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‫۾‬૚ሺ૞૞ǡ ૚૙૙ሻ‫۾‬૛ሺ૞૜ǡ ૚૙૟ሻ




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ሺ›ǡ െ›ሻ ൌ ሺšǡ െšሻ
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‫ ݌ʹݔ‬ൌ ͹ͲͲͲͲ
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െͳͲͲͲ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳʹͲͲͲ ൌ ͷͲͲ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳͷͲͲ


 

ͳʹͲͲͲ െ ͳͷͲͲ ൌ ͷͲͲ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳͲͲͲ‫ݔ‬


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‫ ݕ‬ൌ െ͹ͲͲͲ ൅ ͳʹͲͲͲ


‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͷͲͲͲ

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ൌ ሺૠǡ ૞૙૙૙ሻ


ሺͲǡ ܾሻǡ ሺܽǡ Ͳሻ




‫ ݕ‬ൌ െͳͲͲͲ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͳʹͲͲͲ ൌ ŽƒŽ‹‡ƒ†‡‡ƒ†ƒ


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‫ ݔ‬ൌ Ͳ


‫ ݕ‬ൌ െͳͲͲͲሺͲሻ ൅ ͳʹͲͲͲ

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Ͷ͹͹Ͳ ൅ ʹ͵Ͳ ൌ ͶͷͲܲ ൅ ͳ͹ͷܲ


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7   ˜Æ


                


      

7 Æ
          
       

½ÿ


Æ7 Æ  ˜




 7 7 


 7  ˜" a Æ 
    ,      +   
     ' )         
'+)         +   +    
        

              + 


           

 

½ 

 Æ ˜ 7 ˜7  
 ˜


0 9         


0
                     
 


0                           
                   
        


0                       -     
       -       .         
  -       / 

½

0                            
                       
                  

  
        
                   
              -               
    
      0 
$   
 
          0       
               
-
$              0 
                 
 


0                  -        
              
                       
  
   

                   
                  
        
0     $     .           
                





½Ü

0                 
-  -     
               
 
-  -                  
   %       %.             
                 -          
           
- 


0               
      
                 
-
-  
                       
               
-    
                 
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-   
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! 


0                             
                       
          
-            
        
  /        
  /
    
                   
             
-               
     
          0      


½ü
$     
         
0    
                 
     -     / $      /         
      
0                   
        


0               - - 
                       
   -   -                
   
     
      
            -     
            - 


0                          
                       
          
" 
" 
"
0                    
#
#" 
11ÿ"
11"ÿ
2 #
2$ #" 
2 2$ ÿ2"
2 $ "ÿ

#" 
#"
# "ÿ
" 
"
ÿ"ÿ


½8
‘

      
  #
  
 

  œିଵ ‫ œ݅ݏ‬ൌ

ͳ Ͳ ͳ
œ ൌ ൥ʹ െʹ െͳ൩
͵ Ͳ Ͳ
9 

ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ Ͳ
œ ൌ ൥ʹ െʹ െͳͲ ͳ Ͳ൩
͵ Ͳ ͲͲ Ͳ ͳ

૚ ૙ ૚૚ ૙ ૙

ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ Ͳ ൈ െʹ ൌ െʹ Ͳ െʹെʹ Ͳ Ͳ

െʹ Ͳ െʹെʹ Ͳ Ͳ ൅ ʹ െʹ െͳͲ ͳ Ͳൌ૙ െ૛ െ૜െ૛ ૚ ૙

ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ Ͳ ൈ െ͵ ൌ െ͵ Ͳ െ͵െ͵ Ͳ Ͳ

െ͵ Ͳ െ͵െ͵ Ͳ Ͳ൅͵ Ͳ ͲͲ Ͳ ͳൌ૙ ૙ െ૜െ૜ ૙ ૚

૚ ૙ ૚૚ ૙ ૙


œ ൌ ൥૙ െ૛ െ૜െ૛ ૚ ૙൩
૙ ૙ െ૜െ૜ ૙ ૚
Ͳ െʹ െ͵െʹ ͳ Ͳ ૜ ૚
ൌ૙ ૚ ૚ െ ૙
െʹ ૛ ૛

૚ ૙ ૚૚ ૙ ૙

૙ ૙ െ૜െ૜ ૙ ૚

૚ ૙
૚૚ ૙ ૙
૜ ૚
œൌ൦૙ ૚ ૚ െ ૙ ൪
૛ ૛
૙ ૙ െ૜െ૜ ૙ ૚


‰W


Ͳ Ͳ െ͵െ͵ Ͳ ͳ ૚
ൌ૙ ૙ ૚૚ ૙ െ 
െ͵ ૜
ͳ ͵ ͵ ͵ ͳ
Ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ െ ൈെ ൌͲ Ͳ െ െ Ͳ
͵ ʹ ʹ ʹ ʹ


͵ ͵ ͳ ૚ ૚ ૚
Ͳ Ͳ െ െ Ͳ ൅Ͳ Ͳ െ͵െ͵ Ͳ ͳൌ૙ ૚ ૙െ െ
ʹ ʹ ʹ ૛ ૛ ૛


ͳ ͳ
Ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ െ ൈ െͳ ൌ Ͳ Ͳ െͳെͳ Ͳ
͵ ͵


