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Computer applications in Civil Engineering activities have significantly changed the working scenario in this field. A number of software packages are available for civil engineers for efficient planning, analysis, design, drafting, estimation and project management of Civil Engineering projects from concept to completion. These packages are indeed valuable resources.
With a view to update Civil Engineers in these exciting areas of development, CivilAid Technoclinic Pvt. Ltd. started imparting training in software package in 1998. In the modern day scenario, it is not possible to analyse sophisticated structures manually. This calls for use of specialized software packages. In this direction we have commenced with STAAD III training in 1998 and are now training in STAAD.Pro 2006, the latest version till date.
The emphasis is on hands-on computer experience supported by lectures from experienced faculty comprising of civil / structural engineers.
Dr. C S Viswanatha Chairman
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. STAAD.Pro is a widely used software for structural analysis and design from Research Engineers International. It is simple to use and user friendly. No prior knowledge of the language of the program is necessary to get started. The STAAD.Pro software consists of the following: The STAAD.Pro Graphical User Interface (GUI): It is used to generate the model, which can then be analyzed using the STAAD engine. After analysis and design is completed, the GUI can also be used to view the results graphically. The STAAD Analysis and Design engine: It is a general – purpose calculation engine for structural analysis and integrated steel, concrete, timber and aluminium design.
The objective of this manual is to familiarize the user with the basic principals involved in the implementation of the various analysis / design facilities offered by the STAAD engine. As a general rule, the sequence in which the facilities are discussed follows the recommended sequence of their usage in the input file. Input Generator The user communicates with STAAD through an input file. The input file is a text file consisting of a series of commands which are executed sequentially. Types of Structures A structure can be defined as an assemblage of elements. STAAD is capable of analyzing and designing structures consisting of both frame, plate/shell and solid elements. Unit Systems The user is allowed to input data and request output in almost all commonly used engineering unit systems including MKS, SI, and FPS. Structure Geometry and Coordinate Systems A structure is an assembly of individual components such as beams, columns, slabs, plates etc. In STAAD, frame elements and plate elements may be used to model the structural components. Global Coordinate System The following coordinate systems are available for specification of the structure geometry. - Conventional Cartesian Coordinate System - Cylindrical Coordinate System - Reverse Cylindrical Coordinate System Local Coordinate System A local coordinate system is associated with each member.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Finite Element Information STAAD is equipped with a state –of –the art plate/shell and solid finite element.
Member Properties The following types of member property specifications are available in STAAD: - PRISMATIC property specifications - Standard steel shapes from built- in section library - User created steel tables - TAPERED sections - Through ASSIGN command
Member / Element Release STAAD allows releases for both members and elements
Truss / Tension / Compression In STAAD, the MEMBER TENSION or MEMBER COMPRESSION command can be used to limit the load direction the member may carry
Tension / Compression – only Springs In STAAD, the SPRING TENSION or SPRING COMPRESSION command can be used to limit the load direction the support spring may carry.
Cable Members Cable members may be specified by using the MEMBER CABLE command.
Member Offsets Some members of a structure may not be concurrent with the incident joints thereby creating offsets. This offset distance is specified in terms of global or local coordinate system.
Material Constants The material constants are: modulus of elasticity (E); weight density (DEN); poisson’s ratio (POISS); co-efficient of thermal expansion (ALPHA); composite damping ratio; and beta angle (BETA).
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. Supports STAAD allows specifications of supports that are parallel as well as inclined to the global axes. Master / Slave Joints The master / slave option is provided to enable the user to model rigid links in the structural system. Loads Loads in a structure can be specified as joint load, member load, temperature load and fixed end member load Load Generator STAAD is equipped with built – in algorithms to generate moving loads and lateral seismic loads on a structure. Analysis Facilities The following PERFORM ANALYSIS facilities are available in STAAD - Stiffness analysis / Linear static analysis - Second order static analysis - Dynamic analysis Member End Forces Member end forces and moments in the member result from loads applied to the structure. These forces are in the local member coordinate system. Multiple Analyses Structural analysis / design may require multiple analyses in the same run. STAAD allows the user to change input such as member properties, support conditions etc. in an input file to facilitate multiple analyses in the same run. Steel / Concrete / Timber Design Extensive design capabilities are available in STAAD for steel, concrete and timber sections.
