# Teaching Plan Subject: Physics Form 4

Learning Area:

HEAT

Learning Objective: 4.1 Understanding Thermal Equilibrium Learning Outcome: A student is able to: • • Explain thermal equilibrium, Explain how a liquid-in-glass thermometer works.

Prior Knowledge and Skills Students know what is heat and temperature Scientific Skills Observing, inferring, predicting and communicating Thinking Skills Attributing, comparing and contrasting, making conclusions

4. 2. Go through the CD-ROM from ppk/other related teaching aids.Moral and Scientific Value • • Being objective and systematic Being flexible and open-minded Preparation 1. Prepare activity sheets for the lesson.1 on page 72 of the practical book and read up text book 4.1 on page 108. Prepare power point presentation to be used in classroom teaching. LESSON x: Understanding thermal Equilibrium Pedagogy: Activity / Classroom discussion / simulation with LCD presentation Time: 2 periods . Instruct students to go through Activity 4. 3.

Development of lesson Learning Activities Introduction (5 . After a while the mother feeds the baby with the warmed milk. When a bottle of cold milk is put in hot water.25 minutes) Do hands-on Activity in the practical book. • Discuss questions inside the hands-on activity. Students are reminded to follow the instructions given carefully. • Tell students that in today’s lesson they are supposed to carry out hands-on Activity 4.10 minutes) Observe video clips Content 1. . • Instruct students to do the hands-on activity on page 72 of the practical book. Write down answer in the work sheet Development 1 (20 . The rise and fall of temperature indicate the amount of heat energy received or given out. T&L Strategies / Methods • Refresh what students have learnt in the lower form about heat and temperature. The milk receives heat will warm up and the hot water will cool down. Work sheets are given out to students. the hot water releases heat to the cold milk. Video clips to show a mother putting a bottle of cold milk in hot water. Listen to instruction given by teacher 2.1 on page 72 of the practical book. Discuss the meaning of thermal equilibrium. Instructions and questions for discussion are referred to page 72 in the practical book. Students are given 30 minutes to complete the activity. There is heat energy transfer from hot region to cold region.

• Explain the concept thermal equilibrium.Development 2 (15 – 20 minutes) Observe computer simulation and participate in classroom discussion. • Discuss the rise and fall of temperature of the two blocks in the process of transferring heat energy. Discuss the meaning of thermal equilibrium. the hotter object cools down and its temperature falls. As a result. • Explain the rates of heat energy transferred when the two blocks are at the same temperature. The objects are said to attain thermal equilibrium and will maintain at same temperature. • Show computer simulation – two metal blocks at different temperature are placed in thermal contact to each other. the colder object warms up and its temperature rises. When a hot object comes in contact with a cold object. Show heat energy transfers from hotter block to colder block. . Therefore there is a net flow of heat from the hotter object to the colder object when they are in contact. The objects in thermal contact will reach a stage of no net transfer of heat. heat energy will move from hotter object to colder object. The hotter object transfers heat energy at a faster rate. The colder object transfers heat at a slower rate.

or coloured alcohol. The volume of the liquid • Show computer simulation – show a simple increases when heat is absorbed. The measurement of temperature uses the principle of thermal equilibrium. Liquid-in-glass thermometer is made of mercury • Discuss the structure of liquid-in-glass thermometer. The temperature of the thermometer is now equal to the temperature of the object. heat energy is transferred between the thermometer and the object until thermal equilibrium occurs. . When a thermometer is placed into an object. Temperature is a measure of the degree of Liquid in glass thermometer hotness of an object.Development 3 (10 – 20 minutes) Observe computer simulation and participate in classroom discussion. The length of the liquid column indicates the size of the temperature change. mercury thermometer and it is used to detect heat change or measure temperature. The reading of the thermometer is the temperature of the object. Liquid-in glass thermometer has a lowest fixed point known as ice-point at 0oC and a highest fixed point known as steam-point at 100oC. the length of the liquid column changes in the capillary tube due to expansion. When heat is detected.

Home work (Answer in the work sheet) • When two objects are separately in thermal equilibrium with a third object.1 (text book page 110) . Guide students to summarise the lesson by referring to their work sheets. Give homework to students – Mastery practice 4.Closure (5 to 10 minutes) Summarising the lesson. they are in • equilibrium with each other. Objects in thermal equilibrium have the same temperature.