Upcoming Continuing Dental Education Courses

February 19-23, 2009 (Thursday to Monday) Cruise with CE 2009…aboard the Century in the Western Caribbean
Join us as we set sail from Miami, Florida, aboard Celebrity Cruises’ newly updated ship, Century. Ports of call include Key West, Florida and Cozumel, Mexico. Topics: Everything You Don’t Want to Know about Adhesives, Using Adhesive Techniques to Restore Posterior Teeth – Alternatives to Complete Crowns, and Restoring Anterior Teeth with All Ceramics. Speaker: Dr. Robert Seghi, associate professor at Ohio State University, earned his DDS from the U-M School of Dentistry in 1978. Five years later, he earned a master’s degree in the School’s dual degree program in biomaterials and denture prosthodontics. His research focuses on dental ceramics, dental polymers and ceramic composites, and dental adhesion. For more information and to make cruise reservations, contact Cruise & Travel Partners, LLC. Toll free telephone number (800) 856-8826. Or register online: www.cruiseandtravelpartners.com.

For more information about these and other continuing dental education courses contact: University of Michigan School of Dentistry Office of Continuing Dental Education 1011 N. University Ave. Room G508 Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078

March 28, 2009 (Saturday) Ramfjord Symposium – Systemic Implications for Management of Oral and Periodontal Health
Speakers and Topics: Steven Offenbacher, DDS, PhD The Association among Cardiovascular Health, Pregnancy, Premature Birth, and Periodontal Infection Brian Mealey, DDS, MS The Role of Diabetes and Smoking on Periodontal Health Louis Rose, DDS, MD Osteonecrosis of the Jaw and Associated Complications Location: Rackham Amphitheatre, University of Michigan Central Campus

www.dent.umich.edu

Fall 2008

Volume 24, Number 2

Dental UM magazine is published twice a year by the University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Office of Alumni Relations and Continuing Dental Education. Mail letters and updates to: Jerry Mastey, Editor, School of Dentistry, Room G532, 1011 N. University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078. Or you may send your letters and updates via email to: jmastey@umich.edu. Dean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peter Polverini Director of Communications . . . . . . . Sharon Grayden Director of External Relations and Continuing Dental Education . . . . . . Richard Fetchiet Writer & Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jerry Mastey Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Jung Contributing Photographers . . . . . . . . . Per Kjeldsen, Jerry Mastey, Russell Taichman, Melissa Montague Member publication of the American Association of Dental Editors The Regents of the University: Julia Donovan Darlow, Laurence B. Deitch, Olivia P. Maynard, Rebecca McGowan, Andrea Fischer Newman, Andrew C. Richner, S. Martin Taylor, Katherine E. White, Mary Sue Coleman, ex officio. University of Michigan School of Dentistry Alumni Society Board of Governors Terms Expire 2008: William E. Brownscombe, ‘74, St. Clair Shores, MI John R. McMahon, ‘82, Grand Rapids, MI George M. Yellich, ‘72, Los Gatos, CA Harold Zald, ‘79, West Bloomfield, MI Jemma Allor, ‘00, Dental Hygiene, Mt. Clemens, MI Terms Expire 2009: Charles Caldwell, ‘77, Grand Rapids, MI Daniel Edwards, ‘97 DH, Ann Arbor, MI (Chair) Gary Hubbard, ‘78, Okemos, MI Metodi Pogoncheff, ‘76, Lansing, MI Janet Souder Wilson, ‘73, Dental Hygiene, Northville, MI Terms Expire 2010: Samuel Bander, ’81, Grand Rapids, MI Kerry Kaysserian, ’81, Traverse City, MI Jerry Booth, ’61 DDS, ’64 MS, Jackson, MI Josephine Weeden, ’96 DDS, ’MS, Saline, MI (Vice Chair) Kathleen Early Burk, ’77 DH, Lakeland, MI Student Representative: Jamie Luria (D4) Ex Officio Members: Peter Polverini, Dean Janet Souder Wilson, ‘73, DH, Northville, MI Alumni Association Liaison Steve C. Grafton , Executive Director, Alumni Assoc. Richard R. Fetchiet, Director of External Relations and Continuing Dental Education
Copyright © 2008 The Regents of the University of Michigan Printed on recycled paper.

Technology’s Growing Importance in Dental Education
s you have already noticed, this issue of DentalUM is different than previous issues. Fewer pages have been printed. Photographs are in color. Many stories are shorter. However, comprehensive versions of those stories and more photographs are on our School’s Web site www.dent.umich. edu. This new approach will help us to better serve two distinct groups of our alumni – those who enjoy reading stories in a magazine and the growing number who use technology to search for information and enjoy reading online. Technology is a driving force in dental education. An important element of my vision for our School involves using technology creatively in classroom education, clinical education, and patient care. Recently, 160 computers were installed in our four comprehensive care or student dental clinics. This major advance gives our student dentists and their clinical supervisors vital information about patients in seconds. U-M Provost Teresa Sullivan joined us for a special “floss cutting” ceremony to celebrate our transition from a paper-based to a digital environment (page 5). Three years ago, we captured the imagination and attention of the world when we pioneered a new way of learning by allowing our students to download classroom lectures so they could review them on their portable listening devices anywhere and at any time. Building on that success, the University of Michigan sought our help launching its iTunes U Web site. The site includes information from our School (page 8), for example, of recent events and even dental procedures that were videotaped in our clinics and television studio more than thirty years ago. We are transferring content from thousands of videotapes for use on digital devices (page 9). Advances in technology and digital dentistry are major trends that will continue. As the American Dental Association reported two years ago, “the next generation of dentists is poised to make the dental offices of the future increasingly digital, connected, and technologically sophisticated.” We are preparing our students for the future, not just clinically and academically, but technically too.
Sincerely,

A

Peter J. Polverini, Dean

1

In this issue:

4
ON THE COVER

16
Graduates Urged: Be Exemplars

26
Alumnus Profile
Dr. Ronald Berris, dental history enthusiast, volunteer police officer, and team dentist for basketball’s Detroit Pistons and Detroit Shock.

Going Digital

The U-M School of Dentistry continues developing novel ways to use technology to advance classroom education, clinical education, and patient care. A paper-to-digital transition in four student dental clinics, new tools for dentists in the AEGD Clinic, transferring content from thousands of videotapes for digital use, and offering content from the School’s Web site are among the initiatives designed to prepare students and help current practitioners adapt to an increasingly digital world.
Design by Chris Jung Photo by Jerry Mastey

The signature sign-off of author, storyteller, and humorist Garrison Keillor, was the advice given to graduates at this year’s commencement ceremonies.

Also in this issue:
“Floss Cutting” Ceremony: Celebrating Technology . . . . . . . . . 5 Attracting Patients Nationwide: Teeth in an Hour . . . . . . . . . 11 Dental Scholars Help the Community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Generous Gift to Fund 1st of Kind Program in the Country . . . 20

DentalUM Fall 2008

Fall 2008

30
Faculty Profile
“I didn’t think I had a chance when I applied to the School of Dentistry to become a faculty member. I was surprised when Michigan wanted me,” Dr. HomLay Wang said. Today he is one of the world’s leading authorities in periodontics.

34
Research News
Two School of Dentistry researchers think they have found a way to speed up wound healing in patients. Their research could have significant implications for dentistry and medicine.

43
Joan McGowan Retires
For 35 years she has made a difference as an educator at the School of Dentistry and has affected the lives of thousands as dental coordinator of the state’s Head Start program teaching about the dangers of tobacco use.

6
DentalUM Fall 2008

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20

G OING D IGITAL

GOING

DIGITAL

How the U-M School of Dentistry Continues to Advance . . . and Why It Matters

Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

he fusion of innovation in technology, dental education, and patient care…an

initiative known as “techKNOWLEDGEy”…has become even more apparent throughout the University of Michigan School of Dentistry in recent months. Highlighting the progress was a “floss cutting” ceremony outside the 2 Blue Clinic in June that celebrated the installation of computers and monitors in every cubicle in the School’s comprehensive care clinics. The move is a major transition from a paper-based to a digital environment. “This is a significant step forward for us because our School is now truly in the electronic age,” said Dean Peter Polverini. “But this is only the beginning.” [See page 5.] Other projects that have recently come to fruition include: • Enhancing the data tracking and information system, known as MiDENT, so that patient scheduling, treatment histories, billing, and payments are selectively accessible to dental students, clinical faculty, and office personnel. • Offering content on the School’s public “iTunes U” Web site to anyone with a connection to the Internet. • Transferring, from analog to digital format, more than 1,200 instructional videos that were produced, beginning in the early 1970s, in the School’s former television studio. “Each initiative builds on our School’s earlier successes in becoming a more electronic environment,” said Dr. Lynn Johnson, director of Dental Informatics. “Collectively, these efforts are tied to the dean’s vision of transforming how our students are educated and how health care is delivered to patients at the School.”

Jerry Mastey

The four comprehensive care clinics have a new look. New computers, monitors, and keyboards were recently installed in all 160 operatories in predoctoral clinics on the second and third floors. A computer in each operatory allows dental students and their clinical supervisors to retrieve information about patient scheduling, treatment histories, and more.

DentalUM Fall 2008 4

Per Kjeldsen

Per Kjeldsen

Those celebrating the installation of new computer equipment in the School’s predoctoral clinics included (left to right): Lynn Johnson, director of Dental Informatics; Dean Peter Polverini; Provost Teresa Sullivan; and Dr. Stephen Stefanac, associate dean for Patient Services.

Floss Cutting Ceremony Celebrates All-Electronic Student Clinics
“I have been to many ribbon cutting ceremonies before, but I think this is the first time I have ever been to a floss cutting ceremony,” U-M Provost Teresa Sullivan said with a laugh as she, Dean Peter Polverini, representatives from Apple Inc., and others from the School celebrated the transition to a digital environment in the School’s four comprehensive care clinics. The move from paper to a digital environment, as Polverini said, “is a significant step forward for us because our School is now truly in the electronic age. But this is only the beginning.” Several weeks earlier, 160 computers were installed in clinics on the second and third floors that give student dentists and their clinical faculty supervisors the ability to electronically access a range of information about their patients. “This is a new and exciting time for the School,” Sullivan said. “It’s an important step in developing state of the art services for patients and will improve your services to them, and to me as well since I’m a patient here too.”

Provost: “I’m a Patient Here Too”
After complimenting the School of Dentistry for its innovative uses of technology, U-M Provost Teresa Sullivan also surprised some when she said, “I’m a patient here, too.” Sullivan, who has been U-M Provost for two years, said she receives oral health care in the Dental Faculty Associates Clinic. “It’s the only dental service I use,” she said after the floss cutting ceremony. “The School’s location is perfect for me given my responsibilities. It’s convenient and it’s state of the art.”

Part of a Major Trend in Dentistry Dr. Stephen Stefanac, associate dean for Patient Services who worked extensively with Johnson and others on the paper-to-digital transition, said the School’s efforts parallel a much broader trend. “The move away from paper to digital records and digital imaging is part of a major trend that is gaining momentum in general dentistry and in the dental specialties,” he said. “The steps we have already taken, and those we will take in the future, are part of a comprehensive plan that is designed to ensure that the education of our students is both contemporary and innovative.”