Miscellaneous Facilities STAAD offers the following miscellaneous facilities for problem solution: Perform rotation : After the geometry has been specified. Data Area: The right part of the screen is called the Data Area. STAAD. Substitute: Joint and member numbers may be redefined in STAAD through the use of the SUBSTITUTE command. Footing Design A footing design facility capable of designing individual footings for user specified supports is available. this command can be used to rotate the structure shape through any desired angle about any global axis.Pro. Page Control: The Page Control is a set of tabs that appear to the left of the Main Window. Main Window: This is the largest area at the centre of the screen. Toolbar: The dockable Toolbar gives access to the most frequently used commands. tables. where the model and the results are displayed. etc. list boxes.Ltd.Pro screen has five major elements as discussed below: Menu bar: Located at the top of the screen.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Printing Facilities All input data and output may be printed using PRINT command available in STAAD. appear depending on the type of operation one is performing. Calculation of Centre of Gravity: STAAD is capable of calculating the centre of gravity of the structure. where different dialog boxes. the Menu bar gives access to all the facilities of STAAD. 6 .
A check mark beside the menu item indicates that the specific menu item is selected. 7 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. Main Menu Toolbars Page Control Data Area Main Window STAADPro offers several “Modes” of operation. These modes may be accessed through the Mode menu from the Menu bar. The tabbed items in the Page Control area change depending on the current Mark.
Modeling: In the modeling (Pre-processing) mode. the user generates the model geometry. Page Control: The Page Control option allows the user to toggle the Page Control tabs on and off. query.Pro graphical environment. Post Processing: The Post Processing mode allows the user to perform post – analysis result verification. etc. report generation. specifies loads. supports. etc.Ltd. 8 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Interactive Design: The Interactive Design mode allows the user to perform structural component design in the STAAD.
specifying Member properties. Loads. materials. Use tables to specify Node coordinates and Beam incidences. revision details. Specify Frame members along with Nodes.Ltd. Plate and Solid tables in the respective pages Advance member related specification such as Member Releases. Specify the type of STAAD. Supports. client name.Pro analysis to be performed. etc. Use tables to specify Node coordinates and Plate element incidences Specify Solid elements along with Nodes. The Modeling Mode The Modeling Mode offers graphical facilities for building the model. etc. Specify Loads on structure. Create user defined isotropic and orthotropic materials. The Pages and sub-pages under Modeling Mode are as follows. Define items to be included in the output file before analysis. etc. The Pages in the Modeling Mode Page Setup Sub Page Job Purpose Specify job related information such as job name. Use tables to specify Node coordinates and Solid element incidences. Geometry Beam Plate Solid General Property Spec Support Load Material Analysis / Print Pre-Print Analysis Design PostPrint Steel Concrete Specify Design related parameters for Timber corresponding type of design Aluminum Footing 9 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Specify items to be included in the output file after analysis. etc. Specify Member Properties. which are referred to in the beam. properties are identified by Property Numbers. Create and assign Supports with restrained DOFs. Used grids to generate elements graphically.Pro. This is the default mode in STAAD.. Tension-only members. beta angle. Use grids to generate members graphically. such as sections. Use grids to generate elements graphically. Specify Plate elements along with Nodes.
This file is generated every time Analysis and Design is performed. This file is generated every time a STAAD Analysis and Design is performed STAAD Output 10 .Ltd. The Menus in the Modeling Mode File Menu New Open… Close View Open Backup Manager ASA Export Status Output File Start a new structure Open an existing structure Close the current structure View different types of files as described below. This facilitates to automatically save the current STAAD files at periodic intervals. View the STAAD Output File. It is also capable of restoring older version of the current STAAD file View the report created when exporting a file in the ASA format. View the STAAD or STARDYNE output File.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. This file is generated every time a STARDYNE Analysis is performed. In case the Input Command file contains errors. Export the User Generated Report to text or MS Word file. or both. this command offers to remove offending statements for warning messages.Pro Graphical Environment. Import data from other formats. Save the current job with a different name / at a different location. STARDYNE Output Job Information Report Setup… Printer Setup Input Command File Output File Error Report Report Print Preview Report Export Report Import… Export… Remove From Input Save Save As… Run External Program… Recent STAAD files Exit 11 . Launch a User created external program from inside the STAAD. if any. Save the current job. Preview reports before printing. such as DXF. View the STARDYNE Output File. if any. This file is generated every time Analysis and Design is performed. such as DXF.Pro program module. Display/ Hide Job Information dialog box on screen Offers facilities to set up the contents of customized report. Export data to other formats. Error messages. Print the User Generated Report file. Setup Printer View / Print the Input Command File Print the STAAD or STARDYNE Output File.Ltd. Print the Error Report. Provides a list of the most recently used or created STAAD files Exit the STAAD.
