Benefits of solar energy

Greatly reduced pollution Why not pollution-free? Because it isn’t always. While having much better credentials than fossil fuel for polluting emissions, the environmental costs of manufacturing and constructing solar energy appliances must not be forgotten. Also, consider the wider impacts of burning biomass and of large hydropower schemes. So, advantages of solar energy are still shadowed by some disadvantages. That’s just the necessary paradox of life. Greatly reduced contribution to global warming One of the greatest advantages of solar energy of course is that there are no carbon dioxide, methane or other emissions that warm the atmosphere. Again, manufacturing and installation of solar appliances are necessarily accompanied by some of those emissions. Infinite energy resource Solar energy is not a finite resource as fossil fuels are. While the sun is up there it constantly produces all the energy we can use. Reduced maintenance costs While not maintenance-free -- what technology really is? -- once solar panels, wind- or water power facilities are in place, no fuel or lubricants need to be supplied. Falling production costs The financial costs of producing appliances such as solar cells and solar hot water panels are falling as technology develops. Comparatively solar energy is competing with fossil fuels as fossil fuel prices have risen steeply globally in the last few years. Solar energy technology is becoming increasingly efficient. Low running costs With prices of traditional fuels soaring the cost advantages of solar energy are becoming obvious. After installation of the appliance, solar energy is free. Local application Suitable for remote areas that are not connected to energy grids. In some countries solar panels for domestic use in remote areas are becoming sources for local employment in manufacture and installation.

Fossil-fuel poor countries can kick their dependency on this energy and spend their funds on other things through application of solar energy. Health and safety benefits In some poorer countries where people have used kerosene and candles for domestic heating and lighting, respiratory diseases and impaired eyesight have resulted. Many people have been burned through accidents involving kerosene heating. Solar energy, especially with excess energy stored for night-time use, overcomes these problems. Reliability Among the significant advantages of solar energy is that of reliability. Local application and independence from a centrally controlled power grid and energy transport infrastructure is insurance from upheaval through political and economic turmoil.

Advantages of LED Lights
The operational life of current white LED lamps is 100,000 hours. This is 11 years of continuous operation, or 22 years of 50% operation. The long operational life of an led lamp is a stark contrast to the average life of an incandescent bulb, which is approximately 5000 hours. If the lighting device needs to be embedded into a very inaccessible place, using LEDs would virtually eliminate the need for routine bulb replacement. There is no comparison between the cost of LED lights vs. traditional incandescent options. With incandescent bulbs, the true cost of the bulb is the cost of replacement bulbs and the labor expense and time needed to replace them. These are significant factors, especially where there are a large number of installed bulbs. For office buildings and skyscrapers, maintenance costs to replace bulbs can be enormous. These issues can all be virtually eliminated with the LED option. The key strength of LED lighting is reduced power consumption. When designed properly, an LED circuit will approach 80% efficiency, which means 80% of the electrical energy is converted to light energy. The remaining 20% is lost as heat energy. Compare that with incandescent bulbs which operate at about 20% efficiency (80% of the electrical energy is lost as heat). In real money terms, if a 100 Watt incandescent bulb is used for 1 year, with an electrical cost of 10 cents/kilowatt hour, $88 will be spent on electricity costs. Of the $88 expense, $70 will have been used to heat the room, not light the room. If an 80% efficient LED system had been used, the electricity cost would be $23 per year - there would be a cost savings of $65 on electricity during the year. Realistically the cost savings would be higher as most incandescent light bulbs blow out within a year and require replacements whereas LED light bulbs can be used easily for a decade without burning out.

