You are on page 1of 190

~ t"'I ~ QJ

a-

S

~

~ c..

THE FAST AND FUN WAY

LEARN

RUSSIA

The activlty kit that makes learning a language quick and e:nsy!

Complete with maps. puulas, vocabulary cards, and quizzes Hundreds of amusing color illustrations help you learn more ill less lime!

Special feature: Pull-oiu i)ilillgllul diaionar» willi most-used wonls and phrases

by Thomas R. Beyer, Jr .• PhD.

IJ ::inQu 's Educ;:uioo!ll sedes, In..:.

)

Z 6:

HOW ARE WE DOING?

CONTENTS

Pmnlmdiilrinn

TIl. Ru.",ian A [pha" .....

GEITING TO KNOW PEOPI.E. . . Ii

I Let 's G~t Acgu_3intcd .. , 8.

ARRIVAl, 11

2 Whc,"" to Spend the Night. 1/

PI.ACES OF INTEREST .. .. ... 2P 3 How 10 Get Then!: (on Foot) .. , 29 4 Means of Transoorti!tionJHow 10 Gcl

TIIere (by vehiclel. . . 35

S TIme .\100 Numbers 41

'---On rhe Train 54

1 Cou.nlIie.:s and l...an-g,uages , 60

B On the Road 69

, How \1k Vac: .... ion 81

10 Sr--ilgms of the Year MCm!h!O We;ut'ter

Day, of the \\\1<1< .•• , 8J

II A i Tiano> . 92

ENTERTAINMENT lOt!

12 TII .. I.,. Movies. Holiday, . . . . . . . .. 100

13 5p"'''(') ItIII

ORDERING i\ MEAl, 1/2

14 B eeakfast, Lunch/Dinnor. Supper, ,/,/1

15 TIl. Re"au,aMl11po . . /20

124

AT THE SmRE /10

16 Cloth ing. Si .. , , Colol"L 130

17 Tho S "permari<oL I J 6

18 DrugslO""Pharmacy, 143

19 LaundryJDry CI"""",-, . 149

20 O""uty Salon/Barbe, Shop 15]

21 Th~ New.')SlandlStatione.ry Good51

Officc Supplies .. , 158

n Jewelry Arti.cl.slW.teh", 162

1..'\ G lfi~ SOtl\'eniNi Reooro!i;, Cameras 167 14 Repair Sent tces: EycglillSSCS. Shoes , . 173

FSSENTIU SERVICES

P6

Z!i Bank/S ilvingSi Bank, .. ,

,. 176

2tj Ma; Ilpmi1 Office 182

21 lel"phon. , ,. 188

28 Doctor, Dentisi. Hospital , .. 192

29 Help!... . . H •••• H •••••••• 101

BEFORE VOIr I,EAVE M4

VOCABULARY CARDS. . 21J

C Copyri;g.L'll lo!)i)J. by lNii't'Ofl's E4liCa.1io~1 Series. loco 1rJ1.ri,g1ru.~Ien'I:lI,

No part of ItJil 000l1lD;," :bc· ~d" i:n any lorm. II)' ~t, mil;l1;lfjlrp. ~~,Clr;U1y~~.!i,or im1lG"pO"lLl.Icd iato Ir.i)' .It1.1b'"fNli.(lft l'(j11'irvlll ~)'5.l:f:m, c::LmIOO.K: or mc;;:tunieil, ",,-ilttOt.lt .. be "",rl[!elII permwi>o,n. of the wpyri,ght I,J'&'I:II:I".

,,.ui i1lll"i~;s~M ~,aJ.:lrrsuJ l(}~ Bun:m'5 ~1D1lI..I Serl~. !Q(". lSO Wtre1c:s.:l; 8<MI1~1II"'II

HIIlIpp:u!;R.C:. New Yod: ] 171515

IDtt:rnII[i:arI.ii~ SI;u!!W Boo\ No..lJo.l!jI! 2Q-,:J8-J;fl-6- Ub"uy or Coo~rcu Cal:llqg Card ND-_ 92-28ml CII'I"no md BoW; OnIp Mihfill Ot~r.rM. ~JuatiSI.l1teZ.

PRINJU) INCi:liIi'olA 1,!"'* 'I] 11

Ubn..,.ot~C' .. ~~·f"ubIIiciIUa.a ~~ p~_r" i"OInn R.

~rn' Rus.s;Wi lbe r:;u,1 m;j hill ""1iY; Ib: -iI/;;;t.hi!)' til ['Mt m~~ IeMni.lIIg iIIlDnpI~ "fJIic.k aiJt.I ~)'! J by Thoin.u R_ ~r, Ir.

,.

ISBN 0-8120-;;I;846-~

1_ Russi..tl] 1a:n.&!.IiI,gC-ScM·itI~ltiKtioii., 2;, fii;1,!~i"fI 11U!1i:~~T6I;d)ook..!i for r~jg.n ~pcdm~En.glj~b_ I.Thk,-

1'0211l.!i.P<6 L9\I] 91·llo.l2.

41}1 ,7S2 '<I;:: l.-.cklO C[P'

F'(;f"~li"" CariM. ,Sr¢mi~.aIId "ul!nilw"", With ,JfWitudt- to tJU "'f R~s~ frirn4s. i!(.I CLlW','n/('n.tty Wli~J, 6~d"l-.J, lroirrJ~~~. dipI~lJ. ~"hi)_Itu~. CI1ll~HItI" arrtiQ}ll1ws ... lQ\-rly pmpl~ wlw Atn"l! made kw:.rl~lIiIllrn for m('".

Russin (Poecas), even after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, has emerged as still the largest country in the world, occupying almost one-sixth of our planet's land mass.

The vast expanses of Russ ill cover eleven separate time zo nes On two continents:

Europe and Asia, Russia and (en oihe r former repnbl ics of the U. S. S. R. are nOW sovereign states or countries that have united in a loosely knil Commonwealth of Independent Slates (C0Jl.PYlli.ecrJlO HI:lBlUIO'IMJ,IX roqAllpCT8). Russia has approximately 150 million people, almost half of the inhabitants of the former Soviet U nion, All are citizens of Russia (p.,.,,,,,,, .. e), and many are ethnic Russians (pyct" .. e), Russia, however, i 5 a multinational state and borne to over one hundred nationalitles and languages.

The Russian language was a mandatory subject in Sov iet schools and almost all of the 280 million people inhabiting the former republics know and speak Russian, either as their native or second language. In fact, a Georgian who wishes to speakwith an Uzbek is likely to use Russi an for communication. While English and other I aaguages arc now gaining popularity, Russ lan will remain, for at least a generation, the one mutually understandable language for those who live in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan,

Ky.rgYlstan. Moldova, Russia. Tajikisran. Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and the countries not part of the Commonweahh, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia. and Lithuania.

Knowing Russian can open up a window onto a fascinating and enchanting nation, from the fairy tale cupolas of Saint Bas i I's Cathedral 10 the majesty and power of Red Square and the Kremlin. Moscow, Russia's capital, is home to more than eight and one-half million people and me world-renowned Bolshoi Ballet. Par to the north, Saint Petersburg, capital to the 1 sars from Peter the Great U ntil Nicholas ll, offers a marvelous blend of picturesque architecture highlighted by the White Nighls of summer, Here too are the glorious palaces-the magnificent Winter Palace and Hermitage Art Museum.

Russ ians take great pride in the ir culture and country and they appreciate the efforts of those who try to speak their language, For many, the Russian alphabet is a major stumbling block to getting \0 know the country and its people better. With Our Fast and FUl! lIfIy you'll be reading (he signs and ready to talk with real Russi ans ln just a maner of days. When you do get an opportunity to use your new langu age ski lls, you'll notice that your efforts will be truly rewarded. So let's begin!

1

U rheberrec htl lch Q"SC h utztes M aterla

PRONUNCIATION

You know you're in Russia when the simple 'ign for a resiauraru Iooks like PECTOPAH.

Actually, the Russian alphabet has only a few more letters than English. But 10 get started, look at the list below, Read aloud the pronunciation in the firsl column and then look or the Russian letters in the middle column. At the far right you will see the translation, and you'll be pleasantly surprised to learn how many or them you already know. After the first three words we'll add only one new leuer per word.

Pronunciation Russian English
DA M yes
NYET HET no
BANK liAHK bank
8AR liAP bar
PARK nAPK park
KAsa KACCA cashier
laKSl TAKCn taxi
kiOSK KnOCK kiosk. newsstand
kaFE KAotlE cart
buFYET liYoIlET buffet, snack bar
mlTRO METPO metro, subway
ma.<kVA MOCKBA Moscow
aeraPORT A3POnOPT airport
aeraFWT A3P041JlOT Aeroflot
zsz, 3AJ1 hall
FKHOT BXOJJ: entrance,
VYkhal BhIXOJJ: exit
TSENTR U,EHTP center
byuRO IiJOPO bureau
gardiROP rAPJJ:EP06 garderobe, coal, check
POCHla nO'lTA post office
RW PM row
STOYtye CTOHTE Stand!
nyekuRrT' HEKYPHTh No Smoking
hal'SHOY liOJlLmoil the Bolshoi, big
ZHENski lKEHCKHiI ladies' (room)
ml<SHKOY MYJKCKOil. men's (room)
y,SCHO EUlE more! else
2 U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M ateri a Now that you have seen most of the Russian letters, let's look at the whole system, What we commonly caU the Russian alphabet is officially known as the Cyrillic alphabet. The Russians adopted the Cyrillic alphabet created in the ninth century wben the monks Cyril and Methodius developed a written language for the Slavs. The Cyrillic alphabet has thirty-three letters and has much in common with the Greek alphabet. As you have seen, many letters are familiar to you from English and several others resemble Greek letters. As in English, each letter is only an approximation of how a sound is pronounced. The guide below should get you started in speaking Russian.

VOWELS

Russian has five vowel sounds, but ten vowet teners. Five of the letters are "hardH and five are .. soft." The one vowel sound in each word that is stressed reed ves special emphasis. As YOIl speak Russian, try in the beginning to exaggerate your pronunciation,

Russian English
Letter R ussian Sound Symbol Example
Hard VOwels
8 a as In father A All DA
3 e as in echo E 3XO EkJw
1>1 y as in bairy Y MbI MY
0 o as in hello 0 no NO
y u as in rule U uy NU Soft VOwels

II e

ya as j n yahoo ye as in yes

ee as in bee yo as in yo-yo u as in union

YA YE

II m

ueT NYET UIUI />"<1

B Ii

YO YU

OWl" paLYOT IOMOp Y Umar

10

3

U rhcberrec htl lch gesc h utztes M ateri a

CONSONANT LETTERS

Russian Letter

Example

6

R

r

lK ] Ii II' II

..

o

o

p

T

..

... L

English
Russi" n Sound Symbol
b as in bat B
vas in vote V
gas in go G
d as in dog D
zh as in azure ZH
~ as in zoo Z
y as in boy Y
k as in kayak K
I as in lot L
m as in mall M
n as in note N
p as in papa P
r as in rabbit R
s as in sun S
I a s in loe T
r asin ruod F
eh as in Bach, loch KH
Is as in tsar TS
ch as in cheap CH
sh as in show SH
sh as in sheep SCH
hard sign
soft sign
~ 6anl< BANK BOT VOT

ron GOL

Jl,a DA

lKeHa zh.'NA ]Q ZA

Moli MOY !!IRCCQ KAsa nllM'lla LAMpa M,JlI[ MUSH 00<: NOS napK mRK pOT ROT

cyo SUP TllkOi taKSI 4'YOT FUmax AKH

... apL TSAR'

.. HTlleT ch/7Ayil wauu SHAPka HlH SeHf

no! pronounced not pronounced

4

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h "Illes M ateri"

STRESS

Each Russ [an word has only One syllable that is stressed or under accent, RU5SilUls simply know where tbe stress is and do nOI write 1II~ accent marks. We will indicate the stressed syll able in our transcription willi capital letters as an aid for your pronunciation.

THREE RULES OF PRONUNCIATION

I. Russ ians pronounce the 0 sound only when it is stressed. When some otber vowel is stressed in a word. the letter o is pronounced as an a "'fiT (KOn but lIud (kaTA). When the letters e, II and sometimes II are nOI stressed. they are pronounced as .1 in the English word "it, H

2. Consonants can be hard By (N I.f) or soft Be-.- (NYET). The soft n is like the sound in the word ~ onion." A consonam is hard unless il is followed by a 50f( vowel letter II, e, B, e, 10 or by the soft sign ioo.

3. A I the end of a word. or before vo iced consonants. 6. ~, r, II, ., and 1, become their voiceless counterparts. 6 ..... 0, B ...... , r ...... ".II-->T, "' ..... m, l ..... C. Examples; roll,.....oOT. 611.6-->BAP. Bor ..... NOK. IIBTOMD1-.aftaMAT. OOIl,IIII-->VOTka.

Now look at the following Russian signs and see if you. can write their meanings in the blanks.

I. C'YBEmlPLI
2. TEJIE<w)U
3. PECfOPAH
4. TYAJlET
S. YEATP ANSWERS

(;)ftlJBlIOLl WOOnS3H'" LN1tHnvlS"3H'C aNOHd313l'Z

H3.L\f3.HL ·s SHIN"3AflOS '1

5

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h "Illes M a\eria

THE RUSSIAN ALPHABET

Now that we know how to pronounce Russian letters and words, it's time to learn how to recognize the letters of the .1 phabet and to write them. As in English, Ru ssian has printed Or block letters and script or italic letters. One IILElj or di fference, however, is that Russians do not prim. So while you want to be able to recognize both sets of letters, you'll want to use the script letters when you wri te. Below is the Russian alphabet in i Is alphabetical order. Ne~t to it we have' given the English. Finally, there are spaces for you to try your hand at writing Russian.

lRussian English
Aa ..JIZ Aa tZa.
66 gJ Bb Sir
DB tilt Vv 21#
fr s. Gg '//,
.Il.tI .iJ1 Dd bd
Ee [~ Ye ye l/--r-
Ei! Ci5 \\) yo i6r
JKlK JfC= Zb zb JA- r-
33 3} Z~ J Ij
UK lla., 11 Ji
Rii lliZ Yy Vy
KK /[Jr. Kk X.k
Jh ,A...(, Ll £L
6 Thurtum

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M aleri"

MM .AI.a Mm J/l-/lll-
Hu JtH- Nu 72/lh
00 00 00 (J(f
nn Jln. Pp Pp
Pp !If' Rr 2£ k.
Cc Cc Ss Jk
TT .JJ[m Tt .:/-'
Yy Yy Uu ZiAA..
~. !Ptp Fe ~
Xx Xx Khkh J:h,M
D:.11 2?1f 'ISis :Zb
'101 ~'t Ch~b tA-d
mm lI/,ra Sh sh JIv~
mill lit 14 Sch sch JckAdv
... '6"""

.1 I>(, y 7'

• ~ fr
3') J'J Ee C;A-
1010 JOw Yuyu lrr

all JiIZ Vaya ~ra--

7 U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes Iv! ateri" U_OMsr",,)

3 HaKOMCTBO

GETTING TO KNOW PEOPLE

fdilVI1Yr)"C" (ptJ'!fMKOmimJ}'a,

,II,aBaiTe D03H3KOMHMC.H.

U:1":s.Ot:IJ\~LI:llii!td,

Knowing how In greet people and stan a conversation is very imponant. Read the following dialogue several limes, pronnuncing each line carefully aloud. The d ialoguecontains basic words and expressions thai will be useful to you.

Mark Smith, his Wife, Caroline, their daughter, Stephanie, and their son, Alex, have just arrived at mepeMeTL-e80 (Sherernetevo) airport in MOCII:Ba (Moscow) and are looking for their luggage. Mark approaches an airline employee.

MARK CLERK

MARK

CLERK

MARK

(ZDItA.57\'ily1>-:r~

3.P;li~e. 3ll:plllltTByirre.

rpo."iOCH) Kill[ IIlIM nOMO'I(,?

lGDYl'j a~A,jhi) ,drlMi1IM,r;I),' file Ham" 'IeMOIlIlH1o'?

(_It.1VUT, ,Kax BaC !JOI;yt? (,.IIfNl:i1.,

MIOOII.·'30Jlyr-"'Mdk Smilll."

Hello. Hello.

How may I help you?

Where are our su itcases?

8

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M aterla

CLERK

MARK

CLERK MARK

(OJKiJdiz.j

~.wt

(1:1)11$) ($A·SHAA) H EJCIIIA.

rM'.)rtll, ~ fW\.:IiM~'.:d !,.RrEr~'a' lJoMep SIIwero pel,,:a?

Aapo4mOT 62.

I'm ftQm ibe USA.

YOur night number? Aeroflm62.

AI the clerk looks through some papers on her desk , HUlIo (Ivan), Mark's host in Moscow, approaches.

HBAH

MARK

I1BAH

MARK

I1BAH

MARK

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

I1BAH

(p,jVl'm (Jd.'.)

"pneT, Mapll. Kall Aella?

(1iNIUSHO) I'sp<>SJbo)

Xopomo, cnaCll60,

(IIYL) (,..Lyon

KIll< (i1d1l B8DI DOJIi!T?

ima:tiil., (.JiM'Pj) Bor_ -.

( .. iNA)

--. (~iI'I'J {p,.Il.'U'qJ

001_ IIJIIIIlTIIO.

(DOCH;,,) H3TO~ (SYN)

• CIoIII.

(iniNlr,r' (p4ZHII/~IIl)

1bMuTe, IIIOlIIUYICTa.

Bawn 'leMOJI.RIUoI

(..sr.t(/,')

OCI1IJIno. a Bamlluf'mllc.

(IiPmR'J (prE"''''

A naep' 'ITO IIIIM AeJJln101

(,'OJNUYr).,'j He HOJIoyiTea.. IaN') (1I11'!,,)

0IIII ~ H Moc:ae {ZAF/~~

3UTJIIII.

(Lit,,,,) IPOlo<IJ ((:11£-"1) r ..... P>1.1

JIy'UH 1IOO,lI;JIO,.e.t ~

lPRtbyl Bw npaaw.

(poSHU) Hy oODL'lH.

9

Hi, Mark. How are things?

Fine, thanks.

How was your flight?

H= is my family, my wife

A plca&w:e to meet you.

And here are my daQghtec and $OD •

Ex_cuse me, please. Your suitcases

stayed behind in Washington.,

And. now what an: we to do7

Don't worry

They'D be In Moscow WIlIOn'OW.

Wcll. let's 'get going.

U rhcberrec htl lch gesc h utztes M ateri a

MARK CLERK

fda) isviDAllIi}"a,

nO.QlHl!i!l.llll •.

!l.o ~BllllaBllII.

Goodbye. Goodbye.

Now here is your first exerc ise based on the dialogue you have practiced, Try LO match the Russian expressions from the dialogue wlth their English equivalents. No peeking until you've tried,

1. Xopomo, CQBCllOO.

2. 3qpBBCTllyiiTe.

3. KsII ....... IIOIllO""?

4. no (:llIIQHU1UI.

