Nissan RE4FO4A

3-2 Shift Concerns
Figure 1
SERVO RELEASE PRESSURE Servo-Release Pressure-Metering METERING EXHAUST VALVE Exhaust Valve

Complaint: The 3-2 downshift is drawn out and the 1-2 upshift is of poor quality. This complaint can occur before or after overhaul. There is an orifice cup plug in the bottom of the 2-4 servo. Behind this cup plug is the servo-release pressure-metering exhaust valve (refer to Figure 1). When this valve gets stuck, it causes the complaints mentioned. Cause: This “stem” valve is placed on the release side of the servo bore in the case. Its function is to provide a very small metered leak any time thirdgear oil is present on the release side of the servo. This prevents the release side of the servo from becoming air bound or hydraulically bound. When this circuit becomes restricted, because of the valve getting stuck, air and residual oil oppose servo apply, causing the complaints mentioned. The 1-2 shift is affected, depending on how quickly the downshift to first gear occurs; the longer this downshift takes, the more opportunity there is for the trapped air/oil to dissipate. Correction:

Exhaust EXHAUST end END

Servo SERVO END end

Exhaust PASSAGE EXHAUST passage IN case in CASE

Orifice CUP PLUG ORIFICE cup plug

Figure 2

If valve is free, oil should ooze out here when air is applied through cup plug on other side.

The best way to check the operation of this hydraulic circuit is to fill the exhaust side of the valve passage through the release port over the pump (see Figure 2) and blow air through the orifice in the servo bore. The initial blast will push some fluid out, but maintain your air supply and watch for residual fluid to ooze out. As long as fluid oozes out, the valve is working as it should. If fluid stops oozing out, you will have to remove the cup plug and clean and dress the valve and valve bore. NOTE: Be sure the valve rattles after the case is removed from the cleaning machine, because residue from cleaning soap can cause the valve to stick. 20 Transmission Digest

The TCM also may be incapable of code retrieval. Model. behind lower cover Below center of dash. 3.A/T Diagnostic Comm Line Failure Complaint: An OBD-II-compliant Nissan or Infiniti vehicle comes in with a P1605 code stored in the enginecontrol module (ECM). this code is stored in the ECM.3L 2000-02 Xterra. This code also can be stored when the TCM loses power or is faulty. right of steering column Behind passenger kick panel Under front of center console Behind dash. 2. since this results in both shift solenoids being turned off. between TCM and A/C Module 22 Transmission Digest .3L 1995-96 G20 1999-02 G20 1997-01 130 1997-02 QX4 1997-01 Q45 2002 Q45 Nissan/Infiniti ECM/TCM Locations TCM Location Behind left center of dash Behind right side of dash Behind dash. indicating that the transmission-control module (TCM) is not sending information to the ECM. Cause: The A/T diagnostic communication-line circuit is an operatingstrategy circuit from the TCM to the ECM.0L 1996-98 200SX 2000-01 Sentra 1999-02 Frontier. 3. Correction: To diagnose the P1605 code. left of steering column Behind left side of dash Behind left kick panel Behind passenger kick panel Behind left side of dash Behind dash. behind lower cover Under center of dash. and the transmission is stuck in third gear. left of steering column Behind left kick panel Behind lower center of dash. verify the following: (1) The A/T Diagnostic Comm Line wire has continuity between the TCM and ECM. forward of selector lever Below center of dash. When this circuit fails. and fuses. which is why the transmission is stuck in third gear. should text continues on page 30 Nissan/Infiniti Figure 3 Make. A weak battery also can cause this code to be set.DTC P1605 . (2) Check for power and ground at the TCM. behind center console Behind base of center console Below center of dash Behind center of dash Behind right kick panel Behind glove box. under body-control module or ASCD module Behind dash left of steering column Behind left kick panel Behind glove box. next to ECM on the right ECM Location Below center of dash Below center of dash Behind ride side of dash Below center of dash Behind instrument lower cover Behind center of dash Behind passenger kick panel Below center of dash In right rear corner of engine bay Below center of dash. Year 1996-01 Maxima 1996 300ZX 1996-02 Quest/Villager 1996-97 Altima 1998-01 Altima 1996-02 Pathfinder 1996-98 240SX 1996-99 Sentra.

48 48.0L. 48 Infiniti Figure 5 1995 . 116 15. 9. 23 15. 108. 23 42. 240SX. SENTRA 2. VILLAGER. 115 4.Figure 4 Vehicle Make Nissan 1995-1998 P1605 Diagnostic Chart Vehicle Refer ECM A/T Refer TCM A/T Power /O/D/ Model to Comm Line to Comm Line A/T Check & Year ECM # Terminal TCM # Terminal Lamp Terminal 1996-98 Maxima 2 6 1 45 1996 300ZX 1996-98 Quest 1996-98 Villager 1 1996-98 Altima 7 1 45 3 1996-97 Pathfinder 998 Pathfinder 1996-98 240SX I996-98 Sentra 2.97 G20 • 1997 QX4 ECM #1 WIRE SIDE VIEW 24 Transmission Digest . 48 4. 9. 9.97 PATHFINDER • 1995 .98 QX4 1 8 2 9 3 4 5 6 7 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 10 11 12 13 14 TCM #2 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 7 1996 . 200SX 1996 . 23 15.98 ALL EXCEPT QX4 1 2 3 4 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 5 6 7 8 16 17 18 19 20 21 23 24 25 27 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 37 38 39 40 43 45 47 48 TCM #1 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 6 1997 . ALTIMA.98 QUEST.0L 1996-98 200SX 1995-96 G20 1997-98 I30 1997 QX4 1998 QX4 1997 Q45 1998 Q45 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 7 7 6 7 73 99 1 1 1 2 1 1 13 13 45 4 47 47 3 12 3 TCM B+ Supply Terminal TCM Ground Terminal 4.

