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missouri town 1855
fort osage national historic landmark
Jackson County Parks and Recreation
REVISED FALL 2008
FORT OSAGE NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK
MISSOURI TOWN 1855
Jackson County Parks and Recreation
INTRODUCTION “Society has many built-in time spanners that help to link the present generation with the past. Our sense of the past is developed by contact with the older generation, by our knowledge of history, by the accumulated heritage of art, music, literature and science passed down to us through the years. It is enhanced by immediate contact with the objects that surround us, each of which has a point of origin in the past, each of which provides us with a trace of identiﬁcation with the past.”
-Alvin Tofﬂer, Future Shock
Jackson County Parks and Recreation hopes this Teacher’s Guide is useful to educators planning to visit Missouri Town 1855 or Fort Osage National Historic Landmark. This guide has been designed as a basis from which to direct class studies and prepare the students for their site activity. Please feel free to duplicate or rearrange this format to one which best beneﬁts the students.
The following people and texts were consulted during the compilation of this Teacher’s Guide: The Timetables of History. Bernard Grunn. Simon and Schuster Inc. New York: 1982. A People and a Nation. Mary Beth Norton et al. Houghton Mifﬂin Company. Boston: 1986. The Timetables of American History. Laurence Urdang Simon and Schuster Inc. New York: 1981. Fort Osage Staff and Volunteers Missouri Town 1855 Staff and Volunteers
Planning Your Visit .................................................................................................................. 1 Group Programs ..................................................................................................................... 2-3 Historic Cemetery Courtesy ..................................................................................................... 4 Historic Site Courtesy............................................................................................................... 5 Guidelines for Teachers and Chaperones ................................................................................ 6 Glossary of Preservation Terms ............................................................................................... 7 Chronology of United States History ................................................................................... 8-9 Chronology of Missouri History ........................................................................................ 10-13 Fort Osage Fact Sheet ....................................................................................................... 16-17 Fort Osage History............................................................................................................. 18-19 Lewis & Clark in the Greater Kansas City Area .................................................................. 20 Fort Osage School Tour Teacher Materials ...................................................................... 21-23 List of Books and Videos Relating to Early 1800s History and Fort Osage ........................ 24 Map to Fort Osage .................................................................................................................. 25 Missouri Town 1855 Fact Sheet ........................................................................................ 28-29 Synopsis of Missouri Town 1855 ....................................................................................... 30-32 Missouri Town 1855 School Tour Teacher Materials ...................................................... 33-35 Missouri Town 1855 Animal Guide .................................................................................. 36-37 Sample Mercantile Items and Prices ..................................................................................... 38 List of Books and Videos Relating to 1850s Missouri History ........................................ 39-40 Pioneer Penmanship .......................................................................................................... 41-42 Map to Missouri Town 1855 ................................................................................................... 43 Other Educational Opportunities .......................................................................................... 44 Program Evaluation Form................................................................................................. 46-47 Additional Educational Materials .......................................................................................... 48
The site administrators ask that teachers or adult leaders accompany students into the gift shop areas. unload the bus and organize your group. where a covered shelter is located. 1 . When a group is larger than 75 students it makes it difﬁcult for the site. Payment is required two weeks prior to the tour date. Monday through Friday from 8:00 a. The Gift Shop attendant will provide you directions. Bookings for the Fall tours begin July 1. to 4:00 p. as well as. Important information on the sites and behavior expected from the group is contained in the Teacher’s Guide.m. The gift shop at Missouri Town 1855 is located near the parking lot. Teachers and adult chaperones are responsible for keeping order during student programs. and the group itself. Your group will be expected to follow the historic site courtesy information located in the Teacher’s Guide when you visit Missouri Town 1855 or Fort Osage National Historic Landmark. Please plan to picnic at Hayes Park in Sibley. Missouri.m. Groups with more than 75 students are strongly encouraged to divide their groups into smaller numbers and visit the site in two groups. Please plan to arrive 15 minutes earlier in order to check in at the Gift Shop at Missouri Town 1855 or the Education Center at Fort Osage National Historic Landmark to receive further instructions. interpreters.00. some costing less than $5. When scheduling. if necessary. A conﬁrmation will be sent after booking your date.PLANNING YOUR VISIT TO FORT OSAGE AND MISSOURI TOWN 1855 Jackson County Parks and Recreation is excited to bring historical tours and programs to students studying Missouri History. Bookings for the Spring tours begin on December 1. a Trade Room located in the Fort itself. Picnicking at Fort Osage National Historic Landmark is no longer feasible for large groups due to the noise level disturbing other groups at Fort Osage National Historic Landmark. please note that you will be expected to begin your tour/program at your designated time. The minimum requirement for chaperones is one adult per ten students. Picnicking is allowed at the picnic tables south of the Missouri Town 1855 parking lot. Gift shop items include souvenirs and books. the Mercantile is located in the village. To schedule your group tour program call our ofﬁce at (816) 503-4864. There are exhibits and a gift shop in the Fort Osage Education Center. Tour dates are limited and must be arranged in advance. The people fulﬁlling this requirement will be allowed into the site free of charge. We believe “To Live History…Is to Learn History!” Our historic tours and programs can be enjoyed by all grade levels but are targeted for 4th grade classes who are studying Missouri History.
00 per student. Group size: Minimum 40/Maximum 75 Inclement weather may affect program activities. and relevant hands-on activities. This will enable the students to develop a better comprehension of the vital role the river has on human activities. Cost: $5. Interpreters dressed in period attire are in the facilities to answer your questions. • Tuesday through Sunday Space is limited. students will begin with a visit to the Education Center. Stations may include programs in the Trade House. This Center is a state of the art facility where students will fully experience the historical signiﬁcance of Fort Osage.5 hours Designed for elementary and middle school. may be scheduled. Specialized programs.org 2 . so sign up for your Fort Osage Field Trip TODAY! 1 adult/10 students is required and will receive complimentary admission. Beginning at the Education Center. – 4:30 p. This program is available Wednesday. No specialized activities are offered with this component. ﬂora and fauna. Flora and Fauna. Exhibits begin with Geology. please allow 50 minutes for your visit here. To schedule a program or for more information call 816-503-4864 or visit www.5 hours This program is oriented for 3rd grade and up.jacksongov. Missouri River.m. Add’l adults are $3. FORT OSAGE FIELD TRIPS Cost: $3. Also included is emphasis on the importance the Missouri River played in establishing the Fort at this location. Transportation on the River and ﬁnishes with Sustainability. Fort Osage National Historic Landmark Hours of Operation: January – December • 9:00 a. The ﬁnal 20 minutes will incorporate a learning time with one or two of the interpreters and the students. Proceeding to the Fort your group will be divided into smaller groups and may rotate through multiple stations. Group size: Minimum 10/Maximum 40 LIVING HISTORY PROGRAM – Approximately 2. It creates a sensory transition to the Fort’s history and prehistory of the immediate area. such as Lewis & Clark. This program is available Wednesday.00 per student.Choose one of the three programs below for your Frontier Adventure! Beginning in 2008 your ﬁeld trip to Fort Osage NHL will include a tour of the new Fort Osage Education Center. Thursday and Friday.00 each.m. Group size: Minimum 20/Maximum 120 FRONTIER PROGRAM – Approximately 1. At the historic site a brief orientation precedes the self-guided tour of the Fort. Cost: $4.00 per student. Military garrison. SELF-GUIDED TOUR – Approximately 1 hour Your class will tour both the Education Center and Fort Osage. or military life. Thursday and Friday. Large groups may be divided to rotate through the facilities.
