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‫فرسان األجواء‬
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‫‪cover yyy.indd 1‬‬ ‫‪12/29/10 6:13:16 PM‬‬


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53969/255568/252456 County + Area code (662) GSA-Saba Trade Dhaka ( Bangladesh )
Area Manger Tel: 240838/245263 Travel Co. Ltd 45/4 Sukhumvit Road, SOL (Country + Area Code (880-2) GSA - Bang-- Guangzhou (China)
Fax: 240834 Mob: 711710838 3 (Nana Nua) Klontoey, Bangkok 10110 Tel: ladesh Aero Vision Limited Erector’s House County + Area code (86-20)
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Beirut ( Lebanon ) Area mgr mob: 017303 7699 Dong Road, Guangzhou, China
Ajman - UAE Beirut – Lebanon Stn mgr mob: 01730 40531 Tell:8620-83815959, Fax:8620-83814707
Country + Area Code ( 971 6) (Country + Area Code 00961-1) E.mail: info@yemeniabd.com Mobile:86-13802772274,Reservation
Al Ketbi Travel 7RZQ2I¿FH$O+DPUD*H¿QRU&HQWHU Line:8620-83817111
Address: Al Diwan Round-about, Clemenceau Street Djibouti E-mail:abdulla.kassim@yemenia.com
Aldorrah Building, Ajman. TEL: Area Manager 737637 Republic of Djibouti
P.O. Box : 20520, Ajman Fax: 747704 (Country + Area Code : 00 253) H
Tel: 06-7446409 - Fax: 06-7446763 Mobile: 00961-70752100 7RZQ2I¿FHUXHGH3DULV
Email: yemketaj@emirates.net.ae Reservation: Tel:01737736 Tel reservation : 355437 Hodeidah ( Yemen )
E-mail: Beirut@Yemenia .Com Area Manager Tel : 355427 / Mob : 644218 County + Area code (9673)
Alghaydah ( Yemen ) Station Manager Mobile: 9613880599 / Fax: 355439:Email: djibouti@yemenia.com Area Manager Tel. 201470 Fax:201471
Country + Area Code (967-5) 96170847791 $LUSRUWRI¿FH6WDWLRQ0DQDJHU0RE Mobile: 7117120949 - Reservation Tel.
Tel : 612041/612144 - Fax : 612451 676520 Email :djiboutistn@yemenia.com 201473/420 - A/P Station Manager
$UHD0JU0RE$LUSRUW2I¿FH Brussels ( Belgium ) Tel. 231797/231254 - Mobile : 711710108
7HO2I¿FHKRXUV6$77+8 Country + Area Code (32-2) GSA - Royal Doha - Qatar 2I¿FHKRXUV6$77+8
08:30-12:30 & 15:30-18:00 Aviation 91-97 bld.Maurice lemonnoer Country + Area Code (974)
FRI 08:00-10:00 Tel : 7882088/7882020 GSA – Trans Orient Travel and Tourism I
Fax : 2230293 Center Airport road.
Amman - Jordan Mob: 475281010 Addresses : Po.Box:363 Ibb ( Yemen )
Amman - Jordan E-mail: yemenia@skynet.be Reservation Tel : 4458309/4458310 Country + Area Code (967-4)
(Country Code : 962) Area Manger Tel : 4458333/4458387 Taiz St . Area Mgr Mob : 711710147
7RZQ2I¿FH4XHHQ5DQLD6W0DODN Fax: 4327245 - Mobile: 5846954 Telefax : 412349 Sales :412350/400818
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Mobil : 799542203, Sales Manager: 'RKD#\\HPHQLDFRP2I¿FH+RXUV 20:00, Fri 09:30-11:30 & 17:00-19:00
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ITEMS PRICE / $

DUNHLL- DESIREXIOOM 49
CINEMA 50 ML (M) 62
AMOR EDP WOMEN (F) 60
TADOREW 50 ML 89
SILOLITA 80 MLv 85
BOSS HP COLLECTORS 71
BOSS PURE 75 ML 50
SOLO LOEWEPOP 79
AGNAR FAM 100 ML 78
FRERYAYR2 50ML 39
FERRE WOMEN EDP50ML 40
BALDEESSAIR DELMAN MEN EDT 90 ML 57
C.K EUPHORIA EDP50ML 66
BLACK XS EDT 100ML 53
SIL VER SHADOW EDT 100 ML 60
EUPHORIA MEN EDT 100ML 58
VERSACE BRIGHT EDT 50 54
COCO MRMOZIL 71
GUCCI PPURHOME MEN 100ML 58
O.DMOZEL 50ML 63
EGO BEST FOR MEN 115
AGENT PROUOCA TOUR WOMEN EDP 50ML 51
ALO SPRT MEN 100ML 104
SCHERRER EDP FEMME 50ML 37
VERSACE MEN EUA FRAICHE 61
DUNHILL PURE EDT 75ML 51
CHANS FRISH 50ML 80
GUCC ENVY ME EDT 50ML 52
STELLA IN TWO PEONY 53
HY PNOSE HOME EDT 75ML 58
HY PNOSE EDP 50ML 82
FLOWER BY KENZO EDP 50ML 71
VALENTINO.V. 50ML 50
DOLCE & GABANA ONE 71
LOEWE QUIZAS DEP 50ML 57
AGENT PROVOCATEUR 50ML 51
MONT BLANC INDVIDEL 75ML 54
DOLCE & GABANA LIGHT 62
VERSUS WOMEN 50ML 59
BOSS FEME DESSENCE 54
LOWE SOLO 125ML 64
ESCADA S EDP 50ML 53
HUGO BOSS XX EDT 60ML 68
HUGO BOSS XY EDT 100ML 57
ESCADA MOON MEN EDT 54
C.K IN2U (FOR HIM) EDT 100ML 46
DUNHILL LONDON ED 100ML 61
GUCCI BY GUCCI 63
BUGAHI MEN 125ML 76

