Chapter 3: Computer Assembly

IT Essentials: PC Hardware and Software v4.0

ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

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Purpose of this Presentation
To provide to instructors an overview of Chapter 3: List of chapter objectives Overview of the chapter contents, including:
student labs optional virtual desktop activities

Reflection/Activities for instructors to complete to prepare to teach Additional resources

ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

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© 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation_ID.scr

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Chapter 3 Objectives
3.1 Open the case 3.2 Install the power supply 3.3 Attach the components to the motherboard and install the motherboard 3.4 Install internal drives 3.5 Install drives in external bays 3.6 Install adapter cards 3.7 Connect all internal cables 3.8 Re-attach the side panels and connect external cables to the computer 3.9 Boot the computer for the first time
ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

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Chapter 3 Labs
3.2 Lab: Install the Power Supply 3.3.3 Lab: Install the Motherboard 3.5.2 Lab: Install the Drives 3.6.3 Lab: Install Adapter Cards 3.7.2 Lab: Install Internal Cables 3.8.2 Lab: Complete the Computer Assembly 3.9.2 Lab: Boot the Computer

ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

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© 2006, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation_ID.scr

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scr 3 . Inc.2 Virtual Desktop Internal Cables 3. All rights reserved.7.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.4 Virtual Desktop Internal Drives 3.2 Virtual Desktop External Bay Drives 3.5.6. Presentation_ID.3 Virtual Desktop Adapter Card 3. Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 6 © 2006.2 Virtual Desktop External Cables ITE PC v4. All rights reserved. methodical manner when working with computer components Improve computer assembly skills dramatically with practice ITE PC v4. Inc. Work in a logical.3.8.3 Virtual Desktop Motherboard 3.Optional Virtual Desktop Activities 3. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5 Introduction Computer assembly is a large part of a technician's job. Inc.2 Virtual Desktop Power Supply 3.

scr 4 . Inc. Secure the power supply to the case using the proper screws ITE PC v4. Presentation_ID. Insert the power supply into the case 2. Inc. consult the user manual or manufacturer's website. To learn how. Align the holes in the power supply with the holes in the case 3.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. ITE PC v4. Cisco Public 8 © 2006. All rights reserved.Open the Case Prepare the workspace before opening the computer case: Adequate lighting Good ventilation Comfortable room temperature Workbench accessible from all sides Avoid cluttering workbench An antistatic mat on the table Small containers to hold screws and other small parts There are different methods for opening cases. All rights reserved. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 7 Install the Power Supply Power supply installation steps include the following: 1. Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.

Presentation_ID.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. ITE PC v4. The CPU is secured to the socket on the motherboard with a locking assembly. All rights reserved.scr 5 . All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Public 9 CPU on Motherboard The CPU and motherboard are sensitive to electrostatic discharge so use a grounded antistatic mat and wear an antistatic wrist strap. Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 10 © 2006. do not touch the CPU contacts. and then install the motherboard. ITE PC v4. a technician may need to attach components to the motherboard.Attach Components to the Motherboard As part of an upgrade or repair. CAUTION: When handling a CPU. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc.

The heat sink/fan assembly usually has a 3pin power connector. Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. The heat sink draws heat away from the CPU. Follow manufacturer’s recommendations about applying the thermal compound.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. To install a used CPU. clean it and the base of the heat sink with isopropyl alcohol to remove the old thermal compound. Cisco Public 12 © 2006. Presentation_ID.Thermal Compound Thermal compound helps to keep the CPU cool. All rights reserved. ITE PC v4. The fan moves the heat away from the heat sink.scr 6 . ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 11 Heat Sink/Fan Assembly The Heat Sink/Fan Assembly is a two-part cooling device. Inc. Inc. Inc.

Presentation_ID. Make sure that the side tabs have locked the RAM module and visually check for exposed contacts. Connect the heat sink/fan assembly power cable to the header on the motherboard. 7. Follow the application instructions provided by the manufacturer. 3. Align the notches on the RAM module to the keys in the slot and press down until the side tabs click into place.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Place the CPU gently into the socket. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 14 © 2006. Inc.Install CPU and Heat Sink/Fan Assembly 1. being careful not to pinch the CPU fan wires. Line up the heat sink/fan assembly retainers to the holes on the motherboard. RAM installation steps: 1. 2. All rights reserved. 2. Close the CPU load plate and secure it by closing the load lever and moving it under the load lever retention tab.scr 7 .0 Chapter 3 Align the CPU so that the Connection 1 indicator is lined up with Pin 1 on the CPU socket. Apply a small amount of thermal compound to the CPU and spread it evenly. ITE PC v4. Place the heat sink/fan assembly onto the CPU socket. Cisco Public 13 Install RAM RAM provides temporary data storage for the CPU while the computer is operating. Tighten the heat sink/fan assembly retainers to secure the assembly in place. © 2007 Cisco Systems. 4. 6. 5. ITE PC v4. RAM should be installed in the motherboard before the motherboard is placed in the computer case. Cisco Systems. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. 8.