Ltd. This File is used to create customized output in the user’s own formats. Copy the current picture to clipboard for pasting in other windows application. Cut selected object(s) (delete and copy to clipboard) for future pasting Copy selected object(s) to clipboard Paste object(s) from clipboard Delete selected object(s) Take a snapshot picture of current view to be included in reports. 12 . interface to other programs. etc.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Edit the Script file.Pro native format and can be accessed during Report Setup. Edit the Input Command File. The picture is stored in a STAAD. Edit Menu Undo / Redo Cut Copy Paste Delete Take Picture Copy Picture Edit Input Command File Edit Script File Undo / Redo previous operation.
The original window highlights the location of the zoomed-in portion. The cursor changes to Hand.0 to zoom out. Zoom Factor Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom All Dynamic Zoom Previous Pan 13 . Move the structure in the current view. Zoom out of the structure by a fixed percentage View the entire structure within the bounds of the viewing area A portion of the structure is selected for zooming by specifying a window around it.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Zoom in the structure by a fixed percentage. Choose factors <1. The zoomed-in region appears in a new window. Click and drag to move the cursor. Press Esc or select this menu option again to cancel the Pan mode. Choose factors>1. Restore the view to its previous state.Ltd. View Menu Zoom Zoom Window Zoom in a portion of the structure Select a portion of the structure for zooming by specifying a window around it. The zoomed-in-region appears in the same window Zoom in or out of the structure by specifying a magnification factor.0 to zoom in.
Beams. 14 .Ltd. Units. etc. View Selected Objects Only Always fit in current window Tables… Whole Structure Orientation… Structure Diagrams… Open View… New View… View Management Detach View Add to View Save View Rename View Toolbars… Options… Set Structure Colors… Structural tool tip options 3D Rendering Refresh Open previously saved view. Suitable for identifying modeling problems in a complicated structure. The Loads and Results tab allows display of various post-analysis results on the structure. irrespective of the current page. such as Highlight color. Supports. dynamic zoom and panning capabilities in the 3D rendered view. etc. Select this option again to see the entire structure. Customize view by specifying display parameters such as 3D view. etc.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.. Set orientation of the current view. side. It displays the selected portion of the model to a size governed by optimum usage of the dimensions of the current window Display different tables (such as Nodes. Labels tab is used to display Node/member no. Delete any saved or active view window Add selected geometry to an existing view Save current view of the structure with a name Rename an existing view. plan. Create a new view Manage view related functions. on structure. etc. Display the entire structure. viewing angles. support icons. Set colors for different display items such as analysis results. etc. View only the selected object on screen. etc. It enables walk through. Properties. Font type..) on screen. design results. For example. Refresh the screen. Scales tab is used to control scaling of loads and result items. end or 3D views. Customize toolbars Control different view options.
if present. Similarly for beams & plates Highlight or remove orphan nodes (dangling nodes not attached to the structure) Detects plates whose nodes do not lie in same plane Detects members connected between duplicate nodes Detects two members which are collinear 15 . Tools Menu Check Multiple Structure.. Check Duplicate Orphan Nodes Check for Warped Plates Check zero length members Check for Overlapping Collinear members Check Overlapping plates Check Beam Plate Connectivity Check for solids with negative volume(Jacobian) Check and identify multiple un-connected structures.. Check / Remove duplicate node numbers with the same coordinates.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Display Node to Node Distance Remove Node Dimension Set Current Input Unit… Set Current Display Unit… Cut Section. Set input units of Length and Force. Tool for calculating section property values such as area. Dimension Beams. or making changes to current entries in the steel / aluminum section database which are supplied with the program Create a named list of joints.. Convert data from one unit to another Display dimensions on structure.. Add comments and titles to pictures and result diagrams List Format Create User Table… Section Wizard Modify section database Create New Group. Provide a calculator capable of performing engineering calculations.Ltd. Query Reverse incidence of selected beams so that the global coordinates of the End node are greater than that of the Start node. Display distance between nodes. moment of inertia etc. Switch settings to break a list into its components or use the ALL option when data is saved in the STAAD input file Create User Table of non-standard sections for code check and steel design. shear and bending moments. Unit Converter. Remove all node to node distance.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. beams.... Insert Text 16 . member properties. To examine the current units of various attributes of the model Cut section at a specified plane. plates or solids. Tool for adding / removing entries. Display information for selected member including geometry.. steel design.. Check for warped solids Redefine Incidence Calculator.... deflection.
Also the members with missing attributes can be selected. Select Menu It provides different selection options to select nodes. by specifying a list of nodes. beams etc.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. by group name. The different cursors are also provided to select different entities such as Nodes cursor / Beam cursor to select Nodes Beams etc.Ltd. beams and plates. truss. parallel to any axis. cable. release. or by specification such as property. inactive or failed members. The selection may be done by range.. 17 .
