Written Response Test

Sources

8th International Geography Olympiad

Taipei, Taiwan

July 29 - August 4 2010

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she receives a micro-loan through the Microfinance Sector Building Programme in Burkina (PRESEM). She can now buy millet in greater quantities in order to manufacture and sell a local brand of beer.undp. Through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). All these of these credit unions are located in remote areas in the south of Burkina Faso. because her parents could no longer afford her tuition. PRESEM has provided funds for the creation of 9 credit unions which provide loans and advice to people wanting to start their own businesses. PRESEM is a UNDP/UNCDF/Fédérations des Caisses populaires du Burkina joint programme. so that my daughters can stay in school and have better opportunities”. Today. “I work hard. she said. a growing number of women from Burkina Faso take advantage of financial services that allow them and their families to become self-reliant and enjoy better lives. She is doing well and her most important aim is to keep her four daughters in school. escaping poverty is difficult.org/ Without access to financial resources (money). while showing what she was able to buy for her two eldest daughters this year: a uniform for the older one and school supplies for the younger one. Its goal is to improve access to local financial services and especially to income-producing activities for women in order to boost the local economy. 3 .Section I - Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Women entrepreneurs in Burkina Faso Article by Kerstin Gossé http://www. 30 year-old Fatimata Leah Nahini was forced to drop out of school at the age of 12.

Fatimata Leah Nahini may not be rich. but her micro-loan gave her hope. putting away $370 in six months. “Not only do micro-loans increase the women’s income. I have my own account. Others raise sheep and cattle. they also boost their confidence. But if we do not save. who is in charge of women’s activities for the PRESEM credit unions. millet beer production. we can not feel at ease. A woman who got a loan and was able to pay it back with interest speaks with confidence and her status in the community improves”. “I make more money and I can help my husband with his expenses. Most of them spend the money on things such as : food products.Since the opening of the first credit unions in June 2009.” 4 . soumbala and donut manufacturing. said Kadiatou Koubere. 3500 women have benefited from micro-loans through 269 village-based credit unions. the money I put into it is for emergencies for my children and myself. as she started saving money.

000 201.Section II .000 106.000 151.000 Rank (R) 22 16 26 24 12 21 4 15 30 27 17 28 25 23 11 10 18 29 19 9 14 2 8 7 5 6 20 13 1 3 3.03 1.41 1.000 159. 1923-1952 Year 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 Peak one-day discharge in cfs* 148.000 223.000 247.000 148.000 53.82 Recurrence interval (T) 1.000 146.000 160.000 163.00 10.Flood Source 1: Annual peak one-day discharge for a stream.000 254.33 1.38 31.000 176.29 2.44 2.15 1.35 2.94 * cfs stands for cubic feet per second 5 .48 7.24 1.88 4.55 2.17 1.82 1.000 193.11 1.000 82.000 203.000 84.21 1.58 1.000 190.000 154.000 160.000 112.000 176.000 138.43 6.000 150.20 5.000 174.000 246.75 2.000 255.72 1.07 1.07 1.63 3.000 265.000 234.

Section III .Population Geography Source 1: Population pyramids for South Korea Source: National Statistical Office [South Korea] 6 .

K.25 4.S.08 Source: National Statistical Office [South Korea] Source 3: Transition from Aging to Super-Aged Society: the year in which selected countries reached or are projected to reach the % of population aged 65 and over France Aging society (7%) Aged society (14%) Super-aged society (20%) Germany Italy Japan South Korea 2000 U.2 1970 32 241 61.63 1.5 1980 38 124 65.Source 2: Selected Population Characteristics of South Korea Year Population (‘000) Life expectancy (years) Total fertility rate 1960 25 003 52.8 1990 42 869 71.5 2005 47 041 78. 1864 1932 1927 1970 1929 1942 1979 1972 1988 1994 2018 1976 2015 2018 2009 2006 2006 2026 2026 2036 Source: National Statistical Office [South Korea] 7 .28 1.A.4 6.69 2.02 1.58 2000 47 008 76. U.

Section IV .Land forms Source 1: Different types of land forms and landscapes A B C D E F 8 .

Agriculture and environment Source 1 9 .Section V .

Source 2a – The border region of Haiti and the Dominican Rupublic Source 2b – Evolution of population number in Haiti (x1000 inhabitants) 10 .

07‰ 52.750 km2 9.Source 2c – Some data on Haiti Indicator Area Population Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate Literacy Population below poverty line GDP per capita Oil reserves Oil production Natural gas reserves Value 27.9% 80% 1.300 USD 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 .2 million inhabitants 3.72 58.

Section VI .Natural hazards Source 1 Disasters of the 21st century A B 12 .

C D 13 .

E F 14 .

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