We in the industry are certain that tomorrows LED lights will last longer and consume even less power than todays energy efficient led light bulbs. LED light bulbs are still expensive. for example. Factor in that it is significantly cheaper to maintain led lights. Smaller arrays. the cost is recouped over time and in energy cost savings. We have produced a seven-LED cluster light source as an alternative to low wattage light bulbs and a possible portable light source. will cost about $40. LED lighting technology has been researched and developed for the past two decades and we are beginning to see practical applications from this work. headlamps and small task lights are great for specialty and outdoor use. the best value comes from commercial use where maintenance and replacement costs are expensive. FX5/Kirby pack down to two AA cells. The main limitation to the adoption of white LED lighting as a lighting standard is the current high cost of led bulbs. . It will be interesting to see what developments are coming for more residential applications of LED lights. replacing a 25 watt incandescent. LED lighting will be used to replace virtually every type of light. LED based automotive headlights are current being used in high end luxury cars. Our clusters allow for conversion to operate from all common caving batteries. bulb. such as those in flashlights.Our white LED lights currently come in packages which contain 36 or 48 LED lamps and can be adapted for use with any power supply or casing. There is already wide spread use of LED traffic signs and LED headlights where a premium is placed on a reliable light source that is cheaper and less labor intensive to maintain. A single AC bulb (17 LED).g. are being switched over to LED's in many cities. Traffic lights and outdoor signs. e. in case portability is needed. Although the cost keeps going down. and lamp that is currently in use. Although LED's are expensive.

This is probably one of the primary advantages of solar power.g. greatly because there are no moving parts that must be maintained. lead or other known disposable hazards Lower environmental footprint An opportunity to implement programmable controls (e. or plant matter. •Solar cells require very little maintenance. This is because of the many advantages of solar power: •Solar power is a renewable resource. buildings. •The energy and heat from the sun is free. Though it may disappear behind clouds momentarily and is unavailable at night. and satellites. Once solar panels or solar thermal collectors are set up. instead of its application in addition to seeking out and obtaining the raw resource. there are no electrical expenses necessary to power them. Although solar power is a relatively new energy source. A variety of inventions may be powered by it. it seems that solar power is simply a more harmonious energy resource. animal matter. Unlike oil. there is a requirement of harvesting fossil fuels. sunlight continually hits the earth in large amounts regardless of whether it is being utilized as an energy resource or not. . Focusing solely on the application of solar power. omits an unnecessary step. Overall. water heaters. To obtain other energy sources. solar power may be a more realistic energy option than running large lengths of electrical wires to connect to a grid. •Solar power is incredibly versatile. higher color temperature and increased illuminance uniformity Significantly longer lifespan Lower energy consumption Reduced maintenance costs Instant-on with no run-up or re-strike delays No mercury. •Solar power is non-polluting. •In remote locations. including cars. nor does the acquisition of it harm ecosystems through spills or dredging. fountains. it may easily become the most important energy source of the future. it generally returns in full force. bi-level lighting) The advantages of solar power are far-reaching. This means that we are not in danger of depleting its reserves. solar power usage does not emit any greenhouse gases. Meanwhile.LED Street Light Benefits Key advantages of quality LED street lights include: • • • • • • • • Improved night visibility due to higher color rendering. •Solar cells can last a lifetime.

000 hours of maintenance free operation. These include sunlight not being a readily available resource in some areas of the world. Our Solar light controller provides easy configuration.Solar power is also an attractive investment due to the added value it gives a home. 40-70% less power consumption than other light sources. With the housing market slowing down considerably a solar power system definitely helps add to the desirability and resale value of a home. technology for this is improving. Sealed deep cycle maintenance free battery. and even better. Along with the advantages of solar power. it is worth remarking upon the disadvantages. 25 years warranty on solar panels and LED/Induction lighting fixture is rated for 60. Ultra-low maintenance and long product life. Grid-independent and No Bill to pay. and it will continue to improve as the cost of other forms of power increase. provides bright white light which improves color recognition and improves night visibility from 400%1000% over other light sources. 3-5 days backup power for rainy. Our LED/Induction lights emit no light pollution. Flexible configuration. and thus is very appealing to potential buyers. Advanced control unit. Of course. No trenching. quick and easy installation anywhere. automatic operations and advanced work modes. solar cells are still not particularly cheap. wind module and battery banks. • . Green Light Source. A home with a fixed electric bill from solar is less expensive to live in. Our solar lights can be easily configured to suite your requirements with solar module. Also. Our Street light still operates even when the power grid is down. Solar Street Light Applications: • Major Roadways • Residential Streets • Pedestrian Walkways • Parking Lots • Docks and Piers • Remote and Rural Locations High crime areas Features: Low-cost installation. there will never be an electricity bill to pay. windless and cloudy days. no heavy cable.