m. Thursday or Friday. and the ox drover. so sign up for your Missouri Town 1855 Field Trip TODAY! 1 adult/10 students is required and will receive complimentary admission.m.org 3 . Cost: $3. You might also take a tour of the herb garden. Choose from one of the programs below for your school group. Interpreters dressed in period attire are in the village to answer your questions.Approximately 1 hour Your class will tour the open and gated buildings. Add’l adults are $3.00 per student Group size: Minimum 40/Maximum 80 Missouri Town 1855 Hours of Operation: March 1 – November 15 • 9:00 a.m. the merchant. Your teachers and students will be divided into smaller groups that rotate through several stations. – 4:30 p.00 per student Group size: Minimum 10/Maximum 40 LIVING HISTORY PROGRAM – Approximately 2 hours This program is designed for 3rd grade and up. Cost: $5. Some of the stations could include visits with some of the residents such as the blacksmith. This program is available Wednesday. Cost: $1. the woodworker. Thursday or Friday.m.5 hours This program is designed for elementary and middle school students. This is followed by a self guided tour with interpreters located in the village to answer any questions. The presentation might be on the lifestyles of the 1850s or a visit to a schoolteacher. Cost: $4. An activity sheet is provided with your conﬁrmation. • Tuesday through Sunday November 16 – February 28 • 9:00 a.00 per student Group size: Minimum 20/Maximum 120 PIONEER PROGRAM – Approximately 1.Missouri Town 1855 Field Trips Choose one of the four programs below for your Heritage Adventure! Bring Missouri Heritage to life for preschoolers and up at Missouri Town 1855. seeing and touching actual lye soap or petting one of the Missouri Town 1855 oxen.00 per student Group size: Minimum 10/Maximum 40 SELF-GUIDED TOUR . ox drover or blacksmith. – 4:30 p. PRESCHOOL PROGRAM – Approximately 1 hour Preschoolers 5 years or younger participate in a 15-20 minute presentation on what clothing from the 1850s was like. • Saturday and Sunday Space is limited. To schedule a program or for more information call 816-503-4864 or visit www.jacksongov. An 1800s Antebellum town is represented with authentic period buildings across 22 sloping acres and interpreters demonstrating everyday lifestyles of the times. The students will take part in a 30-minute presentation and a self-guided tour. This program is available Wednesday. the tavern keeper.00 each.
Please walk between the graves and not over them. Please do not beat or chip at the markers with any object. The earliest known interment in this cemetery is of Private John King on November 15. The following are some guidelines to share with your students and adult leaders when you visit the Jackson County historic sites: * * * Please do not run. 1810. A granite marker and bronze plaque. The oldest marker is dated 1819. recognizes the contribution of 49 soldiers who lost their lives. 4 . * * Thank you for your consideration. Making gravestone rubbings is strongly discouraged as it deteriorates the older grave markers. as it opened its doors to the western frontier. Their deaths are symbolic of the hardships and dedication which typify the character of a new nation. Students must be accompanied by an adult leader in the cemetery. The gravestones resting at Missouri Town 1855 were moved to the site for safekeeping. New markers replaced these stones at the original burial sites.HISTORIC CEMETERY COURTESY A historic cemetery is located near Fort Osage and contains the graves of soldiers and civilians. while serving their country at Fort Osage and Fort Atkinson. one must still act with dignity and respect in any cemetery they may visit. furnished by the Veterans Administration. Even though the cemetery at Missouri Town 1855 is not authentic. jump or play around the gravestones.
Thank you for your consideration. it is helpful to discuss the appropriate behavior expected during the visit. Questions about daily life at Fort Osage or Missouri Town 1855 are encouraged and welcomed. Horseplay. other picnic facilities are available at Fleming Park and Hayes Park. The site administrator or gift shop employees will be glad to provide directions. * * * * * * * * * 5 . even though they are outdoors. Please respect these and do not remove them. During the use of hiking trails. follow the instructions of staff interpreter. The following are some points which should be covered prior to your tour: * Students need to be reminded that the site is a museum. Please do not touch. roughhousing and running will not be tolerated by the staff or site administrators. chase or feed the livestock and poultry. Students need to listen and pay attention to the guide and the interpreters at the individual stations. trees or buildings. Please do not climb fences. Visitors are asked not to touch artifacts unless given permission by the guide or interpreter. They need to show appropriate museum behavior at all times. The buildings and sites are of historic value and should be treated with the utmost respect.HISTORIC SITE COURTESY Before arriving at the historical sites. Picnic areas are available outside the historic site area. Food and drink are not permitted within the sites. Barriers on doors are designed to protect the artifacts. or any wildlife at the sites.
it will cut into your touring time at the site. 5. the group leader should exit the bus and enter the Museum Gift Shop or Visitor’s Center. As an adult supervisor you are responsible for keeping your group of ten children together at all times including restroom stops. made out to Jackson County Parks and Recreation. Our interpreters and volunteers are located at our interpretive stations and will be more than happy to tell your group about the buildings. Depending on the type of program you have booked. 2. their history and answer any questions they may have. The group leader should have an exact count of children and adults and any unpaid admission fees for the group.GUIDELINES FOR TEACHERS AND CHAPERONES 1. 4. Please remind students that they are in a museum and that appropriate museum behavior will be expected. It is suggested to have one check. There is no smoking permitted in or around the buildings as most of them are historic structures and contain many irreplaceable artifacts. Please remember that you were assigned a speciﬁc time slot. 7. please courtesy call (816) 503-4864 with cancellation information. The museum is an outdoor living history site. 6. you need to plan on spending at least one hour in the site itself. If circumstances prompt you to cancel a visit. If your group comes to a building that is full. for the amount. if your group is late for whatever reason. Please be sure and dress appropriately for the weather. An interpreter will meet your group to give an orientation to the site and any further instructions as needed. please wait outside or stop by the building later. Please arrive in plenty of time to check in at the Museum Gift Shop or Education Center. Plan to enjoy yourself. The students may then unload and the bus driver should park the bus in the parking lot at the entrance to the historic site. Please do not combine your groups as it could disrupt the entire program. 6 . Upon arrival. 3.
