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Taylor and Skinner's Survey of The Roads of Scotland On An Improved Plan , 1792

Taylor and Skinner's Survey of The Roads of Scotland On An Improved Plan, 1792

Priced at 12 shillings, George Taylor and Andrew Skinner's 1776-published "Survey and Maps of The Roads of North Britain, or Scotland" was essentially Scotland's first 'road atlas'. It consisted of 61 plates showing roads across Scotland at the one-inch to the mile scale, covering some 3,000 miles in total, with each page divided into three vertical strips of a particular road, the volume designed to be folded into a portable accessory for the growing number of travellers and visitors in Scotland, Taylor and Skinner's original and then uncoloured plates listed in an Appendix to these pages.

Taylor (Captain George Taylor of The Duke of Cumberland's late Regiment of Foot) had produced a number of manuscript surveys on his own account before beginning his work with Skinner and listed in Volumes 1 and 2 of I. H.

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Adams "Descriptive List of Plans in The Scottish Record Office" are his 1772 plan of the course of the River Dovern,

with a note giving

recommendations for improvements", a map of Badenoch and a 1773 plan of Aberdeen which Taylor and Skinner

published together, when they joined forces as surveyors in Aberdeen in 1776.

an 1772 - 1773 general plan of the lands of Speyside, described as "A very fine and detailed plan

Together, George Taylor and Andrew Skinner published a number map and road books including their "Survey and Maps of The Roads of North Britain, or Scotland", it in both folio and pocket book editions and their "Survey of The Great Post Roads between London, Bath and Bristol" in 1776 but, in 1778, although they had been assisted financially by The Commissioners for The Forfeited Estates and by subscriptions, some no doubt from the landed gentry whose names and properlies were shown along many of the roads, they reported that nearly half the 3,000 published copies of their Scottish 'road atlas' were unsold and their 1-inch to 1-mile survey of the counties of Perth and Clackmannan 'to be published by subscription of two guineas, to be begun as soon as 300 copies are subscribed for' was never published.

With debts still to repay, Taylor and Skinner set off for Ireland, their "Map of The Roads of Ireland" published that year of 1778, a second edition following five years later, in 1783, after they had headed west for America where, in 1781, they produced a manuscript map of New York, it to be seen today in the archives of The British Museum.

George Taylor's own 'Manuscript Roadbook : Sketches of The Roads in Scotland', dating from 1785 and, within a fine binding attributed to Scott of Edinburgh, intended as a present, never published, it reputedly 'one of the most exquisite and elaborate specimens of drawing and penmanship ever seen', was purchased by The University Library of Cambridge, after a most fortunate sequence of events, in 1967.

Today Taylor and Skinner's strip maps are of unique value for showing the detail of Scotland's old routeways, including the then new military roads in the Highlands and, covering much of Lowland Scotland, supplement contemporary county mapping.

The maps here,

Survey of The Roads of Scotland On An Improved Plan", by Thos. Brown around 1792.

coloured from the originals, were published in Edinburgh, under the title "Taylor and Skinner's

in Edinburgh, under the title " Taylor and Skinner's Maps of Scotland - ADD + 6

Maps of Scotland - ADD + 6 to the map numbers to find the corresponding e.g. 001 + 6 = Page 8 here

001 - Edinburgh to Berwick upon Tweed

002 - Edinburgh to Berwick upon Tweed

003 - Edinburgh to Berwick upon Tweed AND Edinburgh to Cornhill by Greenlaw

004 - Edinburgh to Cornhill by Greenlaw

005 - Edinburgh to Cornhill by Greenlaw

006 - Edinburgh to Carlisle by Selkirk and Hawick

007 - Edinburgh to Carlisle by Hawick

008 - Edinburgh to Carlisle

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009

- Edinburgh to Carlisle

010 - Lauder to Kelso

011 - Lauder to Jedburgh

012 - Edinburgh to Moffat and Dumfries by Peebles and Linton

013 - Edinburgh to Moffat and Dumfries by Peebles and Linton

014 - Edinburgh to Moffat and Dumfries by Peebles and Linton

015 - Edinburgh to Moffat, Lochmaben and Dumfries by Peebles and Linton

016 - Edinburgh to Moffat, Lochmaben and Dumfries

017 - Moffat to Dumfries by Johnstone Moor

018 - Edinburgh to Wigtoun and Whitehorn by Biggar, Leadhills and New Galloway - from 014

