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Explosive Device Response Operations is the capability to coordinate, direct, and conduct improvised explosive device (IED) response after initial alert and notification. Coordinate intelligence fusion and analysis, information collection, and threat recognition, assess the situation and conduct appropriate Render Safe Procedures (RSP). Conduct searches for additional devices and coordinate overall efforts to mitigate chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) threat to the incident site.
Threat assessments are conducted, the explosive and/or hazardous devices are rendered safe, and the area is cleared of hazards. Measures are implemented in the following priority order: public safety; safeguard the officers on the scene (including the bomb technician), protect and preserve public and private property, collect and preserve evidence, and accommodate the public/restore services.
Relationship to National Response Plan Emergency Support Function (ESF)/Annex
This capability supports the following Emergency Support Functions (ESFs): Terrorism Incident Law Enforcement and Investigation Annex ESF #10: Oil and Hazardous Materials Response ESF #13: Public Safety and Security
Preparedness Tasks and Measures/Metrics
Activity: Develop and Maintain Plans, Procedures, Programs and Systems Critical Tasks
Res.B2c 1 Res.B2c 1.1 Res.B2c 1.2 Develop procedures and standardized training to deal with terrorist events, including WMD, suicide bombers, vehicle and radio controlled improvised devices. Ensure all squads remain accredited and technicians certified Assist squads in achieving a Type I rating
Bomb squad is accredited by the FBI to standards set by the National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board Procedures exist for dealing with suicide bombers Procedures exist for dealing with vehicle borne improvised explosive devices
Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No
3 Res.B2c 3.2 Res. through demobilization.B2c 2.B2c 2. warm.B2c 2.B2c 3.1 Res.1 Res.3. Critical Tasks Res. biological. control. communications and intelligence (C3I) operations for explosive device response operations Coordinate with Incident Command (IC) to establish perimeter control (hot.1 Res.3.2 Develop and implement explosive device response training program Develop and implement explosive device response exercise program Train uniformed public safety personnel in explosive device awareness Provide information and training to citizens in bomb threat awareness Train to minimum recommendations set in the National Guidelines for Bomb Technicians Train and certify bomb technicians with a standardized curriculum set by the FBI Hazardous Devices School (HDS) and the National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board Preparedness Measures Percent of uniformed public safety personnel trained in explosive device awareness Squad meets the minimum training set in the National Guidelines for Bomb Technicians Citizens are provided with bomb threat awareness training Bomb squad training is standardized and the curriculum approved by the FBI Hazardous Devices School (HDS) Metrics 100 % Yes/No As needed Yes/No Performance Measures and Metrics and Critical Tasks Activity: Direct Explosive Device Response Operations Definition: In response to notification of a potential exploding device.3 Establish on-site command.B2c 2.B2c 2. and radiological features (Weapons of Mass Destruction) Current mutual aid agreement in place that permits sharing of personnel and/or equipment Squads obtain the equipment and training to receive a Type I rating Yes/No Yes/No As needed Yes/No Activity: Develop and Maintain Training and Exercise Programs Critical Tasks Res.B2c 2. cold zones) commensurate with hazard magnitude Coordinate with appropriate unit and develop a plan of action .B2c 3.Activity: Develop and Maintain Plans. provide management and coordination of Explosive Device Response Operations capability.4 Res. Procedures. Programs and Systems Procedures exist for dealing with radio controlled improvised explosive devices Procedures exist for dealing with improvised devices that contain chemical.2 Res.
