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# SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN PALONG 2(F)

## Ruzita Ali/2006/ Physics Form 4/1_16

WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES LEARNING ACTIVITIES
1.1 Understanding • What is Physics  View a video on natural
Physics • Physics in everyday life phenomena
 Discuss fields of study in
Physics
1.2 Understanding base • Base quantities and derived Mastery Practice 1.2 page 9
quantities and derived quantities and their units
quantities • Quantities using prefixes
• Using scientific notation
• Derived quantities in terms
of base quantities and units
• Solve problems involving
conversion of units.
1.3 Understanding • Scalar and vector Mastery practice 1.3 pg 11
scalar and vector quantities Handouts
quantities • Examples of scalar and
vector quantities

## 1.4 Understanding • Measure physical quantities  Carry out activities using

measurement using appropriate measuring instruments
instruments  Demonstrate through
• Accuracy, Consistency and examples systematic errors and random
Sensitivity errors
• Types of experimental errors  Techniques to reduce error in
• Appropriate techniques to measurement such as repeating
reduce errors measurement
 Use target (dart board) to
discuss accuracy and consistency
Activity 1.4 pg 15
Mastery practice 1.4 pg 16
1.5 Analysing scientific • Student is able to apply all  Carry out an experiment to apply the
investigation scientific skills. scientific skills. Experiment 1.1 PB pg 4
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• Write a report of the Exercises PB pg 7-9
investigation.
WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

2.1 Analysing linear • Distance and displacement  Carry out activities to gain an idea of :
motion • Speed and velocity i. Distance and displacement
• Acceleration and ii. Speed and velocity
deceleration iii. Acceleration and deceleration
• Solve problems on linear • Conduct an experiment
motion with uniform to determine displacement,velocity &
acceleration using equation. acceleration
2.2 Analysing motion • Plot and interpret s–t and v-  Carry out activities using a
graphs t graphs data logger/ticker timer to plot:
• Determine d,s & v from s-t i s-t graphs
graph ii v-t graphs
• Determine d,s ,v & a from v-  Describe and interpret: s-t & v-t
t graph graphs
• Solve problems on linear  Use computer simulation to
motion using graphs incorporate motions with graphs.

## 2.3 Understanding • What is inertia  Carry out activities /view

Inertia • Relate mass to inertia computer simulation/situations to gain
• Examples of situations an idea on inertia
involving inertia  Carry out activities to find out
• Suggest ways to reduce the the relationship between inertia and
negative effects of inertia mass
 Research and report on inertia

## 2.4 Analysing • Define momentum  View computer simulation or

momentum • Principle of conservation of carry out activities on collision and
momentum explosions
• Application of conservation • Conduct an experiment to show
of momentum conservation of momentum
• Solve problems involving  Carry out activities that
momentum demonstrate the application of
conservation of momentum e.g water
rockets
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 Research and report on the
applications of conservation of
momentum
WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

## Ruzita Ali/2006/ Physics Form 4/4_16

WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

2.5 Understanding the • Effects of balanced forces  Conduct an experiment to find the
effect of force acting on an object relationship between:
• Effects of unbalanced forces i. Acceleration and mass
acting on an object ii. Acceleration and force
• Relationship between F,m &
a
• Solve problems using F =
ma
2.6 Analysing impulse • What is an impulsive force  View computer simulation or carry out
and impulsive force • Define impulse and activities to gain an idea on impulsive
impulsive force forces.
• Effect of increasing or  Research and report on impulsive force
decreasing time of impact
• Situation where impulsive
force needs to be reduced
and suggest ways to reduce
it
• Situation where an impulsive
force is beneficial
• Solve problems
2.7 Being aware of the • Describe the importance of • View computer simulation or movies on
need for safety features safety features in vehicles vehicle collisions and discuss the
in vehicles safety features in vehicles

2.8 Understanding • Explain acceleration due to  View computer simulation or carry out
gravity gravity activities to gain an idea of
• State what a gravitational acceleration due to gravity
field is  Carry out an activity to determine
• Define gravitational field acceleration due to gravity
strength
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• Determine the value of g
• Define weight as W = mg
• Solve problems
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WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
2.9 Analysing forces in • Forces in equilibrium  With the aid of diagrams describe
equilibrium • Resultant force situation where forces are in equilibrium
• Addition and resolution of  Discuss the resolution and addition of
forces forces with the aid of diagrams.
• Solve problems