ͳ ૚
Ͳ Ͳ െͳെͳ Ͳ ൅ͳ Ͳ ͳͳ Ͳ Ͳൌ૚ ૙ ૙૙ ૙
͵ ૜



‫ ۍ‬૚ ૙ ૙૙ ૙ ‫ې‬
‫ێ‬ ૜ ‫ۑ‬
૚ ૚ ૚
œ ൌ ‫ ێ‬૙ ૚ ૙െ െ ‫ۑ‬
‫ێ‬ ૛ ૛ ૛ ‫ۑ‬
‫ێ‬ ૚ ‫ۑ‬
૙ ૙ ૚૚ ૙ െ
‫ۏ‬ ૜ ‫ے‬


  

‫ ۍ‬૙ ૙ ‫ې‬


‫ێ‬ ૜ ‫ۑ‬
૚ ૚ ૚
࡭ି૚ ൌ ‫ێ‬െ െ ‫ۑ‬
‫ ێ‬૛ ૛ ૛‫ۑ‬
‫ێ‬ ૚‫ۑ‬
‫ۏ‬ ૚ ૙ െ
૜‫ے‬


 

ͳ
‫Ͳ Ͳ ۍ‬ ‫ې‬
͵‫ۑ‬
ͳ Ͳ ͳ ‫ͳ ێ‬ ͳ ͳ‫ۑ‬
൥ʹ െʹ െͳ൩ ‫ێ‬െ െ
͵ Ͳ Ͳ ‫ʹ ێ‬ ʹ ʹ‫ۑ‬

‫ێ‬ ͳ‫ۑ‬
‫ Ͳ ͳ ۏ‬െ ͵ ‫ے‬

‰c
ͳ ͳ
ͳൈͲ ൌ Ͳ ͳ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ ͳൈ ൌ
͵ ͵
ͳ ͳ ͳ
Ͳൈെ ൌͲ Ͳ ൈ െ ൌ Ͳ Ͳൈ ൌͲ
ʹ ʹ ʹ
ͳ ͳ

ͳൈͳ ൌ ͳ ͳ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ ͳ ൈ െ ൌ െ
ൌͳ ൌͲ ͵ ͵
ൌͲ
ͳ ʹ
ʹൈͲൌͲ ʹ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ ൌ
ʹ ൈ
͵ ͵
ͳ ͳ ͳ
െʹ ൈ െ ൌ ͳ െʹ ൈ െ ൌ ͳ െʹ ൈ ൌ െͳ 
ʹ ʹ ʹ
ͳ ͳ
െͳ ൈ ͳ ൌ െͳ െͳ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ െͳ ൈ െ ൌ
ൌͲ ൌͳ ͵ ͵
ൌͲ
ͳ
͵ൈͲൌͲ ͵ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ ͵ ൈ ൌͳ
͵
ͳ ͳ ͳ
Ͳൈെ ൌͲ Ͳ ൈ െ ൌ Ͳ Ͳ ൈ ൌ Ͳ 
ʹ ʹ ʹ
ͳ
ͲൈͳൌͲ Ͳ ൈ Ͳ ൌ Ͳ Ͳ ൈ െ ൌ ͳ
ൌͲ ൌ Ͳ ͵
ൌͳ

૚ ૙ ૙
࡭ ି૚
ൌ ൥૙ ૚ ૙൩
૙ ૙ ૚


‰½
9   3 

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬ൌ Ͷ

‫ ݔ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ʹ

9 

ʹ െ͵ Ͷ
ቂ ቃ
ͳ ͷ ͳ
ʹ െ͵ Ͷ ૜
ൌ૚ െ ૛
ʹ ૛
͵ ͵
ͳ െ ʹ ൈ െͳ ൌ െͳ െʹ
ʹ ʹ
͵ ૚૜
െͳ െʹ ൅ ͳ ͷ ʹൌ૙ ૙
ʹ ૛

૚ െ ૛
൦ ૛ ൪
૚૜
૙ ૙

Ͳ Ͳ
ଵଷ

ଵଷ ൌ૙ ૚ ૙

͵ ͵
Ͳ ͳ Ͳൈ ൌͲ Ͳ
ʹ ʹ
͵
Ͳ Ͳ൅ͳ Ͳ ʹൌ૚ ૙ ૛
ʹ

૚ ૙ ૛ 2
ቂ ቃ 
૙ ૚ ૙ I
 


 9 

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬ൌ Ͷ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ʹ

ʹሺʹሻ െ ͵ሺͲሻ ൌ Ͷʹ ൅ ͷሺͲሻ ൌ ʹ

Ͷ െ Ͳ ൌ Ͷʹ െ Ͳ ൌ ʹ

૝ ൌ ૝૛ ൌ ૛

‰‰
        

െ‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͻ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͵

͵‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͸

9 

െͳ െʹ ʹ ͻ
൥ʹ ͳ െͳ െ͵൩
൩ ൥
͵ െͳ ͳ െ͸
െͳ െʹ ʹ
൥ʹ ͳ െͳ൩
͵ െͳ ͳ
െͳ െʹ ʹ
ͳ െͳ ʹ െͳ ʹ ͳ
οൌ ቈ ʹ ͳ െͳ቉"െͳ ቂ ቃ ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ  ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ
െʹ ͳ ͵ ͳ ͵ െʹ
͵ െͳ ͳ

