Dolls have ..1.. as children s playthings for thousands of years. However, they were ..2..

manufactured as toys in large numbers in Germany in the ..3.. century. The centres of the industry were factories at Nuremberg, Augsburg, and Sonneberg. The dolls were primitive and ..4.. of wood, clay, rags, and wax. They were dressed in clothes to ..5.. German women of the time.

Soon factories in England, France, Holland, and Italy, as well as Germany, began ..6.. dolls dressed in fashions ..7.. of their respective countries. Another ..8.. of doll, "lady" dolls, were extremely expensive and elegant, and were used as gifts ..9.. the aristocracy. These dolls, and the "fashion" dolls, which were later manufactured in Paris, have remained popular ..10.. since. Such dolls were often used to model the latest clothing trends and were sent from one country to another to show off the latest fashions. Today they are prized collector s ..11..

By the 17th century, however, ..12.. dolls began to appear, made of cloth or leather, and these were very ..13.. as toys for both boys and girls. There were several improvements in manufacturing. Dolls heads became more realistic, and new materials were used. ..14.. in the 18th century manufacturers developed soft leather which ..15.. like human skin, and this was used in the more expensive dolls. Dolls began to look, feel, and move more like humans. A B C D existed been used sported initially factored first final recent fifteenth fifteen fiveteen fabricated construction fabric made resemblance be as look like appear production produce producing produced clothes typical those famous brand make breed type among for to with also for ever until dolls things prizes items latest cloth then simpler adapted suitable useful utilised Soon But Early When resembled fits covering felt

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Film Review - 'Tiger claw' Twenty years ago Bruce Lee inspired a kind of film which has .. popular everywhere in the world . since the kung-fu movie. Tiger claw is another kung-fu film, this one is not likely to be a classic. I don't mean to say that . is anything particularly wrong with this movie as a . of amusement for an evening, but viewers are likely to forget about it as soon as they walk out of the cinema. The plot is rather simple - girl is kidnapped by villian, boy rescues her after a series of car chases, shootings, and, of lots of violent hand-to-hand combat. It all happens in Hong Kong, which is .. the scene for the other five kung-fu films made by director Hu Dekawu. Some of the special effects are very good, while are just ridiculous. If you want to .. what I mean, look for the scene the hero destroys an armoured car by using just a cigarette . and his teeth. So .. you go to see this film? Well, if you like this sort of thing, you will probably think it worth five pounds for. If not, I suggest .. you stay at home and see what is on the TV. .your money for the new Spielberg movie coming out next month!

1. What he did next really surprised us. taken

8. 4. before has anyone done that. photographs. When we arrived. Everybody thinks that Frank stole the money. Their problem is made 7. 9. worse by the conflicting . 9. and I went on a safari in Africa. and by saving in money every year.the money. an That was experience. what the books called the "Dark Continent". . 5. Did she say who the dog belonged to?. time The fish was last Wednesday. 7. planned Their next . unconcerned they were about people in vehicles who managed to come quite close 13. beginning. it seemed as though this dream would never come to true. Now I have my own business. We will never forget that experience.. when I was a teenager 4. I haven't eaten fish since last Wednesday. what he did next. June. as the . 3... and how much 12. and later qualified as an 7.You will get everything you have ever wanted. accountant.. and it was difficult even to afford holidays by the sea. Terry. desert. develops..We were . I had wanted to go to 3. 6. was? 4. Last year I succeeded in having an ambition which I have had for many years. They are going to get married next June.. the film rapidly 5. By later. Lynn Jones reviews "The of the Phoenix". 2. But when I grew older. dog Did she say . to them and take a lot of photograph pictures. of Everybody . We were amazed at how many animals we could see. from a poor family. more If only 10. I have now several albums of 14. 3. Despite a/n . I really wish that I had studied harder.. than No-one in the team .. it was spring in the Africa.landscapes and human emotions. desert. of an air crash struggle 6. 1.. Now my wife wants to go the Far East! Answer sheet . This film offers beautiful music. and FLY EVOKE DRAMA EXCITE SURVIVE PITY PERSON . come All your wishes . to get green. 2. We decided to go to Kenya. against the . Terry is the shortest member of the team. 6. in England. and I like to take them out and look at them to remind myself 15.. that dreams can become in reality. 2. Ever since I was a child. finally enough to take myself and my family go on the holiday of a lifetime. and see the animals in the magnificent Serengetti park. This is the first time anyone has done that. since I came 5. 10. I had 8. and the park was just beginning 11. of the pilot. I went to frequent college.