DentalUM Fall 2008 5

G OING D IGITAL

Student Clinics Go Digital
Entering any of the four student (comprehensive care) clinics on the second and third floors, Dental students use the computer system to view patient information, manage patient one sees computer monitors prominently displayed in each cubicle. appointments, make referrals, and enter lab orders. However, the system is not yet able to support

Today’s Dentists Going Digital
Dentists age 35 and younger have the highest levels of interest and participation in almost every category of technology, according to an American Dental Association survey. Conducted two years ago, the survey that was publicized earlier this year revealed that 100 percent of those who responded have high-speed Internet connections in their homes. A similar number reported using high-speed Internet connections in their practices. “As younger dentists establish themselves in the dental workforce, they are bringing an affinity for technology with them,” the ADA reported. “If the trends discovered in the 2006 survey continue, the next generation of dentists is poised to make the dental offices of the future increasingly digital, connected, and technologically sophisticated.” For more information, visit: www.ada.org/prof/resources/ pubs/epubs/brief/brief_0801. html#younger.

digital radiography or other digital images. That will take place with an upgrade of the “electronic pipeline” in about two years. Plans to make the four student clinics, also called the Vertically Integrated Clinics, a completely electronic environment began about the time the School’s graduate orthodontics clinic completed its transition from paper to digital records. [DentalUM, Fall 2007, page 7.] “Lessons learned from the ortho clinic implementation gave us important insights into what we needed to do to make the transition to a totally electronic environment in the student clinics,” Johnson said. Scalability and space issues were key project benchmarks. For example, the “open” layout of the ortho clinic is a sharp contrast to the “closed” cubicle

environment in the four student clinics. While 26 computers are stationed in the orthodontics clinic, 160 computers are now in cubicles in the comprehensive care clinics. “Fortunately, for us, Apple developed its Mac Mini dual processor computer several years earlier,” she said. Just seven inches square and two inches deep, the unit is the smallest desktop computer that runs both Windows and Mac operating systems. “Because the Mac Mini worked so well in grad ortho, we didn’t have to buy hundreds of bigger computers,” Johnson said.

Benefits of Digital Clinics
A major benefit of chairside computing “is that students can easily access patient information. This provides a level of flexibility and efficiency we didn’t have when we used paper,” Stefanac said. After the floss cutting ceremony, fourth-year dental student Lindsey Wurtzel shows U-M Provost Teresa Sullivan and Dean Peter Polverini some of the information dentists can retrieve in the Comprehensive Care Clinics.
Per Kjeldsen

DentalUM Fall 2008 6

Other benefits were also cited. Patient referrals from one of the student clinics to a specialty clinic within the School, lab

order tracking, and writing prescriptions are now easier for student dentists and clinical faculty members since all are now done electronically. Internet access allows students to tap into other important resources such as prescription drug information. “No one has to walk to another part of the clinic or elsewhere in the School to get that information. They can spend more time with the patient,” Stefanac said. Students no longer have to stand in reception areas on the second and third floors waiting for a patient to arrive. Now, when a patient checks in, an electronic notice is sent to the student alerting them that their patient has arrived. In addition, students can now electronically monitor their progress in meeting various clinical competencies. “This is an important benefit for them,” Stefanac said, “because it greatly reduces the uncertainty of knowing how they are doing at any particular moment in time.”

How They Did It…
Transforming 4 Clinics
Preparation and teamwork made the difference. “That’s why installing 160 computers in the four student clinics the first two weekends in April went seamlessly,” said Kerry Flynn, the School’s director of Technology Services. Another 110 units were installed in the Roberts Preclinical Laboratory in July. As project supervisor, Flynn said the entire process of installing new equipment in the 160 cubicles in the spring “was a different type of project for us, not just because of its scope, but also because we developed a process where everyone performed a specific task, similar to an assembly line.” Paul Blackford was put in charge of developing the assembly line process. He took lessons learned during 17 years as a robotics automation specialist and applied them to the installation plan for the four clinics. Matt Vuocolo (front) and Paul Blackford tested equipment to make sure it functioned prior to installation in the student dental clinics.
Jerry Mastey

Content Available Globally on iTunes U
The U-M School of Dentistry received considerable publicity when it launched the first U-M iTunes U site allowing dental students and faculty access to classroom lectures and other education-related content virtually anywhere and at any time. [DentalUM, Fall 2005, pages 6-7.] This pioneering effort led to the University of Michigan launching its iTunes U Web site Now, new content is becoming available to the public worldwide on a special University The School of Dentistry is a part of the University’s Open U-M public site, as are other this spring. of Michigan Web site: http://itunes.umich.edu/usingitunes/. U-M schools and colleges. Faculty members learned how to use the new MiDENT computer information system in the four predoctoral clinics. Here, Wendy Kerschbaum, dental hygiene program director, and Anne Gwozdek, clinical lecturer, review some of the information that’s available.
Jerry Mastey

DentalUM Fall 2008 7

G OING D IGITAL

iTunes U
The School of Dentistry’s iTunes U web page offers a wealth of information to oral health care professionals and the public.

http.//itunes.umich.edu/usingitunes

On the School’s iTunes U Web Site
Here is a partial list of topics from the School of Dentistry that are on U-M’s iTunes U Web site and the broadcast time of each video: • Welcome to the PAES Clinic (6 minutes, 5 seconds) • Research Day 2008 Keynote Address, Dr. Harold Slavkin (47 minutes, 14 seconds) • Peter Ma’s Research (2 minutes, 35 seconds) • Making a Difference, The U-M School of Dentistry (9 minutes, 50 seconds) • Leaders & Best Research (2 minutes, 31 seconds) • Fabricating Provisional Crowns (11 minutes, 29 seconds)

Clicking the “Open U-M on iTunes U” button opens the iTunes U window. In the

“Topics” menu, one can click “Dentistry” and see the information in the screen shot above that is available for watching and listening. “Information for Patients” includes a video about what new patients can expect during “Public Events” offers topics of interest, including the Research Day 2008 remarks of Dr. “Educational Resources” includes dental anatomy videos which, at one time, were among Dan Bruell, director of the School’s Digital Learning Lab, says making information from their visit to the PAES Clinic. Harold Slavkin. the “Top Ten” downloads on the U-M site. the School of Dentistry available on the University’s iTunes U Web site “is just the beginning of what we hope will become a two-way street. We will share a lot of our content with the world. But we also hope content that others create will be shared with us.” Making oral health care-related information publicly available from the Open U-M iTunes U The videos and audio have the potential to offer a wealth of information about everything Web site may benefit the public at large, not just oral health care professionals. from proper brushing techniques for children to the importance of oral health to the need for brush biopsies at a dental office to check for the possibility of oral cancer in adults. In the future, one can expect to see more than 1,000 videos that were created at the School of Dentistry beginning in the 1970s.

DentalUM Fall 2008 8

Jerry Mastey

More than 1,200 videotapes that were produced in School of Dentistry television studios beginning in the 1970s have been converted into digital format for viewing on digital video disks, such as the one being held by John Squires, chief media engineer.

“Keeping Our Heritage” As Videotapes Go Digital
In 1971, the School of Dentistry became a pioneer when it merged classroom and clinical For more than 20 years, nearly 2,000 videotapes were produced in studios on the third education with technology. floor and distributed worldwide. This content, which is still relevant today, has been used by other dental schools, public health facilities, and dental offices. With the ascent of digital technology the School of Dentistry has converted more than Ana Iacob, research associate who has been digitizing the videotapes for the Open U-M 1,200 videotapes into digital format for public viewing on the Open U-M iTunes U Web site. iTunes U Web site, said, “it’s a tedious process to transfer the content from videotape onto the more widely used digital video disk (DVD) format,” she said. The process has been tedious, she explained, because old video playback equipment frequently broke down and fragile videotapes had to be constantly watched as the conversion process occurred. Michigan was among the few dental schools that was able to create the content beginning nearly four decades ago. Now the School of Dentistry is one of the first to offer it digitally. “We still receive calls asking for copies of videotapes that we made more than thirty years ago in our studios,” said John Squires, chief media engineer. “As custodians of this information, we are also preserving our heritage,” he said. The information on the DVDs takes up very little space compared to the dozens of shelves Watching the videos, viewers will see how regulations have changed. For example, when that had been used to store videotapes. the videos were created, students and clinical faculty members did not wear gloves or facemasks as they treated patients. “I’m sure that will be a surprise to many of today’s students who will be seeing that for the first time,” Squires said.

DentalUM Fall 2008 9

G OING D IGITAL

Jerry Mastey

AEGD Clinic Introduces Students to Digital Technology
“We’re just one of two dental schools in the country using this system, and we want our students to be able to take full advantage of it,” said Dr. Dennis Fasbinder as he talked about new digital technology that was recently added to the School’s AEGD Clinic. Director of the Advanced Education in General Dentistry program, Fasbinder encourages students and other dentists in the Clinic to use the Lava™ COS (chairside oral scanner) to take three-dimensional digital impressions of a patient’s teeth, from a single tooth to an entire arch. During the procedure, the dentist guides an intraoral camera around the treatment area. The camera electronically records what it sees and transmits 3-D images that are instantly displayed on a computer monitor next to the chair. Since both the dentist and the patient see the results in real time, the dentist can discuss what he’s seeing and answer any patient questions. Touch screen technology allows the dentist to view an image from different angles with fingertip control. The dentist simply touches the image and rotates it to get the desired perspective. The recorded information is then sent via the Internet to any dental laboratory that uses the Lava COS system. The lab downloads the information and produces a digital model to work on to mark the margins.

Dr. Dennis Fasbinder, director of the Advanced Education in General Dentistry program, shows patient Theresa Keller how technology is being used to take three-dimensional digital impressions of a patient’s teeth. Because both the dentist and the patient see results in real time, dentists can discuss what they see with a patient and answer questions.

Patients and Dentists Benefit “It’s the best of both worlds for the patient and the dentist,” Fasbinder said. “A patient spends less time in the chair. And the new technology gives the patient a finished restoration that is identical to what they get using current conventional techniques.” In the AEGD Clinic, students also learn to use another digital system, the CEREC™ by Sirona Dental Systems. Used by AEGD residents since 1993, CEREC also uses an intraoral camera to record a patient’s tooth structure and preparation site. However, once information is captured electronically, it is used to design the final restoration – inlay, onlay, or crown – with the 3-D software program. Once the design is completed to the satisfaction of the dentist, it is sent to a milling machine in the clinic. Using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD/ CAM), a porcelain restoration is made while the patient waits. “Everything can be done in a single visit,” Fasbinder said. Recognizing that dental practice is become increasingly digital, Fasbinder teaches fourth-year dental students how to use both the Lava and the CEREC system. “This new technology allows us to do things that we couldn’t do before. Digital technology is fast becoming the way to help patients, and it will become more important for dentists and their patients in the future.”

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“Extremely Satisfied” Patient Says

Service Attracting Patients from Across the Country
Jerry Mastey

Teeth in an Hour™

“For the first time in years, I have been able to enjoy one of my favorite foods, cashews,” said Warren Krick with a laugh as he talked about his experiences with the Teeth in an Hour procedure prior to a followup examination by Dr. Mauricio Moeller in the School’s graduate prosthodontics clinic. Krick, 78, said his dentist, Dr. Claudia Menton (DDS 1983), recommended he travel from the Plymouth area to the School of Dentistry for a lower jaw implant. “She had no reservations about the procedure and said that what the dental school was doing is cuttingedge work,” he said. “I’m glad I came here because this turned out to be the change I needed.” Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

“I’m extremely pleased with the care and treatment I received at the School of Dentistry,” said Warren Krick. Both Dr. Marianella Sierraalta (left) and Dr. Mauricio Moeller (right), he said, “explained everything that would happen and took time to answer all my questions.”

“Patients are coming here to the School of Dentistry in Ann Arbor from, literally, all parts of the country because they have heard about our Teeth in an Hour™ program,” said Dr. Renee Duff. “Recently, I worked with a patient who flew in from Connecticut. But we have also helped patients from Georgia, California, and elsewhere.” Duff, a clinical assistant professor of dentistry in the Department of Prosthodontics talked about a procedure that has been performed at the School since February 2003 where a dentist can implant permanent replacement teeth in a patient in about an hour. “Since then, we have helped more than 300 endentulous or partially endentulous patients improve their quality of life,” said Dr. Marianella Sierraalta, clinical associate professor of dentistry in the Department of Prosthodontics.

