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CPE Woordenlijst

Unit 4
Disparaging
to suggest that somebody/something is not important or valuable
Explanatory
giving the reasons for something; intended to describe how something works or to make
something easier to understand
Anecdotal
based on anecdotes (a short, interesting or amusing story about a real person or event) and
possibly not true or accurate
Legalistic
obeying the law too strictly
Scapegoat
a person who is blamed for something bad that somebody else has done or for some failure
Casualty
1 a person who is killed or injured in war or in an accident
2 a person that suffers or a thing that is destroyed when something else takes place
Tormentor
a person who causes somebody to suffer
Martyr
1 a person who suffers very much or is killed because of their religious or political beliefs
2 (USUALLY DISAPPROVING) a person who tries to get sympathy from other people by telling them how
much he or she is suffering
3 martyr to something (INFORMAL) a person who suffers very much because of an illness, problem or
situation
To beckon
1 [INTRANSITIVE, TRANSITIVE]to give somebody a signal using your finger or hand, especially to tell them to
move nearer or to follow you
2 [INTRANSITIVE, TRANSITIVE]to appear very attractive to somebody
3 [INTRANSITIVE]to be something that is likely to happen or will possibly happen to somebody in the
future
Monumental
1 [USUALLY BEFORE NOUN]very important and having a great influence, especially as the result of years of
work (historic)
2 [ONLY BEFORE NOUN]very large, good, bad, stupid, etc.
3 [ONLY BEFORE NOUN]appearing in or serving as a monument

Obsessed
Politicians are invariably obsessed with their own self-importance
1 To have your mind completely filled with something, in such a way that you can not think of
anything else
He's obsessed by computers.
She's completely obsessed with him.
The need to produce the most exciting newspaper story obsesses most journalists.
2 [INTRANSITIVE] obsess (about something)to be always talking or worrying about a particular thing,
especially when this annoys other people
I think you should try to stop obsessing about food.
Infested
I once shared a flat which had a cockroach-infested kitchen
To be infested by .. to exist in large numbers, often causing damage or disease
shark-infested waters
The kitchen was infested with ants.
Arid
The desert is not always the arid we are led to believe it is
1 (OF LAND OR A CLIMATE)having little or no rain; very dry
arid and semi-arid deserts
Nothing grows in these arid regions.
The pioneers hoped to transform the arid outback into a workable landscape.
2 (FORMAL)with nothing new or interesting in it
an arid discussion
Perverse
Robbing the rich to help the poor always seemed perverse logic to me
showing deliberate determination to behave in a way that most people think is wrong,
unacceptable or unreasonable
a perverse decision (= one that most people do not expect and think is wrong)
She finds a perverse pleasure in upsetting her parents.
Do you really mean that or are you just being deliberately perverse?
For some perverse reason he is refusing to see a doctor.
It would be perverse to quit now that we're almost finished.
Sordid
The orphaned children were squatting on the dirty floor of one of the most sordid-looking buildings
I have ever seen
1immoral or dishonest
It was a shock to discover the truth about his sordid past.
I didn't want to hear the sordid details of their relationship.
2very dirty and unpleasant
people living in sordid conditions
Weary
The weary travellers sank gratefully into the armchairs in the hotel lounge
1 very tired, especially after you have been working hard or doing something for a long time
a weary traveller
She suddenly felt old and weary.
a weary sigh
2 (LITERARY) making you feel tired or bored
a weary journey
weary hours spent in negotiation
3 weary of something/of doing something (FORMAL) no longer interested in or enthusiastic about
something
Students soon grow weary of listening to a parade of historical facts.
Musty
The bedding had a musty smell about it – as if no one had washed it for months
smelling damp and unpleasant because of a lack of fresh air
a musty room
a musty smell of old books
These clothes smell musty.
Unattractive
The resort was, although uninspiring, certainly not unattractive as it had an air of rustic charm
about it
1not attractive or pleasant to look at
an unattractive brown colour
2not good, interesting or pleasant
one of the unattractive aspects of the free market economy

To run off with someone


To run away with someone
She ran off with some farm boy
To run off with something
to steal something and take it away
The treasurer had run off with the club's funds.
To look down on somebody/something
to think that you are better than somebody/something
She looks down on people who haven't been to college.
To catch you unawares
To catch somebody by surprise, without warning
Ben caught Stephen unawares tampering with the car brakes
To run a business
Manage a company, to be in charge of a company
Stop trying to run my life (= organize it) for me.
The shareholders want more say in how the company is run.
state-run industries
To catch somebody red-handed
Apprehend somebody in the act of doing something (wrong or a crime)
I caught Charlie sneaking in the neighbours shed red-handedly
To look on the bright side
To be cheerful/optimistic
I can’t understand how someone can only look at the bright side when there are so many dangers.
To run out of
1 To have no more left
Time is running out for the trapped miners.
2 To become no longer valid
You should get a new passport before your old one runs out
To look like a drowned rat
Be completely soaked
After being saved by Ronald Lucy looked like a drowned rat
To look a gift horse in the mouth
To be ungrateful for what you are given
You could see how spoilt he was when he looked a gift horse in the mouth.
To catch someones eye
Attract someone’s attention
Can you catch the waiter's eye?
To look down you nose at
To feel superior
I will always look down my nose at you
To run short of
Have an unsufficient supply of
We are running short of ammunition!
To run for it
To flee from
The reds are closing in on us, we really should run for it.

