Afghanistan Law Bibliography

Compiled by Tim Mathews January 2011

Published by: The Afghanistan Analyst Bibliography Introduction Purpose This bibliography is intended to be an up-to-date resource for legal study and research pertaining to modern Afghanistan (1747 and later). Many sources are only available through legal search engines, such as Westlaw and Lexis-Nexis Law, or through academic databases such as JSTOR, ProQuest, EBSCO, or HeinOnline. Hyperlinks are provided to sources that are freely available. Organization This bibliography is divided into eight sections. 1. References. Guides other than academic or research articles that provide broad background information 2. Afghan Law, In General. Broad topics related to Afghan legal systems and legal history 3. Customary Law. Afghan customary law and history 4. Islamic Law, In General. Articles focusing upon Sunni jurisprudence in both international and domestic areas of law 5. Islamic Law in Afghanistan. Articles focusing on Islamic law as applied in Afghanistan, to include functioning of courts of Sharia 6. State Codes and State Legal System. Functioning of state courts, administrative processes, and discussion of state codes 7. Constitution: Drafting and Law. Articles discussing Afghan constitutional law, constitutional drafting, and related issues 8. Rule of Law and Policy Issues. Post-conflict reconstruction, transitional justice, human rights, and security issues relevant to the legal system Recommendations for improvements and additions Recommendations are welcome regarding the organization of this bibliography and inclusion (or exclusion) of any sources. I also welcome hyperlinks that I have inadvertently omitted to sources listed herein which are freely and lawfully available online. Send suggestions to: Tim Mathews J.D. Candidate (2011) University of Maine School of Law

References Conor Foley, A Guide to Property Law in Afghanistan (First Edition), Norwegian Refugee Council (Sep., 2005). Download PDF Robert Hager, The Afghan legal system—Historical origins of the state legal order and its competitors, 2 International Contract Manual § 46:3 (2009). International Legal Foundation, The Customary Laws of Afghanistan, September 2004. Download PDF Stanford Law School, An Introduction to the Law of Afghanistan (Second Edition), Afghanistan Legal Education Project (2009). Download PDF

Afghan Law: General Nafay Choudhury, Reconceptualizing Legal Pluralism in Afghanistan, 2010 WINDSOR REV. LEGAL & SOC. ISSUES 21 (2010). Bruce Etling, Legal Authorities in the Afghan Legal System (1964-1979), Harv. L. School: Islamic Legal Studies Program (2003). Download PDF Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Law in Afghanistan (E. J. Brill 1985). Preview in Google Books Esther Meininghaus, Legal Pluralism in Afghanistan, University of Bonn, Amu Darya Series Paper No. 8 (Dec. 2007). Download PDF Senzil Nawid, The State, the Clergy, and British Imperial Policy in Afghanistan during the 19th and Early 20th Centuries, 29 INT. J. MIDDLE EAST STUD. 581 (1997). Neamat Nojumi, Dyan Mazurana, and Elizabeth Stites, Afghanistan’s Systems of Justice: Formal, Traditional, and Customary, (Tufts University 2004). Download PDF José Oberson, Khans and Warlords: Political Alignment, Leadership and the State in Pashtun Society, Institute for Ethnology, University of Berne (2002). Download PDF Astri Suhrke and Kaja Borchgrevink, Negotiating justice sector reform in Afghanistan, Crime, Law & Social Change (2008). Download PDF M. G. Weinbaum, Legal Elites in Afghan Society, 12 INT. J. MIDDLE EAST STUD. 39 (1980). Download PDF