ሺͳሻ െ ሺʹሻ ൌ െͳሺʹሻ െ ሺെ͵ሻ ൌ ͷሺെͶሻ െ ሺ͵ሻ ൌ െ͹

ሺെͳሻሺെͳሻ ൌ ૚ሺͷሻሺʹሻ ൌ ૚૙ሺെ͹ሻሺʹሻ ൌ െ૚૝

οൌ ૚ ൅ ૚૙ െ ૚૝

οൌ െ૜


ͻ െʹ ʹ
ͳ െͳ െ͵ െͳ െ͵ ͳ
οଵ ൌ ቈെ͵ ͳ െͳ቉"ͻ ቂ ቃ ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ  ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ
െʹ ͳ െ͸ ͳ െ͸ െʹ
െ͸ െͳ ͳ
ሺͳሻ െ ሺʹሻ ൌ െͳሺെ͵ሻ െ ሺ͸ሻ ൌ െͻሺ͸ሻ െ ሺെ͸ሻ ൌ ͳʹ

ሺെͳሻሺͻሻ ൌ െૢሺെͻሻሺʹሻ ൌ െ૚ૡሺͳʹሻሺʹሻ ൌ ૛૝

ο૚ ൌ െૢ െ ૚ૡ ൅ ૛૝

ο૚ ൌ െ૜

‰ÿ
െͳ ͻ ʹ
െ͵ െͳ ʹ െͳ ʹ െ͵
οଶ ൌ ቈ ʹ െ͵ െͳ቉"െͳ ቂ ቃ  െ ͻ ቂ ቃ  ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ
െ͸ ͳ ͵ ͳ ͵ െ͸
͵ െ͸ ͳ

ሺെ͵ሻ െ ሺ͸ሻ ൌ െͻሺʹሻ െ ሺെ͵ሻ ൌ ͷሺെͳʹሻ െ ሺെͻሻ ൌ െ͵

ሺെͻሻሺെͳሻ ൌ ૢሺͷሻሺെͻሻ ൌ െ૝૞ሺെ͵ሻሺʹሻ ൌ െ૟

ο૛ ൌ ૢ െ ૝૞ െ ૟

ο૛ ൌ െ૝૛
െͳ െʹ ͻ
ͳ െ͵ ʹ െ͵ ʹ ͳ
οଷ ൌ ቈ ʹ ͳ െ͵቉"െͳ ቂ ቃ ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ ൅ ʹ ቂ ቃ
െʹ െ͸ ͵ െ͸ ͵ െʹ
͵ െʹ െ͸

ሺെ͸ሻ െ ሺ͸ሻ ൌ െͳʹሺെͳʹሻ െ ሺെͻሻ ൌ െ͵ሺെͶሻ െ ሺ͵ሻ ൌ െ͹

ሺെͳʹሻሺെͳሻ ൌ ૚૛ሺെ͵ሻሺʹሻ ൌ െ૟ሺെ͹ሻሺͻሻ ൌ െ૟૜

ο૜ ൌ ૚૛ െ ૟ െ ૟૜

ο૜ ൌ െ૞ૠ

  
οଵ െ͵ οଶ െͶʹ οଷ െͷ͹
‫ݔ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૚‫ ݕ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૚૝‫ ݖ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૚ૢ
ο െ͵ ο െ͵ ο െ͵



  



െ‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͻʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͵͵‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͸

െሺͳሻ െ ʹሺͳͶሻ ൅ ʹሺͳͻሻ ൌ ͻʹሺͳሻ ൅ ͳͶ െ ͳͻ ൌ െ͵͵ሺͳሻ െ ʹሺͳͶሻ ൅ ͳͻ ൌ െ͸

െͳ െ ʹͺ ൅ ͵ͺ ൌ ͻʹ ൅ ͳͶ െ ͳͻ ൌ െ͵͵ െ ʹͺ ൅ ͳͻ ൌ െ͸

ૢ ൌ ૢ െ ૜ ൌ െ૜ െ ૟ ൌ െ૟

‰ 
9 

ͳ Ͳ െͳ
œ ൌ ൥ʹ ͳ െʹ൩
͵ ʹ െ͵
 ʹœଶ ൅ ͹œ െ ʹœ ൅ œ 

ͳ Ͳ െͳ ͳ Ͳ െͳ െ૛ െ૛ ૛
œ ൌ ൥ʹ

ͳ െʹ൩ ൥ʹ ͳ െʹ൩ ൌ ൥െ૛ െ૜ ૛൩
͵ ʹ െ͵ ͵ ʹ െ͵ െ૛ െ૝ ૛
െʹ െʹ ʹ െ૝ െ૝ ૝

ʹœ ൌ ʹ െʹ

െ͵ ʹ ൌ െ૝
൩ ൥ െ૟ ૝൩
െʹ െͶ ʹ െ૝ െૡ ૝
ͳ Ͳ െͳ ૠ ૙ െૠ
͹œ ൌ ͹ ൥ʹ ͳ െʹ ൩ ൌ ൥ ૚૝ ૠ െ૚૝൩
͵ ʹ െ͵ ૛૚ ૚૝ െ૛૚
ͳ Ͳ െͳ ૛ ૙ െ૛
ʹœ ൌ ʹ ൥ʹ ͳ െʹ൩ ൌ ൥૝ ૛ െ૝൩
͵ ʹ െ͵ ૟ ૝ െ૟
૚ ૛ ૜
œ ൌ൥ ૙ ૚ ૛ ൩
െ૚ െ૛ െ૜