5. He 'OJu.yii'TeCl>,

6. KsII Bac lO'YT?

7. Hy,DOlIIllH.

8. JlY'"oe 0031l."O, "eM ""kOfl1.9.

9. Hl"""'fU, DOlllll1lyin1!,

10. Ou" .. OP"IITHO.

a. Don't worry.
b. What's your name?
c. Better late than never.
d. Fine, thanks,
e. Excuse me ,. please.
f. How may I help you?
g. Goodbye.
h. Hello.
i. A pleasure (to meet you).
j. Well, let's get going. ANSWERS

! '01 ~ '6 ~'8 f' L q '9 U 'S \i"1> J'£ !j 't P 'I :lUllplllW

10

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes ,..., "leri"

a .. YUdi) (f) (VY:Ucll,)

JIIO)1;lIl1 BEmll

~p!QI!I!'Id.ThiI'l8~

One of the first things you'll have to know in Russian is how to name people and things.

These are the 1I<1uns, the naming words. RUSSian nouns belong to one of three grammatical genders, They ern! be masculine, femi,nine, or neuter. and you can usually tell the gender of a noun by the ending. Masculine nouns end in a consonant. Feminine nouns end in II or II. Neuter nouns end in 0 Or e. Some nOUDS end in the soft sigA .; most of these are feminine except for Ones ending in ·e.nb, which are masculine. The gender is only II grammatical category. The Russian

tsruu InK") (pilMO)

word for chair, CTYlI, is masculine. River, peu. is feminine. A letter, nI!CbMO, is neuter.

English forms the plural by adding the letter s (es) to the end of a word. Russian plurals can be formed by ending hi (II) or II (II).

Ist.OYEIffJ 1".oYEllry'!

If the noun ends in a consonant, add bl to the e "ding, CTYII,CBT ..... cryllenThi.

~I(OMniJfIJ) fKOM'ml)')

If the noun ends in II, repl ace the a with LI, KOMIlRTa ..... KOMllanl.

(TI'OtraJ ITYOfiJ

If the noun ends in the soft sign .. or the letter II', add H, THII--->1iTH.

~pis'MO) lPlS'maJ

For neuter nouns that end in 0, change the 0 to a, DHCbMO_nBCbMII.

rWAI'll)'t'") (WAIl1tij'.a}

If the ending was e change that e to II, 3jI0H'He _lll0tmll,

Russian has only a few spelling rules. One of them is as follows: after the letters r, K, x, 'I, Ill, 1lI, >II, you may not write the letter hi. Instead, you mu st write an II.

(M'AL'di/t' (MAL"L~ltlJ, (sr.ll'.DfE.:NT~.tJ' lJ;r~DrDlT'lI'

EXAMPLE: MllJIb'lKlI:_M8llL'IHKB, CTYlleHTXa-crylleBTKJI

Singular and Plural

(~WINSTI.jlll7y~) (drISW, e)l;!I!ICTlIeI!HOe 'IHCJlO singular number

lMNO:~i.r~~' lchiSl..O) MHO)!i;ec:Jl!eKKoe .. "CJlO

plural number

(slalYj crOJl,,1 .. ,'"

11

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztes M aleri a

(qfTOb.",J 8BT06yc bU>

(LAMp.) JlIL1IIOa

""'"

I

lMAl.'di.tJ MIIlIIOIfJlK boy

t

IDfEl'll.JJUcn" JJ;e1l]'1llJ<8 girl

IIIHOlKeCTBeHHoe 'IHMo

(l..IWpy) JUIMDLI lamp!

(gaZl'fzy) raJeTLl

(M.1.I.'"Mki! MWlL'IHKJI boy.

WY.E,w~liJ JJ;eBYJIlII.II gita

lNOgij HOi'll lel!!l.t.

12

rhoberrechtllch ""SChLitZ! s Ma eria'

("~'MO, IIlItt.MO I,,,,,

MilO) 01[110 window

{lDMI)'d J~_e bt.:!ikijl'l8

MBOll[eCTlleHHOe '1HCIIO

(PIS'""" IIHCJ.M8 Icmm

fi?Ifi?I ~~

llDlI.ni},g:' 3,~aullJl bl;!i~illl$

Before going on. review the above words and write thorn out in the blanks prov ided,

Just as English has its "child" but, "children," "woman" but "women," Russian has Some plurals that simply should be learned. Here are a few of the mOSI important ones. Repeat them 10 yourself and then write them out.

(MAT) ",an. rBQtn~T

oartrs, UTeQ fathtl

(MArM) M8TepR molll."

13

U rheberrec htl ich g"sc h utztes M a\eria

ell:HHCTBeHlloe 'IlfCJIO

(ODeH) Jl.0'lL dall&hter

(.ri8YQrwl;J pe6iinOI< dJild

MIIollleCTBeHBoe 'IIICJlO

WOthMJ IW'Iepll daughters

III

-

'_:'

.

~fii

-------

[ji~

--------------~~

(~IfdV'~' Cl;.lPQllildt

"""

WYE.:ll) Aent children

Now, gi ve the name of the famous Russian novel F athers and Sons.

(Hint: .II was actually Fathers and Children. ) _

\01'1) (,NA) (.NO)

OH,OH3,OHO

helL, ~[

We now know that Russian nouns are identified by their grammatical gender. Examine the following questions and answers.

(IJIHe) 1<ifTO""··') rAe aBT06yc? Where's the bus?

lOll! (TAM) 011 TIIM.

h's over there.

(GDYE) (STAN";,.) (",,'fRO) rll:e CTaIIH,IUI MeTPO? Whcre's the Metro station?

IaN.) (ll!M) Ona 'fIlM.

It's over there,

(IJDrE) (pI/MO)

rile nHCLMo? Where's the letter?

laNO) (TAM) OnoTllM.

It's over there,

ANSWER

14

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h "Illes M aterla

(aNt) In the plural, all of the genders are replaced by only one, form or the pronoun: OD.

IGOVE! IgoZl'EI}"' n.,e nner~l?

Where are the newspapers?

(g,"'~1J (TAM) 00 TlIM.

They' re over there.

Now try 10 fill in the blanks with the correct fonn of Ol!, OHa,OI!O, Olill.

(GDrE) 1""pytNT)
I. r)Xe CT)')XellT?
Where', the student?
lGDY£) fDrerl~'d'
2. rile ~epellQ?
Whe,re's the nee?
(GDYE) IKNI""
J. r~e Irnara?
Where's the book?
{GorE! fLllbl""
4. r~e IIMOKO?
Where's the apple?
(GOYE! iDYE,,)
5. rile ~eTH?
Where are the children?
(GOYE! iMAnt)
6. nl.e MaMa?
Where's Mama? ITMI,

________ TaM.

there.

!TMlJ

________ TDM.

there.

(WII

________ TaM.

there.

i1IWl

_______ TaM.

there.

!TAM)

________ TDM.

there ..

ANSWERS

~f!O·' HUO'S OIlO'f' UIlO'£" OlfO''': «or IIf 11111

15

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ u rio

(GDfCHDOMJ

7. f~e ~oM7 'Where', the house?

(GDYI'J("""""'I

8. file MocK8lI7 Where's Moscow?

iTilM)

_________________ TBM.

there.

(TAMI

__________________ TaM.

there.

Let's see how many Russ ian word s you can wri Ie in the bl auks below. Notice how Russi ans can ask questions with the following little words: KTO (who), 'ITO (what), rne (where),

(K!"J ~EUH

I. Kyo :ITO?

Who is thai?

(SJIID)

2. 'ITO :ITO?

What is thai?

('GDfEI

3. f~e 1

Wbere is the house?

ANSWERS

I~Oll'£ P.JIIO-l>,·t J.1l;JlJhJ.:l "I

16

(Em)

3m

That's a student.

3m

That's a book.

(VOT)

BOT oa, Here it is'

HHO'S HO"l..

ut moi

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes M a\cria

4. he ~ ?

Where. is Moscow?

5, rae ?

Where is the apple?

6, file ?

Where are the children?

7. rAe ?

Where is the tree?

BOT on. Here it ;sl

BOTOKO. Here it is!

BOTO.IlH. Here they are!

BOTOKO. Here it is!

)'C'

(!ill (11') (ON) (,.vA! (~~O) (MY) (V)'J (aNI)

,. , Thl, OK, OR3, ORO, Mbl, 81.1, ORR

)"00

bCli.1

dttJiL

we use person aJ pronouns to re late to one another. Thus, they nrc essential if you are 10 understand and speak Russian. Keep your earl attuned for the word 1101, the polite form of addressing "you. H You'll answer with the form H, "J." which is ill fact the last letter of the Russian alphabet; it is only cspitalized if u begins a sentence. The TLI, "you," form is used between family members and friends, to animals, and between young people of similar ages. When in doubt, you'll be better off using B~I so as POlIO offend anyone.

ANS''''ERS

oij<Jd~U 'L luau '9 mlOlrQII ·S· m[~Jol'J·t

17

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M aleri"

(N~j} (ROTsr':I~rti)

HAmH PO.1l.CTBEHHHKH

'This is HUH'S family tree. Note the word for each of his relatives.

(..,}/f)'o) (...oRYC},n""i MapKII AHllpeeuHa lB,HnullT.iJ,J 6a6YWKa ~r.uwJmod1e'

III

-

,

(',rufEf) (olilSM'rI"""J,) Cepreii _~n.eHCaUllPOBH" (DY£d.,3'~' lle)lyWKB

~1m1_df:nhct"

fmilhilJl.} (:lrGrE-,nirirJ

M I!XIIIIJlu CepreeBK'I ,.rreTS)

OTen

rather

W"'I (p,TROV",,) Auua. "moaRa (MAr)

MaTI>

!l'l(Mher

(NI~) lmiKHAfiavllt:lJ HIHD MllXlIllJlolHa (DOCH)

)lO'l~

d!UJth~j

t\"I!.jlm {RfIKHAflUl-l'Io""h,

,RaOUlH" MHlIiIlMoB...-" (.11''''1

a.III

"'"

(BRAT) 6pllT

-

(!>oRIS) (piffiO,'i<i» 60PH~ "moBB'! rD"''',.,!

IlIlJlll

(Vl'Em) UirGYE".e'L'nQ) Repa Cepreeaua f1TIJry~)

Te-rR

1.111_dt:

'~ ~)'J~1

(pRJNJ' (~J.'Ca~'

HpHHa 60PHOOIIHB

(d>~YU"""""'J IlBOlOPO)lHaJI ceCTpIl

rem.ii.l;::,am~11

(P '(OTR) (IxlIU iaIlkh) nero IiOPHCOBft"II ,rdL'!:l'fUrad.rry' IlBOlOPO)lHMii 6PIIT mi)e",oo:!l.i.n

Oy'ilN) frniKU&141·idl) """II MHxaUOBH'<

18

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes Materia

Find the following family members in the family tree and write in the relationship in the blank space.

1. HHHa-

sister of 2. liopHc DerpOBH'I-

HBm.,.

uncle of

mother of

4. BaclUlHi MHui110BH'I-

AHHW DeTpOIJII],'.

SOn of

S. Ceprei A.J1eKCIUIJl;polIH'I -

grandfather of

In the word search puzzle we have placed the words for "father," "aunt." "uncle," "grandfather," and "sister. ,. See how many you can find.

"- 0 c ~ T " T 0 ii K .~ lK
~ T e T H T e It H n 11 C
x e IjI e It e It }' W K a /1
M LI q !jl J T C C T P a
H lK II ~ tU " III P r !jl c x Each family is unique. Use the spaces below to write out some of the Russian words you will need to describe your own fami! y situation.

Or. ... (stepfather), Ma .. exa (stepmother), nac~mOK (stepson), nllA'lCpH:Q;1I (stepdaughter), ClIOJUlIIII o.:eCTpB (stepsister), C!1Il:JUI~lii 6paT (stepbrother)

ANSWERS

sdioso 'C>lmAOall 'IitrHlI ·BJ.~ 'naio lI;)'ln3S PJOM

U}HTIAlIa!l 'S HlqJ ." qJ.P'I'<"£ KtnfIT " edJ.J:lJ·1 SHIUB.;!

19

U rheberrec htl ich g"sc h utztes M a\eria

Look at the Russian words below for an apartment. Repeat each of the words several times and then practice writing them in the spaces below.

(KU~H",.J "yms. li:ildJm

rihtJla.cm.:nlt.) IOlIO/lIIJIl>l·HIi rerri,gttiUor

(d.KHOF"'J II)'XOBKII

(goSTIooyaJ fOClllHIlJI Livil'll!: room

MIMJ /lna.H :s;ofa

(SF'OLI (TOJI table

(""r7l'1t\1 KBAPTHPA

An Apmmtml

rDVYER'J ll,Bep.b door

(IariDOIl) KOpltAOP bi.!J.h""IIIY

(omoJ OlUlO ,.,..,ndrrw

('II""),,) 8lUl1I1lJI b.JltJrtXim

n~ltO) 8llH1I8 Nlt'lliJb

f~4n~ftd) paKOBHII8 :s.illl

1SJlU.'"y"l COaJI&IIH bc<iroom

(SHK"-FJ WKa'" closet

(!roIRTI KpOBllTlo \>cd

20

U rheberrec htl lch gcsc h utztes M atcrla

ARRIVAL

(prircsr

OpHe31J.

rGDYE} ftwdijw\T)'

rAe HOqeBaTL?

\Vhen=: !O Spend rtJ~ ,Ni;GJl.L

You'll probably already have booked a room either ina hotel or with a private family from home - at least for'your first few days in Russia. In Fact, unless you have been invited by SOmeone w he will arrange for your accomrnodat ions, you should not leave home without a reservation. Even so, you'll want to know some basic words and phrases that describe the, serv ices and Facilities you Can expect to find. Learn these words first, and notice how they are used in the dialogues you will read I ater;

(t(jSTIi!lr1~' rocnJHHQa """I

(V, .... nayaJ BIIHHaR bJihroom

(<WJIUR"",.) /lelKYpuaR 1!:1:)'!:ad)' (Ooorc;le"rt,

WOlNl~, .. olllep hotr:l room

r

. - ~.r. __

. . .

. . .. _ .... -

ladlflilli~'TAAlfl"J 8IlM1l.UHCTparop iiIIdmil1iUc<II!ot

21

(sro_o CTO_OXT~

'''''

(mbnlNlr:tI'V4J(J :llI6powtpOBiln.

lon=-S!::n"t:

{GOR.rjk~J ropHH'Iuali "HiLL!

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes M atcrla

(M5p<m1 (KU'IICIII W>T)
nacQopT 1Ul1O'J JlJI~T
plSSpOt1 '''' ;:Iev .. loc
CL!J , ('JCO.'tal

CKOJlbKO?

The numbers are absolutely essential if you wish to get by in Russian. Take a look and try to pronounce the following numbers from one to ten. Then practice your writing in the 'paces supplied.

Number Russian Pronun.ciation
0 HjJlIo NUL'
OIlIlQ oDIN
2 )l;8a DVA
3 TpH TRl
4 .. e-n.tpe chl7"Yry~
5 QII1lo PW
6 ween. SHEST'
7 teML SYEM'
S ooce,MI> VOsim'
9 llelll1lo ors-«
10 IICgrn, DYEs;"
I
22 U rheberrec htl ich g"sc h utztes M a\eria Let's see if you can fi II in the blanks after the numerals with their correct names, Sol ve the problems along the way. Note: Plus is WIIOC, Minus is lIlKByC, Equals is IiYlleT.

a. 2 + (nlIIOC p(.Yus) 3 6YlleT [jUdi'
Ii. S + (IIJ]IOC) 2 liylleT
B. 6 + (RJlIOC) 4 liYAeT
r. 8 (MHHyC MIIlII:S) 7 liYAeT
II· 9 (MIIII)'c) 6 liYAeT (NO~r) l"J (laSTlllr/~}

HQMEP B rOCTHHHUE

A Room if! the HDlJ;1

ISH"'",/,) WlUI¢I

cbes.I ofdttwtr.ii

(zrERblo) 3ep!<IIJIO mirror

{Mlm'ina} p8"UB.nH link.

rp;:lksn·f.}Ju~} BOJIOTt:n:Q,e 11Jo'I1I.'1:1

(PUSH) JlYW shower

{pol)USHi<>, BOAYm"a pil'ow

(dir!'4JVJ II-n 50II

(DVER·) JUlep~

,.,."

(lIWaYl:"'tJ T)'DJleT toilet

ANSWERS

It<1.L='1.~3m - q.L~a"I1·11 HItIl'h_'1~aJ_'I"~"JD9 'J q.tttJ~11 = ~d!'1J,~h + '1J.;:1~m·s '11~W = eall + '1J,HU '9 '1.LHU '" I1dJ,.+ eoll'o S-I;K]lUllN

23

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M aterla

fl(AI() (""'VAn I ,,,,PROS!

KaK 3a;J:aoaTL aoapoc

HIJ ..... olil!ikii qu:RIiot!

Jusllik.e English, Russian has a few essential question words. lf most of ours begin with who, when, where, what, the R ussian question words have "TO, "orna, "Y lIa and words derived from those forms, like rne and 'IT'O.

Look al the words below and repeat them aloud several times. When you feel comfortable that you know them, lry writi ng the m au t.

R II"" inn word Pron unci anon English
i
I Kro ITO Who
Kor)l,ll IwgDA When
KY)I;· kllDA Where 10
r)l;e COYE Where
IIro SHTO What
KaK KAK How
CKOJILKO SKOL'ka How much, how many We hope thaI everything will be perfect, bUI if someihing is oUI of order you may need the following phrases.

(SHTO) W~)

"liTO no?

(NYEUroBOtail)

He pa60TaeT.

Wtll.li.!I.IJA':l'

1.

Can you get the following. item! repaired~

'1ro 3T0? 3r0.lllIMn.. _l_---------

Be plfioTaI!T.

ANSWER

24

U rheberrec htl ieh gose h utztes ~ I atcrla

2. 'lro ~o?

J. 'ITO ~o?

Em

r

He pa6OTaeT.

MARK

Len watch the Smith family check into their hotel. Look at the words carefully and then try to read them aloud to practice your pronunciation,

Hello.

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

MARK

3Jlpllllcnlyiire. l~braN11'tJY(Jlj}

MQ UtipOd!lpOU!Q!AJ!II

fN(}PJ!iro, fSlYOdll)"a,

HOMepa' ... a1'O~.

'DO~'<J W""J )l;06poe,J"l'Po.

V,'_"I _ _ _ __ : f./}:MU~yti~ ... -; -- 8lI!QUI '1(JlM!U!_-_.

Men 301Y'" MapK CMHT.

(,.'l'"fJ1NI

)];a" rot:PO)gQICr.!ln:'.

(0(1,_) )l;aa HOMepa C lIYllIeM.

_ l~tH:MLY£rriyw) ladJtlOM)

K 'COlPJl_lO, ,II <fAIIO)l

IIOMepe,pym ,lie p.6oTa,eT.

We reserved two

rooms Iortoday.

OoodmomiDg.

What's YDU'r last name? My name is Mark Smith.

Yes, MlsterSmith,

'TWo rooms with a shower,

UnJommate!y,in one

room the ,shower isn'l worldng.

t,,-j'cl'ii\i'o,

U" .. ero. &hI lICe 6ylteM It doesn't matter. V&'U all,

(pri/tJ,IfAT) (dN()QM!