Add beams to the structure This option is used to add a beam between two existing nodes This option is used to add members between the mid points of two existing beams This option used to add members between an existing node and the perpendicular bisection of existing beam 18 ...Ltd. Allow beams to be created by snapping node-tonode. Geometry Menu Nodes Snap / Grid Node Beam Plate Solid Insert Node.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Add Beam From point to point Between mid points By Perpendicular Intersection Display the Nodes Table for listing and adding nodes Give options for generating beams. plates and solids using node snaps. Allow plates to be created by snapping node-to-node Allow solids to be created by snapping node-to-node Split an existing member to create two or more parts with automatic generation of nodes and beam incidences.
Intersect selected members Merge Selected members Merge selected nodes Renumber Split Beam Break Beams at selected nodes Run Structure Wizard 19 . plates or solids beginning at a specified number Split a existing member to create two or more parts with automatic generation of nodes and beam incidences. Copy (or repeat) selected portions of the structure specified number of times at specified circular displacements. This option is used to split the members at the intersection points so that they become attached Combine selected collinear members into one beam Combine selected collinear nodes into one node Renumber selected nodes. Invoke the Structure Wizard for aiding in creating geometry. Y or Z directions. Circular Repeat… Surface mesh generator Move… Rotate… Mirror. Discretize any 2D surface and then automatically create a STAAD file Move selected joint / origin / member / plate / solid by a specified distance Rotate the selected portions of the structure about specified axis through specified distance. Add a joint at the intersection of selected members which lie in the same plane.Ltd... Copy (or repeat) selected portions of the structure specified number of times at specified linear displacements. Curved Beam Add Plate Quad Triangle Add solid Add Surface Create Collinear beams Connects beam along X axis Y axis Z axis Translational Repeat… This option used to define Curved beam Give options for adding plate to the structure Add a four-noded plate to the structure Add a three-noded plate to the structure Add a solid element to the structure Add surface elements by connecting existing nodes Scan through a selected set of points and create collinear beams passing through 3 or more points which lie along a straight line.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. The original structure may either be copied or moved. The original structure may either be copied or moved. beams. This is a tool for connecting beams either in X. Mirror the selected portions of the structure about specified axis through specified distance.
listing material names and constant values 20 . Allow properties for tapered beams to be given Allow User Defined Table sections to be assigned Assign cross-section profile Remove material property specifications from the structure Contains options for defining various material constants. Display the material table. Commands Menu Plate Thickness Member Property Prismatic Steel Table Aluminum Table Tapered User Defined Table Assign Clear Above Commands Material Constants Material Table Assign a plate element thickness Give options for defining member properties Allow prismatic column / beam properties to be entered. Contains a list of international steel tables from which sections can be chosen.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Contains the US Aluminum sections to be selected for a member.Ltd.
Specify cross-section orientations. Specify the member reference point for the Beta angle Specify a reference point on a plate element Remove geometric constant specifications from the structure Contains options for applying supports to the structure Define a pinned support Define a fixed support Define a fixed support with various DOF released or a spring support. Add or delete Master / Slave specification Define items to be included in the Output file before analysis. Tension only member. etc. Remove material constant specifications from the structure. Inclined Foundation Multi linear spring Standard material properties may be defined by selecting these options. Same as FIXED BUT support except it allows for imposed displacement loads on the structure nodes Define a support on an inclined plane. Density Elasticity Poisson’s Ratio Alpha Damping Ratio G (Shear modulus) Clear Above Commands Geometric Constants Beta Angle Member Reference Point Plate Reference Point Clear Above Commands Support Specifications Pinned Fixed Fixed But / Spring Enforced…. Specify Beta Angle for members.Ltd. Inactive members. Same as FIXED support except it allows for imposed displacement loads on the structure nodes. Define a foundation support Define a support spring whose stiffness is dependent upon the displacement of the spring Tension / Compression Designate certain support springs as tension only or spring Compression only springs Clear Above Commands Remove support specifications from the structure Member Specifications Plate Element Specifications Master / Slave Specification Pre-Analysis Print Provide member specs such as Cable member. Enforced but….Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. etc. Provide element specs such as Element Release. Ignore In-plane rotation. Member Release /Offset. 21 .