Customary Law Cynthia Alkon, The Increased Use of “Reconciliation” in Criminal Cases in Central Asia: A Sign of Restorative Justice or Cause for Concern?, 8 PEPP. DISP. RESOL. L.J. 41 (2007). Thomas Barfield, Afghan Customary Law and Its Relationship to Formal Justice Institutions, United States Institute of Peace (2003). Download PDF Thomas J. Barfield, Culture and Custom in Nation-Building: Law in Afghanistan, 60 ME. L. REV. 347 (2008). Thomas J. Barfield, Informal Dispute Resolution and the Formal Legal System in Contemporary Northern Afghanistan (Draft Report), United States Institute of Peace (April 21, 2006). Download PDF Thomas J. Barfield, On Local Justice and Culture in Post-Taliban Afghanistan, 17 CONN. J. INT’L L. 439 (2002). Thomas J. Barfield, Neamat Nojumi, J. Alexander Thier, The Clash of Two Goods: State and Non-State Dispute Resolution in Afghanistan, United States Institute of Peace (2006). Download PDF Benjamin Buchholz, Thoughts on Afghanistan’s Loya Jirga: A Myth?, ASIEN 104 (Juli 2007), S. 23-33. Download PDF Noah Coburn and John Dempsey, Informal Dispute Resolution in Afghanistan, United States Institute of Peace (2010). Download PDF Gregory Day, Guns, Goats and Justice in Afghanistan, 67-OCT Or. St. B. Bull. 19 (2007). John Dempsey and Noah Coburn, Traditional Dispute Resolution and Stability in Afghanistan, United States Institute of Peace (2010). Download PDF M. Jamil Hanifi, Editing the Past: Colonial Production of Hegemony Through the “Loya Jerga” in Afghanistan, 37 IRANIAN STUD. 295 (2004). Download PDF Palwasha Kakar, Tribal Law of Pashtunwali and Women’s Legislative Authority, Harv. L. School: Islamic Legal Studies Program (2003). Download PDF Susanne Schmeidl and Masood Karokhail, The Role of Non-State Actors in ‘Community-Based Policing’ – An Exploration of the Arbakai (Tribal Police) in South-Eastern Afghanistan, 30 CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POL’Y 318 (2009). Download PDF Mohammed Osman Tariq, Tribal Security System (Arbakai) in Southeast Afghanistan, Crisis States Research Centre Occasional Paper no. 7 (2008). Download PDF

Amin Tarzi, Historical Relationship between State and Non-State Judicial Sectors in Afghanistan, United States Institute of Peace (October 2006). Download PDF USAID, Field Study of Informal and Customary Justice in Afghanistan, Rule of Law Project (2005). Download PDF United States Institute of Peace, Between the Jirga and the Judge (2009). Download PDF United States Institute of Peace, Establishing the Rule of Law in Afghanistan (2004). Download PDF

Islamic Law, In General Shaheen Sardar Ali, Resurrecting Siyar Through Fatwas? (Re) Constructing ‘Islamic International Law’ in a Post-(Iraq) Invasion World, 14 J. CONFLICT & SECURITY L. 115 (2009). Larry Catá Backer, Theocratic Constitutionalism: An Introduction to a New Global Legal Ordering, 16 IND. J. GLOBAL LEGAL STUD. 85 (2009). M. Cherif Bassiouni and Gamal M. Badr, The Shari’ah: Sources, Interpretation, and RuleMaking, 1 UCLA J. ISLAMIC & NEAR E. L. 135 (2002). M. Cherif Bassiouni, Gamal M. Badr, Saad El-Fishawy, Farooq A. Hassan, and Erik Peterson, Contracts and Litigation in Islamic Law: The Sources of Islamic Law, 76 AM. SOC’Y INT’L L. PROC. 55 (1982). Mohamed Abdel Dayem, In the Path of Allah: Evolving Interpretations of Jihad and Its Modern Challenges, 7 UCLA J. ISLAMIC & NEAR E. L. 67 (2009). Nicholas Garces, Islam, Till Death Do You Part? Rethinking Apostasy Laws Under Islamic Law and International Legal Obligations, 16 SW. J. INT’L L. 229 (2010). Adham A. Hashish, Ijtihad Institutions: The Key to Islamic Democracy Bridging and Balancing Political and Intellectual Islam, 9 RICH. J. GLOBAL L. & BUS. 61 (2010). Walid Iqbal, Dialogue and the Practice of Law and Spiritual Values: Courts, Lawyering, and ADR: Glimpses into the Islamic Tradition, 28 FORDHAM URB. L.J. 1035 (2001). Liaquat Ali Khan, Jurodynamics of Islamic Law, 61 RUTGERS L. REV. 231 (2009). Herbert J. Liebesny, Judicial Systems in the Near and Middle East: Evolutionary Development and Islamic Revival, 37 MIDDLE EAST J. 202 (1983).

Clark B. Lombardi and Nathan J. Brown, Do Constitutions Requiring Adherence to Shari’a Threaten Human Rights? How Egypt’s Constitutional Court Reconciles Islamic Law with the Liberal Rule of Law, 21 AM. U. INT’L L. REV. 379 (2006). Kathleen A. Portuan Miller, Who Says Muslim Women Don’t Have the Right to Divorce? – A Comparison Between Anglo-American Law and Islamic Law, 22 N.Y. INT’L L. REV. 201 (2009). Asifa Quraishi, Who Says Shari’a Demands the Stoning of Women? A Description of Islamic Law and Constitutionalism, 1 BERK. J. MIDDLE E. & ISLAMIC L. 163 (2008). Sadiq Reza, Islam’s Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure in Islamic Doctrine and Muslim Practice, 40 GEO. J. INT’L L. 703 (2009). Sadiq Reza, Torture and Islamic Law, 8 CHI. J. INT’L L. 21 (2007). Frank Vogel, An Introduction to the Law of the Islamic World, 31 INT’L J. LEGAL INFO. 353 (2003). Frank E. Vogel, The Trial of Terrorists Under Classical Islamic Law, 43 HARV. INT'L L.J. 53 (2002). David A. Westbrook, Islamic International Law and Public International Law: Separate Expressions of World Order, 33 VA. J. INT’L L. 819 (1993).

