; 4= &C = -C C  .MC K 2L # = * := 2L U;1 C  !( ;( 
= DC
J(D !K kL $K = "DC xT ˜ K )(KDC ” 0ƒ  'L ( = 0K ˆ(U !K U; .V  (G( •= K  K = 5 "= ;C < ¢-  MC C  ۖ SKG  = &C P 0(U
P= G( y #0 P= G !( T( _  W&C Cz{(DC ۖ !( (C;>( P= G( ‚ K K 7
= 0 @ O= S  — DC n$  ( !K ;L 1 ,= 0  y #0 ?  "= C ( E$
.V
$ ( ;( = K C !( ;( = %C P= G( := ( "= ;C < qC EF0K M &C '( = %C P= G( SK5C M N(  .MC K # ( = $
= 0 := gK CzN( p( O( <(
™;C < S gK  ۖ ™*S=   J("
= K C h
 (™zC UMN( ۚ *(S= G  1= T }  4= BC J(" = 0K ?  "= C !( U; € (  = 4 4( C–‰ ™CN( = ‡L 5=CD
.MC K L 2 0 p( ( 1= T P= G( Sœ;‡C C › C = GK pK = &C  DC x0=4( ;  =4&C P= i(C  . a 0(%C H J= R †'L
(1) This is a comparison between Interest & Zakat.

Raindrops @
 O= S  He moves ˜
K )(*K So that it increases (as
interest on loans)
S TK = "(
They are asked to repent MC SK1= $
= 0K Fragments, pieces n$
 ( There is no chance of
aversion
!K C EO  G C

Quranic Arabic Program 44 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

P= < J( = 1K  O( T( €
 5=&C G  .P 0( T(= GK =SU  CzN( Q <“ E:“  9K ( $ = *K C  ™*S=   9K ( $ = *K C h  E5{(DC
.MC SK;( $= GK := K DC *(0Ž(T PK G( •= 0K P= G UN( 9K ( $
= *K M N( ۖ := ( (CC;t

ۚ n "= R  n1= t
 3H ES%L ( 1= T P= G( 'C 1  E:–L 3n ES%L ? H 1= t  ( 1= T P= G( 'C 1  E:–L ? H 1= t P= G( := 2L -C ;C > ˆ(U !K U;
ۚ H <   "= C SL)(C G MC SKG ( , = K  :K $ ( - 0K L < E$ K SL-*  S= 0  . K 0(-C  :K "(;1  S gK  ۖ y #0 G K ;L 7 = 0
ۖr
( 1=  ( S= 0 ™CN( !( U; _
( ( J(D := K) (C = -C C MC 0={(  : ; 1(  SK* L& P 0(U qC C%  .MC SL2DC •= 0K SK5C h (™C C
:= gK C  := K *K4 ( 1= G SK;C C P 0(U 9K C = 0 C H i(G S= "DC .MC SK;C 1= * C := K= L := 2L E2( ™C  r ( 1=  K S= 0 C™ DC
.MC SK1= $
= 0K
UN( := K5=&C M N( K C C P 0(U EPCSL-"C H 0Ž(T := K i ( P= i(C  ۚ 'H )CG †'L P= G( M( ‰= -L  C™g J(D ~ ( E;( T=  t
 = -C C 
.MC SK ;C 1= 0 C P 0(U _
( SL;%L ™;C < !K U; 9K k 0 h
 (™C C .MC SL;k( = GK
.MC SK%( SK0 C P 0(U h
 EU7
( $
= 0 C  ۖ ¡  !( U;  <=  UMN( = (W
= CD

Rule of the Day


If the word M is added to any verb in present tense, it makes in past
continuous tense. For example '
L L B0 (he eats), will become 'L L B0 MC C
(he used to eat).

Worth Reading!
What are the Quranic teachings about defamation? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0006-Defamation.htm

Rule of the Day


Masculine numbers are used with feminine nouns while feminine
numbers are used with masculine nouns.

Quranic Arabic Program 45 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

:"  P=  ^ :$T MC - L 3L 4 SK


3C CEF MC SK*•= 0K  3C C;E  MC SK"(-0K P 0(U .V  ($( = K ; ( n  = 4  —xgK .:( "(2   _
( 2(  8 K 0‰ h  ; *( .:
P= G ~ ( E P G(  .MC SK;(  K  :K gK h  i(™C L&  ۖ := ( ƒT4 P= G( —xgK ™;C < h  i(™C L& .MC SK%( SK0 := gK 3(  >( Ž(T := gK 
.V
a ( GK _ a C< := K C h  i(™C L& ۚ x FK gK gC 7 ( E0  :H ; <( ( "= Š T( !( U; '( "( P= < U' ( "K( r
( 0( S = C 1 ˆ( # = 0
UMN( .:H "(&C _ H C1 T( pK = ƒ#DC ۖ x %  !( "= 5zL &L J(D UMBCC 1=  $ = 0 := C M BCC x (2 $= GK ™U  *K0‰ !( "= ;C < ™;C = *K CzN( 
FK 0(F1  S gK  ۚ ¢-  !( U;  <=  ۖ "(D P 0((> .:( "(1E 8 K E := K C 8 ( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U
.:K "(2  
H ET O †'L P= G( "(D UrT  := 2L T(  "(* M &C J (  4 }
( 4= BC J(D ™-C &C  ۖ 5 =  * H  < ( "= Š T( 8
(  E$  ;C >
P 0(U  ;C > CzG J(5 K4BCDC !( U; K ; > C™g .¤H ( C ‚H = + †'L P= G( "(D = 5=BCDC  G ( E$ P G( F 5=&C  ۚ
.VH (GK qH C;t  J(D MC SK(U‡ '( T ۚ !( 5( KO P= G(
¡J(C ! U; UM{(DC  C C P= G  ۖ !( $
(  ( K 2L #
= 0 E5{(DC = 2L # = 0 P= G  ۚ !( U;( = 2L R= M( &C C  2 
(  MC - L "= *‰ = -C C 
"= EW   .:a "(‡< :a ; ‡L C „ = ƒ# UMN( ۖ !( U;(T „= ( # = *K C EJTK 0 !K ‡L 1( 0 S gK  !( (T=( ML - L qC C% z N(  .a "( 
EJCN( h  0= ( S(  J( = 2L R= M( &C P( "= G < J(D K!L D(  PH g=  ™;C < xg=  !K “G&L !K = ;C   !( 0= ( ST( MC $5={(
"5=“ J(D K = ( W  ۖ K 1= k( *K C;DC :a ; <( !( T( h  C d  "= C G J(T „ ( # = *K M &C ™;C < „ g  M N(  .˜ K (  
.MC SL; 1= * := K= L T( := 2L iLƒ5BLDC := 2L 1K ( = G EJCN( E:–L ۚ EJCN( _ 5&C P= G 'C "( 9= (E*  ۖ nD K 1= G
8
( B 0 } ( 4= BC J(D = &C 8 (  E$ J(D = &C 3H  7 = W J(D P= 2L DC qH O = > P= G( H E  qC C-) G( h K * M N( E5N( EJTK 0
G ™;C < = (W
=  ( 2C = K  P( < ! 5= 

( K 1=  (T = GK &  3C C;E  :( %( &C EJTK 0 .˜


a (> ?
a "(kC ! U; UMN( ۚ !K U; T(
C ! U; UMN( ۖ x  G }
( 4= BC J(D u ( = * C  ~
( E;( „ E> = ƒ1 *K C  .4( SKGBL ( F= < P= G( h  (™zC UMN( ۖ h  TW&C
8
K S=  C 8 ( SW = BC  2C 5=&C UMN( ۚ h  *(S= W
 P= G( / =  K   h  "(#
= G J(D = ( %  .4H SK7DC qH 7 = GK U'L “I ( 0K
.˜ ( ( 
 
(1) The word  R is also used for preferring something.

Quranic Arabic Program 46 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

ۗ n A( T  3n  g( C !K  1 5( := 2L "= ;C < eC = &C  }( 4= BC J(D G  8(  E$ J(D G := 2L C  E7 ! U; UM&C =  * := C&C
qC F 5=&C G SK1(E* :K K C 'C "(% CzN(  .˜ H (GK _ H ( C  —xgK C  :H ; <( ( "= Š T( !( U; J(D qL O( ,0K P= G ~ ( E P G( 
P= G  .˜ ( 1( E$ _ ( C< ™CN( := gK SK<= 0 ML Ck"= E# MC C S= C  &C ۚ 5Q T‰ !( "= ;C < 5=   G 9K (E5 ' T SLC% !K U;
P= G  .4( SKGBL L %( < !( U; CN(  ۗ ™-C –SK  3(  = 1K (T h  $  = = ( -C DC Pa $
( = GK S gK  !( U; CN( !K  =  := ;( $ = 0K
:= K 1K ƒ 5K .4( K“  8 ( CT( :a "(;< ! U; UMN( ۚ SL;( < T( := K iLƒKDC := K 1K ( = G "= CN( ۚ pK K  L h
 5=FK 
= 0 C;DC  C C
.°H "(;C _ H C< 1 ™CN( := gK “ kC  = 5 E:–L n;"(;%C
.MC SK;C 1= 0 C := gK K )C &C ' T ۚ !( U;( K = 
  '( %L ۚ !K U; EPLSL-"C } 4= BC  8 (  E$  ;C > P= G := K CB P= i(C 
a C;% &C 3H  ,
 R P= G( } ( 4= BC J(D E5&C S= C  .K "(   “J(Š  S gK ! U; UMN( ۚ }( 4= BC  8 (  E$ J(D G !( U;(
C  := 2L -L ; > G .:a "(2  Fa 0(F< ! U; UMN( ۗ !( U; 8 K ;( C 8 =  ( 5 G H 
K T=&C L 1 =  p( ( 1= T P= G( pK “K 0 K 
=  
.˜a ( T 9a "( ! U; UMN( ۗ 3H  (  d H  C UN( := 2L )L1= T
ˆ( , = 0 '§ L   -C   d
 = E#  E7  '( "= U; J(D 4 E ®
K (SK0  4( E J(D 'C "= U; ® K (SK0 ! U; UM&C  * := C&C
!( 5( KO P= G( MC SK<= 0 G UM&C  “   S gK ! U; UMBC(T h
 (™zC .˜a (> MC SL; 1= * T( ! U; UM&C  ›$  GK 'H &C ™CN(
.˜ K (2C  “J;( 1  S gK ! U; UM&C  'L A( 
4H EW
 †'2L ( 8 H 0ŽC h (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ !( *(0‰ P= G( := 2L 0 ( "K( !( U; €
(  1= (T( ( 
=  J(D ˆ( , = * h
 ; L  UMC&  * := C&C
:= K = ( DC ƒ  CN( := gK E,5 E;C DC P 0ƒ !K C V
 ( ;( 7 = GK ! U; KS< O '( ;C ‡œ C ‚ a S= G := K "(#C CzN(  .4H SL2R
.4H SLC 4H E> 'œ L UN( *(0Ž(T K 
, = 0 G  ۚ 2 a ( - GK
p( ( (  P= < +H  3 S gK Oa SLS= G C  p( ( C  P= < a (  ˆ(F, = 0 C xGS= 0 =S#  >=  := 2L ET4 SL-E* ~ K E “0&C 0
:K ; <( pK  = <( ! U; UMN( .4K K Š  !( U;(T := 2L E5E ŠK 0 C  "5=“ 3L "
  :K 2L E5E ŠK * C;DC ۖ ¡  !( U;  <=  UMN( ۚ ni"= R
d
a  5 ˆ(4= * G  ۖ xC I K $ ( 2 * CzG d a  5 ˆ(4= * G  ۖ (  4= BC J(D G :K ;C 1= 0  r C "= Š  qL ƒF0K ( < E$
.˜(> :a "(;< ! U; UMN( ۚ 8 K SK* } H 4= &C ƒˆBCT(
(1) This depicts the picture of dragging with power. (2) Some words are omitted due to their perceptibility. They are
shown in the red color in the translation. Full translation will be: “When We rescue them towards the land, some of
them are on the right track but majority of them deny. Nobody denies our signs except every disloyal and thankful
person.” (3) Double G has created enormous emphasis. It means: “The father will not be able to do anything for
his child and definitely, surely the child will also not be able to do anything for his father.”

Quranic Arabic Program 47 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

:"  P=  ^ :$T 3,


= E$ 3L 4 SK
4 ( = K( h  ƒT4 P= G( “  S gK ' T ۚ pK  D MC SLSL-0 = &C .V
 ( C1 ƒ_4 P= G( !( "(D I  0=4 C _ ( 2(  'L 0(F= * .:
 K "= T G  }
 4= BC  8(  E$  ;C > ˆ(U !K U; .MC K= 0 := K U;1 C h  ;( = %C P= G( H 0(5 P= G( := gK *C& G xGS= %C
K ƒT 0K .MC K UC * C;DC &C ۚ 9H "(R C   J(  P= G( !( 5( KO P= G( := 2L C G ۖ w ( = 1  C;< ™—S = E:–L H E0&C ( E( J(D
:K (< h  (™zC .MC “1K * EG( H  ?
 &C pK 4K - G( MC C H =S0 J(D !( "= CN( ‚
K K 1= 0 E:–L } ( 4= BC CN( ( E$ P G(  G= BC
.:K "( E  FK 0(F1  3( O E#  I ( "= Š 
H G P= G( H CC;K P= G( !K ;C $
= 5 'C 1  E:–L .V H A( P= G( M( $5={(  ; > &C T  ۖ !K -C ;C > H J= R U'L P $  = &C ˆ(U
.MC K 2L #= * G n;"(;%C ۚ 3C  i(D BC  4  T=BC  9 = E$ :K 2L C 'C 1  ۖ !( ( K4 P= G( !( "(D Œ  C 5  pK ES E:–L .VH ( G
.MC K D( C := ( ƒT4 ( C-;( T( := gK ' T ۚ H 0( H ; > J(C E5N(&C }
( 4= BC J(D ; ;C t  CzN(&C SLC% 
SK$( 5 MC SKG ( , = K  z( N( ™—  * S= C  .MC SK1 = *K := 2L ƒT4 ™CN( E:–L := 2L T( 'C † K ˆ(U 8 ( S=   h
K ;C G := L UDS0 ' %L
U'L "= *ŽC i R( S= C  .MC SK%( SKG E5N( x(W '  1= 5 1= ( 4= DC 1= (   5 =  T=&C ET4 := ( ƒT4  = <( := ( ( y4K
1 := K"($5 T( SL% LDC .V  1(  = &C ~
( E  ( E, (  P G( : E  UMBC;C G= BCC JƒG( qL S= -C  E  P= 2( ™C  g gK d H  5
.MC SL; 1= * := K= L T( ( ; 7
K  _ C< SL% Lz  ۖ := L "($5 E5N( C™g := 2L G( S= 0 Q C-(
.MC K (2 $
= 0 C := gK  := ( ƒT4 ( =   T( SKE  xE,K “ > T( K †zL CzN( P 0(U *(0Ž(T PK G( •= 0K E5N(
C;DC .MC SL-( = 0K := gK % + 4 EG(  x1 AC  nDS= > := K ET4 MC SK<= 0 9( (   P( < := K TKSKK ™DC ,* (3,)
.MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C T(  F PH "K<= &C 3( E %L P= G( := K C J ( >= &L G d
a  5 :K ;C 1= *
(1) The word J$5 is also used for “ignoring something”.

Worth Reading
What is the relationship between the revelation and the intellect? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0007-Revelation.htm

They lowered (due to


regret and disgrace)
SK$( 5 He was assigned to carry
off your souls
:= 2L T( 'C † K Extract H CC;K

Quranic Arabic Program 48 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

8K E := K ;C DC 8( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U EG&C .MC KS$ = 0 C ۚ n-( CD MC C P=  C xG( •= GK MC C P=  DC &C
= G( SK K 7
= 0 M &C KO 4&C U;L ۖ 4K E :K gK  B  DC SL-$  DC P 0(U EG&C  .MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C T( nFK 5K ™—  B  
™5O= BC _
( C1  P G( := K E-C 0(KC  .MC SKT†2C *K !( T( := K= L ˆ(U 4( E _
 C< SL% Lz := K C 'C "(%  "(D K"(<&L
P G( E5N( ۚ = < }   <= &C E:–L !( ƒT4 8 ( 0Ž(T  †zL P= EG( :K ;C  &C P= G  .MC SK1( = 0 := K U;1 C (  BC _
( C1  MC KO
.MC SK-( = GK V
 G( ( ,
= K 
; 1   .'C "(  = N( J(( —xgK pK ; 1   ۖ !( (C-( P= G( H 0 = G( J(D 1 P= 2L * C;DC _  2(  SKG "= *‰ = -C C 
( G "-(   S= 0 := K "= T 'L (  0 S gK h
 ET4 UMN( .MC SK%( SK0 *(0Ž(T SK5C  ۖ K W
 EC 5 ( G= BCT( MC K= 0 n E(&C := K = G(
.MC SL;( 7 = 0 !( "(D SK5C "(D
C;DC &C ۖ 8
H 0ŽC h
 (™zC J(D UMN( ۚ := ( (( $G J(D MC SK#= 0 M( K -L  P G( := ( ;( = %C P= G( 2 ;C g= &C := C := K C ( = 0 := C  &C
ŸCMSK1 $ = 0
C;DC &C ۖ := K $
K L 5=&C  := K GK 15=&C !K = G( 'L L B * x<4= + !( T( ‚
K ( 7
= KDC +( K ,
K  }
( 4= BC CN( Q  @
K SK$5 E5&C =  0 := C  &C
ŸCM K ( = 0K
:= gK C  := K 5KµN( K C C P 0(U 9K C = 0 C `
( = C   S= 0 ' %L .V %( O( W := K= L M N( ` K = C  C™g ™G MC SLSL-0 
.MC K ‡( = GK := K E5N( = ‡( 5=  := K = < }= ( <= CBDC .MC K ‡C = 0K
(1) It is a t 1G ;K i.e. !( (C-( P
= G( H 0 = G( J(D P= 2L * C;DC . It is an indirect reproach for the unbelievers.

Rule of the Day


If both the c> G have an q or both are without it, it is a J"WS* I G. If
the q is only on the G, then it is a "= ;K.

Barren +( K ,
K  Doubt H 0 = G(

Quranic Arabic Program 49 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

:"  P=  ^ :$T 1 _


 F = j 3L 4 SK
™  SK0 G 9= (E*  .x"(2  x"(;< MC C ! U; UMN( ۗ V  -( D( K   P 0( D( C2 9( k( *K C  ! U; ( E* “J(E “0&C 0
.n;"(  !( U;(T ™C C  ۚ !( U; C;< ' US *  . x˜(> MC SL; 1= * T( MC C ! U; UMN( ۚ h  ƒT4 P= G( h
 "= CN(
G  ۚ := 2L *(EG&L EPK = G( MC K g( C‡*K J(U; :K 2L   += &C C'1  G  ۚ !( D( S=  J(D P( "= ; %C P= G( 'H K  ( !K U; 'C 1  G
:= gK SK<O= .'C "(E$ ˆ(= 0 S gK  E   qL SL-0 !K U;  ۖ := 2L g( SD BCT( := 2L LS= %C := 2L (™zC ۚ := L Q T=&C := L Q "<( O= &C 'C 1 
:= 2L "= ;C < d
 "= C  ۚ := 2L "( SG  P( 0ƒ J(D := 2L 5K S>= {(DC := gK Q T‰ SK;C 1= * := C M {(DC ۚ !( U;  = <( … L$  % &C S gK := ( (TŽ(
.x"( 4 x4SLC !K U; MC C  ۚ := 2L TKSL;%L 8 =  E1 * G P= 2( ™C  !( T( := *KB kC >= &C "(D ” a K
J(D /H 1= T( ™C = &C := K 
K 1= T (  4= BC SL L&  ۗ := K *KEG&L !K K  += &C  ۖ := ( $
( L 5=&C P= G( V
 (G( •= K (T ™C = &C “J(E
_
( 2(  J(D h (™zC MC C ۚ nD K 1= G := 2L ("( = &C ™CN( SL;1  * M &C UN( P 0( ( K   V (G( •= K  P G( !( U; _
( (
. x4SLk$
= G
:= K = G( 5 > &C  ۖ : 0 = G P( T= $"(<  ™ SKG  : "(g  T=N(  H”SK5 P= G(  h  = G(  := K %C C)"(G V
 ƒ"(E P G( 5 >&C z N( 
.x"(&C xT C< P 0( D( C2; ( E< &C  ۚ := ( %( = W
( P= < V  %( O( E  qC BC$ = "( .n‡"(;C n%C)"(G
:= C xOSKK  x0=4( := ( "= ;C < ;  4= BCDC Oa SKK := 2L *=Q z N( := 2L "= ;C < !( U; C  1= 5( K L z SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
€( C + z N(  := 2L = G( 'C C = &C P= G(  := 2L %( S= DC P= G( := L y z N( . x˜( T MC SL; 1= * T( !K U; MC C  ۚ g =  *
n F+( SLF( +K  MC SKG( •= K  J ;( KT= h(gK .5SK‡œ  !( U;(T MC S“‡L *  2  (    _K SL;-L  € ( Š ;C T  4K  T=BC
z N(  . x4 K L UN( !K LSK4  !K U; 5 <  G } a  G := ( T(SL;%L J(D P 0(U  MC SL-D( K  LqSL-0 z N(  . x0(R
*S"KTK UMN( MC SLSL-0 EJ(E :K K = G( a 0( DC ML z( B $
= 0  ۚ SK1( 4= CD := 2L C  C-GK C _
 ( ) 0 'C g= &C 0 := K = G( b C(CA €
= CC%
. x4  D( UN( MC K0( 0K M N( ۖ 3H 4 S= 1 T( J g( G  3 3b 4 S= <
(1) This Surah was revealed at the time when joined armies of different tribes attacked on Madina to ruin it. The
Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W and his companions defended the city by digging a trench around it.
(2) It is a metaphor for describing intense fear & anxiety. In English, it is said: “He had his hearth in his mouth when
he saw his son climbing on a wall.”. In situation of extreme fear and anxiety, there is a feeling similar to it.
(3) 34S< means the part of body which should be covered. They’ve used this word as a metaphor that our homes are
at risk. We need to protect them. It was used as an excuse to flee from the battlefield.

Quranic Arabic Program 50 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

SK5C = -C C  . x˜$ ( 0 UN( T( SL)E;C * G  gS= *ŽC C = (  SL;i(K E:–L g4( Ck% &C P= G( := ( "= ;C < € = ;C >( OK S= C 
:= *K4=  DC M N( 4K  (  :K 2L 1 C = 0 P= C ' %L .nSLi$= G !( U; K = < MC C  ۚ 4 TO= BC MC SœS 0K C 'L = %C P= G( ! U; Kg <
:= 2L T( O 4&C M N( !( U; P G( := 2L K ( 1= 0 ˆ(U Cz P= G ' %L .n;"(;%C UN( MC SK1E *K C nzN(  '( = -C  ( &C 8 ( =S  P G(
. ˜ x ( 5 C  ›"(  !( U; M( KO P= G( := K C MC K,( 0 C  ۚ n  = 4 := 2L T( O 4&C 1 = &C SK
n ER( &C .n;"(;%C UN( ~  B  MC SK*B 0 C  ۖ "= CN( E:;L g := ( 5( S>= {(( V ;( (C-  := 2L = G( V  %( ƒS1 K  !K U; :K C;1= 0 = %C
Cz{(DC ۖ 8 ( S=   P G( !( "= ;C < ™#
 Š= 0K ˆ(UC := K K"K<= &C 4K K* h  "= CN( MC K ‡L = 0 := K 0=&C4

K S= 7   Q Cz{(DC ۖ := 2L "= ;C <


ۚ := K C<= &C !K U; …
C  = BCDC SKG( •= 0K := C h
 i(™C L& ۚ ( "= 7
  C;< n ER( &C 2 OH  ( H $ ( BCT( := L SL-;C 
K S= 7   I g zC
. x˜$ ( 0 !( U; C;< h  (™zC MC C 
P= < MC SLBC$
= 0 _ (  <= BC JD( MC KOT := K E5&C S= C “OS 0 _
K F = BC 8
( B0 M N(  ۖ SKg  0 := C _ F = BC MC SK$  = 0
MC C P=  ( b $
  3b S = &L !( U; q( SK4 J(D := 2L C MC C = -C C .n;"(;%C UN( SL;*C% G := 2L "(D SK5C S= C  ۖ := 2L (5=&C
. x˜)(C ! U;  C zC   >( Ž  S= "  ! U; SK = 0
:= gK O + G  ۚ !K LSK4  !K U; @   W
  !K LSK4  !K U; 5 <  G C™g SLC% _  F = BC MC SKG( •= K  —C&4 EC 
:= K = G(  !K 
= 5 ™ %C P= G := K = ( DC ۖ !( "= ;C < ! U; Kg < G SL% W  qb 4( V  (G( •= K  P G( .x"(;$
= *  x5µN( UN(
_ SK0 = &C Q R M N( V  -( D( K  _ †1 0K  := ( %( = ( T( V
 %( O( E  !K U; ˆ
 F( ,
= "( .n;0(= * SLET G  ۖ K ‡( = 0 P= G
!K U; CC  ۚ x "= > SL0 := C := ( ‡( "= Š T( K C C P 0(U !K U; EO4  .x"( 4 x4SLC MC C ! U; UMN( ۚ := ( "= ;C <
:= ( "(W"W  P= G( _ ( 2(  '( g= &C P= G( := gK K g C P 0(U qC F 5=&C  . xF0(F< ›0S( %C !K U; MC C  ۚ qC -(  V  (G( •= K 
:= K C SG= &C  := gK 4 0O(  := K t 4= &C := 2L –C4 = &C  .n-0( DC MC K ( B *  MC SL;K- * n-0( DC I  <= “  :K ( T(SL;%L J(D
 C %C 
. x 0(%C H J= R †'L ™;C < !K U; MC C  ۚ gSLikC * := C xt4= &C 
(1) A phrase is omitted. Full sentence is: “Who can protect you from Allah, if He wants to do something bad from
you and who can stop His mercy if He wants to be Merciful for you.” (2) It is a metaphor to depict excessive use of
sharp tongues by the hypocrites to express their loyalty. It means “Their tongues are as sharp as iron”.

Villagers, Bedouin MC KOT Extremely miser n ER( &C Its dimensions, sides (of
the city
g4( Ck% &C
His oath !K 
= 5 They talk to you slyly := L SL-;C  They hesitated SL)E;C *
Their fortresses := ( "(W"W
 Iron OH  ( Those who create
problems
V
 %( ƒS1 K 

Quranic Arabic Program 51 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

x   EP2L = ƒ  &L  EP2L 1= ƒG &L P "= C1DC 0(+  "5=“ C3"  MC O= ( *K EPK= L M N( h
 (  += BC( ' %L “J(E “0&C 0
.x"(‡< x = &C EP2L = G( 8
( $ ( = K ; ( E< &C ! U; UM{(DC 3C  >( Ž 4 E  !K CSK4  ! U; MC O= ( *K EPK= L M N(  .n;"(
!( U; C;< h  (™zC MC C  ۚ P( "= C 1= t ( _ K C1  C ? = < 0K H ƒ"GK H #
 ( CT( EP2L = G( (8B 0 P= G 1 ƒJ(E Q $5( 0
.xµ ( C n%+= 4( C 5= <= &C  P( "= *E G g  = &C *(•= 5K 
x (W '  1= *  !( (SK4  !( U;( EP2L = G( €
= K- 0 P= G  . x˜$
( 0
}
a  G !( (; %C J(D ˆ(U 9  k "DC q( S= -C (T P 1= 
 7 = * C;DC EPK"= -C E* M( N( ۚ ( $ƒ P G( H  BCC EPK$= C ƒJ(E Q $5( 0
V
 *(‰ 3C C;E  P = %( &C  ۖ 2 ™C LB ( E";( g( , ‚  “ * P = E * C  EP2L *(SK"TK J(D MC = %C  .nD K 1= G nS= %C P ; %L 
. x "= ( k * := L  ƒkC 0K  €( "=  'C g= &C d
 = ƒ  :K 2L = < I
 g(  "K( !K U; K 0( K0 E5N( ۚ !K CSK4  ! U; P 1= A( &C  3C CEF
. x˜(> n"(kC MC C ! U; UMN( ۚ (  2 
(   !( U; 8 ( 0‰ P= G( EP2L *(SK"TK J(D ™;C = 0K G MC = L z 
8( C%O( E   V  %( O( E   8 ( 5(C-  V
 (5(C-  8( G( •= K   V
 (G( •= K   8
( ;( $
= K   V ( ;( $
= K  UMN(
V ( (E   8 ( C%ƒ K   V  %( ƒ K   8 ( 1R( 7  V  1( R( 7  8 (  T(E   P 0( T(E  
:= K C !K U; E< &C 8
(  ( U  x˜)(C ! U; P 0( ( U  8 ( C‡D(   := K  K DL V  ‡( D(   8( (E  
.x"(‡< x = &C  3n  ( Š= G
P= G  ۗ := g( ( G= &C P= G( 3L  "7
(  :K K C MC SL20 M &C x G= &C !K LSK4  !K U; %C CzN( H G( •= GK C  PH G( •= K ( MC C G 
.x"(GK nC;t
 U't
 = -C DC !K CSK4  ! U; ¬ ( 1= 0
(1) These are special instructions given to the wives of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. (2) Usually queens adorn
themselves with a display of finery to express their pride and arrogance. The wives of the Prophet are forbidden to
do so. The character required from them is mentioned in these verses.
Do you know?
The wives of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W are given a special status in these verses that they are “the
mothers of all the believers”. They have to live a simple (not luxurious) life like the Prophet and it will
not be allowed for them to marry anyone after the Prophet’s death. They will be rewarded double in the
Hereafter for their service. If they do something wrong, their punishment will also be double. If they do
not want to get into this special trial, they are given an option to get divorce from the Prophet with a lot of
wealth. In such case, they will be ordinary women i.e. not the mothers of the believers. They’ll have all
rights/obligations like ordinary people. The Prophet presented this option to his wives but all of them
opted for taking the responsibility of being “Mothers of Believers”. They accepted to live a simple life
with him and refused to get divorce from him. This indicates the moral strength of their character. The
harshness in the language is directed towards the hypocrites who were trying to make a scandal.

Display of finery as queens do ‚


 “ * I leave you (divorce you) P2L = ƒ  &L I give you wealth EP2L 1= ƒG &L

Quranic Arabic Program 52 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

J(D J(7 = *K  ! U; ( E*  h


  = + h  "= ;C < h = $
( G= &C !( "= ;C < €
 = 1 5=&C  1 !( "= ;C < !K U; : 1 5=&C ˆ(U;( qL SL-* z N( 
2 x A C  = G( a 0=+ ™  %C E;C DC ۖ pK #7 = * M &C “  &C !K U;  ~  E #7 = *  !( 0(= GK !K U; G h  $ (  5
MC C  ۚ x AC  EPK = G( =S %C CzN( := ( ("<( O= &C ‚
(  += &C JD( ‚ a   V
 (G( •= K  C;< MC SL20 C J= 2C ( C = E +
.nSK1 G !( U; K G= &C
!( U; K G= &C MC C  ۚ 'L = %C P= G( =S;C > P 0(U J(D !( U; C EK ۖ !K C !K U; }
  DC "(D ‚
H   P= G( ƒJ(E C;< MC C G
!( U;(T ™C C  ۗ ! U; UN( x  &C MC S= # 7 = 0 C  !K 5S= #
7 = 0  !( U; 8 ( C4( MC SKŠ†;0K P 0(U .3 x4 K- G x4 %C
†'2L T( !K U; MC C  ۗ V  ƒ"(E 4 : *>  !( U; qC SK 4 P= 2( ™C  := 2L (4( P= G( H  &C T&C a E  GK MC C G .x"($ 
.x"(;< H J= R
:= 2L "= ;C < J†; 0K ˆ(U S gK .n;"(W&C  3n  2 TK pK SKƒ  . ˜ x )(C x  z( ! U; K L z SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
ۚ a C; !K 5S= -C ; 0  S= 0 := K KE"
( * .x"( 4 V
 (G( •= K (T MC C  ۚ 4( S“ CN( 8
( ;L ‡œ  P G( := 2L  ( 7
= "K( !K K2C (C;G 
.xµ ( C x = &C := K C E< &C 
( ƒ#T  . x˜(GK x  (  !( 5(z {(T( !( U; CN( x"<( O  . x 0(5  x ƒ#GK  xg( R „ ;  4= &C E5N( “J(E “0&C 0
C;< ' US *  := gK Cz&C ‹
= O  V
 -( D( K   P 0( D( C2 9( k( *K C  . x˜(C n;
= DC !( U; P G( := K C UMBCT( V (G( •= K
.n;"(  !( U;(T ™C C  ۚ !( U;
P= G( EP( "= ;C < := 2L C DC EPgK S“$ * M &C '( = %C P= G( EPgK SKK- U;AC E:–L 8
( G( •= K  :K K
= 2C 5 CzN( SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
.n;"( x   EPgK SK ƒ   EPgK SK1ƒ DC ۖ 5 “1= * 3H E<(
(1) Zain Ibn Haritha !< ^ Jt4. (2) It means: “When Zaid finished his relation with her” i.e. he divorced her. (3) This
verse indicates Allah’s practice that He makes His Prophets an example for others. So the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W
should not worry. (4) This verse is the clear proof that Prophet Muhammad :; !";< ^ ;W is the last Prophet of God.
He is compared with a “seal”. He is the seal of the Prophets. Prophethood ends at him.

Do you know?
In Arabia, it was a common practice to adopt a child and give him rights similar to one other’s children.
As a result of that, the rights of their real children were disturbed. Allah abolished this tradition. In order
to establish an example, He instructed His Prophet to marry the divorced wife of Zaid Ibn Haritha ^ Jt4
!< who was the adopted son of the Prophet. Now a Muslim can adopt a child but he/she should not disturb
the rights of his/her real children.

Their teasing := gK Cz&C Their adopted sons := ( ("<( O= &C Relation, need x AC 

Quranic Arabic Program 53 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

!K U; Q CD&C EG( 1 h  K"(0 € = 2C ;C G G  EPgK 4 SK&L €  "= *‰ J(*U; h   += &C h  C ; ;C = &C E5N( “J(E “0&C 0
3n &C  G=  h  1 G MC =  g J(*U; h  *(C> 8 ( T  h  (> 8 ( T  h  *(E< 8 ( T  h  ƒ< 8 ( T  h "= ;C <
= %C ۗ V  (G( •= K  M( KO P= G( h  C n  (>   2( = $= 0 M &C “J(E O 4&C M N( ƒJ(E;( $
  5 € = g  M N( n G( •= GK
!K U; MC C  ۗ ‚ a   h "= ;C < MC SL20 C;"= 2C ( := K 5K0=&C €
= 2C ;C G G  := ( (  += &C J(D := ( "= ;C < t=  DC G = ;( <
.x"( 4 x4SLC
h (™zC ۚ h  "= ;C < ” K C;DC €  F < P= EG( €  "= Š T= P( G  ۖ y #* P= G h  "= CN( ˆ( •= *K  EPK = G( y #* =PG J( = *K
!K U; MC C  ۚ := 2L T(SL;%L J(D G :K ;C 1= 0 !K U;  ۚ EPK ;œ L EPK "= *‰ T( P "= t  = 0  UMF 
= 0 C  EPK K"K<= &C E -C * M C& ™5O= &C
UN( EPK K$
= K h  ,
 <= &C S= C  ‚H  += &C P= G( EP( T( qC E* M &C C  K 1= T P= G( y $ƒ h C 2 'œ  ( 0 C .x"(;  x"(;<
.x"(%4 H J= R †'L ™;C < !K U; MC C  ۗ h  K"(0 € = 2C ;C G G
CzN( P= 2( ™C  pK 5N( P 0( ( 5  "= C H 1AC ™CN( := 2L C MC zC •= 0K M &C UN( ƒJ(E 8
 SK"TK SL;>K = * C SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
EJ(E ˆ(z•= 0K MC C := 2L (™zC UMN( ۚ r H 0(  ( V $( 5(B $
= GK C  K # ( 5=CD := K= 1( AC Cz{(DC SL;>K =OCD := K"(<OK
3_ H , ( ( 4  P= G( EPgK SLBC= CD x<G EPgK SKKBC CzN(  ۚ ƒ   P G( J(" = $
= 0 C !K U;  ۖ := 2L = G( J("
= $
= "DC
P= G( !K   += &C SK2( = * M &C C  !( U; qC SK4 Lz•= *K M &C := 2L C MC C G  ۚ EP( T(SL;%L  := 2L T(SL;-L ( K  A &C := 2L (™zC ۚ
H J= R †'2L T( MC C ! U; UM{(DC pK SL7 = *K = &C ni"= R K= *K M N( .x"(‡< !( U;  = <( MC C := 2L (™zC UMN( ۚ xT&C p( ( 1= T
.x"(;<
C  EP( *( S> &C ( T=&C C  EP( 5( S>= N( ( T=&C C  EP( (5 S>= N( C  EP( (T=&C C  EP( (T‰ J(D EP( "= ;C < ” K C
. x"(R H J= R †'L ™;C < MC C ! U; UMN( ۚ ! U; V  -( E*  ۗ EPK 5K0=&C €= 2C ;C G G C  EP( ($5(
.x"(;$
= * SK†;  !( "= ;C < Sœ;W
 SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0 ۚ ƒJ(E C;< MC Sœ; 0K !K 2C (C;G  ! U; UMN(
(1) Slave women. (2) After that incident, it was made unlawful for the Prophet to marry any other woman.
(3) The Muslims are instructed how should they deal with their mothers i.e. the Prophet’s wives.

Do you know?
The slave women were declared half-wives of their master. They had their own rights & obligations. On
the birth of first child, they were given manumission. For details, see my book on slavery at:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/Slavery/L0018-00-Slavery.htm .

They bless MC Sœ; 0K You separate from you h


 "= CN( ˆ( •= *K You keep J( = *K

Quranic Arabic Program 54 Level 05


Lesson 2B: Surat-ul-A’kaboot to Surat-ul-Ahzaab

P 0(U  .x"(GK xT C< := K C E< &C  3(  >( Ž  "=5“ J(D !K U; :K K 1 C !K CSK4  ! U; MC Lz•= 0K P 0(U UMN(
' %L “J(E “0&C 0 .x"(GK x–N(  x5= TK SL;  = ( -C DC SK$   G ( "= Š T( 8 ( G( •= K   V (G( •= K  MC Lz•= 0K
ۗ P 0=zC •= 0K C;DC P D  1= 0K M &C ™5O= &C h
 (™zC ۚ EP( ("(TC; P= G( 1 EP( "= ;C < V  5(= 0K V (G( •= K  ( $5(  h *(T  h(  += BC(
( 0(  J(D MC SL( = K   } a  G := ( T(SL;%L J(D P 0(U  MC SL-D( K  !( = 0 := C P= i(C .x"( 4 x4SLC !K U; MC C 
!( U; C EK .2 n;"(- * SL;ƒ%L  L>( &L SL-( –L 0=&C ۖ V  5(SK1; G .n;"(;%C UN( "(D h  5 K4 ( ,0K C E:–L := ( T( h  E0 ( Š= KC
.n;0(= * !( U; ( E$
K (  ,
( * P= C  ۖ 'L = %C P= G( =S;C > P 0(U J(D
! U; UMN( .x0( %C ML SL2* C < E$ U'1 C h  0(4= 0K G  ۚ !( U;  = <( K ; <( E5N( ' %L ۖ ( < E$ P( < ~ K E h  LBC$= 0
:= K gK SK K I K U;-C *K  S= 0 . x˜( 5 C  ›"(  MC K, ( 0 C ۖ xT&C "(D P 0((> . x˜1(  := K C E< &C  P 0( D( C2 P 1 C
5Sœ;t BCDC 5Q  L  *O  1= AC &C E5N( ET4 SLC%  .CSKE  1= AC &C  ! U; 1= AC &C "= C 0 MC SLSL-0 4( E J(D
. x˜(C x1= C := K = 1   _
( C1  P G( P( "= C 1= t
( := (*(‰ ET4 .C;"(E$
.x"(  !( U;  = <( MC C  ۚ SLC% EG( !K U; pK &CE DC 3 ™ SKG = zC ‰ P 0(UC SK5SL2* C SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
P= G  ۗ := 2L TSK5zL := 2L C = ( Š= 0  := 2L C<= &C := 2L C `
= ;( = 0K . x0( nS= %C SLSL%  ! U; SL-E* SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
.x"(‡< x+S= DC + CD = -C DC !K CSK4  ! U; 9( k( 0K
;C    = G( P - C R= &C  ; ( 
= 0 M &C P "= TBCDC q( , (   } ( 4= BC  8
(  E$ C;< 4 C 5GBC t =  < E5N(
8
( C ( # = K   V ( ( # = K   8 ( C-D( K   V  -( D( K  !K U; _
 †1 "K( .nSK xGSL;C MC C !K E5N( ۖ ML $5={(
.x"( 4 x4SLC !K U; MC C  ۗ 8 ( G( •= K   V
 (G( •= K  C;< !K U; _
 SK0 
(1) The hypocrites teased the Muslims in many way. One of their way of teasing was to attack on the chastity of the
Muslim women and spread rumors about them. They instigated some scandals and even raped a few women. The
family of the Prophet was their specific target. They are strongly reproached in these verses. (2) Using q 8 @ 3OG of
'"1* _T as well as the 4 G depict the intensity in killing. It means “They will be killed severely in an exemplary
way.” According to Ahadith, such punishment was implemented on various criminals who attacked the Muslim
women physically or those who instigated scandals. (3) The Bible is full of incidents how the Israelites teased
Prophet Moses $ 3S;  !";<. The Muslims are instructed avoid such behavior with their Prophet.
(4) This covenant is mentioned at the beginning of this Surah. Allah presented this “trust” (i.e. freedom of choosing
right or wrong path) to the heavens, earth and mountains but they refused to get this freedom. Therefore, they will
not be rewarded / punished. The man took this responsibility with his/her own freewill. Therefore, he/she will be
rewarded with eternal enjoyment or punished at the Hellfire purely on their actual performance.
They live in your
neighborhood
h
 5 K4 ( ,0K We’ll definitely arouse
you against
h
 E0 ( Š= KC Those who instigate a
scandal
MC SL( = GK

Quranic Arabic Program 55 Level 05


Lesson 3A: Types of Parables !"# $%&

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In last lesson, you have studied the !"#*. In this
Allah is taking care of us by providing us air,
lesson, we shall discuss different types of it. This water and a lot of blessings.. We should
classification is based on the deletion of a
always be thankful for His blessings.
component of !"#*.
You already know that various components of !"#* are deleted because the audience already know it. As a
result of that, five types of !"#* emerge:

• 'L  K !K "# : It is the !"#* in which the !"# 3 O& is clearly described. For example: 3H C2#
= ( C p( 4( SK5 'L )CG
(The parable of His light is like a lamp). Here the word „  is provided which is the !"# 3 O&.
• K U•K !K "# : It is the !"#* in which the !"# 3 O& is deleted. The reason for deletion is that the speaker
wants to emphasize that the !#G is exactly like the !T !#G. For example: ( 1 D  "( ± : a ,5 €
 5& (You
are a start in light and height). Here the word „  is deleted which is the !"# 3 O&. The speaker is
emphasizing that “you are not like a star”, but “you are exactly a start.”
• 'L E C K  !K "# : It is the !"#* in which the !"# ! is clearly described. For example: ± (  j S gK
( < ,#
K  (He is like the lion in bravery). Here the reason “bravery” is clearly described.
• 'L  ,K !K "# : It is the !"#* in which the !"# ! is deleted because it very obvious. For example: UMBC
4a 0O d
 # (The sun is like a coin). Here the reason for comparing the sun with a coin is not provided. It
is obvious that when a new yellow coin is made, it looks like the shining sun.
• eL "(; !K "# : It is the !"#* in which the !"# ! !"# 3 O& both are deleted to create an extreme
emphasis that both items compared to each other are extremely similar. For example: K*"  K 6 (Islam
is our life). Here Islam is compared with life. Since Islam is the guidance and without proper guidance,
life is nothing. The reason and the word for comparison are deleted to create an extreme emphasis that our
life is nothing without Islam.

Objectives of a !"#* are as follows:


• Description of an attribute of !#G e.g. bravery, generosity, cowardice, misery etc.

• Description of the intensity of that attribute of !#G e.g. too much brave or too much coward

• To praise or defame the !#G e.g. praising him / her by describing a positive attribute or defaming him /
her by describing a negative attribute.

Face the Challenge!


What is the difference between !"# ! !"# 3 O&? Give one example of !"#
e"; !"# '  other than those mentioned in the this lesson.

Quranic Arabic Program 56 Level 05


Lesson 3A: Types of Parables !"# $%&

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and identify the type of !"#* as provided in the example.
Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Type J(T <


n4C= &C 'L ( 
= 0 4( 
(  '( )C C gSL;( 
= 0 := C E:–L 3C 4S= E SL;ƒ K P 0(U 'L )CG
',Lf ' Lf !"#
(62:5 1º )
9 =  €
= 5=&C H E  '( )C C !( U; '( "( J(D := K C SG= &C MC SL-( K0 P 0(U 'L )CG
(2:261 3 - ) H E  L C(G H ;C K= K †'L J(D 'C T(
'( )C C !K ;L )C DC ( >( | ( S= "  !( U;(T PK G( •= 0K  ~
( E Q C4( !K CG K ( K0 ˆ(U
(2:264 3 - ) n;W  !K C  DC 'b T(  !K TWBCDC _
a  *K !( "= ;C < MH S W

P= L !K C qC C% E:–L _
H  *K P= G( !K -C ;C >  O ‰ '( )C C !( U;  = <( $"(< 'C )CG UMN(
(3:59 M < q ) .ML SL2"DC
€
= TW&C ¡ W
( "(D `
H 0(4 '( )C C "5=“ 3( "
  p( ( g J(D MC SL-( = K0 G 'L )CG
(3:117 M < q ) .’ C = 
!K  K = * = &C r
  ; 0 !( "= ;C < ' ( 
= * M N( I
( ; 2C  '( )C C !K ;L )C DC pK Sg 9 E* 
(7:176
<j ) .r   ; 0
n="T 8
= C 7
 E* 8
( SK2C 1 '( )C C Q "( = &C !( U; M( KO P= G( L7 E* P 0(U 'L )CG
(29:41 8S21 ) .8 ( SK2C = 1  €K "= C 8
( SK"K P g = &C UMN( 
J(D a –LC2*  := 2L "= T a >K C*  b 0(+  Sa = C  I
a 1( C "5=“ 3L "
  E5C& SK;C <=
pK  DC ®
K "(0 E:–L !K *K5 4 U2L  I  , <= &C rH "= C '( )C C O( = jQ  (q SG= jQ
(57:20 0. ) .nGCk K ML SL20 E:–L n C = GK

Rule of the Day


If a & q , both of them are merged. For
comes before
example S"  will be S"‰, similar ^  will be ^‰.

Quranic Arabic Program 57 Level 05


Lesson 3A: Types of Parables !"# $%&

Type J(T <


qC T  SL% Cz n0( %C := ( ;( = %C P= G( P 0(U '( )C C .MC SL;-( 1= 0  a S= %C := K E5BCT( h
 (zC
(59:14-15 #. ) .:= g( ( G= &C
 := K E5BCC := g( 4( SKL Q 4  !( U; _
 ( _
 2(  SK* L& P 0(U P= G( a 0( DC C 5
(2:101 3 - ) .MC SK;C 1= 0
(5:32 pf ) .n1"( ~
 E " = &C E5BC2C DC g" = &C P= GQ
.( E$ J(D K E1E 0 E5BCC n  n-ƒ"t
 pK 4 = W
 ' 1 ,
= 0 !K U;
( 0K M &C O= ( 0K P= G
(6:125 15j )
(7:188
<j ) .= < ¡J(  h
 E5BCC h
 5SLBC$
= 0
:= gK  8
( S=   CN( MC SL%$
 0K E5BCC P E"* G  1= T ƒ
  J(D h
 5SLO( ,0K
(8:6 q5j ) .MC K ‡L 0
P= G( := K C G b Uz( := K -L g = *  ;( ) ( T( H iCƒ" y F 8( Ciƒ"E$ SK$  C P0(U 
d5S0) .n(;‡ GK '( "= U; P= G( n1Ck%( := K gK SK K € = "# (  &L E5BCC :H W
( < P= G( !( U;
(10:27
(27:10 '») .M§  E5BCC “F= * g‰4 E;C DC „  < ( &C
(27:42 '») .!K E5BCC €
= CC% h
( RK = < C2C g &C 'C "(% 8
= Q  E;C DC
!( "= 5zL &L J(D UMBCC 1=  $
= 0 := U MCBC x (2 $
= GK U  *K0‰ !( "= ;C < C;= *K CzN( 
(31:7 M-) .:H "(&C _ H C1 T( pK = ƒ#DC x % 
.V
( A( "E# ~
K y4K !K E5BCC 1K ; AC .:( "(,
  '( W
= &C J(D ‚
K K 7
= * 3b  ,
 R E5N(
(37:64-65 8D  )
.:a "(  ¡J(  !K E5BCC 3b  < !K "= T  h
 "= T ˆ(U Cz{(DC PK $
 = &C J g( J(U(T 9= DC O=
(41:34 p, : )

Quranic Arabic Program 58 Level 05


Lesson 3A: Types of Parables !"# $%&

Type J(T <


(52:24 4SA) .Mb SK2 G •a L•= L := K E5BCC := K C Mb ; ( := ( "= ;C <

K SLk0
(54:7 - ) . a #
( KG Oa   := K E5BCC ’
( = jQ P= G( MC SKK 7
= 0
~
 E ‹
KÀ( * .  ( $
= GK d
H 
= 5 ( S= 0 J(D n W = W
 nž(4 := ( "= ;C < ; 4= &C E5N(
(54:19-20 - ) . H 1( -C = GK 'H 7 = 5 +K ,<= &C := K E5BCC
( ‰ ƒˆBC(DC .M§   := K ;C = %C d
a 5=N( EPK ) ( k 0 := C

( = Uk 8
K  W
( C% EP( "(D
(55:56-58 M¿  ) .ML  =    8 K SL%" EPK E5BCC .M( T†2C *K 2L ƒT4

a SKW = G Mb "KT := K E5BCC nsW
 !( ;( "( J(D MC SL;*(C-0K P 0(U “I
( 0K !U; UMN(
(61:4 ?  )
(63:4 V-Df ) .3b  E$
 GK I
a #
K >K := K E5BCC := ( (S= -C ( 9=  $
= * SLSL-0 M N(
n="G !( "(>&C : 
= C 'C L B 0 M &C := L K  &C “I
( 0K&C n=1T := 2L 
K 1= T I
= Š= 0 
(49:12 8 ,. ) .pK SKKg= ( 2C DC
(74:50 –f ) .3b  ( = $
= GK a K K := K E5BCC
77:32- 8 G) . a  W
K b C( !K E5BCC . ( = -C C 4H  #
 T( J(G = * E5N(
(33
( C‡(  ( 0(* ( 0 v( ± !( (EG L ‚
K   :K (1
pK 4K C

K 70K  x T :pK K  –C ?