1IpJIIPP!QI'f!i, ~mllllPym" !JoKep'" !like a sbower ioille ,other :roo_m.

Xopomo. Ho 'ea1o elqe Fine. But there b still

(MAI"~ IP",8I.YE""i

0" lIlIlIeJD.KU: apo6Jl,e..a.

(I",in,;:d 'ITO HMeWlO?

one small probkm.

What exactly?

ANSWERS

"..l,II!:.LOged IIH m.\l1·£ ".L~l!.LOged ~u doumalffi~"Z SJ]Bda!l

15

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes Materia

CLERK

MARK

(10 Caroline)

CAROLINE

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

MARK

CLERK

CAROLINA

CLERK

MARK CLERK

8 IIlYfOlIl!CIIIepI'. (<Jk.~J (oUlrili1i""l _Jle~.

(DYE"'·)

'iTO l'iYJl:eM Jl:eJIIIT"? (DYE';) (1IS1JI(iJ D~o. neTII YCI'lIJU.

1$w.!W/J·:tk!>1

HeT CBOt'KJron,lX OOMepol

110 BCei Mocne.

~=::~=:

(_,.1)\) Xopomo. BaoIIIIIKIIOpTII.

=;kn.

f7tt.lSCllOT) BOT 0011. A "11K oac." (Z<F'''''''I

ltunpU.?

(bJYD,".)

3UI'pM • Ilytere

«J.ISOF)

11 __ •

(pr"""SKA) 80r __ .,oaytP.

(KLruCII) A r..e &IDO'l1

(~It1Sl'OM) (~MZJI£) Ha mecroM lTIIlKe.

HOMep 61S.

(SK .... :,.iQ"~J B .. __ ere.

(UfT) r..e.ut'r'

@/!1'I( .. I'RYMooI a..re.,..o.

(pOTDJIII (oaPM"'i

• IIOTOII .......

~~.

Da.anykft.

In !be other room !be window ~n't open.

What shalf we do?

It's late. The children are tired.

There are no avail able rooms in all of Moscow.

Fine. Your passports.

please,

Here they are. And how about breakfast?

B~ is wved in !be snack bar at 8:00AM.

Here are your pa51CS ••

On thesixth floor, Room 615.

COuld you tell me wbeR: the elevator is?

00 sttaIgbl ahead. and then 10 Ibe right .

Thank you W%'J much. You're welcome.

• 10 most Russi .. hotd. you will receive a tlpHfeK (holel .,..,) wh;oh you must show '0 the doorman and 10 your kt:)' lady. The key lady on your floor will glve you your kt:)' ond roll"'" it when you leave the room.

26

U rhcberrec htl lch gesc h "Illes M ate,i a

After you have reviewed the dialogue II few times. see if you can fill in the blanks with the correct Russian words.

1. BalD1l ,1I0lUJlj'iicra,

3,

_________ Ile oTJqlLlllIIe'J'Ol.

4. A!UIJ( 'JlIlITpau?

S. AuaiTe llle<"L,

(Dill) lSW,,,,

,Il;U3 CJIOB3

"fI,!.'Q.'lk(Jrd$

If you want 10 make friends and get along with people on your trip, you will want to learn

and use these IwO little words. ~ ~

("I'aSl""), coaca60 thank you

(paZHAlli'}'.:I:r_(;I' oOlKllllyiictD. •

please, you're welcome

.. This word can n-.ean eilher "please" or "you're welcome." according to lhc: situation.

ANSWERS

II"OI~aHU~O'S .L"h~UH·" OH>lO 'E m~"lfgodu 'z: p..LdomeU'1 UJ tnd

27

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h "Illes Materia

Circle these important words along w ith fi ve other words related to your hotel stay in the word maze below. (HINT: Look for the Russian words for please. Ihank ),0". elevator. passport, key. key lady. toitet.)

ANSWERS

.La.IJp.A~ ~H·P.Hdh)f{::nt 'hO{If)l i ..1dm..t;:mu '.upUIf '09H;::IEU:::I 'P..1::Hj'I\IfP.:+:::ou ;n;cUI p,JQr\\.

a 6 B ;l K T N JI " M
n 0 '" a JI y il c T a
3 p J 10 a w I.Q 0 10
" " T 'I ~ H 6 T H
n :a.:: e ~ e a c T "
0 0 III 3 JI T JI " <I> T
P ii n " II 6 o a
T i' P "I. e Il .. 0 " 10
Jl C '" Y P " a " T " 28

U rheberrec htl ich gesc h utztes M atcrla

PLACES OF INTEREST

(~ri"iCHA'ir.a'fiJ .l1.oCTonpHMe'l8TeJlLHOCTH

aUK) (,.oAl (P"'ITIJ

KaK TYi1:a npOUTD?

nl)wto~.'Tbcn:-(-[]niF'DcM)

"How do [ get to, .. ?H "Where is the nearest subway?" "Is the museum straight ahead?" You '.II. be asking directions and geuin_g answers w nerever you travel. Get to know the words and phrases tb at will make getting arou nd eas ier, Write in the new _ words and say them aloud severe) times.

rUI_IJJd'

YJIHUA

SIn="t

rpRr .... nr4) npl!MO :stWI;lN

t

(.ilGLYCIl1) •
lIa11eBO
In ,til:: Itfc
(~rRAvaJ ..
IIllIJ(IIUIO
toll1J=ri;gl'!! Caroline and Mark have just left their hotel for their first morning of sightsee ing,

Although they have a map or the city

(Pl.AN I (GO,,,,",!

(1IItIIII roPO,ll.ll), they decide to try out their new Russian ski II s and ask

the policeman on the corner for directions.

(PW.d,,"! n.101llllAl> oC:ilY sqv.ue

fPOCHll,!~ DO~n'8 posI Mfic~

MARK I'O[JOI~,,,,,,,) IbIHHlITe, rll:e' (mrUYEYI lriruLi'Ul-Jiy~J ~peil:PaoJl1O_1

MlJ..'S.e'lm of the I;t~volillion

_/:L

- ---

1:1

MI1JIHLl.HOHEP (Mk."",,) liDio") (PO! (E"Yi (U1"k) ,H,1(8Te':Do ~iyJDU(e

Go 110111 ml~ $[fI;(:.

rpMKllroSlolJ nepeKpiic"roo; ill!CflimlOO

29

U rheberrec htl ich gesc h utztes Materia

(J .. ir;a.fORJ ",u'w¢lop tra.rfie l.ighl

rSToLI fTOil t.,W1",

(00' (nitaFOra) (pdiOJt.1, lnUl.YEI~) AO C!!~Ojlll, noro)l,lUIIIeBO until the t:r:aCfiL" ~;gnn,l" tkn 101 th:! !eJt

(da) (uOtA) (T:UI) (pcwll'Nlr;'fJ (f1t1"R.!.11i}

AO yrll!h TilMlIQII~{lDTtlIIIDJ)OO.

;to thI;!- ~ner, There )'00 1:tI1t1, IQo ibe ri~l,

{lDIf}T, (DAL"5Ju') (i) fPYEril} ('MIlI1i, HllIITe Il,llIll>we H D epe~ p,.,JI Go II blt flrtb~ imd irl from rtf you

(8Ud/l) .(mlilzt'Er, 6YllllTlII)'3eii.

will be rili:: 1JIl.l!i~II[J]_

CAROLINE Cna ..... 60.

MHJlI1L1J1:0HEP nOlllllilyiiCTa.

(GDYEI IMYI

rAe Mbl?

Wh~a.I"I:'LIo'lC''?

IIWSH""I KOWKII

Look at the words and phrases u sed in R ussian IU describe location. Write UUI each of these important lillie words. Notice that the "UU" fur "table" has different endings according to {he prepositions that precede it. You will not need to learn all of these endings. Pay closer aaentlon \0 the highlighted forms.

fZi)U"WMJ '!II. CTOJIOM behind

IPrErlr) (,,,W-'I! n~Pfl' CTOJIOM io rnxll 00'

30

{NA)I..aLfBI .. CTOJIe on

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M a\eri a

rU)r",Li) y erona

(OmJid (~~J O&OllO' ereaa ,..,.

Now take a look at the ..,WI "'1M r< (boy) and the ADM (house). Can you write in the proper words 10 locale him?

~ ~ ~
1. 2. 3.
~ ~, ~,
4. S, 6,

lEla) (ifi) (TO)
3TO HJlH TO
ThiJor ,luI You can do lots of things in Russian by using your finger to point and these twn little words, let's tl')' it for fun, Fill in the blanks with the correct response,

liMTl~~)

. 1. B"t :>:OTJIre »0 !UUI TO?

Wou ld you like th is one or th alone 1

_________ , no~yiicra • This nne. please,

(fNilpOClI"T~.i,rr~ ,

2. B", Ope)lDO'lllT&eTe no UB TO? [)Q you prefer this one Dr that one?

_________ ,Do~yiiCTa.

That one, please,

ANSWERS

.0.1 'z .o.L€ 'I

oiroxo '9 ao .ol!~U1!lI '£ ml'" "'C lI~d';lu', u. "I

31

U rheberrec htl lch g"sc h utztes M a\eria

(NU7.H"J'J'~) 15lt:l~'

HYlKHbie CJIOBa

t.'tce!O:tiiJ)' wDttI~

Write the Russian words in the space provided and say them aloud.

(tiNOI !litHO

("",~'ZlN) "IlIraJl{lI

(8ONK) liDOl<

(mtJSJly,ta) MDWOPn

(oprrEko) aDTf!X8 pIIo"""'1

(m) (p;'/oKOMI

IbTD nemKOM

ComiflS- and :go-il1g (011 fool)

rr,Dl"if'j QepKORh C:bUK"b

(,"OSK) !l!lOCK ktost

Russian verbs have endings to indicate, who is performing the action. Remember back to the persona] pronou ns and look at the following table. Then write ou I the expressions in the blanks, NOTE: Russi aDS use the same WOrd for "Co m ing" and "Going!"

1. am going

you an, go ing

he/she is going

we are going

you are go ing

they are go ing

32

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M aterla

{GDfE) IW) (~AJ

Fne HJlH KY)l;3

We have already seen examples of the ending of a noun changing because of a preposition.

We say the noun is in a specific case. The nominative (naming) case is the form of a noun found in dictionaries and word lists. Russian has six cases. 10 express location, Russians use the prepositiunal er the aceusatlve case.

In answer to the question «I'~e?,. r·Whe.re"l") Russians USe the preposition B (in) or u8 (at) plus the prepositional case, which for most nOUnS has the ending e. .

n..e MHMa? _

r~e Dalla? _

I'~e "BaU? _

I'Ae "paua? ~

Oua B HarnaDe. _

Ou B 6!1lure. _

088 !lllTelle. _

OWl DB OO'lTe. _

In answer to the question «XYlia?» ("Where 10?"), Russians reply with the preposition B (in) or UB (at) plus the accusative case. The accusative endings for masculine, and neuter nouns are

the same as the nominati ve. For feminine nouns. those that end in B will have the aceusati ve

case ending y, those ending in .. will end in 10.

KYJl.1I "II" MIlMa? _

KY):Ia IIIIh oaoa? _

KY):Ia Tbt B):IeDl~? _

KYJl,!lBbtBa.he? _

Oua Bah B MaralHH. _

OIiIlAH B 6aHK. _

JiIlJQ' " allT""Y' _

I

I\b.:r lllliiM HII UO'lTY' _

That's an awful lot to Jearn. Go back over the section above and practice writing out. in the spaces prov ided the new words and phrases. Then Jet's see if you can filJ in the blanks below.

tGOrQO (dalZHNA)

I. Dang R HIlMa B ropoll. 2. MaMa lloJDKHa DoliTH _

Al"lSWERS

10

lIH1l9 o·Z J.,(lfH·( u1 lUll

33

U rheberrec htl ich g"sc h utztes Materia

(mBDlal'l)

3. nanD "II" aa QO' .... y. 4. TaM pa60Taer "pIII,a.

wmlio..!i

S. "pHHD H naea JIAYT _

6. MaMD)"Ke ~

ANSWERS

-~1I11£eJEI~ U'9 H"EUJ~I'I a'S ~hOU UH'~ J..~llfl Of

1l'111<I

34

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M ateri"

H"t<lI['I~1 2 j ~::::~.;

~,nrllM.l!

IilJfIll'U"

. ~'~

4 ". 8. "~~,-:'.'.

=(I"~~

I

You will certainly want to use the public transportation systems in MIKKBII or CUKT-neTepliypr (Saini Petersburg), The following dialogue contains some words and expressions you will find useful. Read the dialogue aloud several times to familiarize yourself with the meaning and pronunciation of the words. And dont forget to take a ride Olr the Mcrpo,

e

, No. 'That's toot~iUi';r:e~

(f9'YL'Jin:J) tlfUiSl)

lIolfAe-p,j,Ua'TII);","

(1lA1!'!

'!lI'tenp.

CAROLINE

to,!be theater.

MARK

(SU_SH .. ",) (ooro.r<>1

H:~", ~P.M tlojqW.

CAROLINE

.KajJlJClnJitfflM!:?

$ro~~;ij.,Wl~,

}foW' ,ab6ntihe',me.lt01

That's comfortable"ai:uJj:ijdi,~ ..

35

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztcs M aleri a

MARK

CAROLINE

MARK

CAROLINE

(,rrl'miVOI rVJDM'

JJ:a. Ho HU'Iero BeRR)l;KO.

(1idO.· .. I. .. (oflV. v." b~", "1. EAe'" IIlII anooyee?

(pfi/(!MSrw) Upelipatllo! Y relill, {bi!.Ft')'l

e('OO 61111erl.l'!

{uM:SH""1

KOBe'lllO, Y MelUl .: Rn>.

Ha 90T06yce (On the bus).

(ryKJIOd;;fY~) BJ>l6!l!:O)l;ll'l'e'l

PASSENGER

CAROLINE

PASSENGER

l$Kldr.iJ)"r!) HeT. B.w UeCIIII1IUrre', (s/roc"", (",""'0',,,,' U:OJQiKO 'oet1QI080Ii'

)l;O Bo!MI!O!'() 'Tel'qla1

(bafSHOY) _ 1C!fl;riJ), fio1lJiillloiTeltp '!{epe3

jl;.e ocr ... O • .PI.

Ye.s. But you can't see anything.

Splendid! 00 you .nave any tickets?

Of COUM, 1 have SOIDe.

Are you getting off?

No. Ceuld you len us, how m_any stops

untillhe Belshol Theater?

The Bolsh.oi Theater comes affe.t two stl:lps,

After listening 10 the con versation above, you should be able 10 choose the correct answer and write it in the blank spaces.

1. n OCII.e" 0 Teal'J'.

a. aa aBTo6yee 6. ua "eTpo B. aa TaKe!!

2. HeT. CJlOWKO" ~~~~~~~~ a. xoponio 6. aoporo B. JleWellO

3. E./le" ~ aBT06yce?

a. aa 6, 'tepes B. B

4. 8LI 1

S.

a. CKalKeTe 6. eJleTeB. BhUO/lltTe

________ ~ TeaTp 'lepe3/lBe OCTaIlOIKH. a. EOJIhmoii 6, Haw B.opeKpacHblii

ANSWERS

es a 'r Po '£ 9 'Z e'l

36

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes M atcrla

(K<KJ (MYJ m,oll"')

K3K Mbi e)l;eM?

HowW'iIl'liVC!i!:!J''?

Look at the pictures below, repeat the phrases, and then write them in the blanks.

( .. WoKSlJ HH TaXeR

(mjTRfJ) aH ... eTPO

I_HY",,) aa MDQlIRt

lYE.,.,')

EX3Tb

Do you remernbe r the R ussian verb .. JtI"II meaning 10 come or go by fool? Russians use another verb, enTh, if the act of coming or going takes place in a car, bus, train, etc.

I urn going

you are going

she/he is going

we an: going

01>1 ~.l1eTe

they are going

you are going

37

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h "Illes Materia

(GDYE) (aW) ("DM ( .. W) (tEd.ti

rJlE OHM? KYJlA OHM E~?

Wht!ft Are They1 WI1~rc It. n= "t'lx-"Y Going?

.

, MyJK'I"IIB B Mo(oe.

~

", ~.

"

)l{eH~a B BlUIlHHITOHe. 'Vi}

M",,,, ""00" ~'~ ,..

neBYIIII<Q B KpeMJIe.

MYlII:'IuaB eaer B Moeny.

lKeBIllHHB CJ{eT B BaUIIIHITOH.

neBO'lllll elleT UB GUeT.

38

U rheberrec htl ich gcsc h "tlles M atcria

(CHEY) (CI/,~) (CH'rO) (CH'I)

qeD, Ib.JI, qLe, Ib.u

W'bose?

You already know that Russian nouns can be masculine, feminine and neuter, and singular Or plural. Some modifiers must agree with the noun. In the chart below you will see that the words for "mine, your. our" change according to the noun. Russians say:

(MOY) (00,\1) (mar.) (ha,Tlrol (maYO) (priMO) (maY!) rom;) MOH )lOlli, lIIOR KDapTHp&, MOe DHCl.MO, MOH Ae'I1I

my bouse my aparcment

my tene-

my dJ.lldret1

ENGLlSH MASCULINE FEM INE NEUTER ALL PLURALS
My Moii !\tOR MOe MOH
Your THoii THOR TBO~ THOR
HerfHis ee/e,ro ee/ero eiVero ee/ero
Our Haw Barna name HawH
Your Bam BD1118 aame DaUIH
Their IIX HX HX "" See how well you can do in filling in the missing modifiers:

I. 3m Komxn. 2. 3m YJ'lHqa. 3.3TO c06axn.
my Col ...;, "n,," do,
4.3m croa, S.3TO 6a6ywKa. 6.3TO tieK.
her t.lbl~ }'lJur gJilod'momcr )OO'(rl.l bank
AJ'ISWERS
mea ·9 M09.1 ·S ~a 'I> DIllBH T KH 'Z MO," '1 ".l31l1pOW 39

Uri -bern 11111 I schutzt s '" 'ria

7. 3m "1010. 8. 3TO Mam.IIHa. 9. 3m cryJl.
bis my cluiir
10.3m .. 6J1QKO. 11 . 3TO ,Il,eTII. 12. 3m .110.· ..
your .ppk her ehl~[) Lhcdt """'" Let's take a break. YOu've had a 101 of information 10 absorb. See how much Russian you already know by trying your hand at the IlpottlOPA (crossword)

no ropll'JoRTllJlO Across

I. They 3. Hotel

9. Policeman

10. Four ll. One

12. Museum

no IepTOIiMH DOlV;,

2. No

4. Excuse me

5. Yes

6. Room/number

7. She

8. Five

ANSWERS

QJ.HII·8 ~HO 'L d""OI! '9 En'S ,,"'''HnCH'j> .!-;')II·Z :uO\oa

\!;,)[Ii:I~'n II "liO 'I I

~dlqJ.ah '01 d3HOllllHlIlII'!'6 unIHIIU:)OJ'E HMO 'J :SSO.DV "tURd

XII 'Z1 ~3 'II ~OHJ. '01 [111m '6 KO"'8 0.13' L sJamPGw

40

U rheberrec htl lch gcsc h utztes Materia

(VRY€.mJ,Y/) (i) (CHlsla)

BpeMH H 1Jllrna

Time- :illtld NLJ.m.beiii

(SKQn"J

CKOJlbKO?

