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Hasta Mudra

The body is made up of 5 elements – Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space. When these 5 elements are not in balance
we get various physical and psychological ailments. The energy from the body radiates out mainly through the tip of
the nose, lips, finger tips and toes. When the thumb gets in contact with the other fingers, energy is directed back to
vitalise various parts of our body. This is called as circuit bypass. Mudras and Bandas go hand in hand. Banda help
in locking in the energy and whereas mudras help in redirecting the energy.
In our puranas, we see our Gods and Goddesses expressing in different Mudra. Mudras are the expression of our
inner feeling. In the Tantra shastra Mudra is defined as the one which gives happiness. Mudras are part of Yoga and
it is also called as Yoga Mudra. Mudras done using hands are halled Hasta Mudra.
Space
Earth
The 5 fingers represant 5 elements (tatvas):
Thumb: Fire Water Air
Index Finger: Air
Middle finger: Space Fire
Ring Finger: Earth
Small finger: Water
Fire element is the important one and when fire element goes weak,
Various ailments come to the body and death sets in when the fire element dies. Joining the
fire element (thumb) with other elements (other fingers) vitalises the other elements also.

Jnana Mudra:
Join: Tips of the thumb and Index finger
This can be done any time and any place.
This Mudra energises pitutarty and pineal glands.
Benefits: Improves concentration, memory,decision making ability.
Reduces laziness. This is good for people getting frequent head ache
and sleeplessness.

Akasha Mudra:
Join: Tips of the thumb and Middle finger
Benefits: Balances the space inside the body. Strengthens the heart muscles.
Strengthens the bones. Improves hearing. In meditation, Japa Mala rests on this
finger and this strengthens the heart muscles.

Pritvi Mudra:
Join: Tips of the thumb and Ring finger
In our body, muscles, bones, hair, vains and skin are made of Earth element.
Sabda (sound), Rupa (form), Rasa (Taste), Ganda (smell), Sparsha (touch) are from
the earth element. This mudra harmonises all the jnanedriyas (organs of knowledge).
This mudra helps in proper bood circulation.
Benefits: Body weight becomes proportional to height. Mind becomes
clam and peaceful. Removes the letharginess. Excreation becomes normal.

Varuna Mudra:
Join: Tips of the thumb and little finger
Benefits: Balnaces the water content in the body and improves the blood
circulation. Particularly good for people with dry skin, dry cough,
burning eyes and skin dieseses. If we bring thumb and little fingers together, unconscious people get consciousness
immediately.
The above 4 mudras can be done for a duration of 15 minutes at a time and by doing this health will singnificantly
improve. Prana Mudra must be done after the above mudra to increase the effectiveness of the other mudras.

Vyana Mudra:
Join: Tips of the thumb with first and middle fingers.
Benefits: This is a very good exercise to control the blood pressure, improve the
blood circulation and reduce the fatigue and insomnia.

© Source Tarange Kannada Magazine 22 September 2005. Translated to English –Rajendra, www.vasudevakriyayoga.com 1
Apana Mudra:
Join: Tip of the thumb with middle and ring fingers.
Benefits: Improves digestion and excretion. Good for people with diabetics. Quick remedy for stomach ache and
tooth ache. Improves eye sight and hearing. Prana Mudra must be done following this mudra.

Prana Mudra:
Join: Tip of the thumb with ring and little fingers and keep other fingers erect.
Benefits: This mudra vitalises and invigorates the whole body. Improves the eye sight. Improves the healing power
in the body. Good for people with leg pain, legs going to sleep and leg muscle pull.

For good sleep: Jnana mudra followed by Prana mudra


For Diabetics: Apana mudra followed by Prana mudra
Body ache: Vayu Mudra followed by Prana Mudra

Yoni Mudra:
Join: Lock all fingers of both hands together except index fingers and thumb. Join
the index fingers and thumbs with index fingers pointing downwards as shown in the
picture. Do this mudra in front of stomach.
Benefits: This mudra is of benefit particularly for women. When done during the monthly period, pain and
discomfort is reduced significantly. Removes the problems associated with the menopause. This improves overall
women’s health.

Chikista (Treatment) Mudra:

Do the following mudras for about 50 minutes a day to overcome a particular problem and stop doing once the
problem is solved. For getting the better results, Chiktsta mudras should be followed with a Prana mudra.

Vayu Mudra:
Join: Bend the index finger to the base of the thumb and place the thumb over it. Keep
other fingers erect. This reduces the vayu tatva in the body.
Benefits: This is particularly beneficial for people with vata dosha – like, arthritis, gas
problem, body ache, bulged stomach. This also improves the concentration and beneficial
before the meditation. This mudra harmonises all 5 upa-pranas: Naga (belching), Kurma
(blinking), Krikala (sneezing), Devadatta (yawning), Danajaya (preserving the body for a
while after death).

Sunya Mudra:
Join: Bend the middle finger and bring it to the base of the thumb and place
the thumb over it. Keep other fingers erect. This reduces the akasha
tatva in the body.
Benefits: Ear pain is reduced. Hearing ability improves; speech clarity
improves, and reduces the stammering.

Surya Mudra:
Join: Bend the ring finger and bring it to the base of the thumb and
place the thumb above the ring finger. This reduces the pritvi tatva in
the body. Doing vayu, akasha and surya mudra vitalises pituitary and
pineal glands
Benefits: Reduces the body fat. This is to be done while walking.
Reduces phlegm in the body (kapha dosha), reduces asthma,
pneumonia, sinus and breathing difficulty. Linga mudra is to be done
after this for 7-8 minutes.
Note: Sick person should avoid this mudra or can do for a maximum of
0.5m a day.