െͶ െͶ Ͷ ͹ Ͳ െ͹ ૜ െ૝ െ૜
ʹœଶ ൅ ͹œ ൌ  ൥െͶ െ͸ Ͷ൩  ൅  ൥ͳͶ ͹ െͳͶ൩ ൌ ൥૚૙ ૚ െ૚૙൩
െͶ െͺ Ͷ ʹͳ ͳͶ െʹͳ ૚૝ ૟ െ૚૝
͵ െͶ െ͵ ʹ Ͳ െʹ ૚ െ૝ െ૚
ʹœ ൅ ͹œ െ ʹœ ൌ  ൥ͳͲ

ͳ െͳͲ൩  െ ൥Ͷ ʹ െͶ൩ ൌ  ൥૟ െ૚ െ૟൩
ͳͶ ͸ െͳͶ ͸ Ͷ െ͸ ૡ ૛ െૡ
ͳ െͶ െͳ ͳ ʹ ͵ ૛ െ૛ ૛
ʹœ ൅ ͹œ െ ʹœ ൅ œ ൌ  ൥͸ െͳ െ͸൩ ൅ ൥ Ͳ

ͳ ʹ ൩ ൌ ൥૟ ૙ െ૝ ൩
ͺ ʹ െͺ െͳ െʹ െ͵ ૠ ૙ െ૚૚



‰



‫ ݔ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͸ ൅ ‫ݕ‬

͵‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͳͲ ൅ ‫ݖ‬

‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ

9 

‫ ݔ‬െ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͸

͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͲ

‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ

ͳ െͳ ͷ െ͸
൥͵ ͵ െͳ൩ ൥ ͳͲ ൩
ͳ ͵ ʹ ͷ
ͳ െͳ ͷ
ͳ ͷ ͳ ͷ ͳ െͳ
οൌ ቈ͵ ͵ െͳ቉"െ͵ ቂ ቃ ൅ ͵ ቂ ቃ ൅ ͳ ቂ ቃ
͵ ʹ ͳ ʹ ͳ ͵
ͳ ͵ ʹ
ሺെʹሻ െ ሺͳͷሻ ൌ െͳ͹ሺʹሻ െ ሺͷሻ ൌ െ͵ሺ͵ሻ െ ሺെͳሻ ൌ Ͷ

ሺെͳ͹ሻሺെ͵ሻ ൌ ૞૚ሺെ͵ሻሺ͵ሻ ൌ െૢሺͶሻሺͳሻ ൌ ૝

οൌ ૞૚ െ ૢ ൅ ૝

οൌ ૝૟


െ͸ െͳ ͷ
െͳ ͷ െ͸ ͷ െ͸ െͳ
οଵ ൌ ቈ ͳͲ ͵ െͳ቉"െͳͲ ቂ ቃ ൅͵ቂ ቃ൅ ͳ ቂ ቃ
͵ ʹ ͷ ʹ ͷ ͵
ͷ ͵ ʹ
ሺെʹሻ െ ሺͳͷሻ ൌ െͳ͹ሺെͳʹሻ െ ሺʹͷሻ ൌ െ͵͹ሺെͳͺሻ െ ሺെͷሻ ൌ െͳ͵

ሺെͳ͹ሻሺെͳͲሻ ൌ ૚ૠ૙ሺെ͵͹ሻሺ͵ሻ ൌ െ૚૚૚ሺെͳ͵ሻሺͳሻ ൌ െ૚૜

ο૚ ൌ ૚ૠ૙ െ ૚૚૚ െ ૚૜

ο૚ ൌ ૝૟

‰Ü
ͳ െ͸ ͷ
െ͸ ͷ ͳ ͷ ͳ െ͸
ο ଶ ൌ ቈ͵ ͳͲ െͳ቉"െ͵ ቂ ቃ ൅ ͳͲ ቂ ቃ  ൅ ͳ ቂ ቃ
ͷ ʹ ͳ ʹ ͳ ͷ
ͳ ͷ ʹ
ሺെͳʹሻ െ ሺʹͷሻ ൌ െ͵͹ሺʹሻ െ ሺͷሻ ൌ െ͵ሺͷሻ െ ሺെ͸ሻ ൌ ͳͳ

ሺെ͵͹ሻሺെ͵ሻ ൌ ૚૚૚ሺെ͵ሻሺͳͲሻ ൌ െ૜૙ሺͳͳሻሺͳሻ ൌ ૚૚

ο૛ ൌ ૚૚૚ െ ૜૙ ൅ ૚૚

ο૛ ൌ ૢ૛
ͳ െͳ െ͸
െͳ െ͸ ͳ െ͸ ͳ െͳ
ο ଷ ൌ ቈ͵ ͵ ͳͲ ቉"െ͵ ቂ ቃ ൅ ͵ ቂ ቃ െ ͳͲ ቂ ቃ
͵ ͷ ͳ ͷ ͳ ͵
ͳ ͵ ͷ

