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isf;a n,h Tfí

02

i;ajhka ;=< ñksia yjhla ,eîug


kï'''

l;_D
u;= nqÿ nj fjkqfjka mdrñ;d mqrk
ffjoH iuka lxldkïf.a
ms<s.ekaùu
W;=ï jQ úYaj Yla;shla iqir lr .ekSfï fufyhl
fhfok iqu. Ñ;a; iyk ixúOdkfha fu;a is;a
lKavdhug fu;a is;ska mqo foñ'

ffjoH iuka lxldkïf.a


iqu. iudê wimqj"
w.,j;a; mdr"
jE;a;Ej"
u;=.u'
mgqk
1' is; yd l%shdldß;ajh 1

2' Ôjfha wdrïNh 3

3' hym;a m%;sikaê Yla;shl 7


l%shdldß;ajh ;=< úYajfha ysñ ;ek

4' —úYaj ;,hka˜ ;rx. l%shdldß;ajh u; 11


isf;a n,h Tfí''' 02
1& is; yd l%shdldß;ajh
isf;a n,h 01 ldKavh fyd`Èka wOHhkh l< Tn oeka w¿;a hula okS'
Tnf.a YÍrh" is;" úYajh ;=< Tn m%;sikaê Ôúhl= jk wdldrh is;sú,s u;
hefmk Ôj Yla;shl l%shdldß;ajh yd ÿl fõokdj ;=< l%shd;aulj mj;sk
wúksYaÑ; l%shd l,dmh ;rula ÿrg fyda Tnf.a is; .%yKh lr .ksñka isà'
Wvq is; u.ska isÿlrk mxfÉkaøshhkaf.a ix{d" ixfõokd há is; ;=<
l%shd;aul ùu;a ta ;=< NjrEmsl l%shdjka iu`. iïnkaO ù úYajh ;=< isÿjk
úm¾hdih fyd`Èka wOHhkh lruq' tfy;a tla fohla Tng mejish hq;=h' Tn
fuf;la i;H hehs is; ;=< OdrKh lrf.k we;s bkaøSh noaO oekqu
fudfyd;lg wu;l lr oukak' oeka ud iu`. fuh lshjñka is;kakg mgka
.kak' Tng hula jegfyaú' ta jegfyk foa Tn l,ska W.;a foa iu`. ii`od
n,kak' fldhs;rï ÿrg Tnf.a nqoaêh ;d¾lslj .,md .;yelso lshd'

Tn .=re;ajhg we`o ne`o ;nd f.k isà' n,kak Wv mekafkd;a ìug


jefÜú' mdù hdug wmyiqhs' mdohla bÈßhg ;nd B<`. mdoh Tijd ;eìh
hq;=hs' fï fmd<j ;udf.a jfÜ lerflñka iQ¾hhd jgd lerflñka isáhs'
iQ¾hhd oeä n,hla fhdod oeä Yla;shla fhdojd mDÓúh ;ud foig weof.k
isà' mDÓúh ;ud lerflk fõ.h u; ;udo n,hla ksmojdf.k iQ¾hhd
foig we§ hdfuka je,lS isà' kuq;a iQ¾hhdg úreoaOj ;u N%uK m:fhka
wE;g hkakg bvla ke;' mDÓúh u; isák Tn yd wksl=;a Ôúkago mDÓúfha
weo ;nd .ekSfï n,h blaujd .ekSug wmyiq fjhs' fï l%shdoduh mod¾:uh
foayhla iys; Ôj l%shdj,shg fukau fmr ldKavfha idlÉPd l< Ôj Yla;s
l%shdj,shgo tlfia n,mdñka mj;sk l%shdoduhls' ñksia is; b;d .scqlñka
fidhkafka mxfÉkaøshka mskjd .ekSughs' weig ,iaik rEmhla o¾Ykh lr
.ekSug" keyehg is; mskdhk iqj`ola wd>%dKh lr .ekSug" Èjg fyd`o
rihla ,nd .ekSug" YÍrhg fyd`o iam¾Yhla" WKqiqula" isis,ila ,nd
.ekSug fjfyfioa§ is; fkdfhla is;sú,s oyrdjka ;=< ksu.ak fjhs' fï
;=< ñksia is; ;DIaKdfjka fm,Su ksrka;rfhka isÿfjhs' Wvqis; u.ska
ksrka;rfhka tlareia lr .kakd fï wñysß fyda ñysßuh u;lhka háis;
yryd .,d hoa§ thg iqixfhda.hla jk ixidßl w;aoelSï th ú`o ord .ekSug
lÈu f;da;ekakla ks¾udKh lrhs' Tng .ilg ke.Sug wjYHhhs is;kak'
kuq;a Tn lsis Èkl .ilg kï ke. ke;' Tfí wjYH;dj u; .ig ke.Sug
wksjd¾hfhka fmf<fUkafka kï thg wjYH jk wdldrhl is;sú,s
m%udKhla Tnf.a háis; yryd .,d ths' fmr ixidßl .ia ke.Sfï mqreoao Tn
;=< we;af;a nv.df.k f.dia .fia ke.Sug kï Tn tfia lrhs' je,amgl
wdOdrlhla ,nd.ekSu yd ta i`oyd háisf;ys l%udkql+, oekqula ;sfíkï Tn
ta wdldrhgu tu l%shdj lrhs' ud WodyrKh lr.kafka b;d mqxÑ w;aoelSuls'
01
fï wdldrfhka Tn háis; ;=< ;eïm;a lrf.k we;s w;aoelSï u;u
hefmñka ta wkqj tÈfkod l%shdoduhka isÿlrhs' tÈfkod l%shd;aul jk
is;sú,s ;=< ksu.ak jk l%shdldß;ajfhys n,h u; Tnf.a háis; ;=< ta ta
wdldrhg tu is;sú,s ;ekam;aùu l%shdldÍ f,iu isÿfjhs' Tn isÿlrk
hym;a fohla we;akï th háis; ;=< ieye,a¨ fi!uH wdldrfhkao
whym;a fohla we;akï" th oeä" oDV wdldrfhkao is; ;=< ;eïm;a ùu
isÿfjhs'