K ;C 7K0  x ,R J(>& MC C
Q <j (T y  ,
K * ½ h
 (EG+( & PG xGG+ J(;1N

Rule of the Day


Passive voice is usually used when an expressing person does not want to
mention the name of the subject due to some reason.

Quranic Arabic Program 59 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In this lesson, we shall study an inspiring
collection of the Hadith of the Prophet ^ ;W A strong positive mental attitude will create more
:; !";<. miracles than any wonder drug.

M=06 _
n1KR MS 9a (T M=06 ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W  P< !< ^ Jt4 3 0 g Á& P<
“.M=06 PG b 1R y "
:; PG :K ;$f ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< < ^ Jt4 < PT ^ < P<
“.!< ^ 5 G  ,
 g PG K f p(0 !5$ PG MC S;$f
IK0  : & PG•0 ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W Â P< !< ^ Jt4 d5& P<
“.!($ IK0 G !">j
 p("T J($5 ˆ SD” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& :!< ^ Jt4 3 0 g Á& P<
“.P="1= & ~
(  p( p( PG !"N “I & MC S&  :K & P(G•K0
M& :M=06 3C    !"D P PG ’ b –” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< d5& P<
J(D O S10 M& p 20 M& ^ N !K0  Q f EI
( 0K M& Kg S G !"N I & !S4 ^ MC S20
“.4 ±
-0 M & p 20  L2
/ŠT @
(  0‰ (4 5j “I M( =06 L 0‰” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W  P< d5& P<
“.4 5j
N  & P 0 EO#K0 P a $0 P 0 MN” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< 3 0 g Á& P<
“., PG JR (  3 KŠT SK"1  #T&  SKT4( % KOƒ$D K!;C 
“. a  !L% a@S$D :;$f _
K (” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( M& ^ < P<
Night , Be moderate and right KOƒ He becomes an extremist EO#K0

Quranic Arabic Program 60 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

 . aP"T q. ” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 €1 :qS-0 ="#T PT M1 P<
PG .!t < !(0 &C  =  8
( #f C-E* PD .~ PG a "= ) K;10  8
H #KG "T P"T
sMN & .( hH ;G s'2 sMN & .!1% S0 M& hRSK0 . qC S < 0H ‹  :8# ± 9%
zN !s; K $º `
 ;W € = ;W zN :b ŠKG ( $º ± sMN & .!KG4G !(t4& ± ^ (
(M=06 _ ˆ47KT) “.I;- Jg & .!; K $º $D 8 = $D
3L  >•G N !"T J("T d" .:; !";< ^ ;W J(
=O4( €
K  :q% Ã' PT z1G P<
:q% :L– .n < 4  :L– “.h01 ^ qS4 h"” :€
K ;% “!' PT z1G 0” :q-D .' 
PT z1G 0” :q% Å .< 4 Å “.h01 ^ qS4 h"” :€ K ;% “!' PT z1G 0”
“.h01 ^ qS4 h"” :€;% “!'
^ E sM{D” :q% “.:;<& !S4 ^ ” :€;% q% “ŸO1 ;< ^  G ˆ4* 'g” :q%

K ;% “!' PT z1G 0” :q% Å .< 4 :L– “.i"R !T S #0  p K10 M& O( 1 ;<
q% “Ÿhz S;1D zN ^ ;< O1  G ˆ4* 'g” :q% “.h01 ^ qS4 h"”
“.:Ts10  M&” :q% “.:;<& !S4 ^ ” :€;%
M=06 : 1A @
 z” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qC S4 9 !5& ÃI;kf < PT ~1 P<
“.n S4 H (T x0O 6T ›T4 ^T Jt4 PG
"0.T `  3C W :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 T s;W” :q% ÃJ(º > PT 0+ P<
q% zG M K4* 'g” :q-D ~ (  ;< '%& 
 5 ;D .'"; P(G € = 5 ( $ ( –N ±
:q% PG GBD . a D J(T Pa G•G ˆO< P(G `W&” :q% q% “.:;<& !S4 ^ ” : S% “Ÿ:2T4
   ( ST( 5 kG :q% PG G& I( SC2T a D J(T PG•G hD != 4 ^ '( T 5 kG
“.I S2T Pa G( •KG J(T a D hD
L;DBD .1R MS 9T M=06 ” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% Ã3 0 g J(T& P<
“.M=06 PG 1KR ". .0 k P< —zj L AC GN g5O& .^ N !N  qL S%
After rain ( $ ( –N ± Removing L AC GN Sitting behind
=O4(

Quranic Arabic Program 61 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

 M&” oN :; !";< ^ ;W JGj J(  ( 1C !5N !C $ & T .  ;C DC ˆ ” :J;< q%
“.DG N J( K Š0  aPG•G N J(“K0
M&” :q% “Ÿ^ < :K ‡<& I ( 5 ˆ&” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qC S4 € K B :q% ^ < P<
M& Å” :q% “Ÿˆ& Å” :€;% q% “.:a "‡1 hz sMN” :! €;% q% “.h  -C ;C > Sg ›5( ^
( 'C 1,*
“.„(4 C ;"; J(5 F* M& :L–” :q% “Ÿˆ& Å” :€;% q% “.h1G : 1k0 M& n D7G „ 'C -*
„K # ” :q% 2 ± :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< d5& P<  2T Á& PT ^ "< 5c>&
“.4( KF qL S% .d
(  'L % .P0 S @
K SL-<K .^T
0” :'"% “.8 ( -(TSK 9 $ SK( ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& Ã3 0 g Á& P<
'L & .T N ^  J( d '% . $ .^T „ # ” :q% “ŸPg G !^ qS4
“.8G•K 8 ( DŠ 8 (  
K % .?
( F  S0 JsS .T (  'L & .:"" qG
!(;% ± M PG C º '>0 ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< OS1$G PT ^ < P<
sMN” :q% .$ !L;15 x$ !TS– MC S20 M& IK0 'C   sMN” :'4 q% “. H = ( P(G 3H 4z qL -)G
“.~ …
L =  . K kC T K = 2(  .qC º IK0 'b " ^
.G d";D ”
 $ ";< 'C   PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 sM& Ã3 0 g Á& P<
“.G( d
 ";D E#C PG
ER & .O 7 _
  t
 PG G d"” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% ^ < P<
."";gº —S<T <O & ._
 S"º
!T €
= – G JGj + ,* ^ MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% Ã3 0 g Á& P<
“.!T S;10 & Ss;20 :C G $5&

Cheeks O 7 The day of war ?


( F  S0 Wife with whom sex
is allowed
C ;";
Tearing collars (while
groaning)
_
 S"º ER False accusation

K % Turning away JsS

Quranic Arabic Program 62 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

± K ,5 5N” :pSB$D :; !";< ^ ;W J( _W& PG ~ a 5  :q% Ã3 0 g Á& P<
`
K 0 W „ z” :q% “.:15” : S% “ŸpSK*K % ” :q% “.!T : ;20 M& 5K & :K C 10 G 1($5&
“.M=06
-D !(""T :H ;$G ³
H G  9 kC % PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& GG& Á& P<
:q% Ÿ^ qS4 0  ="$0 ni"R M MN ” :'4 ! q-D “.º !";<  4 ! ^ I   &
“.„ 4& P(G x"% MN ”
‡5& 5& Kg & €K 0&4 % .P=")C0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 – :q% Ã0 P<
M‰ - P(G SK;( 1D .M‰ - qF5 :L– “.q(   _ ( S;% 4(  ± € = F5 C 5Gj sM&” :– . >|
.!;% PG L 5Gj / K -KD C GS 'L   K 0” :q% 5Gj 9( D4 P< – Å .$ PG SK;( <
H = , .'( , ')G g –& '‡"D .!;% PG 5Gj /-D C GS 0 :L– .€ ( S ')G gK –& s'‡"D
“.¥ JR !"D d" x (G p D …
C ( D .h(;4 ;< !K =  O
 C 5Gj ˆO•K0 a & OK 20  .MS100 ~
K  `
K  "D .!(;4 ;< ! D x >& :L–
± G “!!;-<& G !!D & G !p;C & G” :' ; q-K0  “.x"G& 
n 4 MD J(T ± MN” :q-K0
“.M=0N P(G qH O > P(G  q-)G !(;%
x"5 5 M Pi .!K0(O J;< !E5EO K " x;$G M P(i .€
K 10T :20& J(TL& G Mb G+ J;< J*& -
_ :;$G) .5D 5D sN :2G 9K 0(Tj € K  D S" G& .!"(< ;< !5O " x0OS0 &
(M=06
(1) It means that the Satan insinuates the heart of a believer only with fake questions. A believer should not be
worried about such insinuations.

How elegant he is!!! !!D & G Firebrand H =  It intensifies :K C 10


By force !"(< ;< It rolled €
=  O Speckle €
( S
How strong he is!!! !p;C & G Blister, dot '( ,

Quranic Arabic Program 63 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

:;1 _
“. †*K  #T $1K*  ƒ$0” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< Hd5& P<
!P=  < T& 0” :'b 4 ! q-D d"> ' ± ~   †K0 ^ < M :q% ' Á& P<
J5N :L2†;GL& M& pK  & J5& hz PG J(10 !5N G&” :q% “ŸHS0 ' * Uz h5& 8 K O(OS 
“.";< ( G Ž$ C D7G (T CS70 :; !";< ^ ;W J( M  (‡<ST :2ES7*&
P0 J(D !K †-C 0K x "= > !T ^ O( 0K PG” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W J( €1 :0 1G P<
 :CC> PG :g 0  ^ ( G& ;< % L Gj pg qC F* P .Jk1K0 ^ :a % 5& 5N
“.^ K G& J *(B0
p*‰ 'b 4 :P="– ± N  $
 ” ::; !";< ^ ;W Â q% :q% OS1$G PT ^ < P<
“.s;10 (T J-0 SD C 2. ^ p*‰ 'b 4 . ± !(2C ;C g ;< …†;$
K D n G ^
:;1 —v PG !T ^ J()1T G ')G” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< SG Á& P<
. =")2 I
 #K1 Ç2 €
= 5BD  €
= ;C (% bE"-( 5 (G M2D xt4& _W& =")2 r( "Š '( )
€
= TW& . S<4+ SL- SKT ( #D ~ (T ^ y 9 C D  €
= 2$G& K_O( & G €5
.Ç €K*  G h$K*  Mb 1"C% Jg 5N — >& b A G
x&4 hT 9= D 0 :C PG ')G .:s;< : ;( 1 D !T ^ J()1T G !15 ^ P( 0O ± ! -L DC PG 'b )G hD
.!T €
= ;4& ˆ ^ ( ˆg ' -0 :C
:;1 9D 0 M& :<$ ¦
( R& PG MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% d5& P<
“.5F ‡0  l _ #0 'º €)0

Herbs & grass I


 #K1 Ç2 Boredom ( G Ž$ That I bore you :L2†;GL& M&
Convex, bulging Mb 1"C% It was appointed …†;K I preach you on fixed
days
:2ES7*&

Quranic Arabic Program 64 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

T qSLk0 (G 3  „K 4( O& O&  !^ qS4 0” :'4 q% q% ˆ4 5j OS1$G Á& P<
0&” :q-D .iGS0 P(G x R& H ‡<SG ± :; !";< ^ ;W J ( € K 0&4 D “.Mb D
“.. z ?"1 /  0 f :"D M{D =?†7K"; D ~
( T s;W PD M †GK :25N !~
P(G 'b 4 :M & :v ––” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% !"T& P< 3O T ST& Ȗ
^  —O& zN „S;f K 1 :; !";< ^ ;W (T PG‰ !( ƒ"(T PG‰ _2 'g&
:L– "(;1* P$ BD s;< (0O( B* P $
 BD ETOBD gK•k0 b G & p< €5 'b 4 !" SG 
1“.M & !;D E FD C-<&

' 1D q  h";< (;” ::; !";< ^ ;W J(; $ €% :ˆ4l "1 Á& P<
P2G G” :Pv q% "D M2D Pg G& P‡<SD !"D P"-( C GS0 EPgK  < S D “.h($5 P(G xGS0 
:q-D “ŸV– ” :3& GN €-D “.4 P(G xT,( v M N g PG n –– -* 3b & G
2“.V– ”

!CB$D :; !";< ^ ;W J( qB$0 M& O - 8


K GBD 3 G 4 €
K  :q% J;< P<
(:;1 _ ˆ47KT) “.StS !"D” :q-D
“.:( l “j ^ oN q(   /ŠT& MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% €% #< P<
 ^ sMN” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 €1 :¾1 PT < PT ^ < P<
x(< „= 0 ´ zN  .;K1 /
( -T : ;1 /-0 P2 .~ P(G !K<F( 0 x< F5 : ;1 /K -0
“. Sœ;t& Sœ;CD .:H ;< ( "= ŠT SKDBD SL;iC$D n x£4 ~
K  7*
(1) In order to abolish slavery, the Prophet instructed to marry the slave women after manumitting them. (2) Taking
care of children and teaching them is a great deed. Mothers will be rewarded for that. (3) A person who has a lot of
juices in his sexual organs other than semen. A’li !< ^ Jt4 avoided asking about it himself because he was the son-
in-law of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. Taking a bath is not mandatory if such juices come out of one’s organs. He has
to perform ablution only.

Quranic Arabic Program 65 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

!K = G( _
 2(  h
 "= ;C < qC F 5=&C ˆ(U S gK ” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 * :€% .#< P<
! T#* G MC SK1(E"DC eb 0=+ := ( T(SL;%L J(D P 0(U EGBCDC ۖ 8
a T(#GK K > &L  _ ( 2(  “&L EPgK 8 a C2 = GK 8 a 0‰
'§ L !( T( EG ‰ MC SLSL-0 :( ; 1(  J(D MC SK7( E   ۗ !K U; UN( !K ;C 0( B * :K ;C 1= 0 G  ۗ !( ;( 0( B * Q Š(T=  ( = (  Q Š(T= !K = G(
^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :€% .[7 :M < q‰] “._ ( BC SL L& UN( K UU0 G  ۗ ƒT4 ( = <( P= G(
“.:g K4 D ^ E P0 hi BD !G ! T#* G MSK1(E0 P0 :K0&4 zN” ::; !";<
8
 SW& 9 ( $D q% .xGS0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 oN 8 K ,g :q% < PT ^ < sM&
.IŠ !( ±
K  1K0 .:; !";< ^ ;W ^ qL S4 ";< ‚ 7D .H 0‰ ± C;C > P( "= ;C 4
“._
( 2 ± :(D>T :2C;% M PG h
 ;C g 5N” :q-D
:";< .:; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 oN _ <j PG ~ a 5 Q  :q% .^ < PT 0  P<
 .!< K•kC TBD .%  ;< ~ sr  D .b  :TW& % :( Q S —& D .
K S 
SK1T* :L– . >‰  Å .@
H 4 PG 3H  K T(  4(  5j PG 
n 4 MN :L– :q% .! ± hz J (4K
::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q-D .! ± 4 $
 ( <K 
PG ¬
K -0  .(T 'H < PG H & 'L )G ! I
 (L p1T (T 'C ( 1D n$ n K 6 ± EP PG”
'< PG 4H + ')G !";< I p1T (T '1D i"  6 ± P PG .¥ JR :g(4S&
(:;1 _ :;$G) “.JR :g(4 + & PG ¬-0  (T

Rule of the Day


The second source letter (; ‹) may carry either a fathah, or a kasrah or a dhamma. It all depends
on how the native people speak. `  DC will always be with a fathah, 9 (  will always be with a kasrah
and _ K % will always be with a dhamma. Same is the case with other words. It is mentioned in the
dictionary that the ; ‹ will carry which vowel.

Silver (coins) @
H 4 It was seen J (4K Wool

K S 
Bundle, packet 3H  W
K They delayed K•kC T&

Quranic Arabic Program 66 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

P _
>•"D EJ;< O 0 PG K ‡( 5& J(tS ;< 5&” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W Â P< =& P<
“.— -C C- ;< S#G ˆ(4*  :qS-"D JG& :qS%BD J(5 O PG ~
H T
PG !5{D = = ";D ni"R p ="G& P(G p( L PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< ~< PT P<
“.( ";g C "G 8G x = R Mk;$ P(G ‚ >
qL T D '*- D” :'"% “.4 'g& P(G Kg2D ("C"$T M;$f !  S* zN”P$. P<
“.!( W 'C % O 4& !5N” :q% “ŸqS-f
( "= l P< :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 MSB$0 ~ K  M :qS-0 M" PT 0 P<
 R H ";g J(D  5N !^ qS4 0” :€;-D .J(40 M& D7G  # P< !LB& € K 
“.:15” :q% “Ÿ R P(G ( "= l g 1T 'D  ="l (T ^ 5,D
“.P>KO !"D :15” :q% “Ÿ˜> PG # hz 1T 'g ” :€;%
“. 2K* :G

K ( 1* J(0g ( "= ŠT M 0 a S%” :q% “Ÿ!>O G ” :€;%


"N :T& PG : _
( ST& ;< 3b <KO !:15” :q% “Ÿ R PG ="l hz 1T 'D” :€;%
“."D pSLD%
“.($BT MSs;20 (*;( PG :Kg” :q% “. :W !^ qS4 0” :€;%
“.:GGN V;$f < F;*” :q% “Ÿhz J(4O& MN J(5 GB* D :€;%
'( WBT E/1 * M& S s; @
(  (  h;* q F<D” :q% “ŸGN  < :v P20 ´ M{D :€;%
“.hz ;< €5& 8S h 40  H3 ,R

You bite, you chew E/1 * M& Remain separate q F< Moving backward — -C C-

Quranic Arabic Program 67 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

g J(T ” : J( q-D KP$.  ILk70 :; !";< ^ ;W J( "T :q% 3 2T T& P<
(Ì _ ˆ4Î) “.V;$f P(G P( "= iD VT !T `
 ; 0 M& ^ s'1 aƒ"
C%4#G €0& D .}4j Ë — + ^ sMN” :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% MTS– P<
J5N ./"Tj  = j P( 0F= 2 €
K "k<& .G Ë — + G L2;KG eL ;" JG& MN .T4ŠG
.:$5& —S PG x < :";< U…;$0  M& .H G< H $  T C2;0  M& JGj JT4 €B
.:
 "T `
K "($"D
:C2;g&  M& h(Gj hK"k<& J5N .O  0K  !5{D  % €
K "% zN J5N !Í 0” :q% JT4 MN
:";< 9   S .:"T `"$0 .:$5& —S PG x < :";< …s;L&  M& .H G< H $T
."1T :1T J($K0 1T h(;K0 :K1T MS20  g4k%& VT PG q% & g(4k%BT P(G
( -T '   0  L <$ S-* ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& Ã3 0 g Á& P<
“.!K52G J(" 0 :qS-"D ' 
~
(  ;< EP"*(B" !p"T J$5 ˆ ” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :q% 3 0 g Á& P<
“.'(%L H JR ˆ& ;< qL S-f ˆ40  .'C % JR ƒˆ& ± 'L *- ˆ40  Mb G+
MB xGS% S;(*C-*K  <$ S-* ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( M& Ã3 0 g Á& P<
“. 1# :L15 xGS% S;*-*  <$ S-*  .L % k ML , :gS
(Ì _ :;$G)

Worth Reading
What is ostentation and how it ruins the good deeds of a religious person?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0002-Ostentation.htm

Shield ML , Their life, their blood :


 "T It was shown to me Ë — +
Hammered L % k He imprisons J($K0 He makes lawful `
K "($0

Quranic Arabic Program 68 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

@%  _
"5 P(G a "= > ( º ± ¦
H S 9K tSG” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W J( €1 :q% ' P<
“."D G "5 PG K "= > H 4 & ^ '( " ± 3 Š "D G
:q-D J2(T :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 C > & :q% < ^ Jt4 < PT ^ < P<
= ‡* D €
 "$G& zN” :qS-0 < PT M “.'" K T(< & Ia 0  h5B "5 ± PL”
“.h(*S( h(*" PG h(t ( h(W PG K> $f = ‡* D €
 W& zN ” 
!*W  L& '( g& ;< s; D nGS0 ‚ > :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& : G< PT -< P<
oN K ‡L 5j ^ J5N :2";< "R 5& :2LA  DC J5N” :q-D ( f oN
5 Å €"f ;<

>& G ^ J5N }4j `"*G & }4j P F> `  "*G €


K "(k<L& % J5N M| J(tS
“."D SK$DC * M& :2";<
>& J2 ˆ1T SL ( #K* M& :2";<
qH " ’–   TK ( 1A PG 0f   %C G :; !";< ^ ;W Í qL ‰ 9 R G :€% #< P<
./(%L  n<*
^ ;W JK ( s…> :q% !< ^ Jt4 ^ < P<
n4> …( S ± nk> U…> n1T G nk> :; !";<
P(G …
( S ± ˆ g oN n4ŠW nkCk>K s…> !G
} <&
M$5 'G& g M$56 g” :q% (…S ± ˆ !5
8SG SKg ˆ g Ï !T ¦ & % : & Ï !T … b "KG !L;&
pBCk>& M{D K} <j 4Š  …L kl pg !L;G & ‚
a 4>
“. g !#5 g pBk>& MN  g !# 5 g

Transient things of world }


K <j His hopes !L;G & Whip, lash ¦
H S
It bites / afflicts him !# 5 Small lines 4Š  …
L kl Sensitive for you :2LA  DC

Quranic Arabic Program 69 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

P0 Å J(5 % ~ (  K "= > :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< !< ^ Jt4 ^ < P<
:K5=0&C :5=0&C 1:K*OR K ($* :a S% :g(1T PG J,0 :L– :5S;0 P0 Å :5S;0
.:*OR
40 K < d
 1( *” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% q% !< ^ Jt4 3 0 g Á& P<
“.} 0 :C …1K0 :C MN Jt4 J k( <L& MN  "l ( "k- :g4
!B Å J(5k<BD !KB Å J(5k<BD :; !";< ^ ;W J( € K B :q%  F PT :"2 P<
3b > qC  g sMN !:"2 0” :Ë q% :M" q% T4 “.qf g” :q% Å J(5k<BD
M !"D ! „= 40 :C d( 5

( R{T pC>& PG !"D ! „4SKT d H 5 I( "kT p>& PD b3S;


“.;$ " PG ="> ";1 " K9#0  'L L B0 ˆ
^ ;W J( oN I & M '1 ˆ&” :< ^ Jt4 C #< €K B :q% n% $G €1
9 zN S-0 M” :€% ŸS-0 M P=" ˆBD” :€;% :q% “.:  ” :€% “Ÿ:; !";<
“.­4 
 ;> ^ MN” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 €1 :q% !< ^ Jt4 3 0 g Á& P<
= 4 :s; !(-;> ± 'C  4&  = 4 V  1$* n1$* p(< h $ GBD = 4 C G C-;> S0 C = 
'2T PK G•f :K ;10 S º P(G ~
= B"0 :C =  PG ^ < ˆ s'2T K D2 :;10 S;D 3
“.4 P(G P= GB0 :C _
( 1 PG ^ < ˆ
!B$0 :;D :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 SB 4 5j PG n5 M& :ˆ4l "1 T& P<
MS20 G” :!0"T 5& H JR ' 5 V :v q-D p< G  C 5  pk<& N :G a &
P( Š$0 PG ^ p ƒ 0 E 0 PG ^ !U10 E?1$0 PG !5N :2< p >EO&  H "= > PG ˆ<
“. =  P(G 9K  & x "= >  k< Sk1* P ^ !Š0

He asks for forgiveness E?1$0 Cock whose sound is loud at


early morning
­4  They ruined d
 1( *

Quranic Arabic Program 70 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

pG% Œ
 ( * &  *  Js; 0 :; !";< ^ ;W J( M :qS-0 1R PT 3 ="Š P<
“. n4S2R n< ML S& D&” :qS-"D .! q-"D
G 1 !( ""C VT G Ë P0 PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 P< 1 PT ' P<
“.º ! PtL& 2 !";(4 VT
L D" ” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W J( J(;% p< ˆ5Lz&L 9 :q% J< Fl `0 R Á& P<
>| S" ^T PG•0 M PG ;" a S0” :q% “Ÿ!*F G” :'"% “.!*F H0& ––
“.€2$" & x "= > ' -";D >| S" ^T PG•0 M PG !C"t = 2";D
'H 4 ') ^ J()1T G ')G J;)G” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% SG Á& P<
b A !K < ABD , y ,D 3M0 K1 K 0 5& J5N J("1T u
 "º €
K 0&4” :q-D xGS% *&
“.: D u
K "º :E D b A !=Ts  S,D :;G ;< SK,COBD
€, (8 S#T 4 €
( ,
( K ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& :3 0 g Á& P<
“.p( 4( 2(T º
P(G : & oN _
K %& L º ” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :q% !< ^ Jt4 ^ < P<
“.hz ')G 4 !(;15 „( (R
± !";< 'D PG oN :K & ‡5 zN” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 P< 3 0 g Á& P<
“.!G 'L & Sg PG oN = ‡";D ;l q( f
(1) Tongue. (2) Sexual Organs. This is a way to express in figurative way.

Do you know?
It was a common practice in Arabia that when a person saw a danger, he used to tear his clothes and
become naked to demonstrate his seriousness. Then he used to climb on a hill and warn his tribe about the
potential danger. He was called M0 < 05 or “a naked herald”. The Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W also adopted the
same method to warn his nation about the danger of the Hell except that he did not tear his cloths.

It invaded him :  They escaped at night SK,COBD It swelled Œ


 ( *
Your laces (of shoes) „( (R Slowly :;G Escape!!! y ,

Quranic Arabic Program 71 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

.' F< !T4 P< ˆ 0 "D :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< < ^ Jt4 ~< PT P<
^  ;10 :;D H $(T E:g PD .hz PE"T :L– 8
( i"$ 8$. I  C ^ MN” :q% :q%
(1 oN 8
H $  #< p< ! ^  C;< (T E:g Sg M{D .n ;G n $ p< !
Sg M{D ;G n $ p< ! ^  ;10 :;D i"$T E:g PG .3 =")
H 1t& oN ?
H 1t
“.3 n i" ! ^  ;1D (T E:g
5Gj €
= 1"t zN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% !< ^ Jt4 3 0 g Á& P<
‡5D !(;g& ( "=  oN Gj L& zN” :q% “Ÿ^ qS4 0 <tN ?"” :q% “.<$ ‡5D
“.<$
^ J 0 J  0K PG !T ^ 9E 9E PG” :; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :qS-0 _ P<
.(!T
.$K*  €5 .“1 ” $K* :; !";< ^ ;W ^ q( S  L %5 €5 :q% d5& P<
q-D “.1 €C-(K ” : S% V;$f ;< hz RD .C-$
 D ! OH S1% ;< JT( <& ,D
“.!1t N "5 P(G ni"R 9D 0  M& ^ ;< n- MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4
pQ- ^ I & ^ Q - I & PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< €G  PT 3O< P<
:q% “.8  S pK 2K 5N” :! +& /1T & #< €% “.p- ^ p  ^ Q - p (  PG
!"N “I & ¥ JR d";D !(G  ^ M( St T ƒ#TK 8Sf pK   zN PG•K EP2 „ z d"”
.!(TS-< ^ _ ( 1T ƒ#TK    zN  D2 MN p- ^ I & ^ - I BD .!GG& (G
“.p- ^ p  ^ - p 2D !GG& (G !"N p & ¥ JR d";D
G oN SD& % :5{D 8 SGj S“$* ” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :€% #< P<
“. SGE%

He did something to show


others
J 0 He made it hear 9E He decided E:g

Quranic Arabic Program 72 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

!";< E G :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& :’K0 M !5& ˆ4 5j J1T4 PT 3O% Á& P<
“Ÿ!G ” $f `0 $f G !^ qS4 0” : S% “.!G ” $KG ` a 0 $G” :q-D H3+,(T
!G `0 $0  K 1 ^ = 4 oN g z& "5 I
( K 5K P(G `
K 0 $0 PK G•f 1 ” :q%
“._  K ,# O OK 1
ˆ ” ::;$f q-D OS" PG '4 V;$f PG 'b 4 M4 I :q% 3 0 g T& M&
:q% “.VC1 ;< SG kW ˆ ” :ˆOS" q-D “.P="C1 ;< xKG kW
!";< ^ ;W ^ q( S4 oN “ˆOS" IgD ˆOS" !  : kC ;C D hz < :K ;$f I 
( Š D
” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qL S4 q-D .:;$f ( G& p( G& PG M (T p >BD :;
SGK z{D "K0 PG q & ± MSBD G"- S0 MSL-1 0 ~ sM{D .SG ;< J(5 ƒ"7 *K
“.^ ) P(G M & J;% @DBD  1( W
 P"(D SG M& ˆ4O& D .w 1 I5,(T u
a AT
“.GT ~
(  VT -K0 G q &” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :!< ^ Jt4 ^ < P<
!;s;";D !">j b ;‡G p< €5 PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& :3 0 g Á& P<
8
a $ ! P20 ´ M{D !(*$ PG !">j >•K0 M& '% PG :g4O  40O E:–C d" !5{D G
“.!";< €
=  kD !">& 8
H i" PG >&
“.h;g N G"- S0 IK0  & d"” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& :#< P<
nT$ IK0
S$D !(""T !T J *( & PG GBD” :o1* ^ q% % d"& ^ qS4 0 :€K ;-D
_$. uK %C 0K  & d" } 1 hz 5N” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q-D “. n ="$0
“._†<K N G"- S0

Presenting oneself } 1 So he should release


himself
!;s;";D He lost consciousness  1( W

He is argued/investigated u
K %C 0K It will be placed upon €
=  A He wake up @D&

Quranic Arabic Program 73 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

M( Sgj o1* ^ qS-0 :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< :!< ^ Jt4 hG PT d5& P<
:qS-"D “Ÿ!T ˆ(* €& JR PG }4j ± G h M& S” :G"- S0 nT < 4 'g&
€
 "TBD ni"R J(T „= #*  M& :O‰ I;KW ± €5&  g PG ML S g& hG 8
K O4&” :qS-"D “.:15”
“.J(T „ #K* M& N
'gj qS-0 o1* „4* ^ MN ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% ˆ4l "1 Á& P<
G ” :MSS-"D “Ÿ:"t4 'g” :qS-"D “.h01 T4 h"” :MSS-"D “Ÿº 'g& 0” :º
“.hz PG 'C D& :2"k<& 5&” :qS-"D “.h-;> PG n & …1K* ´ G "k<& % t 5  
:2";< …L 7& D J(5 St4 :2";< s' & :qS-"D “Ÿhz PG 'D& JR ˆ& _4 0” : S%
“. nT& p1T
 º ±

K Š MC y K" ( º 'g& MN” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< ' P<
“.$ ± IS2 M  *
º 'g& 'C > O zN” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( M& :!< ^ Jt4 ˆ4l "1 Á& P<
“.pSK ( >BD M=0N P(G qH O > P(G  qC -)G !(;% ± M PG” :^ qS-0 4 4(  'g& º
'( " ± . € K K*  MSKK"D 3". 5 J(D MS-;"D x K O< SK#
( KG % MS 7K"D
Q W ‚
K K 7* 5& * :C&” ::; !";< ^ ;W Â q% .'( "$ "( :q% & “.'"$
“.n 0S;G
z :L– G zC S1D !(ST ”RBD 4  z :; !";< ^ ;W J( M& :Ð PT ˆ< P<
“."A b ;2D = ,0 ´ PD 3 * #T S 4 SL-* ” :q% Å .G zS1D !(ST ”RBD 4 
S 4 P(G p1-G ˆ4& N C º  & '>0  ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% :3 0 g Á& P<
.3b $ !";< MC S2" P$ & S º PG p1-G ˆ4& N  & 4 '>0 . x 2KR O OF" Q &
He turned away ”R& Pasture after flood '"$ '( " They are burned like
hot iron
SK#
( KG
Wrapped Yellow n 0S;G Q W Hot like lava x K

Quranic Arabic Program 74 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

G"- S0 ~
  ^ 9,0 ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% !< ^ Jt4 d5& P<
ˆ €5&” :MSS-"D  O‰ MS*B"D “.52G P(G K0= K0  T4 ;< =1# S” :MSS-"D
“.T4 <  9= ( RD h ,$D C 2f G& !( 4 PG h"D Œ C 5 p("T ^ hC-;>
.!5S*B"D ^ !C)1 T qb S4 q & x SK5 S ” :qS-0 !i"k> K L K0 “.:g €
K $” :qS-"D
“.
n ";> ^ p7* ˆ : "g TN SK ” .!i"k> 0 “.:g €$” :qS-"D
“.^ !s; ˆ SG S ” .!i"k> 0 “.:g €$” :qS-"D !5S*B"D
“.$"< S ” .!i"k> "D “.:g €$” :qS-"D !5S*B"D
!(5z PG -* G !  C C -D .:; !";< ^ ;W nÍ S .:g €$” :qS-"D !5S*B"D
. >B* G
9D4 ” :Ë q-0 :L– ^ R G J(<"D n  € K 1% !K0&4 z{D JT4 ;< ML z( BBD J(5S*B"D
:L– J(s;1K0 H "T JT4 K = BD J&4 9K D4BD “.9U#  *K 9= R 9$K0 'L% !k1K* '  .h&4
()) ± !C;)G x 9K %C BD OK SK<& :L– º :L;>OL& 4 PG :K ( >L& :L–  › Ë “K"D 9K R&
I
   ˆ&” : g < qS-0 3O% M “.M‰ - !K $    PG N 4 ± -0 G  1T  &
“.OS;l !";<
n > 4 '( g& K >‰ :;<j J5N” ::; !";< ^ ;W Â q% :!< ^ Jt4 ^ < P<
“.º '>OD Igz ” :^ qS-"D  xS 4 PG ‚ K 7K0 'b 4 .n S>O º 'g& >‰ G
'>OD Igz ” :qS-"D “.—ÇG K* !_4 0” :qS-"D 9K ( "D —ÇG 5& !"N 'ƒ"7K"D "(*B"D
Igz ” :qS-"D “.—ÇG K* !JT4 0” :qS-"D 9 "D —ÇG Ñ& !"N '"7"D "*B"D “.º
:qS-"D “."5 q)G& 3 #< ')G h MN” : & “.()G& 3L #< "5 'L )G h sM{D º '>OD
:; !";< ^ ;W ^ qC S4 € K 0&4 -;D “.h  ;(  €5& JG hK 
 *” : & “.JG K 7
 $*&”
“.F=G ( º 'g& 5O& hz” :q-0 M pC S5 8 = T  h  
(t
Molar teeth C  S5 Crawling xS We seek intercession =1#

Quranic Arabic Program 75 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

PG /
K "T& p£G H R 3L ="$G JtS ” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( q% : < PT ^ < P<
“. xT& BL ‡0 D G _
 ( R PG $ ( S, !K5 F" h$f P(G I
K "A& !K0=4 (P;
!K*W H L& '( g& ;< s; D xGS0 ‚ > :; !";< ^ ;W J( M& :!< ^ Jt4 -< P<
‡5j ^ J5N :2";< "R 5& :2 ¦ b  DC J5N” :q-D  f ;<
5 Å €" ;<

>& G ^ J5N }4j `"*G & }4j P F> `  "*G €K "(k<L& J5N .M| J(tS oN
(@%  _ ˆ47KT) “."D SK$DC * M& :2";<
>& P2 ˆ1T SL ( #K* M& :2";<
!(G PG ! 5N .ËG .ËG :1 qS-0 :q% :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 M& Ã3 0 g Á& P<
!K L 4* aIg z SD hz —S G .%D k<& & C;TBD d  ( & DBD 'C C & G :’–
“.~;
S;>* ” :1 ,. _Wj :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :qS-0 < PT ^ < P<
M & :";< S;>* D V
 T S5S2* :C M{D .P="( T SK5S2* M& N .P="T(s1K S- •g ;<
“.:TW& G ')G :2" 0
( g, V2$f ;G4j ;< J<$ ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W Â P< 3 0 g Á& P<
“. k0  :  Ã 0  :- ” :q% !$
 & “.^ '" ±
& 5&” :o1* „4* ^ q% ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% 3 0 g Á& P<
“.!L (R !K * ˆ( "=  J 1( G !"D „  R& < 'C ( < PG .„ # P< (  #
.G"-  S0 ' T *•K0” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 €1 :0+ PT G& P<
.4 'L g& !"N 9,"D .  (T 4K . 4 0  (T 4K K"D .!(kT _
 %& K ( D .4 ± -;K"D
€
K  % .;T” :qS-"D “Ÿ 2f P< *
1fT K GK B* P= 2* :C& ŸhG !MD 0” :MSS-"D
“.!"*‰ 2f P< =5& !"(*‰ 
1fT a G( ‰

Mill (around whose a


donkey/bull revolves)
   He will pull his
intestine
_
 %& K ( * Mugs ML F"

Quranic Arabic Program 76 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

¾
K  T& .'" N J(T ± –– sMN :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W J( 9 !5& Ã!– 3 0 g T& M&
I & H JR ˆ&” :q-D ¾ Tj *BD .n2;G :"N r1D .:"(;0 M& ^ O 4BD .<& ‹ %&
!$
  D q% “.~ J(54% % ˆ J< I K g 0 P$ a ;( Pa $ bMS” :q% “Ÿh"N
“.'T6 ” :q% “Ÿh"N I & qf ˆBD” :q% .$ ; $ 5S Jk<& .pK4% !< IgD
: >| q% “.'T6 ” :Kg & q% ‹ %j & ¾   Tj sM& N @N hR . - q% &)
“."D h ^ „4T” :q-D “.Q #< n %5 k<BD” :q% “. - ”
ˆ g J< Ig0 Pa $ a 1(R” :q% “Ÿh"N I & JR ˆ&” :q-D ‹  %j *BD q%
“Ÿh"N I & qC f ˆBD” :q% .$ 1(R Jk<& .!< IgD !$D q% “.~ J(54%
“."D h ^ „4T” :q-D .G 3 -T Jk<BD “. - ” :q%
“.~ !T K ( TBD ˆ T sËN ^ EO 0 M&” :q% “Ÿh"N I & JR ˆ&” :q-D <j *BD q%
3R Jk<BD “.:Š ” :q% “Ÿh"N I & qf ˆBD” :q% .p T !"N ^ O D !$D :q%
. g  M g ®
 5BD . 
¾
 Tj *& !5N :L– q% .:Š PG O v . - PG O v .'( T6 PG OH ( M2D :q%
N S" Ë ²T D .ˆ  ± q. J(T € = 1k-5 % .V2$G 'b 4” :q-D !(i"g !(*4SW ±
± !";< es;*K& . x "= 1T q P$. ;º P$. MC S; „Ck<& ˆT hB& .hT :L– ^T
x "= -D Ÿ~ „4-0 ¾ T& P2* :C& .hD <& J5B” :! q-D “.3b =") @S-. ” :q-D “Ÿˆ 
^ „ E" D Tz €  L MN” :q-D “. H T P< x T( qf g €
K –4 5N” :q-D “Ÿ^ „k<BD
“.€
  G oN
MN” :q-D . g ;< O4 G ')G !";< O4 . v q% G ')G ! q-D !*4SW ± ‹
 %j *& :q%
“.€ G oN ^ „ " D Tz €

Ancestors H T Bald ‹ %& Leprous, having Hansen’s


decease
¾
K  T&

Quranic Arabic Program 77 Level 05


Lesson 3B: A Selection of Hadith

± q. Á € = 1k-5 .'" PT V2$G '4” :q-D !i"g !(*4SW ± <j *& q%
± (T e;*& 3b R „ T h";< O4 ˆT hB& .hT :L– ^T N S" Ë ²T D .ˆ 
 !^ SD .€iR G ‹ = O .€
 i(R G  7K D .ˆ T sËN ^ O D <& € K  %” :q-D “Ÿˆ 
;< …
C7 ( K h< J t( 4K -D .:K"C;T 5{D .hCG h
= $G&” :q-D “.^ !*>& ni"R S" „K &
“.h" W
“.V* G H H  P(G PG•f ²
L ;K0 ” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< 3 0 g Á& P<
0” :'4 q-D .'b 4 p< Lz !5& Ã:; !";< ^ ;W Â P< !"T& P< 3 2T Á& P<
q-D “.   ± !G 'D& :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 1T H'4 P(G G !^ qS4
qS4 q% Å .hz qS-0 x4 G “.h W  K<K €  1k% !h=0 ” ::; !";< ^ ;W Â
M MN 5D I
K $
 & :' -";D G  p>& x OG : & M MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^
“. x & ^ ;< C+&  .h !5& — 0
. ="> !s; p G & sMN .P(G•f Gj x,<” ::; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% :q% I"W P<
.  W ¥ t !TW& MN .! ="> M2D .  2C R ¥  !=TW& MN .PG•; N H j „ z d"
“.! ="> M2D
N 3b D1G J(G& '” :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 €1 :qS-0 3 0 g J(T& P<
0” :qS-"D .!T4 p   % `
K  0 :L– < '";T K 1 Q '10 M& 4( 6 PG sMN .P0 g,
?#20 ` 0 !T4 p $0 € K "("D .!T4 p $0 8T % .   C 4 €
K ;< % !MD
(@%  _ :;$G) “.!< ^ 

Worth Reading
How creativity can be improved? Think outside the box. Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0013-Pineye.htm

Yesterday C 4 Those who commit


sins openly
P0 g, Forgiven 3b D1G

Quranic Arabic Program 78 Level 05


Lesson 4A: Allegory '"() !"#*

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In last lesson, you have studied the different types of
!"#*. In this lesson, we shall discuss a special type Our troubles are a test of patience for us.
Be patient! Allah shall reward for our
of !"#* which is called an allegory or a '")*. patience.

In all languages, one situation is compared to another situation. Each situation has certain components. Each
component of a situation has a similarity to a component of the other situation. When overall situation is
compared to the other situation, both are easily comparable to each. Read at the following example:

(62:5 1º ) . n4C= &C 'L ( 


= 0 4( 
(  '( )C C gSL;( 
= 0 := C E:–L 3C 4S= E SL;ƒ K P 0(U 'L )CG
Parable of those who were given the responsibility of Torah, then they did not fulfill the obligation, is like
the example of that donkey that carries books.
In this parable, the !#G is the group of Israelites. They were made responsible by the Almighty Allah to
fulfill the responsibilities mentioned in Torah. Instead of carrying out their responsibilities, they ignored
them but claimed themselves to be God’s favorite people as the “People of Book”. The !T !#G in this verse
is a donkey that is carrying the load of books. It is not concerned with the knowledge and wisdom available
in these books, but it is considering itself doing a great job by simply carrying these books.
The comparison is based on the similarity. One situation is that of a person claiming a higher position by
holding a book but he even does not know the wisdom inside the book. Other situation is that of a donkey
carrying books and considering itself doing a great job. Both situations are similar. Unfortunately, this
parable is equally applicable to present-day Muslims who have kept the Book of God as a good omen. They
have nothing to do with understanding and practicing this Book.
In this case, a situation is compared with another situation. Such comparison is a !"#*, but it is a special
form of it. It is called a '")* whose plural is '"–*. The difference between an ordinary !"#* and a '")* is
that in an ordinary !"#*, a thing or person is compared to other whereas in '")*, a situation is compared
with another as a whole. Most of Quranic parables are '"–*.

Rule of the Day


Some verbs require an object. For example n C(4 a 0+ I
 C (Zaid wrote a letter).
This sentence is not complete without the object n C(4. Such verbs are called '1D
ˆƒ1 GK . On the other hand, there are certain verbs which do not require an object.
For example  a 0+ Q (Zaid came). This sentence is complete without an object.
Such verbs are called (+ '1D.

Quranic Arabic Program 79 Level 05


Lesson 4A: Allegory '"() !"#*

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and discuss the reason for comparison between two
situations as in the example. Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis J(T <


H E  '( )C C !( U; '( "( J(D := K C SG= &C MC SL-( K0 P 0(U 'L )CG
Spending in Allah’s way is compared with a
seed producing a plant having 100 ears and
each ear has 100 grains. So a single grain has
produced 10,000 grains. Similarly spending in
3 - ) H E  L C(G H ;C K= K †'L J(D 'C T( 9 =  € = 5=&C
Allah’s way will produce exponential results (2:261
in the Hereafter.

( S= "  !( U;(T PK G( •= 0K  ~ ( E Q C4( !K CG K ( K0 ˆ(U


'b T(  !K TWBCDC _ a  *K !( "= ;C < MH S W
 '( )C C !K ;L C) DC ( >( |
(2:264 3 - ) n;W  !K C  DC
`
H 0(4 '( )C C "5=“ 3( "
  p( ( g J(D MC SL-( = K0 G 'L )CG
(3:117 M < q ) .’ C =  € = TW&C ¡ W ( "(D
a >K C*  b 0(+  Sa = C  I
a 1( C "5=“ 3L "
  E5C& SK;C <=
r
H "= C '( )C C O( = jQ  q( SG= jQ J(D a –LC2*  := 2L "= T
ML SL20 E:–L n C = GK pK  DC ® K "(0 E:–L !K *K5 4 U2L  I
 , <= &C
(57:20 0. ) .nGCk K
P= G( pK F 5C& H C "5=“ 3( "
  'C )CG := K C _= ( t = 
n"(#g `  W= BCDC } ( 4= jQ 8K 5 !( T( … C ;C >= CD ( E$
. n4( - GK H J= R †'L C;< !K U; MC C  ” K 0ƒ  pK K4 *
8
K "%(   "5=“ 3( "  L 0(+ MC SK  qL 
. n G &C a "= >  nT S–C h
 ƒT4  = <( a "= > 8 K (E 
(18:45-46 ?2 )

Face the Challenge!


What is the difference between '") !"# . Explain with an example of each.

Quranic Arabic Program 80 Level 05


Lesson 4A: Allegory '"() !"#*

Analysis J(T <


!K K$
= 0 H 1 "(-T( _
H  $  C := K L<= &C K C C P 0(U 
    ni="R pK = , ( 0 := C pK Q  CzN( E   G ML Ž=U‡
= &C ._ ( $ (  9K 0(  !K U;  !K T$ ( pK UDS DC pK  =<( ! U;
‚
a S= G !( %( S= DC P= G( ‚a S= G pK #Š= 0  Jƒ,L H  = T J(D 8 H ;L ‡L C
CzN( / H 1= T @  S= DC K 1= T 8 a ;L L _ a  !( %( S= DC P= G(
n4SK5 !K C !K U; ' 1 ,= 0 := C P= G  g  0 = 2C 0 := C pK  0 ‚
  >= &C
(24:39-40 4S ) .4H SK5 P= G( !K C DC
!( U; 3( t = G Q Š(T= := K C SG= &C MC SL-( K0 P 0(U 'L )CG 
'b T(  TW&C 3H S T=  T( H E '( )C C := ( $ ( L 5=&C P= G( n"() * 
.'§ kC DC 'b T(  = ( 0K := C M {(DC P( "= C 1= t
( ;C L &L € = *ŽCD
(2:265 3 - )
CN( MC SL%$
 0K E5BCC P E"* G  1= T ƒ
  J(D h
 5SLO( ,0K
(8:6 q5j ) .MC K ‡L 0 := gK  8 ( S=  
Q 4  !( U; _
 ( _
 2(  SK* L& P 0(U P= G( a 0( DC C 5
(2:101 3 - ) .MC SK;C 1= 0  := K E5BCC := g( 4( SKL
CN( := K E5BCC n<  ( ’
( = jQ P= G( MC SK K =70  S= 0
(70:43 ‚41f ) .MC SKD( SK0 I H K 5K

Worth Reading
How to get rid of Frustration? The author has analyzed the
reasons of frustration and provided solutions to get rid of it. The
writing is in Urdu. http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0002-00-
Frustration.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 81 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In this lesson, we shall study some sermons of Pre-Islamic
& Islamic Era. It is very important to study this genre To avoid criticism, do nothing, say
because it is nearest to the genre of Quranic Surahs. nothing, be nothing.

:; !";< ^ ;W ƒJ( I


K kL >K
( ="–j PT6 'G2 ";. 3 ="$ ) !GS% <O V
 C 2(T KkC >K
G x1" ~   € K T=C C S !^ ( .!C;g& _ K ( 20   (   sMN :q% :L– !";< –& ^ Q  ( 
:2"N ^ ( qL SK  C J5N !S g N ! N  ˆ ^ .:2K*4  G 1" ~   8
K 4 C S .:L2KT=
(T EP( 
 K CMSL‡-( "$*  EP)L1 K MC SKG*  EP*KSK !^ .n UD ~ (  oN n EW>
. xT& 4a C & xT& b E,
 C 5N . SK ( SK$T x5$ N M( $ 6T MC F,K MSL;1*

(#g PT 3 =") ( 0( (T (k


L >K ( kK> qL  &
.EPK ;C 1* :2($5j SKGƒ-C DC !~ 0& K 1T G& :q% :L– !L;g& Sg (T !";< Җ& ^ ( 
 Mb K * ! d" !“T4 ! EPLS-" :L– H‹ 4 C d  " !K  C EP< K"C :L– :K & EP-L 1 "KC ^ (
€
 GE%C D .h";< €  ;D& n G h  "*& h
 Š ;C D ŸJ(S4 h  *(B0 := C& :!K 5 KO !K K,
( K0 I
a ( 
.:   "=  — 0 D !K G E%L M ‡" :L– ni"R — 0 D n (R x"0 UM  ‡L ";D Ÿh($
sM{D H ƒ"AC H ;2(D = ,
( 0 :C PG .' 1 ";D 3H * P(G  #
( T( S 4(  P(G !K   J(-0 M & ‹Ck PD
( = 4 ^ q( S4 ;< :2";< $ .? H 1(t ( C(G 9K  oN ()G&  #< L $. —F,K* (T
.!* T ^

Do you know? Ancient kings used to specify grazing land for the
cattle owned by the Government. Nobody was allowed to enter
his cattle into that protected area. This is called . in Arabic.

