Japanese Cuisine | Kebab | Japanese Cuisine

JAPANESE

CU IS I N E
4
SPECIAL SEASONING
INGREDIENTS USED IN
JAPANESE COOKING
1 Oark and light Soy Sauce ( S h ~ y u ) Soy
souce is brewed from soy beans, wheal, rice, and
other ingredients. Dark soy sauce is the most common
kind; light.colored soy souce contains fructose, and
is chen used in light-colored dishes .
2 Doshi Doshi bose comes in ei ther powdered or
liquid form, and in bonito, kelp, and smoll dried fi sh
flavon . Use dashi as stock in cooking.
3 Mlrtn Mir;" is a tronsporent, sweet cooking
wine mode from glutinous rice, frequently used in
Japanese cooking.
4 Crushed Laver (Furigake) This condiment,
contoining sesome seeds, finely crushed purple lover
(no"l, and bits of dried bonito fillet, comes in many
differenllypes, and is usually mixed into rice or used
in making sushi. Use the type you prefer.
5 Mlso (Soy Bean Paste) Miso is mode of soy
beons, rice, wheot, ond other ingredients. It comes
in reRular and low-soh types.
6 Mustard This is a yellow, piquant paste mode
from muslard seed powder.
7 Wasabl (Japanese Horseradish) Japanese
horseradish rool is firslground into a powder, then
mode into a green, piquont paste.
8 Seven-Flavor Seasoning IShichimi-IOga-
rash!) This seasoning is made from toasted while
radish 'prouh, Szechuan peppercorns, fennel,
pepper leaf, sesame seed, chili pepper, and pepper.
5
..
2 6
3
7
4 8
HOW TO MAKE DASHI STOCK
Doshi siock ploys on important role in
Japanese cooking. The freshness and tostiness
of CI dish often depend to a great e xtent on
the quality of Ihe dashi used. Presented below
ore methods for making Ihe two diHerenl kinds
of dashi:
Doshi I
2/3 to 1 oz . (20·30 gJ dried bonito shavings
(katsuobushi; illus. 1 J
5 c. woler
1 strip (4· or 10 em) dried kelp seaweed
(kombu; iIIus . 2)
• Rub the kelp cleon wilh a doth, then spread
open. Make a series of cuts in the kelp
crosswise at 1 / 2 ~ (1 em) intervals; do not,
however, cut oilihe way through. These cuts
allow the kelp to release more of its f1ovor into
Ihe slock while cooking; and leaving the kelp
in one piece makes it easy 10 remove.
• Add the 5 cups of wofer to a pOI together
with the kelp . Before the center begins to
boil, remove the kelp and continue to boil.
Add the bonito shavings and turn off the heat
immediotely. After the bonito sha vi ngs have
sett led to the bottom of the pot, filter the stock
through a piece of cheesecloth. The dash; stock
is now ready for use in light. colared dishes,
for example, Savory Cup Custard (Chawan
Mushi; p. 39) .
o Whole dried bonito fillets may be baked to
soften and shoved to make the bonito
shavings.
Doshi II
Add 2·1 /2 cups water to the kelp and bonito
shavi ngs used in Doshi I and heat in a pot .
Before the center begins to boil, add another
2/3 oz. (20 g) of bonita sha vings and turn off
the heal immediately. Wait untllthe ingredients
ha ve settled, and filter through a piece of
cheesecloth . This dash; can be used in dishes
with a darker color, such as Chikuzen Ni
(p.24) . Use ready-made dashi for extra
convenience (il1us . 3) .
HOW TO MAKE RICE FOR SUSHI
SushI rice (serves 4)
Choose shon-groin or sushi rice Ihol has whole,
pure white groins, with no foreign malerial
mixed in, and with a minimum of broken groins .
Wash 2 cups of Ihe ri ce (do nol wash and rinse
100 long, so as 10 ovoid losing the vitamin 8,
conlenl in Ihe rice) . Drain when the rice is deon,
while, and translucent. Add 1·3/04 cups waler and
soak 30 minutes or longer. Cook in on electric rice
cooker (or on on electric or gO$ Slave) until done.
leave the rice covered and undisturbed for
another 15 minutes after turning off the heal. Pour
the 51J$hi vinegar over Ihe cooked rice while the
rice is sfill hal , and mix il in wilh a rice paddle.
Fan the ri ce (either by hand or with on electric
fon) while mixing in Ihe vinegor. Do this unt il the
rice is light and fluffy, and the flavor of the
vinega r dispersed (ill us. 1) . Do not allow the rice
groins to cling together in clumps, and do not
squish the grains, or the rice will become sticky
and pasty (illus . 2) .
o If you make a large quantity of sushi rice,
transfer the extra rice to another container and
cover with a wet cl oth to prevent the rice from
becoming dry and hard. This step is not necessary
if making only a small amount for home use .
Sushi vinegar
Mix 112 teaspoon salt inlO 3 tablespoons rice
vinegar and bring ta a boil over low heat . Then
add 2 tablespoons granulated white sugar and
turn off the heal immediately. The vinegar mixture
is ready when the sugar has completely dissolved,
Sushi vinegar must be prepared ahead of time,
so il is convenient to make a large amount at once
and keep it in the refrigerator for use when
necessary. The proportion of sugar to vinegar can
be adjusted according to personal taste. The
various brands of sushi vinegar available
commercially may also be used (ill us. 3) .
Utensils for mixing the sushi rice
A wooden container with a lorge, flat bottom
can absorb steam and moisture, allowing the
rice grains to become springy and glossy. If
unavailable, a porcela in or stainless steel
container may be substituted.
o How to store wooden containers
Wash immediately after use, and drip-dry (do not
dry in the sun). Store in a dark, cool, and dry
place. Wipe clean with a dry cloth before the nexl
use.
HOW TO MAKE HOMEMADE UDON
NOODLES SERVES 4-5
112 c. (130 eel waler
1/2 T. (10 9) solt
7 oz. (200 91 low gluten flour (about 2/3 c.)
3-112 oz. (100 9) high gluten flour (about 113 c.)
l /A c. low gluten flour
• Dissol ... e the sol' in the water. It should be about
as salty as sea water (15 units on a salinometer;
illus. 1).
• Mix the low gluten flour and high gluten flour
together in a large bowl . Add the soh water very
slowly to the flovr as you knead it inlo a
smooth dough. Cover with a wei cloth and leave
undisturbed for about one hour. Remove from the
bowl. Press the dough down with the palm of
your hand lillus. 2) , fold into three parIs, Ihen
press down Qgoin. Repeollhe above steps for 5
minutes (about 3 to " times) .
• Ploce the dough on a counter and knead until
of a consistency that is neither too soh nor too
firm. Allow to set undisturbed for another 20
minutes. Remove from the bowl and use a rolling
pin (preferably one with about the lome diameter
as a broomstick) to roll out into a o4
W
x 8
w
(lOx 20
em) rectangle. Sprinkle some flour over Ihe lop.
Roll up Ihe dough on Ihe roll ing pin (illus . 3) 10
flallen . You will be roll ing Oul several seporale
looped layers at once. Press down and roll to
,
lengthen the dough. Spread open Ihe dough on
the counter, sprinkle some flour over it, and again
roll up Ihe dough around the rolling pin. Repeat
as above 5 more limes until the dough is about
1/ 12
w
(.2 em) thick. Sprinkle liberally with flour
and fold into 3 or 4 layers . Cut into l/8
w
(.3 em)
udon noodles . Again sprinkle liberally with flour,
and the noodles are ready for use.
e' Homemade udon noodles have a pleasantly
springy lexture. They can be either stir-fried or
boiled, and are very convenienlto use. If you do
not use them immediately aher making them,
wrap them in plastic and keep in the refrigerator.
They will stay fresh for about one week.
o For restaurants that make udon noodles in large
quantities, the dough can be placed in a ploslic
bog, and a piece of cloth spread on top of the
bog. The dough is then stamped on with the feet,
rather than kneaded by hand. Thi s makes the
gluten in the flour soft and pliable.
To cook udon noodles:
Fill a pot with water ond bring to a boil. Add Ihe
udon and wait until the water comes to a second
boil. Add 1 cup of cold water, then cook another
minute. Remove the noodles when cooked
through, and rinse in cold water.
,
B
NOTES ON FISH IN JAPANESE COOKING
• Fish is one of the mainstays of the Japanese
diet, especially in the form of sashimi (cui row
fish) . II is thus extremely important to know how
to select fish . Freshness is by for the top
priority: ,hoose fresh or live fish with bright and
cleor eyes, and translucent, firm, springy flesh.
Salt waler fish ore the masl commonly used
(fresh water fish are seldom eoten row) . The
fish must be kepi of a temperature between
37.4°F (30C) and 41 ° F (SoC) to prevent
spoilage. (Do no!. however, lei the temperat ure
fall below 37.4°F (30q, or the Fish will freeze.
It is olso importont to keep Ihe cutting boord,
knife, while lowels, etc. used in preparing
sashimi cleon . Wash Ihe fish, remove Ihe
entrails, then rinse ogoin in cold water . The fish
cannot be rinsed once it has been deboned,
since contact with water would wash away the
flavor , and also make it more vulnerable to
rapid spoilage.
learning to debane fish is a key step in making
sashimi. You need only refer to the illustrations
below and practice several times to master this
procedure. Illustrated and explained below are
the methods for deboning fish and fo r
preparing fish for pressed sushi with sashimi.
12' 8oSiC Method for Deboning Fish filius. 1.12)
Start 'uuing near the fins.
Hold the knife slightly angled
to the left. When you ,ut
down to the lorge bone, turn
the 'ilh over, repeot thil some
,ut, and remove the head.
Insett the knife below the
beUy and cut from lefl to
right, all the way through.
Remove the entroils and wash
Ihe fi sh. Cut from the belly 10
the loil.
Next, cuI 'rom the upper bock
lin area down. When you hil
Ihe main bane, cut from righl
10 left , all the way Ihrough.
Insert Ihe knife inlO the lail
portion orld cuI, down 10
Ihe bOrle, towards the head.
Rema"e the fillel .
Intert a knife between Ihe
flesh and the skin. Grasp the
skin wilh your left hand.
Remove the flesh by pushing
the krlile in.
The belly flesh of IUrlO liUi has
a high Fat conlent, and is Ihe
mosllerlder and delicious pan
01 Ihe fish.
CUI into the area where the
loil is join.ed. You Carl now
remove the lillel from one
side.
Cut off the small bones in Ih,
poslerior venlral area, where
Ihe dark-colored meat is (or
remove the bones wilh a
tweezers).
Follow Ihe same procedure 10
remove the fillel Irom Ihe
other side . When correctly
sliced, il will come off irllhree
pieces.
Tri'" the flesh inlo a r&dongle
(so thaI il resembles a block
of wood) .
CUI off the fish bones Irom the
belly. Repeal on Ihe ather
side.
CUI with a sashimi knife as
illustrated 10 form fla l sliclS.
16' Preparing Sashimi for Pressed Sushi (illus. 13-16)
Cut into sl ices obaul 118" (. 3
em) thick at an angle agoirlst
the groin (ong'e 'he knife 10
the left, and cuI each slke off
wit h one stroke of the knife) .
Again, cut the back port ion
into 1/8" p em) thick slices at
an angle ogoinst the groin
(the krlife tip shcx,ld be orlgled
somewhat to the righI, Iherl
angled back, so the slices
have a rounded edge) .
Slices with a rounded edge
give a three-dimensional
effect and are carlverlienl for
use in arrangements .
EXAMPLE OF A COMPLETE JAPANESE MEAL
In a formal Japanese dinner, the arrangement
of the utensils and the atmosphere they create
ore centrol to the meol. The meal itself usually
consists of three entrees and a soup: one main
dish (for example, soshimi, 0 broiled food, a
fried meat dish, batter-fried seofood, etc.), two
side dishes (as a rule, these ore simpler dishes
thol do not repeat ingredients used in the main
dish), soup (consomm' , thick sovp, or miso
soup), a dish of pickled vegetables, and a
bowl of rice. Here i s on example of a
complete Japanese style meal as a reference:
Main Dish: Assorted Soshimi (see p. 12) .
Side Dishes: Sesome Beef (recipe right);
Fresh Fish Steamed with Tofu (see p. 42) .
Soup: Miso Soup (see p. 18) .
Pickle: Yellow Pickled Radish (Takuan) or
Pickled Cabbage (see p. 51) .
Rice: Usually white rice with some sesame
seeds sprinkled over the top is served; on
special occasions, l inle-of-Everyth ing Rice
(see p. 88) or Red Seon Rice (see p. 85) can
be substituted.
SESAME BEEF
7/8 lb. 1400 g) leon beef
2 T. soy sauce
114 c. rice wine
2 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
SER'I£S ..
1-112 T. white sesame seeds (toasted)
cooked broccoli, os desired
cooked carrot, as desired
• Cut the beef into thin slices and morinale
in 1 about 30 minutes.
• Heat a flat-bottomed frying pan, odd 1
tablespoon oil, and stir-fry the beef rapidl y
until medium-well done. Transfer to a serving
dish. Ploce some cooked broccoli and carrol
on the side and serve.
11
ASSORTED SASHIMI
6-112 oz. {lSO g} fr esh luna fi sh fillet
(mogt/ro)
2/3 lb. (300 9) porgy {red sea breom;
'all
113 lb. (\50 9) fresh cutt lefish or squid
(ike)
sheel purple lover seoweed (non1
holfbeok fish (sayo"l (3- or 8 em long)
small gherkin cucumber
4 cockle, (/ori9011
2 ork shells (0-':09011
1/.4 c. shredded Chinese while radish
(daikon)
wasob; (Japanese horseradish) and soy
sauce, as desired
SERVES 4
• Sl ice the luna inlo 3/8
w
(1 em) thick strips . Cui the porgy inlo
l /S- (.5 em) thick diagonally-cut slices. Set aside.
• Remove the heod, entrails, ouler skin, and membrane from the
cuttlefish (illus. I). Cui in holf lengthwise. Moke a horizontal slosh
in one of the pieces on the interior; do nol cui ol1lhe way through
(illus. 2). Inserl a sheel of nod inside (illus . 3), and cu' into 3/8"
(I em) wide s' rips. Cut the ather half of ' he culliefish into thin slices,
and roll into flowers (see page 103 of " Chinese Appetizers and
Garnishes" ).
• Ratlthe gherkin cucumber inside the holfbeak fish fillet. Cut into
pieces. Score the cockles and ark shells (with a crosshat ch cut) ,
wash each separately, and set aside.
• Soak the shredded white radish in ice water about 30 minutes.
Drain well before using.
• Neatly arrange the ingredients separately on a sel"ing dish.
Dip in a mixture of wosob; and soy sauce 10 eat .
Culling soshimi is on art; 'he important things to remember are
thaI the kniFe should be sharp, each cut should be mode in a si ngle
stroke, and the resulting piece of fish should be as smooth as a
piece of marble. 50shimi should be stared in The refrigerator aT
a temperature between 37.4 D and 4 I 0 F (30 to 5 DC), and is best
if eaten the same day it is prepared. If there ore lehoyers, it is
besT to serve them cooked rother than raw.
If halfbeak fi sh is unavailable, substitute any ather fresh salt
water fish.
13
FRESH SHRIMP APPETIZER
4 live prawns (about 4 to 4·3/4·
or 1010 12 em)
lemon
4 plum leaves (obo; illu$. 1)
woscb; (Japanese horseradish) ,
as desired
3 T. rice vinegor
1-112 T. waler
1-1 12 T. soy sauce
SERVES .4
• Wosh Ihe prawns. Remove the heads and blanch in
boiling woter. Remove as soon as they lurn red in color,
then soak in ice water. (ut half of the lemon inlo thin rounds,
and quarter the other half.
• Shell the shrimp and make 2 10 3 sloshes down the bock
of each; do not cut all Ihe way through (illus. 2). Fill a bowl
with ice waler and ice cubes, then add the shrimp. Stir the
shrimp around in the ice water with a pair of chopsticks or
a spoon for 1 mi nute (illu5. 3). until the flesh of Ihe shrimp
becomes firm, and it shrinks and curls up.
• Place some crushed ice in a serving bowl, then tap with
the lemon rounds. On top of this place the shrimp and the
wasabi. Dip in 1 to eat. Place the plum leaves, the shrimp
heads, and the quartered half lemon on a ·smoll dish and
serve on the side.
The shrimp can be wrapped in the plum leaves before
eating for variety.
If plum leaves are unavailable, parsley may be used as
a substitute.
15
. . , t '\II .. 1"
16
FRESH BEEF APPETIZER
1 lb. (450 9) lender leon beef
(or fillet)
1/2 Chinese white radish
(daikon)
112 smoll red chili pepper
2 green onions
1/2 onion
2 cloves gorlic
1 T. lemon juice
2 1 T. soy sauce
1/ 2 c. dashi
SERVES <1
• Choose tender leon beef thai is bright red and springy
to the touch. Trim off the sinews and fat (illu5. I). Cut ogoinst
the grain into thin sl ices (illu5. 2) , and arrange on a pia Ie.
Cover and seal with plastic wrap (illu5. 3) . Refr igerate 2
hours (01 37..4
0
to 41 ° F or 3° 10 5°C) .
• Grind 1 into a puree (see p. 42, Fresh Fish Steamed with
Tofu), mince Ihe green onion finely, and cut Ihe onion inla
half rings . Soak the onion in ice waf er about 10 minutes.
Drain well before using. Puree the garlic. Sprinkle all of the
ingredients over the cold beef . To serve, mix 2 well and pour
over the beef.
When choosing beef that is to be eaten raw, freshnes s
is of the utmost importance. The beef should be refrigerated
at a temperature of 37..4° to 4 1°F (30 to 5°C) . For tastier
and more tender beef, refrigerate for 6 days or mare.
The dressing ingredients may, as an alternative, be
pureed together, then mixed well with fresh raw egg yolk,
soy sauce, and sesame oil.
17
18
SERVES 4
MISO SOUP
• Cut the porgy (or other Fresh Fish) bones into pieces (illus.
2) . Blanch briefly in boil ing woter, remove, and rinse under
the tap.
• Put 3· 1/2 cups water int a a pat and bring to a boil. Add
the shredded daikon and carrot and cook unt il soft . Next
add the fish bones and bring the soup to a boi l. Skim oH
the foom. Poss 1 through 0 spoon sieve. Mix thoroughly with
o wooden stick or a spoon (illus. 3) . Turn oH the heot
immediately and pour the soup into 0 serving bowl. Sprinkle
some chopped green onion over the top and serve.
Tofu and wakeme {Iobe. leaf seaweed} moy be substituted
for the fi sh bones, and dried fish broth for the water .
(Remove the heads and entrails from 2/3 Ib or 300g small
dried fish . Add 5 cups water ond cook over low heot for
20 minutes.)
2/3 lb. (300g) po'gy (,ed .eo
bream; tall
112 c. eoch: shredded deiken,
shredded corrot
1·2/3 oz. (80 g) mise (soy bean
paste; illus. 1)
1/8 t. each: sugor, MSG
(optional)
2 T. chopped green onion
.4 prowns (1 /3 lb. or 150 g)
small amount of fresh spinach,
washed well and blanched in
boiling waler
.4 slices fish coke (lcomoboko)
small amount of shredded lemon
peel
I
3-1/2 c. dashi
1 118 t. each: salt, soy sauce
PRAWN SOUP SERVES"
• Remove the shell from the body of the shrimp (illus. 1) .
Slash the bock vertically. bUI do nol cuI all the way through
(ill us. 2) . Cut a notch in the center, about 3/8- (1 em) long.
Pull the lail oul from the notch and curl as illustrated (illus.
3) . Blanch in boiling water for about one minute and
remove .
• Place the prowns, spinach, fish coke slices, and shredded
lemon peel in a serving bowl. Bring 1 to a boil and pour
into the bowl so il is about 7110 full. Serve.
D If spinach is unavailable, while radish sprouts (koiworeJ
may be substituted .
19
20
2
SERVES .4 STUFFED TOFU POCKETS
• Cui off one edge from each of the fried fofu p o ~ k e l s (illus. 1).
Immerse in boiling water 1 minute 10 remove the ally odor. Cool-
by placing in a bowl of cold water. Remove and squeeze oul the
excess moisture.
• Add 1 and 2 to a pol, cook about 3 minutes, and remove . This
is the filling for the fofu pockets. Place the fried lofu pockets in the
remaining liquid and cook 2 minules. Remove and cool. Save the
liquid. " .
• Open the fried fofu pockets and stuff eoch With some of the filllllg
and sauce (illus. 2). Tie the opening shut with a dried gourd
shoving, securing il tighlly (illus. 3).
• Add 3, the pockets, and the mushrooms to a pol and bring to
a boil. Lower the heat and cook untillhe liquid is reduced to one
cup. Add Ihe Chinese pea pods and cook briefly.
• Arrange Ihe pockels, mushrooms, and peopods on a .serving dish,
and pour Ihe remaining liquid over the top. Serve wllh shredded
ginger rool . . .
This dish is especially good for picniCS and box lunches.
8 square fried tofu pockets
2 oz. (60 g) shredded chicken
1 oz. (30 9) each: julienned carrot,
julienned bamboo shoots.
1-1/3 oz. (40 g) julienned burdock
root (gobo)
2-2/3 oz . (80 g) shirafaki (clear
noodles made from devil's tongue
paste), blanched in boiling water
3 T. sugar, 2 T. soy sauce
1/8 I. salt, 1/2 c. dashi
8 dried gourd shavings (kompyo), 8"
(20 em) each (soaked until soft;
see p.69 Basic Rolled Sushi)
3 c. dashi, 1/8 t. salt
4 T. each : sugar, soy sa uce
.4 dried Chinese block mushrooms
(shiitake; soaked until soft)
8 Chinese pea pods
1 T. shredded ginger rool
PUMPKIN WITH CHICKEN
SERVES 4
1 pumpkin (1 lb. 2 oz. or 500 9)
2·2/3 oz. (80 g) chicken breast
fillet
2 c. dashi
2 T. sugor
3 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
2 T. light-colored soy sauce
211 I. cornstarch
1- 112 I. waler
1 T. shredded ginger root
• Cut Ihe pumpkin (illus. 1 J in half and remove the seeds
(illus. 2) . Remove Ihe skin at 3/8 - (1 em) intervals (illus. 3)
and cut into chunks. Remove 'he skin from the chicken breast
fillet and chop the meat finely.
• Add 1 and the pumpkin chunks to a pOI and cook over
low heat until completel y done (about 15 minutes). Remove
from the brolh, and arrange in neat rows on a serving dish.
Sove Ihe broth.
• Heat a fr ying pon, add 1 tea spoon oil, and stir-fry the
chopped chicken. Add the liquid from cooking Ihe pumpkin
and bring to a boil. Thicken with 2, and pour over the
pumpkin . Top wi th shredded ginger root, ond serve.
D Pumpkins with thick flesh ore best for this recipe.
11
21
SOY SIMMERED GOLDEN THREAD
' . 1/3 lb. (600 g) golden threod
fish (red coot; or other white-
fleshed fish)
1 c. dOSM;
2/3 c. rice wine
2 T. sugor
112 c. light·colored soy sauce
7 oz. (200 g) enoki (golden
mushrooms)
6 Chinese peepods
total of '.1/4 c.: shredded corrot,
shredded Chinese while radish
1/4 lemon
SERVES 4
• Cut the fish down 10 the bone starting from the upper bock
portion. Turn over Ihe fish and repeal Ihe some cui (illus .
I) . Remove the bock fins (illus. 2) . Continue cutting down
to Ihe belly with the lip of the knife. Remove the entrails
(illus. 3) and wash Ihe fish . Pul l in a pot and
bring to a boil. Add the fish and cover the pOl. Cook over
medium heal about 8 minutes, then lurn off the heal.
• Remove the tough ends from the enoki. Blonch the
pea pods in boiling water, then place in a bowl of tap water
to cooL Shred and set aside.
• Heat 2 tablespoons oil in a frying pan and add the enoKi,
and the shredded corral and white radish. Stir-fry until soft,
then add 1/4 cup of liquid from cooki ng the fish. Bring to
a boil, odd the shredded pea pods, and sti r .
• Place the fish and the stir.fried ingredients on a serving
di sh . Pour the liquid from cooking the fish over the top.
Squeeze on a little lemon iuice before eating.
13
14
1/ 3 coke konnyoku Idevil's
tongue postel
113 lb. 1150 g) chicken meat (or
leon pork)
2 oz. (60 9) bamboo shoots
'·"3 oz. (.40 9) corrot
2-2/3 oz. (80 9) burdock root
(gobo)
.4 dried Chinese black mushrooms
(shiitake)
2 oz . (60 9) lotus root
1 1
3
c. waler
1 T. ri ce vinegor
'·112 c. dashi
1. 1/2 T. sugor
1 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
2·1 /2 T. soy sovce
5 siring beans
CHIKUZEN NI
SERVES .4
• Cut the konnyoku into slices, and make a slit in the center
of each slice Iillus. 1) . Pull one end through the center (illus.
2) . Blanch in boiling water and set aside.
• Cut the chicken into chunks . Roll-cut the bamboo shoots
and corrals. Shave off slices fr om the burdock rool lillu,.
3). Soak the dried mushrooms unt il soft, and make a large
cri sscross cut in the center of each. Slice the lotus root and
cut along the holes to make the sl ices inlo on attractive
pattern. Ma rinate the lalus root together with the burdock
root in 1 ond set aside .
• Heat a frying pan and odd 1 tablespoon oil. Stir-fry the
chicken ond other above ingredients briefly. Add the dashi
and bring to a boil. lower Ihe heat and conlinue to simmer
another 15 minutes or so. Add 2 and cook until the sauce
is reduced. Finally, odd the soy sauce and string beans, and
cook until the sauce is again reduced . Serve.
o The ingredients used in this recipe may be varied to suit
individual laste, for example, Chinese cabbage, taro
(dasheen) , kelp (kombv) strips tied in knots, wood eors,
peas, and so forlh can be used .
15
SERVES 4
BEEF WITH BURDOCK ROOT
• Choose fresh burdock rool with a firm, moi st skin (il lus .
1) . Scrape with the dull edge of a knife to peel (illus. 2) ,
and wash. Cut into 1. 112 - (4 cm) sect ions, then shred with
a knife (i ll us . 3) or a shredder . Soak in 1 fa prevent
discoloration. Drain well before use.
• Add the sesame oi l to a frying pan, then put in the
shredded beef and shredded burdock rool. Stir.fry over high
heat until dry. Add 2 and continue stir-frying about 3
minutes until the sauce is reduced. Transfer to a serving dish.
Sprinkle the toasted white sesame seeds over the top and
serve.
_ Those who like spicy-hot food can stir-fry some shredded
red chili pepper with the beef and burdock root .
This dish can also be refrigerated aher cooking and eaten
26 cold.
6 oz. (180 g) burdock root (gobOl
1
3 c. water
1 T. rice vinegar
1 T. sesame oil
7 oz . (200 g) tender beef,
shredded
3 T. each: water, soy sauce
2 4 T. sugar
2 T. oil.
1 T. while sesame seeds, toasted
-. . '
...
SIMMERED KOMBU·FISH ROLLS SERVES 4
1 strip dried kelp seaweed
(komb,,; 2' or 60 cm)
2-112 oz. (75 g) small dried fish
213 oz. (20 g) dried gourd
shavings (kampy"O), soaked
until soft (see p. 69, Basic
Rolled Sushi)
2 c. deshi
3 T. soy sauce
2 T. sugar
3 1. rice wine
• Have all the ingredients ready (illus. lJ . Wipe the kelp
clean with a damp cloth. Cut into pieces about the some
length as the small dried fish . Set aside.
• Soak the small dried fish in water for about 5 minutes .
Remove the heads and entrails (illus. 2) .
• Place some of the small dried fish in the center of each
piece of kelp (illus. 3), roll into a cylinder, and tie lightly
wilh a dried gourd shaving. Place in a small saucepan. Mix
1 unl il blended. Cook the kelp rolls in 1 unlil the sauce
thickens and is almost completely reduced.
Red chili pepper may be added when cooking for a spicy-
hot flavor .
1i
18
/
SERves 4 WINTERMELON WITH CRABMEAT
• Remove the seeds from the wintermelon, cut into 1 · 1 I 2 ~
(4 em) cubes, and peel (illus. 1). Blonch in boiling water
about 1 minute, remove, and set aside. Soak the dried
mushrooms unt il soft and cut diagonally into slices.
• Pour the deshi into a pot and bring to a boil. Next odd
the wintermelon cubes and bring to a second boil over high
heat . Turn the heat to low and si mmer ahout 20 minutes,
unt il the wintermelon is cooked through, Le. 50ft and
translucent. Tronsfer the winlermelon fa a servi ng bowl.
• Add the crabmeat and mushroom to Ihe remaining liquid
cnd bring to a boil. Mix in 1, and then 2 to thicken . Pour
over the wi nte rmelon, top wi th the minced ginger root, cnd
serve.
::i Fresh crob ma y be used instead of canned in this recipe.
Steam the crabs unt il done, and remove the meat (illus. 2,
3). Scallops, shrimp, or clams ma y al so be substituted.
1·113 lb. (600 9) wintermelon
(wax gourd; togan)
3 dried Chinese black mushrooms
(shiitake)
5 c. dashi
1 can crabmeat
112"t. solt
112 T. soy sauce
118 t. MSG (a;inomoto; optional)
3 T. cornstorch
2·1 /2 T. water
1·113 T. minced ginger root
BROILED RIVER TROUT SERVES .4
.4 river t roul (oyu) (1 lb. or 450 9J
.4 melol skewers (16- or 40 em long1
.4 T. soh
2 short metal skewers (6" or 15 em
long)
112 lemon
• Point the head of the river Iroullo the right and the belly towards
you. Inserl a skewer in each, entering 01 the eye filius. 1 I, and
making the :oil port ion slick up, so thai the fish looks as though
suspended in a swimming posture (illus, 2) . Rub solt onl O the lin
and tail portions of the fish as a garnish. Sprinkle 118 teaspoon
soh over the bodr' Skewer the fish together in pain with the shorter
skewers (illus. 3 10 facilitate turning the fish over.
• Preheollhe oven to 350" 10 400'" F (177
0
10 204°q. Broil the
fish on the upper rack of the oven aboul 5 minutes, until it is cooked
through and the skin is golden brown. Remove the skewers and
place the fish in a serving dish. Squeeze some lemon juice over
the lOp, ond eat while hot.
• To eat, first flallen the fish by pressing down on it with a pair
of chopsti cks. Turn the fish so the back is facing upwards, and press
down a few times . the heod and center bone will make
the fish even easier 10 eol.
D to Japanese custom, the belly of fish must face the
guest when serving this dish; placing it otherwise would be
considered impolite.
;:] Mackerel pike, porgy, or other fresh fish may be used in this
reci pe. 29
30
"
:; , .
~ ~ .
.'
,