Preservation Saving from destruction or deterioration old and historic buildings. structures and objects and providing for their continued use by means of restoration. The historic preservation movement continues today by restoring structures and sites important in the evolution of our country’s history. all of which provide evidence of culturally determined behavior. rebuilt or moved and whose purpose is to interpret a historical or cultural setting.C. pottery. Material Culture Tangible objects used by people to cope with the physical world. No facet of history is too small or insigniﬁcant not to be preserved in some way. cutlery and textiles. when citizens of Philadelphia united together and saved the historic Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence was signed and a new country was formed.” — Secretary of the Interior’s Standards Glossary information taken from. shape or form. such as utensils. Historic Preservation is a means by which an older building of signiﬁcant architectural construction or a site of historical importance is preserved for public viewing and study. sites. weapons. tools.: 1990. period or activity. re-created or replica village site in which several or many structures have been restored. Reconstruction “The act of process of reproducing by new construction the exact form and detail of a vanished building. Diane Maddex.Fort Osage and Missouri Town 1855 are sites where historic preservation is practiced. structures and furnishings. 7 . Washington D. as it appeared at a speciﬁc period of time. glassware. The Preservation Press. The historic preservation movement got its start in 1816. Landmark Yellow Pages. Editor. or a part thereof. including excavated material as well as above-ground resources such as buildings. Outdoor Museum A restored. rehabilitation or adaptive use. GLOSSARY OF PRESERVATION TERMS Historical Archeology The study of the cultural remains of literate societies. structure or object.
Andrew Jackson is the 7th President of U.S. John Adams is the 2nd President of U. Battle of the Alamo fought in Texas. Missouri Compromise.S. Louisiana Territory purchased from France.S.S. Thomas Jefferson is the 3rd President of U. John Tyler is the 10th President of U. The Monroe Doctrine is established which calls for noncolonization and nonintervention in the Western Hemisphere by European nations.S. Battle of New Orleans establishes Andrew Jackson as a national hero.S. . War of 1812 (2nd War for Independence).CHRONOLOGY OF UNITED STATES HISTORY 1775-1783 1776 1789-1797 1797-1801 1801-1809 1803 1804-1806 1808 American Revolution Declaration of Independence George Washington is elected the 1st President. Florida purchased from Spain. James Monroe is the 5th President of U.dies after one month in ofﬁce. Martin VanBuren is the 8th President of U. John Quincy Adams is the 6th President of U. William Henry Harrison is the 9th President of U. Fort Osage established by Gen. James Madison is the 4th President of U. Lewis and Clark explore the Louisiana Purchase. Clark on the bank of the Missouri River.S.S. Missouri becomes the 24th state. 8 1809-1817 1812-1814 1815 1817-1825 1819 1820 1821 1823 1825-1829 1829-1837 1836 1837-1841 1841 1841-1845 .S.
U. James Knox Polk is the 11th President of U. The Mormons move to Utah. outlaws the slave trade in Washington D. James Buchanan is the 15th President of U. The Civil War splits the U.S. Utah and part of Colorado.S. Texas. Millard Fillmore is the 13th President of U.S. California.C. Mexican War . to the Paciﬁc Coast and ends the joint occupation of Oregon Territory with the British. Abraham Lincoln is the 16th President of U. and enacts the fugitive slave act.S. 1846 1846-1848 1848-1849 1849-1850 1850-1853 1850 1853-1857 1854 1854-1861 1861 1857-1861 1861-1865 1861-1865 9 . gains Arizona.S.S. The California gold rush begins. Kansas becomes the 34th state.S. Compromise of 1850 admits California as a free state.S. Zachary Taylor is the 12th President of U.S. New Mexico. Nevada. Kansas-Nebraska Act gives the question of slavery to the individual states to decide by popular vote. into North and South.S. Border War fought in the Western U.1841 1845-1849 1846 First wagon train leaves Missouri for California. Franklin Pierce is the 14th President of U. Oregon Treaty extends the northern border of the U.
S. Territory of Louisiana established St. French give up all military posts in North America due to Treaty of Paris. to control the Mississippi River.000. Territory of Louisiana becomes Territory of Missouri with a Governor. Louisiana Purchase bought from France for $15. Includes the present state of Missouri and allowed the U. New Madrid earthquakes begin.000. de Bourgmont supervises the construction of Fort Orleans. Formal transfer of the Louisiana Purchase between the U. Kansas. Fort Bellefontaine established. Etienne de Bourgmout surveys the Missouri to the Kansas City area to the Platte River. Pike expedition leaves for Southwest. garrison is transferred to Lake Erie region. Louis. St. and France made in St. Louis. Louis surveyed and founded by Auguste Chouteau and Pierre Leclede.CHRONOLOGY OF MISSOURI HISTORY 1673 Father Marquette gives the ﬁrst European description of the “river pekistanoui” (Missouri). Due to isolation and re-supply. The ﬁrst Territorial General Assembly meets in St. Leavenworth. Baron de Cavagnial supervises the construction of Fort de la Trinite’ (later Fort de Cavagnial) near present day Ft. the ﬁrst European settlement on the Missouri River in Carroll County. 1713 1723 1744 1763 1764 1803 1804 1805 1806 1808 1811 1812 1813 10 .S. Louis as the capital. Lewis and Clark expedition leaves St. Louis. Legislative Council and a House Of Representatives. Fort Osage established as a military post including a government trade house.
Site for the county seat of Jackson County and Independence chosen. 1819 1820 1821 1822 1825 1826 1827 1829 1831 1833 1836 11 . sheriff and Circuit Court judge chosen. Town lots are platted and sold. First heavy German immigration begins. Gottfried Duden’s Bericht uber eine Reise.S. Joseph Smith reveals Jackson County as the site of Zion. Congress passes the Missouri Enabling Act approving statehood. Constitutional Convention meets in St. Fort Osage abandoned by government. * Missouri Compromise evades the issue of “popular sovereignty” by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state and forbidding slavery in new territories above 36° 30’ except Missouri. Mormons are driven from Jackson County into Clay County. First state election. Jackson County organized. Missouri admitted to the Union. Big and Little Osage. U. The Platte purchase adds six northwest counties to Missouri. Kansas and Shawnee Indians cede rights to all remaining land in Missouri. Legislature holds ﬁrst session in Jefferson City. Petitions presented in Congress asking statehood for Missouri Territory.1816 1818 Formal end of the War of 1812. County judges. Louis. Fort Leavenworth opens. Factory system shut down by Congress. is published in Germany and inﬂuences German immigration to Missouri. House and Senate fail to agree on Missouri Bill.
