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January - March 2008
Official Community Newspaper of UP Los Baños
Volume 10, No. 01
Economics expert and Albay Governor Jose Clemente “Joey” Salceda is the keynote speaker at UPLB’s 36th Commencement Program on April 26. Gov. Salceda served as chief of staff of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2007 and representative of the third district of Albay from 1998 to 2007. Following the horrific damage and loss of lives that typhoon Reming caused in Albay in 2006, Gov. Salceda initiated the launching of the Albay in Action on Climate Change (A2C2) in October 2007. As one of its first initiatives, A2C2 brought together multisectoral support for the Albay Declaration on Climate Change. Gov. Salceda described the declaration as “the embodiment of our solemn pledge to confront the challenges posed by radical shifts occurring in our planet.” Representatives of key government offices signed the Albay declaration. These are the Department of Agriculture, Environmental Management Bureau, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Energy, National Economic Development Authority, Advisory Council on Climate Change
Adaptation, and international development agencies such as the World Bank, the United Nations, and the Asian Development Bank. Gov. Salceda filed three important measures in Congress. He was the principal sponsor and co-author, respectively, of Republic Act No. 8751 or the Countervailing Duty Law, Republic Act No. 8752 or the Anti-Dumping Duty Law, and Republic Act No. 8800 or the Safeguard Measures Law. These measures are critical in allowing the country to protect the interests of domestic farmers while realizing the full benefits of the country’s membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO). Gov. Salceda’s expertise in economics and finance saw him holding leadership posts in Congress. In the 11th Congress, he chaired the Committee on Trade and Industry and served as vice chair of the ways and means and economic affairs committees, a rare feat for a neophyte. He was the first to chair the newly constituted Committee on Oversight in the 12th Congress. The committee published reports on the
performance of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2001, 2002 and 2003 based on the SONA commitments. He also served as vice chair of the committees on approporiations, agriculture, trade and industry, economic affairs, energy, public works and highways, and higher technical education. In the 13th Congress, Gov. Salceda chaired the powerful committees on appropriations and economic affairs. He instituted the Joint Economic Committee of the two congressional houses to provide a venue to evaluate the government’s economic reports and monetary policy, and serve as a feedback loop mechanism on the state of the economy. Before joining the legislature, Gov. Salceda was the research director of SBC Warburg, a division of Swiss Bank Corporation and of Barings Securities Phils., now the ING Group. During his term, the Barings research team was voted number one in 12 international surveys of fund managers. While with UBS, he was voted among the top five
Gov. Joey Salceda
analysts in a 1996 survey of Philippine fund managers. He was voted by foreign fund managers in Asiamoney’s Annual Survey as “Best Analyst” in 1995 and “Best Economist” from 1993 to 1996. A USAID scholar, Gov. Salceda finished his Masters in Business Management at the Asian Institute of Management where he graduated with distinction in 1990. He finished BS Management Engineering, cum laude, at the Ateneo de Manila University in 1982. (wikipedia)
View a live coverage of the commencement program at http:// www.webstream.uplb.edu.ph/
AKECOP-Phils holds int’l mangrove training
The ASEAN-Korea Environmental Cooperation Project through the Office of AKECOP Coordination in the Philippines (OACP) at the College of Forestry and Natural Resources (CFNR) conducted an international training course entitled “ShortTerm Training on Forest Ecosystem Valuation: Focus on Mangrove Forests” at The Legend Palawan, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan on Feb. 12-17 The training course was attended by 12 junior researchers: one each from Cambodia, Myanmar, and Vietnam; two each from Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines; and three from Thailand. Participants also included Dr. Don Koo Lee, AKECOP project leader; Dr. Sang Won Ahn, ASEAN-Korea Environmental Cooperation Unit (AKECU) secretary general; and Ms. Min Kyoung Baek, AKECU project assistant and finance officer. The training course tackled basic principles in economics, economic evaluation in the sustainable management of mangrove forests, valuation methods in mangrove utilization, cost-benefit analysis in evaluating mangrove forest restoration
(L-R) Dr. Don
(L-R) Chancellor Luis Rey I. Velasco, Presidential Management Staff Head Cerge Remonde and Regent Romulo Davide at a meeting held in line with the nationwide implementation of FSTP.
PGMA issues EO 710 to adopt FSTP nationwide
As part of government’s plan to develop at least two million hectares of new agribusiness lands, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed Executive Order (EO) 710 or the “Nationwide Adoption of the Corn-Based Farmer-Scientists Research, Development and Extension (RDE) Training Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development to Liberate Poor Farmers from the Bondage of Poverty and Hunger” effective Feb. 27, 2008. The concept behind the FarmerScientists Training Program (FSTP) is the knowledge transfer of agriculture sciences to the people for better sustainability. It can be considered a science of ecoregions since it is closely linked to soil properties and climate which are never exactly the same from one place to another. It also relies on local weather and soil characteristics where specific crops have to be studied locally. FSTP also seeks to understand production systems and human interactions with nature. Through the program, farmers will learn the scientific methods of managing all locally available resources in order to maximize food production. Various technology options that performed best in the area will be made available to them through FSTP experiments, including the improvement of services provided by government and non-government stakeholders. Headed by Dr. Romulo G. Davide, professor emeritus of the Crop Protection Cluster, College of Agriculture (CA), FSTP will cover all upland areas where most farmers who grow corn and other food crops are still living in poverty and hunger. Farmers living in fourth, fifth and sixth class municipalities located in the ten priority provinces under the Hunger Mitigation Program will be the EO’s main target. The nationwide implementation of FSTP will be a coordinative effort of the agrarian reform, environment and natural resources, science and technology, and interior and local government departments; local government units, state universities and colleges; non-government organizations; and
(See PGMA.., p. 3)
alternatives, and criteria and indicators in sustainable mangrove forest management. It also came up with a common framework for mangrove forest valuation research for AKECOP. Speaking at the opening ceremonies, Dr. Lee said that the training helps researchers in the ASEAN region to build their capacities in managing scarce natural resources and to promote the wellbeing of people in forests. He emphasized the important role that mangroves and other coastal forest ecosystems play, as highlighted by the tsunami that hit several Asian countries in 2004. Dr. Lee said that the economic value of mangrove forests has not been sufficiently analyzed and remains unknown to researchers in the region. “I believe that the training course will be useful in preventing the rapid degradation and conversion of mangrove forests for unsustainable land uses,” he added. In his keynote speech, Chancellor Luis Rey I. Velasco talked about the bias towards cash economic returns over environmental (See mangrove.., p. 3)
Koo Lee, AKECOP project leader, Dr. Lucrecio L. Rebugio, AKECOP Philippines coordinator, and Dr. Sang Won Ahn, AKECU secretary general plant mangrove propagules in Barangay San Jose, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan.