SERVES 4 BROILED FRESH EEL (Unagi Kabayaki)
• Wash the e.1 and cuI off the head and loil (illus , 1) . Cui inlo
4 equal portions and 1.1 aside.
• Place 1 in a bowl, then odd the eel pieces 10 ma rinote . Remove
oher 30 minutes, Put the remaining liquid in a pol. bring 10 a boil,
lurn off the heal, and lei alide .
• Insert the ,keweu jus, between 'he skin and flesh of the eel,
spiraling the fish around the skewer (illus, 2) . Oil a baking rock,
and place the skewered eel on lop filius , 3) . Place on the upper
shell of the oven and broil 01 450° F (232°C). Bosle the eel wi th
the lehover marinade 0$ the eel is broiling (about 3 to 4 limes) .
Broil about 6 minutes until both sides are golden brown. Remove
the skewers, brush some honey on the eel for ext ra flavor, and
sprinkle wilh loosled while sesame seeds or ground Szechuan
pepper . Serve.
If you do nol have on oven, Ihe eel can be charcoal grilled.
See p. 43, Spinach with Sesome Posle, for inslructions
on how 10 loosl while sesame seeds.
fresh eel Ivnogi; oboul 1 . 4 ~ or
35 cm long, I lb. or 450 9 nel
weighl)
2 T. sugar
6 T. soy sauce
.4 T. mirin (sweel rice wine)
dash each: ginger rOOI juice, rice wine
8 melol or bamboo skewers
1 I. honey
1 T. whi le sesame seeds, loasled
or 118 I. ground Szechua n peppe r
BROILED CHICKEN KEBABS (Yakitori) SERVES 4
14 oz. 1400 9) chicken leg meal
1 small onion
or three green onions
2 green peppers, seeded
113 c. eoch: soy souce, mirin
(sweet rice wine)
.4 T. sugar
1 T. flour
1/2 lemon
• Cut the chicken leg meat, onion, and green peppers into
3/4· (2 em) cubes. On bamboo skewers, skewer the onion,
green pepper, and chicken cubes (illus. 1) alternately until
the skewer is full. Top with a piece of onion 10 secure the
kebob (illus. 2) . Quarter the lemon.
• Bring 1 to a boil, Ihen allow to cool. Morinate the kebobs
in the souce for 10 minutes. Remove .
• Heat the oven 10 450°F (232°q and broil the kebobs
on the top shelf for.4 minutes. Turn over cnd brush on some
of the leftover marinade . Broil another .4 minutes, until the
meat is golden brown. Serve.
n The kebobs can also be charcoal-grilled (illus. 3) . Brush
on the marinade as the kebobs are grilling. Grill until the
chicken is cooked through and golden brown. Before eating,
ground Szechuan pepper, ground block pepper, or seven·
flavor seasoning (shichimi-fogorasll/l may be sprinkled over
the kebobs, according to individual preference.
31
31
SERVES 4
BROILED FISH PICKLED IN MISO (Misoyaki)
• Wosh the fish . Cure in so It for 30 minutes.
• Wosh the solt off the fish, then sprinkle 1 tablespoon rice
wine over the fish, and dry. Wrap in one layer of white
cheesecloth (il lus. I) . Mix 1 thoroughly ond allow the fish
to pickle in it (illus. 2) for about one doy. Open Ihe
cheesecloth and remove Ihe fish sleaks (illus. 3). Rinse clean.
Broil in the oven under medium heat (350
0
to 400
0
F or
177
0
to 204 °q until done, about five minutes. Squeeze on
some lemon juice before serving.
o Other types of fish thai do nol have too many bones may
be used in this recipe, such as oil fish, cod, or slale cod
crooker, elc.
o The fish may be pickled in the miso for 2 to 3 days, but
no more thon 3 days; otherwise Ihe fresh flovor of Ihe fish
will be absorbed inlo Ihe miso pasle. The some is true when
pickling vegetables.
2 marlin (koji,kll steaks (2/3 lb .
0' 300 91
118 t. salt
1 squore cheesecloth
14 oz. (400 g) white misa
3 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
2 T. each: rice wine, sugar
112 lemon
68g9s
5 T. d05hi
112 I. solt
2/3 I. light-colored soy sauce
2/3 I . sugar
JAPANESE EGG ROLL
SERVES 4
• Crock the 6 899' inlo a bowl and beal lightly. Gently mi)\ in
I until well blended (do not beal until foamy).
• Hecla floI·bottomed frying pon. lightly oil the bollom, using
a wad of callan or cheesecloth. Pour aboul 3 tablespoons of the
egg mixture inlo the pon. Fry into a thin layer of egg over low
heat. Roll up the 899 " pancoke" with a pai r of chopsticks (illus.
1) . Place near the edge of the pon. Oillhe bollom of the pon ogoin,
odd 3 tablespoons of the eg9 mixture, and fry inlo another thin
egg pancake. The second eg9 pancake will be attached 10 the first;
wrap the second around the firsl . Agoin place it near the edge
of the pan (illu$.2) . Rapeolthis process unlil lhe egg miJlture is used
up. When complete, the egg roll should slond obout 1·1 /2 " (3cm)
high. Ploce on 0 bamboo sushi mol (sudare; ill us . 3), and roll
tightly. Allow to cool, cut, and orrange in a serving dish. Serve.
Cooked shredded eel or other cooked foods may be added to
the egg mixture for variety.
33
3'
3
SERVES 4
STUFFED CHICKEN ROLLS
• Cut down the middle of each chicken leg, and remove Ihe bone
{illus. 11. Carefully cut the chicken with linked slices so that a large
sheela chicken of even thickneu results (iltus. 2) . Marinate in 112
teaspoon salt and 1 teaspoon rice wine for 15 minutes. Quarter
the gherkin cucumbers lengthwise and scrape aut the seeds. Cook
I until soh, cube, and sel aside.
• Add 1 and 2 10 a pat and cook 2 minules, so Ihal Ihe flavors
are well absorbed. Beallhe eggs lighlly and add to the pol. Slir
candanlly until the egg becomes firm. Allow to coot. Thi s is the
filling .
• Spread open Ihe chicken and sprinkle on some flour . Add 1/2
of the filling and some gherkin cucumber. Roll inlo a cylindrical
shape. Secure with a string (illus. 3) . Repeat for the second piece
of chicken.
• Heal a frying pan and add 1 lablespoon oit. Fry the chicken
ralls aver high heal until golden brown, then transfer to a steamer.
Steam 15 minules. Remove and place in a pot . Mix 3 and odd
10 the pot . Cook unlilthe sauce is reduced. Allow the chicken rolls
10 cool, Ihen remove Ihe strings. Slice inlo rounds and arrange on
a plate. Se,...e.
2
2 chicken legs (about 1-113 lb. or
600 ~ J
1 gherkin cucumber
1- 113 oz. (40 g) each: carrot,
bamboo shoals
1 dried Chinese black mushroom
(shii/alee; soaked until soh)
1/4 c. dashi
2 T. sugar
1/8 I . salt
1 I. lighl-colared soy sauce
3 '99'
2 t. flour
2 lengths of SIring, 2' (60 cm) each
3 T. each: say sauce, sugar, mirin
112 I. flour
PORK CUTLETS WITH GINGER SERVES 4
2/3 ib. (300 91 iea" pork
3 T. soy sauce
2 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
1 T. eoch: sugar, rice wine
12 slices ginger root
8 string beans
• Slice Ihe pork (iUus . 1) and tenderize with Ihe dull edge
of a cleaver (illu5. 2) . Make 2 to 3 sloshes into Ihe white
sinew areas (illus. 3) to prevent shrinking while frying. Blend
1 and marinate the pork in il for about 30 minutes. Blanch
the siring beans in boiling waler and cut into pieces.
• Heal a flat -bottomed frying pon, add 1 tablespoon oil,
and place the pork in the pan. Fry on both sides until
golden. Remove from pon and arrange on a serving plale.
• Pour the remaining marinade liquid into the frying pon
and cook over medium heat unt il it is reduced to about half
of it s originol volume and is thick. Garnish with the ginger
root slices, then pour the cooked marinade over the pork.
Garnish with the string beans and serve.
35
36
SERVES 4 BROILED SQUID
• Remove the head, enlroils, and outer membrane from the squid.
Score the insi de with parallel or cron cuts filius . II. Marinate
in I about 10 minutes.
• Broiling method: Heat a baking rack on top of a charcoal grill,
oil filius. 21, and place the squid on the rack filius. 3) . Or, heal
the oven to 450
0
to 550
0
F (232
0
to 260
0
q , place the squid in
a baking dish, and broil at high heat on the top shelf. Brush on
2 frequently while it is broiling. Broil unlil bolh sides have a deep
caramel color. Place on a serving plale. Squeeze some lemon juice
over Ihe lop before eOling.
• Pan.frying method: Heat a 1I01-bollomed frying pan and add
2 tablespoons oil. Add Ihe lquid and fry unlil both sides are golden
brown. Sprinkle on 2. Fry until the sauce is almosl completely
reduced. Transfer 10 a lerving plole. Squeeze some lemon juice
over the top before eOling.
The serving plate may be garnished wilh pickled red ginger root
(ben;-shlJga) and canned gingko nuls for added losle variely and
visual appeal .
Black sesame seeds may be sprinkled on, or vn; pasle may be
brushed on the squid while broiling.
I squid (iko; aboul 2/3 lb. or
300 9)
112 I. solt
I T. eoch: rice wine, mirin
I T. mirin
I T. sugar
4 slices lemon
CHICKEN IN FOIL
SERVES 4
lb. (450 9) chicken meal
large fresh Chinese black
mushroom (shiitake)
1/2 green pepper
1 small onion
2 small red chili peppers
1
3 T. each: mirin, soy souce
2 T. rice wine
.4 sheets aluminum foil, 8 ~ (20
em) square
.4 sheets cellophone, 8- (20 em)
square
2 t . butter (or cooking oil)
1/2 lemon
• Cut the chicken into 8 pieces (obout 1-1 /4 · x 3/4· or 3 X 2
em) . Cut Ihe mushroom, green pepper, onion, and red chili
peppers inlo julienne strips. Morinate in I about 10 minutes.
• Place a sheet of cellophane on top of eoch sheet of
aluminum foil. Grease eoch sheet of cellophane with the
buller or oil (illus. I) . Sel aside.
• Divide the combined marinated ingredients into .4 equal
portions. Place one portion on each of the buttered
cellophane sheets (illus. 2) . Fold in half, then wrap into a
package (illus. 3) .
• Heat the oven 10 450° F (232°q . Bake the chicken
packets on the middle shelf for about 15 minutes. Remove
and place on a serving plate. Open and squeeze some
lemon juice over the top 10 eat .
37
SERVES A
SEAFOOD IN A TEAPOT
• Wash and slice the chicken and fish. Cut the leman into
4 slices. Cut the white radish sprouts (illus. 1) into sedions.
Wash the clams and mushrooms ond set a side (illus. 2) .
• Marinate the chicken in 1/8 teaspoon soil. Blanch the
chicken, fish, and clams separately in boiling water.
• Bring 1 to a boil. Add the chicken, fish, clams, mushrooms,
and 1 to a teapat. Cove r and place in a steamer. Steam
over high heat for 3 minutes, then remove. Sprinkle the
white radish sprouts over the top and replace the cover
immediately. Serve hot . Squeeze some lemon juice over the
top, then pour out some of the liquid to laste (illus. 3) before
eating.
o Other ingredients may be used in this recipe, such as
enoh, abalone mushrooms, pork, shrimp, fish coke, and so
forth .
38
L.. If a teapot is unavailable, a bowl or ca sserole di sh may
be substituted.
1·113 oz . (40 g) chicken meat
1·113 oz . (409) 1;,. fal.,
112 small lemon
white radish sprouts (kaiwore) ,
as desired
1. 1/3 oz. (40 g) clams
4 small fresh Chinese black
mushrooms (shiitake)
3 c. dashi
2/3 I. salt
dash of light.colored soy sauce
2
SAVORY CUP CUSTARD (Chawan Mushi)
SERVES 4
2 oz. (60 g) chicken leg meat
1/8 I. soy sauce
1/8 I. sugar
4 Iresh shrimp (2-1 /2 oz. or 75 g)
4 small fresh Chinese block
mushrooms (Shiitake)
4 eggs
3 c. dashi
1-112 I. salt
I I. each: lighl-colored lOy louce,
m;r;n
4 slices fish coke (kamoboko;
ripple-cuI)
bunch spinach, blanched in boiling
waler and cui inlo sections
lemon peel, as desired
• CuI the chicken inlo 8 smoll pieces and morinote in I . Remove
Ihe shen from the bock portion of Ihe shrimp, bUlleave heod and
loil intad. Make a croucut in the cenler of 'he mushrooms (illus. I).
• Beal the e99 li9hlly and ploce in a bowl. Mix in 2 and slroin.
• Divide the ingredients up equally four ways . Place one of the
portions in each of 4 steaming bowls (fotlow Ihis order: chicken,
shrimp, fish coke, mushroom) . Fill eoch bowl 4/5 full wilh ,h. 899
mixture. Skim off any foom {illus . 2J . Place th. bowls in a sleomer.
Aher bringing 1M. woler to a full boil, sleom 1 10 2 minutes o ... er
high heal. Turn 'he heal 10 low and sleam for about 15 minutes.
" is impOrlO!)1 10 conlrollhe heat source carefully when steaming
899. Remove from Iteamer, place some spinach and lemon peel
on top of each, and cover each bowL Serve.
An electric rice cooker can also be used to make this dish. Add
2 cups waler to the outer pot and sleam about 10 minutes aher
Ihe waler has begun to boiL T esl for donenen by inserting a
toothpick or bamboo skewer. If no egg flows out as liquid, il is
done. You musl eilher cover Ihe bowls with ploslic wrap (i ll us. 3),
or place a while lowel or cloth inside Ihe rice cooker cover to
prevenl Ihe condensed sleam from dripping inlo the egg.
39
' 0
2
3
SERVES 4 MOCK TOFU
• Beat the eggs lightly. Mi x 1 thoroughly and odd to the
egg, blending well. Strain (illus. 1) .
• Pour the egg mixture into a smal l baking pan (illus . 2,
3) or into on Oriental st yle metal lunch box (bentO) . Skim
off any surface foam. Place in a steamer and steam over
high heat 1 to 2 minutes . Turn the heat to low a nd steam
for another 15 minutes.
• Remove the mock tofu and allow to cool. Cut into 4
squares and place on a servi ng dish. Bring 2 to a boil, then
pour over the mock tofu. Serve.
D An electric rice cooker ma y also be used fa make this dish.
See p. 39, Savory Cup Custard, for instructions.
4 eggs
1- 1/2 c. dashi
3/4 I. light-colored soy sauce
3/4 t. each: 5011, mirin
1
3/4 c. dashi
2 1-2/3 T. mirin
1-2/3 T. light-colored soy sauce
STEAMED LOTUS ROOT PASTE
SERves .4
2 links fresh lotus rOOI (renkan).
about 2/3 lb. (300 91
1 I ' T. rice vinegor
3 c. water
2
112 c. dashi
I I. light-colored soy souce
1/2 I . salt
1 I . midn (sweet rice wine)
2 oz. (60 9) chicken leg meol
1/8 t. soy sauce
1/8 I. sugar
.4 shelled shrimp (2. 1/2 oz. or 75 9)
or e gingko nuls
.4 small fresh Chinese block
mushrooms (shiitoke,
.4 slices fish cake (komoboko)
lemon peel, 01 desired
• Peel the 10lus rool (illus. I) and l ook in 1 about 15 minutes (10
prevent discoloration and 10 remove any row lasle) . Grind inlo
a posle (illus . 2) and ploce in a bowl . Mix in 2 until well blended
(illus. 3) . Set aside.
• Cui the chicken inlo 8 small pieces. Mill; in 3 and allow ' 0
marinole 10 minutes.
• Place In. chicken, shrimp, mushrooms and fish coke in a 'teaming
bowl, then pour enough of the lotus rool paste over the top to fill
the bowl about 7/ 10 full. Place in a steamer and steam 30 minutes
over low heal . Remove from sleomer and sprinkle a lillie lemon
peel over the lop. Serve hot.
The porlian 01 Ihe lotus rool dosesl to the top is lougher but
tastie r. If covered with mud, lotus rool can be kepI obout one week.
Once 'olus root is washed il is best 10 use il the some day for
maximum freshness .
Gingko nuts can be subst iluled for the shrimp. If using dried
gingko nuts, odd waler and steam 30 minules before use. Conned
gingko nuts may be used as is.
'1
42
.'