Align the screw holes of the motherboard with the standoffs. Align the I/O connectors on the back of the motherboard with the openings in the back of the case. ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc. 3. 5.scr 8 . Plastic and metal standoffs are used to mount the motherboard and to prevent it from touching the metal portions of the case. © 2007 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public ITE PC v4. Insert all of the motherboard screws. Installing any additional standoffs may prevent the motherboard from being seated properly in the computer case. 2. Cisco Systems. Install standoffs in the computer case. 4. Inc. Tighten all of the motherboard screws.The Motherboard The motherboard is now ready to install in the computer case. Inc. Install only the standoffs that align with the holes in the motherboard. Presentation_ID. Cisco Public 15 Install Motherboard 1.0 Chapter 3 16 © 2006. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Drives in external bays allow access to the media without opening the case.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. such as optical drives (CD and DVD) and floppy drives. Cisco Public 17 Install Drives in External Bays Drives. All rights reserved. 2. Cisco Systems. Presentation_ID.scr 9 . Position the HDD so that it aligns with the 3.Install Internal Drives Drives that are installed in internal bays are called internal drives. are installed in drive bays that are accessed from the front of the case.5-inch drive bay. A hard disk drive (HDD) is an example of an internal drive. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 18 © 2006. Inc. All rights reserved. HDD installation steps: 1. Inc. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. ITE PC v4. ITE PC v4. Insert the HDD into the drive bay so that the screw holes in the drive line up with the screw holes in the case. 3. Optical drives and floppy drives store data on removable media. Secure the HDD to the case using the proper screws.

25 inch drive bay. Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 19 Install Floppy Drive A floppy disk drive (FDD) is a storage device that reads and writes information to a floppy disk. 2. Inc. Secure the FDD to the case using the proper screws. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.5 inch drive bay. 3. Cisco Public 20 © 2006. ITE PC v4. Insert the optical drive into the drive bay so that the optical drive screw holes align with the screw holes in the case. Optical drive installation steps: 1. ITE PC v4. Position the FDD so that it aligns with the 3. 2. Inc. Inc.scr 10 . 3.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Position the optical drive to align with the 5.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Insert the FDD into the drive bay so that the FDD screw holes align with the screw holes in the case. FDD installation steps: 1. All rights reserved. Presentation_ID.Install Optical Drive An optical drive is a storage device that reads and writes information to CDs or DVDs. Secure the optical drive to the case using the proper screws.

Inc. NICs use PCI and PCIe expansion slots on the motherboard. Some adapter cards: PCIe x1 NIC PCI Wireless NIC PCIe x16 video adapter card ITE PC v4. ITE PC v4. All rights reserved. Secure the NIC PC mounting bracket to the case with the appropriate screw.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Align the NIC to the appropriate slot on the motherboard. Inc. 3. Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 21 Install the Network Interface Card (NIC) A NIC enables a computer to connect to a network. 2.scr 11 .0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 22 © 2006. Presentation_ID. Press down gently on the NIC until the card is seated. Adapter cards must be compatible with the expansion slot. Cisco Systems. NIC installation steps: 1.Install Adapter Cards Adapter cards are installed to add functionality to a computer. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Secure the mounting bracket to the case with the appropriate screw. 3. Align the video adapter card to the appropriate expansion slot on the motherboard. ITE PC v4. An upgraded video adapter card can provide better graphic capabilities for games and graphic programs. Inc.Install the Wireless NIC A wireless NIC enables a computer to connect to a wireless network. ITE PC v4.scr 12 .0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Public 24 © 2006. Some wireless NICs are installed externally with a USB connector. Presentation_ID. Align the wireless NIC to the appropriate expansion slot on the motherboard. Cisco Systems. Wireless NIC installation steps: 1. Press down gently on the video adapter card until the card is fully seated. All rights reserved. 2. Inc. Press down gently on the wireless NIC until the card is fully seated. 2. All rights reserved. 3. Secure the video adapter card PC mounting bracket to the case with the appropriate screw.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 23 Install the Video Adapter Card A video adapter card is the interface between a computer and a display monitor. Video adapter card installation steps: 1.