02
02& Ôjfha wdrïNh

fudfyd;la is;uq' Ôjfha wdrïNh iïnkaOj" .eg¿ iy.;


ud;Dldjla jqj;a" újdOd;aul ud;Dldjla jqj;a" wms nqoaêfha iSudj blaujd
fkdf.dia fï .ek úuiSu isÿlruq' úYajh wdrïN ù Ôjhl meje;aug
wjYH jk idOl ks¾udKh ù iajNdj oyu ks¾udKh ù we;s nj is;kak'
kuq;a tys i;ajfhl= ke;' fu;eka isg mgka .ksuq' fï mßirh ;=< mqxÑ
fm%daàkhl l%shdldß;ajh tal ffY,sl Ôúhl= olajd úldYkh jQ ;;ajhla
wjfndaO lr.kak' fï tal ffY,sl Ôúhd ld,dkqrEmSj mßkduh fjñka
mßirfha l%shdldß;ajhg yqre fjñka ix{djka ksl=;al, yels i;ajfhl=
olajd fjkia ù we;ehso is;kak' oeka fï ia;ajhd hula mßhrh ;=< W.kS'
wdydr wjYH nj" mßirhg wkqj yev.eish hq;= nj oek .kshs' ta i`oyd
ú{dKsl l%shdj,shla fï Ôjh ;=< yg.; hq;=h' Ôjhla jQ th oeka
i;ajhl= f,i hï ye.Sï ud;%hla ,nd .ekSug wjYH idOl tla reia
lr.kS' th fudfyd;ska fudfyd;" ;mamrfhka ;mamrh we;sfjñka
mejf;ïka" ke;sfjïka mj;sk ix{d l%shdoduhla wdrïN lrhs' ;u
wjYH;djhka i`oyd ;DIaKdjla" wdYdjla yg .kshs'

th tu fm%daàkuh mod¾:uh foayh ;=, we;sjk is;=ú,s úldYkhhs'


tu Ôúhd ;udgu wdfõksl l%shdldÍ;ajhla ;=, ye`.Sï leá lr.kS''' ta
;ek''' —uuh˜—udf.ah˜ hk ye`.Sï ud;%h uq,skau yg.kS' oeka úYajh ;=< ta
fjka jQ Yla;sh kshu úYajuh Yla;sfhka ì`§ fjkaù wdfõKsl Yla;s
ud;%djla njg m;aù úldYkh ùug mgka .kS' is;kak'' oeka ta Yla;s
ud;%dj l,ska ldKavfha i`oyka l, id.rfhka .;a c, ìxÿj wmsßisÿ
lr.;a wdldrh .ek' is;sú,s ksl=;a lrñka hul hd:d¾;h oelSug ;rï
ukila ks¾udKh lr.;a ñksid keu;s ÈhqKq i;ajhd olajd tu Ôjuh
Yla;sh foayfhka foayhg" Njfhka Njhg .uka lr we;s wdldrh
fudfyd;la isf;ys Ñ;%Kh lrkak' ñksid olajd mßkduhg taug tau Ôj
Yla;sh Njhka lS fldaáhla miqlr we;ao@ m<uq ñksia Njfha isg fï olajd
ñksia Nj fld;rï m%udKhla miqlr we;ao@ fudk;rï m%udKhl i;aj
wd;au ;=,g fuu Ôj Yla;sh m%;sikaêh § we;ao@ ta yeu m%;sikaêl
Njhlu fld;rï m%udKhl l¾udkqrEml fõ.hka reialrf.k we;ao@
oeka ''' Tn" Tn .ek is;kafka fudkjdo@ oeka kï is;g ìhla oefkkjd
fkao@

kej; fufkys lrkak''' Wvqis;" ueo is;" háis; iïnkaOj rEmhla


f,i is; oelsh fkdyels jqj;a is; l%shdldß;ajfha ;;ajh u; rEm
igyklg .ksuq'

03
háis; ;=, is;sú,s ^l¾uhka f,i& ;sìh yels wdldr (-

1' ¡ - hym;a ^l=i,& fÉ;kd


2' ¨ - whym;a ^wl=i,& fÉ;kd
3' - hym;a m%d¾:kd
4' r - we;eï wúksYaÑ; Ñ;a;dfõ.

by; rEm igykg wkqj mqoa.,fhla ;u Wvq is; ;=<ska ,nd.kakd


oekSu" ye`.Su ^fÉ;kdj& háis; ;=,g .uka lrhs' wdldr 4 l uQ,sl
l%shdoduhla u; iliqrejï jk tu ;;ajhka úia;rd;aulj úuiuq'

1' Tn is; ieye,a¨ jk hym;a l%shdjl fhdojd isf;ys m%fudaoh


Woa§mkh lr.kS' ta ;=< ;j;a whl=f.a is; mskdhdula ñi ishqï is;sú,s
ud;%dhl fyda mSvdjla we;s fkdjkakla ''' jQfha kï ta ;=< hym;a l=i,
fÉ;kdjlau my, fjhs' fud<fha l%shdldß;ajh m%ikak iq.u fjhs' is;
mskd hhs' m%;sikaêl Ôj Yla;sfhys n,h jeäùug th fya;= fya;= mdol
fjhs' ukfiys we;sjk tu m%ikak n,h ;=< úYajfha Yla;ska wjfYdaIKh
ùu isÿfjhs' W;am;a;sfhkau m%;sikaêl Ôj Yla;sh u; f.dkqjQ úoHq;a
Yla;sh álska ál j¾Okh fjhs' fmr ixidßl hym;a l%shdldß;ajhka
iu`. fï Njfha§ isÿlr.;a hym;a l=i,fhys n,h m%;sl%shd ùu ;=<
udkisl Yla;sh Woa§mkh fjhs' tkï YÍrh fufyhjk háis; kï jQ
úoHq;a Yla;sh ^Ôjuh Yla;sh& ;=< n,h j¾Okh fjhs'

04
2' isf;ys fl%daOh" ffjrh we;sfjñka fkdikaiqka ukila we;sjk
f,i whym;a l%shdjl is; ksu.ak fjhs kï isf;ys n,h wjmSvkhg
m;afjhs' ta ;=< f.dkqjk Ñ;a;dfõ.h jy jyd fmr ixidßl mqreoaola
f,i fyda ixidßl l¾udkqrEml ye`.Sula iu`. uqiqfjñka tys
l%shdldß;ajh ;=< we;sjk m%;sfrdaOl n,h fud<fha *hskS,a .%kaÓ fldgi
yd we;s wksl=;a ishqï ks¾Kd, .%kaÓ iu. wdfõ. my, fjñka úI
tkaihsu rgdjka mjd jEiaiSulg k;= lrñka YdÍßlj l¾uh Wmojhs'
we;sjk wl=i, iy.; is; ;=< ksl=;ajk Odrdfjys m%;sM,h W;am;a;suh
m%;sikaê Yla;sh tkï YÍrh l%shd;aul lrk úoHq;h wvq lsÍug fya;=
mdolhla fjhs'