“What’s especially rewarding,” she added, “is that patient satisfaction is very high for what we’re doing. No one has ever expressed regret about going through the procedure.”

How it Works Both Duff and Sierraalta emphasized that Teeth in an Hour is one part of a multi-step procedure that, in the best of cases, requires at least two or three visits to a dentist. Following a preoperative consultation, a patient is given a three-dimensional CT scan. Using computer software developed by a Swedish firm, Nobel Biocare, the scan allows the dentist to see a patient’s maxilla and mandible, and associated structures. With that information, a “hard copy” model of the patient’s oral structure is manufactured. Both the 3-D image and

the model help the dentist to determine where to precisely place the implant. However, actually implanting the complete or partial denture takes an hour or less. The entire approach saves time and is less stressful, according to Dr. Michael Razzoog, professor of prosthodontics. “Because the procedure does not require incisions or sutures, there is no major swelling or pain, so healing time is greatly reduced,” he said. “Even better for the patient is that once he or she leaves, they can eat a normal meal that same day.” The majority of Teeth in an Hour patients seen at the School of Dentistry are senior citizens, according to Sierraalta. Assisting Duff, Sierraalta, and Razzoog are residents in the School’s graduate prosthodontics program. For more information, visit the School of Dentistry’s Web site: www.dent. umich.edu/depts/bms/implants.

DentalUM Fall 2008 11

C ONVOCATION

Per Kjeldsen

Dean Peter Polverini discusses some of his initiatives with dental students Jason Dulac (right) and Daniel Armstrong following the convocation ceremony.

Having a Major Impact on Dental Education and Patient Care

he future is now. Some of this we’re already doing, but look for more in the future. We’re ready to change dental education,” said Dr. Lynn Johnson during the School of Dentistry’s annual convocation program August 29. The annual event, inaugurated in 2004, celebrates the beginning of the new academic year for the School’s faculty, students, and staff. Johnson, the program’s keynote speaker and the School’s director of Dental Informatics, gave an overview of how technology is offering new opportunities to educate students, enhance patient care, and foster greater collaboration with other schools and colleges at the University of Michigan and around the world. Developing innovative ways to use technology to educate students and enhance oral health care is an important component of Dean Peter Polverini’s vision to build a new model of dental education that he hopes other dental schools worldwide will imitate. “Now is the time for us to develop learning systems that will put us in the forefront of new and exciting ways to educate our students,” he said during the convocation program.

DentalUM Fall 2008 12

Per Kjeldsen

Upgrading the School’s technology infrastructure and enhancing the electronic information system known as MiDENT, “has affected hundreds of students and faculty and thousands of patients,” Johnson said. MiDENT allows dental students and their clinical supervisors to track patient scheduling, treatment histories, and other data. This, however, is just the beginning.

Other Initiatives Underway Video conferencing, computers in the School’s high tech preclinic, the e-learning dental hygiene program, and a new U-M Health Sciences Education Building…which will offer countless opportunities for collaboration among the schools and colleges of dentistry, nursing, medicine, pharmacy, public health, and social work…are just a few of the initiatives that have the potential to transform oral health education. Another program, dubbed Open Michigan, offers some of the School’s educational resources to schools and colleges worldwide. One course, Dentistry 718, Advanced Removable Prosthodontics, taught by Dr. Jeffrey Shotwell, includes lectures, notes, graphics, and other information that is available to anyone anywhere in the world with a high-speed Internet connection. Some of the information, Johnson said, “is being shared with two schools in Ghana and two in South Africa to enhance their dental programs. In the future, we would like our educational program to benefit from learning materials provided by these four African dental schools as well.” Significant potential to transform dental education exists with handheld or portable computers. Johnson said about 80 percent of the School’s predoctoral students have handheld units that can be used in various ways. One software program, for example, allows students to retrieve information about medications patients may be taking to determine the impact of drug interactions. Students, faculty, and staff, she said, are actively involved in helping to transform dental education and patient care with the use of new technologies. “Their familiarity with and comfort in using technology generates new ideas and encourages adoption,” Johnson added. “They want and expect us to lead in the use of technology. We are doing that.”

Dr. Lynn Johnson, Director of Dental Informatics outlines some new initiatives in education and technology during the Convocation Ceremony.

DentalUM Fall 2008 13

D ENTAL S CHOLARS

Serving the Community…

Russell Taichman

Dental Scholars Help
hey were up early on a Saturday morning
in September to deliver more than 60 bags of groceries to The Salvation Army in Ann Arbor. More than two dozen Dental Scholars, including its six newest members, delivered, unloaded, and stacked dozens of boxes of cereal, canned food, soups, and other essentials. But they also worked in the soup kitchen, stuffed envelopes announcing a fundraiser, and learned more about the services and programs the organization has been providing in Washtenaw County for more than 100 years. At the end of the morning, their community service efforts were praised. “What you have brought here to us this morning will be used, and most likely will be used right away because the need is great and we’re running short,” said Janice Nelson, the Salvation Army’s Washtenaw County volunteer coordinator. Founded in London, England, in 1865, the organization is active in 115 countries and territories around the world. In Washtenaw County, The Salvation Army’s essential services include a food pantry, soup kitchen, clothing, a family shelter, transitional housing, and emergency and disaster relief, to name a few. “When someone comes to us for help, we make an effort not just to help, but to get to know each person,” Nelson said. “Our mission is helping people in need, but it wouldn’t be possible without the volunteers, because everything we do is run by the volunteers, including the one activity everyone is familiar with, our Red Kettle drive during the Christmas season.” Jillian Dettloff, one of six new Dental Scholars, said she was surprised to learn The Salvation Army provided “so many services” including food, clothing, a place to stay, a recreation center, and more. “It was a humbling experience to be able to help those in need,” she said. Following their community service efforts, the Dental Scholars participated in the U-M Challenge Program where they continued their team building exercises with activities designed to build relationships, increase confidence, and develop novel problem solving techniques while also having fun.

Dental Scholar Irene Haddock gets ready to stack boxes of cereal on pantry shelves at The Salvation Army.

DentalUM Fall 2008 14

Dental Scholars

The Salvation Army
Russell Taichman

Demonstrating their community service, Dental Scholars collected and delivered more than 60 grocery bags of food, far exceeding their goal of 40 bags, and delivered them to The Salvation Army’s Washtenaw County facility in Ann Arbor in September.

Formally known as the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership, the Dental Scholars program brings a select number of exceptional students with diverse backgrounds together to help them develop a leadership mindset and the skills they can use to promote change in the oral health care profession. The program’s goals include empowering individuals to promote change in dentistry, preparing students to be leaders in dentistry and dental hygiene, and giving students opportunities to work independently and in teams. More information about the program, established in the summer of 2006, is available on the School of Dentistry Web site: www.dent.umich.edu/ prospective/spdl.

6 New Student Members
Six dental students, members of the Class of 2011 and 2012, are the newest members of the Scholars Program in Dental Leadership. They bring to 36 the number of dental and dental hygiene students in the program that was launched in the fall of 2006. The six are: • Patrick Condit, D2, Class of 2011 • Jillian Dettloff, D1, Class of 2012 • Rachel Embree, D1, Class of 2012 • Sarah McDermott, D1, Class of 2012 • Shad Mackert, D1, Class of 2012 • Jason Scherer, D1, Class of 2012

In this team building exercise, new Dental Scholar Jason Scherer (right), works with his colleagues to move golf balls down a plastic pipe that has been cut in half. The goal of the “pipeline” challenge was to move as many balls as possible, in a set amount of time, down a series of short pipes held by others to the container at the bottom of the photo. However, once the ball was in the tube, it had to remain in motion. Participants did that by tilting their segment of pipe.
Russell Taichman

DentalUM Fall 2008 15

G RADUATION
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Graduates Urged:

Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

Be

Exemplars
Be well. Do good work. Stay in touch.
Those words, the signature sign-off of author, storyteller, and humorist Garrison Keillor, were the cornerstones of advice given to graduates of the Class of 2008 during commencement ceremonies at Hill Auditorium on May 2. Dr. Muriel Bebeau, professor at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, used Keillor’s counsel to wish graduates well in their future endeavors, and more importantly, to become exemplars or role models in their profession and community. As director of the Center for the Study of Ethical Development, she told graduates, “You now know that more is required than the gift of intellect. You also know that society isn’t very tolerant of the shortcomings of individual professionals or the profession as a whole.”

Commencement speaker, Dr. Muriel Bebeau, professor of dentistry at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, urged graduates to pursue both lifelong learning and reflective practice.

DentalUM Fall 2008 16

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Alumni Hood Sons, Daughters
Five fathers who earned a dental degree from the University of Michigan had an opportunity to hood a son or daughter before they walked across the stage at Hill Auditorium to receive their dental degree.
Dental students hooded by their fathers were: Allison Carey and her father, Dr. Brent Carey (DDS 1974) (top right) Dr. Timothy Fitzharris (DDS 1974) is obviously excited that his son, Benjamin, received his dental degree. (right) Dr. Patrick Kelly (DDS 1980) beams with pride as he gets ready to hood his daughter, Macare. Michael Setter and his father, Dr. Mark Setter (DDS 1979; MS, periodontics, 1981) Jeffrey Yentz and his father, Dr. David Yentz (DDS 1975)
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Class of 2008
(May Graduates) • 108 DDS degrees • 25 Bachelor of Science degrees, Dental Hygiene • 13 Master of Science degrees (prosthodontics, periodontics, and restorative dentistry)

DentalUM Fall 2008 17

G RADUATION

Distinguished Service Award to Dean Emeritus, Dr. William Kotowicz
Dr. William Kotowicz, dean or acting dean of the U-M School of Dentistry for eight years, received the Distinguished Service Award from the School’s Alumni Society Board of Governors at graduation ceremonies. The annual award is presented by the Board’s chair at graduation to a U-M alumnus who has made significant contributions to the School of Dentistry, the dental profession, or to the School’s Alumni Society.

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Dr. Daniel Edwards, chair of the School’s Alumni Society Board of Governors, presents Dr. William Kotowicz, dean emeritus, with the Distinguished Service Award.
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Cordell Receives Paul Gibbons Award
Graduates of the Class of 2008 presented the annual Paul Gibbons Award to Dr. Kitrina Cordell. The award honors an instructor who graduating dental students consider to be the greatest influence on them during their four years in the predoctoral program. Michael Hoffman, dental class president, said Cordell “is a great instructor, a leader in research, and above all, a student-centered person who cares about students, about how much we learn, and who we are.”

Dr. Kitrina Cordell received the Paul Gibbons Award for her outstanding teaching from Michael Hoffman, president of the Dental Class of 2008.

Ryan E. Turner Memorial Award to Michael Hoffman
Michael Hoffman, president of the Dental Class of 2008, was the first recipient of the Ryan E. Turner Memorial Award. The award was named for the late Ryan E. Turner who unexpectedly passed away in 2007, just months before he was to receive his dental degree. [DentalUM, Fall 2007, page 43.] This year, and in the future, each graduating dental class will honor a colleague who best exemplified Turner’s character, compassion for patients, passion for life, and enthusiasm for dentistry. Hoffman’s name, and the names of others who will receive the award, will be displayed on a plaque in the Student Forum.

