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School: Ng Wah Catholic Secondary school Name: Date: Topic C8 Charging a capacitor at a constant rate (TAS) Tang Pak Lap 7th May 2007 ( 19 )

Class: Subject: Mark:

F.6B AL Physics

Objective To investigate the relationship between the charge on a capacitor and the p.d. across the capacitor by charging at a constant rate.

Apparatus        Capacitor, 500 µF Microammter, 100 µΑ Potentiometer100 kΩ Clip component holder Hand-held stop watch CRO Connecting leads

Procedure 1. 2. Connect the following circuit. Set the CRO to d.c. and the sensitivity to 1 Vcm- 1 Set the time base of the CRO to a high sweep rate so that a steady horizontal trace is displayed. Shift the trace to the bottom of the screen.
A-Level Practical Physics (Third Edition) © Oxford University Press 2005

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3. 4. 5.

Short out the capacitor by connecting a connecting wire across it (XY). Adjust the 100 kΩ potentiometer to a suitable value for a steady current to flow (e.g. 80μA). Remove the shorting wire and the capacitor will charge up. Repeat the above procedure and record the time for the capacitor to charge up at a constant rate. The potentiometer must be adjusted to keep a constant current flowing in the circuit.

6.

Measure the times for the CRO trace to move up by 1cm, 2cm, 3cm. The height is equivalent to the voltage across the capacitor. Tabulate the results.

Results P.d. across capacitor V/V Time t/s 6.15 12.06 18.87 25.28 32.22 1 2 3 4 5

A-Level Practical Physics (Third Edition)

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P.d. across the capacitor against time P.d. across capacitor V/V 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 6.15 12.06 18.87 25.28 32.22 Time t/s

A-Level Practical Physics (Third Edition)