3' ´kEu mqoa.,fhl=f.a is; ;=< m%¾:kd ;sìh yelsh' kj m%d¾:kd


we;slr.; yelsh' m%d¾:kdjo hym;a yd whym;a m%d¾:kd wd§ f,i fjka
l< yels jqj;a yeu úgu whym;a m%d¾:kd wl=i, l¾uhka f.dvg oeñh
yelsh' kuq;a hym;a m%d¾:kd hym;a l¾u .Khg fl,skau oeñh
fkdyels fjhs' fya;=j jkafka fuu hym;a m%d¾:kd hkqfjka fjka lf,a
wOHd;añl m%d¾:kd iuqÉPhls' hï hym;a mqoa.,fhl=f.a is; ;=< tu
hym;a nj ;=,u we;slr.kakd ,o hym;a m%d¾:kd ;sìh yelsh'
WodyrKhla f,i uu ksjka olsñ' uu nqoaO;ajhg m;a fjñ" wd§ m%d¾:kd
tlal, yelsh' fujeks m%d¾:kd iys;j ixidr .uka ud¾.h ;=< .uka
.kakd hym;a mqoa.,hkaf.a is;sú,s ieu úgu tu m%d¾:kdj ;=,u
leáfjñka úldYkh jkakla úh yelsh' hym;a m%d¾:kdjla il%Sh ùug
kï hym;a l=i, l¾uhka jeä f,i háis; ;=< ;sìh hq;=h' ^bÈß
mßÉfþo j,§ idlÉPdjg n`ÿka jk m%ia;=;hls'&

4' háis; ;=< wúksYaÑ; Ñ;a; Odrdjka ;sìh yelsh' we;eï úg is;d
u;d isÿ fkdlrk kuq;a hï fya;=jla u; ta ;=< isÿlr .kakd ,o mSä;
udkisl;ajh fuhg fya;=mdol fjhs' WodyrKhla f,h is;d u;d fkdj
w;miqùulska m%dK>d;hla flfkl=f.a w;ska isÿúh yelsh' Tn fodr
jik úg fodrg yiqjk yQkl= jeks i;l= urKhg m;aúh yelsh' ta ;=<
is;g we;sjk l,lsÍu" udkisl fkdikaiqka nj fï .Khg jefÜ' fï
;;ajh ixidr Nj ;rKhg oeä ndOdjla fkdjqk;a is; ;=< ;djld,slj
fyda we;sjk wñysß ye`.Su l¾uhl úmdl §ula isÿjk úg we;sjk Ñ;a;
mSvdjlg iudk úh yelsh'

by; oelajQjd mßÈ is;g kef.k ishqï mSvkhl isg n,j;a ish¨
l¾uhka wmf.a háis; ;=,g imeñfkñka ta ish,a, ixidßl l¾uhka
iu`. tkï fmr Njhkays ta wdldrfhkau is; ;=< f.dkq lr.;a l¾uhka
iu. uqiq fjñka fï Njh ;=,§ YÍrh ;=,ska f.jd ouhs' tfukau hym;a
l=i,hka jeäjkakg jeäjkakg W;am;a;suh Ôj Yla;sfhys Yla;sh"
n,h" úoHq;h b;d by, w.hla .kS' whym;a l¾uhka jeä jkakg jeä

05
jkakg W;am;a;suh Ôj Yla;sfhys n,h my, w.hla .kS' tkï YÍrh
Ôj;a lrjk wd;au fldgi ke;fyd;a háis; tfia;a ke;skï m%;sikaêl
Ôj Yla;sfhys n,h wju ñ,s fjdÜ 100 l úoHq;h tlaflda 100 g jeäùu
fyda 100 g wvqùu isÿfjhs'

ñksi;a Ndjh l,d;=rlska ,efnkakls' ta by;ska i`oyka l, fya;=j


ksidh' ñksil=f.a YÍrh ;=< we;s fud<fhys iakdhq ffY, l%shd;aul
lrùug yd ta mod¾:uh foayh ;=< wjYH l%shd;aul Ndjh ,eîug kï
wju úoHq;h ñ,sfjdÜ 100 ls' th hï fyhlska 80-60 ;a w;r w.hla
.;fyd;a tu m%udKfhka Ôj;a lrúh yels YÍrhla ysñ i;a;ajhl=f.a
mod¾:uh YÍrh ;=<ska wod, l¾uh f.úh hq;= ;;ajhlg m;aùu
ksrka;rfhka isÿfjhs' tfukau fï Njh ;=,§ mqoa.,hd ;u fud<fhys
m%fhdackhg .kq ,nk iakdhq ffY, m%udKh 0'5] lg jvd wvqúh yelsh'
th fudayfhka msreK wKqjk mqoa.,fhl=f.a Odß;djhls' W;am;a;s
m%;sikaê Yla;sh ;=< úoHq;h flfkl=f.a W;am;a;sfhkau ñ,sfjdÜ 100 g
jvd jeä úh yelsh' tfia;a fkdue;s kï fï Njh ;=< /ialr .;a hym;a
mqKH l¾uhkays n,h u; 100 jvd jeä lrf.k ;sìh yelsh' tjeks whl=
;u fud<fha iakdhq ffY, ì,shk oY,laI 30"000 la wvqu ;rñka 1] ;a -
10] ;a w;r fyda Bg jvd jeä m%udKhla mdúÉÑhg .kakjd úh yelsh'
tjeks ;;ajhlg m;aùug kï háis; ;=< tkï m%;sikaê Ôj Yla;sh ;=,
ixidr Njhka ;=,§ tlalrf.k we;s flf,ia m%udKh wju úh hq;=h'