The n umbers are essemi al if you wish (0 gel by in R usslan. Do you remember (he numbers from one to ten in Chapter 2? Let's cover them agai n and wri Ie them OU! for practice along with two new important words for tell lng time.

Number Russian Pro n u ucial ion
0 JlyJI~ NUL'
I OIlMB oDIN
2 lin DVA
3 TpJl TRI
4 'IeTLlpe chiTYrye
5 JlIITh PmT
6 weCTL SHErr'
1 teMI> SYEM'
8, BOceML voa«
9 lIeBIITL DYEv,t'
10 lleCJlTlo DYEsil"
11 OAHHIllI,II.u;an. aDlnaisat'
12 IlBellllJl,llllTL dviNAt.ol' 41

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h "Illes M a!ctia

flaW,,} f,,,1:'HA$) fCHA.;)

KOTOPLIH CEHQAC ~C?

NDW YDU'", ready to start telling time. Look at the clocks below,

O'OlioJ TORao TOk",

flolYU) (YORK! HhlOoHoPK

New Yurl

(""RISH) napBlK ,p~ri.t.

(auttSka) (""",Ill I
AIUICK8 MOC1illa
I\lliSl:ii. J..,[{]5Dl:lW
B TUKBo. Ha, MRCKe B ""H).HopKe B Mo.eKBe B IIaplllKe
Jl,CORTb 'taC8D. 1pR'Iaca. BOceMb '1aeos. 1pB'Iaea, 'lac, In order to. ex press the time, Russians use the n umber pi us • r orm of the word "hour" --'lac.

For one o'clock, simply S!\y 'UIC (CHASj. After the numbers two, three, and four, say '1aea (chi£A): JI,BII 'taea, 1])11 '1aca,'1eTLlJle '1aea. After the number five and through twenty use qaooK (chiSOF): .IUITL 'JaOOB, WeeT!. '19C8B, 11 T,)I"

Can you count around the clock'] Try it JUSt once, To. add. precision to your limes you might want to. add the words for "in the moming"~yrpa (uTRA), "in the aftemoon"~)I,HJI (DNl:4.), "in the evening"-Beqepa (VYEchira) ,

ANSWERS

9 O~ ~ h q.LI!IITJ!!H agif caooeh q.leh.lJtHltUmo "QO:j~h (UH;')~U :uoonH qJ.,HH~11 ~gOO'llh q~"la:mG '~uo~ah QWQO 'ao~u h ~ J.:l0m 'Ho:mh qJ.H 11 'Ii:;) F.h 00 19.L0h 'UOUh Ild.L 'e:lBh ~i!ll ':lE h 'Po.l;)

42

rbeberrechtllch qeachutzt s Maimi"

Ilu,IMJ

Korna?

'Wft(:n7

Now that you can te II time. it's easy to tell someone when or at !Vllat lime something will or did happen. You simply add the preposition. before the lime. ThU when you are coming and then we: II fill in the blank r

11 DpIlJlY B 'lac.

11 1lJ'''JIJ' " Yp. 'IDea.

11 Dp"JlJ' B '1f:l1>lpe 'Ilea.

Now that we can get there on time, yon' II want !O learn the other important numbers. Notice that Russians make the word for eleven andtwelve by adding one + ten---OllHH IUIIlecJ!TIo = OilHlUUIJUI,lITIo. two + Icn-Jl,BB B.B A"""11. '" JI,1IeBIlJlIl.IITL. The same is true for the numbers from thirteen 10 nlneteen. Once again, II}' 10 repeat them aloud and then write them in the blanks provided.

Number Russian
13 TpllllllAAlITL
14 'I eThlpHllAAliTL
l5 DJlTUII,II;~DTL
16 mecTBIlAAHTL
17 CeMHHAIUlTL
18 tlOCe.IHIIJ:tItllTL
19 lIeBJITH8IlItIITL
43 Pronunc i ation

IriNA/sat'

chiTYRnalsat'

pilNAlsar'

.hislN A/sat'

simNAmzt'

vasimNAlsa/'

dMINAtsat'

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h "Illes M aleri"

The numbers for twenty, thi.rty. fifty, si~ty, seventy and eighty are really two. tenS-liRa lIeCJITb '" IIB11Jl,11,an., three ten&-TpH lleCSlTh = TpIlJl.ll,BTb, etc.

Number Russian Pronunciation
20 IIR8.ilQ,8.n. DVArsa/'
30 TpIlIlQaT" TRftsm'
4() ~pOK SOrak
50 I!IrThlleCJIT pidiSYAT
60 WeCTblleCKT shi,diSYAT
70 CeMbllecJlT SYEM'disit
SO BoceMblleCllT VOsim'disit To make the numbers twenty-one, twenty-two, etc., JUSt add the single digits from above.

21 22 23
IlBllJl,ll,BTh O)\llK 1UIlIIlQ,8.Tb /188 /lBRllQ,RTh TpII
24 25 26
AJI8,lI;Il;RTb '1eulpe 1I.8BIlQ,8.Tb WITh IIBBIIQ,8.U me""b
27 28 29
A~8.ilIl.Bn. (eMb Jt8BIlQ,8.Tb BOOOMb IlBllJUlan. AellJlTb Hero are all of the other numbers you'll need to know to. get around completely, Be Sure to practice them often, until you get the hang o.f it.

44

U rheberrec htl ich gesc h utztes M atcrla

Numtler Russian Pronu nei aticn
90 1le!i,,"OCTO di\'iNOSIa
100 CTO sto
101 CTO 011;1111 STO oDIN
110 CTO lIean. STO DYEs!/'
200 .lIl1ecm DVYESti
300 11uICTII TRISta
400 "eTLlpecrD chiTYrisla
500 DJITIoWT pi/'SOT
600 meCTI>OOT .shist'SOT
700 lfeMLOOT sim'SOT
800 BOIOOP,[hCOT vasim'SOT
900 lleB"TloCOT· divit'SOT
1000 ThICJlqIl ITskl.a
2000 IlBe'l'WC'II"ll DVYE ITsichi
5000 DlITI> Ti>ICJI .. P'YIT'ITsich
1,000,000 MIIJIJlIIOll mmON
2,000,000 )lila MIUL'IIoua DVA miliOlla
5,000,000 IDIT" MllJUUlOII08 PW'miliOna!
1,000,000,000 MIIJlJIUapll mfliART 45

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes Materia

Ordinal Numbers

Write in the floors in the elevator by hand in the spaces provided and say them aloud.

(diY~_1')') (diSlAl}'J
neBJITLlII ;Il,eC'lUolii:
ninth IoCTIth
BW30B cron
(,'''MQr! • • Iw~~Mon
cen~"QiI ~O oW BOl:h~oii
1oeW1I.1Jl !!lie-hili
710 O~
IPYA~'! ~OO~ IslIlsrrm
DJlUIH IDOO Ib mecroil
nf~b sj,;,th
0008
('fRYeo, IchliVYQR!)')
'J]leTMii .. erBepT~11i
third fourth
rpYERvy) fii"IIOY)
nepBblii: BTOp<lll
f",' second Sometimes, especially in plane and train schedules, Russians use the 24·hour clock. so that the numbers from 13 to 24 designate the P. M. hours.

One o'clock R M.

TpHHlIJI,HBn 'Iacoa.

I_Aim" chiSDF)

46

U rheberrec htlich gC5C h "Illes M aleri"

In addition 10 saying twelve o'clock, llBeU!lJl.llan. 'IBeOO, Russians Can say

Noon

Or

Midnight

DOnIlO'II> (POIA"ch)

Once an hour has begun, Russians look forward to the next hour. Thus I :05 is five minutes of (CHIT,;""

the second hour, They also make use of these IWO useful quantities for a quarter: 'IeneP"''", and (pcI<>VI",,)

a half: DOJIOBHHD.

(/''''1) (,.WIff) {{iaIIO,~) mr:n. MHIIJ'T ~roporo

'DfE~j(') ImiNUt} (t1I:'J·£rl'i~'ti1 .u:eCIfJ," MlIlIYI" l'pen.~ro

(CHmirt"1 rmitvrOR"n:a) '1eneP"''" 'Il!Toeprofl)

W\o;tr.J4if', lrrwiNln'J W&1Jm",J 1l8llJlQ,llTi> .KUnyT IIJITOfI)

(O""'''''! IPtlT I (mil/UT) l,hiSlV'~1

_n. 1"""'" llOlnyT meerero

(p""W"", (,UfMo,,,)

nOJlOollllll ceAl>MOrn

After the half hour Russians count backwards; thus 7:35 is the eighth hour minus twenty-five minutes.

(1)'<:) 1.,,,,,sti/7) (pm) (VO"",')

liel ABIII{IIHTH HJlTlI BOceM~

(bj'n) ,rdl"tilmnJ f/)fl'vi.·} 6el ~TB .il.e", .......

(bj,~t") KH~irti' IDYEJ:'."_' 6el 'Ienqrrx /leea .....

47

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h "Illes M aleri"

(b)~' (djsITI) (ilPlniluar,

Gel lI.e~ OIl.HHIIIIJUl;lITb

(I)") (pm) (""""At,.,") Ge3 Dli'I1I IIBe.HaIlQllTh

Can you give a set or numbers around (he clock. Try (0 say (he following limes. Then answer the question, "OTOp&lIi cehac '1RC? Fill in the blanks,

Q. LOO e" 7:30
6. 2:05 "'. 8;35
8. 3:10 3. 9:40
r. 4:15 H, 10:45
Jl" S;20 ii, 11:50
e. 6:25 ", 12:55 ANSWERS

:>Bh ItJ.l<U ">9"" 9.LBllUCH"QtI It.LB:>all tag . ~ Q.l.B11UBIUlHUO lI.Ld:llllah (:>9 "II

9.Lpau 1l.Lp.llllBe.U r.ag '£ UHeall Il .. um II.LBllnlmrr tag 'J!! OJOJ~qnoa EHUOOlrOu ""

OJm~qllaO lMIII}"\ q.l.lill q.LUmlllau ·3 ().JOJ.:l,,!!!,L\!!m~ Q.Ll3nUellU 'II OJOJ.I!U

q.r.d'doH.L'dih ' • .I (UO.u:l~(I.L'3h J)l1.[I-'U-"l qL~.~ dU 411 OJ aq.r.ad..L .t.AJ:I II ~'\I Ii .LlSll • '!) ;::rP. h 4 U 3W~J..

48

U rheberrec htl ich gosc h utztes ,..., "\criB

MARK

HlBII8ln'e, 1I0l!!ll1lJ'iCTII.

(WO,)') ~ (,ieIlAS)

KOTOPloli tei't.'I1l' 'lae?

Let's watch Mark in the following encounter, Look over the rext and then repeat the dialogue

several times until you are comfortable with all the highlighted words and phrases. .-&

r(U\ \\..:#

"'~

rOCnO)lHH Yl!(e n01O!0'D0.

(MOmlr ~ (11fT)

MARK He MOliln 6wn.! (SOlI".) (YI'YElltJ' COJlHue tIIeTJIT.

(PNAv)"J

BIOI lIPlUW.

rOCnO}l.I1H

l.lHUlifl~J

MARK Dbl wyf'II1'(!1

rOCnO}l.I1H UeT. Ho MO ..... acw:

CmBGt.fi}'w)

BepatiQTlDOT. (roRlm BIoI'l1PiJd!

,na, KOH.Il!lBO.

MARK

rOCnO}l.I1H

(W'./T) Bw, :.l)"I"l!Te .KYIQIT~

"~o.l?

(.ITO,,,,) Q.:.OJDiKO 011.. ctOut (7l:JL"")

Y ,MeUTOJU.J(O

Tpll)J;ll.ll'l1opyMeii. rOCnO}l.l1H :n."1l'b1 ctOlIT AB8AlI,a'I1o .1IlITI> pyGJJei.

MARK

fm;.·MU)

MARK Xopowo. 11 B031oMJ.

Whllt time is it?

Jt'~ already midnight.

That CaII't he!

The sun is shining.

Yoli're rigbt., Then, it's noon.

Are you joking? No" But illY watch

isn'twoiking .

Ale you a tourist? Yes, of COQJSe.

,Do you want to bUy II watch?

How muchdo theycosl? lonlyhllve (hirty rubles. This' watch costs lWemy·five rubles.

Fine. l' U take it.

Note, Did you notice how tile word for "watch" ( .. acI>!) is related 10 the word for hour .. ac, Actual I y, the word for •. watch" is made from a plural of ,. hours. "

49

U rheberrec htl lch g"sc h utztes M a\eria

Can you write these phrases from the dialogue in Russian?

1. What lime is it? _

2. II's already midnight. _

3. But my watch isn't working. _

4. {}Q you want to buy a watch? _

l~OrJ rn""VOdf.l}'tI} lI)f~-N)

KAKOH CECO.llID.I. .llEHb?

Wh.iu Pay h lbd.fI)''?

lponilJYU.'ftill f"70R_~ii:) (Mi"DAj reM.wrftK) {P~T,;,ilitI) (SJl!jOllJ} (v.a.dtiSl'£,rr're'

BOHeAeJI~HHK BTUPPIU, cpeJUI ......... epr ... nl .... '1IJI! o;y660T1l 6oxKpece".e

IJiVOdtrya) (.zJftJ
CerO,,I\HA YlKe
-, iillrcad)'
(frlriRA) r)iSCHO)
""epa eIII.e
yes<etWy ~~iU
rl.<F''''J (aP"'T)
JaBTJlH OIIll"Th
IOiMtt'OW a.g,ain If you want \0 say when (on what day) you are coming, use the preposition B and the accusative case, Read the answers to the q uestion:

When do you work?

KorSlD OM palKrraeTe?

ANSWERS

i.,q~P.h q.LI1U.{~ a.LH.LO. ,q s: 'j> ·.LOlCLO(jHd

~H Iqnh I'O'~ 0H·C ·~hOHIJOU J)!(.",·Z ~Jeh Jeh190 ~lqdO.Lo}l·r anllo[R!Q

50

U rheberrec htl ich gosc h utztes Materia

I work JI pa6oTaro
on Monday B DOUeJlellbllllJ[. 10 (l""iOYE!:nil<)
on Tuesday BOBroPHIIK. IV>! (FTORn")
on Wednesday BqJejQ'. IOISRYEd,)
On Thursday B '{eTBepr. 10 (<lIi,(VnllK)
on Friday B IlHI1lI!!!()'. 10 (pYAr";~")
I don't work JI He pa60Tl11O
on Saturday B cy66ory. (0(,,"00.)
on Sunday B BocKpet:euloe. Iv) 1,.w;SYEo·)'<) Can you match up the following days of the week and adverbs of time with their English equi valems?

I. cenlllHH a. tomorrow
2, BTOpHHK 6. already
3. lIUITpa B. Wednesday
4. cpeJl.a r. yesierday
S. YlKe )l. again
6. 8'lBpa B. Tuesday
7. on:l1T~ e. today (RUniy.) 1,1a(iQ/y/

PYCCKHE fJIAfOJILI

You have already Seen the personal pronouns for I, you, he, etc. and the conjugation of the Russian verbs for motion on foot (!!JI.'l"II) and by vehicle (eJl:llTi,). Russian verbs belong to one of two classes or conjugations in the present tense. Look at the en<tings for the first conjugation.

ANSWERS

u·t J'9 ss g.t' u'!: ""Z; "'J llU]'fJI"JiI!

51

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h "Illes M aleri"

Note how the forms change according, to the subject of the sentence.

PRONOUN VERB VERB
paM11lTL (to work) lIUITL (to live)
H paMTaIO (I work) lKHBY (llive)
'Tbl paMTaeUlL (you work) lIINBeUlL (you live)
OBa/OH pD.MTaeT (she/he works) -.&Be-r (she/be lives)
Mbl paMTae", (we work) ]l[H.re.~ (we live)
Uhl paM11leTe (you work) lKHIIeTe (you live)
oBB palH'i11lJOT (they work) _afT (they live) The endings vary slightly according to whether they come after a consonant or a vowel, and whether or not they are stressed.

Yon can form lots of verbs based on the chan above. Here are just a few examples:

ENGLISH RUSSIAN JNFIN.ITIVE CONJUGATED FORM
(".,KHAT) I I'IJHIOofyKHI\)"uJ
to rest OT)l,LIXIITIo H MIll.IUIO
(ZM'oulaf) fIT) {ZAFri'Okl:l!bli)
to have breakfast JaBTpaKaTlo To.! laBTplllWelllL
("gYC""'·) (dNA' faBY£Ja.ii)
to have lunch/dinner o6uan. OIlD. o6eJl,D.eT
(/PATI WN, (ZlVAi.t,
to know 3Ji81' .. OK aaaer
W:hiM~" (Mt"J WZNlWjrn'
to have supper Ylf'lIlIlIT1> .. 1>1 Ylf'lIHne ..
(DJ?\Zd)'1'ilI') ,W)'a~"J.-"t1;tyl!')
to be, late OOD.1)J.LtBHn. 81>1 0091)J.1>1aaeTe
IponIMAT) (t!NI)~pdJl'LjlJAI->·.w1
10 understand DOHtU,an. 0101 KONN .. D.tOT 52

U rheberrec htl ich gesc h "Illes M atcrla

Now try YOUI own hand in writing in the correct endings of these verbs.

1. I understand. 8110""IIIa
Z. We are resting. ML. OT~,LIXII
3. They are breakfasting. Ou. 3"-8Tpa ....
4. S he is dining. Oua 061\118
5. Don't you know? Dbloeloa 1 It's time to stop and catch our breath. We already know a tremendous amount as the little narrative below will indicate. JILSt fill in the blanks with the proper verbal endings, and then try writing out a quick translation to indicate how much you've already mastered.

Bepa " AllApeii _"8 _

Jive:

8 MO<;I<Be. 0,," :lDnpau _

b~'1l!i1

yrpa. AlIAI'd pa6<rra _

""do;

8 KpeMJle " 08 "A _- _

goo>

Bepa pa6011l _

,.,""

aa nO'ITe M yrpmt ODa IIA _

post offlce :gM5

Oemll:OM H8 nO'I1"3'. oof_

CerOIlHJI ORa Olllll)llolllM _

ibds.}' ls late

1111 TllKtlII. BeoiepoM Depa Iflthe~nin.g

tupawlIBIl , "[lie Mlol YIIUffla 1~ AuJ1peii lie "'.O'leT y<!IlIlIan. 8

want lohQ,,{c: 5Uf'!X'J"

" ono "II. _

""

supper

pea-opaHe, " OB (lTBe'l8 ,,8 .He 38a , rue TM

n:1~IUr:lll. n::pti..l!io Imow

YJl'lllIIll----- , 110 II ooroJll[ll Be~epo'" OTilIoOOl .~.

