Background on Isaiah

First Isaiah 1-39 God’s instrument is Assyria Focuses on judgment Includes history Messiah is ruling to conquer sin Isaiah’s own life is interwoven Second Isaiah 40-66 God’s instrument is Babylon Focus is deliverance No history; always forward looking Messiah is a healing servant Isaiah’s own life is absent

The second half of Isaiah is divided into three parts: 1 The first third runs from Chapters 40-48 - It focuses on the greatness of God the Father 2 The second third in Chapters 49-57 - Focuses on the Son, as the suffering servant to redeem Israel from Her sins. 3 The third section is Chapters 58-66 looks at the Spirit - Looking at the remnant of Israel and how the Spirit produces the glory of Israel when the Spirit is poured out on Israel Isaiah 45 is the section focusing on the greatness of God the Father and addresses: I. The True and Righteous God (Isaiah 45:18-19) II. The Assembly of the Nations (Isaiah45:20-21) III. Salvation for All (Isaiah 45:22-24) IV. Justification in the Lord (Isaiah 45:25)

Hope for the Future
Devotional Reading: Exodus 15:11-18 Background Scripture: Isaiah 45 Print: Isaiah 45:18-24 I. The True and Righteous God
Isaiah For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and 45:18 made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else. The creator: Genesis In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 1:1 Genesis And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face 1:2 of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Vain (Isaiah 45:18) Without form (Gen 1:2) = wht Tohuw Void = whb Bohuw There is a certain can of worms that I don’t want to open up in this study, and that is how Isaiah 48:18 has been used to push what’s called the gap theory.

In Genesis 1:2 the Hebrew word for formless is tohuw, which Isaiah 45:18 translates waste place. Isaiah says this is not how the Lord created the Earth. When gap theorist place Isaiah 45:18 between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2, you get the fall of Satan in Ezekiel 28:1218 causing the earth to be formless and void in Genesis 1:2. The reason for the conflict among Christians among this secondary issue is because: A. On one hand if Isaiah 48:18 and the fall of Satan in Ezekiel 28 is placed between Genesis 1:1 & Genesis 1:2, that gives license to many Christians to shove millions of years between the two verses an merge their belief with science that contradicts the bible. B. On the other hand, Ezekiel 28:13 referring to Satan says, Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God which was not created until day six. Creation is a mystery of God. Job 38:4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. Job 38:5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? Job 38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? Job 38:8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb? There is a primary issue that I want to discuss, and that’s the deity of Jesus Christ: John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God. John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. John 1:5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

EACH PERSON IN THE GODHEAD, RESPONSIBLE FOR DIVINE WORKS OF GOD.

o Creation Father: Genesis 1:1; Genesis 2:4, 5; Psalm 102:25; Psalms 148:5; Proverbs 26:10;

Genesis 1:1 Psalm 102:25 Psalm

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a

102:26 Psalm 102:27

garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.

Son: John 1:3; John 1:10; I Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:10; Colossians 1:16
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God. John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Colossians 1:16 Colossians 1:17 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

Spirit: Genesis 1:2; Job 26:13; Job 33:4; Psalm 104:30
Job 26:13 By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent. Job 33:4 The spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

So we see the Father responsible for creation in scripture, we see Jesus responsible for scripture, and we see the Holy Spirit responsible for creation in scripture, but there is only one God. In this divine and infinite Being there are three subsistences, the Father, the Word (or Son), and Holy Spirit, of one substance, power and eternity, each having the whole divine essence, yet the essence undivided
There is only one God: Deuteronomy Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: 6:4 Deuteronomy And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with 6:5 all thy soul, and with all thy might. These three are one: I John For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the 5:7 Holy Ghost: and these three are one. Isaiah I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, 45:19 Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right. The teachings of Jesus is not secret hidden knowledge, it is to be preached to the whole world. John Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the 18:20 synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. John Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them:

18:21 John 18:22 John 18:23

behold, they know what I said. And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?

The new age and Theosophy prides it’s self on secret hidden, esoteric knowledge only obtained by the so-called elite, but God frowns on that kind of knowledge in the letter to the church in Thyatira, and calls it the depths of Satan: Revelation But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this 2:24 doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden. Revelation But that which ye have already hold fast till I come. 2:25 The NIV actually uses the phrase, “Satan’s so-called deep secrets” in Revelation 2:24.

II. The Assembly of the Nations
Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save. The Lord summoned all the people who survived the conquest of king Cyrus of Persia to assemble together for the purpose of exposing false idols and condemn pagan practices. The church is also called to condemn and expose pagan practices. II Corinthians Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what 6:14 fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? II Corinthians And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that 6:15 believeth with an infidel? II Corinthians And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the 6:16 temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. II Corinthians Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the 6:17 Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, II Corinthians And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, 6:18 saith the Lord Almighty. Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, (Corporate worship was ordained by God during the Feast days for Israel like: the Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Weeks.) Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. The church is command to come together and worship. Hebrews Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is 10:23 faithful that promised;)

