Belt drive 1

Belt drive 2

By the end of this chapter, students should be able to:
A. Know the applications of belt drives and chain drives  List three types of transmission belts and chains in common use.  Compare and contrast belt and chain drives.  State the different engineering applications of belt and chain drives.  Describe the different parts of a vee groove sheave and belt.

B. Design a vee belt drive system ( Using Mitsuboshi Belting)  Determine the design power, and select the proper cross-section.  Select a pair of standard sheaves and belt pitch length.  Determine the number of belts required for a particular problem.  Calculate the forces acting on the shaft due to belt tension.

1. Introduction Belt and chain drives are used for the transmission of power when the centre distance between drives are relatively large and need not be very precise.

Belts are machine elements that use friction for the transfer of energy. Belts drives can absorb shock and vibration and relatively quiet.

Chain drives offer the advantages of positive drive (no slip) and therefore greater power capacity

steering wheel pump & air-con compressor.Ribbed belt driving alternator. .

Types of chain: .

(d) Design flexibility. (b) Simple maintenance as it does not need any lubrication. initial cost of drive is moderate and replacement cost is low. (c) Relative low cost. It permits power transmission over non-parallel shafts ( For Flat Belt only).4. . Advantages of Belt Drives over Chain Drives (a) Absorb shock and vibration.

(c) Can be operated in oil-surrounded or high temperature environment. and therefore greater power of capacity. Efficiency can be as high as 98%. Advantages of Chain Drives over Belt Drives (a) High efficiency. . Normally used in automobile valve timing and printing machines.5. (b) Positive Drive (no slip). (d) A single chain can drive many shafts at different speeds. It permits smooth and efficient flow of power. where belt drives would be unsuitable. (e) Can be driven on both sides.

For standard belts the ideal speed is approximately 23 m/s. (kilowatts) • operate best at belt speeds between 8 and 30 m/s. . • variety of standardized sizes and transmission powers. • For most drive applications the maximum satisfactory speed ratio is approximately 7:1.V-Belts V-belts : • trapezoidal cross-section • run on pair of grooved pulleys.

A typical cross section of a V-belt is shown below: .

Material and Surface Finish of V-pulley .

pump. Engine. motor) • • • “Driven” pulley to load (eg. fan…) 1 Hp = 746 W Use SI units during calculations. Conveyor.Important facts: • • • “ω” at smaller pulley is faster “V” is a constant V= R ω 2π ω× ∀ ω (rpm) = (rads-1) 60 • “Driver” : pulley to power source (eg. .

. •Based on the empirical formulae.Selection of V-Belts •Belt design => selection of suitable belt size to transmit a required power. •Use Mitsuboshi catalogues.

) Ca C Std pitch length ? How many belts ? .Belt section ? Follow arrangement of tables & charts given S.R Std pulley size ? (pitch dia.

C.Example One : Design a V-belt drive to transmit the power from an A. The drive is required to run a minimum of 18 hours a day. . squirrel cage motor rotating at 1440 rpm and rated at 11 kW (14. Centres are to be near to. but not more than 750 mm apart and the driven pulley is not to exceed 250 mm outside diameter.7 HP) to a fan rotating at 720 rpm. .1440 rpm d D Centre Distance 720 rpm Driver .A.18 hrs/day Driven .rated 11 kw . squirrel cage motor .

) Std pitch length ? How many belts ? .Belt section ? Follow arrangement of tables & charts given Std pulley size ? (pitch dia.

(a) To select Belt Section Service Factor (Table A2-2) = 1.3 .

Design Power = Rated Power x Service Factor = 1.11 Hp Belt Section Selected (Fig A2-3) = B .3 x 14.7 = 19.

) Std pitch length ? How many belts ? .R Std pulley size ? (pitch dia.Belt section ? Follow arrangement of tables & charts given S.

(b) To determine Standard Pulleys Sizes Speed Ratio =2 Standard pulley selected (Table A2-4) Pitch Diameter of Larger Sheave. D = 240mm Pitch Diameter of Smaller Sheave. d = 120 mm .

Belt section ? Follow arrangement of tables & charts given Std pulley size ? (pitch dia.) Ca C Std pitch length ? How many belts ? .

( c) To Select Standard Pitch Length of Belt Lc = 2C + 1.57 (D+d) + (D-d) 4C 2 = 2070 mm ( Table A2-1) .

Standard pitch length. L s (Table A2-5) = 2057 mm ( Belt no. 81) .


) Std pitch length ? How many belts ? .Belt section ? Follow arrangement of tables & charts given Std pulley size ? (pitch dia.

.81 + 0.71 = 4. of 115 mm.Power Rating per belt = 3.52 Hp Using Rpm of 1425 & pitch dia.

97 . (D-d)/C a = 0.16 Arc of Contact correction factor = 0.Arc of contact.

Table A2-11 Length Correction Factors Belt length correction factor (Table A2-11) = 0.98 .

3 Hp No.97 x 4.4 Choose 5 belts .3 = 4.Actual power rating per belt = 0.11 / 4.52 = 4. of belts = Design power/Actual power rating per belt = 19.98 x 0.

Any Questions .

Belt tension (Ts) generates hub load (Fs) Hub load generates bending moment (M = Fs x L) Power transmitted thru’ rotating shaft generates a torque (T = P/ϖ) TE = M 2 + T 2 Torsional stress of shaft: τ = TE × r J .

N. Shaft diameter TE = M 2 + T 2 16TE d =3 π × τ all . θ M = Fs × L Equivalent torque Min.Torque transmitted Bending moment T = P ω Ts.

of belts = 5 •Pd = 19.If the overhang at the fan pulley in Example 1 is 120mm find the maximum standard shaft diameter of the fan. • Ls = 2057mm • D = 240mm •d = 120mm •B section belt •Ca = 746mm •no.11 Hp . Use the allowable shear stress of 50MN/m2 for the shaft material From Example 1.

05 m/s .Torque Transmitted by the shafts (use rated power) T = P/ω = (11 x 1000) / (2π / 60 x 720) = 146 Nm Bending Moment.240 / 2) = 9. M on the Shaft Belt speed. V = ω x R = (2π / 60 x 720) x (0.


16 . (D-d)/Ca = 0.Arc of contact.



Any Questions .

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