ANSWERS

,. ':3u~lsar UIU 1 gu~u~.w "41 rnq 'JaJdns ~U! M:~ am no,( .... ~~ I!\ M0Ul[ \, uop ! ... s;)!ld .... ~4 puc lU~Jn11lsru e U! JaJdn. ~An4 01 umM I.U';)OI' !aJpuV .. i.--,addns ~~n~ "'" n!M ""'~M." "*'" BJ'l!\ ilU!U"AO O\j) \f[ '!XIl1 ~U! s:lP!-, ~qS. pUI! Ole! S! 3qS ""!XU. ';)~1JJo isod "'II OJ ''fIH'" ,,~. pun ""!JJo isod H I" "'IJO'" 1!1~i\ 'onaur ~ql uo ""'~) sopu "4 pun UlllllOJ)l ~~1 U! ''I-'OM !<upuy . ~U!wo\U ~~) U\ ~:lOlo.o UMIlS In IscIlfCruq 1"0 h""LL 'MO=W "! aA!l !rupu" puc UJ'I'. UO!ll1]SUl4L

. O!uX1~tr.LO ''!l11~UHl:flKA 'OteH I: '.L~e"~ij.!.() • w3~lm}Kt( 'J;\JusJlmudm 'L311a ''wum~llcello '.L\"11111 ',WlllOgijd \z..lla ',WuJ.ogud 'J.OIUlIUcl.utU.1> '.MIllDf( II! m.!l

i,\JJ.:<>P.l-It \JH !~a 'S ',Wlwago P.HO ."

. wlUlIuruam; uno '( ·J'3Ul'l~Il.w I'IW'Z ·Ollll.!!!-!Oll If'1 sq.I;lh

53

U rheberrcc htl lch QCsc h utztes M aleri"t

f"" !'Ow,'

Ha noesne

On 'Li)e"Thl.in.

Train Service

Trave ling by trai 0 can be a pleasant way to travel. between cities in Russi a and to catch a glimpse of the countryside and the people, The. overnight trains between MOOOlIi and Omn-De-rep6ypr provide. a reliable and comfortable opportu.nity to make acquaintances, avoid weather delay. at airports, and get a good night's sleep. In Moscow there are several rraln stations depending upon your destination. Be sure to ask from whkh station your train departs.

The following dialogue contains important words and phrases connected with train travel, Read i I aloud several ti meso

MARK STEFANJE

MARK

LlEBYUlKA

("Jerk)

MARK

(\!qtZAl1N' 80T MI.L 119 BOKJ81Ie.

nlma, MbI CJl.e~lIa

fK/lAS"",) f!trlLYB)

"Kpa~ .. oj erpene»

B CaHKT-DeTep6ypr? )1:a. Ito ""'.1 .... )

(oB.RAT"Yi C"OJI'!lO, ctOu 1l,(jpft!!J.li fb<LrfT)

Guri. nerq6ypr?

611nC'J" B MJlf¥.O", .Drolle?

(CHU"il'td )1:1. Rac 'I.l'11Iepo.

54

Here we are at the station. Dad, are we riding 00 the

"Red Arrow"

to Saint Petersburg? yes.

How milch does a ropniHrip ti.del to Pctcrlibw'g con?

A first class ticker? (in the soft. car)

Yes" There are four of us.

.QEBYlliKA

MARK .QEBYlliKA

MARK

JI;EBYlliKA

MARK D.EBYlliKA

STEFANIE MARK

(NUlH .. ) BIUI:~o OAlJO 1!I!8 )W'YC)

1IBfI. ayae. :no 6yAeT (""'LYEY) 500 HJIH 700 pyheii.

(.tIlPJI'tl'L'tl~} (.oaCO.ll}~'

A B OCYOBPOBIlH1IOM BarOHe?

350 pyhea.

'(,il'p.-avmjl..tu)

Kofjllt ~e:n:x

noe:m'!

B 23:45

(pia/FOR,.,·,

C KaKoi DIIaT4IOPMbI?

IbllT4toPMa X! 4.

BOT II!IID 6I!nt:rw.

(miJil'o\) UallB,flXe IUUIIII. Netta'

Barol!lO. Mern S.s.

You'll Deed. one Or

two compartments, That will be 500 or 700 robles.

And in a sleeping cor? 350 robles .

When does the train ilepm?

AI II :45 P.M. (23:45).

From which platform? Track #4 ..

Here are yow tickets.

Dad, where are our places1 Car 10, seatsS8.

You might find yourself on all sorts of trains. The famous Trans-Siberian Railway can be the adventure of a lifetime, Traveling out to Or back from a country dacha (villa) you might take an Express train (Clilopblii lIoe:JAl. For overnight trains, as Mark and his daughter, Stefanie, have JUSt learned. there are several categories of service for comfort. In first class (MllrKHH BUOH) you can have a compartment (K}'IIe) with two very comfortable beds or with four beds. There is also the regular sleeping car (IIlYHHIMlBaHH.bIH aaroa).

Try reading aloud the names of some of Moscow's favorite train stations. Then see. if you can pair them with their English equivalents.

1. KalaucliHii BOK3ll.1 D. Riga Station
2. KBCllCIIluH BOIOllJl 6. Yaroslav Station
3. lienopyttlllHi BOlOlIJI B. Kazan Station
4. PalI\tl[HII BOK3llJl r, Kiev Station
5. $lpoclIIIBClUIJ1 BOlOlIJI )I. Byelorusslan Station ANSWERS

9'S u~ u~ ~~ "'j

55

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztes M ateri"

Look at the following train schedule from the ltPllCilUCKllii Bllll:lll1l in MllCKBlI. From here trains depart across Siberia for the Far East, You can go to OeuR (B e ijing) or BJIIl,lUlBOCTOK (Vladivostok). Notice how the infcrmatlon is presented. First comes the destinanon (oyaKT HI3Ha'leHHR), then the number and category of train (AlIHMeHo8DHHR, KSTempH" nOel/l.a), the distance, in ki lometers from Moscow (poCCTORHKe B KM. or MoeKBM), departure time from Moscow (BpeMli ompOBJIeHHRID MOCKBiol), lime enroute 10 there in hours and minutes (BpeIllR II ")'TIl (TY)lB), 'laeM, .. ,,".j.

DT MII[HBbl

I'--I'~ 1"-'1; 1-'1

II"iI' u_ "1~1li" "I'!!'.[!_~ "1rjII!!_

."""~R .... ~. I .,.I.I.m!'1!.o ~'1a.!l ..

ltfio"aIoiI ~I _. ~.

'II!I..-,__ -.,."", .. _ot.

APDtnAB(KMA BOH3An

iIIu;u IU'_.' ~ .. _I""I 4.......,. ... ... !J.UI, .IIi!Ul2' n.. "'~,j'_' n. C:H EJ;P, r •
,1I~IIi.ii 1 .... -. ,... ..... ·1, ...... 11 ••• _. 2:111 ••• .,.... I "Ill .. ~. UH . .5:5. ~",')'" caes. 5
_flll ••• li:lu-p\ ...... ·'!p· .... 1 - I_! "~kT' ~I.!I'J -!18.5a CB, BP.!i
)'JloIIli!·!int,PI"'''''. "'", ........ ;;'O ........... ,~~1 1ll:l""'_l 1~'tI;. IUO .. ., lIr'i_~' Cll.lW
~,pl .• liirul~c:1_ h'll~ • ., .... r •. ~I_ ... !'l '., ....... 1 ~ j :1(10 !t,10 .~.,!d~_ 19.2Ci ., rt.,'IJ ... , n, CIJ.HP
,.,p~.~iit'·.Ij~~i: I· iI_ ..... ~.·r .......... 11 2111 __ • 1'130 .1II,·,q ~;':I.IIIlOI'n~iJI '.2 I ,OfJ!! Ui.5CI n. CI1, DP". G
,.pl, •• r .... ~~R 4~ 1 __ •· ..... ·(. ._._, _ ....... oI..D.t ... ~ I :I~ U.lS ·~I., " 2'l5l"l 15:l,5,
-II'] """'-po~f-~ ,t.',I.:t.,O
A~ulln"U:1[ ~. R ....... ~I .. -lh, .. LJI ... _" II:): • 2 . .41J '2~,OO 0<,
&llnl"lal~CIII (, ~ __ or .. ., ..... K. _ 1 __ ' SSCI....." ,,.., l30.W Ur.M llift} Be
IUlllil~~"~1II ~'..!~~r .. _ 1. __ f__._; 2;:;';"' ,,"" 1n;.(I. ~...:~.:Iik_-r~1l1J 142.11,1 IJ.!'~ ;C-EJ., 01"'_ en
1Ji.t.1lli1I'Ulii: 1· ... - ·"--1 4_'i, ........ !A2g] 17.3!i. " ., 1~8..JIl ",;1,::'." :n~ ce, lip'
Ii!IIIIU,.~oClt.lI 132'Jb IUI;II .JJ¥I_r .... ,
~~.- 1 ........ "" .... _·1 14D,_.- • ~~III-r· ...... ·u Uil.,e I, l\I~I.!:.oI",_ ."~e. "'
aoJi~ ~AJ! 1II1J1O";:":z.,- ~9I' 'O .. tD a:,'~ ~ALi'"JlI!;~MlIIL ~.:'.~ n. (8
'II:Q,.;,t.l ~... !"" ....... I .. ~.'-~_I 22. •• ....,...1. 2~I'jFl :zO.~Ci 3!J1,11 ~ .... ~.iIll~IItoIQL I:!'.III n. ce. SP
!llflI[U-I ~~ ._ ...... -1 .. - ..... WIo - ._1 110 .,,~ 22'1'.:1 l:t.'1l ~S,!il ,· .... ~.lI ... ~nJlLlL nOI n. Bp . •
'l~p'iLl'n. 1~ ........ u-'l. - ._,.,. - ~....,.I 12~ ~It)o ~;loIifl :t.,1M! 1~ .. .31J '~..L.,'.tI
,L"'.,~~I[Mii i ... _ ... -II.'I ..... - ......... ,) U,_n_ ~I~J U.~, :8,(J.5 ',~ c"
rCl,~~~MR 1 ... _ ... -II." .... - ..... !JIoiiiI,) "" ::- .... ,,~ ~:U_1i ~..,t.ll .. ~!I-~[] SI.'211 ". n.u
r.p~I(~. ,. , .... _-1aL.,. __ .......... '1 ..,m-,:-,t-"'-- ~r~J uu:i "' . .!is ".!·I'.{I "'
L"'oIIIf·~i:d I~ ' ......... - 1aL,'i"""'. - .... ,_~1 IU2 .... T ~!>Il t.Ui "''''''.iIl~I\'''1"I e. tn '· .... ~)I~t'H!i1) 'j ~~
r·t~!EM~ I. ____ n..I .... ~ _ ~~u ..... fl ~""'. ~I..(_I :z~nl 1· .... 1i. IIIill'
r.puMI l~ _ ... _ 0 .. ! ..... _"""1_ .... 11 ·U1if...,.. ,,~ 1.3_45- ~U'" "ll -1~
!lhlllil.lll~Cl1 ( .. , ............ '·'1 .... ""1 I~.;~·-· r..tir;i5 1.2,111 1(I~,.5a JI).I~ BP
'1i1l~lIal I· ," ... _~ '!i.:-:..~ ..... ," Ukli.Ql 1),11 MM".11II~RilQL '2'i ~J "'
!4u.!Iua I ............ ~ i·ft~ .... '" I.!IJL '""'L!"~"~II:M[] i.'!5. L!;"'~.lIi("1I14II , ~ L' t
III .... Ml ... e 4' ~~ ... I ... ~., _. .In" Ui&, l!I.l50 12'1'1)
IH:M.T~ I.., ~""""'_'''' de ... ',iLLlIOO '3_41) ,¥.I,$U , p~~ _ IAIIII In 1!f11l'
.. H¥III .... , Can you answer • few of these q uestions?

1. When do (he ex pre." tra in s leave for Be ij i ng?

2. How many kilometer, is it 10 Arkhangelsk?

J. Which cily is closer, Gorky or lvanovo?

4. How many hours is the quickest trip W VI adi vostok?

ANSWERS

'(SARp II"J XIS )SOU'IBj smoq tv ( 't

OhllU~A['f (5~1!1U 000 OW'Z IW 02: I pua (IW ocz n O£:O'J suo!ls;JnO

56

U rheberrec htlich gcsc h utztes M atcrla

(PO",)

nOE3.r.

Thin

rpl~nsHESTn71.'O(J nyreweCTIIonDTL to uwel

(pru.:zJfJ'RJ

(saDI1.ftI' ClIJIJlTLClI [o.sitdown

rSl4};\T') CTOIITL

(ZAL trlriyDAllfra) "DJI OlKHABHHR Wl.iILIl~ lCM,I'l1le

(plaJFORma) nnOT4JOp.r.tB plllolfOfll'l

(pro1.'tJd."lIK, npOBOlllIAK eenductor

('aspI.SAtlj)'~) pOCD1lCllllHe scbedule

(dUC5"m) Te.l1ellUiB tl:l~g.:;j:llccan

(nnS1L'JcniJ:j HOCH.l1"ntHK porter

57

!~lOn

The Possessive Modifiers

!IKH)

(!Vor!

(yWO)

MOD:, THOil, ero, ee, naur, Bam, ax

>"'"

hls

our

On your journey you will certainly need to know how to distinguish your own belongings from those of others. 11l5! as we use "my, your, his, her, our, their" in English, remember that RUSSians too have a way of expressing possession. The easiest category is the, third person, "he, she and their," for which Russians use ere, ce. n;.

Th is is his train and seat.

This is her train and seat,

This Is the] r train and seal.

:no ere nOe3!l II Me(TO,

:no e;,; noean " Menu,

The forms for ero, eil. 11:1: remain unchanged regardless of the noun.

When we want to say "my, your, Or our." the Russian word changes according to the gender of the, noun, Look at the chart below.

j
3m MOB cryn
3'1"0 TBOil: cryn
3'1"0 .. am CT)'n
3'1"0 IIaIII cry n B8llIH rascra

aame nllCLMO

HftlDll, Kliltfll

Bawe TIIICbMO

BaWH KHHnl

58

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M ateri"

Caroline is hav ing some trouble with her seats on the train. Can you help her fill in the blanks?

MetTo? ~ _

sea t

Our

MecTlI, ""'"

HOMep" 12, 13, 14, 15.

m.,3'11,1----_

MeCTO, ROMep U. HeT, ReT, _

my

HOMep 19.3ro _

Map", .'ITO _

:ho _

Met::Tl),H3TO _

ANSWERS

OJ~ ~ ~a '~OB'.1 I-ll mea ~ ~OJ.iri I ~ OH' I. H:mu H ';.mUH

59

7

1.171<''''1 /!J 1J"trK1/

CTpaRLI H Sl3blKn

- Q:;ul1lri-,=~, :Jnd ,Lan.go~~

Now let's examine how Russians look at the "'"51 of the world and. learn how to say the names or the different countries in Russ ian. First look at the map and then m atch the R ussian names with their English counterparts.

O:jjnliN)~E.N'f}') {I, 1.rrk.-'n}'J

KOHTHHeUTLI H CTpaULI

COI1Wx:n'f:5; ;lind ICountnes

IAF"",) (,t\;i)"a)
Africa A~pHKa Asia A.1HlI
f.u..\1'lrE'ri~d lafSTrWiya)
America AMepllKD Australia ABCTPIlJlHSl
,Sr-t~imi7)'(I) (M-frErlhl) i)"WROp<l1
North America CeBepnftH AMepKK9 Europe EOpODft
fYUZl/M}'OJ' (l1Mftl'lknl ~tifgap;ji3"1j1,NJ
Souih America IOlI<KillI A",epI!KO Afghanistan A4tnutHcrDB L KmlllJl.a

2. CoMllllihlilhl~ W"l"aTh!

3. EQpo,,"

4. Conpy.+:ecr.oo He38B.UCI1M1tI:( 11>c.y.tlap<rrn 5, MOMrOJ .. '"

6. Typ'~'"

7. J1p""

8. A tt-.....-. fn !CTnH 9,. l'hrnu.R

1(1. 1(",.,,0

U. J.lIUJIUlJi

12. ABCtp"''''"

60

lIr~~b~rreohlllch geschli\zl s Ma "'ial

(AF.rlri)~' {girMAPl.iya'
Austria ABCTJIHII Germany repMDH:IUI
(BY£1;'g!t"J Wr:EWgri~"",,)
Belgium 6eJ1LnlII Hungary Bea'1lHII
(/mNIIJo) (IIM!)'!'I
Canada KaHa)lD India H,1IJUlII
(1.7.<)') (IRM')
China KIrrHH Iran Hp~8
(£SOl"") !i~Ut.Ndiy.IJJ
c.I.S. cur Ireland HPJlIlUJl)lll
(M'.!Izy.) IbulL',
England AarJlHll Israel llipaHJlh
(t'STOnf}"Q) lr1i(ii}"rlf
Estonia 3crOHHll Italy H1"8.ItHli
(j1l1L'tNUlya:) (YGPO.ru)",g'
Finland <JtaJUUIH.II1lH Japan BOOKHII
(f'.RANw)u, (/.AT",,'.)
france 41pDo:Q;HII Latvia JlaTBllII
(GRr:hi1a) (!iI'\1l)
Georgia I'pY3HII Lithuania JlHT8D 61

(mgnGOIIf'l) liSntrji~'
Mongolia MOHroJl,ilH Spain HCnl!HHJI
l.Hln'vre,ij"a) lSHVYCIJj'Y.dJ
Norway Hopuel1lJl Sweeden WBeQ;HJI
(POL·"'.J l~h\'i'yT.SArifg)
Poland nOll'dIlI! SWitzerland WBeil!UlpH!!
(palTr4Alira) (TUlll~;pi)
Portugal nopryfMH!! Thrkey TypIlH!!
IsJuuUNriiya) (sayidiNrO~iy~) (SlfTA'Yi
Scotland WOTJl9HIIJlI! Un i led Stetes COl!llHl!e!l!!~le WTaThI CO.uPY)!(ECTBO HE3ABI1Cl-lMhlX rOCY)l.APCfS

1. Pcccas

2. EMapyO" 3, MaJl~o ••

4. Y"p;aHH3

5. Ap"'"''''

6. Alcp5al1Jt*a" 7 .. K83iiUCC1'8l:1

B, Y,6cK!lcrtlH

9. TYPK;MeIH!CTII H

10. Ksrpraracraa 1\. T8.!l)l<!O'HCra"

62

lIr~~b~rreohttlch geschli\zl s Ma "'ial

fsnDIW!Jrjm:.aJ ~H.i=aVh"mJ'.lJj) l,liQ.J.ltDARS1VJ

COAPY>KeCTBO He33BHCHMLIX fOCYA3PCTB

Ct'tfi'i_iN!!iII""eo.;lldl ef 1~1'Idi:"1 S[;1Ii!~

l,iSPUbliIJ!

In 1991 the mlCen republics (pecny6!11t~") of the former Union of Soviet

(j(lYUJ) rmW£lj.Hlh, {StJi...1i_rlliSr/(fIlJIIl:b)' ~rlSrUb.w:)

Socialist Republics (USSR) - COlO) COBeTCK.nx COIl."amlcr"~eCKllxr>eClI}'6!!!I~ (EsI(E5JjESHER!