', ...
,
SERVES .4 FRESH FISH STEAMED WITH TOFU
• Cut the porgy fillels inlo .4 lorg8 pi&ees. Sprinkle on 1/4 teaspoon
soh and sel aside.
• CuI each coke of tofu inlo .4 equal pieces, Score the mushrooms
with three intersecting culs to form 0 slor ,in the cenler. Wipe the
kelp cleon with a damp cloth. Wash the and blanch
each separately in boiling w?ler, ,and cuI mtl?
• Insert a chopstick several hmes Inlo Ihe while radish to make
o number of "weUs" (illus.l) . Sluff the red chili pepper strips
(illus.2) . Grind inlo a !illus.31 ', Add Ihe,chopped green onion.
Mix in 1 thoroughly. This IS the Ylnegar dip.
• Spread open the kelp in a bowl. Place the fish, tofu, mu.shroo,ms,
spinach, and carrol on top. Sprinkle 2 tablespoons nce
Sleam over high heal about 7 to 8 Top. With
shredded young ginger root. Serve hot, With the vlnegor dip on
Ihe side.
o Olher fish (that does nol have 100 many bones) may be used
in Ihis recipe, such 05 cod, slale cod crooker, Spanish mackerel
(sowara) , or grouper; or shrimp, clams, other shellfish, and so forth.
7 oz. (200 gl porgy fillet (red sea
bream; skin on)
2 cakes soh tofu
.4 dried Chinese block mushrooms
(soaked until soh)
.4 pieces dried kelp sea weed (kombu),
2 10 2· 1/2" 1510 6 cm) square
1 bunch spinach
.4 slices carrol
2· 1/2 oz. (75 gl Chinese while
radish (doikon)
1 small red chili pepper (seeded
and julienned)
.4 T. chopped green onion (green
portion only)
1 I .4 T. soy sauce
1·2/3 T. each: rice vinegar, lemon juice
shredded young ginger rool, as
desired
SPINACH WITH SESAME PASTE
SERVES 4
2 T. white S8same seeds
2 t. sugar
2 T. soy sauce
2 t . dash;
1 lb. (450 g) fresh spinoch
bonito shavings, as desired
• Wash and drain the white sesame seeds (ill us. 1) . Toast
by heating in a dry fr yi ng pon over low heat (use no oil;
iIIus. 2) . Grind into a powder (illus. 3) and mix together well
with 1. This is the sesame poste.
• Wash the spinach thoroughly and blanch in boiling water
obout 1 minute. Rinse in top water to cool. Squeeze out the
9:-;cess moisture. Cut into 2'" (S em) sections. Place in a
serving dish. Toss with the sesame paste and top with bonito
shovings 10 serve.
D Other vegetables, such a s string beans, garland
chrysanthemum (shungilw) , Chinese cabbage, and 50 forth,
may be substituted for the spinach.
O The white sesame seeds may, as on alternative, be toasted
and sprinkled directly on the spinach instead of first ground
into a powder .
43
"
SERVES 4
OKRA WITH EGG DRESSING
• Boil the shrimp until just cooked, shell, and set aside.
• Small, thin okra is more tender and tastier (illus. 1) . Rub
gently with 1/8 teaspoon salt (illus. 2). Rinse dean. Blanch
in boiling water, cool in tap water, and cut into thin slices.
• Separate the egg. Transfer the yolk to a large serving
spoon, then place the spoon on the surface of boiling water.
Stir the yolk carefully with a pair of chopsticks until of a
thick consistency, about ane minute (it will be about 3110
cooked) . Be extremely careful nat to burn yourself on the
steam! Place Ihe egg in a bowl and mix in 1, blending
thoroughly. This is 'he egg dressing.
• Arrange the shrimp and okra on a serving plate. Pour
on a small amount of egg dressing and serve.
w Bonito shavings (illus. 3) may be sprinkled over the top
just before eating for extra flavor .
If okra is unavailable, gherkin cucumbers may be
substituted .
8 shrimp (2 /3 lb. or 300 g)
4 okra (ladies' fingers, gumbo)
1 egg
1 t. rice vinegar
1/8 t . mlfln
118 t . sugar
oaopus SALAD SERVES .:I
7 oz. (200 9) fresh octopus (toKo)
2 gherkin cucumbers
2- 1/2 oz. (75 g) welcome (Iobe-Ieof
seaweed)
I- If3 oz. (40 9) lotus rool (renkon)
2 T. rice wine
114 c. each: rice wine, waler
1 T. light.colored soy sauce
3 T. sugor
1/2 I . salt
1/3 oz. pO 9) bonito shovings
(Jrofsuobushtl
ginger root puree, as desired
• Wash the odopus (illus. 1) . Cook in boiling waler aboulS 10
6 minules. Remove, allow to cool. and cui into 1/4· (.3 em)
diogonal slices.
• Wash the gherkin cucumbers . Blonch in boil ing waler 3 seconds,
then immerse in cold woler (thi s gives the cucumbers a brillionl
gfeen color). Drain. Make diogonal (010 45" ongle) croucuh in
the gherkin cucumben, CUlling about halfway through (illus. 2) .
Turn over the cucumber and cui again in the same way. The
cucumber must remain connected (illus . 3) . Cut into approximately
2· 112" (.4 cm) pieces.
• Rinse the wokome to remove the salt it contains, then squeeze
out the excess moisture. Cut the lotus root into thick strips, following
the grain. Blanch the wokoma and the lotus root separately in
boiling water. Marinate in the vinegar, together with the gherkin
cucumbers.
• Bring 1 to a boil and stra in. Thi s is Ihe vinegar dressing.
• Arrange the octopus, cucumber, wokome, lot us rool , and ginger
root puree neatl y an a servi ng plate. Pour the vinegar dressi ng
aver the lop and serve.
Squid or shrimp may be substituted for the octopus in 'his recipe.
'5
46
SERVES 4
SHRIMP·CUCUMBER ROLLS
• Plac. th. cucumb.rs on a cUlling board. Sprinkl. 118 t.ospoon
soh o ... er Ihem and gently rub it in 10 make Ih. cucumbers soft and
pliabl. (mus. I) . Rinse clean. Cui inlo 1/16- (. 1 cm) Ihin rounds.
Cure in onolh.r 1/81easpoon soh for 5 minut.s. Squ •• ze outlhe
.xcess moislur. and morinol. in 1.
• Impale one shrimp on .och bamboo sk.wer linus. 2) . Blanch
oboul I· 1/2 minul.s in boiling wat.r. Place the shrimp in a bowl
of cold woler 10 cool . Pull oullhe skew.". R.mo .... lhe h.ads, shell,
and set aside.
• Plac. Ihe sh •• 1 01 plaslic wrap on Ih. bamboo mot . Genlly
sque.ze the cucumbers dry and n.olly orronse them in a Aot, e ... en
layer on th. plOSlic wrap. oboul 1·112- (4 cm) wide (mus. 3); o ... oid
slacking Ihe cucumben on lop 01 .och olh.r. Place Ihe shrimp in
Ihe cenl.r. Gently roll into a lighl cylind.r. Ploc. in the refrig.rotor.
• Belor. serving. us. a sharp knife 10 slice Ihe ron into 12 small
pieces. cUlling wilh one singl. downward stroke. Genlly r.move
Ihe ploslic wrap. Arrange neally on a serving dish. Sprinkle 2 o ... er
Ihe lOp and serve.
2 (siroighl) gherkin cucumb.rs
1 11 T. sugar
1/2 T. ric .... inegor
4 shrimp (113 lb. or 150 g)
,",amboo skew.rs
.omboo sushi mot (sudore)
1 sheel plastic wrap (6· or 15 cm
square)
21 2 T. sugar
2 T. rice ... inegor
48
SERVES .4
ASPARAGUS WITH COD ROE
• Use only the most tender portion of the asparagus. Blanch
in boiling water for 1 minute and remove. Cool in a bowl
of tap water . Cut into 1 . 1 / 2 ~ (4 cm) pieces and place in a
serving dish .
• Make a slash on the surface of the cod roe pouch (illus.
2) . Turn over and scrape off the cod roe (illus. 3) . Mix in
112 teaspoon rice wine. Sprinkle over the top of the
asparagus and serve.
Fresh cod roe can be kept in the refrigerator and eaten
raw. Seasoned (e.g. piquant, salty) cod roe is called torako.
o Thi s dish can be served as an appetizer 01 a banquet,
and is also good as an accompaniment to wine .
12 stalks green asparagus
1 pouch cod roe (,arako;
iIIus . 1)
SHIRATAKI WITH UNI PASTE
SERVES .4
1/2 lb. (225 9) shirotold
1/8 t. salt
1/8 t. eoch: rice wine, MSG
(optional)
1. 1/2 T. un; poste (seo urchin,
sea chestnut paste; iIIus . 1)
2 1/3 T. rice vinegar
2/3 T. soy sauce
1/8 t. rice wine, MSG (optional)
mustord (ill us. 21, as desired
3 white radish sprouts (/roiwore),
as desired
• Blanch the shirotok; lillus. 3) briefly in boiling water and
remove. Place in 0 frying pon with 1 (use no oil) and stir·
fry until dry.
• Stir 2 until combined . Add the stir-fried shirotoK; and stir
until well mixed. Place in a serving dish. Top with 3 and
serve.
47
48
SERVES .4
ASPARAGUS WITH COD ROE
• Use only the most tender portion of the asparagus. Blanch
in boiling water for 1 minute and remove. Cool in a bowl
of tap water . Cut into 1 . 1 / 2 ~ (4 cm) pieces and place in a
serving dish .
• Make a slash on the surface of the cod roe pouch (illus.
2) . Turn over and scrape off the cod roe (illus. 3) . Mix in
112 teaspoon rice wine. Sprinkle over the top of the
asparagus and serve.
Fresh cod roe can be kept in the refrigerator and eaten
raw. Seasoned (e.g. piquant, salty) cod roe is called torako.
o Thi s dish can be served as an appetizer 01 a banquet,
and is also good as an accompaniment to wine .
12 stalks green asparagus
1 pouch cod roe (,arako;
iIIus . 1)
SALMON ROE WITH DAIKON PUREE SERVES 4
1· 1/3 lb. (600 g) Chinsse white
radish (daikon)
4 T. solmon roe (illus. 1)
• Grind the while radish into a puree (illus. 2) . Gently
squeeze out the excess moisture lillus. 3) and ploce in a
serving dish.
• Sprinkle the salmon roe over the top of the white radish
puree and serve. Small dishes of soy souce may be served
on the side 05 a dip, if desired .
BOlh solted and unsolted solmon roe ore available
commercially; choose the kind you prefer .
' 9
50
MISO PICKLES
• Place the white miso in a cleon, dry bowl. Mix 1 (1IIus .
1) into the miso until well blended.
• Rub 1 teaspoon solt on the cucumbers and allow to set
for 2 minutes. Rinse cleon. Move to a cool place to oir dry.
Add to the miso poste and mi x well (illu5. 2) . Transfer the
cucumbers with mise to a container that can be lightly sealed
(iIlU5. 3) . Allow to cure 2 10 3 days . Rinse and cui into slices
before serving.
o Tender eggplant, head cabbage, carrots, Chinese while
radish, elc., con be pickled with thi s some method.
o Do not allow to cure more than 3 days, or the liquid (and
flavor) contained in the vegetables will escape into the miso
paste.
1-113 lb. 1600 gl ghe'k;n
cucumbers
14 oz . (4009) white miso (soy
bean pastel
5 T. mir;n (sweet rice wine)
2 To"sugor
1/2 T" soy souce
2-1/4 lb. (10009) Ch;,.s.
cabbage (net weight)
2 T. salt
1 2 ~ (5 em) piece dried kelp
(kombu)
small red chili pepper, sliced
PICKLED CABBAGE
• Quarter Ihe Chinese cabbage and air-dry (ill us. 1 J.
Sprinkle on the salt (put extra salt on the portion near the
rool). With a scissors, cui the kelp inlo 1110" (.2 em) wide
strips. Sel aside.
• Ploce two quarters of the cabbage in a dry bowl, sprinkle
on some red chili pepper and kelp (illus. 2), then add
another two quarters of cabbage. Ploce Ihe large end of
one cabbage quarter together with the small end of the
other (illus. 3) . Follow this procedure until all of the
ingredients are used up. Cover with a wooden lid slightly
smaller thon the moulh of the container. Place a rock or
other heavy obiec! on top as a weight and leave
undisturbed 2 to 3 days.
• After 3 days, the cabbage must be taken out and rinsed
clean (otherwise it will go sour). Rinse again in cold water,
squeeze out the excess water, and store in the refrigerator
in a clean container with a sealable cover; or cover with
plastic wrap. Serve any amount anytime.
n A gloss or ceramic bowl or a wooden container may also
be used to make pickles. 51
SERVES 4
BEEF SUKIYAKI
1 A oz . (400 g) beef, thinly
sliced
2 large Chinese green onions
Ionian
1 large coke lofu
garland chrysanthemum
(snungiku) or spinach,
as desired
2- 1/2 oz. (75 9) enoki
3- 1/2 oz. (100 g) Chinese
cabbage
2·2/3 oz . (80 g) shiralaki
(or udon noodles)
3/4 c. burdock root
(gobo), julienned
2·1/2 oz . (75 g) buller
Kanto style sauce:
1/2 c. each; mirin, soy
sauce, dashi
2·4 T. sugar
4 eggs
1 c. dash;
• Cut the large Chinese green onions into d i a g ~ n a l slices, Ihe onion
inlo 1/4" (.5 em) slices, and the lofu inlo large cubes. Cui off the
laugh and wilted portions from the garland chrysanthemum, and the
tough ends from the enoki. Cut the Chinese cabbage into large chunks.
Wash eoch of the ingredients separately. Blanch the shiraloki in
boiling water. Set aside.
• Arrange the sliced beef and aU of the other ingredients neolly on
serving plates .
• Heal a sukiyaki pot ond melt the buller in if. Move the buller
around with a pair of chopsticks to distribute the butler evenly over
the surface. Saute the large Chinese green onion in the buller. Add
the beef slices and stir.fry briefly. Add some of Ihe vegetables . Bring
1 to a boil and pour over the beef and vegetables. Continue to cook
at the table. Break on egg into each of ;1 rice bowls cnd beat lightly.
Dip the sukiyaki ingredients in the egg before eating .
• Finally, odd the dashi, Ihen the snirafaki, tofu, greens, etc. Bring
10 a boil and ect. This is on excellent winter dish.
r.: 1 is Kanfo (Tokyo areo) style sauce, with more liquid. There is
also Kansai (Osaka area) style sauce, which has less liquid; ;t consists
simply of 112 cup soy sauce and sugor to taste. Use the sauce you
prefer.
BEEF AND VEGETABLE CHAFING DISH (Shabu Shabu)
SERVES .4
14 oz. 1400 9) tender be.f (or
pork). thinly sliced
2-112 oz. (75 9) enok;
4 fr.sh Chines. block mushrooms
Ishiitoke)
2/3 lb. (300 9) Chines. cabbage
7 oz. 1200 91 fresh cauliflower
1 large coke tofu
7 oz. (200 9) udan noodles (or fine
shirotalul
gorland chrysonthemum (shungilw),
as desired
I
4 c. waler
1 1 4- (10 em) piece dried kelp (kombu)
2
3
4
3/4 c. each: doshi, soy souce
2 T. sugar
.4 T. mirin
118 t . MSG (a;inomolo; optional)
I c. sesame seed powder
1/8 I . white miso
3/4 c. soy souce
2 t. miri"
Chines. while radish (daikon) pur •• ,
as desired
minced fresh red chili pepper,
as desired
1/8 I. lemon iuice
• CUi off the lough ends from the enolr; and wosh. Slice the
mushrooms diogonally. Cui 'he cabboge into chunks and 'he
cauliflower into flowerets (illus . 1) . Blanch the cauliflower briefly
in boiling water. Cut the tofu into 3 1 4 ~ (2 cm) cubes. Immerse the
udon noodles in boiling water briefly, remove, and set aside.
• Arrange all ,he above ingredienh, including the sl iced beef,
neally on serving plales. Milt 2 and 3 separately unlil blended.
Place .4 in a small serving dish.
• Put 1 in a palaver a lable burner, and allow to soak 30 minutes.
Bring to a boil, Ihen remove the kelp. Immene the meat in the kelp
stock and swish around a few times. Remove when the color
changes. Cook the other ingredients in the stock as you eat. Dip
in Ihe sauce you prefer (2 or 3, with .4 and lemon juice stirred in)
before eating.
See page .43, Spinach wilh Sesame Paste, for inslructions on
how to make Ihe sesame seed powder in 3. If you do nol care
for miso, mustard may be used as a substitute .
large Chinese green onion (illus. 2) may be added to the chafing
dish for 8ltlra flavor.
Substilule freshly-squeezed kumquat (illus. 3) juice for the lemon
juice for a losle variation.
55
56
SEAFOOD AND VEGETABLE CHAFING DISH
fresh fish (1 lb. or 450 g)
cutt lefish or squid (2/3 lb. or
300
9)
4 shrimp (1 12 lb. or 225 9)
112 lb. (225 9) chicken meot
I large coke tofu
1-113 lb. (600 9) Ch;ne,e
cabbage
1/4 large corrot
1 bunch spinoch
5 c. dashi
3 T. mirin
6 T. light.colored soy souce
3 T. lemon juice
2 41 1. soy souce
1·3/.:1 c. dash;
SERVES 4
• Remove the head and bones from Ihe fish (see p. 8) . Cut
the fish meat info smoll pieces. Score Ihe cuttlefish wi,h a
crosscut (illus. 1) . Remove Ihe shell from the body portion
of the shrimp. Cut the chicken into pieces, and the tofu inio
3/4 ~ (2 em) cubes.
• Pull the leaves off the Chinese cabboge, one by one. Cui
the carrol into matchstick-sized strips. leove the bunch of
spinach whole; do not cut . Wash each ingredient
thoroughly, then blanch separately in boiling water until
soft . Place some cabbage leaves, carrot, and spinach on
a bamboo sushi mat, and roll tightly into a cylinder shape
(illus. 2, 3) . Cut into 1· 114· (3 cm) pieces.
• Add 1 to a day pot and bring to a boil. Place the fish
head, chicken meat, and the rest of the ingredients inta the
pot . Cook 01 the lable while eating . Dip in 2 before eating.
o Lorge Chinese green onion, dried Chinese black
mushrooms, garland chrysanthemum (shungikIlJ , and so
forth, may also be used in this recipe.
58
2
TOKYO STYLE STEW (Oden)
SERVES 4
2 fried fish sausages (chikuwa;
iIIus. 1 J
1 coke konnyoku
2/3 lb. (300 9) Chinese white
rod ish (doikon)
12 eoch: fish balls, quail 8995
8 rolls kelp (kombu)
4 cokes deep-fried tofu
8 slices burdock root (gobO)
lempuro (illus. 2)
5 c. dashi
1/2 c. mirin
1-112 T. soy souce
2 T. each: white miso, sugor
4 T. eoch: ket chup, cold waler
1 t. chili poste
mustord, as desired
• Cullhe fried Fish sausoges into chunks or diagonal slices,
Cut the konnyolw into small pieces. Roll-cut the white radish
inlo chunks. Skewer Ihe fish balls and quail eggs, four per
bamboo skewer (illus. 3).
• Blanch the kelp rolls in boiling water for about 2 minutes
to remove the seawater odor. Cook the white radish in 0
fresh pot of boiling waler unlil done, obout 5 minutes.
Remove.
• Bring 1 to a boil in a cloy pot . Add the other ingredients
to the boiling liquid, then lower the heat ond simmer about
40 minutes, until the flavors are well absorbed. Dip in 2 or
mustard before eating.
The success of this dish depends on the quality and
~ r e s h n ~ s s of the ingredients used. Choose the very best
,"gredlents when shopping for this dish. Stuffed tofu pockets,
octopus, and so forth, may be substituted for some of the
ingredients in this dish .
60
3
62
VEGETABLE TEMPURA
2
1 link lotus tOOl (renltan)
8 slices pumpkin (or sweel potato)
a siring beons
.4 dried Chinese black mu shrooms
(shiilcke; soaked until soh)
e cobs baby corn (or 8 slices okra)
8 st alks asparogus
1 eggplant (prefe rably long thin
Orienlol)
1· 113 oz. (AO 9) shredded burdock
rool (gobo)
1
1 large e99
3/A c. ice waler
1 c. low-gluten flour
flour. a s needed
1/4 c. each: mirin, soy souce
1 c. cioshi
lib oz. (5 9) bonito shoYi ng'
Ikolsuobusllll
c. Chinese while radish (doikon)
3 puree
T. ginger rool puree
SERVES .4
. Cullhe lotus rool inlo 1 I 4 ~ (.S em) slices, then corve The edges
10 form 0 decorative poffern (illus. I) . Cullhe remaining vegetable
ingredienh inlo decorotive pOllerns as well (illus. 2, 3) . Mix 1 10
make the bOiler (see p. 60, Seafood Tempuro) .
• Heat 2 c.up' unused oil to somewhat under smoking. Dip the
vegetables first in the dry flour , then in the egg bolter, and deep.
fry one at a time until crisp, about 3 minutes. Remove from the
oi l and arrange in a serving dish. Serve hot . Dip in 2 0nd 3 before
eating (the some as wit h seafood tempura) .
The temperature of the oil is extremely important when frying
tempura. After heating the oil, drip a little batter in it to test the
temperature; if the bolter flooh up quickly to Ihe surface, the oil
is about right for fryi ng seafood templ/ra. If the bolter drops do
not rise as quic.kly 10 the surfoc.e, the oil is probably about the right
temperature for fryi ng vegetable tempuro.
The temperature of the oil must be kept constant. After deep.
frying the femplJra, return to the oil 10 fry another 30 sec.onds for
a crispier bolter c.ooting.
64
FRIED PORK CUTLET
1 lb. (450 9) pork cutlet
1
118 I. salt
I 118 I. pepper
1/4 c. low-gluten flour
1 e99 (lightly beaten)
1 c. fine bread crumbs
2 c. shredded cabboge
1 tomato
1 gherkin cucumber (cut inlo thin
diogonal slices)
SERVES 4
• Cut off the sinews from the edges of the pork cutlet (illus.
1) . Cui into 4 equal pieces (ill us. 2) . Sprinkle on 1. Gently
dip first in the flour , then in the e99 mixture, then in the fine
bread crumbs.
• Heal 2 cups oil 10 medium hal in a frying pon or wok.
Fry the cui lets about 5 minutes (be sure to remove particles
From the oil when fryi ng fa keep it deon) . The surface of
Ihe cullet should be crisp and golden brown, and the meol
should be cooked through. Remove from the oil, cut inlo
pieces, and arrange in a servi ng dish . Garnish with the
shredded cabbage, tomato, and gherkin cucumber slices.
Dip in ketchup or pepper-salt before eating; or a little lemon
juice may be squeezed over the lOp.
o Spray the fine bread crumbs lightly with water before use
Iillus. 3) to prevent the fried batter coating from becoming
too hard.
,.
; o - ~ "..,.
'f' .. Y.
. ; ~
/
" , ~ ' "
... " ..... -.1 2
SERVES 4 MACKEREL BARBARIAN STYLE
66
• Wash the mackerel (illus. 1) and dry with paper towels
Iii Ius. 2) . Dredge in flour (illus. 3) and sel aside.
• Heat the .4 cups oil in a frying pon or wok. Deep-fry the
fish in the oil over high heat for one minute. Turn the heal
to medium and continue to fry until crisp (about 8 minutes) .
Remo ..... from the oil and place 9" a serving plate.
• Stir-fry the onion unlil soft . Add 1 and bring to a boil.
Add the green pepper and red chili pepper, mixing well.
Pour over the fish . Squeeze a little lemon juice over the top
before eating . . .
Other fresh fish of a similar size may be cooked In thiS
way.
.4 mackerel (totol 1 lb. or 450 9)
2 1. low-gluten flour
.4 c. oil for frying
1/2 onion, cut in holf.rings
1/2 c. rice vinegar
1 T. each: sugar, soy sauce
2 T. dash;
1 green pepper, cut in julienne
strips
112 small red chili pepper, cut in
julienne strips
1/2 lemon
2 large cokes soft lofu
1/2 c. low-gl uten flour
1/2 c. Chinese white radish
(doilron) puree
1 T. ginger root puree
2 T. chopped green onion
1/4 c. mirin (sweet rice wine)
114 c. soy sauce
1 c. dashi
DEEP.FRIED TOFU SERVES 4
• Trim off the hard edges from the lofu (illus. 1) and cut
each coke into 4 pieces (illus. 2) . Dredge each piece in flour
(;lIu, . 3)
• Heat a Frying pan or wok and odd 3 cups oil. Heat until
somewhat under smoking. Fry the lofu over high heat about
1 minute, until it is golden brown on the outside but still
tender inside. Remove from oil.
• Place the white radish puree, ginger root puree, and
chopped green onion on top of the fried tofu. Bring 1 to
a boil, pour over the top, and serve.
68
BASIC ROLLED SUSHI (Norimaki)
SERVES 4
4 dried Chinese black mushrooms
(shiitake)
1
1
1 c. soak waler from dried mushrooms
2 T. sugor
1-1/2 T. soy sauce
2/3 oz. (20 9) dried gourd shavings
(kompyo)
dosh of solt
1 c. doshi
2 T. lay sauce
3 T. sugar
4 eg9s
112 I . each: salt, sugar
113 I . soy sauce
2 gherkin cucumbers (or some
spinoch)
1 bamboo sushi mot (sudore)
5 sheels purple lover (nori; toosted)
1 c. waler
2 T. rice vinegar
4-1 /2 c. sushi rice
• Soak the dried mushrooms unl il soh. Add 1 and cook untilth.
souce is olmost completely reduced. Allow 10 cool, Ihen cui the
mushrooms into strips .
• Soak the dried gourd shovings in waler for about 10 minutes .
Remove and rub with salt (illu5. I) . Cook in 2 until Ihe sauce is
almOSI completely reduced. Cool and cui into pieces abautthe same
length as the purple laver. Set aside.
• 8eot the eg3s lightly and mix in 3 . Fry into 1· 1/4" (3 cm) thick
slices (see p. 33, Japanese Egg Roll) . Cut into st rips. Quarter the
gherkin cucumber lengthwise and scoop out the seeds. Set aside.
• Wash the bamboo mol and air.dry. Place a sheet of purple laver
on the mot . WeI both honds with 4 . Pick up 1 cup of sushi rice
and ploce in the center of the purple lover, then spread it evenly
over the seaweed. leave 3/8" (l cm) of the seaweed free at the
front, and 3/4" (2 em) at the bock. Arrange the above ingredients
neatly across the center of the rice (i ll us. 2) . Pick up the front of
the seaweed (illus . 3) to roll the sushi into a cylindrical shope. Roll
and press together tightly with the bamboo mot. Press even the
two ends of the sushi, then remove the bamboo mot . Cut the sushi
in half, then into a lotol of eight small pieces (wipe the knife with
a wet doth to prevent sticking) . Serve.
When making small amounts of sushi at home, the dried gourd
shavings and dried mushrooms can be cooked together in 1 and
2 until the sauce is reduced. This method saves time and bother.
Egg fried inlo a thin " pancake" may be substituted for the purple
lover . Place some lettuce on top of the rice. Shrimp, asparagus,
broiled eel. and so forlh can be included in the filling 10 make all
saris of sushi variations .
ASSORTED PRESSED SUSHI
WITH SASHIMI
24 PIECES
5 fresh luno (ma9I.1fo)
fillel (2-1 12 oz. or 75 g)
3 fre,h porgy litle' (1-213
oz. or 45 9)
I
1 c. wOler
1 2 T. rice ,,;negor
4 c. sushi rice
wasobi, as desired
1f3 oz. (1091 freU! solmon roe
2 slrips purpl. lo".r (nori;
l " x5" or 2.5)(18 em)
1/3 oz. (109) Fresh leQ ufchin
(uml
,
3 Ihin slices currie/ish (1 oz .
or 30 9)
3 cooked shrimp (see p. 46,
Shrimp-Cucumber R.olls)
3 sliclu e99 roll (1111 p. 33,
Jopanese Egg RoU)
J ork shells (okogoq
J (o<ltlel (tongo,l
2 slices hoi/beak (soyo"l
'ille' (1 oz. or 30 g)
pickled sweaHour jinger
rool and lemon s iels, as
desired
How to prepare fi5h for pressed wshl With soshlmi Slice rile fisll (see p.9) .
• Dip your "onds in I. Pick up about 213 oz. (20 g).ushi rice with your righl
hand, and gently 1ilu •• :e inla 0 reclongulor block.
• Pick up a slice of ish in your lefr hand and brush a lillie wasabi over the
cenler (illus. I). Place the sUlhi rice block on lop of il (illus. 2) . Pren down
gently on the sushi rice wilh your right indlK finger (illul . 3), then turn it over
so Ihe fish is on the top. Wilh your righl thumb and indu finger, press balh
sides so that il is roughly r.ctongulor (illul . 4), Ihen genlly pren down on
Ih.fish slice wi th your righl indeK finger and middle finger . Althe some lime,
press Ihe fish Out toward one end with your lefr thumb, so that the fish arcs
outward (illus. 5). Turn the sushi around and repeot on the other end. Repeat
the whole procedure on the lome two endl for a finished Repeat the
same procedure for each 01 the items in 2
To make pressed SUShi with solman roe . Pick up a holf. hondful of sushi
rice and form it into a cylindrical shope. " Frome" the rice by preuing a strip
of purple lover around the outer edge; ,,01 the two ends together onto the
rite with some rice vinegar. Fill .... ith solman rOI. Follow thl laml procedure
for the leo urchin.
• Arrange the oUOrled prened IUIIIi allractivlly in (I ",....ing dish and se,....e.
To eol Using chopsticks, turn the luslli lO that I'" filling sidf" faces sideways
jillu,; then dip in 10Uce (illus 7). Sushi can 0110 be eOlen wilh Ihe
71
2
3
HAND·ROLLED SEAWEED SUSHI (Temaki)
6 sheets purple lover (nod;
lO" x3·1 /2" or 25 x 9 em)
2 leaves lettuce
4 stolks green asparagus
2 cooked shrimp
1/2 pocket fine bonito shovings
("onaga/suo)
moyancise, as desired
2 leaves leNuce
1/2 gherkin cucumber (Cui '·3/4"
or 7 em long)
3 T. sushi rice
wasob;, as desired
2 sHces soshimi
2 leaves lettuce
1/2 gherkin cucumber (cut in thin
diagonal slices)
4 I. salmon roe
6 ROllS
• Cook the asparagus in boiling water until done, then cui
in 2·3/4" (7 em) pieces. See poge 46, Shrimp.Cucumber
Rolls, for instructions on how to prepare the shrimp. Arrange
all the ingredients on plates onj have ready.
• Toast a sheet of purple lover . Place half of 1 in a corner
of the seaweed, in order, and roll up (i llus. 1, 2, 3).
• Roll 2 and 3 in Ihe same way as 1. Serve and eol
immedialely (10 prevent the seaweed from becoming soggy) .
D To 10051 the purple laver : Place the seaweed in a dry
frying pan or wok, or on the lower shelf of an oven . Toast
about 5 seconds and remove. Pretoosled seaweed is also
available commercially.
o This dish is a gaod finger food for banquets or buffets.
7'
HAM, VEGETABLE AND EGG ROLLS
8 stolks fresh green asparagus
112 stolk celery
1/2 apple
2 slices ham (squore)
2 stalks Chinese celery
-4 eggs
.4 leaves teHuee
moyancise (or salt), as desired
4 ROLLS
• Cut the tender ends of the green a sparogus inlo 2·3/4 ~
(7 em) lengths. Blanch in boiling water and cool in lOp
water. Pore off the strings from the celery and cui inlo
2.3/4 ff (7 em) lengths. Cut inlo thin strips along the grain
and soak in ice water . Cut the apple inlo thin strips and soak
in so It woler. Drain each separately before use and set
oside. Cut the hom into fine strips. Blanch the Chinese celery
in boiling water, cool in top waler, then teor into fine strips.
• Beot the 899 lightly. Fry into -4 egg " pancakes" (about
6_1/2 w to 8
w
or 17 to 20 em in diameter) .
• Spread out one of the egg " pancakes". lay a leaf of
leHuce on it, then top with 114 of the asparagus, celery,
apple, ham, and some mayonaise (illus. 1) . Fold the egg
" pancake" in half, allowing the filling ta protrude somewhat
(illus. 2) . Roll the two ends towards the center, then secure
with the Chinese celery shreds (illus. 3) . Repeat for the
remaining three egg " pancakes". Serve.
The fill ing ingredients can a lso be rolled in Chinese moo
shu shells (Peking duck flour wrappers) , bread, elc.
. ,' ,. ' I " " , . " , ~
76
1 c. sushi rice
1/2 sheet purple lover (nori; cuI
inlo fine shreds)
4 slices marlin (kaFlet1 fi llet
2 slices cuttlefish (ika)
1 gherkin cucumber
2 slices tuna fish (moguro) fillet
2 slices Japanese egg roll
1 ark shell (okogal1
1 slice octopus (/ako)
1 slice (1- 1/2" or 4 em square)
broiled eel (unagl1
2 slices mackerel (saba)
1 shrimp
1 slice cockle (/origol1
2 fish rolls
1 dried Chinese block mushroom
(shiilake; soaked until soft and
cooked)
1/2 t. wasabi (Japanese horseradish)
SUSHI SALAD
SERVES 1
• Place the sushi rice (see p. 6) in a serving dish and sprinkle
on Ihe purple lover shreds. Roil lhe marlin into a flower (see
"Chinese Appelizers and Garnishes", p. 103) . Spread open
Ihe cuttlefish slices, place 1/2 gherkin cucumber on top, a nd
roll up. Secure with a toothpick, Ihen cut inlo pieces.
Arrange the tuna fish fillet , Japanese egg roll slices (see p.
33), ark shell, and other ingredients neatly on a platter,
• CuI the other half of the gherkin cucumber into thin
diagonal slices. Place the mushroom on the side as a
garnish, then top with the wasab; and serve, This is a
Kanto (Tokyo) slyle dish.
Fish rolls can either be bought ready-mode, or mode
yourself 01 home. To make: Cut a 3" xl-1I2" (Sx4 em)
piece of fish fillel info l IS" (.5 cm) slices. Roll both ends
toward the center to form a double scroll. A strip of purple
laver may be placed on top of the fish slice before it is
rolled .
I' As a variation, the above ingredients may be shredded
and sprinkled over the sushi rice (i llus , 1,2,3) . This is the
Kansai (Osaka) version of Sushi Salad.
L Serve Sushi Salad in a bowl or wooden rice box.
78
, ... ...
. " ' ,'
2
3
SERVES <I
TOFU POCKET SUSHI (Inarizushi)
• Cut the fried tofu pockets diagonally into triangles (illus.
1) . Place in a pot with l and bring to a boil. Cook until
the sauce is completely reduced, and set aside to cool.
• Dip both hands in 2. Stuff the tofu pockets about 415 full
with sushi rice (;lIus. 2). Sprinkle a little toasted black sesame
seed aver the top (illus. 3). Eat with the pickled shredded
ginger rool.
The square fried tofu packets can be cut into squares or
rectangles, or they can be rolled, for variation.
Diced dried Chinese block mushroom (shiitake), diced
carrot, and diced dried gourd shoving (kampyO) may be
cooked with I until the sauce is reduced. Allow to cool, then
mix in with the sushi rice, along with some chopped gherkin
cucumber .
To make shredded pickled ginger root ; cut 2/3 lb. (300
g) fresh young ginger into thin slices, and blanch in boiling
water 1 minute. Remove and pickle in 3 tablespoons sugar
and 3 tablespoons vinegar .
10 square fried tofu packets
2/3 c. dashi
5 T. sugar
3 1. say sauce
1 c. water
2 T. rice vinegar
4.1/2 c. sushi rice (approx.)
2 I. toasted black sesame seeds
shredded pickled sweet-saur
ginger root, as desired
CRAB AND RICE MIX·UP
SERVES 4
I con crob meol
1 T. ginger root juice
2 bo .... ls cooked rice
2 dried Chinese block mushrooms
.4 bunches spinoch
.oS c. doshi
1 I. soh
2 I. light-colored soy souce
pinch of MSG (optional)
2· 1/2 oz. (75 9) ortificiol crab meol
.4 e99'
• Slir Ihe ginger rool juice inlo Ihe crob meol (illus . 1) . Add some
cold wol er 10 Ihe cooked rice 10 seporote Ihe groins (mus. 2) .
• Soak Ihe mushrooms until soh and cui inlo thick s!rips , CUi Ihe
spinoch inl o pieces , S., oside.
• Bring 1 10 0 boil. Add Ihe cooked rice and mushrooms and bring
to a full second boil over high heal. Add 'he crob meal, Ihe orl ificiol
crob meal liUus, 3), and th. spinoch. Cook briefly. Skim off Ihe
foam, break in the egg' and lurn off Ihe heal . Serve.
To make ginger (Oelluiee, filler off Ihe liquid from ginger rool
puree.
Purple lover shreds, fresh ayslers, clams, fish fillell, and so fort h
may be added 10 Ihis dish according 10 individual preference.
80
,
• 1
/
2
SERVES .4
TEA RICE
• Broil the solted solmon until cooked through. Skin and
debone; tweeze out the fine bones . Tear into fine shreds
(;lIu,. J ).
• Place the cooked rice in a serving dish . Top with 1, the
solted solmon shreds, and 2. Pour on the hot teo and serve.
Pickled vegetables may be added on the side, or lOp with
bonito shreds.
o Use either green or oolong leo.
o This dish is especially convenient iF you shred fried salted
salmon leftover from the previous meal.
1.113 oz. (37 9) solted solmon
(shio;alre)
4 c. cooked rice
1/8 I. MSG (optional)
116 I. solt
1 T. white sesame seeds (illus. 1)
4 stalks trefoil (mitsuboJ
purple lover (nort1 shreds,
2 as desired
1 I. wasobi (Japanese
horseradish; ilIus. 2)
3 c. teo
2
PORK CUTLET OVER RICE (Katsudon) SERVES .4
14 oz. (400 9) leon pork
1/2 c. flour
1 e99, lightly beoten
3/4 c. fine bread crumbs
.4 c. cooked rice
1-1/2 c. dash;
5 T. mir;n (sweet rice wine)
2-1/2 T. soy sauce
1 t. sugar
sliced green onion, green
portion only, as desi red
.4 eg9s, lightly beoten
• Cullhe leon pork into 3/S
n
(1 em) thick slices. Tenderize
by pounding with Ihe dull edge of 0 cleover or a meat
mollet. Sprinkle on 1/8 teaspoon eoch of salt and pepper .
Dip the pork slices in the ingredients in I , in order (illus.
1, 2, 3) .
• Heal 3 cups cooking oil to 320° F (160°C) . Deep·fry the
pork slices over medium heat until golden brown on bOlh
sides and cooked through. Remove from the oil , cut into
pieces, and place some pork in eoch rice·filled bowl.
• Bring 2 to a boil. Add the green onion and egg. When
the egg is about half set, pour over the pork and rice. Serve.
81
SERVES .4
FRIED SHRIMP OVER RICE (Tendon)
• Shell the shrimp, but leave the toil intact . Remove the lips
of the tails (illus. 1) and chop off the ends of the double lail
shells (ill us . 2) . Scrape Oul the moisture contained in the
shrimp toil wilh the dull edge of a knife. Make several gentle
sloshes in the belly portion of the shrimp (illus. 3) , lightly
pound it straight, and set aside.
• Heat 2 cups cooking oil. Dip the shrimp in 1 and deep·
fry until crisp {see p. 60, Seafood Tempura} . Separately dip
the green pepper, eggplant, and taro in 1 and fry until crisp
(see p. 62, Vegetable T empura).
• Put 1 cup of cooked rice into each individual bowl, and
lOp with the baHer· fried shrimp and vegetables. Bring 2 to
a boil, and pour some over each portion. Toss and eat.
2
.4 jumbo shrimp
1/2 Co low.gluten flour
112 egg
113 c. water (or ice water)
.4 slices green pepper
.4 slices eggplant
.4 slices taro (dasheen)
.4 c. cooked rice
5 T. midn (sweet rice wine)
1 I . sugor
2-112 T. soy sauce
1.1 /2 c. doshi
CHICKEN AND EGG OVER RICE (Oyako Domburi) SERVES 4
1/4 lb. (120 g; net wI .) chicken
leg (dark) meal
1 onion
2 large Chinese green onions
4 eggs
1- 1/2 Co dashi
5 T. mirin
1-1/2 t. sugar
2 T. soy scuce
4 c. cooked rice
• Cut the chicken meot into thick strips (ill us. 1 I, the onion
into half-rings (illus. 2). and the large Chinese green onion
into diagonal slices (illus. 3) . Beol the 899S lightly and set
aside.
• Bring 1 to a boil. Add the chicken and onion, and cook
unt il 50ft. Next odd the beaten eggs and large Chinese
green onion. When the 899 is about half set, pour some of
the contents o'ler each portion of rice . Serve.
84
2
3
SERVES .4 BEEF OVER RICE (Gyudon)
• Add 1 and the onion 10 a saucepan, and cook until the
onion is soft . Next add the sliced beef and green onion, and
cook briefly. Put some of the contents over each rice-filled
bowl, and top with some sliced pickled red ginger rool (illus .
3). Serve.
2/3 lb. (300 g) sliced beef
(ill us . 1)
1 t. each : sugar, soy sauce
1/2 I. salt
1-1/2 c. dashi
5 T. mirin
1/8 t . pepper
1-1/2 c. sliced onion (illus. 2)
4 green onions, sliced
4 c. cooked rice
sliced pickled red ginger rool
(beni-snoga), as desired
1/3 c. red {odzuki" ozuk,l beans
5 c. glutinous rice (sweet rice)
RED BEAN RICE
SERVES A
• Choose red beans that are large and have no foreign
matter mixed in (illus. 1). Add 2 cups water and bring to
a boi l. Discard the water (this is to remove any bitterness).
Add a fresh 3 cups of water and again bring to 0 boil. Turn
the heat to low and simmer about 30 minutes, until the beans
begin to split open (i llus. 2), Remove the beans, drain well,
and retain the cooking liquid .
• Wash the glutinous rice and soak in the liquid used to cook
the red beans (illus. 3) about 8 hours . Drain well, again
retaining the liquid. Mix the red beans into the glutinous rice.
Transfer to a doth.lined steamer, and spread out evenly.
Steam over high heat for about 50 minutes (pour the liquid
from cooking the red beans over the rice as it steaming; pour
in a little at a tilTle eoch of .4 to 5 separate times) . Serve.
Red Bean Ri ce is often served on holidays and at
celebrations; it symbolizes happiness and good fortune .
86
TWO COLOR RICE
112 lb. (225 9) 9,ound beel
2 T. sugar
.4 T. soy souce
1 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
6 c. cooked rice
5 eggs
1/3 t. sal t
2 3 T. dashi
dash of sugor
2·1/2 oz. (75 9) cooked peas
shredded pickled red ginger rool
(ben;-shogo). 0$ desired
SERVES .4
• Heal a frying pan and odd 1 teaspoon cooking oil. Pul
in the ground beef (illus . 1) and stir-fry until the meat
changes color. Add 1 and continue 10 stir-fry until the sauce
is reduced. Pour over the cooked ri ce.
• Beal the eggs lightly . Mix in 2 unt il well blended.
• Heal .4 tablespoons cooki ng oil in a frying pan, pour in
the 6g9 mixture, and stir-fry until Ihe egg is sel . Place on
Ihe rice next to the ground beef . ScoNer some cooked peas
(illus. 2) and shredded pickled red ginger rool (illus. 3) over
the top and serve.
Cooked dried Chinese black mushroom Slrips {see p . 69
Basic Rolled Sushi} and shredded purple laver {noftl may
be added according 10 individual preference.
88
LlTTLE·Of·EVERYTHING RICE
3 c. raw nce
3-112 oz. (100 g) chicken meat
1 oz. (30 9) carrol
1 square fried tofu pocket
1/4 coke konnyalw
1 1. peos
113 t . salt
2 3 1. light-colored soy sauce
1 T. rice wine
3 c. dashi
shredded pickled red ginger root
(beni-shoge), as desired
SERVES A
• Cui the chicken, corrol, fried tofu pocket, and konnyoku
of 1 (illus. 1) into julienne strips. Place in a bowl with the
peas. Mix in 2 and marinate about 20 minutes (illus. 2) . Set
aside.
• Wash the rice, .hen odd the dashi and all the other
ingredients, and mix carefully until blended (illus. 3) . Cook
until done. Sprinkle on some shredded pickled red ginger
and serve.
90
2
3 BAll S
RICE BALLS (Onigiri)
• Divide Ihe rice inlo 3 bolls.
• Remove Ihe seed from Ihe pickled pl um, and cut the plum
inlo Ihree pieces.
• Place one piece of pickled plum in each rice boll. Place
a rice boll in your left hand, and press inlo on angle (illus.
2) ; place your rig hI hand on lOp of the rice boll and flallen
it down (illus. 3) . Repeal Ihi s process until the ri ce bal l is
in the shape of a triangle. Encircle one of the balls with a
st rip of purple laver; roll the second ball in the crushed laver;
and roll the lasl one in Ihe black sesame seeds. Serve.
Rice bolls can 0150 be made by pressing the rice int o rice
molds available commercially.
1- 1/2 c. cooked rice
pickled plum (umeboshll
1 strip purple laver (nor;; 6- x
3/4" or 15 x 2 em)
crushed lover (furigalce; illus. 1) ,
as desired
black sesome seeds, as desired
T
UDON IN BROTH SERVES 4
.4 packages (2 lb. 3 oz. or
1000 9) precooked udon
noodles (illus. 1)
4 dried Chinese black
mushrooms (shiitake)
1/2 c. mushroom soak waler
2·1/2 T. sugar, 1 T. soy sauce
1/ 2 fish cake (komoboko)
.4 bunches spinach
3 oz . (80 g) chicken meal
.4 shrimp, 8 clams
.:1 c. doshi, 1/4 I. salt
1/ 2 c. each: mirin, light ·colored
soy sauce
4 eggs
seven-flavor seasoning {shichimi.
'090r05h,1 , 05 desired
• Soak Ihe mushrooms unti l soft, then cook in 1 until the
flovors ore well absorbed (about 8 minutes) . CuI the fish
coke 01 ahout a 15° angle, and ollernole the knife hack
forlh while cutting 10 form 0 rippled ri si ng sun pattern
(.lIus. 2, 3). Blanch the spinach in boiling waler aboul 30
seconds. Squeeze Qut the excess moisture and cut into
(3 cm) lengths . Slice the chicken. Set oside .
• Immerse the precooked udon noodles in hot woter for 30
seconds, and transfer to a cloy pOl. Place the mushrooms
chi cken slices, fish slices, shrimp, and clams on top of
the n<;,odles. Pour In 2 bring to a boil over high heat .
Pour In the egg and continue to cook until the egg is about
half sel. Add the spinach. Serve hal . A li ll ie seven·flavor
seasoning may be sprinkled over Ihe top, jf desired .
Udon noodles are sold in fresh uncooked, dry, and
cooked forms; choose the kind you prefer .
91
2
4 bunches lomen (thin wheat
noodles)
4 medium shrimp
2 gherkin cucumbers
2 eggs
S slices fish coke (kamabako)
4 c. crushed ice (approx.)
1 c. dalhi
1/4 c. each: mirin, light-colored
soy sauce
116 oz. (5 g) bonito shreds
2 T. chopped green onion
1 sheet purple lover, cui inlo
Ihin slrips
1-1 /2 T. ginger root puree
COLD NOODLES
SERVES 4
• Place t h ~ lomen (illus. 1) in boiling water. Aher it
comes to a second boil, odd 1 cup of top water and continue
to cook about 1 minute, until the noodres are cooked
through. Remove from Ihe boiling woter and place in a bowl
of tap water to cool. Drain (illus. 2) , then odd some crushed
ice, and chill in the refrigerator .
• Cook the shrimp and remove the shells. Cut the gherkin
cucumber into thin rounds . Seat the egg lightly, fry into a
thin egg " pancake", and cut into shreds. Set aside.
• Bring 1 to a boil and strain. This is the broth for the cold
noodles.
• Place ice cubes (or ice water) in a transparent bowl. Add
the lomen (illus. 3) . Arrange the egg shreds, shrimp,
cucumber, and fish coke neatly on top. Divide the broth
among four small bowls, filling each about 3/5 full. Place
2 in a small dish.
• Add some of 2 into the noodle broth. Toke some noodles
and other ingredients and dip in the broth before eating .
Chinese vermicelli can be substituted for the lomen, and
the other ingredients can be varied according to individual
preference .
2