Mode Menu This menu is used to switch between the Modeling.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. Specify miscellaneous STAAD/Pro related commands such as Set NL. The design is performed along with analysis using the Run Analysis option. Interactive design and Bridge Deck Preprocessor modes as well as to turn Page Control on or off. Set Z Up etc. etc. Specify the type of STAAD/Pro analysis to be performed Specify items to be included in the Output file after analysis Specify design related parameter to be included in the Input Command File. Analyze Menu Run Analysis Perform analysis for STARDYNE advance analysis. Post Processing. Define Damping for dynamics Loading Analysis Post-Analysis Print Design Miscellaneous Enables to specify values for damping when the damping ratio is unique for the individual modes Define and specify different types of loading. Dynamic. you may need to select the type of analysis such as Static. Note : Most of these commands are also available through different pages. 22 .
STAAD/Pro Info on the web About STAAD/Pro. Open STAAD/Pro’s PDF help file table of contents with links to various options. Multi Media Help.. tile horizontal.. Help Menu Contents. Display contact information for your nearest STAAD/Pro support office and launch email interface for technical support. 23 ... Offer multimedia help on various STAAD/Pro commands. Window Menu This menu is used to switch between various window options such as cascade. Technical Support..Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.. tile vertical and structure only.. Opens STAAD/Pro’s Technical Support website through your web browser Display information regarding the STAAD/Pro release being used.Ltd..
In order to use this facility. This page appears only if a Time History analysis is performed Display Beam Forces and Moments. The Post Processing Mode The Post Processing Mode offers graphical result verification and visualization facilities The Pages in the Post Processing Mode Purpose Display nodal displacements along with tabular results for Node Node Displacement displacements and sectional Beam displacements Display support reactions along with Reactions tabular results Display modal displacements for selected Mode shape number. Display Beam Stresses. * Indicates that these pages will appear only if a dynamic analysis is performed. Display Time History plots. Section Displacement. or Stress Animation Animate on the screen. DirectX driver must be present in your system.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Time History. if Time History * applicable.) Display stress contour for various Solid Contour types of solid stresses Animate Deflection. in graphical Stresses and tabular form Display Beam Failure diagram and Failure table. Mode shape. This page appears only for dynamic Modes* analyses including Response Spectrum. Display stress contour for various types of plate stresses (such as Max. or Modal Calculations.Ltd. Beam Forces in graphical and tabular form. Plate Contour Absolute stress. Offers facilities to generate custom Reports Reports reports. Display Moment and Force for Graphs individual beam. etc. Page Sub-Page 24 . Max V on Mises stress.
Section Displacement.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Bending Moment Deflection Section Displacement Utilization Ratio Beam Stresses Plate Stress Contour Solid Stress Contour Mode Shape Displacement. DirectX drivers must be present in your system. The Menus in the Post Processing Mode Results Menu Animation. Display beam force and moment diagrams on the structure Display nodal displacements Display nodal and sectional displacements Used in steel design for code checks and member selection operation in tabular form and annotated on the structure diagram.. Mode shape. In order to use this facility. Animate Deflection....Ltd. or Stress on the screen. Display stress contours for corresponding elements Display modal displacements for selected mode 25 .
Joint Displacement.Ltd. Section Displacement..Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Beam End Forces..... Allow user to adjust the scale to which results are drawn on screen. Section Forces.. Time History Graph. Update Properties Slab Reinforcement Report Menu Beam Property... Support Reactions.... Beam Stresses.. 26 ... Select Load Case...... Display tabular results for beam end forces Display tabular results for beam section displacements Display tabular results for beam section forces Display tabular results for beam stresses Display tabular results for plate element stresses.. Scale. Display tabular results for joint displacement Display tabular results for support reaction.. Display time history plots of displacement velocities & acceleration if a time history analysis is carried out Allow user to select the load case for which results are displayed. Display values on graphs drawn on the structure Apply design results to the structure for further analysis and design Display concrete design results. View Value.. Plate Results Display a table of beam properties.