3.0L 1999 G20 2000-02 G20 1999 I30 2000-01 I30 1999 QX4 Infiniti 2000 QX4 2001-02QX4 1999-01 Q45 2002 Q45 1999-2002 P1605 Diagnostic Chart Refer ECM A/T Refer TCM A/T Power/OD/ to Comm Line to Comm Line A/T Check ECM # Terminal TCM # Terminal Lamp Terminal 5 33 3 68 6 60 3 I5 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 5 4 6 4 6 5 6 5 5 6 7 8 7 7 114 7 91 7 91 68 60 7 7 114 99 171.98 MAXIMA.8L FED & 2.98 I30 • 1997 Q45 • 1998 QX4 105 106 107 108 113 114 115 116 121 122 123 124 5 6 1 7 2 8 3 9 4 10 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 31 32 42 43 44 45 46 47 64 65 66 67 72 80 101 102 103 104 109 110 111 112 117 118 119 120 26 27 28 29 30 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 48 49 50 51 52 53 68 69 70 71 54 55 56 57 58 73 74 75 76 59 60 61 62 63 77 78 79 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ECM #2 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 9 1998 Q45 ECM #3 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 10 Vehicle Make Vehicle Model & Year 1999 Maxima 2000-01 Maxima 1999-02 Quest 1999-02 Villager 2000-01 Altima 2000 Pathfinder 1999 Sentra. 28 25. 2.3L 2000-02 Xterra.0L Nissan 1999-02 Frontier. 9. 9. 48 3 N/A 4. 14.98 J30 • 1997. 300ZX • 1998 PATHFINDER 1996 .7 7 3 15 13 10. 19. 48 5. 48 TCM B+ Supply Terminal TCM G round Terminal 13 10. 46 26 Transmission Digest . 3. 33. 42 15.3L I999 Altima 1999 Pathfinder 2001-02 Pathfinder 1999 Sentra 2. 174 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 45 4 33 13 15 15 15 33 15 4 15 33 47 6.0L 2000-01 Sentra 1. 24. 28 25. 3. 19.Figure 8 1996 . 23 2.

SENTRA 1. G20 • 2002 QX4. PATHFINDER. QUEST 2000 FRONTIER. G20 • 2001 I30. QUEST • 1999-00 Qx4 • 1999 I30 105 106 107 108 113 114 115 116 121 122 123 124 5 6 1 7 2 8 3 9 4 10 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 31 32 42 43 44 45 46 47 64 65 66 67 72 80 101 102 103 104 109 110 111 112 117 118 119 120 26 27 28 29 30 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 48 49 50 51 52 53 68 69 70 71 54 55 56 57 58 73 74 75 76 59 60 61 62 63 77 78 79 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ECM # 5 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 14 2000 MAXIMA. G20 ECM #6 WIRE SIDE VIEW 28 Transmission Digest . QUEST. 1999 .01 ALTIMA • 1999 G20 ECM #4 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 13 1999 FRONTIER.02 FRONTIER.2002 ALL MODELS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 TCM #3 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 12 1999 SENTRA.0l FED 2001 MAXIMA. XTERRA. PATHFINDER.8L & 2.0L FED 2002 PATHFINDER • 2000 I30.8L & 2. QX4. PATHFINDER. MAXIMA.Figure 11 1999 . XTERRA 2001 . SENTRA 1.

bulb or power source may be at fault. (4) When the items in steps 1 through 3 have been verified good. replace the TCM. power. If the lamp circuit does not have battery voltage. Refer to the following figures to locate the correct Comm Line. and overdrive or A/T check lamp circuit: Figure 3: TCM and ECM locations 1999-01 Q45 ECM #7 WIRE SIDE VIEW 30 Transmission Digest . with the ignition on. then the wire. (3) Check the Overdrive Indicator or A/T Check Lamp circuit by making certain the circuit has battery voltage. ground. Figure 15 The computer usually grounds the lamp circuit during the “key on” bulb check.there be no power present. then ground it and see whether the bulb illuminates.

Figure 16 2002 Q45 ECM #8 WIRE SIDE VIEW Figure 4: The correct TCM and ECM for Nissan/Infiniti vehicles from 1995 to 1998 Figure 5: TCM #1 Figure 6: TCM #2 Figure 7: ECM #1 Figure 8: ECM #2 Figure 9: ECM #3 Figure 10: The correct TCM and ECM for Nissan/Infiniti vehicles from 1999 to 2002. Figure 11: TCM #3 Figure 12: ECM #4 Figure 13: ECM #5 Figure 14: ECM #6 Figure 15: ECM #7 Figure 16: ECM #8 TD November 2004 31 .

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