Unit 6 Exam: 1820 s- 1860 Study Guide Chapter 16-19 1. John C.

Calhoun s political theory that the states were the only proper judges of whether the federal government had exceeded the powers delegated to it was known as the doctrine of: y Nullification

2. Identify the following: the American continents.., are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power and the policy [of the United States] in regard to Europe is not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers y Monroe Doctrine

3. At the Seneca Falls Woman s Rights Convention organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1848, the delegates: y Declared that all men and women are created equal and that the history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man and toward woman

4. To most Americans in the 1840 s and the 1850 s, the idea of Manifest Destiny meant: y y Countless citizens in the 1840 s and 1850 s, feeling a sense of mission, believed that Almighty God had manifestly destined the American people for a hemispheric career They would irresistibly spread their uplifting and ennobling democratic institutions over at least the entire continent, and possibly over South America as well

5. In 1831, Nat Turner organized and led a slave insurrection in Southampton County, that resulted in: y y The slaughter of about 60 Virginians, mostly women and children Sent a wave of hysteria (planters would sleep with pistols by their pillows)

6. The most persuasive single instrument of anti-slavery propaganda written in response to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was: y Harriet Beecher Stowe s Uncle Tom s Cabin

7. Who led a violent raid on the federal arsenal at Harper s Ferry Virginia, in an attempt to ferment a general slave revolt? y John Brown

8. Stephen A. Douglass, senator from Illinois, framed the Kansas Nebraska Act (1854) mainly because he: y Wanted Southern support for Presidency

9. In the Lincoln-Douglass Debates, Lincoln y y He won a clear moral victory Possibly playing for larger stakes than just the senatorship

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). In response to Andrew Jackson s toast: Our Union. open to popular sovereignty Territory disputed by Texas and New Mexico to be surrendered to New Mexico Texas received $10 million from the federal government as compensation Abolition of the slave trade (not slavery) in the District of Columbia A more stringent fugitive-slave law. Calhoun 13. who toasted: The Union. without restriction on slavery. what man paved the way for mass production and the perfection of the assembly line? y Eli Whitney 16. Through his concept of precision-made interchangeable parts. the major issue to Southern slave owners was the: y Extension of slavery 14. and Shakers originated: y In Germany during the Protestant reformation 12. In the Dred Scott V.It must be preserved!. The Compromise of 1850: y y y y y y y Created by Henry Clay California admitted as free state Territories of New Mexico and Utah. and become a free-state No slavery north of the line 36 30 It was repealed with the Compromise of 1850 11. The Missouri Compromise (1820): y y y y Missouri would be admitted as a slave state Maine would separate from Massachusetts. In the presidential election of 1860. hence. Adventists.y y He had shambled into the national limelight in company with the most prominent northern politicians He began to emerge as a potential Republican nominee for President 10. Sandford. Before the radicalization of the antislavery movement in the 1830 s. next to our liberty most dear! May we all remember that it can only be preserved by respecting the rights of the states and distributing equally the benefit and the burden of the Union ? y John C. Abraham Lincoln ran on the platform that: . In the Presidential campaign of 1860. going beyond that of 1793 18. the Supreme Court ruled that: y The Missouri Compromise violated the Constitution 15. most of those who opposed slavery agreed that the best solution to the problem was: y To declare all slaves to be indentured servants with a term of service of ten years 17.

