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Mumbaikars are extremely adaptable and get accustomed to situations very fast. They don’t even bother about things forget grumbling about it. Day-to-day transport to office or college is an example of such a habit. We hardly hear complaints about heavy traffic on streets or terrific crowd in Mumbai’s local trains. But does not mean that it does not trouble the commuters. College students, by and large travelling in public transport for the first time and that too with big bags could reflect the situation the best. Hence we decided to study them to understand the issue better. The main objective of this study was to understand students of St. Xavier’s college pertaining to their day-to-day conveyance to college. First of all, we underwent a focused group discussion (FGD) to identify the main attributes of this prospective study. The objectives of the study were broadly formulated as below-: • • • • • • To identify the mode(s) of transport used by the students. To correlate the mode, the time spent on travel everyday college and house. To assess time utilization while travelling. To analyze the factors which affect the kind of activities To check whether the students have an option to their To list out the problems they face regarding their current
and the distance between
carried out during the travel. existing mode(s) of transport and evaluating the options if any. mode of transport.
• • transport. • transport.
To study the satisfaction level and also the improvements To study their take on the monetary aspect of this necessary To take a comment on the efficiency of their current mode of
that they find are necessary with regards to student travellers.
Based on the FGD, we prepared an interview schedule to gather detailed information on our objectives. It was administered on 100 current Xavierites. The data was subject to various analysis techniques and outcomes of the same are presented in the report. The most practicable conclusions being the improvements as stipulated by the respondents are presented in the end.
Also. Type of study-: Quantitative and qualitative both. In addition.Research methodology-: Research design-: A combination of descriptive and exploratory design. SY junior college. FY senior college. commerce. wherein. SY senior college and TY senior college. Thus. Xavier’s College: a representation of the youth of Mumbai. Sampling-: The sample size was 100 and the population was selected as the students of St. the sample obtained was representative of its age. The sampling method adopted was ‘clustered sampling’. arts. there was equal representation FY junior college. Xavier’s college library • Xavier’s institute of social research • Xavier’s institute of communication 3 . BMM and BMS faculties were given equal representation. the sample comprised of equal number of males and females. science.Literature study was done in the following three libraries-: • St. gender and economic status. Method of data collection-: Secondary data.
No material relevant to our topic could be found. Primary data. Analysis has been done according to the aspects to be studied and mode of transport-wise. The literature only detailed either ‘tourism’ travel. the analysis is descriptive but it is also supported by statistical inferences drawn from its quantitative counterpart. Data processing-: The data is tabulated using Microsoft Office Excel. As the data was mainly qualitative. travel to other countries for further education or certain articles on student travellers in the US. 4 .Generated through in-depth interviews using the interview schedule (Please find the interview schedule used for our survey in the exhibit). A pilot study of size five was done and necessary amendments made in the interview schedule before undertaking the actual survey. Certain responses are recorded manually and then processed either mathematically or otherwise.
MODE OF TRANSPORT It is the first and foremost important aspect of our study to identify the various modes of transport used by current Xavierites to travel to college daily.1. 1 5 . Train 84% Bus Personal Walking vehicle 6% 5% 3% Cab 2% GRAPH NO.
But in the case of our sample. radius. train is the most used mode of transport among Xavierites. Even if the share of modes of transport other than train is very low. these 3 students also stay in the neighbourhood. 6 . Railway station is not near and non-public transport is too expensive to be used everyday is how they explain their choice for the BEST. be it by choice or not. The 3% who commute in their personal vehicles also stay nearby but this can not be generalized if we observe the population carefully. The 5% who walks to college and 2% taking a cab are the ones who stay nearby to college. It is important to understand the reasons due to which other modes are not used by many people. each one of them is studied separately.As we can see in the pie chart. 84% of our sample travels to college by train. The 6% who travel in a bus do so mostly because that is the most feasible option they have. within maximum 5 kms.
