CII 'I L ,A'I R. PA,II]) IL· lRIII;NliN'O M:ANUiAL 10.

5

tiEA,DE RS H:II P

,1,ND: 'H,XERCISIE· ,OIF CO.M,MAN,O

. 'L ,.,_, £Ii,INIY" 0' E' R

' '0 g ~ ,a·:, I I':. ,I

'3:9 .. E·,A8I A'V,E:"

'H' ,IG', "ED'S' .T-I .O"wN,· II~ ~ 0'1

'_ .,\""I~ ,"1.·... . ." W'.'_ ',_ f ,_'_,1_ "_,!Ii

, ,.

W.A;SHINGITOH, Ill. C •.

Iext.maileri"3llpil'e@'ail1~d1 ffiJ,~ ~~iJ WA.R :DEPA91MEWI

·cnrlL AIR PATROL 'l'~,AJI;NIJ],~.Gi ~~nAL !"O~ !]j

~.m\'n~S:B!Jp ,aJ:\i,,])')~XKl]:'C~\sl& OF ,dOilitlU~J[.I

r'jllIjg&.tiJi!l~,

$EL"ntl'_'" I. L~;;t:(le!!'shi~~ ~ , __ , - 1~l5,

n., DQ'Ct1r1']i,~~ of t~mhlL ----_-------.--,.~------=.- lB-22

Ill. tQntm~I1~L----- _~ ~ -.----_----~-~---~-- 2.'~·-:im

.IV:. Est~m~te, .oo'th~. Sit:ltUIlriOD_._-. .-_.-.----.---- -- __31-3G

V .. 'l~'I:'!'p'~JJ':~- ~, ~: __ :~ --- ------- ~ ~_jJ7-4.1

VI., ~l:J.c.lU;Ci.~ ,~. t~~tHI1L_..,~~ . --_------.----~- 42,.....;i1

·VTI. Sta !]:.... __ . __ -----.- __ ._.~. ~.~ __ .,.. __ ._. __ ~ _=_. __ .--.--.-.-._- 48--{i:(}

V:J."ll. CiillJ'bj,t;. O~'fL~l"fl __ . ~_. ----.------.-~-,--.- 'l;il-..J(I,l

IX. (:Otl~ !nand l?rysh7i---._.----.-.- - ---------.---~- G2-,(G

_. ·S· . ·lle·. ..'" . ...: <711. f>,d,

-"~ .• "_ ', ]!;!j:HII ~ .. g1'n~'I1!;,I.mc~'!."'i'O~ ~ ~ __ . -_-_ --,-.-.--._-.~-.-.-- flC-.[l"±

1 .. 'L(l~tdersh;,p j~ lm,~.d {I!11<'1~m\;]~lg(i! pi lIlen.

"2. 'lfaii Is th~ :h![ld~rnCJl.h~tinS1inm],e]l.t mWM; ot;lh.G,:'il]]!!l!tn:l1r.u!r~ts I~Hly Cillm.ll~ l~'I[~ he l'rau:tlllTI!fi;.:I'e~a1:i .. 'ely cmlSlffulft. Ul'i]l~~hisbe]hfl'Yio['" unci eTI!'JI!'I!ent.ru att~·jbut~s !rr.IilI1Il,C1!il:~torn'l:, gl:{lss.ln~l'lflk~ w.m 'bQ.·mnde 1M cEJ;hntnin_g(Y~ntim]~ lcI.J~dln fl:a (]'p: leadl]li~.

i.l~· the t.Jrajnjlng (dth~~ indi",-idmLl ~ liliot' ~ .. tb~ 'Maenl]JlIJeol"''l-lde;rn" ti'lHl:S' iu~em i.tlte~:lllh; Ii].d,i,..i,J'I!I~~l:!i II,bLO a gl\Q~~p:ilI!:d~Q ~$bl.i:sh for: th~E t gL'Olll?" ~ Ili.~h tfit!i::'I'I{Jillr.'{I·'DlElt~im~.f m:mduct land 1)Qid(n:mOl.nCl~ Q$ clnit:\(.wi"t];umt d~troyil~[d!: the: :InHi::J]ti,\~!!liIf ill?, fndlVidlull.

ilWar .pl~~ees:ll ~[:!!\·r!'im~ te.>si: on tJl8Jp.h.ysicaI 'BIIdUi1;3n9~ 9:1.~,(~ lD~iFil:.[ st"tHn1i11tl, of' th.e .i,nd~ 'l;d~Ii1tI. ,smldiier. T(j, l)el".Il)rm. Ius dtlt~es ~~ir;.'!.l:ltlJ l!e.njH':>~ Hot ,cwJ\}': ~\l''"el.l.eqllili~lm~ :.trl,r] teJilmie..'1l\ll:y tI:~8.ll1i~(J~!mt.'ID"I~ D1!}1:~St :rd~-OIOO l?hysren]],!\:qml~l~ne~ to elluirre U'tehud:.6hips IIIi' nclCl SCl't"l'Tree: ~\.l:ldM (%.J;]lSit:l[n~l)' -F{)'lfi:O.G~tfu;y..cl:.tOO:!l) linebased Qlllb]gh i:d.iml~ of'Il!liHt..'U~:V '4.~ud:lIJ.cL Sb!'il:Hl:g'mel~~ :ii!U:wJ!l:"liltea wlth ·LL PD~FgT .. ::;eJiJ;8e of dwt¥~ R ~miugcimu:;pI'id~· ~u lh~iI' iIi![til:~ m:rd nL feding oI 1).iUtl13,] ~bligatlon to H1e:l1' C>OLm~Hlrs J~I iLhii!.. gl;o"l!!Ip~ enn [l:CI,c,h.mte-; tb!!! deJ)~:O!l'nmlzlirug lH.flu..,. .r.5i1Ct_I,S oil' h:H.tliQ :~~u; beti~c]:. dlri.ul;ho.~ ·hn:bued ... OilIl~y\rit]] ~e:aT -, o:fpUEii&h,; :l"Jl:l!'llrt 601' .disgI';)ce.

