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shed and replaced by other layers. Skin varies in thickness throughout the body and different people have different layers of thickness. There are three layers of skin, the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis is the outer layer of skin. The top layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum) has dead skin cells which shed approximately every two weeks. The dermis contains three types of tissue (collagen, elastic tissue and reticular fibers). The subcutaneous tissue is a layer of fat and connective tissue. SKIN TYPES There are four skin types. Different skin types may need different approaches to achieve healthy skin. It is important to use the appropriate skin care tips for each skin type. 1. Normal skin has the proper balance between oil and moisture, so that it is not greasy or dry. It looks clear, supple and healthy. Normal skin still needs good skin care, but requires less treatment than other skin types. 2. Dry skin cannot retain moisture as well as normal skin. It may flake and it is prone to wrinkles and lines. Important skin care tips for dry skin include the regular use of a good moisturizer. 3. Oily skin has an over secretion of sebum. There is excess oil on the surface of the skin. Oily skin often develops spots and pimples. Important skin care tips for oily skin include regular and thorough cleansing. 4. Combination skin is a combination of both oily and dry skin. The forehead, nose and chin may be oily, and the cheeks and other areas may be dry. Each area should be given the right skin care that is needed for that skin type. FOODS FOR HEALTHY SKIN One of the top tips for healthy skin care is to eat healthy foods. Here are some of the best foods for healthy skin. • Foods containing Omega-3 fatty acids (eg. Tuna, mackerel, herrings and sardines) • Foods containing Vitamin A or beta-carotene (eg. Sweet potato, carrot, mango and spinach) • Foods containing zinc (e.g. Beef, peanuts, roasted pumpkin) • Fresh fruit and vegetables • Water and Tea HYDRATION Skin hydration is very important, especially for people with dry skin. Drinking lots of water is one way of keeping skin hydrated. Water also helps brings nutrients to the skin. It is important to avoid dehydrating drinks, like cola, coffee and alcohol. Cold weather and hot water can dry out skin, so these should be avoided as much as possible. People with dry skin should always wear a sunscreen, even during winter. SLEEP AND SKIN REJUVENATION Getting a good night's sleep is important for healthy skin care. As people sleep, skin rejuvenation takes place and the cells undergo a process of repair. This is important because this is the time when the skin is restored and recovers from any harm it has suffered during the day. To help skin stay healthy, you should ensure you get at least seven (preferably eight) hours of sleep a night. Make-up can interfere with the skin's rejuvenation process, so all make-up should be removed before going to bed. NATURAL SUPPLEMENTS Natural supplements can keep your skin looking healthy. Anti ageing supplements can help prevent signs of ageing. Natural supplements can also help fix some common problems. Here are some of the best natural and anti-ageing supplements for healthy skin - Primrose Oil, Omega-3, Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Zinc (to help heal damaged skin)
Lavender may also be used in oily skin care. Quit smoking. Lime juice. cucumber juice and lemon juice are good for oily skin. Apply the juice directly onto your skin. Avoid exposing your skin to the sun. Rub gently on face for some time and rinse with warm water. • Dry skin. Drink chamomile. For a facial sauna. allow it to dry and then wash off with warm water. the juice should be left to dry and make-up can be applied directly on top of it. Mix honey and olive oil. apply on face for 20 minutes and wash the face. You can use it as a mist. 4. If you need to go out in the sun. Avoid exposing your skin to heat (this includes hot water). Clay masks are particularly effective in the treatment of oily skin. Witch hazel is a good natural product for absorbing extra oil. your skin will feel great and look healthy. • Oily skin. • Aloe vera is good for all types of skin. Learn to relax your face. For an aromatherapy facial sauna. parsley and thyme can also be added. Apply it to your face and then rinse off after fifteen minutes. . You can make your own clay mask by mixing green clay power with water or honey. mango. Mix 2 tablespoon besan. For a toner. including tips for facial skin problems. use rosewater for dry skin and witch hazel for oily skin. Herbal Remedies and Other Natural Remedies Herbs and other natural products contain ingredients that help to provide good oily skin care treatment. without stripping the skin of its natural moisture. SCRUBS HONEY CLEANSING SCRUB Mix 1 tablespoon of honey. use a sunscreen and wear a hat. Fruit acid masks can be made at home by applying papaya.HERBS Herbs can be useful in maintaining healthy skin and for treating problem skin. Make a facial sauna with comfrey or calendula. 2 tablespoon of finely ground almond paste and 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. Make a facial sauna using lemongrass and rosebuds. dandelion or peppermint tea. here are a few more tips to help prevent ageing of skin and wrinkles. To reduce the effects of make-up on oily skin. 1. add lemon. Effective skin cleansers can be made using vegetable oils. 2 tablespoon honey and 2 spoons of rosewater. Fruit acid masks are very effective in oily skin care. NATURAL HERBAL CLEANSING Herbs can also be useful in general cleansing of the skin of different types. 3. Apply on face and leave on for 15 minutes and rinse with warm water. FACIAL TONER Puree 1 tablespoon honey with a peeled cored apple. grapefruit or any fruit containing acid to the face. You can also infuse herbs and use the water as a toner. Healthy Skin By following the skin care tips. Apply on face for 10 minutes and wash the face. the tips for healthy skin and the anti-ageing tips outlined in this article. in a toner or in a facial sauna. ANTI AGEING TIPS Although many of the tips already covered can also be considered anti ageing tips. Apply witch hazel onto the skin to absorb oil. Here are some tips for herbal skin care. cedar wood or rosemary. 2. They remove the excess oil and dead skin cells.