Louis. 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1845 1846 1847 1849 1850 1852 12 . leaves Elm Grove in western Missouri for Oregon. Regiment for Mexican War raised in Missouri under the command of Colonels A. a party of more than 120 wagons. The phrase “Manifest Destiny” comes into use. Penn upholds the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793. Joseph Railroad Company incorporated. Telegraph communication between St.1838 Mormon War. Missouri State capitol completed. The Bidwell-Bartleson Party arrives in the Sacramento Valley via the Oregon Trail. claims 4557 lives in St. Louis and the East Coast established. which allows the owner of a fugitive slave to recover the slave despite conﬂicting state laws. “The Great Emigration”.W. * Classes begin at Missouri University. * Cherokee Indian Trail of Tears passes through southern Missouri on their way to the reservation in Oklahoma. Paciﬁc Railroad begins ﬁrst railroad services in the state from St. Cholera epidemic in Mississippi Valley. Prigg v. Louis to Cheltenham. First government mail route leaves Independence for the West under the ownership of Waldo. Honey War with Iowa over border dispute. * The Town of Kansas founded. First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence. Governor Boggs declares Mormons are enemies and must be exterminated or driven from Missouri. Doniphan and Sterling Price. * Hannibal . State authorities are not required to help the owner.St. Hill and Company. especially in emigrant trade towns. Military unit begins historic overland march. Plat ﬁled for the Town of Kansas. One thousand emigrants leave Independence for Oregon in May.
* The Republican Party is organized in Jackson. 1861. Louis. Pro-slavery Missourians voting in Kansas Territorial election seat a pro-slavery legislature.1853 City of Kansas incorporated. The Civil War begins in this area several years before the ﬁring begins at Fort Sumter April 12. * Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society encourages anti-slavery emigration to Kansas. Michigan as a reaction to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. 1854 1855 13 . * Border War between pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters on the Missouri and Kansas border areas begin as a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Kansas-Nebraska Act repeals the Missouri Compromise by giving territorial settlers the right to decide the slave question for their state and also afﬁrms legality of slave holding in the United States. * First high school in the state opened in St.
a Jackson County Historic Site ...FORT OSAGE NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK INFORMATION .
The Fort Osage Education Center has actual artifacts which date back to the time the Fort was in operation. Reconstruction of the historic site began in 1948. as staff and volunteers portray the work and livelihood of Fort Osage residents. Fort Osage is approximately the size of ﬁve city blocks. Fort Osage was the nation’s largest factory outpost. Fort Osage was built in 1808 and occupied until 1827. housing soldiers to guard the new territory and to protect the trading post located there.FORT OSAGE FACT SHEET DESCRIPTION: Reconstructed on its original site. Tours are self-guided and take about one hour. Fort Osage was also one of the few ﬁnancially successful trading post of the U. Honoring the American Soldier. Group rates are available to organized groups of 20 or more people with PRE-REGISTRATION and YEAR FOUNDED: ANNUAL EVENTS: SIZE: TOURS: 16 . joint commander of the Lewis and Clark expedition.S. Annual events include Coalition of Historic Trekkers National Gathering. Trading post functions were discontinued in 1822. Grand Festival of Chez les Canses and the Territorial Militia Muster. as well as the most expensive to build and maintain. Living history interpretation is featured. Fort Osage also aided the American government in establishing alliances with neighboring Nations. HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Under the direction of William Clark. Finally. soldiers began construction of the Fort in 1808 to serve several purposes. A gift shop is located in the Education Center. Including the walk to the Education Center. It functioned as one of the ﬁrst Federal outposts in the newly acquired Louisiana Territory. Factory System. the Fort offered western Missouri’s ﬁrst settlers a sanctuary from which to venture west. Fort Osage is a complex of hewn log structures located on a high bluff overlooking the Missouri River. Independence Day.
Fort Osage’s physical address is 107 Osage Street. take 24 Highway east to Buckner.m. watching carefully for signs. Missouri. exit at BB Highway/Grain Valley exit. Fort Osage is located in Sibley. 64088 LOCATION: 17 . on the Missouri River 14 miles northeast of Independence. From Kansas City. From I-70. Turn north at Sibley Street (BB Hwy) and travel 3 miles to the town of Sibley.m. Missouri. SEASON: Year-round: Tuesday thru Sunday 9:00 a. Drive north through Sibley and follow the signs one mile farther to the Fort. Sibley. Missouri. Proceed north on BB through Buckner.PRE-PAYMENT. Follow brown directional signs to Fort Osage National Historic Landmark. MO. to 4:30 p.
George Sibley was the factor at Fort Osage from 1808 until 1822. government regulations and budget restrictions which hampered any effort to increase the trade. The factory system in the United States was established in 1796 under President George Washington and expanded by President Thomas Jefferson into the Louisiana Territory. candles and vinegar. whiskey or brandy. The system practiced by private European and American fur traders seemed to be a constant contributor to unrest in the territory. due to pressures from the rival fur trade interests. The decline of the United States factory system was due to a number of reasons. the Fort had a company of 81 ofﬁcers and enlisted men under the command of Captain Eli B. eighteen ounces of bread and one gill of rum.FORT OSAGE HISTORY Fort Osage was established in 1808 as a military outpost in the newly acquired Louisiana Territory by General William Clark. A soldier’s daily rations included: one and a quarter pounds of beef or three quarters pound of pork. The Fort’s purpose was to provide a military presence in the territory in order to assure Spain. This salary can compare in today’s economy of around $90. The soldiers performed military drills and duty for most of the day. It was Jefferson’s hope to undermine the private traders and gain Indian alliances for the United States. 18 . His duties included bookkeeping. Sibley was paid an annual salary of $800 until 1811. Clemson. The United States factory system was discontinued by Congress in 1822. These conditions provided a natural defense for the Fort. Fort Osage was built on a strategic bluff overlooking the Missouri River. successful competition of private traders who could go to the Indian villages instead of the Indians coming to them and the inﬂuences of European traders in the remote regions of the country. processing furs. They were issued salt for their food.000 dollars a year. supervising the trade room. The factory system derives its meaning from the English common law deﬁnition of a factor as a person who buys and sells on behalf of his employer. The lack of factors familiar with Indian trade. stocking the trade room and attending to Indian affairs. when he received a raise of $300. The soldiers enlisted for a minimum of ﬁve years service and were paid ﬁve dollars a month depending on service and rank. The height and location of the bluff provided a clear view of the river for many miles and the river current around the bluff caused the boats to slow down considerably in order to safely navigate. This extra duty was performed during their free time and they were paid ten cents a day for common labor and sixteen cents a day for skilled labor. The purpose of the factory was to trade quality goods at a low price with the Indian tribes in order to establish good relations with them. At the time of establishment. Extra duty was also required of each soldier at the Fort. France and Great Britain that the United States meant to protect its territory by military strength and to establish healthy relations with the Native American population in the territory. lack of incentives for the factor.