4, .h~ ~p~te' oit I!:le ~cl'!'lnw~ in dW!no)ofl'Y.! ~1~~e'\Vulth 01' (be indi-

. idmLli. mflH is iSW'! deei SiY.€,. Th.!); O.! len Ol'ael' of em~lbi'lt a.ecenblat~ bi:;r ilnp(l:rt:ul.oo" E"e:ryin~Hvid;ual IDll~,t betm:ail1cri to Nptoit, a. .. ituntictll w.ilih i:lalcorg)1 il.lld hoblll~ and must 00 imbued ,vi-til the ide.fil IDfrt S!~ ,cess win dilpend upon 'his iniUtllUv-c ;und ,acbon.,

r~" Tile di I~rslon,; f troop ill battlB,cr.ij:w:ed by the YJ.tll'14;]) "13 of mod!lJ'ri WI*lPUl1S m,akes ,oo.nh'ol. U10~'6 d.i:ln-{:'tln~ Coh.eaiiol.lwitl.rin ~ lIl'lit i~ p!!,Q]JOOiteil: ];Ix g9G'ii leaderil1ip~ ~li 5C~llin~;. p~'id!! 'in lhe lIce(lm;pHs.runf'n~ fl.'lld n'iputllit.i.olil!. ,of tll.el unit, alid :ml~.ll1hil el!:l.lliiilel1te ~1JlId_ wmfa:cl~,ip

·:lJi.';tOl'lg' its lLJ:~ ~rS. .

IiI, t.~ dkig h'~~ors in. oi):mhJlt" J~~"'rdh:ls$'o~ thl1l. oo1~~Oll" 01[ r' .. anmLl;ancl .,,~ns fQ,r 1f..,'OO] and dl.{lugl1truI1f1lCkI'~ with il strong ieeUng of: the gt'f*l,.t J"esllc'msibilRy ilnpl';l.IS,001 upon tlw.:ro. They "tnllst be I<esulute' ond £..alfr.elia[lt in ·tll.e.i:t: d~cj-sitm;!l~&u::.['~ac ·:.md ·J],:;,tst,mj,tUl .ex(IDution :-Ina. ullped;m'bmJ "by '~h:e, ilm:tUfltio.f.lllI QJ[ o;:"o;m~)b.l'l t.

'i: Ti"lQQ[lf.l are sl:il;;.Ong~y inlll!ielJl~a 'by the ,e,_'\'.'Ii'i:lflplel and eondu t of tileil:' ]e~tkri'J:. oJ'}.. ]~lI.iae<l· m~lst }Hil,'I\e "s'l.l'QriClI' m(l'wl~dge, will VOWe.l', !1elf-'Cfinfid~n~I' iu.ilt.iutiv~ ~lld d:iIDi1P';!IT!H.·d lIf sell :fl..ny .£1]£»'1 or ie"n,r 01' 'll'1H'I1ilHngH ~ . tu slll'lt'e dall~e:r iE {j.l,{nJ t I l,~tiel-:;,h:ip. On &1:\ Of 'her:]l-1l!'!d ~.Lotd ::rntllletcrmmll'cL Ieik~Je:rwill cnn'yhi,si;r"oop5 mth kim no ma tllctr hOiw ,'liOkll'lt th~i.lJ.h:ll:'pdE>fl" ]II ut'u;al f,U1J!ij{k<TI~e 001. ween the 1e- • .u:1(iI' .~nld! hi:il JUe.ll .is t,he swe!5t- bEl~i~ of dl:ic-ip]h1e.. To gllin.llt is c{jnfld.eJr.~fj;h(} If,ll!t],err .l!lu",tlind the, way rn th:~hoorts of .. rl~ > .Ilmn. This he. will dfl by n.e"ltu·i.i]g an fu:ldef."<;~tand\T'lg of.~lL(!ili tlmH:Wlts 3,:ncl i@ClhlgG, ,Itild by :!tliQw:iHg" ;t, ta'lfl3.t.ant· tr}m:m':n :[urtheir ~.(M"i1..Ehl.'t, lind wel-.fJ m.

'. A goo.a: ~mnma:rJ(lfr <l.vQj_d~ Sil1bj~tin~ 1113 tJ1rJt1[]>il 1;0 useless h:[Hd~ slll [)s· he guftrd~ agu ins t. ili..s:;:j paling (hair eernhat ii:tFl~i1gth i I) "jJ100flS2qIH!lIt,jru i~Lci~on~ Qt lli:l1'ftSi:!iiil..cl!·~m tl U"(l9l"g'h IitUll:y i':t.'li mal'rm_ga.1]1~I1!' Bekeeps i~ cl:o$e tom:!:.. ~ith .:Jill ,~.,th(lt"llilmt~ units by .mesns ,of plllr.son8.~ vruls n:lld Oh!wI'Vti,o ibn. is e;;slmtial tha 'h~ know fnom peJ~lml COr,J.tac:~, . hemeutal, ttimriil' an£l phyiicnl stute of l\i51 b'fJQ11;£, lIleonn)ij:i!l}u.s 'Wi.tb"",yw 11 I'hey.,u.·c 'C~Ii1b."OTIted~ ~h12i.r al'iwiupljmruen~~~ theil' '!.'!h~"il!l"1!S1 arid tlt!~ir' l'l ,dE.

9. ThE! eflinm~ndt!a: :0!lO'l!ild ptulnptJy eirend. n~co~n.ijjoli fo I _ 'rvi('.CS wdl done", ]~nd heJ:p '''i'h~~ help .is needed, r1n~ giv~ ·~11C'l.")ill:"ilg(,IUeat i.'I'!J 'ailve1Ps1l:j'.. Oonsiderr1Jm rR.IJu)sevr;h ill h· ccrmrmnds, h! tuust b& hlthfu] Illnd I.O'j'n~ bJ those -wh otltmnantl him .. " i~ eru:rutuiUl,rn-l'IHnst li'Wew~th.lli!! tw,oop.s; !;I;ii.d, slnlJ'~ tbeir ihmgers n~](i pri\7~tlions ,ItS we.H!l.s thmr ]01':S IUld sorrows, By pe'i.~IJn1 ohrm.78:tion lind e.'l;.'j1-e:rj.ctlce 11,\'1 "'ill thell be :;ibl'El to j'lldge eheitf.!ellw. .a!'ld. ~:rl1ha .... ':tlUI!. A. emunm]}['det wli!IJl IlRnoot'.5sfll1ily tllX'e;s, the wHlm'litn,ce; €If his ·trU'O'Pii wID ollly penafue JiirIl~l.. Tile' pl',"Ope.F ~o..tJ,elrli);li;tltJl'l' q-f ~OJM\ll,[, 8t~gtb is in