Go and see it! SOLVE BEAR CONCLUDE . and the 10. he is an conceited engineer..8. the man who has the . But 9. is exciting and unexpected. to their problem. others hate him. The .

4 The instructions were written in such a complicated way that Joe had to spend a long time ««««««« out how to set up the printer. First results indicated that the new drug was ««««««« and had no side effects. 3 The workers at the car factory are at present ««««««« in negotiations to improve their position. 5 Lisa is in ««««««« while I¶m away from the office. Rita complained that it was not ««««««« that she had a smaller company car than her colleagues. the company ««««««« the services of a recruitment agency. . Now. The protestors moved back quickly in reaction to a sudden ««««««« by the police. As the business expanded and more staff were required.1 I can¶t see the ««««««« of all this paperwork. When my brother and his new girlfriend announced that they were ««««««« it took the whole family by surprise. 2 I think it¶s ««««««« to say that not everyone in the boardroom agreed with the decision about the site of the new factory. OK? They¶ve introduced a small ««««««« for parking outside the station. My husband looks nothing like his brothers and sisters because he is so ««««« . John was annoyed to find the drinks machine was not ««««««« yet again. can you? I was so frustrated that I was on the ««««««« of giving up. but my piano teacher persuaded me to keep on practising. let¶s move on to the final ««««««« for discussion at this meeting.

.... .......... for example... Some questions test at a phrasal level. This part consists of a text in which there are (1) .. Other (9) .... there is an (0) . (10) ... gaps (plus one gap as an example).... test meaning at sentence level or beyond...... phrases... Candidates are required to (6) .. have to choose the option which fits correctly with a following preposition or verb form.. collocations and (8) .. The text is followed by 12 sets of (3) .. testing.. on vocabulary and grammar.. fill the gaps. their knowledge of vocabulary and understanding of the text in order (7) .. words or phrases.. 1 A 8 B 10 C 12 D 14 2 A sentence B letter C expression D phrase 3 A one B two C three D four 4 A hole B gap C break D miss 5 A fills B shows C answers D functions 6 A put down B draw on C get up D show off 7 A in B to C of D at 8 A set B complete C shown D remaining 9 A times B occasions C possibilities D questions 10 A knowledge B pieces C knowing D understand 11 A examiners B children C candidates D testers 12 A suggestions B alternatives C answers D ideas . with more reading and understanding of the text required.. such as when (11) ..Part One In Part 1.. Candidates can write on the question paper... on the separate sheet.. each set corresponding to a (4) ...... but must mark their (12) . Candidates have to choose which one of the four words or phrases in the set (5) .. Each gap represents a missing word or (2) ... of grammar and vocabulary may be needed............ Sometimes. the gap correctly..

.. gaps (plus one gap as an example). one possible answer and this is allowed for in the mark scheme... prepositions... there is an emphasis on grammar (0) .... such as phrasal verbs. and should (21) ... Candidates are required to draw (14) . this rule is µcan¶t¶ which may be used in place of µcannot¶. The only exception (22) .. auxiliaries. Candidates must make sure that they only use one word to fill each of the gaps...... They should also keep in (24) .Part two In Part 2. pronouns.. Candidates need to read the words which follow the gap as well as those which come before (23) ... .g.... there may be more (19) .. µsthg¶ for µsomething¶) or contractions (e...... ........ sets of words from which to choose the answers.. Therefore................g.... always be a single word. This part consists of a text in which there are (13) . their knowledge of the structure of English and understanding of the text in order to fill the gaps........... must be correct.. linkers and words within fixed phrases. there aren¶t (15) ... a sense of the whole text......... Spelling. as articles. In this part...... use abbreviations (e. The answer (18) .. the gap correctly...... in all parts of the Use of English paper.. (20) . candidates have to think of a word which will (16) ....... verb tenses and forms... or lexico-grammatical. (17) . unlike Part 1.. Each correct answer receives one mark. The focus of the gapped words is either grammatical.. In some cases. vocabulary. he¶ll). didn¶t.......

