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THE ROLE OF BODY EXTENSION IN CEPHALOPOD LOCOMOTION by JOHN A. CHAMBERLAIN, JR ‘AnstRact. The extension of the dy outward fom the aperture of the shel sa common behavioral rit of ‘Nawis, and presumably of most fossil ectocohliate cephalopods aswel. In order to evaluate the possible contribution of body extension to eetocochite locomotion, the hydrodynamic propertes of body extension have ben examined throug ow-tank and Now-channe ston shell models and body prostheses Extension of the bol res the drag generate by a svinsning cephalopod. The extent of his reduction depends om how Fully the body is extended, and on ts posture relative to the low, For most cephalopods thieffeet was probably ‘small but for some with compressed sel and perhaps for Nauti, am energy singin the order of 25%; may Ihave been attainable: Extension of tentacles into the low ess serious dag increases and can quickly overcome the beneficial elect of body extension. To minimize its drag, Nove retract tentacles when swimming ast and in this aspect of its locomotory behaviour mierrs fh and squids, which do the same thing with hee is Tie drag produced by a swimming animal depends not only on its general body shape, but also on