Pl"OPOl'[1:0B tel the oh~ecti''ti.. to' b!l :rl.tt:ti:n~. Whe<l l!l.ece~.i!.'Jl til ll~e ~Jx[lf!'~dlln .~ tMIWi'!siotl~ l:!fte, ~m~lll1-11de-:I[:~.J"E!~l'Llil'~ !md reeei ves worn ] ij~tmjt tJl! complc:l(e mf;'fl$H:e of !Sft~."rj fil}l'l,

16.. A i~piri 0[;. ·iJj_ln~Ifish eoop~.ti(ln with !choil' loom .. isto i:J[lJ i'o~el\~U 'iIlnm~g o:tlli~i['$' ·3;uii:-lnm., Tho' ~bollg aJid tbo. ,ca:pn\bl6 must HJlIl!Jttrt:l-gei ·.aud ']e3Id ~ti(:l' w~ and J.~s espei'.I('uc(!d~. 011 snr:]iI ~ fm111al!'lHoDr a ·:fe~ii:TI~r of t!'lMl (!omnld.Il;S,hill will become !fiI'.luly eshl.}J~ JLhliil- ilI1:d IhB iuU rumbat valt~e (If theb:oopcwiU be made ft1\i;}Uable' 1.0 '-hE! 1.ligile:l' oolTII!l!:ll]cler,.

1 L Th~ combat- ·v.nlue tOf a mrlt i-s dJl!:kl"IfJ:iucil in gNoIiLt rneusure by :'he. su1 ;i]jrerly ([l.lJI.fitifl1S' of Its ~~d!e:r5 and memi)ersa:nd iJ~.- \,'ill to .fighl:.>, .outward m!leks' of tljis: comLnt vaihlB. will be: round m' UJ~ $lei -til' m,ndItPP01l)!r<l!liCBOii' de :m.el)~' in thlil c:o:n(ijtioo!, care, ,uaid .l!I.iamto~ nnnee !LIf the· wea:l'0rli'! .a,nd eq:_u]] 1IIl_!\'!H ~, and i:11 tIliln~.Ddin~~ hf the unit f:ot:ll.c,tion. ~lp<~I'Lfi'il' oornb-l'llt l'-:llue 1;...-ill. ofi''5@t~1;mierk!iLl' in .. fa;r.iodty, Supliw:i'm: le:ldeI$h~p, Go:mbinem wifh..-mperilOr cmuhai 'V~h!e. of tl~O:p,'S c(iml'ititl~~'S1l l'eliu:liie hL\si5"fo~' 51'lC~Si'l· m, 'hil.tUl'!.

12... A POO1,_[Y tt:,anuJd l~l[;jS Ilk ly t.l.l :bj] -ina lcrit.icul .mom.eilli due to cle.a!'l.lOrilizilJg::iln1f.p~OL1lS C=.l'LI!se:O! 'by ul;Ifl1x:peeted ~H;(lnt!;; illCiJ:rilb~;t;, Ellis:i plH.~ti,(JIJ!;hu~lY~:r,:I.'u,~ .intll...16, li'I."St li!llgngemerut·. of a,u.uit. Tlle:I'C~ fori!!: ItF~imug 9:11d -discipline; :u:e of ,gren'fr. impolialloo.. E.:el,y le31er ll~ttSI'; ~a.ke (~nm:-g~ti(l actio.n .nga1l1irt, lndisc~ip]fue; panic, pil!h~ge:, u:iid oi_he:l~ d~st'l.IJpt.il'lelinfi uenees, Di~cip]inf! is Hle .m:-l.1-n cohesive .f(:!lrce ·tlutt hi.[lais Hr6 memuers of ~~ ~mh.;

]3, .A wise ll_1];d Cil]?ab]e, comm:;J"lWr:ler w.iR s>ee tltm:t the n~l.. u~rs-lgn~d to the 'C(ln1pool:rnt grOH.ps of J!ri, uJlit. 1'I1re comp:n.ib1c Md tll.,t the L'Oml~~Hj.(}n ~:}jtho gl'OU'1!-'l is d:umgtJlcll. us little a'S pCl'SSih1e.. H~. win pil.-a'i'i,~e eeeh gt"!)QP WH.11 ~ Jend'er~ in whom U~ IDOlnhBl"'~.h{L"e COII~ ·fir~et]Jre., HemUso :gt,e;g.ulat-e 'ft~'l\l i'D)ilElriol' i},d:o.rlnistrn,ti!{J]l (jd~ the. lurit thncii. all g ·oups per-:jli!);l'l'tl ill.,s sams JIIDO]1l'lt of work and iimj'o;ythe S4u:[~e: :1J~HomrlH!)f lehtUiloc. n'El w·~U seetl:~n;~ c1mnoHstriil·.IiJ.j,cQ eJfl(,)'iency. .lt5 :I TllInlt·1y l!~o~nj2l~d :illliil l' Wll.I:deiL .He ·,v:i[ID Bet hef;oLlf': 'all Ii high SruFidn.!!ul of IDii1ir.tl(['y conduct !lind . .!It.pply ,to ,m...U the S~~ l'\rl~~:; ,o~f {Jllj[€(l.ip;1 ine,

::f:.i. GaOi:lAnll;ll'tiI~ .nnd, ::I;' sensa Q,£uuity. ill i'l, IC9'mn:U1.11d~ ~!m:M.o~ b~ :ilnlJl·ilJld.!;ed·~ ~heym[(jst 00 thor'Ot~ghly pJa.unec1 ilcnd. sjl~qlrlii.tic.'lly It)l·~mIl~e~. ''i:_h,€IJ !i;re '}:lPl'n oijllst ;UII:1 .fair: b':1B1l:tmm.tt! {L eOIlsl:Jilut (~oJillru'n fal' -the.sol!.dier~s·:we:if3.]:w!, thLOlnlUgb training in ihm.si.c' cluti~ co.m.rillaer,i_b:iI~:.m()Rg!.Ti!'\!lll:ll}d pr,hl'll·in. Eltf~ olL'ganii:atio:~., n:nd COlUltry. 'JI'he ,egt:ibIisbiRlil!"l!t I)ll.d. m:ildnbm.:jI:ROC!. of good r: moral, 'tlr'Cl illiCll]}']i'ilt'.nt ·u.pon ever, conul'Q;!I!nder tUlGt are .tun:i!"l::s. ef'gMd le,"I(le;r,ldl]p.