(CCCP) .• eparated _ In i ts pi ace arose r; ft een in dcpe n dent ,-0" runes or ,I" tes. (r~jtI)ARSTITj'

Eleven lime' lTocyll,apCToa) joined in the creation of a lome confederation called

the Common weal ill 0 r I ndepen dent Stales, The former B a It ic rep" bl ics are now

It'j.70ni1iJ~ (l.;\t'~i}"a'

the independentstates of Estonia (3CTOHlllI), Latvia (JIaTBIIlI) and Lithuania

(ljjVM fGkr.hiyu J

(JIIlTBlI), The former republic of Georgia, rp)'3JIJI, is also independent. The countries

of the Commonwealth and their capitals are listed below,

English

Country (Russ ian)

Capital

Armenia (capital Yerevan)

Azerbaijan (Baky) Belarus (Mensk)

Kazakhstan (Almary)

Kyrgyzstan (B ishkek)

Moldova (Chisinau)

Russia (Moscow) Russian Federation

Tajikistan (Dushanbe) Turkmenistan (Ashgabar)

Ukraine (Kiev)

Uzbekistan (ToshKent)

~U"MY~flj_'l."tI' AP"Ie''''lI (,..i,bayDlJI,oJI )

A3ep6ai'WKoH

("'loRu,') lieJlapyc. r latulhSTANJ Ka3aXM'8:H

(ly'I<),IT.<N) K"'pn.JXTaH (mo/l)Olbl MO!!Jl.oBa ImSlya) POttllll

Poco"" 0""'" "'eAep ......... {la,w,iJoSTANJ TIlil)l(HKHCT8H (IMrkmimSTllN) TypKMeuHCTIIH ~utr.a/M' YKPIlHH.8 (~~,biJimN) Y3liU.HCTIlH

(Epel.8u) (lia"y) (MHBCK)

(IiHIDKeK)

(MueKBII)

()l,ymou 6e) (AWXII611,1l) (KRell)

(T3H1KeItT)

63

U rheberrec htl lch gcsc h utztes M atcrla

flNJt~inNAL,'IItHti}

Han;HOHaJlLHOCTH

t'Ij,:uiaJlaliti(:1

It is very easy 10 tell someone your nationality in Russi an. S imply use the pronoun $I and the proper rnascu line or femi nine form,

MASCULINE

frrIl~:J-'I)lHAIIUJ)

H ll3ep6aiijljf<al,cl1.

(ami,.ll(,AnJr,J)

H a. .. epHIiillHC u,

,{U'fJfiNIN}

II apMJtllHlI.

(ofl~ff,lUp'~jJ

II aBctpWlllell.

ImrgliC.IIAlrill1

11 aurn ..... aIlHH.

(OiIaRUSJ

II l>eJlapyc.

,m'V_lt.(iii6) H 14I .... llI.e.lI.

I.eSWJJlUJ H :}CTOllell.

(&",zt"J H rpy-JHlI.

(k<lNCII) H¥ma~.

I~U"'il

SI PycCIIJff,.

IRU,tOJUI

I'm a Russian. H PYCCKllJl ..

I' m Azerbaij anian.

ENGLISH FEMININE

/a:lrl<IyDZIIM''''1

$I ll3ep6aiil:l;;JUUI!(a.

l'rn American.

I'm Armenian.

I'm Australian

t'm British.

I'm Belarussian,

I'm Canadian

!' m Estonian.

I'm Georgian.

I'm Kazakh,

I'm Kyrgyzian.

64

rOWlIrlI(ANta)

H a. .. epHKWlIiill.

r",'lIM''''1 H apMJtH"a.

(of~troUf'li.:tJJ

H aBcrpamlllll:Q.

fi1~g!iCHANlr))

8 allr.'TII'Ia!!!!D.

l/.tiIaRUSka)

H fieJJapyc"a.

I-Ana!

H..allMM.

(6TD""'1 $I 3ctOHU.

(s,.zJ""'J

8 rpya HtlKa.

(i;W\5H"'1 51 1UI:lIIIWIUI.

(,yrlJYS"1

51 I<Ltprh!"JIiill.

(I.mHI ==
j( nDTJ.lm. I'm Latvian.
fl.T01!I_t.J)
j( III!Tooeq. I'm Lithuanian.
fn:Jj;rIOO~r:I''1J rnt
a MOJ1AoBaIiKH. I'm Moldovian.
'(wDZHIK) ==
j( TlWIIHil. ['mTajik.
'mriMYEN)
j( TYPKMeH. I'm 'Iurkmcnian,
lllfUallllllil E:3
j( )'KJliI"O(!JI, l' m Ukrai n ian.
(.:BtD() ~
a p6ell. I'm Uzbek. (JoTI"SU,",' 1I1IaTbI1lI1iD.

("TO!'''''

a IIl1TOBKlI.

("",Idb<llNlaj

11 MOJ1AOBDHIID.

(la1)7RICHlaJ 11 "I1IAJKII'IKII.

(turlNYliNla,

11 TYPliMeHIID.

/._IIM

11 YKpDHHKII.

,(.dlYECHmj

11 Y36e,~K8' ((~)

"""""

.

~

.

ls'{nYIfUr,

You already know the first conjugation of Russian verbs. The verb roBOPHTL (10 speak) belongs to the second conjugation. Look al the Russian forms for this verb and another second (spiSlIlTl

conjugation ve-rb meaning "to hurry" - coe:WHl'b,

1p<J·RUillJ

.H rOBOplO nO-pYCCKHo

1~~Ft~iul-.

Pronoun R ussian verb English Russian Wr1< English
roBopHn ~aeo:ntTb
II roBOplO I speak cneDIj' I am hurrying
Thl roBopli1llb you 'peak cnemlimL you an; hurryi ng
Olla/OB roBOpliT shezhe speaks cnewliT s hefhe is hurry i ng
111., roBopll1ll we speak mewliM we are hurrying,
111>1 rOBOpllTe you speak cnewliTe you are hurrying
OIlH roBopAT theyspeak rneWay they are hurry lng
65 Urr~b rrechtl: Ilg ~r:::hiiLlt s ~\ .r ria Note how the endings very slightly according to a spelling rule in Russian which states that after w, III, '!C, l!< and '!C, you may not write J[ or >0 but must substitute for them the letters a and y,

To say ~I speak Russian" use the form JI roMP'" DD-'pY«KH.

How would you ask "Do you speak Russian'!" _

This form - nO'PyccKK Or llO'aH,J)I!iicII,K (English) - is useful in a variety of expressions concerning language ability. You can combine the language you want to describe with the Russian verbs: JI OQUHMB 10 (I unders land), JI 'lKTaIO (I read), and JI llHwy (I write).

Now it's your tum 10 say the Russian sentences aloud and then practice writing them in the spaces below. Can you figure out the meanl rigs for all of the sen tences?

I. OHH roBOpRT D(t-PyCCKH, _

2, OHll ro.opHT no-pyccKK. _

3, Ml.1 fOlIOPHM no·aurJlluicKH. _

4. TI.l nOHHMDeWI. 1I0'PYCCKH? _

5. Oa '!HYDeT DO·DaUaii:CiI:lI. _

7. ORB rOBOpUT nO'BHrJlHMCXH. _

8. JI rollOplO Do·¢fpBIIlIJ'3CKB. _

II. On.H nOHHMBIOY IIO·HcnaIlCliB. _

10. OHR roBOPJl.Y DO·YXPDHBCKY. _

ANSWERS

'11l)!U!1lJl!{1 ~s klllJ. 'OI

'qs!u.dS pU"lsJapun ~~'li '6 ·~~U1)J.:I 'flJlJds 1 'S 'Y'Ugu3 '1!""d, ~~S 'J.

t lIU!ssnll puaJ no" 00'11 4S! ISua spuaJ "4 S 'S L uatss n 1I PUUI"'''PU n no" 00 • ~

'4" lliug ){l'OO 5 :lA\ 'C . UU! ssn H s~uod, ~4 S or 'U~ rssn H '[lJilds .(a4.1.·1 :lu11'1";,<1 S

i,1D"'J'(d·o U • .LHdoeoJ I~ 8

66

(RU,I/y<) i,,""")

PYCCKHe HMeHa

RU:!i.Sian BiLntu

Russians have three names: a first name, HMII, a patronymic derived from one's father's name, OT'IecrBO: and a family name, ~IIR. The polite way 10 refer to recent acquaintances is with the name and patronymic; for example, IiOp!'It 1f.Bx000aeu.1I'I

8«i! N'ibll"Cl'll:h

(baRlS nikaLAyivich) or MBa neTpOBHH (AM pI7ROVM). When RUSSians use their

A~ Pc:lrOv~

first names, !hey am likely to have a nickname: for example, Ivan ~ Ihao becomes Vanya - BaulI, Aleksandr - AlIellCllHAP becomes Sasha - Cama.

ll:.-'1) (~liRli\lu) ~~~(J~ lSUMlord

.SI nOTepJlJla MOm cyMKy.

t'vc I~ my purse.

Caroline has lost her purse while out sightseeing. She approaches a policeman for help.

CAROLINE

(.i1:~lfr~J

'b!J!U'HTe, llol!Ull!YlkTil.

B.bl I'VBOpHTe 0O-8III'JlllJlCIIII?

Excuse me please.

Do you speak English?

67

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ u rio

(n:iMJ4l0go)
Ml1JlHlU10HEP To.&&o B_oro. Just a little.
(""''''' .... )
1M"'''",) ("...OCHI
CAROLINE Rbi MOlKeTe MBe DOMO'{L? Can you help me?
(1aNYESH"", (.toCHlw·J
MI1JlMLU10HEP KOlle'lBo. 'ITO ay'IIIJI0(I01 Of course. What bappcocd1
CAROLINE H IIO'ftJIAU 11010 cyuy. I've lost my perse.
MHJIlI~HOHEP s- CJNIIIIl' Ku11)(e1 \bur purse? How? Where?
(ZN"' .. , (byLA)
CAROLINE H .e 3lIalO. H 6b1J1J1 B I doo't know. 1 was on the
(prEmO
MeTJIO. "ITo MHe ~eJI&TL? metro, Whal should [ do?
(BYld)
MJ.1JIlIUJ10HEP 'lTV liblllo B cyMXe? What was in the purse?
[1l'oSpd"J MUll
CAROLINE Mol aae.op1",'" My passport, visa,
1-...zH"~'
.6,......... and wallet.
Ml1JlHLU10HEP 'ITOeIq~1 W1welse?
CAROLINE Kpe~we up-ro..u H O:edit cards and
IdoRom.uy., (CHf'kiJ
IIOPO- .NII. nvelen' cbeclc!.
~ ... ",,,,, (",'UI<OJ CaiJ lhe Lost and Found
Ml1JIH~110HEP 03a0DTe • Gtopo
(_HOdaI)
IIIIlI:OI(Oll. Office.
( sa WET)
CAROLINE CDIlCllIio 18 COBeT. Thanks for the advice.
r,/UL-\y"i
MI1JlHLI,I10HEP He 3& 'ITO. lK __ Don't mention it. I wish you
(w5PEI.Ita.)
yeoeu. success.
CAROLINE no CBII)1IHllJI. Goodbye. 68

Jrheberre<;hllicn qeschutztes Materia

llU1J ttkrfWg}'eJ

! Ha nopore

0.1:1 tbcROillj

(\r.ruIrJ ("""",KIlT! (...sf/You'

B3HTh HAIIPOKAT MAIIIIIHY

TO reserve a car for rental you might worn to contact your travel bureau in advance. You can also rent a car at the major tourist hotels in Russia. Rates vary according 10 the car you choose and there will be a charge for rental including insurance, plus a mileage charge. YOu need a valid driver's license. You should ask if you can purchase special coupons for gasoline.

Mark has decided that he can get around and see more of the city with his family if he rents a car. Let's s e ., how he goes about renting a car for the day.

MARK

I'''TY£LI Ll.o6poe yrpo. ,8 t:0TeJI '6!i!

IDJITI. uapoUTr.ralQff .. y. (VYEN"J nOllUUlyikra. naO:ARB, )1;" .... 1

Good morning. Jwoold like IQ, rent 'a car;

)1.EBYWKA (\bl,ll';!~~)

MARK

No, fat one week.

69

U rheberrec htl lch g sc h utztes M aleri"1

AEBYlIIKA

MARK

D,EBY!llKA

MARK

nEBYlIIKA

MARK

.QEBYlIIKA

MARK

LlEBYlIIKA

:&ii~~~i.:l1te

tMAli.ll·u.v"" (b.:rI'SIIU,u)

r.i_eJt"~iJlI.,60lUl_~

ltl!JII.lIY~

(";I~I H!IH·~·~Yc.

3'l'1Ie(f'e~f~

_ Jr, _!.! lIP_I! _~ __ ,

("nZlNI (Fi:HOdi'J (sroimad')

tieltlUuir.U't "-qQ!DJumo'

(W/I') HeT. HO MOlQlO "ytrlOl> (,oW,,!,)

Y HBC T8JJOHLI ~

. _ . _ . ".'!I;l/'ir~,_~.) . _ e !cr"1lI)~.

Bq:v'Moit~1iI:U' -"'P"Btl·,

(biDrr"","J

Y IIlIC ecn.Ilpe.!l.KTHIlJI rKAR.ncillLJ)

KlIpTO'IU?

KOHe'lHO. BOT OliD.

(.ma.d)_:~.I-aJ ({JIITI) " £'!!IKtrAJPIO_W .IJYI:M ~

Do you prefer

D smaIloI a large car?

No, but you can buy

gal coupons from UI_

Do you have a credi t card?

Of course. Here it is.

Pretend that you want to rent a car; Can yon do it? Try to fill in the blanks below with the correct words or expressi ens,

1. :II llOTeJl 6,", MaHlHHy.

2. HII>I &ylI[eH _

4.

3. BOT MO. IIp_.

____________ UOJlllT , croHMocn.1

ANSWERS

}If! t~ ~ 9·1t ~)f)l3q lI;Ul1l1oa . £ ~A9oJ.g aod lIm'i'Z J.p. ~ odue If q.LHtll·J III ill ...

70

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h "Illes M aleri"

(JaROZH.,.) rmlUl)

,llOPOJKHLIE 3HAKH

Road SL,I!lI1~

I f you' re planning 10 drive while you' re abroad, it's i rnportan I to spend some lime memorizing the meanings of these signs.

Q ~

DlBBliali 1I0POl1l Ri~) ofW.y

ernn Stop

MDKCHMIIJILHIlJI CKOpocn.

Muirrlt;utiSpeed

MHHHMWI~HISI CKOpocT~ MLnlmurT.I ,Spc:td

KOHell OrpIIHH'IeHHII Eod of Sp<e<l Llmlt

B'he:JA :l8IIpem:ea NO'el]mllIt;le

Y cryIllrre 1I0pory Yidd Ril!ll1l t)f'IN.I,Y

naycrOpo.llce ABH>II:ca.c 'JWo-v..'ay 1hlmc:

OnaCHLrii nOBOpoT DMac!'Ol.W CI,ln'e

A1rro"tal"llcrpan~ E!l:pre5:50'WiY

KoaclI aBTOOIDTllcrplUIlI Er>dof Ex_.,.

71

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztes M aleri"

@

TaMolKlUl CUS'lOl'IU

OIlHocropoHHee /lBHlKeHHe ODe·"", a v TtilJfrc

CTOIlHKa (I'm-king

MeeTO .IlIIH paasepora :PI:Kt:IOrU-O.l.m

new.exollHwii nepexOIl. 1'mI=5Iri.rnCro.ssi.n!

e

OfiroH JanpeWeH Nil) Pu!iill~

{.06be3~

OG'I>~

De!OW"

OcranoBKD JDnpellleHa NoSI.3r.Jdjrl&

CrollH!<a JaupeWeHD No,Pa[k1.n.g

:lKe1II!lHOIlOPOlKHLlH nepeeaa Ge] lWIar6ayMB RallmooCi'0!.'5ii\&

tN-oGOlt-l:)

72

~

KOHell30HLI 3$lIIpellleIfM.II oGroHII Elld No P.8S!iing :LQnc

o

J1:BH",eulle JllnpelllellO Reed Closed

ffiillnlc ProhiblIoCd)

Kpyroaoe IlRlfJii:eHHe Rou_-n4!1obou~

BeJtO(KII"ICLI JlIllpeWeKL1 Bic'yde~ Prohibited

JKeJIl,lHOJl.°PO_Llii llepeeJII eu t!I1Iar6aYMo,", RlIilf"LYt.lCrossil1t (WLtb,G.tte)

U rheberrcc htl lch gesc h utztes M ateriB

(1)if1~l.[)loJtuJ'

IiEH30KOJlOHKA

Gaso ll ne is sold by the liter ; n Russia. You rna y need coupons (TIlIIOHt>lj, which can be purchased when you rent the vehicle. Credit for un used coupons ,; s given. Most Europeans have a good idea of how many liters of gasol i ne .they use per [00 kilometers, If you want tc be safe, try to calculate your Ow n mileage in the city and On the open road.

MARK

CASHIER

MARK

CASHIER

MARK

CASHIER

MARK

(Urfttl')

Q:rPOJ mn:pn1:, oO'»l:lIlIyim.

(Ji~i~OSr,aJ (nil'f&'I't"rJ)

.llenlro:ftlI~_~1'O

I'PYAf(1'l!l'l,

l()gtA,e)i_RR~IllJrn)~?

J],elUlHocro n1lToro. 6?!aVYER'tyd

J.:~p!;Iiep~:re:. DQ~yicra..

(_10) (VQ4!,J fSHr"YJ

·!lia'cli.it, JIO'lU' !OO!lllJ!I'.

(iJ/raduNOZlflfiwaj

'Y; .'!;!!"t«l>!lIe!:'6!l,I!IW*'r1llJ

~p£.1:~1ilJi:

1~~r¥~I~ ..

• Q!;"OC~",c.

OPIIMO ,)leCIITh 1I"1l0MeTpoP, a nOTOM iI:aapaao.

CnaCH()O. Jl,o CPlIJlaUHII.

·li~gIJJar (93, A!;wn e ) <1r~1,IJm" (9Jl·CI.I;tnI~?

Super (95 octane). Please C1lecK the

liif, 'Wat,er, ::mIT t.i:t'Cj •

. f._VeJ:YI11_lJ!g1~ in omtr.

~I~'!: h~~'B rollij "I1J~JiI:l(\w!!l9,W'" $PI lQ'ffie'~airiSJI:lip:!'

S tmight ahead I 0 kilometers. and then to the right.

Thank you, Good -bye.