98
SHOPPING OF DUT
Y FREE

ITEMS PRICE / $

NAFNAF (W) 50ML 43


SOLO MEN 75ML 46
KENZOLEAPER 100ML 54
MONT MEN 75ML 55
COCO MOZMUZL 110
AGETGR MAN2 50 ML 63
INUSKRET 50 ML 87
ARMANI ATTWSE 75ML 56
SACRET OBSESSION 50ML 49
C.H WOMEN 50ML 49
BOSS ELEMIT 90ML 56
MONT BLANK FEME 50ML 42
ESCADA OCCEN 50ML 45
BLACKXS FOR HCR 50ML 38
ONE MILION 100ML 53
Y.S.L ELLE 50ML 70
DIOR ADDICT2 50ML 82
POLO EXPLORER 125ML 71
VERSACE PUOR HOME 100ML 68
DUNHILL BLACK 100ML 61
DIRO HOMME INTENS 50ML 83
MISS DIRO CHERI 50ML 73
KEN20 POWER 125ML 80
ESCADA INCREDIBLE 50ML 53
BOSS BOTTLED NIGHT MAN 100ML 68
LOLITE FLOWER 50ML 55
HUGO XX SUMMER 47
WOOD MAN 100ML 71
LOLITA 50ML 55
D & G FOR MAN 100ML 64
BOSS ORANCO 50ML 51
BAIDESR PRFATA 64
FERRE GIANFRANCO 65
BUGATTIBLACK 68
POLO DPUBLE 75ML 65
BRASIL DREAM 34
C.H MEN 100ML 58
BE GIVENCHY 36
EMPORIO CLASSIC 50 ML 44
EMPORIO CLASSIC HE 50 ML 44
FOHRANHAIT 100 ML 91
LOEWE TONICHT 50 ML 41
ESCADA DESIRE ME 53
DUNHIL 51.3 N 67
ESCADA ABSOLUTELY ME 50ML 52
LIGHT BLUE MAN 120ML 68
MASCHINO GLAMOUR 50ML 47
D&G LIGHT BLUE WOMEN 100ML 74

99
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ARABIC PERFUMES

ITEMS PRICE / $

DHAN ALOWD MALAKI 1/2 TOLA 47


WARD MALAKI 1 TOLA 15
MISK ABEYADH 1 TOLA 15
MOKHALAT KANOOZ TOLA 27
LOULA ONE TOIA 10
NOOR ALAIN 10
KANOOZ :Mukhalat Dhan Eloud SUPER Tola 10
MALAKI MALAKI 10
KANOOZ: Dhan Eloud Eloud Tola 10
MAKHLAT DHAN ELOUD 10
KANOOZ : Attar Sultan Tola 15
DHAN ELOUD (SHYOUKH) 110
ATTAR SHCIKHA 55
DHAN ELOUD HANDI 140
ALAMER + ALAMERH 90
M.D Oud +WARD 3 × ¼ 37
WARD + MISK MALAKI 2 ×½ 20
TOIAATTAR AL-FYSALIA ×½ 90

ACCESSORIES & GIFTS


YVES SAINT LAURENT TIES 30
FERRE GIAN FRANCO TIES 30
GIVENCHY TIES 40

ELECTRONICS
GRUNDIG WORLD – BAND REDIO 80
GRUNDIG MENS SHAVER RECHA. EGEABL 40

SUNGLASSES
GIORGIO ARMANI 35
SUN WATCH 20
YVES SAINT LAURENT 50

LOGO SOUVENIRS
YEMENIA PLAYING CARD 2
YEMENIA CAP 2
YEMENIA MUG 2

TOBACCO
(200) KAMARAN 7
(200) KAMARAN LIGHTS 7
(200) MARLBORO KING ZISE 13
(200)MARLBORO LIGHTS 13
YEMEN TRADITIONAL 5
SHOPPING OF DUT
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109
If you understood the rest of the
sentence, you would know which
meaning to apply. But in situations
where you don’t understand the rest
of the sentence and you are forced to
guess blindly

ǀŸȤǎŽȚǁƍƾȼƓǍƭƓȚǽǞŽ If there was no rain, the


plant would not have survived.
ǀŸȤǎŽȚǁƱűƾȼƓǍƭƓȚȲǎſǞŽ
ȼ If there was rain, the
plant would not have dried up.
ȼ
ǀŸȤǎŽȚǁdžƱƐǍƭƓȚǽǞŽ Or we can say the same
sentence without ƾž: If there was no rain, the
plant would have dried up.
I have never seen ƾȼƓȼ used without “ǽǞŽȆǞŽ”,
so if you’ve seen otherwise please let me
know.
If you understood the rest of the sentence,
you would know which meaning to
apply. But in situations where you don’t
understand the rest of the sentence and
you are forced to guess blindly (e.g. in an
exam), then go by these rules:
– The most common meanings of NjƯƁǛŽ are
“no longer” and “didn’t consider or wasn’t
considered”. Try the two and see which one
fits better.
– NjƲź is easy to tell. Just look at what’s
is usually placed at the beginning of a project in order to provide job opportunities coming after it. If it’s a verb, NjƲź means
sentence. for young people. (ǝſƺŵǜžƾƓ is used all the “therefore, already,” if it’s a noun, NjƲź mean
2. ƾȼƓȾ consists of two words ǀŽǞǧǞƓȚƾž +Ȳ time in media Arabic, meaning in order “lost, missed”
means “for which” and is followed by to…, it’s purpose is to… , during which…) – When ƾƓ is used at the beginning of a
a phrase or full sentence explaining 3. ƾȼƓ is the combination of two words: Ȳ sentence it usually means “when”, and
“for what” ƾž here is a connecting word, ǀƸźƾƶŽȚƾžȶǀƭŮȚǍŽȚ and is only used with ǽǞŽȆǞŽ when it’s used in the middle of a sentence
equivalent of “which, that, what” in English. ƞžȥƾűǍƸŹȪǍŵƾƵŴȚ in a conditional sentence it means “for that, in order to, with the
ǀƴŲǍƓȚȵnjƀNjƯŮƾȼƓǠƉƱſǎ
Ⱦ ƦƷűȖ I prepare myself for as a pair. The basic construction goes like purpose of” , and when it’s used in a
what’s coming after this stage. this: Ȳ …ǞŽ /Ȳȼ …ǽǞŽ, and ƾž is added only if conditional sentence with
ȨǍźǍƸźǞůǝſƺŵǜžƾƓȹȚNjƁNjűȹƾŸȶǍƪžǀžǞƳƑȚȝȖNjŮ the second half of the conditional sentence “ƾƓ .…ǽǞŽ” it means didn’t / wouldn’t have
țƾƃƪƴŽǚƵŸ The government started a new is negative. couldn’t have.