Front  E%L He will definitely be


shocked
EP-L 1 "KC One responsible for
collecting fodder for cattle
 (  

Quranic Arabic Program 82 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

(ˆ A Œ04* #g PT 3˜) ( 0T 1( K 


K ( 1  K q(  & J(D !K KkK>
K  R& .pK K L 20 PG —(O<&L pK K †C &L  !T PK G( L& !( 0(& pK K L Š( & !K K"(1& pK K  = & ^
( .
( ‡C <( S 4( SK —K T !K ;C 4& !LS4 pK< xKG sM& ! h  0 R  pK  ^ y N !N  sM&
( < $ P G( S5O .M( GF P(G ‹ ( Ck-( 5 ~
(  P(G H t :( ;1 P(G H U;%( '( K K  P G( 3H  CD ;<
.'(  j P(G _ H L%
:L2"(W & . x"1T n t U't ¦ C E DC ˆ
 S( C -D ( ( 10 PG R 4 -D !CS4 ^ Q 9( k( 0K PG
.^ —S-T p GK B0 M& 3( >| ;< !K E K 0 M & :K ;$f : ;$f !T W C& G a "= > !5{D (^ —S-(T
. x z hz PG 'L D&  b "( 5 hz P(G 'L D&  .!($5 PG ^ y :L4 U  G K4C D
( G& P(G MC SKŠ* G ;< @ H (W ML S< .!( ƒT4 P(G H DC 7GK 'H ( ;< !T 'C ( < P( ^ —S-* sMN
(^ ! N hT ˆ(S0  ("5(1 ƒ $ J(D p( G& PG ^ ( V  T !K "T ˆ `
K (; 0K PG .3( >|
P(G M G  E% G oN y f K -( 0 P "= (8Sf  1T "D x >Lz p( G& '( ( < ± x (z ! PL20
ˆ .O( 1T
a y4 ^
y !$5 ^ y :K L 4K †
 0K . x"1T xG & !"T !"T sM& S “OS 0 hz —S(
( s‡T 5& G —C qC S- qL ƒ0K G ' F< qL SL-0 !K 5{D .h ?  ;>  pK  < F ,
 5=& !CS% @
 EW
.( "1;
! :†‡1K0 !( *(i" !< †2K0 ^ ( E0 PG !5{D ."51  $ ± !( ;( ‰ :( G& '( < ± ^ Q S-*D
.!K kC 7 %S0 !TSL-<K (%S0 !K -G (%SK0 ^ ( —S-* sMN ."‡< x+SD +D -D ^ ( 0 PG . x &
I(  J(D SLAƒ C *K  :L2†‡  T( L>K .C 4 9K DC 0 E_  (t 0 p SS / K ƒ"0K ^
( —S-* sMN
 SK$ ( BD .P "= T(z2 : ;10 SL% W
 P0 : ;C 1"( !K ;C " :L2 ®
  5 !T ^y :K L2 U;< % .^ (
P "= ;$f :LE :L Sg p( O( (  ^ ( J(D Kg  pK Q <& KO< :2"N y^ P $  &
( SL; < ^  z K )CBD .^ ( T N 3C ES%L  H "T P<  J  PG "0 H ƒ"T P< h  ;C g PG h  ;( "
;< (-0 ^ sMBT hz .~ (  VT !"T G ^ !( ( 20 (^ V  T !"T G `(; 0K PG !5{D  S"  1K T
.:( "‡1 ^
( T N 3C S%  ( = & ^ ( !G MS2;0  ~ PG h K ;( 0 .!";< MC SK-0  ~ ( 
Provisions x >Lz He crossed the limits ¦
C E DC Period in which no Prophet was said
(between Jesus & Muhammad)
3H  CD

Quranic Arabic Program 83 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

H  &L  S0 !K C L k>
!(T J(D ^
y J(5W & (T :L2"(W L& !~ 0& :q-D ~   Ik7D $ 3  !";< %
:L– !";< ˆ z P( H >Cz H & q( F( =  T( :25N :L– .!(G4( G P< J(g !(<kT '( 1 PG
K ( 0K PG 'b ";% !(T  K 0R ƒ K 1  O  sM{D .¦ ( # ƒº P( "= -" ( =  ;< !$5 P AC 
SKD Kp < PG 9G MC k"# sMN !K < A& PG 9G ^ MN .p(RK4 ;< !  F < PG N !";<
J5{D .!T :L  G & ˆ(T :2";< ^ :L <  G hT SK$(  1.O( º ;< ( = T :2C<&
 (G Sg .? ( 1K F( ,(1 ( G& P(G … C "() ‹
 +K 

 > sMN .:L( RK4 ;< ¬ a 0( 


.  !";< k1K0  ^ !K0
.!5z !  ^  < G Q ŠT !K < I
 ( D H ;< M PG sM& J(;% J(D

 C %C !5N !~ 0&


± & p"5O '( < ± ^ ;< pK & 9% P $  & PG . x #< !(2G H Í ;< ;W PG
& 3n & G & x"(W N ( 1º  S0 L 1º !";1D >| S" ^T P(G•K0 M PG .!(* >‰ '( ( ‰
.a " ¡J( ^ !< ^ (Š* < Š PG .2nS;G x< & x0 G
C% N 4 oN :2KT -0 '< PG :K ;C <&  .!T :2K* G& % N ^ oN :2KT -0 'H < PG :K ;<& G
 %& J D( S$*  da 5 8 S* P !5& .J(< K4 J(D PK "= Gj ”
K  r
C C 5 % !5N .!< :L2K"5
 .@ ( +  I ( ;A J(D SL; = & :2ET4 ^ S-*D .< BCkC T& M N b R !G ¬ K -L 0  .%+4
.!(<kT N p< G ;< 4-0  !5{D .:2T4 ( " 1(T pSK;C k* M& ;< pK £K Ck :L2E;(0
:  < PG N ~ (  PG a "= ) =;10 := C ( Gj P(G x(R "T M& ="  . qC . :2 P E"T %
9 -C 0 M& h
 R &  I( =  oN J<  M "D 9 %C  PG .!0O !t < ° C ( C * PD
($º PG ~ ( &  V G•f PG PK G•f .!KG4Í ^ ( sMN &  ( ! N h a ;( G d" !"D
.:2";< $ .pK K $   K  !"N (< * C2R zN
(1) During the battle of Ohad, the Muslims suffered a lot. After the battle, the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W comforted them
by this prophecy which proved true within next five years. The Makkah was conquered in 8H.
(2) Slaves were exempted from certain religious directives due to their workload.

Protected area (of grazing land)  Frustration …


C "() Being energetic ¦
( #

Quranic Arabic Program 84 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

(M‰ - +,<N) ?
( "(7T !K Kk>
.=1 $0 ´ PG oN g EO&C :L– g<S D J(-G 9 (  x< ^  E5 :q-D G( PG ?"lT I  kC >
P( G•f I  ;% P";< 'œ Š( 0  ’
b – !G !-D& Sg PG oN !-D '( G _4K .! !K - D(  !H -(D '( G(  _ K D
M PG . !( 4 PG ML S2* :*S<O sMN .( <º ( KFL ( Gj ( j ( "  ^ ( '( 1 ¾
 >N
"5 !g M PG .b  ( 4 Jg "5K !K = *& !(;% J(D pK ( '1 !K ;C R ^ 9  C3 >| !K “g
.! I C G N "5K P(G !( *(B0 ´ .!( "= "< P "= T pK  -CD '1 p G& ^y @ E D
(M‰ - +,<N) $ 3  !";< ! k>
^ sMN & .3b S ;K 3b   ( > "5K sMN &” :q-D ( 1  1T Ik> !5& x0& !( (kL >K PG
L D7G 
n  4K P 1= 0  & .Q $ SL-* "5K SL-E*D ŸMS;1* ?" a ( D "D :2L;( 7$G
;< 3H  N d ( # P(G ( * :C  IK kL 70 qF0 :C “.!K  ;( < zN E.
C qC S-0 M& ~
( 
“.G "D g :L2G( S0 P(G J -( T C N G "D "5 PG ( 0 ´ !5N” :q-D ? ( 1$

( A&

(M‰ - +,<N) $ 3  !";< ! k>


U'KG D ^ ( 0 PG .(<& 8i" ($5& 4( K RK P(G ^ ( T zL SK15 !K K"(1& pK K  = & ^ . sMN
r
( 0. P $  & sMN .! h0 R  p ^ N !N  sM& R& .! ˆOg D ' ;( K0 PG !
.p S G ;< pK 4 > . ( L2  1T ( 6 J(D !K ;C > O& !(;% ± ^ !E0+ PG `  ;C D& % .^ _ K 
.:2(TS;% †'L P(G ^ Q S ( &L ^
y EI  & PG S“ ( &L !K Š ;C T& r0. @   W& !5N ~ r ( 0O & P(G
^
Q SL-* .ni"R !T SL ( #K*  ^ KK< .:2TS;% !";< SK$- *  .p z ^ (   Sœ; * 
“.:2"T ^ ” ( K T( S“T* :L2g( SDBT MC SL; 1* G ` a (W SL%ƒW  !( *(C-*K E

Redness 3H  Forced, compelled b  ( 4 His group !K ;C R


Don’t harden SK$- *  Don’t be tired Sœ; *  Branches of date-palm
trees
?
( 1$

Quranic Arabic Program 85 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

(M‰ - +,<N 'G2 I0Ô) $ 3  !";< ! k>


 1 M{D .:2(0(5 oN SK5D b 0(5 :2 MN .:2((1G oN SK5D :(1G :2 MC N !~ 0&
.!"D }H % ^ G ˆ40  @ H T 'b  & .!"D 'b <D ^y G ˆ40  G % 'H  & P( "= DC 7G VT
'% 3( "
  PG ( 2(  'C %( ( "(#
  PG (!*( >| p"5KO PG !($ !($5 P(G K 1 ( >K B";D
( º N 4H O PG "5  1T  .I H 1$KG P(G 8
( Sf  1T G p( ( "T( H KG d
K 5 ˆ SD .8( 
.4(  ( &

(#<j `W) $ 3  !";< ! k>


sMB .I  % 5( "=  ;< "D K . M I  C % 5( "= C ;< "D 8  Sf UMBCC ~ 0&
5B :(– K* P(G 'L L B5 :C– & :KLƒS5K .MS1 4 "N 'b ";% < a  8 ( SGj PG 9K ƒ"#  5K ˆ
.H  s' EG( &C H ‡< s' "($5 .:Kg 1T MC KU;7
 GK
d
 C H" 1G ( "=  P(G !K $   n G  C 5& Pf TSA .~(  _
( SK"<K P< !K"< !K ;C Š R P( TSLA
€= TA !K -";> €$ K € = C + P( ÓSA .( 2$ †qœ  'g& … C C> (2. !( - 'g&
!K = 1 (  !(S% P(G 'C C h
 $
 G& !(G P(G 'C   C 5& P( ÓSA .pK E R ~ P( < qC F( < !K * 0 
.L < ( p( S( $* ´ L E“$

(M‰ - +,<N) $ 3  !";< ! k>


SL;W
( . SL;Š #* M& '% .  qC <j K4O( T  S*SK* M& '% :2T4 oN STS* !~ 0& &
K  •K* SL%+ K* ("51 ƒ ƒ$ J(D ( %  3( ) ! :( (z 3(  )C2T( :2T4 P "= T :2"T ˆ
 g J(G< J(D  g J(G-G J(D C1º :2";< }   D % ' F< ^ M& SK;C < . K  K*
.(*SG ( 1T P(G J(*" ( G"- ( S0 oN  g ˆ R J(D

Calamity, epidemic H  We accompany 9K ƒ"#


 5K Shari’ah, Divine Law : (1G
It is fixed for them :KLƒS5K Youth, young age ( "(#
 

Quranic Arabic Program 86 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

!  SW  & ! E®  & .p( G& ± ! „ 4 T  !;R ! ^ 9   D a GN ! C  * PD
pK   -0 M& N xG( •KG a D •K0  & . x KG ¡JT( <& E•K 0  & .! E T(  & ! C %W  &
.!K AC S & !K C "

K 70 Mb k;

(M‰ - +,<N 'G2 I0Ô) 2G `D S0 !k>


p< 5 Kp < @   W
 .! h0 R  p ^ N !N  :q% :L– ( 12 _ ( T ;< ?  %C 
L 5 ( sN P( "= *g JG %C €  * SD <E0K qH G & H O & 3H  –LBG 'œ L & .pK   _  F j  F g
MSK1T4& G L ‡C U;Š GK L 0(  "D  1  ¦
( S$(T (  1  'L )G B(kl 'L C% & .ƒ‚. L 0C-( €
( "
.gOK  & (5SLkTK J(D n C ;(>
K O‰  O ‰ P(G ~ K  ( T|(T  ‡œ 1 * ";gº 3C S 7 = 5 :2< I  g z& % ^ sMN !u H 0 %L  #  1G 0
'C (%C  nTSK1RK := L ; 1   C)5L&  H C zC P= G( := L - ;C > E5N( ~
K E “0&C 0 :* Å ._ H K* P(G  ;( >K
0| .:= L C-*=&C !( U;  = <( := 2L G   &C UMN( SLD4 1(
.:H 0=  ­
H & PK T :a 0=  ­
a &  x "= > : SL% Ÿ:2(T 'b <D J5N MC  * G !C 2G 'gB0 & u0 % #1G 0
.y C-;C kL  :K K5BD SKg z :q%
-$ ± !k>
ni0( G n)"(ŠG n)"C -(  E:K U; ” :q% !";< –& ^  ( D  f  1K W  pQ O4 “ , K 0 JK ( -D
.‹  !T “4K * ‹  4F !T € K (K* }
 4j !(T J("K* x44 O x0=O n-AC n%C n ,( x x10( GK ni"(g
€
( -C &  p( 5 oN pK  0 !‰ ^ qL S4 EO4 G ^ SD “.r H  4  "=   n < n 1D5 x"-K !K ; 1
.";<  "C S  :; :q-D !^ qS4 0 @  Š @
 Š MC S“, ( 0 ~K   .C% 4& y $
.'( "(;6 CS 4   ( 0f P< _ K $(  _  ,5=D
They yelled MC S“,
( 0 Productive & flowing x x10( GK Serving,
housekeeping
L 5 (
It encircled 4  Victorious & abundant n%C n ,( Camels n C ;(>
Crown '( "(;6 Continuous & productive x44 O x0=O Happy & joyful ni"(g ni0( G

Quranic Arabic Program 87 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

(M‰ - +,<N 'G2 I0Ô) ‹ OS , ± !k>


8iƒ" PG $5& 4( R PG ^T zS15 !"N _S5 p Š$5 !"1$5 pKÕ ^ .
 pK   ^ N ! N  M & R& .! ˆ
 O( g D ' ;( K0 PG ! U'( GK D ^y ( 0 PG .(<&
.!LS4 pK< xKG sM& K  R& !K  h
 0 R
:K 1T G& . a "= > Sg ˆT `
K & .!(<A ;< :L2)œ ( &L ^
( —S-T( !^ O < !:L2"(W L&
J(%SG ±  g J(G< 1T :LC-&  J(;E1 ˆ(4O&  J5{D .:2 PK ƒ"T&L JG SK1 = !~ 0&
±  g :2(GS0 ( G K :L2ET4 SL-;* M& oN :2";< a :2C SG& :QGO sMN !~ 0N . g
!R :s; .€
K Š;T 'g & . g :(;C T ±  g :( R
&L T& T4( qC  & sMN .‹ a StSG ( ";gº T4( sMN .";< !K   PG oN gƒO• "K;CD b 5G& p< € = 5 PD
( G< K O !T &L 5 H O q & sMN .b <StSG ( ";gº Q GO sMN .I(;UkK  ( < PT ~ K 1 Jƒ< T4( !( T(
.( 0C-$
(  ( 5 $
   "=  b <StSG 2 ";gº  –(ŽG sMN .1 I;kf ( < P( T ’ ( 4. PT ( 1"T4 P( T
.( ";gº '( g& P(G SD O + PD . H "= 1( T L C(G !"D ( ,
. C  1 (T 'C %C G K 1 !K (R Oa S %L K  1 
.—S( "D ‹  Ck0K M & J t
( 4 % !2 pg :2(t4& J(D  1K0 M & d K i(0 % MC k"# sMN !~ 0&
.:2(<& P(G MC K -( * (G hz
xG< !K 5SKGƒ  0K xG< !5Sœ; ( 0K .  P0 !T 'œ  ( 0K ( L2 ± 3b O0+ L $ (  5N !~ 0&
sMN .}  4j 8 ( S$ ^  ;C >  S0 !( (iC" 4 ( % MC GF  sMN .^ y  E  G 3C E<( SLiA( SK"(
b 1T4& (G }4j 8 S$ ;>  S0 (^ _ (  J(D x R  #  < – ^ < 4( SK# K  3C E<(
—O P="T ˆ ‘ I a  4 E 
 K  ,. z 31- z :Oa CD a ( 8 a "( SGK b –C– .a K K
.R :; Ÿ€Š;T 'g & .MH 1R
(1) The Prophet started implementing his directives about interest and retaliation from his family to make it an
example for others. (2) There were certain responsibilities given to different families of Quraish. The Prophet
abolished these ranks except housekeeping of Ka’aba & providing water to the pilgrims.
Do you know? Islamic worships are conducted according to the moon calendar which revolves around
the seasons. In order to fix the calendar into seasons, Quraish added a 13th month in every three years.
The objective was to fix the pilgrimage immediately after the harvest season to get more and more funds.
This is called Nasi’. Islam forbade it.

Quranic Arabic Program 88 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

: "=  :2R CD P i(ASK0 s& P";< :2 .a P( ";< :2 n- :2";< :2($ sM& !~ 0&
:2 MC Uz& % ^ sM{D P ;1DC M {D .H # T P "= *(B0  :2(5z{T N :2*S"T !K 5SKg ( 2K* x  & P; >( K0 
:L21CA& P "= ( 5 M( {D .”
H E GK  "=  xT t
 EPgK SKT ( * 9( (   ± EPgK K , K * EPgK SL; ( 1* M&
1 ni"R P( $5j P 2 ;( 0  HM S< :< y $ 5N .
1fT PK*S$ PL%+4 :2";1D
. x "= > P(T SWS ( $ ± ^ S-*D .^ ( (  ;( 2C T( EPK  K DL :K;C; ^
( ( 5GB(T EPgK SK*K>&
.R :; Ÿ€Š;T 'g &
'g & .!(G d
H 5 I
( "CA P< sN !">& qC G ³
H G 'œ 
( 0  .3b S>N MSG•f 5N !~ 0&
.R :s; Ÿ€Š;T
:C !T :K*>& M N G :2"D €
K  * % J5{D ./
H 1T _
 C%4( :2K1T _
K ( 0 x4UL ˆ1T P 1( * D
.R :; Ÿ€Š;T 'g & .^ ( _   :pK  1T Sœ;
( *K
^ ( < :L2GK & ._
H  *K P(G K O‰  O| :2s; .a :LT& sMN a :2ET4 sMN !~ 0
.R :; Ÿ€Š;T 'g  .—S- (T N 'b D  J( ,  < ;< J(T 1 d" .:LC-*&
.I
 (Š K g# e ;( K";CD :q% .:15 S%
+K SK,0  b"W ’ H 4 S +K SK,0  .’ (  "= f PG !K " 5 ’H 4 '( 2( : E$%C % ^ sMN !~ 0&
 "=  US * & !"T& ( "=  oN <EO PG .2 K ,
.
C ( g( 1; w
(  ( ; K CS  .r
( ;L )L P(G H )C& J(D b "W
:2";< $ .qb < 
a W !(G 'L -K0  .P="1=& ~ ( 2f ^ L 1 !";1D (!"C SG
.^ = 4
(1) It means that women have no responsibility more than that.
(2) It is a big issue. If a married woman commits adultery and gives birth to a child. It will become a dispute that the
child belongs to which father. According to these words, if it is not possible to associate a child with a specific
father, he will belong to the husband of that woman and the adulterer will be punished.

Fornicator, adulterer ( g( 1 Bed (owner of the bed


i.e. husband)
w
(  (  Under protection MH S<

Quranic Arabic Program 89 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

( ="–j PT6 'G2 ) !(*SG }


( G J(D !k>
!K K &4 I
  < % .nSK<SG !K *KS D !"N €
K =  7
 D ^ qL S4 J(5 :q% ~ H < PT '(  P<
S1D (~ ± Oa 5 q% :L– ( ( ;< d  ;C   p( ( "T 8
K  > BD !'L D 0 ˆ("T(  >K :q-D
:q-D !"N
P( "= T P(G @
a SL>K JG 5O % !5N .Sg N !N  ˆ ^ Q :2"N K  = & J5{D !~ 0& :1T G ”
xt < ! € K R € K  PG .!G = -( $";D ˆ( C D  x C ! 8 K C; €K  PD .:( K &
P(G y # u  70  .!G  >B";D ËG D nG ! 8 K >& PG .!G = -$";D J(t < D
.J(;†;  & !C M M N n- JG >& PG ËN :L2EK & sMN & .J(5BR P(G € = $" 5{D J(;C%
“. x4  G( :2"(D  SL%&  < PH ŠKG K "=  g sM& —4& % .d (  I
K ƒ"AC 5& JT4 €
K "-C;D
( –)(T 'b K 4 !";< <EOD .o j !( (CC- ( O 1D ( ( ;< d
 ;C ,
 D 9 4 :L–  L‡ s; D qF5 :L–
:q% :L– .tS <( pK Ck<BD :g( 4O(
P(G ML S g& "5 ”  SD sMN & ."5 ” K SKDL ' -L 0  p( ƒO• "K;D ¥ JR p< M PG !~ 0&”
VT ^ y pK  E"> x< sMN” :q% :L– .:C  C Š H  &L _ ( W& ;< s;W  Å “.3 >| ” ( SD
“.(T‰ ($L 5BT „ 0DC ” :q% H 2T ST& C2D “.p(< G 4 >D p(< G P "= T "5K

Rule of the Day! Sometimes, the word G is comes after a direction of space or time and before a
verb. It converts that verb into its 4 G. For example, „ Q  G K 1= T (after its arrival), SK;( L G K 1= T
(after being offended) etc. This is called 04 f G.

Acquit me J(;†;  So he should take


revenge
= -( $";D Not feeling well, sick nSK<SG
Passage of time x4  G( Respect xt < He tied I
  <
Embarrassment ”
K SKDL Grudge y # Coming down (death) @
a SL>K

Quranic Arabic Program 90 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

:";< ^ M St4 ( T  0WS I


K kL 7
K 
:; !";< ^ ;W qL S  /
 (%L  S0 :0  H 2T J(T& k>
_ S) !< ?  #  2C D H_S)T E,$  GK Sg J( ;< !";< ^ M St4 0  2T ST& 'C > O
P(G H  & 8( Sf 9= k-0 ´ G h  *(S( 9 kC -C 5 .xƒ"G €  (A ›"  €
 (A .JG& €  5=& J(TBT” :q%
n3$G 8  (W  €  =  > ( 2K P< €  ; ;C  (  P< €  = ‡L 1 D (3S P(G ( "5j
.~( SLK(T h
 *(S( 5K,C h(G x4"(> M h*SG sM& S .¥ S( h"D 5 (W  €  =  <
a 2D < !K " 5 9K "(k$5  G GBD .M( SLi# K  Q G h";< 5= C 5j (2 P< €  "=  5 h5& S
PG P= 2L  .hƒT4 < Í 0 5 Lz . $ < !K Š= ;( TBD :; .M(  ( = 0  M( C(70
a 5ON
< h
 ƒ"5 e ;( T& :; .( # S P(G €  ;> ( := -L 5 :C ("2$ P(G €  ;> G S;D .hCT
“."(D !K ‡C
:q% n k> I
 kC 7
 D .:(*  2C  :( "‡< :(* C ( 0R ± :g ~ oN ‚
  > :L–
R& .!S4 p< Í 5" M& R& .! h0 R  p ^ N ! N  M& K R& "D
sM& .q%  qC S- M& ’
C    r
C 0. M& ‹
  R  P 0 sM& qC F 5  _  2 sM&
:q% Å .'H 0SA H  J(D V K f K . Sg ^
.8
K SK0  ¡J ^ Q M{D ^ Q K K10 M PG .8G % xÍ sM{D  xÍ K K10 M PG !~ 0&
G ;< p< G !( ƒ" 4 >& % Ö^ MN .x<F  pK SK<* D p( G& J(D :2"N  E-C * % Ö^ MN
K"T @
 E DC PG
  < ( T( C > & PD .!("5 C  !K T :2"D ?  ;C > !(T S– oN !K 
 C% :L (<
 :2ƒ"5 8 ( ST( ML k"# :L2E;C Š( #0  … ( $-T P "= G( ES%C SK5SL ! SG‰ P0 0& 0 .  2C 5&
.:L2T( K   ;"D pK K ‡( $*  K!5 KF, ( 1K* ˆT pSL;( 1D .:2(0O P< :L2E(0

Sadness a  You did good to us 5K,C Enshrouded E,$


 GK
Serious sickness

a 5ON We’d definitely depleted 5= C 5j Perfection 3n $G

Quranic Arabic Program 91 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

:< ^ Jt4 H 0+ PT ( Gj H 2T J(T& L E"W


(
:q-D T=&L oN pK  E" P "= !#" H 0+ PT C G& W &
 K4( Š*  Sœ;Š *   SK5SK7*  :< gSL‡( D H #1T :2"(W L& ! SL%( !~ 0& 0
 KpSL%ƒ 
 *K  n75 K 1K -*  n3& G  x "=  x7"R  x "= ŠW (A SL;K-*   SL;)L= *
.!(;C B( N x "= 1T  3n -T  3n R SKT*  n3  E)CGK 3n ,R SK1Uk-C *

S .!K  :$5& S D G :gS<K  D (9G( S  × :$5& SLE DC % H S%BT M “ K *
S
:  K L zD H"R  1T ni"R G :K; C & z{D (1k ML S& "D H "5(ŽT :L25S*B0 H S% ;< MSKGƒ-C *K
:KgSL-( >D (I( 1  ')(G CS SL  * :(( y4K ¦
C  & SK  DC % xG S%& MC SC-;* .";< ^ (
.^ :( T SK1DC  5 n-> ?
( "$(T
:< ^ Jt4 -< PT "S ¾1 PT ( 1 H 2T J(T& L "W
H "W
( S T G H s' W & ( %  ;< C)1G -< PT "S ¾1 PT  < 9 E"R
:3H 
PG .I
K $ ( 0  r
L " P(G !L%+K 0 x 7G !K  '1,0 ^ ( E0 PG !5{D ("51 ƒ ƒ$ ± ^ ( *
× h5N .^ O< !T W S*K G a "= > ^ —S-* sM{D . x & ! :†‡1 0K !(*Ži" !< †2C 0K ^ 0
.:( G& L  <( :2(0O K S% !"D < L ;Š …
L 0  ML gO6 !"D h  1 $0  ^ '( KK P(G 'H "
. = *  P( * D

Cheating ML gO6 They shaved SK 


 DC Don’t keep a grudge Sœ;Š * 
Don’t go far away P( *  Headbands I
( ( 1  Don’t cut dead bodies
(of enemies)
SL;)L= * 
Don’t be heedless = *  Beat them :KgSL-( > Don’t hollow out K 1K -* 
He went to see off 9 E"R Churches, monasteries 9( G( S 

Quranic Arabic Program 92 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

!*SG < < ^ Jt4   1K  H 2T J(T& "W


4( T < 4( T !K ;L (-K0  '( ";T  n < ^ ( M N .^( —S-(T h"(WSKG ˆ1T P(G h  L ;( 7$KG J5N
!K K0+ SG €
= ;-– PG PK 0+ SG € = ;C -L –C 5{D .C 0  —ƒO• *K  n ;C D( 5 'L -K*  !5N .'";T !(;-0 
MC S20 M& ƒ. N !"D 9K t  SK0  M( F" “  .:";< !K ;( -C –( "5K ± ƒ. :(<*BT ( G"- S0
“ .:";< !( (C >( '( A :(<*T G"-  S0 !K K0+ SG €> PG PK 0+ SG =€U> 5N . n "(-–C
.n"> MS20 M& '( A sN !"D 9K t  S0  M F"
J5N €
K ;L% :K* z z{D .:(*i" P< +( K ,* :(<& P( $
 BT :g D ( º 'C g& z ^ sMN
z{D :*$ = 0 ´ :(<& &(SBT :g D 4( E C'g&  C zC .( •g P(G MC S& s&

K >&
.( •g PG MC S& s& SK4j J5N :€ K ;% :K* z
 ƒ.  "=  ^
( ;<  0  xg 4 x 4 K 1 MC S2" _ ( 1 ( 0‰ 9G ( =  C 0‰ z
Sg 8( S PG h"N “I ( &L .I a  P= 20 D J("W €  ‡ (  z{D (2C ;L  oN p( ( "T (-;0
.^
( F( ,
( 1KT( €
 $C 8 ( S PG h"N /K Š T& .Ia ( P= 20 D J("W €  1E"t M N .h  "(*‰
< ^ Jt4 ¾
H % J(T& PT ( 1$(  < L E"W
(
 !I H "g K (T K 1 !K 1 0 :q-D (@  1(  _ (  ;< 1 pK  EG& P "= ( ¾ H % J(T& PT  1 W
C ƒ"$
  SK0  s' F< ^ sM{D .^ q( S4 I K ( W ^ q( S4 qL > 'C "(% M & ^ P(G h  E5E ŠK 0
~
K D .!( (<A N I a $
 5 H  & P "= T !K "T d" Ö^ M{D .P( $  T C "$ SK0 !2 ( ƒ"E$(T
G MC SL4( K0 ( "D( 1T MSL;t( C0K pKO< :g :“T4 ^ .¥ S ^ 8 ( z ± :K1"(t :KL 0 R
pg K Gj !5{D !K G= F( D %C 4 D M& oN r C 1( TK L KG J( €  0&4 ˆ  Gj ( ‡L 5D .( < kT p<
.P0 (7 P(G €  L h  ;C  < …
C (  < €
 = ( 4  * M N „0N .J(‡C <(
(1) Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqas !< ^ Jt4 was a great companion of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. He was a maternal uncle of
the Prophet. Caliph U’mar !< ^ Jt4 appointed him the Commander-In-Chief of the army attacking Iraq.
They are given higher
rank over others
MSL;t
( C0K Additional, non-
obligatory
n ;C D( 5 One who leaves behind ?
K ;( 7$KG
My exhortation J(‡C <( God-fearing xg 4 Testator J(WSKG

Quranic Arabic Program 93 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

1 3OGE   < !< ^ Jt4  < L k>


:q% :L– (!ƒ"(5 ;< s;W !";< –& ^  (  .^ !K  ( 4 ~
( E1 T 3( OG   < I
 kC >
_K E -C 5 5N :s; .h"N _ K SK*& „ K ( Š& J5N :s; . x4UC M !5N :2ET4 K ( Š !~ K  0&
MC C2DC 4K , (  EG&C  ” :  h
 LS% :qL SL-* h5{D .!(4( 4( ( !( (T‰ ( "-( T h  ƒ"(5 ƒ:1 T( h"N
”(  ( K ‡(  D “.n(W gK SKT&C MC C  K C Fa = C !K = * MC C  ( 0(  J(D P( "=  "(0 P( "= G KŠ(
 J(<   €  5& :s; . x4UC €  L h5N  = (  :s; .!( ƒ< ± h"5 :s; °( D ("T&
.H 1 E"
 K T( 3C  "= $
( 2C  ‹
=  *  U '( ( K*
:K)(& :s; .C>& E $
(  :K ;C 1* €
 5& —S2(# €
( 1 C *4  "= 2 E@4  "= Š(  ‹
  t
 % :;
“.M D2 K S- N ^ ” ( 4 P(G ~
K BC"0  !5{D . SL2;( K"D SLk-0 M& 'C C% h –("Š( T(
pK  1T PG ( ";7; !< ^ Jt4  < L "W
:q-D p1T PG C ";l K < W &
.! h
 0 R  ^
( —S-(T h
 "(W &
.:K-C T( :KC

 ( 1* M & x "= > V


  j P0 fT h
 "(W &
.:(i("$KG P< +=  ,* :($
( KG PG '(%D  x "= > 4(  5jT h"W &
.:G 'H CD P< N :KiC"CD ' ( *  (C  3L K ƒ K 1K  y O(4 :5{D  x "= > 4(  Gj ('gBT h"W &
q( SG& J(R S P(G C >K B* M& ( 6 3L EOG _
( 1 'L W& :5{D  x "= > ( 0O(  '( gBT h
 "(W &
.:( -LD ;< “O K D :(("(&
(1) It was 18H of a great drought. The sand looked like ash due to heat and waterlessness, so it was names 3OG  <.

He became thin & weak E@4 Crashed, smashed 3C  "= $


( C Ash 3OGE 
Collector of taxes ( C  3L K Lost H 1 E"
 GK Don’t neglect ' ( K* 
Extra J(R S He became humble ‹
  t
 Lost (sheep) U

Quranic Arabic Program 94 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

:";< G EO& zN :(%A @


 SCD :K †;2C *K  :(( 4 P(G 'C *(-K* M &  x "= > ( EG(  '( gBT h"W &
.MC K ( W :g H 0 P< & x<SCA V  G•;
.H 04 ;< h(G 9 ;( Uk0 M& !(-G ( DC 7G !G 4(  3( ER( ^ —S-T h"W &
.^
( ±~
  #Ø ~
(  ± ^ #7* M& h"W &
hz sM{D .:g( "= -D ;< :E" = –(•K*  :g4( SKŠ–L :(,( S
 ( ²
( “ C  ( E"<(   ± q( 1T h"W &

K ( 10 PG oN hz P(G J 


( K*  „( G& ( %< ± a "= > „(4+S … œ  h(;-( b G ^ M( z{T
.h(;% VT h"T qL ƒS  0K h*  0 
± „>K B*  Å .:g("1T ~ I
( 0 % ;< !"(W1G p(O K K ± ^ ( G& ± E#* M & „ K G( ‰
.^ ( G P(G h
  5 G ')(G !G h
 ( *  H DC &4 H  &
.:H ( L GS ^
( ± „ L >K B*  :L– . I
   PG ;< J(*K  ¥ S „< ~
  '1
h$5 K ƒ   *K :K ;( ‡* 4K SK,D .P "= G•f ;< ^y Q CD& (G ^ „U "D 3C TK  3C  –j „0N
3 >| oN €5& 3( >| "5 q+G P(G H CF( =  T( €   = W& % .h";< ^ !K 1 E C% G hz P(G
.I
a 0 % ¡(
—S  h
 ;C C M N .x5 St4 x5=0N !T €  D % h ^ … C$
 T < n U<( n < „"5 € D  % M {D
.^
( …7 !T €  D %
h
 K
=   > h  K"(W & % .G 'g& :( ;L ± „( "= Š  h($ ¬ = >K * s& h"W &
.3( >| 4  ^ !  hT e( TD h  K 5
Do you know? Ahl-uz-Zimma are the Non-Muslims living in a Muslim country. It is the responsibility of
Muslims to protect them and maintain their freedom of religion. They are exempt from defense service by
paying a tax called 0F. Their rights are similar to Muslims. If a person violates their right, the Prophet
:; !";< ^ ;W will put a lawsuit against him on the Day of Judgment. They are called G 'g&.

Favoritism, biasness 3C TK  Your weight „(4+ Their protection (of


borders)
:g(4SKŠ–L
You committed €
 D  % Reproach, rebuke L GS Don’t give preference = –(•K* 
I instigated €
K 
= 
 > Selfishness, egoism 3C  –j Removal …
œ 

Quranic Arabic Program 95 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

oN € K "5 hK‡< ˆT € K ;< M {D ˆ( J($5 !";< ¢ O € K  G h(O P(G 8


K >
: ( 1G q F( = * :C hEK 0 :C hz ' -* :C MN .x"D(  ¢‡  x D( x" 5 !T 8
K >& hK* G& ˆ
.xWC-(5 hT hz P20 h< !T ^ t 0 ˆ < 4( SGj
% H 2C ;C g ' oN ‹
H O Sg d a ";TN H i"k> †' ~K &4 .b  #G Q Sgj Mj n S>G !"D h0&4
^ ( < 3C  SG ³ H ( G °
œ MC S20 M& P(  )C di .4  :KgO 4 BD hC;% C C ($ MC K -L  U't
 &
.!"(W1G oN J< 
( < ;< €
 = E  * ( ^ „  #
 5& h($ n‡<( P 8 ( Š  !"N /
= >K E. I  C 4 :L–
.:(< 8
 = % :g "= ŠW €
 = ( 4 :g "=  €
 ; ;C BD P"= ;$f
.:ŠD CT :";< = –(B$*  Sœ( "KD :=T * 
.:g -( KD †;
 G < :g0k< :=Gƒ 
 *K 
.1 :C;$5 9K kC -D (’SK1 ± :g= ƒ,
 *K 
.:C"1t :K“0S% 'L L B"D :5 KO hTT = ;C Š*  2 :G ( "j P "= T b  KO qC  '( 1,* 
.$ h";< & %& h";< ^ R& „0N J("W pg
3 4( SL) ;< O  ± !< ^ Jt4 MC )< k>
 !N  M& R& .!";< 'sS*& !T P(G & !K"1& p= & ^ . :4 S) ;< “O K 0 q%
P( 0 ;< pK  ( ‡K" . P( 0O —KT !;4& .!S4 p< xKG M& ! h0 R  p ^
:2LS% G& .( -C  ± SL( K* :C (k( f ± SL( 1* :C :25{D :K 1T G& .MS #f p ( C S !s;
.!(G ? K (7 ^
( oN K "= - ^
( J5{D MC S;$K !K ET< H #
  LzSK<&  .h$5 9K ;C 7*
(1) It means that don’t send them in military campaigns for a long period of time and don’t harm their families.
(2) It is the base principle of Islamic Economics that the wealth should not revolve only in rich people. Instead of
dividing land among people, Caliph U’mar !< ^ Jt4 kept the lands of Iraq & Syria in Government’s ownership in
order to spend that money on public benefits. (3) People who attacked on Caliph U’thman !< ^ Jt4 to kill him.

Sending them away in


enemy’s land
:g= ƒ,
 *K Disparaged, belittled xWC-(5 Majority : ( 1G

Quranic Arabic Program 96 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

h(G 'C K-5 M& ";< M2 .!";< := -L * :C !G €


 K* :L– K!– & ’H   qL  & M S g sMN” : S%
. S% G >‰ oN “.h<
 (  5 M&
' F< ^ ( G& P(G &C *& M& PG Ë I & J(5SK†; *K MBD (34G6 P(G &CE *& M& G&” :M)< q-D
'C *% 5{D J(5 O 'C *C% PD .:2(-T x & K GK ‰  J5{D J(5 O P(G MC S;*-* :2LS% G& .!(D>
SL)1 T O SKº
L KOC-D .O( j oN €
K C €
K L - :L2C% K 04& €
K  S ˆ( 1C .ˆ( G& ( "= ŠT
.@ < &  ( T( J(D A& /( 1(T €
K -(C & qC  
!(BT PG b K p S-* M{D F< s' ^ S-* J;< SL-* :C MN ";< SL-TBD .:2($5& ± ^ ^D
^ C 15 z xT F & K "= *  K:2< SKGF(  .  "= Š ^ PG K4( p< b ;"
“.5x S>N H 1T :WBD :2(TS;% V  T?
 UBD  <& : zN :2";<
!< ^ Jt4 J;< k>
^ Jt4 ¡J;< 'C  4BD .( B# '( g& P(G 3C    M(  ( ‡0 ( 
  PK T K < ˆ( < PT K ,
= K ‚  >
“.;T” :q% “ŸP"= †-
( GK $& !VG•f  "= G& 0 :-D pK "*BD .L2< J(ŠK ;( K0 < UL M& ("N !<
“Ÿ:(R P(G 1G : ;( D” :% “.C;T” :q% “ŸP"= ;( k( KG SK$"C & %
ˆ ( $G :K W  SC P2 MC y  = *K MC SK(#* P"= G( ER P "= 5(E1C SK5SL2* M& :2 €
K g= ( C ” :q%
eL ;C T& q( S- ± _K S W& M    :(<& PG   :(*˜ P(G ::;-D :(<&
8 Cz ` = ;( W& 5QGO :gQGO P= -( :s; .:G :L2*( T :g0N :L2(1C ML 2G ::K;% .4( K1 ±
M( K1 JŠ P< S< 0 K!;C (  PKG :G E  

K ( 10  :(t P(G :(g( g "T :("T


“.:2 x "= > ËN “I  & M2 “.!T ® (  ( P(G :(G
“.h
 T(O B(T _
K EOB5 h‡(< 'L K-5 !VG•f  "= G& 0” :-D

Attaching to it ®
(  ( Stop bloodshed! Q GO P= -( Cursers, those who curse P "= G( ER

Quranic Arabic Program 97 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

1 : K4 3(   ± !< ^ Jt4 1KR PT 3(  "= Š( K  L k>


:q% :L– !";< –& ^ (D :!(* (T : U;2D 1R PT 3 ="Šf x0& !"N r1T
!(T 8
 CzC ˆ G& ! — .!K1 0 Sg 5{D ni"R 9 W  PD .!L%+( 4 H R †' K > ^ Q sMN
"5K ± M( k;$ :( ‡C <( (O ± P( 2œ   ( <j ;< 4( S‡ P(G „ O( T 'C g& h$5
.:25 KO ! S gK :2"D !K 1 t
  :L2T( !K 1 W
 ^D .pK K 2( K5 $C K!DL ( 15 PK D
$C !LD ( 15 PK D (_SL;-L 
( > ( #  "(1  ( "t q( . ( SK P(G "(D 8
 z ˆ G&
Q >   MC SK1U%S0 g( ( R 'C g& q F 0 :C .qb  OK "5K .!"N 5= E"W
 hT 5T ^ .pK K 2( K5
."N "= 0 :(T qC F( = *    # MS1s%S0 (>4 'g& q F0 :C .!"N K "= 0 
( 2K# ?
 1(t :L2 ;C & :K"(* & < K K -0 :L K 2KR M H 2KR ˆ( zC ^ y :K L *‰ "D :KL S
^ P(G x;( ,$G ";< 9 T* G :a "‡< M H L 'C g& !T "C;T "D L S .q(  ( “"Š* oN
o1* „4* ^ sMN !T 5SLD ( 1* :L & (!"N MSg* G  "=  MC B# P2 .< (T !K †D  0K n = 4
.n S4 "D r C 1 T
„SG˜ S0 !< ^ Jt4 "S PT 1( > k>
;< ¾1 PT 2 K < 4 RBD .!K %L S= L 0 x#" P "= ;$f w ( S" P(G u ( " s' oN 'L %C ( g ! E
SK1 D . H < ˆ ( &4 '( )(T( :";< 4RBD h  z × H 2T (T& oN SL; 4BD .‹ ( ((T (  G jy
M2D .@ a  > P( "= -C 0  VT :KG G& K K  .!(#" ;< a "= G& ( Gj P(G H s' „ SKG  "= (T
.:%( O( 7
 T( KF,
  yR M N :g(4"(>T CMS;*-0 K 
(1) The great conqueror of Syria and some part of Iraq. (2) He was commander of another part of army which
conquered Egypt. When Hercules sent various well-prepared armies, he advised to gather all the Muslim armies in
Syria. On his advise, Caliph Abu Bakr !< ^ Jt4 sent Khalid from Iraq to Syria.

It was outweighed against him !K %L S= L 0 One who obtains x;( ,$G Power 4( S‡
They hid themselves KF,
  He blesses it !K †D  0K Ability, power P( 2œ  

Quranic Arabic Program 98 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

M & pK K GK B0 @
( 1 ( K K "= G( & "S PT ( > oN I  2C D .!K 5 “( $0 H 2T (T& o& y Gj 'C  4BD
( # oN 4 $D .!( (  G jy xO G ( B# oN ! ES 0 K!C 5( !1G C >K B0 M &  1T p(K ;< ?  ;( 7$0
s' 'C *C% !L% a > US D .( K ;( xO G u
H ",T( MC gT 'C W
  zN MC SL-0(GK :Kg V;$f CD 
u( "º P(G b % D s' € = G O G x15 —,0  'C - g sM& a > —C&  D .P 0(5($GK !( ( +{(T P(G H "= G&
:q% !";< –& ^ (D :kC > Q Gj 9  ,  D . a "= G& C
.:2(; 1 T( ^
Q K0(4&L :LO ( SK ;( >& .JK Š  K 7C !"D (Š0  .^ ( 0& P(G  S" g sMN
 hz M{D .4H #  (5 H 5K$* ;< H "(1* H C‡5 ;< xGSC% SL;*(-*  .pK  1T G !  S0 g sM{D
:C "D SL;( <D . g P "= T :2"T qb  :2K;(< :K ;C 10 S :L( 4 P(G sMN .J(Š0  'œ  ( 0K
.!K KE
 G :2" P(G ˆC&   !5& MC  * ˆT !T K ƒG• *K
“Ÿˆ&  D 8
( D” : S%
.:L21   ( ML S20 M ˆT : ;( < S . K ( " 5& — 0 S gK N ) 10 :C H 2T T& sMN :q%
- .:(gO( G& P(G P "=  #; 9K C 5& :"# ( C % G( V  ;$f ;< “R & !"D :K5& ˆ sMN
¬
K -( 0  .M( ;K P(G H ;C T( :2(G 'H 4 s' O  D& C-D !^ !^D .:2"T € = %C  DC "5 sM& €
K ;<
:2K -( 0  :2(1T  "= G( B* sMN .! SK5 O M& !";< pK0(F0  .OSº (  G &L P(G H j MC O sM& !(G
.^ q( S4 ( ";>  (<  ^ <
q F * :C S" :(%> oN :Kg5OO4 MN .p1T G ! a S0 g . LBE" * % ( •g M{D S“;L g
>|  S"  K 1T ";< P= 2";D .3C 4G6 4 ( 1;D S;L D .g1T `
= ;C 5 :C 5SKGF g M N .:Kg“O K 5
“. S" K EGBC*& J(5SK<O :2s; K EGB0  HC  1T x >|
.H  ( =0Fg E R   (  0=F(T L 1%S €
(  5 p K EGBD

They became ready LBE" * Being lazy K ( " In front of him !( ( +N
We decide the matter 4 ( 1;D He submitted MC O Supporting each other P 0(5($GK

Quranic Arabic Program 99 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

J;(g, ( 1 ± 0WS I
K kL 7
K 
1 ˆ•L PT I
( 1C L kK>
PT Í P< J" ;A PT Í P< T+ PT P$. PT Í 0 A PG :"15 ST& — 4
9K  ,0 J(; 9( T($ “,
  Sg ˆ• PT I1 M :q% ; Á& P< ’4. PT :"g TN
:qS-"D :k7"D CT K 1K  !K "E$
 *K u
a 0 % €
= 5 (1 K ,
K   S0 !GS%
aOG( } K 4j a‚W 4a (5 a‚ 'b " . S* S*  SK;C 1* Ss;1*  SK<  SK1=
.:2C S & SK;( W& :2G 4& SL;( D .H T oN hz s' .P0 (>| MSL j .Oa * & qL º
:L2G   SKƒ0+ .MSS-* G
a (> “P‡C  .:2GG& 4K  .  # ( 5K x"G & 9  4 h;C g PG :K0&4 'D
:q% Å .:a 0=  Ja (5 !(G ‚
K K 7" .:a "‡< Bb5 ! J(*B"$D .pSL%4( *  !T SL2ƒ$ * pSK†‡<
gK 0( G g“S;L K ";< ¥ S .... ’
H O( S

K > 'b " 4a (5


g4K SKK ";< J(D :( 1 ((T .... TE BC*  ’
(  jT M( TSLi0
gK 0 G 'L "($0 G a -C <K C ...... ;L g& I
 U;-C * ¥ 5&

a K W
K
gK "= > n% KW
K x4>& K (7K"D ..... H KG J( J(*B0 H ; ;<
.x5K> E
  J(Š* 3C ="#1 P "= !( *(S<O ³
K S =DC a g( R !J(" 0 :q% :L–
(1) He was the seventh grandfather of the Holy Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. His period is estimated to be around 350CE.
If this sermon is correctly associated to him, it indicates that the people of Quraish were at the right path of
Abrahamic faith during his age. They used to perform the Friday Prayer and bear the news about the Prophet were
available to them.

Returning

a K W
K Both of them return M( TSLi0 They comprehended SK< 
Supporter —S
= DC He returned TE BC* Quiet ‚
a 
Disappointment x5K> Abundant J(D Time of earning ‚
a W
Under veil/cover 4K SKK Bitter K 0( G

Quranic Arabic Program 100 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

H KG ( < PT 1 :( R( g L k>


( S" 4( (5 q & K SL-0
G ( < PT :K Rg M .( . ^ € ( "T 4( E +K ( N ;< x#0 % r
œ ( 0
:qS-"D #0 % I K kL 7"D (TT ( C-;(* P(G ( 12 oN p  K ($K"D .( ,. ˆz P(G q j
TK %& xT$5& Lk & xG & K‡C <& xgSK K K$
 & (_  1  L3EO :K5& !u
H 0 %  #1G 0
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n)1(R :25SK*B0 :5{D .!("T 4  +K !K C "t SKG ( BD .p(4 P(G 4a  ° C (  G P $
 & :2(G ° C ( 
.pK SK2L K"C2C  hz 'L ( 0 qb G Ë M S !( "= ( pg ƒ_4 S D .H ;C T s'L P(G x = (
!"D ' >K 0 :C :H ;‡(T  > •K0 :C :a (4 !"D 9= kC -0 :C G !( J(G I ( ƒ"AC P(G a‚ ( 7KG J5N !&
‚= 70 s& € ( " g ( G KT( :L2LB& H'1D hz ')G 'C 1 0 M& :2(G Q R P=  D .!K 1K t ( SD a
:a 4 !"D 9= k-K0 :C x;  >•0 :C x"A sN :(5ES1 GK ^ € ( "T 4  + ( G 2 !(G P(G :2(G 'b 4
.I= ( Š0 :C
:H Rg PT 2 I
( ;( UkK  K < L k>
!K *& (#
 T MF0 ˆz PT ?
K "  ( C C .( #
  P G( !( 2( ;C G O( O (T MH F0 ˆz PT 3 ?
K " L ƒ 0K
PT I ( ;kf K < :"D u H 0 % K D :G .!K  * !K iLƒ *K g£K 1RK LD R& _ ( 1 OK SD
:q-D ! MC UzBD ( 2 J(D !K 5zC BD .:H Rg
(1) He was the grand-grandfather of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W and the chief of Quraish. He lived around 464 –
550CE. At his time, Quraish were suffering with great economic difficulties. He urged them to start trading between
Yemen & Syria which resulted in their affluence.
(2) He was the grandfather of the Prophet and the chief of Quraish. His period is from 497 – 578CE.
(3) He was a Himyarite king of Yemen who fought against Abyssinians to recover his country. His period is 516 –
574CE.

Helping them :(5ES1 GK Unkempt n)1(R Visitor 4( E +K


It is not taken illegally I
= ( Š0 :C Being dusty x = L From the side of ( C-;(*
He congratulates L ƒ 0K Building ( "= ( Neighbor ML  "= (

Quranic Arabic Program 101 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

€
= TCA x(G h
 5& .x7G( R x>z( T x1"(GK x1= W
 x1"D4 ¢  G h U;  & !h(;  0& o1* ^ sMN
‘ €5BD .PH A( SG I"A& MH  1G  & J(D !K< D  $  T !L;W& €  –C !KG SL–  8
= EF< !KG 4&
ˆ gKOS< .OK C-* !T ˆ L2;G .I  ( 7K* !T ˆ K1"T4 _ ( 1 ~ K &4 ‘ P( 1C; € K "T&
.?H ; K "= > h  L ;C  .OK 1 BL,
 ;0 !"N ˆ L;-( 1G .OK 1(  !";<
0& P5 .!K C ; €5& PG 'C K 70 P !C;> €5& PG h
 ;( K0 P .? H ;> K "= > :g1T  €5&
ˆ _( C2 ? ( #2T h  ,
  T=& ˆ h"N = 7
 R& .!("T ( 5  !( (EGz( ^ (   'L g& !h;f
.( C+(   D  ( iC( K D PK D . DC
C ,
 0=> 3(  ƒ"$
( T q( S  ‚
( + J(D I
H A J(T& L k>
:q-D < ^ Jt4 ,0=> 3"$T :; !";< ^ ;W J( ‚ + P "= I
H A ST& I
 k>
xSK,G x"T xG   x;T  '1 'C "<Ù ( E04( zL : "g TN ‹
( 4+ P(G ;C 1  ˆ ^ K .
sN uH 0 % PG xD !T ML +( S0K  PG J(>& PK T ^ ( < PT  KG sMN :L– .~ (  ;<  2 C;1
U'C qL  5{D §'%C q(  J(D M MN . n K5 x,G -< xG C  n D › T( !";< `   4
P G( :K & G hz 'L )(G .!"D C b 4 ( ;C 0S>K €
K T C ,=0> J(D ! .L 1  $KG L 04( < ' +
.EJ;C 1 D (@ ( 
(1) He was the uncle of the Prophet who raised him after death of his parents. He died in 620CE.