Jalodara Nashaka Mudra:


Join: Bend the small finger and bring it to the base of the thumb. Place the thumb

© Source Tarange Kannada Magazine 22 September 2005. Translated to English –Rajendra, www.vasudevakriyayoga.com 2
above the small finger. Keep other fingers erect. Excess water in the body causes various illnesses. With the fire
tatva above the water tatva, this problem is solved. Benefits: Beneficial for people with excess urinary problem.
Also, this reduces phlegm, cold and sore throats.

Linga Mudra:
Join: Lock the fingers of both hands with one thumb sticking out as per the
picture.
Benefits: Improves the performance of hands, throat, neck, heart, pituitary and
thyroid glands. Doing this mudra, body warms up quickly. Removes cough,
sinus, cold, pneumonia, asthma and TB. Beneficial for people working in the air-
conditioned office. Beneficial for women with having problems during periods.
Digests fats quickly. During the Surya Mudra after this reduces the body weight.

Shanka Mudra
Join: Bring the left hand thumb to the base of the right thumb and wrap other
fingers of right hand around the left thumb. Join the tip of right thumb to the tips of left hand index and middle
fingers.
Benefits: Improves the thyroid and pineal glands. Good for the
functioning of heart, intestine, kidney. Improves digestion and removes
tonsil problem. Nadis gets purified. Voice becomes smooth and soft like
coming off a conch.

Sahaja Sanka Mudra:


Join: Bring the thumbs together and wrap the fingers of both hands
together as shown in the picture.
Benefit: According to the yoga shastra this mudra energises 10 nadis
and invigorates the whole body. The 10 nadis are; Ida, Pingala,
Sushumna, Gandhari, Hastijihva, Poosha, Yashasvini, Alambhushaa, Kohoo and Shankhini. Good for people with
piles problem. Voice become smooth and soft. Person be able to perceive subtle things.

Surabhi Mudra:
Join: Place the hands in the Anjali Mudra. Join left hand index finger with the right
hand middle finger and vice versa. Join the left hand little finger with the right hand ring finger and vice versa.
Benefits: When the little finger (jala tatva) joins the ring finger (pritvi tatva), pitta
dosha is removed. When the middle finger (akasha tatva) joins the index finger
(vayu tatva) vata dhosha is removed. When 2 thumbs separated (agni tatva), kapha dosha
is removed. In this position, if we bring both thumbs to the base of little fingers, body gets cooled
very quickly. This is called Jala Surabhi.
If we bring in the thumbs to the base of middle fingers – Akasha Surabhi, mind becomes peaceful and light.
If we bring in the thumbs to the base of index fingers – Vayu Surabhi, decisiveness increases.

Hridaya Mudra:
Join: Bring the index finger to the base of thumb and join the tip of the thumb
with middle and ring finger. Press the back of the first finger with thumb.
Benefits: This is a combination of 2 mudras – Apana mudra and Vayu mudra.
This is called as Mrita sanjivini or Jivana daayi mudra. In case of heart attack
this mudra saves life. This mudra rectifies heart palpitations. Doing this mudra
every morning and evening for 15 minutes prevents heart attacks. This mudra
cures stomach ache, acidity and constipation problems.

Anjali Mudra:
Join: Bring 2 palms together.
Benefits: 5 tatvas –earth, water, fire, air and space gets harmonised in the
body. Strength in the body increases. Peace,
Harmony and politeness increases. This mudra cures head ache.

© Source Tarange Kannada Magazine 22 September 2005. Translated to English –Rajendra, www.vasudevakriyayoga.com 3
Aditi Mudra:
Join: Bring the tip of the thumb to the base of the ring finger.
Benefits: Bringing fire to the base of pritvi, body temperature rises.
Digestion power increases. This mudra cures the problem of continuous sneezing
in the mornings.

Ashirvada Mudra:
When we do the prostrations to the elders, our right and left hands should touch their left and right feet respectively.
This way energy from the right side of the giver is passed on to the right side of the receiver and so is from left side
to left side of each other. Blessings also to be done using both hands to increase the effectiveness.

Important things to know about the Mudras:


1. When the tip of the thumb joins the tip of the other fingers, respective tatvas gets balanced in the body.
2. When the tip of the thumb joins the base of the other fingers, respective tatvas gets increased in the body.
3. When the tip of the fingers brought to the base of the thumb, respective tatvas gets reduced in the body.
4. Anyone and anytime Hasta mudras can be done.
5. As far as possible, the hands should face upwards while doing the mudras.
6. Doing the mudras on both hands is more beneficial.
7. Mudras can be done for few seconds, 10 minutes, half an hour or 50minutes. If done for 50 minutes.
Desired results will come.
8. While doing the mudras, only the tip of the fingers are used. Pressing the fingers not needed. Other fingers
should be straight.
9. There is no side effect in this. This can be done while one is on the medication also.
10. If the Prana mudra, Apana mudra, Janan mudra and Pritvi mudra done every day for 5-15 minutes, one’s
health improves significantly.
11. Mudras not only improves the physical health but also improves the mental health by reducing the anger,
increasing the peace and releasing one from the addictions.
12. Chikitsa mudra should be stopped after one’s health improves.

© Source Tarange Kannada Magazine 22 September 2005. Translated to English –Rajendra, www.vasudevakriyayoga.com 4