Res.1 Res. recommend search priorities/tactics to management.4. and begin search operations utilizing canine.B2c 5. electronic.B2c 4.4 Conduct an initial reconnaissance of the area Implement emergency assessment procedures Conduct improvised explosive device threat analysis Provide positive ordnance identification and safety guidance Performance Measures Initial cordon is verified Metric Within 1 hour upon arrival at incident scene . mobilize and arrive at the incident scene to begin operations.B2c 5.3 Res.B2c 5.2 Res.B2c 4.3 Res.5 Activate Explosive Device Render Safe Team/Bomb Squad Assemble properly equipped Explosive Device Render Safe Team/Bomb Squad Team(s) (EDRST/BST) at assembly area Dispatch Explosive Device Render Safe Team/Bomb Squad to incident site Transport team (personnel and equipment) to scene Performance Measures Bomb squad is assembled and dispatched toward the scene Determine resources and personnel needed to complete the mission Note: Identification may begin during notification and recall.4 Res.B2c 5.B2c 4.g.1 Provide overall supervision of a consolidated unexploded ordnance demolition area if the device can be moved Performance Measures On-site command and control communications (C3) is established and real time tactical information shared Note: If C3 and info-share are established. Safety issues take precedence over time considerations Metric Within 1 hour from initial notification Within 1 hour from arrival at scene Activity: Search and Assess Site Definition: Once on scene and equipped. Critical Tasks Res. physical and technical (e. bomb squad will demonstrate ability to “join” rather than establish the network Metrics 15 minutes from arrival on-site Activity: Activate Public Safety Bomb Squad Definition: In response to activation. robotic) search techniques Critical Tasks Res. provide rapid assessment of assigned Bomb Squad work areas.2 Res.B2c 3.B2c 4.
1 Res.4 Res.4 Res.B2c 6. conduct IED on-site response and isolate device(s) from potential remote detonation commands.Operational Threat Assessment is complete Within 1 hour upon arrival at incident scene Activity: Render Safe Onsite Definition: Once on scene.B2c 7. clear the onsite area for render safe operations.3 Res. Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) and National Response Plan for radiological IEDs Render explosive devices safe on-site Performance Measures Public Safety Bomb Squad verifies and assesses site perimeters based on standard operating procedures (SOP) and threat Note: If perimeters were previously established Bomb Squad will verify Diagnostics and render safe procedures are conducted Note: Safety issues take precedence over time considerations Metric Within 1 hour from arrival on-site Within 1 hour from arrival on-site Activity: Conduct Recovery. and containerize for transport Transport and escort device(s) to a secure site Conduct off-site treatment of device Document and preserve evidence Ensure compliance with Radiological Assistance Program plan (RAP). disrupt.B2c 7. and Transport Operations Definition: Collect and transport device and/or components for further processing of hazardous elements. Removal.3. in accordance with public safety considerations . establish site perimeters based on Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) and threat.B2c 7.2 Res.3.B2c 7.1 Res. Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan. National Response Plan for radiological IEDs Critical Tasks: Res.1 Conduct on-site treatment of device to deactivate.B2c 6. Critical Tasks Res.B2c 7.1 Res.B2c 6 Conduct improvised explosives device (IED) on-site response Isolate device(s) from remote detonation commands Document and preserve evidence Ensure compliance with Radiological Assistance Program plan (RAP).B2c 6.3 Res. disable.B2c 6. and ensure compliance with Radiological Assistance Program. Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) and National Response Plan for radiological IEDs Performance Measures Device and/or components are prepared for transport to a safe and secure site for processing and/or disposal Metric To be determined by bomb technicians on the scene.
1 Res. Public Safety Bomb Squad turns over remains of device to WMD/Hazardous Materials Response and Decontamination for further treatment as necessary. Onsite Incident Management also provides additional resources as requested by the Public Safety Bomb Squad Teams. and controls response actions.3 Maintain accountability of personnel and equipment Coordinate with Incident Command (IC) and Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to redeploy Explosive Devise Render Safe Team/Bomb Squad Team to headquarters or other incident site Conduct debriefing for Explosive Devise Render Safe Team/Bomb Squad Team personnel Performance Measures Public Safety Bomb Squad personnel are debriefed after incident Metric 100% Linked Capabilities Linked Capability Onsite Incident Management Relationship Public Safety Bomb Squad capability management integrates itself into the local Incident Command/Unified Command system.B2c 8.B2c 8. Public Safety Bomb Squad determines and provides Public Safety and Security Response with threat information and safe distance recommendations for establishing a safety perimeter to include hot. Public Safety Bomb Squad turns site over to Law Enforcement Investigations and Operations after neutralizing the threat. coordinates.B2c 8. conduct 100% accountability of personnel and equipment. Public Safety and Security Response Law Enforcement Investigations and Operations WMD/Hazardous Materials Response and Decontamination . Public Safety Bomb Squad provides Incident Command/Unified Command with situation status reports and threat/consequence information from which Incident Command determines. and cold zones and any safety corridors that need to be established for movement of explosive devices. and either be placed on standby or redeploy to headquarters and stand-down Critical Tasks Res. Public Safety Bomb Squad follows procedures for preservation of evidence and chain of custody of evidence.2 Res. warm.Activity: Demobilize Explosive Device Removal Operations Definition: Upon completion of assigned mission. reconstitute as required and disengage from incident site.