## 2.10 : Understanding • Define Work  Carry out activities /view computer

Work, Energy, • Energy transferred when simulation/situations to gain an idea on
Power and work is done work.
Efficiency • Define kinetic energy and  Discuss the relationship between
gravitational potential work done and the kinetic energy and
energy potential energy gained.
• Principle of conservation of  Carry out activities /view computer
energy simulation/situations to discuss
• Define power conservation of energy
• Efficiency of device  Discuss efficiency on using different
• Solve problems types of lighting and engines.

2.11 : Appreciating the  Recognise the importance of  Discuss how to maximise efficiency for
importance of maximising efficiency of eg air conditioner can also be used as
maximizing the devices in conserving clothes dryer etc.
efficiency of resources.
devices

## 2.12 : Understanding  Define elasticity  Carry out activities /view computer

Elasticity  Define Hooke’s Law simulation/situations to gain an idea on
 Define Elastic potential elasticity.
energy  Conduct expt to define Hooke’s Law
 Determine factors that  Investigat factors that affect elasticity
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affect elasticity  Research and report on the applications.
 Applications of elasticity
 Solve problems
WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

## Ruzita Ali/2006/ Physics Form 4/8_16

WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
Chapter 3 : Force and  Define pressure  Carry out activities /view computer
Pressure  Describe applications of simulation/situations to gain an idea on
3.1 : Understanding pressure pressure.
Pressure  Solve problems  Research and report on its
applications

3.2 : Understanding  Relate depth to pressure in a  Observe situations to form ideas that
Pressure in liquids liquid pressure in liquid
 Relate density to pressure in 1. acts in all directions
a liquid 2. increases with depth
 De fine pressure as P = hρg 3. increases with density
 Research and report on:
 Describe applications of 1. the applications of pressure in liquids
pressure in liquids 2. ways to reduce the negative effects
 Solve problems of pressure in liquids

3.3 : Understanding Gas  explain gas pressure  Carry out activities /view computer
Pressure and  explain atmospheric simulation/situations to gain an idea on
Atmospheric Pressure pressure gas pressure and atmospheric pressure
 describe applications of  Discuss gas pressure in terms kinetic
atmospheric pressure theory.
 Solve problems  Discuss atmospheric pressure in terms
of the weight of atmosphere
 Discuss various instruments to measure
gas and atmospheric pressure
 Research and report on its
applications

## 3.4 : Applying Pascal’s  StatePascal’s Principle  Observe situations to gain an idea of

Principle  Explain hydraulic systems Pascal’s principle.
 Describe applications of  Discuss hydraulic systems as force
Pascal’s principle multiplier
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 Solve problems  Research and report on its
applications
WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

## Ruzita Ali/2006/ Physics Form 4/10_16

WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
3.5 : Applying  Explain buoyant force  Carry out an activity to show buoyant
Archimedes’ Principle  Relate buoyant force to the force equals to the weight of the liquid
weight of the liquid displaced displaced.
 State Archimedes’ Principle  Conduct an experiment to investigate
 Describe applications of their relationship.
Archimedes’ Principle  Research and report on its applications
 Solve problems eg. In submarine, hydrometer and hot
air balloons.

3.6 : Understanding  Define Bernoulli’s principle  Carry out activities /view computer
Bernoulli’s Principle  Explain that a force exists simulation/situations to gain an idea of
due to the difference in Bernoulli’s principle
pressure of fluids in motion  -force exists due to a difference in
 Describe applications of pressure
Bernoulli’s principle  Research and report on its
 Solve problems applications

## 4. HEAT • Explain thermal equilibrium • Activities to show thermal equilibrium

4.1 Understanding • Explain how a liquid – in – • Discuss how to define a temperature
thermal glass thermometer works scale
equilibrium • Demonstrate different types of
thermometer that can change physically
when temperature change.