You could porridge grains also. 2. 3. again use rough circular motions of exfoliate. 4. Rinse with warm water followed by a quick cold-water rinse. 2. Take half cup of wheat husk or porridge. Wet your face with water. Now store the mixture in a sealed glass jar and used when required. Cleanse your face with your normal cleanser. or use strong circular motion with the hand keep rubbing for Wash off. is the best exfoliate. and avoid the eye area. This homemade body scrub recipe helps to remove dead skin. half tablespoons of turmeric powder. neck (avoid Exfoliate gently with a aloof. Instructions for use: 1. Wet your face with water. Rinse with warm water followed by a quick cold-water rinse. Instructions for use: 1. use wheat honey and the eyes). 5 minutes. milk and rose petals to cleanse the face leaving it silky soft. and blend until creamy. 3 tbsp powdered milk and 2 tbsp powdered rose petals along with almond oil and combine thoroughly. Cleanse your face with your normal cleanser. Strawberry almond facial scrub for oily skin Ingredients: • 5 strawberries. Add all ingredients to a food processor. 4. Add to this. and blend until creamy. washed and hulled • 1 tablespoon baking powder • 3 tablespoons yogurt • 1/4 cup almonds. Take care not to tug the skin. . Homemade facial Scrub using Wheat Husk The flaky powder left behind when wheat flour is made. face.Homemade Body Scrub: Chickpea Powder Recipe If your skin is oily this is the ideal homemade body scrub. 2. Apply all over forehead. Take care not to tug the skin. Make a thick paste. Rub it all over the body. Take 4 tablespoons of chickpea powder. People with dry skin can also this scrub after substituting milk with full cream. Apply scrub to your face with a gentle circular motion. Mix 3 tbsp ground almonds. 2. When the paste dries and starts caking. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to three days. Puree the strawberries in a small food processor. and avoid the eye area. 3 tbsp medium oatmeal. 3. oatmeal. 3. Gentle Face Scrub This is a luxurious blend of almonds. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to three days. Add to this one tablespoon one tablespoon of milk. Add the other ingredients to the food processor. ground • 1 teaspoon lemon juice Directions: 1. Oatmeal facial scrub for normal or sensitive skin Ingredients: • 2 tablespoons oatmeal • 2 tablespoons brown sugar • 2 tablespoons commercial pure aloe vera or aloe vera gel from a plant • 1 teaspoon lemon juice Directions: 1. a few drops of rose water and milk to make a thick paste. Apply scrub to your face with a gentle circular motion.