06
03& hym;a m%;sikaê Yla;shla l%shdldß;ajh ;=< úYajfha ysñ
;ek

mDÓú .=re;ajhg mqoa.,hd we`o ne`o ;nd .kakd fiau Tyqf.a Ôj


Yla;sho ^háis; keu;s m%;sikaê Yla;sh& úYajhg tl;= ùfï§ .=re;aj
iSudjla olajhs' th ;ukaf.a háis; ;=< .nvd lr .kakd hym;a yd
whym;a l¾uhka ^l=i,a yd wl=i,a& u; r`od mj;S' l,ska fþofha oelajQ
mßÈ mqoa.,fhl=f.a is; ;=< mj;sk úoHq;a Yla;sh b;d by, w.hla .kS
kï Tyqf.a YÍrfhka kslaó ^urKfhka miq& úYajhg tl;=jk Ôj Yla;sh
.=re;ajhg weo .ekSfï m%jK;djh wvqfjhs' úYajfha by, Yla;s uÜgul
Njhla f,i ;eïm;a ùfï jdish th w;alr .kS' ÈjH ;,hka fyda n%yau
;,hka f,i y`ÿkajk tu f,dal ;,hka Ôj Yla;sfha mod¾:uh .=Khg
iudk f,dal ;,hla fjhs' tkï mqoa., YÍrfha we;s mod¾:uh ;;ajhg
iudk f,i mqoa.,hd Ôj;a jk mßirh mod¾:uh iudk;djla olajkjd
fiau Ôj Yla;sfhys ieye,a¨;dj u; tu mod¾:uh ishqï ;;ajhg iudk
N+ñ ;,hla úYajh ;=, thg ysñlï lshhs' wmsg olskakg" wikakg
,efnkafka tla;rd iSudjlghs' úoHd;aul w¾: újrKhla fokafka kï
ñksidf.a lïmk Odß;dj y¾Üia 20-20"000 ;a w;r fõ' tu ;;ajhg jvd
ishqï ;;ajhka fyda wê ;;ajhka f.dapr lr .ekSug ñksia isf;ys
l%shdldß;ajh m%udKj;a fkdfõ' kuq;a ñksia is; wê ;rx. wdhduhl
r`ojd .ekSug tkï Woa§mkh lr.ekSug iu;ajk isf;ys n,h j¾Okh
lr.;a W;a;ufhl=g muKla tu iQlaIu úYajh oelsh yelsh' kuq;a
fkdlshdu neß ;j;a fohla fjhs' b;d l=vd i;=ka fyda mQika" w,shka"
n,a,ka fyda tjeks i;aj fldgia ;=< fï lïmk Odß;dj y¾Üia 5 -
100"000 w;r fõ.hl /`§ mj;S' tkhska n,k úg ñksid Bg jvd my,
uÜgul fõ.hlska úYajhg ixfõ§ ùu isÿù ;sfnkafka mis`ÿrka ;=<
,nd.;a oekSï rdYshla iu. Wvq isf;ys l%shdldß;ajh ;=< ;DIaKdj keu;s
ixfõolh miqmi yUd hdu úkd háisf;ys úYajuh l%shdldß;ajh mshú
isyshg ^Wvq is;g& ixfõÈ lr.ekSug wfmdfydi;a njhs' i;aj f,dalfha
ñksidg yer wksl=;a ish¨ i;ajhkag wjYH;d iSñ;h' l=i mqrjd.ekSug
wdydr álla yd i;aj fldgila f,i we;s wkkH;dj /lSula yer Tjqkg
fjk;a ixidßl mqreoaola Wvqis;g fkdue;s ;rïh' tneúka mßirfha
we;sjk isoaOdka;hka Tjqkg ydkslro@ keoao@ hkak f;areï .ekSug
Tjqkg yelslula ,ndf.k isà' iajdNdúl jHikhla we;sùug Èk
lSmhlg m<uqfjka t;ekska bj;ajk i;=ka isà' tfia;a ke;skï meh
lSmhlg l,skaj;a wjodkï iSudfjka Tjqka bj;a fjhs' WodyrKhla f,i
.sks lkaola mqmqrkjd hehs is;uq' m<uqj mdßißl l%shdoduhla ta ;=< we;s
fjhs' jdhqf.da,fha fjkila" mßirfha WIaK;ajfha fjkila" .ska lkao
;=<ska ÿï oeóula isÿúh yelsh' wjg ish¨u i;=ka ;ukag hdyels mßÈ bka

07
bj;a fjhs' kuq;a ÈhqKqfõ ysks fm;a;g ke`. we;ehs Woï wkk wms l=ula
lruqo@ je, fkdleã th keröug hhs' ysá wäfhau f,da Èh .,ñka mqmqrd
hhs' l=ula ksido@ fï wdYdj''' wdYd''' j '''' ksid fkao@

fufia wdYdj" ;DIaKdj ;=< Ôj;ajk mqoa.,fhl=f.a l¾uh l=ulao@


Tyq mqoa., YÍrhla ;=< f.jkafka l=uk l¾uhlao@ tl;= lr.kafka
l=uk l¾uhlao@ fya fkdokS' is; msú;=re lr.;a mqoa.,hd urKh .ek
fkdis;hs' thg ìho ke;' W;am;a;sh .ek fkdfidhhs' fya hym;lau
lrhs' Tyq ;=< we;sjk udkisl Odrdj hym;a fjhs' Okd;aul Yla;shla
mqoa., YÍrh ;=< ys`o Ôj Yla;sh ^háis;& ;=< f.dvk.d .kS' YÍrh ;=<
l¾uhka ú`ojd wjidk jQ jydu ;djld,sl ksji jQ YÍrh w;yer úYajhg
tl;= fjhs' t;ek§ Tyqg ;u miqlr wd Njfha§ f.dvk.d .;a Yla;sh
m%fhdackhg .ekSug yelshdj ,efí' W;=ï jQ nqÿka jykafia .ek is;kak'
fmreï mqrñka ixidr Njh ;=< O¾uh talrdYS l, ta fndai;dfKda isÿy;a
kñka W;am;a;sh ,nd .ekSug m%:u Wkajykafiaf.a Ôj Yla;sh W;am;a;sh
,nd ;snqfka ;=is; ÈjH ;,fha nj oelafõ' ^ÈjH" n%yau ;,hka wd§ úYaj
h:d¾;h bÈß ldKavhl idlÉPdjg nÿka fõ'& ;u m%;sikaê ú{dKh ;=<
,nd.;a by, Yla;sh ;=, .=re;ajh wNsnjd by, N+ ;,hl /`§ug;a t;eka
isg ;ukaf.a wfmalaIdj bgqlr .ekSu i`oyd mod¾:uh N+ñhla jQ fmdf,da
;,fha mod¾:uh YÍrhl W;am;a;sh ,nd.;a wdldrh''' uola is;kak'

