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 Joint letter by 1.080 parliamentarians from 25 European countries
to European governments and leaders against Israeli annexation of West Bank
23 June 2020
We, parliamentarians from across Europe committed to a rules-based global order,
share serious concerns about President Trump’s plan for the Israeli
-Palestinian conflict and the imminent prospect of Israeli annexation of West Bank territory. We are deeply worried about the precedent this would set for international relations at large.
For decades, Europe has been promoting a just solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the form of a two-state solution, in line with international law and relevant UN Security
Council Resolutions. Regrettably, President Trump’s plan departs from internationally agreed
parameters and principles. It promotes effectively permanent Israeli control over a fragmented Palestinian territory, leaving Palestinians with no sovereignty and giving a green light to Israel to unilaterally annex significant parts of the West Bank.
In line with the Trump plan, Israel’s new coalition agreement states that the government can
move forward with annexation as soon as 1 July 2020. Such a move will be fatal to the prospects of Israeli- Palestinian peace and will challenge the most basic norms guiding international relations, including the UN Charter.  We are profoundly concerned about the impact of annexation on the lives of Israelis and Palestin
ians, as well as its destabilizing potential in a region on our continent’s doorstep.
 These concerns are no less serious at a time when the world is struggling with the COVID-19 pandemic, the largest collective emergency we have faced for decades. In app
reciation of Europe’s long 
-term commitment to a peaceful resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, we ask European leaders to act decisively in response to this challenge. Europe must take the lead in bringing international actors together to prevent annexation and to safeguard the prospects of the two-state solution and a just resolution to the conflict. European representatives, including EU High Representative Josep Borrell, have stated that
annexation “could not pass unchallenged”. We fully supp
ort this: acquisition of territory by force has no place in 2020 and must have commensurate consequences. Failure to adequately respond would encourage other states with territorial claims to disregard basic principles of international law. The rules-based
global order is central to Europe’s own long 
-term stability and security. We have a profound interest and responsibility to protect it.  A lasting solution to the conflict must meet the legitimate aspirations and security needs and guarantee equal rights of both Israelis and Palestinians. Europe has the diplomatic tools to promote this just goal, and we stand ready to support such efforts.
 Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
 Yours respectfully,
Debbie Abrahams
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Malik Ben Achour
, PS, Belgium
Tina Acketoft
, Liberal Party, Sweden
Senator Fatima Ahallouch
, PS, Belgium
Lord Nazir Ahmed
, Non-affiliated, United Kingdom
Senator Alberto Airola
, M5S, Italy
Hussein al-Taee
, Social Democratic Party, Finland
Éric Alauzet
, La République en Marche, France
Patricia Blanquer Alcaraz
, Socialist Party, Spain
Lord John Alderdice
, Liberal Democrats, United Kingdom
Felipe Jesús Sicilia Alférez
, Socialist Party, Spain
Senator Alessandro Alfieri
, PD, Italy
François Alfonsi
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (France)
 Amira Mohamed Ali
, Chairperson of the Parliamentary Group, Die Linke, Germany
Rushanara Ali
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Tahir Ali
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Mahir Alkaya
, Spokesperson for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Socialist Party, the Netherlands
Senator Josefina Bueno Alonso
, Socialist Party, Spain
Lord David Alton of Liverpool
, Crossbench, United Kingdom
Patxi López Álvarez
, Socialist Party, Spain
Nacho Sánchez Amor
, S&D, European Parliament (Spain)
Luise Amtsberg
, Green Party, Germany
Senator Bert Anciaux
, sp.a, Belgium
Rt Hon Michael Ancram
, the Marquess of Lothian, Former Chairman of the Conservative Party, Conservative Party, United Kingdom
Karin Andersen
, Socialist Left Party, Norway
Kirsten Normann Andersen
, Socialist People’s Party (SF),
Theresa Berg Andersen
, Socialist People’s Party (SF), Denmark 
Rasmus Andresen
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (Germany)