73

rhoberrechtllch qeachutzt s Maimi"

/VOSTOK) POC'l"OK

I/rIIlXOT) Bllepii;{ rotWW

1 .. "uL. !'om) h"Gf. ~ (""PRA.,", [[WlCIIQ ~nL...y' aanpnao

I~n V rigbr

(1l1Jv.n

IIa3M

b;)~k'M'JN

(S}>£~',lr' caaep .... ll

au«, !Of

"."h

((fi"{{JmtJ8IL')

ABTOMOIiHJIL - MAIIllfHA

(RilL', pyJl~

(poNY£L') ""iIIO"",' nallu}, npIJ60poB ilUUlJlt1~I'I!,pW1I=J (da!!bbOIl.f'd)

(O<:.IIAIO rpl_flt-lyljCNY£JJfyd~ rJ'ml't1STYD')

pLl'lnr u epclUI 1O'lellHJl CKOP oCTeii ~u diirl sue 10:

(piD.<L·, rWRmaml ne~anL TOPM03a b""'p«lo.l

(~iURA'Ru-' l ~~J

al[reJlepllTOp (raa)

iiItt~k.fUlOJ

willds.hil::ld

WVl.t:alir) ABllruTe!I~

"""'"

(tlkw'fl'.Id..lJLlI:1l') alr"Y"Y·OlITOp lXIIlet)'

(ratltAiar) pll,ElllaTOp ~ator

(f-) .pap!>1 't.£Idlillll!J:

74

(uiaZAu/', fp.::waROr,a)

yRa3a'l'eJI~ 0080POT3 AI ...... _ ..... .." ..... 1Ir I1,Jmiigna.1

rlITop·,;sI'/AL) cron·CHfHllJ! br.I).<1ighL

rto,mhtWlli"ol 6C0301iOJIO""1I I!:II;:!;pt!mp

(.*NO) OKOO

mVYER,,"J pepI1.8 000,

Ibi=$lJ(j 6eol06aK

""'"

Now fj]] in the names of the following auto pans.

75

(btJGA11Inil) 6amlJjJjRR

(lAflmj-i) (.riKLO! l:IIJI.Hee ttetl.lU) Rilrwliitlow

(ZWni) (/al'l.tI!R", 3a.r:1.0Hii tjloHapL rear [ighl

rNOmj,.~ .flflllSnrfij) OOMCp M8IIJJIHJ,1 license plate

(/(/11',100) "pLl1DB

fOOl

(b>l40) ROlleco ~~I'

''''''>'1 lUUC1:,1

~)'(or~1i1")

IdS/I07:"" I'CUl;;T1<lI r~rw.kr

IW,Npif-! 6$IDcl' bllmpe,

WUW.I 1i.tr::1

1

flXJmt:,c/!;.:d

nOMOrHTe!

Help!

Here are some useful phrases in case of problems'

(", . ..mlru') (SHy",,!

Y MeHA cnyCTKIII.cl> WHHI. (~VOuiI6a) MlIWllHI He llllO)J,llTCJI.

1 have a flat (ire.

The car doesn't start.

Oil. lie 1I)J,i!T. lpi,.lg.riWiitM'

OHa neperpealeJCJI.

rKONc.hU~}'jJ' I>elllllll KO .... 'UlCli. ~1""aJiA.u;r"'J (pr.t:lrl.KAit, PlIJUIlITOP Upore.KaeJ, ~a.brmuLto\t.ap'J isrec; A""YMYilJlTOP re.~.

II doesn't go.

[( overheats.

There's no more gas.

The radiator is leaking.

The battery is dead.

DpoBepLR, nOlKlIJI)'licra, aKlf:yMy urnp, It,Q~)

TOpMOll.

's'uSlfY!W,

r.nywHTe.n.~.

MaC.J1Q.

Please check the battery

brakes.

muffler, oil. tires.

76

U rheberrec htl lch gesc h utztes Materia

(p(JviUljtro.a;~' (ookUiNrEnlJ~)

Iloaemrreasaoe H3KJ10HeHUe

If you want other people to do something, you win have to use the verb in the "command' or "irnpemtive" way. You have already seen and used several of these imperative. form" and they are ""51Iy recognized. In the chan below, note that there is a form for the familia, and singular, and a second form fnr the formal, pol ite, or plural.

(,.;-IrJ7Ar) ·,..,:rau

To form the imperative from Russian verb, you must know the form for the third penon plural (the "they" form). First remove the ending )IT/lOT Or aT/SIT_

If you are left with a vowel, add "ii. for the familiar-singular and -IITC for the formal Or plural.

~cllj-rn}'m'

'1llTaHlT ---> 'I UTa + th~rl!lII,I

(DU.ff.l~lIrl'

.IQ'MOJOT ..... IQ'M1l + d'l~)'r:hint

rnn'TAYt,:rof'") ~nnaijTe

(fJUm{1)" IIY.mii

rDUmoyrI}'t" JQ'Maii:re

(t:·orVc.hj, KOlf'fn

U you are left with two or more consonants after you drop the ending, add "n, -are.

IKON,hal!

!!omlar ..... liOlI'l + the)' f~llis'h

fKON~hilrr' KOEf~mTe

IJ you are lefl with" singular consonant you must determine if the stress Or accent can fallon the ending. (Hint.: 1" the ending in the "I" form stressedj) If the ending can be stressed, add oH, -HTe.

If there is a single consonant, and the ending is never stressed, form the imperative by adding -)" "bTC.

ooun

,u!I;yT .... IlIl + tl'ie)' e_o

'Si"h·i18~"1"

rOBopll:r _,. IVBOp + they ~JK=:lId5llf

{gaTtl'Iryoi'lf'

rOTog:HT ~ roTOR + ~hi!:r()l'l!;~~

(ill!! "lI,n

liDl.rye' ,l-UJ,ure

l,m'ilRI".·~) ronopKJ'C

(."""F>}"<j £"OTOBbTe

77

U r eberrec htl lch gcsc h utztes M aleri"t

In the blanks below fill in the correct form of the formal imperati ve, (We have In ppl ied the "they" form in parentheses).

I. Help me' (uoMoryrl IIlHe!
2. Check the oil. (npoaepllT ) "'lenD.
3. Look here. (tMOTpIlT) CIO~,
4. Go away! (1fIIYT) 80ld
5. Don't forget! (la6yllJ'"f) He OCTOpolIUIO! (Be carefull) Driv i ng in a foreign conntry means watching the road even. when the sights and sou nds ate so f ascinati ng. O .. eHL ",pDca:BO! Yes, it's very beauti ful! Read the following passage and Jearn the phrases that might come in useful some day. At the end of the passage you will be asked to answer a few questions. So pay close attention,

(80"'1) ~wJ!OZH .. )

nEPBb[1i[ BOJU1TI".1lb I>o.e Moii! Oc.®1I01!O!.O.

(F'LI'5;t Dri .... ~) _ (NMl"EII)-e)

BIOJ ;yMeeT:tun:n.?'

(VI.ilI'!

Blid pe :1Il!illfte, .. W f PRA~v:I' (MNOY) ,IIIJ!QO, lJIJ Itllloii.

nroroa BO.lIJ1TEJ1b

t5«OoJ Drh'='l'")

S 31i1UO. Ho ,11>1 e,ll.~ 150 .Di.'llll, rQ[;roi'ljCljE1lj~} Q:~I·60.DI t(rpIlIIIII,~eJ(.t"

(puMac:U, Mol)' • laM DOMO ... ?

TPETHfi BOW1TEJIb

(T'hird DIi~'Ul

(Ero.V1~) _ _',III!I.j~it~hJ!IYEr.... ".!. nEPBbLA, BOrmTE1lb .!la. :i.W:JOlIIIn'! 'Wfl!!OIWlep.

/prp!'!!LT1fff%) (".O/I/ot')

giltMo'tPer.'lTO ~t'ID_]Ia..

ANSWERS

My goodness! Be careftiJ. Do you, know how to read? Can't you see that

1 bavMbe..right oi'way1

I kD.ow. But you 're dd",.lns, 150 kIn per bou:r,

where the .~peed limit Is 60.

May I help you?

Yes, 'CDIJ 'tbepoli.ccman 10 :~ 'what happenM.

";lJ.'111~O~&'S

";lJ.Hllti·" ,u.Hd.tO>'O "f ru,qdl>HodU'Z anuoisojj 'I 3A!W.rnil1U1

78

U r eberrec hll lch g 5C h utztes M aterla

f;>..mKIIOd"/ What's going on?
MJUII{LlHOHEP qrn 1IpOIIaO,II;aT1
(PoUc<man)
IlEPBhIH BOAHTEJIh (rtaWiUIUJ
a..... ......... ~JIIla.. Our C8JlI coIllded.
()"iMM
o.__,.. He's to blame.
BTOPOA BOW1TEJIh 3TO .e .,uJUI. 1bat's not true.
(""ooSHElliIi)
00 IJOIIIIT, IUIK cyMRtlIIeJJ,IDHi. He drives like a madman.
(pri.,"HIoI.)
H 00 1IJH'1IW11111J1 And he exceeded the
Cl<Opocn.. speed limit.
Co (R..1.I'1j"I1)
MH.1IHUHOHEP .e poeii'! Xopomo. No one is injured? Good.
(.<ohoMYEN"'J
BaJIIII AH)'MeKn.:., Your documents,
1J()~lo(:D:e npua. driver's licenses.
BTOpoA BOJU1TEJIh ii:u=m
~- Is tbere a repair shop
1I1JJ'OCepIIIR:? nearby?
1,id<dIKO)
MHJIHLlHOHEP ,!l,a. Be~el{o 110 ami Yes. Not far along this
.opore. A.a ~ TJMI road. 'JIN0 or thn.Ic
IDUI.OMe1pa. kilometen. (8 lUlTowplHce) (at the repair shop)

MEXAHHK (ld«lwok)

(pacMNITJ

BTOPOH BOAHTEJTh Bw MOlUft MlIIIIIIII)' H,...um.? Can you repair Ibe car?

1bu're lucky. II will only be

(pG\itW)

Ball _. HYlKBO

ImUNlT}

tiYJl:eT CMeHHTL TO.II ... O

tillM1lep R •• Py.

eroroa BO)lHTEJlb

MEXAHHK

(,."cHASd) Y Mellll ecrJo :JaJl'IIICTH, fI1lJVYERIIt:I)

1IuepHo, 3PTJl'l1IJIiaI.

79

necessary 10 replace the bumper and a bead light.

Wbe.o will !he car be ready?

I have the spare parts,

Probably tomon'OW afternoon.

Urheberrechtlich geschutzles Maleria

Try writing out the following phrases from the dialogue. They may come in handy,

J. May I help you? _

2. Is there a repair shop nearby? _

3, Can you repair a car? _

4, When will the car be ready? _

(!)I) r .. aCHU) (rA) (...,oU/ IrAI (8(1d,,)

51 X01JY, 51 Mory, 51 6y~y

[WlIIDI

• will

These three lillie verbs can be of great assistance 10 you, Try 10 learn them by hean!

l ean

XOTETL MOtib 6LO'b
will
R )[04)' R MOrj R iij'1lY
TLI ~6'1ewL Tbl M.O"'CWb ''I'M 6YlleUlb
ona x6qe'f on ,,6)K~'" 01:10 (iYlIC'f
Mlil :1:0'1:11", !UbI M01KCP'oI "MOrllC"
B,b' xm:HTe 8b1 ~!6",eTC 8M Ii YII,IlTC
0I!Jl :l:oTJ1:r 01111 .. 6 ryr OlIO 6yllYl' I.

Now fill in the blanks wi th the new verbs.

4. KOrll.9 OHO rOTOBo?

_______ ooexan. B Moen),? 00 yell want 1.0 gc to MOSCDW'i'

WhclJ""';Jlilbc:rc=IIdy1

S. KTO MHe HOMO"~?

wbo CMMlp rne7

2.

________ BOjUln .. aW!!HY? 001;$11,( 'L'I.'&JIt iI:Q drive thi!: car?

6.

________ BO BJIHIl.HMHpe.

They \l'iII 'be: in VJ..:fimir_

3.

________ OoiTH B KpeMJI&, I can'l go to the: K.n=rnljn.

ANSWERS

J.AU,(g I'HO'9

J.""'Ol'< 'S J.311,(g .~ AJO!; 3H 1$ 'f J.;)hOX HO ,,~ aJ.1IJ.O. lqg " U! ll!.'I

~UffO.LOl J.~IIAg HI,"mm~ HII~O)! 't i,q.LI!HJ!hOU .(H1[tIIB1~ aJ.;)}I(Ol'< [qg '£

~o!lgdoooJ.ll~ q.l.:la I!.l.:IO£!!ugoU "z ~ %QI,OU 1;00 H .<.tOW 'I S3SllJl[d Injdlan

80

U rheberrec htl lch g"s" h utztes M atcrla

It I(A!:) {MY) (r:1d_'F'KHAimJ

KaR MLI OT:):(LIXaeM

HOr,l,lWc:\!;x-atIDIJ

(paf.;r .. , RIIJIlITKII

r~'~}" (mlSnOK) CUaJ[~H],[ii MemOli sleepLr.Jgbit,g

(""'r~I .... , oneano bI.attkt1

tJ

Q

(.iDRO! Bell;po btJe:k:«

(Fl1'O) (smo I (11""'1 rNUlH •• !

BCE qTO HAM IIYJKHO

(IlDYEZH<i.) °AeJIi,IllI ..;10l~

("".,A",,) (foNlOR")

liapMlllulbli: cjloaRp~ n3shlii'"

'l_YF1':l:h:l'Yo::r) IbuMAgo) :ryaJl eTJlaJl 6y>!3 fa lo:ilc:tj:lilpcf

tI

(Ual1£flJwl YIIO'lW lI§tJiligrod

(,,,,,LrU'(l') (prilJOR)

:ryaJlem~lii up .60p !~let:k.t

lDY!"il'tI' /lepCBO

tt«

(rn.lM'Er , MeA.BCI(L beat

(Lo,ZlN", IIOP3HH"1I ~L=I

(SIUQ".,J O!TOQOP ecoscew

(RAdio) PallllD

r.uiio

81

ISON"'I OO.IIII~e

(bo,lMP.,",1 6aiiAap"a

eaJIO<

(BANI;) 6BHliJil.

17'

.;{J.:= .. /I

"I , .....

II

(h.SI"RYUli) KB"'l'IOJJH po~

(SPICJlkiJ tnH'I.liH mmcbcs

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ .r rio

'That's a lot of new words and expressions !O remember! Let's play a Utile game. Look at the
word maze below and see how many words associated with camping you canidentify, Circle the
words and then wri te them out in the spaces below. We have al ready found the first word for you.
D 6 B r II y C e p D II u 0 C H,
!jJ ur l' n e II P 0 .. n !O n b '"
1I T UI 1I '" 0 e Jl T a y " a bl T
10 (II T a 'I !jI e '. II t,1 II JI x s
J )Ii 0 b K K L Jl JI K '" II a II x
UI '" n II II a " JI 1I H U bl T 1. II
JI 0 0 y hI P C 0 8 6 " M x "I> n
h 10 I' lit " 3 £ T P 10 1I II a u G
T ~' a II. e T II bl il " P u I> 0 I' (KYEl>lp''''')

KEMIIHHT

R ussianslove to spend Ii me in the coun try As travel restrief ons on foreigners have been relaxed ;0 the past few years, camping has become eve" easier and a more attractive option to see the vast expanses of Russia,

Mark and Caroline have already renred a car and are about ro set off on their own. Let's see how they make out.

ANSW'ERS

doirnsrn 'P.~hOIt.~ 'doglfdll !,!19"J.;:nm~.L 'I!XhHlin' 'ourrad 'r.~.LBlJllll 'OlnmllO 'HfroldJ.:.ux 'odtl~" '!!)I~e9 ~Izznd

82

lIr~~b~rreohttlch geschL,lzl s Ma mial

MARK

JlEBYWKA (_Wo"",,)

MARK

.QEBYlliKA

BIOI Be eJQ!l![eTe.~II.e (b1aJOO'w)

ISJIIl'I!I!:IIbnrii .~

OO'l.TII ZOPJIOHe'qIOB (IUSYUtlal

OTClOn .• TIM 6YlleT

/ZNAKJ (~)

3R1K C D8JJ8n:oil

'.J..iriD11I:r~J

B cepeJUUle.

B ... lie, 3R1~. T8M MO)IQIO

(DUSH.I DpIl ... M.", AYJII?

~/ty.a' (iMrty.ll) nOHlITI1i He HM.elO! C!I!",slry.) . ('1Y!SIy<! t.:IJIHXIITCi.88 HCi~.

Could you leU me, where~s

a sign with a ten I in the middle.

the nearest campground? About twenty kilo!l!eters

from here. There wi II be

Do YO\I know if you can

take a Shower there?

I don't have the slightest idea . Ask when you're !here.

MARK

X03RAKA

JJ;o6poe yrpo. Mae 1!Yl!!l!0 (poHiW) (SYro! (GRAM) DOJlOllO cwpa, JOO t')!QlM hiciliNY)

aenJlBW, B ,AUTe (baTON) ("HerE"") 6a1'oaueG •.

_ ~SI(J'()- .. "rbu'" e!ltK))

Elqe 'll"QoIlil6Yllh? B.BIIO,

II'_AT) (~'11

lQlM(I81!lC JI.lSJloo

(FKUS'!Y) O'lelllo BIIY(ID;I.

_) Good morning. I Deed

a half kilo ofcheese 300 grams of bam, Md give me a loaf (If bread.

Anything else? W"me,

soft dtink11hc apples are very tasty ..

83

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztes M aleri"

MARK

C .. acA60. 3TO Bcii. CI.Ul!J.CO .( MeIDl? llaellWU!l'I> py6J1eii. nOlKDJIylicra.

11.0 CPlIJI,aAHA.

Thank you. That's all. How mach do J owe you? 'TWelve rubles,

Hero you are.

Goodbye,

X03S1~KA MARK

MO»illO Hy»illO .HeJlb3B

I["s ~ble [I'S. flea:SSilf)' 11\ proh,ib:hed

Three more li!!.Ie words that can get you far. If you are asking Cor someone's permission or simply asking if it's possible, use MOlKHO,

I f you need to do someth ing or need a particular item, use IIYJ1U10.

Please respect the sensitivities of your hosts. Remember that you are always a guest in a foreign country. If you hear HeJlL:llI, don't do it!

Let's see how successful you would be in locating a camping place and getting provisions for the night.

I. BL' De C'U'JKeTe, rne _

2. BM He luane, ?

3.

_______________ ~ 1I0llKHJlO (L'pa.

4. Elll.e'l1"(l'AH6Y;ll"? ?

s,

----------------?

ANSWERS

i.~H~" J O~qlfo~:J'S 0 troHOW"" 'oH"£l 'jl' OH",.IH

~HW .£ mAli "J.P'''fI"I!OU OH>I<O" !"eJ.·Z ~H'"!I'3~ t!Hm~~>I<mlg', :lU!dWB:)

84

U rheberrec htlich g 5C h utztes M aleri"

f,:j'fm.ilVA J lGOdu} MIY~j't-'Yj

Bpexeaa rona, MeCJl~bl,

Sc~,ofthl:: Ycii.r J'ltJllt'l'iS

Ipa(;Qda) IM/) ''')Dl'E'I!

Horona ,.1l:UB He)l;eJlH.