JUt 'I'fie.·fliI'!5ii demand in war i~ decisive !I&t,lOn.. CI.!l(lnmll.nd"ers m~pUiEl cm!.llde.tnJ~jjn. tooiI' suherdinares by theiz d.eeJs1v'6 cQnduct, iifid~r

·_

.bint,}' ttl ~..m m:.k:rlli]. :i.dvantage ever .116 e!1lc.mr.:. A repuMihlon. t:Ol' f:ai.hn1'f in a lead !if' ~l(>~ l'Oys ]:Qonl]e. TI.If! [11!lt'~e to,f ,61 H,nit isilifl't of itshi~~,

s: (;Ommn,nci.'ilr :nUI.st flOO_l' il1rnit;"d th~t l~i~y S!t,jJ ttii:fit[)~,sS v.:ID under]Ilir~,chis efIic~~mey, He. owes: it to tb~ man It.m:J,er hi'3 IIDfIrmO;[Id t~ ~(ln!mJ'1rll'. hiS'· UiWn .i]m;~ Nf.l.!]~ I.mu:le1~. blim. t.1tlJlllile 'tl.6bdng !j!; no]'mal .mind 'fo ~U:l OOh1tj.Ql!l.·: ~ lri~. PRl~i.!?in:l~I' ~,;I'~ets iUlif.1..~rnb'l;y

en hi!> wb.rue 0ti,]tnil!!Jl.J;id. .

S}~:G:Hi1N II

16" ThIl1Jl"1'flUlt(J ,abje.r. "l-~'~ of an [[IilitM'y opeta'titlllJS "is the de,. strMti n oJ tb~ m~m.y~::; armed fCl'fiC£I; in battle, ~h~ ability to. se-Ieet ulJll!!)!:dl~ ·w:ho:se. .I~Hn.]nmep:m. "onnbributeB"m03t cl@e~v.ely R'od qn ~ JUy ta the .dele,tiI. 0':[ .. ')ili;' lio:smlli' ~niild' f((,.I.'C6~ '[g ,one 3.tttI!.luoo gf·th 'fL;h]'~ Q!IJ!JIj[_mm:u:ler ..

1 (, '. ! :hll}:ll1!. ::mdi. d~1"eCt iP]!Ul;5, 1!lutl. rueflulillswhb IH'o:mpl. ;IilThd tho,,,,, J:j~~gh ,·~IO Lioll are QI[teTl dc(!i. ive. in I.'li!.~ lttt.ammeIDt Of51101:l~ss.,

~ , Unit:)? c.f OOlIlll.nlt]d. obtains thl~1:; 'WI~if.]J of elr(}'l"~ WblCh is-essenti~lj~} the dt't'il>iw !ap,pl:itaUQl'!. '9f full d:mllIlhat power 0:[ the. 9V'aihbl€l fo·'O'<S. UnitY oJ ·e.m ["~ is -r:Ul'j,hru'~ by iuU "ooo]leru.iicm.. bet een ~leIllenta u:f' 11;.0.' mmand,

Jtl, Throu rb Q1i{tljl~i e !lotll :II a !)!JllLIlUlluloc e:."'&I:(rise~ ]]lS injltJ,ati:\1~l i)!"Cs.pl·n~:ll h~s fn?edmn of l&lltlOUj and iir[lll~es hiswill on the ;enemy. A del< 'usi\,.' at' itn~le mAl'Yl hll\ve\-~.r~ 1m dcUhe)"'ntul,J' Jild~pt.e.d. B:$ ft ti:>IIl'lpOriM::Y ~SJl!MlimI~ :whilE! ~lwaith1g an O'PPQtlll.oity for loounUll'. Q:r~nfi'i'ii'e ~~:ti';II], .tlr .ftlit tl;lC ptlllx1&e: uf eco.n{lW:dng fOI'€a1S. 01'1:·3, f;rn.tJ"t WhE!I'~ ,1, ,m.elii-ciOu i~ not, sought, 'lbe ~ct]o:l'I. by th~ C"Oum:umcle:r (if the. ri ~ll.t time aad pJaee mr nrFen lve a.cdJcltj, is l]) ~leci ive illc1"ol' in [:be; ~·!re!' ~ a.Ed-lit: ~PI!J:.:Ation,

N I~ merleal inim.iorir.y d. '1$ r.tQi~ IIt'Ktl2".::l~l·ily c,Olmni, a command 1"0 n d f n i,·c lIffi:tlld~, Sua'i~)';Ol' .hc~ti1~ anmbers T.f1ay b4! Qve:['OOm0 thrftt:l~b ~'[';l'tC\' l'llubilit.:,r" he> t r .'fl,ir.Itlitllmnt and' 'E\C{ul-pmeu;t: m.ore ~!TPr,~ i \'.' ih'""el higher mm·.il]~l ;mll(l bet.ter le.;"u:llClr.mip, ,Eiupc,riOl' lendeF'ship u rtBLI enlllb:!~ ,a, nU]j]lt',~icll.lIy inJ:t:I.iui: fn:r~ to be tronge:r ~bt" the J1Giwl, of dec;i!>i.1(~ :l. ti.OII,

A. ~ti";,LtegierIU;r {Icif!tl.sivB missi~ ls·fl')e\J1.10nUymClst emecti;!;'"~ly (:"lx.ecu{ed Iht'mlgh.. O'fi'en:siV"e .a(:l;ion. It.is o::f~n Il.etle~'J fb:r fLU: in-: "fe.idol' Ic·rec.to !:!trike .. ~,t. :in. ,eil1"ZY mom,?]}!;; ill ()Iliil!IU' to ~Ml:ll'e i.biitial ild~I;;:Ull'C~tes UtI" t;;=', pi0.vent ]t."t!H fl'f.llllJ hei:l:igoT'~lLelmtul by a;. growing

. sHll~I:EIJ:rity ill tll~ lI.oEil.jle f.nr~.