Islamic Law in Afghanistan Hafizullah Emadi, The End of Taqiyya: Reaffirming the Religious Identity of Ismailis in Shughnan, Badakhshan – Political Implications for Afghanistan, 34 MIDDLE EASTERN STUD 103 (1998). Ashraf Ghani, Disputes in a Court of Sharia, Kunar Valley, Afghanistan, 1885-1890, 15 INT. J. MIDDLE EAST STUD. 353 (1983). Martin Lau, Islamic Law and the Afghan Legal System, United Nations Public Administration Network. Download PDF Kristin Mendoza, Islam and Islamism in Afghanistan, Harvard Law School: Islamic Legal Studies Program (2003). Download PDF Ahmad Indrees Rahmani, The Role of Religious Institutions in Community Governance Affairs: How are Communities Governed Beyond the District Level? (Central European University 2006). Olivier Roy, Rivalries and Power Plays in Afghanistan: The Taliban, the Shari'a and the Pipeline, 202 MIDDLE EAST REPORT 37 (1996).

State Law and Legal Systems Faiz Ahmed, Judicial Reform in Afghanistan: A Case Study in the New Criminal Procedure Code, 29 HASTINGS INT’L & COMP. L. REV. 93 (2005). Livingston Armytage, Justice in Afghanistan: Rebuilding Judicial Competence After the Generation of War, 67 HEIDELBERG J. OF INT’L L. 185 (2007). Download PDF Martin Lau, Afghanistan’s Legal System and its Compatibility with International Human Rights Standards, International Commission of Jurists (2004). Download PDF Katherine McCullough, Out With the Old and In With the New: The Long Struggle for Judicial Reform in Afghanistan, 19 GEO. J. LEGAL ETHICS 821 (2006). Ramin Moschtaghi, Organisation and Jurisdiction of the Newly Established Afghan Courts – The Compliance of the Formal System of Justice with the Bonn Agreement, 10 Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law 531 (2006). Barnett R. Rubin, Lineages of the State of Afghanistan, 28 ASIAN SURVEY 1188 (1988). J. David Stansfield, Yasin Safar and Akram Salam, Community-State Administration of Private Property Records in Rural Afghanistan, Terra Institute LTD. (2008). Download PDF

Constitution: Drafting and Law Katharine Adeney, Constitutional Design and the Political Salience of “Community” Identity in Afghanistan, 48 ASIAN SURVEY 535 (2008). Said Amir Arjomand, Constitutional Developments in Afghanistan: A Comparative and Historical Perspective, 53 DRAKE L. REV. 943 (2005). Michele Brandt, Constitutional Assistance in Post-Conflict Countries: The UN Experience: Cambodia, East Timor & Afghanistan, United Nations Development Programme (June 2005). Download PDF Nusrat Choudhury, Constrained Spaces for Islamic Feminism: Women’s rights and the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan, 19 YALE J.L. & FEMINISM 155 (2007). John Dempsey and J. Alexander Their, Resolving the Crisis over Constitutional Interpretation in Afghanistan, (United States Institute of Peace 2009). Justin Desautels-Stein, Bolstering Democracy in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Kyrgyzstan: Rites and Rights in Afghanistan: The Hazara and the 2004 Constitution, 29 FLETCHER F. WORLD AFF. 157 (2005).

Andrew Finkelman, The Constitution and Its Interpretation: An Islamic Perspective on Afghanistan’s Constitutional Development Process, 2002-2004, Al Nakhlah, Article 2 (2005). Rainer Grote, Separation of Powers in the New Afghan Constitution, 64 HIEDELBERG J. OF INT’L L. 897 (2004). Download PDF Martin Lau, The Independence of Judges Under Islamic Law, International Law and the New Afghan Constitution, 64 HEIDELBERG J. OF INT’L L. 917 (2004). Download PDF Said Mahmoudi, The Sharia in the New Afghan Constitution: Contradiction or Compliment?, 64 HEIDELBERG J. OF INT’L L. 867 (2004). Download PDF Asifa Quraishi, Tradition and Innovation: Interpreting the Qur’an and the Constitution: Similarities in the Use of Text, Tradition, and Reason in Islamic and American Jurisprudence, 28 CARDOZO L. REV. 67 (2006). Barnett R. Rubin, Crafting a Constitution of Afghanistan, 15 J. OF DEMOCRACY 5 (2004). Michael Schoiswohl, Linking the International Legal Framework to Building the Formal Foundations of a “State at Risk”: Constitution-Making and International Law in Post-Conflict Afghanistan, 39 VAND. J. TRANSNAT’L L. 819 (2006). Michael Schoiswohl, The New Afghanistan Constitution and International Law: A Love-Hate Affair, 4 INT’L J. CONST. L. 664 (2006). Silvia Tellenbach, Fair Trial Guarantees in Criminal Proceedings Under Islamic,Afghan Constitutional, and International Law, 64 HEIDELBERG J. OF INT’L L. 929 (2004). Download PDF J. Alexander Thier, The Making of a Constitution in Afghanistan, 51 N.Y.L. SCH. L. REV. 557 (2007).

