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Polynomials QA Test (1) Close

Step 1: NCERT Solutions Subjective Test


Question 1 ( 2.0 marks)
Step 2: Formative Assessment The polynomials P(t) = 4t3 − st2 + 7 and Q(t)
= t2 + st + 8 leave the same remainder when divided
Step 3: Study material
by (t − 1). Find the value of s.
Step 4: Puzzles Question 2 ( 2.0 marks)
Find the value of k for which the cubic
Step 5: MCQ Practice Tests

Step 6: Subjective Tests polynomial is exactly divisible by


Step 7: Revision Notes

.
Question 3 ( 2.0 marks)
Verify whether the indicated numbers are zeroes of
their corresponding polynomials.

(a) Q(s) = −4s3 + 7s2 − 24; s = −4 (1 mark)

(b) P(t) = 8t2 + 4t − 4; t = (1 mark)


Question 4 ( 2.0 marks)
If x = −2 is a root of the polynomial P(x) = −2x4 −
7x3 − 3x2 − tx − 10, then find the value of t.
Question 5 ( 3.0 marks)
State whether the following statements are true or
false. Give reasons to justify your answers.

(a) The degree of polynomial −5x5 − 6x4 − 8x2 is 4.


(1 mark)

(b) The algebraic expression is a


polynomial. (1 mark)

(c) The polynomial is a quadratic


trinomial. (1 mark)
Question 6 ( 3.0 marks)
Using the long division method, determine the
remainder when the polynomial 4x5 + 2x4 − x3 +
4x2 − 7 is divided by (x − 1).
Question 7 ( 3.0 marks)
Evaluate the following products using algebraic
identities.

(a) 9933
(b) 10023
Question 8 ( 3.0 marks)

If , then find the value of .


Question 9 ( 3.0 marks)
Using a suitable identity, determine the value of
(17)3 + (−12)3 + (−5)3.
Question 10 ( 6.0 marks)
Factorise 2y3 − 4y2 − 2y + 4

Lines and Angles QA Test (1) Close


Step 1: NCERT Solutions Subjective Test
Question 1 ( 2.0 marks)
Step 2: Formative Assessment

Step 3: Study material

Step 4: Puzzles

Step 5: MCQ Practice Tests

Step 6: Subjective Tests

Step 7: Revision Notes

(a) Express a in terms of d and e. (1 mark)

(b) Express a in terms of c. (1 mark)


Question 2 ( 2.0 marks)
In the given figure, PQ || RS. Find the measure of:

(a) ∠PQR ( mark)

(b) ∠ROS ( mark)

(c) ∠SOQ ( mark)

(d) ∠POR ( mark)


Question 3 ( 2.0 marks)
In the following figure, the line AB || CD || EF. Find
the measures of ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, and ∠4.

Question 4 ( 3.0 marks)


Prove that if two lines intersect each other, then the
vertically opposite angles are equal.
Question 5 ( 3.0 marks)
In the given figure, the lines WX and YZ intersect
each other at O.

If m∠1: m∠2 is 17:19, then find the measures


of ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, and ∠4.
Question 6 ( 3.0 marks)

From the given figure, find the values of a, b,


c, and d.
Question 7 ( 3.0 marks)

In the given figure, AB||CD and BE||AC

(a) Find ∠ABC. ( marks)


(b) Find ∠EBA and hence show that EB⊥BC. (
marks)
Question 8 ( 3.0 marks)
In the given figure, the lines MN and PQ are parallel.

Find the measure of ∠1.


Question 9 ( 3.0 marks)

In the given figure, AC is the bisector of ∠BAD.

Find the measures of ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, and ∠4.


Question 10 ( 6.0 marks)

In the given figure, OD and OE are bisectors of ∠CDE


and ∠DEB respectively.

Find the measures of ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, and ∠4.