019 - Edinburgh to Wigtoun and New Galloway

020 - Edinburgh to Wigtoun and Whitehorn

021 - Edinburgh to Whitehorn

022 - Edinburgh to Lanark, Douglas, Cumnock and Ayr

023 - Edinburgh to Douglas, Cumnock and Ayr

024 - Edinburgh to Cumnock and Ayr

025 - Edinburgh by Cumnock to Ayr, Maybole and Stranraer

026 - Edinburgh by Maybole, Girvan and Ballintrae to Stranrawer

027 - Edinburgh by Ballintrae to Stranrawer

028 - Edinburgh to Ayr, Hamilton, Glasgow, Dumbarton and Inveraray

029 - Edinburgh to Ayr by Hamilton

030 - Edinburgh to Ayr by Strathaven

031 - Edinburgh to Glasgow, Greenock, Dumbarton and Inveraray

032 - Edinburgh to Glasgow, Greenock, Dumbarton and Inveraray

033 - Edinburgh by Glasgow to Greenock and to Dumbarton and Inveraray

034 - Edinburgh by Glasgow to Greenock and to Dumbarton and Inveraray

035 - Edinburgh to Glasgow by Bathgate

036 - Edinburgh to Glasgow by Bathgate and Airdrie

037 - Edinburgh to Stirling, Tyndrum and Fort William and to Inveraray and Bunau

038 - Edinburgh to Stirling, Tyndrum and Fort William

039 - Edinburgh by Stirling to Tyndrum and Fort William

040 - Edinburgh by Stirling to Tyndrum and Fort William

041 - Edinburgh by Stirling to Fort William

042 - Edinburgh by Stirling to Fort William and from Tyndrum to Inveraray

043 - Edinburgh by Stirling to Inveraray and from Dalmaly to Bunau

044 - Dalmally to Bunau and Inveraray to Tarbet and Campbelton

045 - Inveraray to Tarbet and Campbelton - Loch Gilp

046 - Inveraray to Campbelton - Killean

047 - Inveraray to Campbelton - Balachanty

048 - Stirling by Crieff to Fort Augustus and Bernero

049 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero

050 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero

051 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero

052 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero

053 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero

054 - Stirling to Fort Augustus and Bernero AND Dunkeld to Kenmore and Killin

055 - Dunkeld to Kenmore and Killin

056 - Edinburgh to Thurso and Johny Grots or Dungsby Head by Perth, Dunkeld, Dalwhlnie and Inverness

057 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

058 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

059 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

060 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

061 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

062 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Perth and Dunkeld

063 - Edinburgh to Thurso by Inverness and Tain

064 - Edinburgh to Thurso by Inverness and Tain

065 - Edinburgh to Wick by Inverness

066 - Edinburgh to Wick by Inverness

067 - Edinburgh to Wick by Inverness

068 - Wick to Thurso

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- Wick to Dungsby Head

070 - Thurso to Dungsby Head

071 - Perth to Fort George

072 - Perth to Fort George

073 - Perth to Fort George by Braemar

074 - Perth to Fort George

075 - Perth to Fort George

076 - Perth to Brechine

077 - Perth to Brechine

078 - Perth to Brechine

079 - Edinburgh to Fochabers by Huntly

080 - Edinburgh to Fochabers by Huntly

081 - Edinburgh to Fochabers by Huntly

082 - Edinburgh to Fochabers by Huntly AND Edinburgh to Old Rain

083 - Edinburgh by Brechine to Old Rain

084 - Brechine to Aberdeen, Banff and Inverness

085 - Brechine to Aberdeen, Banff and Inverness

086 - Brechine to Banff and Inverness

087 - Brechine to Banff and Inverness

088 - Banff to Inverness

089 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Banff

090 - Edinburgh to Inverness by Banff

091 - Edinburgh to Dundee and Stonehaven

092 - Edinburgh to Dundee

093 - Edinburgh to Montrose

094 - Edinburgh to Stonehaven

095 - Pathead to Crall

096 - Pathead to Crall AND Edinburgh to Cupar by Kennoway

097 - Queensferry to Dunfermline and Culross

098 - Queensferry to Stirling

099 - Queensferry to Falkirk

100 - New Inn to Perth

101 - Prestonpans to North Berwick

102 - Haddington to North Berwick AND Coldstream to Dunse

103 - Haddington to Dunse

104 - Berwick to Hawick

105 - Berwick to Hawick

106 - Berwick to Dunse

107 - Croslee Toll to Melrose and Newton AND Biggar to Lanark

108 - Howgate to Blythbridge

109 - Peebles to Selkirk

110- Glasgow to Longtown by Hamilton and Moffat

111- Glasgow to Longtown

112 - Glasgow to Longtown

113 - Glasgow to Longtown

114 - Elvanfoot to Dumfries

115 - Elvanfoot to Dumfries

116- Glasgow to Ayr 117- Glasgow to Ayr 118- Glasgow and Kilmarnock to Dumfries 119- Glasgow and Kilmarnock to Dumfries