isÿy;a f.!;uhdKka jykafia nqoaO;ajhg m;aùug imeñKs wjika


Njh ;=< m%;sikaê ú{dKh ;=< /`§ ;snqfka l=uk udkisl wl=i,hkao@
l=uk l=i,a m%udKhlao@ Wkajykafia ixidr Njhka tlska tl wod,
l¾uhka laIh lrñka fmreï mqrñka wod, Yla;sh f.dvk.d .ekSu;a"
b;d ishqï jQ l¾uhka m%udKhla ;u YÍrh ;=< f.jd oeóug;a b;d by,
úYaj Yla;shla ;u W;=ï háis; ;=< ;eïm;a lr.ekSu;a ta Yla;sh ;=<
;uka jykafiaf.a fud<h ;=< iakdhq ffY, 100] m%udKhlg n,h Èh
yels Yla;shla we;slr .ekSug;a iu;a ù ;sfí' n,kak''' nqoaêu;a f,i ta
fjki' Tn mqok Tn woyk ta W;a;u jQ nqÿka jykafia ta ;;ajh ,`.d lr
.ekSug Nj iir ;=rd fudk;rï ÿla lïlfgd¿ bjikakg we;so@
fudk;rï uki fjfyijñka úYajh .fõIKh lrkakg we;ao@ ta oyu
ld fjkqfjkao@ ÿl;a" ÿl we;sùu;a" ÿl ke;slr .ekSu;a" ÿl ke;slr
.ekSfï ud¾.h;a kshudldrfhka fkdolsk Tn i`oyd fkdfõo@

l,ska mßÉfþohl oelajQ mßÈ Tn uyd id.rfha Èh ìxÿ muKgu


ixidr Njhka ;=< W;am;a;sh ,ndf.k we;s' ta iEu Njhlu hym;a foa
fukau whym;a foa ;=< Tnf.a l¾uh f.jñka ÿla fõokdj Wiq,ñka
wiSrefjka fï ñkai;a nj ,ndf.k we;s' ta i`oyd Tn lrk ,o lemlsÍu
uykaish ;=< lskï i;aj wd;auhl isáh;a tys hym;a l%shdj Tng l=i,
l¾uhkays msysáka l,d;=rlska ,efnk ñksi;a nj Tng ,efnkakg we;'
ñksid hkq úYajh ;=< uOH.; jQ Yla;shls" i;ajfhls' fmr mska uysuh

08
;=< ñksia Njh Tng ,enqK;a ta mskg ,enqKd hehs is;kakg kï tmd'
fya;=j ñksia Njh ;=< ys`Èñka Tng foúhl= ùug fyda wmd.; i;ajhl=
ùug hk wka; foflysu Tng hdug u`. ie,fikq we;' ta Tn fï Njh
f.jkd wdldrh wkqjhs' n,kak''' Tn fï jk úg isÿlrf.k we;s l=i,a
yd wl=i,a m%udKh" Èkl meh 24 ka Tn meh 23 úkdä 59 lau f.jkafk
l¾uh f.ùug;a l¾uh /ialr .ekSug;a fkao@ Tn wksjd¾hfhkau ug
wNsfhda. lrdú''' wehs wms msx lrkafka keoao@ wms odkhla fokjd' is,a
.kakjd' wkqkg Wmldr lrkjd' ta uÈo lshd' ^msk yd ixidr Njh flá
lsÍu iïnkaOj Tng bÈß ldKavhl úia;r oel .ekSug yelsfõú&'

fufia Tn háis; ;=< ;ekam;a lr.kakd hym;a yd whym;a


l¾uhkays m%;sM,h Tnf.a Ôj Yla;sfhys n,h ySk lsÍu fyda j¾Okh
lsÍu isÿlrhs' th wms flá WodydrKhlska úuiuq' Tn W;am;a;sfhka
f.keú;a we;s Ôj Yla;sfhys n,h ñ,sfjdÜ 110 hehs is;kak' ta ñ,sfjdÜ
110 jk f;la j¾Okh lr .ekSug Tn fmr Njhka rdYshl§ b;d hym;a
l%shdjka yd l¾uhka laIh lr.ekSfï rgdjla isÿlr we;s' ta ksidu ñksia
YÍrhl W;am;a;sh ,nd.ekSug;a ;j ÿrg;a oyu fidhd f.dia f;areï
.ekSug iu;a fyd`o nqoaêhla j¾Okh jk whqßka fud<fha iakdhq
ffY,hka nqoaêySk mqoa.,fhl=g jvd jeä m%udKhla l%shd;aul jkjd
we;s' Tn ta ksidu YS,fhys" iudêfhys fh§u;a m%{dj j¾Okh lr
.ekSu;a ksrka;rfhka isÿlr .kS' Tn i;H f,iu l¾uh f.jñka l¾uh
/ialrkafkl= fkdfõ' l¾uh laIh lrñka l=i,a /ialrkafkl= fõ' Tn
Tnf.a m%;sikaê Yla;sh ;j;a j¾Okh lr.kS' th tall 50 muK
jqjfyd;a'''

09
oeka Tnf.a fud<h ;=< .uka lrk Odrdj tall 160 muK fõ' Tn
ksis wjia:dfõ Tnf.a YÍrfhka bj;a fjhs' ^urKh& Tng úYajfha ysñ
;ek n,kak' ^o, rEm igyk l,ams;hls' f;areï .ekSug W;aidy
lrkak&

by; rEm igyk fyd`Èka ksÍlaIKh lrkak' oeka n,kak ñksia


Njhla ,nd .ekSug kï Tn úiska wju ñ,sfjdÜ 100 l Odß;djla
j¾Okh lr.; hq;=fjhs' Tnf.a urKfhka miq ñksi;a Njhla ,eîug
;rï Yla;s uÜgul Ôj Yla;sh by, Njhl W;am;a;sh ,nd .kafka kï
rEm igykg wkqj ;=kajk Yla;s uÜgfï by< uÜgfï fyda bka by,
Yla;shl B<`. úYajuh Njh ;SrKh úh hq;=h' l,ska .;a WodyrKhg
wkqj Tnf.a fud<h ;=< l%shd;aul jk Odß;dj ñ,sfjdÜ 160 ls' Tn isákd
;ek n,kak'