Lord David Anderson of Ipswich QC
, Crossbench, United Kingdom
Barry Andrews
, Renew Europe, European Parliament (Ireland)
Chris Andrews
, Sinn Féin, Ireland
Eric Andrieu
, S&D, European Parliament (France)
Marc Angel
, S&D, European Parliament (Luxembourg)
Tonia Antoniazzi
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Senator Cathy Apoureceau-Poly
; Communist, Republican, Citizen, and Ecologist Group; France
Catherine Ardagh
, Fianna Fáil, Ireland
Maria Arena
, Chair of Subcommittee on Human Rights, S&D, European Parliament (Belgium)
Paavo Arhinmäki
, Left Alliance, Finland
Rt Hon Baroness Hilary Armstrong of Hill Top
, former Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir
, Left-Green Movement, Iceland
Senator Éliane Assassi
; Communist, Republican, Citizen, and Ecologist Group; France
Mustafa Atici
, Social Democratic Party, Switzerland
Margrete Auken
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (Denmark)
 Åsmund Aukrust
, Labour Party, Norway
Clémentine Autain
, La France Insoumise, France
Senator Ivana Bacik 
, Labour Party, Ireland
Senator Joris Backer
, D66, the Netherlands
Christine Badertscher
, Green, Switzerland
 Annalena Baerbock 
, Co-Leader of the German Green Party, Germany
Ulrike Bahr
, SPD, Germany
Senator Sara Bailac
, Republican Left of Catalonia, Spain
Pilar Vallugera Balañà
, Republican Left of Catalonia, Spain
Izaskun Bilbao Barandica
, Renew Europe, European Parliament (Spain)
Hannah Bardell
, SNP, United Kingdom
Paula Barker
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Richard Boyd Barret
, Party Leader People Before Profit, Ireland
 Angelo Barrile
, Social Democratic Party, Switzerland
Dr. Dietmar Bartsch
, Chairperson of the Parliamentary Group, Die Linke, Germany
 André Pinotes Batista
, Socialist Party, Portugal
Prof. Stefania Prezioso Batou
, Ensemble à Gauche, Switzerland
Marc Baum
, The Left, Luxembourg
Margarete Bause
, Party Spokesperson on Human Rights, Green Party, Germany
Petra Bayr
, Speaker on Development Cooperation, Social Democratic Party, Austria
Lord Jeremy Beecham
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Tiziana Beghin
, Non-attached Membert, European Parliament (Italy)
Denis Begic
, Social Democratic Party, Sweden
Órfhlaith Begley
, Sinn Féin, United Kingdom
Senator Esther Benbassa
; Communist, Republican, Citizen, and Ecologist Group; France
Dr. Samuel Bendahan
, Social Democratic Party, Switzerland
Sandra Locher Benguerel
, Social Democratic Party, Switzerland
Brando Benifei
, S&D, European Parliament (Italy)
Rt Hon Hilary Benn
, Former International Development Secretary, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Baroness Natalie Bennett of Manor Castle
, Former Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, Green Party, United Kingdom
Emma Berginger
, Green Party, Sweden
Erik Bergkvist
, S&D, European Parliament (Sweden)
Ugo Bernalicis
, La France insoumise, France
Djuna Bernard
, Vice-President of the Green Party, Luxembourg
 Jan Bertels
, sp.a, Belgium
 Anne Valentina Berthelsen
, Socialist People’s Party (SF), Denmark 
Dieter Van Besien
, Groen, Belgium
Lord Richard Best
, Crossbench, United Kingdom
Senator Sabine de Bethune
, CD&V, Belgium
Clive Betts
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Senator Stijn Bex
, Groen, Belgium
Eva Biaudet
, Swedish People’s Party SFP, Finland
Robert Biedroń
, S&D, European Parliament (Poland)
Magdalena Biejat
, Lewica, Poland
Benoît Biteau
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (France)
Mhairi Black 
, SNP, United Kingdom
Senator Frances Black 
, Independent, Ireland
Rt Hon Ian Blackford
, Westminster Leader, SNP, United Kingdom
Rt Hon Baroness Tessa Blackstone
, Former Education Minister, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Ľuboš Blaha
, Direction - Social Democracy, Slovakia
Ibán García del Blanco
, S&D, European Parliament (Spain)
Niall Blaney
, Fianna Fáil, Ireland
Paul Blomfield
, Shadow Minister for Brexit and EU Negotiations, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Senator Maryvonne Blondin
, Socialist and Republican, France
Michael Bloss
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (Germany)
Baroness Christine Blower
, Labour Party, United Kingdom
Crispin Blunt
, Former Chair of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee and Former Minister of State for Prisons, Conservative Party, United Kingdom
Senator Éric Bocquet
; Communist, Republican, Citizen, and Ecologist Group; France
Damian Boeselager
, Greens/EFA, European Parliament (Germany)
Laura Boldrini
, Former President of the Chamber of Deputies, PD, Italy