Our burden  DC Farthest from curse P( 1C; €


K "T& Unbeatable x1"(GK
Greedy for wealth ( C+(  Its spring K1"T4 High, great x>z( T
For which, Hajj is
performed
xSK,G It generates fruit, it
enriches
I
 ( 7K* High, lofty x7G( R
In intelligence 
n K5 They are guided OK C-* Its base !KG 4&
Taking loan L 04( < They resort to BL,
 ;0 Its base !KG SL– 
Being recovered L 1  $KG He does not become
obscure
'C K 70 P It became long and
high
 $
 T
Dowry, amount payable
by a groom to his bride
@
( (  The most delighted h
 ,
  T=& Mine MH  1G

Quranic Arabic Program 102 Level 05


Lesson 4B: Khutubaat-ul-Arab

1 ˆO06 3(  < PT ƒd%L L k>


:q-D HÚÖs2<K @
( S$T ˆO06 3( < PT dL% Ik>
4H (5 H‚ O '( "C 8
( ‰8
H ‰ Sg G s' 8CD 8G PG 8  G w  < PG  SK<  SK1 = !~ 0&
4H =5& 3 KG } H 4& 3 KG qH ( K > F* 4H T( K g F* H SK,5K ‚
H T& 8  Cz (  .‚ H 
SKt4 & .MS1( 0  MSg0( ~ qC T G . 1 } ( 4j ± MN x 1(  ( $ ± sMN 3 E ,  GK
P(G 'L 
 D& ! t4& Sg x0O ^ sMN .!"D : –N  x$% ^T ¡d% :K $ ( -K0 Ÿ SKGD SL  * & SKG%BD
. x 2KG ( Gj P(G MC SK*B :25N .!";< :5& ˆ :2(0O
:qS-0 hz 1T B#5& ›$% M& ˆ K0
( T  M - PG M.... ‘=" j P "= (g  ±
4O G C d" 8S; ...... xO4( SG €
K 0&4 (
Wj  Tj J* .... gS5 JGS% €
K 0&4
T P "= % PG  .... EJCN Jtf 9K ( 0 
W S- 4W r"  .... Í  J5& €
 = -C 0&
(1) He was one of the great orators of Arabia. He was the Bishop of Najran, a town in Southern Arab. His teachings
are full of the thoughts of Monotheism and Hereafter. He was on the true path of Prophet Jesus $ 3S;  !";<.
Prophet Muhammad :; !";< ^ ;W attended some of his sermons before his prophethood and praised him. He died
around 600CE.

Do you know?
U’kkaz was a temporary market and festival near Taif held immediately after Hajj. It is situated
near the Taif Airport in Saudi Arabia. Its site still hosts a festival & market.

Places of water xO4( SG It is full K > F* Dark ‚


H O
Occurring W Firmly fixed 3 KG Quiet ‚
H 
Past, previous T Spread 3 KG They shine K g F*

Quranic Arabic Program 103 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In previous lessons, we have studied the !"#*. We
Out all actions are being recorded. Be
have learnt that persons, things and situations are careful.
compared with other ones on similar grounds.
A word is normally used in the meaning for which the word is created. It is called -"- or the literal
meanings. In all languages, a word can also be used in some meanings other than it literal meanings. It is
called +a ,G . For example 
a  & a 0+ (Zaid is a lion). Definitely, a man cannot be a lion. Here the speaker has
described Zaid as a lion due to his bravery. The word & (lion) is not used in its literal meanings. It is used
in its figurative meanings which is called +Û. See the following examples:

(39:7 G+) .’
H C– 8
H ;L L J(D H ; > ( 1= T P= G( n-;> := 2L *(EG&L M( SLkTK J(D := 2L -L ;L 7
= 0
He creates you in different phases in the wombs of your mothers in three-fold darkness.

(14:1 :"g TN) .( "(


  F( 0(F1  ¦
(  W
( CN( := ( ƒT4 M( z {(T( 4( S“ CN( 8
(  ;L ‡œ  P= G( ~
 E ‚
 ( 7
= K( h
 "= CN( pK F5C& _
a (
(O Muhammad!) This book, We have revealed to you so that you bring people out of the darkness and guide
them towards the light i.e. towards the way of The Most Powerful, The Praiseworthy with the permission of
your Lord.

(6:97 15j ) . ( 
=   ƒ  8
( ;L L J(D T( K= (  SK,“ := 2L C 'C 1  ˆ(U S gK
He is the One Who has made stars, so that you can find your way in the darkness of land and sea.
In the first verse, the word 8; (darkness) is used in its literal meaning. There is a real darkness in
mothers’ wombs.
In the second verse, the objective of revealing the Quran to the Prophet :; !‰ !";< ^ ;W is described as “to
bring people out of darkness and guide them towards the light”. Here the words, 4S5 8; (darkness &
light) are not used in their literal meaning. The darkness discussed in this verse is not the real darkness. The
moral filth and deviation from the right path is described as “the darkness”. Similarly the guidance towards
the right path is described as “the light”. The reason of using these words for the “deviation & guidance” is
the similarity between darkness and deviation and that between light and guidance.
In the third verse, the word 8; (darkness) is used in both literal and figurative meanings. The darkness of
land and sea while traveling may be real. It may also be figurative e.g. the risk of being deviated from the
road due to lack of knowledge. So the “lack of knowledge” is described as “darkness”.

Rule of the Day: The word E5N is used to limit something within the parameters defined after it.

The word S is used to describe a hypothetical condition. Part of the sentence after it is called
¦ R (condition) while the other part is called ¦ R _
K S (reply of the condition).

Quranic Arabic Program 104 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

The components of +a ,G are five. The detail is as follows:

• +( ,  °: The word used in figurative or non-literal meaning. For example, the word 8; in second
and third verse.
• ˆ+,  1f : The non-literal meaning. For example, the word 8; is used to describe ‘deviation’ or
‘lack of knowledge’.
• I
a $ : There must be valid reason for using the word in in its figural meaning ˆ+,fC 1f . There is a
great similarity between a person wandering in a real darkness and one wandering on a path deviated
from morality. So the speaker can use this word for figurative meaning.
• C%(1 : It is the relationship between +( ,  ° and ˆ+,fC 1 . Usually this relationship becomes the
reason for using that word in figurative meaning. The relationship of darkness and deviation is described.
• 0 C- : There should be a something e.g. another word or phrase in the same sentence which indicates that
the word is not used in its literal meaning. It may be either described in words or something hidden. For
example, in second verse, the phrase ( "(
  F( 0(F1  ¦
(  W
( CN( (towards the way of The Most Powerful, The
Praiseworthy) indicates that 4S5 8; (darkness & light) are not used in their literal meanings. This
phrase is the 0 % of this verse. Another hidden 0 % is that it is not the responsibility of a prophet to bring
people out of physical darkness and arrange physical lightening for them. Obviously, the Prophet is
responsible to bring people out of intellectual and moral darkness and guide them towards the light of the
morally right path.
In order to understand a word in its figurative meaning, there are two conditions:
• There must be a valid reason I and a 0 %, for taking a word in its figurative meaning.

• There must be examples available in the Arabic literature of the time when the Quran was revealed for
use of that word in its non-literal meaning. It is essential to see whether Arabs at the time of revelation of
Quran used to use that word in its metaphorical meaning or not. The Quran was revealed in their
language. If they were not using the metaphorical meaning of a word in their standard language, it is not
possible that the Quran has used that word in its non-literal meaning because the Quran is the benchmark
for their language.

Do you know?
In past, various sects have misused the concept of +Û to make their desired amendments in the meaning
of Quran. They claimed without a reasonable base that the entire Quran is allegorical and its words are
used in metaphorical meanings. For example, Bataniyyah – a famous sect of middle ages – misused this
concept by associating those meanings to certain religious terms which had never been used by the
Arabs. 3S;W (prayer) means visiting their religious leader, SW (fasting) means abstaining from the acts
forbidden by their religious leader, ® (pilgrimage) means attending the annual gathering of their sect,
3S+ (mandatory charity) means paying a portion to their wealth to their religious leader etc.

Quranic Arabic Program 105 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

A word can be used in its figurative meanings due to difference reasons. For example:
• Two items have a cause-effect relationship. An item is the reason for other. So the word used for one can
also be used for the other. For example, n%=+4( ( E$ P
= G( := 2L C qL ƒF0K (He brought down the sustenance for you
from the sky). Here the word n%=+4( (sustenance) is used for the ‘rain’ because it is the cause for the real
sustenance that is agricultural produce.
• An item is the part of other. So the word used for the part can also be used to describe the whole entity
and sometimes the whole entity is used to describe a part. For example, H G( •= GK H %C 4 K 0( 
= DC BnkC > n(G•= GK 'C %C P= G
(Whoever kills a Muslim by mistake, he should manumit the neck of a Muslim slave). Here the word %4
(neck) is used for the ‘entire personality’ of a slave because it is an important part of his body. Similarly,
in :
= ( 5( Cz‰ J(D := K 1 T(W&C MC SL;1 ,
= 0 (They put their fingers in their ears). Here the word 9TW& (fingers) is used for
the ‘fingertips’ because it is a part of finger.
• An item is an unbreakable relation to another item. The words used for one of them can be used for the
other. For example S 9
 ;C AC (The light rose). Here the word S (light) is used for the ‘sun’ because
both of them have an integral relationship.
• The word to describe an instrument to do something can also be used for that task. For example, := K C ; 1 
@
H = W
( MC $( (We made them praiseworthy). Here the word M$ (tongue) is used for the ‘praiseworthy’
because the tongue is used to praise someone.
• A general word is used to describe a specific thing and a specific word is used to describe as a specific
thing. For example :
= gK S= #
 >= CD := 2L C SK1  = %C ~
 E UMN( ~
K E := K C qC C% P 0(U (Those to whom people said,
“Definitely, people have gathered against you. So be afraid of them”). Here the word ~ (human
beings) is not used to describe the entire humanity. Here, specific people are under discussion who
gathered and who said this statement. Due to not understanding this principle, some Quranic instructions
related to a specific incident are generalized or vice versa.
• Words used to describe a past or future situation are also used to describe the present situation of the same
person. For example ”
 C2ƒ SKŠ;C T CzN( ..:= K C SG= &C G" SK*‰ (Give the orphan children their wealth when they
reach at maturity age). Here the word G" (orphan children) is used for the grown-up men or women.
The literal meaning of this word are specific to orphan children but it is used for the grown-up men or
women who were orphans during their childhood.
• Sometimes, words used for the '<D are also used for the qS1G, and vice versa. Similarly, words used for
both qS1G '<D are also used as 4 G, and vice versa. For example x4SK$G xT,  (The hidden veil).
Here the word 4S$G (hidden) is used for the ‘hiding’. The correct translation is ‘the hiding veil’.

Quranic Arabic Program 106 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and analyze the components of +Û as given in the example.
Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis J(T <


4S5 8;L L °
SKG ‰ P 0(U “J(  !K U;
J-"- Ò1G
Darkness, light
CN( 8
( ;L ‡œ  P= G( := K K ( 7
= 0K
Deviation from the right path, guidance ˆ+Û Ò1G K C C P 0(U  4( S“
A deviated person wanders like one who wanders in
darkness. A person on morally correct path is like the %<
8
K SLUk := gK £K "( = &C
one who finds his way in the light. CN( 4( S“ P= G( := K 5SK ( 7= 0K
Literal meaning does not make any sense. The 8SA
0 % (2:257) 8 ( ;L ‡œ 
or Satan try to deviate the people.

VG 4S5 °


J-"- Ò1G
4a SK5 !( U; P= G( := L Q  = %C
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(5:15) V a (GK _a ( 
%<
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
—xgK "(D 3C 4S= E F 5C& E5N(
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(5:44) 4a SK5 
%<
0 %

Rule of the Day


If a q( is added before a ‹4G '1D and its last letter is silent or its P0 M are
deleted, then it is G& '1D. If it carries a fathah, then it is ‹4G '1D and the meaning
of “so that” are added.

Quranic Arabic Program 107 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G g2 ;C g= &C H 0 = %C P= G( := C
ˆ+Û Ò1G := gK = &C n*"T K B T gQ ,DC
%< (7:4) M C SL;(C%
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
€
= G ‰ b 0 = %C €
= 5C =S;C DC
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(10:98) 5KµN( 1 C DC
%<
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
n 0 = %C SL;> O CzN( „ SL;K  UMN(
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(27:34) g K$  D &C
%<
0 %

Rule of the Day


If the word €
 "C is added before a JtG '1D, it gives the
sense of expressing a wish. For example :   DC means “he
understood” while : K  0 €
 "= C means “I wish he would have
understood.”

Quranic Arabic Program 108 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G =  R= P 0(U h  i(C = &L
DC —K (T C CE
ˆ+Û Ò1G
G  := K *K4 ,*( €
=  T(4
%< (2:16) P  0(= GK SK5C
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G SKG "= *‰ z N( 
ˆ+Û Ò1G MC C% = L   _
 2( 
%< (2:53) M C K= * := 2L U;1 C
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G }
a  G := ( T(SL;%L J(D
ˆ+Û Ò1G nt G !K U; := gK O FDC
%< (2:10)

0 %

Rule of the Day


If the word EC is added before a ‹4G '1D, it makes its converts
it into JtG '1D with negative meaning and adds the sense of ‘not
yet’. For example : K  0 means “he understands / will understand”
while :=   0 C means “He has not yet understood.”

Quranic Arabic Program 109 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G C;< = &C t = G := KL M N(
ˆ+Û Ò1G
P= G( := 2L = G( a  &C Q  = &C H C 
Q $ƒ := K$= G  = &C … ( (Š
%< (4:43)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G K $
( "=    K = 7
  E5N(
d
a = 4( K =+jQ  _ K  5Qj 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
pK SK(= CD M( Ck"= E# '(  < P= G(
%< (5:90) M C SK;(  *K := 2L U;1 C
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
ˆ+Û Ò1G
d
a = 4( !K E5{(DC H 0(F= >( : 
= C
(6:145)
%<
0 %

Rule of the Day


If the word ML SL20 is added before a JtG '1D, it makes the
sentence doubtful. For example ' C C &C means “he ate” while ML SL20
'C C & means “He may have eaten”.

Quranic Arabic Program 110 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G := ( T(SL;%L J(D P 0(U EG&C
CN( n$=4( := K *=O FDC } a  G
ˆ+Û Ò1G
:= gK  SK*G  := ( $
( = 4(
%<
(9:125) M C K D( C
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G 3b S >= N( MC SKG( •= K  E5N(
ˆ+Û Ò1G := 2L 0=S > &C P "= T SK;( W = BCDC
%< (49:10)

0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G n 4( 3n S >= N( SK5C M N(
ˆ+Û Ò1G †°  'L ) G( ( C U;(;DC  $5( 
%< (4:176) P ( "= ")C5yj
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G UN( : 0 = G PK T= `K "($  G
!( ;( = %C P= G( €
= ;C > = %C qb SK4
ˆ+Û Ò1G
5C b -C 0ƒW ( !K “G&L  'L K “ 
%< (5:75) G1Uk M ( LB 0
0 %

Quranic Arabic Program 111 Level 05


Lesson 5A: Literal & Figurative Meanings +, -"-.

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G
P= G  — -L  E&L 4 ( K( 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(6:92) CS = 
%<
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
€
K () 0K  y #0 G !K U; SK= 0
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(13:39) _ ( 2(  “&L pK  = <( 
%<
0 %
°
:= ( T(SL;%L C;< !K U; : >
J-"- Ò1G
C;<  := ( 1( =  C;< 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
:= K C  3b  #( := g( 4(  T=&C
%<
(2:7) : a "(‡< _ a C<
0 %

Worth Reading
Suspicion is the major reason for our disputes. How to avoid the suspicion?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0007-Suspicion.htm

Rule of the Day


By default, all nouns are in their 9D4 case. If a noun has an q before
it, it will have only a single fathah, kasrah or dhammah at its end.

Quranic Arabic Program 112 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In this lesson, we shall study an interesting writing of
famous scholar Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali (d. 505H/1111CE). Creativity is a type of learning process
He was a great psychologist. This writing contains the where the teacher and pupil are
religious aspect of psychology. Its contents are valid today. located in the same individual.

(‘g505 : ×Sf ) Ë FŠ G ST& Í PT ( P 0(4 K Š=  

K W&
( ;1 P04 Šf PG :q j ? 
:@
a  D( :G M 4 Šf
o j % 
 -œ * SL; g= & (T S;ŠR "D SL-E1 * ( ";-1 ( "< #  S;1 € = C2 & C :G % D
.MH 2T( ^ (< :5& SK :(;1T “ D (8<k G FN W1f P< ‡C ( ”  4( S,
( ;l (D 'L -0 :";< 'L -0 'T :C;)G o1* ^ _ K †1 0K  xŠ;G :( ;1 PG SKŠ;T % :5&
S;< 3( ="  P( "= 1 T( ‡5 S :5{D MC K4 K ŠG Sg .:g0k> :(T(S5(T :K(kK0  :< CR
:M;< : ;1 sM&
.;G1G :;< (1)
.R2G :;< (2)
3C OS -f C 2. : ƒ( ( ;G1f :( ;< PG ETK  .!(* T o1* ^T :K ;1 Sg R2f :;<
.3( O SK ( G SGK f ~
(  @
( >& ( D 1G ( . q( . ( D 1(T K:;1 g

Outer organs of body (not


the brain)
”
 4( S, They penetrated deep SL-E1 * Type, class (not in
meaning of sect)
% 
They were deceived “  They ignored SL; g= & Deceived P 0(4 K Š= G Ü
Discovery R2G Review, investigation  -œ * It established €
= C2 &

Quranic Arabic Program 113 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

y  9K C 0 'g .' 1 0 :C !( $


( 5 ƒIA( ;< 4a O% 'b "(;< Sg p "=  EIAC I ( "A qC )G :KL)G
.( "(  1T !( T( R P(G sN y  9K 0  8"g Ÿ(?WS(T
PG ' -L 0 :C .“gEO P= G _
 > = %C  gU+ P= G ` ;C D &C = %C ” :C1* !K5 !(S% P< SL;C C
ER & sMN” ::s; !";< ^ s;W !(S% P< S; .~ ;<  ;(< 'C  g= & "( F* :K ;C 10
. a "= ) hz K "=  “.!( ( ;(1T( ^ y !K 1= C = 0 :C :a (< ( G"-  S0 xT < ~
( 
.(    I 3( >| “I K "5K  “I :";< I  ;C C 5N :G ^T zS15 CM4 Šf •g
.'H  < ( "=  PG 3( >| (D :("(K0 :;< sM& S“C
L "5() L %C (
:C;D :(T(SL;%L P< S; 3C g‡  W ( 1f SL  *  g( C‡ 'C  1  : ;(1 SK2C & — >L& b % D
3( O 4N K1 (  0 (  I( ;CA ( $    ( 0 (  ( 2(  ^
( (< ( GSGf 8 K   (G SK0
P< :K;C C !K K 4a  hz .O( 1 O(  (D 3(  K# I ( ;A (  # K  M(  %j ;< ( )C
'L L B*  8 ( $. 'B0 K $. ” :!S% “. ( Š Wj „K (# y 0 (  ” :$ 3  !";< !(S%
oN “.'C -C  y  €
K (K0  I( ;- J(D @   M( (K0
( # q( f “I K ” :!S% “.I  kC 
  4K 
H ; -C T( ! U; *&C P= G UN( ” :o1* !S% P< S; .4( >j PG hz ˜
“.:H "(; I
/H 0(   ML S20 .!K<A `( *  !;% J† 0K  PG .:(g ( g( S‡C T SL;ŠR :(TS;% P< SL;ŠD
.(  _  = R „ * ( kT 'C Š RD .(    _( R ( kT I K "k pK  G BD _K  ,  !T   C
OK OF0 !K T   qL F0 D .!( (AT (D (G p( g(  ;< G 'L W& .!(A( T( G q F 0 :C .p( g( ‡T G qC +BD
S;D (”4 Sº ;< gK –& K  ‡0 I ( ;- (D b G(  €5 zN r
L 7 h2D .!(A( T (D (G xT&
. g‡ ”    !(AT (D G q +
He purifies, makes clean J† 0K Ostentation, display of
good deeds
( 0 (  He gave a medical
treatment
EIAC
Itch, skin infection _
K  ,
  Leadership (  0 (  How it is possible 8"g
Paste ( k Contemporaries, peer M(  %j Viral Infection ( "(
Hidden b G(  Vegetable 'C -C  It protects him :("(K0

Quranic Arabic Program 114 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

)) % 
:((,
= 1K ( :5& sN ‹( # !(  P(G b GSGG 5& S;< .@  >j p( ( g SK;( < — >L& b % D
 S1 !T (;0 5N .hT :("(;0 M & P(G ^ < 9K DC 4& :5& .MC Sœ2( KG :5& MC S“‡L 0 :($L 5BT
.:"(;0 M& P(G ^ < :K ‡C <& :5{D :g GBD .:( ;1 (D :KŠ ;C G eC ;C T PG MC KO
d" hz SK :5& :gK4  .
  #
  ES;L 1K  SK;A .(  0 (   2(  'L 0(7G :";< 8
=   ‡C D
.!(T d
 ";TN ”( CD P< S; .P( 0(  3L  5K (:;(1
( #( 4K N P0( “F<( SKg 5N . x “2C *
9( t
( S* P< S; ŸP0 D2 : C 4& z(T .Ÿ€5 Cz( :s; !";< ^ s;W J( 3L 5K
^ t4 K  <K I  *(SK<  :(2( $G :(g ( -CD :(;( œC * P="1=& :";< ^ M St4 ( T 
.p =" (D 3C F1 I
K ;( k5  .( 6T ^ 5EF< a S% 5N :q-D ( # oN !(G % (< !( *(zC CT( (D !<
G .!CD R P( 0 F(< I K ;k0 !5& :K < F0 .( 1"D  _( ")((T P( 0; EF1(  I
K ;k0 4K Šf g :L–
hz sM& !($(T PL‡0 :C !(G P(G in"R !";< EO4 P"(D & !( 5( %& (D ( $. (D ML $;  ;C A&
S !5{D .4a ŠG Cg .!( ( ;L !(5  K< (D '( k( K ;< ¡O4 ƒ ; Ia  Sg 5N :qS-0 .a $
< I K Š   & M N .” K  0 T4 'T =I  Š0 :C ET4K !(5 %& P(G ( ;1 P(G p( "=  J(D P 1 AC
M S !5j ¥  gK Sg . ;7  "(D&L M& !T (t C :qS-0 :K ;1 K ‡0 T4 .!K “ ( 0K !5BT ~
( 
.!L%SD & !L;)G Sg P(G p( "=  ( 0 ;< :( ( W “I ( j ( ;l ”  W !Kt 
9 C 5& M& (t  5N :q% hz P< 'C i(K z{D .!";< ()K0 !"N OK ƒOS 0 M( k;$ ;< 'L >0 Ý4
( 0 ;< —  zN !T ”  ( DC hz !t  M S .4a ŠG Sg .4  :< 9 D4& M & .V;$f
.I
K 
( Š0 H  & (D 9K C #0 M( k;$ < !L;)G Sg PG —C&4 S p( "= 

Untidiness, slovenliness 3Cz CT( Ideas, thinking 'L 0(7G Self-importance, pride I
( ,
= <K
He seeks love OK ƒOS 0 He forced : C 4& Those who abstain MC Sœ2( KG
He was reproached I
 *(SK< Common people  S1

Quranic Arabic Program 115 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

Sg !K  h
 (G  qb G g :ML k"# ! q% a !5& !(T  kC > M {D :( SG& PG C > & T4
:g & :8 H $"(;* L –– pg .P( 0 K ES%C hT :K(< V  ;$f K GN €5& P "= ;$f `
( (  (
.GN !5& :r) .V;$f ` ( ( ( !5& :Þ) .! hG  qb G !5&
:$ !";< $"(< qL S% :!L;)G .( T  ( "5j "5K P< }   <& PG sN xGGN ML S20 'g
oN ¬
K ;L 70 Q  „K K * g  Q  _
K ( #* g D —(O S (D € = 1 %C  3(  7 C y S$ :K (1
.!K 5SK;( 0K (G )& •g K $( K0 G .3b ˜) :( ;1 '( g& 4( 
K W& .‹ ( 4F
1T  % 
(W1f  g SK .8 ( <CkT gSKE0+ ”  4 Sº K K AC : ;(1 SK2C  — >L& b % (D
.ƒS;L 1K  I
( ;A ( -L  K  ( 2(  ( $  ( 0  P(G I ( ;- 8  (W d (  @  >& KU-C *
z N MC 4 ŠG :2 .( E0S( -C  ( ";( ,
  TG I
( ;- P(G SK1;C %C G —  (D :2$5& g
:;D ./   C E@O G d (  ‹ ( > 0> (Mk"# ( 0(2G 0C>( P(G 0-T I ( ;C- 0  + (D C-T
.gSL; g= & C SKk( 0
sN !K 1 ;C -C D u
H "# '(  P< u  DC .!";< 4 D u
( "(#
  P(G ‹ ( 4F ( "-( * K 0 K0 PG (') :L)G
'C C C ;D +  T  % 'C 2 sM& EPC } ( 4j € ( * P(G  1T !K  &4 ‚ = K 70 :C < u = (0 :C !5&
( ;l ( kC C7GK SL  * T4 . K E"Š * K E"C M N •g .‹ K 4F !";< 8 =  $ D& 8 =   C <
K ‡L 0 Ci( !( ( ‡5 P( "= $
( * (D :1T K ( ,0 T4 .3( 4 C-
(  P( "= 1 T( :"N ‡5 T4 . x42(
.( C C   P( "= 1(T !"N
Face the Challenge!
What is +,G? Identify its five components. Identify three examples of +Û is this lesson.

It is complicated & obscure /


  C E@O Clear, obvious ( ";( ,
  Wrapping (to
deceive)
8
H $"(;*
He did not realize SKk( 0 ´ Corners 0  + Getting rid of it G — 
Herbs, parasites for plants u
( "(#
  Hidden things 0> Source €
 TG

Quranic Arabic Program 116 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

$Gl % 
8GSK l L 8 ( GSL2. L × — C  ( S;< ;< K  % .S;1 P(G E:( K  S * — >& % D
:pK SE .!( "- :  SK E > .u( 0(1 `
( ( ( ( ;l VT ( 04( º ( 0S( "5K 8
( G1f 'L " *
.I
( g f :K ;(< !K "-
MC $; SK K 0 :C ”
 4 Sº KU-C 0 :C ( A 3( g‡ q( <j : ;< hz 9G SK1E"t  T4
´ .”4 Sº  h P "= A$ oN (1$ P< 'C = (  (     P< P( kC  ("(Š P(G
.82;f  $. 0  c2 P< :TS;% S 0
( " 6 (D !(< !K  8 K z % '( 1 r L " PG :KgK :P( "=   PG M 4 ŠG •g
& !=;C 10 ´ ( C2. L PG Q  :C;1* — / ( 0 f '( ) :C)G sM& .(Ë FŠ _ :S;1 )
SL;Š( RD .";( 7* :( $
( 5& C "( F* S * :5& r" „(  ;< MC SLD ( #KG •g .!K ;  10
:KgE C 5N ."D :Kg4 <& SK1E"t  .1M( 1;(  4( ‡(  —( <  8
( 0(  / ( " _ ( 2T
zN .!( W × H ' PK 1 k0 .x"(KG x"t% :g( & ‹ K S4 :KG N :C ( ;l :K "‡1*
.P 1Ck qC + S1
K ,f 5N .'L W ( SK (,K !5& hT N : ;<  !5& :(‡ hz :( ;1 r L " PG :Þ)
:’b – !K KD 1G Ÿ^ L D 1G K U-  * P(T .!( (DC ( 1T( sN o1* ^ I
 4K ES 0  .^ ( “I K 'L WSf
O( F 9( "T ;<   % PG qb )G •g qL )G .q( 1Dj L D 1G (8  L D 1G (8  L D 1G
3(  ( F ( D( ES7  K  !(*W ( D 1G o1* ^ ( P< !K - Sg ! - sM& := ;10 ´ .2ƒ‚ ( 0 A (D
b C (CA := K = G( H %C = D( †'L P= G(  C 5 =SC” :o1* q%  —S- K +( K0 .
 S7 I K ;-  1 #$"(
“.P( 0ƒ J(D SKU-C "(
(1) All of them are different areas of Jurisprudence. They are the law of: menstruation, blood money, legal claims,
oath to not cohabitate with one’s spouse, and oaths to get acquittal from legal charge if a person charges his/her
spouse for adultery. See details in the book of Islamic Jurisprudence.
(2) A person who performs legal religious services but does not develop fear and love of God in his heart is like a
person participates in a pilgrimage but limit himself to selling goods instead of performing the pilgrimage.

So that it feels  1 #$"( Near to, superintendent MC SLD ( #KG Disputes 8GSK l
L

Quranic Arabic Program 117 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

( F6 ( CO ,K  ( 0 kT : ;1 N !K “( 0K  8


( "D( l ;< !- :( ;< PG % PG ( •g P(G
8( %G × u ( " × 4  'C "; qC ESAC Sg .3( gK  '( j ƒ. 9K DO (: l C ( %N
M( %j 3L gG % »N .: ;1 K( -0 ´ •g .M( %j _ ( S"1 ( - (Ig f _ ( T4&
. K E2C  "5 × !1C 5 ."5 × N 9K 0  :H ;< PG :C x "= > M :(TS;% ( "( T SL;ŠR S
.U‡;C * x45 3( >| × I
K ;( -0 hz
G :s; !";< ^ s;W ^ q( S4 C EK o1* ^ _
  ";< 'L ( #"D I
( g f L O& G&
.•g 4H  ` K %&
O$ % 
)2 .:(*%C GK 9( “* P "= 7f ;< ƒO  ( O, ( 2 :( ;1T S;ŠR — >& % D
;< :2 .:(G( DN hi & 3( G × ( 0 k :( ;œ 1 T( S;ŠR .( C ;7K 8 ( SL-  :( ;< P(G
.b U-
( GK — >j bU;
( GK b Ut :Kg  N :P( "= % D
K †2C 0K 3b =") @
a  D( Sg .3L , ($T ƒ (t P< (;Š;D  %  4  G&
! K# = &C  D .,gG ( Oj ¦ C R SK2C 0 :C :5& r
L " PG Ss;t 5N .x1T :K1T
.n  = RK 'L " 
n "O
^ P( 0O × 8( T K -L  'C D& 4( SGj E:g & !5& q( ºT SK :5& r" PD -( 4  G&
( "=  PG o1* ^ Q @  EW PG sMN .r    = 0 ¬
= EC 0 ´ G !K0O H j “:(0  !5& €
=  < + .o1*
M( - oN SK( ;0 := C (^ < _ H E -C K T(  'H G2T d" PH G( •KT( hz d";D 'b "O H 0 * r H T
.'" :G I = ;L k0 :C ( ;l K "= > :5BT :C  ( R :s; !";< ^ s;W EJ( sM& .q j
!";< S5 —gK 1T … § %( a S% U't G” :q% !5& .:s; !";< ^ s;W J( P< GG& ST& — 4
“.q,  SK* & N
They were not inclined SK( ;0 := C Dominating in a debate ( DN Introducing K %N
Debate on a disputed
issue
q,
  He did not scrutinizes ¬
= EC 0 ´ Showing pride over
others
3( gK 

Quranic Arabic Program 118 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

1T$ % 
(  ( 

( Sl PG :I ( ;C- 8
( W d (  @
( >& (D :K U;2C 0 PG C E"(5 :Kg<& .°
( <ST S;ŠR
MS“‡0 :5j M 4 ŠG :g .@ ( (  ¾( >6 P( "= -" ( gKF '( œ S ( 2# ( = 
N < MC Sœ2C KG :g .(T SL E* -D "N ;l S<O .8 (   p(T SKU;2C * zN :($5BT
:($5BT MC SK,
( 1K0 :5j 4( Š ~K & :gK4  .P "= ;$f K S< !< “hC 0  H "= $0 4H % P<
._
( ,<6 L 0
:C 4a SŠG :5& o1* ^ < P "= (  P(G :Kg N ( E
 K  :( ;< × K E* G :5& MS‡0
MS‡0 :5j :L;% M P(G x4  R& •g '( 1 P(G :g(OSL;>K 9G O( gFK  ( 2 :(‡(T
 1 .MC S ;7KG :g N ¾ ( >6 ( %O ( "-* ;< K4% G .!(S4 ^ × MC SK(K0 :5&
× “I  & :g .8 (   9" h .MC SKgƒFGK < :Kg N d (  _
( SK"<K 0k> ;< SL%C 
."D :(4 3( S% "5 ;< :(W 3( # "5 ×  gF MC K ( ‡K0 .H & '(  PG "5
MSDSK70 .MC “4CD !(G :g ^ oN Q < M ‡0 .P "= ;7KG =" :g ¾ ( >6 ;< MC Sœ)( 0
.M <KG !G :g o1* ^ oN MST -0 .MC SK5 ! :g ^T M 0 .MC SKG( ‰ !(G :g ^T
.MC SL( EGK (T :g C GSGf 8
   MSKG 0
MSK<0 ( :($(,G P< SK1G S .xW ( :Kg“R& ( ;l ;< :g ( ;l P< ~   MSLD ( 0
S .( ;l ” K WN :t  M& MSK < F0 € =  ( 4 (T }
K 4j :";< € = %C  ^
( oN ~ "D
S . x$   ›C 8
 C !( 00 ;< SK;C W
 PG !";< K ;l 'C %& P(G :KgK & !(5 %& P(G   C
:K ‡<& •D .!"N o1* ^ ( ;> / K Š T& M2 !(5 %& / ( 1T ;< !"N P 0(OƒO ( K  P(G a –&
.O( $
  oN ‹ ( SK K  !( "( P( < :gK1T& x4  ~
(1) This style of exception has double negation which gives a positive meaning. The meaning of these sentences will
be: “If they were sincere, then they were able to search for the fine details of sincerity. They were only able to stop
and ponder into the weaknesses of personality if they had avoided them.”

Those who are


doubtful/hesitant to accept
P 0(OƒO ( K  Those who avoid MC SKgƒFGK They become deeply
knowledgeable
K E*

Quranic Arabic Program 119 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

G) % 
PG N b UDC M( GF  g '( g& Ú
b < ( :g °
( <S × I (  S ® ( f P< SL < :G — >& % D
x;CA q( 1 ‹ ( # M( S5% P< H  4( > 8 H ;( C ( "(;T S;ŠRD .o1* „4* ^ !K   <
._
(  ß
‹
( ,6 (D :K“g )& .-( "(;* Ú ( j 9( "(,$* € ( 2K 8 ( 4"kC T( S;ŠR A
S 8 K C-<F K K S :($;( ,G ×  )L20 M & :Kt  .@ (  (  q( WS(  4( 1RBT O( #(
:$5& SK;( 0 ´ M N P "=  j sM{D . Sœ;t  & Sœ;t  d( 56 P "= A"R •g .3H D } H & ;<
.'( "$ P( < MC “K 0 :5{D •g G& .:C‡< :G SKEW  :g "=  SK;C W& -D
× n 4 (W1  ;< 3n &C K :G :KgK 0(F"KD (  (  ° ( ;T ^T 4( Š oN  ;l CM K , ( 0K
.o1* ^ = 4 P(G :KkL (-K0 I ( (    '( "7
(  _
( ")T xƒ0F GK °
L < S MC  zN E"(  "5K
1 % 
!K 5SL‡( 0 G SH 5 ;< 5 K"(1"KD "5K ƒzC × :()0O & O( EgFK  ( 2T SKDC :G — >& % D
(D :K1T ( T(  ;< hz 'H 1T :K‡L 1( "D ."(51 T( ( AC  N ( "=  P(G pK SL‡(  H  P(G
!(‡(T ! 4a SŠG !5& .^ (< ‚ H 5 !5& P‡0 .( $;C ,
K  9G @( Sj × :1T I0(4 
.:L;% M P(G x4  “R & •g .'(  1  P(G p( ƒS;L >K 9G O( gFK  ( 2
Do you know? You can conceive the situation mentioned by the author if you’ve visited the
congregations of the orators. In such sermons, the speakers try to instigate the emotions of their audience.
They fabricate sentences in rhymed style in an artificial manner. They frequently use poetry even with
vulgar poems. They try to describe points which are far away from logic and wisdom to fire the emotions
of audience up. People start sobbing, weeping and screaming during the sermon. Some people even start
vibrating and dancing in an unconscious manner due to their fired up emotions. The author is indicating
that sort of preaching congregations.

Fabricating a rhymed 9( "(,$* Making things strange or


odd
_
(  6 They deviated from P< SL <
Demonstrating emotions
by vibrating or dancing
K K S Flying, (metaphor for
issuing or fabricating)
8
( 4"AC Preachers, pastors Ú
b < (
Cries, weeping 8
K C-<F Fine points €
( 2K Affectation ( "(;*

Quranic Arabic Program 120 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

3 R1 % 
I
( ;A !(G 3( =")2 8 ( 0  9(  !(<( (<& r0. :;< × :*% & S;ŠR — >& % D
—( 4& 5& :qC SL-"( ­ ( SK"# K  P< —( 0 O( ( × 4 K0 M & :g( & L  CD .( "(1 ( 0 Š ( "5j
PG :gK4  .—( "=  9G d" G 9G ( "(5j P( G (1G 5D € K "- 5D € K 0&4 MD P<
5N ."(51G ( “T * ( $ :( D oN C 01 MSLD ( 0  :5{D 4( j ( ;C C :5& G :pH S
K T* :a D r( 0. PG OK S -f 'T Ÿ8"g .:"(20 hz M& MS‡0 .'( - ;< MC K W ( %
. # Å L'1 Å L°. Å C ( Å K‹$ r ( 0. × q jD .!"(51G
.!";< 4(  % × 3C D  M MN .pSK2( K0 ´ :L– .'<  ‹ ( $ ;< % •g
M T4 !";< & -0 — Œ
K "# .MS;D 3n E C :g ML "  !K 5SL ( -0 M( GF g × r0.
.:;10  Sg r L 0. !< —( 0 K 0 T4 .:K ;10  r
C 0.  E"C ?  EW S r L "(T (D
.4  hz '
( T  PG & :s; !";< ^ s;W ^ qS4 PG !1$0 M& r ( 0. ‹ (  × 'L Wj 5N
^ q( S4 P(G !(<$ T  PG !K<( K "= ( 0 .P="1=& :";< ^ M St4 P "= 1T PG &
H
H × “h# K 0   !C‡(  !0 0 .° L ( 0 (Š 0 Sg .:s; !";< ^ s;W
.!0 0 M& ! F= ,
K 0 ´ !"D EhR MN .!G
:"5) . ( ( 4( 2T ( G ( 9G I ( ;-T :Kg  N .V-0 kT MS20 r C 0. °
!K ‡L ( ML S20 .pK K ƒ"Š 0K PG a 0 !"N 'L ( * 
n " °L ( 0 ._
 S2f ` K ƒ 0K 9K  $0  I
K K20
‹ Ù I  20 M& +Sm  .W& p˜ a 0 !";< “*   x G !(5 F> × MC S20 M& _  2
.3 =") ¦ R ‹$; .( f × (  ‹Ù I  20 M& hz + S :K  'L DŠ K ( 
.!(D 1G !T 'L 1 r
( 0. PG OK S -f
Child K (  He pays attention (Š 0 Understanding C (
Cradle ( f Continuation ( G ( He wrote wrong by
mistake
?
 EW


Quranic Arabic Program 121 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

3 #< 0O. % 
.:C  C C !5& SK< + !T “  .g =" ( Š ;L  ( 1ƒ# S(  :( ;1T S;ŠR — >L& % D
S(  ( (%O × :gK4<& SKDBD .S(  ( Š; :( ;1T ( $ P( 0 K ES%C zN (EGj ( ;C K< PG :5&
( Š L (D p( ( K< 9K "(K  .„( K ( Š ;L  _
( 1 C Š sM& SK;( 1  SL;-C < S;D .4a  hz .( ŠL;
:K ;< ( Š; (D 2"D (‹ # O( K4SK  :L%4D 5N .(  „(  ( Š (D p( K< 9( " _ ( 1
oN K “1  G& ._ ( 2 r ( 0.T K U;1 0 G S PG ._ ( 2 r ( 0O j (D P( "= 0 Š
.4 ŠG !K W .!< (Š$G qb SD SD (g*  8 H 4O

q( <j 8
( O1 _
( T4& P 04 Šf P(G :Þ) ? 
.( gKF × p(4  PG :G (Oº × p(4  P(G :D .3˜) @
a  D( M 4 Šf
o j % 

( $ oN S >  SL-E1 * T4 .'(D ST S;ŠR /    SL; g= & % D :D
!(*4kT  S2 Q  (t 0  .!"D eL ("KD ( StS × L  S S !";< I
 U;Š * — M K1
q( . '( & oN K Gj q‰ zN .( , P(G b 0 % 3C "1 8    4K ƒ-C 0K .‹ # —SD ×
./
 (  . 'C C &C T4 3b "1T 1 C0 - 8    4 E%C
.:< ^ t4 ( T  3( ="$T !K #* o & M2 ( 1k oN (  P(G ¦( "  (T I;C -C 5 S
g 9G M ., q(  4( SKL 9G 2 ( "5( 5 3( E  (D H (T !< ^ t4 K < BEtS * zN
. . × ‹ ( S%S PG nDS> q(. PG xT ST& ‹ K  0
(1) The author has indicated the problem of people who focus too much on the rituals of worship and ignore the
practical matters of life. They continue to perform “Wudu” due to their dissatisfaction but they ignore the big
directives of Shari’ah about earning by lawful meanings. They are very careful about non-obligatory things but
ignore the obligatory matters. Similar situation is mentioned by the Prophet Jesus $ 3S;  !";< in his famous
Sermon of Mount.
(2) Islamic teachings are very relaxed and Islam does not like being doubtful for minor things. Caliph U’mar
performed Wudu from a jar of Christians when he visited Jerusalem.

Quranic Arabic Program 122 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

"5) % 
'T .n "W n "5 K -10 ML k"# !K <K  0 D 3  ( E"5( × L SS :";< I; — >& % D
(D ML S2"D ( 6 3L ="2* E:* M N .€ ( %S P< 3L   ‚ K ( 7K* L <º !K *SL*  !";< ~K S( S0K

( "  3( E#(  ( "= 2 C W  E"Š* % MS2"D 3( ="2 × ~ K S S0 % .!("5 ( W × Oa “O  * !(;%
MC “F 0K  .3  9" × MC S;10 :L– .3(   q & × hz MS;10 .(   *( ‹
K ( !K *KSK0
d
a ";TN :KgE C »N .I S Sg 3  × I ( ;- 4 SK K sM& S;10 ´ .hT MC “ Š0 :KTS;%
.:2T4 < ="> ;< :5& ( S1 P< !T MC KFE" * L¦"  g ::C q% .:C P0+
)) % 
D .(47G P(G 4( zj ( ( (*
( ‚ ( >N × SS ";< I; — >& % D
4( & × K U2C 0  hz =" !K “( 0  .( ‡ O(  P="T @ (  8 0(# × ¦ L * qL F*

( . ‚( 4( 7G ( "-* PG M‰ - 3( * ×  ;l ? = †;2C 0K ´ !5& =:;10 :C ."51G ×  (*


.( 2 (D :K*O< !T 8
= E  G N
;< 0ƒO•K0 M&  G( &L M( k;K$ d
( ;,G oN b 4 'C   PG qb )G :L)G .:"‡< 4a  g
Sg — >L& 1T 3n E G gK"1K0 g4K ƒ 2C 0K

( K  K  ‚
( 47G (D K E5B0 L   —ƒO•0K C > BCD .( 
P "= 5(, 4 O oN “O K 0 (T .d
( ;( , ( G K 3( < G (   O( S -G P< 'b D hz 9G
.'( -C 1  ( -CT( !";< :K 2L 0
1T  % 
.x> ;"; ( S" × !5SK(70 T4 . x4g !5 K4( "D .M‰ - 3( Q -T  — >& b % D
(51G × K 20  ."5 × 2 J(5Gj ( 0O( L& × —EO  * :KTS;% .!T —( ,* :KK$ ( &
4( (< 9(t S(T K (10 !"(g S5 p( G( & < ? K -( 0 !‡(< S(T °1E0 p( (  F T  ( F = "( .MC ‰ -
.:( ‡ rL " PG  1 r" PG !T zL †;C 0 .!(G
They recite intensely MC K4( 0 He becomes elegant, he
displays style
K E5B0 They are not shaken MC “F 0K

Quranic Arabic Program 123 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

.( TSL-1K  K $G SD !"(g S5 p( G & „  * :L– .3 G G ;"; S" × o1* ^ _ & % PG
^ 3L G hz sM& P‡0 .p( z( C;((T “ Š0 !T zL †;C 0 &L  -0 SD Pa "= ( 8
a SW ! MS20 % T4
^ (  3L UC „ 4 O& S .!(*SW × !(*  nzN .pK  1 T=& G 8"g .!(G ‹ K ( o1* !5
.1f rL " PG g 5N ^ (  3s .!T pK A( >  U;1 *  .!(ƒ"AC !(*SW oN  ‡C 5 G o1*
$Gl % 
MSL‡( 0  "D :g C 0 #  0j SGW . g SGW T4 .( S T  — >& % D
M( 0 PG  4( kD6 < ( . PG :5SkT  .T (  P(G :g A( S>  "Š P(G :$
( &
:5& S‡D ._ K SL-T& I
 ( S S * ( •g .:a "‡< 4a  hz .q( SKL  ‹( S5& PG
.:H "; I
H ;-T ^ *& PG :K ;( $K0 »N .8"g .MSK;( $K0
O$ % 
.~(  ;< K 2( K0 ( 2f P< 
( 1fT ( Gj ( "#l 0 A × 8 = >& — >& % D
x 2( G  R T zN .3C F1 C 0  I
 ;C AC ?
 K< ( "= 7T :g G& zN .!$5 $0 ( "= 7T :g GB0
& !($;,G × ~ K  9K  ,* % “ŸE;<  2( K* ?"2D .I K $
( K 5&” :q% I   (  !";<  2C 5&
b G< .(   I L 1 $ y 0  !K t K C 5N .qS- !";< ° C ;C & !<  E>B* PG .p(,$G
.!";< &L  ,* pK "=  ( ,$fT % S !5&
!";< € = G % !("( €
( % × MC Uz& pK "=   S .o1* ^ ML z•0 !5& PK ‡0 ML †z• 0K PG :G 'T
. H "= > ;< !5& P‡0 H ,$G  GN K E"-C 0 PG :KG ŸK€=  K+ Ÿ†-  C > & : (” :q% .L G"-( 
K:;C <& !G ‹ K  4& M MN pK "=    %C S !5& :!G< .( ,$f K GN !5N :qC -0 M& !Kt  5N
.hz !";< 'C -L –C

He became harsh & violent ?


 K< Talking aimlessly M( 0 He enjoys zL †;C 0
More pious ‹
K  4& Preferred (but not
obligatory)
_
 K He fasted everyday g SGW

Quranic Arabic Program 124 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

1T$ % 
:g g S K ( Uk0 ´ .:TS;% SK%(  0K ´ .à   ( 0f C 2(T K4   — >& % D
C 2Ý 5=4   :MSS-0 .hT MC SL–E  0 :g * .:g(OT b -;1G :KTS;% €5 T4 .:A ST
4   MN .C 2Ý b -;1G :KTS;% 3H ;T S5S20 M& :C K S %j sMj M 4 ŠG :g .n   
( 0fT 4  MN .o1* ^ E ° C 2Ý 4  M{D .4( S,   E °
C ( 0 M& !";< I
K ,
( 0 :gK &
S . ( g( S‡T M 4 ŠG •g Ÿhz ;< 4K ( -0 PG .:; !";< ^ s;W (  ° C ( 
I 1 W& G . H "= -D ;< (T @ 0 (  -L;T( !K$5 ` K  $*  T4 .8"g .:"(,K* MC Ck" sM&
.!(;% !( 4( S °
( (T !(*4 Û PK $ & G Ÿl (34 ,Ý ?"2D .;l  × 3( 4  ,K 
G) % 
€= E .( ( $T P( 2C $   P(G M( K T ~
( ; ( 1k PG € = 1 (%C q( f × 8
=  g( + — >& % D
( BT 'L K * 5N 3L OgF .p( , ( 0  × MSK 4 hz 9G :g .O( EgFK  C *4 € = C 4 O& 5&
:( ‡C <BT yT .P( 0 Gj ML S g& S * -;D .( gKF O( E ,  K T( & ° ( <ST & :( ;œ 1T GN :H "R&
._K  %& ( G$ oN M pº „  * qC f >& S .q( f PG :K ‡<& p º sM{D .8 ( 2;
 E-C * T4 .:(T  2C G ?" S0 ´ ."5 × O( gF PG :5& :‡T M 4 ŠG •g
.( - ;< y "j
qL f Ck1K0 PG :G .qH > (A R P< Sg 13C S ;7 K –(•K0 PG :G .!(;1T I K ,
( 1K0 PG :G
O ER PG :G .~ (  ƒzC P(G ?a > ."5 × I a  4 Sg pg+ 'kT qC -0 M& n C "(> pL>B0 D
9( " × Sg MC ‰ - :K (70 H 14 ? & n )CG ( S" × s; 0K  .9( G( S, q<& × !($5 ;<
.8( 2;  I
( ,K1 ( 2 ( 0  PG p( "= k* p(-* I ( ;- 3L < G ! K k( 70  hz
(1) It is practice of ascetic people that they prefer loneliness and spend their entire time in worshipping Allah. The
Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W forbade that and directed to give full rights of one’s family. Such people also ignore other
important directives of Islam.
It contented €
= 1 (%C He gives `
K  $* They do not watch SK%(  0K ´
He put pressure O ER It became ascetic (left
worldly desires)
8
=  g( + Two walls (Makkah
& Madina)
MC Ck"

Quranic Arabic Program 125 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

K ;L >K .—S-* —z PG 3b 4z 8"g .8 ( $. C C ( (T `


K ( * 3 g‡ 3C O1 sM& P‡0 Ý4
:! qS-0 PG qH S-T “ Š0 % Å .” ( 4( SºT 
n  < q( º q)G& P(G 'L D& ~
( "j ( ;> PG H
: *SKR S .!($5 L "( F* ! K K k0 .h ” "D .!( (E ( & ^ " & 1}4j O( * & PG h5N
K ( Š0  :!K E P( q% T4 .!T hz '1D PG g H 2 P="* G & 8 H  G ’C – x xGS0
. xT& h ^
1 % 
 K  3(  T ” K ( 0 3n 4D ./
( ( T gO < := †‡1 0K ´ 'D S ;< €= W    — >& % D
3( E#
( ( o1* ^ ( PG  "= >  .3n UC ( 0  3(   K , ( 0 D .'( D S pg q( )G& '( "; 3( W
MST -f _ K ƒ -C *K G” ::s; !";< ^ s;W !CS% $0 .€ ( %S q(  & × 3( 4 O K  ;< !(W
“.:";< ^ !K t   D G '( 
 DBT
Kg & :Mt D M( $56 ;< P E"1 0 % 'T .4( Š ;K P(G 8 (  "= 7 P="T I
( "*  „K *
I
 "*  °( ž ´ M{D .!K% 9a $ ( EGK >| !K% K ƒ"
 0K Kg & M( 5 & .8SL0  >| 8 K SL0
/
( 1T :K 0=-* /
K G( Š 5N .3b g C " 1f sM{D . * M& P(G )& hz K ‡5 . x4 ŠG MC 
} D ;< 2M( "<j } ( D ¤( -* ('D S ;< ; / (   ¤( - H/1T ;< 8 ( <k
.p =" (T % G ;< (T : %  ( 802
;< 3(  S ( ¤( -* ')G 8SL0 G ¤-* .!5 O G ;< M( "<j } ( D PG ƒ:gj ¤-*
× 4K Š P2 .!K ƒ*  0K hz C C 0 M& K 1 : ‡C <& G .p˜ }
( K -L  ;< P( 0 ¤K -* .(  S
.:v  :< ^ t4 :( ;1 × MC S7  ( ;1 N !";< 4-0  Ja > a "%O I ( "* 
(1) It is a false believe spread widely among Sufi circles that there are certain people who are the pegs of the earth.
The earth will be destroyed if such pegs are removed.
(2) Religious obligations have two categories: Those which are obligatory on each person e.g. prayer, fasting etc.
They are called V1 } D. There are some obligations which are the responsibility of Muslims as a community. If
some of them discharge them, it is discharged from all of them e.g. funeral prayer etc. They are called 02 } D. If
a person focus on 02 } D but ignore the V1 } D, he is deceived by the Satan.