10
04& úYaj ;,hka ;rx. ls%hdldß;ajh u;
oeka tlska tl fuu Ñ;a; ;,hka úuiuq (

0' mDÓúh Tn fyd`Èka okakd fN!;sl lreKq rdYshl


ms<sìUqjls'
1' 20 - 60 w;r úYajuh ;,h
2' 60 - 80 w;r úYajuh ;,h

fuh .=re;ajhg <`.skau msysá N+ñ ;,h ñksia YÍrhl m%;sikaêh


,eìh fkdyels" N+;dfõ.hka" fm%a; Yla;ska wdÈ my;a Yla;ska ;eïm;aj
we;s N+ñ m%foaYhls' tu fldgia u; W;am;a;sh ,nd .kakd tu Yla;ska ta
;=< l¾uh f.jd ouhs' kuq;a by; fþohl úia;r l, mßÈ idudkH ñksia
weig tajd fkdfmfka' ta ñksid ;=< tjeks ;;ajhka o¾Ykh fyda jegySug
iSud ;sfnk neúks' fuu N+ñ ;,h ;=< l%shd;aulj mj;sñka ;ukaf.a
l¾uhka ksis mßÈ f.jñka B<`. Njhla i`oyd tu N+ñ m%foaYfha wdhq
ld,h ksujk f;la Ôj;a fjhs' my;a udkisl wdYdjka iys; jQ ñksia is;a
urKs u;= W;am;a;sh ,nd.kakd fudjqka ;u {d;s ys;ñ;%d§ka Ôj;ajk
ukqIH N+ñhg wdikakfhkau Ôj;ajk neúka N+; úoHdj" hka;% uka;%
idia;%" yÈ yqkshï wdÈ úYajdihkays wkkH;djhgo fya;= ù we;s kuq;a
u;l ;nd .; hq;= tla fohla we;' Tn W;am;a;sfhkau Odß;dj ñ,sfjdÜ
100 lg jeä mqoa.,fhla' Tn Ôj;ajk fuu Njh ;=,§ th my;
fy,df.k fkdue;s kï Bg jvd wvq Yla;shlg Tnj fu,a, lr .ekSug
lsisfia;a fkdyel' isf;ys n,h .ek fkdokakd fudav ñksid
fkdfmfkk n,fõ. ;=< ms<sirK fidhd hdu wreuhla fkdfõ' kuq;a
l=,fha ;;ajh" kïnqj" iudc ;;ajh" wdrlaId lr.kakd mqyq WoaoÉp
ñksid ;ukaf.a ukqIH ;;ajh wdrlaId lr .ekSu fjkqfjka
fkdfjfyfihs' N+;hka" fm%a;hka ;=, ;uka ;ukagu nd,aÿ lr .kS'
jdikdjlg fuka weig fkdfmfka'

80 - 100 úYajuh ;,h (-

W;am;a;sh ;=< lrmskakdf.k meñKs l¾uhka f.ùu ;u Ôúld


jD;a;sh lr.;a;jqkaf.a Ôjuh Yla;sh l%shd;aul fjkafka fuu ;,h
;=,hs' we;eï úg iudcfha fujeks l;dnyla ;sfí' uu mõ lrkafka
keye' mska lrkafk;a keye' ta ksid ug m%Yakhla keye' mõ lrkafka ke;s
ksid' ug mska wjYH jkafka keye' ta ksid uu ta i`oyd fjfyijkafka
keye' wdÈ ixl,am mKaä;hka fia fld`ÿrk wh isà' Tjqka mõ fkdl,dg
mõ f.jhs' mõ f.jk Ôú;h l¾uhka ksrka;rfhka /ia lrhs' th

11
fÉ;kdfõ n,h u;hs' kuq;a t,j t,jd mska fkdl,;a Tjqka w;ska
hym;a foao isÿúh yelsh' fudjqkaf.a Yla;s uÜgu N+;fhda" fm%a;fhda" blau
hkakd f,i fmkqk;a Tjqkao ta ;;ajfhau Njhka ;=< Wm; ,nd
Ôj;ajkafkda fj;s' kuq;a m<uq jk ;,fha whg jvd fuu ;,fha whg
ñksia Njhla ,nd .ekSug hï;dla ÿrg iqÿiqlï mj;S'

100 - 120 ;a 120 - 140 ;a w;r úYajuh ;,h (-

ixidr Njh ;=< isÿlr .kakd ,o hym;a l%shdldß;ajh yd Ôj;ajk


Njfha§ fmr Njhg yd Njhka j,g idfmalaIj is;sú,s oyrdj l%uj;a
lr.;a whf.a m%;sikaê Njfhka miq úYajh ;=< ysñ N+ñ ;,hhs' l¾uh
f.ùug ;j;a b;sßj ;snqk;a th f.jd .ekSug ud¾.h mdod .ekSug
ksrka;rfhka úYajh ;=< fudjqkag yelshdj ,efnk whqßka W;am;a;suh
Njhka ,nd .ekSug fudjqkag yelshdj ,efí' odkh" YS,h" Ndjkdj ;=<
yslaóula we;slr .ksñka Ôú;fha kshu w¾:h fidhd .shjqkag kej; ;u
l%shdud¾.h blauka lr .ekSu i`oyd ñksi;a Njhla ,nd .ekSug fudjqka
iqÿiafida fj;s' úYajh ;=< Ôj Yla;ska fld;rï ;snqK;a fuu Nj ;,fhka
by,g we;af;a m%;sY;hla f,i b;d l=vd m%udKhls' tjeks W;=ï ;;ajhl
isg Tn meñK isákakg mq¿jk' fï Njh ;=< re`§ we;s YÍrh Ôj;a
lrkjd yd l¾uh f.jkjd fjkakg we;s' kuq;a Tn Tnf.a ;ru
fkdoek ;j;a l¾u f.jkjd fjkqjg tla/ia lrkjd kï''' Tnf.a B<`.
Njh''' úYajfha l=uk ;,hla .ksúo@ Tn Tnf.kau wid n,kak'''

fuu ;,h ÈjHuh ;,hla hkqfjka i`oyka l<;a jrola fkdfjhs'