34
learning Arabic. I visited Yemen the first
time as a tourist and fell in love with the
old city of Sana’a. I came back a couple of
years later for an extended stay, and realized
pretty quickly that if I really wanted to
understand the people and their culture, I
had to speak Arabic.
Words and sentences can you
Benefit of them
Take for example a highly ambiguous
imperfect form such as “NjƯƁǛŽ”, which
could be read in a number of different ways
depending on the context. Or readings of
“NjƲŻ” as /fa-qad/ vs /faqada/, readings of
“ƾƓ” as /lam/ vs /lamm/ vs /lim/ etc.
Here is my attempt to answer them based on
what I know.
NjƯƁǛŽ
This phrase can be derived from several verbs:
1. Njɀ ƯȽ ȼ Ɓ ǛŽ from the verb ȜȢǞŸ –ȢǞƯƁ –ȢƾŸ , the
ȶ is dropped in the ȳǎű case because of ǛŽ
, meaning “he can/is no longer” and it is
followed by a verb or an indefinite noun.
ǝƉƱſǙŽƾƵƄƁNjƯȽ ȼ ƁǛƴźƿƬŹ He was so angry that
he could no longer control himself.
ǀƸŮǍƯŽȚǀưƴŽȚȦȤNjƁNjƯȽ ȼ ƁǛŽ He no longer studies
Arabic.
ȹ ƾűȶǎƄžNjƯƁǛŽ Ƚ He is no longer married.
2. Njdž ƯȽ ȼ Ɓ ǛŽ from the verb Njȿ Ÿȼ –NjLJ ƯƁ
Ƚ –NjŸ
ȿ
meaning “he didn’t count, consider” It is
often used in its passive form:Njdž Ưȼ Ƚ Ɓ ǛŽ
ǀȹ ƲƁNjǧƾƀNjdž ƯȽ ȼ ƁǛŽ He didn’t consider her a
friend. (active)
ȹ ƾƵƷžȹƾƫƈŵNjdž Ưȼ Ƚ ƁǛŽ He was not considered an
important person. (passive)
ȦǞƴƱŽȚNjdž ƯȽ ȼ ƁǛŽ He didn’t count the money.
țǍƑȚǟŽȘǝŽǞųȢǚƃŻǝŽƾűȤNjdž ƯƁǛŽ
Ƚ He didn’t count
his men before entering the war. ( he didn’t
assess his manpower properly.)
3. NjƯȾ Ƚ Ɓ ǛŽ from the verb ȜȢƾŸȘ –NjƸƯƁ –ȢƾŸȖ the
ȸ is dropped in the ȳǎű case because of ǛŽ,
meaning “ he didn’t redo something”, and
it is almost always followed by a ȤNjƫž or a
noun ȲǞƲŽȚȆȝƾƁǍżnjŽȚ
ǝŽǞŻNjƯȾ Ƚ ƁǛŽ He didn’t repeat his speech. 5. džNjƯȾ Ƚ Ɓ ǛŽ from the verb ȢȚNjŸȘ –Njȿ ƯȾ Ƚ Ɓ –NjŸȖ
ȿ , which in the following examples:
ǝƄƸŮȔƾƶŮNjƯȾ Ƚ ƁǛŽ He didn’t rebuild his house. meaning “he didn’t prepare” ʇȚȵǍƫſNjƲźȵȶǍƫƶůǽȘ If you (plural) do not
țƾƄƳŽȚǕƃŶǍƪƶŽȚȤȚȢNjƯȾ ȽůǛŽ The print house ȦȤNjŽȚNjdž ƯȾ Ƚ ƁǛŽ He didn’t prepare the lesson. help him, Allah already helped him. (It’s a
didn’t reprint the book. NjƲź /NjƲȮȮȮȮź very famous verse from the Quran. Here =ǽȘ
4. ȮȮȮŮ …NjƯȾ ȼ Ɓ ǛŽ from the verb NjƯȾ Ɓ –NjŸȼ ȼȶ This one is easy. NjƲź is a verb or masdar ǽ +ȴȘ , and him is Muhammad, the Prophet)
NjŸȶ – and is almost always followed by means “to lose or miss something” and it is ǝƸŸȶNjƲź
proposition ȮȮŮ ,meaning “he didn’t promise” ALWAYS followed by a noun. Njɀ ƲȮȮȮź means ȵǍƱŴȥȚǞűNjƲźƾžNjƶŸǀŶǍƪŽȚǖƴŮȖNjƲź
ƾƶƯžȟȶǍƒƾŮNjƯȾ ȼ ƁǛŽ He didn’t promise to go out therefore , thus, already, and is ALWAYS ƾȼƓȾ /ƾȼƓ /ƾdžƓ
with us. followed by a verb. Can you guess which is 1. ƾžNjƶŸ =ƾdžƓ means “when, while”, and

33
don’t mind !
a) How do I improve my Arabic reading
speed? Although I am only two weeks into
studying, I am in an Arabic class for 6 hours
every day. I have built up a vocabulary of
about 50 words and can obviously read
and write the alphabet too. My problem is
not recognizing words quick enough. Is it
really as simple as “read more” or “expose
yourself to more Arabic”? I’ve begun to
label household items with Arabic note
cards, much to my family’s dismay. “Get
that chicken scratch off my drawer,” I can
recall my mother saying.
Actually I did something similar, just not
labeling household items. I bought a dry
erase board, and wrote new words on it
everyday and erased known ones. If I kept
forgetting a word, I’d write it in really big
red letters. Some students used easel pad
paper and posted them all over the wall.
Besides the standard advice of “read more”,
I’d like to add three points :
As a beginner, you should concentrate
more on listening than reading. It’s more
important to be able to recognize a word
hearing it than reading it.
Try to read each word as a picture, not letter
by letter. When you read word “book” in
English, you recognize it in one glance, you
don’t actually read b—o—o—k. Same goes
with Arabic, try to memorize words in their
entirety and only read letter by letter when
you run into new words.
If you have spare time left after your 6-hour
class and homework, you may want to try
the closest to MSA with very little foreign anyone to practice with. Quran recitation (tajweed) which is quite
influence. True or not, it certainly is one Recently I was asked the following helpful to improve your pronunciation
of the hardest to understand. Bedu, real or questions from Louis on how-to-learn-a- and letter-recognition. You don’t need to
actors, tend to talk really fast and string language.com. Before I answer them, I understand the Quran to benefit from it.
words together. This video is a short clip would like to point out that while I speak Open this site http://www.mosshaf.com/
taken from the beginning of Finjan Addam Arabic at a near-native level, I do not have web/ and just follow along. The recitation
(a Cup of Blood.) I transcribed the dialogue a degree in Arabic, nor have I studied is very slow and clear, and the text is
and translated it into MSA and English linguistics. Any advice you read here is highlighted in sync with the audio so you
in order to give you a flavor of a very solely based on my personal experience and don’t lose your place.
different dialect. If you already know MSA observing hundreds of Arabic students over b) How did you get to YEMEN, of all
or another dialect, listen once before you the past four years. places? Well, not physically how – why did
read the transcript and see how much you Hello there, I have read the entries on you choose to go to Yemen?
can understand. If you are a beginner or are your website and your posts here with Most foreign students in Yemen came in
thinking about learning Arabic, I certainly enthusiasm. I too am an Arabic learner and order to study Arabic, they could’ve gone to
don’t recommend that you start with the information you contribute is invaluable Syria or Egypt and it wouldn’t have made
Bedouin dialect. Bedu are such endangered to me. I do have a somewhat personal any difference. For me it was the opposite.
species these days, you won’t be able to find question or two, though. Hopefully you I liked Yemen so much that I ended up