Reduced glare. and sky glow. energy efficient lighting fixture and energy storage Free natural power Installation Cost Equipment Cost Running Cost Maintenance Higher maintenance cost. One hole. no cabling. which translates to 235 kilogram of CO2 emission light glare. automatic operation. Average $1. light trespass. investment the same or lower than traditional lights. wind turbine. Virtually maintenance Free.000 5. Maintenance Free lead acid battery Solid State LED Cobra Head Fixture or Electrodeless Induction Cobra Head Fixture 5/10/15A Automatic light controller. Lower range from $2. trespass and pollution . multi work mode. and your Average installation cost light is installed.Download Street Light Specification sheet Specifications Photovoltaic (PV) Module Energy Storage Light Source Controller Light Pole Battery Box monocrystalline/polycrystalline Sealed.000 to installation cost makes the $15.000 to Light fixture rated 60. Traditional Street Light Traditional Street Light Solar Street Light No trenching. No light pollution Average street light consumes 550KWH of fossil fuel energy per Environmental annual.000 hours hours 100% green renewable energy from sun and wind.000 less initial investment Average electricity costs $80 t o $100 per street light annually Higher initial investment due to solar panel. over charge protection 15-30 Foot Light Pole Water tight lockable battery box GlobalGreen Solar Street Light vs. Re-lamping 3. one pole.000 depending on the solar street light's initial distance to power source.

they also are critical influences on consumer demand as well as host-country and international support for SHS markets.Security Portability Low color rending and recognition Full spectrum light allows for better color recognition Portable light tower relies Solar counterpart is quiet on generator noisy. more What's the Advantages of solar Lighting • • • • • • quick. .. low cost installation energy independence no more electricity bills long product life green light source co2 reduction What's the Applications of solar Lighting • • • • • street & area lighting pedestrian walkways lighting billboard and signs lighting architectural.. Of course. other benefits of SHSs make them an attractive candidate for participation in the CDM (see Part 3). easy. construction site lighting Other Benefits of Solar Home Systems Although this report focuses principally on the role for SHSs in climate change mitigation. landscape lighting emergency. and maintenance free requires attention Solar Powered Lights Did you know There are always incentive programs to help you pay for your solar lighting projects.

change the diversity of species within ecosystems. or noise. current recycling practices vary substantially by country. and nasal problems associated with the use of kerosene lamps. Replacing kerosene lamps with solar-powered lights mitigates the risks and health problems associated with storing and using kerosene. While it is unlikely that electricity alone will stem the tide of rural to urban migration. Furthermore. a substantial number of children reportedly die of accidental kerosene poisoning every year. decentralized photovoltaic systems offer many environmental advantages relative to the energy sources they commonly replace in rural homes (such as kerosene lamps. it is possible that solar electrification in rural areas can help by improving the quality of life there. they also have advantages over other electricity supply options. PV modules generate electricity without emitting local air pollution or acid rain precursor gases.Non-GHG Environmental Benefits In addition to CO2 displacement.41 Solar electric systems often displace dry cell batteries that are used to power radios. including mercury. nitrogen oxide. But urban infrastructure often has not kept pace with population growth. cassette players. people reported eye irritation. water pollution. it will be important to encourage well-managed battery recycling programs. and car batteries charged from a grid or generator). Not only are PVs environmentally superior to kerosene and dry cells. kerosene lamps are a fire hazard. The modules are typically roof-mounted or require very little ground space. and cause ecosystem fragmentation. . Power-line corridors can open access for the development of forested areas. so PV-based rural electrification also avoids the disruptive land use impacts associated with power lines and some methods of electricity generation (such as large-scale hydropower). their use in protected forest areas and buffer zones can be particularly valuable for ecosystem preservation.40 In addition to emitting pollutants with known respiratory impacts (such as carbon monoxide. dry cell batteries. and hydrocarbons). Since stand-alone PV systems provide electricity without power lines. and flashlights. power-line construction and maintenance activities themselves can be quite disruptive. coughing. While careful recycling of lead-acid batteries is the best way to prevent this. the incineration or disposal of used dry cells in open dumps or as litter can contaminate soil and water sources with toxins. In many developing countries. People move to the city for jobs and to gain access to electricity and other modern amenities. Since rural areas generally lack programs for solid waste management. As SHSs become widespread. Furthermore. In surveys conducted by India's Tata Energy Research Institute. A negative environmental impact from SHS dissemination can result from the improper disposal of lead-acid batteries. migration from rural to urban areas is creating tremendous social and ecological problems.