DentalUM Fall 2008 18

Future Plans: The Dental Class of 2008
Total: 108 students • Private Practice/General Practice Associate: 44 (40.7%) • Specialty Training: 22 (20.4%) Periodontics: 1 Pedodontics: 7 Orthodontics: 6 Oral Surgery: 5 Endodontics: 3 • Military: 4 (3.7%) Army: 1 Navy: 2 Air Force: 1 • General Practice Residency: 20 (18.5%) • AEGD: 9 (8.3%) • Community/Public Health: 6 (5.6%) • Pursue PhD: 1 (0.9%) • Unknown: 2 (1.9%)

Graduation Speakers on the Web
You can listen to the remarks of all graduation speakers and see more than a dozen different photographs by clicking this link on the School of Dentistry’s Web site: www.dent.umich.edu/ about/aboutschool/news/ grad2008/index.html

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DentalUM Fall 2008 19

D EVELOPMENT

Coghlan Family Gift

Establishes Craniofacial Anomalies
Will Fund First of its Kind Program in the Country

Fellowship

Jerry Mastey

family experience…the passion and determination of a Saline, Michigan orthodontist
who works part time in the School’s orthodontics clinic…and memories of being fitted for braces more than thirty years ago in the orthodontics clinic were major reasons a Saline family has gifted $500,000 to create a new fellowship. When established, the fellowship will be the first of its kind in the country. A gift from the Michael and Suzanne Coghlan Family Foundation will establish a new craniofacial anomalies The $500,000 will be matched with $250,000 from U-M President Mary Sue Coleman’s Donor Challenge

program within the School of Dentistry’s graduate orthodontics program. program which leverages gifts of up to $1 million with a contribution of 50 cents for every dollar gifted. Pledges must be made before December 31, 2008. “We want our gift for this new fellowship to help patients who come to the University of Michigan dental school to receive the best possible care for craniofacial anomalies,” said Michael Coghlan seen in the photo above with his wife, Suzi, Dr. Katherine Kelly (left) and Dr. Sunil Kapila (right). “We also want to inspire more graduate students in orthodontics to pursue this specialty knowing that money will be there to help pay for the final year of their education.”

DentalUM Fall 2008 20

Creating Similar Programs Elsewhere Coghlan said his family hopes other schools will follow U-M’s lead. “The fact that this program is not in the mainstream of dentistry was another big reason for our decision,” he said. “When other universities see what Michigan is doing, we hope their dental schools will be inspired to create similar programs to train specialists so that, after graduation, they can go into communities and work with these patients.” Coghlan, who retired six years ago at age 37, was one of the founding partners in a financial derivatives trading company headquartered in Chicago’s financial district. The 200 member firm was bought out by Goldman Sachs. Instead of moving to the New York City area, the Coghlans returned to the Ann Arbor area to raise their three children, where they were introduced to Dr. Katherine Kelly. At Kelly’s office, they were impressed by her passion for helping patients with craniofacial anomalies. They also discovered she was a clinical instructor at the School of Dentistry who specializes in helping these patients, typically between the ages of 7 and 17. “Dr. Kelly’s passion and drive moved my wife and I to see what, collectively, all of us might be able to do to help our daughter and other children,” Coghlan said. Addressing Multiple Challenges Kelly, an adjunct assistant clinical professor who teaches in the orthodontics clinic twice a week, said craniofacial anomalies are not solely limited to children with cleft lip and palate. “There

are so many other children who have craniofacial anomalies that are the result of syndromes, facial traumas, childhood leukemia, or other cancers,” she said. Approximately 3,000 children in Michigan have been diagnosed with craniofacial anomalies, Kelly said. About 100 come to the School of Dentistry for care. Some have to travel three or four hours with a parent or relative to receive that care. “But Michigan has only three hundred orthodontists and many of them are retiring, so it’s becoming increasingly difficult for these patients to get the orthodontic care they need,” she said. “The typical craniofacial patient, born with a cleft lip and palate, will need orthodontic care for about ten years, from the time they’re about seven until they’re seventeen. No parent should have to drive for three or four hours for so many years in order for their child to receive care.” The Coghlan gift is designed to address those multiple and interrelated issues. By providing financial support for a craniofacial anomalies fellowship at the

U-M School of Dentistry, orthodontic residents will receive the specialized knowledge and training they need to go into communities and provide long-term orthodontics treatment to those patients, or serve in hospital- or universitybased craniofacial anomalies programs. Both Kelly and Coghlan lauded the efforts of Dean Peter Polverini and Dr. Sunil Kapila, chair of the Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry. “There is no program, yet, that has been accredited by the ADA’s Commission on Dental Accreditation,” Kelly said. “But both Dean Polverini and Dr. Kapila have been pushing hard to establish a craniofacial anomalies training program within orthodontics that will offer advanced education in this field beyond what is currently offered to students.”

“An Exceptional Cause” Coghlan said, “Dr. Kapila put us at ease with his commitment to establishing this new program and working with Dr. Kelly and the dean. That was very

DentalUM Fall 2008 21

D EVELOPMENT

important to both my wife and me. Craniofacial anomalies are not highly visible maladies and do not receive a lot of attention from the media, so it’s not easy to raise money to help kids with this condition.” “We are extremely fortunate,” Kapila said. “I am very grateful to Michael and Suzi Coghlan for their generosity, and to Dr. Kelly for identifying an exceptional cause to support. I believe our School has an obligation to help patients with craniofacial anomalies in Michigan and elsewhere.” Kapila said the Coghlan’s interest in helping children with craniofacial anomalies and Kelly’s efforts “dovetailed nicely with our desire to create a knowledgeable workforce to treat this underserved population of patients who often require complex treatments.” Kapila added that by helping educate highly specialized orthodontists “this endowment and fellowship will have a long lasting effect on both the access to and the quality of care that patients receive.” The Coghlan Craniofacial Fellowship Endowment will lead to a master’s degree in orthodontics and craniofacial anomalies. This fall, candidates will be interviewed and, around the end of the year, the name of first Coghlan Fellow will be announced.

Group Effort: Drs. Marcotte, Smith, Hodges Pledge $100,000 for Endo Clinic Renovations
Photo courtesy of Dr. Larry Marcotte

Drs. Scott Hodges (left), Larry Marcotte (center), and Aric Smith have collectively pledged $100,000 from their practice for the School of Dentistry’s new endodontics clinic.

“I’m proud to be a donor to the dental school’s new endodontics clinic,” said Dr. Larry Marcotte (DDS 1967; MS, endodontics 1972). “When this was discussed with two other Michigan colleagues at my former practice, all of us decided to become involved. Now, the three of us – Dr. Aric Smith, Dr. Scott Hodges, and myself – will make joint personal gifts from one practice that will total $100,000,” he said. Once built, the new state of the art facility will be about twice the size of the current endodontics clinic. Tentative plans for the new clinic call for 15 operatories, conference rooms, and using digital technology to transmit and receive radiographs, videos, and patient records. [DentalUM, Spring & Summer 2007, pages 40-42.]

“Exciting to Think About” “The way new technology will be used to help patients and enhance the education of students and instructors is exciting to think about because it will offer new opportunities for learning and collaboration that weren’t available before,”

DentalUM Fall 2008 22

Marcotte added. “That’s great because it will help Michigan stay in the forefront in the ever changing arena of endodontics education.” Marcotte, who served as president of the Michigan Dental Association from 1991 to 1992, said, “everything about this project is exciting, especially the opportunity to be involved from the start, and being able to give back to our School.” Marcotte practiced endodontics in Grand Rapids for more than twenty years, retiring in December 2006. Smith and Hodges now run the four-person practice, West Michigan Endodontists. Dr. Aric Smith, who earned his master’s degree in endodontics from U-M in 1997, five years after receiving his DDS from Michigan, said he thought it was important to give back. The fifth member of his family to graduate with a degree from Michigan, Smith said, “I want to do something for a School that has done so much for me and others in my family. I am pleased to help endodontists, who will be trained in the future at Michigan, receive an excellent education in state of the art facilities.”

Carrie Towns New Meeting and Special Events Planner
Whether it’s Homecoming Weekend, the annual golf outing, a reception for alumni at an ADA or MDA annual session, a considerable amount of time and effort goes into planning these and other special events hosted by the U-M School of Dentistry. The School’s Office of Alumni Relations and Development recently hired Carrie Towns to plan and coordinate these and other activities. Born and raised in the Flint area, Towns is familiar with the University of Michigan. Before coming to Ann Arbor, she spent four years on the U-M Flint campus, first, as an events supervisor and later as an alumni officer in the Office of Institutional Advancement. In that role she coordinated and ran a range of activities for more than 28,000 U-M Flint alumni that included managing events, organizing and running alumni board meetings, and developing print and electronic communications. “I’m excited to join the School of Dentistry because this position will allow me to continue something I have always enjoyed doing, which is planning, organizing, and running special events,” Towns said. “It’s exciting to be directly involved in the number and variety of activities hosted by the dental school.” Towns received a bachelor’s degree in business administration from Northwood University in Midland, Michigan. She hopes to complete her studies for an MBA at U-M Flint next fall.
Melissa Montague

Program “will get a boost” Recalling his days in the grad endo program, Smith said, “I remember how Drs. Gerry Glickman and John Corcoran emphasized the importance of being patient focused,” Smith said. “That certainly has been the cornerstone of the grad endo program. Now it will get a boost with a move to new facilities where the latest technology will be used.” Hodges, who received his dental degree from U-M in 1986, said his interest in endodontics began during the two years he was with the U.S. Public Health Service in northern Arizona. He returned to Michigan in 1988 with a half-time teaching appointment and earned his master’s in endodontics in 1991. “When Dr. Neville McDonald was chosen to head the endodontics program, he visited us in Grand Rapids and I asked him how I could help,” Hodges said. “When he told me about the new clinic, it didn’t take much for me to become involved,” Hodges said with a chuckle. “Now, it’s my turn to make a difference so that others can have the benefit of the great education that I received.”

Carrie Towns

DentalUM Fall 2008 23

A LUMNI R ELATIONS

Dear Alumni, Reflecting on the past year as Chairperson of the School of Dentistry’s Alumni Society Dr. Dan Edwards, ’97 DDS Chair, Alumni Society Board of Governors Board of Governors, I realize the true definition of an “alum.” One is not only a graduate of the University of Michigan, but he or she may also serve as a mentor or advisor to a current or prospective dental or dental hygiene student. One of the purposes of our alumni board is to “develop, coordinate, and promote a mentoring service for students…” This spring, the Board of Governors, Dr. Jerry Booth, Rich Fetchiet, and I hosted our first Dental Specialty Night. Specialists from every private practice discipline, including public health dentistry, oral pathology, and oral medicine, discussed various dental career options. Approximately fifty second- and third-year dental students attended. The evening started with casual conversations as students met with specialists in an informal setting in the School’s atrium. Later, the program continued with a panel of specialists. Each discussed his or her path into their specialty as well as a typical “day in the life” of that specialist. Students later asked panelists an array of questions. Because of the success of that program, our Board is planning another Dental Specialty Night in 2009. If you would like to help sponsor that program, please contact me by e-mail: dedwards@umich.edu. As alumni, it is our responsibility to the profession to act as liaisons from the “real world” to School of Dentistry students or prospective students. The value students place on these mentorships is immeasurable. Whether it is dental hygiene, general dentistry, a dental specialty, research, or education, you can help make a difference (by being a Board of Governors candidate) or in your own special way. As I pass the gavel to Dr. Josie Weeden, I extend my best wishes to her. She and other members of the Board of Governors will continue to be effective representatives on behalf of all alumni of this great school. GO BLUE!