reading novel etc. The kind of activities that they undertook depended on their gender. most of them were habituated to it. Or be it a productive activity or a relaxing one.ACTIVITIES The kind of activities the students undertake while travelling to college on daily basis is an important part of this study. travelling is not a significant part of the day. studying. The activities mentioned by the respondents can be broadly divided into-: Ai) Productive activities viz. company they have etc. The subdivisions of the activities were inclusive. finishing work. sleeping. chatting etc. reading notes before an exam etc. listening to music. But for others it is. The activities they carry out during the travel time is an interesting detail to be studied. 7 . the time at which they travel. Bii) Need specific activities viz. Because travelling to college everyday is a task in itself. reading daily newspaper. listening to specific radio programs. Bi) Regular activities viz. we asked our respondents to mention the kind of activities they do or they would want to undertake during their daily travel to college. Like a student who would generally like to relax or take a nap in the train would be very sure to be studying if it was an exam day. reading books. Aii) Relaxing activities viz. In our study. The most common of those were listening to music. For the students who travel up to 10 minutes one way. chatting with friends.
amount of time they travel for. Some of them are analyzed below-: i) THE AMOUNT OF TIME TRAVELLED FOR-: AVERAGE TIME TAKEN (in mins) 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120 Totals: YES 2 4 2 5 2 2 17 NO 9 25 17 21 9 2 83 Table no. the surrounding created by such and other factors certainly make an impact on his activities.Many factors can affect the kind of activities a given student would undertake. But apart from that.1 11 29 19 26 11 04 100 INFLUENCE OF AMOUNT OF TIME TOTALS 8 . The most important would be his choice. the mode of transport.
Among the 17% who said that the amount of time they travel for does affect the kind of activities they do or would like to do. 70% of them claim to have positive influence. very less travelling time and a whole lot of time for travelling. by now. They find it fitting to the exact time that they would want in order to conduct activities.According to the above table. 83% of the sample units are not affected by the amount of time they travel for. ii) TIME AT WHICH THEY TRAVEL-: Graph no. Around 85% of them say that the main reason is that they are used to train travelling and timings.2 9 . The others find this time duration “PERFECT” for undertaking their choice of activities.e. But at the two extremes i. it is found that time is either too less or too much for undertaking their choice of activities. It does not affect the activities they undertake while travelling.
The SYJC Bar shows 40% of Xavierites. The Science category doesn’t have that problem as their college begins early. they are still adapting to it though it is tiresome.The above graph shows the different academic classes of Xavierites on the X-axis and the ‘TIME-FACTOR’ while travelling to college on the Y-axis. The TY DEGREE college bar though much insignificant deals with 14% of Xavierites facing problems like late trains. 35% being girls among them. etc. poor infrastructure. time plays an important role here. The FYJC Bar shows 80% girls and 15% boys finding time a major concern while travelling. their reason again being that they are used to it. 10 . The Arts students in fact face even more problems due to late timings of college. Being an important and the last year. The FY DEGREE college inhouse students do not find it problematic as compared to those newly admitted in the college. The main reason put forth by a majority of them is that since it is their first experience at travelling. They face the similar FYJC dilemma of adjustment. The SY DEGREE college bar is practically negligible. who find time cumbersome mainly because of the HSC tuitions and studies which become a major factor at the SYJC level.
There are time durations on the X-axis because the place from which they travel basically converts into the amount of time they travel for. etc. The 3rd Bar shows 50% of students facing situations of crowded trains.e. The 1st Bar shows 25% of students whose travel time ranges from 0-20 mins having sum random problems from their area of travel. The 4th Bar shows a sudden decline i. 11 .3 The above graph displays the Average Travel Time that Xavierites travel for on the X-axis and the ‘Effect of the Place’ from which they start their routine travelling to college. OFPEOPL E 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0-20 mins 20-40 m ins 40-60 mins 60-80 m ins 80-100 mins 100-120 m ins NO OF PEOPLE Graph no. 40% in the effect of the place on the student while travelling. The 2nd Bar also shows a measly 27% of students having problems of crowded trains.iii) THE PLACE FROM WHICH THEY TRAVEL-: NO. bad roads.