"20. 'C(jIll:'e:~I.tmtiOlt ·of siUpel'iQr fO'r~, b()tn on, tll,e; gronnd' and ill th~, air. ....L th deruffive p]am~ IUld time .tl\ud "~beil" emplqy.IJIHlDt in iI.

5

dMlEd"'i@' dil!'flclion, e:t'i;m(!l!:-£ Hil:l 'Cr;ln,~lit~'QlIJ:s,e5~1litiill.~. to TictiJ~. Such

. ~,(lfloCSJllt;l'~ti(l1.l lI'e"11ilili'f,~s str~d CCOJlO~ny iiI-~hti s:tre:ogtll o;fito:r~~ a~~igned to,£p.eQ'ndf;ll·Jrlli~'i:ous" D!lt,~o~noenib"[~i!iIl:fIlg' c"omb1.lt (,ire ji~uf~" fi~hle. O]1]Y .1i'\'~U~\I1'" &[0'..: CJ~er:.Lilkm {if't,."l5@/,r.ss..~glleil. tl\l'JElo!l)t1!b:ibrut€if>' dh'eeHy :t.o !iillpe~~S;·:i]1 '[ii.e~u2~kI_ ,1):ittille.

lin. S!iU .. q1l·L.Il;ID!llil~t llie'';:f,D~:ighJl; t;lHXlughontt.hl\.·_::lJctiio[L by ~1i'it'!3'mt~!ln* . ,~llld ~by' ~V'lll·y eehekm of' !,:()I~nU3.n~. It.' 1[I1l.! be ,o'OtIii]!~~a byfu~ ill; :wall ;~ ·by wo¥cnHmi:.. S~~~J!l~d~ is pl'oon:ood tl:rroL~g:b l1ll{!~;;ll'~.;@S. wljjd~.· ~i.[h.e:t, d~f1y ]nfOI':rrm~t.]on to Lhe:~:nmJl1y~ oar p~tiy~]y d~c:e.i1fe h:i.tn~ :\"5', hi lIJiUr diispo;;:itiol]:Fi:. I'II.o1C5~lllef,l:tiS, 3:(1!1~apl:tltLfi!'. T£).::tl)irlwhidl .q)P~~·~ 10 :imiPilSlli gl,,~..tt ~!.imt:u~tl.es GiU 0p!:l"!itfio:n~,' 11];SlY '0,fhr!1 lb,~ nt:i.llz.ea!~.u :\faiu .;;IJl~'PIl..i~j~. ,S~~I'P:['l!;e is mt\h0t3reEl by ,~rinti()t! it1.U.tc ,mllli1!S ".rr!j:] Jnetthcd:is~lMlployed in C1).~¥:tb:li~ a:lld. biropjilClity oGl e:~e~:fH:iQ:I.].

~lwplI'i,S'Il 'C),fl1iICl~ eom~:llsati@<i fCl'rm~"1IFI':Iil:t:i~alb:~_f$Ii.016!ty OlE ~bl1:i~~ SurIH.~i~.fiHllii! fh.ememy 111 lJ; ~t<l 'Oll ;roeni:oJ, n'lOirnl\j 0.1' physjJJ:[f1 Ulnpr~pm.(~'e(lu~" E"YGrY ~fiod .shQ~!h~ b~ ma,Jlll '41 ,denyhllu. (ill'lc' to j'fl,k;e Ilj~:e('iti:V:6 CQtllllli[eJlill.lea:SH:1W. 'Th~ .e:l~· of sl!.lrpti.se rn!lly he loo~ tl~rl('l~ilg.11 dil,i(Lbu.]:ymeth.ods of 1C>;~,elJ;t;i(On.

2\k '1) ~t:liIli.!11,'il~h)~il8T!Ul)~··j~ ~]t:d.rcs ~cdHl1!tI: est~:IM.t.y'of ffl:U~:la.y tJ.l1i,tfliabJ~uij,es, .Iild.eqmne . .sceln:l1ty m,Eln~tl~~IlWEll.\til;i'Ifo~"f,:@lil.~!<1:1~,\.J,lre; ::lIitJl I\e.~d~ ne~.1~!I' ~ .. eti!()]l of: a111mits..El'U'Y u]lIit tll],;,e-s llhe-, n~<biH'~; :rt1f"JJS· tlffief:; i_'o:~'i'b::, o";[lI.~C:9!~. g:i!!ml:J:ld "mil 1:l,~I"S(lCtH'.~ty. ]21'OlIT-1:>.i';ifl] for :fh$ -iiiM'hnhy 9'iNhw.k~ :tllllr1l'1!aI"'is oj(' ~pil'ci31 in11:,'lQ!·t:1!n~G'.

SEC't:Ii:~~ rn

23. iGJn11Uimd b;th~ 1!I.1Jthotif:y "'\']~ich ,an .i:l'l!clli.'!{.idU~ll ]]1 ~!;l' u'lii:libJry ~T"l'i:OI? .Iil\i>fiJiUjt e.; ... elrc.1Si'!:S0'\i""f!l: SIlbtl:ttli.l:!{tr(!,fi by dr:hte '~f nmk'O"X""l!Issi~l' ulieJ:rL

Com~nal]d :l~d lMde,~~1!!:~p :!I.tlill.flSeiP.fi.l"~~:Dl0. Wl]~Mlli'H' fhe f01'~e j;shlr~e~ 0],' SITIi:l):IiJ., '!imibj~thel' ·th€1 r1.l.l:rCfj~lis: (!if c:mllim8ind.:::!tr~ eomp~ex Gl" sl!i'nl)]e~ ~he e:b.1II1il~~!ld'0I·'mu~t be fhlil· eontl'oIDng hM,l;'Bis Ji!1U~ b.~r 01.<11 tmastOO' mlE;d; !'.uid D:OJ)J 1:;111 nitl~t f1Qwtbe Blll':rgy ~.l'1d ,the ij]'fpll.~se-wl~~'c;h .iI.te t.t{anllj]~te aUm1dru: him..