44 Examples of numerous "productive use" PV applications are documented in Solar Photovoltaics for Development Applications.46 Solar Hybrid Inverters What is solar Hybrid inverter? A solar hybrid inverter is a type of electrical inverter that is made to change the DC from photovoltaic array and battery into AC for use with electrical appliances. SHS dissemination and use improves living conditions and can aid in economic development. Thus although SHS dissemination will likely increase the number of lead-acid batteries in use. farm-related activities. Even then. When deeply discharged in between charges. In the Dominican Republic. Experience from several countries shows that rural households that regularly charge car batteries are among the first to obtain PV systems.42 In addition to lighting. for example. it may decrease the rate of battery disposal until market penetration reaches a level beyond the estimated 10% of off-grid homes presently using car batteries as an electricity source. .45 Once a workforce of trained technicians gains employment installing small solar electric systems. SHSs may reduce contamination from lead-acid batteries if dissemination methods such as fee-for-service incorporate aggressive recycling. the installation of more technically sophisticated PV systems for community and business applications becomes possible. Furthermore. and rural stores. In the Dominican Republic.In the near term. car batteries may last only about 12 months. SHS applications give car batteries a more advantageous charge-and-discharge profile that can potentially extend their life by 50% or more. solar electricity provides the entertainment and education benefits of television access. with added confidence in the availability and adequacy of local maintenance. numerous community and agricultural water pumping systems have been installed by PV technicians who got their start installing basic home systems. Vastly superior lighting from electric lamps by comparison with kerosene and candles is often described as the most notable quality-of-life improvementone that has important educational benefits. many SHS installations use deep-cycle batteries that can last several times longer than car batteries. If mains are not available and solar is available the load will supply through solar as well as battery. If the load is such that it can be supplied directly through solar panel and the battery will not be discharged. about 30% of systems were found to support business activities. If mains and solar power both are available the charging current is taken from both sources (Solar and Mains) and priority is given to solar. Economic and Social Benefits By many accounts. Socio-economic impact studies have found that a significant percentage of small PV systems provide power and light for cottage industries. SHS dissemination may actually result in a net reduction in the rate of battery disposal. however.43 A study of SHSs in India found that systems extended occupational or business activities into the nighttime in about 40% of the homes surveyed. for example. often within homes.

As long as we have the sun.Other Hybrid inverters are: Wind hybrid inverters Grid tie inverters Why the Hybrid Version? A purely solar power solution for general lighting load is very expensive as far as initial investment is concerned. ready to give us more energy and light. cloudy days. . you can believe that we will no longer have ourselves. Our hybrid models are designed with extreme flexibility so that you can add panels as and when required in the future to increase the percentage sharing of solar power. we can count on the sun being there the next day. we can have solar energy (and on the day that we no longer have the sun. Also. Advantages of solar hybrid inverters are: Cost efficient Reduced pollution Low maintenance Power management Automatic system There are many advantages of solar energy. Although we cannot utilize the power of the sun at night or on stormy. a regular battery backup UPS / INVERTER barely gets time to charge the battery from mains. The Hybrid Version combines solar energy and mains utility to give an excellent solution by providing the best of both worlds. etc.. Just consider the advantages of solar energy over that of oil: · Solar energy is a renewable resource. either). due to frequent power failure.