32
(R>QI>KB>G<>
E>:KGBG@
K:;B<E:G@N:@>BG4>F>G 
BY: Linda

Different dialects, I learned in yemen family members were illiterate and had no Blood”. If you know me, you know I love
Bedouin, Bedu, dialect, language learning, exposure to mass media, so my attempt desert, camels, and nomads. A Bedouin
learn, study Arabic, transcript, tribes | Leave to communicate with them using either show has just the right elements to get me
a response MSA or Sanani dialect, the only dialect I hooked. Unfortunately, I was not able to
My first exposure to Bedouin dialect was knew at the time, was hit-and-miss. In the follow the show during Ramadan because of
when I stayed with a Bedouin family in subsequent years I went back to the same frequent power cuts, and I’ve been wanting
the Empty Quarter near the Yemeni-Saudi- area two more times and noticed that I was to know the rest of the story. I was told that
Omani border. able to understand more and more until I unlike other Bedouin series, this one was
A Bedu Family living at the edge of the could have daily conversations without any based on actual events that took place in the
Empty Quarter problems. Al Noofuth desert in Saudi Arabia at the
At the time I had lived in Sana’a for about Ramadan is the time when every Arabic TV beginning of the nineteenth century. The
ten months, but my MSA was still shaky channel debuts multiple TV series in every other day I stumbled upon a DVD set that
and I had no exposure to other dialects dialect available out there: Syrian, Egyptian, has all 30 episodes at a random music store.
besides Sana’ani and its variants spoken Saudi, Kuwaiti, Emarati, Bedouin, I bought it right away; now I’m watching
in the northern and western highlands of Moroccan, Yemeni, and even Classical one or two episodes a day, and will finish
Yemen. Needless to say I didn’t understand Arabic. Most were produced with low the whole series in a month or so.
much the first couple of days, but as budget stretched to fill the 30-episode time
soon as I figured out that they pronounce slot, but a few were gems. During Ramadan The actors and actresses are Saudis,
jeem as ya, things got better. Through last year, I followed an excellent Kuwaiti Jordanians, and Syrians. I don’t think any of
long sitting sessions over bitter coffee, I show called “Mother of the Daughters”, them, except the extras, are actual Bedu, but
learned some words and expressions, but a history show about early Muslims in in the show they all spoke Bedouin dialect,
was far from being able to understand any Classical Arabic called “Kept His Promise”, a close relative of Hijaz and Gulf Arabic.
conversation not spoken directly at me. The and a Bedouin show called “A Cup of There are claims that Bedouin dialect is

31
www.yemenia.com
30
complex of handicrafts such as woodworks, comprises a number of Prophets tombs;
polyester industry, ceramics and leather such as the tomb of Prophet Saleh and
handicrafts. The important landmarks Hanthalah bin Safwan “the Prophet of
in Seiyun is the market where many Ashab Alruss” and the tomb of Prophet Hud
handicrafts and traditional industries exist. which is the most important one.
The grave of Almohajir Ahmad Bin Issa is The tomb of prophet Hud is located 90Km
a tourist landmark, for being distinguished east of Tareem city. It is on a hill above sea
with architectural pattern as a tomb is level with a dome dates back to 1673 and
located in a high place of the mountain and called Al-Naqa. It is linked with the village
the style of the mosque building located at by a zigzag road paved by stone and painted
the foot of the mountain. The paved road with white color which adds beauty to the
linking between the tomb and the mosque architectural style. The tomb of prophet
in its zigzag form and the white paint raises Hud is an important tourist destination since
the features of the tomb and the mosque. pre-Islam era. A weekly market is held
The tomb dates back to the 10th century and every year as of the 6th day of Sha’ aban.
is located 10km east of seiyun city.
Shibam Hudramout city
Tareem City: Shibam is one of the most important cities
One of the well known historic ancient in Hadramout valley. It dates back to the
Hadramout valley cities till date. It is third century B.C. Located at the middle of
Located 35 km. North South of Seiyun Hadramout valley on a hill 30m high above
city, linked with asphalted roads. It was the the valley level, and is 19 km from Seiyun
capital of Kinda kings as mentioned in the on the paved road leading to Mukalla.
ancient Yemeni sculptures Shibam city has been mentioned in the
During the Islamic era it became the center inscribed references. The houses form a
for science and culture, still it is known firmly built castle, which rises to 8 floors,
as Ribat “Tareem Ribat” performing it’s built of clay “bricks” and it had been known
scientific and religious functions. in several names:
Tareem city is full of Yemeni architectural Al-Safra, Alia, Al-Dumna, Hudramout city,
and art treasures represented by its mosques Al-Souq, because it was before known as
as well as the wonderful palaces fenced one of the Arab markets in the Arabian
by palm trees. One of its important cites peninsula. Many European travelers
is Al- Mehdar Mosque and Minaret which visited Shibam city and called it the desert
was established on 1915 A.C. Its height is Maanhatten “and Skyscrapers City”.
125 feet. Also, the ancient castles near the Shibam is considered as one of the most
city lake “Al Najeer” castle, 6 Km east of beautiful historic Yemeni cities after Old
Treem, and “Al Orr” castle near Al- Soum Sana’ a. It is considered one of the world
village about 15 Km east of Tareem. human heritage cities, UNESCO announced
The second largest library in Yemen exist an international campaign to protect it in
in Tareem, which contains more than five 1984. The land marks are the wall, Haron
thousand manuscripts. Al Rashid mosque and the city at present
constructed before more than five hundred
capital of the valley since the 15th century Einat: years. It is considered an architectural rarity
and it has been mentioned in the ancient A beautiful village located 8 Km east of which could not be repeated. Therefore it
inscribed references. The classical Tareem, dates back to the 16th century. It is worth to be one of the world’s wonders
historians noted that it was a great city, has a certain style of domes and religious with respect to locations and as a gem in
and residence for Hadramout, Himiar and tombs. There are seven domes well known the middle of Hundramout valley, on a
Kinda. Land marks such as Sultan Palace in Einat, it comprises number of houses high hill, which resembles to the observer
(Al Katheir sultan palace) consisting of with admirable architecture. as a castle in a deep rooted glory of a
five floors including ten rooms and utilities. The Tomb of Prophet Hud “ Peace be upon valley which still possess properties which
It has been transformed to a museum of him” makes it as one of the important tourist,
antiquities and customs. (1) traditions and Hadramout is a land of Prophets “peace architectural and historic destinations in
handicrafts. (2) Al- Ghalas castle. The be upon them”. It is a holy land, since it Yemen.