photo taken from www.albay.gov.ph
Economics whiz is UPLB commencement speaker
Engr. CEAT has truly established itself as one of the best providers of engineering education in the country today. It continued to develop and retool its faculty and staff. fifth (in agricultural engineering). agricultural communication. 10. The symposium provided a venue to discuss the changing role of applied social sciences in sustainable agriculture and community development. This is especially manifested by the excellent performance of its graduates in the different professional board examinations in engineering that has established CEAT as one of the top performers among engineering schools in the Philippines.. Ruben L. Pingali’s talk on “Global Change and Rural Communities: Is Sustainable Development Still Possible?” focused on dramatic global changes that impact on rural communities such as urbanization. 1972. The symposium featured eight plenary and 19 session presentations of well-known academicians. Dr. Copeland (19091917). while four completed their MS degree. along with a few devoted men.generated technologies. it contributed to the quest for alternative fuels through research on jatropha biofuel. CEAT completed the construction of the Hydraulic laboratory and the Agricultural Machinery Division building. At its 1167th meeting on January 30. the CA was led by exemplary men and women from practically every field of endeavor in agriculture: Dr. Two faculty members completed their Ph. Berkjala pig and Los Baños cantonese chicken. the UPCA grew by leaps and bounds with the establishment of units undertaking the study of botany. Today. and farming systems. second. Arboleda (1993-1999). and Engr. CEAT has much to celebrate about as its graduates performed excellently in the professional board exams in 2007. agricultural education. it strives hard to reassert its role as a trailblazer in agricultural education. The CEAT revised the civil engineering. Two of the plenary session speakers were Dr. facilities. Inc. Gelia T. crop protection. Engr. research and extension. development and extension. Bienvenido M. Enriquez.) The CA through the century academic. research and extension activities. food science. Velasco (1999-2002). Just recently. Distinguished speakers talked on various topics in the parallel sessions on: 1) institutions. . Rommel P. Dr. Baker (1917-1927). Prof. Jaime Aristotle Alip. 27 and organized the Alternative Energy Exhibit and Symposium on Oct. first. 28. second (in chemical engineering). Candida B. Others were granted fellowships. Gonzalez (1927-1939). Articles may be on instruction. plant pathology. and Engr. UPLB gained greater autonomy in * (*This features UPLB colleges and research units that celebrated their anniversaries during the period of publication. Lozada Jr. Dr. Edwin B. For the coming decade. high yielding crop varieties approved for commercial use. Ernesto P. 2003. Facilities improvement and infrastructure development proceeded at a brisk pace. Dr. Cledualdo B. dairy training and research. Dolores Torres.D. Dr. the CEAT continuously acquired books. research and extension in the tradition of service and distinctive excellence. and outreach activities like the Farmer-Scientist Training Program). third. Rola. MRSantiago and excerpts from the 2007 CEAT Report of Accomplishments ) CPAf charts its future The College of Public Affairs (CPAf) brought together an august list of experts in the field of sustainable agriculture and development to help chart its program directions as it celebrated its tenth year of existence on Jan. Over the years. fourth (in electrical engineering). and in the light of the millennium development goals. animal science. The celebration was also marked by a program recognizing its outstanding personnel and a sportsfest. During the recognition rites. horticulture. Dr. the CA launched the AgriPark. and administrative staff in opening the exhibit. witnessed the signing. Pingali. Sanchez. Ella led the faculty. The CA has since then transformed into what it is today: an academic unit of the UPLB that has continued to pursue a strong program of instruction. agricultural engineering. (J Cadoc-Reyes) CEAT personnel at their outreach activity at GK Los Baños. rural economics. CPAf organized in collaboration with the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) a symposium on “The Changing Role of the Applied Social Sciences in Agriculture and Community Development” on Jan. CARD-MRI managing director. Castillo. Villareal (1985-1993). and 4) science and technology policy for development. It organized the First Corn Mechanization Congress on Feb. Dr. Dr. Velasco and Dr. (SC Seminiano and AL Lantican) CEAT: bearing the mark of sterling on silver As the College of Engineering and Agro-industrial Technology (CEAT) celebrated its silver anniversary in “serving the people through excellence in engineering” on Feb. sent to training courses. the UP Board of Regents approved the establishment of the UPCA and on June 14. Edillorana. curricular programs. migration. Makiling. research.2 January . president of CARD Bank. Marvin C. Bernardo (1973-1974). On March 6. a one-stop shop showcasing CA. To sustain its competitive edge as a center of excellence and as a leader in research. and climate change. the new college opened with 27 students in attendance. Roman leads the ribbon cutting ceremony to formally open the Agri Trade Fair and Technology Demo during the foundation day celebration of the CA on March 6. The following made it to the top ten in the board exams: Engr. Ericson B. administrative and fiscal matters. 20. Some of the CPAf staff and students who joined the sportsfest held during the College’s 10th foundation day celebration. Perez (1974-1984). Gordolan. R. and Ms. agricultural chemistry. Prabhu L. mission and vision. Fernando A. scientists and practitioners. it did so with confidence that its products and outputs bear a mark similar to that of sterling on silver. Umali (19591969). a botanist. signed a memorandum of agreement granting to UPLB the CARD-MRI Professorial Chair in Microfinance and Social Development. Cecilio UP President Emerlinda R. remittances. information access/ system. It can be said that at 25 years. (MVLLarona. home technology. Chancellor Luis Rey I. 1909. Dioscoro L. increasing food and energy prices. and received professorial chair awards. CPAf will continue to carry out its mission to provide the academic leadership in instruction. 1945-1959). 3) social development and poverty reduction. Zandstra’s presentation on “Community-University Research Alliance in Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges for the Social Sciences” traced the evolution of community-based research from its early days in the late ’60s and the role of social scientists and universities from the ’70s to the new millenium. references and journals for its library. governance and delivery of services. a makeshift classroom-tent was pitched in the wilderness at the foot of Mt. 2) strategies for community resource management for sustainable development. Dr. 26 with an exhibit highlighting the history. Leopoldo B. 26-29. The UPCA and the School of Forestry became the core of what is now UPLB as it was declared UP’s first autonomous campus on Nov. Meanwhile. Patrick I. Adalla (2002 to present). Rommel P. Uichanco (1939-1943. a member of the CARD Inc.March 2008 Milestones When agricultural science was still little heard of almost a century ago. Faustino T. Aside from its continuing instruction function. Charles F. 1909. Engr. improved/new varieties of ornamentals and fruits. and accomplishments of the different CEAT units. Even as it kept vigilant watch over its degree programs to ensure their relevance. public service and policy advocacy. Some of the CA’s notable accomplishments in research/ development and extension are the development of stocks of Philamin cattle. It will also enable CPAf to formulate theories and methods in development and governance studies in support of national goals in the agriculture and rural sectors and in communities in transition. Poja. and Engr. soil science. former director general of the International Potato Center (CIP) in Lima. It upgraded the computer simulation laboratory of the Industrial Engineering Department with the acquisition of 10 computer units capable of running the recent versions of simulation software for production design. Orillo (1970-1973). first. As the college nears its centenary. Dr. Dr. and Dr. globalization and trade integration. growing interest on biofuels. Dr. Francisco O. Such were the beginnings of the first agricultural college in the tropics. Noel C. 29-30 at the SEARCA headquarters. CEAT Dean Victor B. agronomy. Board of Trustees. it continued to contribute to nation building with the development of engineering technologies under the auspices of the Agricultural Mechanization Development Program. industrial engineering and the electrical engineering curricular programs. REPS. the CA was reorganized with interdisciplinarity and the need for holistic problem solving in mind. Luis Rey I. Dr. laid the foundations of the UP College of Agriculture (UPCA). Petingco. CA offers BS Agriculture and BS Food Technology. Through the years. The celebration started on Feb. It also jointly offers BS Agricultural Chemistry with the College of Arts and Sciences. research and extension activities as well as on activities that are held in line with the UP Centennial Celebration. Peru. CPAf Dean Agnes C. Santos (1943-1945). CEAT conducted activities in research and extension in 2007. the UP BOR approved the structural reorganization of the CA. Hubert Zandstra. Edwin Bingham Copeland. Moreover. head of the Agricultural Policy and Statistics Division of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Dr.