ሺെͷሻ െ ሺെͳͺሻ ൌ ͳ͵ሺͷሻ െ ሺെ͸ሻ ൌ ͳͳሺ͵ሻ െ ሺെͳሻ ൌ Ͷ

ሺͳ͵ሻሺെ͵ሻ ൌ െ૜ૢሺͳͳሻሺ͵ሻ ൌ ૜૜ሺͶሻሺെͳͲሻ ൌ െ૝૙

ο૜ ൌ െ૜ૢ ൅ ૜૜ െ ૝૙

ο૜ ൌ െ૝૟

  
οଵ Ͷ͸ οଶ ͻʹ οଷ െͶ͸
‫ݔ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૚‫ ݕ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૛‫ ݖ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ െ૚
ο Ͷ͸ ο Ͷ͸ ο Ͷ͸



  

‫ ݔ‬െ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െ͸͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͲ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ



ͳ െ ʹ ൅ ͷሺെͳሻ ൌ െ͸͵ሺͳሻ ൅ ͵ሺʹሻ െ ͳሺെͳሻ ൌ ͳͲͳ ൅ ͵ሺʹሻ ൅ ʹሺെͳሻ ൌ ͷ

ͳ െ ʹ െ ͷ ൌ െ͸͵ ൅ ͸ ൅ ͳ ൌ ͳͲͳ ൅ ͸ െ ʹ ൌ ͷ

െ૟ ൌ െ૟૚૙ ൌ ૚૙૞ ൌ ૞‘


‘
‘

‰ü
      
          
 

        

 ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ


  െ‫ ݔ‬൅ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹

 ͵‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͳ

9  

9   

 ሺͳሻʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ


  ሺʹሻ െ ‫ ݔ‬൅ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ


െʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͸‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹
െ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͹‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͻ‫ܽݑܿܧ‬Ǥ Ͷ


9   


 ሺെ͵ሻʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ

͵Ǥሺʹሻ͵‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͳ

െ͸‫ ݔ‬൅ ͻ‫ ݕ‬െ ͵‫ ݖ‬ൌ െͳͷ




͸‫ ݔ‬െ Ͷ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ʹʹ


ͷ‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹‫ܽݑܿܧ‬Ǥ ͷ


9  ÿ

ÿǤሺͷሻ  െ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͹‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͻ

Ǥሺͳሻͷ‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹

െͷ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͻͷ


ͷ‫ ݕ‬െ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹ 
͵Ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͲʹ
ͳͲʹ
‫ݖ‬ൌ
͵Ͷ


ࢠ ൌ ૜

‰8

9  ÿ  ‫ݕ‬

െ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͹‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͻ

െ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͹ሺ͵ሻ ൌ ͳͻ

െ‫ ݕ‬൅ ʹͳ ൌ ͳͻ

െ‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͳͻ െ ʹͳ

ሺെͳሻ െ ‫ ݕ‬ൌ െʹሺെͳሻ

I ൌ ૛
9     ‫ݔ‬

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵ሺʹሻ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͷ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͸ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͷ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵ ൌ ͷ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬ൌ ͷ ൅ ͵

ʹ‫ ݔ‬ൌ ͺ

ͺ
‫ݔ‬ൌ 
ʹ

2 ൌ ૝
 

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͷ െ ‫ ݔ‬൅ ‫ ݕ‬൅ ͵‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͹͵‫ ݔ‬െ ʹ‫ ݕ‬൅ ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳͳ

ʹሺͶሻ െ ͵ሺʹሻ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͷ െ ሺͶሻ ൅ ʹ ൅ ͵ሺ͵ሻ ൌ ͹͵ሺͶሻ െ ʹሺʹሻ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͳͳ

ͺ െ ͸ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͷ െ Ͷ ൅ ʹ ൅ ͻ ൌ ͹ͳʹ െ Ͷ ൅ ͵ ൌ ͳͳ

૞ ൌ ૞ૠ ൌ ૠ૚૚ ൌ ૚૚

‘

ÿW
      
  8  $  
 

        3   9 9  

ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬െ Ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳʹ

ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͸‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͳ͸