29
Shanna coast: 120km east of Mukalla, peninsula, 160km long extends to Thamoud, to water courses drainage, as ducts water
considered one of the beautiful coasts then the valley water pour in Sehout drainage is made within hours, which is
in Yemen and distinguished with through Masila valley 12 km wide in some unusual in many large valleys in Yemen
multiplication of turtles during the season of areas and 700 m in other areas. It is highly where water courses continue running for
propagation. fertile for cultivation of palm trees various long time.
Hadramout valley: A 322 km paved road types of legumes, tobacco and Hinna. It is
links Mukallah city with Hadramout the largest dates producing area, Bananas, Seiyun city:
valley and the cities as well as the villages papyas are also planted. Besides lemon Located 322km from Mukalla is the largest
spreading on its banks to seiyun city, the and coconuts and other commodities. city in Hadramout valley. The houses are
capital of the valley. Hadramout valley is Hadramout valley is considered one of the surrounded by green carpet of large gardens
considered one of the longest in the Arab highest valleys in the technology related and palm trees. It is the administrative

28
cities and sites on the coastal strip, Islands
and on the banks of the fertile Hadramout
valley such as:

Mukalla City:
It is the capital, the largest and most
important city on the coastal strip located
at the Arab sea coast, Mukalla mountain
embraces the city and provides it with
natural protection from behind, this
advantage was useful in past period.
Mukalla was also known as khisa or
Bandar Ya’qoub. The general feature of
this city as other coastal cities in general,
is distinguished and all its features are
still existing and were not demolished or
deformed. It is also one of the Yemen
commercial ports, comprising of one of
the most famous fishing centers, and a well
known commercial market, fish industry
and the main important features are the
sultan palace (Ma’en palace) built by
Omar bin Awad Al-Qu’aity. The museum
occupies part of it. Al-Ghuweizy Castle
which receives the visitor at the entrance of
Mukalla city, is also an important feature
of the city and from there to public markets
and Khalaf beautiful coasts.
Ghael Bawazir:
Located 35 km east of Mukalla, a fertile
cultivated area. Water runs through this
area, cultivated with palm trees, Hinna,
coconut, in addition to tobacco, “Ghael
tobacco” which is considered the best
quality. Al- Ghael tourist rest house was in
the past a rest house for Sultan Al-Qu’eity
also exist in this area.
Al Houmah Hot Spring & SPA :
Located near Ghael Bawazir, it supplies
Al-Ghael farms with irrigated system water,
a deep hole in rocky land containing a water
spring 12 m deep and 30 m diameter. It traditional dresses, jewelry, boat building, Hot Springs & SPAs :
is a natural hole formed according to the dyeing. Al-Shehr was one of the Arabs The coast of Hadramout is known with
narration as a result of a falling star in the known markets in the area many hot SPAs and springs in many areas,
area. Two channels engraved, the first Al-Shehr is divided today with the old part properties differ from place to place.
channel about 5km long, the second 2km. and the new part. The old part of the city is People come from remote and close areas
Excavation of the two channels in such built of bricks, distinguished with a certain seeking cure from diseases as dermatitis,
rocky land is a great human effort. architecture and it has two gates, one called rheumatism, digestive system diseases,
Al- Shehr city: (Bab Al Khour) and the other (Bab Al’eidrous). fatness, diabetes. Some springs are strong
Known with other names “Samoun” and The ancient land marks are the castles and the and used for cultivation, such as, Suwaibir,
“Al Souq”, located 62km east of Mukalla. old wall. In the new part especially in the new 47 km from Shehr and close from Suwaibir.
It is an ancient city, and a commercial quarters, stone is used as a building material Tobalah: The most ample and largest in
center for exporting dates. The place is in its houses and it is very beautiful due to the population. It is 10km from Shehr.
well known for the textile industry of some white color of the stones. Al- Hami Spring : 17 km from Al-Shakhar city.

27
Hadramout governorate comprises different Hadramout governorate had been presented irrigation systems, dams, political systems,
topography distributed between coastal in the classic books as the land of (Ahqaf), legislation, laws and reached a high level of
plains containing beautiful shores on the the historians reported that Amir Bin progress in such aspects.
Arab Sea, mountains and hills of heights Qahtan was the first to land in Ahqaf Hadramout is considered as one of the main
reaching 2000 m above sea level, large after “A’ad”. The area was then named roots of Yemen civilization rich with deep
areas of Al-Ruba Al-khali desert, with accordingly. rooted historic antiquities, architecture in
many valleys, the largest Hadramout valley Hadramout has a deep - rooted past and particular, represented by the embracing
which is fed by many branch valleys, it is history distinguished with continuity oldest and highest buildings which are
the longest valley and most fertile in the through the different historic phases until still standing. The remains indicate the
Arabian peninsula since it is 160 km long present. The archeological researches made monumental ruins of cities, temples and
and pours in Sihout on the Arab sea at Al- in Hadramout valley indicate that south Prophets graves (Hud, Saleh) peace be upon
Mohra governorate. peninsula witnessed human activity in them. There also exist the remains of the
Hot tropical climate in Hadramout, the first stone ages, Hadramout witnessed ancient Yemen kingdoms spreading all over
temperature reaches 40°C in summer in the boom of one of the old Yemen kingdoms, Hadramout and which is a living witness
interior areas, where continental dry climate Hadramout kingdom which flourished at the of the existence of genius Yemeni human
prevails, temperature reaches 36°C in the start of the first millennium B. C. beings.
coastal areas, due to seasonal winds saturated Many ancient cities had flourished there, Hadramout takes its deep rootedness
with moisture, the temperature in winter and the goddess temples “The Moon” from the past, and still look to future
tends to be moderate in the coastal areas, 20- spread out and witnessed development as an important governorate, including
24°C and 17-20°C in the interior areas. in arts, architecture, and development in archeological, historic, tourist and economic