. W a., DUlii16l1l·iiU:ttO a.;;5'p.wfle &l'i:rn::e ,oiUloC.Ron. is th~ .l1'l'SptJus';1;aility ~f ~bc ool:n}J!1J;a.u't"i!llrr' f!,;ll1jt't~ Wb:ili!.·~l!n~· Ulfl.j' .ilCe:e'pti .:uihrlCOl :~uf! 5ltg~1jous 'f!r·OO'ii iMI.y O"Jf'll~: ·5U.OOl.aili~·llLt(i"',) ,hi!: rulone- is :'1\(,3po;ru;ible ,Jor'\d~:a:t his WI it doil;;ij iu,: faJls' to do •.

25.. J\ '\",'illmgn~ ... too ~~[)it ]'"cirpf.in~!~l:il~f:j( i'S tl'1eJ fOt:,;most :trait of 1e".J.deii~llip'.E\"e.lI'J" iIoldiv.Mulll ·:Ir.om I!he-:M~lle.~(;"' {!(mUM1KIm- to, the. j,o,\;;;est 1~1~m\~~t:t\e llll.ib"t al~I1i!iy.s re:1'I!l'():I!Rthal~ 'l:b:aJ~~ :l!lllctkl<n ~:Mlt:l negle.e:t uif

• ?PPOd;UlQit'i!1!s wiJ.l·l~1iilI'ltli.ll;mir]n"j $~"'oI!l\l.·l! em.~I.H~tkllli. ane1~.l.u:r' ·Q;f judg-

_j

m~nt ill nu~ il.·liool taken. Til, . ~ril~ri. .Ill hy \"ih.i,'h,:a C!lIDIllftndtu: .j~id.ges, tbo -rolllndiics;; {j,J hiS' O',VIl: dcc~im~ ~, '1'iLeilhc:r it' wiU furtltel: l:~le imsntD.q1'M of Ute. b.i.glw[· e~'llilllde:I~. WilIingiIJEi:~ to 'IlG~ef.it.r~p(fm;ilb~lit]: lUUf;t 1'10 • manifest, it.~alf: in .[l\ di$!.-eg.a1i1 ()f I'Jli'd.e;l:~ ~ ·t;h.e>,J)a",is of. ~ n!{!Hl PlIObAhi)y Qf llJl'Y'in'" 'm, oot;t:eE k.l:lQwlr..dgill oft<he; ~i91nt~on than the higher couID1i:md,er. The. i:ubOl:cliu~ uni:t is a p,aM; ot .a t~LC:ti(:a'1 1'( . m ,a:mp}.oJ:~d by, the h:igh<ll' ooo:llm6md~l; to aceou;,pl,isb ~ (l-el'tam mis.~ioJl.j lim 1 auy illrl.cp'oode.ht-"G 'on d~e,p:art> .g,! !!, ~hrJroitD,Illte;' oo1tilll~nder :mIl, t COf)fOF)lLtO.tbJ{l1~De.i.':i.' pl~n fqr ~e'~llih,sa w]]ole,

2J13. The {~{j:r:nn}Mld Y.i:I Ini~ion' mC;Oll:tll!:ti!i!.1i!d lID. tbe orders whit·:h he Ji~L'j l:eoo~1!te(l.. Nel'·c!the.lieSS~ 11. ,e'~rin,iJ~I:' QI' 8; ,sluibordiqa.tii! Il!~t crulnot. r; !atld. absctldIi i?ifo.t'd'e.rs or the lltt!Ell~~p.t Oll: o.a:tl~l"S as an e~i;se :ror' iuactit"it,}' :in ~ 'sjm£!t.i~l!i v;7beoo fEC'i;i,)Jl, en luis n!l;l,t]S:II'.sse.nti!li~o.r W1H:ll' 3, ehm1bre ir~ 'the sU uation illJ.tln i'il hicl!: the' i.«oJm:d {~il6J['i5 .we]J(l based nmders snch m'dl;ia:'S:-imll'l"a.cLk~Il1,I,r~ m', llnli9SSi:pile.,of, ~e ll.tilJh. If th~ situation dlOes:.I1Gt.}lfl.i"Jlrit ,ooIDl'Di:Lllilcation -witl1We su:perib,:r G:OID!Hila!Jdl!lr and L1U2: ~uLordiuMe ,CO.i111n!ibJliiN.· i~r £.ami.Diair witbL~E YUiIi!imJ 11:1;1ll1'l of Ol~e1,-:\tio]):i> l]:t the urissionof die l'T~wle,i',!l.oIDln81'1cl~ :!J,~ :slli:ottiid take .oppm[J.l·i::lte :WdOll and l~et:f'iJrt the sitUil,fiou ~ early ss Jl.!',;;ll:,tioo.h: e ..

_7. 'l'nl,l. si'hmtiOIl!s tbnt mrl'ront til 'l'!oIDinMlJQle:r .in, lilira.i.: tll.1l·of tnf.i niw . '\11H:h~tr. In spite,lOf i:bi1! 1iIlflgt e..~,':L"e£ul pI~[lg and ,;m6·~JlatJ!ln., '1111- ,('x]lt,ded, oh"lcl1, 113.5;, fl~.ctions , ,anu.wis:takes ate !WJJUiIlOO o()tli:tre!1el"",e j n bat'l-e.. .il {!nmm~der unlEt sthoo11rif.l.,liooif tQt'e_g;lxd tl'IO.oo, e~'etlL];; 1~8 (!(1m;r.no plnce n.rtd not pel'mit dlffi'Li. 100 -fl"tl~trfitie hun in 'l11t' ~'ce _ ill P li"hItll1.nt of .his mission.

28. ] ,~l'Wrl[]:l nolrfeN!lt(Y~;;;;; bet;!l'l'ee.'n the higher !;;OI1:U,l!llull'l~l' and ltjs !;'libQrdinaiteE who 3:re to ~:ll:eCtlt.e his rn:der-s mny ,'1,1- tlmes b .ach~izl(}.W:e; l:1l.a.ii -till.'! hue.!:' ffii);? '!IJ.1T.i.ve at a. eOt·fildnndeT,s'~nQ.mg or. the. plfll1~ ~mil .intJm:ltions ofthsir sn]}etior~ Co.Il'Wl:!uu;liJffi do;nol Il ~lif'y fuek aooi~ sio]!i'I' :to snbcrdinnres, nuli~ d.o:' they se~e.k the :(:['Plln"(~'Vtl.l 0;£' S1ib.ord.iLlliI'I:e.s for jJ: :ir actions,.

