# PICZON, KATRINA RAMOS YEO, RAYMOND RAMOS, RANIEL OLIVER RILLERA, JANINE SALVADOR, KATRINE

Group 7 2H MT

EXPERIMENT NO. 1 THE VERNIER AND MICROMETER CALIPERS I. ABSTRACT This experiment presents the use of the Vernier and micrometer calipers in accurate measuring and determination of the dimensions of an object and solving for the density of solids through mass and volume. We used a Vernier caliper, micrometer caliper, a steel cube, glass marble (sphere) and a steel washer. First, we used a micrometer calliper in determining the dimensions of the steel cube; with this we obtained the following results: mass=131.40 grams, length=2.4980 cm (24.980mm) and calculated the volume from the formula: V= (s =length) and obtained 15. 588 . With this, we computed for the percent (%) error: Density= = =8.4296 g/ 

% error= 
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x 100 
x 100

= 
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x 100

= 8.072% Secondly, we used a micrometer caliper to determine the volume and density of the glass sphere and with this, we obtained the following results: mass=4.10 grams, diameter= 1.4300 0.715 cm and calculated the volume= which resulted to cm, radius= 1.4367 % error= = = =2 % Thirdly, we used a Vernier calliper to determine the dimensions and density of the steel cube, we obtained the following results: mass= 131.40 grams, length= 2.540 cm(25.40mm), volume from the formula: V= (s =length) and obtained 16. 39 , volume= 8.017 g/ 
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. With this, we computed for the percent (%) error: x 100   

x 100 

x 100

4422 ] = 0.78% Lastly.56 )] % error= = =      x 100  x 100   x 100 = 8. inner radius= 0.0174 ) =2. It also uses two scales main and secondary scales.270 cm. Measurements are written in three decimal points in millimeters. the main scale and the secondary scale.017 g/ % error=   x 100  x 100 = =      x 100 = 2. V=  =[  ] [(1. The secondary scale is provided on the thimble (near the handle). outer diameter=3.848 cm (3.1 mm each. The scale in the sleeve determines the measurement before the decimal point and the measurement in the thimble determines the number after the decimal point.This means that the reading on the secondary scale measures the distance moved by the thimble per rotation.6650 = [0.8% II. The Vernier caliper scale has two main scales. Differentiate the Vernier and micrometer scales.Each scale is divided into 10 equal divisions and therefore has a least count of 0. .Density= = =8. Guide Questions 1. The main scale reading is taken by looking where the mark.860 (0. whereas the secondary reading is taken by looking at that mark on the Vernier scale which coincides or comes extremely close to a mark on the main scale.05 mm and measurements are written in two decimal points in millimeters and three decimal points in centimeters.460 -0. outer radius=1.848 cm] [3. we used a Vernier calliper to determine the dimensions of the steel washer and we obtained the following results: mass=18.00 mm.20 grams. an accuracy of 0.860 cm.720 cm.330 cm.6650 cm. inner diameter= 1. It has a capacity of 155 mm. which is just on the left of 0. height= 0. A micrometer scale has an accuracy of 0. coincides on the Vernier scale.01 mm and has a capacity of 25.

4476% . In measuring using delicate devices there are several factors that can cause error in determining measurements of objects like its length.2. It can be caused by human error. Errors can also be caused by instrumental error or the error lies on the device itself.112 x 1. when the reader of the measurement fails to read the scale properly and correctly (parallax). State some of the errors that one might make in measuring length using both the Vernier and micrometer calipers.117 x . Determine the percentage error for an observed value of 1. if the standard value is % error= = =     x 100         x 100       x 100 =0. 3. 4.68mm ii.59mm 3. 1. Lack of knowledge in using the device itself can also cause errors. Draw the figure for the micrometer readings below: i.