Rinse face and pat dry with a clean towel. 2. Rinse with warm water followed by a quick cold-water rinse. and pulse to process. Apply to cleansed face. Instructions for use: 1. Rinse face and pat dry with a clean towel. 4. gently remove mask from face. 1 tablespoon honey. Take care not to tug the skin. In a food processor. gently remove mask from face. 4. Using a damp wash cloth. grind oatmeal. Instructions for use: 1. add brown sugar and lemon juice to your normal facial cleanser. Leave on face until your face begins to feel tight. Add yogurt and blend until smooth. 2 tablespoons honey. Apply to cleansed face. 2. Cleanse your face with your normal cleanser. Leave on face for approximately 10 minutes. Banana-honey facial mask for dry skin Ingredients: 1/2 fresh banana.Brown sugar-lemon facial scrub for dry skin Ingredients: • 1 portion of your normal facial cleanser • 1 tablespoon brown sugar • Juice of 1/2 lemon Directions: 1. gently remove mask from face. Wet your face with water. Mix until blended. Rinse face and pat dry with a clean towel. 3. 3. Using a damp wash cloth. Add all ingredients to food processor. 4. Using a damp wash cloth. 2. 4. 3. 3. 2 tablespoons hot water Directions: 1. Apply to cleansed face. Add to food processor and puree. Honey-oatmeal facial mask for normal or sensitive skin Ingredients: 4 tablespoons oatmeal. Apply scrub to your face with a gentle circular motion. In a small bowl. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to three days. 2. 3. . 3. Instructions for use: 1. Add honey and hot water and process until fully blended. Wash cucumber. 2. peel and slice into rounds. 2 tablespoons sour cream Directions: 1. 2. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to three days. FACE MASK RECIPES Cucumber facial mask for oily skin Ingredients: • 1/2 cucumber • 1 tablespoon low-fat yogurt Directions: 1. Instructions for use: 1. 2. Store in a covered jar in the refrigerator for up to three days. 4. and avoid the eye area. Leave on face until just dry. 2.
then you'll count up 7 more to quickly determine that 7 x 8 = 56. Step 3 Now you're ready for the 'doubles'. the math curriculum is much larger than it ever was. .. skip count the fact family you're working on. 20. we're in an information age. Today. you'll have an effective strategy to quickly obtain most of the remaining facts! Step 4 Not counting the doubles. Each time you walk through a doorway. you have the 3's. 4's. you'll also know what 7x6 is. Now apply 4. Don't worry if you forget the odd one. 5's and 10's. 25.10 or 5. 6's. you'll know that it's the 4x4=16 fact. For example. That's only committing 6 facts to memory! You're three-quarters of the way there. you will be able to fall back on your doubling strategy and counting up.6. you have the 'counting up' strategy. it slows down your progress in math. When skip counting by 4's and when you've tapped on the fourth finger.8. you will need to commit daily time to these strategies to learn your tables in 21 days. Remember. skip count! Each time the phone rings. you will need to be able to skip count or count by a certain number. you already know the 2's. For instance 2. 8x8 and 9x9. skip count for 5 minutes. third is 30. Remember back in grade 1 when you used to use your fingers to count to 10? Now you'll need them to skip-count. 10. 4x4. Once you learn the doubles. Think of Mary Had A Little Lamb in your mind. if you know that 7 x 7 = 49. First finger or thumb is 10. in fact use a familiar tune while skip counting! Remember to tap your fingers (just as you did when counting) each time you skip count. second is 20. 16. If you memorize those doubles.8. Now you need to concentrate on 3x3. Students and parents are now left with the task of helping to commit the times tables to memory. 2 x 10 = 20 and so on and so forth. skip count again (silently) Each time you use the washroom.)and continue on! Once you've learned to skip-count by 4's as easily as you can by 2's. Therefore 1 x 10 = 10.. Why use your fingers? Because it's an effective strategy.. Once you know what 6x7 is. being able to do math well means having great strategies. use your fingers to count by 10. 12. For instance. skip count! When you go to bed each night. However. The above strategies will help you learn the times tables. Practice tapping these out on your fingers. In case you haven't noticed.Multiplication Tables in 21 days! Let's face in.4. For the remaining facts (and there aren't many) you will want to learn by skip-counting. 7's and 8's. skip count! During every commercial when you're watching TV. Some things you just have to know and committing the times tables to memory is one of them. Try some of the following: • • • • • Each day when you wake up. (Mary had a. Remember. information is doubling faster than it ever used to and our math teachers no longer have the luxury of assisting us to learn the times tables. 7x7. you're ready for the next fact family. this enables you to know which fact you're on. Any strategy that improves speed with your tables is worth using! Step 2 How many skip counting patterns do you know? Probably the 2's. 15. 6x6. 5's and 10's. Now you will need to use your fingers when skip counting. when you don't know your times tables. So let's get started: Step 1 First of all. effective strategies are almost as good as memorizing your facts. Once again.