26
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25
Hadramout governorate lies in the eastern part of Yemen between Al-Mahra
governorate from the East and Shabwa governorate from West and extends
North inside Al-Ruba Al khali desert, the Southern coasts overlook the Arab sea,
Al-Mukalla the capital is 777 km from Sana’a across Marib-Attaq-Al-Mukalla
paved road.
BY: Musaid Swelih

24
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22
they are one year old, but in a number of Nevertheless, newly born girls might wear it’s a way to assure tradition and exclusive
villages girls wear it until they get married. it temporarily until they are one year old Yemeni cultural feature.
It’s greatly believed that it’s shameful that and then take it off. Later on, they might Whether infants or brides wear it, Qarqush
a girl shows her hair before she is married. wear it again when they are 10 as they are forms a significant cultural face of Yemen.
Hence, she must not show her hair to her approaching marriage age to make it a sign Many Yemenis associate their childhood
father, brothers, male members of her family of being single. with their Qarqushes, since it’s rare to find
and, interestingly, women. The reason for On the other hand, for infants, it could be an today. Nowadays, brides put it gracefully
not showing it to women is not because indicator of how much caring they family with pride, assuring their affiliation with
it’s shameful, but because the girl wants to is. The more distinguished the Qarqush traditions. It’s agreed among Yemenis how
surprise all the women with her hair in her is, the more caring the family is towards important it is, making it one of the main old
wedding party when she gets married. their infants. Moreover, for many families, cultural traditions.

21
Many Yemenis associate their childhood
with their Qarqushes, since it’s rare
to find today. Nowadays, brides put it
gracefully with pride, assuring their
affiliation with traditions.

Imam Yahya Muhammad strengthened


his control over northern Yemen creating
the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.
During all these years, Yemen, especially
the northern part, is believed to have
inherited a great amount of traditional flavor
from the Ottomans.
Types of Qarqush
Usually, there are two main different types
of Qarqush. One is for boys and the other
is for girls. Fascinatingly, boys’ type has
a more sparkling look than the girls’ type.
Hence, anyone could easily differentiate
between young infants whether they are
boys or girls.
Some types of infants’ Qarqush have black
beans inside them as a tool of protection
from envy. Occasionally, Quranic verses or
divine words are written on Qarqushes. It
has been believed that same would protect
the infants from devil and envy.
Additionally, there is one type for brides.
It’s an important type that has gold or silver
accessories that’s intended as a symbol
of adornment. Today, girls have brought
Qarqush into a modern world where they
mixed tradition with modernity. That’s
to mean, they put modern jewelry in the
very important for most of Yemeni parents, then until the 19th century, the Ottomans traditional Qarqush. Brides can chose
making sure that their children wear it. retained control only of isolated coastal to wear Qarqush or not in their wedding
Its Origin areas, while the highlands generally were parties. However, it’s been part of many
It is hard to trace back to its original ruled by the Zaidi Imams. girls’ wedding and parties’ costumes,
source; when exactly it was initiated and Yemen got very much tainted with a embellished with gold jewelry. Till today,
who exactly wore it first. Some historians number of cultural and traditional aspects some girls wear this type.
believe it originated from the Ottomans by the Ottomans. Ottoman suzerainty was Qarqush’s traditional impact
era. In 1516, the Mamluks of Egypt reestablished in northern Yemen in the late It’s been always a very common tradition
occupied Yemen; but in the following 19th century but its control was largely in most of Yemeni villages. However,
year, the Mamluk governor surrendered confined to cities, and the Zaidi Imam’s rule it’s becoming rare to find, nowadays, in
to the Ottomans, and Turkish armies over Upper Yemen was formally recognized. Yemen’s big cities.
consequently overran the country. From Turkish forces withdrew in 1918, and Traditionally, boys and girls wear it until

20
19
GNGMHE=MK:=BMBHG:E
4>F>GBLMHKR

,:KJNLA
Qarqush, who does really know about it? How many publications did write about
it? It’s clear that it’s been neglected even though it’s an essential tradition for many
Yemenis..
By Afrah Nasser

Qarqush is a cultural traditional aspect by infants and brides. It’s a long time when other women sell them. In addition,
of Yemen that little has been said about. traditional costume for many Yemeni Qarqush could be bought in local markets
It’s untold story of how Yemeni families children and brides. It’s a colorful piece in villages and is given as gifts between
used it as a sign of their sense of care and made of fabric or wool, along with glittery, women to newly mothers. Though,
fondness to their infants. In addition, it’s an colorful and golden strings. Infants wear it nowadays it is hard to find it in the regular
indication of Yemenis’ sense of art. in their heads once they are born till they markets. If found now, it definitely would
Simply, Yemen is a rich country, with reach certain age. It aims to protect the child have been transformed into a modern one
diverse traditional heritage and one of its once he is born from feeling cold or from that has lost the old traditional look.
traditions is Qarqush that has an importance evil approaches. Essentially, Qarqush is no longer worn in
among its people. Normally, it’s hand made by mothers Yemen today but it could be found in several
Qarqush or other women. Mothers usually buy villages and rarely in wedding parties for
Qarqush is an old traditional hat worn them during their Qat chewing sessions women. In actual fact, this hat has been

18
 




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A visitor go to them singing with ecstasy of love, mumbling from the
song of Ayub when at the sunrise, and from Almurshidy’s song at
the sunset.