Rule of Law and Policy Issues Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Transitional Justice Faiz Ahmed, Afghanistan’s Reconstruction, Five Years Later: Narratives of Progress, Marginalized Realities, and the Politics of Law in a Transitional Islamic Republic, 10 GONZ. J. INT’L L. 269 (2006-2007). Tanya Domenica Bosi, U.N. Report: Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The United Nations Involvement in Afghanistan, 19 N.Y.L. SCH. J. HUM. RTS. 819 (2003).

Christina Jones-Pauly, Neamat Nojumi, Balancing Relations Between Society and State: Legal Steps Toward National Reconciliation and Reconstruction of Afghanistan, 52 AM. J. COMP. L. 825 (2004). Download PDF Sari Kouvo, Transitional Justice in the Context of Ongoing Conflict: the Case of Afghanistan, ICTJ Briefing, International Center for Transitional Justice (2009). Download PDF Sarah Lister, Understanding State-Building and Local Government in Afghanistan, Crisis States Research Centre, Working Paper no. 14 (2007). Download PDF William Maley, Democratic Governance and Post-Conflict Transitions, 6 CHI. J. INT’L L. 683 (2006). Amin Saikal, Afghanistan’s Transition: ISAF’s stabilization role?, 27 THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY 525 (2006). Epaminontas E. Triantafilou, In Aid of Transitional Justice: Eroding Norms of Revenge in Countries with Weak State Authority, 10 UCLA J. INT’L L. & FOREIGN AFF. 541 (2005). Ali Wardak, Building a post-war justice system in Afghanistan, 41 CRIME, LAW & SOCIAL CHANGE 319 (2004). Download PDF Rule of Law Patricia Gossman, The Past as Present: War Crimes, Impunity and the Rule of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science and University of Bonn (Jun. 2003). Download PDF Dr. Christine Noelle-Karimi, Local perceptions of state and law, Center for Development Research (2003). Download PDF William H. Spencer, Securing the Rule of Law in Post-Taliban Afghanistan: Establishing the Rule of Law, 17 CONN. J. INT’L L. 445 (2002). Human Rights Sultan Barakat & Gareth Wardell, Exploited by whom? An alternative perspective on humanitarian assistance to Afghan women, 23 THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY 909 (2002). Melanie M. Brookes, Reproductive Rights in Afghanistan: Considerations of Abortion Regulation in Light of the Afghan Reconstruction Process, 18 CONN. J. INT’L L. 595 (2003). Mark A. Drumbl, Rights, Culture, and Crime: The Role of Rule of Law For the Women of Afghanistan, 42 COLUM. J. TRANSNAT’L L. 349 (2004). Mark A. Drumbl, The Taliban’s ‘Other’ Crimes, 23 THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY 1121 (2002).

Mark A. Drumbl, Victimhood in our Neighborhood: Terrorist Crime, Taliban Guilt, and the Asymmetries of the International Legal Order, 81 N.C. L. REV. 1 (2002). Talya Friedman, Cures to the Enigmatic Taliban Plague: Legal and Social Remedies Addressing Gender Apartheid in Afghanistan, 23 LOY. L.A. INT'L & COMP. L. REV. 81 (2001). J. Alexander Thier, Afghanistan: Minority Rights and Autonomy in a Multi-Ethnic Failed State, 35 STAN. J. INT’L L. 351 (1999). Shannon A. Wiley, Fighting Back Against the Taliban: The Case for Restoring Afghan Men and Women’s Right to Self-Determination, 7 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L. 523 (2001). Security Issues Alyssa Greenspan, Are We Fighting the Right War?, 16 CARDOZO J. INT’L & COMP. L. 493 (2008). Elizabeth Peterson, Two Sides of the Same Coin: The Link Between Illicit Opium Production and Security in Afghanistan, 25 WASH. U. J. L. & POL’Y 215 (2007). Peter Tomsen, Untying the Afghan Knot, 25-WTR FLETCHER F. WORLD AFF. 17 (2001). Download PDF

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