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Basic Information

Name: Hydrogen
Symbol: H
Atomic Number: 1
Atomic Mass: 1.00794 amu
Melting Point: -259.14 °C (14.009985 K, -434.45203 °F)
Boiling Point: -252.87 °C (20.280005 K, -423.166 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 1
Number of Neutrons: 0
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 0.08988 g/cm3
Color: colorless

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 1

First Energy Level: 1

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
H-1 Stable
H-2 Stable
H-3 12.3 years
Basic Information

Name: Carbon
Symbol: C
Atomic Number: 6
Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu
Melting Point: 3500.0 °C (3773.15 K, 6332.0 °F)
Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C (5100.15 K, 8720.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 6
Number of Neutrons: 6
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 2.62 g/cm3
Color: May be black

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 2

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 4

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
C-11 20.3 minutes
C-12 Stable
C-13 Stable
C-14 5730.0 years
C-15 2.5 seconds
Basic Information

Name: Nitrogen
Symbol: N
Atomic Number: 7
Atomic Mass: 14.00674 amu
Melting Point: -209.9 °C (63.250008 K, -345.81998 °F)
Boiling Point: -195.8 °C (77.35 K, -320.44 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 7
Number of Neutrons: 7
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 1.2506 g/cm3
Color: colorless

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 2

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 5

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
N-13 9.97 minutes
N-14 Stable
N-15 Stable
N-16 7.13 seconds
Basic Information

Name: Oxygen
Symbol: O
Atomic Number: 8
Atomic Mass: 15.9994 amu
Melting Point: -218.4 °C (54.750008 K, -361.12 °F)
Boiling Point: -183.0 °C (90.15 K, -297.4 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 8
Number of Neutrons: 8
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 1.429 g/cm3
Color: colorless

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 2

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 6

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
O-15 122.2 seconds
O-16 Stable
O-17 Stable
O-18 Stable
Basic Information

Name: Phosphorus
Symbol: P
Atomic Number: 15
Atomic Mass: 30.97376 amu
Melting Point: 44.1 °C (317.25 K, 111.38 °F)
Boiling Point: 280.0 °C (553.15 K, 536.0 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 15
Number of Neutrons: 16
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Monoclinic
Density @ 293 K: 1.82 g/cm3
Color: white

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 3

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 5

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
P-31 Stable
P-32 14.28 days
P-33 24.3 days
Basic Information

Name: Sulfur
Symbol: S
Atomic Number: 16
Atomic Mass: 32.066 amu
Melting Point: 112.8 °C (385.95 K, 235.04001 °F)
Boiling Point: 444.6 °C (717.75 K, 832.28 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 16
Number of Neutrons: 16
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic
Density @ 293 K: 2.07 g/cm3
Color: yellow
British Spelling: Sulphur
IUPAC Spelling: Sulfur

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 3

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 6

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
S-32 Stable
S-33 Stable
S-34 Stable
S-35 87.2 days
S-36 Stable
Basic Information

Name: Sodium
Symbol: Na
Atomic Number: 11
Atomic Mass: 22.98977 amu
Melting Point: 97.72 °C (370.87 K, 207.9 °F)
Boiling Point: 883 °C (1156 K, 1621 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 11
Number of Neutrons: 12
Classification: Alkali Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 0.971 g/cm3
Color: silvery

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 3

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 1

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Na-22 2.6 years
Na-23 Stable
Na-24 14.96 hours
Basic Information

Name: Magnesium
Symbol: Mg
Atomic Number: 12
Atomic Mass: 24.305 amu
Melting Point: 650.0 °C (923.15 K, 1202.0 °F)
Boiling Point: 1107.0 °C (1380.15 K, 2024.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 12
Number of Neutrons: 12
Classification: Alkaline Earth
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 1.738 g/cm3
Color: grayish

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 3

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 2

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Mg-24 Stable
Mg-25 Stable
Mg-26 Stable
Mg-27 9.45 minutes
Mg-28 21.0 hours
Basic Information

Name: Calcium
Symbol: Ca
Atomic Number: 20
Atomic Mass: 40.078 amu
Melting Point: 839.0 °C (1112.15 K, 1542.2 °F)
Boiling Point: 1484.0 °C (1757.15 K, 2703.2 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 20
Number of Neutrons: 20
Classification: Alkaline Earth
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 1.55 g/cm3
Color: Silvery

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 8
Fourth Energy Level: 2

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Ca-40 Stable
Ca-41 103000.0 years
Ca-42 Stable
Ca-43 Stable
Ca-44 Stable
Ca-45 162.7 days
Ca-46 Stable
Ca-47 4.5 days
Ca-48 Stable
Ca-49 8.7 minutes
Basic Information

Name: Manganese
Symbol: Mn
Atomic Number: 25
Atomic Mass: 54.93805 amu
Melting Point: 1245.0 °C (1518.15 K, 2273.0 °F)
Boiling Point: 1962.0 °C (2235.15 K, 3563.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 25
Number of Neutrons: 30
Classification: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 7.43 g/cm3
Color: silverish/grayish