It then returned in 1815 to re-establish the military garrison. 19 .The military left Fort Osage in 1813 due to the War of 1812. The military left Fort Osage again in 1827 when Fort Leavenworth was established.
islands and tricky currents as they proceeded upriver. with the boat crews struggling against strong winds. Lewis had the boats take shelter on a small island. known as a keelboat. On June 29th they camped just north of what is now Parkville. He would remember this location and the high bluff on the south side of the small island and return in 1808 to build what would be known as Fort Osage. with the keelboat and two smaller boats known as pirogues. Believing there might be a water route to the Paciﬁc Ocean. What was now known as the Corps of Volunteers for Northwestern Discovery departed in May of 1803. opposite St. The Lewis and Clark Expedition is still regarded as one of the greatest adventures in American history. a common form of punishment at the time. on an epic journey into a largely unknown territory. Each man received an extra “gill of whiskey. Lewis was charged with noting the plants and animals he encountered. The men had to hunt for their food and depend on each other and their leaders in order to proceed. raspberries and wild apples. A boat well equipped for river navigation. He was court-martialed and sentenced to receive 100 lashes from a whip. For the next two days. Louis. to organize an expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Territory. had to seek shelter by himself on the river bank after sinking into the mud. A small temporary fort was made for protection by using logs and brush. President Thomas Jefferson ordered Meriwether Lewis. 20 . 1803. It was decided they would stay at this camp for three days in order for one of the pirogues to be repaired. Louis. The men continued upriver for several more days with the leaders writing about the heat and large quantities of animals. They also recorded seeing seams of coal in large limestone outcroppings. On this date. It was noted that the Kaw River was very muddy and its water tasted bad. He stripped bark from a tree to provide more protection for a night away from the main party.” They would name the small creek by which they camped “Independence Creek. A camp was established on June 26th where the Kaw (Kansas) River ﬂowed into the Missouri. Lewis was also required to keep accurate maps of his travels. The Expedition entered what would later be known as the Kansas City area on June 23. The Expedition celebrated the Fourth of July just outside of what now is Atchison. William Clark. was built for the trip. The members of the Expedition had to become expert boat handlers and strained as they were challenged by numerous sand bars.LEWIS & CLARK IN THE GREATER KANSAS CITY AREA In 1803. William Clark to serve as a co-leader. in addition to carefully recording his efforts to form friendships with the Indians. Lewis asked a friend and fellow army ofﬁcer. The winter of 1803-1804 saw the expedition making ﬁnal preparations at Camp Dubois. a young army captain. These birds are now extinct. they proceeded upriver and noted large amounts of wild plums. It is here that Clark noted that he had seen large ﬂocks of Carolina Parakeets. Kansas.” The Expedition did eventually reach the Paciﬁc Ocean and return safely to St. One of the soldiers got into trouble for drinking whiskey while on duty. scouting ahead of the main group.
Compare the student’s clothing to those of the interpreters’. where you will get food and water. Have the students make a list of the foods that they eat for two days. how labor will be divided. Have the students bring non-refrigerated lunches and play games from the period at recess. Visit the Trade Room in the Factory building and compare it to stores that the students are familiar with. Challenge them to continue the activity at home.FORT OSAGE SCHOOL TOUR TEACHER MATERIALS SUGGESTED TEACHING STRATEGIES What if you bring students ages 5-8? Relate today’s life to what you see on the tour. Have the students pretend that they will be establishing a settlement near the Fort.e. In the Factory Kitchen. They should keep track of the packaging. Talk with the interpreters to see what the differences are between their occupations and those of the student’s parents. Do work using slates and chalk. Have the students ask the residents of the Fort about their experiences of living at a frontier outpost. electric light bulb and telephones). Make a few recipes from the early 1800s. 21 . remind the students to think of the changes that have occurred since the early 1800s (i. etc. Compare these lists with foods from the 1800s. preparation and tastes. ask the residents what they would have brought with them on the journey. Do not use electricity or modern conveniences. Prepare a trip back in time to the early 1800s. Consider location. What if you bring students age 9 and older? Put the past into perspective. what supplies will be needed. What are their hopes and dreams for the future in the area? While touring the facility. the automobile. compare and contrast what you see with the amenities in the student’s kitchen at home. Have the students pick ﬁve items that they would need to take with them for a journey up river. As you visit the Fort. PRE-VISIT ACTIVITIES Plan a day at your school set in the early 1800s.
A person that works for a skilled craftsman in order to learn the trade. For each of the ﬁve senses. It is constructed from a half-round long with two legs on one end.To do arithmetic. internal benches for shooting and ﬂoorboards on the second story overhangs that could be removed to allow defense of the structures base area.A head covering used by young girls and ladies to keep their hair clean and out of the way while working. The increased air ﬂow created by this device makes the ﬁre hotter and allows metals to be heated for shaping or even melted for casting into intricate shapes. Cypher .A wooden tool used to remove the ﬂesh and membrane from animal hides during processing. the “Trade Factor” at Fort Osage. VOCABULARY Apprentice . 22 .A basic military defensive structure used in the construction of fortiﬁcations. Factory . Create a bulletin board with pictures or words associated with your trip for every letter of the alphabet. Fleshing Beam . These two storied structures were thick walled wooden buildings with gun and cannon ports. Sibley.A container used to turn cream into butter. The wooden tool used to beat or “dash” the cream is called a DASHER. See Blockhouse #1 on site. Bellows .A tool made of wood and leather having a metal nozzle that is used by a blacksmith to force air into a forge. Write a letter to your family back east about your experiences. Have students choose ﬁve objects from their lives that they would include in a museum to represent life today.An 18th century term referring to the building where an agent or “Factor” did business.POST-VISIT ACTIVITIES Have the students write an article for the school newspaper or publish a newsletter about their ﬁeld trip experiences.An 18th century term referring to an agent such as George C. Fort Osage has a “Trade Factory” in the civilian compound. Blockhouse . list a memory of the trip to Fort Osage. Daycap . Encourage the students to interview each other. Factor . Imagine that you are a traveler coming up the river and you have stayed at the Fort for a few days. Butter Churn .