that feeling makes us homesick to our remembering grains and valley, farmer’s seeds and crop grains, wheat and millet.
isolated villages, where our moms therein heart, young shepherd girls and pastoral. How typical our villages are! It deserve
are feeding cattle, and weaving from life’s Before we arrive to these lofty towers and from us care, protect and present them as
aspect new clothes for our patience and legendry buildings of the villages that they are innate. A visitor go to them singing
stamina. are scattered downward in the versant of with ecstasy of love, mumbling from the
From Almahweet, the capital of fogs, and mountains. Where melodious coos come in song of Ayub when at the sunrise, and
haze, to Saber, the pride and loftiness, a streamlined rhythms, synchronize with the from Almurshidy’s song at the sunset. He
then Tehama, the goodness, forgiveness. uplifting smokes from traditional kitchens. goes with joy to a virgin earth that knew
From Shabwah, the history, to Safaan, the From the arable land, that are laying on the no flirtation, never been flattered, never
exaltation and highness, to everywhere in plains, hills and rich valleys, saturated with felt the passion nor homesick but through
our massive lovely homeland. We stimulate waterfall, well and rainfall. This natural scene that hearts throbbing with real love to the
the memory, and recall village days, turn into a real prolific factory that cultivate motherland.

16
Hajah, Amran, Maswar, Almahweet,
Attawelah, Saber, Bada’an, Ayban and
Noqoom or etc…top over there, our houses
are located, inhabited with marvels, resided
with their happiness, sadness, and humble
dreams without affectation and falseness.
These villages are where we feel so proud
when they are bright on the horizon. The
place where we obtain the flavor of our life,
our simplicity, our tradition, our power, and
our authentic glory.
On the caves, pasture or plain are some
reminiscence secret kept from our
childhood, that strengthen our relevance to
the venue, trees, rock and people. Where
the purity and integrity speak in the behalf
of inhabitants; and where generosity,
magnanimity and bravery still have relish,
color and taste just like a hot bread, and
where contemporary life and temptations
cannot spoil the innate soul whatever the
luxurious seductions are.
These villages are settled among our heart
with tranquility, peace, and safety. Children
are being breastfed good deeds, love, peace,
forgiveness, and fraternity, along with milk,
and they do not allow such crime, disaster
or accident news that circulated by media
to occupy their minds, and not allow them
to feed such deadly though or misleading
heresy to permeate through any gaps to our
hearts.
Therein, on our far villages, in every corner,
our memories still keep some innocent
moment from childhood, when we used to
play, doing some childish stuff, and woke
up marveling to the ever new changes that
occur around us, even it seem not much on
the eye’s of others.
On our lofty villages, where we still hear
the echo of cocks cooing, that our minds
are preoccupied with catchy tone, as they
penetrate the silence and tear the darkness
veil, exploding a new dawn to raise, that
are so clung to those villages, and why we What does anyone knows about that rainbow goes and never come back. With our fingers
are passionate, colored villages, and what he has got to we draw the bottom lines of our dreams
What does he know about the beauty of our tell strangers about these villages, and their and hopes, and they bloom with roses and
villages which are erected on the bottom of traditions, customs, buildings architecture, simultaneously, our perceive grow older
deserts, and on the wild landmass, where our fashion style, old souqe and lifestyle. with the world around us.
ancestors’ corpses are buried, and where our These are the villages that whenever the There, before stream water flows, we were
first seed was porn. What does anyone knows nostalgic wings fly us there, we find them growing, and ran to where our feet taking us,
what does “village” mean to us? and how laying down on the utmost limit of memory to the bustle and noisy city, we go with it,
does it’s ambience impact on our souls?. and sensation. In the mountains of Mnakhah, but we feel strange, gloomy, and expatriate;

15
On plains, summit of mountains, above Nevertheless, they still have the same contamination is all that we breathe.
a hazardous cliffs and deadly inclination historical stature in which the successive I always wonder, what does a stranger
laying our villages, the villages that civilizations crowned on the passage of time know about our far away villages? The
remained unchangeable intact over decades to be the cradle of the gone worlds, and villages that are scattered on the versant
and throughout centuries. The villages that the queen of all comings. These villages of mountain’s summits, on the top of hill
chronologically pass from an ancient past, have ever hugged us tightly with passion, and plains there, where memory dwells.
and they never be impact to any whatsoever overwhelmed our souls with a kind of love The place where life has a relish, color and
factors; they remained coherent, rough, and whenever we feel homesick and almost scent, where it tastes just like a hot breads?
authentic. lost in this new modern era, in which I wonder, what does he know about why we

14
Far away, challengeable distance, exhaustible, monotonous, creepy,
but funny at the same time. This is how it is the journey to our secret.
A secret that not literally exotic but is excited, has nothing humorous
to tell, but has a spellbound tale. It might not be that far, but demands
a tiredness remote pass to get in there; it could be closer, merely half
or quarter an hour driving, instead it may take sometime.
By Najeeb Al-Najjar