Heron's Formula QA Test (1) Close


Step 1: NCERT Solutions Subjective Test
Question 1 ( 3.0 marks)
Step 2: Formative Assessment The perimeter of the following ΔABC is 24 cm and its
Step 3: Study material area is cm2. If AB = x cm, then find the value
of x − 13x + 50.
2

Step 4: Puzzles

Step 5: MCQ Practice Tests

Step 6: Subjective Tests

Step 7: Revision Notes

Question 2 ( 3.0 marks)


If each side of a triangle is increased by 25%, then
find the percentage increase or decrease in area.
Question 3 ( 3.0 marks)
If the diagonals of a parallelogram are of lengths 26
cm and 20 cm and one of its sides is 13 cm, then find
the area of the parallelogram.
Question 4 ( 3.0 marks)
A triangular park has three sides, which are in the

ratio 12:5:8 such that its area is . The


park is to be fenced with wire, leaving 4 m side gates
on each side, at a rate of Rs 30 per metre. Find the
cost to fence the wire around the park.
Question 5 ( 3.0 marks)
Find the area of the triangle, whose two sides are 16
m and 10 m, and the semi-perimeter is 25 m.
Question 6 ( 3.0 marks)
If the differences of sides of triangle from its semi-
perimeter are 3 cm, 11 cm, and 7 cm, then find the
area of this triangle.
Question 7 ( 6.0 marks)
In the following figure, if perimeter of ΔABC is 2 cm
less than four-third times the perimeter of ΔADC,
then find the area of quadrilateral ABCD.
Question 8 ( 6.0 marks)
A field is in the shape of a trapezium whose parallel
sides are of lengths 18 m and 32 m and non-parallel
sides are of lengths 13 m and 15 m. It is totally
covered with green grass, exactly sufficient for
grazing of 20 cows. How much area of grass field will
each cow graze?
Question 9 ( 6.0 marks)
The three sides of a triangle are consecutive
integrals. Let these sides are (x − 1) cm, x cm, and
(x + 1) cm.

If the area of this triangle is cm2, then find the


value of (x2 + 96) (x2 − 100).
Question 10 ( 6.0 marks)
The sides AB, BC, and AC of ΔABC are 36 cm, 51 cm,
and 75 cm. If AD⊥BC, BE⊥AC, and CF⊥AB, then find
seventeen times the sum of the lengths of AD, BE,
and CF.

Universal law of Gravitation


F M m M andm are constants
2
2
1
is constant
G
Fr
r
Mm
F
r
G = Universal gravitational constant
= 6.673 10–11 Nm2 kg–2
Inverse square law 2
1
F
r
Kepler’s law of planetary motion
1. Orbits are ellipses
2. Planet covers equal area in equal time intervals
3.
3
2 Constant Distance from sun
Orbital period
r
r
T
T
Gravitational law explains – motions of moon and planetary tides
Free Fall
2
2
gG
gG
Mm
m
r
M
r
= 9.8 m/s2
Weight = Earth’s gravitational pull on a body
Weight on moon =
1
6
weight on Earth [Moon's radius and mass are less than that of
Earth]
Thrust – Force acting perpendicular to a surface
Pressure = Perpendicular force per unit area
2Thrust
N / m Pascal Pa
Area
Buoyancy
Buoyant force = Up thrust by a fluid [Depends on fluid
density]
If density of body > density of fluid, then the body will sink in the
fluid, and vice versa
M = Earth's mass
r = Earth's radius
g = Gravitational acceleration
(Density of cork) < (density of water), so cork floats
(Density of iron) > (Density water), so iron sinks
Archimedes’ principle
Upward force experienced by a body immersed in fluid = Weight
of the displaced fluid
Lactometer measures purity of milk
Relative density
Density of a substance
Density of water
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Solution:
A body of mass m, initially moving with velocity u, accelerates at a constant rate a. It attains a
final velocity v after time t. This acceleration is caused by a force, F. Now, according to
Newton’s second law of motion, the rate of change of momentum of a body is directly
proportional to the applied force. Mathematically, it is represented as

The rate of change of velocity is acceleration, i.e.,

Using this, we get

F ∝ ma

Or, F = kma

Where, k is a constant

Now, we say that the force that causes a unit acceleration in a body having a unit mass is the
unit force, i.e.,

F = 1 unit if m = 1 unit and a = 1 unit

Therefore, k = 1

∴ F = ma

This is the mathematical formulation of Newton’s second law of motion.