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1. 2. Creamy (30, 40, 47.5, 56, 68) Crunchy (34, 42, 51, 62, 80) 3. Creamy: x-bar= 47.83 s=11.34 Crunchy: x-bar=52.72 s=14.25 4. Creamy IQR= 16.25 Crunchy IQR=20.5 No outliers in either. 5. Creamy: symmetric, bell-shaped, range=38, center=47.5 Crunchy: skewed right, range=46, gap in data 6. Creamy is symmetric whereas crunchy is skewed right. 7. Creamy Crunchy Min z=(30-47.83)/11.34=-1.57 Minz=(34-52.72)/14.25=-1.31 Q1z=(40-47.83)/11.34=-.69 Q1z=(42-52.72)/14.25=-.75 Med z=(47.5-47.83)/11.34=-.03 Med z=(51-52.72)/14.25=-.12 Q3z=(56-47.83)/11.34=.72 Q3z=(62-52.72)/14.25=.65 Maxz=(68-47.83)/11.34=1.78 Maxz=(80-52.72)/14.25=1.91

8.

Creamy is approximately normal whereas crunchy is not.

Part II 1. A randomized block experiment groups subjects together with a certain variable that may confound results to eliminate them. 2. A matched pair is when the same subject is given a pre-test and a post-test. Random pair is when different subjects are paired together based on a common characteristic. 3. Number each subject 1-12. Use a random number generator to get numbers. The first six numbers that are nonrepetitive go to the first treatment, the rest go to the second treatment. 4. Simple random sample ± each sample has equal evidence of selection Stratified random sample ± divide by a certain feature then sample randomly Systematic random sample ± generate a random number then use another system to get sample Multistage random sample ± random sample more than once Cluster random sample ± random sample based on division by location 5. Voluntary response ± Voluntary response bias occurs when sample members are self-selected volunteers, as in voluntary samples. Nonresponse ± Sometimes, individuals chosen for the sample are unwilling or unable to participate in the survey. Nonresponse bias is the bias that results when respondents differ in meaningful ways from nonrespondents. Interviewer bias ±when the question a subject is asked biases their opinion one way or another. Undercoverage ± Undercoverage occurs when some members of the population are inadequately represented in the sample. Part III

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

=113.23 + .00041x x=mare weight y=foal weight No, because r isn¶t high and the line doesn¶t appear to be a good model. b=.00041 For every 1 kg increase in mare weight, there is an approximate increase of .00041 kg in foal weight. r=.0013 There is a weak, positive linear association between mare weight (kg) and foal weight (kg). r2=.0000018 .00018% of the variation in foal weight (kg) can be explained by the LSRL model on mare weight (kg).

7. This would not be advisable because the LSRL isn¶t a good model. 8. =113.23 + .00041x =113.23 + .00041(535) =113.45 Part IV 1. µW=2(28)+3=59 W=|2|(3.2)=6.4 2. µK=-3(22)+4=-62 K=|3|(4.5)=13.5 3. µ=28+22=50 =¥(282+222)=35.61 4. µ=28-22=6 =¥(282-222)=17.32 5. µ=2(28)+3(22)=122 =¥(22(282) +32(222))=86.56 Part V 1. E(x)=3 2. x=1 3. x=actual capacity of a randomly selected tank N(15,.1) P(x14.8)=.0227 4. P(14.7x15.1)=.8310 5. P(x15)=.5000 .5×.5=.25 6. x=number of student who must be stopped before finding one with jumper cables p=.4 Geometric 7. µg=1/p=1/.4=2.5 2 2 g=¥q/p =¥.6/.4 =3.75 8. P(x3)=.939 9. P(x4)=.064 10. x=number of homeowners in the sample with a security system p=.2 n=20 Binomial 11. µb=np=(20)(.2)=4 b=¥npq=¥(20)(.2)(.8)=1.79 12. P(x=5)=.1746 13. P(x3)=.4114 14. P(5x8)=.3604 15. n=50 Normal 16. µ=np=(50)(.2)=10 =¥npq=¥(.2)(.8)(50)=2.8284 17. P(x=5)=.0216 18. P(x4)=.0169 19. P(5x8)=.2012 20. P(defective)=7/25 21. P(company A)=15/25 22. P(defective company A)=5/25 23. P(company B | defective)=2/7 24. Tougher Not tougher Women .33 .22

Total .5

Men .225 .275 .5 Total .56 .44 1 P(woman)=.5 P(woman | tougher)=.33/.56=.5893 Therefore, that the selected adult is female is not independent from the adult favors stricter gun control. Part VI 1. p=population proportion of Caucasian males with a certain chromosome defect n=2000 p-hat=1/200 np=2000(1/200)=1010 nq=2000(199/200)=199010 Therefore, p-hat is approximately normal. µp-hat=1/200 p-hat=¥ pq/n=¥(1/200)(199/200)/(2000)=.0016 2. P(p-hat.002)=.0304 3. P(p-hat.007)=.1056 4. µ=population mean of the nicotine content in a single cigarette of a particular brand or .8 =.1 n=10030 therefore, sample is normal µx-bar=.8 x-bar= /¥n=.1/¥100=.01 P(x-bar.79)=.1587 5. P(x-bar.77)=.0013 6. P(x-bar.82)=.0228 Part VII 1. p=population proportion of all US adults who favor AIDS testing for all citizens p-hat z*¥p-hat×q-hat/n Assume SRS 1014<10% US adults Opinions are assumed independent n×p-hat=1014(466/1014)=46610 n×q-hat=1014(548/1014)=54810 Therefore, p-hat is approximately normal z*=1.96 p-hat z*¥p-hat×q-hat/n (466/1014) 2.96¥(466/1014)(548/1014)/1014=(.413,.506) I am 95% confident that the population proportion of all US adults who favor AIDS testing for all citizens is between 41.3% and 50.6%. 2. z*=1.645 p-hat z*¥p-hat×q-hat/n (466/1014) 1.645¥(466/1014)(548/1014)/1014=(.434,.485) I am 90% confident that the population proportion of all US adults who favor AIDS testing for all citizens is between 43.4% and 48.5%. 3. The 90% and 95% confidence intervals are different because more intervals would be contained in the population proportion of all US adults who favor AIDS testing for all citizens. 4. p=population proportion of full time workers who have been angry enough to want to hit a coworker in the past year p-hat z*¥p-hat×q-hat/n Given SRS 750<10% full time workers

Anger is assumed independent n×p-hat=750(125/750)=12510 n×q-hat=750(625/750)=62510 Therefore, p-hat is approximately normal p-hat=125/750=.1667 5. z*=1.645 p-hat z*¥p-hat×q-hat/n (125/750) 1.645¥(125/750)(625/750)/750=(.144,.189) I am 90% confident that the population proportion of full time workers who have been angry enough to want to hit a coworker in the past year is between 14.4% and 18.9%. 6. n=p-hat×q-hat(z*/B)2 n=(125/750)(625/750)(1.645/.03)2 n=417.57§418

AP Statistics Study Guide

AP Statistics Study Guide

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