INTRODUCTION

Leadership is the competency and capability to influence and motivate people towards the fulfillment of goals .Thereby, leadership within any organization, is most definitely a critical factor of organizational efficacy. Leaders also embody a vision for future, and a good leader possesses the quality to cope and evolve with change. The need of a leader in any given organizational setup is imperative to the growth and future of the organization. ³Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organization´ (House et al., 1999) Whether a leader is made or born is undoubtedly one of the most argued question in the scope of leadership. As leadership theories and attributes have developed and evolved over the years, it can be observed that, leadership as a quality that contributes to the success of an organization is an attribute that can be developed or cultivated Leadership development and training is a fast growing academic discipline.

Joan. although in-depth. Lewin (1939. literature review is never exhausted. Stogdill (1974. The Great Trait 2.259) says that ³there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are person who have attempted to define the concept. applied to a small sample of leaders. administration. . control and supervision to describe the same concept. but some leaders are born out of necessity.LITERATURES REVIEW (Example) 1.271) authoritarian defined leaders as being 5. p.´ 3. which makes generalization riskier. Henry Kissinger once said that "The task of the leader is to get his people from where they are to where they have not been. Robert House (1976. p. True leaders might have natural abilities that lend themselves to taking charge over people. What no one has determined thus far is if leaders are born or made. Because leadership is such a broad and dynamic topic. management. authority." No one can deny that the act being a leader is an enormous job and that the best and worst leaders are remembered throughout history.4) promoted the idea that some leaders exhibit a charismatic style. 4. and thus always relatively outdated. p.´ The term ³leadership´ is confusing because of imprecise labels used such as power.F.Marques said that ³The studies reviewed. they see a situation and take control over it.

Leadership development. This discusses traditional ideas of leadership. . recent innovations and modern practices in leadership development and training in an effort to demonstrate that leaders can be developed through education. highly valued for its power to inspire achievement and translate vision into result. they¶re made.´ and that is the basis of this literatures decision. The basic hypothesis of these discuses is that leaders are made. knowledge. Not all people will bring together the right mix of experience. A famous quote holds that ³leaders are not born. Unique.DECISION (Based On Literatures) Leadership is a priority in today¶s organizations. personal experience is what gives individuals the power to lead. dynamically engaged with every one function and asset of their job or industry. not bore. education and training are among the most critical areas where organization can make contribution to maximize the value of their human assets. Every element of a successful organization will find that innovation lies in the knowledge and understanding of its employees. and insight to become successful leaders but those who commit to learning¶s are well-positioned to become leaders because they are already on the fast-track learning curve.

p. a special instinct and a favorable charisma. This natural courage is something that cannot be learned. He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. It is not impossible to conceive that if put in the right situation that anyone can lead but it takes a unique individual to lead in times of stress or hardship. The loyalty of those to be led must come through positive and successful attitudes and behaviors. diplomat.259) born in UK as a journalist. REFERENCES 1. It during these times that a leader learns the most. such as an extraordinary high level of ambition. Robert House Peters. Top management cannot appoint leaders any more than leaders can appoint themselves. and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Leadership is an honorary degree. which can only be bestowed by those who are led. . However. Clean in the Procter and Gamble cleaning product commercials of the era 3. He is perhaps best remembered as the face and body of Mr. 2.CONCLUSION In conclusion.. Educational leadership can reveal a limited amount of situational ideas to a student . (12 January 1916 1 October 2008) was an American character actor most noted for his roles in 1950s B movies and westerns. Jr. leadership positions. Most of the world's best leaders were born with certain highly developed characteristics. it is believed that anyone with special knowledge and power can lead. but only people with special characteristics and abilities can be leaders. types of leadership. and people skills. A leader must not only have the courage to take control of a situation and understand the group¶s feelings. 1923) is a German-born American political scientist. Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27. Lewin (23 December 1918 17 May 2004) was a Polish art dealer and philanthropist 4. it may be more accurate to state that leadership cannot be taught but it can be learned. These skills are not always unique to leaders or have they been thrust upon someone through some right of birth. Most great leaders possess a highly developed sense of teamwork that enables them to step away from the limelight and allow others to take credit. they must have the self-assurance that the decisions they make are agreeable and are guided towards the interest of the group and not the individual.I. Stogdill (1974.