YÍrh w;a yßk Ôj Yla;sh úYajfha by, N+ñ ;,hl W;am;a;sh ,nd .kS'
fuu ;,h ;=,§ Njhla f,i Wm; ,nd Ôj Yla;ska B<`. Njh ;=,§ ñksia
Njhla ,nd .kakd nj okakd fyhskau ta i`oyd ñksia ;,h ;=< W;am;a;sh
,nd .ekSug iqÿiq wh fidhñka isà' hï whl= oeyeñ foa isÿlrk úg Tyq
miqmi úu¾Ykh lsÍu yd W;am;a;shg iqÿiq mßirhlao hkak fidhñka
isà' Tn hym;a foa isÿlrkafka kï Tng tu ;,hkays wdYs¾jdoh
ksy`vju ,efnhs' —ysáfhd;a fyd`og ye`§ foúfhd;a kug j`§˜ hkak
;yjqre jkafk t;ekhs' tjeks wfhl= Tnf.a mjqf,a W;am;a;sh
n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafka mjqf,a isák tl oeyeñ whl= ksid jkakg mq¿jk'
orejd Tnf.a jqj;a wdÉÑ fyda iShd ,`. we;s bÈß u`. fmkaùu
n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka meñKs wh isákakg mq¿jk' úYajfha iQlaIu Ôúhl=
f,i iQlaIu ;,hl Ôj;a jk Tjqka we;eï úg tu ;,hkays jir oyia
.Kka wdhq ksud lr tkafkda jkakg mq¿jk' u;l ;nd.kak' Tn;a
úYajfha by, Ôj Yla;shla f,i wkq.; jQ mqoa.,fhla njg fmr ixidr
Njh ksuù we;akï''' Tn úYajh .ek fudk;rï .fõIKd;aulj oelsh
yels mqoa.,fhlao@ fï Njh ;=< ish,a, wú`ÿ w`ÿfrka jid .kakd Tn
Tnf.a Ôj Yla;shg jvd my;a Yla;shla fï jk úg jkaokdudk lrkjd

12
ùugo mq¿jk' foúfhla jQ fmr Njh fï Njfha§ ñksia i;ajfhl= f,i
bm§ ;ju;a Tn ukqIHhl= ù ke;akï''' Tn tfia lsÍu .ek udo mqÿu
fkdfjñ'

200 - 300 w;r úYajuh ;,h (-

;%sfya;=l m%;sikaêhla ,eìh yels W;=ïu Yla;s fldgi fuhhs'


^;%sfya;=l m%;sikaêh - ud¾. M,h iïnkaê; ldKavfha jeä úia;r
i`oykaj we;& ;u m%;sikaêl Ôjuh Yla;sh tkï W;=ï háis;
kshudldrfhka iqir lr.;af;da fuu N+ñ ;,h ;=< W;am;a;s Ndjhla .kS'
;u fud,h ;=, iakdhq ffY, ì,shk oY,laI 30000 lska wju f,i 20]
jvd by, m%udKhl nqoaêh wjÈ lr.;a msßihs' úYajh ;=< isák ish¨u
Ôj Yla;s j, m%;sY;hla f,i .;fyd;a b;d my, w.hla ork m%udKhg
fuu ;,h ysñlr.;a wh w,am úh yelsh' mdm l¾uhg oeäj fhduqjk Ôj
Yla;s m%;sikaëka w;r tjeks ;;ajhla ;sîu wreuhlao fkdfõ' fndfyda
úg kshu foújre fudjqkah' fndaê i;aj mdró mqrk" ksjk fidhd ixidr
Njhka ;=, fjfyfik b;d by, l=i, l¾uhkag ysñlï ork fuu
;,fha m%;sikaê Njh ,nk W;a;uhka úYajfha kshu Wreulalrejka
jeksh' Tjqka il%Sh ÔjYla;s l%shdj,shlg ysñlï we;af;da jk neúka ñksia
;,h ;=< W;am;a;sh .kafka kï fldhs ld,hlo@ fld;ko@ l=uk uj
mshd hgf;a Wm; .kakjdo@ hkak ld, kS¾Kh lr tu ;;ajhka
.e,fmk f;la tu ;,hka ;=, W;am;a;sh ,nd f.k isà' tjeks
W;am;a;shla isÿjk ld,h iajNdj oyu ;=, wdYap¾hhka rdYshla ìysúh
yelsh' ixidr Njhka j,§ f.dv k.d .;a hym;a l=i, Yla;sh u;u tu
;;ajh f.dvk.df.k we;=jdg lsisu ielhla fkdue;s w;r wd¾h
ud¾.:, iïnkaO ldKavh ;=< jeä w¾:l:khla olajuq'

500 - 1000 ;a w;r úYajuh ;,h (-

mqoa.,hl=f.a udkisl Od¾;dj ñ,sfjdÜ 1000 la ;rï m%udKhg


f.dv ke.=Kd hkq iakdhq ffY, ì,shk oY,laI ;sia oyila jk fud,h
;=< ish¿ iakdhq ffY,hka ;=, nqoaêh j¾Okh jQjd hkqhs' fujeks
;;ajhla W;=ï jQ nqoaO;ajh ;=, muKla ,eìh yelsh' Odß;dj ñ,sfjdÜ
1000 jqj;a uq¿ iakdhq ffY, m%udKhu Woa§mkh fkdùugo bv we;'
háis; keu;s Ôj Yla;sh ;=< lsisÿ wl=i, l¾uhla fkdue;s kï ta ;=<
f.dvk`.d f.k we;af;a udkisl Odß;djla muKla kï''' w¿;a
m%;sikaêhlg wod,j .eàug fya;=jk idOlhka ^ixfhdackhka& fkdue;s
kï''' uyd id.rfhka .;a Èh ìxÿj msßisÿ lr wjidkhs fkao@ oeka b;ska th
uqyqog tlal, úg ta Èh ìxÿj fjkalr .; yelso@ neye fkao@ tjeks Ôj
Yla;shla iïmQ¾K msßisÿ lr úYajhg tlal, miq fjkajQ úYajuh Ôj Yla;shla
fidhd .ekSug mq¿jkao@ kshu iqjh t;ekhs' ^—ksjk fidhd˜" .%ka:h ;=,§

13
Tng jeä hula wjfndaO jk f,i idlÉPdjg Ndckh l, yelsh'
n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkak& fuu úYajuh ;,h ;=< fndfyda wd¾h ud¾.slhka
;u wd¾h M,fha m%udKhg ish m%d¾:kd fndaêh u; W;am;a;sfha isà' fuu
Yla;sfha Wmßuh jQ tall 1000 m%udKh fï Njfha§ j¾Okh jQjd kï
úYajh ;=, lsisÿ ;,hl W;am;a;shla ke;' W;am;a;shla we;sùug fya;=
mdol jk foa fkdue;s neúks' 500 g jvd bÈßhg j¾Okh jQfjda tlaflda
tlajrla ñksia ;,hg tkafkda fj;s' tfia;a ke;skï 7 jrla tkafkda fj;s'
tlaflda tu ;,fha isg ;ukaf.a Ôj m%;sikaê l%shdj,sh kj;d.kafkda fj;s' fuu
500-1000 w;r j¾Okh lr.;af;da lskï ;,hl bmÿk;a ukqIH ;,fhka
my, m%;sikaê j,g kï lsis l,l fya;= mdol fkdjkakg ;rï N.Hjka;
W;a;ufhda fj;s'