and Transport Operations Law Enforcement Investigation and Operations Turn over evidence WMD/Hazardous Materials Response and Decontamination Turn over remains of device Planning Logistics Comm. warm. Removal. and return to normal/standby operations . Manage Coordinate Supervise Safety Resource Requests Scene turned over to Hazmat and LE/ forensic team Render Safe Onsite Device rendered safe Scene safe for re-entry Area declared safe for normal access Demobilize Explosive Device Removal Operations End: End mission.Capability Activity Process Flow Start: Indication of bomb threat Linked Relationship Capabilities Explosive Device Response Operations Capability Resources provided On-Site Incident Management Provide sitreps Decide to activate based on information available/ scene Activate Public Safety Bomb Squad Determine resources to be dispatched Public Safety and Security Response Determine perimeter (hot. cold zones) Provide site assessment to management Search and Assess Site Located & characterized device No device found Direct Explosive Device Response Operations Develop render safe plan Render safe onsite? Yes No Request appropriate approval for transport Conduct Recovery. reconstitute.
and the issue of adding new bomb squads or the rapid expansion of existing bomb squads is currently managed through a “Needs Survey” process by the FBI. . Squads must have render safe capabilities including a remote (robotic) vehicle which may not be capable of handling a vehicle borne IED. the capability factors were developed from an in-depth analysis of the Improvised Explosives Device scenario. Per NIMS. Bomb Response Team . a Type II level accredited bomb squad is capable of handling multiple incidents. A system is in place to ensure the timely receipt of intelligence or device information to assist those responding to the threat Bomb Squad – A bomb response organization. Effective response times are directly related to threat identification and communicative chain to dispatch. Squads may be trained. In catastrophic level Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED) situation where full remote capabilities are available. Other scenarios were reviewed to identify required adjustments or additions to the planning factors and national targets. Squads must have basic render safe capabilities without a remote (robotic) vehicle. Bomb Squads Type II Bomb Squads Type III Planning Assumptions Although applicable to several of the 15 National Planning Scenarios.A sub-unit within a bomb squad. The Needs Survey is further defined in the National Guidelines for Bomb Technicians All situations must be assessed by the bomb technician on the scene as to time sensitive considerations. but not equipped to work in a CBRN environment. a Type III level accredited bomb squad is capable of handling a single incident. it is desired to have the technological potential for diagnostics and execution of the disruption tools within one hour from time of arrival on the scene.Capability Element Description Details Capability Elements Bomb Squads Type I Components and Description Per NIMS. Response timelines are dependent on location of event relative to placement of capability. a Type I level accredited bomb squad is capable of handling multiple/simultaneous incidents. Per NIMS. consists of at least one bomb response team (see the definition of a “bomb response team”). consisting of at least two certified bomb technicians and a full set of equipment meeting minimum standards for bomb squad operations. Squads trained and equipped to work in a CBRN environment. based on standards set by the National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board (NBSCAB) for the purpose of maintaining the optimum levels of qualified and experienced bomb squad personnel. It is noted that the specific placement of existing bomb squads has been driven by bombing activity levels in the past. Safety issues take precedence over time considerations. accredited by the FBI Hazardous Devices School to standards set by the National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board. Squads trained and equipped to work in a CBRN environment. Squads must have render safe capabilities including a remote (robotic) vehicle capable of handling a vehicle borne IED.