Tick .A staff person that teaches history through historic roles. Usually ﬁlled with feathers or straw. A costumed tour guide. The ﬂoor of the ﬁreplace. The legs give the pan its name and raise it up from the hearth.A type of communication that requires the interpreter to dress in historic attire and allows him/her to react to guests in present day terms.A person who comes to live in an area.Hearth .A metal cooking pan that rests on legs. Pioneer . Interpreter . just as a backpack or purse is used today. Pelt . felt hat worn by soldiers at Fort Osage. Poke . 3rd Person Interpretation . Can be placed on a bed frame or on the ﬂoor. 23 .A type of communication that involves the interpreter’s complete character portrayal of a historic person. 1st Person Interpretation .A bag used to carry things in.The tall.The undressed (tanned or treated) skin and fur of an animal. Spider Pan .A person who ﬁrst settles in an area. Stockade . Shako . Settler .The enclosing wall of a fort that is made of wooden posts driven into the ground. black.The mattress of a bed.The brick or stone area in front of the ﬁreplace.
created by Jackson County Parks and Recreation. available for purchase a the Fort Osage Gift Shop. Carter Osage Indian Customs and Myths. by Richard Steins Indians of North America: The Osage. Wilson 24 ..” The Expedition of Lewis and Clark. The War Nobody Won.LIST OF BOOKS AND VIDEOS RELATING TO EARLY 1800s HISTORY AND FORT OSAGE DVDs There is a DVD. by Alden R. The Mid-Continent Library has a video available for a one-week checkout period that would make an excellent prelude to a visit to Fort Osage.. by Albert Marrin A Nation is Born. The War of 1812. Kaw Valley Films and Video VC 973. by Bobbi Kalman and David Schimpky 1812. by Louis F. “We Proceeded On. by Peter Bosco The War of 1812. Historic Communities Series.4 EX71 BOOKS All books listed are available at Mid-Continent Libraries. Rebellion and Independence in America (1700-1820). Burns Fort Life. by Terry P.
MAP TO FORT OSAGE NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK 25 .
MISSOURI TOWN 1855 INFORMATION .a Jackson County Historic Site ...
bring the site to life by portraying the daily routines of village residents. Independence Day. Additions in the village continue based on a Master Plan and as funding becomes available. Principal buildings and features were in place by 1970. HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The buildings at Missouri Town 1855 present a variety of architectural styles popular in the mid19th century and. Children’s Day.m. YEAR FOUNDED: ANNUAL EVENTS: SIZE: TOURS: SEASON: 28 . Annual events include Sheep Shearing. to 4:30 p.m. Missouri Town 1855 Fall Festival. November 15 to March 1: Weekends only. a one-room schoolhouse. The ﬁrst building was erected in 1963. tavern. Approximately the size of six city blocks. lawyer’s ofﬁce. portray a typical 1855 Missouri farming community.MISSOURI TOWN 1855 FACT SHEET DESCRIPTION: Missouri Town 1855 is a collection of original mid19th century structures carefully relocated from seven western Missouri counties to one site. blacksmith shop and a livery stable depict a typical antebellum farming community. Group rates are available to organized groups of 20 or more people with PRE-REGISTRATION and PREPAYMENT. 9:00 a. as an assembled unit.m. Over twenty-ﬁve period buildings including houses with barns and outbuildings. Living history interpreters. March 1 to November 15: Tuesday through Sunday 9:00 a. Spirits From The Past and A Christmas Celebration.m. in 19th century attire. A self-guided tour takes about one hour. to 4:30 p. church.
Lee’s Summit. Park Road. Blue Springs.LOCATION: Missouri Town 1855 is located on the east side of Lake Jacomo in Fleming Park. Missouri Town 1855’s physical address is 8010 E. Missouri. 64064. MO. 29 .
.. Mules and Horses . There would be a school house.........there was no electricity........ Hogs.................. Squire’s House and their various outbuildings represent the upper class..... 30 ..... Blacksmith’s House and the Settler’s House. The following is a list of items grown on a farm and what they provided for a family: Garden. meat and leather.. Whenever possible.. Dairy products... corn provided income and cornmeal for the family plus feed for animals.. Eggs.......... tavern... The houses represent the many social classes living in the village.SYNOPSIS OF MISSOURI TOWN 1855 Missouri Town 1855 was never a real village in which real people lived and worked.. whiskey.. Poultry.. A typical village in western Missouri would look much like Missouri Town 1855... church and mercantile store.... television or microwaves...... cars..... Fresh vegetables for seasonal consumption and preservation. lynchings and violence had polarized pro-slavery and anti-slavery adherents into open conﬂict. Instead it is a reconstruction of what a person may have found at a Missouri crossroads during the mid-nineteenth century.. Meat..... The average family in western Missouri lived on a farm which was mostly self-sufﬁcient and provided the family with an income... meat and feathers.. The year 1855 was chosen as the year to interpret because it was the last year before the Kansas border ﬁghting began to disrupt the area. People at this time.... Social activities in the town would probably have taken place at the non-denominational church or in private homes.. Grains..... The middle and lower classes are represented by the Tradesman’s House. Life in 1855 seems very hard to people who live in the modern world --..... however.... blacksmith’s shop... as well as improvements in transportation represented by steamboats and the expanding railroad network.. running water... The animals at Missouri Town 1855 represent the various breeds and animal types that were common in the mid-nineteenth century...... By 1856.... breeds typical to 1855 are bought and raised for interpretive purposes at Missouri Town 1855........ Meat and lard....... The Colonel’s House... The buildings in the village were moved to Missouri Town 1855 from other locations in seven different western Missouri counties. shootings.... These are actual buildings from the mid-nineteenth century... Cattle. Riding and driving...... Wheat for ﬂour and income.. wool for clothing.. Sheep . spoke proudly of recent inventions such as the telegraph and the sewing machine.
“hide and go seek” and “French and English” (which we know as “tug of war”) were also popular. Sermons were long. however. hardware. The men and boys of the family would work in the ﬁelds and tend to the animals. Usually the class varied from one student to twelve students at one time. community work projects such as corn shuckings. During the summer the whole family worked hard in order to insure a good harvest. The school at Missouri Town 1855 is typical of most rural schools in the region during this time period. as Missouri Town would have been only one day’s ride from a riverboat landing. “blind man’s buff”. lawyer and tavern owner were an important part of community life. The blacksmith repaired tools and other implements needed by consumers in the village or by farmers in the area. The tavern was probably the busiest place in the village since it was the stop for travelers and the village mail was delivered here. sugar. barn raisings and quilting bees formed a major part of the social life of a small rural town. During the summer and harvest seasons there was very little free time left to children because everyone had chores to do. then they did not attend. The Baptists may have had a preacher on one Sunday while the Methodists or Presbyterians might have a preacher on the next Sunday. who stopped on his “circuit” once or twice a month. who also hired the school marm or master to instruct his children. books. Games such as “buz”. Attendance at the school was not regular. 31 .Rural families often bartered the goods they produced with their neighbors. salt. The tavern was also the location for news and information in the village. sewing and milking. Agriculture is not the only trade represented at Missouri Town 1855--the blacksmith. Different denominations had traveling preachers who went to different towns each Sunday to deliver a sermon. while the women and girls would work in the garden and house and continue with the usual chores of cooking. School did not start until after harvest in October and lasted until spring planting in April. a trip to the mercantile or to the city might result in stick candy. When they had free time. School was held everyday but Sunday during the school term. Some items found in the mercantile include cloth. if a child was needed at home or the parents could not afford to send them to school that term. candy and coffee. a wide variety of consumer goods was available at the mercantile store. The school would have been held in a one room school house built by the Colonel. The merchant owned the store. The lawyer. or mercantile. Small children. Children of other families would be allowed to attend the school if their parents could pay the eight dollars per school year per child. were allowed to go outside for brief periods. a bag of marbles or a doll. Throughout the growing season. cleaning. Students went to school from sunup to sundown during the winter. in the village. merchant. Also. some lasting as much as three hours and no one was allowed to nap during the service. would have taken care of any legal problems such as deeds. These goods would have included small luxury items such as Chinese tea. in addition to necessities such as cloth from the textile mills in the East. The church at Missouri Town 1855 represents a non-denominational church found in most rural areas in the mid-nineteenth century. wills and property boundaries.