each of which contains several toolbar icons.Pro offers several toolbars. File Toolbar Save Copy Cut Undo Redo Staad Dyne output New Structure Open Close Structure Structure Paste Delete Staad Editor Staad Output User Tools Run VB Macro Toolbar Icon New Structure Open Structure Close Structure Save Copy Cut Paste Delete Undo STAAD Editor STAAD Output STARDYNE Output Function Open a new structure file Open an existing structure file Close the current structure file Save the current structure file Copy selected objects to the clipboard Cut (delete and copy) selected objects to the clipboard Paste objects from the clipboard Selected objects will be deleted Undo the last action Open the STAAD Editor with the current Input Command File View STAAD Output File Corresponding Menu/ Page option File | New File | Open File | Close File | Save Edit | Copy Edit | Cut Edit | Paste Edit | Cut Edit | Undo Edit | Edit Input Command File File | View | Output File | STAAD Output File | View | Output File | STARDYNE Output View STARDYNE Output File 27 .Pro offers a set of “Dockable” and “Floating” toolbars for quickly accessing frequently used commands STAAD. The Toolbars STAAD. The toolbars are described below.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Ltd. . . The picture may be included later in the customized reports Facility for exporting the information displayed in the graphical window into a standard graphical image format such as bitmap.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Print toolbar Print Preview Take Picture Export View Print Print Preview Current View Report Setup Print Current View Toolbar Icon Print Print Preview Report Setup Function Print the current report created using the Report Setup option Preview the current report created using the Report Setup option Offers facilities to set up the contents of customized report Take a picture of the current graphics window.jpg. Print the contents of the currently active window in the GUI Preview the currently active window before printing Corresponding Menu/ Page option File | Print | Report File | Print | Preview Report File | Report Setup Take Picture Edit | Take Picture Export View Print Current View Print Preview Current View None None 28 .tif etc.
Structure Toolbar Change Graphical Display Units Symbols & Labels Remove All Node to Node Distance Scale Tables Loads Dimensions Insert Text Label Cut Section Node to Node Distance Node Input Units Toolbar Icon Tables Input Units Change graphical display units Cut Section Symbols & Labels Loads Dimension Node to Node Distance Remove all node to node distance Info Scale Insert Text label Function Allow user to select which tables appear on screen Set length and force units. Used to change the length and force units for various which can be displayed on screen Cut a cross-section of the structure Corresponding Menu/ Page option View | Tables Tools | Set Current Unit Tools | Set Current Display unit Tools | Cut Selection View | Structure Turn on/ off display of Beam / Diagrams. the structure More button View | Structure Adjust scales for loads and results Diagrams. Labels Node Labels. tab General | Load Display loads on structure Page Display dimension of the members Tools | in the structure Dimensions Tools | Display Node to Node Display distance between nodes Dimension Remove the display of all node to Tools | Remove node distances currently annotated Node Dimension Display general information about Setup | Job Page.Ltd.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Support icons. Scales tab Add comments and titles to Tools | Insert Text pictures and result diagrams 29 . etc.
.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. and then deselected that same set may be reselected by clicking on this icon Move the structure in the current view Used to view a specific portion of the model View | Zoom | Dynamic Zoom View | Zoom | Zoom All View | Zoom | Zoom In View | Zoom | Zoom Out View | Zoom | Zoom Factor.. Zoom in the structure by a fixed percentage Zoom out of the structure by a fixed percentage Zoom in or out of the structure by a specifying a magnification factor Redraw the model to a size which is in accordance with the view obtained prior to the current zoom settings Zoom in the selected portion of the structure in the current view window If one or more of a specific type of entity is selected. View | Zoom | Zoom Window View | Pan 30 .Ltd. View Toolbar Display Whole Structure Zoom Extent Zoom Out Zoom Previous Previous Selection Magnifying Glass Active Load Dynamic Zoom Zoom In Zoom Zoom Factor Window Pan 3D Rendered View Structural Diagram Info Toolbar Icon Display Whole Structure Dynamic Zoom Zoom Extent Zoom In Zoom Out Zoom Factor Function Corresponding Menu/ Page option Zoom previous Zoom Window Previous Selection Pan Magnifying glass Zoom in the selected portion of the structure in a new view window Display the entire structure within the bounds of the viewing area.
Enables walk through dynamic zoom & spanning capabilities to move through the model Scroll box for selecting the active load case for which results are displayed 3D Rendered view Active Load Structural Diagram info Results | Select Load Case.. Rotate the relative position of the eye with respect to the structure.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.. Using the arrow keys in the keyboard has the same effect 31 .Ltd. Rotate Toolbar View from +X View from +Y Isometric View Rotate Down Rotate Right Spin Right View from +Z View from -Z View from -X View From -Y Rotate Up Rotate Left Spin Left Select Node to set Centre of rotation Toolbar Icon Front View Side View Plan View Isometric View Rotate Up Rotate Down Rotate Left Rotate Right Function Display the structure in corresponding view Corresponding Menu/ Page option View | Orientation View | Orientation menu options allows you to specify the relative position of eye with respect to the structure.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Loads and Results tab View | Structure Diagrams.Ltd. Mode Toolbar Post Processing Modeling Page Control Toolbar Icon Modeling Post Processing Page Control Results Toolbar Shear Y Force Function Switch to Modeling Mode Switch to Post Processing Mode Turn Page Control On/Off Corresponding Menu/ Page option Mode | Modeling Mode | Post Processing Mode | Page Control Torsion Bending Z Moment Plate Stress Deflection Active Mode Axial Force Shear Z force Bending Y Moment Beam Stress Solid Stress Mode Shapes Animate Result Setup Toolbar Icon Axial Force Function Display Axial Force diagrams on the structure Display Shear Force Y diagrams on the structure Display Shear Force Z diagrams on the structure Display Torsion diagrams on the structure Display Bending Moment Y diagram on the structure Display Bending Moment Z on the structure Display Beam Stress diagrams on the structure Shear Y Force Shear Z Force Torsion Bending Y Moment Bending Z Moment Beam Stress Corresponding Menu/ Page option View | Structure Diagrams. Loads and Results tab View | Structure Diagrams. Loads and Results tab View | Structure Diagrams. Loads and Results tab View | Structure Diagrams. Loads and Results tab Results | Beam Stresses 32 . Loads and Results tab View | Structure Diagrams.