ITE PC v4.scr 13 . A 20-pin connector will work in a motherboard with a 24-pin socket. Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 26 © 2006.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. ITE PC v4. Data cables transmit data between the motherboard and storage devices.Connect Internal Cables Power cables are used to distribute electricity from the power supply to the motherboard and other components. All rights reserved. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Cisco Systems. Presentation_ID. The power supply may also have a 4-pin or 6-pin Auxiliary (AUX) power connector that connects to the motherboard. Inc. Cisco Public 25 Connect Power Cables Motherboard Power Connections The Advanced Technology Extended (ATX) main power connector has either 20 or 24 pins. such as hard drives. Additional cables connect the buttons and link lights on the front of the computer case to the motherboard.

ITE PC v4. Inc.scr 14 . 4-pin Berg Power Connector supplies power to a floppy drive. Presentation_ID. or any devices that have a SATA power socket. Plug the SATA power connector into the HDD. optical drives.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. 2. Molex Power Connectors are used by hard disk drives and optical drives that do not have SATA power sockets. ITE PC v4. Berg CAUTION: Do not use a Molex connector and a SATA power connector on the same drive at the same time. 3. Connect the 3-pin fan power connector into the appropriate fan header on the motherboard. Plug the Molex power connector into the optical drive. Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 28 © 2006. according to the motherboard manual. Inc. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.Connect Power Cables SATA Power Connectors use a 15-pin connector to connect to hard disk drives. Plug the additional cables from the case into the appropriate connectors according to the motherboard manual. Inc. 4. 5. Plug the 4-pin Berg power connector into the FDD. Cisco Public SATA Molex 27 Power Connector Installation Steps 1.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.

Presentation_ID. ITE PC v4. If multiple hard drives are installed. The PATA cable (sometimes called a ribbon cable) is wide and flat and can have either 40 or 80 conductors. A PATA cable usually has three 40-pin connectors.PATA Cables Drives connect to the motherboard using data cables. SATA. All rights reserved. One end of the cable is connected to the motherboard.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. which provides support for a maximum of four PATA drives. Inc. Cisco Public 30 © 2006. Many motherboards have two PATA cable sockets.scr 15 . Cisco Systems. Inc. the master drive will connect to the end connector. ITE PC v4. Inc. Types of data cables are PATA. and floppy disk. The slave drive will connect to the middle connector. Cisco Public 29 SATA Cables The SATA data cable has a 7-pin connector. The other end is connected to any drive that has a SATA data connector. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public 32 © 2006. All rights reserved. the A: drive will connect to the end connector.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. 5. Plug the connector at the far end of the FDD cable into the floppy drive.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Motherboards have one floppy drive controller which provides support for a maximum of two floppy drives.scr 16 . Plug the motherboard end of the FDD cable into the motherboard socket.Floppy Drive Cables The floppy drive data cable has a 34-pin connector and it has a stripe to denote the location of pin 1. The other two connectors connect to drives. Plug the other end of the SATA cable into the HDD. Cisco Public 31 Install Data Cables 1. 4. Inc. Inc. ITE PC v4. Plug one end of the SATA cable into the motherboard socket. If multiple floppy drives are installed. 2. The B: drive will connect to the middle connector. One connector at the end of the cable connects to the motherboard. Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Presentation_ID. 6. Plug the connector at the far end of the PATA cable into the optical drive. All rights reserved. ITE PC v4. 3. Plug the motherboard end of the PATA cable into the motherboard socket. Inc.

ITE PC v4. All rights reserved. make sure that it is secured at all screw locations. Inc. Some computer case covers have sharp or jagged edges. Cisco Systems.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 34 © 2006. All rights reserved. The next step is to connect the cables for all computer peripherals and the power cable. Refer to the documentation or manufacturer’s website if you are unsure about how to remove or replace your computer case.scr 17 . Inc. Cisco Public 33 Re-attach Side Panels Most computer cases have two panels. Connect External Cables Now that all the internal components have been installed and connected to the motherboard and power supply. Once the cover is in place. Presentation_ID.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. one on each side. CAUTION: Handle case parts with care. All rights reserved.Re-attach Panels. ITE PC v4. the side panels are re-attached to the computer case.

All rights reserved. 3. External cable connections include: Monitor Keyboard Mouse USB Power Ethernet CAUTION: When attaching cables. ITE PC v4. Plug the USB cable into a USB port. Presentation_ID. 8. Attach the monitor cable to the video port. 4. Cisco Systems.scr 18 . Cisco Public 36 © 2006. 6. 7. never force a connection. All rights reserved. 5. Cisco Public 35 Connect External Cables 1. NOTE: Plug in the power cable after you have connected all other cables. Inc. 2. Plug the keyboard cable into the PS/2 keyboard port. connect the external cables to the back of the computer.Connect External Cables After the case panels have been re-attached. ITE PC v4. Plug the mouse cable into the PS/2 mouse port. All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Connect the wireless antenna to the antenna connector. Plug the power cable into the power supply. Plug the network cable into the network port. Secure the cable by tightening the screws on the connector. Inc. Inc.