2. All d~e baops ~S'Jignttd '00 'I:h.e ~eiC1Ill:.io~ or .;ii\ ilistim:t mjl,~l}m s!:toH.I,(1 be 'pla,c,e(l ul!ld~r 'Oma :com.;flhndu(j; ~~tiQI1 asa ta'Sk ID'l'elfl fYlr the (hu-atio:n of tbeoptll.'atian .. So' long as iii ~rinllan,ia'i:J" ,cnn exel"ci Iii ~I.r"'LJiTre eemmand, he. dot'S 'i]ryi:; di!>tui'b tl.Hl e~~h[j:::h(od ehain of I:'iom·~ rnand in his jkm,~.· 11 s;;OlD(! s:il.at;,]bll~ OOl).{ij~ '1lli3 dl!..':!abz!, that 'lu)~_cb~ ment~ ID;Urt. ba made to _ubolilIDate cfimmm.ndh. 'llch atUlebmtmh:; m 'Y be. ne.ceS$IU')' in IDn:L"Ches1, during 'pm::ioclS of de"ill!O'plne:tit~ in. mpidly ,cbarigilP.,':' mtll8:J1;ioIH,!, or i:l~ tho.tater ",tl!l;ge;!; Q\f amy' actien, im'd in. gefl~~1 'Wh~I1. better- SUp-pICHt or cGord:Ina:t1oD can IJe. efT:ooted ..

80~ :\. offl'nn12.llde.r who is aav..fij}~·roii. h]""he:r corirtuHuld should ba

-. :!!!': •• - • • .. -' . - .

teUem from the l'OOponsi'bih~l of ',dit;oot;; (!J(lmwand. (](rl!i~, £m'l:DU' mru'it.

31.. In. ::licIf, taci~kfill 0p~1t:!:jon th!Ii C'qID.II:'J;:.'i:lldm' ii!r.tl~ ~'lkl:ly ~~Ji!J.[l,~(:I aU tli.~ !i":1i:iJilhL~i!:il.{j(jfm~1:ien l{eari:i"1g-ii:nh~S. ~£k.l ,e£timg,U fAit .si;mi1iit~~.

Il:l!id ~~~(':h Ii -d~ct:stQJ:L . . .

a~. The,com!li1fl:ud~i"'s ,~t'_i:l:te-o:F pk~ ~~tnhli:.iQ'n-i:ii. b~~~l 0[1, UIle:ml1>sJ~1i ,0:1 the 'l]]l:iit, thil m!:.'ansf aViiHa~J¢ t(l! M~1i.;':t{ITI,1iiI t~tb!;l,:Cf!~my)t:h~ !~0(liditi (1]:15 in iriS" ,'t~'l'o.?f bl~l;ll':f,lti(ln$~iI.cli;J!dir!gterriiiti Il.lld 'l't('~:th~·~).[lind tbe p:.rt!,h~fu'lc !ltID~~8·.():f vn.t'i~,· liil!~; ~& !I.e6io'h ,0Ja fIIIiI;!Jt~ IO]_J.l!!r~t.i:@]]:s, OlL thilll bi1s.i!!5 ·of th~~ D.et~: :b;e·' ew$i:!iC:i:'&,;;th~J:]n~ eaf' a~ij!l~.l op~l[L([J, him l"h.ich,i:f"Slli!l!:~1\OOllr wilE ;l~dml~li£h hi'S miSSl!lJ1, and ~r\e HnI~e5 o~ad!(f!l!i ~"\~,,h]9h th~ cilt.1!!j~~'i:S'ph~f2.iIly .mtplibI~·~11tlwhl_~ can inteHll!~·e. with :s~haceo~nl~li15h1W!lQnfi ' D1:i"~Jjrh{y2;~·the'(IPl)Q~i]lg li1!lE;S" {!If ~~~fM],:tlr.ii1l' Oig[lli1iIJ.~t:o:[IQHI.eF~;t~-.furrjve'!lit oo;nchl;si!t)I!,'S as ~Q i:lli.e·p:~bi~hllil:y.; (l1[.snGC"t.1m :/(lJr' e:.it:llPT bisinv~l l;:D~ hQ'i n~·'t:lo:rr. On tile. bfl.si!i· of thllO ~ilIalySs .hill i;he~l qDn~iderS ,~c l'oi1l1(lJive;~dv~l1IIfnt~, a:ncl. d:1~'a'~h"a'lr;h~~$ d'E mds ci"l\~illl Biil!5S oi' .8di!;i'~.j II:nd s~~m ·[jia;~ li:~T!,le '!;fE' ·.aetj!ji:nl: \,>:h.ich hxil~e lil.q~l!I:lf:$Si 5U!(l~II:~irrcl,]~ cif 'f;vha,t 'tbeveii,em.y lrlllJi 'de, ]I twiJ::! o.r ]n~!l'~ li.I;!B of \fv .. ,ti:QiFi: ;rtpPt'!ru:f'eq~udl)' PUTItl:LiEi11g'r he 1I,h~~e!i Hl>il.'~ ,o:lm~d!ti~l;.\ll \~ill In6$( 'ff~,~f.gl; :li1,~!lt,e.\\CtiQll.

"i).i.t Ttl . (<sti'n~JftB oitffirur:e-qltil';!sI"iltJid -1:]liLak:irbgj, 'i\'iIh.. il;'Qf'·$J[~f;r!lfi,tl'l'! 11tn'i~e(~ to ~~'(l.:t~li'rll J~too'S, ~b ·Ci~H~lJlli·(g,,'Yi1 ·hitct, U?nch~sltil1!! ~Oj~Wl~& ing th.e e:nurlf~,:'m seldom hl~ d1i'fJ.l:,,;ri<. 'I'~ d'!i11.8Jf ~~cti[j".iill ~!J~ !Ji':IIl!ilrl!!'.ll'Mc:y beeiii:m::'B oJiJ';~ll~lfficient ild~t:l1Ja6mi ~1~;j}WBfJ,ht:Fk Qf clil·l1Wge;tic l~d~l'~ s.hi J?. aJui! Ill':~~y ~~~lt. in jost :P'pPi:!l:i1:.~'hi~:i~ ":Cb~·.:cimoo~ncl.eF m,wot; [;.!ke;,. Ic.':1Ii0nJ;ltt><1 :6~s .