Lucrecio Rebugio and Dr. 2008 to January 31. partnered with the Office of the Mayor of Alaminos.. said “We wanted to share to the members of this newly formed organization what we know about dancing. As part of the city’s celebration. environmentalists. Like Daangpulo. Pol Q. Funds needed to carry out EO 710 will be sourced from the regular budget of the key agencies that are involved in its implementation. Led by staunch environment advocate and Puerto Princesa Mayor Edward S. 2008. Dr. Benjamin Reuel G. Oriental Negros.The training course resource persons were Dr. Contributors : Cabrera. 2008 to January 31. which showcased Philippine folk and ethnic dances. home of the famed Hundred Islands. Mahalin Ko. 2011. effective February 1. the Spanishinfluenced Polka sa Plaza and La Jota. It featured a pre-dawn planting of 7. They experienced the Mangrove Paddleboat Tour. Marites G. Bantayan and Ma. Asa Jose U. 2008 to December 31. chair. This new scientific agricultural strategy is expected to improve farmers’ skills and attitudes towards entrepreneurial farming and consequently. De Roma • Writers: Maria Leah J. and local and international tourists. Paragas. alleviate poverty and hunger among the poor and marginalized farmers. (MS Cabrera) New Officials Dr.March 2008 3 Sandayaw helps Alaminos City in culture tourism The UPLB Sandayaw Cultural Group has widened its scope as a bearer of rich Philippine cultural heritage by assisting Alaminos City in Pangasinan in promoting cultural tourism and awareness through dance. Please send your contributions to OPR. The participants also visited the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park. Leyte. Mario V. Sandayaw and Daangpulo performed on March 16 at the Alaminos Auditorium in the dance concert. Jovita Dela Cruz. Hagedorn. Diomedes A. De Roma. Borromeo. values and ecological benefits. and Mss.000 mangrove propagules in a 15-hectare ocean front area in Barangay San Jose by Palaweños. the latter known to have originated from Pangasinan. Serlie B. from p. Floribel D. Seoul National University in Seoul. research and extension updates. Perilla as director of the newly created Center for Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurship. Ms. Camacho of CFNR. The organizing team was composed of Dr. 2011. The workshop aimed to teach Alaminian dance enthusiasts Philippine folk dances such as Palok and Manmanok of the Highland Cordilleras. College of Development Communication. Sandayaw and the Office of Initiatives in Culture and the Arts. with the Department of Agriculture as lead agency. foreign dignitaries. Margaret M. Rebugio.000 seedlings and 5. Apolinario L. Dr. Calderon and Dr. and Mindoro Occidental. 2008. Araguas . Halika Na. The UPLB Horizon is issued quarterly and features news. Veluz. Bohol. Oruga • Rosario B. DENR-Region IV executive director. Dr. Leni D. Lanitcan. Bo. I’m very proud that we have shared the same passion to the Alaminos group. training evaluator. Abel B. Yee as director of the newly created Office for Initiatives in the Culture and the Arts. (SC Seminiano) • Issue Editor-in-Chief : Prof. Bo. Racelis as associate dean of the College of Forestry and Natural Resources. and dances from the countryside like Tinikling and Binasuan. Dr. effective May 1. Dr. Circulation : Palivino • Photos : Eisen BV Bernardo. The trainees and organizers participated in “Love Affair with Nature. Luz P. Guests during the opening ceremony included Hon. Sandayaw group director and professor at the Department of Human Kinetics.” Prof. but are at the expense of the environment. minister and consul general of the Embassy of the Republic of Korea and For. the world’s longest navigable underground river and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. “The cutting of mangrove forests for timber and charcoal and the conversion of mangrove areas into commercial fishponds and shrimp farms suggest improper valuation of resources” Dr. Santiago. We are going to teach them the dances. These agencies are expected to provide not less than two percent of their annual budget allocated for RDE Programs for the FSTP operations. Mervin John C. Jr. Talubo • Layout : Ray Angelo P. effective February 1. Ignacio. we want to teach them how to preserve these dances as well.. Dizon. We are a very young group but we are thriving. but more than that. Dr. Paras. Eisen Bernard V. (RB Bantayan) PGMA.” an event organized by the Office of the City Mayor. 2008 to June 30. 2011. Josefina T.January . Simeona C. training staff. As stipulated in EO 710. Nicetas C. Cereno. Ma. the Muslim dances Malong and Singkil. Cruz as dean of the College of Forestry and Natural Resources. Angeles as officer-in-charge of the Legal Office effective January 1. Dizon of the College of Public Affairs. Rex Victor O. UPLB will also provide annually at least P 1. Larona. Tirol Editors : Josephine M. The training course was funded by the AKECU which is based at the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.. effective February 1. Jo Ann A. government officials. Seminiano. effective January 2. effective February 15. to conduct the workshop “Palihan Sandaan 2008” on all weekends of February. Calderon. Alaminos celebrated its annual fiesta dubbed as 2008 Hundred Islands Global Homecoming on March 14-18 with the theme. an ecotourism activity in a mangrove forest along Sabang River that allows a deeper appreciation of the ecological significance of mangrove ecosystems as well as the unique features of different mangrove species found in the island. Bantayan. The EO also directed the College of Forestry and Natural Resources to facilitate the enhancement of science and extension curricula of FSTP in upland development. Vicente S. South Korea.com or telefax no. Maria Victoria L. 2011. Stella C. (049) 536-3604. Caesar M. 2008 to February 14. Mark S. from p. Sandayaw started from scratch. who represented DENR Undersecretary Demetrio L. 2008 to January 31. e-mail: opaa_uplb@yahoo. the CA through the Agricultural Systems Cluster will act as the FSTP national center for operation and management. 2008 and April 1. 2008 to April 30. Baroña-Cruz. Dr. Aroen Co…Gali La” or Bayan Ko. Nasino • Mariss D. FSTP has covered the provinces of Cebu. 2011. Hong Sungmog. “Baley Co. Camacho. the event is an annual festival held during Valentines Day. Compostela Valley. Isang Pagpupugay. Siquijor. De la Cruz added. Jaine Cadoc-Reyes. Atty.0 million funding assistance in kind for the program. The partnership was instrumental in the birth of the pioneering Daangpulo Folkloric Group that will help promote the city as a premiere tourist destination. Velasco added. Rosario B. Jamias as chair of the Department of Science Communication. Joan Pauline P. Marife R. Sajise of the College of Economics and Management. Dr. This has resulted in management priorities that are production-oriented. 1. Dr. Bernardo. 1. The Sandayaw Cultural Group Mangrove. Dr. 2008 to March 31. literary pieces and information of general interest to UPLB and its publics. Josephine M. Marte as college secretary of the College of Veterinary Medicine. Mervin John C. feature articles.. training coordinators.
According to her superiors. molds metal wires to form tRNAs. Clemen volunteered to work as a back up technician. One might ask. She is like a mother who knows in her heart that her institute works on a tight budget. Indeed. an Ilocano magazine. “Discipline starts with being observant of time. Teaching these values and having excellent teaching skills made her UPLB’s Outstanding Teacher for the Social Sciences and Humanities in 1990. Nepomuceno of the Institute of Biological Sciences (IBS). And so. is not your typical guy. Nepomuceno. averting burglary in one case and being instrumental in the recovery of valuable items in another. Salvador. have it published. She is also a creative writer who has kept her pencil sharp through the years. passionate conservationist. that Makiling is the place to be. Prof. Pete Alviola who showed him that lectures can be made riveting and exciting. She believes that if a teacher is late.D. JC has profoundly touched his students’ lives by inculcating a deep appreciation for the courses that he teaches and as his students said. high NMAT score. To help preserve native culture. In fact.” says JC. Not one to rest on his laurels. nary a hint of doubt. Ronald and Richard. Ms. She has written short plays.” She also believes that being observant and having a voracious appetite for reading are key qualities in order to improve writing ability. Seeing the difficulty that students go through to fetch water for their plants.” she emphasized. Commitment and strong motivation fuel JC’s creativity as a teacher: students and colleagues say that JC teaches with aplomb. has always been a diligent staff. He selects the good ears from corn harvested from students’ experiments and dries and stores them properly so that the CPC would not have to buy planting materials for the following semester’s experiment. Ms. for stoking the embers of patriotic fervor in them. Clemente C. poetry. Proof is the special award in creative writing that UPLB gave her on the occasion of its foundation day celebration on March 7. Ms. Models and mock-ups come in handy in enabling students to visualize