Hebrews 10:24 Hebrews 10:25

And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

ye that are escaped of the nations: (God always leaves a remnant, and they will be saved for God’s name sake) Isaiah The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. 10:21 Isaiah For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them 10:22 shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save. Genesis And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast stolen away 31:26 unawares to me, and carried away my daughters, as captives taken with the sword? Genesis Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst 31:27 not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp? Genesis And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? thou hast now 31:28 done foolishly in so doing. Genesis It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father 31:29 spake unto me yesternight, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad. Genesis And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst 31:30 after thy father's house, yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods? Noticed that Laban acknowledged that the God of Jacob’s father spoke to him and gave him a command, but his excuse for only partially following that command is to retrieve his own god. In this portion of Isaiah, God is establishing Himself as the one and only, true and living God. Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? Ephesians Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed 1:3 us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: Ephesians According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the 1:4 world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: Ephesians Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to 1:5 himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Isaiah 45:21

Ephesians 1:6

To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me. I Corinthians As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in 8:4 sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is none other God but one. I Corinthians For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, 8:5 (as there be gods many, and lords many,) I Corinthians But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and 8:6 we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

III. Salvation for All
Isaiah Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none 45:22 else. Look unto me, and be ye saved, Numbers Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have 21:7 spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people. Numbers And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a 21:8 pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. Numbers And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to 21:9 pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived. John 3:13 John 3:14 John 3:15 all the John 3:16 John 3:17 John 3:18 John 3:19 I John 2:1 I John 2:2 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ends of the earth: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

for I am God, and there is none else. Exodus 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Exodus 34:12 Exodus 34:13 Exodus 34:14 Exodus 34:15 Exodus 34:16 Daniel 3:29 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God: Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.

Therefore I make a decree, That every people, nation, and language, which speak any thing amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, shall be cut in pieces, and their houses shall be made a dunghill: because there is no other God that can deliver after this sort. Isaiah I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not 45:23 return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, Isaiah For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not 55:10 thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater: Isaiah So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto 55:11 me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. Hebrews 6:13 Hebrews 6:14 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.

That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. Philippians Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 2:5 Philippians Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with 2:6 God: Philippians But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a 2:7 servant, and was made in the likeness of men: Philippians And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became 2:8 obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Philippians Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name 2:9 which is above every name:

Philippians 2:10 Philippians 2:11 Philippians 2:12 Philippians 2:13

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

Romans For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. 14:7 Romans For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto 14:8 the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's. Romans For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord 14:9 both of the dead and living. Romans But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy 14:10 brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. Romans For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, 14:11 and every tongue shall confess to God. Romans So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. 14:12 Romans Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that 14:13 no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother's way. Isaiah Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall 45:24 men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed. Matthew 5:6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled. Thank God for His righteousness and the work that was done on the cross. If I was be judged by my own righteousness, I’d be in trouble: Matthew For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the 5:20 righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. Romans 4:5 Romans 4:6 Romans 4:7 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.

Incensed Verb Base 1. Make furious.

2. To inflame with anger; to endkindle; to fire; to incite; to provoke; to heat; to madden. Adjective 1. Angered at something unjust or wrong; "incensed at the judges' unfairness". 2. Angered; enraged. 3. Being vexed. 4. Being furious, angry, indignant, irate or resentful. 5. Being livid. 6. Being heated or hot. 7. Being infuriating or maddening. 8. Being disgruntled or discontented.
Romans 10:11 Romans 10:12 Romans 10:13 I John 2:28 I John 2:29 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming. If ye know that he is righteous, ye know that every one that doeth righteousness is born of him. Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

Revelation 1:7

Isaiah In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory. 45:25 Jesus Isaiah He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge 53:11 shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. The Philadelphia Confession, 1742 Chapter 11 Of Justification 1. Those whom God effectually calleth, He also freely justifieth,1 not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons, as righteous;2 not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone;3 not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness, but by imputing Christ’s active obedience unto the whole law, and passive obedience in His death, for their whole and sole righteousness;4 they receiving, and resting on Him, and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves: it is the gift of God.5

2. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone
instrument of justification:6 yet it is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.7 Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are justified; and did by the sacrifice of Himself, in the blood of His cross, undergoing in their stead the penalty due unto them, make a proper, real and full satisfaction to God’s justice in their behalf;8 yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them, and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for anything in them,9 their justification is only of free grace, that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.10 God did from all eternity decree to justify all the elect,11 and Christ did in the fullness of time die for their sins, and rise again for their justification;12 nevertheless, they are not justified personally, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Christ unto them.13 God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;14 and although they can never fall from the state of justification,15 yet they may by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure;16 and in that condition, they have not usually the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.17 The justification of believers under the Old Testament, was in all these respects one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.18

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Footnotes: 1. Ro 3:24; 8:30. 2. Ro 4:5-8; Eph 1:7. 3. 1Co 1:30-31; Ro 5:17-19. 4. Php 3:8-9; Eph 2:8-10. 5. Jn 1:12; Ro 5:17. 6. Ro 3:28. 7. Gal 5:6; Jas 2:17,22,26. 8. Heb 10:14; 1Pe 1:18-19; Isa 53:5-6. 9. Ro 8:32; 2Co 5:21. 10. Ro 3:26; Eph 1:6-7; 2:7. 11. Gal 3:8; 1Pe 1:2; 1Ti 2:6. 12. Ro 4:25. 13. Col 1:21-22; Tit 3:4-7. 14. Mt 6:12; 1Jn 1:7,9. 15. Jn 10:28. 16. Ps 89:31-33. 17. Ps 32:5; Ps 51:1-19; Mt 26:75. 18. Gal 3:9; Ro 4:22-24.