െ͵‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െʹͲ

 3  

ʹ ʹ െͶ ͳʹ
൥ʹ ͸ Ͳ ͳ͸ ൩
െ͵ െ͵ ͷ െʹͲ
9 

ʹ ʹ െͶ ͳʹ
ൌ૚ ૚ െ૛ ૟
ʹ
ͳ ͳ െʹ ͸ ൈ െʹ ൌ െʹ െʹ Ͷ െͳʹ

െʹ െʹ Ͷ െͳʹ ൅ ʹ ͸ Ͳ ͳ͸ ൌ ૙ ૝ ૝ ૝

ͳ ͳ െʹ ͸ ൈ ͵ ൌ ͵ ͵ െ͸ ͳͺ

͵ ͵ െ͸ ͳͺ ൅ െ͵ െ͵ ͷ െʹͲ ൌ ૙ ૙ െ૚ െ૛

૚ ૚ െ૛ ૟
൥ ૙ ૝ ૝ ૝ ൩
૙ ૙ െ૚ െ૛
Ͳ Ͷ Ͷ Ͷ
ൌ૙ ૚ ૚ ૚
Ͷ

Ͳ ͳ ͳ ͳ ൈ െͳ ൌ Ͳ െͳ െͳ െͳ

Ͳ െͳ െͳ െͳ ൅ ͳ ͳ െʹ ͸ ൌ ૚ ૙ െ૜ ૞

૙ ૙ െ૚ െ૛૙

૚ ૙ െ૜ ૞
൥ ૙ ૚ ૚ ૚ ൩
૙ ૙ െ૚ െ૛

ÿc
Ͳ Ͳ െͳ െʹ
ൌ૙ ૙ ૚ ૛
െͳ

Ͳ Ͳ ͳ ʹൈ͵ൌͲ Ͳ ͵ ͸

Ͳ Ͳ ͵ ͸ ൅ ͳ Ͳ െ͵ ͷ ൌ ૚ ૙ ૙ ૚૚

Ͳ Ͳ ͳ ʹ ൈ െͳ ൌ Ͳ Ͳ െͳ െʹ

Ͳ Ͳ െͳ െʹ ൅ Ͳ ͳ ͳ ͳ ൌ ૙ ૚ ૙ െ૚

૚ ૙ ૙ ૚૚ 2
൥૙ ૚ ૙ െ૚൩ I
૙ ૙ ૚ ૛ ࢠ
  

  9     

ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬െ Ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳʹʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͸‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െʹͲ

ʹሺͳͳሻ ൅ ʹሺെͳሻ െ Ͷሺʹሻ ൌ ͳʹʹሺͳͳሻ ൅ ͸ሺെͳሻ ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵ሺͳͳሻ െ ͵ሺെͳሻ ൅ ͷሺʹሻ ൌ െʹͲ

ʹʹ െ ʹ െ ͺ ൌ ͳʹʹʹ െ ͸ ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵͵ ൅ ͵ ൅ ͳͲ ൌ െʹͲ

૚૛ ൌ ૚૛૚૟ ൌ ૚૟ െ ૛૙ ൌ െ૛૙





  
ʹ ʹ െͶ ͳʹ
൥ʹ ͸ Ͳ ൩ ൥ ͳ͸ ൩
െ͵ െ͵ ͷ െʹͲ
ʹ ʹ െͶ
͸ Ͳ ʹ Ͳ ʹ ͸
οൌ ቈ ʹ ͸ Ͳ ቉"൅ʹ ቂ ቃ  െ ʹ ቂ ቃ  െ Ͷ ቂ ቃ
െ͵ ͷ െ͵ ͷ െ͵ െ͵
െ͵ െ͵ ͷ

ሺ͵Ͳሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͵ͲሺͳͲሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͳͲሺെ͸ሻ െ ሺെͳͺሻ ൌ ͳʹ

ሺ͵Ͳሻሺʹሻ ൌ ૟૙ሺͳͲሻሺെʹሻ ൌ െ૛૙ሺͳʹሻሺെͶሻ ൌ െ૝ૡ

οൌ ૟૙ െ ૛૙ െ ૝ૡ

οൌ െૡ

ÿ½

ͳʹ ʹ െͶ
͸ Ͳ ͳ͸ Ͳ ͳ͸ ͸
οଵ ൌ ቈ ͳ͸ ͸ Ͳ ቉"ͳʹ ቂ ቃ െʹቂ ቃ െ Ͷቂ ቃ
െ͵ ͷ െʹͲ ͷ െʹͲ െ͵
െʹͲ െ͵ ͷ

ሺ͵Ͳሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͵ͲሺͺͲሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͺͲሺെͶͺሻ െ ሺെͳʹͲሻ ൌ ͹ʹ

ሺ͵Ͳሻሺͳʹሻ ൌ ૜૟૙ሺͺͲሻሺെʹሻ ൌ െ૚૟૙ሺ͹ʹሻሺെͶሻ ൌ െ૛ૡૡ

ο૚ ൌ ૜૟૙ െ ૚૟૙ െ ૛ૡૡ

ο૚ ൌ െૡૡ
ʹ ͳʹ െͶ
ͳ͸ Ͳ ʹ Ͳ ʹ ͳ͸
οଶ ൌ ቈ ʹ ͳ͸ Ͳ ቉"ʹ ቂ ቃ െ ͳʹ ቂ ቃ െ Ͷቂ ቃ
െʹͲ ͷ െ͵ ͷ െ͵ െʹͲ
െ͵ െʹͲ ͷ
ሺͺͲሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͺͲሺͳͲሻ െ ሺͲሻ ൌ ͳͲሺെͶͲሻ െ ሺെͶͺሻ ൌ ͺ