concepts and abstractions as well as things that are not visible to the naked eye. Most of her pieces. and a loving wife to Diego Nepomuceno. It is plain luck for UPLB that these include being the best teacher that he could be and being where he can best teach wildlife and zoology. Indeed. He is also the building administrator and staffin-charge of the Biocon building of the CPC. Writing has since brought her selfactualization and fulfillment. an Iluko Asuncion Gonzalez convinced and inspired him to teach. wellpublished wildlife researcher. (JAA Oruga) Nepomuceno Salvador . Her love of the Iloko culture is evident in her work. JC is soon going to the UK for his Ph. Her diligence and dedication to her work is reflected in her unstinting service to the Genetics and Molecular Biology Division of the IBS. CA. “The Philippines has a very rich biodiversity and there are not enough teachers to teach people about it. Prof. Gonzalez. JC is a dedicated mentor who lays much premium on his vocation and advocacy as to say. She then writes her literary pieces using her observations. “There are no perfect writers. He helps optimize the use of CPC resources by recycling materials that are used in land preparation such as bamboo stakes and strings. how could classes in zoology. English. As part of her advocacy to preserve endangered Iloko traditions. were published in Bannawag. and ensured that frogs and cockroaches that are used in instruction are always available.March 2008 JC. Her multitasking skills are put to test when she has to attend to numerous calls. Andy Dans who Sharpened pencil Prof. Countless times. Nepomuceno has applied her creativity. She developed a refined and more accurate and cheap Allium root technique for producing specimens for mitotic slides. Leo Rimando and Dr. Nepomuceno devised tools and procedures for researchers and students of genetics and biology such as a cheap and effective onion strategy for mitotic chromosome investigation. If you think there is something unique about what you have written. the motherhood statements? Education plays a very important role in enlightening our people on our rich biodiversity. Asuncion is more than the teacher who bagged two best actress awards at the Faculty Follies (in 1995 and in 2006). and bird enthusiast. Clemen goes out of his way even on weekends to ensure that the BioCon building is safe and secure. Ms. she has been given an outstanding performance rating for several years now. His dedication to his craft is borne by his abiding desire to contribute to conservation initiatives. Clemen designed and installed a water system that has since then been used as an alternative to the unreliable CES irrigation system. (JM Bo) ballad. a naturalist and a nationalist A career in medicine and a life in the US. But underneath his quiet and mild exterior is a dependable worker. She anticipates both dictionaries to be published in 2010. like a mother whose love and concern for her family knows no bounds. He assures us that he will be coming back. lullabies and hymns. One could almost say it is plain luck that UPLB is at the foothills of the venerable mountain. financial backing. This has motivated him to provide practical solutions to problems and inexpensive alternatives to procedures at his work station. 2008 Outstanding Teacher in the Biological Sciences. she has also written and performed a dallot. JC has his favorite mentors to thank for this: Prof. Yes. The luster of his award is burnished by a simple work ethic that views service and accountability beyond the temporal. Ruperta VR. As simple as his work ethic may be. Martina A. Ms. Her love affair with writing started when she wrote essays and poetry for her college school paper. in conservation biology. Asuncion is a stickler for discipline and imparts the value of hard work to her students. was given the 2008 Outstanding Blue Collar Personnel Award. and labels buttons to represent amino acids. He is in charge of collecting insect and plant specimens for crop protection and entomology classes. CAS. “I think this is the reason why I am here. Asuncion self-financed a research to come up with the Dictionary of Gender and Sexuality. a constructive problem solver and dedicated public servant who has contributed much to teaching and research at the Crop Protection Cluster (CPC). including the novelette “Awanen iti agarubos pay a luak” (I have no more tears to shed). (JM Bo) Transcending expectations UPLB has recognized another one of its outstanding administrative staff yet again. She painstakingly sews buttons as nucleotides. 15-30 boundaries. Clemen provides support to faculty members and students in conducting field experiments. the IBS enlisted her support and help. Robert. her cheerful and pleasant disposition never wanes. Laboratory Aide II. Talk to people who write well because you will learn from them.” he added. To an ordinary guy. Don’t be ashamed to have your work checked by another person. When the CPC experienced difficulty in hiring service technicians to install termite bait stations around University buildings. artistic bent. these are the ingredients for success. She is also working on the Ilokano-Amianan Dictionary in collaboration with the University of Hawaii in Manoa where she documents Ilokano words and their variants in various Ilokanospeaking provinces. JC has chucked opportunities to live and work in the land of milk and honey in much the same way that he gave up the chance to become a medical doctor.” (JAA Oruga) Profoundness in a simple work ethic He could be easily dismissed as an ordinary worker who defines civil service within the 8-5. despite the pitiful salary at the state university and the pull of well-paying teaching jobs such as one offered to him at a university in California. and to always be ready to help. novels. Filipino and Iluko. But what separates her from the rest is her ability to keep calm and cheerful even when Herculean tasks are at hand. As an educator. Trust that he will for he has defined the parameters of success on his own terms. it might be instructive to sit in one of JC’s classes. When the UP Open University held the BIO F lab during the summer term. a mother to three children. written in any of the three languages. and moral support from his family notwithstanding. Nepomuceno has transcended the limits of expected accomplishments as a laboratory technician. She has a simple tip for aspiring writers: “Write anything under the sun. and her patience to handcrafting these instructional materials that would have cost the IBS much. we hear politicians talk about it all the time but who will go beyond the generalities. and the late Dr. Nepomuceno has set up and maintained a biogarden and arboretum for immediate availability of plant specimens used in research and instruction. Otherwise.4 January . She herself was never late for class. wildlife and ornithology do these? For the teachers out there in need of improving their craft. But Juan Carlos “JC” T. Ms. JC would have taken his love for teaching elsewhere in the country where he would be in continual communion with the creatures of his curiousity and fascination. essays. is 2008 UPLB Outstanding Administrative Personnel. stage plays. then he/she is guilty of simple corruption. it has ensured Clemen a place among the few who have earned the University’s recognition. ballads. thus facilitating continuity in implementing the special project. She gets ideas for her characters by observing people and writing her observations on strips of paper that she carries around in a plastic portfolio. she imparts all her knowledge and skills and shares her time and effort to ensure that the IBS is able to save on resources. namely. She also mass reared insect specimens for genetic studies and researches. She says.
then she will not have been a successful mentor. to video and photo coverages. does. darkroom equipment and projectors. Her work ethic since her days as a graduate student still has not changed. in extension education at UPLB. IDs and nametags. It is not uncommon for her to read reference books. their efforts could be instrumental in alleviating the worsening food and nutrition situation in the country and the rest of the world. outstanding researcher Excellence may come with time. staff and students of the College of Development Communication (CDC). Innovativeness and ingenuity to solve problems is innate in Tito Aga. (EBV Bernardo) UPLB’s BioChemistry Team blazes the trail in biotechnology Finding workable solutions to the food and nutrition crisis is never an easy job. country collaborator of the APN-funded Project on Integrated Vulnerability Assessment of Coastal Systems in Southeast Asia and East Asia. Dr. or it may be pursued with passion. journals and term papers into the wee hours of the morning. His congenial disposition has made him everyone’s friend. He performs tasks that are beyond his workload. he heads the Statistical Modeling Division and concurrently coordinator for extension of INSTAT. the Horizon featured the outstanding personnel and the outstanding research team who were recognized on the occasion of UPLB’s 99th Foundation Day celebration on March 6. These traits make him deserving of the 2008 UPLB Outstanding Office Personal Award. Dr. he is service exemplified Because of his being very punctual (in Filipino.