or III based on population. or respond to the incident in an area without State/local bomb squad presence. Planning Factors from an In-Depth Analysis of a Scenario with Significant Demand for the Capability (Improvised Explosives Device) Resource Organization General Guidance Estimated Capacity Coverage of high density population and critical infrastructure/key resources (CI/KR) locations by Type I level bomb squad teams is being added as a factor in the “Needs Survey” process. critical infrastructure requirements. II. detailed in the National Guidelines for Bomb Technicians Other Locations – Type I. and additional factors as defined in the “Needs Survey” process Large Vehicle Bombs Radio Controlled Improvised Explosive Device (RCIED) Suicide Bomber(s) Type I teams minimum Type II team minimum. across 56 Field Offices Nationally All activities Personnel 30 All activities Federal Resource Organization Federal Resource Organization Federal Resource Organization Federal Resource Organization Explosives Detection Dog Teams 1 Nationally All activities All activities All activities All activities .Military EOD units are not currently resource typed within NIMS but are available to respond to incidents in the community either to assist the “accredited” bomb squad. and III) FBI Special Agent Bomb Technician ATF Explosive Enforcement Officers DHS Bombing Prevention Unit DHS/TSA Explosives Unit National Guard EOD DoD/Military EOD DHS/ICE Explosives NIMS Typed Resource Organization Personnel 458 Nationally 140 Nationally. II. plus Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) training and equipment meeting standards set by NBSCAB Type III team minimum National Targets and Assigned Levels Responsible Element Resource Unit Type of Element # of Units Unit Measure (number per x) Capability Activity supported by Element All activities State/Local Federal Bureau of Investigation Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco & Firearms Department of Homeland Security Department of Homeland Security National Guard Department of Defense Department of Homeland Accredited Bomb Squads (Type I. population density.
dot.org/aboutthecodes/AboutTheCodes. 8. 6.pdf 13.edu 16. 10. Volume II: Exercise Evaluation and Improvement. 4. FBI Bomb Data Center Special Technicians Bulletin 87-4. http://www. March 2004. 2002 Edition. 2004.gov/odp/docs/HSEEPv2. http://HazMat. http://www. Federal Emergency Management Agency. December 2003.dhs. 2004 .asp?DocNum=1561. NFPA 1561: Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System. Federal Bureau of Investigation.nmt. National Fire Protection Association.nfpa.nfpa. December 2004.pdf 12. National Guidelines for Bomb Technicians. Office for Domestic Preparedness. January 2004. "National Preparedness".S. National Fire Protection Association. 2004. Energetic Materials Research and Training Center (EMRTC). U.usdoj. http://www.html National Bomb Squad Commander's Advisory Board (NBSCAB). 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook: A Guidebook for First Responders During the Initial Phase of a Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Incident.asp?DocNum=472. National Fire Protection Association. http://www.fema.asp?DocNum=471. Bomb Squads.gov/news/releases/2003/12/20031217-6.pdf 14.whitehouse. Alabama.ojp. Department of Homeland Security. Department of Transportation.http://www.iab.org Hazardous Devices School (HDS). November 2005. 7.gov/downloads/IAB%202004%20SEL. October 2003. Department of Homeland Security. http://www. NFPA 471: Recommended Practice for Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents. 2. New Mexico.org/aboutthecodes/AboutTheCodes. Emergency Response to Terrorism: Basic Concepts.gov/pdf/preparedness/initial_60_rtd. National Incident Management System (NIMS). The Interagency Board. 3. NFPA 472: Standard for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials Incidents.org/aboutthecodes/AboutTheCodes. http://www. Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP). National Response Plan (NRP). http://www. Department of Justice and Federal Emergency Management Agency.I.pdf 15.emrtc.nbscab. Revised 6/01. Standardized Equipment List. 2002 Edition. Resource Typing Definitions. http://www.gov/erg2004/erg2004. 5.S. 2005 Edition. National Strategic Plan for U. Homeland Security Presidential Directive/HSPD-8.Responsible Element Resource Unit Type of Element # of Units Unit Measure (number per x) Capability Activity supported by Element Security Division References 1.gov/interweb/assetlibrary/NIMS-90-web.nfpa. http://www. Department of Homeland Security. National Mutual Aid and Resource Management Initiative. 9. Redstone Arsenal.pdf 11.
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