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the volume of KA2/ cm3 = a(i) = x ; a (ii) = y ; a (iii) = z Questions: (c) 2NaOH (aq) + C2H4(COOH)2 (l) C2H4(COONa)2 (aq) + 2H2O (l)

Ma (10)/ 0.05(x) = ½ Let concentration of C2 H4(COOH) 2 = a1 x 118 (Mr) = b1 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 25 cm3 = b1 x 0.025 dm3 = m1 g

(d) Ma (10)/ 0.05 (y) = ½ Let concentration of C2H4(COOH)2 = a2 x 118 (Mr) = b2 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 25 cm3 = b2 x 0.025 dm3 = m2 g

(e) Total mass = m1 + m2 = m3 g (f) Ma (10)/ 0.05(z) = ½ Let concentration of C2H4(COOH)2 = a3 x 118 (Mr) = b3 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 50 cm3 = b3 x 0.05 dm3 = m3 g (g) Smaller volume of extracting solvent will extract smaller amount of succinic acid (h) Less volume of solvent used will be more efficient than using single larger volume, proven by total mass obtained by comparing 50 cm3 in a (i) and a (iii).

Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 6:12 AM 4 comments THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 2009

**Latest update: Experiment 17
**

Exp 17 Topic: Technique - synthesis Purpose: to determine the percetage of aluminium in a sample X by means of the preparation of a complex compoun dof aluminium wiht 8-hydroxyquinoline. Procedure: Let's assume that the result of step (a) obtained as below: mass of container + KA3/ g = x mass of empty container/ g = y

88% (g) weight of aluminium produced = 5. Cold water ensures that no precipitate will dissolve and be washed away because water with low temperature will not dissove the precipitate. JANUARY 17. the percetage of Al in sample X = m1/z x 100% = p % All the best! Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 2:47 PM 2 comments SATURDAY. 2009 CHEMISTRY FOR STPM SCHOOL -BASED ASSESSMENT : PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY EXPERIMENT 1: Equilibrium and solubility .mass of KA3/ g = x-y = z Results: Let's the result of step (b) as below: mass of crucible + precipitate/ g = a mass of empty crucible/g = b mass of precipitate/g = a .88/100 x c = m1 g therefore.o x 100% = 5. (e) Mass of 1 mole of complex compound with formula Al(C9H6NO) 3 = 459.0 g (f) Percetage of aluminium in the complex compound = 27.0 / 459. (d) the complex precipitate obtained is dried and weight a few times in the oven until the weight of the complex precipitate obtained is constant.b = c Question: (c) (i) to maximised the collision between particles and thus ensures a complete reaction (ii) to remove impurities and excess ions.

The following result and answers are used as guidelines for calculation and solution for the question of (c) to (g) V0 = volume of Pb(NO3)2 V = volume of KI .

2009 CHEMISTRY FOR STPM SCHOOL-BASED ASSESSMENT : PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY EXPERIMENT 10: Ionic Equilibrium The following result and answers are used as guidelines for calculation and solution for the question of (c) to (g) Results: (b) Record and complete your readings in the table below: . (e) The values of the ionic product of PbI2 are almost constant for all the experiments. Try to get almost constant reading from KA1 to KA4.Note: Kxp is not affected by the change of concentration used in each experiment. JANUARY 10. (f) Average reading = (c1 + c2 + c3 + c4) / 4 (g) Increasing the concentration of lead (II) ions do not affect the value of Ksp of PbI2. Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 6:27 AM 2 comments SATURDAY.

OCTOBER 2. Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 10:42 PM 0 comments THURSDAY.(d) Dilution decreases the concentration and hence increases the pH (e) Dilution decreases the concentration and hence increases the degree of dissociation (f) as shown in the table above. of moles of sollutions can be found by n = MV/1000 e) Ionic equations: H+ + OH. Experiment 6 (Thermochemistry) Purpose: to determine the hear of neutralisation of a strong acid with a strong base Questions: c) heat released of each of the experiment.2 x change of T d) no...--H2O f) Heat of neutralisation: H = c)/ d) . (g) Dilution has no effect on Ka. Precaution step: the bulb of pH meter must be immersed in the buffer solution before next measurement is being carried out.. 2008 Practical assessment of STPM Chemistry Check out the experiment! Will be updated from time to time. measurement of pH should can done from the most diluted acid to the most concentrated acid in order to attain more accurate reading of pH. q = m x c x change of T = (10 + 30) x 4.

the value of Eo increases as the value of lg [Zn2+] decreases. of the cell increases when the concentration of Zn2+ ions decreases.f.g) acid W is a diprotic acid h) .059 [Zn2+] Ecell = EØcell + n lg [Cu2+] The value of lg [Zn2+]/[Cu2+] increases when the concentration of Cu2+ ions decreases. Therefore the e. value decreases with the decrease in Cu2+ ions. the Eocell value will be larger/ Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 7:03 PM 4 comments Home . e) From the graph of EO against lg [Zn2+]. f) (i) with reference of Nernst Equation. Experiment 12 Question Answer provided served as reference.Mixture of solution must be sitrred through out the exp. 0.f. Hence with the reference to the Nernst Equation.m. (ii) The Eo value for Al is larger than the Eocell value for zinc. .m. Hence the e.solutions must be mixed quickly to attain the maximum change of temperature.

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