9'
EMERALD BUCKWHEAT NOODLES
.4 bunches buckwheat noodles (sobo)
1 c. dash;
1/4 c. mid" (sweet rice wine)
1/4 c. light.colored soy souce
116 oz. (5 9) bonito shreds
1 c, chopped green onion
1/8 t. wascbi (Japanese honeradish)
2 1/2 c. Chinese white radish IdoikonJ
puree
sheel purple lover (nor;; ( ul into
shreds)
SERVES 4
• Cook the buckwheat noodles (illus. I) . Soak in 10 cups ice water
10 cool. Droin well and place in a sar...tng dish.
• Bring 1 to a boil, sirain, and ploce in small bowls; this is the
broth for the noodles . Place each of the ingredients in 2 (fresh quail
eggs may also be added) in seporate small dishes.
• Mix lome of 2 inlo the broth, then dip the noodles and other
inaredients in the broth 10 eol .
How to Make Homemade Buckwheat Noodles (Sobo) : Use '
buckwheat with brown kernels. Remove the husks and grind into
flour (illus. 2) . Add 2 cups low-gluten flour, 118 teaspoon salt, and
3 cups water to 10 cups buckwheat flour . Knead into a smooth
dough that is neither lao soh nor too sliff (if the dough is too dry,
odd more water; if too sticky, odd dry flour) . leave undi sturbed
about 1 hour . See page 7. How to Make Homemade Udon
Noodles for instructions on rolling a u! the dough. CUI into 311 6-
(. 2 em) thin nc, odles .
Buckwheat is harvested during September and October, so these
two months are the buckwheat noodle " season", when saba is at
its freshest and best. Saba comes in dry and fresh uncooked forms.
II can be eaten cold or hot; try using it in recipes colling for udon
noodles, or for Chinese style noodles in broth.
r Wasab; (Japanese horseradish) powder (sold in bOllOes or cons;
illus . 3) can be used to make wascb; dip. Add some cold or tepid
water to some wcscb; powder 10 form a paste (use 3 tablespoons
wasab; powder to 1- 1/2 tablespoons water) . leave in a tight ly
sea led container for 10 minutes and it is ready for use.
SERVES A
FRIED UDON NOODLES
• Immerse the precooked udon noodles in boiling wafer
briefly and remove.
• CUIlhe onion inlo half.rings. Cui Ihe cabbage hearl into
slices (illus. 1 J, Ihen cut all of the cabbage into shreds. Cui
the pork into shreds (illu5. 2) .
• Heat a frying pan and add 3 tablespoons oil. Stir.fry Ihe
onion, cabbage, and pork briefly. Add 1 and the noodles.
Stir.fry until the sauce is reduced. Sprinkle on a little sesame
oil and seven·flovor seosoning (ill us. 3) , and serve.
96
4 packages (2 lb . 3 oz. or
1000 g) precooked udon
noodles
1 onion
1/2 head cabbage (2/3 lb. or
300
9)
1/3 lb. (150 9) leon pa.k
2 T. Chinese dark vinegar
3 T. soy sauce, 1· 1/3 T. sugar
1/4 I. MSG (optional)
1· 112 c. water, 1/8 I. pepper
sesame oil, as desired
seven· flavor seasoning (shichimi.
fogoroshl1, as desi red
HOT SPRING EGGS
SERVES A
A egg5
1-1/2 T. mirin (sweet rice wine)
1 T. soy sauce
2/3 c. dashl'
1/8 oz. (A gJ bonito shavings
(hanagatsuo)
white radish sprauts (kaiware), a5
desired
• Place the eggs in a saucepan of cold water (illus. 1) and cook
about AO minutes over low heat. The temperature should be
maintained at between lA9° to 15AoF (65° to 68°C) . Do not
allow the thermometer to touch the boltom of the pot (illus. 2). Add
cold water or temporarily turn off the heat if the temperature goes
too high. Simmer until the yolk is partially solid, and the egg white
is smooth and soh (illus. 3) . These are "hot spring" eggs.
• Bring 1 to a boil and turn off the flame immediately. Wait until
the bonito shavings have settled, then strain. This is the soup stock.
• Shell the cooked eggs, and place one egg in each bowl. Top
with some white radish sprouts, add some soup stock, and serve.
D lA9° to 15AoF (65° to 68°C) h equivalent to the temperature
obtained by adding A cups boiling water to 2-112 cups cold water.
o Hot spring eggs can be kept up to 2 days in the refrigerator .
This dish is a delicate and unusual breakfast.
2
98
JAPANESE SALAD
14 oz. (400 g) cuttlefish (ika; de:
not split)
6 c. water
2 green onions
2 slices ginger root
1 T. rice wine
1 head lettuce
1 tomato
12 stalks fresh green asparagus
Ionian
6 T. salad oil
2 T. rice vint!gar
2 1-1/2 T. ~ o y sauce
1 t. sesame oil
1 T. white sesame seed powder
1 cooked egg yolk
SERVES 4
• Remove the entrail s and outer membrane from the
cuttlefish. Bring I to a boil and add the cuttlefish. lower
the heat and simmer, covered, for 3 minutes . Turn off the
heat, then leave covered for another 3 minutes. Place in cold
water (to make the cuttlefish firm) . Cut in to thin rings.
• Wash the leHuce and tomato separately and cut into slices.
Blanch the asparagus briefl y in boiling water and cut inlO
sections. Slice the onion into rounds (illus. 1) and soak in
ice water (illus. 2) about 10 minutes . Remove from the ice
water and pot dry with paper towels . St ir 2 toget her until
of a thick consistency.
• Arrange the salad ingredients neatly on a serving plotter,
then pour 2 over the top . Place the cooked egg yolk in a
strainer and press down on the top with a rubber spatula
to grate the yolk over the salad. Move the strainer while
grating so that there i ~ , on even dusting of egg yolk over
the top. Serve.
2
SERVES 4
SAVORY PANCAKES
• Mix 1 well to form a thick bailer. Cut the cutt lefish in 2 inlo strip'
(iI1us. 2), a nd devein the shrimp (illus. 3) . .
• Heal a fl at. bottomed frying pan and odd 3 tablespoons all. Pour
1/8 of the boil er inlO Ihe pan a nd fry over low heol inlo a
" pancake" unlil oboul ha lf done. Sprinkle on 1/4 of
Iho ingredients down lighl ly. When the of pancake
is gol den, turn il over to fry the other Side for 1 mi nute.
to a plate with a spatula. Pour anolher 1/8 of the ba."er Inlo the
frying pan and again fry into a " pa ncake". Heat unhl a baut half
done, then place the fint " pa"c:Jke" on top of 'he second
one. Canl inve to fry until golden brown. Transfer to a 5el"Ing
• Mix 3 ynta blended . Top the pancake wilh 3, then some pickled
red ginger rool shreds and bonilo shreds. Serve.
" Tempura crumbs" are the crumbs of fried boiler which are
skimmed from the oil when fryfng /empura. Adding lempura crumbs
10 2 gives Ihis dish exira flavor and crunch. They may be omitted
if unovailable.
100
1 I
2
2/3 c. low-gluten flour
3/4 c. clalhi
5 eggs
1 lb. (.450 g) cabbage, shredded
1 c. /empura crumbs (ill us. 1)
1/3 lb. (150 g) CUlllefish (ika )
113 lb. (150 g) shrimp (shelled)
2-1/2 oz. (75 g) pork shreds
112 c. chapped green onion
2 I. must ard , 6 T. kelchup
2 T. moyonoise
6·8 T. Chinese dark vinegar
pickled red gi nger rool (bani.snaga)
shreds, a s desired
fine bonito shreds (nanaga/sua),
as desired
JAPANESE BEEF OMELETTE SERVES 4
7 oz. {200 91 ground beef
1/2 onion
1/3 lb. (150 g) broccoli
112 corrot
114 I. nulmeg (illus. 1)
118 I. pepper
118 t. solt
8 T. butter
2 I. flour
2 1. sweet wine linus. 2)
8 eggs
• Chop Ihd onion (illus. 3) . Cui the broccoli into flowerets, and
the corrot into thick strips. Immerse each separately in boiling water
for about 3 minutes. Place in cold waler 10 slop the cooking
process, then drain.
• Heal a flol-bottomed frying pon, then odd 2 tablespoons buller.
Soute the onion in the butter until soh, odd the ground beef, and
mix well. Mix 1 into the beef mixture unta well combined. This is
the filling_
• Add 1/10 teaspoon each salt and pepper 102 of the eggs. Beat
lightly to mix in.
• Heolthe frying pon and odd 1-1/2 tablespoons buller. Pour in
the egg and stir gently. l ightly press down on the egg when it is
about half sella form a pancake 7" (18 cm) in diameler. Sake
over medium heat until fully set. Add 1/4 of the filling and fold
in half when the battam af the egg "pancake" begins to brown.
Turn off the heat and transfer ta a serving plale. Place some
broccoli and carrot on the side. Repeat the same procedure for
the 6 remaining eggs. Serve.
The nutmeg is optional, and may be omitted if unavailable.
SERVES A
TEPPANYAKI
lA oz. (AOO g) beef
8 shrimp (2/3 lb. or
300
9)
1 cutllefish (2/3 lb.
or 300 g)
A green peppers
7 large dried Chinese
block mushrool'lS
(shiitoke)
Onion
2
1 eggplant 3
long thi'! Oriental)
1/2 Chinese white
radish (daikon)
small red chili
pepper
31A c. eoch: soy souce,
d05hi
A T. mirin (sweet rice
wine)
2 T. sugor
pinch of MSG
(optional)
1 c. white sesame
seed powder
bit of white miso
31A c. soy sauce
2 t. mirin
2 T. minced green
onion
lemon juice, as
desired
• Cut the beef into 3/8" (1 cm) thick slices. Wash the
shrimp (the shells may be removed from the body
portion, head ond toil left intact) . Score the cutl lefish
with a crosscut. Seed the green pepper ond cut into
pieces. Soak the dried mushroom until soft and cut into
pieces. Cut the onion into rounds, and the eggplant into
diagonal slices. Grind I into a puree (see p. 42, Fresh
Fish Steomed with Tof u). Set aside .
• Lightly oil (or bUller) on iron tepponyoki griddle. Fry
the ingredients (in 0 quantity appropriate for the size
of the griddle), and eat as the food becomes ready.
Dip in 2 or 3. A lillie l and lemon juice may be added
to the dipping sauce.