4.2 Understanding • define specific heat capacity • Observe the change in temperature
specific (c) when:
heat capacity • state that c = Q/mӨ i. the same amount of heat is used to
• Solve problems heat different masses of water.
ii. The same amount of heat is used to
heat the same mass of different
liquids
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• Activity to determine the specific heat
of a liquid and a solid.
WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
4.3 Understanding • State that transfer of heat • Activities to show that is no change in
specific latent heat during a change of phase temperature when heat is supplied to a
does not cause a change in liquid at its boiling point and a solid at
temperature its melting point
• Solve problems • Discuss the energy transfer and the
molecules behaviour with the aid of
cooling and heating curve
• Plan and carry out an activity to
determine the specific latent heat of
fusion and vaporation

4.4 Understanding the • Explain gas pressure, • view computer simulations or model
gas laws temperature and zero to explain the pressure in gas and how
volume in terms of the volume and temperature affect the
behaviour of gas molecules pressure
• Determine the relationship • Plan and carry out experiments to
between determine the relationship between
i pressure and volume at i. pressure and volume
constant temperature ii. volume and temperature
ii volume and temperature iii. pressure and temperature
at constant pressure. • extrapolate P-T and V-T graphs to find
Iii pressure and the absolute zero temperature
temperature at constant
volume.
• Explain absolute zero
• Explain the absolute/Kelvin
scale of temperature
• solve problems involving
pressure, temperature and
volumn of a fixed mass of Ruzita Ali/2006/ Physics Form 4/12_16

gas.
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WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
5.1 Understanding • Describe the characteristics • Observe the image formed in a plane
reflection of light of the image formed by mirror
reflection of light. • Disscuss the laws of reflection
• State the laws of reflection • Demonstrate how rays are reflected
of light by plane mirror with the aid of optical
• Draw ray diagrams to show kit
the characteristics of the • Draw ray diagrams for plane mirror
image formed by • Observe the image formed by convex
i. plane mirror, and concave mirror
ii. convex mirror • Demonstrate how rays are reflected
iii. concave mirror by convex and concave mirrors with
• Describe applications of the aid of optical kit
reflection of light • Draw ray diagrams to determine the
• Solve problems involving position and characteristics of the
reflection of light image formed by a concave and
• Construct a device based on convex mirror
the application of reflection • Research and report on applications of
of light. reflection of light
• Construct a device based on the
application of reflection of light
5.2 Understanding • Explain refraction of light • Observe situations to gain idea of
refraction of light • Define refractive index refraction
• Determine the refractive • Conduct and experiment to obtain
index of a glass or perspex Snell’s Law
block • Carry out an activity to determine the
• State the refractive index as refractive index of a glass or perspex
the ratio of the speed of block
light in vacuum and in • Discuss the refractive index
denser medium • Research and report phenomenon due
• Describe phenomena due to to
refraction • refraction
• Solve problems involving • Carry out activities to gain an idea of
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refraction of light apparent depth. With the aid of
diagrams discuss real depth and
apparent depth.
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WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES
5.3 Understanding • Explain total internal • Carry out activities to show total
total internal reflection of light internal refllection and critical angle
reflection of light • Define critical angle, c • Discuss with the aid of diagrams:
• Relate critical angle to the i. Total internal reflaction and
refractive index critical angle
• Describe natural ii. relationship between critical
phenomenon involving total angle and refractive index
internal reflection. • Research and report on
• Describe applications of i. Natural phenomenon involving total
total internal reflection internal reflection
• Solve problems involving ii. The applications of total internal
total internal reflection. reflection
5.4 Understanding • Explain focal point and focal • Use an optical kit to observe and
Lenses length measure focal point and focal length
• Determine the focal point of convex and concave lenses.
and focal length of convex • Draw ray diagrams
lens and concave lens • Discuss magnificatioan with the aid
• Draw ray diagrams to show of ray diagtrams
the positions and • Carry out an activity to find the
characteristics of the images relationship between u, v and f.
formed by a convex lens and • Carry out activities to gain an idea
concave lens. on the use of lenses in optical devices
• Define magnification as m = • Discuss telescope and microscope
v/u with the help of ray diagrams
• Relate focal length to the • Construct an optical device that
object distance,u, and image uses lenses
distance,v
• Describe with the aid of ray
digrams, the use of lenses in
optical devices
• Able to construct optical
device that uss lenses
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• Solve problems involving to
lenses.