Dan

DentalUM Fall 2008 24

Looking For Leaders!
Alumni Society Board of Governors
Here’s your chance to make a difference. In September 2009 five new members will be elected to the U-M School of Dentistry’s Alumni Society Board of Governors. The group will include four dentistry graduates and one dental hygiene graduate. All will serve a three-year term. This is a perfect opportunity for you to become involved with the School, build relationships with students, faculty, and staff, and perform a worthwhile and satisfying public service. If you’re interested in serving, or if you would like to nominate someone, send in the form below. In the event more than 10 individuals are nominated, the Board’s nominating committee will select a representative slate.
Please clip and mail

NOMINATION FORM
I nominate for the Board: __________________________________________________

Class Year(s) ________________________________________________________ Address (if known) _____________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________ 2nd Name ____________________________________________________________ Class Year(s) _________________________________________________________ Address (if known) ______________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ If you nominate yourself, please send your biography (45 words or less) on a separate sheet of paper. However, because of time constraints on our staff and limited space in the magazine, we cannot accept a CV. Instead, please take a few moments to highlight what you consider are major achievements, whether personal or professional. Return the form, and your biography if you’re nominating yourself, to: Carrie Towns Office of Alumni Relations University of Michigan School of Dentistry 540 E. Liberty, Suite 204 Ann Arbor, MI 48104 Nominations must be received at the School of Dentistry by December 31, 2008.

DentalUM Fall 2008 25

A LUMNUS P ROFILE
Jerry Mastey

Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

Dental History Enthusiast and Dental Artifact Collector

Dr. Ronald Berris

DDS 1974

hen it’s time to relax, some dentists go to the golf course. Others swim, ride a bike, or work out at a local health club. But not Dr. Ronald Berris. He volunteers as a part-time police officer. Berris and his two horses have been a part of the mounted unit of the Franklin, Michigan Police Department for 10 years. For the past 32 years he’s been only the second team dentist the Detroit Pistons basketball team has had. The first was his father, Dr. Henry Berris. Ron is also the team dentist for the WNBA’s Detroit Shock. “The rewards have been great,” Berris said. “Five championship rings, great seats, and free parking.” But there’s another part of Berris’ life that has been a passion for more than 30 years — he’s a dental history enthusiast who collects dental artifacts, equipment, and memorabilia.

A Journey into Yesteryear Not just a few here and there. His collection includes thousands, perhaps tens of thousands of items, in all shapes and sizes. “I have more stuff packed and stored than I do on display,” said the 1974

DentalUM Fall 2008 26

Jerry Mastey

graduate of the U-M School of Dentistry. What patients seen when they open the door to his practice in West Bloomfield, Michigan is just the start of a journey into yesteryear. Hundreds of small artifacts are prominently displayed – dental instruments with ivory, mother of pearl, and ebony wood handles; toothpaste containers; toothpaste boxes; dental bronze sculptures hand crafted by world renowned artist Ronadro, and porcelain figurines. Some are on bookcase shelves. Others are behind large oak exhibit and display cases. If youngsters want to see something in a display case, they can step onto an oversized two-foot high plastic tooth. There’s even an old church pew patients can sit on if they’re so inclined. But that’s just for starters. Even bigger displays are visible walking down the hallway and in each of nine operatories. Colorful vintage posters from Europe, each more than 100 years old, are framed and displayed on hallway walls and in each operatory. Each poster measures about three feet by five feet. Most are in French and advertise a dental product. Juxtaposing the past with the present, and only a step or two away from the poster in each operatory, are computers, monitors, and a dental office with CAD-CAM, digital, and laser technology.

1940s Operatory Too One of the nine operatories is unique for another reason – it’s been renovated to resemble a dental operatory from the 1940s. Berris got the idea from a drawing that is on the wall in the waiting area. Pointing to the chair, Berris said his father, Henry, who graduated from the U-M dental school in 1939, “used this chair when he practiced dentistry in downtown Detroit until he closed his office in 1976.” The re-upholstered chair is one of many items that have been restored. Others include instrument cabinets, display and shelving units, plumbing, and light fixtures. That operatory isn’t just for show, however. Although it doesn’t happen often, Berris said he can, and has used it to treat patients “when it really gets busy.”

This wall poster is one of several in the hallway of Dr. Ronald Berris’ dental office. Other photos can be seen on the School of Dentistry Web site: www.dent.umich.edu.

DentalUM Fall 2008 27

A LUMNUS P ROFILE
Jerry Mastey

“A Wonderful Resource” for the School’s Sindecuse Museum
Since 1992, the School of Dentistry’s Sindecuse Museum has been the caretaker of approximately 700 items loaned by Dr. Ronald and Maggie Berris. “Because of their high quality, we have been able to complement many of our exhibits,” said Sindecuse Museum Curator Shannon O’Dell. Most items, she added, “are difficult to find dental antiques, especially dental products and advertising which has been a keen interest of Dr. Berris.” Other items Berris has loaned, O’Dell said, include those from 19th and early 20th century dental offices, including a Victor Shockproof X-ray unit from the 1920s and 30s, a vacuum casting machine, rolling mill, electrical distribution panel, poster-size advertisements for dental products, and hundreds of product packages for toothpowder tins and bottles. “Dr. Berris has been marvelous to work with and a wonderful resource for the Sindecuse Museum for many years,” O’Dell said. She noted that Berris has also provided advice to other collectors, donors, and to the museum curator as it was being established between 1991 and 1995 and was developing its first exhibits. The museum officially opened in September 1992. “I wish I would have had an opportunity to talk to Dr. Gordon Sindecuse (1898-1993) and learn more about him and tell him about some of what I have collected,” Berris said. “I think he would have gotten a kick hearing some of my stories and, I’m sure, I would have learned more from him.” Sindecuse, who earned his dental degree from U-M in 1921, gifted $1 million in 1990 to the School to help preserve the heritage of his profession.

The operatory above, which mimics a typical 1940s dental office, replicates a drawing that is on the wall in the waiting area. Note the dental chair, overhead lights, cabinets, and the carpeting squares. The color of the squares matches those seen in the drawing.

DentalUM Fall 2008 28

Jerry Mastey

Each Relic Has a Story
As he opened the door to this exhibit case in the lobby of his dental office (left), Dr. Ronald Berris retrieved dental powder that was in a cardboard box. “During the Second World War sturdy cardboard was used because metal was needed for the war effort,” he said. “And that’s reflected in some of the products you see here.”

Below is a bronze sculpture made by one of the world’s bestknown sculptors, Ronadro. Also visible is a poster for Listerine. “I got this after a house was taken down in Omaha and later learned that the pharmacist who lived in the house used these posters to insulate his home,” Berris said.

“One part of collecting I enjoy is finding both an ad and the product (above) and then putting them on display,” Berris said.

DentalUM Fall 2008 29

F ACULTY

PROFILE
Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

Per Kjeldsen

Hom-Lay

Wang

“You’re most committed to something when you’re struggling.
It makes you focus. You become a better person as a result. It was true as a student. It’s been true as a teacher,” said Dr. Hom-Lay Wang. Director of the School of Dentistry’s graduate periodontics program since 1995, Wang made the comments as he talked about some of the challenges he has faced including pursuing a career in academic dentistry, living on $250 a month as a student, learning English, and becoming director of the grad perio program when he was just 34. “Looking back at the struggles I faced in each of those instances, I’m better able to relate to students because I’ve been in their shoes,” he said. “That was one of the major reasons for establishing a scholarship fund. I know the struggles that students have.” [See “Graduate Periodontics Scholarships,” page 32.] Growing up in Taiwan, Wang wanted to become a physician. But after taking a placement examination, he gravitated to dentistry with hopes of becoming an oral surgeon. A microsurgery course led to

DentalUM Fall 2008 30

an intense curiosity about periodontics. Today, Wang is one of the world’s authorities in the specialty. After earning his Bachelor of Medicine in Dentistry degree from Taipei Medical College in 1983, Wang joined a private practice for two years. But he wanted to learn more and do more. “I knew if I wanted to advance professionally, I would have to come to the U.S. and earn a degree, so I did,” he said. Wang applied to just one dental school, Case Western Reserve in Cleveland.

a vegetable for dinner.” At Case, Wang earned a master’s degree and a certificate in periodontics in 1987 and his Doctor of Dental Surgery degree a year and a half later. “I finished dental school in 18 months instead of four years,” he said. “I worked very hard to complete almost twice the requirements that were needed for graduation. My studies in Taiwan, at Case, and obtaining my dental license in Florida

Wang said. In 1987, he became a clinical instructor in periodontics at Case.

The 4:00 a.m. phone call Not receiving a reply for several months, Wang thought his application had been rejected. “Then on Christmas Eve in 1984, Dr. Nabil Bissada, the chairman of the periodontal department and director of the graduate periodontics program, called me at home. It was four o’clock in the afternoon in Cleveland, but four o’clock in the morning in Taiwan. But that was one early-morning call I didn’t mind getting,” he said. But there was something else about the conversation Wang said he remembered. “Dr. Bissada told me, ‘Your English must get better if you want to succeed.’ So I struggled to learn as much as I could as fast as I could. I’m still learning today,” he said. But there was another challenge Wang faced – limited financial support. “I had a budget of $250 a month and was struggling to make ends meet on that money which had to pay for everything – rent, utilities, and food,” Wang said. “To keep my expenses low, I ate the same foods seven days a week – an apple for breakfast and ground beef and

Arriving in Ann Arbor in 1989 to begin teaching as an assistant professor, Wang said there were challenges from the start.
before entering this program helped me to fulfill many of the requirements I needed to earn my dental degree here in the U.S so that I could practice anywhere in this country, not just Florida,” he said. At Case, Wang was encouraged by Bissada to consider a career in academic dentistry. The encouragement was something Wang remembered. He promised himself that one day he too would mentor others if he had an opportunity. “Dr. Bissada told me, ‘You have the skills. You have the knowledge. Think about becoming a teacher because you will make a difference.’ I’m glad I listened,”

“Shocked” Michigan Wanted Him Eager to advance, Wang applied for a teaching position at three dental schools, including Michigan, and at a private practice in Florida “because I didn’t think I had a chance at Michigan since its dental school was so good. I was shocked when I learned they wanted me,” he said. Arriving in Ann Arbor in 1989 to begin teaching as an assistant professor, Wang said there were challenges from the start. “As a junior faculty member who was only thirty years old, I didn’t have the benefit of mentoring, so I learned by trial and error,” he said. “I also spent a lot of time working to improve my English, preparing my classroom lectures, and learning how to use new technology. Looking back, those struggles transformed me and made me better,” he said. Other challenges soon followed. Wang said when Dr. Martha Somerman, now the dean of the University of Washington dental school, became chair of the Department of Periodontics, Prevention, and Geriatrics in early 1991, “she told me, ‘You’re a good teacher, but if you want your career to advance, you must do research and publish.’ I knew what I had to do and began doing it,” he said. “For that reason, I published nine peer-reviewed articles in 1993 and 1994.” He discovered writing helped him learn and improve his English. “Writing makes you think about what you want to say and forces you to organize your thoughts logically,” he said. “I found that writing was something I enjoyed doing. I still do.”

DentalUM Fall 2008 31

F ACULTY

Wang is a prolific author. To date, he has written 214 articles that include 170 peer-reviewed and 20 non-peer-reviewed publications, 10 invited reviews and editorial comments, 12 book chapters, 3 textbooks that will be published around 2010, and more than 68 abstracts. In 1995, Wang became director of the graduate periodontics program at the age of 34. In addition to his new administrative duties, Wang was teaching six graduate periodontal courses, conducting research, writing for peer-reviewed journals, mentoring students pursuing a master’s degree, and practicing periodontics in the School’s Dental Faculty Associates clinic. “I was now spending even more time at the School on nights and weekends. Fortunately, I had a sabbatical in 2000 and 2007 that gave me a chance to catch my breath,” he said.

GRADUATE PERIODONTICS SCHOLARSHIPS

“As a student, it was a constant struggle for me to find the money to pay for my education and other expenses, so that’s why my wife and I established a scholarship program for graduate periodontics students here at Michigan,” said Dr. Hom-Lay Wang. “I had always hoped for some kind of financial support but never received it, and I think that was a major reason for deciding to do it,” he said. “All the students in our grad perio program have talent. I see it everyday. But if they want to succeed, they need the opportunity. I want our scholarship to be that opportunity for them.” The annual cost of the graduate periodontics program at Michigan is about $20,000 for in-state students and $38,000 for out-of-state students. “That’s double compared to about ten years ago and costs are continuing to rise,” Wang said.