Structure
There was more than just = there was more to it than just. It was a lot more work
There was more than just simply mapping the mountain ranges.
To be subjected to =to make somebody/something experience, suffer or be affected by
something, usually something unpleasant.
After such an experience nowadays, Uncle august would have been subjected to counselling
Can’t wait to see = really longing to see someone back or see something happen.
He couldn’t wait to see his fiancée again
A wedding takes place
Their wedding took place a year later
To be affected = To get influenced by someone/something.
The reporter asked him how he had been affected by his experience
To give the last gasp = when something gives its last gasp it got defect and/or was damaged in
such a way that it could not be useful in the task it was made for. it sort of ‘ceases to excist’.
(unless it gets repaired)
Uncle August´s primus stove gave its last gasp on the last day
To regard = to think about somebody/something in a particular way
Uncle August never regarded the incarceration as an ordeal

Overview

Unit 5
Vocabulary
To throw a party : to organise a party
After passing his exams, he decided to throw a party for all his friends
To call a meeting : to organise a meeting
Frustrated by the plans for a new road, the protesters decided to call a public meeting
Drastic action : actions that are extreme in the way that it should be really extreme and that it
should be taken
This threat to the tiger’s habitat can not continue and it is time for drastic action
To have an tremendous impact : to have a great influence
The pictures of seals being killed in the arctic had a tremendous impact on public opinion

The harsh realities of life : the difficulties of the real world


Despite her initial enthusiasm, the harsh realities of life at sea soon began to dampen her spirits
To run a campaign : to organise a campaign
It was the first time that the newspaper had run a campaign on an environmental issue

Bitterly disappointed/resentful/cold
Bitterly: 1.extremely 2. in a way that shows feelings of sadness or anger
Resentful: feeling bitter or angry about something that you think is unfair
Bitterly cold: very cold
It is bitterly cold in North Canada in the winter – the temperature is never above zero
Greatly changed/different/mistaken
Greatly: very much
I am just warning you that you would be greatly mistaken to think I’m going to give in without a
fight
Seriously ill/wounded/injured
Seriously: 1. in a serious way 2. very; extremely
The sergeant was seriously injured in the battle and had to be flown home to hospital
Perfectly simple/fair/reasonable
Perfectly: 1. in a perfect way 2. completely
I can’t understand why you’re having such trouble with the video – it’s really perfectly simple to
operate
Deeply hurt/offended/moved
Deeply: 1. very; very much
Moved: to cause somebody to have strong feelings, especially of sympathy or sadness
Many people in the audience were deeply moved by his tragic story and began to cry
Highly amused/trained/qualified
Highly: 1. very 2. at or to a high standard, level or amount 3. at or to a high standard, level or
amount
People who leave university are often highly qualified but lack any practical work experience
Most kind/generous/helpful
Most: very; extremely; completely
It was most generous of you to lend me the car, and I’m just writing to say how much I
appreciated it
Fully aware/insured/conscious
Fully: completely
She only needed a local anaesthetic, so she remained fully conscious throughout the operation

Expressions
Light at the end of the tunnel: a sign that a difficult period will finish
After months of unemployment, the actor had been offered a small part in a TV film, and felt he
could at last see light at the end of the tunnel
Keep someone in the dark: Withhold information from someone
He never communicates with his parents – he even kept them in the dark about his own wedding
until afterwards
Make light of something: not take something seriously
He is always immensely sympathetic to others, but he always makes light of his own troubles
Go out like a light: Fall asleep immediately
She was absolutely exhausted; when she finally got to bed, she went out like a light
A leap in the dark: a risk with unknown consequences
No one had considered offering mail order before, so setting it up was a bit of a leap in the dark
The bright lights: The excitement and entertainment of a big city
My sister would never be happy in the country – she loves the bright lights, and all her friends are
in London, too
Come to light: Be revealed
The police appealed to the public for witnesses, and as a result a number of interesting new pieces
of information came to light
See the light: understand and realise you have been wrong
Despite everyone’s warnings, I trusted them completely, and it was only when they failed to pay
me that I began to see the light
A dark horse: A mysterious person
Gail is a bit of a dark horse – she never talks about her family, and no one knows much about her
past

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