* January . He always arrives at his office ahead of everybody. one will surely find Dr. He also maintains and landscapes the indoor garden of the CDC building. Baconguis’ love for learning and the inspiration she derives from her students is evident in her belief that if her students will only learn what she as a teacher knows. among the most significant of which is a knowledge-based crop forecasting system for rice and corn production in the Philippines. persistence.preparation of training materials such as manuals. he designed improvised contraptions for LCD projector platform to protect the unit from overheating. It was during her stint at the Development Academy of the Philippines in Davao City where she developed an interest in training and development. Laurena. Felino P. (MLJ Baroña-Cruz) Sharing a love for learning Although she came from a family of educators. He is also the current president of the Gamma Sigma Delta Honor Society of AgricultureUPLB Philippines Chapter.D. including some graduate students. Dr. His research results were useful in the development of adaptation and mitigation measures and have been used as bases for the development of crop insurance coverage options and for the formulation of a calamity fund by Quedancor. His involvement in international activities include serving as vice-chair of the International Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) of the Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone Research Network. His research work is without a doubt a hand offered to agriculture. Mendoza. her husband. Antonio C. Teaching was still farthest from her mind as she went on to work as an investments specialist at the Board of Investments in Makati and as a medical representative for Metro Pharma in Batangas. planning and development. Tito Aga is equipped with mastery in operating various audiovisual and educational communication technologies. they were able to develop a transgenic papaya with delayed ripening traits.March 2008 5 * Everyday People features just about anybody in the University who is more than a glance. Tito Aga is a highly responsible steward and a very dependable worker. Lansigan currently heads the UPLB-DENR Technical Working Group and is co-chair of the UPLB Interdisciplinary Program on Climate Change. and goes home late in order to provide the educational technology needs of CDC’s faculty and students. Some of his colleagues call him the “one-man team” because of his ability to “run” a workshop even without the pool of faculty trainers. Lansigan was part of an international group that worked for the recognition of environmental statistics as a scientific discipline and through which he promoted the use of systems modeling and simulation as a tool in agricultural research. as the outstanding graduate student of the College of Public Affairs in 2002. just six years from the time she started as a faculty member of the university. UPLB’s Most Outstanding Research Team for 2008. does not wait for it. Dr. Lansigan has provided opportunities for several UPLB staff and Filipino colleagues to take part in international scientific gatherings. operating. Dr. That same year. pregnant and with a oneyear-old daughter in tow. Baconguis handles graduate major courses in extension education and core courses like philosophical ideas in development and administrative theory. In the early 1990s. she completed her Ph. Fully complemented by a highly capable technical and project support staff. Having been with the college for 28 years now. with a pioneering multidisciplinary UPLB team. an administrative assistant at the Department of Educational Communication. Chances are. patience and a strong work ethic. member of the SSC of the Global Water System Project. notepads. Lansigan finished BS (1975) and MS in Statistics (1977) in UPLB and a Ph. In 1997. Evelyn Mae Tecson-Mendoza. He can do almost every task efficiently . This delayed ripening trait known as “Enhanced Solo” (See BioChem. cum laude. there aren’t that many who seek perfection of their craft to the degree that Dr. He earned the monicker as the “lens man” because he is regularly requested to photo and video document various campus events. The following year. Through his international research network. a formidable unit led by Dr. his punctuality is just one of the many traits that make him an exceptional civil servant. she was hired by the UPLB as an assistant professor at the Institute of Community Education (ICE). In fact. was relocated from Davao City to Los Baños. However. Estimado was given the nickname “Tito Aga” by the faculty. He also did crop modeling and simulation to evaluate the performance of major crops under different environmental conditions. Transgenic means that the genes came from a different species. He reports to work long before the first classes at seven in the morning are held. She looks forward to the sessions because she likes to share her knowledge with fellow teachers and learn from their experiences as well.. Before each semester starts. next page) The Crop Science Cluster’s Biochemistry Research Team Estimado .. Tito Aga. then an executive for a crop protection company. and trouble shooting audiovisual equipment – including cameras. Lansigan.Cotabato.D. At UPLB. Garcia is responsible for some of the most pioneering and innovative ‘knowledge products’ in the country. Lansigan has conducted on-farm research. reviewer of the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC Technical Working Group II. He does this without any additional compensation and does not even reflect this in his daily time record. One day. she joined her husband in Los Banos and found herself enrolling for a Ph. she dreamed of becoming a nurse. Dr. professor at the Institute of Statistics (INSTAT). she has already earned a coveted spot in the roll of the university’s outstanding mentors in the field of social sciences and humanities. but if there’s one team which can stand up to the challenge. Dr. But. he mastered installing. The Biochemistry Research Team. and provision of technical assistance during training.D. Rowena Baconguis admits that she never aspired to become a teacher. on the use of advanced seasonal climate information. In fact. it is none other than the Crop Science Cluster’s BioChemistry Research Team. and reproduction and delivery of training reports. For this issue. Lansigan. students unanimously voted him as “Outstanding Staff” during the CDC’s 9th anniversary celebration in 2007. maaga). 2008. As a young girl growing up in a university town in Kabacan. Learning to be an extension educator was a tough journey as she juggled motherhood and her studies. from the Ateneo de Davao University in 1989. and visual aids. He is a multi-tasker who has consistently shown passion to serve the university beyond the call of duty. Roberta N. in hydrology and water resources at Colorado State University in 1982. Dr. prepare the classrooms. Felino P. Baconguis in a seminarworkshop for faculty members handling sessions on the philosophy and psychology of education. Now. maintaining. diligently reporting every Saturday to open the CDC building. This method marks his body of work in research.(AP Dominguita) Lansigan Baconguis By any moniker. Lansigan. Dr. he pursues it with a bow and arrow. Through hard work. and reviewer of the UNEP Global Programme of Action for the Protection of Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. and set up audiovisual equipment for graduate classes. and Dr. 2008 Outstanding Researcher. she was fortunate to have outstanding social scientists as mentors who challenged and encouraged her. Under the baton of Dr. Romeo C. parental guidance intervened and she went on to graduate with an economics degree. thereby leading to risk assessment due to climate variability and other natural calamities. Dr. the team members have maintained a dedicated and inspiring work ethic that has produced positive advances in the field of agriculture and biotechnology. Dr. is one of the most cheerful and amiable staff in the CDC. However.