Pegs O( * & Bags ~


( "j Scale, balance to measure C C (

Quranic Arabic Program 126 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

:L%  D( q( SGj _
( T4& P 04 Šf P(G :r) ? 
o j % 
K K ‡0 G .( ; ®
 0(4  8
( CAT (  ~
( 4 f ( $f ( T( ;< MSKW ( 0 :G % D
MS‡0 :g .:gK –& 8 ( Sf 1T (-0 :gK z pK  U;7 "( !";< ( ( |T :gQ=& MSK20 .~
( ;
:V PG !"D  % .hT 3C Šf S- :5&
StE 1* % :g .3( 4SL‡  8, R   8 ( K# :( ;‡ PG gSK$ % :5& :Kg &
(G oN gEO4 ( TS × :";< I SD .($ × ^ Q S < % M zC {D .($ × ^ … ( 7$
.`( f ƒ:g& × LD W I K  SD St -5 a & :G (0 ´ M{D .:(–C4(  oN & ¥ " & S5 MN
5N .8
K SK0 !L K 0 !< (Š$0 MH "T × 3H D “—& P "= $f ;< L %C C :K gj ML S20 T4
.  3L s 3L # y 0  •g ;< I  ;C C
?
 U;C S .( "(Tj ƒS;L <K (@56 ×  "= 7
    %C ¾ >6 :($5BT MS‡0 :5& :Þ) !S
.!(AT × Pa 2( $KG ”( f EI sMj .hT !$5 ` =  $* :C V
H 2$G ;< x40O  ( K0 M& :G a &
"5) % 
P(G 3b 4 ŠG 0& g ($f ;< pSL-C 5&  . SK qC . S$ T4 — >& % D
¥ -D p(;T & p(4 S × MS20 T4 !5{D .( ) ( 1 = $   IK ;A 0  :Kg & :V
.p( "=  P< ³ K F( ,K"D pK   9K G( º G }
K Š 3b =") $f sM{D .¡:g& :"N qC f
K = W

5N .MC SKG y - P "= $f _ H 4O ' × H U2( s' × ,$f (T } K Š d"
P G( !";< ( ) P(G 9K  $0 C .~ VT hz 4( SK‡L  ( $f ( T × q( f 9K DO :";< E?>
5N Ia  C !( ";< !K KE"5( 5N .hT :;<& ^ .^ ( ( "= Š( 'L 10 Sg ^
( 'L  10 !5& PL‡"D (;7
.o1* ^ !5& 8 K  %C :q%
Road, street H U2( Bribery R   Monasteries 8
( CAT ( 
Path _
H 4O Good reputation ( 1 = $
  Cisterns, reservoirs ®
 0(4 

Quranic Arabic Program 127 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

_
( SL;%L L ;C ( # < K w ( SL-KT ("(0F* ( $f ( DC  >K+ (D hz K
ƒ  0K !5& :(5)
SKg .I ( ;- 4( SK K P< 3  (D ‹ ( SK#7 K  P( < :L;Š #* "N M K ‡L 0 :5j P "= †; K 
.,$;( (5 ( %4 × SD :(*W ( "=  × :(*W × P "= ; f ;< &C  AC s; .OK SK -
.!";< SL;2( E*D nD 1G  2( K C&4 :5& ( •g 4K  .!H ST( ( ,$f P "= 0(F* 'œ 
( 0  zN
)) % 
'C D(   (T MS;k0 .V$f  - ;< 8 ( %  × qC SGj MSL-( 0 — >& % D
M 0 .ƒ $ (  × @ K   MSg 20 .
( 1; ( #D6 K 2# !K *KO < PG ( - PG .C 1Gº
.P="1( :K5  "=  S * T4 .x5  :";< b 5"> :G pL>K B0 ( ( "= -; (%  Q >N
K $ :KC —SK0 .I H  T “‚. K )L20 M( GF >‰ × :< ^ t4 ~< PT q% h
.q( G (  4( C-(  P="T pK "= 1T :g( BT —SK0 .P "= TS;$G P "= G ,KG MSK1 K0 @ ( +  × :C … L$  K0
“.pK K U-C 0  !"( S0K D !( oN 4a SBG Kp4K 
1T  % 
MS;Š#0 '( 7 :( 2á 5S2$K0 qC SGj MS‡0 .q SGj _ ( T4& PG — >& % D
M‰ - :> '"; "% 4 ( "  .-5 oN "D MC S0  ( "0 8 ( O1T
.qf ‚
( >{T !(1C% oN MSÍ :D .:(AT ;< oS % h
 ;f 'CQ 7 sMj M4 ŠG •g

  R& % .b E"  !TS– × € = ;>O PG qL )G :L)G .< MS;(Š#G :g 'H D I ( ;k(T S;ŠRD
? " ( ". !( (C C P(G .y    !T P 2L $"( P "= (,
 = 2C $
K  I
( ;kT < qb SŠ#G :g .„(  ;<
„  * V
 2$f :q-D .3  ( S   "= ) x5D sMN :(D ( # '"% h Ÿhz oN ‚ K 0
SD .P( "= $f ;< @ K 56 9(,;( ( 1k K 1AN g qL  5N .p( "=  q × 'C > O !K C
.( -; !(1G "5K; !(1 9G !(*W PG !($5 9( 0(S,* PG ! 'L D&
He is near to ;<

  R& Captured (in trouble) 4a SBG Decoration ( DC  >K+


Juice of lemon with water
(good for yellow fever)
P "= (,
 = 2C $
K  He comforts J( S0K They relied on SL;2( E*
Yellow fever y    It seized oS Desert & sand q( G (  4( C-( 

Quranic Arabic Program 128 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

$Gl % 
5S â :5N Å .…-D 3F ( OBT N :S5 ` K $* D .'7 :";< I; — >& % D
(D OK ƒO  0 :KG( 70 PG  - PG MSL;k0 P< MSKC 0 — ( ˆ(O   r ( "l qf PG
.}a  C !"D :v PG .( Gl × :C 4( ,i( '( -$f (D !"N ‚0 PG & .:(*
.b (F= G p< hT qC "( (!("#7(T K ( ‡$0 PG( (42 PG H !("1T ¬ H 7R oN 5SK†;$K0
.o1* ^ 9a "kG !5& P‡0 .4a ŠG !K ( W .'(  1 ; … b (KG ( E"(; a $
( KG hz ' .!( (T K S-"D
.q SGjT M 4 ŠG !)G& p˜ D .p( "=  PG xtS <( o1* ^ 3( O1T IL;k0 zN . a ( D Sg
O$ % 
-< . (  d ( Û 4( Sá  . - q SGj _T4& ;l  S< PG — >& % D
M KO °
( <S ‹
( ( O( E ,
 GK ;< :C M& MS‡0 3b O< hz 7*D .:"2K0 :"ŠK0 hz sM&
´ zN . ="l × b 4 (5S2  dÛ 'D sMj M4 ŠG :g . x & Ú L 1* MC O '(  1 
D '1 ;< r  1* ´ MN .'1 ;< r L 1 * 5j .3b OSÍ L   ."D ˜> D L   ® ( ( *
9K $0 T4 !(2K"D ( $ ( %  !K %L 4( !K ;L >( 0K »N .°<S P(G !K1$0 (T Š0 T4 ."D  "= >
:qS-0 !( 00 VT K ( 0 q F0 D nDƒS7 GK xG
J *(&L % !5& P‡0 !^T N 3S%  qS  ^ J ($ !^ . !^T zS15 !:= †; K  0
G 9K  $0 .( EA( j d ( (,G oN K  K 0 — / ( 0 f qL )G !L)G .4 ŠG Sg .!s; ( "= lT
— 9K (Cº .hT C  K , ( 0 !5& P‡0 (T 'L Š( #0  .;L -( 10  ( 0 ( Oj P(G !K 5SL( 0
.hC1D& 5( KT( K ƒ"Š *K n C W
( hG K ƒ"Š 0K  H°< 'œ 2D .30; L  1( Aj ! ?
K ( 0 PG p< K  K 0
b E, K 3b O0+ °
L <S hD ' 1* ´ M N .›0S% n %N 'C E-C * ."5 P( < }  E 1 * ^ ;< 'C E-C * 
. x4 ŠG €  h n ;C "( !K 0&4 z{D .h";<
Learning lesson Ú
L 1* Nullifying (destroying) …
b (KG Biting him (by snake) !( (C C
He breathes (to show
impact of fear)
K ( 0 It blazes ®
( ( * Starving 9( 0(S,*

Quranic Arabic Program 129 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

( DC ƒS K  P 04 Šf PG :9T  ? 


!!P04 Šf •g ;< 4K Š I
 ;C  & G
o j % 
SKT#D .( " ( k(  —F(T   .^ !K  ( < PG N M( GF g '( g& L DS G :G
:( SG& :(* kW :( G :(T O‰ :(& :(i"g :0+ × ( "DS  P(G V  %O 
~
( &  @
(  AN 9G 3( O ,$   ;< ~ ( S;º 3(   3( 4k 1 ¬ ( %  ‹ ( $ × 3( g‡
(”"(  × (r0. × 8 ( S  /( > × ( 1  ~ ( 5& × ( 2f I ( ", × !(>ON
.:("(,K0 hz sM& S hz SKU;1 * ;D .hz ˜ oN
PG ( g( ‡ P( A ( "= k* × I ( ;C-;( 2 ( %C f ( t0 (  3( g,KT …
§ %( :$5& SK1 0 :C
8( K# ( . ;< MC SK(20 :ÑN Å .( "D( SK  q( +G PG hz ' .( ";( ,   ( "( 7
  4( –|
3 . ( "= ( k(- ( "= - ;< M 0 .. d ( ;( ? ( "(  × MSK$D( 0 .V  A$ q( SG&
qL )G :L)G .M4 ŠG •g .!(t  P(G H R × !K C C> G / H 1T } ( <& :K1T @ K ƒF 0K
:(0(FT( € = E0F D M( S0 × :g£=& € = –C P "= ;*-f qC kTj MC 1,# sM& € = 1 ( += SK,<K
P "= 
( $* G& :C '"-D . S +a S,< 8 = SD .} ( 1 M( F"G ;< € = t 1D .h ( ;f oN € = ;W

= *G  .  C  D '( " qC S gSK  kC D .'" qC S gSK  A Ÿh;fT „( 4( ( ×
(1) ‹$ means listening Sufi music. The music is so inspiring that people start dancing devotedly.
(2) 3g, means refraining from food, drinks, sex and fasting continuously. ( t0 (  means practicing Sufi rituals.
( %C f means meditation. Sufis practice these things to purify their souls. Majority of such practices are invented by
the Sufis. They have nothing to do with Islam because Islam forbids Monasticism.
(3) Sufism is centered towards Monasticism or leaving the worldly desires. Ghazali himself was a Sufi. He is
describing the situation of such Monks upon who were so captured by the worldly desires that they used to compete
with each other on minor things like a tiny spot on a date or internal membrane of a date.
They compete MSK$D( 0 Yelling, screaming ”
( "(  Sufi, related to
Sufism
( DC ƒS K 
Loaf of bread ?
( "(  They did not tire SK1 0 ´ Dress —F
Money d
( ; Meditation ( %C f Bowing down @
(  AN
Carelessness 4( ( They rush to MC SK(20 Taking a deep sigh ( 1  ~
( 5&

Quranic Arabic Program 130 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

"5) L % 
t (  _") 3( zC CT( × y % ";< I  1K W  zN .4 Š × •g ;< 8 = O O+ — >& % D
ƒ0F  P(G ›TK = , ( * ´ .
( “S T  g C‡* M& 8O 4& .P( 2C $f ` ( 2C f :( 1kf × M( K(T
3( O ,$
  ( -C "(%   ¦ ( S "$
(  8 ( 1Ös% K  €= ;A .: $ 0( T6 EF7   €=  D .:(0(FT(
.: $ 0 T6 ƒFl ( "% PG )& K "(% .( C SK  
1.P
 "= A$ qC SG& 'C C &C .u ( "1  C 4 :Kt  5N Ÿ!KAT ?"2D .3n g n " 1G MC SK(,0 
( •g sMj .¾ ( SK ;L  4( t P(G “R& ( •g 4K  t  .  "= 7  :($5BT MS‡0 hz 9G :g
:((DC ;< 9 ;( Aœ L M N .:(g I ( $T MS2"D K "= Š :(T —-0 .—F(T _  S;- MSL% ( $0
.@
( A6 ;< ( "D( SK  ƒC T( ”K ƒ  "KD .h
S  'C g& EPC T4
)) % 
× ( G+f q( SKWSK  8G-f 3( +  ,GK . 3( g#GK ( C R C2K  : ;< €
= < EO — >& % D
P(G K †;C 0K .:( –6 °
( ;T !"N 'C W
   .hz

K ( 10  .2 _ ( L- oN qL SKWSK  O( SK# K  V


(<
.g“O K 0 SD .8 H ; ( Gk Ú
( j
(1) Since the kings used to take taxes from people unjustly, therefore, pious scholars and Sufis avoided taking
money from a king. (2) The meaning of these terms is: ( C R  C2K  is getting an insight into something by dream or
daydream. . 3( g#GK is observing the divine reality. 8G-f 3( + ,GK is crossing the checkpoints in the spiritual
journey. O( SK#
K  V
( < is direct observation of the divine reality. q( SKWSK  is reaching and merging into God.

Do you know? The objective of Sufism is to observe the reality of God and the universe by the internal
eyes. They have assumed certain points for the person who is in the journey of discovery of God. They
perform a lot of hard spiritual exercises for that. Islam forbade such practices. But the Muslims Sufis
adopted such practices from Christian, Zoroastrian and Hindu Mysticism. According to the Quran,
nobody can observe God in this world.
Ghazali also describes that there are certain Sufis who do not know anything about the spiritual journey
but they look with disdain at religious scholars and consider them MSTS,Í i.e. behind the veil from the
divine reality.

Thieves ¾
( SK ;L  Parchment 8
( 1Ös%  K  Silk EF7
 
Their scandals :((DC Apron, napkin ¦
( S A special type of
silk, very expensive
: $
 0( T6

Quranic Arabic Program 131 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

P 0( ƒ$K P "= ( ( -K  - oN ‡0 Sg .P0 >| V   j :;< PG C;<& hz sM& PK ;( 10
! sD „ K "( ”  s sM&  .( S1 P( < 
n CD ( 4O( + P( "= 1T ( ;1

( W& P ="–(( 


.3n O 1G xG0& :KG+( K0 .!" h
K (
4 j 4( & P< K (7K0 . S P< :;20 !5B gOƒO K0 pK D .L C ( F 8 ;2 h  ;* ?
K †-;C 0
:;1 × qS-0 .M Kƒ1 GK ¥  & :O1 × qS-"D .( ;1 O1 9" hT K -( $0
.MC SKTSK,G r
( 0.T :5N
< .V  -Df 4( E,L  P(G ^ < Sg .P "= T -f PG !5& .( . oN 'L W ( S !5& !$ <0
x;C% I
K %(  0K  .n-;L >K _
K † 0K  .n;(< …
§ %( := 2L 0 :C .V
 ;gº C-  K  P(G _( S;- _ ( T4&
.:C PK $ & M :K1C 0 (T SL;Š R S .8
( 50 ( "(;* —S  ‹
( * —S(
1T  % 
4W .I ( ;- ( s-(T €
( ;ŠR qC . € ( ;A qC <j € ( $ BD •g 8 = 4   — >& % D
p(g ( -"- ;<
H SL%  ( "=  PG ƒI
K  t  '( œ S ( gKF P(G 8  G-f <= 0 :gK &
!a (  !5& :K < F0 .o1* ^( EI  S <0 PG :D .(*D‰ (*G< (A R 8 ( G-f
o1* ^ I <"D . a L b <T g 3n D 8 x "> o1* ^T 'C E"7  0 % !s;1 .o1* ^(T
.…§ %( 4K ƒS 0  hz .!KD 1G 'C "(%
„( * P< .o1* ^ ( G& ;< !($5 —Sg 4K C)0N .o1* ^ pK  20 G H %4G P(G SL;70  !5N :L–
/
K %( 0K hz ' sM& —(40 d" .o1* ^ PG  " C * G > S .( ;l P(G ¥ " 4( SGj
`
 ƒ "K( 1 OH + ˜ PG —(O S }
K SK7"D 'S ( <C- oN '"K0 T4 :K1T .EI K 
.V1=& :< ^ t4 ( T  ? ( ;$ P< ' -L * ´ b <T hz sM& —(40 d" .'L S
(1) It was a widespread false belief in Sufis that arranging resources for something e.g. taking provisions during
travel is against trust in Allah. Ghazali is refuting such view. Islam asks to do your effort and then trust in Allah.

Fool, stupid C- 


K  Disdain, condemn ( 4O( + Peasant, farmer ”
 
Passionately in love !a (  Enslaved laborers M Kƒ1 GK ¥  & Weaver h
K (

Quranic Arabic Program 132 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

:g O F M >B0 S5 'T .O F „( = * ”


( T 3( A7f '( sS P(G (TW ˆ&) SK( DC G
P(G IH  ;< 'SG Sg O F „K K 0 T4 g .O( F  ;< o1* ^ ;< MS;†SKG
5 z % .a S% g < % .4a  "D sN ( ",
( K 8
( G-f P(G K -G G .!T C-E* _
( j
.( " 6 × 8 ( ",
( f 9K TK4 "D 8
( D| 'C >( GK
$Gl % 
 s-* €
= ;C  g= & .¬
 l qC . !G €= ;A  8
 SL-  G& ($5& ;< € = -C E"t  — >& % D
!($;G !(1kG × qC . '=g& PG :G .3(  S ( ; l pg ( "=  × ” ( 4 Sº I( ;-
× q( 2T N O( 1 PG } ( 0 ´ o1* ^ sM& V2$f 4(  0 ´ .hz × K ƒ1 "D !($2G
.4 ŠG SD /
 1 'C  g= & /
 1 9 * PD (8<k
O$ % 
xGS% SK1 , D .( "D( S ; C Gl K % .(  $
  9( t
( S ( ;K7 P $ € = < EO — >& % D
=")2 :Kt  5N .q; x1 "5K ( Ck ( ( b 2C R hz 7* .:G (> Ss;2*
8( K# ( . PG MSK1,0 :5N :L– .L "1(  L Gl :t  sM& MC K ( ‡K0 :g . ="2
K ( K0 M( k;$ q( SG& PG L >K B0 :K1T .:K= ( GlT K#0 :K<*&  )2" :";< SL-C "(
.@
K 56 “ ( :t  sM& :<F0 .( "DS  ;< ƒ®   ( 0 A ×  " gL>K B0 :1T .:";<
>BT :gt4( . x g o1* ^ ( G & 9 ",( :(=g{T hz .( 1 $ y 0  :1" r L <( T
^  ,$G K ƒ1 0K P .‚. 0 A × !CG K ( K0 — :hz q)G .!G @56  .
.341 p % sM& :K < F0 3( 4 1(T !K Kƒ"kC 0K o1*

Face the Challenge!


Describe the difference between J(Tkl _S;j J(TOj _S;j J;1 _S;j .
Identify two examples of each in this lesson.

He plasters PK ƒ"kC 0K Worldly desires "5K ( Ck ( Risks, problems 8


( D|

Quranic Arabic Program 133 Level 05


Lesson 5B: Types of Deceived People

1T$ % 
MS-ƒ10 K4W .(TS"< PG d ( "= k* @>j I ( 0* 3( g,T €
= ;ŠR — >& % D
9" × :D .:C n D x;< (< > D 1G d (  _( S"< P< r C  7*D ."D
× g :MSS-"D .(*D‰ × 2 ( "%O ¦ (  d _ ( S"< P< ¬ ( T MC S;Š#0 q( S j
hz × SK1E"t .H $  E;C KG 8
H ;2T "D MS;Š#0 .I H "< "< !(5S × L ;Š .I a "< d ( 
8
( % BT 'C Š R PG qL )G :L)D .:(-7(T SL;Š( #0 ´ .:($5& 9G SL% :5B .:*% &
.®. P< !( (ŠK0 :C hz .®.  0 A h = ;( $0 ´ .!(-( S< ƒ®
 
G) % 
s;2D .D 1f _
K ST& :C €= C 5 .0 k „ SL;K L& T .* f pg 8 = +  — >& b % D
:KTS;% €
= -s;1D .K  ( :K,
 <& .(T SK ( D G SK, ( 1K* b 
 ( 4 ( D 1f ³
( O( GK P(G S“R
.:g =" ;< g(O (R :";< (TT ” ( 5 ( "( " × "D s2 "N 8 ( T
 "-* .H TSK,<& s' 9G ?  %C  PD .b 0(5 C d" o1* ^ ( 0 A I K (,< Mj .4a  hz '
!( 5( "G _
K T —C&  D .h
H ;( G ;< % PG qL )G !)G .( -f oN qL SWS  E  .pk> 8 =   %C (T
 "N K ‡L 0 ?%SD .C;)G —&4  .hz 'C % g‰4 % P= 20 ´ .4a S5& 4a g+& "D b t 4
.x(>

   5D h
( ;T Q -; !K K2( K0 — €
K %S !K *D

Worth Reading
What is ostentation and what is its impact on the personality of a
person? What will be the impact of ostentation on the Deeds Account of
a person in the real life i.e. Hereafter? Read in English.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0002-Ostentation.htm

Obstacles ( ( S< Profession, vocation n D Travel, entering „ SL;K

Quranic Arabic Program 134 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In previous lessons, we have studied the+Û !"#*.
Analyzing things in a one-sided way is
We have learnt how the words are used in different biasness. Islam requires us to be unbiased
meanings in Arabic. Some additional forms of such
even with our enemies.
use are as follows:

341T +,G
341T +Û is a special type of +Û in which , a word is used in replacement of other. We borrow a word
or phrase to use it in another meaning. The condition is that a similarity must exist between the literal and
metaphorical meanings. For example ( 
 4 CfT a  & Q  (A lion came at the school). Here the word & (lion)
is an 341 for a brave man. The correct translation will be, “A brave man came at the school.”

The word ‘lion’ is borrowed to describe a ‘brave man’ due to perceived bravery of a lion. The similarity may
not be the real one. It may be perceived by the native people. In this example, the lion is considered brave by
the native people whereas it is not brave as per modern zoological research. Based on their perception, the
native people started using this word to describe their brave people. Similarly, the moon is used in different
languages as an 341 for ‘beauty’. Therefore, an 341 my be correct from the linguistic perspective but
may be wrong in the reality.
The above mentioned rule is applicable to all languages. In all languages, we use the sentence, “The sun
rises.” It is against the scientific reality that the sun does not rise. It is a region of the earth which comes in
front of the sun. Therefore, we should always understand the Quranic 341 by its linguistic use. It is a
wrong approach to interpret the Quranic 341 by applying scientific research on it. Another wrong
approach is to deny the concept of 341 , and start interpreting each word in its literal meaning. In above
mentioned example, a person with such approach will think a real lion came to the school.
Sometimes, an 341 becomes so common in use that people ignore the literal meaning of a word. For
example J†-GK (a careful person) is used to describe “a God-fearing person” because he / she is careful about
the behavior required by God. It is rarely used in its literal meaning. Similarly the word  a ( D (one who
disconnects) is used to describe “a sinner” because he / she disconnects the relationship with God. It is also
rarely used in its literal meaning.

Difference of 341 and !"#*

The 341 is different from !"#*. In !"#*, both items under comparison are described in clear words. For
example  (  j a 0+ (Zaid is like a lion) is a !"#*. On the contrary a  & a 0+ (Zaid is a lion) is an 341 .
341 is considered more powerful than the !"#*, because it results in making a picture in the mind of the
audience.

Quranic Arabic Program 135 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

( 02( T +,G


( 02( T +,G is similar to 341 in which , a word is used in replacement of other. We borrow a word or
phrase to use it in another meaning. The difference between an 341 and 0 is that in 0, the word or
phrase can be interpreted in its both literal and non-literal meanings whereas in 341 , the literal meanings
are not applicable. For example: Khansa < ^ t4 was a famous poet of Madina. She wrote a poem about
her brother. A verse of that poem is: R
 G zN O( G   ˜
K )C :O1(  9K "(D4 O( , '0SA (His sword-case is long, his
pillars are high and in winter, he has huge quantities of ash.)
The phrase O( , '0SA (His sword-case is long) is true in its literal meaning. In non-literal meanings, it
stands for his bravery. He had a long stature and a long sword. The phrase O1(  9K "(D4 (his pillars are high) is
also true in its literal sense that the pillars of his house might be high. In figurative meanings, it stands for
his respect in his tribe. The phrase O( G   ˜
K )C (he has huge quantities of ash) is also true in its literal sense. In
figural meanings, it stands for his generosity and helping poor. He used to arrange huge quantities of food
for poor people. The food was cooked by burning wood which resulted in huge quantities of ash in his
compound. So the phrase O( G   ˜
K )C became a 0 for the generosity.
/0 1*
/0 1* is a special type of 0 in which , a person says something which he / she does not want to say in
clear words. Usually it is to express an opposition or protest in the way of +Û. The objective is to criticize
the opponent in a ridiculous way.
For example, in the verse: P= G( …
($= -( (T MC K GK B 0 P 0(U MC SL;K- 0     ( "= Š T( V
 ƒ"(E MC SL;K- 0  !( U; 8
( 0Ž(T MC K L 2 0 P 0(U UMN(
:H "(&C _
H C1 T( := gK = ƒ#DC ~
( E (Verily those who deny Allah’s signs, kill the prophets in an unjust manner and kill
those who demand for justice, so give them the good news of a painful punishment.)
Here the word : = gK = ƒ#DC (give them the good news) is a /0 1*. Actually it is bad news but called good news to
criticize the offenders in a ridiculous way.

Face the Challenge!


What is 0 % in case of figurative speech? Give one example.

Worth Reading!
How to get rid of poverty? Is there any shortcut available?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0004-Poverty.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 136 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and analyze the components of 341 as given in the
example. Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis J(T <


ƒ#T °
!( U; 8 ( 0Ž(T MC K L 2 0 P 0(U UMN(
J-"- Ò1G
Give them good news
   ( "= Š T( V ƒ"(E MC SL;K- 0 
Give them the bad news ˆ+Û Ò1G MC K GK B 0 P 0(U MC SL;K- 0 
/0 1* :$% := gK = ƒ#DC ~
( E P= G( … ($= -( (T
(3:21) : H "(&C _
H C1 T(
The news of punishment cannot be good news. It is
0 %
definitely bad news.

°
J-"- Ò1G E  H  &C P= G( M( †;1 0K G 
ˆ+Û Ò1G CD b = D( PK 
= 5 E5N( SL-0
:$% (2:102) = L 2 *
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
MC SLQ $* ˆ(U ! U; SL-E* 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(4:1)   4= j
Q  !( T(
:$%
0 %

Rule of the Day


In J"WS* I G, you will find that the €W is following its
SWSG in case, gender,
number and specification. On the contrary, in ±tN I G, the !"N
G will
always be in  case.

Quranic Arabic Program 137 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G G P = K2 0 M &C EPK C 'œ 
( 0 
M N( EP( G(  4= &C J(D !K U;  ;C >
ˆ+Û Ò1G
( >( | ( S= "  !( U;(T EPG( •= 0K EPL
:$%
(2:228)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G _
  t
 T( := gK K  &C  ƒ#TK CzN( 
ˆ+Û Ò1G !K K =  U'C n )CG P(  = E ;(
:$% (43:17) .: a "(‡C S gK  nOS $
= GK
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G †qœ  ”
  K C / = ( >= 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
ƒ_E4 ' %L  (  = E  P= G(
n˜(ŠW
 J(5"ET4 C K =  4=
:$% (17:24)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G h
 (  CN( „  0 := K t = 
ˆ+Û Ò1G H SK ( "= C P= G( Q "= T ‚
= K 7= *
:$% (20:22) — > = &L n 0‰
0 %

Quranic Arabic Program 138 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G r
L DC E  ( "ƒ  C ;C "= C := 2L C U' ( &L
ˆ+Û Ò1G := 2L C ~
a ( EPgK := 2L ($5( CN(
:$% (2:187) EP K C ~ a ( := K5=&C 
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G := 2L "= ;C < F 5C& = %C  O ‰ J(T 0
ˆ+Û Ò1G
n#0(4  := 2L *(‰=S ˆ(4 S0K n(
a "= > h (zC —S- E ~ K ( 
:$% (7:26)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G P E"0 E  SKT  R=  SL;L
ˆ+Û Ò1G
P= G( / K "T=jQ … L "= 7
  := 2L C
( ,
= C  P= G( O( S = jQ …
( "= 7 
:$% (2:187)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
J g( ' %L ( U;g( jQ P= < h
 5SLBC$
= 0
ˆ+Û Ò1G ƒ®    ~ ( E;( €
K "(% SG
:$% (2:189)

0 %

Quranic Arabic Program 139 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Analysis J(T <


°
J-"- Ò1G SK* L& P 0(U P= G( a 0( DC C 5
ˆ+Û Ò1G
Q 4  !( U; _
 ( _  2( 
.MC SK;C 1= 0  := K E5BCC := g( 4( SKL
:$% (2:101)
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G pK "= " = BCDC n="G MC C P= G  &C
ˆ+Û Ò1G J(D !( T( J(#= 0 n4SK5 !K C ; 1  
:$% (6:122) ~ ( E
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G !K = G( ŒK ;C $
= 5 'L "= U; := K C b 0‰
ˆ+Û Ò1G MC SK;( ‡ GK := gK Cz{(DC 4 E
:$% (36:37)

0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G 5( %C = G P= G( )C1 T P= G ;C 0=  0
ˆ+Û Ò1G @
  W  PK  = E   <  G Cg
:$% (36:52) M C SL; = K 
0 %

Quranic Arabic Program 140 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Analysis J(T <


°
C;< C 5GjQ t =  < E5N(
J-"- Ò1G q( ,(   } ( 4= jQ  8 ( S E$
ˆ+Û Ò1G P - C R= &C  ; ( 
= 0 M &C P "= TBCDC
:$% !K E5N( ML $5=6( ;C    = G(
(33:72)  n SK nGSL;C MC C
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G
”
H S&C 8
( Cz C;< pK ;   
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(54:13) H K OK 
:$%
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G  ;C > ˆ(U !K U; := 2L ET4 UMN(
( E( J(D }  4= jQ  8 ( S E$
ˆ+Û Ò1G
w
( = 1  C;< —S= E:–L H E0&C
:$% (10:3)  G= jQ K ƒT 0K
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G P= < := K TKSKK CD,*
ˆ+Û Ò1G
nD=S> := K ET4 MC SK<= 0 9( (  
MC SL-( K0 := gK % + 4 EG(  n1AC 
:$% (32:16)
0 %

Quranic Arabic Program 141 Level 05


Lesson 6A: Special Types of Metaphorical Meanings /0( 1 02(  341

Analysis J(T <


°
ˆ(T(  n5$ = N( P( 0= ( S(T 
J-"- Ò1G V
( ( $   G"  T = -L 
ˆ+Û Ò1G ˆ(z 4( ,  V ( ( $  
:$% I
( K, K  4( ,  T = -L 
P( T=  I( = ,
 (T I( ( E  
0 %
:= 2L 5K0=&C €
= 2C ;C G G  '( "(E$
(4:36)

°
J-"- Ò1G
y #0 P=  ( @
 += ƒ  …
L$K = 0 !K U;
ˆ+Û Ò1G
(29:62) p( O( <( P= G(
:$%
0 %
°
J-"- Ò1G P= G( qC EF5 P= G := K BC P= i(C 
ˆ+Û Ò1G
}
 4= jQ !( T( " = BCDC  G ( E$
!K U; EPLSL-"C *(S= G ( 1= T P= G(
:$% (29:63)
0 %

Rule of the Day! In order to express sickness, the words !( T( hT( J(T
are used e.g. x< W
K J(T (I’m suffering with a pain), qb 1K h T( (you’re
suffering with cough) etc.

Quranic Arabic Program 142 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In this lesson, we shall study the language used in
When one door of happiness closes,
evaluation of Hadith & its narrators. We’ll study excerpts
from the famous book "1 ;$;$ of J(5 P0 W5 another opens; but often we look so
long at the closed door that we do
(d. 1999CE). We’ve selected those Ahadith in this lesson
not see the one which has been
which are commonly described in people but they are
actually either unauthentic ?"1t or fake ‹StSG.
opened for us.

M & :"-(DG ;< a p(O< P(G y #0 PG( :(T :K -( 0 !(t4& ± ^ ¦
L S 1( # 'L g& Ï 13
.xg x N S*SK0  .:"(G•G ;< K  ‡0
P< :;$G PT "S P< :P="-C 0 A P(G (4163) “ ="2 :( ,
 1K ” ± 2 J(5 =k ! >& .?"1t
^ qS4 I
( W ˆj h*D PT ¤ > P< !"T& P< d; PT 3 $"G PT _S0& PT Í
.p D :qS-0 :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qL S4 9 (  !5& :; !";< ^ ;W
± ! 'H D ± 3 ""* PT 6 Œ K "R !T E® h !s;1 (   pK g aON g
:P="s;< ! sM{D `
H " T d" (!*OS$G PG 1 / 259 @) “# 'D”
P< :"S q% zN :“M F"f ” ± J(g q% .( 0S( $ d  "* d K † 0K !5{D ( "S 4 L 1= 1 = < :o j
b E, K SD – : q% z{D .P "= T( s P< ds0 !5j H 1(T d";D < + j P< & ®0  PT
.5 ( 0S$ d ( " K "= ) !2 b -– Sg : “I0 - ” ± °D. q%
;< nDS%SG !T _S0& PT Í – :q% 4> PT :)"g nDS%SG p 4 C-D .6 ?
K %S :— >yj
.:=0 >
(1) It seems that zealous people of Syria fabricated this Hadith to show their priority over the people of Iraq during
their historical conflict. (2) Tabarani (d. 360H) is a famous Hadith expert. He wrote a great collection of Hadith
called ˜2 :,1f . (3) Ibn Taimiyah (d. 728H) is a famous scholar of Syria.
(4) 1< is a Hadith which is narrated by saying the word P<. This is a general word which does not specify that the
narrator is taken the Hadith directly from the next narrator or there is a missing link between the two narrators. (5)
d"* means hiding the name of an unreliable narrator by using general words like P<. 0S$* means leveling the chain
by omitting unreliable narrators in a way that it is difficult to find. These techniques are used to make a chain of
narrators acceptable. If a person is famous for d"*, the Ahadith described by him by using the word P< are not
accepted because it seems that he is trying to hide the names of certain narrators. (6) ?%S means that the link is
broken at a specific person.

Quranic Arabic Program 143 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

.h d" ‹ a SD G !5& ""* PK T : g & `"W pK (498 / 3) = & ! >&
x<SD G J5( k p 4 : q% (63 / 4) “I"g  I"  ” ± “ˆ4( C K pK O 4 & rL 0.
.8-– K* 4 _ S  !s;1 nDS%SG = &
1“.J(2K0 Sg 4  '>O h
K 
( 0 Sg I
 5z& PG” – 17
:"g TN ST& – _S0& PT < :0 A PG (96 / 4) 0& 2:"15 ST& ! >& .‹StSG
.-f pO{T ˆ 2#" O0+ PT Í – MK 
!K  4R :q% “˜Š  9Gº ” !T 0& JAS"$ (T O ES ½ r0O j PG Sg
.M PK T !K  E  : J(g q% _S0& PT 3 < !"D :ˆ f
± '.D “!5$” “M F"f ” ±  J(k%4  pg 4J(5FK !5& K g‡ g K < :€
K ;%
åFf ^ < PT 2T P< ( 185 / 6 ) 5“";. ” ± !K0&4 :L– . o & ˆ 2#" ;< r0.
. 0& _ s2 g r
L 0O & PG . !Rj Sg !S% PG
6“.M=06 P(G P( AS “I ” – 36
I PAS I MN zN :"-$G ˜ p1G .pK "=  ( 7 ¾ ) J(5Š  q%  .‹ a StSG
.M( =06 ( + S PG Sg  !(T ”
K  0  M$56 ± ˆF0  hz '  pS5 qf d
Ÿ:g D :(G•G VT hz ± @  D  .I
K  g ± MS #G :s; ~
  sM& — * &
(1) This Hadith seems to be fabricated to instigate people to avoid sins. (2) A famous Mohadith, d. 430H. (3) He is a
famous fabricator of Ahadith. (4) Related to the tribe Mazina. (5) A book of Abu Na’eem.
(6) This Hadith may have been fabricated to fire up emotions of nationalism. Albani has rejected association of this
Hadith to the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W on logical grounds. Patriotism is something natural and common between
Muslims & Non-Muslims, so it is not possible to associate it with faith.

Instinctive ˆF0  Fake, fabricated ‹StSG Raised to the Prophet x<SD G


He criticized him and declared him unreliable. !K  E  Not raised to the Prophet nDS%SG

Quranic Arabic Program 144 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

Do you know?
The Procedure of Evaluating the Hadith Authenticity
When a scholar hears or reads a Hadith, he should evaluate its authenticity. The steps are as follows:
 Review the meaning of the Hadith. If it is apparently contradictory to the Quran, other authentic
Ahadith or common sense, it is unacceptable. If it does not contradict with them, further investigation
will be required. In such case, follow the next steps.
 Check whether someone else has conducted a research on that Hadith. If some research is available, it
will be easy to determine the authenticity of that Hadith.
 If nobody has conducted research on that Hadith, then search yourself the Hadith in all books of
Hadith and gather all the chains of narrators.
 Prepare a list of narrators involved in narrating that Hadith.
 Review the biography of each narrator and check the opinion of the experts of '01 ” º about each
narrators. If a narrator in any chain of narrators is unreliable, that chain will be declared
“Unacceptable.” If all chains of narrators have one or more unreliable narrators, the Hadith will be
declared unauthentic. If all narrators of a particular chain are reliable, the Hadith will be acceptable
provided that it does not contradict with the Quran, other authentic Ahadith and common sense.
Most Muhaddisin follow all these steps except the first one. They leave that step for the Jurists.

Do you know?
Reasons for Fabricating Fake Ahadith
Fabricating a Hadith and associating it wrongly to the Prophet :; !‰ !";< ^ ;W is a great sin.
Unfortunately, a large number of people committed this sin due to various motives. Most common of
them were as follows:
 Some people had a bee on the their bonnet to propagate the views of their sect. In order to support the
point of view of their sect, many people fabricated Ahadith.
 In order to include views contradictory to Islamic teachings in Islam, some people fabricated Ahadith.
 Some Reformists were zealous about instigating people to do good deeds e.g. recitation of the Quran,
performing prayer etc. Since the Hadith of Prophet was an easy tool to affect the masses, they
fabricated Ahadith.
 Some people loved certain personalities in the companions of the Prophet :; !‰ !";< ^ ;W. They
fabricated Ahadith to demonstrate their high rank.
 Some people were biased against certain personalities. They fabricated Ahadith to bite their heads off.
 Some people associated several words of wisdom to the Prophet in order to make them popular.
 Some people used fabricated Ahadith in marketing their products.
 Some people fabricated Ahadith to fire up emotions in favor of / against a group, community or
nation.

Quranic Arabic Program 145 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

hCB& h";< P "= ;$ ƒ(T hLBC& J5N :s; :q-D 3(   oN !("T PG ‚   > PG” – 24
?
K & !  C Š !(ST !";< ^
y 'C %& “... x kC T  x R( &C ‚
= >& :C J5{D  g ˆ#G (T
“.h
H ;C G
r0 ” ± ˆSŠK ( 21 / 3 ) = & ( 262 Ï 261 / 1 ) !G PT !K  >& .?"1t
"k< P< @ + G PT '"DL ( 0 A P(G (83 :%4) J($ PT ( 3 / 93 / 9 ) “1º PT J;<
.!T <SD G ˆ47 "1 J(T& P< J(DS1
.M >‰ !K C E1t
 b < !K  U-–C @ + G PT '"D :q j .P( "=  PG ? a "1t a  g
!10 :C (r0. ? K "1t ::(* ST& q% : (393) “!*-G” / ( 1T J(D ˆ –S2 qL S%
.J($ !s-– 'T 1 H ƒ$G =" !K  E  p S
J(D °
L D. q% .0& ?"1t Sg J(DS1 L "k< 0 4 P(G !5& :r ( 0. ? ( "(1* ± å) !S
....x$† GK ›"1( "(R M x "= ) y J(k7K0 2 @
a W :“I0 - ”
± 3 M PT q-D .K02 J(*B0 n R qL KF* !T sMj Kgg !(5"T P(G TKD !K$"* G&
K 
K 0 4 J(;2 d K (,0K 'L 1  8G ;D r
b 0O & H "1 J(T& PG 9 (  :!E 5 G “1 ”
H "1 T& pK EC .!L‡C "D   :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 q% : J(;2 q% z{D .!(C ( T
"1 T& 0 K0 !5& MSKEgS "D H "1 ST& J(– :qS-"D Ÿ g hC–E PG :! '"(% z{D .!< ˆ( 0
.I( “,1 ;< N !()0 I   'œ 
( 0  :q% .J(;2 O 4& 5N ˆ4l
(1) $G ˜ ”  means that an expert declared a narrator “unreliable” but did not describe the reasons for his
unreliability.
(2) @ W means that the expert considers that narrator “truthful but unreliable due to committing mistakes”. It
indicates that the narrator did not use to fabricate Ahadith but he used to commit mistakes. It indicates that he is
better than those who used to fabricate Ahadith.
(3) Ibn Habban (d. 354H) is a Mohaddith who wrote a book on Hadith and tried to include only authentic Ahadith in
his book. It is called M PT6 `"W.
(4) Muhammad Ibn Saib Al-Kalabi (d. 146H) is a famous fabricator of Ahadith who used to fabricate Ahadith for
political reasons.

He declared reliable ! U-–C Joyful or


dissatisfied
x kC T x R( &C My passage ˆ#G

Quranic Arabic Program 146 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

:^ q-D “.J( 8  C ( H KG ƒ(T hLB& !_4 0” : q% CiC"kl K O‰

  % C” – 25
P(G J(D €
 7
= C 5 „("T J(-;> C !_4 0” :q% “Ÿ!-;>& :C xÍ € D < ?" !K O‰ 0”
€
K (;1D .^ qS4 Í ^ N !N  :xTS2G( w 1 :( ( S% ;< € K 0& D J(&4 € K 1CD4 h( K4
;l I j !5N !O‰ 0 €  %  W
 ” :^ q-D “.h"N ( ;l EI  &C N h(= oN ? = ( *K :C h5&
1“.h
 K-;> G a Í S h 8   -D !s-(T J(<K O .EJCN
(2/323/2) 3 $< PT !< ( 615 / 2 ) “„4$f ” ± 2 :. ! >& .‹StSG
“3S 'O” PG( !T4 ( 1T :; !";< ^ ;W !T ’K* "D  G _
( T J(D 4 J-" 
5B5 ;$G PT '"<Ù – ˆ  :;$G PT ^ < ’4. J(T& :0 A P(G (488 / 5)
.<SD G _kl PT < P< p P< !"T& P< :;& PT 0+ PT P=  <
g ± :;& PT 0+ PT P=  ( 1 !K* z r0 q & Sg .O( 6 `
K "W” ::. q%
._2
 ˆ  :;$G PT ^ < Hp P=  <  ‹ a StSG 'T” :!S-T 5 J(g !K U-1 D
a > :q% r0. v “5 q < M F"G” J(D pK O 4 & g ˆ  :€
K ;% .Sg PG ˆ4O&
:;& PT 0+ PT P=  < !T O E * :J-" q% “3S 'O” ± J-" p 4 .'b A( T
. ?"1t Sg
9( tST :a  EGK :q-D M PT p z  "R4 PT :;$G PT ^ < Sg !;% ˆ :€;%
PT P< — 4 ˆ Sg .!()0 I   s'0  .1"C PT hG rH " ;< 9K 
 0 .r0.
0 A PG (207) “ ="Š  :,1f ” ± J(5 k ! >& r0. ....b S1G 5B n 7$5 Tg
.O6 (T N  < P< ˆ K0  : q% :L– 0+ PT P=  < P< — >L&
(1) This Hadith was fabricated to exalt the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. Allah’s Apostle does not need such fabricated
words. He is already exalted by Allah in the Quran. (2) Hakim (d. 405H) is a Mohaddith who wrote his book “Al-
Mustadrak” to supplement Bukhari & Muslim. He was lenient in determining people ‘reliable’ or ‘unreliable’. (3)
Ibn A’sakar (d. 571H) is also a Mohaddith. (4) Baihiqi (d. 458H) is a famous Mohaddith. (5) Zahbi (d. 748H) is a
famous critical analyzer and exegete of Hadith.

He fabricates about ;< 9K 


 0 Accused, blamed :a  EGK It is not attached ?
= 
( *K :C

Quranic Arabic Program 147 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

a 3 >| "5 "5 'g& ;< a 3 >| 3 >| '( g& ;<  "5K ” – 32
1“.^ 'g& ;<

3 ;0; p F< “ ="Š  9Gº ” 2 JAS"$ ;)(T p ESR J( r0O j PG Sg .‹StSG
pK O 4 & M"; PT ; !"D :!S-T 4 ˆ K !K U-1 * % .~< P( T P< “~ O  $G” J(D
.-)T d" :5 P="1KG PT q% :q% “1 ” ± J(g
 'b AT a > !5{D   R & _
a s Sg 'T -– =" MC S20 M&  = 7 g — 4 P(T ˆ :€ K ;%
'( g& VG•f ;< :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qL S4  K0 ?" zN .'b %< Pa G•G hz ± “h# K 0
:' F< !S% ±  (*"A "5T 9( “  P(G :C o1* ^ !K  T& G 3 >|
p( O( 1( ( ‚
  >= &C J(U !( U; C 0(+  E  P= G ' %L ” : !S% “.n1"( } ( 4= jQ J(D G := 2L C  ;C > ˆ(U S gK ”
“.( G "-(   S= 0 n  (> "5=“ 3( "
  J(D SKG ‰ P 0(U;( J g( ' %L @
( += ƒ  P= G( 8
( ƒ"Uk 
'( g& ;< 1G 3 >| "5  E  :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qC S4 sMN :q-K0 M& +K SK,0 ?" :L–
& E N 3 >| G !G2 BT V;G1 !T P="- M‰ - 'C g& sN ^
( 'L g& G o1* ^
!T VG•; C º I
  & o1* !5&  o1* ^ !T  >& (G ^ 'g& ;< 4(  :K 0= D 45
º "D 3 >| :";<  :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qC S4 sM& :_ s2 g qL S-0 ?"2D
.MS-K  <( K J(
( -< /
K 1T V;$f ± Ur(0K M& O 4& 'b g Ja D( SW 'b K 4 Sg r( 0. g 9K t sMN Kp 4& ˆ
‹K 4# !T Q  G sMB d
(  I
( 0* —S<T( ^ U' & G :K 0= * :G J( ( ;A ( DC ƒS f
!o1* !5 :-( > ;< MC SL4( $0 ( •g Q   hz J(D
H  K "=  :K "2.
(1) This Hadith was fabricated to spread monasticism in the Muslims which is strictly forbidden in Islam. This
Hadith is not acceptable because it is contradictory to the Quran & other authentic Ahadith. (2) Jalal-ud-Din Al-
Sayouti (d. 849H) was a famous exegete of the Quran and the Hadith. (3) Dailami (d. 558H) was also a famous
Mohaddith. (4) He was also a Mohaddith & Rijaal expert. (5) Ibn Mu’een (d. 325H) was a famous expert of
evaluation of reliability of Rijaal.
Related to mysticism or
sufism
( DC ƒS  He chased (criticized) I
 U-1 * He slandered p ESR
To spread Ur(0K M& He strengthened p F<

Quranic Arabic Program 148 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

1“.J(*" J(D J(54 + P M J(*SG  1T ˆ( %C 4 FD E®  PG” – 47


PG 2/126/1) “… j ” ± (2/203/3) “ ="2 :,1f ” J(D J(5 ck ! >& .‹StSG
¾) “!” ± J(k%4  “'G2 ” ± ˆ< PT (“… j ˜Š  : V,1f  +”
.(2/54) “0O Š 7"#f PG #< J(5) ” ± J;$ (246 / 5) J-" (279
PT ^ < P< gÛ P< :"; Á& PT r"; P< < Á& M"; PT ¬ ( 0 A P(G :s;
:M( s;< !"D  ›( ?
a "1t a  g :€ K ;% “.J(W ” :ˆ< PT O + !T <SD G <
g M"; PT ¬ sM& :— =>j ...… C ;C > % M !5{D :"; Á& PT r" ?K 1Kt :o j
± !S-T H , PT ° L D. !"N 4 R&   ? a "1t :ˆ tŠ ! q-K0 ³ K 4- SKg
PT “'G” ±  T s M :V1G PT !"D q% % !5j hz r ( 0. „K G : “I0 - ”
PT J(5 ck q%  r0. (T O E * % r0. 9K 0 _ s :w > PT q% .ˆ<
r0O & ± r0. @   M & 1T ˆ< PT q% “.?"1t Sg ” :q% J-" ˆ<
. ÚSÍ ˜ !)0 G< :! — >&
 +” PG (2/126/1) “… j ” ± å ck q-D :M"; PT ¬. 9( T(G ;< € K % :L–
r"; J(– —4 5j M 4g PT P$. PT J;< – P0R4 PT = & – ” :“V,1f
PT r" P< :"; Á& PT r"; 3& G d5S0 €T #< J(= – :"; Á& PT r"; €T PT
. J;< !T O E C * O6 (T N r"; P< — 0  :q% “!T :"; Á&
PG = & :C #< !*& G r"; Á& €T PT r"; !;)G b  * ! & :C :€;%
g  * PG = & :C :q-D (2/4) “9, ” ± r0. J()C" U'< & (T g( z
q% .P0R4 PT = & !"D J(5 k Œ  "R MN :L– .(5 O PG q P(G €  ;< ( a W% qb <N
.!;"(AT& P(G r0O & J(g ! z ."R& !";< 8
= C25& pST† :ˆ< PT
(1) Visiting Prophet’s :; !";< ^ ;W grave is a nice thing but some people fabricated this Hadith to urge people to
visit the Prophet’s grave as they did to motivate them for other good deeds.
Biography (based on what the He is alone in A Hadith with a different
reliability of a narrator is b   * narrating this Hadith !T O E C * chain which supports 9( T(G
determined (nobody else reports it another Hadith

Quranic Arabic Program 149 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

“. x T I
 (L !  ( L H1K s' J(D (g & & !( 0ST&  = % 4 + PG” Ï 49
 +” P(G ‘ 1/84/1) “… j ” ± (199 ¾) “ ="Š  ” ± 1J(5 k ! >& .‹StSG
< PT M1 PT Í ( 0 A P(G (2/228) “I"  ” J(D J(5Wj !< .(“V,1f
x<SD G 3 0 g Á& P< gÛ P< "G& Á& ¤ 2 < P< J;, 1 PT "ž P< P¿ 
“.O6 (T N 3 0 g Á& P< — K0 ” :q%
.qb SÛ :3“M$; ” ± !1* 2“M F"f ” ± q% g M1 PT Í : ‹
a StSG Sg : € K ;%
.“„ G” "ž J;"-1 !C%
9K 
 0 _ s :q-D = &  .9a " !TU % !(1t ;< 9Û g "ž :€;%
.8<StSG !L)0O & aP"T !(*0 4 ;< ?1 ” : ˆ< PT q% .r
C 0.
:C h =: E0K :C !2 x0& ?
a "1t @
( 47f Á& PT Sg "G& Á& ¤ 2 < !K7"R
“… j ” ± å k p 4 : (60/3) q-D …-D !T r0. U'< & V J)"v °D. I = ( 0
. ?"1t Sg "G& ST& ¤ 2 < !"D “˜Š  ”
“M F"f ” P< n5‰ !K;-5 (T (418/4) “" 6 ®
( 0 7*” ± !s;<& -D J% 1 !7"R G&
¤ 2 <” :q% r" (234/2) q% r" “Ëæ ” J(D JAS"$ Bk>& h _  WBD
(qS,T d" 1 PT "0 sM{D “.MSÛ M1 PT Í 1 PT "0 ?"1t
!_
( (2T P2

a 1G Sg 'T
(1) Tabarani wrote three collections of Hadith: ˜2 …Sf ˜Š  :,1f . (2) q <6 M F"G is an encyclopedia of
Hadith narrators written by Al-Zahbi (d. 748H). (3) M F"f M$ is another encyclopedia of narrators written by Ibn
Hajar A’sqalani (d. 852H). He has improved the presentation of q <6 M F"G.

