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# Beam Design Page 1 of 4

## Beam Design to BS 5400 Part 3 : 2000

This example will illustrate the procedures to design a steel beam to BS 5400 Part 3. The concrete deck and live loading
are included to demonstrate the use of load factors only, they do not represent a solution for a deck design.

Problem:

Design a simply supported beam which carries a 150mm thick concrete slab together with a nominal live load of 10.0
kN/m2 . The span of the beam is 9.0m centre to centre of bearings and the beams are spaced at 3.0m intervals. The slab
will be assumed to be laid on top of the beams with no positive connection to the compression flange.

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γconc. = 24kN/mm

## Nominal Dead Loads : slab = 24 x 0.15 x 3.0 = 10.8 kN/m

beam = say 2.0 kN/m
Nominal Live Load : = 10 x 3.0 = 30 kN/m

Load factors for ultimate limit state from BS 5400 Part 2 (or BD 37/01) Table 1:

## Live Load γfL HA = 1.50

Total load for ultimate limit state =(1.15 x 10.8)+(1.05 x 2.0)+ (1.5 x 30)
=12.42 + 2.1 + 45.0
=60 kN/m

=608 kNm

## Design ultimate shear =60 x 9.0 / 2

=270 kN

BS 5400 Pt. 3
1) Design for Bending

Use BS EN 10 025 steel grade S275, then nominal yield stress σy = 265 N/mm2

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Beam Design Page 2 of 4

laterally)

L= 9000mm

## η = 0.94 (From Fig. 9(b): MA/M M = M B/M A = 0)

λF = l e/r y(tf/D)

i = Ic/(Ic +It)

i = 0.5

le/ lw = 1.0

## Zpe = 7.167 x 106 mm 3

6 -6
Mpe = 7.167 x 10 x 265 x 10

λF = 5.2

ν= 0.81

λLT = 108

## MR/M ult = 0.51

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Beam Design Page 3 of 4

## giving λLT = 127

λLT = l e k 4 ην / ry
approx le = (110x57.1) / (0.9x0.94x0.81) = 9166
Hence k e maximum = 9166 / 9000 = 1.018

tf = 25.4

β = 1.0

ν = 0.81

## bearing stiffener is fully restrained at the point of maximum bending.

Therefore yield stress can be developed in both tension and compression
edges of the bearing stiffener (λLT = 0).
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0.000378 = 1x(744.2) / (3x20500x I )
I = 1.773 x 106 mm 4
I of end stiffener :
3 3
I = 250x15.6 /12 + tx250 /12
t min = 1.3 mm
Use at least 10mm plate hence OK

## δt = 1x(744.2)3 / (3x205000x13.1x106) = 51x10-6 mm/N

df = 769.6 - 25.4 = 744mm

6 6 2
σfc = M / Zxc = 608x10 / 6.234x10 = 97.5 N/mm

2 2
σci = π ES/λLT

## S = Zpe /Zxc = 7.167 / 6.234 = 1.15

2 2 2
σci = π x 205000 x 1.15 / 108 = 199 N/mm

6 2 -3
Fs1 = 0.005(608x10 /(744{1-(97.5/199) }))x10

Fs1 = 5.4 kN
∆e1 = ∆e2 = D/200 = 769.6 / 200 = 3.848

β=1

## Σδ = 2δt = 2 x 51x10-6 = 0.102 x 10-3

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Beam Design Page 4 of 4

## σci is to be determined using l e from 9.6.4.1.1.2b).

0.5
le = πk2(EIc(δe1+δe2)/L)

## Ic = 25.4 x 268 3 / 12 = 40.7 x 106

6 -6 0.5
le = π x 1.0(205000 x 40.7 x 10 x 2 x 51 x 10 / 9000) = 967mm

## λLT = l ek4ην/ry = 967 x 0.9 x 1.0 x 0.993 / 57.1 = 15.1

σci = π2ES/λLT 2

2 2 2
σci = π x 205000 x 1.15 / 15.1 = 10205 N/mm

-3 -3
Fs2 = 3.848 x 97.5 / ((10205 - 97.5) x 0.102 x 10 ) x 10

Fs2 = 0.4 kN
Fs3 = RdL(∆/D+ θLtanα)/ D

α=0

R = 60 x 9 / 2 = 270 kN

## Fs3 = 270 x 0.81 x ( 1/200 ) / 0.77 = 1.4 kN

Allowing additional effect for wind load ( which is generally small compared
to Fs ) then

say Fs = 9 kN

## γf3 = 1.1 (Clause 4.3.3)

γm = 1.05 (Table 2)

http://www.childs-ceng.demon.co.uk/tutorial/exbend.html 5/11/2009