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 13
Fourth Energy Level: 2

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Mn-52 5.59 days
Mn-52m 21.1 minutes
Mn-53 3700000.0 years
Mn-54 312.2 days
Mn-55 Stable
Mn-56 2.57 hours
Mn-57 1.45 minutes
Basic Information

Name: Iron
Symbol: Fe
Atomic Number: 26
Atomic Mass: 55.845 amu
Melting Point: 1535.0 °C (1808.15 K, 2795.0 °F)
Boiling Point: 2750.0 °C (3023.15 K, 4982.0 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 26
Number of Neutrons: 30
Classification: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 7.86 g/cm3
Color: Silvery

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 14
Fourth Energy Level: 2

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Fe-52 8.3 hours
Fe-54 Stable
Fe-55 2.7 years
Fe-56 Stable
Fe-57 Stable
Fe-58 Stable
Fe-59 54.5 days
Fe-60 1500000.0 years
Basic Information

Name: Zinc
Symbol: Zn
Atomic Number: 30
Atomic Mass: 65.39 amu
Melting Point: 419.58 °C (692.73 K, 787.24396 °F)
Boiling Point: 907.0 °C (1180.15 K, 1664.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 30
Number of Neutrons: 35
Classification: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 7.133 g/cm3
Color: bluish

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 18
Fourth Energy Level: 2

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Zn-62 9.26 hours
Zn-63 38.5 minutes
Zn-64 Stable
Zn-65 243.8 days
Zn-66 Stable
Zn-67 Stable
Zn-68 Stable
Zn-69m 13.76 hours
Zn-70 Stable
Zn-72 46.5 hours
Basic Information

Name: Copper
Symbol: Cu
Atomic Number: 29
Atomic Mass: 63.546 amu
Melting Point: 1083.0 °C (1356.15 K, 1981.4 °F)
Boiling Point: 2567.0 °C (2840.15 K, 4652.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 29
Number of Neutrons: 35
Classification: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 8.96 g/cm3
Color: red/orange

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 18
Fourth Energy Level: 1

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Cu-61 3.4 hours
Cu-62 9.7 minutes
Cu-63 Stable
Cu-64 12.7 hours
Cu-65 Stable
Cu-67 2.6 days
Basic Information

Name: Selenium
Symbol: Se
Atomic Number: 34
Atomic Mass: 78.96 amu
Melting Point: 217.0 °C (490.15 K, 422.6 °F)
Boiling Point: 684.9 °C (958.05005 K, 1264.8201 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 34
Number of Neutrons: 45
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 4.79 g/cm3
Color: gray

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 18
Fourth Energy Level: 6

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
Se-73 7.15 hours
Se-74 Stable
Se-75 119.78 days
Se-76 Stable
Se-77 Stable
Se-78 Stable
Se-79 65000.0 years
Se-80 Stable
Se-82 Stable
Basic Information

Name: Arsenic
Symbol: As
Atomic Number: 33
Atomic Mass: 74.9216 amu
Melting Point: 817.0 °C (1090.15 K, 1502.6 °F)
Boiling Point: 613.0 °C (886.15 K, 1135.4 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 33
Number of Neutrons: 42
Classification: Metalloid
Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Density @ 293 K: 5.72 g/cm3
Color: Gray

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 18
Fourth Energy Level: 5

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
As-71 2.7 days
As-72 26.0 hours
As-73 80.3 days
As-74 17.8 days
As-75 Stable
As-76 26.3 hours
As-77 39.0 hours
As-79 9.0 minutes
Basic Information

Name: Iodine
Symbol: I
Atomic Number: 53
Atomic Mass: 126.90447 amu
Melting Point: 113.5 °C (386.65 K, 236.3 °F)
Boiling Point: 184.0 °C (457.15 K, 363.2 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 53
Number of Neutrons: 74
Classification: Halogen
Crystal Structure: Orthorhombic
Density @ 293 K: 4.93 g/cm3
Color: blackish

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 5

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 18
Fourth Energy Level: 18
Fifth Energy Level: 7

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
I-122 3.6 minutes
I-123 13.2 hours
I-124 4.2 days
I-125 60.1 days
I-126 13.0 days
I-127 Stable
I-128 25.0 minutes
I-129 1.57E7 years
I-130 12.4 hours
I-131 8.0 days
I-132 2.3 hours
I-133 20.8 hours
I-134 52.6 minutes
I-135 6.6 hours
I-136 1.4 minutes
Basic Information

Name: Potassium
Symbol: K
Atomic Number: 19
Atomic Mass: 39.0983 amu
Melting Point: 63.65 °C (336.8 K, 146.57 °F)
Boiling Point: 774.0 °C (1047.15 K, 1425.2 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 19
Number of Neutrons: 20
Classification: Alkali Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 0.862 g/cm3
Color: silvery

Atomic Structure

Number of Energy Levels: 4

First Energy Level: 2


Second Energy Level: 8
Third Energy Level: 8
Fourth Energy Level: 1

Isotopes
Isotope Half Life
K-39 Stable
K-40 1.28E9 years
K-41 Stable
K-42 12.4 hours
K-43 22.3 hours