.. Candidates may also be (31) ...... internal changes and compounds are used in forming words... on his garden.... there is an (0) ....... on vocabulary. KNOW suffixes......... Candidates need to (26) ...... c) Complete the gap in the second sentence with three of the words given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.. of structure is also UNDERSTAND needed. ................. HAS BEEN BEING NOT ABLE TO Enrico .. seeing their cousins again this summer... At the end of some of the lines. and as with RECEIVE the other parts of the Use of English paper.. of how prefixes... that they write their answers in capital letters SURE on the separate answer sheet............... lexical....... but an (29) ............... an FORMATION appropriate word from (27) ........ .... A very friendly taxi driver drove us into town................... Each correct answer in Part 3 (32) ......... This part consists EMPHASISE of a text containing 10 gaps (plus one gap as an example)...... so a good knowledge MAIN of vocabulary is essential.... The last time Enrico saw Gloria was the day they left school..... and (25) . Tomas put up a fence so that people didn¶t walk on his garden....................... The twins are eager to see their cousins again in the summer.................. but NECESSITY must (34) ......... a very friendly taxi driver.......... PREVENT ON WALKING THE PEOPLE TO Tomas put up a fence . there is a SEPARATION stem word in capital letters. correct spelling is (33) .......... Exercise 1 a) Complete the gap in the second sentence with five of the words given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence................. stem words to fill each gap........ d) Complete the gap in the second sentence with two of the words given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. seen Gloria since the day they left school............... DRIVEN TOWN THE BY INTO WERE We .. Candidates can write on the question paper. from the text........ to demonstrate REQUIREMENT understanding of the text beyond sentence level. LOOKING TO REALLY FORWARD KEEN IN The twins are ............ b) Complete the gap in the second sentence with four of the words given so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence......... It tests the candidates¶ (30) ...... one mark.................................. GIVE The focus of this task is (28) .Part three In Part 3..

................ c) saw to... such as the passive.. a) grew up..................... one of which must be the key word......... a) went on... b) got at...................... Nobody ___________that the money was missing until the accounts were checked... George ________________a lot of money when his uncle died......................... 40 Each answer in Part 4 receives no more than two marks. c) came into................................... a) cleared up..... ....... Paul¶s parents emigrated to Australia and he ____________ there..... such as the passive... 2... b) brought up.... candidates ..................... a) worn out.. a similar meaning to the first sentence.... 38 Candidates should write only the missing words on the answer sheet............. c) lived up to.......... two to five words to fill the gap.................... structures...... BOTH If a candidate ..... 41 There are two parts to each answer and both must be correctly answered by the candidates to receive two marks. 4.......................... FROM Including the key word................ b) found out........ are tested......... SO The gap in the second sentence must be filled ... b) left out..35 In this part.. After many years our old car has finally__________________............. Phrasal Verbs Revision Multiple choice questions 1............ 3..................... 5......... 36 Candidates have to fill the gap in the second sentence so that it is similar in meaning to the first sentence. MAXIMUM Each answer can be given ....... RANGE Candidates are tested .... there is an emphasis on grammar and vocabulary...... they get two marks........ the key word at all.... EMPHASISED Grammar and vocabulary .. BE Only the missing words ....... 37 The gap must be filled with between two and five words........ ALLOWED Candidates ..... 39 Candidates are not permitted to change the key word in any way. c) given in. I decided to go to bed early because I felt completely_____________... answer sheet... the answer correct.. this part............................ two marks................ 42 A range of structures..