DentalUM Fall 2008 32

Jerry Mastey

Dentists Explain Dr. Hom-Lay Wang’s Popularity

Pausing at the Hall of Honor outside the School of Dentistry’s Office of Continuing Dental Education are (left to right): Drs. Mitsuaki Kawahara, Masamichi Itose, and Nobuyuki Yamamichi. Kawahara was translator when editor Jerry Mastey interviewed Yamamichi and Itose for this story.

r. Hom-Lay Wang is very popular among his peers in Japan and across Asia.
“When we hear about a course he will be teaching, it takes only five minutes for his lectures to fill up because he is so popular and very respected,” said a Japanese dentist when he was in Ann Arbor this spring. Dr. Masamichi Itose, of Fukuoka City, Japan, and more than 70 other dentists, traveled across 12 time zones this spring to attend Wang’s continuing dental education course in Ann Arbor, Advanced Periodontal/Implant Surgery, a Practical Training Course, held from April 28 to May 2. For Itose, who is president of the International Society of Oral Implantologists study group, and Dr. Nobuyuki Yamamichi, also from Fukuoka City, this was their second trip to Ann Arbor since 2002 to listen to Wang. “Both Dr. Itose and I have known Dr. Wang for ten years. We return to Ann Arbor to hear him speak and also go to hear him speak when he comes to Japan,” Yamamichi said. “Dr. Wang is one of the most popular and most beloved persons in our study group,” added Yamamichi, who is vice president of the International Congress of Oral Implantologists in Japan. “I have read many of Dr. Wang’s articles in international journals. Every time I do that and hear him speak, whether it’s in Japan or in Ann Arbor, I learn something new,” Yamamichi added. Both Itose and Yamamichi said Wang is highly regarded by his peers for another reason. “He listens,” Yamamichi said. “When he’s preparing a course, he asks us ahead of time what we would like to know. When we respond, he then prepares his presentation so that it fits our requests.” Itose added that the way Wang presents information “makes it very easy for us to listen and understand. He does present new information. But he also summarizes it clearly for us so that we can then use it in our offices to help our patients.”

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Jerry Mastey

Read more about this and other research stories online at www.dent.umich.edu

Researchers Control Growth Rate of Replacement Blood Vessels, Tissues
s any dentist or physician will attest, sometimes a patient’s body doesn’t want to cooperate when it’s time for a wound to heal. Frequently, a wound doesn’t heal. At other times, a considerable period of time elapses. With that in mind, a team of U-M School of Dentistry researchers began collaborating to try to answer a logical follow-up question to such predicaments. The question – Can anything be done to “speed things up” to help a patient? The answer appears to be “yes.” Several years ago, Drs. William Giannobile and Peter Ma, along with their researchers, teamed up to try to discover an answer to the question. Recently they publicized their discoveries which showed that, with some help, it might be possible for the body to control how quickly or how slowly replacement tissues grow allowing wounds to heal. Their work may also lead to creating new blood vessels. Although human applications are years away, it’s possible the results of their research may one day be used for dental procedures, bone grafting, or tissue replacement to treat injuries. It might also help diabetics or elderly patients with wound healing problems.

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Combining Expertise Giannobile, a professor and periodontist, and Ma, a professor with appointments in dentistry and engineering, combined their expertise to investigate ways to control the growth rate for tissues and blood vessel replacement. “As a clinical periodontist and biologist, I have been intrigued for a long time about how the body orchestrates a sequence of events that lead to healing caused by wounds or injuries,” said Giannobile, who is the director of the Michigan Center for Oral Health Research. “Both Peter’s background and experiences, and mine, led to what both of us thought was a natural crossfertilization of ideas with a common goal, to help people with wounds that need healing.” Similar to adjusting a thermostat, their approach focuses on dialing up or dialing down how quickly growth factors can influence tissue growth or repair. Ma’s research has an engineering bent – developing new materials that have potential dental and medical applications. Some materials, such as restorative dental materials, are developed to directly replace the structure and function of damaged or diseased tissues and organs. Mimicking Human Tissue Wound Healing Some are developed as scaffolding (matrix materials) for cells to grow on and develop into new tissues. As new tissues develop, the special materials (scaffolds) degrade and are absorbed into the body, leading to “natural” tissue replacement and/or regeneration. The Ma lab developed scaffolds with a unique nanofibrous 3-D network with designed pore structures from biodegradable polymers. These nanofibers mimic the structural proteins of human tissue at the nanometer scale and advantageously support tissue regeneration or wound healing. In addition, the Ma lab developed nanosized spheres that can release biological molecules at individualized rates so that biological events can be orchestrated to tailor tissue and vascular regeneration. “By loading platelet-derived growth factors into these nanospheres and then attaching them to a lattice-like nanofibrous scaffold, the growth factor was able to recruit cells that stimulate the body’s own machinery that is responsible for healing,” Ma said.

This chart shows how cells, scaffolds, signaling molecules, and blood supply can work simultaneously to regenerate a diseased periodontium.

This illustration shows how interrelated components of a cell might be able to work together in regenerating oral tissues.

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R ESEARCH

Franceschi Receives IADR’s Top Research Honor
Dr. Renny Franceschi, a professor of dentistry in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, has received the International Association for Dental Research’s top research award. During the IADR’s annual session in Toronto in July, Franceschi received the Biological Mineralization Award for his many discoveries related to the control of bone formation. The process is mediated by the osteoblast, a highly specialized cell that secretes and mineralizes the collagen-containing extracellular matrix of mature bone. In healthy bone, the resulting structure provides strength and resistance to fractures while defects in osteoblast function lead to osteoporosis and increased risk of fracture. Among his many research contributions, Franceschi has identified a fundamental mechanism that is used by the osteoblast to activate its genetic program to produce a mature mineralized matrix. This activation process occurs in response to extracellular signals, including weight-bearing exercise, that is known to dramatically stimulate bone formation and strength. This discovery may lead to developing pharmaceuticals designed to increase bone formation and strength. “This award, the most prestigious research award given by IADR, is the biggest honor I have received during my career,” Franceschi said.

Presence of Certain Antibodies Signals Healthier Teeth and Gums
Laura Bailey - U-M News Service Antibodies present in people with good oral health could become the first tool for dental professionals to assess a patient’s probable response to periodontal disease treatments, according to U-M School of Dentistry researchers.

 The antibody is a protein called HtpG. The bug that makes the protein is Porphyromonas gingivalis, an important pathogen in periodontal disease. The antibody also has potential as a vaccine candidate, according to Charles Shelburne, assistant research scientist. Researchers discovered the HtpG antibodies were present in much lower amounts in people with periodontal disease, and in much higher concentrations in those with healthier teeth and gums. Typically, antibodies are elevated in people with disease, because they help fight the disease.

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Scheller 1st Place Hatton Award Winner
Erica Scheller, a student in the School’s dual degree DDS/Oral Health Sciences PhD program, recently won a first place Hatton Award in the Junior Investigator’s category. She received the award during the annual meeting of the American Association for Dental Research for her presentation, Wnt/β-catenin Signaling Regulates Dental Pulp Stem Cell Properties.

Periodontal Disease May Contribute to Diabetes Complications
School of Dentistry Researcher Cites Studies Showing Possible Links
There may be a link between periodontal disease and complications from Type 2 diabetes, according to a University of Michigan School of Dentistry researcher. Dr. George Taylor, associate professor of dentistry, reported on findings from several studies conducted at U-M and elsewhere during the first ever symposium presented by dentists to diabetes experts at the American Diabetes Association’s annual scientific session. “Several recent studies have shown that having periodontal disease makes those with Type 2 diabetes more likely to develop worsened glycemic control,” he said. “That puts them at much greater risk of end-stage kidney disease and death.” According to the association, nearly 21 million Americans have diabetes, a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels in individuals whose bodies are unable to produce and/or use insulin. Diabetes can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney disease, amputation, and can also be fatal. Periodontal disease, a major cause of tooth loss in adults, affects tissues that surround and support teeth. As unremoved plaque hardens, gums gradually pull away from the teeth forming pockets between teeth and gums. Because periodontal disease is usually painless, most dental patients are unaware they have it. Taylor, who is also an associate professor at the School of Public Health, said a recent analysis of U.S. population data from 1988-1994 found that persons with periodontal disease were more than three times as likely to have insulin resistance compared to those without the disease.

Joo 3rd Place Hatton Award Winner
Dr. Nam Joo, a postdoctoral scholar in the laboratory of Dr. Yvonne Kapila, took third place in the postdoctoral category during the AADR’s annual meeting for his presentation, NG2, Novel Proapoptotic Receptor, Opposes Integrin α4 to Mediate Anoikis.

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Dental Student Chosen for 8-Week NIDCR Summer Research Program
Second-year dental student Patrick Condit participated in an eight-week summer research program at the NIH’s National Institute for Dental and Craniofacial Research in Bethesda, Maryland. NIDCR’s summer research program gives talented dental students hands-on research experience and exposure to the latest advances in oral health research and the opportunity to work with mentors who conduct research in a student’s area of interest. Condit worked in the laboratory of Dr. Silvio Gutkind, the chief of the Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer branch.

Rural Dentistry an “Eye-Opening Experience” for Student
Learning about health care issues in general and oral health care concerns in particular facing those living in rural areas can be a novel experience for some, especially those who grew up in urban communities. Just ask Evelyn-Lucas Perry who grew up near Flint in Grand Blanc, Michigan. The third-year dental student spent part of her summer in Iowa with a group of 23 students from across the country who learned about a range of health issues, including oral health concerns, that face farmers, migrant workers, and others.

5 Awarded AADR Student Research Fellowships
Five dental students received Student Research Fellowships from the American Association for Dental Research during the organization’s annual meeting. The fellowships give students an opportunity to continue their research and travel to AADR and IADR meetings. The five are: • William Love, D1; Dr. Jacques Nör, mentor; Role of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor in Angiogenesis Mediated by Oral Tumor Cells in Vitro • Kathryn MacKool, D2; Dr. William Giannobile, mentor; Role of LMP1 During Peri-implant Osseointegration • Remi Nair, D2; Dr. Sunil Kapila, mentor; Determination of Relaxin Receptors in the Modulation of MMPs in Mouse Fribrochondrocytes • Archana Rajan, D4; Dr. Mathilde Peters, mentor; Online Interactive Calibration Program for Clinical Assessment of Restorations • Jane Steiber, D3; Dr. Peter Polverini, mentor; Survival Protein Expression in Vascular Endothelial Cells is a Predictor of Tumor Progression

Only Dental Student from Michigan Lucas-Perry was the only dental student from U-M, and just one of four dental students nationwide, to participate in the first Rural Health Scholars program sponsored by the American Student Medical Association. The program is designed to educate students about rural health issues and develop leadership skills for future primary care physicians, dentists, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. “It was an eye-opening experience,” Lucas-Perry said. Although she didn’t conduct oral health screenings or provide care, “the program gave me a greater understanding and appreciation of the health concerns and problems affecting those in rural America,” she said. For example, because their work is so physical, farmers and migrant workers said “they didn’t have time to leave the fields to see a physician or a dentist.” She also talked to her medical colleagues about the importance of oral health care. “There were times when I felt that many who weren’t dental students didn’t fully understand how important oral health can be to a person’s overall health,” Lucas-Perry said. “So as those opportunities arose, I explained how good oral health can make a difference in a person’s life.”

