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DRUGS ACTION DOSAGE INDICATIONS SIDE EFFECTS CONTRAINDICATI NURSING

/ ROUTE ONS RESPONSIBILITIES


Haloperid Alters the effects 10mg Acute and CNS: SEIZURES, Hypersensitivity Assess mental status
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of dopamine in chronic (orientation, mood,
ol BID extrapyramidal Narrow-angle
the CNS psychotic reactions, glaucoma behavior) prior to and
IVC Also has disorders periodically during
Brand confusion,
anticholinergic including: Bone marrow therapy
Name and alpha- shizophrenia drowsiness, Monitor blood pressure
Haldol restlessness, depression
adrenergic (sitting, standing, lying)
blocking activity. manic states tardive dyskinesia, CNS depression and pulse prior to and
Classificatio Therapeutic frequently during the
n effects: drug-induced EENT: blurred Severe liver or
psychoses period of dosage
Therapeut Diminished signs vision, dry eyes, cardiovascular adjustment. May cause
ic: and symptoms of Resp: respiratory disease
Also useful in QT interval changes on
antipsychot psychoses depression, ECG
managing Some products
ics Improved CV: hypotension,
aggressive or contain tartrazine,
Pharmacol behavior in agitated tachycardia, Observe patient
ogic: children with GI: constipation, sesame oil, or carefully when
patients
Tourette's benzyl alcohol and
butyrophen Tourette's dry mouth, administering
syndrome or should be avoided
ones other behavioral syndrome anorexia, drug- medication, to ensure
induced hepatitis, in patients with that medication is
problems
Severe ileus, known intolerance actually taken and not
behavioral or hypersensitivity
GU: urinary hoarded
problems in
children which retention,
Derm: Monitor intake and
may be
diaphoresis, output ratios and daily
accompanied
by: photosensitivity, weight. Assess patient
unprovoked, rashes, for signs and symptoms
combative, Endo: of dehydration
explosive galactorrhea,
Assess fluid intake and
hyperexcitabilit Hemat: anemia,
bowel function.
y leukopenia,
Increased bulk and
hyperactivity Metab:
fluids in the diet help
accompanied hyperpyrexia,
minimize constipating
by conduct Misc:
effects
disorders NEUROLEPTIC
(short-term use MALIGNANT Monitor patient for
when other SYNDROME, onset of akathisia
modalities have hypersensitivity (restlessness or desire
failed) reactions, to keep moving), which
may appear within 6 hr
of 1st dose and may be
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IVC
Amoxicilli Binds to bacterial 500mg Treatment of: CNS: SEIZURES Hypersensitivity to Assess for infection
n cell wall, causing TID Skin and skin (HIGH DOSES), penicillins (vital signs; appearance
cell death ○ structure GI: of wound, sputum,
Brand infections Tablets for oral
PSEUDOMEMBRAN urine, and stool; WBC)
name Therapeutic Otitis suspension
○ media OUS COLITIS, at beginning of and
Effects: (DisperMox)
Apo-Amoxi, Sinusit diarrhea, nausea, throughout therapy
Bactericidal contain aspartame;
DisperMox ○ is vomiting, elevated
action; spectrum avoid in patients Obtain a history before
Respiratory liver enzymes,
is broader than with initiating therapy to
CLASSIFIC ○ infections Derm: rashes,
penicillins Genitourinary urticaria, phenylketonuria determine previous use
ATION
○ infections of and reactions to
Therapeut Spectrum: Hemat: blood
Endocarditis penicillins or
ic: anti- dyscrasias,
Active against: prophylaxis cephalosporins. Persons
infectives, Misc: ALLERGIC
antiulcer REACTIONS with a negative history
Postexposure
Streptoco of penicillin sensitivity
agents inhalational INCLUDING
○ cci may still have an
Pharmacol Pneumoco anthrax ANAPHYLAXIS,
ogic: SERUM SICKNESS, allergic response
○ cci prophylaxis
aminopenic Enteroco superinfection, Observe for signs and
illins ○ cci Management of
symptoms of
Haemophilus ulcer disease
○ influenzae anaphylaxis (rash,
due to
Escherichia pruritus, laryngeal
Helicobacter
○ coli edema, wheezing).
pylori
Proteus Notify the physician or
○ mirabilis other health care
Neisseria
professional
○ meningitidis
Neisseria immediately if these
○ gonorrhoeae occur
Shigel
○ la Obtain specimens for
Chlamydia culture and sensitivity
○ trachomatis prior to therapy. First
Salmone dose may be given
○ lla before receiving results
Borrelia
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IVC
○ burgdorferi Monitor bowel function.
H. Diarrhea, abdominal
○ pylori cramping, fever, and
bloody stools should be
reported to health care
professional promptly
as a sign of
pseudomembranous
colitis. May begin up to
several weeks following
cessation of therapy

Diphenhy Antagonizes the 2mg OD Relief of CNS: drowsiness, Hypersensitivity Diphenhydramine has
dramine effects of PRN allergic dizziness, Acute attacks of multiple uses.
histamine at H1- symptoms headache, asthma Determine why the
Brand receptor sites;
caused by paradoxical medication was ordered
name does not bind to Lactation
or inactivate histamine excitation and assess symptoms
Banophen, histamine release (increased in Known alcohol that apply to the
Benadryl Significant CNS including: children), intolerance individual patient.Geri:
Dye-Free depressant and EENT: blurred Appears in the Beers
Anaphyla vision, tinnitus, list. May cause sedation
Alergy anticholinergic
○ xis
properties CV: hypotension, and confusion due to
Seasonal and
○ Perennial palpitations, increased sensitivity to
Therapeutic GI: anorexia, dry anticholinergic effects.
allergic rhinitis
CLASSIFIC Effects: mouth, Monitor carefully,
Allergic
ATION Decreased
○ dermatoses constipation, assess for confusion,
Therapeut symptoms of Parkinson's nausea, delirium, other
ic: allergy, histamine excess disease and GU: dysuria, anticholinergic side
cold, and (sneezing, dystonic frequency, urinary effects and fall risk.
cough rhinorrhea, nasal reactions from retention, Institute measures to
remedies, and ocular medications Derm: prevent falls
antihistami pruritus, ocular
photosensitivity,
nes , tearing and Mild nighttime Prevention and
Resp: chest
antitussive redness, sedation Treatment of
tightness,,
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IVC
s urticaria) Prevention of thickened Anaphylaxis: Assess
motion bronchial for urticaria and for
Relief of acute sickness secretions, , patency of airway
dystonic wheezing,
reactions Antitussive Local: pain at IM Allergic Rhinitis:
(syrup only) site, Assess degree of nasal
Prevention of stuffiness, rhinorrhea,
motion sickness and sneezing
Suppression of Parkinsonism and
cough
Extrapyramidal
Reactions: Assess
movement disorder
before and after
administration

Insomnia: Assess
sleep patterns

Motion Sickness:
Assess nausea,
vomiting, bowel sounds,
and abdominal pain

Cough Suppressant:
Assess frequency and
nature of cough, lung
sounds, and amount
and type of sputum
produced. Unless
contraindicated,
maintain fluid intake of
1500-2000 ml daily to
decrease viscosity of
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IVC
bronchial secretions

Pruritus: Assess
degree of itching, skin
rash, and inflammation