The war broke ______in the middle of August. I¶ve got too fat. my story is _______. My older brother¶s sad.a) broken out. Their message was so complicated that we couldn¶t make it _________. . My teacher told me _______ when I didn¶t do my homework.your mum or your dad? I¶ve decided to take_______ a new sport. ho do you take_____ . Complete the sentences with a preposition. Why don¶t you take______ your coat? Personal computers really took_______ in the 1980s. b) broken down. He broke_____ with his girlfriend last week. It¶s hot in here. y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Martin hasn¶t really got________ his illness yet. and still feels tired. I¶ve been trying for hour to work ______ the answer to this geometry problem. and seems to take_________ his father. You can stay at my cottage in the country. They set __________for the airport early this morning. Her friendliness makes______ for her low intelligence. It seems that Bill¶s story about his trip to Antarctica isn¶t true. I think I¶ve managed to come _____ with a solution to that problem. The game will be called_____ in case of bad weather. Hold ______. but remember you must be_____ next weekend. Little Brooklyn is a good footballer. Katie has been trying to give ______eating fast food. I¶m sorry but I¶m not prepared to put _____with the rest of the class. That¶s all. The group put _______ their climb because of bad weather warnings. c) broken in. He made it_____. I¶ll put you_________. I¶d like to try ____that pair of trousers. I¶ve put _______ five kilos. I forgot to pick____ Robert at school! The conference was put_____ because some of the speakers could not attend. You¶ll be cut_____ if you don¶t pay the bill.

........ At Young Enterprise we believe that it is important for learning to (19) . done this..... He deliberately designed it to contrast with the skyscrapers that dominate the competition...... fun..... a business yourself? (16) ...... The structure would be kept level by giant tentacles..... Land will become scarcer as (33) .... The tentacles would also generate electricity through ocean (30) .... they have gained key business skills and knowledge....Young enterprise How prepared are you for (0) .... ....... your first step is to consult your school..... His self-sufficient water-scraper would be similar in (28) ..... hundreds of thousands of young people have got themselves a head start while they are still at school by taking part (17) . There... Most entrants imagine giant buildings taller than anything under construction today. (21) .............. to be certain of what our future (32) .. to the Empire State Building. Malaysian designer...... COMPETE IMPRESS RESPONSE ARCHITECT HIGH AGRICULTURE MOVE POSSIBLE HOUSE POPULATE REAL ......... already done so. Wind.... and to highlight sustainable (27) ..... year since it started...... solar..... since approximately 71% of the Earth s surface is ocean. . cities in the sea may one day be a (34) ....... If it has (22) ... Sarly Adre bin Sarkum........... areas at the top would provide food and oxygen.... EV Magazine hosts a skyscraper design (0) ... grow and. needs will be.......... . However..... the most (25) .. will get you your dream job? Perhaps you even have an ambition to set (15) ..... It can register as (23) .... participate in a programme.. of these by contacting the nearest Young Enterprise office. getting the business skills necessary to make your career a success? How do you gain the advantage (14) ... entry this year went the opposite route........ which is (20) ... but with only a couple of storeys above the sea s surface....... our programmes are run on the principle of learning by doing.......... either through a series of workshops (18) . (26) ........ your school will need to become a centre.. to the need for a different kind of development by dropping his building straight downwards into the sea... Once it (24) .... but what (13) ....... water-scraper ! Each year...... .. you can get started! Skyscraper? No... No-one is building anything like this now but it is (31) ......... and wave power would provide energy and a green space containing forests and (29) .. future? You are studying to obtain qualifications for your chosen career. a Young Enterprise programme......... Living and work areas would be below the sea s surface. exciting and hands-on. through starting and running their own real company.

.... What if you could put that in a bus? The officials have been delighted to see the (9) ...surround........... the bored.................. into quiet... . two hours each way. one person could drive and the other could work using a laptop and a wireless card. too. some students spend their time playing games or visiting social networking sites. often noisy.. students academic productivity. if internet access on a school bus could (6) . studious individuals. He thought. that... up and drops off students along the 70-minute drive.. most students do (12) .... when they went in pairs.......... Tucson city......... District officials got the idea during (3) . of homework getting done...... as the internet bus (10) ... drives on school business to Phoenix........ their travel time to study....... when they (4) .The internet bus In the desert areas that (0) ....... on a yellow school bus. But the idea for what students call the internet bus really (7) . They (5) . shape when the district s chief information officer read a catalogue offering the (8) ... of having internet access in cars.... (11) . teens were (2) ..................... morning and evening. But when mobile internet equipment was (1) .. students spend hundreds of hours on yellow buses each year getting to and from their schools. USA..

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