Research Day: February 10, 2009
Alumni and friends are invited to attend the School’s annual Research Day next Feb. 10. More than 70 poster presentations by dental, dental hygiene, specialty and PhD students, and post-doctoral fellows are expected. About 25 exhibitors will also attend. This is an excellent opportunity to reconnect with former professors and to see current research by students at the School of Dentistry.

SNDA Board of Trustees Representative
Evelyn-Lucas Perry was recently elected to a one-year term as a national representative to the Board of Trustees of the Student National Dental Association. SNDA is the student auxiliary to the National Dental Association and was formed to bridge the gap between minority dental students and the NDA.

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F ACULTY N EWS

May New Multicultural Affairs Director
Dr. Kenneth May, associate professor of dentistry in the Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, has been named director of the School of Dentistry’s Office of Multicultural Affairs and Recruitment Initiatives. May, who has been serving as interim program director for the past year, will work with the Office of Student Affairs to provide support in recruiting, mentoring activities, summer program development and implementation. “I received my dental and prosthodontic training here at Michigan, earning degrees in 1988 and 1990, respectively,” he said. “It’s a privilege to play a role in helping so many young people who are pursuing their dream of becoming dentists. The Michigan tradition is grounded in providing opportunities to all qualified students regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or religion.” The Office of Multicultural Affairs recruits students from high school through graduate school for the dental profession. Dean Peter Polverini said May’s appointment is part of his vision “to deepen our School’s commitment to live and thrive in a multicultural community.”
Jerry Mastey

Faculty Promotions
U-M Regents approved promotions of four School of Dentistry faculty members during their meeting in May. Promoted were: • Richard Scott Conley, DMD, to clinical associate professor of dentistry from clinical assistant professor of dentistry (Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry). • Kitrina Cordell, DDS, to clinical associate professor of dentistry from clinical assistant professor of dentistry (Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine). • Marita Rohr Inglehart, DrPH, to associate professor of dentistry with tenure from associate professor of dentistry without tenure (Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine). • Philip Richards, DDS, MS, to clinical professor of dentistry from clinical associate professor of dentistry (Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine). In September, Yasuo Yamakoshi, PhD, was promoted to associate research scientist from assistant research scientist (Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences). The request for promotion was approved by the Office of Vice President for Research.

Kanjirath Cited for Outstanding Scholarship
Dr. Preetha Kanjirath was one of five dental educators from across the nation to be recognized for outstanding scholarship during the American Dental Education Association’s 85th annual session in Dallas. An assistant clinical professor in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, Kanjirath received the Outstanding Manuscript Award for an article published in the September 2007 issue of the Journal of Dental Education published by ADEA. The publication, internationally recognized as a premier journal for academic dentistry, covers a range of scientific and educational research in dental and dental education. The article, “Treating Patients with Herpes Simplex Virus Infections: Dental and Dental Hygiene Students’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Professional Behavior,” noted that as dental and dental hygiene students learned more about herpes simplex viruses, they had more apprehension about treating those patients. However, Kanjirath noted, the more apprehensive the students were, the more diligent they were in adopting proper treatment protocols for patients with infectious diseases. “Educating future health care providers about treating patients with infectious and communicable diseases can potentially increase a student’s apprehension or negative attitudes about providing care,” she said. “But addressing those apprehensions can give them opportunities to determine ways to provide the best possible care.”
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D EPARTMENT U PDATE

Biologic and Materials Sciences
Keary Campbell

E

ven the most stable departments require periods of transition to maintain a fresh and cutting-edge perspective. The Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences and the Division of Prosthodontics have been undergoing such a transition during the past two years. The transition occurs because of the loss of a few faculty due to relocation coupled with the retirement of notable, long-standing faculty. While it is always difficult to lose the experience, hard work, and camaraderie of department stalwarts like Drs. Ed Billy, Jeff Shotwell and John Drach, these changes provide an opportunity to reassess our goals and build for a strong and exciting future.

Paul Krebsbach, Chair

New Clinical and Basic Science Faculty On the clinical side of the department, we are pleased to have recruited Drs. Berna Saglik, Furat George, and Daler Tarrazzi. All three joined the department with outstanding clinical training at the University of Michigan. Each brings a new level of energy that reverberates through the department. In their first year all three initiated their research projects, published papers, and directed courses. On the basic science side of the department, our goal was to generate a developmental biology theme to augment our current strengths. We built on our already acknowledged strength in tissue engineering and neuroscience by identifying and recruiting a team of developmental biologists that can solve problems of importance to craniofacial and neurobiology. In our last two years of recruiting we have positioned the U-M School of Dentistry to be an unparalleled leader. Recent recruits include Drs. Vesa Kaartinen from Children’s Hospital in Los Angeles, Yuji Mishina from the National Institutes of Health, Catherine Krull from the University of Michigan Medical School, Kenichi Kuroda from the University of Pennsylvania, and Alex DaSilva from Harvard University.

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N EW F A C U LTY
Catherine E. Krull, PhD, Associate Professor of Dentistry Dr. Krull is analyzing how various molecules contribute to neural crest motility, directed movement, and settling patterns. During embryogenesis, many cells navigate extensively to their final destinations where they form precise connections with their neighboring cells. Dr. Krull’s lab group intends to define the molecules and mechanisms that guide two cell types (motor neuron and neural crest) to their targets. Together, these studies will yield important insights about the positive and negative cues that sculpt precise patterns of cellular architecture during development. Vesa M. Kaartinen, PhD, Associate Professor of Dentistry Dr. Kaartinen is a wellestablished developmental geneticist. For more than 15 years he has made significant contributions to the mechanisms of craniofacial development. He has a history of successfully competing for NIH funding and is currently funded for studies of the pathophysiology of cleft palate and also for studies in cardiovascular development. He has many common interests with other investigators in the dental school and University. His craniofacial development research program will add tremendous value to our school, while also complementing other developmental biologists at U-M.
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Yuji Mishina, PhD, Assistant Professor of Dentistry The Mishina lab uses mouse genetics to study the function of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) during development. Extensive studies in humans have revealed that mutations in BMP ligands, receptors and signaling molecules are involved in the pathogenesis of chondrodysplasia, hypertension and tumorigenesis. Members of the Mishina group are interested in understanding the roles that BMPs play in three major areas of embryogenesis: mineralized tissues, neural and neural crest-derived tissues, and body plan formation. Kenichi Kuroda, PhD, Assistant Professor of Dentistry Dr. Kuroda’s laboratory is interested in the interface between polymer science and biological systems. He is studying the membrane-disrupting action of antimicrobial polymers and the translocation of polymers as potential drug carriers. He will also focus on the creation of fluorescent oligomer probes to examine the morphology of lipid membranes, which may also be useful in monitoring cellular activity. Alexandre DaSilva, DDS, DMSc, Assistant Professor of Dentistry Dr. DaSilva is a clinician scientist interested in understanding

head and neck pain pathways. His research uses sophisticated neuroimaging techniques to investigate subcortical and cortical neuroplasticity in patients suffering from chronic pain. He also uses novel neuroimaging and non-invasive brain stimulation protocols for chronic TMJD, migraine and trigeminal neuropathic pain.

Berna Saglik, DDS, Assistant Clinical Professor Dr. Saglik received her dental degree from Marmara University in Istanbul, Turkey, where she also practiced for three years after graduation. She completed her graduate prosthodontics training at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry in 2007. Dr. Saglik is a member of the American College of Prosthodontists, American Dental Association, and a fellow of the International College of Oral Implantologists. Her research interests are in dental implants and ceramics. She studies the precision of fit and fracture resistance of all ceramic fixed partial dentures. Dr. Saglik currently teaches in the comprehensive care clinics and directs the removable partial denture course. Daler Tarrazzi, DDS, Assistant Clinical Professor Dr. Tarrazzi earned her DDS degree in 2000 from Universidad Central de Venezuela, School of Dentistry. In 2005 she completed the graduate

D EPARTMENT U PDATE

prosthodontic program at the University of Michigan. During her studies at U-M, Dr. Tarrazzi received the Rackham Masters Award Scholarship and the Crown, Bridge and Implant Best Solution for Your Patients Award at the 2005 Nobel Biocare World Conference. Her area of research focuses on the fracture resistance of single implant-supported restorations using ceramic implant abutments. She teaches prosthodontics in the comprehensive care clinics, directs the Foundation Curriculum III Removable Prosthodontics for the International Dentist Program, and directs the Introduction to Prosthodontics course.

RETIREMENTS
Jeffrey L. Shotwell, DDS, MS, associate professor of dentistry, retired from active faculty status on October 31, 2008. Dr. Shotwell received numerous awards and honors over the course of his teaching career including the Paul Gibbons Award in 1977, 1978, 1992, and 1993, and the 2006 Instructor of the Year Award. Dr. Shotwell was an active member of the University of Michigan community. He served as ombudsman for the dental school from 1993-2002 and was a representative to the University Senate Assembly from 1996 to 1999, and was also a member of many School of Dentistry committees. John C. Drach, PhD, professor of dentistry in the School of Dentistry and professor of medicinal chemistry in the College of Pharmacy, retired from active faculty status on August 31, 2008. Dr. Drach’s research focused on the discovery, mode of action, and metabolism of antiviral drugs. The overall objective of his research group’s work was to identify new compounds that have
the potential to become useful antiviral drugs and to investigate how promising compounds act at the cellular, molecular, and biochemical level. His work as a researcher has earned him numerous awards and honors throughout his career including being named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2002.

Furat M. George, BDS, Assistant Clinical Professor Dr. George received his dental degree from the University of Baghdad College of Dentistry in 1998 and completed his graduate prosthodontic training at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry in 2007. Dr. George is a member of the American College of Prosthodontists and a fellow of the International Congress of Oral Implantologists. He is currently involved in research projects in the field of dental ceramics and is serving as the co-director of the undergraduate implant program.

Edward J. Billy, DMD, clinical professor of dentistry and director of graduate prosthodontics program, retired from active faculty status on July 31, 2006. Dr. Billy came to U-M in 1992 as a lecturer and was promoted to clinical professor in 2001. Prior to joining the faculty at Michigan, Dr. Billy served as chair of the Prosthodontic Department at the Naval Dental School. In 2001, Professor Billy became the director of the graduate prosthodontics program within the School of Dentistry. The program excelled due to his leadership, expertise and communication skills. He introduced new courses, improved the financial structure, and initiated renovations to the clinic. He was named Instructor of the Year several times.

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D ENTAL H YGIENE

Joan McGowan
Active in community outreach, Joan McGowan participated in the School of Dentistry’s program with its community outreach partners. Here she talks to Dr. Marilyn Stolberg, dental director of the Dental Center at Family Health Care in Baldwin, Michigan.

Retires after 35 Years at U-M

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Jerry Mastey

n high school, she wanted to become a librarian “because I was in love with the Dewey Decimal System. But when I later learned how much librarians earn, I said to myself, ‘forget it, Joan’.” She also thought about becoming a pharmacist, “but taking high school chemistry ended my interest in that possibility.” When asked how she became interested in dental hygiene, Joan McGowan, who retired in August following a 35-year career at Michigan, responded with a laugh, asking, “Got a few minutes? Let me tell you.” So she does, telling about personal experiences and the influence of a friend. Describing how a lack of fluoride in the Detroit Public Water System supply led to cavities and resulted in frequent trips to the dentist as a youngster, McGowan said, “I hated going to the dentist so much that when my parents gave me bus fare, I deliberately got on the wrong bus so I would miss my appointment.” After considering several career possibilities in high school, it wasn’t until after finishing high school that a family friend suggested McGowan investigate the dental hygiene program at the University of Detroit Mercy School of Dentistry. “I did and I liked it,” she said. “It was perfect for me because I would be working with children and I wouldn’t be imposing pain.” After graduating in 1962 with an RDH, McGowan worked for the Macomb County Health Department conducting a school fluoride program and telling children about

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D ENTAL H YGIENE

the importance of oral health. She also worked at a summer camp for about 200 children from families with tuberculosis in Gregory, Michigan, a town about 20 miles northwest of Ann Arbor. A friend who was also her supervisor at the Macomb County Health Department, Albreta Merritt, suggested they both return to college to earn bachelor’s degrees. However, after learning that the University of Kentucky had a degree completion program, McGowan moved to Lexington and earned a bachelor’s degree in dental hygiene in 1969. Considering three job offers, she chose to return to U-D that fall “because I wanted to teach at my alma mater.” While teaching, McGowan also worked for a master’s degree in curriculum and instruction which she received from U-D in 1972.