5

SPECIAL SEASONING INGREDIENTS USED IN JAPANESE COOKING
1 Oark and light Soy Sauce (Sh~yu) Soy souce is brewed from soy beans, wheal, rice, and
other ingredients. Dark soy sauce is the most common kind; light.colored soy souce contains fructose, and

..

is chen used in light-colored dishes . 2 Doshi Doshi bose comes in either powdered or liquid form, and in bonito, kelp, and smoll dried fi sh flavon . Use dashi as stock in cooking . 3 Mlrtn Mir;" is a tronsporent, sweet cooking
wine mode from glutinous rice, frequently used in

2

6

Japanese cooking.

4 Crushed Laver (Furigake) This condiment, contoining sesome seeds, finely crushed purple lover (no"l, and bits of dried bonito fillet, comes in many differenllypes, and is usually mixed into rice or used in making sushi. Use the type you prefer. 5 Mlso (Soy Bean Paste) Miso is mode of soy beons, rice, wheot, ond other ingredients. It comes in reRular and low-soh types. 6 Mustard This is a yellow, piquant paste mode from muslard seed powder. 7 Wasabl (Japanese Horseradish) Japanese horseradish rool is firslground into a powder, then mode into a green, piquont paste. 8 Seven-Flavor Seasoning IShichimi-IOgarash!) This seasoning is made from toasted while radish 'prouh, Szechuan peppercorns, fennel, pepper leaf, sesame seed, chili pepper, and pepper.

3

7

4

8

4

HOW TO MAKE DASHI STOCK
Doshi siock ploys on important role in Japanese cooking . The freshness and tostiness of CI dish often depend to a great e xtent on the quality of Ihe dashi used . Presented be low ore methods for making Ihe two diHerenl kinds
of dashi:
boil, remove the kelp and continue to boil. Add the bonito shavings and turn off the heat immediotely . After the bonito sha vi ngs have sett led to the bottom of the pot, filter the stock through a p iece of cheesecloth . The dash; stock is now ready for use in light.colared dishes, for example, Savory Cup Custard (Chawan Mushi; p. 39) . o Whole dried bonito fillets may be baked to soften and sho ved to make the bonito shavings .

Doshi I
2/3 to 1 oz . (20·30 gJ dried bonito shavings (katsuobushi; illus. 1J 5 c. woler 1 strip (4 · or 10 em) dried kelp seaweed (kombu; iIIus . 2)
• Rub the kelp cleon wilh a doth , then spread
open . Make a series of cuts in the kelp crosswise at 1 / 2 ~ (1 em) intervals; do not, however, cut oilihe way through . These cuts allow the kelp to release more of its f1ovor into Ihe slock while cooking; and leaving the kelp in one piece makes it ea sy 10 remo ve .

Doshi II
Add 2·1 /2 cups wa ter to the kelp and bonito shavings used in Do shi I and heat in a pot . Before the center beg ins to boil, add another 2/3 oz . (20 g) of bonita sh a vings and turn off the heal immediately . Wait untllthe ingredients ha ve settled, and filter through a piece of cheesecloth . Th is dash; can be used in dishes with a darker color, such as Chikuzen Ni (p .24) . Use ready-made dashi for extra convenience (il1us . 3) .

• Add the 5 cups of wofer to a pOI together
with the kelp . Befo re the ce nter begins to

This step is not necessary if making only a small amount for home use . and mix il in wilh a rice paddle . pure white groins. allowing the rice grains to become springy and glossy. Sushi vinegar must be prepared ahead of time. and translucent. so as 10 ovoid losing the vitamin 8 . flat bottom can absorb steam and moisture. and dry place . while. Utensils for mixing the sushi rice A wooden container with a lorge. The proportion of sugar to vinegar can be adjusted according to personal taste . Do not allow the rice groins to cling together in clumps. and drip-dry (do not dry in the sun). cool. Sushi vinegar Mix 112 teaspoon salt inlO 3 tablespoons rice vinegar and bring ta a boil over low heat . Fan the rice (either by hand or with on electric fon) while mixing in Ihe vinegor. so il is convenient to make a large amount at once and keep it in the refrigerator for use when necessary . Add 1·3/04 cups waler and soak 30 minutes or longer. o If you make a large quantity of sushi rice. a porcela in or stainless steel container may be substituted . If unavailable. or the rice will become sticky and pasty (illus . transfer the extra rice to another container and cover with a wet cloth to prevent the rice from becoming dry and hard. 3) . The vinegar mixture is ready when the sugar has completely dissolved . and with a minimum of broken groins . with no foreign malerial mixed in. leave the rice covered and und isturbed for another 15 minutes after turning off the heal. conlenl in Ihe rice) . Do this until the rice is light and fluffy. Then add 2 tablespoons granulated white sugar and turn off the heal immediately. Drain when the rice is deon. Wipe clean with a dry cloth before the nexl use. Wash 2 cups of Ihe rice (do nol wash and rinse 100 long. and the flavor of the vinega r dispersed (illus. o How to store wooden containers Wash immediately after use. and do not squish the grains. Pour the 51J$hi vinegar over Ihe cooked rice while the rice is sfill hal. .HOW TO MAKE RICE FOR SUSHI SushI rice (serves 4) Choose shon-groin or sushi rice Ihol has whole. 1) . The various brands of sushi vinegar available commercially may also be used (ill us. Store in a dark. Cook in on electric rice cooker (or on on electric or gO$ Slave) until done. 2) .

Remove the noodles when cooked through. and the noodles are ready for use . Allow to set undisturbed for another 20 minutes.) l /A c.. and are very convenienlto use. It should be about as salty as sea water (15 units on a salinometer. The dough is then stamped on with the feet. e' Homemade udon noodles have a pleasantly springy lexture. Again sprinkle liberally with flour. Cut into l/8 w (. Remove from the bowl and use a rolling pin (preferably one with about the lome diameter as a broomstick) to roll out into a o4 x 8 w (lOx 20 em) rectangle. sprinkle some flour over it. . wrap them in plastic and keep in the refrigerator. the dough can be placed in a ploslic bog. Add Ihe udon and wait until the water comes to a second boil. rather than kneaded by hand. illus. Repeollhe above steps for 5 minutes (about 3 to " times) . (130 eel waler 1/2 T. Sprinkle liberally with flour and fold into 3 or 4 layers . fold into three parIs.) 3-112 oz.. (100 9) high gluten flour (about 113 c. Spread open Ihe dough on the counter.3 em) udon noodles . e the sol' in the water. To cook udon noodles: Fill a pot with water ond bring to a boil. (10 9) solt 7 oz . Cover with a wei cloth and leave undisturbed for about one hour. (200 91 low gluten flour (about 2/3 c. 3) 10 flallen . • Ploce the dough on a counter and knead until of a consistency that is neither too soh nor too firm. Press the dough down with the palm of your hand lillus. Add the soh water very slowly to the flovr as you knead it inlo a smooth dough . • Mix the low gluten flour and high gluten flour together in a large bowl . . 2) . Remove from the bowl. Ihen press down Qgoin .2 em) thick. If you do not use them immediately aher making them.HOW TO MAKE HOMEMADE UDON NOODLES SERVES 4-5 112 c. low gluten flour • Dissol. o For restaurants that make udon noodles in large quantities. . and again roll up Ihe dough around the rolling pin . They can be either stir-fried or boiled. Roll up Ihe dough on Ihe rolling pin (illus . 1). You will be rolling Oul several seporale looped layers at once . Repeat as above 5 more limes until the dough is about 1/ 12 w (. and rinse in cold water. and a piece of cloth spread on top of the bog . Sprinkle some flour over Ihe lop . then cook another minute. Press down and roll to W lengthen the dough . Add 1 cup of cold water. They will stay fresh for about one week . This makes the gluten in the flour soft and pliable.

It is olso importont to keep Ihe cutting boord.NOTES ON FISH IN JAPANESE COOKING • Fish is one of the mainstays of the Japanese diet. When you . Next. Illustrated and expla ined below are the methods for deboning fish and fo r preparing fish for pressed sushi with sashimi. lei the temperature fall below 37. learning to debane fish is a key step in making sashimi. however. or the Fish will freeze . turn the 'ilh over.12) Start 'uuing near the fin s. cuI 'rom the upper bock lin area down.4°F (30C) and 41 ° F (S oC) to prevent spoilage . Yo u need only refer to the illustratio ns below and practice several times to master this procedure . 12' 8oSiC Method for Deboning Fish filius. Freshness is by for the top priority : .ut. 1. knife. repeot thil some . Salt waler fish ore the masl commonly used (fresh water fish are seldom eoten row) . Wash Ihe fish .ut down to the lorge bone. since contact with water would wash away the flavor . used in preparing sashimi cleon . remove Ihe entrails. especially in the form of sashimi (cui row fish) . springy fle sh. Cut from the belly 10 the loil. all the way Ihrough . then rinse ogoin in cold water . Remove the entroils and wash Ihe fi sh. firm . The fish ca nnot be rinsed o nce it has been deboned . an d remove the head. all the way through . and translucent. etc . while lowels. II is thus extremely important to know how to select fish . When you hil Ihe main bane. B . Insett the knife below the beU y and cu t from lefl to right.hoose fresh or live fish with bright and cleor eyes. and also make it mo re vulnerable to rapid spoilage . Hold the knife slightly angled to the left. The fish must be kepi of a temperature between 37.4°F (30q. (Do no!. cut from righl 10 left.

CUI into the area where the loil is join. Cut into slices obaul 118 " (. and cuI each slke off wit h one stroke of the knife) . 16' Preparing Sashimi for Pressed Sushi (illus. Tri'" the flesh inlo a r&dongle (so thaI il resembles a block of wood) . CUI with a sashimi knife as illustrated 10 form fla l sliclS. Rema"e the fillel . Grasp the skin wilh your left hand . CUI off the fish bones Irom the belly. Cut off the small bones in Ih. .e d. You Carl now remove the lillel from one side. towards the head . where Ihe dark-colored meat is (or remove the bones wilh a tweezers). Follow Ihe same procedure 10 remove the fillel Irom Ihe other side .Insert Ihe knife inlO the lail portion orld cuI. cut the back portion into 1/8" p em) thick slices at an angle ogoinst the groin (the krlife tip shcx. il will come off irllhree pieces. Again. Intert a knife between Ihe flesh and the skin. 3 em) thick at an angle agoirlst the groin (ong'e 'he kn ife 10 the left. and is Ihe mosllerlder and delicious pan 01 Ihe fish .ld be orlgled somewhat to the righI. so the slices have a rounded edge) . Iherl angled back. poslerior venlral area. Remove the flesh by pushing the krlile in. Slices with a rounded edge give a three-dimensional effect and are carlverlienl for use in arrangements . 13-16) The belly flesh of IUrlO liUi has a high Fat conlent. When correctly sliced. down 10 Ihe bOrle. Repeal on Ihe ather side.

.

and stir-fry the beef rapidly until medium-well done . soy sauce 114 c. . 85) can be substituted . The meal itself usually consists of three entrees and a soup : one main dish (for example. Pickle: Yellow Pickled Radish (Tak uan) or Pickled Cabbage (see p. Fresh Fish Steamed with Tofu (see p.). 0 broiled food . Soup: Miso Soup (see p . odd 1 tablespoon oil. Ploce some cooked broccoli and carrol on the side and serve . white sesame seeds (toasted) cooked broccoli.. 88) or Red Seon Rice (see p . the arrangement of the utensils and the atmosphere they create ore centrol to the meol. 42) . Side Dishes: Sesome Beef (recipe right). Here is on example of a SESAME BEEF SER'I£S . complete Japanese style meal as a reference : Main Dish: Assorted Soshimi (see p . and a bowl of rice . Transfer to a serving dish. mirin (sweet rice wine) 1-112 T. two side d ishes (as a rule. l inle-of-Everyth ing Rice (see p. these ore simpler dishes thol do not repeat ingredients used in the main dish).EXAMPLE OF A COMPLETE JAPANESE MEAL In a formal Japanese dinner. soshimi. 12) . 7/8 lb. • Heat a flat-bottomed frying pan. 51) . a fried meat d ish. etc. soup (consomm'. on special occasions. a dish of pickled vegetables. Rice : Usually white rice with some sesame seeds sprinkled over the top is served. or miso soup). 18) . rice wine 2 T. batter-fried seofood. os desired cooked carrot. as desired • Cut the beef into thin slices and morinale in 1 about 30 minutes. 1400 g) leon beef 2 T. thick sovp.

11 .

'he important things to remember are thaI the kniFe should be sharp. If there ore lehoyers. Culling soshimi is on art. entrails. and soy sauce 10 eat . 3). ouler skin. and is best if eaten the same day it is prepared. (Japanese horseradish) and soy sauce. and cu' into 3/8 " (I em) wide s'rips. Cui in holf lengthwise. • Remove the heod. Inserl a sheel of nod inside (illus .4 D and 4 I 0F (3 0 to 5 DC). Cut into pieces. each cut should be mode in a single stroke. If halfbeak fi sh is unavailable. Drain well before using . (\50 9) fresh cuttlefish or squid (ike) sheel purple lover seoweed (non1 holfbeok fish (sayo"l (3 . shredded Chinese while radish (daikon) wasob.ASSORTED SASHIMI SERVES 4 6-112 oz . (300 9) porgy {red sea breom. 'al l 113 lb . Set aside . Cut the ather half of 'he culliefish into thin slices. 13 . and membrane from the cuttlefish (illus. • Neatly arrange the ingredients separately on a sel"ing d ish. 50shimi should be stared in The refrigerator a T a temperature between 37 .5 em) thick diagonally-cut slices. {lSO g} fr esh luna fi sh fillet (mogt/ro) 2/3 lb . and the resulting piece of fish should be as smooth as a piece of marble . and roll into flowers (see page 103 of " Chinese Appetizers and Garnishes" ). 2). Cui the porgy inlo l /S. Dip in a mixture of wosob. do nol cui ol1lhe way th rough (illus. substitute any a ther fresh salt water fish. wash each separately. (/ori9011 2 ork shells (0-':09011 1/.or 8 em long) small gherkin cucumber 4 cockle. as desired • Slice the luna inlo 3/8 w (1 em) thick strips . and set aside. Score the cockles and ark shells (with a crosshatch cut). I). Moke a horizontal slosh in one of the pieces on the interior. it is besT to serve them cooked rother than raw .(.4 c. • Soak the shredded white radish in ice water about 30 minutes. • Ratlthe gherkin cucumber inside the holfbeak fish fillet.

FRESH SHRIMP APPETIZER
SERVES .4

4 live prawns (about 4 to 4·3/4 · or 1010 12 em)
lemon

• Wosh Ihe prawns . Remove the heads and blanch in

boiling woter. Remove as soon as they lurn red in colo r,
then soak in ice water. (ut half of the lemon inlo thin rounds,
and quarter the other half.

4 plum leaves (obo; illu$ . 1) woscb; (Japanese horseradish) , as desired
3 T. rice vinegor 1-112 T. waler 1-1 12 T. soy sauce

• Shell the shrimp and make 2

10

3 sloshes down the bock

of each; do not cut all Ihe way through (illus. 2). Fill a bow l with ice waler and ice cubes, then add the shrimp. Stir the

shrimp around in the ice water with a pair of chopsticks or
a spoon for 1 minute (illu5. 3). until the flesh of Ihe shrimp becomes firm , and it sh rinks and curls up. • Place some crushed ice in a serving bowl, then tap with the lemon rounds . On top of this place the shrimp and the wasabi. Dip in 1 to eat. Place the plum leaves, the shrimp heads, and the quartered half lemon on a ·smoll dish and serve on the side . The shrimp can be wrapped in the plum leaves before eating for variety. If plum leaves are unavailable, parsley may be used as a substitute.

15

. .

,

t

'\II .. 1"

16

FRESH BEEF APPETIZER
SERVES <1

1 lb . (450 9) lender leon beef (or fillet) 1/2 Chinese white radish

(daikon)
112 smoll red chili pepper 2 green onions

1/2 o n ion 2 cloves gorlic 1 T. lemon juice

2

1 T.

soy sauce

1/2 c. dashi

• Choose tender leon beef thai is bright red and springy to the touch. Trim off the sinews and fat (illu5. I). Cut ogoinst the grain into thin sl ices (illu5 . 2) , and arrange on a pia Ie . Cover and seal with plastic wrap (illu5 . 3) . Refr igerate 2 hours (01 37..4 0 to 41 ° F or 3° 10 5°C) . • Grind 1 into a puree (see p . 42, Fresh Fish Steamed with Tofu), mince Ihe green onion finely, and cut Ihe onion inla half rings . Soak the onion in ice wa f er about 10 minute s. Drain well before using. Puree the garlic. Sprinkle all of the ingredients over the cold beef . To serve, mix 2 well and pour over the beef. When choosing beef that is to be eaten raw, freshnes s is of the utmost importance. The beef should be refrigerated at a temperature of 37..4° to 4 1 °F (30 to 5°C) . For tastier and more tender beef, refrigerate for 6 days or mare . The dressing ingredients may, as an alternative, be pureed together, then mixed well w ith fresh raw egg yolk, soy sauce, and sesame oil.

17

Po ss 1 through 0 spoon sieve . Tofu and wakeme {Iobe. (300g) po'g y (.leaf seaweed} moy be substituted for the fi sh bones. Sprinkle some chopped green onion over the top and serve . 1) 1/8 t. and dried fish broth for the water . Blanch briefly in boil ing woter. Turn oH the heot immediately and pour the soup into 0 serving bowl. tall 112 c. Mix thoroughly with o wooden stick or a spoon (illus . 3) .eo bream. Next add the fish bones and bring the soup to a boi l. Add the shredded daikon and carrot and cook until soft .ed . shredded corrot 1·2 /3 oz .SERVES 4 MISO SOUP 2/3 lb. 2) .) 18 . (Remove the heads and entrails from 2/3 Ib or 300g small dried fish . and rinse under the tap . Add 5 cups water ond cook over low heot for 20 minute s. remove. each : sugor. illus . MSG (optional) 2 T. chopped green onion • Cut the porgy (or other Fresh Fish) bones into pieces (illus . Skim oH the foom . (80 g) mise (soy bean paste. eoch : shredded deiken . • Put 3· 1/2 cups water inta a pat and bring to a boil.

Serve. 1) . about 3/8 . washed well and blanched in boiling waler . fish coke slices. bUI do nol cuI all the way through (ill us. Bring 1 to a boil and pour into the bowl so il is about 7110 full. 2) . each: salt.(1 em) long .4 slices fish coke (lcomoboko) small amount of shredded lemon peel • Remove the shell from the body of the shrimp (illus . D If spinach is unavailable. and shredded lemon peel in a serving bowl. 19 . Pull the lail oul from the notch and curl as illustrated (illus . 1 I 3-1/2 c.PRAWN SOUP . Slash the bock vertically. 3) . dashi 118 t. while radish sprouts (koiworeJ may be substituted . Cut a notch in the center. spinach. soy sauce • Place the prowns.4 prowns (1 /3 lb . or 150 g) SERVES" small amount of fresh spinach. Blanch in boiling water for about one minute and remove .

69 Basic Rolled Sushi) 3 c. Immerse in boiling water 1 minute 10 remove the ally odor . • Add 1 and 2 to a pol. 2 T. Serve wllh shredded ginger rool . julienned bamboo shoots. • Open the fried fofu pockets and stuff eoch With some of the filllllg and sauce (illus. the pockets. Save the " . 3). . (80 g) shirafaki (clear noodles made from devil's tongue paste). (40 g) julienned burdock root (gobo) 2-2/3 oz .4 dried Chinese block mushrooms (shiitake. dashi. 1/2 c. • Arrange Ihe pockels.serving dish. sugar. soy sa uce . blanched in boiling water 3 T. and peopods on a . 8" (20 em) each (soaked until soft. soaked until soft) 8 Chinese pea pods 1 T.4 STUFFED TOFU POCKETS 8 square fried tofu pockets 2 oz. 1/8 t. (60 g) shredded chicken 1 oz. . soy sauce 1/8 I. liquid. dashi 8 dried gourd shavings (kompyo). 2). 1-1/3 oz. Add Ihe Chinese pea pods and cook briefly . • Cui off one edge from each of the fried fofu po~kels (illus. Lower the heat and cook untillhe liquid is reduced to one cup. shredded ginger rool 20 . • Add 3. 1). This is the filling for the fofu pockets. and pour Ihe remaining liquid over the top . Tie the opening shut with a dried gourd shoving. (30 9) each: julienned carrot. Remove and cool. salt. Coolby placing in a bowl of cold water. cook about 3 minutes.2 SERVES . see p . salt 4 T. Place the fried lofu pockets in the remaining liquid and cook 2 minules. and the mushrooms to a pol and bring to a boil. and remove . each : sugar. mushrooms. Remove and squeeze oul the excess moisture. This dish is especially good for picniCS and box lunches. securing il tighlly (illus.

Remove 'he skin from the chicken breast fillet 2 c.PUMPKIN WITH CHICKEN 1 pumpkin (1 lb. • Add 1 and the pumpkin chunks to a pOI and cook over low heat until co mpletel y done (about 15 minutes). ond serve . D Pumpkin s with thick fle sh ore best for this recipe . cornstarch • Heat a fr ying pon. mirin (sweet rice wine) 2 T. 2) . dashi 2 T. light-colored soy sauce 1. 3) and cut into chunks. (80 g) chicken breast SERVES 4 • Cut Ihe pumpkin (illus . shredded ginger root fillet and chop the meat finely . Sove Ihe broth. Top with sh redded ginger root. and arrange in neat rows on a serving dish . Add the liquid from cooking Ihe pumpkin and bring to a boil. or 500 9) 2·2/3 oz . and pour over the pumpkin . Remove Ihe skin at 3/8 . waler 1 T.(1 em) intervals (illus . 1J in half and remove the seeds (illus . 11 . 2 oz .112 I. sugor 3 T. add 1 te a spoon oil. Thicken with 2. Remove from the brolh. 211 I. and stir-fry the chopped chicken .

21 .

then lurn off the heal. then place in a bowl of tap water to cooL Shred and set aside . Remove the bock fins (illus. Squeeze on a little lemon iuice before eating .: shredded corrot. 2/3 c. or other whitefleshed fish) 1 c. Cook over medium heal about 8 minutes. shredded Chinese while radish 1/4 lemon • Cut the fish down 10 the bone starting from the upper bock portion . Remove the entrails (illus. • Heat 2 tablespoons oil in a frying pan and add the enoKi. light·colored soy sauce 7 oz . Blonch the pea pods in boiling water. rice wine 2 T. Bring to a boil. sugor 112 c. Pul l in a pot and bring to a boil. 13 . Pour the liquid from cooking the fish over the top . Turn over Ihe fish and repeal Ihe some cui (illus . dOSM. and the shredded co rral and wh ite radish . odd the shredded pea pods. 2) . (200 g) enoki (golden mushrooms) 6 Chinese peepods total of '.SOY SIMMERED GOLDEN THREAD SERVES 4 ' . I) . Continue cutting down to Ihe be lly with the lip of the knife . • Place the fish and the stir. Add the fish and cover the pOl. 1/3 lb .1/4 c. then add 1/4 cup of liquid from cooking the fish. and stir . Stir-fry until soft. 3) and wash Ihe fish .fried ingredients o n a serving dish . (600 g) golden threod fish (red coot. • Remove the tough ends from the enoki.

14 .

4 dried Chinese b lack mushrooms (shiitake) 2 oz . peas. kelp (kombv) strips tied in knots.40 9) corrot 2-2 /3 oz . o The ingredients used in this recipe may be varied to su it individual laste. 1150 g) chicken meat (or leon pork) 2 oz. Add the dashi and bring to a boil. Blanch in boiling water and set aside . Add 2 and cook until the sauce is reduced . and make a slit in the center of each slice Iillus. Serve . taro (dasheen) .4 1/3 coke konnyoku Idevil's tongue postel 113 lb . 15 . (60 9) bamboo shoots oz . wood eors.. Ma rinate the lalus root together with the burdock root in 1 ond set aside . mirin (sweet rice wine) 2·1 /2 T. Shave o ff slices fr om the burdock rool lillu. Stir-fry the chicken ond other above ingredients briefly . 2) . lower Ihe heat and conlinue to simmer another 15 minutes or so . 3). Finally. (60 9) lotus root 1 1 3 c. • Heat a frying pan and odd 1 tablespoon oil. 1) .CHIKUZEN NI SERVES . • Cut the chicken into chunks . dash i 1. sugor 1 T. and cook until the sauce is again reduced . 1/2 T. Slice the lotus root and cut along the holes to make the sl ices inlo on attractive pattern . odd the soy sauce and string beans. Roll-cut the bamboo shoots and corrals . rice vinegor '·112 c. Soak the dried mushrooms until soft. (. waler 1 T. Pu ll one end through the center (illus . Chinese cabbage. (80 9) burdock root (gobo) '·"3 . and make a large cri sscross cut in the center of each . for example. soy sovce 5 siring beans • Cut the konnyoku into slices. and so forlh can be used .

