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NECTAR Code
A Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Solver

http://syeilendrapramuditya.wordpress.com January 2011

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This document is freely downloadable in Microsoft Word 2003/XP format The use of this document is ABSOLUTELY UNLIMITED Some materials related to this document are available on this URL: http://wp.me/p61TQ-zt

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NECTAR Code A computer code applicable for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses has been developed. Employed physical models and solution method will not be explained here, a complete explanation is available on http://wp.me/p61TQ-wo. The fluid employed in this code is LIQUID SODIUM, one of the various coolant types for Liquid Metal-cooled Fast Reactors (LMFRs).

This code can be used for preliminary thermal hydraulic analysis of Fast Reactor cores, in which due to the presence of wrapper can, we can assume that the fuel assemblies are hydrodynamically non-communicating each other along the axial flow path, although in reality they are thermally in communication in lateral direction. This code also can be used to generate initial guesses for flow fields, to be used by time-dependent subchannel analysis codes, which further simulate the lateral thermo-hydrodynamic interactions between channels in a fuel assembly.

This document serves as an input description for NECTAR code, some results from a sample case are also presented. The input is a text file with the length of its name is exactly 8 characters. The content of this input file is explained as follow.

CARD CARD 001 CARD 002 CARD 003

VARIABLE IMAX LMAX DZ DH(J) QSHAPE(J) QLIN(J) AFLOW(J) J=1,IMAX MASSFLOW T1 PLMAX

FORMAT I5 I5 E10.0 E10.0 I5 E10.0 E10.0 E10.0 E10.0 E10.0

DESCRIPTION Number of channels Number of axial nodes Size of axial nodes Channel diameter Power profile, 1=linear, 2=cosine Average linear heat rate Axial flow area Total mass flow rate Inlet temperature Outlet pressure

UNIT m m W/m m2 Kg/s K Pa

CARD 004 CARD 005 CARD 006

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A sample case is provided with the code package, the file name is “SMPL_001”, with content as shown as follow:

CARD 001 CARD 002 CARD 003

5 50 0.05 0.03 1 8.0E+4 0.0007068 0.03 2 1.0E+5 0.0007068 0.05 2 0.0E+5 0.0019635 0.06 2 -5.0E+5 0.0028274 0.06 1 -4.0E+5 0.0028274 CARD 004 20.0 CARD 005 650.0 CARD 006 1.0E+5

The explanation of this sample case is as follow.
PARAMETER Number of channels Number of axial nodes Size of axial nodes Total mass flow rate Inlet temperature Outlet pressure VALUE 5 50 0.05 m 20 Kg/s 650 K 100000 Pa

Channel Channel Channel Channel Channel

1 2 3 4 5

Diameter [m] 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.06

Power profile Heated, linear Heated, cosine Isotherm Cooled, cosine Cooled, linear

Average linear heat rate [W/m] 80000 100000 0 -500000 -400000

After running the code, all the output data are then saved in a file named “ SMPL_001_OUT”, some results are shown as follow.

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NECTAR Code - Sample Result
Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

4.50E+5 Reynolds number 4.00E+5 3.50E+5 3.00E+5 2.50E+5 2.00E+5

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

1

1.25 z [m]

1.5

1.75

2

2.25

2.5

Figure 1. Reynolds number

NECTAR Code - Sample Result
1.55E-2 1.50E-2 1.45E-2 Friction factor 1.40E-2 1.35E-2 1.30E-2 1.25E-2 1.20E-2 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 z [m] 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

Figure 2. Friction factor

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NECTAR Code - Sample Result
4.00E-4 Dynamic viscosity [Pa.s] 3.80E-4 3.60E-4 3.40E-4 3.20E-4 3.00E-4 2.80E-4 2.60E-4 2.40E-4 2.20E-4 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 z [m] 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

Figure 3. Dynamic viscosity

NECTAR Code - Sample Result
2.70E+0 2.60E+0 Velocity [m/s] 2.50E+0 2.40E+0 2.30E+0 2.20E+0 2.10E+0 2.00E+0 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

1

1.25 z [m]

1.5

1.75

2

2.25

2.5

Figure 4. Velocity

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NECTAR Code - Sample Result
1.00E+5 0.00E+0 Linear heat rate [W/m] -1.00E+5 -2.00E+5 -3.00E+5 -4.00E+5 -5.00E+5 -6.00E+5 -7.00E+5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

1

1.25 z [m]

1.5

1.75

2

2.25

2.5

Figure 5. Linear heat rate

NECTAR Code - Sample Result
8.00E+2 7.50E+2 Temperature [K] 7.00E+2 6.50E+2 6.00E+2 5.50E+2 5.00E+2 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 z [m] 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

Figure 6. Temperature

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NECTAR Code - Sample Result
1174.00 1172.00 Saturation temperature [K] 1170.00 1168.00 1166.00 1164.00 1162.00 1160.00 1158.00 1156.00 1154.00 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 z [m] 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

Figure 7. Saturation temperature

NECTAR Code - Sample Result
8.90E+2 8.80E+2 Density [kg/m3] 8.70E+2 8.60E+2 8.50E+2 8.40E+2 8.30E+2 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

0

0.25

0.5

0.75

1

1.25 z [m]

1.5

1.75

2

2.25

2.5

Figure 8. Density

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NECTAR Code - Sample Result
1.22E+5 1.20E+5 1.18E+5 1.16E+5 Pressure [Pa] 1.14E+5 1.12E+5 1.10E+5 1.08E+5 1.06E+5 1.04E+5 1.02E+5 1.00E+5 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 z [m] 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Channel1 Channel2 Channel3 Channel4 Channel5

Figure 9. Pressure

NECTAR Code - Sample Result 2.50E+03

2.00E+03 Mass flux [Kg/m2.s]

1.50E+03

1.00E+03

5.00E+02

0.00E+00 1 2 3 Channel number 4 5

Figure 10. Mass flux REFERENCES 1. Thermal Hydraulics of Single Phase Flow in Multi Channel Systems.

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