when you use solar home items. But you do not need to consider yourself an environmentalist to realize the benefits of using solar powered products. Yes. indeed. Why pay outrageous prices for electricity when you can create your own electricity at home? Another.· Oil. There are actually only a few features of solar energy that can be considered disadvantages. and they last a long time. as well. environmentally friendly. Solar lights and other solar home products are. and the disadvantages are things that can be improved as technology improves. but that source may run out. perhaps. After all. What are some other benefits of solar powered home products? Well. this is. may be expensive to buy at the onset. we may find another source to tap. can be very expensive. is not renewable. Also. so you . As you can see. Of all advantages of solar energy over that of oil. on the other hand. · Solar power cannot be created at night. you can save money in the long run. etc. less-thought-of benefit is the lack of wiring.. you do not have to worry about installing any wiring. The burning of oil releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and carcinogens into the air. The advantages of solar energy range from benefiting your pocketbook to benefiting the environment. your electricity bills will go down. it is gone. · Solar powered lights and other solar powered products are also very easy to install. there are many advantages of solar energy. They can extract energy from the sun without making a peep. · Although solar panels or solar lights. If you buy solar lights to light up a garden path or if you have solar powered water features. · Solar cells are totally silent. etc. solar garden lights usually have darkness sensors. As you can see the advantages of solar energy create a much longer list that the disadvantages. Once it is gone. the most important. all of us are aware of the rising cost of oil. · Solar cells require very little maintenance (they have no moving parts that will need to be fixed). On the other hand. Now imagine the noise that the giant machines used to drill for and pump oil make! · Solar energy is non-polluting. you do not have to pay for energy from the sun. Here are the disadvantages of solar energy: · Solar cells/panels. You do not even need to worry about wires.

you can sell that extra energy to your utility company. depending on where your home is located in relation to the sun and how large of an area you have to install solar panels. · Power outages will not affect you if you have a full solar system in your home. etc. When you use solar energy.never even have to worry about turning them on or off. you can pull your solar lights out of the box. place them where you want them. foggy and rainy days. What happens during the monsoons or days with no sunlight? ETC tubes absorb heat from the infra-red rays of solar radiation and not from the visible light rays. · When you use solar energy in your home. you will save money in the long run. After all. energy from the sun is free once you have purchased your solar panels or solar lights. there are some disadvantages to having a solar home. you lessen your dependence on both centralized and foreign sources of energy. Let us again go over the benefits of solar energy: · It is environmentally friendly. and then never worry about them again. Consequently. You do not have to worry about recurring costs or adding extra fuel. And if you do not use as much energy as your solar system uses.) are very easy to install and require no wiring. it can pay for itself). It does not pollute (traditional forms of electrical generation do). etc. Moreover. you are no longer affected by the supply and demand of regular fuel. Solar energy is clean and renewable. Also. There are even some financial incentives from the government that can reduce your cost. etc. to ensure that you never run out of hot water. Of course. Pretty much. all our solar water heaters . a solar energy system can be expensive (but remember. solar power pay not work as well for you and your home. · Solar energy systems require very little maintenance. Namely. the system performs well even during cloudy. after even a relatively short time of use. When you use solar energy. FAQ Water Heater 1. · Many solar systems (especially outdoor solar lights and outdoor solar water features.