Early Years at the U-M School of Dentistry In July 1973, McGowan was hired as an assistant professor of dental hygiene at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. “Pauline Steele, the second director of the program, offered me the job,” McGowan said. “She was firm. She was a disciplinarian. Her rules were strict – we had to wear a white uniform and a cap in the clinic because that was an important part of being a professional.” McGowan said the time she was in the School’s pediatric clinic “was a wonderful experience. I especially enjoyed working with pediatric dentists like Bud Straffon and Arnie Morawa.” With word spreading of her involvement in communities, McGowan received a telephone call in 1975 asking her to become dental coordinator
Jerry Mastey

of the State of Michigan’s Head Start program. “I was now recruiting dental hygienists and dentists asking them to get involved in helping youngsters. I was also going to classrooms across the state, talking about good oral health care, and demonstrating the circular brushing technique,” she said. “It was a ball.” But McGowan was eager to learn more and do more. She wanted to get a master’s degree in public health. “So I did something that was unheard of for a faculty member back then,” she said. “I made an appointment to talk to Dr. David Striffler, director of the dental public health program at the School of Public Health.” That was novel, she said, “because for someone from the School of Dentistry to earn an advanced degree at another school or college just wasn’t done.”
Read more about this story online at www.dent.umich.edu

Joan McGowan points out the dangers of using tobacco products during the Give Kids a Smile program at the School of Dentistry in 2006.

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G RADUATION
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25 Receive Bachelor’s Degree in Dental Hygiene
Twenty-five women received a Bachelor of Science degree in dental hygiene at graduation ceremonies May 2 at Hill Auditorium. Before the degrees were awarded, the Dental Hygienists’ Alumnae Association presented the Outstanding Alumnae Award to Susan Seger, and graduates presented the Outstanding Faculty Award to Prof. Wendy Kerschbaum.
Photo above: After receiving her Bachelor of Science degree in dental hygiene, Carrie Emmendorfer receives congratulations from Katrina Schwarz.

Susan Seger Receives Outstanding Alumnae Award
“She is best known for building one of the oldest, largest, and most complete dental collections and rare book collections in the world,” Katrina Schwarz said of former School of Dentistry librarian Susan Seger. Schwarz, president of the School’s Dental Hygienists’ Alumnae Association, made the remark prior to presenting Seger with the Outstanding Alumnae Award at May commencement ceremonies. Seger was head librarian at the dental school for 31 years (1966-1997), helping the School to physically relocate the library from a building that was constructed in 1907.

DH Class of ’08 Lauds Kerschbaum
Reflecting on her experiences and those of her colleagues, dental hygiene class president Michelle Comber said, “we can now appreciate how privileged and blessed we were to attend such a prestigious institution known as the University of Michigan. We received superior clinical and academic skills, but that was only a small part of what U of M gave us.” Comber said, “We had instructors that were passionate and truly cared about us as people, and not just as students. Our instructors were willing to go the extra mile to help us succeed.” She said Kerschbaum “made learning fun, challenged us to work hard and never give up, and was there for us when we needed her.” After receiving the Outstanding Faculty Award, Kerschbaum praised graduates as a “class that has excelled academically, clinically, and professionally.” Reminding them of their responsibility to patients and to society, Kerschbaum added, “You are now part of a legacy of the University, part of a legacy of the School of Dentistry, and I know you will carry forth the tradition of excellence in all you do.”

Graduation Speakers on the Web
You can listen to the remarks of all graduation speakers and see more than a dozen different photographs by clicking this link on the School of Dentistry’s Web site: www.dent.umich.edu/about/aboutschool/news/ grad2008/index.html

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D ENTAL H YGIENE N EWS
Essell Receives Hygienist Hero Recognition
Karen Essell, who received the Outstanding Dental Hygiene Alumnae Award during the School’s commencement program in May 2007, was also honored at the ADHA’s annual session this summer. She received the Johnson & Johnson/ ADHA Hygienist Hero Award for her efforts in raising oral health care awareness. The award is given to a dental hygienist for their dedication to promoting oral health in communities, the overall impact of their efforts based on the number of people reached, and the amount of time spent helping in communities. Essell has been a clinical dental hygienist since graduating from the School of Dentistry in 1969. Both were acknowledged for their academic achievements and their work with SADHA that included planning and hosting events, demonstrating initiative, and recognizing and developing the talents of SADHA members. During her three years with SADHA, Knorr was involved with community outreach activities that included Boys & Girls clubs, health fairs, and chairing the March of Dimes Health Walk. Sullivan, also involved for three years with SADHA, was editor of the group’s first newsletter and was a member of the organization’s fundraising committee that raised more than $800 in two years.

Layher Receives ADHA’s Top Honor
Mary Layher, a senior research lab specialist in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, received the 2008 Johnson & Johnson/ADHA Excellence in Dental Hygiene Award during the ADHA’s annual session this summer in Albuquerque, New Mexico. To be nominated, recipients must be ADHA members for at least 10 years, be active in the association, and must be nominated by a colleague. “It’s a huge honor to be recognized by my peers on a national level,” said Layher, a 1981 graduate of the U-M dental hygiene program. “This award would never have been possible without the educational opportunities and inspirational colleagues that surround me here at Michigan.” She acknowledged Drs. Hom-Lay Wang; William Giannobile; her father, C. Mark Gilson; and Prof. Wendy Kerschbaum “for their inspiration and professional encouragement.” Since becoming a staff dental hygienist in the Dental Faculty Practice at the School of Dentistry in 1990, Layher has been active as an educator, researcher, clinician, and health promoter. She has also served in leadership roles with local, state, and national dental hygiene organizations.

Sigma Phi Alpha Inducts New Members
The University of Michigan’s Nu chapter of the national dental hygiene honor society, Sigma Phi Alpha, inducted four new members this spring. Included below are; Rachel Knorr (left), Carrie Emmendorfer (second from left), Natasha Feller (second from right), and DH degree completion student Mary Clisch (third from left). Also pictured are Juana Gissendanner (center), faculty member, and Dr. Laurie McCauley, chair of the Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine (right).

Knorr, Sullivan Receive Honorable Mention for Outstanding Student Leader Award
For the first time, dental hygiene students received an award from the University of Michigan for their academic achievements and contributions to the Student American Dental Hygienists’ Association (SADHA). Rachel Knorr and Lindsey Sullivan received honorable mention for the U-M’s Outstanding Student Leader Award.

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A LUMNI N EWS
The husband and wife dental team of Jennifer Peitzke Virmani and Mohit Virmani, who both earned dental degrees from the U-M School of Dentistry in 2000, are practicing in Baltimore, Maryland. Earlier this year, they welcomed twin girls into their family, Marella and Lauren. Jed Jacobson (DDS 1978, MS 1982), senior vice president and chief science officer for Delta Dental of Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, and Indiana, was recently selected to serve as a member of the Industry Advisory Board for The Journal of the American Dental Association. The Board supports the activities and mission of the JADA. Before joining Delta Dental in 2001, Jacobson was a member of the School of Dentistry’s faculty for 23 years and was an associate professor, assistant dean of admissions, director of admissions, and assistant dean for community and outreach programs. Justin Dunmire (DDS 1942) of Lake Worth, Florida, who retired in 1979, celebrated his 94th birthday in late July. “I ride a stationary bicycle and work crossword puzzles every day,” he wrote. Dunmire also may have set an attendance record with “sixty years of perfect attendance in the Rotary Club.” Dick Shick (DDS 1954, MS 1960) of Flint, Michigan, will become the first University of Michigan School of Dentistry alumnus to serve as president of the International College of Dentists next year. He has been vice president of the organization and also was president of the group’s USA section in 2001. Lee Jones (DDS 1961), director of the School of Dentistry’s Office of Minority Affairs for 25 years, received the Civil Rights Award from the National Dental Association during its 95th annual convention in Detroit this summer.
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Joanne Dawley (DDS 1980) of Southfield, Michigan, received the Phenomenal Achievement & Leadership Award from the National Dental Association during its 95th annual convention in Detroit this summer.

In Memoriam
Prof. Albert Richards
(1917-2008)

Four U-M School of Dentistry graduates were recently elected to leadership positions in the 5,800 member Michigan Dental Association. They include: • Joanne Dawley (DDS 1980), president • William L. Wright (DDS 1957, MS 1984), president-elect • Debra Peters (DDS 1993), Speaker of the House of Delegates • Connie Verhagen (DDS 1986, MS 1986), treasurer In addition, Jeffrey Johnston (DDS 1982, MS 1986), was named editor of the monthly Journal of the Michigan Dental Association.

Four members of the Class of ’76 and their wives took a six-day tour of the canals of France this summer. Seen here are (left to right): Drs. Jay Roahen, Tim Gietzen, Bill Freccia, and Jay Werschky. “We’ve traveled with the same group before, but this was our first time on a barge,” Werschky said. This photo was taken on the barge La Nouvelle Etoile while cruising the canals of northeast France from Strasbourg to Nancy.

Professor Albert G. Richards, one of the world’s foremost authorities in dental radiography, died September 6. He was 91. Born in Chicago in 1917, Richards was a faculty member with the School of Dentistry for more than 40 years. He joined the School as an instructor in July 1940, was named professor of dentistry in 1959, and was the Marcus L. Ward Professor of Dentistry when he retired in 1981. An advanced amateur photographer who was making his own color prints in the 1930s when they were a rarity, Richards focused his interest on X-ray photography and its application to dentistry, teaching himself dental radiology. He earned a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering in 1940 from U-M, after transferring from Northwestern University, and a master’s degree in physics in 1943, also from U-M. What many faculty, students, and staff remember most about Richards were his floral radiographs that adorn a wall on the first-floor hallway near the main lobby in the School of Dentistry building. The radiographs show the petals and inner structures of the lily, calla lily, fuchsia, daffodil, cosmos, and iris. His accomplishments included inventing the recessed cone X-ray head, becoming the first dental radiologist to use electron microscopy to view the internal structure of teeth, and developing a technique that shows the topography of surfaces. Richards also developed a radiographic procedure that enables dentists and physicians to examine living tissue by layer and a method of determining the relative location of objects hidden in the oral region. He also developed a liquid mold technique for showing the topography of surfaces which have diverse applications elsewhere, such as in determining the fingerprints of burn victims. During his distinguished career, Richards earned numerous honors including the Meritorious Award from the Michigan Dental Association in 1972 and a special award from the Dental Society of Japan for developing the recessed cone X-ray head, which reduces stray radiation as dental X-rays are taken. Richards authored more than 100 publications, belonged to numerous professional organizations (including serving as president of the American Academy of Oral Roentgenology), was an honorary member of Omicron Kappa Upsilon and Sigma Phi Alpha honorary societies, a consultant to the Veterans’ Administration Hospital in Ann Arbor, and editor for several professional journals. He also held patents on seven inventions. In 2001, he received the Distinguished Service Award from the School of Dentistry’s Alumni Society Board of Governors for his service and contributions to the School and to the dental profession.

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You can read more about many of the stories in this issue of DentalUM by visiting our Web site. Stories from the previous issue are available at this link:
www.dent.umich.edu/alumni/dentalum/springsummer2008/index.php

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