Mr. “Specific Activity and Gene Expression Analyses of Ascorbate Peroxidase in Contrasting Rice Genotypes Affected by Salt-Stress.” which was nominated to the 2008 BPI Best Science Project Award. A farmer before studying agriculture at the then UPCA. Since high school. Garcia. through conventional breeding or biotechnology. The young man wants to give something back to the institutions that nurtured his talents by becoming a researcher and a teacher. She is considered as one of the staunchest and most passionate advocates of biotechnology one could ever hope to find. She had been a university or college scholar every semester since she was a freshman. Escuro graduated magna cum laude and embarked on a distinguished career in the academe as a teacher and scientist. Torio. These are: Introgression of PRSV Resistance into Transgenic Papaya with Delayed Ripening Trait and Field Testing Toward Commercialization. He hopes his accomplishment would inspire other people. Pedro B. Mahalia has participated in various research works. in BioChemistry from the University of Massachusetts has a UP Scientist II title tucked under her belt. he also aims to help train students in plant breeding who will carry his baton of responsibility by putting food on the tables of the succeeding generations of Filipinos. one book and three chapters in a book. CSC. He will not only help put food on our tables. Phase II of the Molecular Strategies to Improve the Nutritional and Functional Qualities of Mungbean. a high-yielding variety. Mr. Nobuyuki Maruyama. Nonoy at Flor Adrian. Escuro was a “farmerscientist” whom Nonoy wants to emulate. is a self-described seeker of truth who believes that science provides the answer to all of life’s questions. Ms. she would “inspire young minds. also in 2005-2007. Mendoza. Kyoto University. Laureles. from p. Mr. Raul D. capping it with the development of the rice hybrid.6 January . like dedicating herself to science. Magpantay Collaborating Scientists Simeona V. to pursue academic excellence as well. BioChem. Lydia del Rosario. Ms. they would not be caught painfully unprepared for the rice problem that is now threatening to prove once again that the grain has within its every kernel the future of our country. is also a first report in coconuts. Inc. oleosin).” (EBV Bernardo) (3rd-5th from L) BPI Science awardees Flor Adrian Simborio. Pagulayan III. Abigail Joy D. who finished her MS and Ph. vice president of BPI and chair of the BPI Science Awards Committee.000 hectares of land in the country are saline. Chancellor Luis Rey I. Mark Rickard N.” To him. University of Queensland.) and in 2007 (MS). She hopes that through this. Rodelas. Dr. Dr. Ms. Caldo. The genes he discovered in the study could be incorporated. Motoyasu Adachi. specifically plant breeding. Tan Gana . (MJC De Roma) Members of the Biochemistry Research Team Dr. It is as if he had his ears to the ground when he conceptualized it a couple of years ago. whom he admires for launching many agricultural programs in the country and for making UPLB a premier learning institution. Having achieved so much at a young age. coconut (cocosin. “Physiochemical and Nutritional Properties of Organically Grown Indigenous Philippine Rice Cultivars. Dr. Lucita L. Mary Ann O. He looks up to National Scientist and former dean of the College of Agriculture Dioscoro Umali.” and at the same time “uplift the standards of science education in the country. Mahalia AC Serrano and Nonoy Bandillo flanked by Mr.” garnered for him a BPI-DOST Science Award for 2008. This 4th year BS Agricultural Chemistry student is also a member of the UPLB PACS (Philippine Association of Chemistry Students) which bagged the championship in the PACSiklaban 2005. (AP Dominguita) The truth seeker Flor Adrian Cantones Simborio planned on taking up medicine and becoming a doctor but realized that genetics is really his passion. His research project. Mr. Dr. Dr. Mahalia still has a lot of dreams. so to speak. Tecson-Mendoza. who hails from Malaybalay City. Nonoy’s research could not be more timely now that the country is in the throes of a rice crisis. Angelia. and cassava (storage protein genes) From 2005 to 2007.. The project sought to identify important genes that make certain rice varieties salttolerant. It is no wonder therefore that Nonoy is also into rice research through the project “Molecular Profiling of Breeding Lines Derived fromthe Cross Oryza sativa L. This award is a milestone of sorts. Ms. and the College of Arts and Sciences Most Outstanding student Award in 2006. Escuro his role model. Mahalia. the body-associated protein in coconut. Laurena. The team was able to complete two research projects: Control of Ripening in Papaya and Mango by Genetic Engineering and Field Testing of Transgenic Papaya with Delayed Ripening Trait Toward Commercialization. The work on the physicochemical characterization of coconut oleosin. Flor Adrian. Mahalia Adelina Corazon P. The experience has become her inspiration in conducting her undergraduate research paper. Serrano.D. the BPI Foundation. the Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI). Vergara. one of the 2008 BPI Science awardees. Siar. and best theses awards from the Gamma Sigma Delta Honor Society ofAgriculture Science Society in 2006 (Ph. She has also received various recognitions including the Gamma Sigma Delta International Honor Society for Agriculture Outstanding Freshman Award in 2004 and Outstanding Sophomore award in 2005. Nonoy sums up what he wants to accomplish with his research: “World rice production has increase with the advent of new technologies. and open them to the wonders of science..” he says. Flor Adrian acknowledges that the BPI-DOST Science Award is a prestigious award. Dr. senior vice president of BPI and a UPLB alumnus. Laude after the BPI-DOST Science Awards on March 7. and the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) celebrate the excellence displayed by young scientists from the country’s top universities through the BPIDOST Science Awards. rufipogon Griff. Rodolfo M. Dimayuga. Kyoto University. Cleotilde A. Jose Ramon Botella. becoming a national chemist. mango (ACC synthase. 5.” She was given the opportunity to work in a laboratory and handle sophisticated instruments. fellow students in particular. His goal is to produce a crop with high food production qualities that is also disease-free. Laude. His plans seem quite grand and ambitious but this young man has the proper tools and a heart in its right place. Bukidnon. Meanwhile. to produce new high-yielding rice varieties that are highly tolerant to salt. Roberta N. Dr. Dr. Shigeru Utsumi. Flordeliza C. “By continuously seeking for truth you are able to create a bigger picture of reality. It appears that he’s on to the right thing. mabuhay kayo! Dedicating her life to science Her insatiable hunger for knowledge and burning passion for science may just be her ticket to becoming a successful scientist someday. Antonio C. One of the most memorable for her was the internship at the International Rice Research Institute where she assisted in the research project “Variety-Specific Hot Water-Soluble Fraction of Rice. Florendo D. Neil H. Maranan. Sotico V. Determination of Physicochemical and Functional Characteristics of Native and Recombinant Cocosin. Joel B. he could not have chosen a better role model. And. that won for him the prestigious BPI Science Award. Graduate Students: Ms. Mr. coconut and mungbean. being in the field of agriculture.March 2008 BPI-DOST Science Awardees Every year. it is hardly surprising that the BioChemistry Team has become a true trail blazer since two of its leaders are the best in their field. the Biochemistry Research Team published eight scientific articles in ISI journals. Dr. embodies academic and research excellence. C-4. an annual national chemistry quiz contest. and Genetic Fidelity Testing in Garlic and Shallots. Further. Dr. will test his ingenuity and critical thinking. or being a Chemistry teacher and of course. x O. This study will be helpful in providing solutions to the problem of rice productivity. The team published the first report on the physicochemical characterization of cocosin. ethylene receptor gene). Krisna Prak. It is now working on several projects. Dr. June R. It also won five best poster awards (2005-2007). The Biochemistry Research Team is also continuously engaged in pioneering research on two of the most important crops in the country. This is particularly important because around 200. Mr. Velasco and Vice Chancellor for Instruction Rita P.D. Evelyn Mae Tecson-Mendoza. UPLB toasts its achievers through this simple tribute. as it started the active promotion of bio-entrepreneurship among the UPLB technology generators. (MJC De Roma) A future rice breeder rises Nonoy Bandillo considers the late National Scientist Dr. the transgenic papaya is the first Filipino genetically modified crop approved for field testing by the DA-BPI as certified by the National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines. the major storage protein in the coconut endosperms and the discovery of the 7S coconut globulin. If our policymakers were as astute as him. “It will be a great privilege to teach the younger generation and help students appreciate agriculture and plant breeding” Nonoy said. the team’s gene discovery work led to the isolation and cloning of important genes from peanut (resveratrol synthase). Phase II of the Physicochemical and Molecular Studies of Storage Proteins in Coconut. Kyoto University Project Support Staff: Ms. Mr. Laurena was given the Achievement Award in Chemistry Research and the 20th Amando Clemente Memorial Foundation Lecturer by the Philippine Federation of Chemistry Societies during the 22nd Philippine Chemistry Congress on April 2007. won the Ayala-PESO Grand Prize Award. He also intends to pursue higher studies in Molecular Biology and Biomedical Engineering and to one day establish his own research institution that will be devoted mainly to the advancement of health care or agricultural science in the country. Given all its achievements and accolades. Kyoto University. It seeks to enhance the commercial and nutritional values of these crops by understanding the physicochemical and functional properties of its storage proteins. cultivate their desire for learning.