Section Displacement. Display Plate Stress contours on the structure Display Plate Stress contours on the structure Display Deflected Shape of the structure Display Mode Shapes of the structure Animate the Deflection.Ltd. Mode Shape or Stress Display the Results Setup dialog box for changing Load Case. Range.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. for viewing output Beam Cursor Node Cursor Plate Cursor Solid Cursor Select Text Label Cursor Surface Cursor Geometry Cursor Plate Stress Solid Stress Deflection Mode Shapes Animate Results | Plate Stress Contour Results | Solid Stress Contour Results | Deflection Results | Mode Shape Displacement Results | Animation Results | Select Load Case Results Setup Selection Toolbar Load edit Cursor Member Release Edit Cursor Support Edit Cursor Toolbar Icon Nodes Cursor Beams Cursor Plates Cursor Surface Cursor Solids Cursor Geometry Cursor Select Text Label Cursor Load Edit Cursor Support Edit Cursor Member release Edit Cursor Function Allow nodes to be selected Allow beams to be selected Allow plates to be selected Allow surface to be selected Allow solids to be selected Allow any geometry to be selected Enter the mode for editing precreated text labels It enables to select a previously assigned load for modification purpose To Select a previously assigned support for modification purpose To select a previously assigned member release for modification purpose Corresponding Menu/ Page option Select | Nodes Cursor Select | Beams Cursor Select | Plates Cursor Select | Surface Cursor Select | Solids Cursor Select | Geometry Cursor Select | Text Cursor Select | Load Edit cursor Select | Support Edit Cursor 33 . etc.
Geometry Toolbar Add Curved Beams Add Surface Snap Node / Beam / Plate Add Beams b/w midpoints / perpendicular Intersection Insert Opening in the surface Add Beams Add 3 / 4 Noded Plates Add Solids Insert Node Generate Surface Meshing Toolbar Icon Add Beams Add Curved Beams Add 3-Noded Plates Add 4-Noded Plates Add Surface Add Solids Function Allow beams to be added between existing nodes To specify a curved member define in terms of a radius & GAMMA angle Allow triangular plates to be added between existing nodes Allow quadrilateral plates to be added between existing nodes To define surface between nodes Corresponding Menu/ Page option Geometry | Add Beam Geometry | Add Plate | Triangle Geometry | Add Plate | Quad Allow solids to be added between existing nodes Allow beams to be created by Snap Node/Beam snapping node-to-node Allow 3-noded plates to be Snap Node/Plate created by snapping node-tonode Allow 4-noded plate to be Snap Node/Plate created by snapping node to node Insert Node Add Beam between midpoints Add Beam by perpendicular intersection Insert a node into a beam To add a member between the midpoints of 2 existing members Add a beam from an existing node to an existing member in such a way that newly added beam intersects the existing member at a 90º angle Geometry | Add Solid Geometry | Snap/Grid Node | Beam Geometry | Snap/Grid Node | Plate Geometry | Snap/Grid Node | Plate Geometry | Insert Node or Geometry / Split Beam Geometry | Add Beams | Add Beam between midpoints Geometry | Add beam | Add Beam by Perpendicular Intersection 34 .Ltd.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. A tool for creating a mesh of plate elements for a surface Generate Surface defined in terms of its corner meshing nodes Insert Opening in Tool to insert a Cutout / Opening the Surface in the surface Select | Mesh generation Cursor Select | Opening in surface Generate Toolbar Circular Repeat Generate Rotate Translational Repeat Generate Mirror Toolbar Icon Translational Repeat Function Copy (or repeat) selected portions of the structure a specified number of times at specified linear displacements Copy (or repeat) selected portions of the structure a specified number of times at specified circular displacements Mirror selected portions of the structure about a given plane Rotate selected portions of the structure about a given axis Corresponding Menu/ Page option Geometry | Translational Repeat Circular Repeat Geometry | Circular Repeat Geometry | Mirror Geometry | Rotate Generate Mirror Generate Rotate 35 .Ltd.