7. But on an average. payback will vary because of above factors. Will I have hot water at 7 a. So. How does use of solar water heater help the environment? A 100 litre system. What if my area has hard water? Due to the smoothness of the glass tube.have optional back –up electric boosters which are activated only if the hot water drops below your specified temperature. fuel replaced and electricity tariff in your area. 6. 4. Moreover. everyday. Also. and also free other limited energy sources like fossil fuels which can be used elsewhere. Our solar water heaters ensure you have hot water 24 hours a day.4 to 1. the large diameter of the tubes ensures that minor scaling does not impede the efficiency of the system. in the morning? Due to high vacuum of our vacuum tubes and the thick PUF insulation of the water tank. The reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide (one of the major green house gases) can positively help in slowing down the pace of global warming. What is the payback period? A very sizable amount.4 people. the average size of a household of 3 .0 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year. the water stays hot through the night. can prevent emissions of 0. which can be as high as 40% of an average household’s electricity bill goes towards heating water. using a commercially and technically viable technology using sun to heat up water can help ease burden on our overloaded electricity supply system.m. the payback period: • About 3 years when electricity is replaced . 5. the surface is not easily susceptible to scaling. What if I have high pressure bath fittings such as rain showers. How do I integrate the heater with my current plumbing system without any breakage? Our system is very easy to install and integrate with all kinds of existing plumbing systems without any breakage to existing plumbing. Our installation experts will visit your site and provide you with a detailed plan on how the system can meet your requirements. 2. 3. Jacuzzis or body jets? We have a range of pressurised systems available to cater to high pressure bath fittings. ensuring that you have hot water the first thing when you wake up. depending upon your usage pattern.

Institutions: 3% p. Can these systems be installed on sloping roofs? . What are the maintenance requirements? ETC based solar water heaters do not need significant maintenance. which enables the tubes to resist hail stones as big as 25 mm (1 inch) diameter size.a. 9. year after year. 8. 11. the payback period will be significantly reduced. Domestic: 2% p. What rebates/incentives are available? The central government has provided soft loans for solar water heater users. Commercials: 5% p. Please contact us to learn of the benefits applicable to you. If you avail of an incentive. What is the expected life of a solar water heater? ETC based solar water heaters can last for 20-25 years. Additionally each state government has different incentives such as loans and rebates for solar water heater users.a. c.a. After you recover your initial investment. the savings are yours to spend on yourself and your family. Can the glass tubes withstand hail stones? The glass used to make these tubes is not ordinary glass but very strong boro-silicate glass. b. The collector tubes may need annual cleaning to remove accumulated scale and sediment deposits at the bottom. 12. 10. The details of soft loan are as given on the following page: a.• 4 years when furnace oil is replaced • 6 years when coal is replaced This calculation does not take into account rebates or subsidized loans.

though much superior and suitable than FPC technology. 17. could not take-off being more expensive than FPC technology. thus minimising the piping cost and the wastage of hot water too. for a 100 LPD system suitable for a small family of 2 to 3 persons. What if I prefer some other size like 150 litres? Normally. How much area is required for the installation of Solar Water Heating System? The ETC based Solar Water Heating System requires very less area for installation. and so no extra geysers are required in the bathrooms. These systems can be placed at locations closer to the use points. 13. FPC systems are as obsolete as typewriters in the computer age. In other words. Add 6 feet lengthwise for additional 100 LPD capacities. a number of smaller systems can be installed which have same total capacity as desired. But NOWADAYS. 15. the systems can be installed on sloping roofs as well as the flat roofs. . If different use points are scattered and the capacity required is large how can I minimise the wastage of hot water in the pipelines? In such a case. If you see the comparison chart below. What shall I do in case some tube breaks? Can I replace the broken tube myself? The broken tube will have to be replaced by our team. In case of water leaking out of the system from broken tube. please shut the inlet and outlet valves and inform us at the earliest so that your system can be put in order without any delay.Yes. Are additional geysers required after installation of Solar Water Heating System? The Solar Water Heating System has inbuilt option of electrical back-up. about ‘6 feet x 6 feet’ area is required. For example. ETC based systems are more cost effective than their FPC counterparts. generally speaking. Why ‘new’ ETC (Evacuated Tube Collector) Technology is better than the ‘old’ FPC (Flat Plate Collector) Technology? The ETC technology is almost a decade old and thus not so new! This technology. it will be obvious that the only advantage FPC ever had over ETC was lesser price. instead of a single large system. 16. 14. The sizes offered by you are in multiples of 100 litres. we have ready stocks of the standard sizes in multiples of 100 litres. 18. with recent worldwide advances in mass production techniques of evacuated tubes. subject to the direction of slope and un-obstructed sunshine. Special sizes can be made on request and will take more delivery time.