“It educates the intellect to reason well in all matters.” Says Ronald B. After all. let me devote future entries to this first provision. “Teachers are given leeway. If someone will argue that he or she is not intelligent enough to be either a student or a teacher in UP. educational institutions of higher learning are inherently endowed with the right to establish their policies. What does the law say? The most universal of all laws about academic freedom is that of the United Nations Committee on Economic. production. not an absolute right of these human beings. Civil Service Commission) That is what institutional academic freedom is and that is all it is. after such due process. however.” Fortunately. and to put forward new ideas and controversial or unpopular opinions. to fulfil their functions without discrimination or fear of repression by the State or any other actor. the Court said unequivocally: “We have held time and again that ‘the University has the academic freedom to determine for itself on academic grounds who may teach. someone can be fired just by saying. Standler in “Academic Freedom in the USA”: “Untenured professors are at-will employees. we need due process to fire a teacher in the Philippines. This Court declared in Ateneo de Manila University v. To get to the real meaning of academic freedom. and to treat all without discrimation on any of the prohibited grounds. should show respect for the opinions of others. teachers should not make statements that they cannot back up with evidence.” The second provision is about institutional academic freedom. Culture and Sports. should exercise appropriate restraint. then the answer is. Social. and who may be admitted to study. to ensure the fair discussion of contrary views. next page) . Science and Technology. creation or writing.. unhampered by external controls or pressure. Individual teachers have academic freedom only to the extent that it is given to them by their institutions. the UN Committee on Economic. University of the Philippines. and to treat all without discrimination on any of the prohibited grounds. 132860. through research. its function is intellectual culture. After all. 83614).) If this sounds like a brief for school administrators faced with disciplining unruly faculty members. we have to return to the original reason for it. The enjoyment of academic freedom carries with it obligations. what may be taught. can formulate and restrict curricula and syllabi. Self-governance. develop and transmit knowledge and ideas. under the principle of academic freedom. they should remember that the public may judge their profession and their institution by their utterances. this view of academic freedom makes perfect sense.March 2008 7 Academic Freedom by Isagani Cruz (Reprinted with permission from the Philippine Star. states clearly and simply.’ Clearly. they should be free from institutional censorship or discipline. and Cultural Rights. our own Court of Appeals has restricted individual academic freedom even more.R. The right to education is not denied any student. Moreover. that “staff (faculty) have freedom within the law to question and test received wisdom. not just operational procedures. student or teacher. are free to pursue. “You’re fired. Flash forward to the present. 14. highly intelligent individuals. Feb 7. and should make every effort to indicate that they are not speaking for the institution. National Labor Relations Commission and Feliza Samaniego (CA-G. design their own syllabi different from departmental syllabi. who have published in peer-reviewed (See Academic. That is not true at all. Given the substantial public investments made in higher education. discussion. to ensure the fair discussion of contrary views. or in the case of a sectarian school. Far Eastern University vs. we can immediately see that elementary and high school teachers and students do not enjoy academic freedom. to conduct their classes according to the manner and form they see fit. teaching according to the tenets of a particular religion).” Nearer home. April 3. because we are a bit more protective of the rights of workers. such as UP itself. April 3. 28 and March 6 & 13 2008) Academic freedom is widely misunderstood. institutional arrangements should be fair.” Illustrative of the many descriptions of academic freedom is the one attributed to former UP president Vicente G.” (25 August 2005.” In short. academic and otherwise. individual teachers within a university can claim academic freedom only if they obey the institution. management and related activities. but even academic policies (such as adhering to a prescribed syllabus or textbook. as the word “evidence” is defined in their particular disciplines. In fact.” . SP No. not wear uniforms. they can pretty much say anything they want to say.” There are two key concepts in this modern formulation: first. Such teachers are not many. universities can claim absolute academic freedom. certain teachers that can legitimately claim academic freedom when they defy school administrators ordering them to teach in a certain way. that “academic freedom shall be enjoyed in all institutions of higher learning. the University of Oxford declared in March.. 132860. 83614. who have doctorates. 2001. limit the academic freedom of their teachers. he or she can always go to another school. Sinco. just and equitable. such as the duty to respect the academic freedom of others. but they should be careful not to introduce into their teaching let me discuss only the second provision.” He continued. without any doubt. individual academic freedom is not. Since individual academic freedom is a consequence of institutional academic freedom. nobody. nor is freedom of speech denied any teacher by this limited view of academic freedom. controversial matter which has no relation to their subject. There are. this freedom encompasses the autonomy to choose who should teach and. the Court of Appeals said. however. Certain institutions. documentation. Faculty members that cry “Academic Freedom” when threatened with dismissal by school authorities for violating school rules should look at the Supreme Court decision in the case of the University of the Philippines and Alfredo de Torres vs. 2001). faculty members have to stay within the law. The world cannot progress unless there is a group of human beings allowed to question conventional knowledge without persecution. must be consistent with systems of public accountability. academic freedom is granted only to very few. rather than to all schools. Who are. has the right to hire or fire teachers. and officers of an educational institution. they cannot be fired for expressing new ideas.” Since individual academic freedom is a very complex issue. how it shall be taught. Under the doctrine of at-will employment. Teachers can claim academic freedom only if they follow the regulations of a school. This is clear even from the guidelines of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP). grant practically absolute academic freedom to its teachers. that is because it is. Teachers cannot claim academic freedom as a defense against being fired. a teacher can still be fired for not following school regulations. The discussion by John Henry Newman in The Idea of a University. not observe teaching or consultation hours.’” The school’s administration. vs. While there is no single model. tough. such as the duty to respect the academic freedom of others. he or she can always enroll in another school. or observing office hours). if a particular teacher does not like to follow the regulations of a school. Academic freedom includes the liberty of individuals to express freely opinions about the institution or system in which they work. and second. They are the reason the idea of academic freedom was born. Autonomy is that degree of self-governance necessary for effective decision-making by institutions of higher education in relation to their academic work. concomitant therewith. or even a morally repugnant reason.R. no reason at all. While institutional academic freedom is enshrined in the Constitution. No. teaching. however. such as elementary or high schools. and can accept or expel students – all without any interference from any outside entity. In that decision. There is always some school somewhere (such as UP) which will allow students or teachers more academic freedom than is allowed in other schools. since they are looked up to.. an employer can dismiss an employee for any reason. study. and to grasp it.” Teachers have academic freedom only within their own disciplines. In Far Eastern University vs. also a delegate to the 1973 Constitutional Convention. what may be taught. without placing themselves in jeopardy of losing their jobs or privileges. to participate in professional or representative academic bodies. has the right to be in any particular institution. Section 5 of Article 14 on Education. but their special position in the community imposes special obligations. however. not smoking on campus. an appropriate balance has to be struck between institutional autonomy and accountability. 2007. What does the United Nations say? Article 13 of the 1976 United Nations International Covenant on Economic. how it shall be taught. It is institutional academic freedom that is enshrined in our own 1987 Constitution.” (G. Academic freedom exists in order for humanity to discover the truth. The UN Committee’s first provision goes this way: “Members of the academic community. Today grants academic freedom only to institutions of higher learning (that is. members of a learned profession. particularly private ones. to reach out towards truth. This freedom to think and to express what they think is. SP No. Says AAUP: “Teachers are entitled to freedom in the classroom in discussing their subject. academic freedom makes sense only within the larger context of a university’s search for truth. A university can hire and fire teachers. No. serves as a good starting point. In the United States. and whatever else the administrators tell them not to do. Social and Cultural Rights to school regulation. can specify teaching methods.January . with academic freedom. then. Teachers in these institutions cannot choose their textbooks. following the UN covenant. Still from AAUP: “As scholars and educational officers. Other institutions.” he said. which reads: “The enjoyment of academic freedom requires the autonomy of institutions of higher education. In its 1999 interpretation of that article. especially in respect of funding provided by the State. This is the same reasoning that is behind the opinion of the Supreme Court about institutional academic freedom. but is limited by what the law says. National Labor Relations Commission and Feliza Samaniego. not even government. and as transparent and participatory as possible. individually or collectively. Adds AAUP: “College and university teachers are citizens.R. and to enjoy all the internationally recognized human rights applicable to other individuals in the same jurisdiction. “A University. but they still constitute a distinct class of intellectuals that have to be exempted from school rules. From a management point of view. Nevertheless. Many teachers think that. colleges and universities). provided they conform “The enjoyment of academic freedom carries with it obligations. Hence they should at all times be accurate. Social and Cultural Rights focuses on the right to education. “has this object and this mission: it contemplates neither moral impression nor mechanical production. Capulong: ‘As corporate entities. even if these regulations are not academic (such as wearing a uniform. standards.UN Committee on Economics. CAG. What is institutional academic freedom? Our own Supreme Court has defined it: “We have held time and again that the University has the academic freedom to determine for itself on academic grounds who may teach. entitled to academic freedom? Only tenured professors in a university. Academic freedom is a specifically limited right of certain persons. et al.” The key word in this passage is truth. When they speak or write as citizens. Social and Cultural Rights distinguishes between individual academic freedom and institutional academic freedom. Our Court of Appeals made this crystal clear: “Academic freedom does not mean that a faculty member cannot be dismissed.R. who should be retained in its rolls of professors and other academic personnel. In a modern discussion of it. taken in its bare idea.” It is important to note that our Constitution. Sinco said that the Constitution “definitely grants the right of academic freedom to the University as an institution as distinguished from the academic freedom of a university professor. and who may be admitted to study. I am tired of hearing teachers use the term “academic freedom” every time they feel harassed by administrators. Civil Service Commission (G.” They are the think tank of the world. If a student does not like the way a school is run. it professes to exercise the mind neither in art nor in duty. These are the intellectuals referred to in Cardinal Newman’s “The Idea of a University.” In other words. published in 1854.