for the northern manufacturers. The Kansas-Nebraska Act(1854) y The Nebraska territory would be split into Kansas and Nebraska which both would then become either a slave or free state depending on popular sovereignty. . Douglass.he would become Republican Presidential candidate (1860) 24. This began violent retaliation against Brown and his followers. free homesteads from the public domain 19. a protective tariff. This violent attack against slavery helped give Kansas its nick name. published anonymously in 1830. non-extension of slavery. In the presidential election of 1860.y It had a seductive appeal for just about every important non-southern group: for free-soilers. In May of 1856. Calhoun in the South Carolina Exposition and Protest. 25. for the West. internal improvements at federal expense. that the era of colonization in the Americas had ended and that henceforth the hunting season was permanently closed o Monroe bluntlydirected the crowned heads of Europe to keep their hated monarchial systems out of this hemisphere The United States would not intervene in the war that the Greeks were then fighting against the Turks for their independence 22. Denmark Vesey. In the famous debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. and Nat Turner were leaders of: y Unsuccessful slave revolts in the Southern states 23. for the immigrants. and for the farmers. held that: y y The Tariff of Abominations was unjust & unconstitutional It bluntly and explicitly proposed that the states should nullify the tariff 21. known as the LincolnDouglass debates: y y y y Lincoln challenged Douglass. The doctrine of nullification put forth by John C. for the Northwest. no abridgment of rights. John Brown y John Brown was a militant abolitionist that took radical extremes to make his views clear. Illinois known as the Freeport Doctrine Douglass defeated Lincoln for the Senate seat Lincoln became exposed. Brown led a group of his followers to Pottawattamie Creek and launched a bloody attack against pro-slavery men killing five people.a total of 7 debates in 1858 The most famous debate came at Freeport. "bleeding Kansas". a Pacific railroad. Abraham Lincoln: y Abraham Lincoln won less than 50% of the popular vote 20. Gabriel Prosser. The Monroe Doctrine: y Its two basic features: noncolonization and nonintervention o He proclaimed.

William Lloyd Garrison persuaded the American Anti-Slavery Society to endorse the concept of y Secession from the South 29. in response to the . 32. possibly over South America as well 33. II. In the presidential election of 1860 I. Smith was murdered and Brigham Young became the new leader who took the Mormons to Utah. a novel about slavery. 30. The radical abolitionists who appeared in the early 1830s viewed slavery as y A sin or poisonous weed that needed to be stamped. After receiving series opposition from other religious sects. and branched at once. y The Democratic Party factionalized an nominated two candidates The election evolved into a contest between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. should themselves determine the status of slavery in the territory was known as y Popular Sovereignty 34. Breckinridge and John Bell in the South. The Missouri Compromise y y y Missouri becomes a slave state Maine a free state Slavery banned across the 36 30 line 28. Abraham Lincoln won less than 50% of the vote No candidate received a majority of the popular vote All of the above 31. the idea of Manifest Destiny meant all of the following EXCEPT y y Destiny from God to rule the hemisphere Spread Democracy over the entire continent. III. Douglas that the people of a territory. Douglas in the North and John C.26. To most Americans in the 1840s and 1850s. under the principles of the Constitution. The doctrine advocated by Lewis Cass and Stephen A. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) y Was started by Joseph Smith who stated that he received gold plates from an angel. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom s Cabin. IV. The most valuable export from the United States in 1860 was y Cotton 27. rooted.

In 1830. now and forever. that sentiment dear to every true American heart Liberty and Union. about ____ of white Southern families owned slaves y 25% (?) 43. Southern slave owners viewed Abraham Lincoln s victory in the presidential election of 1860 as a threat to slavery because he y Was against spreading slavery to new territories 37.y To the sundering (splitting) of slave families on auction blocks due to economic reasons 35.Nebraska Act of 1854 created a firestorm of opposition because it . Congress has no right to bar slavery from any territory was y The Dred Scott Case 38. who rebutted: When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time. 40. It is also important since it began America s descent into manufacturing on a large scale. bearing for its motto. Haynes defense of the South Carolina Exposition. The Kansas. the sun in heaven. 41. In responding to Senator Robert Y. The prominent issue in national politics in the 1840s was y The debate on the status of slavery in the territories acquired from Mexico. one and inseparable!? y Daniel Webster 36. The establishment of penitentiaries during the 1840s reflected y The tightening up of slave codes (?) 39. The invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney was important because y Because it made slavery profitable yet again and it also allowed more cotton to be produced since it was fifty times more effective than the handpicking process. The Compromise of 1850 had the effect of y y Causing the South to lose power in Congress Causing Southerners to look for territory in the Caribbean 42. let their last feeble glance behold gorgeous ensign of the republic not a stripe erased nor a single star obscured. The Supreme Court decision in 1857 that held that since slaves are the same as any other property.

Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election primarily because . The most significant aspect of the Mexican-American war of the United States during the 20 years following the war was that it y Reignited the slavery conflict in regard to all the territories newly acquired from Mexico 50. Polk elected president referred to y The annexation of Oregon country 49. The paternalistic view of slavery held that y Slavery was necessary to protect blacks from the mistreatment and abuse they would receive if they were freed. Thus by the time the Civil War came around. Horace Mann was most notable for his work in y Campaigned effectively for a better schooling system. This contradicted the Missouri compromise. The most active people in the religious revivals of the mid-19th century were y Methodists and Baptist 52 The Dred Scott case was notable because it y Meant that congress does not have the power to stop slavery from growing into free states. 47. 46. John Brown s raid on the federal arsenal at Harper s Ferry and his subsequent trial and execution had the effect of y Making him a martyr but also leading the South to fear a future rebellion which caused them to prepare for a similar incident. The Slogan fifty-four forty or fight which helped get James K. the South was already better prepared for it than the North. 53. 44. 48. The Mexican War of 1846 was fought primarily to y To take California from Mexico since Mexico had decline to sell it to Polk who was eager to have it 45. It ruled that Dred Scott was to remain a slave despite the fact that he lived in a free state for a while. 51. A major reason for prejudice against Irish immigrants to America in the 1840s and 1850s was y Because of their race and because they took jobs away from people who already lived there.y Meant that the Compromise of 1820 would be repealed which many Northerners believed was as sacred as the Constitution itself.

and South 54. Illinois. During the 1850s tobacco was grown primarily in the West??? 60. The Wilmot Proviso was most likely to be supported by y Free-soilers 57. Under the crop lien System. educated people were less rebellious. Douglas stated that y Any territory desiring to exclude slavery could do so simply by declining to pass laws protecting it 61. West. The election of Franklin Pierce (1852) marked their end 59. The demise of the Whig party and the rise of the Republican Party resulted primarily from y Whigs split between north and south. Which of the following regions was most heavily represented among immigrants to the United States during the years from 1840 to 1860? y Germans 63. The black codes of many southern states in the 1830s were intended to y Place limits on the socioeconomic opportunities open to black people 55. All of the following are true of the Compromise of 1850 Except y It prohibited slavery in the lands acquired as a result of the Mexican War *except part* 65. Improvements in America s transportation system during the 1850s were primarily the result of y Railroad systems 62.y He gathered overwhelming support in the highly populated Northern states while his three opponents divided the anti-Lincoln vote in the North. Tax supported schools for poor. These free schools were imperfect which is why Horace Mann called for an educational reform 58. The Slogan Fifty-four forty or fight had to do with y The demand for the annexation of all of the Oregon country 64. Stephen A. In the 1830s and 1840s the primary difference between the Whigs and the democrats was that y Whigs supported the American System of Henry Clay 56. a farmer . In his famous Freeport Doctrine set forth in his debate with Abraham Lincoln at Freeport. Education in turn-of-the-century schools was primarily aimed at y Free schools for free people. Wealthy wanted them because they acted as insurance.

Probably the greatest of all Supreme Court justices that served during 1800-1860 was y John Marshall . The steady rise in immigration between 1830 to 1860 was least influenced by ??? 70. The main issue of the 1850s Free-Soil party was that y The federal government should permit no further spread of slavery in the territories 67.000 to 30. the Native American (Indian) population east of the Mississippi River decreased from 1225. This decrease is best explained by the y Indian removal act aka trail of tears 68.000.y Mortgaged his next harvest to a merchant in order to buy seed and supplies and support his family 66. The American Anti-slavery movement split in 1840 largely over the issue of y William Lloyd Garrison s advocacy of women s rights and pacifism alienated some members 69. Between 1820 and 1844.

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