Face the Challenge!


What is the difference between !"#* 341 ?
Give one example of each.

He described
weakness
U'< & He is not accused for
fabrication of Hadith
:=  E0K :C A weak narrator but he is better than
_ because he doesn’t fabricate „ G

Quranic Arabic Program 150 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

1“.¢-
 ¢-  ^
y  (1K  $ S” – 56
J%4  O0+ PT $"< 5B5&  J(5  M < PT Í P< :q j :M-0 A ! .‹StSG
P< I"$f PT "1 P< !"T& P< J1 0+ PT :"  < – :q% ""< PT I W
 . a 2G r0 g : q% (1 / 312 @) ˆ< PT ! >& .x<SD G _kl PT <
. !";< 8-) !1T0  ; !)0O & J1 0+ PT :"  < !S g PG N !LD ( <&
K $
( K0 MC  .r0. K 2G !L)0 „K  K0” :3 Ð ST& q% “.pS *” :2 ˆ47 q% :€;%
“...? a "1t a 0+ pST& :€
K ;% “.r
b "> _ a s” :V1G PT q% “.8GkT !< ’
L ƒK0 pT&
” :q% :L– .ˆ< PT 0 A P(G (255/2) “8<StSf ” J(D 4 ˆ+Sº PK T pK O 4 & r
L 0.
...“.r0. 2G M < PT Í MC K G pSKT& :"  < ! 'C W&
$ S” :°;T <SD G d5& P< ˆ< PT ="TF P< V$. PT #T P< : >| 0 k Sg
“ˆ< PT ="TF 7$5” ± J(R SG PT $"< ' ST& p 4 “.º q  '>O
.“8"-) ” ± J-) (30/2) “MW& 4>&” ± :"15 ST& (2/55/1)
:°;T “~ O  $G” ± J;0 p 4 !(-0 A P(G ..._ K ( 20 „a G g “ #T” :€ K ;%
K * J(D JAS"$   % % “. 0- /"D” J(D  “!*O<  ^ 1 $ S”
:(204/2) “10 # !0F=*” ± 5 @ < PT !-1D “„ G” .r0. I-< !(S% ;< g #T
“. xg( R !C)0 `K ;( 0K D ‹
a Et  _
a s 'T”
(1) It is obvious that this Hadith was fabricated by some Chauvinist who wanted to humiliate women. (2) Bukhari is
not only a compiler of Hadith, he is also an expert in '01 ” º . He wrote a book in this discipline named Œ04*
˜2 . (3) Abu Hatim (d. 277H) is a great expert of '01 ” º . (4) Ibn Jauzi (d. 597H) is a famous critical appraiser
of Hadith. (5) Ibn Iraq (d. 963H) was an expert of Hadith & '01 ” º .

A Hadith supporting other


Hadith
xg( R One who fabricates
Hadith a lot
‹
a Et  An unaccepted Hadith (due to
reasons other than fabrication)
a 2G

Quranic Arabic Program 151 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

1“.b = 4 J(EG&

K > ” – 57
± JAS"$ q%  . S-L DC SK0 :;D H  ;< ! SL-( 0 M& J(D MSL–ƒ    - .! 'C W& 
ˆ< a "1T g “."N 'L ( * :C J( ÚU
K  I
( KL /( 1T J(D ‚
  > !s;1 ” :“ ="Š  9Gº ”
:H ;$(T K ";K0  (G g .:; !";< ^ ;W !)0O & /  1T ( Gj ;< ‹ a t !5& !G K F( ;0 zN
;< ! ? = %& :C V– <
H 1(T d" : q% !5& J2$ P< ˆ f 'C -C 5 .pKO-<
....‹
H StSG  ? H "1t  ` H "W H 
2“.:K0g :K0% :0BT (SK,K J(TW&” – 58
PG (82/6) “2 6 ” J(D F PT (91/2) “:;1 9G” ±  =  ( < PT p 4 . ‹StSG
T P< M" Á& P< u<j P< V  PT ’4. – :q% :"; PT  0 A
“.qSÛ V  PT ’4. Mj , !T S-*  ON g” : ( < PT q% .!T <SD G
Ig ST& Sg g V  PT ’4. ?"1t M" ST& bk% b 0 4 pg” : F PT q%
“. hR T G g C <StSf r
C 0O j ˆ( 0 M"; PT  J-)
!5{D o & '0Sk Sg M"; PT : q-0 :"; PT  ;< r ( 0. g ± 'L  :€
K ;L%
“.<StSG r0O & — 4” :M PT q% “._ ” : w > PT q% 'T  !(1Kt ;< 9Û
“I0 - ” ± °D. q%  @ a KW
 Sg 'T F PT q%  n"1t d";D M" ST& G&
PT q%  F PT q%  qSÛ V  PT ’4. .“!"W” ± :;$G ! ‚ >&
J(D  r0. g “`( 0  := & q% ( “8-) ” ± M PT p z MN c <
.(2/199/10) G % PT “I7f ”
(1) This is a widely spread Hadith but it is not described in any collection of Hadith. There is no chain of narrators
for it. So it is baseless. (2) It seems that this Hadith was fabricated by the people to exalt the rank of the Companions
of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. In contrast, some other people fabricated another Hadith with the same words but
included the words “My family” instead of “My companions”.

Nonsense ¥  g Truthful narrator (but not very


strong in describing Hadith)
@
a KW
 Proof is not established by it , !T S-* 

Quranic Arabic Program 152 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

P="– < qb -G !"D M M N r0. g : (28/1) “M F"f ” ± J(5 1# qL S% G&
PG r( 0O j `  " * sMj hz !!"N € K U;C 0  ¥  g 'b AD 1?
( #2 '( g& < ` a "W SD
'C W&  H;AT r H 0O & `( " * oN ˆƒO• 0K ";< OK < .H "(-GK H "DSW L <(T ? ( #2 ( 0 A
y J(k7K0 Sg (ˆ&  MC S20 M& E`W  M N :!( S & PK $  & ? #2 Mj r0.  .C
.!( "(t 0  G s' PG !(G C G$ ^ Q qL BC$5 —S !L;>( K0 :C M N g .I
K " 0K
“.:K0g :K0% :0BT (S, J("T 'L g&” – 62
:( "15 J(T& 0 4 PG Jg ";< € K % % _ 2 …"5 PT = & ( 7$5 ± Sg .‹StSG
3C T J2;T
1f ˆ f M0  PT :- PT = & P$. ST& – :q% åWj
PT = & 5B5& q% !T  %BD iG ’– V$> 9  W ± !";< 3 % d"TO 5 J(D
ViG V1 V–  (T J1,Rj 1 ST& …0 R PT …"5 PT :"g TN PT @N
p P< …"5 PT :"g TN Á& Ȗ : q%  …"5 PT :"g TN PT @N Á& Ȗ Ï q%
. <SD G …0 R PT …"5
"D” : 7$ pg ± J(g q% %  (2/158 @) G g 3b =") rb 0O &  C C D : €;%
.“M$; ” ± °D. p %& “._ s !5{D !T ‚
K ,  s'
( 0K  @N PT = & !0T
!0F=*” ± @ < PT pO4 & r0. .?"1t J2; :- PT = & !< ˆ K  : €
K ;%
 (201 ¾) JAS"$; “<StSf r0O j ” '0z !(;Wj x1* (419/2) “10 #
.“ 7f ” P< 
n -5 (144 ¾) “( <StSf r
( 0O j ± <S,  S ” ± J(5S#
(1) It is a common practice of Sufis to base their views on their dreams. They claim that they receive direct guidance
from God in their dreams or daydreams. On the other side, they also admit that Prophethood has been ended on
Prophet Muhammad :; !";< ^ ;W. In such way, they include their personal views in the religion. Islam is based on
the hard evidence from the Quran or the Sunnah. Nothing can be added to or deleted from Islam based on a dream or
daydream of a Non-Prophet.

Deriving result from an


argument
‚
K ,  Detested H "(-GK Revelation in a dream or day
dream etc.
?
( #2

Quranic Arabic Program 153 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

J ( L J(ŠK †;0K h
a ;C G (T 'C ( K x"(5 J;< s;W PG K!K1( ˆ =% < EJ;< s;W PG” – 203
1“.x1"R & x"R ! €
K L (!*( >‰ pK "5KO  G& (T
“!(70=4*” ± I
K "k7 (2/193/2) “ËGj ” ± MS1 PT ! >& . (T ‹ a StSG
Á& P< u<j P< M G PT Í ( 0 A PG (2/70/16) $< PT (292 Ï 291/3)
!)0 PG J(5) F, ± O> PT 2T ST& q j !K CD A ‚ >& .<SD G 3 0 g Á& P< çW
“1 ” ± J;"-1 (1 / 6) !0 #T PT ;< pK C-5 "D J-;"$ :Rg ST& (2/115)
.(218 / 2) “I1# ” ± J-" (137 ‘ 136 / 4)
“.!5 O Sg PG N !K1T(0K  HÚS(T d" u<j r ( 0 PG ! 'W&  : J;"-1 q%
P< =" 5K PK T €
K B :q% "% PT ^ < P< pO{T I
K "kl — 4 :L– . g MH G PT J(10
“.J#T d" M G PT Í  z ‹O” :q-D Ÿr0. g
:q% :L– J;"-1 ( 0 4 PG (303 / 1) “8<StSf ” ± ˆ+Sº PT pO4 & !(-0 A PG :€
K ;%
.r0 ( 'C W&  :J;"-1 q% ._ s ="Š  ˆƒ$ K  Sg M G PT Í “`( 0 
“Mµ6 I1R” ± J-" ! >& : €;%” : !(S-T (283 / 1) “Ëæ ” ± “JAS"$ !K U-1 *
“. g( SR ! ‚ >& 0 k g PG
b 2G ^ ( MN” : :; !";< ^ ;W !(S% ')G a`"W K1T JAS"$ %C  :L– :€ K ;%
:K †;$
 0K H & PG G” ::; !";< ^ ;W !S% “.$ JG& P< J(5SKŠ†;0K } ( 4j ± P "= ( E"
K  #* 5N s; Jg x0 % p z -* “. $ !";< “O4K &  J( K4 J;< ^ EO4 sN J;<
!";< ^ ;W p( = %  < !";< s;W  PG !5& !"D ˆ 'L "  G& .;Lº ± r ( 0;
JAS"$ ( 0 :;D  >| !L 5 G& .!";< a g( R (G H JR ± d";D  !K 1K  $0 !5{D :;
:JAS"$ q% :15 .! #0 x n)0 
(1) Prayer and greeting for the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W is a great virtue. Unfortunately, some people invented Ahadith
to promote this virtue. We don’t need such fake reports. We must pray for the Prophet based on the Quran and
Authentic Ahadith.

Quranic Arabic Program 154 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

< – “_ S) ” ± Œ"# ST& ! >& u<j P< x1TG M G PT ( ( 8
K  :L–”
“.!T u<j P< 0 1G ST& – ”  PT P$. – ‚ <j = & PT P= 
ST& pK O 4 & ˆ !5& K g‡  g ‚ <j K "=  MC SD 1G 8
a -(– :s; $ g qL 4 :€ K ;%
= & PT P=  <: :q-D (463 / 342 ¾) “1P=""5Wj 8-A” ± !$5 Œ"#
SD  n 01*  x  !"D = 0 :C P( "= )C0 !< — 4 :L– “.‚ <j `(W ST& ˆ gF
... .qb S,G
g ± :K "- PT q% ( HqS-G K "=  aƒ" pK :(379 / 6) “` ” ± 2°D. qS-D
“9"# I". ;< 3  ± 90 qS- ” ± !< ˆ ( 7$ !K ;C -5  I a 0  !5N: :$
.(190 ¾) “J2$ ;< O  ± J2f 4  ” ± ˆO < PT q% (116 ¾)
Sg 5N au D BbkC > SKg u<j P< 0 1G Á& 0 4 PG r0. g :K1T — 4 %
zN b %5 1Tf pg sM& ;< _(2(T :a ( EGK r ( 0. „K G Sg 3!T O E C * M G PT Í
.“... p"5KO K G& (T J ( L ” :M G PT ( Í ( 0 4 ± G "D d"
‹StSG r0 ” :(ˆ  ‹SÛ 241 / 27) 4Sf O  ( 7KG ± (""* PT ) q%
r0. g @
( *T _
a s Sg u<j P< ˆ$ M G PT Í !0 0 5N
“.:<={T u<j ;< ‹ a StSG
(1) People of Isphahan, a city of Iran. (2) Hafiz Ibn Hajar A’sqalani.
(3) It means that he is alone in reporting this Hadith. Since a Hadith is reported by just one person and he is also
unreliable and famous as a liar, therefore, the Hadith will not be accepted.

Rule of the Day: You already know that there are certain nouns who do not change
their _ <N. They are called ÈG. These nouns are assumed to carry  I 5 9D4
(T  g 'C 1 DC b'K 4 g the
according to their situation. For example, in the sentences
word g is in three different conditions  I 5 9D4 respectively but its _ <N are
not changed practically. Its _ <N are assumed. This concept is called 0-* and the
_ <N are called 4E-C GK .

Quranic Arabic Program 155 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

( "=  J(D n E, P "= 1(  P(G 'L D& Sg (1 K ,


K   S0  DC  zN C DC  < K S0 (0j 'L D&” ‘207
1“.H 1 
K K
.! 'C W&  'b AT
± 0 1G PT P0+4 pK 4 : (348 / 2) “P0T< PT "R ” ± G ;< J(1;C 0F qL S% G&
BASG V"  :( E$(  q( SWj VT !"D 9   g P0+4 _
  sM& := ;C <D .”  0 ,*
9G” $f ="–j PT _ … ( 5 ;< ˆG  J$ O O J(T& P hG
H JR ± C 'W&  3b =") r0O & “0 , ” _ ± sM& N “qS  r0O & PG qSWj
.“I"g  I"  ” ± ˆ4 ')G !< ;1 !;-0 (G :;10  qSWj pg P(G
r0. I(  PG g( "=  ±  I ( K2L  pg ± ! 'W&  !5{D '( "- g P(G Lr0. g
±} D& M & 1T q% !5{D (!5(kKT( (17 / 1) “O F ” ± :"- PT L G1 ”  E W
 'T (D 1f
:g z 3 #< pH S P(G ( 1º ( % ( 0F(G M( "T
q( S4 P< ! 'C W&  'b AD , V1 V– q1* 5BT  S1 ( $
( & ;< }
 C G G&
/"D” ± ˆ f pK E %C & “.V1T T  P(G H & P<  :; !";< ^ ;W ^
2“."R. ” ± P0T< PT Å ( 28 / 2) “ 0-

(1) This Hadith is widespread in people that the Hajj on Friday is equal to 70 pilgrimages. It is a baseless Hadith
which is not available in any authentic collection even with a weak chain of narrators.
(2) Since paper was an expensive item in the middle ages, therefore, the scholars used to write commentary on a
book on the border of a page. Therefore, this word "R became a synonym to the commentary.

Rule of the Day!


In Arabic, there is a unique concept which is called the 9
( = ,
  9K =  . It means that a plural
noun is made further plural at a second stage. For example e.g.  a 0( AC (a way or method)
is a singular. Its plural is @
a K AL , while its plural of the plurals is 8 a C% K AL . In some words, it
may be made plural onto several stages. The last plural is called ‹SK, K  = GK 9a . It
usually comes at the weight of ' L "(1DC 'L (1DC .

Border, edge,
commentary
"R. Kind, type '( "- Approach, method …
( 5

Quranic Arabic Program 156 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

1“.„
a 4 KG !5{D ( "-1T SKE7
 *” – 226
“!7=04*” ± I K "kl (J(7$5 Ï 41 :%4 2 ‚) “ËGj ” ± J;G ! >& .‹StSG
PT J(5   "S PT _S-10 0 A PG (466) “1 ” ± J;"-1  (251 / 11)
!"T& P< 3 < PT #g P< Kg ˆ gF :"g TN PT _S-10 0 A PG (1 / 356) ˆ<
.<SD G #< P<
_ s _S-10 :q% (423 / 1) “8<StS ” ± ˆ+Sº PT p z J;"-1 0 A PG
“.JR :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< g ± €
K )K0  ” :J;"-1 q% .9K 
 0
:L– “.r C 0. 90 42 P="T( s2 P(G M” := & q% :_S-10 (  * ± J(g q% :€
K ;%
!(G !K %C   % (
1T d" g :"g TN PT _S-10 :ˆ< PT q% .r0. g ! @
."S PT _S-10
a 0 A r0;( ” :q-D !( *(O1 (272 / 2) “æ ” J(D “JAS"$ ˆ+Sº P T I  U-1 * %
PT I"1R "1 Á&” ( 0 A P(G (2 / 283 / 4) $< PK T IK "kl !K  >& #g P< a >‰
PT ' PT Í 5B5& JG- ?"W PT Í ^ < ST& 5B5& ("1# :"g TN PT Í
.!T 3 < PT #g P< "ž PT O> – ' ST& 2$< PT '
:"g TN PT Í PT I"1R G& .MSD 1K0  O> M O PG sM{D a:;‡G Oa N g :€;%
I"1R PT Í PT I"1R” :(352 / 1 / 2) “'01 ” º ” ± ˆ !s;1;D J("1#
;  ± J(T& !< I M< PT P=  < ’4. PT #T P< — 4 ˆO ŠT ˆ1
.:(* J(T& PT P< -5 I"k7; ( 244 / 9 ) “O ŠT Œ04*” ±  "5)
(1) Probably, this Hadith was fabricated to increase the demand for “Agate”, a precious stone. There are some
people, who believe in fortunate and unfortunate effects of stones. They have tried to include such lousy and
polytheistic views in Islam by fabricating such Ahadith.

Quranic Arabic Program 157 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

“!7=04*” ± I"kl p z ˆ MC S20 M& N p z P(G = & :;D JG- ?"W PT Í G&
x  !"D = 0 :C )0 ! @ :L– “ˆ G$ 1 ST& ?"W PT Í” :(336 / 3)
.:;<& ^D ^ < ST& !( (" :K  K  1 ST& !K" g P2 .
n 01* 
PT °D. g ± O EO  * % 4k1 ' PT Í !5& 'L ( "D 'D PT ' PT Í G&
J(k%4  hT !K C W
  r0. 9( tS(T

a 1G 4sk1 .:;< ^ “M$; ” ± ,


. :;<& ^ !(5 O PG & O6 g L DC ‰ SD p ="
± ˆ 7$ °D. q%  b ;AT s; — >& @ H K AL PG — >L& Ú
H BT r
C 0. ˆ 4 C%
P(G J;0 p 4 P2 : (37 ¾) “8<StSf ” ± ˆ4- J;< Œ"# qS% G& “W-f ”
.'b W& ! r0. sM& ;< q"D 3O1G "5BT #< J;< < d H 5& r0
< ";< C 3<- P< b;AT ; 5N :ˆ 7$ °D. qS% P< qL SKgzC SD
… (  ( U;%( P(G niR5 "D ?K 1 M zN r C 0. ˆƒS-C 0K 5N @
( k O E1 * sM& P"= –
sMN :L– ..._
( 2T :H ( G P(G SL;70   sM{D .h r( 0. g J(D K Gj d" 1 ° ( 
K1T  g #< r0 ±  .„a 4 G !5{D :qS-0 K1D x0R xT kt (& ±
.'b -<  ‹ a R ( T #0  J( Új PG hz ="  “.  - J(0 !5{D” : qL S-0
(1) See the box below.

Do you know?
If a Hadith is reported by different chains of narrators and each chain of narrator has a narrator
having some problem like bad memory etc., the Hadith will become acceptable because it is
reported by different chains of narrators. It is unlikely that all of them will forget about the
same Hadith. But if all of them are accused for fabricating Hadith, it can never become
acceptable due to merely different chains of narrators. For example, a Hadith has two chains
of narrators: A – B – C, and D – E – F. Suppose the narrators B & E have memory problems.
The Hadith will be acceptable because it is unlikely that both of them will forget the same
Hadith. On the other side, if B & E both are accused for fabricating Hadith, it can never be
acceptable unless it is reported by a third chain of reliable narrators.

The person whose


biography is described
:K  K Declaring someone
reliable

n 01* Declaring someone
unreliable
x 

Quranic Arabic Program 158 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

a & L  0  ^ '( " ×


( SK"$
K  :( k P(G R& ( =  P(G a G& "5 „K *” – 235
PG !5{D ~ P(G ( ) /
K ŠKT (9#
  '( j L s;%( L * y # Jk1K0 G 'C )G pK Ck<& N
1“.~ P(G Q ) ‹";D : "1 pK E  PG  "15 "5 I & ~ P(G Q ) EI  &
4 F < PT = & 5 >& J(T& 5B5& :q% (44 / 2) “p$G” ± J;0 ! >& .‹StSG
PT P< -;< P< :"g TN P< O P< M" P< ˆ4Fº P=  < PT ^ < P<
.x<SD G OS1$G
:JAS"$ q% J;0 ( 0 4 P(G (191 ¾) “<StSf r0O j '0z” ± JAS"$ p z
I,< ="(T J< + j ˆ4S) P< ˆ4Fº P=  < PT ^ < : “M F"f ” ± q%
“h#0   (T jT ˆ4S) P< J(*B0 :M PT q% “M$; ” ± (9tST M PT !K   E*
.(1 / 358) @ < PT pE %&  (35 / 2) ;< !5N r0. I (  P(G
J;0 ( 0 4 PG “ ="Š  9Gº ” ± q j r0.

 A JAS"$ O 4 & -D g 9G :€;%


.P( "=   P(G Q BD !pg
.9( tST :( „ z 0 4 P(G !5& 9G !"D pKO 0N :q j
”
K 4# .h d" J;0 < h !5& : g BD 4( S 4( - ;< pK4 % : >|
“.J;0 pO4 & !< !-0 A PG 0& 4 F !< p 4 ” :q-D 0 H J#T !=U-10 :C ˆ 
G V– < !";< `;k f Sg  “p($G” ± p 4 !5N J(10 4( F; ( F1 @
K AN : €;%
.:;<& ^ !"D p4& ´ “9, ” ± J)"v p  N !"D ! >& 4K F P&
“$f ” I W < PT = & Sg J;0 ON ± 4 F d" :€;-D € K 4 :L–
509  8G 4 O R PT !0 ˜R != J;0  292  JUDS* !5{D !T
1f
.MGF P(G M( 5 % K"D
(1) This Hadith was fabricated to spread the monastic views in Muslims which is forbidden in Islam.

Showing, coming (T j Strange (Hadith) I,< Unauthentic Ahadith, plural of 2G ="G

Quranic Arabic Program 159 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

“.

( SK  ~
K ( d
(  qœ zL K‹S, q( <j K ƒ"” – 248
/ 4) “—c2 8-k ” ± J2$ (9 / 3) “" 6 ®0 7*” ± J% 1 q% .! 'W& 
.W& ! = & :C :(162
P(G 3b #< Kgg PG( 3b #<  x4 O P "= 1T4& oN 4( ,T $ !";< '" c J(5W &” – 274
“.g g PG 3b #< gg PG 3b #< Kgg
& J(*c>& :€% b "2 J(– ?" PT '"<Ù P< (276 / 6) J-" !K  >& .?"1t
.?1t p(ON ± :q% .x<SD G #< P< 3 W Á& €T J(5g
/ 1) ˆ< PT q% g '"<Ù sMj hz (414 / 4) “0  I 5” ± pE %& :€ K ;%
& b "2 :€;% .r0. 1 @
K ( $K0 HSG =" 8 ( -) P< r
H 0O BT ’
C  :(318
!5j g '"<Ù (103/8) M PT K "–S* W> 3H 4S T g K "(0K  D <& :C J(5g
.H -– P< ’ zN r( 0. :K "-$G :q%
hG& P(G !K C 4O& PG KG&  H (T P(G‰ !$"< 0 :$ !";< $"< oN ^ y  &” – 280
€
K -;> - 4  º € K -;> G Í S O‰ € K -;> G a Í S;D !T SKG( •K0 M&
2“.P
 2C $
 D ^ qS4 Í ^ N !N  :!";< € K 2D _
  kC tD ( ;< w
 1
< 0 A PG (615 Ï 614 / 2) “„4$f ” ± :. !K  >& 5N .<SD G ! 'W& 
~< PT P< I"$f PT "1 P< 3O% P< T < Á& PT "1 – ˆ4 5j ~ & PT
."1 ;< x<StSG !K “&” :!S-T J(g !s-1* .“O6 `"W” :q% nDS%SG p D :q%
± J(g q% —4 5j ~ & PT < !< ˆ  !T :K ( EK  T < J(T& PT J(10 : € K ;%
“.<StSG !& ” : q% r0. g ! @ :L– “. 2G H 7(T *& ! ',K0” : “M F"f ”
.p %BD “M$; ” JHD , PT °D. !K -C D
(1) “Theft in Hadith” means that a person listens a Hadith from other and then starts describing it without
mentioning the name of the original narrator. (2) This Hadith was probably fabricated in order to show the high rank
of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W over Jesus Christ $ 3S;  !";< in Christian-Muslims debates. The Prophet Muhammad
:; !";< ^ ;W strictly forbade such comparisons among prophets.

Quranic Arabic Program 160 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

1“. xT& b %D !K = * :C H ;" s' J(D C 1% S 3C 4S &C  %C PG” – 289
± J($ PT (p + PG ‘ 178) “p$G” ± G& J(T& PT ’ L 4. ! >& .?"1t
“ËGj ” ± M #T PT (1 / 116) “!)0 ” ± q PT (674 :%4) “;"; S" '<”
PT P< "A J(T& P< ‹
H ,R J(T& 0 A P(G :g =" “I1# ” ± J-" (1 / 38 / 20)
.?
a "1t a  g .<SD G OS1$G
(T OS1$G PT P< Ÿ"A ST& PG "A J(T& P< K
 1K0  3b  (25 ‹,R ST& :J(g q%
!5BT !( * ± ”
 E W 
1K0  3 25 "A T& sM& oN 2 (T 4R& % .<SD G r0.
:pH S P(G qb S;1G SKg” :9,( x1* J1;0F q% :ˆ ; “ 0- /"D” J(D ....qb S,G
:r
L ) .= & p z  !( (G 3L 425 :J(5) .p =" “J(k%4  !K E"T  ‹
K k-5 : gK &
:(* ST& K = & !(1Kt ;< 9  = & % .!KT (kt : 9K T  .ˆ+Sº PK T !%  !(*  4K ?
K 1Kt
. 2G r0. : “˜$" ” ± ˆ f q% .:g =" J-" J(k%4  !KT
pK D J(-;0 8
H SK (  ;< 3L 7  H3 7W ;< y  ( ;< } K 4j ” – 294
2“.( S J(D pK G% h
H ;C G '( g(  ;< 8
K SK (w 1(T
P< 4 F p 4 :q% :L– <SD G < PT r
( 0 P(G (131 / 8) J)"v p z .‹StSG
.?"1t Sg I"R PT È10 = & PT ^ < !7"R
!K=

 ƒ 
K *K !s;1;D q  I
(  PG (g˜ ±  “M$; ” ±  “M F"f ” ± p4& :C :€ K ;%
.!;% ˆ 8
( ";" 6 P(G !5& K g‡ (9T(k ;<
(1) A lot of Ahadith were fabricated to instigate people to recite the Quran.
(2) This Hadith seems to be fabricated by someone who was inspired by the concepts either Jews or Hindus. It is
scientifically wrong. Israelite traditions contain such views. Some narrators took such illogical things from them and
presented them as words of the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W. Ancient Hindus also had such views.

Upper part of back '( g(  Fish 8


H SK Unknown 3b  2( 5
Air ( S Its both edges pK D Rock 3H 7W

Quranic Arabic Program 161 Level 05


Lesson 6B: Applying the Procedure of Evaluation of Hadith Authenticity

“.H  JiG _
K S5z ! 8
=  ( L 3n G JiG [ & ^ Sg 'L %] &C  %C PG” – 295
PT (187 / 6) I"kl (1 / 113 / 3) “M‰ - 'D” ± d0  PT p 4 .1 a 2C G
( 0 A PG (2 ‘ 1 / 35 / 2 / 1) “I1# ” ± J-" (1 ! 62 @ 12 ‚) M #T
.<SD G hG PT d5& P< J(5 €T– – ˆ 1º 1 Á& PT P$.
q% .J$ = & !K C E1t
 :J(g q% ˆ 1º 1 PT P$. . ›( ? a "1t a  g
“.r0. g p0T PG r0. K 2( G” :~
K  ˆ47
± d0  PT ! >& :(239 / 1) “Ëæ ” ± JAS"$ q-D !T O=  0 :C !5& sN :€;%
! >& !T 1 J(T& PT P$. 0 A PG “M=06 I1R” ± J-" “M‰ - 'D”
P$. N €T– P< p 4 :;15 ” :q% d5& P< €T– P< :"* PT I;j 0 A PG 4 F
“.°. ( SK J(D M( T4( -G Kg I;j 1 Á& PT
g `
K (W :€;% .d5& P< €T– P< ˆ f `(W ( 0 A P(G J-" d0  PT ! >&
“.r0. 2G” :0& ~ ˆ47 q% .g F ="#T PT Sg
p1G sM& ;< r0. ?1t (T K (, 0 D .?
( 1 3L 0R ’ ( ) @( K kL  pg sM& L Wl
.:;<& ^ .! E   o1* ^ 'L D M M N Šf PG !"D (  ›( ˆ< a 2( $KG
(1) Munkar is a Hadith whose narrators commit a lot of mistakes. It is a special type of weak Hadith. Usually the
Ahadith in which a big reward for a small deed or a big punishment for a small sin is described, are weak.

Worth Reading
In the Land of the Quran & the Bible. At travel story to the sites
related to God’s prophets. The writing is in Urdu.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0014-00-Safarnama.htm

Worth Reading
How to overcome obstacles on your way to success? Read more:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE03-0010-Block.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 162 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In previous lessons, we have studied theM"T :;<. Backbiting is described in the Quran as
Now we shall start the å1G :;<. eating flesh of a dead brother.
#56 7
 
c>: It is the descriptive style. When something is described, it is called the c>. A c> may be right or
wrong. For example :
a C% a 0+ (Zaid is standing). In reality, Zaid may be standing or sitting. So the c> may
be true or false.
#5N: It is the persuasive or interrogative style. When someone is asked to do something or something is
asked, it is called the #5N. The #5N cannot be true or false. For example 3SF S* 3S;  S"%&
(Establish the prayer and pay the Zakat.)
7
A > may be a "= ;K or a ";1D ;K. The basic objective of c> is to inform the audience about a
noun or a task. For example, VC1 _4 ^ . (The praise is for Allah Who is the Lord of entire
universe) is a "= ;K. Similarly, SG q% (Moses said) is a ";1D ;K.
Sometimes, the objective of > is not to provide the information. It has some other objectives. For
example:

• To tell the audience that the speaker also knows that information. In this case, the audience may already
know that information.
• To seek help from or invoke mercy of the audience. For example, Prophet Moses $ 3S;  !";< said,
˜
a -( DC H "= > P= G( EJCN( €
 F 5C& ( Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 (O Lord! Whatever good you send down me, I am a in desperate need of
it). Here, the Prophet Moses is asking for mercy from God by just describing his position.
• To express one’s weakness. For example, Prophet Zakariya $ 3S;  !";< said, JƒG( :K ‡ 1  P g  Jƒ5N( ƒ_4
n="R ~
K & E  'C 1 R=  (O Lord! Surely, my bones have weakened and the hair of my head glistens with grey).
• To express one’s grief, regret, happiness, or other emotions. For example, the mother of Marry < ^ Jt4
had vowed to dedicate her child to serve the Mosque of Jerusalem. She gave birth to a girl who was not
able to serve the Mosque. At that time, she said to describe her grief, C)5= &L K1= t
  Jƒ5N( ƒ_4 (O Lord! I have
gave birth to a girl). In the verse, 'L A(   g +  “
  Q  (The right came and the wrong vanished),
happiness is described.
• To scold or reproach someone. For example, to scold the offender Israelites, Allah said, L U† := ( "= ;C < €
= T ( t
K
L 2C $
=    (Shame and poverty were brought upon them. )

Quranic Arabic Program 163 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

A c> can be described in an assertive way. As you have already studied in previous lessons that the
assertion is developed by adding a few words to the sentence. For example, :a C% a 0+ (Zaid is standing) is a
plain sentence without any emphasis. :
a C% a 0+ UMN (Surely, Zaid is standing) is assertive. :a C- a 0+ UMN (Surely,
definitely, Zaid is standing) is more assertive and : a C- a 0+ UMN ^ (By God, surely, definitely, Zaid is
standing) is extremely assertive.
Similarly, in case of ";1D
;K, there are different levels of emphasis. For example, K K 0 (He will help) is a
plain sentence without any emphasis. K K " (He will definitely help) is assertive and UM  K " (Surely, He will
definitely help) is extremely assertive.
The level of emphasis must be according to the situation of the audience. If the audience is already believe
or tend to believe that c>, there is no need to put a word emphasizing it. If they do not believe, then a
reasonable emphasis will be required. Over- or under-assertion adversely affect the T of the
communication.
The words used to emphasize include the following:

• UM& UMN: They are used to create emphasis in a "= ;K.


• !"*
: They are used to draw attention of the audience. They make the sentence assertive. For
example G& g & etc.

• :$%
: They are used to swear in order to make the sentence assertive. For example 8
  etc. If the
speaker swears other than God, it usually means presenting that thing as evidence.
• 4 2*: Repeating a sentence also makes it assertive. For example a 0+ _ t a 0+ _
  t
 etc.
• UM  q: They are placed before and after JÑ  G& ‹4G '1D. For example EP
 DN UM  K " etc.
• %: It is placed before JtG '1D . For example ^
y 9 (  % (definitely, Allah has listened) etc.

Rule of the Day:


For ‹4G '1D, the letters are the same but _ <N are different. If the word belongs to
'"* _T q1DN _T O Û J–– etc. The _ <N are often omitted in Arabic books. For
example,  20 may be ('"1*) K ƒ 2
C 0K (q1DN) K ( 2 0K (O Û J––) K K 20. Its meaning will be
different in all three cases. It will be “He is generous”, “He gives honor” and “He
gives honor” respectively. Frequently consult the dictionary to know the meaning of
the same word used in different chapters.

Quranic Arabic Program 164 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7
#5j
An #5N is non-descriptive language. It may be a prescription to do so or an interrogation to ask
something. The prescription is used for various objectives. For example:
• G&: To instruct the audience to do something. For example, = K 5= L (Help!), `= DN (Open!), = ,K L (Prostrate!)
etc. Sometimes, the 4 G of a verb is also used to instruct e.g. ”
( C ;< EJ  (Come towards the
success), ( "= l
( oN x"1 (Run towards the piety) etc.
• J5:To instruct the audience to avoid something. For example, = K = *  (Don’t help!), `= *  (Don’t
open!), 
=,K $*  (Don’t prostrate!) etc.
• <OK : To seek something or a request to avoid something from God. For example, 5 >( •*K  (Don’t assess
us!), E<
 ?
K <= (Forgive us!), C = (  (Pardon us!) etc.
• ~( : Request to do or avoid something. For example, _
 2(  (k( <& (Please give me the book), J(5 = K 5
(Please help me), J(T= ( *  (Please help me) etc.
• OR4N: Guidance or consultation to do or avoid something. For example, ›$ GK 'H  &C CN( PH 0= T( := K0 * CzN(
pK SKK CD
(When you lend for a fixed period, write it) etc. The tone and the position of recipient will
determine whether it is an instruction, prayer, request or consultation.
• 0*: To threaten or scold someone. For example, €
 i(R G ' 1 D N (Do whatever you want!!!!) etc. The
context and the tone will determine that it is a threat or a warning for the audience.
• F"(,1*: To demonstrate the weakness of the audience. For example, P= G( := L Q  RK SK<O=  !( ;() G( P= G( 3H 4 SK$T( SK*B DC
!( U; M( KO (Bring a chapter like this Quran and call all your helpers!!!!) etc. The context and the tone will
determine the objective of communication.
• 5gN: To demonstrate disrespect for the audience. When Israelites demanded Prophet Moses for
vegetables, they were said: :
= KBC G := 2L C UM{(DC n = G( SLk(g= (Go in a city to find what you have asked!!!!) etc.
•  TN: To allow something. For example, SKT  R=  SL;L (Eat and drink).
• M(G : To remind the blessings. For example, !( U; @( += 4( P= G( SKT  R=  SL;L (Eat and drink from the sustenance
provided by Allah).
• 0S( $*: To compare two things. For example, := 2L "= ;C < ¥ S K (= *  = &C K (W
= CD (Be steadfast or don’t
steadfast, it is equal for you).
• *: To wish something possible or impossible. For example, 9= ;Ck*  ?
= %( `
K KW 0 :qK+ K S5 0 'LA !L'" 0 (O
night! Be longer, O sleep! Disappear, O morning! Stop and don’t appear). The objective of issuing such
instructions to the night or morning is to express the emotional situation. In all above cases, the context
and the tone will determine the objective of communication. While translating the Quran, some people try
to consider every thing as instructions and commit mistakes in understanding the meaning properly.

Quranic Arabic Program 165 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and describe the type and purpose of each sentence as given in
the example. Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis Objective Type J(T <


:a ; <( !( T( := 2L C "(D := K,
=   ( K•g := K5=&Cg
is a descriptive sentence. The
g !"*
is used to put :a ; <( !( T( := 2L C "(D := K,
=   ( K•g := K5=&Cg
c>
emphasis in the sentence. The J5 !K U;  :a ; <( !( T( := 2L C d
 "= C "(D MC S“*K : ;( DC
sentence starting from MSè :;D is #5N
#5N, The question is asked to (3:66) M C SK;C 1= *  := K5=&C  :K ;C 1= 0
forbid the audience to debate
unnecessarily.

:= 2L 5S“
( 0K  := K 5S“
( *K ( = &L := K5=&Cg
(3:119)
!( U; '( "( J(D SL-( K( MC S= < = *K ( K•g := K5=&Cg
'L 7
 = 0 E5{(DC ' 7
 = 0 P= G  'L 7
 = 0 P= G := 2L = ( DC
(47:38) !( $ (  5 P= <
.:( "( E  P(  = E  .V  ( C1 ƒ_4 !( U;( K = 
 
V
K 1( $
= 5 „ E0N(  K K1= 5 „ E0N( .P( 0ƒ ( S= 0 h
( (G
(1:1-4)
P 0(U ¦ C  W( .: "(-$= K  ¦ C  ƒ  5( g=
 := ( "= ;C < _
( SKŠ=   ( "= C := ( "= ;C < €= 1 5=&C
(1:5-7) V  †E
:= gK h
 i(C = &L  := ( ƒT4 P= G( —xgK C;< h
 i(C = &L
(2:5) MC SK;(  K 
= &C := K *4= C 5C& := ( "= ;C < ¥ S K C C P0(U UMN(
(2:6) M C SKG( •= 0K  := gK 4= ( K* := C
:= K C  nt G !K U; := gK O FDC }
a  G := ( T(SL;%L J(D
(2:10) M C SKT( 2 0 SK5C T( :a "(&C _ a C<

Quranic Arabic Program 166 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

Analysis Objective Type J(T <


SK*B DC 5( = < C;< EF5 EG( I
H 0=4 J(D := KL M N( 
!( U; M( KO P= G( := L Q  RK SK<O=  !( ;( ) G( P= G( 3H 4 SK$T(
(2:23) V  %( O( W := KL M N(
:= K5=&C  := 2L $ L 5C& MC S= $
 *  ƒ ((T ~ E CM K GK B *&C
(2:44) M C SL;-( 1= * CD&C _ 2(  MC SL;= *
Q SK := 2L 5SKGSK$0 MC S= < = D( q( ‰ P= G( := L "= E,5 z N( 
:= L Q $5( MC SK" = $ = 0  := L Q T=&C MC SKƒTC 0K _ ( C1 
:= 2L T( %  DC z N(  .:a "(‡< := 2L ƒT4 P= G( ¥ T := 2L (zC J(D 
:= K5=&C  MC S= < = D( qC ‰ %   &C  := L "= ,
 5=BCDC  
= 
(2:49-50) M C K ‡L *
a "= > S gK ˆ(U(T 5O= &C S gK ˆ(U MC SL( =$ = *&C
:= ( "= ;C < €= T ( t K  := KBC G := 2L C UM{(DC n = G( SLk(g=
h
 (zC !( U; P= G( I H   Š T( yT  L 2C $
=   L U†
V
 ƒ"(E MC SL;K- 0  !( U; 8 ( 0Ž(T MC K L 2 0 SK5C := K E5BCT(
MC K1= 0 SK5C  =S < T( h  (zC ƒ   ( "= Š T(
(2:61)
M N(  EJ5(G&C UN( _
 2(  MC SK;C 1= 0  MC S“"ƒG&L := K = G( 
(2:78) M C S“‡L 0 UN( := gK
MC SLSL-0 E:–L := ( 0(0=BCT( _ 2(  MC SKK2 0 P 0(U;( 'b 0=S DC
:= K C 'b 0=S DC 
n "(;%C n–C !( T( K #= "( !( U; ( = <( P= G( Cg
MC SK$( 2 0 EG( := K C 'b 0=   := ( 0(0=&C =€C EG(
(2:79)

Worth Reading
The Treasure’s Map. Search for the real treasure.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE01-0005-Treasure.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 167 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

Analysis Objective Type J(T <

qC F 5C& T( K L 2 0 M &C := K $


 L 5C& !( T( =  R= $  i T(
P= G( !K U; qC ƒF0K M &C !( ;( 
= DC P= G( !K U; qC ƒF0K M &C n"=ŠT !K U;
I
H   Š T( yDC p( O( <( P= G( y #0 P= G C;< !( ;(  = DC
(2:90) V a ( GK _ a C< P 0( D( C2; (  I H   C C;<
n  (> !( U;  = <( 3L  >( | 4K E := 2L C € = 5C M N( ' %L
V
 %( O( W := KL M N( 8  S=   =SE DC ~
( E M( KO P= G(
(2:94)

:a "(;< !K U;  := ( 0(0=&C €


= G E%C T( nT&C pK S= E 0 P= C 
(2:95) V  ( (U‡(T
pK K = &C !K ;C DC Pa $
( = GK S gK  !( U;( !K  =  : ;C = &C P= G C;T
MC SK5F  = 0 := gK  := ( "= ;C <
a S= >  !( ƒT4  = <(
(2:112)

h
 i(C = &L !( *(  (* E  !K 5SL;= 0 _  2(  := gK "= *‰ P 0(U
MC K ( 7 := gK h  i(C = BLDC !( T( = L 2 0 P= G  !( T( MC SKG( •= 0K
(2:121)

MC SLD ( 1= 0 C !K 5SLD ( 1= 0 _


 2(  := gK "= *‰ P 0(U
:= gK  E   MC SKK2 "C := K = G( n-0( DC UMN( := gK Q T=&C
(2:146) M C SK;C 1= 0
nƒ"AC n  } ( 4= jQ J(D EG( SL;L ~ K E “0&C 0
V
a (GK ¡ K < := 2L C !K E5N( M( Ck"= E# 8
( SkL >K SK1(E* 
(2:168)

:= 2L U;1 C _
( jQ J( = &L 0 3b "  ¾
(  -(  J(D := 2L C 
(2:179) M C SL-E*

Quranic Arabic Program 168 Level 05


Lesson 7A: Descriptive & Non-Descriptive Styles #56 7

Analysis Objective Type J(T <

J(D !K C G  "5=“ J(D *(‰ ET4 qL SL-0 P= G ~


( E P= ( DC
J(D *(‰ ET4 qL SL-0 P= G := K = G(  .@
H > P= G( 3(  >( |
4( E _
 C< %(  n $
  3(  >( | J(D  n $   "5=“
(2:200-201)

q ƒ0K P= G  H ƒ"T H 0‰ P= G( := gK "= *‰ := C 'C "(  = N( J(T ' 


_
( C-1(  K 0(R ! U; UM{(DC !K *= Q  G ( 1= T P= G( (!U; C  1= 5(
(2:211)

SKGƒ%C  := Ki R( E5&C := 2L –C =  SK*B DC := 2L C ’


b =  := L £K $5(
= ƒ#T  pK SL%KG := 2L E5&C SK;C <=  ! U; SL-E*  := 2L $ ( L 5Qj
(2:223) V  (G( •= K 

!K U; pK *‰ M &C !( ƒT4 J(D : "(g  T=N( E‚ ˆ(U CN(  * := C&C
(2:258) h  ; K 
—nz&C 1K = 0 H %C  W
 P= G( a "= > 3b  ( Š= G 

a K 1= G qb S= %C
(2:263)

J(1 E* P= G  !( U;( J(=  €


K = ;C = &C ' -L DC „ S“ M {(DC
(3:20)

MC S= < = 0K _ ( 2(  P= G( n"( 5 SK* L& P 0(U CN( — * := C&C


:= K = G( a 0 ( DC US 0 E:–L := K "= T : 2L 
= "( !( U; _
( ( CN(
(3:23) M C SKt ( 1= GK := gK 

:= 2L "= T  "= T H S H  ;( C CN( =SC1* _


( 2(  'C g= &C 0
K 1= T C 7 ( E0  ni="R !( T( „ ( # = 5K  ! U; UN(  K1= 5 U&C
(3:64) !( U; M ( KO P= G( nTT4= &C n=1T

Quranic Arabic Program 169 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

Dear Reader! Build Your Personality


In this lesson, we shall study the basics of Islamic The life of the creative man is lead, directed
Economics. This is taken from a book O % ´1G and controlled by boredom. Avoiding boredom
JG6 of = j Í PT W5 Œ"# . is one of our most important purposes.

= j Í PT W5 Œ"#( JG6 O(  % :(1G


v ~D6 oN -0 A ± J<( , (  J R J(K &  "-#(T 3C W1f 3C 4. sMN
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³
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_
( Š < O % :( ;1T OK S -f
N :;1 g    G J( 0O % ( ;2#f K 0* n & I K U;kC 0 _
( Š ( ;< ( ‡5 ±
@
K ƒSC *K K* ( 0 # 81, sM& _ Š ( ‡5 ± C 0O % C ;2#f ¬  E7;C * (  SK (
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(  4 
O % ( ;2 ˆSŠ; 1

 ( $K0  M& ( #"1f ±  - Lq1  - (0 k L G- K -C  :_ 1 M( $ ± 


.  K-0 
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Studies 8
(  4  West (Europe &
America)
_
( Š Civilization 3C 4.
Premise, problem, matter L "- Resources OH 4( SG Capitalism J(K & 
Scarcity 3( 4 K Socialism J R

Quranic Arabic Program 170 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

_ Š ( ;< 8
K 0 1*
“¬70 ˆ :K ;1 Sg & (3  ) :K ;< Sg O(  % : ;< sMN” :1€"  O| ... ?0 1
‚
( 56 ("g( D ; ( 0O( f _
( j ;< H W> (  T F( "(  9G (:G jy (  '( ( (  4T
“...é .. J< 4F & J(< 
J(T Š O(  % :( ;< L –C  (
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L 0 _ ( Š < O(  % :K ;< K (10
P0 #1 M( - ( 0 T 9G  x0(KG ›0 ( ‡5 x;(< P 0 #1 M( - ( 0 T  O(  % K:;< s'C %
.0O % 8(  4 ± ( g 4K “SkC * &T
( 0O % 8
(  4 4Sk*
I( 5 oN hz "gG b  (T !K , ( E0 n0 x1TA L >K B* 8
= &C T P0 #1 M - ( 0 T 9G
'( S K 0* 0O % 3( ";
H g& 9( t oN hz 8 = +  ,* - J;1 (1TA
0* ± Jj 4  I K 1 ;0 `
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gj pg ( "- G+
p(T ˆO % Igf .81, "N 1$* J( 0O % "<
( gj
oN H C O P(G ?
K ;( 70 I
( $
  ( Sg 2""$ q(  K  8g,ƒ*T ( ;   "(– MS20 3L 4S 
.:"g pg ± q(  K 
( > x1* — >L&
oN :C1 : $
 -C 5 r
L " "5) ( E"( C1 _
(  
  ( 0 T oN n0 -* OK SK10 a >‰ 4a Sk* !K -C <& 'T
q OK 20 G& !";< K k( "$*K ˆ Ë&  I  g K (10 ˆ J(T Š K 2$1f P=0  2C $1KG
!";< k"$* J R Igf K (10 ˆ J% # 2$1f "(& (  T "T( Š T K4 &
."% # T 4 & q OK V  "( K4
(1) Adam Smith (1723 – 1790CE) is the considered the founder of Economics. (2) Meaning of this paragraph is that
during initial decades of 20th century, Economics followed politics.