Ltd. Structure Tools Toolbar Support page Property page Specification Page Load Page Toolbar Icon Property Page Support Page Specification Page Load Page Function Display the General | Property Page Display the General | Support Page Display the General | Spec Page Display the General | Load Page Corresponding Menu/ Page option General | Property General | Support General | Spec General | Load 36 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.
Creating a new structure This Dialog box will appear every time we start the program The structure type is to be defined appropriately by choosing one among Space. analyzing and designing a structure are: Starting the program Click on STAAD-Pro icon from the STAAD-Pro 2006 program. The basic steps involved in modelling. Plane.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Floor & Truss The units for force & Length has to be chosen.Ltd. The units can be changed later at any stage of the modeling if necessary We have to provide filename & path (location) After specifying these click on the Next button 37 .
After selecting one of the above. 38 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Open Structure Wizard provides access to library of structural templates. Add Beam. Click on Finish. Add Plate or Add Solid are the starting points for constructing Beams. Creating joints and members Select the tools to be used to initially construct the model. Plates or Solids. These options are also available in the menus of GUI.Ltd.
Model can be created by specifying the nodal co-ordinates in ‘Nodes’ Dialog box as shown above 39 . The spaces between the adjacent construction lines can also be altered. In Geometry. Snap node / beam dialog box appears in the data area on the right side of the screen along with the construction lines on the main window.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Specifying material constants Click on GENERAL tab Then on material Apart from the database materials we can create a new material property and assign to the structure. 40 .Ltd.
Specifying member properties Add member property and material type in the above dialog box 41 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd.
Ltd.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Printing member information 42 . Assign the property to the respective members.
choose labels. right click the mouse button anywhere in the drawing area.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Then Click OK. To Display the node and beam numbers. check the node numbers and beam numbers.Ltd. Beam & Node numbers will be displayed on the structure as below. Specifying supports 43 .
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. Add fixed supports. select Support 2 in the ‘Supports – Whole Structure’ dialog box and assign to respective nodes. Specifying loads 44 .
‘Load’ dialog box will appear. Click Ok.Ltd. 45 . Select ‘Load case 1’. Select load.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. by adding intensities assign to the required members. Enter Title & load case number. Click on primary load. click on ‘Add’ for selecting the type of loading in that load case. we see ‘Create new definition / load cases / load items’ Dialog box .
Enter Title and factor for the load cases.Ltd. Specifying the analysis type 46 . Loads will be displayed on the structure in main window. Similarly create different load cases by clicking on ‘Add’. To create load combination click on ‘Add’ button and ‘Define combinations’ in ‘Add new : Load cases’ dialog box.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.
Ltd. select different design parameters and define it and assign to the respective members. Specifying design parameters Click on Design. among Column design and Slab / Element design.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. support reactions. member stresses. Specify current code. 47 . In “Design Commands” select Beam design. joint displacements etc. Specifying post – analysis print commands To obtain the required results such as member forces. Click on post analysis print and select the required results.
Ltd. In order to perform analysis and design select the run analysis option from the analyze menu of menu bar 48 .Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. Performing analysis and design STAAD-Pro performs analysis and design simultaneously.
The output file contains the numerical results produced in response to the various input commands. Stay in Modeling Mode – Continues to be in model generation mode Viewing the output file Verifying results on screen – both graphically and numerically. View Output file – Option allows to view the output file created by STAAD. plot result diagrams etc. view the results graphically. Once the analysis is complete notice that we can choose from the three options available in the above dialog box. specified during model generation process. several messages appears on the screen as shown above.Ltd. As the analysis progresses. It also tells us whether any errors were encountered Go to Post Processing Mode – Option allows to go to post processor where we can verify the results.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. 49 .
Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt. To view Bending moment diagram.OK 50 . Click on bending moment. Select view values – beam results – bending moments .Ltd. To view the values.
In the following examples and exercises the above structures along with the various load cases and their combinations have been dealt with. The various loadings are dead loads. EXAMPLES AND EXERCISES The various structures that are commonly adopted in our day to day analysis and design are trusses.Civil-Aid Technoclinic Pvt.Ltd. grids and space frames. ************ 51 . wind loads and seismic loads. plane frames. imposed loads.