ሺͺͲሻሺʹሻ ൌ ૚૟૙ሺͳͲሻሺെʹሻ ൌ െ૚૛૙ሺͺሻሺെͶሻ ൌ െ૜૛

ο૛ ൌ ૚૟૙ െ ૚૛૙ െ ૜૛

ο૛ ൌ ૡ
ʹ ʹ ͳʹ
͸ ͳ͸ ʹ ͳ͸ ʹ ͸
οଷ ൌ ቈ ʹ ͸ ͳ͸ ቉"ʹ ቂ ቃെʹቂ ቃ ൅ ͳʹ ቂ ቃ
െ͵ െʹͲ െ͵ െʹͲ െ͵ െ͵
െ͵ െ͵ െʹͲ

ሺെͳʹͲሻ െ ሺെͶͺሻ ൌ െ͹ʹሺെͶͲሻ െ ሺെͶͺሻ ൌ ͺሺെ͸ሻ െ ሺെͳͺሻ ൌ ͳʹ

ሺെ͹ʹሻሺʹሻ ൌ െ૚૝૝ሺͺሻሺെʹሻ ൌ െ૚૟ሺͳʹሻሺͳʹሻ ൌ ૚૝૝

ο૜ ൌ െ૚૝૝ െ ૚૟ ൅ ૚૝૝

ο૜ ൌ െ૚૟

  
οଵ െͺͺ οଶ ͺ οଷ െͳ͸
‫ݔ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૚૚‫ ݕ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ െ૚‫ ݖ‬ൌ ൌ ൌ ૛
ο െͺ ο െͺ ο െͺ

ÿ‰

  

  9     

ʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬െ Ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ ͳʹʹ‫ ݔ‬൅ ͸‫ ݕ‬ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬൅ ͷ‫ ݖ‬ൌ െʹͲ

ʹሺͳͳሻ ൅ ʹሺെͳሻ െ Ͷሺʹሻ ൌ ͳʹʹሺͳͳሻ ൅ ͸ሺെͳሻ ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵ሺͳͳሻ െ ͵ሺെͳሻ ൅ ͷሺʹሻ ൌ െʹͲ

ʹʹ െ ʹ െ ͺ ൌ ͳʹʹʹ െ ͸ ൌ ͳ͸ െ ͵͵ ൅ ͵ ൅ ͳͲ ൌ െʹͲ

૚૛ ൌ ૚૛૚૟ ൌ ૚૟ െ ૛૙ ൌ െ૛૙

ÿÿ
      

ʹ െͳ
œൌቂ ቃ
͸ ͹
9  

ʹ െͳͳ Ͳ
œൌቂ ቃ
͸ ͹Ͳ ͳ
ʹ െͳ ͳ Ͳ ૚ ૚
ൌ૚ െ ૙
ʹ ૛ ૛
ͳ ͳ
ͳ െ Ͳ ൈ െ͸ ൌ െ͸ ͵ െ͵ Ͳ
ʹ ʹ

െ͸ ͵ െ͵ Ͳ൅͸ ͹ Ͳ ͳൌ૙ ૚૙ െ૜ ૚

૚ ૚
൥૚ െ ૛ ૛
૙ ൩
૙ ૚૙ െ૜ ૚
Ͳ ͳͲ െ͵ ͳ ૜ ૚
ൌ૙ ૚ െ
ͳͲ ૚૙ ૚૙


͵ ͳ ͳ ͳ ͵ ͳ
Ͳ ͳ െ ൈ ൌͲ െ
ͳͲ ͳͲ ʹ ʹ ʹͲ ʹͲ


ͳ ͵ ͳ ͳ ͳ ૠ ૚
Ͳ െ ൅ͳ െ Ͳൌ૚ ૙
ʹ ʹͲ ʹͲ ʹ ʹ ૛૙ ૛૙


ૠ ૚
૚ ૙
൦ ૛૙ ૛૙ ൪
૜ ૚
૙ ૚ െ
૚૙ ૚૙

ૠ ૚
  

࡭ି૚ ൌ ൦ ૛૙ ૛૙ ൪
૜ ૚

૚૙ ૚૙


ÿ 
 

͹ ͳ
ʹ െͳ ʹͲ ʹͲ
ቂ ቃ൦ ൪
͸ ͹ ͵ ͳ

ͳͲ ͳͲ
͹ ͹ ͳ ͳ
ʹൈ ൌ ʹൈ ൌ
ʹͲ ͳͲ ʹͲ ͳͲ
͵ ͵ ͳ ͳ
െͳ ൈ െ ൌ െͳ ൈ ൌെ
ͳͲ ͳͲ ͳͲ ͳͲ
ൌͳ ൌͲ


͹ ʹͳ ͳ ͵
͸ൈ ൌ ͸ൈ ൌ
ʹͲ ͳͲ ʹͲ ͳͲ
͵ ʹͳ ͳ ͹
͹ൈെ ൌെ ͹ൈ ൌ
ͳͲ ͳͲ ͳͲ ͳͲ
ൌͲ ൌͳ
ͳ Ͳ
œିଵ ൌ ቂ ቃ
Ͳ ͳ