where many people came from a southern background. the Kansas-Nebraska Act introduced slavery in the new territories to the west of Missouri. and another chapter in American history was begun. abolitionists and states’ rights were topics of discussion. “Bleeding Kansas”. 32 . Slavery was a topic of heated debate in western Missouri. The relative contentment of rural life was soon to give way to the hardships of war. In 1854.Politics was becoming a heated topic in western Missouri in 1855. The United States was divided by sectional interests in the Northern industrial states and the Southern agricultural states.
Talk with the interpreters working with the livestock. ask the residents what they would have brought with them to Missouri Town 1855. What if you bring students age 9 and older? Put the past into perspective. Prepare a trip back in time to the 1850s. electric light bulb and telephone) PRE-VISIT ACTIVITIES Plan a day at your school set in the early 1850s. Do work using slates and chalk. Compare the student’s clothing to those of the interpreters’.e. compare and contrast what you see with the amenities of a hotel. Stop in at the Blacksmith’s Shop for a look at his daily activities.MISSOURI TOWN 1855 SCHOOL TOUR TEACHER MATERIALS SUGGESTED TEACHING STRATEGIES What if you bring students ages 5-8? Relate today’s life to what you see on the tour. the automobile. At the Tavern. 33 . Blackwell’s Mercantile Store and compare it to stores that the students are familiar with. Challenge them to continue the activity at home. Do not use electricity or modern conveniences. Discuss the similarities and differences between 1850s agriculture and today’s practices. Have the students pick ﬁve items that they would need to take with them. T. Have the students bring non-refrigerated lunches and play games from the period at recess. As you visit the village. Have the students ask the townspeople about their experiences in moving to the Missouri region (or have they always lived here) and what are their hopes and dreams for the future? While touring the facility. Visit J. remind the students to think of the changes that have occurred since the 1850s (i. Find out the differences between this person’s occupation and those of the student’s parents.
Note where different social and economic boundaries are in the village. VOCABULARY Apprentice . Circle the buildings where residents would ﬁnd food. Conestoga Wagon .A container used to turn cream into butter. The wooden tool used to beat or “dash” the cream is called a DASHER.A notebook in which school lessons are written.To do arithmetic.A person that works for a skilled craftsman in order to learn the trade. etc.Organize a settlement in 1850s Missouri. Cypher . etc. what supplies are needed. Compare these lists with foods from the 1850s. Butter Churn . Create a bulletin board with pictures or words associated with your trip for every letter of the alphabet. 34 . Daycap . For each of the ﬁve senses. Write a letter to your family back east about your experiences. POST-VISIT ACTIVITIES Have the students write an article for the school newspaper or publish a newsletter about their ﬁeld trip experiences. Imagine that you are a traveler going through Missouri in the 1850s and stayed at Missouri Town 1855 for a few days. Copybook .A head covering used by young girls and ladies to keep their hair clean and out of the way while working. Have students choose ﬁve objects from their lives that they would include in a museum to represent life today. animals. how labor will be divided. preparation and tastes. Plan exercises utilizing the Missouri Town 1855 map.A covered wagon drawn by horses or oxen used to move freight or household goods. where you will get food and water. Consider location. Make a few recipes from the 1850s. lodging. They should keep track of the packaging. Encourage the students to interview each other. Have the students make a list of the foods that they eat for two days. list a memory of the trip to Missouri Town 1855.
Poke .A student. lift and turn the soil so that seed can be planted.An implement used to cut.A metal cooking pan that rests on legs. Plow . Settler . Yoke . The ﬂoor of the ﬁreplace. Can be placed on a bed frame or on the ﬂoor.A type of communication that involves the interpreter’s complete character portrayal of a historic person.A wooden frame worn over the shoulders of a person to carry two water buckets. Pioneer .A person who comes to live in an area.A bag used to carry things in. Usually ﬁlled with feathers or straw. The legs give the pan its name and raise it up from the hearth. Trundle Bed . 1st Person Interpretation .A craftsperson such as the blacksmith who makes goods.A person who ﬁrst settles in an area. Tick .The mattress of a bed. just as a backpack or purse is used today.The brick or stone area in front of the ﬁreplace. Mechanic .A type of communication that requires the interpreter to dress in historic attire and allows him/her to react to guests in present day terms. The term “yoke” also refers to the wooden frame placed on the necks or oxen when these animals are pulling loads such as a plow or wagon. Spider Pan . A costumed tour guide. Interpreter .Hearth .A staff person that teaches history through historic roles. 3rd Person Interpretation . Scholar . 35 .A bed built low enough to slide under a regular bed frame.
as was often the case. Horses. Oxen can be any breed of cattle that has been trained to work. carriages and for riding. Horses and mules were used for farm work as well. willingness to work and intelligence SHEEP BORDER LEICESTER CROSS SHEEP: -a popular breed in the U.S. includes both pure breeds and crosses. A valued breed for meat and milk -found to be willing power for the wagon and plow -Abe and Moses were brought to Missouri Town 1855 in 1999 and are being trained as an oxen team HORSES STANDARD BRED: -the breeds’ origin dates from a Thoroughbred imported from England in 1788 MORGAN: -a truly American horse breed with roots dating back to the late 1700s -Morgans are known for their speed. They are typically steers and are worked in pairs. stamina. mules and oxen provided the power necessary to do the heavy farm work. They were favored by many over horses because of their lower cost and less demanding dietary needs. Among those represented are: OXEN SHORTHORN STEERS: -developed in England about 1600 -ﬁrst imported to Virginia in 1783 -popular with early settlers. Missouri Town’s livestock. in the mid-nineteenth century -known for its ﬁne ﬂeece and good temperament -Missouri Town 1855 has Border Leicester crosses 36 . Horses were used for pulling wagons.MISSOURI TOWN 1855 ANIMAL GUIDE Missouri Town’s programming offers the visitor a glimpse at rural life and animal breeds that would have been found in Western Missouri in the 1850s.