120 - Glasgow and Kilmarnock to Dumfries

121 - Glasgow to Dumfries AND Dumfries to Monyhive

122 - Port Patrick to Dumfries and Annan

123 - Port Patrick to Dumfries

124 - Port Patrick to Dumfries

125 - Port Patrick to Dumfries

126 - Port Patrick to Annan

127 - Whitehorn to Glenluce

128 - May bole to Girvan

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- Glasgow to Irvine

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- Ayr to Mauchline

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- Greenock to Irvine and Ayr

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- Greenock to Irvine and Ayr

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- Irvine to Kilmarnock AND Dumbarton to Row Kirk

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- Dumbarton to Portencaple AND Glasgow to Bieth

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- Glasgow to Kilwinning

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- Lanark to Hamilton AND Lanark to Glasgow

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- Lanark to Glasgow AND Stirling to Glasgow

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- Stirling to Glasgow

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- Stirling to Dumbarton

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- Stirling to Dumbarton

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- Tarbet Inn to Crianlarich AND Crieff to Lochernehead

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- Crieff to Lochernehead AND Crieff to Perth

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- Crieff to Perth AND Stirling to Perth

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- Stirling to Perth AND Inverkeithing to Kinghorn

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- Crall to St Andrews and Cupar

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- St Andrews to Newport AND Dundee to Dunkeld

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- Dundee to Cupar and Dunkeld

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- Dunkeld to Ambleree AND Dunkeld to Blalrgourie

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- Perth to Dundee

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- Dundee to Kirrimuir

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- Dundee to Forfar

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- Dundee to Meigle AND Aberbrothic to Forfar

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- Aberbrothwick to Brechine AND Brechine to Montrose

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- Montrose to Laurence Kirk and to North Esk Bridge

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- Laurence Kirk to Old Mill of Hirn

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- Aberdeen to Braemar

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- Aberdeen to Braemar

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- Aberdeen to Braemar

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- Charlestoun of Aboyne to Corgarff

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- Aberdeen to Monymusk

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- Aberdeen to Monyrnusk

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- Aberdeen to Huntly

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- Aberdeen to Huntly

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- Aberdeen to Huntly AND Aberdeen to Fraserburgh

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- Aberdeen to Fraserburgh

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- Aberdeen to Fraserburgh AND Ellon to Peterhead

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- Ellon to Peterhead AND Peterhead to Fraserburgh

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- Peterhead to Fraserburgh AND Banff to Peterhead

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- Fraserburgh to Banff

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- Fraserburgh to Banff

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- Huntly to Banff

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- Huntly to Banff

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- Fochabers to Aviemore

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- Fochabers to Aviemore

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- Fochabers to Aviemore

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- Nairn to Fort George

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- Cross Roads in Ross and Cromartie

and

177a - Inverness to Fort Augustus and Fort William

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Taylor and Skinner's Survey and Maps of The Roads of North Britain or Scotland, 1776

Priced at 12 shillings, George Taylor and Andrew Skinner's 1776-published "Survey and Maps of The Roads of North Britain, or Scotland" was essentially Scotland's first 'road atlas'. It consisted of 61 plates showing roads across Scotland at the one-inch to the mile scale, covering some 3,000 miles in total, with each page divided into three vertical strips of a particular road, the volume designed to be folded into a portable accessory for the growing number of travellers and visitors in Scotland.

At the very beginning of the volume, an index of all the cities, towns and villages, an index of 'The Cross Roads' and a 'List of Stages on The Great Roads' and a general (uncoloured) map of the roads surveyed by Taylor and Skinner.

of Stages on The Great Roads' and a general (uncoloured) map of the roads surveyed by

186

Taylor and Skinner's 61 (uncoloured) Original 1776 Plates being

01

- Edinburgh to Berwick upon Tweed

02

- Edinburgh to Cornhill by Greenlaw

03

- Lauder to Kelso; Road from Lauder to Jedburgh; Edinburgh to Carlisle by Selkirk and Hawick.

04

- Edinburgh to Carlisle, continued

05

- Edinburgh to Moffat and Dumfries by Peebles and also by Linton

06

- Edinburgh to Moffat, Lochmaben and Dumfries by Peebles and by Linton, continued

07

- Edinburgh to Wigtoun and Whitehorn by Biggar, Lead hills and New Galloway, continued from page 5

08

- Edinburgh to Wigtoun and Whitehorn, continued; Edinburgh to Lanark and Ayr by Douglass and Cumnock.