Electra Features • High thermal output with extra heat retention • Eco Friendly • Hot water even in winter and partially cloudy days • Electrical backup heater for additional capicity • Low maintence & easy to clean • High temerature sustainability with longer life • MNRE approved • Attractive finance available @ 2% per annum*. 1 2 3 4 5 • No. . No. of Persons* 3 4 6 9 14 Capacity in LPD (Ltrs/day) 100 150 200 300 500 General questions . fuel oil or other energies. with extra heating provided by another energy if necessary: electricity.What are the advantages of solar energy? Solar energy is a natural auxiliary energy: silent and non-polluting (no impact on the environment) free and economical . can be used easily for lasting heat comfort in summer and winter.

it is recommended that the panels be covered to prevent this situation. In countries with high insolation. The station must remain powered up. energy from the sun is recovered by the solar installation. This energy is not sufficient. etc. . You must ensure that the panels are facing due south without any shadow being cast by trees or buildings. namely 10 to 15 years.What does a solar water heater comprise? A solar water heater features three elements: the collectors.What is the temperature of the mixing valve and its function? The temperature mixing valve at the output of the tank is preset to 50°C in the factory. You can obtain more detailed information from your local installer.Does the solar installation work if the weather is not sunny? Yes. It is a safety valve for the user. It can be reset from 45 to 65°C.What energy savings can I expect from a solar installation? This depends on many criteria (direction of the panels.It can also reduce CO² emissions and thus combat the greenhouse effect and global warming. . This means that the safety systems for preventing overheating can be activated. but savings are still made.What is the average lifetime of a solar water heater? It is the same as an electric water heater. . Questions about the solar water heater . climatic conditions. the tank and the solar station. and prevents very hot water above 65°C from being supplied. . only the electric heater can be switched off. absolutely: even with cloud cover.).Must the solar installation be switched off during a long absence? No. . .

habits of using hot water and the operation of the electric heater or boiler. . However. a tree or a wall that mask the sensors from the sun.What type of collectors does Atlantic use? The solar collectors of the Atlantic range are high yield flat collectors featuring a highstrength glass with a low level of iron and an absorber with a high absorption power for improved recovery of energy. care must be taken to avoid overheating: if the number of panels is overdesigned. the overall installation will be damaged. Important note: the surface of the collectors must be overdesigned to prevent any early malfunction and/or ageing. which circulates from the sensors to a water storage tank and passes through a solar station (closed circuit). This heat raises the temperature of a heat transmitting fluid. the insolation.How do the collectors work? The collectors absorb the energy of the sun's rays and supply it in the form of heat..What is the average lifetime of the collectors? More than 15 years.Is it necessary to overdesign a solar water heater with respect to a conventional electric water heater? This depends on the country. . solar water heaters must be overdesigned. . .What are the installation conditions of the collectors so as to increase energy savings? The energy coverage rate of a solar water heater depends chiefly on: 1) The orientation of the house: the best orientation for solar collectors if directly south. 2) Solar mask: these are the shadows cast by a building. Questions about the collectors . 3) The number of collectors installed (depending on the insulation rate). Within the context of operating on night-time electricity in areas of moderate insolation.

the ideal value for France is 45°). . for example? Yes. We recommend placing the panels out of the reach of children. The snow will melt rapidly as soon as a black section is exposed. but they must be insulated. .How does the solar station work? The solar station is the real nerve centre of the installation.Can the Twin-Tubes (optional accessories) be buried for a frame installation. . In extremely polluted regions or areas of sandy or dusty wind.What are the risks in extreme weather (storms and hail)? The strength of the sensors complies with the technical notices of the organisation (CSTB) that approves all roofing and attachment elements. they can be cleaned with a just a cloth once a year to remove any dust.). .How frequently do the collectors have to be cleaned? They do not have to be cleaned. etc. The energy recovered heats the metal parts. which will have a tendency to slide on the glass. but this is not mandatory. For any operations carried out on the panels. Questions about the solar station . The instructions of the manuals must be followed.g. . but in a PVC type conduit. as the glass is self-cleaning. ATLANTIC’s systems are designed to resist extreme weather.What do you recommend if snow covers the collectors? We recommend that you do nothing: the collector can bear the snow. in particular concerning the ballasting of the panels on frames. checking the temperature of the panels.4) The inclination of the panel that depends on the location of the country with respect to the equator (e. It manages the installation and . but performances are hardly affected at all if the inclination is greater than 15°. it is essential to take the necessary safety measure (gloves.Is there a risk of burning related to collectors on frames (children playing nearby)? There is a risk with regard to the connection.