Cut into 1. water 1 1 T. moi st sk in (il lus . (200 g) tender beef. then shred with a knife (ill us . Scrape with the dull edge of a knife to peel (illus .(4 cm) sect ions. toasted • Choose fresh burdock rool with a firm . 2) . Soak in 1 fa prevent d iscoloration. and wash . 1) . 1 T. This dish can also be refrigerated aher cooking and eaten 26 co ld . Add 2 and continue stir-frying about 3 minutes until the sauce is reduced . sesame oil 7 oz . rice vinegar 1 T. then put in the shredded beef and shredded burdock rool. shredded 3 T.fry over high heat until dry.SERVES 4 BEEF WITH BURDOCK ROOT 6 oz . soy sauce 2 4 T. each : water. Drain well before use . _ Those who like sp icy-hot food can stir-fry some shredded red ch ili peppe r with the beef and burdock root . 3) o r a shredder . Stir. 112 . • Add the sesame oi l to a frying pan. Transfer to a serving dish . while sesame seeds. oil. (180 g) burdock root (gobOl 3 c. . Sprinkle the toasted white sesame seeds over the top and serve . sugar 2 T.

Red chili pepper may be added when cooking for a spicyhot flavor . 3). rice wine SERVES 4 • Have all the ingredients ready (illus . deshi 3 T..-.. Cut into p ieces about the some length as the small dried fish . • Soak the small dried fish in water for about 5 minutes . Remove the heads and entrails (illus .. soaked until soft (see p. sugar 3 1. ' SIMMERED KOMBU·FISH ROLLS 1 strip dried kelp seaweed (komb. 2 ' or 60 cm) 2-112 oz . Cook the kelp rolls in 1 unlil the sauce thickens and is almost completely reduced . (20 g) dried gourd shavings (kampy"O). soy sauce 2 T.. (75 g) small dried fish 213 oz . 69. Set aside . . and tie lightly wilh a dried gourd shaving .. roll into a cylinder. Wipe the kelp clean with a damp cloth. • Place some of the small dried fish in the center of each piece of kelp (illus. lJ . Mix 1 unl il b lended . Place in a small saucepan. Basic Rolled Sushi) 2 c. 2) . 1i .

dashi 1 can crabmeat 112"t. cornstorch 2·1 /2 T. (shiitake) 5 c. Next odd the wintermelon cubes and bring to a second boil over high heat . cnd serve . and peel (illus . 1). soy sauce 118 t. cut into 1·1I2 ~ (4 em) cubes. remove. togan) 3 dried Chinese black mushrooms • Remove the seeds from the wintermelon. Soak the dried mushrooms unt il soft and cut diagonally into slices . and set aside . Pou r over the winte rmelon.inomoto. Tronsfer the winlermelon fa a servi ng bowl. top with the minced ginger root. 2. solt 112 T. MSG (a. Steam the crabs until d one. Turn the heat to low and simmer ahout 20 minutes./ SERves 4 WINTERMELON WITH CRABMEAT 1·113 lb . Mix in 1. until the wintermelon is cooked through. 3). 50ft and translucent. Blonch in boiling water about 1 min ute. and then 2 to thicken . water 1·113 T. minced ginger root ::i Fresh crob ma y be used instead of canned in this recipe . Scallops. sh rimp. optional) 3 T. (600 9) wintermelon (wax gourd. • Pour the deshi into a pot and bring to a boil. and remove the meat (illus. or clams ma y al so be substituted . • Add the crabmeat and mu shroom to Ihe remaining liquid cnd bring to a boil. Le . 18 .

Inserl a skewer in each.4 melol skewers (16.or 40 em long1 .4 T. Sprinkle 118 teaspoon soh over the bodr' Skewer the fish together in pain with the shorter skewers (illus. Removin~ the heod and center bone will make the fish even easier 10 eol. Rub solt on l O the lin and tail portions of the fish as a garnish. • Preheollhe oven to 350" 10 400'" F (177 0 10 204°q . Remove the skewers and place the fish in a serving dish. 3 10 facilitate turning the fish over.BROILED RIVER TROUT . Broil the fish on the upper rack of the oven aboul 5 minutes. or other fre sh fish may be used in this re ci pe . D . entering 01 the eye filius.4 2 short metal skewers (6" or 15 em long) 112 lemon • Point the head of the river Iroullo the right and the belly towards you. until it is cooked through and the skin is golden brown. ond eat while hot. or 450 9J . soh SERVES . Turn the fish so the back is facing upwards. . the belly of fish must fa ce the guest when serving this dish. placing it otherw ise would be considered impolite.:] Mackerel pike. 2) .~ (cording to Japanese custom. • To eat. and press down a few times . first flallen the fish by pressing down on it with a pair of chopsticks. 1I. 29 . and making the :oil portion slick up.4 river t roul (oyu) (1 lb . so thai the fish looks as though suspended in a swimming posture (illus. porgy. Squeeze some lemon juice over the lOp.

BROILED FRESH EEL (Unagi Kabayaki) fresh eel Ivnogi. 30 . Bosle the eel with the lehover marinade 0$ the eel is broiling (about 3 to 4 limes) . Remove the skewers. ground Szechua n peppe r spiraling the fish around the skewer (illus. • Place 1 in a bowl. ~ ~. If you do nol have on oven.4 ~ or 35 cm long. Cui inlo 4 equal portions and 1. Spinach with Sesome Posle. mirin (sweel rice wine) dash each: ginger rOOI juice. soy sauce . . 1) .4 T. and lei alide . lurn off the heal. between 'he skin and flesh of the eel. See p . . and sprinkle wilh loosled while sesame seed s or ground Szechuan pepper . loasled or 118 I. rice wine 8 melol or bamboo skewers 1 I. Serve .. I lb. . 2) . sugar 6 T.' • SERVES 4 • Wash the e. honey 1 T. Place on the upper shell of the oven and broil 01 450° F (232°C). oboul 1. 3) . and place the skewered eel on lop filius . Broil about 6 minutes until both sides are golden brown . Ihe eel can be charcoal grilled . while sesame seed s. brush some honey on the eel fo r extra flavor.1 and cuI off the head and loil (illus . or 450 9 nel weighl) 2 T.keweu jus. for inslructions on how 10 loosl while sesame seeds. Put the re maining liquid in a pol." :. then odd the eel pieces 10 ma rinote . 43. Remove oher 30 minutes. bring 10 a boil.1 aside . Oil a baking rock. • Insert the .

BROILED CHICKEN KEBABS (Yakitori)
14 oz . 1400 9) chicken leg meal
1 small onion

SERVES 4

or three green onions 2 green peppers, seeded 113 c. eoch: soy souce, mirin
(sweet rice wine)

.4 T. sugar 1 T. flour 1/2 lemon

• Cut the chicken leg meat, onion, and green peppers into 3/4 · (2 em) cubes . On bamboo skewers, skewer the onion, green pepper, and chicken cubes (illus . 1) alternately until the skewer is full. Top with a piece of onion 10 secure the kebob (illus. 2) . Quarter the lemon . • Bring 1 to a boil, Ihen allow to cool. Morinate the kebobs in the souce for 10 minutes . Remove . • Heat the oven 10 450°F (232°q and broil the kebobs on the top shelf for.4 minutes. Turn over cnd brush on some of the leftover marinade . Broil another .4 minutes, until the meat is golden brown . Serve. n The kebobs can also be charcoal-grilled (illus . 3) . Brush on the marinade as the kebobs are grilling . Grill until the chicken is cooked through and golden brown . Before eating, ground Szechuan pepper, ground block pepper, or seven· flavor seasoning (shichimi-fogorasll/l may be sprinkled over the kebobs, according to individual preference.

31

SERVES 4

BROILED FISH PICKLED IN MISO (Misoyaki)
2 marlin (koji,kll steaks (2 /3 lb .
0' 300 91 118 t. salt 1 squore cheesecloth 14 oz . (400 g) white misa 3 T. mirin (sweet rice wine) 2 T. each : rice wine, sugar 112 lemon

• Wosh the fish . Cure in so It for 30 minutes . • Wosh the solt off the fish, then sprinkle 1 tablespoo n rice wine over the fish , and dry . Wrap in one layer of white cheesecloth (il lus. I) . Mix 1 thoroughly ond allow the fish to pickle in it (illus . 2) for about one doy . Open Ihe cheesecloth and remove Ihe fish sleaks (illus . 3). Rinse clean . Broil in the oven under medium heat (350 0 to 400 0 F or 177 0 to 204 °q until done, about five minutes. Squeeze on some lemon juice before serving . o Other types of fish thai do nol have too many bones may be used in this recipe, such as oil fish, cod, or slale cod crooker, elc . o The fish may be pickled in the miso for 2 to 3 days, but no more thon 3 days; otherw ise Ihe fresh flovor of Ihe fish will be absorbed inlo Ihe miso pasle . The some is true when pickling vegetables.

31

JAPANESE EGG ROLL
68g9 s 5 T. d05hi
112 I. solt

SERVES 4

2/3 I. light-colored soy sauce 2/3 I . sugar

• Crock the 6 899' inlo a bowl and beal lightly. Gently mi)\ in I until well blended (do not beal until foamy). • Hecla floI·bottomed frying pon. lightly oil the bollom, using a wad of callan or cheesecloth. Pour aboul 3 tablespoons of the egg mixture inlo the pon . Fry into a thin layer of egg over low heat. Roll up the 899 " pancoke" with a pair of chopsticks (illus. 1) . Place near the edge of the pon. Oillhe bollom of the pon ogoin, odd 3 tablespoons of the eg9 mixture, and fry inlo another thin egg pancake. The second eg9 pancake will be attached 10 the first; wrap the second around the firsl . Agoin place it near the edge of the pan (illu$.2) . Rapeolthis process unlil lhe egg miJlture is used up. When complete, the egg roll should slond obout 1·1 /2 " (3cm) high . Ploce on 0 bamboo sushi mol (sudare ; illus . 3), and roll tightly. Allow to cool, cut, and orrange in a serving dish. Serve. Cooked shredded eel or other cooked foods may be added to the egg mixture for variety.

33

e.113 oz .3 SERVES 4 • Cut down the middle of each chicken leg. and remove Ihe bone {illus. dashi 2 T. Cook unlilthe sauce is reduced .. flour 3' . Repeat for the second piece of chicken. Mix 3 and odd 10 the pot . Marinate in 112 teaspoon salt and 1 teaspoon rice wine for 15 minutes. Ihen remove Ihe strings. Slir candanlly until the egg becomes firm . • Add 1 and 2 10 a pat and cook 2 minules. and sel aside . • Heal a frying pan and add 1 lablespoon oit. Fry the chicken ralls aver high heal until golden brown. • Spread open Ihe chicken and sprinkle on some flour . Carefully cut the chicken with linked slices so that a large sheela chicken of even thickneu results (iltus. Secure with a string (illus. Steam 15 minules. Allow the chicken rolls 10 cool. bamboo shoals 1 dried Chinese black mushroom (shii/alee. Slice inlo rounds and arrange on a plate. Remove and place in a pot . STUFFED CHICKEN ROLLS 2 chicken legs (about 1-113 lb . mirin 112 I. soaked until soh) 1/4 c. lighl-colared soy sauce 11. Quarter the gherkin cucumbers lengthwise and scrape aut the seeds. each : say sauce.. This is the filling . 2 3 '99' 2 t. so Ihal Ihe fla vors are well absorbed. sugar 1/8 I. then transfer to a steamer. Cook I until soh. sugar. salt 1 I. (40 g) each : carrot. cube. Se. 3) . flour 2 lengths of SIring. 2' (60 cm) each 3 T. or 600 ~J 1 gherkin cucumber 1.. Allow to coot. Beallhe eggs lighlly and add to the pol. Roll inlo a cylindrical shape. Add 1/2 of the filling and some gherkin cucumber. 2) .

• Pour the rema ining marinade liquid into the frying pon and cook over medium heat until it is reduced to about half of its originol volume and is thick . Fry on both sides until golden . 3) to prevent shrinking while frying. then pour the cooked marinade over the pork . • Heal a flat -bottomed frying pon. (300 91 iea" pork 3 T. Blend 1 and marinate the pork in il for about 30 minutes . Remove from pon and arrange on a serving plale . Garnish with the string beans and serve . and place the pork in the pan. rice wine 12 slices ginger root 8 string beans SERVES 4 • Slice Ihe pork (iUus . 35 . Make 2 to 3 sloshes into Ihe white sinew areas (illus. 2) . add 1 tablespoon oil. eoch : sugar. soy sauce 2 T. mirin (sweet rice wine) 1 T. 1) and tenderize with Ihe dull edge of a cleaver (illu5 .PORK CUTLETS WITH GINGER 2/3 ib . Garnish with the ginger root slices. Blanch the siring beans in boiling waler and cut into pieces.

Fry until the sauce is almosl completely reduced.SERVES 4 • Remove the head. Brush on 2 frequently while it is broiling . The serving plate may be garnished wilh pickled red ginger root (ben. and outer membrane from the squid . • Broiling method : Heat a baking rack on top of a charcoal grill. oil filius . Add Ihe lquid and fry unlil both sides are golden brown . Broil unlil bolh sides have a deep caramel color. • Pan. enlroils. Or. Place on a serving plale . II. mirin I T. Black sesame seeds may be sprinkled on.frying method : Heat a 1I01-bollomed frying pan and add 2 tablespoons oil. mirin I T. sugar 4 slices lemon 36 . aboul 2 /3 lb. heal the oven to 450 0 to 550 0 F (232 0 to 260 0 q .-shlJga) and canned gingko nuls for added losle variely and visual appeal . and place the squid on the rack filiu s. 3) . Score the inside with parallel or cron cuts filius . eoch : rice wine. BROILED SQUID I squid (iko. Squeeze some lemon juice over Ihe lop before eOling. Squeeze some lemon juice over the top before eOling . Marinate in I about 10 minutes. Sprinkle on 2. and broil at high heat on the top shelf. 21. or vn. or 300 9) 112 I. solt I T. place the squid in a baking dish. pasle may be brushed on the squid while broiling . Transfer 10 a lerving plole.

green pepper. 8 . (450 9) chicken meal large fresh Chinese black mushroom SERVES 4 (shiitake) 1/2 green pepper 1 small onion 2 3 12 . onion.4 equal portions . soy souce T. 3) . • Heat the oven 10 450 ° F (232 °q . Remove and place on a serving plate . each : mirin. Cut Ihe mushroom. Bake the chicken packets on the middle shelf for about 15 minutes. and red ch ili peppers inlo julienne strips. 2) .CHICKEN IN FOIL lb.(20 em) square 2 t. 37 . rice wine sheets aluminum foil. Morinate in I about 10 minutes.4 small red chili peppers T. • Divide the combined marinated ingredients into . I) . Place one portion on each of the buttered cellophane sheets (illus . Fold in half.4 sheets cellophone. butter (or cooking oil) 1/2 lemon • Cut the chicken into 8 pieces (obout 1-1 /4 · x 3/4 · or 3 X 2 em) . Open and squeeze some lemon juice over the top 10 eat . • Pla ce a sheet of cellophane on top of eoch sheet of aluminum foil. 8 ~ (20 em) square . Sel aside . Grease eoch sheet of cellophane with the buller or oil (illus. then wrap into a package (illus.

SERVES A SEAFOOD IN ATEAPOT 1·113 oz . Serve hot .. white radish sprouts (kaiwore) . fish . then remove . If a teapot is unavailable. and clams separately in boiling water. Wash the clams and mushrooms ond set a side (illus . and 1 to a teapat. then pour out some of the liquid to laste (illus . (409) 112 small lemon 1. mushrooms. 3) before eating .. such as enoh. pork. 2) . Add the chicken. fish coke. clams. Squeeze some lemon juice over the top. salt dash of light.colored soy sauce 38 . 1/3 oz . fish . (40 g) clams 4 small fresh Chinese black mushrooms (shiitake) 3 c. (40 g) chicken meat • Wash and slice the chicken and fish . dashi 2/3 I. L.. and so forth . as desired 1. Sprinkle the wh ite radish sprouts over the top and replace the cover immediately. fal. Cove r and place in a steamer. Blanch the chicken. • Bring 1 to a boil. 1·1 13 oz . Steam over high heat for 3 minutes. • Marinate the chicken in 1/8 teaspoon soil. shrimp. Cut the wh ite radish sprouts (illus . abalone mushrooms. 1) into sedions . o Other ingred ients may be used in this recipe.. Cut the leman into 4 slices . a b ow l or ca sserole di sh may be substituted .

place some spinach and lemon peel on top of each.. Turn 'he heal 10 low and sleam for about 15 minutes. il is done. • Beal the e99 li9hlly and ploce in a bowl. You musl eilher cover Ihe bowls with ploslic wrap (illus. as desired SERVES 4 • CuI the chicken inlo 8 smoll pieces and morinote in I . Aher bringing 1M. blanched in boiling waler and cui inlo sections lemon peel. sleom 1 10 2 minutes o .. 3). bUlleave heod and loil intad. (60 g) chicken leg meat 1/8 I. woler to a full boil. each : lighl-colored lOy louce.h. Mix in 2 and slroin. Remove Ihe shen from the bock portion of Ihe shrimp. m. mushroom) . soy sauce 1/8 I. I). 2J .n 4 slices fish coke (ka moboko. • Divide the ingredients up equally four ways . salt I I. An electric rice cooker can also be used to make this dish.r. 39 . fish coke. or place a while lowel or cloth inside Ihe rice cooker cover to prevenl Ihe condensed sleam from dripping inlo the egg . Place one of the portions in each of 4 steaming bowls (fotlow Ihis order: chicken. and cover each bowL Serve . " is impOrlO!)1 10 conlrollhe heat source carefully when steaming 899 . bowls in a sleomer. Skim off any foom {illus . Remove from Iteamer. shrimp.SAVORY CUP CUSTARD (Chawan Mushi) 2 oz . or 75 g) 4 small fresh Chinese block mushrooms (Shiitake) 4 eggs 3 c.er high heal. ripple-cuI) bunch spinach. sugar 2 4 Iresh shrimp (2-1 /2 oz. Place th. If no egg flows out as liquid. Make a croucut in the cenler of 'he mushrooms (illus. Add 2 cups waler to the outer pot and sleam about 10 minutes aher Ihe waler has begun to boiL Tesl for donenen by inserting a toothpick or bamboo skewer. . dashi 1-112 I. Fill eoch bowl 4/5 full wilh 899 mixture.

1/2 c.2 3 SERVES 4 MOCK TOFU 4 egg s 1. 2. D An electric rice cooker ma y also be used fa make th is dish. dashi 3/4 I. • Pour the egg mixture into a smal l baking pan (illus . Strain (illus. blending well. Place in a steamer and steam over high heat 1 to 2 minutes . Bring 2 to a boil. mirin soy sa uce '0 . then pour over the mock tofu . dashi • Beat the eggs lightly . Turn the heat to low a nd steam for another 15 minutes. • Remove the mock tofu and allow to cool. 39. Cut into 4 squares and place on a servi ng d ish. 3) or into on Oriental style meta l lunch box (bentO) . light-colored soy sauce 3/4 t. Serve . 1) . light-colored 1-2/3 T. Savo ry Cup Cu stard. for in structions . 2 1 1-2/3 T. 3/4 c. Mix 1 thorough ly and odd to the egg. each: 50 1 mirin 1. See p. Skim off any surface foam .

Gingko nuts can be subst iluled for the shrimp .4 slices fish cake (komoboko) lemon peel. • Place In. light-colored soy souce 1/2 I . Grind inlo a posle (illus . 1/2 oz . I) and l o ok in 1 about 15 minutes (10 prevent d iscoloration and 10 remove any row lasle) . about 2/3 lb. in 3 and allow '0 marinole 10 minutes. chicken. If using dried gingko nuts. shrimp. Once 'olus root is washed il is best 10 use il the some day for maximum freshness . lotus rool can be kepI obout one week.4 • Peel the 1 0lus rool (illus.STEAMED LOTUS ROOT PASTE 1 I' 2 2 links fresh lotus rOOI (renkan). Conned g ingko nuts may be used a s is.4 shelled shrimp (2 . mushrooms and fish coke in a 'teaming bowl. 2) and ploce in a bowl . If covered with mud. Remove from sleomer and sprinkle a lillie lemon peel over the lop . soy sauce 1/8 I. then pour enough of the lotus rool paste over the top to fill the bowl about 7/ 10 full. (300 91 T. or 75 9) or gingko nuls . (60 9) chicken leg meol 1/8 t.4 small fresh Chinese block e mushrooms (shiitoke. rice vinegor 3 c. dashi I I. water 112 c. odd waler and steam 30 minules before use . Mix in 2 until well blended (illus. sugar . 3) . Set aside. '1 . 01 desired SERves . • Cui the chicken inlo 8 small pieces . The porlian 01 Ihe lotus rool dosesl to the top is lougher but tastie r. Serve hot. salt 1 I . Place in a steamer and steam 30 minutes over low heal . M ill. midn (sweet rice wine) 2 oz . .

blanch each separately in boiling w?ler.31 '.. and carrol on top. Serve hot. or shrimp.chopped green onion. • Insert a chopstick several hmes Inlo Ihe while radish to make o number of "weUs" (illus.4 lorg8 pi&ees. • CuI each coke of tofu inlo . (200 gl porgy fillet (red sea bream.' .ms. o Olher fish (that does nol have 100 many bones) may be used in Ihis recipe.4 slices carrol 2· 1/2 oz . clams. mu. or grouper.4 T. SERVES . and so forth . Sluff the red chili pepper strips in~ide (illus. '. Sprinkle on 1/4 teaspoon soh and sel aside. other shellfish. FRESH FISH STEAMED WITH TOFU 7 oz . • Spread open the kelp in a bowl. Spanish mackerel (sowara) . .2) . 1 I 42 . Sprinkle o~ 2 tablespoons nce wl~e . Score the mushrooms with three intersecting culs to form 0 slor .4 dried Chinese block mushrooms (soaked until soh) .in the cenler. Top.and cuI mtl? sectl~n5 . • . Add Ihe . 2 1 2· 1/2 " 1510 6 cm) square 0 1 bunch spinach .. Mix in 1 thoroughly . Sleam over high heal about 7 to 8 mlnut~s .l) . each: rice vinegar. Wash the s p'n~ch and ~arrol. as desired spinach. With shredded young ginger root. lemon juice shredded young ginger rool. Wipe the kelp cleon with a damp cloth . soy sauce 1·2/3 T. This IS the Ylnegar dip.4 • Cut the porgy fillels inlo . (75 gl Chinese while rad ish (doikon) 1 small red chili pepper (seeded and julienned) . Place the fish.4 pieces d ried kelp sea weed (kombu).4 T. With the vlnegor dip on Ihe side. Rem~ve. slale cod crooker. chopped green onion (green portion only) .sh roo. tofu. skin on) 2 cakes soh tofu . Grind inlo a pur~ !illus.4 equal pieces. such 05 cod..

be toasted and sprinkled directly on the spinach instead of first ground into a powder . 1) . may be substituted for the spinach . (450 g) fresh spinoch bonito shavings. Rinse in top water to cool. dash. Toast by heating in a dry fr yi ng pon over low heat (use no oil. Squeeze out the 9:-. and 50 forth . garland chrysanthemum (shungilw) . • Wash the spinach thoroughly and blanch in boiling water obout 1 minute . 43 . This is the sesame poste. Toss with the sesame paste and top with bonito shovings 10 serve. iIIus. white S8same seeds 2 t.cess moisture . 1 lb . Place in a serving dish . as on alternative.SPINACH WITH SESAME PASTE 2 T. Chinese cabbage. 2) . soy sauce 2 t. Grind into a powder (illus. Cut into 2'" (S em) sections . sugar 2 T. as desired SERVES 4 • Wash and drain the white sesame seeds (ill us. O The white sesame seeds may. 3) and mix together well with 1. such a s string beans. D Other vegetables.