Distinguishing feature x1TA Production ‚


( 56 Concentration F( "( 
Military camp K 2$1f Industrial J(<  Welfare ( "g( D 

Quranic Arabic Program 171 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

8
K -"(k*  ˆO % I
H gG s'2 `  W& -D h L ,"5 n30< n O “: ( 0 P0 2$1f PG s'
:K  /
K 1 !";< K ;C kK0 ‚
K zC S & J(gf K "k g "N y , q(  K ; P2K0 b ;7KG
.ˆ(O % ( ‡
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I
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'(  ;< !("1* ± K †• 0K p(4< ± !K 1K   0  !T 'L ( 0  !2 J(%>j & J( K 
xg,* p(4 T !,0 J R I K gf .J%>j & J  I ( 5º ˆOf I ( 5º VT
I
( C S( K " S „K ƒ 
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.P 0(O"  ' ± 0 #
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PK E
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( SK0zL :4 .L E"(0 !K *K "(-<
.}
a S-G gK  'T K/- 'L -K*  b T– a -

( K L ± J5($56 ( 2; ‚K 5 5& :qH T ;< G( MC S2* M& JŠ0 b "& a - „g
 J5($5N H 2D ' _
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."D BC#
 5 J(
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Spread ‹
( SK0zL It does not pay
attention
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of thought
J(gf K "k
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a S-G Separation '(  Model ‚
K zC S
Specific environment H E"1 GK H iC"T Caravan I
( C SG Both of them struggle M( <4(  0
It mixes _
K S#0 Fields, plural of M "G P 0(O"  It takes a direction SK0
Relative b E"($
 5 Establishment 9tS Material (opposite to
spiritual)
n0OG

Quranic Arabic Program 172 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

Ë(&  P="gf P(G H ‹ ( *T …-D Mb Sg G ˆ(O % ( -  0 A MBT O( -< B(k7 P(G
3( "; 'b GR Pa 0O  6 sMBT n- PK G( •K5 L MN :P="( ;$  PG ` K  0 J R
I
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JG6 O % 2 &
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:P="< S5 ;< Jg  H < ' H iC"T s' I ( $(T qSWj h  ;* ~( & ;< !K"(-5K ˆ
(G  J1( k% 'H W& oN H 1 ( 4 & H"1k% H O& P(G !KG2 & €5 G Sg :L T) K 2 j :q j
s° ')(G '( K ; ML S (9" †'  T  ( G K "  ( $ & ¤ 2 M( ‰ - ± O4
:')G .’ ="(  ± P( "= "C)5j
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( 4= jQ J(D EG :L2C  ;C > ˆ(U S gK ” :o1* !S%
.[275 :3 - ] “.Tƒ   E   9 "=  !K s; U'  &C  ” :o1* !S%
[32 :$ ] “.P = $
  EƒG I
a "( 5 $ƒ;(  SK$ a "( 5 (qƒ ;†” :o1* !S%
  EƒG I
.[7 : #. ] “.:= 2L (G "( BC P "= T n C KO MC SL20 C J= C ” :o1* !S%
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2 j PG 4 70 M& P0, ;1 P(G ( -C 1K  s'   'g& & (( ,K ( Gj ƒJ(S +S,"D
....3". 8 ( ,
( $KG ( St ± nG p 0 G
Government revenue (   8
( O 0N Budget ( 5+ SK Group ?
a "

Quranic Arabic Program 173 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

p(4“Sk* JG6 O(  % :( ;(< 3L B#5


^ ;W qS  3L " €5 .JG6 9( 0 # ( 0 T G O(  % qC SW& 4 % % K6
P(G M R  ;l !(,5 ;<   ˆ 9( 0 # g ( "k ›" xzS5 :; !";<
9 0 hz M{D 3b O G q j 4(   ± 0O % 8 K 2#f 3L ". €5 Pi .p1T
:P0 Gj
J=<   q( <& ;< M K ( -0 S5 zN ÈO % ¦( # ± 9( t K S (i" K -CD :q j
.O(  ( -"
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K + S 3L ES%L :å)
MSK1 0 y ;1 &C T L 0O % L "- 8
K  4 €( kC #( 58( G1f ± 9 “S ~
K  &T P="
r
L  * J( ?"5  hz ± SLUBD .'$G 4( SG& PG :(5G+ ±  ,   ( n "< R nG2 &
D ˆ , J(5) M - ± 8 =  J( !K - I
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( 5 Sº ± "- 'C $f
(8C- 8G1f OS-L 1K  8 4s2 3F ( EGg ( 0O % '( $(T 8 =  > + .p1T
hG Gß “— =2 5 EK  ” I2 pg P(G .80 r04 S (@ ( 
.G % PT “J(Šf ” J1D# Gß “j ” J$> $; “¦S$f ”
O‰ PT "" “‚ l ” ?S0 J(Tj (“‚ l ” ‘ O % ± b W> I a  8
=  
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J(" J#. ( “ . J1$ 'D ± c ” _  < PT "" “@S$
....;1 PG p =" ""* PT “$. ” _
3( " ;< n iCƒ" x4–‰ „  * C'  4 C MGF PG 3n D V;$f O( T ± 4K 1 : U) C-
:G P=";$
Accountability $. Embezzlement P  Restraint, deterrent ‹
K + S
It sat : U) Hoarding, making
monopolies
4 2( Dishonesty in business
deals
EuC
Colonial rule 4K 1 A new issue occurred  ,
  Fraud, deceit d
 "*

Quranic Arabic Program 174 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

.:";1 ®gG P< gKO1TN "G6 8 4 €


K "(#* Ï1
."1tS P "= 5 S- qL  : 'C > O ( "k PG JG6 !( - 9K G Ï2
.Ë(&  & J R pK ,=* K ( 7* J( P "= 5 S- ‡5j “P Ï3
:G i" 4–‰ V;$f 3" 9% ± JG6 O % ( "k* q( N ;< I
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.V;$f O( T ± !(5 S& p(4S W
 ( UD2(T T  4K #5 Ï1
...V
( ;$f VT — >j GE 
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( G1f 4( #5 ± 9S Ï2
.3E  $K –| J(W1 V;$f I
K $
( 20 (G qF5& G ( "= ŠT '1 ^ :( 2 7KG Ï3
ËT L- L 0O % 8
K 2#f U' ( " ÃJG6 O(  % q( , ” ( $DN K < Ï4
.~; ( "gD  ="7 ( "-* 8
( 10 #* ‡5& ƒP PG :C1 MG
4K <N !LDg PD K`T(  — >j ‡5j
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g sMN
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K  ;< !(5N PG /
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Face the Challenge!


What is /0 1*? And what is its purpose? Give
three examples.

Rays ( 1R& Field, domain q( , Separation €


K "(#*
Burning ( %C ƒ  Lacking MG Application,
implementation
( "k
Distribution 9( 0(+S* Legislation 8
( 10 #* Change qL 
Evils ³
K $G Profit `
K T(  Establishing law “P
Wealth (  )C Wasting, spoiling

( *N System ‡5j


Means of Production i.e.
land, factories, machines, 'C  Abundant / It resulted in ;< I
 E*  *
labor, entrepreneur skills
etc.
!(5N Grains _SK
K  Widening ”
( $DN

Quranic Arabic Program 175 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

Ë(&  O(  % ³
K $G
.H A (< !(5N 'C  9K E,
 * ËT O( Dj VT (  )C 9( 0+S* ± M( +K S qL > Ï1
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(  ‚
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( K ‹
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.@
( 56 I
( $2 J(D L -C ;kK L E0 ( 
K  Ï4
J R ‡ ³ $G
.hœ;  “I Jg 3 k L GO GK Ï1
.(  (‡ 4SK 1K  ± ( "1K  —S$KG oN O( T ¦
L SKg Ï2
oN L;0S* O( Dj ˆ0& P(G ‚56 '(  PG g( "=  '( G( 1 Jt 4j ‚ K >N M G
.'(G1 Jt 4j _ ( W& P(G H A> I ( "CkT H S$T :* % MS20  n   n < "(< L E"2( ;G
< :gO1TN 3( ="2 3( ="Š  ~
(  „( G& 3C 4O G € G= F < zN h5& h$T 4 -* M& h
s' ± h T 'T  ŸHS s'2T h(- MSK;$$0 h  (iC"(#( MSK1
 70 :g * 'D
...G h(  ~S '( % PG MH 2G ' ± MH G+
19,000,000 S5 p-G ;< '( 1 ‹ ( #f g g("* ± "( K4 ± 'C (%L !5& K4E%C -D
S5 O P< J ( 5K H;7KG H OD 8H TS-1(T n$5 2,000,000 S5 ;< : 2( K n$5
.$5 5,000,000 & 4,000,000

Project ‹
( #f Ownership hœ;  Economic depression 8
( G+j
A live being, human
being
$5 Falling ¦
L SKg Unemployment ( k
Punishments, tortures 8
H TS-< Level of slaves ( "1K  —S$KG Plunging into ‹
( CD( 5
Calamity, disaster H OD Factories '( G( 1 Luxury "(2
He was exiled J ( 5K Confiscation 3C 4O G Clash, collision L GO GK

Quranic Arabic Program 176 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

JG6 O(  % ¬
K ( >
'(G# 6 ( ‡5 P(G ¥ F JG6 OK  % Ï n &
O  % sMj Ã!(10 R 6 3( "-< P< n -$G JG6 O  % ~  ƒ4 5K M&  J(Š0 
Sg JG6 O % F"K0 G :g& (P0 P< xG* 'C  C 5 % !=*B#5

H K L I ( $(T J1tS
.!(10 R !(*"-< 6 P( 0T  !LA*4
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PG ( ;G1G ;< !(G %N (< :;$f 'Š#* J( ( . q. ( "C% ± h K0 !(Gl
:hz '" * .I"Š :C< P(G :K ;$f !K “$ ( 0K ˆ ( TC% (  ( < ± n0& 0 8G1f
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!(;1T :K ;$f   %C zN ";< _ K C)0K 3( O< oN  ˆO<  ˆO( G 'H < P(G qC ES
 0 M & P2K0 ˆO %
qL <j 5N” :$ 3  !";< qS  P< !< ^ Jt4 < P< .!5 ^ !K  g
(T JŠ* n -5  * P h5N ” :$ 3  !";< q% “.—S5 G ³ H G s'2 5N 8"T
.[!";< G] “.h*& G :( DC J(D '1,* G  ";< 8 =  ( &L sN ^ !K 
"(&  P(G "1tS 0O % :K ‡
K * :

a g ( 6 ± ˆO % ¦#; /2


hz ( ,"5 P(G M .LDg Sg hz <*j p ƒˆO 9(  ( "-* oN " R
3( k"$ ( -T ;7f q(  K  8 ( 2$1G P="T g 4 4 * 4K K* J( L  k L $  DK h ;*
J( Jg L $D pg .;7f O(  ± ( l O( Sf 4( O G @ ( Sj 4( 2 0O %
P="T H )– H E0 ( S 5 _
H (T M| :C1 OK ƒ *K J( Jg "5) o j P="E"( C1 P( "= T . oN 8 = EO&
.J<SK"#
K  Ë(&  P0 2$1

Nuclear (war) H E0 ( S 5 Raw material ( l O( Sf Economic activity ˆO % ¦


( #
Communist J<SK"#
K  High a  Two world wars P="E"( C1 P( "= T .

Quranic Arabic Program 177 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

1$0 SD ƒˆO 9(  oN 1$0 JG6 O(  % s' J(D ˆO % ¦# M z{D
Sg = &
g & ( 0Š b ;" pK (10 5N !(* z  ± b 0 !K D( $0  p !"N
K E “0&C 0” :o1* ^ q% ^ ( Gj n )G å$56 u
J(D EG( SL;L ~ ( "1; Ki"* }4j 4K <N
.[168 :3 - ] “.V a (“G ¡ K < := 2L C !K E5N( M( kC "= E# 8
( SkL >K SK1(E* C  nƒ"AC n 
C  }
( 4= jQ
( & ( 0Š b ;" MC S20 M& VT K
 Sg 0Š Sg ˆOf 9K  MC S20 M& VT a "=  @ a D
~; ="7 "gD  ( "-* å$56 u"1; i"* }4j 4K <N Sg =&
g
4K 2  L "5(5j MS2
K v Sg ˆOf 9K  M zN o j ( . ± !5& hz .D
(< 4(   0O % :‡ ± ’K0  P0 >| P< K1G "5 8 ( ="7(T K4C)i
.4G  oN _
( . oN ˆO•K0 G Sg

 S 4 2  C "55j C $Df sM{D 


v Sg }4j 4K <N MS20 r" "5) ( . ± G&
P( $
 & ;< (*  – q( Š }4j 4<6 _ ( SK1# K  q K  VT M( 1* :( g* oN qL S*
h  * C  3C  >( Ž 4 E !K U; „ *‰ "(D e( T=  ” :o1* ^ q% .!1" ( E0 # `(  !( 
 "( 5 d
“.P 0($
(  K  “I
( 0K C ! U; UMN( }( 4= BC J(D O $C e( = * C  h
 "= CN( !K U; P $
 = &C C P($ = &C  "5=“ P G(
.[77 :¬ - ]
L T%4 :q j - ± b "* z b T%4 Jg 6 ± ˆO % ¦ ( # ( 4KG ;< L T%  Ï3
P 0=&C := 2L 1 G S gK  ” :o1* ^ q%  >| S" ± _$. ^T M( =06 ;< - :( ;$f ( "= t
J(D C  } = 0 C ! s; UMN(” :!5 q% [4 :0. ] “.:= KL G
( 4= jQ J(D ¥ J= R !( "= ;C <  C 7
^  1* M&” :M$ 6 P< $ 3  !";< qS  q% [5 :M < q‰] “.E$
“.„ 0 !5{D pK  * P= 2* :C M {D p  * h5B

Utilization q( Š Destruction, devastation 4G  Preparation i"*


Control, supervision L T%  Competition, rivalry C $Df Selfishness L "5(5j
Conscience, self-reproach ( "= t Understanding :( g* Monopolization 4K C)i

Quranic Arabic Program 178 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

( <, ( ; G O( C ( 
 ;( G P="T MC + S s-0K JG6 O % Ï n"5–
SD :L– PG !(G L 0Š O( SS 4K SG !5& ;< O( C oN ‡0 ËK&  ˆO % K ‡D
PG g !C%SG ËK&  ‡ 'L †;1K0 .s; <º ( ; G ;< G-0 !(; (T :K0
MS;10 V O Dj sM& (<º ; G O  ( ; G VT } K 41* C– K  SK0  !5BT O( 
( ; f :K 0=-* .<º C ; G MS--K0 !$5 € ( %S ± :5{D (Wl :( G ( "-è ;<
J(#* 8( G+j gK+  T& b30< ³
K $G ! M Ë(&  ( ‡ ± G1 ( ; f ;< ( Wl
.8 42  4( S 8 (  ) q( S> VT ( "= 2 8K  (Ck
;< ( <º C ; G -0 Ë(&  ( ‡ PG d ( 21 ;< “J R ˆO % K ‡
hz ;< y T .<º ( ; G '( " ± O  ( ; (T xG* J(K0 Sg 'T O  ( ; G
C 0O(  C 0O % C 0  Š&  nG*  ŠN ‚
( 56 8
( Oj 0O  C "2;  ‡ Š& -D
.0 <º "2;G ˆ& G1 0O % 0 . G1 "2;f (T qC 
"2;f y Š{D OF* :C M N Ë(&  ‡ ³ ( $G P< 'œ -( *  ³
K $G p4 T h ( ;$f ( M
('K 2 oN :( ¦ (  N oN ˆO•0 "5$56 3C k K O(  0K ( 0O % ( 0 . ( 0O 
‚
( 56 ( -L -* PG J(51* J(""(DS$ OK =* (G -G ± " R qC  K ,
( 5 I$ v
"<( 4F 8
( "2;f 3( O<{T L kG 9K ( * * 1x* SW& " 4 ± M| K , ( 5 W& .x<S5 x
.J(""DS$ O( * ± #"1f —S$KG 9( D  nGg n& 8 K "2;f pg 'L 1,* Wl
(1) The author wrote this book at the time of Soviet Union. Communism resulted in collapse of Soviet Union. After
that, the two torch-bearers of Communism i.e. Russia & China adopted Capitalism.

Worth Reading
Arnold Schwarzeneger is one of successful person in the world. He also had to face a
big problem. What was that?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE04-0003-Schwarzeneger.htm

Fall down ( -L -* Laziness '( K 2* He cancelled Š&


Quantitative & qualitative x<S5 x Soviet J(""(DS Frustration ¦
(  N

Quranic Arabic Program 179 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

; G O(  ( ; G VT t x 41* „g sM& xG-G }K ( 0  SD JG6 OK  % G&
( "2;T

K ( 1"D "T M( +K S ( "-* (  KG x1G P( "= ; f ( 0<4 ;< K SL-* (<º
— >yj '( " ± G x0& J(Š;K0 D ( "<( º ( "2;fT € ( %S d ( 5 J(D h
K ( 10 (0O( 
.<ºT “  ( 0K (G O( SK"%L ( "= ŠT (%AN ƒ  oN hz ± J(Š0K  !2 !(E0 ( 
K T( O( ;

K ( 1"D
( "DS & (M+ S  "-* 4K ( 1* <º ( ; G O(  ( ; G VT } a 41* „Kg M zN G&
3  !";< !1G :;)Gj PG .O  ( ; G ;< <º L ; G -0  6 sM{D "T
;< @ ( S$K  '( g& L ; G Jg G< ( ; ( x0=-* !"D sM{D ÃMK  1J†-;C * P(G $
!";< OK SK10 `
H T T 1"T K "(10K ( 1;($ ;< 'C ( 0 M& ± J†-;C K  b ; G Jg HW> H ; G
.4( 2  P< J( G
JG6 O(  (% ± E"j M4j
.G1 Wl E O FK L "2( ;( 
.3E"-C K  L 0O % L E0 ( .
L 
.“J< 'L D2 
 ( O F= f E"2( ; f( :n &
O(  % P(G K ( E0  SD F"K !K L %( SG ! JG6 OK  % :JG6 O % ± "2;
 .) Jg L G1 L "2;f L3<- & 'L Wj Jg ( Wl ( "2;f 4( < ± Ë(& 
L3<- & ~K j 5& ;< ( G1 ( "2;f oN ( ‡ ± J R O(  % 9G h K ( E0
d" 'H WB H € H % ± ( "2;f PG P( "= < S 2(T L >K B0 P2 y) Jg L Wl L "2;f
"<º C "2;f h -0 C0O  C "2;f “ -( 0 ( 0  L G JG6 O %D .H )
.!"D 'L  1* ˆ ¾7 (,G G s'2 'L 1 ,0
(1) The Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W forbade the traders to approach the villagers coming into town to sell their products.
The objective to such traders was to buy cheap from the villagers and then earn higher profit by selling at high rate.
Dual (i.e. public &
private)
 ( O F= f Taking care of each
other
'L D2 It is not exaggerated J(Š0K 

Quranic Arabic Program 180 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

Q +N !5& sN ("<º ( "2;; !("g  (0O  ( "2;f ;< !(G"% : 4 Ë(&  OK  %D
-D J(GSC- O(  % ( G+ ( "j 8 ( < #T ( "- P< (D F< ( 0O  ( "2;f M( "ŠA
( "% & (W7 8 ( < # / ( 1T :( "GB* 3( 4SW ± G1 ( "2; 3( 2T ( >j oN E kC t
hz ;< H gR K "= > O Dj <
K F( 10 J( 0O % 8< #f / ( 1T ( T (  
G "K&  q  "N 8 = B,C J( ˆO % ¦ ( # ± '> :( "GB 8 K ";<
.o j "C1 _
( . ;< -T$ 8 ( S$
g P< VSi$f ‹ K (% n<S5 n ‚56 4( SKg* y +N J R O % sM{D h
"2;fT

( < 3( 4 T 0O  "2;f ( ŠN oN H "& H  T 9K ( 4 hz MBT O %


.0O 
3H  E"-C GK JG6 O(  % ± L E"2( ;
oN 9K ( * O( S"-T 3b "-G Jg 'T -;kG €
= $" JD G< "2;G & b W> L "2;G €
= 5& ¥ S
" `   * M& oN ( "2;fT J(0 ˆ Gj 4  9( G oN <º ; G ( "-è
."<
5& < S5& (2R& s'2T x1" q( SGj ± 'C Wj sM& K ,0 _2 ¾  S 5 9K E0 ˆD
:!5 q% [17 :3f ] “.K "= T G  } ( 4= jQ  8 (  E$ h K ; GK !( s;(  ” :o1* ^ h K ;(G
!";< ( #  0 sM{D ^ !; qL f MC  zN .[33 :4S ] “.:= L *‰ ˆ(U !( U; q( EG PƒG :KgSK*‰ ”
q%  !"D
( “  q( f g q( 1 ± ^ P< y ;>  # sM& ˆ& (
7 K 0 Jg
.[7 :0. ] “.!( "(D V
 ( ;C 7
= $
= “G :L2;C 1  EG( SL-( 5C&  !( (SK4  !( U;(T SKG( ‰” :o1*
´ zN .!s; JG6 9( , ( "= 7 ( ^ h
( ;G ± 'L  10 ?
a †S GK & 'b " sN Sg G M$56D
P(T !L  Sg Q Fº sM{D p(0 €* ˆ q( f ± !"5 ^ ( G BT ? K ;7$f ML $56 ( F;0
.!G `
K ;C W& Sg
Representative 'b " Decrease 4( SKg* Declining, refusing

( F<
Employee ?
a †S GK Being a representative

( 7 Nationalization :( "GB*

Quranic Arabic Program 181 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

E5{(DC ' 7
 = 0 PG  'L 7
 = 0 PEG :L2(DC !( U; '( "( J(D SL-( K( MC S= < = *K C•K g := K5C&g” :o1* ^ q%
SK5SL20 C E:–L := L  "= C xGS= %C q ( = $
= 0 =SUS * M(N    -C L  :K K5C&  “J(Š  !K U;  !( $
(  E5 P< 'L 7
 = 0
[38 :Í] “.:= 2L CC)G= &C
e( T=  ” :' F< q-D MC 4% ( % ± q(  (  n )G o1* „4* “.  _  t  %
e( = * C  h
 "= CN( !K U; P $
 = &C C P($ = &C  "5=“ P G( h  "( 5 d  * C  3C  >( Ž 4 E !K U; „ *‰ "(D
H iCD( P(G !K C MC C DC }  4= BC p( 4( T(  !( (T  $
7 DC .P 0($
(  K  “I ( 0K C ! U; UMN( } ( 4= BC J(D O $C 
.[81Ï80 :¬ - ] “.P 0( ( Lf P G( MC C G  !( U; M( KO P(G !K 5 K K 0
E MC $56 J(k1K0 4a E-C GK ¡J<( R :a 2 Jg .JG6 O % ±  EWl E"2( ; f( Jg G
M( $5ß K 6 K ‡L 0 .9H 5G ( "=  PG (T

(  ƒ (1G & (P"= 1 „( G ± ¾(  >


F(  Š 9( D  pg V ( T PG M& "< pK FK   L 0 k !K 1K D O ! a@S;ê !5& ;<
.qf I h ( s; 3L F0 
q% [20Ï19 : , ] “.› › K qC  MC S“ ( *K  .›U n; &C ’
C  “ MC SL;L B *  ” :o1* q%
p 4] “.n)– x0O (ŠT qH G P(G M( 0O O‰ P( T M S” :$ 3  !";< qS 
?
K %SG C K 2( K  (T

K 1f ?
a %SG Sg ( "2;f PG ( 6 ? K %SG M g PG .[:;$G
(T ?
= (2K0 ´ G   "2;f p(T
  < V  6 P2 .C 4( ( K  C ( ( 
."2;f pg :( "‡* oN pK +  ,* 'T p< ? = -0 ´ (4-
:J(*| ± qf   ± nt K0 "2;; 6  
W-f pg K0<4 ";< Ú
L . I
K ,
( 0 J( ( $l gW-G PG !=;1 C10 # sM& :n &
.q K} 1 '-1 Kd KP0 :Jg
:ÖGO sMN” ( < ‹
( S5& PG ‹
H S5 ˆBT qf g ;< ( < P< €
=  5 C10 # sM& :n"5–
“. g :(;T ± g :( R ± g :2(GS0 G K a :2";< :2t <& :2C SG&
Declaring unlawful 4( ( K Incentives, plural of 9D O 9( D  Possession „( G
Respect }
K 1 Instincts, plural of 3F0  F(  Š Goods P( "= 1

Quranic Arabic Program 182 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

:3 - ] “.'( A( (T :L2"= T :L2C SG= &C SL;L B * C  ” :o1* q% .'( AT ~ q( SG& 'L & € = G ( 
KD
K 4( E$  ” C ‹
“.K 0( 0=&C SK1kC % CD L %C 4( E$  @ K O  y F, €
= 1 t
( K L % $ €G .[188
^ 8 S;W ¤ 2 qS  qS-0 (q I   ( 6 L 10 R € = G   .[38 :3f ]
“.P="t( 4& 9H  P(G !K %C ESAC }
( 4j PG H = R(  "% : ;C C PG” :!";< !G
( Wl ( "2;f

K g&
'C 1, C Wl C "2;f sMN :"GS2. ( "=  8 ( $E•K O( Dj ( 0 A P< M( 1 y –N Ï1
.9H 5 H "= > P(G :";< OK SK10 G H "-* '( " J(D "
( *  ( s'2T MS;10 O Dj
L $Df :P "= ,
( K P "= T ( CO( 1 ( $
 D ( 0 A P< ( 1 9(  "gD  ( "= 7 K "-* Ï2
MS,f dK DC 0  n )G J< 4F ‹ ( Ck-(  JD (0O % 3( ". J(D ¡:( GK I
a ;kG P "= ,f VT L O1
0O % 8 ( <k- J(D J<  ‹k- ± ˆ( $K0 g :(5N V ( $* ;< :"T "D
.— >j
(  ;( ²
C E C * M & I
K ,
( 0 L   :(-"-* PG OK Dj PK 2( K0 ( "( 5N 4( SKGBT (  K q( ŠRN K < Ï3
8
( <  ‚ ( 5{T (   qC Š#5 sMN .( "  8 ( G(7 :( ";1 ( #5 (3 1(  O( <{ (3 ="2
P< V   •$f 'L Š #" 8 H "(2 & qAj I ( 1C 9( " 8
H G ` ( (T & (-0S$* (3  "= $"
.( "ƒg & )& 4SG& ( 1TG
0 # d (  J(D ";Wj F(  Š P(G h ( ; I 3L F0 ŠD :q I 3( F0  ‹ K RN Ï4
1 (  J PH ( ˆ& ± L   pg 8
=  ( > S;D (3". J(D (  . “ ( Jg h
( ; J(D L  D
.O( º 9G   º
C C'( < (

Satisfaction ‹
K RN Sector (of economy) ‹
( Ck-(  Preventing ‹
K O 
It died 8
=  ( > Marketing ( 0S$* Enrichment y –N
It became non-living    Shops 8
H G Sacrifice "
( *

Quranic Arabic Program 183 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

Wl ( "2;f 8,G


.hs; _
K $ MS20 ( # 9( " ( 0 A P<

a 1G g :9" Ï1
…
§ %( xG1A a & 'C C & G” ::; !";< ^ ;W J( P<  :P0 >| < H BT 'L  1  Ï2
p 4] “.p(0 '( < PG 'L L B0 M O O ^ J (5 MN p(0 '( < PG 'C B0 M& PG ny =">
“.: Š <4 N x"5 ^ r C 1 T G” :q% !5& :; !";< ^ ;W !< n0&  .[ˆ47
.[ˆ47 p 4] “.C 2G 'gj … ( 0(4 % ;< g<4& €
K L :15” :q-D Ÿ€5& :L T  q-D
IK "A& SD n< 4+ M M {D :q% .( " '( 1T M G I
( $2 I K "A& :ˆ S q% :< 4F Ï3
( 1 9(  PG !"D ( 'S P(G !"D ( " 'L < !(5S PG !";< 'L ( #0 f Ã(I( 2
4( 2 q( SG& PG IK $( 20 G " '( < PG hz @SD : , PT q% ._ (  ; JGOæ
PG !"D ( I ( 2
R& Sg !TW& :; !";< ^ ;W J( I a $ ( 2KG Sg (OºT
.o1* ^ ; <N
n "G nt4& " & PG” ::; !";< ^ ;W !S% !("< #G '"O :8 ( S }( 4j y " N Ï4
.[P$ O{T O O ST& p 4] “.! JD
'L > O MC S2*  M& (_) .JƒGz( & :H ;$G  j n2;G } K 4j MC S2*  M& (&) :" 6 ¦ R
}4j y " N  s-0 M& (O) .'(0$ 8 ( g(Ff :G1 ( D( f P(G MC S2*  M& (‚) .( ;
_( $ p J20   "= , (  sMN z N Ã";< p(0 9( t P(G P="( ’– g %& 3G ±
H ,R ~H ŠT( & !T sN ‹
K 4 F*  H G y N & H9"KG …
H  'H 1(T GN Q " 6 'L ( K0 .( "2;
( ,
 D ’
( ) 8 S$ qC > ( "2;; I (  K "= , .(  oN 'WSD "D H i(T ( (T &
p =" !"N = $0 :C G oN   PG” ::; !";< ^ ;W !S- Ã:g =" PG !T  & !(–C4( &
( ) .8 S ( " N ;< x4O% MC S20 MBT :J"K L ";g& (‘g) .[O O ST& p 4] “.!T  & SD
.J1D# = & G6 hz ± ?> " J(T& < ¦ b R g :1G6 ML zN
(1) In order to encourage agriculture on empty lands, the Prophet :; !";< ^ ;W said that whoever will start farming
on an empty land, it will become his property. It is now not applicable because all empty land is owned by the
government. If the government allows, then it is OK.
Making a boundary with
stones
 "= ,
(  Watercourse, canal '(0$ Gardens, public parks 8
( g(Ff

Quranic Arabic Program 184 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I


  <  Ï5
€= E* zN ( Wl "2;f J(D 'L >0 H j nS;G P= 20 ´ (G I ( k. 9K  Sg :_k  Ï6
.!C– >B0 x1"T x<5 !T
K  0 H ((< !K*+ "
MC S20 M & ¦ H #T G1 ( "2;f ± '>*  J( M( O1 P(G } ( 4j P( AT ± G ‚ 7 Ï7
. F& 9( ",(T }
( 4j h K ;G !5j à xG( 
!K*+" €* zN K "  !(A #T !G '( j ( "  ( TN ;< y ;1 9=& :"  Ï8
.pK£ R K!1 "T `W !(2;œ * €–
G( h  n g& p  0 P( ni"R ^ qG P(G G6 yk<N Sg :p(F S M( k;$ ‹ K k%N Ï9
.˜ J(T q SG& PG nt4& ( "= TF; 9k%& :; !";< ^ ;W qS  M& :!("< #G ;< sq0
8
( %K kL  (( . G1 V;$f  D G 9 k-0 M& ! “`( 0   .[ˆ47 p 4]
!T ;1* (G 8D < OFG G( ‚ a ,D( (8"#$f (~4 f $f (@ Sj
.V;$; ; G
n G  n < ! 'C 10 Pf S;1G qG '1 Jg L 1º :$ H S;1G 'H < ;< '1º Ï10
+& [72 :?S0] “.:a "(<+ !( T(  5&C  H "= 1( T 'L = ( !( T(  P(  ” :o1* ^ qS% p+ S '"O
.M‰ - BT "%K  ;< '( 1º C >& :; !";< ^ ;W qS 
.}
H S< ( "= ŠT 3". J(D h K "; J(1* :0(  "k1 ( ( qL S% Ï11
(T

K  ! 'œ ( 0  n k-  PD p =" !Lk-( ;0 !( W PG 9K  qL f Jg :L k-; Ï12
( * ( 1T N h
( ;f J(D 'L >*  9G( Sº ( ( $f _ ( ST& (@ Sj ± n  ( 0 1* ( 1T N
.gO4 41* M N CT ! PK ƒ
 0K ( W ( J(, T( qL KF0 ?0 1
The author has described the situations in which a person can become a private owner of something. You can add
more lawful examples to that. Some of them have become irrelevant after industrial revolution.
Reciting Quran for
medical treatment
"%K  At that time H ((< Profession, vocation
 
Finding a lost item whose
owner is unknown
L k-; Giving a piece of land ‹
K k%N Collecting firewood _k 
He will pay as guarantee PK ƒ
 0K Mountain passes ‚
a ,D( Possession 3+"

Quranic Arabic Program 185 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

“.PH 0=O = &C T( J(WSK0 H E"W


(  ( 1= T P(G” :o1* q% .8
( S 1T qT ‹
K “  Jg :0WS Ï13
[11 :$ ]
.!–4SG 3( D 1T PH "1G ’
H 4 oN q( f qL -5 :’46 Ï14
$E SK*‰ ” :o1* q% .( 25 P< ntS< 3L & f pL>K B* G Sg :@    Ï15
.[4 :$ ] “.n ;C 
= 5( EP( *(C%K W

."5)
Wj :g :%  3( F q SG& PG ‚
K K p>B0 G Ï16
! E !(2;G P(G 84W U-
  ! - q( T I
  PG :(  S ( - P(G L >•0 G Ï17
.-0 M& ¦ H #T à
 
Wl "2;f ""-*
P 0 >| @ ( S-(T 4( t6  < 'L L 2* OH S"-T Wl ( "2;f J(D
(  C 0 K 6  "%
N H ; G I( ;,( 8 = 4 E -C * MN 6 J(D x1" @
( S-. MC BR K5BR L "2;D (1 `
( ( T
pg PG .¤ 2 M‰ - ¬T !< J KG y < ¥ < 4  sMj Ã4  ( 1T 3b "-G 5&
 5j Ã1M( S, !"($ ;< ( , _ ( S PG "G6 10 # p4 -* G 8 ( -"k
`( ( T (–C4ST 4( t6 oN hz ˆƒO•"D * – Oƒ0K M& #70 
 M( K$0
2 .( 1 K# K ‡5 h !G 1

(1) If a person is mad or fool enough that someone will take his money by cheating him, the government should
appoint a trustee for him to take care of his money.
(2) If a land is jointly owned by two or more persons and one of them wants to sell his share, he should offer it first
to his partners. If they are not willing to buy his share at the market price, then he can sell it to anyone else. This
right is called preemptive right.

Mad M( S, Obtaining I


( ; Contribution, donation ‹
K “ 
Preemptive right ( 1 K# Restricting ;< ( , Granting - q( T
Fool !"($ Harming 4( t6

Quranic Arabic Program 186 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

6 ± EG1 "2( ; ( 


:G ¬K ƒ 7  0K PG & G< ~ P "= 2* J-0 (1 & (P"= 1 J(D 4a -G J(< R :K 2 Jg
( 1; x E 7KG qL  MC S20 M& G1 ( "2;fT K  -K0 .„( SL;T ‹
( 5  H "1G H ; (
± "j ( D f 3L O< ( "2;f PG ‹ K S g 'L  #0 V;$f ( < 1G ˆ& G1
:D g& .g =" 4=5j ˆ(4,G 8 ( %K kL  (  
& (04  8 ( . P(G ¥ S  #f 9( D( f 8 z G1 3 ) ~ 9( " @-( (1
MS;$f ” ::; !";< ^ ;W qS  qS% !;"O V;$f G< ;< 1“S g( "= 
  "<º ( ; ; 0( pg ')G K 0 -* 1“.4 Ç(2 y  :H –– ± ¥  R
p( ,=* g ( 0 - ."D ";< K (-0K & 1DG ~ P< d
K (0 % O D „( GT C <º E4*
PT K <   V;$f '( "(7( ;1 29( "(- }  4& :; !";< ^ ;W qL S   
.V;$f  - gÇ( '1 2 3( T  }  4& !< ^ Jt4 _kl
FK E,
 * 4SKŠ)C “$ ( * 8 ST S-* @S-. < * L   :  8 ( -5 PK "= G( B* (2
‚1 :";1 PGj ~; PK G( •* V$f G" ( 1 (T S-* wS"º
€
a T– 'b > O q(  €
( " M zN N g PG Ps2*  Jg .<Sf G1 8Gl D
C h  G  J( q SGj 5:Š d ( K >K 4‚ (7 30Fº (3F ¡ -$G
P< ˆ 4 G Ëf O( O  8 z G1 "2;f ( E"( g & ;< q( ) .G1 "2;f 6 8
( 4)
.7 @ 1 }4& ± !< ^ Jt4 <
(1) According to this Hadith, the Muslims are encouraged to share water, pasture, fire and other low value items
with others, if they need them. (2) Names of areas. (3) Tax taken from Non-Muslims to grant them exemption from
military service. (4) Tax on production e.g. excise duty. (5) 1/5 of war booties is payable to the government.
Remaining 4/5 is divided among the soldiers. (6) Government should invest in businesses to earn profit. This profit
should be spent on public welfare. (7) After the conquest of Iraq, the soldiers demanded to have a share in the
agricultural land which was previously owned by the Iranian government. Caliph U’mar !< ^ Jt4 refused and
convinced them to leave that land in the custody of government. The income of such land was spent on welfare
projects.

Fortification for defense of a


city
4SKŠ)C Utilities, services ( D f Strengthening, giving
benefit
P "= 2*
Investments 8
( 4) Pasture Ç(2 Taking benefit ‹
( 5

Quranic Arabic Program 187 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

?K %S q( <j pg PG :V;$f PG V ;< 1S 0 ="7 q<j 9K "(,#* (3
—  ;< JG6 1,KG ± =" x4 O ˆ ="l ?  %S —O& - ^ ! !T O  0K ˆ
L CƒS K  Jg ?
K %S qL SG& €
( 5 -D .S"  "%T "‡1 pK4–‰ €
=  + G .I
( 0 - ( "1
(3F ,1 P01- ( Ck-C ;L T ( 0<  8"#$f G1 82f ~4 f $;
.hz ˜ P"= ( $ 0j
g4O G G1 "2;f qÛ
'AT SD N   T &
1G 'H 1D ;< MC S20 M& - ¦ C  R :0 ="l
K % j Ï1
.›"< n2;G K "= 0 (?%( S h
 ;(G !< qL KF0 `
K "  ?%S
M & M KO V;$f ( ; (  K 8 ( S  }4j P(G FK K G6 J(0 M& Sg : (  Ï2
`  * M& 9K (0 bG< b "2;G b S;G } K 4j pg ` K ( *K hT :G PH E"1G OH T E¬7*
} 4&   :; !";< ^ ;W qS  (  O ± .Wl "2;;  n G 1T & s;
( - gÇ( '1 3T T nt4& _kl PT K <   .V;$f '"7( ;1 9"-
."j G 9 G :"R( G "D < * V;$f
:( 2K( n-"k* :";< O pg J(t 4& C $% MSKT4K I  CCA ( # @ ( 1 `  D E:* G<
;< ‹K ƒ+S *K  ËT :Š : 2 L >K B*  Jt 4j pg sM& K < VG•f K "= G& —C&4 .:( (Š
ˆ& ¾H  > K 0 2 h;G 0 € = $" ";< :00& (;g& ˆ0BT (-* 5N .P="T4
.C %  MSL2;0  ‚
( (7 ( "= ‡5 J(D C 1f MC SL2;( 0 :5&

Face the Challenge!


Identify ten situations in which a question is asked in figurative sense.

Disabled 3( F ,1 Hospitals 8"#$G Extent, range — 


Orphans 0j Babies whose parents
are unknown
( Ck-C ;L  Financing L CƒS K 
Prisoners P "= ( $ Disabled P01- Libraries 82f

Quranic Arabic Program 188 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

€
K $% S” :q% !0&4 ";< T J( _j M( "T ± V;$f <ë ˆ& ( GÇ }4j MS2*
€
=  $
 -C 5 % }
 4j MC K,
( "D V
 ;$f PG J(*B0 P(T ?"2D ¥JR :1T P( 0 ´ }  4j
}4& PG p( "= ŠT ; à '( G( 4j ( E04( L ; MS20 G Hˆ& (T g G =8F "( ( T| P< €
= –C4
“.@ 1 #
& Sg G1 ( "( :( ;< J(D ³Of ’ & 9G K ( E0 !"N < ^  UD  ˆ ˆ&  g
Sg O( 4Sf g ')D n0S OH ƒ,G € H T– OH 4( SG ;<  1* M& I
K ,
( 0 (   C "G sMBT '-
.gO % ” ( ,T … ( "k7 PG K†2K0 (  ; ˆO % 4K - K †-  0K ˆ
OH S,G M O 8 b 04 t 8 a  5j :4 Ç2 (  "j 8 K . Ï3
 ± :–– ±  R MS;$f ” :$ 3  !";< q% . 7 OK  !G-0
pg ± K (  .[O O ST& ¿& ! >&] “.`;f ” : >‰ r0 ±
 t& “.4 Ç2
< ± ~ 9( ",( b 04 t €5 J( ( "Rj PG 5& "T 9K  ,0 !5& K ,
( 0 1T4j "Rj

H > OH S,G ;< (T ‹
 5  gOS ?
K U%S 0  !5& $ 3  !";< qS 
 !5{D (81,
>T M( GF
( >T ?K ;( 7* ~ 3" ± 8 K 4  €5 zN
G g .K*W "D K DC S* — >L& ¥ "R& 1T4j "Rj pg ;< ~  C-0K M& P(G 9K 0 G K  S0
g & PG — >& n4SG& "Rj pg ;< SKC% G< "G6 ( Gj ± M , L j !K ;C 1 DC
"R& 8 K S%" €0 =2 4K - (q ( ) … b  b ; & b ;W € = 5& ¥ S MC O( 1
G1 ( D ; ¬ > G 9" :(-(  V;$f 8%K AL  ‹ ( 4( #  b3 =") — >&
.$G H~4 G PG

Bitumen, hydrocarbons 4K - Salt `;f It was owned 8


= F "(
Sulfur €0 =2 The process of Qiyas
is applied
;< ~
 C-0K Widows '( G( 4j
Conrundum 8
K S%" Petroleum …
b  Planning …
( "k7

Quranic Arabic Program 189 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

(T 9 C " n AT & 3n g H 0 T H E0ƒ T OH SG P(G }


( 4j pg ± ^ ‹O & G :M(O1 Ï4
M( O( 1 L "2;G MSL2* hz =" H`;G HD HIgCz Cq T H~K5 H0 P(G ~ K 
.}4j PAT ;< 3 g €5 & H j b S;G €$" } ( 4& J(D 8 zN b "<
y k1 G OK E,
 0 z N ÃV;$f q( G €( " T) 4O f PG “1(  3C F sMN :3F Ï5
?"B* P(G 3( ". <& (;“* J(D ( ;$f (  ; ( "j P(G b 4#G H < s' ± “ $f
0  ( O& ;< h (*<$G !(;gj ! S ( 6 ;< ")* _S;-
.^ '" J(D P "= G4Š 9( "(,#* P0 ( <6 Oº Jg P(0 S0 oN "% ( 2
!C SG& sM& zN (~SK,  (EG(  '( g& q( 4 P(G VŠ P(G L > •K* ½ q SGj Jg :L 0F(, Ï6
( "2; 4( O G P(G 4a  G L 0F(, .3F !G 8 = >& !< € = kC -C  : ;C & zN ";< C3+ 
oN "D 9K ( 0 'T H34E-G =" Jg q1 "D x < G ( $   J(D 3n  G N I K ,( *  Jg (G1
.M(  - 3( O0F ± G6 O
";<   C J( }4j PG 3H O E
 GK 8
( % j !T *•0 ,K0 ˆ Lq Sg :‚ K  7
  Ï7
( "= Š L S;f }K 4j .";< :( G 1T :0(0& J(D gSL * & 42 PG MC S;$f
.hz PG n T ‚ lT J ( KD b3+ G >•K0  V;$f
¥ S (+  M( O1 PG } ( 4j P( A( T ± !";< K )C1K0 G d
a K >K !T K 
 ;K0 ::Š d
K K >K Ï8
!K $K K >K C >( &L  j „H S;G K "=  Sg M$56 '( 1T (AT J(D x5SDG & }4j PG FK M&
.p(( S !(=>& 1T4& „K  K0 V;$f qG € ( "
 J( L ($ qL SGj 9K ( OS  ! ’
C 4  PG H  * 'L )G :C h  G  J( q SGj Ï9
^ ;W qS  sM& zN Ã(3SR  ( 0 A P< € = 1 D( OK J( q SGj hT K   ;K0 gSL2G
K 1K0
.(TT4& oN 0 ( ƒO  T( "; PT = GK B0 ´ :; !";<

Those who bear loss P "= G4Š Burden <& Mines M(O1
Ore, mineral +(   Encouraging 9( "(,#* He deposited ‹
 O &

Quranic Arabic Program 190 Level 05


Lesson 7B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part I

J(<  q( , J(D H <SG 8


H 4) PG L   !T SL-* G :G1 ( "2;f 4K )( Ï10
J< 4F q( , ± 4K ) q  P(G “#0 G & ;j (I;K  ( 0. ( < 
q( > P(G ( "C1 8 # :(  & ± 4#f & ( 00. h ( 2C $ (  & 0Sº ¦ ( SLklL &
.V;$f qG €" !KD ‹ K 0K & G K ( )$0 D ;7f = kC #
 5&
P< K #1 !(G C > & MH GBT ¡JT( a ( * "N C'> O zN :P="ƒ"T( . qG P(G 3L zS>B 4K SK#1K  Ï11
.V;$f q( G € ( "T ± '1 3( 4,; qH G s'
G1 ( "2; K "("-*
L GS2 h K ;( *  Å PG (10 # O( SK"-L T 3"-G ( Wl ( "2;f MBR K5BR L G1 L "2;f
C GS2. M{D q)f '" ;1D n< R " (gS ( "=  J(D q SGj pg @ K 5N "G6
Gj ƒJ(S +K SK,0 .L 0| =*O E J( (D4 G ± N 3F ( ;" @5N h K ;*  "G6
.1 `K (  hz % zN H WS 7G H iC(  (T ‹  5  ƒ"-K0 "<º C "2;f ¬
  7K0 M&
(  Ç2 }4& PG n5 F ,   P "= :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 hz '1D %
.!(;TN u( ", '"(7( n W> ;1 9( "- ( -kG J(D 9( ",;
.b -;kG €$" 3b "-G ( Wl ( "2;f MC BR K5BR C G1 C "2;f sM& h
 z ± Gj L W>

Worth Reading
Islamic Threat – Myth or Reality. An introduction to the book of John L.
Esposito. A detailed analysis about the world Islamic movements by an
American professor who studies Islam and Muslim Movements in an
unbiased manner. The writing is in Urdu.
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/ER/L0012-00-Islamic Threat.htm

1/10 (tax on imports) 4K SK#1K  Coins (making coins) h


( 2C $
(  Airlines 0Sº ¦
( SLkl
L

Quranic Arabic Program 191 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words N

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
You have previously studied different
for asking
Suspicion is your enemy. Try to
questions. There are also used in figurative sense. We’ll defeat it.
study that in this lesson.
Various words are used to make a sentence interrogative. The detail is as follows:

• & &: It is used to get some information. For example, J;< &  DC  a 0+ &C (Did Zaid travel or Ali?). The
answer will be the name of that person who traveled. It is also used to confirm something. For example
:K "(g  T=N( 0 ( (Ž(T Cg €
 ; 1 DC €5=&C&C (O Abraham! Did you do this with our gods?) If the question is asked to
confirm something, the answer will be ‘Yes’ or ‘No’.

• 'g: It is used to confirm only. For example, ˜ K (   <= jQ ˆ(S$ = 0 ' g (Is the blind and the seeing
alike?). The answer of this question will be either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’. 'g is not used to get some information.
It is only for the confirmation purposes. The sentence J;< &  DC  a 0+ 'g will be wrong.
• G: It is used to get the explanation of something. It is equivalent to the English word “What”. For
example, y <4( C- G (What is that disaster?). G is also used to negate a sentence. The context determines
whether it is interrogative or negative.

• PG: It is used to determine a specific person. It is equivalent to the English word “Who or whoever”. For
example, 4K SK-L  J(D P
= G r
L 1 = 0 ! U; UM&C (Surely, Allah will bring out who are in the graves). PG is used only
for Allah or His intellectual creatures i.e. humans, angels and giants. It is not used for animals, plants and
non-living matter. G is also used to determine a specific thing. For example, !( T( M
C SL%ƒ C 0K G K = G( MC SKU;1 "DC
!( ( = +  ( =   P "= T (These used to learn from both of them by which they caused separation between a
person and his wife.)

• ìG: It is used to determine the time of a specific event in past or future. It is equivalent to the English
word “When”. For example, y K <= S  Cg G (When this promise will be fulfilled).
• MC E0&: It is used to determine the time of a specific horrible event in future only. It is equivalent to the
English word “When”. For example, P (y 0ƒ K S= 0 MC E0&C MC SLBC$
= 0 (They ask: When will be the Day of
Judgment?). The difference between G and M C E0&C is that G is used to specify any event in past or future
whereas M C E0&C is used to specify a horrible event in future.

Quranic Arabic Program 192 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

• ?": It is used to ask the details. It is equivalent to the English word “How”. For example, MC C ?
 "= C
V
 T(†2C K  L %( < (How was the end of deniers?).
• P0&: It is used to determine the place. It is equivalent to the English word “Where”. For example, H i(G S= 0
“ C   P 0=&C (Today, where is the place to flee?).
• :: It is used to determine the number. It is equivalent to the English word “How many or how much”.
For example, H ƒ"T H 0‰ P
= G( := gK "= *‰ := C (How many clear signs We have provided them?).
• E5&: It is used for various meanings. It is equivalent to the English word “From where”. For example, E5&C
a L J( ML SL20 (From where I’ll have a child?). It is also used for the meaning of “How”. For example,
*(S= G  1= T !K U; p( ( g J("
= 0K E5&C (How Allah will make it alive after its death?). It is also used in the
meaning of “Whatever or whenever”. For example : = Ki R( E5&C := 2L –C =  SK*B DC (Come in your tilth in whatever
way you want).

• y ˆ&: It is used to select something. It is equivalent to the English word “Which”. For example, “ˆ&C
“  &C P( "= -C 0( C  (Which one of these two parties is on the right?).

Face the Challenge!


What is the difference between #5N >? Identify three examples of each
in this lesson.

Rule of the Day!


In order to express that “I think…”, you say “P
L &. It requires two
qS1G. For example, x"(AC h“L &C (I think you are a doctor), Jƒ5N(
n4SK$ = G h  “L jQ (Surely, I consider you as a victim of magic), “PL &C
n  (C% C < E$ (I consider that the Judgment will be implemented)
etc. You’ve to adjust the pronouns accordingly.

Quranic Arabic Program 193 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Use of Interrogation Words in Figurative Meaning


Sometimes, a question is asked in figurative meaning. For example:

• 0S( $*: To describe equality of two options. For example, := gK 4= ( K* := C = &C := K *4= C 5C& := ( "= ;C < ¥ S (It is equal
whether you warn them or not). Here the  is used in its figurative meaning.