the heat regulation stops the pump. In the event of boiling. The normal pressure is 3 bars. . o The collector can rise to 120°C. it is the expansion vessel that receives the coolant liquid. It can also be vaporised if the installation is poorly designed (tank volume/collector surface ratio). o Toward 140°. o At the end of the insolation. The entire content enters the expansion vessel. In this case.In which situations is glycol vaporised? Glycol is vaporised in the event of strong insolation. the collector can rise in T°. the pump is stopped and in this case. the collector condenses and the liquid returns. o Once vaporised. If a problem with the station arises. only the regulation display can be used to monitor any faults on the LCD screen. does the station have to be entirely replaced? Each Is component of the station a can be removed fault easily and replaced. If it has boiled many times owing to a poorly designed installation.Does the heat transmitting fluid have to be replaced every 2 years? No. it is prohibited to fit an automatic bleed that is not isolated by a valve at the outlet of the sensor. Technical questions on the installation . . Operation in the event of boiling of the collector: o When the tank is at 65°C.controls the operation of the pump designed to transfer the heat absorbed by the collectors to the tank. the fluid can become acidic and damage the installation. The safety relief valve only operates in the event of collector malfunction (faulty expansion vessel. flow pressure too high). o When the tank is at the maximum of 80°C. which is designed for this purpose. If the collectors overheat. o To prevent the installation from emptying each time it reaches the boiling point. the pump is started up and the tank is allowed to rise to 80°C. the collector can rise up to 200°C. it only has to be checked every 2 years to verify the quality of the antifreeze and its anti-corrosion quality. with little or no water drawn. can the safety relief valve evacuate the vaporisation of glycol? No. indicator? there No. it starts boiling and the glycol is vaporised.

for example in sheltered room such as a garage type or a thermal facility on a terrace. . Apart from some references. Please consult us to obtain more information. including 1 m of connection hose (to pass through the roof)..The solar water heater pack contains all the material. of the roof.Can the solar seals be used again after the first tightening? It is advisable to change the seals if the installation has been in operation. and the sensor with 1 m of cable. The rinsing must be carried out exclusively with the coolant fluid used for the filling. it must be rinsed. . The system is assembled with a standard set of tools. Between these elements. including the coolant fluid and the thermostatic mixing valve. the safety valve protecting against overpressure in the tank is not generally provided. the bleed. . .Can the system be installed outside of the habitable volume? Yes.)? The solar installation must be fitted by a professional. we recommend that the piping be insulated to enable the best possible recovery of energy. . depending on the models.Are there any water heater/collector links included in the Atlantic Packs? No. However. In Northern countries or ones with a temperate climate.Does the installation have to be rinsed before it is filled with glycol? Yes. . Only the ventilation hole tiles are absent for the roof models. .The collector pack comprises all the material mounted on the roof.Are any special tools required to install the system (special wrenches. Atlantic the links supplies a set are accessories (Twin of tubes up to the passage Tubes). etc. wrenches must be provided. a connection must be made using Twin Tubes (easy but expensive solution) or conventionally by using copper insulated by the installer.

Some of the glycol could be evacuated from the system (risk of additional overheating and damage to the installation). The valve must be closed after filling and setting the mode..Can an automatic bleed be fitted instead of the manual bleed supplied with the collectors? An automatic bleed at the top of the installation can be a source of major problems in the event of boiling. . Using a specific solar automatic bleed involves fitting a bleed isolation valve.

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