ÿ

9   

ʹ ͳ Ͷ
ൌ ൥͵ ʹ Ͳ൩
Ͷ ͵ ͳ
 ଶ
൅͵ ൅ ൅ ͷ


ʹ ͳ Ͷ ʹ ͳ Ͷ ૛૜ ૚૟ ૚૛

ൌ ൥͵ ʹ Ͳ൩ ൥͵ ʹ Ͳ൩ ൌ ൥૚૛ ૠ ૚૛൩
Ͷ ͵ ͳ Ͷ ͵ ͳ ૛૚ ૚૜ ૚ૠ


ʹ ͳ Ͷ ૟ ૜ ૚૛
͵ ൌ ͵ ൥͵ ʹ Ͳ ൌ ૢ ૟ ૙ ൩
൩ ൥
Ͷ ͵ ͳ ૚૛ ૢ ૜
૛ ૜ ૝
ൌ ൥૚ ૛ ૜൩ 
૝ ૙ ૚
ʹ͵ ͳ͸ ͳʹ ͸ ͵ ͳʹ ૛ૢ ૚ૢ ૛૝

൅͵ ൌ ൥ͳʹ ͹ ͳʹ൩ ൅ ൥ ͻ ͸ Ͳ ൩ ൌ ൥૛૚ ૚૞ ૚૛൩
ʹͳ ͳ͵ ͳ͹ ͳʹ ͻ ͵ ૜૜ ૛૛ ૛૙
ʹͻ ͳͻ ʹͶ ʹ ͵ Ͷ ૜૚ ૛૛ ૛ૡ

൅͵ ൅ ൥ ൩ ൥
ൌ ʹͳ ͳͷ ͳʹ  ൅ ͳ ʹ ͵ ൌ ૛૚
൩ ൥ ૚૜ ૚૛൩
͵͵ ʹʹ ʹͲ Ͷ Ͳ ͳ ૜૜ ૛૛ ૛૙
͵ͳ ʹʹ ʹͺ ͷ Ͳ Ͳ

൅͵ ൅ ൅ ͷ ൌ ൥ʹͳ ͳͷ ͳʹ൩ ൅  ൥Ͳ ͷ Ͳ൩
͵͵ ʹʹ ʹͲ Ͳ Ͳ ͷ

૜૟ ૛૛ ૛ૡ
൥૛૛ ૛૙ ૚૞൩
૜ૠ ૛૛ ૛૟






ÿÜ
ÿ         3 

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬ൌ െ͹

െ͵‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬ൌ െʹ

9 

ʹ െ͵ െ͹
ቂ ቃ
െ͵ ʹ െʹ
ʹ െ͵ െ͹ ૜ ૠ
ൌ૚ െ െ 
ʹ ૛ ૛
͵ ͹ ͻ ʹͳ
ͳ െ െ ൈ͵ ൌ ͵ െ െ 
ʹ ʹ ʹ ʹ
ͻ ʹͳ ૞ ૛૞
͵ െ െ ൅ െ͵ ʹ െʹ ൌ ૙ െ െ
ʹ ʹ ૛ ૛


૜ ૠ
૚ െ െ
൦ ૛ ૛ ൪
૞ ૛૞
૙ െ െ
૛ ૛
Ͳ െ െ
ହ ଶହ
ଶ ଶ
ൌ૙ ૚ ૞


͵ ͵ ͳͷ
Ͳ ͳ ͷൈ ൌͲ
ʹ ʹ ʹ


͵ ͳͷ ͵ ͹
Ͳ ൅ͳ െ െ ൌ૚ ૙ ૝
ʹ ʹ ʹ ʹ

૚ ૙ ૝ 2
ቂ ቃ 
૙ ૚ ૞ I
 

ʹ‫ ݔ‬െ ͵‫ ݕ‬ൌ െ͹ െ ͵‫ ݔ‬൅ ʹ‫ ݕ‬ൌ െʹ

ʹሺͶሻ െ ͵ሺͷሻ ൌ െ͹ െ ͵ሺͶሻ ൅ ʹሺͷሻ ൌ െʹ

ͺ െ ͳͷ ൌ െ͹ െ ͳʹ ൅ ͳͲ ൌ െʹ

െૠ ൌ െૠ െ ૛ ൌ െ૛

ÿü
ͳ ʹ ͵
   

œ ൌ ൥െʹ െͳ ͵ ൩
ͳ െͳ െʹ
9 

ͳ ʹ ͵ͳ Ͳ Ͳ
œିଵ ൌ ൥െʹ െͳ ͵Ͳ ͳ Ͳ൩
ͳ െͳ െʹͲ Ͳ ͳ

ͳ ʹ ͵ͳ Ͳ Ͳൈʹൌʹ Ͷ ͸ʹ Ͳ Ͳ

ʹ Ͷ ͻʹ ͳ Ͳ ൅ െʹ െͳ ͵Ͳ ͳ Ͳൌ૙ ૜ ૢ૛ ૚ ૙

ͳ ʹ ͵ͳ Ͳ Ͳ ൈ െͳ ൌ െͳ െʹ െ͵െͳ Ͳ Ͳ

െͳ െʹ െ͵െͳ Ͳ Ͳ൅ͳ െͳ െʹͲ Ͳ ͳൌ૙ െ૜ െ૞െ૚ ૙ ૚

૚ ૛ ૜૚ ૙ ૙
൥ ૙ ૜ ૢ૛ ૚ ૙ ൩
૙ െ૜ െ૞െ૚ ૙ ૚
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