It will be useful in disseminating reliable data and information that is necessary in coming up with an effective early warning and disaster management system. A change in the physical environment will trigger the agents to make decisions which include not making any decision. there are very few of these scholars. the study will bridge the gap between science and policy and enable the crafting of policies and decisions that are based on scientific recommendations. the Court said. The socio-economic conditions of the community affected by landslide should be carefully considered in studying the concept of vulnerability. The global scenarios include climate change (typhoon frequency and intensity.Ct. academic journals.S. 647 P. Inside the classroom. denied. and enable us to cope with landslides and in the forseeable future.March 2008 By: A closer look at landslides in Asia: Joan Pauline P. the trend is likely to peak. Indices for both the biophysical and social agents will be generated and these will be combined to assess the agent’s local environment. health. The human agents are classified into those contributing to the occurrence of landslides and those affecting vulnerability or adaptation. Moreover. climatic. number of dry days. infant mortality). Without them. 411 U. The School of Environmental Science and Management (SESAM). the human race is doomed. Here is another decision: “But we do not conceive academic freedom to be a license for uncontrolled expression at variance with established curricular contents and internally destructive of the proper functioning of the institution. These are the privileged individual scholars entitled to teach whatever they want in whatever way they want. Our Court of Appeals thinks so. topography (aspect and slope). prevent them. 931 (7thCir. Assessing vulnerability of communities and understanding policy implications of adaptation responses to flood-related landslides in Asia. Nepal. Intervulnerability assessment: Shifting foci from generic indices to adaptive agents in assessing vulnerability to global environmental change – A pilot project in the Philippines). Central Washington University. Without them. Talubo School of Environmental Science and Management Who will be the next victim? Recently. demographic changes (fertility. adaptation and rehabilitation measures in the community. a result of the combination of factors that affect landslide. attendance. While most people perceive vulnerability as a function of the biophysical conditions. Why? Because that is the whole point of academic freedom. the agents can be “manipulated” to behave in a way that they would behave in the real world. It will also help in implementing mitigation.. or regional levels. They are still under probation. References: Acosta-Michlik. They are still being judged by their peers. el Niño episodes). national. respect the professor. A landslide-prone area in Infanta Academic. The team members will see to it that the stakeholders are involved in every step of the analysis and during the entire duration of the project to ensure the practicality and sensitivity of the results. cert.The indices that have been generated could also be used as a standard for use in other areas. to stop gap and knee-jerk measures that do not save lives and neglect understanding of the roots of the problem. This pioneering project will be able to harmonize science and policy. nor does it encompass activities which are internally destructive to the proper function of the university or disruptive to the education process. objective proof that a scholar has mastered everything that has to be mastered in a field. and institutional factors that make these areas vulnerable? In areas that have been identified as being vulnerable. These are the individuals that really are at the cutting edge of knowledge. The map will help pinpoint with a degree of certainty who the next landslide victims will be. Agent-based modeling (ABM) The study uses ABM. especially those in other universities and in other countries. but science is the heart which pumps the blood to make the whole system work in harmony. National Labor Relations Commission and Feliza Samaniego. floods and landslides have occurred more frequently than usual in the Asian region. This will also serve as continuous validation and “ground-truthing” of the results of each phase of the study. That is why they are nontenured. While policy provides measures to help the communities in their mitigation and adaptation mechanisms to landslide risks. geology. the scholar proves that she or he has done something no one else has done before. Here is a typical decision: “Academic freedom is not a license for activity at variance with job related procedures and requirements. 972 (1973)] My own opinion is that academic freedom for those individuals satisfying the criteria cannot be restricted by the institution. publish unpublishable ideas. 474 F. Victoria (2006). 1071 (1983)] In fact. reforestation programme). and the Agricultural Systems Cluster in UPLB started working in 2007 with the Department of Geography at the Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium. SP No. Institute of Biological Sciences. denied. they will base their predictions on hard facts and on science. Why is publishing in a peerreviewed journal required? Because such publication is objective proof that other scholars in the field. cert. The dissertation advances knowledge in the field. Vietnam and the Philippines. typhoon/rainstorm frequency and intensity. Lilibeth (2005). science facilitates the identification of these areas and is tasked with furnishing vulnerable people and decision-makers with information about the sustainability of these mechanisms. the research team enlisted the participation of all stakeholders in the study sites through the stakeholder dialogues.” (25 August 2005. The vulnerability indices are represented by numerical values. Policy can be considered as the blood that runs through the veins of vulnerable communities. types of land use and land cover. But the law is unfortunately on the side of administrators. human development (education. .S.” This is proof that the scholar has read everything previously written about his area of specialization.” What are the areas in these countries that are prone to landslides? What factors make them vulnerable? Is there a combination of demographic.2d 496.App. 1972). Department of Social Sciences. In Far Eastern University vs. Linking science and policy making The study results will change the way we cope with the inevitable effects of climate change. Espaldon. She or he has pushed the frontiers of knowledge. from p. submission of grades on time. Acceptance by peers is crucial in determining whether one should be allowed to challenge received wisdom. teach unteachable things. Ma. Why are doctorates required? Because only the doctorate is the final. 7. American law is even more stringent. Are we amply prepared for floods and landslides in areas that have heretofore been ruled out as prone to these occurrences? How do we brace ourselves against the unknown? Should we take comfort in the seemingly cavalier attitude to flood-related landslides: finger pointing and teeth gnashing with each incident. which is directly influenced by global changes (AcostaMichlik 2005).” [Stastny v. Why is adherence to non-academic school policies required? I personally do not believe that academically free professors should follow school policies. by definition. only publication in a peer-reviewed journal serves as a gauge of originality and validity of thought. “Academic freedom affords a faculty member the right to pursue his studies in his particular specialty. the Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. mortality. specifically China. Project proposal for APN. The agents are driven by the global scenarios. Holmes. Unfortunately for the human race. The other faculty members or the administrators of a school do not trust them enough yet to give them the assurance that they can stay in the school permanently. Not everyone teaching even in a prestigious university has the qualifications needed to join this elite group. they will try to divine the future for landslide-prone countries in Asia. The study will come up with a simulation of how the agents interact with each other to cause landslide vulnerability. By writing a doctoral dissertation. A doctoral dissertation includes what is known as a “review of the literature.2d 928.R. 83614) American law is even clearer. and when translated into actions may result into outcomes. are there adaptation mechanisms to landslides? How do communities in vulnerable areas deal with landslides? How can they better cope with future landslide incidents? The researchers will answer these questions by generating indices that will help determine the vulnerability of a certain area to the occurrence of landslides. and the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology in Nepal on the study “Assessing Vulnerability of Communities and Understanding Policy Implications of Adaptation Responses to Flood-Related Landslides in Asia.” [Clark v. To ensure the crafting of policies that are grounded on field conditions. 1982). socio-economic. The biophysical agents include rainfall intensity. START Project Report. 460 U. Why is tenure required? Because non-tenured professors still have not earned the total respect of their peers in the university. one of the latest techniques in computational simulation. except for non-academic matters (such as punctuality. 504 (Wash. No school can dictate to them what to teach or how to teach. There should be individuals allowed to think unthinkable thoughts. and who follow nonacademic school policies. because such policies are made by people that. These indices can be reflected in a map that will identify vulnerable areas. unable to produce ideas that change the world. biophysical. it is also important to look at this concept from the socio-economic perspective. The global scenarios are not considered as agents but as drivers that will affect decision-making of the human agents and the processes that the biophysical agents undergo. After the dissertation. as applied in this study. As climate change impacts into our highly vulnerable environment. are the individuals or a group of individuals and the biophysical environment. as long as it is in the area of their expertise.. academically free professors should be able to do whatever they want. But unlike fortune tellers. we will stagnate. migration). and back to business-as-usual mode soon after the dust has settled? The University’s environment experts are certainly not leaving the understanding of flood-related landslides to chance. In a sense. Academic freedom does not mean that a faculty member cannot be dismissed. poverty. are the intellectual inferiors of such professors. ABM. the academic freedom of a school ends where the academic freedom of these scholars begin. and policy changes (adaptation policy. These scenarios happen at the international. Like fortune tellers. the Department of Agricultural Economics at the Nong Lam University (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry) in Vietnam. In the study. CA-G.8 January . soil characteristics. wearing of uniforms).
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