We have analyzed the improvements in the later part of the report but we must mention that the kind of activities that are undertaken certainly make an impact on their satisfaction level with the mode of transport. The 80-100 mins Bar shows a large number of 50% with difficulties like bad crowd. Hence examining the activities undertaken by student travelers was an essential part of this study. if he gets to sit the journey would be more comfortable. Or even if someone is travelling for more than 50 minutes. face more problems with respect to the ‘PLACE’ of travel as compared to the students who stay nearer and take less time to commute to college. badmouthedness of co-passengers. Because even if a person is travelling at peak hour.The reason behind this is that most of them have first class passes and travel in less crowded and better comfort trains. no place to sit or stand comfortably. hooliganism specifically in the men’s compartment. 12 . Thus students travelling from far taking a whole lot of time to travel. etc. if the people around are not making noise. The last Bar also shows the same problems but at a higher magnitude that is 66%. fights due to high rate of irritability in crowds. one can still listen to music without being interrupted. It is also important to see how the environment created by all these three factors affect the kind of activities undertaken.
5% of other respondents mentioned that they do not commute in a cab because it is expensive. • Students travelling by taxis and auto-rickshaws. • Students travelling by buses expressed two extreme opinions about the monetary aspect of their travel. find the railway concession very appropriate for their travelling needs.e. usually travel short distances thus having not much monetary problems. Some said that the bus concession provided by the college is sufficient and that is one of the main reasons for them using bus as a mode of transport. alongwith the other reason being that bus takes them from door to door. • Students travelling by train. But a significant number i. of course as stated by our respondents. The other bus commuters were totally unhappy with the concession provided.MONETARY ASPECT Spending the least for the best is every traveller’s dream wish. But thanks to the various concessions provided by the governmeny for college students. Thus there is no major monetary problem for the train travellers. the monetary factor in college travelling is not too cumbersome and much of an issue. both First and Second Class. And for college students even more than a wish as travelling costs are usually cut off from their pocket money. But in general. Presenting below are some of the key points in the economicity of travelling to and from college. 13 . all the bus travellers commented that the railway concession given to other students is much better than what they are provided with.
For others. they can not complain about it as it is their choice. 14 . Only the cab commuters had a top of the mind response on this issue. In general. even if the respondents showed moderate dissatisfaction with the monetary aspect of their travel. it is become just a part of their lives. They know it would be better if they have to spend less money but it does not trouble them time and again.• Students travelling by private vehicle accept that even if it is the most expensive mode of transport. they had to actually think on it.
Auto-rickshaws. were the other issues of concern mentioned by the respondents. A general note on these improvements is given below. those concerning to the infrastructural developments came out more strongly. Apart from that. etc. Along with suggestions as specific as that of different luggage setup in Mumbai’s suburban trains. face problems due to bad conditions of roads and tremendous traffic caused by several reasons. etc. Buses. All these improvements border along the same line. Students travelling by train face the biggest trouble with the comfort level in this mode. The respondents do not mind travelling at the peak hour in worst crowd. better roadway 15 . Punctuality of Mumbai’s suburban railways. more convenient and economical offers on travelling. as seen in earlier study. Taxis. Students travelling by Public transport other than train i. But their bags often put them in trouble. those travelling by harbour have major issues regarding the frequency of trains. the punctuality of buses. faster availability of tickets.IMPROVEMENTS 90% of our respondents stated the need for some or the other improvement in their respective mode of transport. In fact these are some of main reasons for not using these modes of transport even if the option is available. They need special compartments or atleast a different luggage system. the maintenance of stations. This category of students would like to see improvements in the frequency of buses. maintenance of tracks. The size of the bag is always an issue.e.