,;!IM,.II,

3HMA

"'jSNA,! BECHA ,p<loi

(Lrg",! JIETO

!Od,tr'j'

OCEUL fsJl

85

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ .r rio

MeC.JllI,bI

ThemoJ'ulu

(y",wr, (aPKYE1;) (iYUL·) (""rnBK)
IIUuapl> DDpelIL HlOJIL OKTJllipL
lMI,W)' April J"ly (klobcr
IfilWAL") (ilfAY! M,Vgftll1J ( .. l'ABR',
.pe.IP8.llL Mail urycr HOlilipL
f<1m»ry MoIiY A'-Igl.1S1 No..-c.mtN:r
(MART) (IYUN") (.Jinrn8R·, (diKAlJff)
MIIPT &:IOUI> (eHTJllipL UK.lip.
M.:rcb JlIll~ Sepeember :r:lI=oemm KaKIU! ceroJl,1UI 1l0rOp.D?

How ; s the weather today?

Ilorona

Ce.rOJl,1llI uoro):lll _

The weather today is _

1-''''''')"") xOPOWIlR ,00<1

What splendid weather!

CerolUlll _

Today it'. _

rn ~:o:" 11- ~

_ _ _- 0

. - _ .-_.,;: 0

,:;. ... . '."'M . ~n

(dPLOI nDJIO

(proKHlAlJM' DpoJUlD/lUO 000]

(KHOlodo.J lIO.llOAIIO cold

86

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M aleri"

(SVrElil) (SONI") ClienT ~o.rnu~e, ThoSlic ts ~run.illi-

fiDYOT)(DOSIf! H,Il;ilT,I:IOlK,ll,b, I'l':!; ItI[!ltD!!:.

(DUylfl MEtii) .IlYeT BeTeP, 1bt. wlM Is :bkjo'l,l,:liI,I!:.

BJ

,

aoron (SNrEK) H,Il;ilT caer, tr\$II.Q\I.·illg.

CaD you descri be the weather in the pictures be low?

I,

2,

3,

4,

ANSWERS

'dru~la J.\'lxtr '~ . <[lIliWlI .Lilll>{ '£ 'aTIH1(OO J.1lJ.~gD 'r 'J:!H~ .L>1I111 'J Jaqlll~M.

87

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ u rio

C006lQ8.eT IlmpOMeTl\eUTp CCCP

Ha Kil,pTf: no ['OJ(bI HilJl: ell:p<llleAcxoA imCThIQ CTp:;l,[{boI 1Il'!.Im'bl lIBe OOPJ..!'loCCt::J'lC C}{I;I'ICMbl, KOTOPMC :II 6.., lI:tLaA:WHC !lH~ Gy.n)'i OQpeaeil:lilTb J.!i.t:c,," i!Or(J~~ _ Hag lO::Kllofl OOrIilCTLJO pacncnaraercsrrasnoa, 11001'0).1)' anaunremmre OC:llU:H Oot:HJ],'H01'· Qt na Yt:panue, Cen~p!!o!.! l{.aa:KiI:Je n I!I ]at:iii!l.ti:.a:U..e. D mpH ~x pallon&'.: kaeeesa yp:e1LH"'II4T'1::R' TlO1,!»fH"Hi;!IJI nnaCl4OCTb_ B U,eil'f" palIb_Ho-,-:£epn03t:wno:t.I eaaene N IIi:! eenepe

YKP:UUU.] M3~1i1 yBeI1",q~Jiltll soamacrca .oa.BIlCUII:;I rcH..iilf't't.1iI serep. D oel!l~'Pu(]A flUIJOl!llilU; e;BP>I'r~Ac~oi1 "~Cl'1I Cf'IN.!llkl l'I HOi ypane xap.:u .. 'Tep nom,llLJ ~yJl,eTonpe.!lefUrthQi! oo.n:a-cT:bKJB])[OOKOro ,1UIMI:Uiut. 3.D.1:r;h OY.IIICT "ICI]J'OJ.I:lO,. e KO'UlbtC '1:a-CI;;l 8- pllJle ny"n.ru:s MO]JQ'3 b! YC~J1 iTa! ,IlO 3(J·3.~ rp3_lI_fC4JlII.

B Moome 8 Mii.pTIo ~IICM 0 - W:IIIIJC l rp-.n.yt:ll ... (if!'l; ~.~

Thmperature conversions

Til change degrees Fahrenheit to Centigrade subtract 32 and multiply by % 41·F-32=9x'A>=5"C

Til convert from Centigrade to Fahrenheit, multiply by % and add 32:

lO'CX%" 18+32=50'F

A quick method ro get an approximate temperature ls to take the degrees Fahrenheit, s ubtrac t 30 and div ide by 2. From Centigrade, rnu It ipl Y by 2 and add 30.

Mos! seasoned travelers know a few temperatures for reference.

88

U rheberrec htl lch g 5C h utztes M aleri"

fPA,IJ;YCbl
DEGREES
Q(> 'hp •• rriry 00 Ue.n .... 10
Fahrcnhcjt Q:l.sius
,..---- 100
212 &
98_6 37
86 ~<Iil ... 30
77 25
68 20
50 ,<O(!.® 10
32 lit> 0
14 8> i<!!i .i ~IO
-04 B>' I~ 't ~20
~22 ~30
~4Q ~40
TeplllollleIp
Thermometer lt should be small consolation that al minus 40" degrees Fahrenheit and Centigrade are identical.

(MNYIi) (KHO''''''''') Mile 1I0JlO1UI0. II is cotd be rne.

(MNYIi)!<IPW! Mlle Te1lll0.

II i.swarm to me.

EiilEllly 111101(0.

Sbe'SiH'e".s I'.IOiI (ret.1iflg) 'loVell.

11M nerKo. They h.I .... ~ II eM)'.

When Russians say "I am cold, she is warm," erc., (hey are actually saying, "I ( is cold 10 me, to her, to him," etc, The. person "\0 whom" or" for whom" something is done is placed in the dative case. This construction can help us express many feelings, so it's important to learn it. Look at the examples

be-low. Not e that the dative case fonn of the pronoun is placed before (he word dcscri bing the action or state.

Moe lIUIpKO. i"m,bOll.

HaM HlITepeOio. w.::1itci.1l~_

Te6e J:OJlOIlBO?

Au youco1'd'i'

BaM C"Y'IlIO?

AreYOLl~'~

89

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M aleri"

UrmNA-I (prilaGA Nj"jjl,..,.,

HMeHa upanarareasasre

AdjectL~·es

You have already noticed that Russian nouns can be masculine" feminine, and neuter, singular and plural. The adjectives and modifiers in Russian change their forms according to the noun they modify. You will need to know four basic forms of these words.

Masculine singular modlflers end most often in l>IiI:

HHTep"""",ii, l!oJlon,,~.jj

in~([ln.1!!: cold

If the ending is stressed, they end in 0;;: 60Jlbwoii IIIIC

After lI.,r, :1:, m, 0\, 'I, and IN , they end in "jj:

PycCll.lli, ... ep"KllBcK"ii

RUS$:i.a1l Arnaicar.l

Modifiers of feminine singular nouns end in lll!:

HBTepecHlll!,60Jl~H,PYCCII.HH

Modifiers of neuter singular nouns end most often in ae:

HHTepecooe,~OJlOnKoe

Afle.r.ru, 0\, 'I, 'I and lOI, if the ending is not stressed, they end in ee: xopomee

Modi fiers of most plural nouns end in hi e:

HHTepeCHhle, xonon" •• e After lit, [', 1::, lilt m, III, and _! they end in He:

60JlbW!le, pYCCKHe, a",ep!l(oI!.KclUle

Look at the pictures below and note how the adjectives combine with the nouns to form a phrase. For practice Iry writing the correct forms under the, words.

3ro

MOJlOnlUl

neBYWD.

90

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M ateri"

60JJ1>woe ~ JepKILIIO.

MllJI.ellJi.KIUI ~ KOMUllT1l.

1I0pomlUl • roCTHHUQ,II.

BWCOIUIII ! JteByw"~.

J[OPOTKIUI i lleBywKa.

Ml!TepetllMe o@ @ JIIOJl,H.
...
91 U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h utztes M ateri" ,QCl'aPOKTj

A3PODOPT

t,loj"jrml.I'OI.r1

CaMoJd~TLI

When you find the following useful words in the, pic rure , write them OUt in the spaces provided.

(rigiS'TRA.uly.a) tbllVE'uO

perHcrp811H1I6H.IIeroB -------C"lK:c;~ i[l (·n:gistr.iliool

~avir.t/,;nr.rrffilrl.r..:.i)

9BH.HKOMD8ttHlI _

a.irti.m:

(o.G.\SH)

6ar.l* _

lu~

fdri$Y)

~aCw ___

,tlc.ct

naCDOp1"IILIii """ITpOJI" ~

p~lXIrti::ooIrDl

rM.'rlOZl"~·a,

TaMOlKlllI ~

(LYO:hiI:)

Jlb>lII.il _

p.il04

r~IJ·Il[U.rD~C':SO~

(:th)!lpltCt:cQ _

$!~:mk.!i~

(<$l.LA",,)

XIUlJlllrop ~

~SC3!..::JJ0J'

IVyll<tJ)

BblXOil, _

ail

~~. h vy~

92

(_l'I.rOT)

CaMOJleT

Pronounce aloud the following items connected with airline flight as you search for Some of them in the picture above, If you wish, you can write them OUI for practice.

lpaSAT,") noca.zu,;a -,"'g

("'p<JS/>'OY) ('1'",,,) JanaCHo.H B~lxoA ~nty~il

(",WN) o:a.1IOIl ~jn

~~/J1D' (piLQr_.a'

.. a6IHIQ "!!JlOT~ iI;OC~pi1

(VYHI) UbllIeT «k<ott

rri..Wff:.N') peO!,elll> K-,aJkll

(RYEI'SI peiie fli:gn.

(pawZRYR) oatclllllJlp p;tS:!ie:nt,~

(,IiIlUHI 3.iliUlIllK

(p,d'lOS) OOIlHIII: tiny

93

Urr~b rrechtl: 11 g sohiit.<1 "~\ u rio

ILYOT""J") (PO~,,) JlCTHoe nOJTe ruBw:Ii)'

(NI'E) (bl/IT)

HE KYPJlTb NOSMOK!NO

PAcnHCAIlHB DJlHlkIlIlIiJl f1ACCAlkIl['CXHX
CAMonETOBH3MOCKa~
IlllilO:lllil19'lr.
'-
- '::;" ....
-;r.' z;, :-;~
~ .... - ~ .. ~.~
"'~n_L~"" I~:-~ " ....
~- ....
- ....
~ ~~
t· .... •
-> ~
'" ~~illf":!MlL6 1.,": ." '"" R'" JtM/t i~.I~ II)~
'" ~'Ii.o'LtLAH~ HI., . ., 60.1,1: ,., ,R"_,1H ~rp.~ 10'
~~ t'r.6A.'KAF,1I !{Jf.!!> .... .'" "" I~m: KMJl r~.I~~ :~1
..-.tVu;:..\H_2:fI.Go 1.1.1."- "'" .. .., ,'" n.HL -r:r-I~
,,, ",jI!,.'XI.\,tjl~:tLI(I)I]!I;I,JJi!Ii t, 1.:\ ~ ilo!ill' ~" ~:~ .HMU lJ.~~ IIJoI
" ",EAXIl,rl ~ l.(I7 ',,, II~ liIll{ ,~
" i\~ ... lj~I,IJ.J;I5.""~ 1~:1;rJ ~Im U.oIiJ ,;~~In TrolSJ ~,
" .II. .... ' .... ~H ",;t','ICI'.! ~J(I ,.., ~I"'J Itt-Ill "j'I".ISoI: ""
'" " .... J EO';UI ~(;K ••• ~~.u.. ~, 1. ~' • .t. ''''' '.~ ,.., .IMJl 'h.f.l.\ ,;~ Mark and his family ate on their way back to Moscow and have decided to ny instead of taking the train.

ALEX

CfIOAPJ]ECCA

.5~eW<!!rt~.

MARK

CflOAP)J.ECCA

ALEX

crIOAP)J.ECCA

(ml57' ...... ) nanD, file aaWH M~?

~!,,'y) (!aWN)

BSID D~.O.1DoIli TUOB.

BWMO.eTe

BDI DOII0'lb1 Mbl ace (llS'WiJ

yCl'llJlH.

CYJlO!lOJ!h"1'IlN"". (RW)

p~ Z1,. HeC'I'8 A, s; B, r.

(BUdijy~)' ~ lmMFr,

Bw 6)'AeTe IIIIC Kop_1

(prillISU)

H __ .,...eoy olie;l;

DOCIle _eTIII.

Papa, where are our seats?

Your boarding pass.

Can-you

belp us? We, are al I

tired.

Wi Ih pleasure.

Row 21, Seats A, .B, V, G.

Will you be f=IIng us?

I will bring you. dinner after Illkeo.ff.

94

U +eberrec h II ich ges" hutztes ;"1 atcrla

RET'-II1K (Pilon

CT1OAP.!lECCA

MARK

cnOAP.!lECCA

ALEX

CfIOAP.!lECCA

MARK

1'2!fVY£"t.S'T\'lII)1im,

n pHlleTCTByeM BaC Hi

("""W) (palJ'OTJ

6oPTY. Ham: UWln)l

Mocny .)lll1lTCJl ] .aca. [!!"''''I

.B.WCIn1I nO.llm 10,000

MeTpUB. Cilopoen. 7SOKM.I'll!c.

(PR(J,im) (pri"isNUT J

DpoClDl .ac up.CTeJ1l}"Do

(rlmNI! (lrJIrT"!

pe_. Be 1IJP1I1'I>.

1IHBl!. upHcrem •. peMem..

(l"ylr7/'ttlrn) MlollU.!1leHeM.

llopo.nlc'UattWlillpW, 'fCpe3 neC1(OJ!LIoiO MBUyr

Ip,.j':inrUMU'tJ)

MLI npIDCMJI.IIMCII B

MoeDe. TCMDep.ryp. bJllOC 5rp8AYcoB. ib;n AOJIJI,Jo·

(KIIO<!i<>a!

J],eBymK., MBc lUJ'IeTCJ(

(p<>PrT") 'IT<N,"6YIU>!lOIDr!'!>.

(l) r,.:Jdffoi)·.J

K ro.lLlleIlMKl, YJIIc

nOOjlJlo. 11 ~.~._

(konfYE7l.) .upneq &OB~.

CMOrpB, HIlMa. MI.I YJKC (ZDYES'J

3Il.eCb.

95

We welcome you on

board. Our rughl to Moseow takes .3 bourn.

Our a1tilu4e is 10,000 meters. The speed is 150 km per hom.

~ request you ttl fasten seat belts and not ,smoke.

Nina, fasten your belt. We are taking off,

Dear passengers,

in a few minutes

we will be landing in Moscow. The temperature JS plus five degrees, U's tallUng.

M iss, I would like oome.ihllIg to dri_nk.

Unfortunately, it's already late. In just a rninqte

I'll bring yOUR. piece of candy. Look, Nina. We're already

here.

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h "Illes M aleri"

Try matching the important phrases in column one with those in column two. Write out the.

R ussian for practice.

1. B hi MOlKeTe HIIM nOMon?

2. Mw see YCT!I.II1I.

3. He KYPHTL.

4. MM npH3eMJIKItIClI B MO~KBe.

a. we are all tired.

6. No Smoking.

B. I would like something to drink.

r. Can you help us?

)I, we will be landing in Moscow.

Ey)1;y~ee OpeMSI

F<u:tun=tLrn:

You may have already noticed that Russians have two ways to form the future tense, that we in English form with the help of the words "will" or "shall."

Just as in English, Russians can form a compound future consisting of two words. The first component is a form of the verb "to be."

)I 6YllJ'

TM 6j'lleuu.

o Hllma/ou 0 6f1leT Mh! 6Yllcltl

B.L[ 6YIl.eTc

on" 6YIlJT

I will be you will be

h "!she/i.! wi II be we will be

you will be

[hey will be

ANSWERS

ij'S If 'j:> g'£ P." J'I :lU!II~ICW

96

U rheberrec htl lch ge5c h utztes M aleri"

'rou can form the future tense of the most verbs we have seen by combining the infinitive of these imperfective verbs with the proper form of 6YIIJ .

I will listen, You will read It will cost: \\j, will h urry,

You will speak English. They will feed us.

B 6yiIY C.ll'jiUUITL.

TLI I"ijiAIlWL ',H"tIITb. 0.110 l"iYlleT CT6"Tb. M ... l"iYJl.c .. cue lUlU".

BL' 6Y.lleT£ HIBOp lITh D o·pYCCr<H. 0. 1111 113 C 6YIlYT r<np,"iTb.

Russians can also form a simple future from a •• perfective" vern. In this instance, you already know all of the forms of the. verbs becau se they are identical to those of the present tense. Look at the following example,

FUture

I read

you speak

she is hurrying

lI'1I1"tliKl

Th.! I"() ~OpH DI b oua memnT

I will read

you wi 11. speak she wi II hurry

1I OOQHTlim

Tbi noreaopams oua nocne-mnT

The examples show us one way in which a perfective verb can be formed from an imperfective verb by adding a prefix. The prefix 110 often means "just a little." Russians simply know which verbs are imperfective and perfective. For the moment, JUSt concentrate on the meanings of verbs when you encounter them in our dialogues. We'Ugjve you an easy way 10 check on the aspect of verbs at the end of the book in the Russian- English dictionary.

(FSW! (FSYfJ

Bee- Bee

Walch how they are used.

In only a few word pairs is the difference between the letters i! and e as important as in BCi! meaning "everything" and III!C meaning "all the people" 0, "everyone."

Bee B nopllltKe. Bee "JlYT ltO"'o';.

Everything (ail) is in order, Everyone is (all are) going home.

Remember: in Russian ace lakes a plural verb, but in English "everyone" takes a singular verb. Watch how they are used in tbe next dialogue.

97

U rheberrec htl lch gC5C h "Illes M ale,i"

ifJ:$KURJi}'~, ([Xl) lktlml..rU)

3KCKYPCIDI DO KpeMJllO

I\n'~:rriiic[l ;!IIID\I:r\d~K~mlil'l

Caroline, Stephanie, and Alex ha ve dec ided to take a tour a f the. Kre rnlin this anernoon.

(ooKHOdl"':M

3KCKYPCOaO.Q M", Tellep" III1XOAHMCIJ KD

(T,,", Gu"", I nppl!TOp!l!!I MOC!l(la~."oro

CAROLINE

KpeM.ilJ{,

CIwD:re •. DOaauQ'icm.

MPYlJNsli) (<<>BOR!

!;Ae YCUllllclDlil: co60p.

/..oA)

Mhl TYIIH I):IeM. (paJc4#'" 11_ .1I11_UJIlY.

3KCKYPCOBO.o,

ALEX

","lhoRO'/"Jd

Tn DO~pol"etW 6t.1lW!l1e ("""')

~pB.

98

We are now located on

the terri tOry of the Moscow

Kremlin.

Please tell us where the

Cathedral of !be Dormitlan. is.

We are go ing there.

buried there.

rbeberrechtllch qeachutzt s Maimi"