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Kathleen Riordan

FS 5903 Bold
Analysis #3 (3 of 3 for Doctoral)
8/1/8
Guide to Writing
Analysis of Quantitative Research
Use the headings from this guide in writing your own analysis of quantitative research. In
locating research to analyze, select a topic in your research area of interest. Your product
from this assignment should be a building block in your own “library” of research
analyses. Quantitative research is characterized by numerical data and, typically,
statistical tests. Be certain that the article reports actual research and is not a “think
piece.” To confirm that research was conducted, locate information about the sample. All
words in this report should be your own; summarize and synthesize the research report.

1 - APA reference for the article, using the most recent edition of the APA
Publication Guide: Pertaining to Part II.
Kanal, K., Busch-Hallen, J., Cavalli-Sforza, T., Crape, B., & Smitasiri, S. (2005).
Weekly iron-folic acid supplements to prevent anemia among Cambodia women in three
settings: process and outcomes of social marketing and community mobilization.
Nutrition Review, 63(12), S126-S133.

2- Kind of research [experimental, quasi-experimental, or observation]: l
Quasi-Experimental

3 – Purpose of research:
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of iron-folic acid supplements in the
prevention of anemia for young, middle aged and older women in Cambodia. The
process of marketing and community mobilization is largely the method by which the
supplement was encouraged and advertised to the Cambodian women.

4 – Research design [example: “one-group pretest-posttest design without
randomization, notated as O X O”]:
By random assignment within the convenience sample constructed as follows:
3 Groups for which means were calculated (pre-test/post-test)
Secondary School Girls  N = 423
Garment Factory Workers  N = 478
Rural Village Women  N = 639
P< 0.0001

t-test ANOVA
RO x XO
RO x YO
RO x ZO
dv = interval
© 2002 Glen Jennings, Ed.D. LMFT
5 – Instrumentation/Observation [name or briefly describe instruments
administered or observations made; if known, report on validity of instruments,
inter-rater reliability, etc.]:
The instrument items were comprised of a few simple questions to probe the use and
belief in the power of the iron supplement to prevent anemia.
The following questions were included in the survey. They include:
Do you take iron supplements?
Do you need to take iron supplements?
Will you continue to supplement iron?
Each of the three questions establishes past/current behavior with respect to
supplementation of iron, perceived need to take the supplements and the level of intended
maintenance for the iron supplementation. A post-test follow up also included a question
to gauge compliance of each of the Cambodian women in the program following the
health education/informational component. It is listed below:
How often do you take the tablets?

6 – Description of sample [include size of sample as well as descriptive statistics of
the participants, such as age, sex, SES]:
The sample was a convenience sample with a total number of subjects (N = 1540) from
Cambodia and was selected by random assignment within the convenience sample
constructed as follows:
3 Groups for which means were calculated (pre-test/post-test)
Secondary School Girls  N = 423
Garment Factory Workers  N = 478
Rural Village Women  N = 639
P< 0.0001

All participants that qualified for participation based on local proximity to industrial
places of work, age, gender and willingness to participate. Participation was voluntary
and uncompensated with all supplementation cost and any other medically
pertinent/related fees covered by the study.

7 – Recruiting method or sampling technique [summarize or infer how participants
were recruited or the sample was constructed]:
The sample of subjects (N=1540) was recruited from the industrial workforce of women
in Cambodia. All participation was voluntary and uncompensated. However, all cost for
iron supplements were covered by study.

8 – Data collection [briefly summarize the procedures for collecting data or making
observations]:
Data collection was comprised of from the brief survey questions, minimal demographic,
past health inventory with regard to supplements, iron, anemia and current health
condition were recorded.
9 – Data analysis [list analysis techniques or statistical tests conducted; identify
descriptive statistics and/or inferential statistics]: List three descriptive statistics
from the article:
t-test ANOVA was conducted to look at the differences between the three age categories
of Cambodian women and iron supplementation. The three age categories that were pre-
determined for this study were secondary school girls (M = 16 years), garment factory
workers (M = 21 yeas), and rural village women (M = 32 years). The percentages for all
three groups for compliance for taking folic acid were provided.

Give the schematic design for the hypothesis:

RO x XO
RO x YO
RO x ZO
dv = interval

10 – Independent variable(s) and level of data [if correlation research, Variable B]:
IV1: Do you take iron supplements? Ordinal (Y/N)
IV2: Do you need to take iron supplements? Ordinal (Y/N)
IV3: Will you continue to supplement iron? Ordinal (Y/N)
Post-test
IV4: How often do you take the tablets? Interval (Likert: SD-SA)

11 – Dependent variable(s) and level of data [if correlation research, Variable B}:
DV: Awareness of Folic Acid Benefits/Iron Supplementation Interval (Likert: SD-SA)

12 – Results or findings [summarize, with notes about statistical significance, if
appropriate]:
Significant differenced were found to be evident between the three pre-designated groups
of women. One follow-up feature that most likely did impact the outcome of this study
was the fact that roughly 60% of those survey pre-test and post-test were lost due to
attrition in by the time the follow-up process was conducted.

13 – Critique of the research [your assessment of the study, including flaws, if
appropriate]:
Unfortunately, Nearly 60% of the original survey group was lost in the follow-up.
One follow-up feature that most likely did impact the outcome of this study was the fact
that roughly 60% of those survey pre-test and post-test were lost due to attrition in by the
time the follow-up process was conducted. So despite the fact that the overall study was
fairly well developed and had high rates of participation of the pre-screen, the pre-test,
and the post-test settings the follow up had significant decline in the total population to
truly and accurate gauge the follow-up portion of the study. the follow-up is a great
indication of how the long-term effect and change of behavior influenced the overall
outcome of the Cambodian women’s health. The sample size may have been large and
representative with (N=1540), but it is difficult to turn a blind eye to the attrition of the
program at the last stage of follow-up.