better surveillance of roadways. The set of improvements. But more important are the improvements they have marked for public transport. It ranged from special buses/compartments in trains to more economic travelling options for students. Students travelling by Private Vehicles i. Most of them are analyzed as the reasons for them not using public transport. lower prices of fuels and faster and easier routes of roadway travel are demanded. it is the most practicable set of data. In turn. But it is important to consider them because that might help getting more and more people to avail of the public transport. reduce the load on the system.e. An extensive study of this population and framing the rough improvement suggestions into more concrete ideas can lead to better transportation system here in Mumbai. each respondent irrespective of the mode of transport he or she uses mentioned the need for special facilities for student commuters.infrastructure leading to lesser traffic. In general. improvements in the overall infrastructure of the city. etc. are the most privileged and they accept it to be so. Cars. Cycles. In case of this category of students. Bikes. as demanded by the respondents is the backbone of this project. The ones stated by them are just a sketch but as stated earlier. etc. 16 .
The average time any given student travels to reach is ‘dream college’ is about 40 minutes one way. the time at which they travel and amount of time for which they travel.CONCLUSIONS As mentioned earlier. Xavier’s college. this study was to take an overview of college student travelers in Mumbai and for representation and convenience we chose our population to be the current students of St. 17 . the crowd. The conclusions that can be drawn from the study are as below-: Local trains are the most preferred mode of transport for the college students. they are good at time management. For example. Most of them utilize the travel time efficiently and treat it as another span of time they can use fruitfully i. There are a variety of activities undertaken by the students while travelling. The place from which a given student commutes makes an impact on his choice of mode of transport and hence all the factors that follow. The major issue with the student travelers is that of the time factor of their transportation i.e. irregularities etc. they are more adjustable to the different problems they have to face with respect to their mode of transport.e. Due to the young age.
travelling to college everyday adds to the challenges. But with other observations and conclusions too. through this study. The problems as specified by the respondents are specific to the mode of transport. 18 . he would certainly be benefitted if some provision is made to make the travelling more comfortable for students. Being a student has never been easy and to be a college student in a city like Mumbai. Even if a student is used to travelling in a train where he can barely stand. but in general most of these problems arise from the lack of appropriate infrastructure and inefficient administration. we were mainly reassured of the common and much appreciated attitude of Mumbai city and its residents of being extremely adjustable.
INTERVIEW SCHEDULE Name: ____________________________________________ Class of study: _____________ Gender: ___________ Area of Residence: __________________________________ 1) Which is your main mode of transport? How much time do you take to travel one-way on that mode of transport? (Select any 1 and mention the amount of travel time you spend) □ Train: __________ hour/minutes □ Bus: __________hour/minutes □ Personal vehicle: __________hour/minutes □ Auto-rickshaw: __________hour/minutes □ Walking: __________hour/minutes □ Taxi/ Cab: __________hour/minutes 2) At what time of the day do you travel to college? To college-: Back home-: 3) What are the activities that you generally undertake while travelling to and fro college? ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ __________ 19 .
4) Does the ‘TIME’ at which you travel have any effect on your daily commuting? What effect? □ YES □ NO _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ __________ Does the ‘PLACE’ from which you travel have any effect on your travelling? What effect? 5) □ YES □ NO _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ __________ Does the ‘AMOUNT OF TIME’ you spend travelling have any effect on your choice of activities or your travelling experience? What effect? 6) □ YES □ NO _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ __________ Does the ‘SURROUNDING’ or the ‘ENVIRONMENT’ in which you travel have any effect on your travelling or activities? What effect? 7) □ YES □ NO 20 .
_____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ __________ Do you have another option to your existing mode of transport? Do you use it? If ‘NO’ why? 8) If yes. _____________________________________________________ _____ 9) How do you find the monetary aspect of travelling? And why? □ GOOD □ BAD _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ __________ 10) Would you like any kind of improvements in your current mode of transport? What would they be? _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _________ 21 . which? Please mention the reasons for not using the optional mode of transport.
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