• (5: To describe negative meanings. For example, ML $ = 6( UN( M( $ = 6( y F ' g (Is the reward of
generosity is any thing other than generosity?). It means that the reward of generosity is nothing except
another generosity.

• 4C25N: To deny something. For example, !K U; = &C :K ;C <= &C := K5=&C&C (Do you know more than Allah?). !( U;  "= C &C
MC SK<= * (Do you call someone other than Allah?). Both of these questions are asked to deny that.
• 5 G&: To instruct or forbid something. For example, MC SKKG := K5=&C ' g (Will you abstain?) The
question is asked to instruct the readers of the Quran to abstain from intoxicants and gambling. : = K 5S= #
7
= *&C
pK S= #
7
= * M &C “  &C !K U;CD (Do you fear them? Allah is more deserving that you fear Him). This question is
asked by the Quran to forbid the audience i.e. Muslims from the fearing the unbelievers.

• 0(S$*: To create desire. For example, :H "(&C _


H C< P= G( := 2L "(,K* 3H 4 ,*( C;< := 2L œOK &C ' g (Do I inform you
about a trade that will pardon you from a painful punishment?). The objective of asking this question is to
create a desire in the audience to think about that trade.

• :"(‡1*: To express the respect or power for someone. For example, !( 5(z {(T( UN( pK  = <( 9K C #
= 0 ˆ(U Cz P= G
(Who can intercede in Allah’s court except His permission?). The objective of asking this question is to
demonstrate the respect of those who will intercede in God’s court with His permission.

• ˜(-*: To express the disrespect or weakness of someone. For example, ˆ(U Cz P=  DC := 2L L 7 = 0 M N(
p( ( 1= T P= G( := L K K = 0 (If Allah leaves you, then who can help you after that?). The objective of asking this
question is to describe the weak position of a helper besides Allah.

• IK,1 *: To express the amazement. For example, !( "= ;C < !( U; :K =  ( zL EG( SL;L B * UC& := 2L C G (What
happened to you that you don’t eat on what Allah’s name is prescribed?). The objective of asking this
question is to express the amazement with an ultimate objective to instruct the audience to eat the
slaughtered animals on which Allah’s name is prescribed.

• "<  !"(*: To warn. For example, V


 ( C1; ( a  z( UN( S gK M N( .MC SKg  * P 0= BCDC (Where are you going? It is
the reminder of all worlds). The objective of asking this question is to warn people about their attitude.

Quranic Arabic Program 194 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Test Yourself
Translate the following passages of the Quran and describe the objective of each sentence as given in the
example. Read the context of these verses, if something is not clear.

Analysis Type J(T <


Jews are warned by the Almighty who considered 3n O K1= G nGE0&C UN( 4K E E$ * P= C SLC% 
themselves to be the favorite people of God. They
?
 ;( 7 = 0K P= ;C DC n=< !( U;  = <( := *K 7
 E* C& ' %L
thought that they will not be punished except a few
!"*
days. Allah is asking them whether they have a real  G !( U; C;< MC SLSL-* = &C pK  = < !K U;
agreement with Allah or they are just saying it
without any basis. (2:80) M C SK;C 1= *

'C i(K C := 2L CSK4 SLBC$


= * M &C MC K0( K* = &C
(2:108) ' L = %C P= G( SKG

8
K S=   _ SL-1= 0  
  z N( Q  RK := KL = &C
SLC% ˆ(1= T P= G( MC KK1= * G !( "(( qC C% z N(
'C "(<Ù  : "(g  T= N( h  (T‰ ! CN(  h
  CN( K K1= 5
MC SK;( $
= GK !K C PK 
= 5  n(  nCN(    = N( 
(2:133)

 
 = N(  'C "(<Ù  : "(g  T=N( UMN( MC SLSL-* = &C
= &C nOSKg SK5C ¦
C = jQ  _ SL-1= 0 
(2:140) —4 5

:= 2L *(B 0 EC  C E,


  SL;>K = * M &C := K= $(  = &C
:= K = E$G := 2L ;( = %C P= G( =S;C > P 0(U 'L C)G
qC SL-0 E  SLF( +K  y E E  y B 
!( U; K = 5 G !K 1 G SKG ‰ P 0(U  qL SKE 
(2:214) I a 0( %C !( U;  = 5 UMN( C&

Quranic Arabic Program 195 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Analysis Type J(T <


P= EG( :K ;C  &C P= G  !K U; = &C :K ;C <= &C := K5=&C&C ' %L
(2:140) !( U; P = G( pK  = <( 3n O R : C
~
( E;( €  ; %L €
 5C&&C : 0 = G P T= $"(< 0
qC C% !( U; M( KO P= G( P( "=  CN( JƒG&L  J(5 L7 ( E*
d
 "= C G qC SL%&C M &C J( ML SL20 G h  5= K
(5:116)    T( J(
:K "(g  T=N( 0 ( (Ž(T Cg €
 ; 1 DC €
 =5&C&C SLC%
(21:62)

!( U; M( KO P= G( MC KK1= 0 G  := gK K #


K = 0  S= 0 
:= gK = &C ( K•g ˆ(O<( := K; ;C t
= &C := K5=&C&C qL SL-"DC
(25:17) ' C "(E$ Sœ;t 
:= K0=&C  DC &C .MC SL%ƒ *K =S;C DC := L - ;C > PK  = 5
PK = 5 = &C !K 5SL-;L 7
= * := K5=&C&C .MC SK= *K G
(56:57-59) M C SL-(7
9 DC 4 .gT y E$ = &C n-;> “R &C := K5=&C&C
(79:27-28) g ES$  DC 2C = 
'H ;C L J(D !K U; := K "*(B 0 M &C UN( MC K ‡L 0 ' g
CN(  K G= jQ J 
( %L  L 2C (  ( Š P= G(
(2:210)4K SKGj y 9K  = *K !( U;

Worth Reading
What is the problem of a modern man? Who deserve the Paradise?
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE01-0003-Deserving.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 196 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Analysis Type J(T <

U&C qL -(  := 2L "= ;C < I


 (L M N( := K"= $
 < ' g qC C%
!( U; '( "( J(D 'C *(C-5K U&C C G  SLC% SL;*(C-*K
(2:246) (T= &C  54( 0O( P = G( = ( >= &L = %C 

 "= C !( U;(T MC S“‡L 0 := K $


K L 5=&C := K = Eg &C = %C b C (CA
P= G( C ' g MC SLSL-0 ( E";( g( , EPC ƒ  
(3:154) H J = R P= G( ( G= jQ

M &C UN( EG( MC SK-( * ' g _ ( 2(  'C g= &C 0 ' %L
'L = %C P= G( qC F( 5=&L G  "= CN( qC F( 5L& G  !( U;(T EG ‰
(5:59) M C SL-( CD := L  )C &C UM&C 

' g : 0 = G P T= $"(< 0 MC S“04( S   qC C% z N(


P= G( 3n  (G "= ;C < qC ƒF0K M &C h
 “T4 9K "(k$
= 0
(5:112) ( E$

= &C n Š= T !( U; _


K C< := L *&C M N( := 2L 0=&C4 &C ' %L
MC SK(U‡ K S= -C  UN( h
K ;C = 0K ' g 3n  = 
(6:47)

M N( C pK SK ( 7
= KDC :H ; <( P= G( := L  = <( 'g ' %L
MC SKW K 7 = * UN( := K5=&C M N(  EPU‡ UN( MC SK1(E*
(6:148)

€
= kC (  3(  >( | ( C-(  *(0Ž(T SKTUC P 0(U 
MC SL; 1= 0 SK5C G UN( MC = F ,
= 0K ' g := K L<= &C
(7:147)

Quranic Arabic Program 197 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Analysis Type J(T <


pK K "= C !H CN( P= G( := 2L C G ! U; KK<= ( S= %C 0
:H "(‡< H S= 0 _  C< := 2L "= ;C <

K >&C Jƒ5N(
(7:59)
:= 2L C 'C "(% CzN( := 2L C G SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0
}
( 4= jQ CN( := K; %C U– !( U; '( "( J(D K ( 5
DC 3(  >( | P= G( "5= “ 3( "
 (T := K"(t4 &C
'b "(;%C UN( 3(  >( | J(D "5=“ 3( "   K‹G
(9:38)
?
 K SK0 C;< EG B *  h
 C G 5T&C 0 SLC%
(12:11) M C SKW ( C !K C E5N( 
P 0(( E$ 9 G MC SL2* U&C h
 C G d
K "(;T=N( 0
(15:32)
!K 1 G SKG ‰ P 0(U  qL SKE  qC SL-0 E 
I
a 0( %C !( U;  = 5 UMN( C& !( U; K = 5 G
(2:214)
' %L g = GK MC E0&C ( < E$ P= < h  5SLCB$ = 0
(7:187) JƒT4   = <( K ; <( E5N(
V
 %( O( W := K= L M N( K <= S  Cg G MC SLSL-0
(10:48)
MC E0&C MC K 1K #
= 0 G  H " = &C K "= C 8
a SG= &C
(16:21) M C SL)1 = 0K

Worth Reading
Suspicion kills a person. How? http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-
0007-Suspicion.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 198 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Analysis Type J(T <


/
H 1= T( MC K L 2 *  _ ( 2(  / ( 1= T( MC SKG( •= KDC &C
ˆ
a F= >( UN( := 2L = G( h  (zC 'L 1  0 P= G y F DC
CN( MC “O  0K ( G "-(   S= 0  "5=“ 3( "
  J(D
(2:85) _ ( C1  ƒR &C
( >( | ( S= "  !( U;(T PK G( •= 0K := 2L = G( CMC P= G
(2:232) K  A  &C  := 2L C C+= &C := 2L (zC
:= C  &C qC C% *S=   J(  = *K ?  "= C J(54( &C ƒ_4
J(; %C EPi( k "( P= 2( C  C;T qC C% P= G( •= K*
(2:260)
?
 "= C (  4= jQ J(D := L 4K ƒS 0K ˆ(U S gK
(3:6) : K "(2  FK 0(F1  S gK UN( ! CN(  y #0
:= ( 5(µN(  1= T K C C nG=S%C !K U; ˆ(= 0 ?
 "= C
:= gK Q   ¡  qC SKE  UM&C K( R 
V
 ( (U‡  S= -C  ˆ(= 0  !K U;  8 K ƒ"
(3:86)
8
K 0‰ := 2L "= ;C < C;= *K := K5=&C  MC K L 2 * ?"= C
= -C DC !( U;(T := ( 1= 0 P= G  !K LSK4 := 2L "(D  !( U;
(3:101) : H "(-$= GK ¦ H  W( CN( ˆ  ( gK

Rule of the Day


If a verb is already ˆ1G in its O Û J––, its '"1* _T also indicates the huge amount
or intensity of a verb. For example, 
n K 4 K ( ,
= K  'C %C (The criminal killed a man) will
be ( 0 C- '
C g= & K ( ,
= K  'C E%C (The criminal killed a large number of people of the town) or
n K 4 K ( ,
= K  'C E%C (The criminal killed a man brutally), 'C    €
K 1= kC %C (I cut the rope) ,
'C 
  €
K 1= Uk%C (I cut the rope completely), : ;C -C   $
 C (He broke the pen), : ;C -C   E$C (He
broke the pen with full power) etc.

Quranic Arabic Program 199 Level 05


Lesson 8A: Real & Figurative Use of Interrogative Words 

Analysis Type J(T <


8
( B 0 SK5SL2* G P 0=&C 8
(  "= 7
  SL-(= CD
(2:148) n1"(  !K U; := 2L T(
P 0(U;( qL SL-5 E:–L n1"( := gK K #K = 5  S= 0 
:= KL P 0(U := L £K C  RK P 0=&C SL  R= &C
(6:22) M C SK<K F= *
a "(R !K U; ' %L 3n O R K  &C H J= R “ˆ&C ' %L
ML ‰= -L  Cg EJCN( J ( L&  := 2L "= T  J("= T
MC K #= C := 2L E(&C eC ;C T P= G  !( T( := L 4 ( 5yj
(6:19)
P 0(U qC C% 8 H ƒ"T *K0‰ := ( "= ;C < C;= *K CzN( 
a "= > P( "= -C 0( C  “ˆ&C SKG ‰ P 0(U;( K C C
(19:73) n0 ( 5 PK $  = &C  nGC-G
M( z {(T( 3n ˜
 )(C n iCD( €
= ;C C H ;C "(;%C H iCD( P= G( := C
(2:249) P  0( T(E  9 G !K U;  !( U;
MH = %C P= G( := ( ;( = %C P= G( 2 ;C g= &C := C =  0 := C&C
:= 2L C P= †2 5K := C G } ( 4= jQ J(D := gK EU2G
(6:6)
'b (C% qC C% := K "= T SLQ $"( := gK ) 1 T h
 (C C
/
 1= T = &C nG=S0 ) (C SLC% := K) (C := C := K = G(
(18:19) H S= 0

Worth Reading
What is backbiting? What is its impact on a society? Read in detail:
http://www.mubashirnazir.org/PD/English/PE02-0003-Backbiting.htm

Quranic Arabic Program 200 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

Dear Reader!
Build Your Personality
In this lesson, we shall continue our study of
Islamic Economics. This is taken from a book ´1G
Peace is not the absence of war; it is a
virtue; a state of mind; a disposition for
JG6 O % of = j Í PT W5 Œ"# . benevolence; confidence; and justice.

= j Í PT W5 Œ"#( JG6 O(  % :(1G


3"-C  E0O(  (% C E0 L. :n"5–
M& hz Mb SG 3"-f 0O % L 0 . Sg JG6 O % M4& PG J(5) PK  
:( "-(  P(G OH (T 0 . pg "-0 !2 H-;kG H 0O % H 0 KT( O( DÇ `
K  $0  K ‡ g
.6 (T PG•0 J(
nD> J R Ë(&  P( "= 0O % P< JG6 O % ? K ;( 70 n0& P(   g ±
qH <& P(G y #0 G qC ( F" -;kf 0O % 0 . O( ; 'L ( 2K0 ËK&  KO %D .x"T
K & ! K †-
 0K !5& K -( 10 ( n-A …-D ( " 7# !(; G ( St ;< p 0 ˆ _ ( S;jT
.`T  P(G 4H %
P(G /
H "-5
( CA ;< SD 0O % 0 . P(G J$4 J R O(  % K?%SG G&
?-0  K Gj .4) & ‚ ( 56 C 0 h K ;( K0  O  sM& hz Ë(&  O % ? ( %SG
'1 ‹( S5 ( 0* & 4H "> C 0 h;K0  OK D $%& Sg G oN p E1 0 'T ( . g <
J(D MSC 0 J( 9( ;($ K 0* O( DÇ „K K 0   ‡ M{D g P(G K )C& 'T .!T S-0 ˆ
1T (10(+ST S-* (5N ;< 'L  1* Å 9;$ h  ;* ( 0(T L GS2. K S-* 'T (
.1 8 C%CkT O( Dj ;< hz
(1) The author has indicated towards an arrangement in communist countries. The government takes full control of
food items and then distributes it through ration cards.

Goods 9( ;($ Marxist (related to Karl Marx,


the founder of Communism)
J$4G He engages in qL ( F0

Quranic Arabic Program 201 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

Ÿ0O % 0 . pg PG 6 ?


K %( SG G
JD M1 C = ;k0 :C !2 gK4O(  0K & g 2K0 ´ 0O % ( 0 .T 6
  <
"-*
K ( $* xOS"% ";< 9 t
( K % pK K ,
( 5 0O % 0 .T 6 !"D
< ˆ € ( %S
ƒ L  :J(5) .6 ( ‡5 (  P(G x< #G ˆO % ¦ L # MC S20 M& :q j :P0 G&
!(  & /
( 1T 3( R( & !("‡ & O DÇ ˆO % ¦ ( # ( % ( GN Ã('“> J(D (  
.CŠ MSLi"$0 & O Dj < FK ,  1K0 ½ ˆO % ¦#
±‹ a #G ˆO % ¦ ( #5 U' sM& 'L Wj :n< #G ˆO % ¦ L # MC S20 M& I,0 :n &
sG& .L T6 ( "Rj ± 'C Wj sM& 3H <- n-"k* hz !(0= T “¬ O 4  G N 6 s'
d
 "(% G zN ›( 'b ";% !5& °
L ( D ˆO % ¦# !(  & P(G !(0= T ¾S  8 = Q  G
J( ˆO % ¦# !(  & ±  .ˆO % ¦# ± 'L Wj Jg J( ( f !(  jT
S-* 5j Ã";$ 3 k  0 A € = 2C * % 1" 5& "T 9,0 !5& K ,
( 0 6 G
'AT :( SG& +( FT & ~ ƒu( ;< & (Mk;$ z( SLK q( Š & 3( SR  ;< GN
.:*( :g(+S< 8 +( 5 & :(R1G 804 t ± (:2œ  &
'b 0=  ” :!5 q% [188 :3 - ] “.'( A( (T :L2"= T :L2C SG= &C SL;L B * C  ” :o1* q%
“.MC K $ (7= 0K := gK SK5+ E C& := gK SLC CzN(  .MC SLDS= $
= 0 ~ ( E C;< SL CzN( P 0(U .V
 ( †kC K ; †
qS-0 [276 3 - ] “.8 ( C% E  J(T = 0K  Tƒ  !K s; K 
 = 0” :!5 q% [3Ï1 Vkf ]
:C G 4( "7T M( 1" ” :qS-0 “.JG d";D u PG” :!";< !G ^ 8 S;W qS 
:qS-0 “.(1"T L  T € = -C 
( GK T C MN (1"T ± C „ 4 SKT E"T C% W  M{D C%E 0
“.(A> N K 2( 0 ”
:–– nD g& ˆO % ¦# P(G !(  j pg :( 0= * PG K 6

   -
@
( (  ?LA1 :( K  '( DL 2 P(G d
H  &L ;< 0O % ~ 8 K %<  S-* M& :q j
.ƒuŠ  :( L‡ ( DL  /
( L  P(G n T (q1

Poverty, lack of resources +( S< Taking advantage of +( 5 Taking by force +( FT

Quranic Arabic Program 202 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

'(  oN ( , PG n T (!("( * q(  I$2 ( º q( T '( 1 oN ~ 9K DO :J(5)
.( 1"tS q( Š
.O Dj /1T ˆ( 0& ± 8
(  C) :( “7
 * oN ˆƒO• *K J( ( D(  @
K N :r)
:ˆO % ¦# P(G n W> x4SW 6  E  %
IK E*  * J( "< 0O % 4(   oN 9K ( 0 5N T  :( 0= * L 2 :T   -D
3C  sMj ÃI$2; H "; ( "=  L ;" K (1* ( 0S( T  @
 k sM{D 0O % ( "  PD !";<
9 kC - e;G P< 3b 4< 3L  pD J5N '< C ,"5 J(*B*  } K ( -K ";< L'( 0 J(
(P"= * ) — N J(D 3b O0+ } - ’
C ( K0 M & MC KT G1 3( ) PG ËT } ( ( - qG PG
3b O0+ €$" 2 ( g‡ ± 3b O0+ Jg T  ( 0 A P< ~ (  /( 1T q( SGj J(*B* J( 3L O0FD
.G1 Gj 3( – oN ni"R ?  "K*  5j Ã(9% S ±
P 0(<- P(G H A ( ;> oN ( k oN '( $2 oN 3b <G T T '( GK 1 4 #5 sM{D h
sM{D "< ( "  P(G .'H < & H K M O p 4( ‡5 ( 0 A P< qC  MC SK$ ( 20
P(G K 0(F*K  !(* – oN ni"R ?
K "(*K  5j Ã(0S( T  8
( ";1 P(G ni"R K "($0  9 ,
.!(*52GN !(*4%
( C2T( …
L "K0  J( ‹ K S" !"D 'L >K *  k7 '( Wj ± Sg 4K Š :4(  Š  ‹  SK"TK 
b3 =") 9( " g ;< L ;)Gj .!(;& & !(G & P) & P(  )CT 'L º Sg (M10(
'% M S". '(   9K "T  S ± ( "= k ( ± h( $ 9K "T ®
 * M& '% 4( ) 9K "T G
J(T& P1D :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 ( E$ K T( €
a T– ‹S" P(G ‹( S g :K 0= * . CSK0 M &
_
( T “ Jg ‹ ( S" P(G ‹S g :( 0= * L 2 “.4( Š 9( "T P< ^ qL S4 5” :q% 3 0 g
.8
( <+K  8
( CD(7

Borrower }
( ( - Lender }
K ( -K Deposited, kept ( 1"tS
Laziness, idleness '( $2 He deducted 9 kC - Magnification, increase :( “7
 *

Quranic Arabic Program 203 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

& ( kC ;$ q( Š ( 0 A P< :q(  ;< q( S ; z( S qC Š x0& L 10 # € ( G E 
J(T 8 ( %W ;< !K ;C  1 % :; !";< ^ ;W qS D a g ( "(C; PT r0 (zSL
!";< ^ ;W ^ qL S4 I   ( Š D EJCN €= 0( gL& 0 g pg :2 g :q% 9  4 G1D H:";
n 4 'L ( 1& J5{D 1T G&” :!";< –& ^  (  M&  1T q-D ~ I  kC > % :;
D EJCN € = 0( g= &L 0 g( pg :2 g :qS-"D :LK & J(*B"D ^ J(5s G( 4H SG& J(D :2(G
“.Ÿ & !"N —K0& K ‡L "D !( ƒG& € ( "T & !"T& € ( "T ± d  ;C 
@( 5N  0 A h "% !5{D (q I ( $ 'C  K 6  E"% 2D :

 6 
MC S>= N( SK5C P 0(4†K  UMN(” :o1* q%
   0
 6 9K "D !"D
( “  q
h ; (DC #
 "(1G 8 =  k( T H 0 = %C P(G 2 C;g= &C := C  ” :!5 q% [27 : 6 ] “.V ( A( "E#
…( “S oN K 6 SK<0 .[58 :¬ - ] “.n;"(;%C UN( := g( ( 1= T PƒG PC2$ = *K := C := K K( $G
“.xG S%C h  (zC P "= T MC C  K K- 0 := C  SLD ( $ = 0K := C SL-C 5C& Cz(N P 0(U  ” :@56 J(D q <
.[67 :M%  ]
!5 ^ qS-0 (q K  PG !1= G q(  F =  h K 6 K ƒ   0K :q FK =  
“.:H "(&C _H C1 T( :Kg = ƒ#DC !( s; '( "( J(D  5SL-( K0 C  C E(   I  g U MC KF(2 0 P 0(U  ” :o1*
.[34 :TS ]
¦# ± 'C >* M& 6 s' ± (    P(G :ˆO % ¦ ( # J(D   'L “> * :n"5–
/1T ($T ( RK  & !("‡ & ¦ ( # g ( % ( ¥ S KO Dj pK R( 0K ˆ ˆO %
.!* RG MC SLi"($0 & O Dj !< FK , ( 1K0 ˆ ˆO % ¦# !(  &
qC > ° C   zN 9( , O D& VT ˆO % M+ S ( "- ( Gj ƒJ( 'L “>* hz PG
;<  "=  J(T L "CD ‹ +  V :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 !;1D G Sg (M+ S hz
P="T MC +K S : "(-0K J2 hz ÃP0 "= -D P( "= ;C K 4 sN :; 4 5j MC O :gE P0 
P0 4(  5j VT (0f oN :(0T “ DC C s2G J(D :C SG& SL * % SK5 P0 P0 
C3 ) qC  MSL2;( 0 S5

Quranic Arabic Program 204 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

.')( P(  )CT 0( 2KG P< x =  3(  2C K 9( ;($  < 9K "T x0& hz PG
G1 Wl "2;f ( 0( 'L 
:";< ( -T6 g(K S* ( -œ 
 * x4SG& ( "2; h;* ( 0( 6 ‹
  R
‹
( +( S L "( * ^ —S-* _
(   1( I
(   2# (hs; J(D "( PK $ Ï1
.!G nDS> ^ n TGK J(0
.
 $  S 8- ‚
K >N q SGj F( =  ( < 3F ‚
K >N Ï2
.I
(  Š  ( %C $ M ‹
H S5 ˆBT q( SGj ;< ( < :K 0= * Ï3
.(T ^ G&  ( 5Gj y O& Ï4
.8G1K (OSL-1K  ( "(–S* (P0( L T( Ï5
.3 >| P< } <6 K < "5K ®
( g(  T( ‹
( (T qL < Ï6
GN Ã!(( 4K †K 

K  :Sg !K "$ :p =" `(W !($5 ` ( (  !( "$ ;< K , Ï7
"5 z( T( ‹ ( ( ± !(4 !(-$( GN MSK, J(  ± 
(   P( $K ( 1
;< ( ,. p( "=  ( M( $56 ;< ,. .:( SG& ±
 PG MC SK10 –) •D
.r
( ;L )L ;< 3H O0FT ‹
( “  J(D /
( 0  ;< !(G  L ƒ
 ( d
( ;( K
.~; !K KiC"* '( 1 ¾
(  DL OK ,=0N Ï8
eL ;C T& I( $
( K  ( 0S M - k;$ L T%4 ( "2; 0( ' P(G :k;$ L TC%4( Ï9
0+ SG (;"(02G J(D ‡ @ SÇ !(% KT( hz ‹"( P(G q SGj ( 0( J(D ( "= –B*
( CO"(  Aj P0(O E P "= AE"7
  % G 42  uŠ 8 41j ( 1TG
.:(k0 * :(=gN I
( $T pS;*& G :0
Measurement
instruments
'( "(02G Seeking company _
(   He executes/exercises K R( 0K
Prices, plural of 1 41j Development L "( * Control ( % G
Pharmacists, chemists ( CO"(  Enjoyments ®
( g( G He observed °
C  

Quranic Arabic Program 205 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

“J<( = 'L DL C2=  :n)–


'D2 ˆƒO• GK J< '( D2 &LG Sg JG6 O % M4& P(G r L ) PK  
&  - qC  zN rL "(T (#"1; n- —S$KG "D OH D s'2 L   P E  * sM& J<
.!(-"-(T 3( F ( 0 A P< L C  €
( ;C U2C * —S$ g ( "-* M O C > SK7"# & } 
P< ! xF“" * “02 “ ” ML S;$f y - !";<  ;C A& G Sg ( #"1; K  —S$ g
sM& sN J< 'D2 ( "- o j L ;"S Jg 3F € ( 5 zN .“
( 2 ƒ ”
‹
 E R 3F —S( >‰ n- q(  ± sM& 4 E % 5N (3F ;" (T ?20 :C  6
.3 );( x"* ’
C 46
3L F .3F _ K  5 !( 0 LD S* :H ;$G U' K 6 (T  F & "< R b 0 D 3L F :3F
( <º “ 5j Ã6 M4& P(G +K 4(  J< PK   Jg 'T 6 M4& PG Pa 4
d  J†F * 5j “3+” € = E"( K .:0 G H k 'L C 2K* J2 'L  K* O  ( K<K J(D
“. T( :("†F *K  := gK K ƒkC *K n %C  W
 := ( ( SG= &C P= G(  >K ” :o1* „4* . qS-0 hz ± 9,
.[103 TS ]
oN L   "(DS$* b E"G( FN b 0 D Jg 'T :;$f 4( "> „a G MH $ N O ,KG €$" 3L F

( 4(  
( gj J(D sN 10+S* & C;" qC 1 +K SK,0  — >j I ( (  I ( 5
PG 0 A P< 3F 9  †S0 ˆ Sg G6 .TS 34S PG 8%  0‰ =*O J(
PG 3C F MSK1 ,0 :( "%j oN !* 'L ( K0 $ 3  !";< M % (} Š ( !KTK 0
qG ± ( "= -; a S;1G a 3F .5Sœ- ( $0 PG ;< gSK<ƒ+S "K( :";< IK ,
( * P0 ( "j
( .q SGj _ ( W& P="T ( C-L  P="T b  R MS20 3L F !"D I K ,
( * ˆ qL D J(Š
.
n AT !1"T MS20 !K W !K < T zN !1"T +K SK,0  3L F !"D €
=  zN qC  sM& y - 4 E %C
Fragments x"* Old age C > SK7"R Taking care of each
other
'L DL C2= 
It will take in full J(DS$* Sufficiency 02 Level —S$KG
Taxes, plural of 0 t I
( (  Edge

( 2 Suitable n-

Quranic Arabic Program 206 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

P(G pK O ( K -0 (qT n-U;1G x0O 3L F €


( 5 C3F ƒO• 0K :C ¬ a 7R 8G zN !5& h
.M( SK0K  ( ( ;< q(  g
M& ˆ& 8. ƒ$(  ( ; (-0 (G qL  MC S20 M& ¦ C  R (qf ± 3F I K ,
( * J2
!5{D ( ; (-0 (G qL  M z{D .„ q( SG& PG d" ‚ ( 56 q( SG& PG MC S20
5N ; L 70  (G qf M zN G& (OSL- '1T ! W !K = (0 ´ S 3F !"D I,*
I
K , ( *  !5{D ( W 2K$ 3( E1 K  4(  ( DC  8
(  O& q(F=  ’
( –B ƒJ( 7# ‹ ( 5
.3F !"D
3F; ( "< ( 0O % 4K –|
:3( F; 0O % 4K –| (1)
4( ) oN ~; 9 DC K0 M& !(5BR PG 3F 'L " * Oa  ,D :4( ) ;< 3F K "= –B* Ï n &
:(* ( % ± G MC SL-( K0
S 3( F Sœ- ( $KD 3F ";< € = *& N :( SG&
PG „ 4 "* : < K0 M& !5BR PG g .8 H G> & x1;( € = 5&  S "
.4) oN ˆƒO• *K „ 3L O0+ sM& x0O %
1f
'(  P(G ( ;"S 3F ” ( ,5 _ ( & PG :3 ) 9( 0+S* 3( O<N ;< 3F K "= –B* Ï n"5–
‹( $ƒ*T q( S#T “:$  * hT ("G(  q SGj 9( " ;< K}  K* 5& .3( ) 9( 0+S* 3( O <N
9( 0+S* 3( O<6 b  O 3b O& G 'L 1 ,0 hz sM{D .›0S 4 2* 3( F ML S2D h .(-"k* 3( <%
.3 )

Effects 4K –| Assets ’


( –& Payment O (
Consumables " Home q(F=  Loans, plural of P0O M( SK0K 
It is subsidized : < K0 Tools 8
(  O& He obtains (-0
Current assets 4 "* Prepared 3( E1 K  Growth (of money by
investing it)
( 5
Expansion ‹
( $ƒ* Residence 2K Cash O( SL-

Quranic Arabic Program 207 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

sM& x0O % ( S;1 P(D Ÿ'1 ;< 3F 9K ,


 #* ?" G& :'1 ;< 3F K "= –B* Ï n)–
pK "= –B* ! G& g (qS> ± 8 (  3(  P(G 'C U;-C * M& (5BR PG '> 9( 0+S* L3O<N n ";<
.( Ck ‚< J(D ="2
'œ -( 0 Q "j sM& ( S;1f PG .( -C L  oN ( "j q( S>O P(G 8
H  '( -5 ( ";1T K S-* 3L FD
;1D y - G& .4( >O ˆ. 'L " :g< K 0F0 1 „(  ˆƒ   'L " :g<
I
K E*  0 .4( >O ˆ. '" :g< ¬ K -( 0 „ ˆ. '" :g< K 0F0 d ( 21
g< K 0F0 9( ( , P(G H A oN ! ES *
S 3( F C ;" M& Jg b Gg b ,"5 hz ;<
.„ ˆ. 'L "
9( ;( I ( ;A J(D 3L O0F !";< I K * 0 ˆ Gj (q1 I ( ;k 3( O0+ oN p(4 T ˆƒO• 0K g
( G ( 7$K ( "( 56 9( ;($ ‚
( 4 oN hz ˆO•0 L" 8 K <  ‚K ƒ  KD („
.3( 0, '(  1  ¾
 D h x1* 0F* ‚
K 56 K 0F0 hT " 9;$ ( <W ±
(1) This is a concept of Modern Macro Economics. When income of a person increases, his level of consumption
and saving also increases. It is called “Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC)” and “Marginal Propensity to Save
(MPS)” in terminology of Economics. But the tendency for saving increases at a speed greater than the tendency of
consumption. See the following table for example:
Income Consumption Saving MPC (Change in Consumption/Change in MPS (Change in
$ $ $ Income) Saving/Change in Income)

1000 1000 0 100% 0%


2000 1800 200 80% (1800 – 1000) / (2000 – 1000 ) 20% (200/1000)
3000 2500 500 70% (2500 – 1800) / (3000 – 2000) 30% (300/1000)
In above example, you can see that with an increase in level of income, consumption increases but its propensity
decreases. On the other side, saving increases along with its propensity. If this person grows rich, all (or major part)
of his income will go to saving which will result in concentration of wealth in a few hands. It will result in poverty
and unemployment in the society. Zakat redistribute this wealth. It is taken from rich and paid back to poor. When
poor will receive this amount, they will rush to the market to satisfy their needs because their MPC will be high.
When they’ll spend this money, it will generate more demand. Factories will produce more and level of employment
will increase.

It will be circulated ‚
K ƒ  *K Saving 4( >O Marginal propensity ˆƒ
  'L "
Industry 8
K <  Distribution of
income
'> 9( 0+S* Consumption „( 

Quranic Arabic Program 208 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

3F; ( "< 4K –| (2)


.( -; (k<N L " 5 ("j P(G g(>& L " 5 :P( "= " ( 5 PG 3F; "< 4K –| K  ‡*
'( 7K ƒ`# K  P(G "j •g  EUk0 M & !(5BR PG hz sM{D "j PG g>& L " 5 PD
:"D  K 10 M& !(5BR P(G g .I ( $ 2C  P< P0(F( < :C MH S>6 ( k1 q(  ;< :gKOS1K0
.J< '( DL 2 I
(  ST 4K S1#
($ ( -( P(G :S5  k0 M& hz M( BR P(G sM{D ( -; 3F ( k<N " 5 P(G
 -L 4( K RK P(G x "= ) y "j PK GK B0 hT .8
( T kt P( (  PG 9K , ¬ K †;7  0K
.9( , ( 4& 3L EOS K  PK Gj OK ES$
 0K
J(-kC  8
( K  PG 'b ;œ -C * J(D :"< (  S P(G P( "= G g P0 –& 3( F; sM& P E"* hz PG
.( C  J(D 1 P( Gj ;< ° L D( *K
JG6 O(  % ± ‚
K 56
.:(*0S$KG :(*4O

( > ;< ~ ~


( S5 ± x "=  xF" ‚
K 56 ‹
K StSG 'œ 0 ...
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oN :;$f 3L ‡5 :L– .@ ( F*(4 _
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¦( *4 g(O“1* (D> ( K  '( 1 ‹ ( S5& ‚5ß J$"  4(  f p(4<T '( 1
PK ƒ"5K :L– .@
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.q ~( &4 P( 0S2 C E"$"   W
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 S-
9( , M( $56 3( " ± Jj K Gj Sg !5& !(; !(;G S< ‚5ß L 0O(  3L ‡
.9t7 '" K 1 Sg M$56  G| "$ Sg ‚
K 56 MC S20 M& 1(T

Avoidable ( K  8
( K  Hatred, grudge ( -(
Difference in classes of

Capital q ~
( &4
society J(-kC  Earning livelihood @
( F*(4

Quranic Arabic Program 209 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

'L  1 :K ;$
qS  qS-0 .‚5ß "j ( G < @ ( F(*4 o j L ;"S Sg 'C 1 6 K (10
M N b "T & a "= A !G 'B"D n<4+ ‹4F0 & n  ~ Š0 :;$G PG G” ::; !";< ^ ;W
.[:;$G p 4] “.%W !T !
G sN !( SKAC  G& ? K -( 0  !K 0=F< “  0K  .!( !( ;( < ML "G Jg (1 ( ;< } K 4j
nSLzC }
 4= BC :K 2L C 'C 1  ˆ(U S gK ” :o1* q% . . q. O(  P(G ' F< ^ pE 
;< '( 1  SG K ( -0  [15 :h;f ] “.4K SK#“ !( "= CN(  !( %( += ƒ4 P(G SL;L  (( G J(D SK#G= CD
H 1G & 'H < ' 'L ( #0  9K $ ( E0 5N .4( ,=* & ‹ (  ( & M( G &
(  
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.'b  < ( G1 ( Wl L 0S(  jD .(  ; & "1G H iC"( & ¬
H 7# M&
'1 8
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 1* M & Ï1
.!(  P$ &
P= G  = &C 9K "
( 5K C E5N( 8
( (E  SL;( <  SKG ‰ P 0(U UMN(” :o1* q% ÃM-*6 ¾>6 Ï2
.!(g,* ( "( •$fT 4( S1# !(0<4 PK $ '1 M( -*N PG [30 ?2 ] “.n; < P $  = &C
.[1 :3f ] “.O( SL-1K (T SLD = &C SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0” :o1* ^ qS-0 :O( SL-1K T DS Ï3
R J(D 3L ". (T `;W& 6 t  DC J( 8 S PG :L CQ $ _ K $. Ï4
h .€ = DC  ÕC (* S# €=  * zN "5$56 d
  sM{D .$f _$. I K  "( S5
' I;% ± M( =06 ° L < SD q j : >| Kg & '20 P( "=   O P( "= "%4 "D K 6 %&
.!(* !(E<K I K ( K0 :; !";< ^ ;W qS  M % (MS5- ML k;$D å) .:;$G

Administrative ›04 ON Trade, commerce 4( ,=* Ambition, desire ”


( SKAC
Organization H iC"g By hand, physical (labor) ›0 (  0 Industry ‹
(  (

Quranic Arabic Program 210 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

q( E1K  @
K SL- K
'b 4 G"-  S0 :KK ( > 5& b ––” :JL- r( 0. ± o1* ^ qS-0 : j y " Ï1
!k1K0 :C !(G CDSD x "= & B 'b 4 !C– 'C C BD › ‹
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“.!C% < E?, ( 0 M& '% p &  "= j Sk<&” :$ 3  !";< ^ qS4 q% “.p &
( E"( ";1 ( E"
( (  8( Gl K "= DS* P"= ;G1 (  ML t Sg :( 0<  ( 02 “ Ï2
( "•$G P(G SD .:C qb S2G 9( , ( T& 9( ",( 4a  -G a G& g .:(0 L :C ( ƒ"<
O R PT O4S$f P< .g< * L   ";< S-* J( ( "•$f PG !(E"<4 ± ‹ H 4 s'
n3& G ‚ K E F";D 3b & G ! P= 2* :;D ni"R JU  PG” :q% :; !";< ^ ;W J( P< ˆ 
a O> ! P20 ´ PG x G 7";D I a C G ! P20 ´ PG x2$G L 7";D Pa 2 ! P20 ´ PG
“.n%4 & n  G"- S0   n TN & n F= hz —S 7* PD xGO> 7";D
6 ± ‚
( 56 FK D( S
!( %( += ƒ4 P(G SL;L  (( G J(D SK#G= CD” :o1* ^ q% :3O1T !LA*4 !"D 6 I" * Ï1
…% nG1A a & '& G” ::; !";< ^ ;W qS  qS-0 [15 :h;f ] “.4K SK#“ !( "= CN( 
[ˆ47 p 4] “.p0 '< PG 'B0 M O O ^ J(5 sMN p(0 '< PG 'L L B0 & PG =">
L "D “.—S5 G ³ G '2 5N 8"T q<j 5N” ::; !";< ^ ;W qS  qS-0
!  (T J(Š* C - K* P h5N )) ::; !";< ^ ;W qS-0 8 ( O< oN 8( O1 qL ƒS
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.[!";< G] “.h(*& G :( DC J(D '1,* G  ";< 8
 = & N ^
J(*B"D !K ;L  :K & C >K B0 Mj” ::; !";< ^ ;W qS-0 :( ,( q •$ P( < 5 Ï2
& pSk<& ~ qC B$0 M& PG ! ˜> ! (T ?2"D p(  ;< I ( k. P(G H G FT(
± d" G"-  S0 J(*B0  ~ qB$0 'L   q F0 ” :qS-0 [ˆ47 p 4]“.pS1G
[!";< G]“.:H C L < FG !(
...I$2 ;< P04O- ( 0S%j P< 3( F 9K G Ï3
Piece L < FG Begging ( ,( Incentives FK D( S

Quranic Arabic Program 211 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

g L "(* :~ VT M 1* P(G !K Ks;k0 G M"T (}4j ±


( 7 4( T K "- Ï4
'T p( < 'j  …-D !;j d" ‚ ( 56 "g& „40 `
K (  ?
K ;7$ 'L 1,0 4( S1#
.-  q"j G& G< "•$G
.hz PG 3O "g & }4j 3( 4< } Š M( $5ß MS2 ^ ( "= 7$T 4K 1#( Ï5
‹
( # ‚
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~
K &4 :å) .ˆ- q ~&4 :q j :V$% oN :$-0 qL  ~&4 :q ~&4 Ï n"5–
.4( C-< 8 O& (8 E1( GK 8‰ PG :ƒJ("1 qf
3 =") }4j 8 ="7D :— >j "1"k O( 4( S }( 4j 8  "= > PG 3L O Ï n)–
.";< & (AT ± M G ¥ S <SG
'#0 :JG6 O % ± K E  ‚
K 56
( "= ŠT ( "= Š q( G ;< y " Sg :I
K Š  Ï6 4( t6 0 A P< q(  L "(* Ï1
  9( ,T
(  !C;< !C;1(D  G Pa  –C 3b & Ï7 T  Ï2
.Pg2 M( S; J(Š 4(  Š  ‹
K S"T Ï3
3SR  Ï8 q ;< q( S ; z( S qL Š Ï4
42  Ï9 !(  ;< q(  L >& Jg :% $ Ï5
($" 4K -L  Ï10 .p(+  PG 4( ( ( "( 7
 

Income of a
prostitute
J(Š ( G Real estate 4( C-< Awareness, perception 4K 1#(
Payment made to a
soothsayer
Pg2 M( S; Capture y " In kind (other than cash) ƒJ("1

Quranic Arabic Program 212 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

"G6  ; 0O % ?


K S
:O % !( "(S "D '“> (  ; ‹ #0 J( 8,
.GE  8
( , J(D '( 1 9G Ï5 .x< R  G 9H "T 9K G Ï1
.!< ‹
( (G '(  1  ( O& ± ( "= - 9G Ï6 p(4S W
K !(2R& ( D2T ƒuŠ 9K G Ï2
K  C zN 4( 1j 4( SKjy K 0* Ï7 '"(02f ± & 8GSK1kf J(D M ¥ S
& "D ~
.< SK1G .hz S5 81 & P0+ Sf
:g(O< K 0* & (3   $
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 ( T “ 
K 0 G 9"T 9G Ï3
ËT œ;2 P(  –C ;< ”T4j : C *   ~ q( SG& `( (T r ( 1  9G Ï4

( ES$
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.(A#5 ( 4(T ( E0S( T  „( SKK; ”
( $
  ')G ^  G 'L ";* Ï1
."T H ; G MC KO :C €
= U; & J( 8"k P(G ~ 9(  o1* ^ U' & G :K 0= * Ï2
'( j O( Dj ; T( 4K t6 & O Dj / ( 1T 9( 5 '( j <º ( ; (T 4 t6 Ï3
(T 4 t6 & 3( S# '( j O  ( ; G ;< ( <º ( ; G :K 0=-* & :g( "=  O( D&
.O 
JG6 O % ± @56
!D g&
'( )C C !( s; '( "( J(D := K C SG= &C MC SL-( K0 P 0(U 'L )CEG” :o1* ^ qS-0 :!(*t G ^ !(  y ŠT Ï1
“.:a "(;< 9a (  !K s;  #0 P( ? K <( 0K !K s;  H E  L iCƒG H ;C KK †'L J(D 'C T( 9 =  €
= 5C& H E 
.[261 :3 - ]
Increasing prices (  Cost œ;2 Middlemen & brokers 3(   $
  ( kS

Quranic Arabic Program 213 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

 ~( S ± J(T K0 @56 :J< 'D2 "-* 9, O D& VT M 1 Ï2
.!( oN 9a  pK4 Mb 1R 8
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.( t
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( Š ÃJ< # !( ± qL   0 M& Ï1
.8 S & 85S$ & 8  ;< qL  0 M& Ï2
.. 4( % ;< 8  ± q @
K 5N MC S20 M& Ï3
.I
( $
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K 56 MC S20 M& Ï4
6 J(D @56 qL ,G
4( s-1 4(  v ”
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K Oº :'#0 :- Ï &
@56 PK "10 hz S5 (8| ‹ ( K4F  d
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sMj à W  nG+ hz M zN ";<
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._
 ( 7* _
( 4%j -5 Ï3

V;$f 3( 5K ^ '" ± @56 Ï _ P(G 3& f MS2* % Ã(3& f ( O> -5 Ï4


. ( 7* M& C JŠ0
’
( 4 S2 8<, _
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"%  -5 Ï5
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;< PK E"10 :8
( O, :(  -5 Ï6
G" P(G . ˆ z ;< @56 Ï ‚
J( P< — 4 .!T ;<  0 M& M$56
.V$f 'C G( 4j J(D € = T( <K 3n & G sM& ::; !";< ^ ;W
. S - PG "(-$f 3(  j qLT Ï O .x<SK €
= *G  =$ 3 g(

Catastrophes, disasters ’
( 4 S2 Famine 8<, A cat 3 g(

Quranic Arabic Program 214 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

OK SL-1K 
.!( †;
 G J(D p –& €
K ()K0 ‹
H #G !(  ;< qH S-(T _
H ,0=N ¦
L *(4 :Sg
:4< J(D >B0 JG6 O  % sMN :L– .qS- _
K ,=06 :M4 -1;
±8 ( G1f 8( O1 VT K 6 @ K ƒ C 0K :`(  ( W-; "D ‡0 (8G1f OK S-< Ï 1
G& ‹ # !T Q  G ;< ? K %œS "D 'L Wj 8 ( O1 sM& V ;1D .90 # ® (  
.:< ‚
(  .
C 9( D4 (3". w1f ± O( 1 ` ( ( G ( "- ÃL T6 "D 'WjD 8G1f
s' 'T b"1G b Š"W C ¦ #0 :;D :g(OS -G ;< sq0 G '2T K -( 1 * 6 ± OK S-1 Ï 2
L ";g& :C PG p-< %  O G p4K –‰ !";< €
K (* * x-< E< qS- _ ( ,=06 ;< UqO G
....!"D %1 +SK,0 "D E:* (%L 1
MC SL2* MC& UN(” :!5 ^ qS-0 Ã(%* P0%1 t T N “:(*  6 ± OK S-1 Ï 3
ˆ 'C   :; !";< ^ ;W ^ qS4 W & % [$ ] “.:= 2L ƒG } H  * P< 3n 4 ,*(
M2D .10>  :ˆ& “T> ” :!( R !(1"T < qC S-0 M& 8G1f ± ‹ K  7K0 !5BT ! C2R
.4( 0£K  4"> 3¦
( # 4"> 2d ( ;, 4"> 1P( Š  4K ">
( T2T ~ V  T q( 1 G%N @ ( S-; x5t OS-1  "–S* 6 KI( SK0  Ï 4
P " ÃP0 OK SL-< .3O1f '( f ;0Sk q( | 8 z OK S-1 n W> ";< O( R6
CzN( SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0” :o1* ^ qS-0 PKTŠ ‹K+ P< ~  1( " !U-  ˆz s'2
M({DC := 2L (ƒ4 PG P( 0= "(R  K( # = =  ” :!5 qS-0 “.pK SKK CD ›$  “G 'H  &C CN( PH 0= T( :K0 *
gK  = N(  †C KDC gK  = N U'
( * MC&   “# P G( MC S= t
 = * PEG( M( *&C  G=  'b K  DC P( "= ;C K 4 5SL20 := U
[282 :3 - ] “.— >= jy
The right of canceling an open agreement is given to a party in these cases: (1) One party breaches a term of
agreement. (2) A party cancels the agreement before finalizing it. (3) The agreement is conditional. If such
conditions are not met, the agreement will become void. (4) The agreement is about sale of a product and the buyer
is given the right to cancel the agreement after he looks at the product, if it does not meet the quality standards
mentioned in the agreement.

Right to cancel an agreement 4K "> Putting an offer _


H ,0=N Contracts, agreements OK SL-1K 

Quranic Arabic Program 215 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

'œ 
( 0K  !5& 'C Wj sMj Ã(:;‡ P< K 1( * P0%1f P="T qL 1 O( S-1 s-* M& I
K ,
( 0 Ï 5
.!G d5 I ( "A P< sN :H ;$G ³
( G qC G
: ‡1* MBT hz :@>j 3O1 ± ( 10 # K W-G 8 ( G1f O( S-1 -* M& IK ,( 0 Ï 6
 kR  ËS* M& 8 = O 4& hz €
= C > z{D .";< ( ‡D (G%N ;< '1* ^  1R
J(D €
= ;C >O ML k"# gUS* -D _ O| O( . p( ( ( ;G ˜ g ( 0O 9( D( f
.r"l I$2 '(  'C "(T &
6 5 -D g PG “.x"A N 'L K-0  I
a ƒ"A ^ MN” ::; !";< ^ ;W qL S  qS-0
:G 8ê ( f PG ";< I* 0 f Ã8G1f OS-1 P(G ;K P<
PG qH > :H "-G :H ;$G s' P< (“"1 Ã1º W> 3 ; (  € K % 9( " P< J Ï
=S1 = CD ( 1 K ,
K  ( S= 0 P(G 3( C;E ;( ˆ(OSK5 CzN( SKG ‰ P 0(U “0&C 0” :o1* ^ qS-0 ."< # 4 <j
.[9 :1º ] “.9 "=  K4zC  !( U; (  z( CN(
ˆ( #K; €
 –C   ;< ( < oN g ˆƒO• 0K ( Ã!">& 9"T ;< '  9( "T P< J Ï
.q j
.  oN ˆO•* ^  "D 0( #G L;( 1$0 J( "Rj 9"T P< J Ï
.'K0 P< J Ï
.M–j 0* 0(O- …
( T N 8G1f OK S-1 “:(*  Ï 7
qS  qS-0 :Q S d  " uŠ   0K M$ 6 @  I K ( SK0 6 Ï 8
MN 1"T ± C „4SKT "T C%W M{D % 0 :C G 4"lT M1" ” ::; !";< ^ ;W
J( Ë I :q% !< ^ Jt4 > PT  1 K L 0 “.1"T  T €-G T 
:( ;$f PG :( ;$f 9K "T > PT ( 1 PG ^ qS4 Í — R G g” ::; !";< ^ ;W
.[ˆ47 p 4] “.i" @>&  ˆ& ;  C )>  I"<  ˆ& Q O 

Quantities 0(O- Trickery, deception 'K0 Traps, plural of S & 'C "(T &

Quranic Arabic Program 216 Level 05


Lesson 8B: An Introduction to Islamic Economics - Part II

9(  /
( 0S1* 9" ƒO4  ˆ #f J(k1* P2 gL( *  C ;G1f ˆ ,*  C 10 # sMN
PD :Š 'C T6  ( *K ” ::; !";< ^ ;W qS  q% Ã!1"G ‚ ( 5N PG C > & <
[ˆ47 p 4] “.  P(G ‹ a W gO4 R MN ;( 0 M& 1T P0 ‡ ( "= 7
 T( !5{D 1T < T
JG6 O % ± O( S-1 ‹