by; oelajQfha úYajh ;=, Ôj l%shdj,sfha ixisoaêfha tla fldaKsl


oDIaáhla muKs' l=i,d l=i,hka u;ska ,nd.kakd Yla;sh ;=, ysñ ;ekhs'
;j;a fldaK rdYshlska mqoa., Ôú;hg ysñ ;ek úu¾Ykh l< yelsh'
WodyrKhla f,i iu: Ndjkd fhda.shl= kï OHdk uÜgï" úo¾Ykdj
;=,§ wd¾h ud¾. yd N+ñ f,i oelaúh yelsh' bÈß ldKav ;=, ta i`oyd Tng
iqÿiq f;da;ekakls'

by; mßÉfþo ;=< oelajQfha úYajfha by, Yla;s uÜgï ;=<


l%shdldß;ajh yd ta i`oyd f.dkqjk wdldrhhs' m%;sikaê Ôj Yla;sh
.=re;aj iSudj ;=,g tkï ukqIH ;,fhka wNHka;rhg f.k hdug iu;a
wl=i,hkaf.a úmdl yd tu ;,hka idlÉPd fkdlrk ,o w;r th úáka
úg wksl=;a ldKav ;=, igyka lrkq we;' fï wdldrfhka idrdxY.;
lf,a isf;a n,h Tfí II ldKavhhs' we;eïúg Tnf.a nqoaê uÜgu u; tkï
Tnf.ao udkisl Odß;dj u; fyda fuf;la i;Hh hehs Tn úiska f.dapr
lr.kakd ,o hula iu. fuu ldKavfha woyia .efÜ kï''' jydu
wu;kak'

wêudkisl yelshd m%.=K lsÍfï yd Ndjkd mqyqKq tallh"


iqu. iudê wimqj" w.,j;a; mdr" jE;a;Ej" u;=.u'

fjí wvúh ( http://www.sumagaasapuwa.com


Bfï,a ( admin@sumagaasapuwa.com

B<`.g n,kak' isf;a n,h Tfí III ldKavh ;=,ska

l¾uh laIh lr .ekSug kï'''


wm%udoj ud¾.h fidhd hkak'''

14
iqu. iudê wimqj '''
jvd;a yrj;aj úoHd;aulj W;=ï jQ nqoaO Yla;sh
w;aú`Èuq' nqÿka jykafiaf.a Y%S ioyï u. ;=< nvúh;
/l.kakdg l%u fidhñka W;=ï jQ nqoaO Yla;shg
wf.!rj lrk mdmsIaghkaf.ka yd ta W;=ï u.
jkid,Sug h;ak ork wOuhskaf.ka o¾Ykh fírd
.ksuq' ke;sù hk idrO¾u f.dv k.uq' iudchg jvd;a
f,ka.;= jQ iudc ys;ldóka we;slruq' iajNdj oyu
fyd`Èka wdrlaId lruq' u;= mrmqrg jvd;a fhda.H
mßirhla f.dv k.uq' iu: úo¾Ykd Ndjkdj ;=<ska
fï iif¾§u W;=ï ksjk wjfndaO lr.ekSug W;=ï
mqoa.,hkag Èßh fouq'
Tnf.a O¾u msmdidjg lÈu f;da;ekakla''' u;= nqÿ nj
fjkqfjka mdrñ;d mqrk ffjoH iuka lxldkïf.a uy;df.ka'''

1' fkajdisl Ndjkd mqyqKq tallh Ndjkd l=á 60 lska iukaú;j'


2' Èk 5" Èk 10 fkajdisl Ndjkd jevigyka
3' iEu ;=kauilg jrla wdkqNd iïmkak m%d¾:kd mQcdjka'
4' l=i,fha msysàug ;j;a fujka ;ekla fkdue;s ;rï'
______________________________________________

isß,l iqu. Ñ;a; iyk ixúOdkh


iqu. iudê wimqj yd wêudkisl m%;sldr uOHia:dkh"
w.,j;a; mdr" jE;a;Ej" u;=.u

fjí wvúh ( http://www.sumagaasapuwa.com


Bfï,a ( admin@sumagaasapuwa.com

15
iqu. Ñ;a; iyk ixúOdkh yd iqu. iudê wimqj fj;ska
Tng ;j;a w¿;a fiajdjla

01& <ud iudch ( ^iqu. rka;sisre <ud iudch&


v wOHdmkhg rel=,la
v udkisl mSvd .eg¿" wu;l ùu" iudc NS;sh" u;g u;aøjH j,g
weíneys ù we;a;ka .,jd .ekSu yd thg uqyqK §ug yels wh
fjkqfjka wëlaIK" wdrlaIK jevigyka
v wkd.; wNsjDoaêh ;ld u.fmkaùu
v Ndjkd l%u ;=< W;=ï ukila we;slr .ekSug u`. fmkaùu'

wd§ iqúfYaIs wkq.%yhka iu. iqu. fu;a iyk ixúOdkh iu.


w;aje,a ne`o .ekSug jrï'''

16
02& jeäysá nqoaêu;=kaf.a iudch
jhi 18 isg by,u jhia iSudjka j, isák ;reKhska" úY%dñlhka"
/lshd kshqla;slhka" wd.ug oyug ,eÈ o¾Ykh fidhd hkakka fï i`oyd
iqÿiq jQfjda fj;s'
W;=ï iudc ioald¾hhla fjkqfjka Wr§ isák iqu. Ñ;a; iyk
ixúOdkh ;=, §"

v fkajdislj Ndjkd m%.=K lsÍug"


v iudc ioald¾hhka j, fmruqK .ekSug"
v ;kslu" md¿j" iudc mSvkh ;=< ÿla ú`Èk is;a iqjm;a lr .ekSug"
v wkd.; wNsjDoaëh wOHd;añlj f.dv k.d .ekSug"
v ÿla iys; Nj ixidrh ;=< blauka ksudjla oelSug"

Tnf.a is; fuf;la fiõfõ fuu W;=ï jQ ld¾hhka úh yelshs' wou


wu;kak'

isß,l iqu. Ñ;a; iyk ixúOdkh


iqu. iudê wimqj yd wêudkisl m%;sldr uOHia:dkh"
w.,j;a; mdr" jE;a;Ej" u;=.u'

fjí wvúh ( http://www.sumagaasapuwa.com


Bfï,a ( admin@sumagaasapuwa.com

17