SERVES 4 OKRA WITH EGG DRESSING 8 4 1 1 shrimp (2 /3 lb . thin okra is more tender and tastier (illus. and cut into thin slices. then place the spoon on the surface of boiling water. blending thoroughly . • Small. • Separate the egg . 2). mlfln 11 t. rice vinegar • Boil the shrimp until just cooked. • Arrange the shrimp and okra on a serving plate . cool in tap water. Stir the yolk carefully with a pa ir of chopsticks until of a thick consistency. about ane minute (it will be about 3110 cooked) . If okra is unavailable. shell. and set aside . gherkin cucumbers may be substituted . Rub gently with 1/8 teaspoon salt (illus. Transfer the yolk to a large serving spoon. sugar 8 " . Rinse dean. 1/8 t . This is 'he egg dressing . 3) may be sprinkled over the top just befo re eating for extra flavor . 1) . Be extremely careful nat to burn yourself on the steam! Place Ihe egg in a bowl and mix in 1. w Bonito shavings (illus . Blanch in boiling water. Pour on a small amount of egg dressing and serve. gumbo) egg t. or 300 g) okra (ladies' fingers .

pO 9) bonito shovings (Jrofsuobushtl ginger root puree. Cut the lotus root into thick strips. waler 1 T. allow to cool. 1) . The cucumber must remain connected (illus . cucumbe r. Pour the vinegar dressing aver the lop and serve . salt 1/3 oz. (200 9) fresh octopus (toKo) 2 gherkin cucumbers SERVES . lotus rool. togethe r with the gherkin cucumbers. as desired • Wash the odopus (illu s.oaopus SALAD 7 oz . Cook in boiling waler aboulS 10 6 minules. Blonch in boiling waler 3 seconds. light. • Bring 1 to a boil and stra in.4 cm) pieces. Remove. Marinate in the vinegar. and ginger root puree neatly an a servi ng plate . and cui into 1/4· (. sugor 1/2 I . then immerse in cold woler (thi s gives the cucumbers a brillionl gfeen color).If3 oz . Cut into approximately 2· 112 " (. Make d iogonal (010 45 " ongle) croucuh in the gherkin cucumben. rice wine 114 c.1/2 oz . • Arrange the octopus. 3) . '5 . (75 g) welcome (Iobe-Ieof seaweed) I. • Wash the gherkin cucumbers . Thi s is Ihe vinegar dressing . Turn over the cucumber and cui again in the same way . then squeeze out the excess moisture . Blanch the wokoma and the lotus root separately in boiling water. C Ulling about halfway through (illus . • Rinse the wokome to remove the salt it contains. Dra in. each: rice wine. 2) . wokome.colored soy sauce 3 T. (40 9) lotus rool (renkon) 2 T.3 em) diogonal slices .:I 2. Squid or shrimp may be substituted for the octopus in 'his recipe . following the grain .

amboo skew.oid lic slacking Ihe cucumben on lop 01 . sugar 2 T. in 1..r. • Plac. Ihe sh••1 01 plaslic wrap on Ih."..r.. • Belor. Arrange neally on a serving dish.er Ihe lOp and serve. Pull oullhe skew. Genlly r.. er Ihem and gently rub it in 10 make Ih. lhe h. R.rs .. oboul 1·112 . Place Ihe shrimp in Ihe cenl. in the refrig.r 1/81easpoon soh for 5 minut.olly orronse them in a Aot. rice ...och bamboo sk. downward stroke .SERVES 4 • Plac.. Sprinkle 2 o.ads. I) . 1 cm) Ihin rounds.. 3). (mus.en layer on th. Cui inlo 1/16.. us. Rinse clean .rs on a cUlling board . serving.r. Gently roll into a lighl cylind. o . • Impale one shrimp on .ospoon soh o . Ploc.". th.(4 cm) wide (mus. cucumb.xcess moislur. or 150 g) .. ric.(. and morinol.ze the cucumbers dry and n. T.rs 4 shrimp (113 lb . and set aside . Genlly sque.mo. cUlling wilh one singl. cucumbers soft and pliabl.rotor. plOS wrap. Sprinkl.s in boiling wat. Cure in onolh. 118 t.move Ihe ploslic wrap. 2) .omboo sushi mot (sudore) 1 sheel plastic wrap (6· or 15 cm square) 2 T.och olh.. a sharp knife 10 slice Ihe ron into 12 small pieces. Blanch oboul I· 1/2 minul. Place the shrimp in a bowl of cold woler 10 cool .wer linus... e.. inegor sugar 1/2 2 (siroighl) gherkin cucumb. inegor 21 46 ..r. Squ•• ze outlhe .s. SHRIMP·CUCUMBER ROLLS 1 11T. bamboo mot . shell.

salty) cod roe is called torako .g . Sprinkle over the top of the asparagus and serve . Cool in a bow l of tap water . Fresh cod roe can be kept in the refrigerator and eaten raw . o Thi s d ish can be served as an appetizer 01 a banquet.4 ASPARAGUS WITH COD ROE 12 stalks green asparagus 1 pouch cod roe (.arako . 48 . Cut into 1 . piquant. Blanch in boiling water for 1 minute and remove . 1) • Use only the most tender portion of the asparagus . Turn over and scrape off the cod roe (illus .SERVES . 3) . Mix in 112 teaspoon rice wine . 1 / 2 ~ (4 cm) pieces and place in a serving dish . and is also good as an accompaniment to wine . iIIus . 2) . Seasoned (e . • Make a slash on the surface of the cod roe pouch (illus .

Top with 3 and serve . rice wine. • Stir 2 until combined . eoch: rice wine. un. 1/2 T. 21. poste (seo urchin. 1) 1/3 T. salt 1/8 t. sea chestnut paste. Add the stir-fried shirotoK. and stir until well mixed . (225 9) shirotold 1/8 t.4 • Blanch the shirotok. soy sauce 1/8 t. iIIus . 3) briefly in boiling water and remove . Place in 0 frying pon with 1 (use no oil) and stir· fry until dry . as desired 47 .SHIRATAKI WITH UNI PASTE 1/2 lb. as desired white radish sprouts (/roiwore). lillus . MSG (optional) mustord (ill us. Place in a serving dish . MSG (optional) 1. 2 3 2/3 T. rice vinegar SERVES .

Mix in 112 teaspoon rice wine .4 ASPARAGUS WITH COD ROE 12 stalks green asparagus 1 pouch cod roe (. piquant.arako . • Make a slash on the surface of the cod roe pouch (illus . and is also good as an accompaniment to wine . 48 . Blanch in boiling water for 1 minute and remove . o Thi s d ish can be served as an appetizer 01 a banquet. Cool in a bow l of tap water . 3) . salty) cod roe is called torako .g .SERVES . Seasoned (e . Fresh cod roe can be kept in the refrigerator and eaten raw . Cut into 1 . Turn over and scrape off the cod roe (illus . 1 / 2 ~ (4 cm) pieces and place in a serving dish . 1) • Use only the most tender portion of the asparagus . 2) . iIIus . Sprinkle over the top of the asparagus and serve .

choose the kind you prefer . BOlh solted and unsolted solmon roe ore available commercially. 1) SERVES 4 • Grind the while radish into a puree (illus . if desired .SALMON ROE WITH DAIKON PUREE 1· 1/3 lb. (600 g) Chinsse white radish (da ikon) 4 T. • Sprinkle the salmon roe over the top of the white radish puree and serve . 2) . Small dishes of soy souce may be served on the side 05 a dip. '9 . Gently squeeze o ut the excess moisture lillus . so lmon roe (illus . 3) and ploce in a serving dish .

or the liquid (and flavor) contained in the vegetables will escape into the miso radish. 3) . head cabbage. Allow to cure 2 10 3 days .n (sweet rice wine) 2 To"sugor 1/2 T" soy souce o Tender eggplant. Chinese while o Do not allow to cure more than 3 days.MISO PICKLES • Place the white miso in a cleon. con be pickled with thi s some method . dry bowl. Mix 1 (1IIus .. • Rub 1 teaspoon solt on the cucumbers and allow to set for 2 minutes . (4009) white miso (soy bean pastel 5 T. Transfer the cucumbers with mise to a container that can be lightly sealed (iIlU5 . before serving. 50 . elc. 1) into the miso until well blended .n cucumbers 14 oz . Rinse cleon. carrots. 1600 gl ghe'k. paste. mir. 2) . Add to the miso poste and mix well (illu5 . Move to a cool place to oir dry . Rinse and cui into slices 1-113 lb .

. the cabbage must be taken out and rin sed clean (otherwise it will go sour). squeeze out the excess water. and store in the refrigerator in a clean container with a sealable cover.s. cabbage (net weight) 2 T. (10009) Ch. or cover with plastic wrap. Follow this procedure until all of the ingredients are used up. 2). sprinkle on some red chili pepper and kelp (illus.. sliced another two quarters of cabbage. Rinse again in cold water. then add (kombu) small red chili pepper. Ploce Ihe large end of one cabbage quarter together with the small end of the other (illus. 3) . 1J.PICKLED CABBAGE 2-1/4 lb.2 em) wide strips. Pla ce a rock or other heavy obiec! on top as a weight and leave undisturbed 2 to 3 days . 51 . Serve any amount anytime . Sprinkle on the salt (put extra salt on the portion near the rool). Cover with a wooden lid slig htly sma ller thon the moulh of the container. With a scissors. cui the kelp inlo 1110" (. Sel aside. • After 3 days. salt 1 2 ~ (5 em) piece dried kelp • Quarter Ihe Chinese cabbage and air-dry (ill us. n A gloss or ceramic bowl or a wooden container may also be used to make pickles. • Ploce two quarters of the cabbage in a dry bowl.

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Cui off the laugh and wilted portions from the garland chrysanthemum. burdock root (gobo). Ihe onion inlo 1/4" (. Bring 1 to a boil and pour over the beef and vegetables. Continue to cook at the table. 1 is Kanfo (Tokyo areo) style sauce. 1A oz .1/2 oz . (80 g) shiralaki (or udon noodles) 3/4 c.fry briefly . • Heal a sukiyaki pot ond melt the buller in if. (400 g) beef. .t consists simply of 112 cup soy sauce and sugor to taste. which has less liquid.5 em) slices. (100 g) Chinese cabbage • Cut the large Chinese green onions into diag~nal slices. greens. Break on egg into each of .1/2 oz. Add some of Ihe vegetables . (75 9) enoki 3. . odd the dashi. Use the sauce you prefer. each. and the lofu inlo large cubes. etc. Move the buller around with a pair of chopsticks to distribute the butler evenly over the surface. soy sauce. mirin. Ihen the snirafaki. dashi 2·4 T. tofu. Saute the large Chinese green onion in the buller. with more liquid. Dip the sukiyaki ingredients in the egg before eating . (75 g) buller Kanto style sauce: 1/2 c.SERVES 4 BEEF SUKIYAKI 2·2/3 oz . Wash eoch of the ingredients separately. r. There is : also Kansai (Osaka area) style sauce. Bring 10 a boil and ect. Cut the Chinese cabbage into large chunks. Blanch the shiraloki in boiling water. dash. thinly sliced 2 large Chinese green onions Ionian 1 large coke lofu garland chrysanthemum (snungiku) or spinach. julienned 2·1/2 oz . • Arrange the sliced beef and aU of the other ingredients neolly on serving plates . Set aside. This is on excellent winter dish.1 rice bowls cnd beat lightly . Add the beef slices and stir. and the tough ends from the enoki. • Finally. as desired 2. sugar 4 eggs 1 c.

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mirin 118 t. 1400 9) tender be. with .4 in a small serving dish . (200 9) udan noodles (or fine shirotalul gorland chrysonthemum (shungilw). See page . • Put 1 in a palaver a lable burner.f (or pork). while radish (daikon) pur•• .inomolo. • Arrange all . miri" Chines. MSG (a. 1200 91 fresh cauliflower 1 large coke tofu 7 oz. soy souce 2 t.sh Chines. Bring to a boil. 3) juice for the lemon juice for a losle variation . remove. 4 fr. mustard may be used as a substitute . each: doshi. soy souce 2 T. Cook the other ingredients in the stock as you eat. Blanch the cauliflower briefly in boiling water. as desired minced fresh red chili pepper.43. as desired 1/8 I. waler 1 4. and allow to soak 30 minutes. Ihen remove the kelp. If you do nol care for miso. Cut the tofu into 314 ~ (2 cm) cubes.(10 em) piece dried kelp (kombu) 3/4 c. Substilule freshly -squeezed kumquat (illus. and set aside. (75 9) enok. Dip in Ihe sauce you prefer (2 or 3.BEEF AND VEGETABLE CHAFING DISH (Shabu Shabu) SERVES .he above ingredienh. cabbage 7 oz . large Chinese green onion (illus. including the sliced beef.4 and lemon juice stirred in) before eating . Place . Immene the meat in the kelp stock and swish around a few times. 1) . Remove when the color changes. 2) may be added to the chafing dish for 8ltlra flavor. 55 . optional) I c. Milt 2 and 3 separately unlil blended . sesame seed powder 1/8 I . for inslructions on how to make Ihe sesame seed powder in 3.4 14 oz . sugar . Spinach wilh Sesame Paste. Immerse the udon noodles in boiling water briefly. Cui 'he cabboge into chunks and 'he 1 I 2 3 4 Ishiitoke) 2/3 lb. Slice the mushrooms diogonally . as desired 4 c. and wosh . neally on serving plales. lemon iuice cauliflower into flowerets (illus .4 T. thinly sliced 2-112 oz. white miso 3/4 c. block mushrooms • CUi off the lough ends from the enolr. (300 9) Chines.

56 .

Dip in 2 before eating . then blanch separately in boiling water until soft . and roll tightly into a cylinder shape (illus . mirin 2 6 T. or 225 9) 2 112 lb . (225 9) chicken meot I large coke tofu 1-113 lb . (600 9) Ch.colored soy souce 3 T. and spinach on a bamboo sushi mat. garland ch rysanthemu m (shung ikIlJ . lemon juice 41 1. soy souce 1·3/. • Pull the leaves off the Chinese cabboge. Cut the ch icken into pieces. dash . Cut the fish meat info smoll pieces. . • Add 1 to a day pot and bring to a boil. or 450 g) cutt lefish or squid (2 /3 lb .:1 c. do not cut . 1) . 8) .SEAFOOD AND VEGETABLE CHAFING DISH SERVES 4 fresh fish (1 lb . dried Chinese black mushrooms. and so forth . one by one . Cut into 1· 114· (3 cm) pieces . light. 2. Cook 01 the lab le while eating .h a crosscut (illus . leo ve the bunch of spinach whole. o Lorge Chinese green onion. 3) . Score Ihe cuttlefish wi. Remove Ihe shell from the body portion of the shrimp . chicken meat. or 300 9) 4 shrimp (1 1 lb. Place some cabbage leaves. Cui the carrol into matchstick-sized strips.ne. and the rest of the ingredients inta the pot .e cabbage 1/4 large corrot 1 bunch spinoch 5 c. Place the fish head. dash i 3 T. and the tofu inio 3/4 ~ (2 em) cubes . may also be used in this recipe. • Remove the head and bones from Ihe fish (see p . Wash each ingredient thoroughly. carrot.

58 .

quail 8995 8 rolls kelp (kombu) 4 cokes deep-fried tofu 8 slices burdock root (gobO) lempuro (illus. chili poste mustord."gredlents when shopping for this dish. four per bamboo skewer (illus . Cook the white radish in 0 fresh pot of boiling waler unlil done. iIIus . Stuffed tofu pockets. Choose the very best . cold waler 1 t. Roll-cut the white radish inlo chunks. Cut the konnyolw into small pieces .TOKYO STYLE STEW (Oden) SERVES 4 2 fried fish sausages (chikuwa. The success of this dish depends on the quality and ~reshn~ss of the ingredients used . 2) 2 5 c. • Blanch the kelp rolls in boiling water for about 2 minutes to remove the seawater odor. 1J 1 coke konnyoku 2/3 lb . until the flavors are well absorbed . Skewer Ihe fish balls and quail eggs. • Bring 1 to a boil in a cloy pot . soy souce 2 T. mirin 1-112 T. 3). may be substituted for some of the ingredients in this dish . obout 5 minutes . (300 9) Chinese white rod ish (doikon) 12 eoch : fish balls. and so forth. Dip in 2 or mustard before eating . eoch: ketchup. . Remove. each: white miso. then lower the heat ond simmer about 40 minutes. dashi 1/2 c. sugor 4 T. Add the other ingredients to the boiling liquid. as desired • Cullhe fried Fish sausoges into chunks or diagonal slices . octopus.

60 .

3 62 .

Seafood Tempuro) . The temperature of the oil is extremely important when frying tempura . Cullhe lotus rool inlo 1I4 ~ (. If the bolter drops do not rise as quic. • Heat 2 c.up' unused oil to somewhat under smoking . Chinese while radish (doikon) puree T.kly 10 the surfoc. After deep. a s needed 1/4 c. cioshi lib o z . if the bolter flooh up quickly to Ihe surfa ce. Dip in 2 0nd 3 before eating (the some as with seafood tempura) . Mix 1 10 make the bOiler (see p . I) . return to the oil 10 fry another 30 sec. drip a little batter in it to test the temperature. Dip the vegetables first in the dry flour .4 dried Chinese black mu shrooms (shiilcke. (5 9) bonito shoYing' . fry one at a time until crisp. Ikolsuobusllll 3 c. soy souce 2 1 c. 3) . ginger rool puree .S em) slices. Remove from the oil and arrange in a serving dish . then in the egg bolter. Cullhe remaining vegetable ingredienh inlo decorotive pOllerns as well (illus.ooting. and deep. each : mirin. the oil is probably about the right temperature for fryi ng vegeta ble tempuro. about 3 minutes. 2.ond s for a crispier bolter c.e. then corve The edges 10 form 0 decorative poffern (illus. (AO 9) shredded burdock rool (gobo) 1 large e99 3/A c.VEGETABLE TEMPURA SERVES . soaked until soh) cobs baby corn (or 8 slices okra) a 8 stalks asparogus 1 eggplant (prefe rably long thin Orienlol) 1· 113 oz .4 1 link lotus tOOl (renltan) e 8 slices pumpkin (or sweel potato) siring beons . Serve hot . The temperature of the oil must be kept constant. frying the femplJra. the oil is about right for fryi ng seafood templ/ra . ice waler 1 1 c. After heating the oil. 60. low-gluten flour flour.

64 .

o Spray the fine bread crumbs lightly with water before use Iillus. low-gluten flour 1 e99 (lightly beaten) 1 c. (450 9) pork cutlet • Cut off the sinews from the edges of the pork cutlet (illus.FRIED PORK CUTLET SERVES 4 1 lb. 1) . 2) . • Heal 2 cups oil 10 medium hal in a fry ing pon or wok . Gently dip first in the flour . cut inlo pieces. salt I. Dip in ketchup or pepper-salt before eating. . then in the e99 mixture. Fry the cui lets about 5 minutes (be sure to remove particles From the oil when fryi ng fa keep it deon) . and arrange in a servi ng dish . The surface of 118 I 1 118 I. and gherkin cucumber slices. and the meol should be cooked through . fine bread crumbs 2 c. Sprinkle on 1. shredded cabboge 1 tomato 1 gherkin cucumber (cut inlo thin d iogonal slices) Ihe cullet should be crisp and golden brown. Cui into 4 equal pieces (ill us. Remove from the oil. to mato. 3) to prevent the fried batter coating from becoming too hard . Garnish with the shredded cabbage. or a little lemon juice may be squeezed over the lOp . then in the fine bread crumbs . pepper 1/4 c.

.o-~ ..~ ". . from the oil and place 9" a serving plate . Y. soy sauce 2 T. 2 /" . mixing well.. Deep-fry the fish in the oil over high heat for one minute.4 c.. " ..4 cups oil in a frying pon or wok .. rice vinegar 1 T. • Heat the . 'f' .. . Add 1 and bring to a boil.. 1) and dry with paper towels Iii Ius.. 2) ..4 mackerel (totol 1 lb . each : sugar. . Remo .... 1 green pepper. Squeeze a little lemon juice over the top before eating . Add the green pepper and red chili pepper.. . Turn the heal to medium and continue to fry until crisp (about 8 minutes) . cut in holf. Pour over the fish .1 . Other fresh fish of a similar size may be cooked In thiS way .~'" SERVES 4 MACKEREL BARBARIAN STYLE . low-gluten flour .rings 1/2 c. Dredge in flour (illus . cut in julienne strips 1/2 lemon • Wash the mackerel (illus . 3) and sel aside. dash.. 66 . cut in julienne strips 112 small red chili pepper. oil for frying 1/2 onion. or 450 9) 2 1.. -. • Stir-fry the onion unlil soft .

low-gl uten flour 1/2 c. and serve . ginger root puree.lIu. ginger root puree 2 T. pour over the top. . Dredge each piece in flour (. chopped green onion 1/4 c. and chopped green onion on top of the fried tofu . Bring 1 to a boil. Remove from oil. Heat until somewhat under smoking . 1) and cut each coke into 4 pieces (illus .DEEP. Fry the lofu over high heat about 1 minute. soy sauce 1 c.FRIED TOFU 2 large cokes soft lofu 1/2 c. mirin (sweet rice wine) 114 c. dashi SERVES 4 • Trim off the hard edges from the lofu (illus . 3) • Heat a Fry ing pan or wok and odd 3 cups oil. Chinese white radish (doilron) puree 1 T. until it is golden brown on the outside but still tender inside .. • Place the white radish puree. 2) .

68 .

sugor 1 1-1/2 T. and 3/4" (2 em) at the bock . Egg fried inlo a thin " pancake" may be substituted for the purple lover . doshi 2 T.dry . Serve. broiled eel. Cut into strips. • 8eot the eg3s lightly and mix in 3 . Quarter the gherkin cucumber lengthwise and scoop out the seeds. waler 2 T. 33. leave 3/8" (l cm) of the seaweed free at the front. then into a lotol of eight small pieces (wipe the knife with a wet doth to prevent sticking) . toosted) 1 c. Japanese Egg Roll) . Add 1 and cook untilth. sugar 113 I . Set aside. I) . Press even the two ends of the sushi. sushi rice • Soak the dried mushrooms unlil soh . lay sauce 3 T. Remove and rub with salt (illu5 . This method saves time and bother. the dried gourd shavings and dried mushrooms can be cooked together in 1 and 2 until the sauce is reduced. Allow 10 cool. (20 9) dried gourd shavings (kompyo) d osh of solt 1 c. Shrimp. 3) to roll the sushi into a cylindrical shope. Roll and press together tightly with the bamboo mot. then spread it evenly over the seaweed . soy sauce 2 gherkin cucumbers (or some spinoch) 1 bamboo sushi mot (sudore) 5 sheels purple lover (nori. Arrange the above ingredients neatly across the center of the rice (illus. WeI both honds with 4 . . • Soak the dried gourd shovings in waler for about 10 minutes . each: salt. and so forlh can be included in the filling 10 make all saris of sushi variations . • Wash the bamboo mol and air. 2) . Cook in 2 until Ihe sauce is almOSI completely reduced . sugar 4 eg9s 112 I . souce is olmost completely reduced . Fry into 1· 1/4" (3 cm) thick slices (see p. rice vinegar 4-1 /2 c.BASIC ROLLEDSERVES 4 (Norimaki) SUSHI 4 dried Chinese black mushrooms (shiitake) 1 c. Place some lettuce on top of the rice. asparagus. Cut the sushi in half. Pick up the front of the seaweed (illus . Cool and cui into pieces abautthe same length as the purple laver. Set aside . then remove the bamboo mot . Pick up 1 cup of sushi rice and ploce in the center of the purple lover. soak waler from dried mushrooms 1 2 T. Place a sheet of purple laver on the mot . When making small amounts of sushi at home. soy sauce 2/3 oz . Ihen cui the mushrooms into strips .

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46. lo".. (20 g). (109) Fresh leQ ufchin (uml J ork shells (okogoq J (o<ltlel (tongo. ...olls) 3 sliclu e99 roll (1111 p .fish slice wi th your righl indeK finger and middle finger . • Dip your "onds in I. or 30 g) pickled sweaHour jinger rool and lemon s iels. press balh sides so that il is roughly r.. 5 ~Iicel fresh luno (ma9I. 3). 5). as desired 1f3 oz .ing dish and se. 33. sushi rice wasobi. Wilh your righl thumb and indu finger. Repeat the whole procedure on the lome two endl for a finished loo~ .1fo) fillel (2-1 12 oz . To eol Using chopsticks. Follow thl laml procedure for the leo urchin. Pren down gently on the sushi rice wilh your right indlK finger (illul .. 2) ..ctongulor (illul . wOler rice .. (1091 freU! solmon roe 2 slrips purpl. or 30 9) 3 cooked shrimp (see p. press Ihe fish Out toward one end with your lefr thumb. Repeat the same procedure for each 01 the items in 2 To make pressed SUShi with solman roe .ushi rice with your righl hand.. so that the fish arcs outward (illus. 6~ then dip in ~ay 10Uce (illus 7). • Pick up a slice of ish in your lefr hand and brush a lillie wasabi over the cenler (illus. Ihen genlly pren down on Ih. turn the luslli lO that I'" filling sidf" faces sideways jillu.l 2 slices hoi/beak (soyo"l 'ille' (1 oz .9) ... Althe some lime..e. ith solman rOI.r (nori. • Arrange the oUOrled prened IUIIIi allractivlly in (I ". Jopanese Egg RoU) 4 c.24 PIECES ASSORTED PRESSED SUSHI WITH SASHIMI 3 Ihin slices currie/ish (1 oz . 4). 1/3 1 c. hondful of sushi rice and form it into a cylindrical shope. Place the sUlhi rice block on lop of il (illus.5)(18 em) oz . " Frome" the rice by preuing a strip of purple lover around the outer edge. Pick up a holf. Shrimp-Cucumber R. Sushi can 0110 be eOlen wilh Ihe 1ilu•• . or 45 9) 1 I 2 T.. or 75 g) 3 slic~" fre. l " x5 " or 2. Fill .. as desired How to prepare fi5h for pressed wshl With soshlmi Slice rile fisll (see p. I). then turn it over so Ihe fish is on the top. and gently :e inla 0 reclongulor block ..negor . Pick up about 213 oz.h porgy litle' (1-213 oz.01 the tw o ends together onto the rite with some rice vinegar. Turn the sushi around and repeot on the other end..

71 .

sa lmon roe • Cook the asparagus in boiling water until done. and roll up (i llu s. Arrange all the ingredients on plates onj have ready . Toast about 5 seconds and remove.HAND·ROLLED SEAWEED SUSHI (Temaki) 6 ROllS 2 3 6 sheets purple lover (nod. then cui in 2·3/4 " (7 em) pieces . Place half of 1 in a co rner of the seaweed. o This dish is a gaod finger food for banquets or buffets . 1. Shrimp.Cucumber Rolls.. Pretoosled seaweed is also available commercially . as desired 2 sHces soshimi 2 leaves lettuce 1/2 gherkin cucumber (cut in thin d iagonal slices) 4 I. D To 10051 the purple laver : Place the seaweed in a dry frying pan or wok. 3). • Toast a sheet of purple lover . lO" x3·1 /2" or 25 x 9 em) 2 leaves lettuce 4 stolks green asparagus 2 cooked shrimp 1/2 pocket fine bon ito shovings ("onaga/suo) moyancise. . sushi rice wasob. in order. See poge 46. • Roll 2 and 3 in Ihe same way as 1. 2. as desired 2 leaves leNuce 1/2 gherkin cucumber (Cui '·3/4 " or 7 em long) 3 T. or on the lower shelf of an oven . Serve and eol immedialely (10 prevent the seaweed from becoming soggy) . for instructions on how to prepare the shrimp.

7' .

cool in top waler. Repeat for the remaining three egg " pancakes ". celery. Fry into -4 egg " pancakes " (about 6_1/2 w to 8 w or 17 to 20 em in diameter) . apple. • Beot the 899 lightly . as desired • Cut the tender ends of the green a sparogus inlo 2·3/4 ~ (7 em) lengths . bread. then top with 114 of the asparagus. 3) . lay a leaf of leHuce on it. Cut the apple inlo thin strips and soak in so It woler. The fill ing ingredients can a lso be rolled in Ch inese moo shu shells (Pek ing duck flour wrappers) .HAM. ham. then secure with the Chinese celery shreds (illus . Blanch the Chinese celery in boiling water. allowing the filling ta protrude somewhat (illus.3 /4 (7 em) lengths . Pore off the strings from the celery and cui inlo 2. Drain each sepa rately before use and set oside .4 leaves teHuee moyancise (or salt). Fold the egg " pancake" in half. 1) . Cut inlo thin strips along the grain and soak in ice water . and some mayonaise (illus . 2) . Serve . then teor into fine strips . ff . elc. Roll the two ends towards the center. VEGETABLE AND EGG ROLLS 4 ROLLS 8 stolks fresh green asparagus 112 stolk celery 1/2 apple 2 slices ham (squore) 2 stalks Chinese celery -4 eggs . • Spread out one of the egg " pancakes ". Cut the hom into fine strips. Blanch in boiling water and cool in lOp water.