POULTRY Missouri Town 1855 has a wide variety of poultry that would have been commonly seen on most farms in rural Western Missouri in the 1850s. not as domesticated as many other breeds 37 . CHICKENS Missouri Town 1855 has a variety of Chicken breeds represented in the village: COCHIN: -buff and partridge colored -their feathered legs are their most distinguishable feature POLISH: -there are several varieties -their unique top-knot on their head is their most distinguishable feature DOMINIQUE: -good all-around chicken breed -were known to be good layers. setters and care givers to their young GAME FOWL: -the “Arabian horses” of poultry -very colorful.
SAMPLE MERCANTILE ITEMS AND PRICES Soap . MO November 1854 .6 1/2¢ per pound Bottle ink .10¢ per yard Needles .00 Blank book .2¢ per pound Coffee .10¢ a pack Ribbon . Sibley.75¢ Fine comb .30¢ Slate pencil .February 1855 38 .50 Information is taken from: Garrison-Childe’s Ledger.65¢ Tea .$2.15¢ Domestic cloth .$1.12¢ per pound Sugar .5¢ Candy .7 1/2¢ a yard Singing book .15¢ Slate .$1.80¢ per pound Primer .30¢ per pound Pocket knife .40 Ream of Letter Paper .5¢ Ax .6 1/2¢ per pound Salt .
by Robert N. by Franklin Folsom Geography of Missouri. Famous Pioneers. RMI Medica Productions. by American Review Coon Holler. by Earl A. a Story of the People and the Regions of the “Show Me” State. by S. from its Glorious Past to the Present. (educational ﬁlm). Its People and Its Progress.LIST OF BOOKS AND VIDEOS RELATING TO 1850s MISSOURI HISTORY VIDEOS These videos were ﬁlmed at Missouri Town 1855 and are available at Mid-Continent Libraries for a one week checkout. Saveland Missouri Stories for Young People. VC 813.H. The call numbers are listed after the producers of the videos. by Ernestine Bennett Briggs Missouri. VC 977. An 1850s Village.D.3 AC77 BOOKS (Non-Fiction) All books listed are available at Mid-Continent Libraries. Inc. by Bernadine Freeman Bailey The Trail to Santa Fe. by Olive Rambo Cook Farmer Boy. (movie based on novel of the same name) AME. Inc. History and Government. by C. Collins Missouri. by Laura Ingalls Wilder 39 . Its Geography. McClure Picture Book of Missouri.841 EI44 Across Five Aprils. by Irene Hunt Children’s Stories of the 1850s. Across Five Aprils. Lavender BOOKS (Fiction) All books listed are available at Mid-Continent Libraries. by John Allan Carpenter Missouri.
(complete series) by Laura Ingals Wilder Missouri River Boy. by William Henman On The Way Home.The First Four Years. by Cena Christopher Draper 40 . by Rose Wilder Lane Overland Stage. by Elizabeth Gemming Little House on the Prairie. by Glen Dines The Prairie Schooners. by Glen Rounds Ridge Willoughby. by Rose Wilder Lane Huckleberry Hill.
In Early America. The inks were made from natural ingredients. Blueberries and gooseberries produced purple inks. The style of writing was called calligraphy. John Hancock and the other ﬁfty-three forefathers could sign the Declaration of Independence. Ben Franklin. ﬂowers and barks. pens of the eighteenth century were made by dipping quills from chicken and other birds into homemade ink. If a quill was not available. Chimney soot. Try your had at writing with the pens of long ago. goose or turkey Thomas Jefferson. kids had to bring their own ink to school. nutshells and teas created inks in shades of brown and black. 41 . one end of a small twig would be whittled to a point and then dipped into ink as a substitute.PIONEER PENMANSHIP Thanks to a barnyard chicken. such as the juices of fruits. Unlike the ball point pens and felt tip markers we use today. usually made from berries they found in the woods or from cracked nutshells.
OTHER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES Other programs and services available to schools and educators: Speaker Services Trunk Shows Workshops Please contact our ofﬁce at (816) 503-4864 Jackson County Parks and Recreation 44 .
Name of your group: Site your group visited: Overall Impression Was the length of the visit appropriate for your group? Comments Was the tour fee reasonable? Comments Was the staff professional and courteous to your group? Comments Describe the cleanliness of the site: Excellent Comments Program Describe the organization of the program: Excellent Comments Would you recommend this program to another group/teacher? Comments What areas of the program did your group like best? Yes No Very Good Good Fair Poor Very Good Good Fair Poor Yes No Yes No Yes Too Short Too Long Missouri Town 1855 Date of visit: Fort Osage Nat’l Historic Landmark 46 . Please take a few minutes to complete this evaluation and return it to our ofﬁce at the address listed at the end of this form.PROGRAM EVALUATION FORM Jackson County Parks and Recreation would like to know your impression of the program in which your group participated. We are interested in your comments and suggestions in order to improve our sites and programs.
if any.Do you have any suggestions for alternative activities. if so what would they be? What was the level of interest your students had for the information presented? Very High Comments Was the information presented appropriate for the age level of your students? Comments Interpreters Did the interpreters present information that your students did not know before? Comments How would you describe the knowledge and presentation of the interpreters? Excellent Comments Teacher’s Guide Was the Teacher’s Guide helpful in preparing the students prior to their visit? Comments What additional information. JACKSON COUNTY PARKS AND RECREATION Historic Sites Division 22807 Woods Chapel Road Blue Springs. would you suggest be included in the Teacher’s Guide? Yes No Very Good Good Fair Poor Yes No Yes No High Average Low Very Low What would be your overall rating of our School Tour Program? Excellent Comments Thank you for taking part in our programs and providing us with this important information. MO 64015 (816) 503-4860 47 Very Good Good Fair Poor .
Additional Educational Materials Order Form Enclosed is a check payable to Jackson County Parks and Recreation for #_____ copies of the following item: Name of item Please send to: Name Address City 48 State Zip Code . Missouri Town 1855 DVD by Jackson County Parks and Recreation $10. Fort Osage National Historic Landmark 1808-1827 DVD by Jackson County Parks and Recreation $10.00 includes shipping.00 includes shipping.ADDITIONAL EDUCATION MATERIALS The following publications relating to Missouri Town 1855 and Fort Osage National Historic Landmark history are available for order: Educational Guide to Missouri Town 1855 by Darlene Robinson & Jackson County Parks and Recreation $5.00 + shipping and handling.
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