scr 19 . A special key or combination of keys on the keyboard is used to enter the BIOS setup program. an error or a beep code alerts the technician that there is a problem. Inc. All rights reserved. Typically. Cisco Systems. Inc. a single beep denotes that the computer is functioning properly. When the computer is booted. the basic input/output system (BIOS) will perform a power-on self test (POST) to check on all of the internal components. Cisco Public ITE PC v4. Consult the motherboard documentation to view beep codes for your computer.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. If a device is malfunctioning. The BIOS setup program displays information about all of the components in the computer.Boot Computer for the First Time The BIOS is a set of instructions stored in a nonvolatile memory chip. If there is a hardware problem. © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. the computer may emit a series of beeps. Presentation_ID. ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 37 Identify Beep Codes POST checks to see that all of the hardware in the computer is operating correctly. Cisco Public 38 © 2006. All rights reserved. Each BIOS manufacturer uses different codes to indicate hardware problems.

BIOS Setup The BIOS contains a setup program used to configure settings for hardware devices. ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. The configuration data is saved to a special memory chip called a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS). Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. If this battery dies. Cisco Public 39 BIOS Setup Program BIOS settings are configured in the BIOS setup program. all BIOS setup configuration data will be lost. All rights reserved.scr 20 . Inc. CMOS is maintained by the battery in the computer. ITE PC v4. Inc. All rights reserved. Presentation_ID. Replace the battery and reconfigure the BIOS settings. Cisco Public 40 © 2006. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. Cisco Systems.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.scr 21 . All rights reserved. Presentation_ID. Cisco Public 41 Instructor Training Activities ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.Chapter 3 Summary Computer Assembly Installation of all computer components Connection of all cables Description of BIOS Description of POST ITE PC v4. Inc. Inc. Inc. Cisco Public 42 © 2006. All rights reserved.

Make notes of potential issues and questions that students may have. All rights reserved.scr 22 . Cisco Public 44 © 2006.Activities for Instructor Training 1. Complete the virtual desktop instructor activities and participate in discussion or journal your answers to discussion questions. 2. 3. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Take the Quiz provided in Chapter 3 course content. Presentation_ID. Complete the seven labs included in Chapter 3. Inc. Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 43 Virtual Desktop Virtual desktop is a stand-alone tool designed to: supplement classroom learning provide a virtual “hands-on” experience where real equipment is limited ITE PC v4. Inc.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. ITE PC v4. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. Participate in discussion of various teaching strategies to use with the Virtual Desktop. Cisco Public 45 Virtual Desktop Instructor Activities Launch Virtual Desktop Complete the tutorial to learn the features of Virtual Desktop Complete all seven layers of the Learn Mode Work through the Test Mode While using the Virtual Desktop.Objectives for Virtual Desktop Activity Describe the three modes of the Virtual Desktop. begin thinking of ways to use this in teaching (both students and instructors). Inc. All rights reserved. Participate in discussion or journal your answers to discussion questions. Remove and install desktop components in the Virtual Desktop. ITE PC v4. All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Presentation_ID. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 46 © 2006. Cisco Systems. Inc.scr 23 . ITE PC v4.

Inc. All rights reserved. your list of any potential student issues and questions regarding the Virtual Desktop activities and labs. ITE PC v4.scr 24 . Inc. Presentation_ID. Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 48 © 2006.Discuss Virtual Desktop Do you have any questions now that you have used Virtual Desktop? How do you think your students will react to this tool? What ways do you think you will use Virtual Desktop in ITE PC v4.0? Other comments or thoughts about Virtual Desktop? ITE PC v4.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 47 Instructor Training Discussion Share and discuss with the other instructors. All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.

0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.com CNET. All rights reserved. Inc.pcworld.com http://www.scr 25 .com WIRED NEWS http://www.Additional Resources Whatis?com: IT Encyclopedia and Learning Center http://whatis. Cisco Systems. Blogs and White Papers for IT Professionals http://www.com ITE PC v4. All rights reserved.com ZDNet: Tech News. Inc.eweek. Presentation_ID.zdnet.computerworld. Inc. All rights reserved.com PC World http://www.com TechTarget: The Most Targeted IT Media http://techtarget.com ComputerWorld http://www. Cisco Public 49 Q and A ITE PC v4.cnet.wired.com HowStuffWorks: It's Good to Know http://computer.com eWEEK.howstuffworks. Cisco Public 50 © 2006.com http://www.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved.0 Chapter 3 © 2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc. Inc. Presentation_ID. Cisco Public 51 © 2006.ITE PC v4. Cisco Systems.scr 26 .

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