~ 76 .' . ". 'I"". .. ..

then top with the wasab. or mode yourself 01 home . wasabi (Japanese horseradish) • Place the sushi rice (see p. p. the above ingredients may be shredded and sprinkle d over the sushi rice (i llus . L Serve Sushi Sa lad in a bowl or wooden rice box . soaked until soft and cooked) 1/2 t. 1. Fish rolls can either be bought ready-mode. and serve .SUSHI SALAD SERVES 1 1 c. sushi rice 1/2 sheet purple lover (nori. Roll both ends toward the center to form a double scroll. 6) in a serving dish and sprinkle on Ihe purple lover shreds. Ihen cut inlo pieces .1/2" or 4 em square) broiled eel (unagl1 2 slices mackerel (saba) 1 shrimp 1 slice cockle (/origol1 2 fish rolls 1 d ried Chinese block mushroom (shiilake. This is a Kanto (Tokyo) slyle dish . place 1/2 gherkin cucumber on top.5 cm) slices. A strip of purple laver may be placed on top of the fish slice before it is rolled . I' As a variation. Roil lhe marlin into a flowe r (see "Chinese Appelizers a nd Garnishes". Spread open Ihe cuttlefish slices. 103) . Place the mushroom on the side as a garnish.2. . ark shell. 33). • CuI the other half of the gherkin cucumber into thin diagonal slices. Arrange the tuna fish fillet . Secure with a toothpick.3) . This is the Kansa i (Osaka ) version of Sushi Salad. To make : Cut a 3" xl-1I2 " (Sx4 em) piece of fish fillel info l IS" (. Japanese egg roll slices (see p. cuI inlo fine shreds) 4 slices marlin (kaFlet1 fi llet 2 slices cuttlefish (ika) 1 gherkin cucumber 2 slices tuna fish (moguro) fillet 2 slices Japanese egg roll 1 ark shell (okogal1 1 slice octopus (/ako) 1 slice (1. a nd roll up. and other ingredients neatly on a platter.

and set aside to cool. sushi rice (approx. toasted black sesa me seeds shredded pickled sweet-saur ginger root.. To make shredded pickled g inger root . along with some chopped gherkin cucumber .1/2 c.) 2 I. water 2 T.. Stuff the tofu pockets about 415 full with sushi rice (. then mix in with the sushi rice. and diced dried gourd shoving (kampyO) may be cooked with I until the sauce is reduced. sugar 3 1.lIus. Remove and pickle in 3 tablespoons sugar and 3 tablespoons vinegar . for variation . • Dip both hands in 2 . as desired • Cut the fried tofu pockets diagonally into triangles (illus. diced carrot. Sprinkle a little toasted black sesame seed aver the top (illus. Allow to cool.. Eat with the pickled shredded ginger rool. 3). rice vinega r 4. or they can be rolled . 2 3 SERVES <I TOFU POCKET SUSHI (Inarizushi) 10 square fried tofu packets 2/3 c. 2). say sauce 1 c.." ' .' . Diced dried Chinese block mushroom (shiitake). (300 g) fresh young ginger into thin slices. 78 . The square fried tofu packets can be cut into squa res or rectangles. cut 2/3 lb . 1) . dashi 5 T... Place in a pot with l and bring to a boil. and blanch in boiling water 1 minute . Cook until the sauce is completely reduced.

. 2) . Serve .CRAB AND RICE MIX·UP I 1 2 2 . • Soak Ihe mushrooms until soh and cui inlo thick s!rips . light-colored soy souce pinch of MSG (optional) 2· 1/2 oz .. break in the egg' and lurn off Ihe heal . To make ginger (Oelluiee . Skim off Ihe foam .4 con crob meol T. oside . soh 2 I. ls cooked rice dried Chinese block mus hrooms bunches spinoch . and so fo rt h may be added 10 Ihis dish according 10 individual preference . CUi Ihe spinoch inlo pieces . filler off Ihe liquid from ginger rool puree . S. 3). fish fillell. 1) . • Bring 1 10 0 boil. and th. clams. doshi 1 I. Add some cold wo l er 10 Ihe cooked rice 10 seporote Ihe groins (mus. Purple lover shreds. Ihe orlificio l crob meal liUus.. (75 9) ortificiol crab meol . .oS c. ginger root juice SERVES 4 bo . spinoch. Cook briefly. Add Ihe cooked rice and mushrooms and bring to a full second boil over high heal.4 e99' • Slir Ihe ginger rool juice inlo Ihe crob meol (illus . fresh ayslers.. Add 'he crob meal.

o Th is d ish is especially convenient iF you shred fried salted salmon leftover from the previous mea l.4 TEA RICE 1. Top with 1. MSG (optional) 116 I. as desired 1 I. Tear into fine shreds (.lIu.alre) 4 c. the solted solmon shreds. Pour on the hot teo and serve . • 1 / 2 SERVES . 1) 4 stalks trefoil (mitsuboJ • Broil the solted solmon until cooked through . wasobi (Japanese horseradish. or lOp with bonito shreds . Pickled vegetables may be added on the side. solt 1 T. cooked rice 1/8 I. white sesame seeds (illus . o 2 purple lover (nort1 shreds. and 2. J ).. teo 80 . tweeze out the fine bo nes . Use either green or oolong leo . (37 9) solted solmon (shio. 2) 3 c. ilIus. • Place the cooked rice in a serving dish .113 oz .. Skin and debone.

cooked rice SERVES . 2 1-1/2 c. 3) . lightly beoten 3/4 c. 5 T. fine bread crumbs . mir. 2. Deep ·fry the pork slices over medium heat until golden brown on bOlh sides and cooked through. and place some pork in eoch rice·filled bowl. Remove from the oil .4 • Cullhe leon pork into 3/S n (1 em) thick slices. .n (sweet rice wine) 2-1/2 T. lightly beoten 1.4 eg9s. soy sauce 1 t. Sprinkle on 1/8 teaspoon eoch of salt and pepper . sugar sliced green onion. as desi red . green portion only. Serve. (400 9) leon pork 1/2 c.PORK CUTLET OVER RICE (Katsudon) 14 oz. in order (illus. flour 1 e99. Add the g reen onion and egg. Dip the pork slices in the ingredients in I . • Bring 2 to a boil. • Heal 3 cu ps cooking oil to 320° F (160°C) . When the egg is about half set. Tenderize by pounding with Ihe dull edge of 0 cleover or a meat mollet. dash. cut into pieces. pour over the pork and rice.4 c.

cooked rice 5 T. doshi 2 81 . water (or ice water) . 62.gluten flour • Shell the shrimp. 3) . Vegetable Tempura).4 slices taro (dasheen) . Remove the lips of the tails (illus . soy sauce 1. Bring 2 to a boil.4 FRIED SHRIMP OVER RICE (Tendon) . but leave the toil intact . Make several gentle sloshes in the belly portion of the shrimp (illus.4 slices green pepper . 112 egg 113 c. and set aside . and pour some over each portion . 60. midn (sweet rice wine) 1 I . Dip the shrimp in 1 and deep· fry until crisp {see p.4 jumbo shrimp 1/2 Co low. • Heat 2 cups cooking oil. 1) and chop off the ends of the double lail shells (ill us . and taro in 1 and fry until crisp (see p .1 /2 c.SERVES . • Put 1 cup of cooked rice into each individual bowl. 2) . eggplant. Separately dip the green pepper. Seafood Tempura} .4 c. Toss and eat.4 slices eggplant . and lOp with the baHer·fried shrimp and vegetables. Scrape Oul the moisture contained in the shrimp toil wilh the dull edge of a knife. lightly pound it straight. sugor 2-112 T.

the onion 1 onion into half-rings (illus . mirin 1-1/2 t. 5 T. and cook unt il 50ft. pour some of the contents o'le r each portion of rice . cooked rice .CHICKEN AND EGG OVER RICE (Oyako Domburi) 1/4 lb .1/2 Co dashi • Bring 1 to a boil. 2). 3) .) chicken leg (dark) meal SERVES 4 • Cut the chicken meot into thick strips (ill us. 2 large Ch inese green onions 4 eggs 1. Beol the 899S lightly and set aside . net wI . (120 g. Add the chicken and onion. sugar 2 T. 1I. Serve . and the large Chinese green onion into diagonal slices (illus . When the 899 is about half set. Next odd the beaten eggs and large Chinese green onion. soy scuce 4 c.

sliced 4 c. and cook briefly . salt 1-1/2 c. and cook until the onion is soft. dashi • Add 1 and the onion 10 a saucepan. and top with some sliced pickled red ginger rool (illus . sliced onion (illus. Put some of the contents over each rice-filled bowl. pepper 1-1/2 c. 3). cooked rice sliced pickled red ginger rool (beni-snoga). 5 T. each : sugar. Serve. (300 g) sliced beef (ill us .2 3 SERVES . 2) 4 green onions. Next add the sliced beef and green onion. mirin 1/8 t .4 BEEF OVER RICE (Gyudon) 2/3 lb. 1) 1 t. as desired 84 . soy sauce 1/2 I.

Red Bean Rice is often served on holidays and at celebration s.l beans 5 c. Add 2 cups water and bring to a boi l. red {odzuki" ozuk. glutinous rice (sweet rice) SERVES A • Choose red beans that are large and have no foreign matter mixed in (illus. Transfer to a doth. Discard the water (this is to remove any bitterness). Remove the beans.lined steamer. 2). Steam over high heat for about 50 minutes (pour the liquid from cooking the red beans over the rice as it steaming. • Wash the glutinous rice and soak in the liquid used to cook the red beans (illus . Serve . Turn the heat to low and simmer about 30 minutes. pour in a little at a tilTle eoch of . until the beans begin to split open (i llu s. it symbolize s happiness and good fortune . Add a fresh 3 cups of water and again bring to 0 boil.RED BEAN RICE 1/3 c.4 to 5 separate times) . drain well. Drain well. 3) about 8 hours . again retaining the liquid . . and retain the cooking liquid . 1). and spread out evenly . Mix the red beans into the glutinous rice.

86 .

-sh ogo ). pour in the 6g9 mixture. Cooked dried Chinese black mu sh room Slrips {see p . Place on Ihe rice next to the ground beef . 69 Basic Rolled Sushi} and sh redded purp le laver {noftl may be added according 10 individual preference . (75 9) cooked peas shredded pickled red ginger rool (ben. and stir-fry un til Ihe egg is sel . mirin (sweet rice wine) 6 c.4 112 lb . Pul in the ground beef (illus .4 tablespoo ns cooking oil in a frying pan. 2) and shredded pickled red ginger rool (illus . • Beal the eggs lightly . 1) and stir-fry until the meat changes color. (225 9) 9. sal t 2 3 T. 3) over the top and serve .ound beel 2 T. Add 1 and continue 10 stir-fry until the sauce is reduced . 0$ desired • Heal a frying pan and odd 1 teaspoon cooking oil. cooked rice 5 eggs 1/3 t. ScoNer some cooked peas (illu s. • Heal . . soy souce 1 T. Mix in 2 unt il well blended . Po ur over the cooked rice . dashi dash of sugor 2·1/2 oz.TWO COLOR RICE SERVES . sugar .4 T.

88 .

Sprinkle on some shredded pickled red ginger 2 1 1. and mix carefully until blended (illus . dashi shredded pickled red ginger root (beni-shoge). 1) into julienne strips. peos 113 t. Mix in 2 and marinate about 20 minutes (illus.hen odd the dashi and all the other ingredients.LlTTLE·Of·EVERYTHING RICE SERVES A 3 c. light-colored soy sauce 1 T. Place in a bowl with the peas. and konnyoku of 1 (illus. . Set aside. . raw nce 3-112 oz. (100 g) chicken meat 1 oz . rice wine 3 c. corrol. (30 9) carrol 1 square fried tofu pocket 1/4 coke konnyalw • Cui the chicken. • Wash the rice. as desired and serve. fried tofu pocket. salt 3 1. 3) . 2) . Cook until done .

Repeal Ihi s process until the rice bal l is in the shape of a triangle . and pre ss inlo on angle (illus . Rice bolls can 0150 be made by pressing the rice into rice molds available commercia lly .. 1).T 2 3 BAll S RICE BALLS (Onigiri) 1. illus . place you r rig hI hand on lOp of the rice boll and flallen it down (illu s. roll the second ball in the crushed laver. 2) . Encircle one of the balls with a strip of purple laver. • Remove Ihe seed from Ihe pickled plum. and cut the plum inlo Ihree pieces . as desired black sesome seeds. Serve . • Place one piece of pickled plum in each rice boll. Place a rice boll in you r left hand. as desired • Divide Ihe rice inlo 3 bolls .x 3/4" or 15 x 2 em) crushed lover (furigalce. 3) . cooked rice pickled plum (umebosh ll 1 strip purple laver (nor.1/2 c. 90 . 6 . and roll the lasl one in Ihe black sesame seeds .

3 oz . Squeeze Qut the excess moisture and cut into 1·1/4 ~ (3 cm) lengths . and cooked form s. jf desired . and clams on top of the n<.4 bunches spinach 3 oz . (80 g) chicken meal . 1) 4 dried Chinese black mushrooms (shiitake) 1/2 c. choose the kind you prefer . mushroom soak waler 2·1/2 T. salt 1/ 2 c. each : mirin. Set oside . 3).UDON IN BROTH . • Immerse the precooked udon noodles in hot woter for 30 seconds. Place the mushrooms chi cken slices. Slice the chicken. 8 clams .:1 c. fish ~ake slices. Add the spinach .odles.1 .4 shrimp. CuI the fish coke 01 ahout a 15 ° angle. 05 desired • Soak Ihe mushroom s un til soft.lIus . and ollernole the knife hack ~nd forlh while cutting 10 form 0 rippled ri si ng sun pattern (. Udon noodles are sold in fresh uncooked. doshi. A li ll ie seven·flavor seasoning may be sprinkled over Ihe top. 1/4 I. soy sauce 1/ 2 fish cake (komoboko) . Serve hal .. dry. Blan ch the spinach in boiling waler aboul 30 seconds . Pou r In 2 a~d bring to a boil ove r high heat . . light ·colored soy sauce 4 eggs seven-flavor seasoning {shich imi. shrimp. or SERVES 4 1000 9) precooked udon noodles (illus . 2. and transfer to a cloy pOl. then cook in 1 until the flovors ore well absorbed (about 8 minutes) . 1 T. sugar.4 packages (2 lb . Pour In the egg and continue to cook until the egg is about half sel. '090r05h.

91 .

Aher it comes to a second boil. • Bring 1 to a boil and strain . and the other ingredients can be varied according to individual preference . Remove from Ihe boiling woter and place in a bowl of tap water to cool. . Toke some noodles and other ingredients and dip in the broth before eating . Seat the egg lightly. and cut into shreds . 3) . • Cook the shrimp and remove the shells .COLD NOODLES SERVES 4 2 4 bunches lomen (thin wheat noodles) 4 medium shrimp 2 gherkin cucumbers 2 eggs S slices fish coke (kamabako) 4 c. light-colored soy sauce 116 oz. and fish coke neatly on top . ginger root puree • Place th~ lomen (illu s. fry into a thin egg " pancake ". 2) . Set aside . Place 2 in a small dish . crushed ice (approx. This is the broth for the cold noodles. cui inlo Ihin slrips 1-1 /2 T. Chinese vermicelli can be substituted for the lomen. Cut the gherkin cucumber into thin rounds . Drain (illus. then odd some crushed ice. cucumber. filling each about 3/5 full. 1) in boiling water. dalhi 1/4 c. • Place ice cubes (or ice water) in a transparent bowl. and chill in the refrigerator . shrimp. each: mirin. Arrange the egg shreds. odd 1 cup of top water and continue to cook about 1 minute. chopped green onion 1 sheet purple lover. (5 g) bonito shreds 2 T.) 1 c. until the noodres are cooked through. Add the lomen (illus . • Add some of 2 into the noodle broth . Divide the broth among four small bowls.

2 • 9' .

odd dry flour) .1/2 tablespoons water) .. sirain. and 3 cups water to 10 cups buckwheat flour .tng dish . this is the broth for the noodles .odles . • Mix lome of 2 inlo the broth. dash. . Add 2 cups low-gluten flour. dip. See page 7. I) .colored soy souce 116 oz. Remove the husks and grind into flour (illus. 118 teaspoon salt.2 em) thin nc. Soak in 10 cups ice water 10 cool. Buckwheat is harvested during September and October. and ploce in small bowls.4 bunches buckwheat noodles (sobo) 1 c. r Wasab. illus . How to Make Homemade Udon Noodles for instructions on rolling a u! the dough. 3) can be used to make wascb. chopped green onion 1/8 t. (5 9) bonito shreds 1 c. How to Make Homemade Buckwheat Noodles (Sobo) : Use ' buckwheat with brown kernels. odd more water. so these two months are the buckwheat noodle " season ". Add some cold or tepid water to some wcscb. CUI into 311 6 (. II can be eaten cold or hot. then dip the noodles and other inaredients in the broth 10 eol . Place each of the ingredients in 2 (fresh quail eggs may also be added) in seporate small d ishes. wascbi (Japanese honeradish) 1/2 c. Saba comes in dry and fresh uncooked forms . Knead into a smooth dough that is neither lao soh nor too sliff (if the dough is too dry.EMERALD BUCKWHEAT NOODLES SERVES 4 . or for Chinese style noodles in broth . Chinese white radish IdoikonJ puree sheel purple lover (nor. light. (Japanese horseradish) powder (sold in bOllOes or cons. ( ul into shreds) 2 • Cook the buckwheat noodles (illus. mid" (sweet rice wine) 1/4 c. 2) .. if too sticky. powder to 1. powder 10 form a paste (use 3 tablespoons wasab. try using it in recipes colling for udon noodles.. • Bring 1 to a boil. leave in a tightly sea led container fo r 10 minutes and it is ready for use . when saba is at its freshest and best. Droin well and place in a sar. leave undisturbed about 1 hour . 1/4 c.

1/8 I.fry until the sauce is reduced . 3). • CUIlhe onion inlo half. MSG (optional) 1· 112 c. • Heat a frying pan and add 3 tablespoons oil. Chinese dark vinegar 3 T. pepper sesame oil. or 300 9) 1/3 lb . 1J. sugar 1/4 I. (150 9) leon pa. Cui the pork into shreds (illu5 . 1· 1/3 T. Stir. Sprinkle on a little sesame oil and seven·flovor seosoning (ill us. and pork briefly . or 1000 g) precooked udon noodles 1 onion 1/2 head cabbage (2/3 lb. fogoroshl1. 3 oz . as desired • Immerse the precooked udon noodles in boiling wafer briefly and remove. cabbage. Ihen cut all of the cabbage into shreds. Add 1 and the noodles . as desired seve n·flavor seasoning (shichimi. 96 .k 2 T. Stir. water.fry Ihe onion .rings. 2) . Cui Ihe cabbage hearl into slices (illus . soy sauce. and serve.SERVES A FRIED UDON NOODLES 4 packages (2 lb .

mirin (sweet rice wine) 1 T. Wait until the bonito shavings have settled. Simmer until the yolk is partially solid. • Shell the cooked eggs. This dish is a delicate and unusual breakfast. (A gJ bonito shavings (hanagatsuo) white radish sprauts (kaiware). add some soup stock.HOT SPRING EGGS A egg5 SERVES A 1-1/2 T. a5 desired • Place the eggs in a saucepan of cold water (illus. 2). and serve . and the egg white is smooth and soh (illus. Top with some white radish sprouts. then strain. 3) . 1) and cook about AO minutes over low heat. dashl' 1/8 oz. Do not allow the thermometer to touch the boltom of the pot (illus. o Hot spring eggs can be kept up to 2 days in the refrigerator . Add cold water or temporarily turn off the heat if the temperature goes too high. and place one egg in each bowl. . These are "hot spring" eggs. soy sauce 2/3 c. This is the soup stock. D lA9° to 15AoF (65° to 68°C) h equivalent to the temperature obtained by adding A cups boiling water to 2-112 cups cold water. • Bring 1 to a boil and turn off the flame immediately. The temperature should be maintained at between lA9° to 15AoF (65° to 68°C) .

2 98 .

lower the heat and simmer. sesame oil 1 T. ~oy sauce 1 t. white sesame seed powder 1 cooked egg yolk • Remove the entrail s and o uter membrane from the cuttlefish . 1) and soak in ice water (illus . for 3 minutes . Place the coo ked egg yolk in a strainer and press down on the top with a rubber spatula to grate the yolk over the salad . water 2 g reen onions 2 slices ginger root 1 T. d e: not split) 6 c. . 2) about 10 minutes . Blanch the asparagus briefl y in boiling water and cut inlO sections. Cut in to thin rings. covered. St ir 2 together until of a thick consistency . rice vint!gar 1-1/2 T. rice wine 1 head lettuce 1 tomato 12 stalks fresh green asparagu s Ionian 6 T. Remove from the ice water and pot dry with paper towels . on even dusting of egg yolk over the top. then leave covered for another 3 minutes.JAPANESE SALAD SERVES 4 2 14 oz. • Wash the leHuce and tomato separately and cut into slices. (400 g) cuttlefish (ika. Bring I to a boil and add the cuttlefish. then pour 2 over the top . Turn off the heat. Slice the onion into rounds (illus . Move the strainer while grating so that there i~. salad oil 2 T. • Arrange the salad ingredients neatly on a serving plotter. Serve . Place in cold water (to make the cuttlefish firm) .

~ e m ove to a plate with a spatula. Cut the cuttlefish in 2 inlo strip' (iI1us. moyonoise 6 ·8 T. kelchup 2 T. • Mix 3 ynta blended . I 2 2/3 c. as d esired 100 . Pour anolher 1/8 of the ba. /empura crumbs (illus. Serve. (150 g) shrimp (shelled) 2-1/2 oz . Chinese dark vinegar pickled red ginger rool (bani. Top the pancake wilh 3. Canlinve to fry until golden brown . a s d esired fine bonito shreds (nanaga/sua ). 1) 1/3 lb. do~e second one . Sprinkle on 1/4 of ~ .snaga) shreds. Adding lempura crumbs 1 2 gives Ihis dish exira flavo r and crunch . shredded 1 c. (. 6 T."er Inlo the frying pan and again fry into a " pa ncake ". .2 SERVES 4 SAVORY PANCAKES 1 • Mix 1 well to form a thick bailer.450 g) cabbage. then some pickled red ginger rool shreds and bonilo shred s. " Tempura crumbs" are the crumbs of fried boiler which are skimmed from the oil when fryfng /empura. a nd devein the shrimp (illus. clalhi 5 eggs 1 lb. (75 g) pork shreds 112 c. cha pped green onion 2 I. low-g luten flour 3/4 c. 2). p r euin~ Iho ingredients d own lighlly. • Heal a fl a t. 3) . then place the fint " pa"c:Jke" on top of 'he h o l f.bottomed frying pan and odd 3 tablespoons all. W hen the ~ollo m of t~ e pancake is gold en. They may be omitted 0 if unovailable. turn il over to fry the other Side for 1 minute . (150 g) CUlllefish (ika ) 113 lb. Heat unhl a baut half done. musta rd . Pour 1/8 of the boiler inlO Ihe pan a nd fry over low heol inlo a " pancake" unlil oboul ha lf done . Transfer to a 5el"Ing ~Iale .

Beat lightly to mix in . {200 91 ground beef 1/2 onion 1/3 lb. Place some broccoli and carrot on the side . sweet wine linus. Soute the onion in the butter un til soh. Add 1/4 of the filling and fold in half when the battam af the egg "pancake" begins to brown. This is 2 I. Immerse each separately in boiling water for about 3 minutes. The nutmeg is optional. 1) 118 I.JAPANESE BEEF OMELETTE 7 oz . l ightly press down on the egg when it is about half sella form a pancake 7 " (18 cm) in dia meler. Sake over medium heat until fully set. then odd 2 tablespoons buller. Cui the broccoli into flowerets. • Heal a flol-bottomed frying pon. then drain . and may be omitted if unavailable. Serve. Pour in the egg and stir gently. Mix 1 into the beef mixture unta well combined . pepper 118 t. odd the ground beef. . and mix well. Repeat the same p rocedure for the 6 remaining eggs. Turn off the heat and transfer ta a serving plale. nulmeg (illus. 2) 8 eggs SERVES 4 • Chop Ihd onion (illus. (150 g) broccoli 112 corrot 114 I. butter 2 1. 3) . flour the filling_ • Add 1/10 teaspoon each salt and pepper 102 of the eggs. and the corrot into thick strips. • Heolthe frying pon and odd 1-1/2 tablespoons buller. solt 8 T. Place in cold waler 10 slop the cooking process.

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Grind I into a puree (see p. Set aside . d05hi A T. Soak the dried mushroom until soft and cut into pieces. Seed the green pepper ond cut into pieces.SERVES A TEPPANYAKI 2 31A c. soy sauce 2 t. or 300 g) A green peppers 7 large dried Chinese block mushrool'lS (shiitoke) Onion 1 eggplant ( p~eferobly 3 long thi'! Oriental) 1/2 Chinese white radish (daikon) small red chili pepper • Cut the beef into 3/8 " (1 cm) thick slices. as desired lA oz. or 300 9) 1 cutllefish (2/3 lb . eoch: soy souce. sugor pinch of MSG (optional) 1 c. 42. and eat as the food becomes ready . mirin (sweet rice wine) 2 T. A lillie l and lemon juice may be added to the dipping sauce. Dip in 2 or 3 . white sesame seed powder bit of white miso 31A c. Cut the onion into rounds. head ond toil left intact) . Wash the shrimp (the shells may be removed from the body portion. mirin 2 T. minced green onion lemon juice. • Lightly oil (or bUller) on iron tepponyoki griddle. . (AOO g) beef 8 shrimp (2/3 lb . and the eggplant into diagonal slices. Score the cutl lefish with a crosscut. Fry the ingredients (in 0 quantity appropriate for the size of the griddle). Fresh Fish Steomed with Tofu).

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