13
4>F>G’L
QHMB<1BEE:@>L

12
the legal and economic implications of forty years. Qatar; the small state with whole world and blesses our beloved
globalization, free trade and open skies, a population of less than 2 million is KRPHODQG DQG RXU IHOORZ <HPHQLV
you may have come to a conclusion that due to open a new landmark airport :H KRSH WKH 1HZ <HDU ZLOO ZLWQHVV
the time of National carriers has gone. this year. The new Doha International D VXVWDLQDEOH JURZWK RI WKH <HPHQL
One might assume that their existence Airport was designed to handle over 50 economy and an increased tourism
contradicts with the principles of million passengers a year. WUDI¿F :H¶UH ORRNLQJ IRUZDUG WR DQ
globalization and open market dynamics 0\ GHDU IULHQG $NEDU $O %DNHU &(2 excellent year in terms of both local and
where foreign capital and multinational of Qatar Airways has made a valid IRUHLJQSDVVHQJHUWUDI¿FWKURXJKYDULRXV
trans-continental investments control statement in his keynote speech in the <HPHQL DLUSRUWV DQG LQ SDUWLFXODU WKH
national economies and their growth Doha Aviation Summit 2010. “The new Sana’a International Airport due to
patterns. genie is out of the bottle. No one can be accomplished soon. The new airport
If that is true in any industry, it is contain our global expansion,” he will have a positive impact in improving
indeed not true when it comes to the air said describing the ambitious plans of the services we offer to our passengers
transportation industry, especially in several Arab carriers. In addition, Al DQG FRQVROLGDWLQJ <HPHQ $LUZD\V¶
this region. %DNHU VDLG ³(DFK FRXQWU\ KDV LWV RZQ competitive edge against other carriers
national aspirations that cannot be in the region.
In fact, protective alliances in the Arab achieved and implemented without a
region have come to an end, whether National carrier”. Dear traveler:
it was to buy fuel, or to negotiate To cater the enhancing trade between
with other countries or alliances. A 7KLV LV YHU\ VLJQL¿FDQW EHFDXVH LW <HPHQ DQG &KLQD DQG WKH JURZLQJ
regional initiative such as Arabesk is GH¿QHVWKHQHZDUHQDIRUIXWXUHDYLDWLRQ GHPDQG IURP <HPHQLV DEURDG LQ .HQ\D
not functional any more, and mutual competition. It is transforming from being and Tanzania as well as local travelers,
coordination between Arab carriers is a competition between Arab and foreign <HPHQ $LUZD\V LQWURGXFHG WKUHH QHZ
no longer important. carriers depending on national power to stations during 2010 in Guangzhou,
dominate aviation markets- to become 1DLUREL DQG 'DU (VVDODP UHVSHFWLYHO\
The reason is very simple. National a political and economic competition God Willing, 2011 will also witness
carriers that were behind these strategies between the countries themselves to get further lines and opening of new stations
are no longer small companies looking their share of regional and global power in other parts of the world based on
to strengthen their positions through through their National carriers. WKH WUDGH H[FKDQJHV DQG WRXULVP WUDI¿F
such alliances. On the contrary, they’re It is, therefore, clear that it is no longer EHWZHHQ<HPHQDQGWKHVHUHJLRQV<HPHQ
now operating under unprecedented acceptable to consider open skies $LUZD\V LV DOZD\V FRPPLWWHG WR À\ \RX
economic growth and rocketing travel and privatization of National carriers happily wherever and whenever you
aviation markets. without carefully prioritizing the national wish. Our staff and crew are always at
3DVVHQJHUWUDI¿FWKURXJK8$(DLUSRUWV LQWHUHVWV¿UVW your service.
for example, exceeded 60 million Wishing you a pleasant time onboard
passengers last year alone. That’s more We travel together <HPHQLD
than the total number of passenger :H¶GOLNHWRZLVK\RXD+DSS\1HZ<HDU
WUDI¿F WKURXJK DOO RI <HPHQ DLUSRUWV LQ that brings mercy and blessings to the Happy New year.

9
It’s been ten years since the turn of the new millennium; a decade that has
been the most thrilling for the public, the media and air travelers across the
world. This past decade has also been the most altering and moving in the
history of commercial aviation. The debut of economy (low cost) aviation
combined with wide spread open skies legislations left its clear mark on the
dawn of the new millennium.
The situation was made more challenging with the rocketing fuel prices,
in the second half of the decade, followed by the global credit crisis. Many
airlines were forced out of competition, while others opted for compulsory
mergers to avoid bankruptcy. Still, one market went completely the other
way; the Arabian Gulf aviation industry. During the 43rd general assembly
of the Arab Air Transport Association, (Cairo, Oct 2010) Abdul Wahab
Tuffaha, the Secretary General, was all smiles while presenting his annual
report on the case of the industry. His headline read: “It’s the fate of the
aviation industry to always perform amid exciting times”.

Exciting times for aviation


Captain AbdulKhalek S. Alkadi
Chairman To better understand the current bouncing back. They’re now calling
situation, let’s go back to the 38th for tough measures to restrict Arab
general assembly of the Arab Air FDUULHU H[SDQVLRQ LQWR (XURSHDQ
Transport Association, (Sana’a, PDUNHWV 7KRVH ZKR RQO\ ¿YH \HDUV
2005). ago, were strongly criticizing Arab
Our discussions during that meeting national carrier protection policies
included, among others: consolidating are now busy inventing legal and tax
the Arabian Alliance plan to jointly buy constraints against Arab carriers,
IXHOMRLQWQHJRWLDWLRQZLWK(XURSHDQ including the so-called tax on air
countries, alliances and aviation pollution caused by civil aviation.
bodies, in addition to expanding It is indeed sarcastic that these
Arabesk; the regional system for code FRXQWULHVKDYHEHHQ¿JKWLQJIRU\HDUV
share booking and ticketing to include to lift these restrictions and constraints
all Arab airlines. that they are imposing now. It is clear
Five years later, our 43rd meeting now that open skies and free trade
in Cairo was all about the current become completely useless when they
struggle between some Arab carriers contradict with national interests;
and Western governments to limit ZKHWKHU LW LV (XURSHDQ LQWHUHVWV WKDW
these carriers from further expanding created the open skies concept in the
WKHLURSHUDWLRQVLQWKH(XURSHDQDQG ¿UVWSODFHRU$UDELQWHUHVWVWKDWZHUH
American markets. basically targeted by these concepts
The rules of the game are changing. and legislations.
The very same Western countries
who used open skies policies to offer The future of National Carriers
their carriers clear skies across Asia, If you have been following media
$IULFD DQG WKH 0LGGOH (DVW DUH QRZ debates over the past decade about

8
CONTENTS Issue Number 38 JANUARY - MARCH 2011

CHAIRMAN Mobil: 00967 771718282


Captain AbdulKhalek S. Alkadi Mobil: 00967 734555083
MAGAZINE ADDRESS
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF General Management
Khalid Al-Kainaey Sana’a - Yemen
P.O.Box: 1183
PROOF READER Telfax: 00967 1 258015
Shams-Aldeen Tel: 00967 1 232380/ 7 Ext.
117-118
AVIATION MEDIA
CONSULTANT DESINGED BY
Ehab El Behiry BIN DASMAL ADVERTISING
RAE’D EZZAT M.
PHOTO GRAPHER’s Tel: 00971 4 2828569
A.Rahman Ghabri Fax: 00971 4 2828372
Mohammed S. Noman PRINTED BY BIN DASMAL
Abdulwali Attawqi Dubai, U.A.E

12
Zeryab Ghabri, Found Alharazy
Ameen Alghabri, Mokrid M.
Mokrid
All correspondences to be
18
ADVERTISING MANAGER Mailed to Editor-in-chief
Nabil A. Al-samaei E-mail: magazine@yemenia.com
Mobil: 00967 733211143 www.yemenia.com

24

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Cover photo by: K. Al-Kainaey