09

- Edinburgh by Douglas to Ayr and Stranrawer, continued

10

- Edinburgh to Ayr and Stranrawer, continued

11

- Edinburgh, continued to Ayr by Hamilton

12

- Edinburgh to Glasgow and Greenock and to Dunbarton and Inveraray, continued

13

- Edinburgh to Glasgow, by Bathgate; Edinburgh, by Whiteburn and Glasgow, continued to Inveraray

14

- Edinburgh to Stirling, Tyndrum and Fort William

15

- Edinburgh by Stirling, continued to Fort William

16

- Edinburgh to Inveraray, continued; Dalmaly to Bunau; Inveraray to Tarbet and Campbelton

17

- Inveraray to Tarbet and Campbelton, continued (shown at end of Appendix)

18

- Stirling, by Crieff, to Fort Augustus and Bernero

19

- Stirling, continued from Dalnacardoch, to Fort Augustus and on toward Bernero

20

- Stirling, continued by Fort Augustus, to Bernero; Dunkeld to Kenmore and Killin

21

- Edinburgh to Thurso and Johny Grots or Dungsby Head, by Perth, Dunkeld, Dalwhinnie, Inverness etc.

22

- Dalnacardoch to Aviemore

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- Inverness to Tain

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- Tain to Wick

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- Wick to Thurso

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- Perth to Fort George

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- Braemarrto Fort George

28

- Perth to Brechine

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- Edinburgh to Fochabers by Huntly, continued from North Esk Bridge

30

- Edinburgh, by Brechine, Banchory & Monymusk, continued to Old Rain, to join the Aberdeen to Huntly Road

31

- Aberdeen, by Old Meldrum, to Banff

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- Banff to Inverness

33

- Edinburgh to Dundee, Aberbrothick, Montrose, Inverbervie and Stonehaven

34

- Edinburgh to Montrose and Stonehaven, continued; Pathead to Crail; Edinburgh to Cupar

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- Queensferry to Dumfermline, Culross, Clackmannan and Stirling; Queensferry to Borrowstouness, Falkirk etc.

36

- Prestonpans to North Berwick; Musselburgh to Dalkeith and Newbattle; Haddington to North Berwick

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- Berwick to Hawick; Berwick to Dunse

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- Biggar to Lanark; Peebles to Selkirk, by Fernalee Bridge

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- Glasgow to Longtown, by Hamilton, Douglass Mill and Moffat

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- Elvanfoot to Dumfries; Glasgow, by Hamilton and Moffat, continued to Longtown

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- Glasgow to Ayr and Glasgow and Kilmarnock to Sanguhar and Dumfries

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- Glasgow to Kilmarnock, Sanguhar and Dumfries, continued; Dumfries to Monyhive

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- Port Patrick to Dumfries, Annan and Longtown

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- Port Patrick to Dumfries, Annan and Longtown, continued; Whitehorn to Glenluce

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- Glasgow to Irvine; Ayr to Machlin

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- Greenock to Irvine and Ayr; Dumbarton to Row Kirk and Portencaple

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- Glasgow to Paisly, Bieth and Kilwinning; Lanark to Hamilton; Lanark to Glasgow

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- Stirling to Glasgow; Stirling to Dumbarton

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- Tarbet Inn to Crienlarach; Crieff to Locherne Head; Crieff to Perth

50

- St Andrews to Woodhaven and Newport; Crail to St Andrews and Cupar

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- Dundee to Cupar and Dunkeld; Dunkeld to Ambleree

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- Dundee to Glammiss and Kirrimuir; Dundee to Forfar

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- Aberbrothick to Brechine; Montrose to North Esk; Montrose to Laurence Kirk

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- Aberdeen to Braemarr; Aberdeen to Durris and Banchory Ternan, by the South side of Dee River

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- Charlestoun of Aboyne to Corqarff; Aberdeen to Monymusk and Alford; Aberdeen to Monymusk

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- Aberdeen to Huntly; Aberdeen to Fraserburgh

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- Aberdeen continued to Fraserburgh; Ellon to Peterhead; Peterhead to Fraserburgh

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- Banff to Peterhead by Strichen; Fraserburgh to Banff; Huntly to Banff

187

59

- Fochabers to Aviemore; Nairn to Fort George

60 - Inverness to Fort Augustus and Fort William; Inverness to Glen Urguhart

61 - Plan of the Cross Roads in The Shires of Ross and Cromartie

Plate 17 - Inveraray to Tarbet and Campbelton

61 - Plan of the Cross Roads in The Shires of Ross and Cromartie Plate 17

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