. "ll. In QQu;:;;ldie:r:.1tIl'g. theBn'Cf.[l;Y~'!;l p~jhl.e U~w..s Ql';t~,ti'Qn~ tb~ ~mnJ~:).'itlildcl· :nUI.'8t glJ::Il:d ;~~lilil1:E,~ the. [)ll'1!f,m,l"l~nt«lb~ll.ef tl;l~;thG ba~ ihsdoy~re& tbif:l ~e~~i'!; .hfkw~,l u])~j !I.!lcl. ~glJ:~!,!fijt: ];iiI.~oimg ~th~r ll:n~ of· .acti;m'l crpoeID. l:~it'h:ee:heImY, E1I:"{';f~-"1"~1~n th.l;!w~igr~t 'n1I[l~ddG:H,et;.wal'.rn[Lrn th.e beiLie:f MwnE< - ~tUl e:T.l>~~ y .is '~"L'!:t!:Um:i ~~~rt t9 0. tiJJ.finit~ .linEl'!If: ;lci~O~~.t the 19{.lltn:mnridm; .WIil,i;stbenr: itn.ll!!!illJi! -U11lt ~1 C'l13:i1lgei in ,t;h{l' ema:my=.s· 'p~!l:tli5, ll1WY

ooeq~J' ~i:!H'IJI t;in~~. . . .

$;'). I!oGC~}J~ ob~<~l'l!t~ili' ~'7B.(Ll;. m·fJb~]i~" i:ul l~id .;;;Gl'l.lting- 'pO\~iI;i["~ the Cft]~.hi1JljMS"l.f tii~: ~JJip'~ir~;;.; ~k ~]!Itl (I\'lllO:t:e:ciI' f,~'ro'i!1f· .DJ]mI-tbeli!J~~hle ~JF,~f qf' ~llnii1r ~~ l~~06ynle1'll~ lU~ist.be ~)I!i:ti.rllia tly ~ev;:dUrltc~l III e:£tlfufu,tirlg :~ i@·rr~bir)j{;loo ·Q·i~ ail:; m'l]lOlflC'd~ .. iI!1.~d m'IJl~o'riz4d~fQn:K, .. ~t hot.h frJ.'mcll.r Ml1·I)_~"1fle~._jlIi,e· (:,0.ll.uri:lUr!tliel' ·IDlll."'.t. ·~~G p.roviided -\\Tith fuU uud I;!p-~~-d.!t~eimrll~@~116l1L ,~jll the:· f.1l\:~st;ug ad llJ'tlliobJe -fil:(;u:i'6 \n'wihir <,;".Qi6,ditfQn~{~[rdth~b" r,illfect,. ·bath gi!:~;lJlIld a])J~'I. ?Jr:~ qJ:temlj]!)y:~ meiiit ·wif St~:cn. ;E:m'~'$.

"!"H~l··_~~ii:

·S

36. ~'he estimate of til' sitlb,t.io:n {;ciihwJLa«:'S in. th diS:l:~:ij]fL . .A. det:i::il, 11' once mlldlll ~~ n(lt('!h~g~d wit,ho~J:~ ~lne c6.ll'll[~e1l.ing reason, In CIOiIl!bJt ill "''i'ill IlUd. enel'gy of th.c. C1jjliifJi,);)'1~6[' mlLlstr ;l'si':-i; until tho. mission ·is i!.~mp]!]gbed. Estimati.OII 'of ill. ·it-un.tioll, i '~ ']~O\\'l"· e,ver~ 11, cont,iJHlQ~]~ PrQ~(~'~ li.Jltd clli-mg~ ca!'1ltlitions :m;tlI:y: at; :niy time, .can 1.(,)1" :at J]lE'W' ded$icm. Tcao "?t-nlilOorn an ,3,dheli'~oota 0',1., .p;re'"!j'io:us,'r].etl:i~o'll. 'mnyr,~~il.t, -J:l'[ ~1(). 'Iy deilaYI' I~ ,o.f ,()p·port.~Ll1lily for det~sive :liLclZl!l;5Jloj, ot'otlt!-ight ·f9.ilul:'e.

SJJui'lONl

TERRAIN

'::fl. Th!ll jlart o.]f' th(l. oomm;lJndcE;.l~ 'll:.'Stinll:l<m. deal lng 'i .Uh tC"'tm~t 9ften exe:rei~ a dedsi~1i!e iuAumee. l~PQ-l1I his decislen :And pJan. Prcper e!il'81~]8tion aJlIlli Ultili7,llti~n 'oj ille tet'l'floin. I'eill!lce the mSlld7 'inmtage.. of iTI!ee!LTIp.].et~ irrfomlSltiClD'c(l[ toe IMle:Jilly.: .The' ,nflOl">f:l imrll~1" . t.aut ruattll'a!':l tobe ,CoEHlI:side:r€id m [e-.~.aha;trn,,~!:, ter.tllJi1 incl[]ida not OOt]y rmtm:ul ,l;,trOIIll.d to.l·ll:lS such as i1ljJlm.'I.~i)l~ ]_i~S1 st'~"ean1f3. h~lheg o:f "',ub~l' l'i'(J0II1Si and open ,spaces, but also ;(l.l,tifiillal f~ntm'e..'" .·ticli. :!i.$ l'ollds.l.'.fljlroiild5 IilEld: to"~'I:l". The c;olllulandct,· seess alwavs t{ii utiJi:.>l" the, t6-~iil..ill to his I}wUlldvanbll'~e and tn :theoomn, i di i1l~iLv'antflge_

38,,\1 hile the ··nlis.:ion oQ·f n il)l"C@ is the. basie fnc't;!Jt- in th .. eemlUiluder"s estimate, tbismny n.'eqrilel1tJy be resolved Jnto b:~1·1l'1;. of hll'm.if.l. Thus, in il:lIe·ddeme~ Rmay 1 e v'iU-lI to hold certain domlnsting. g,roi.[Ild~ Ol~ trJ preteeta certa.:ij] deme. S]lnil.llrly,i nt he fFll.\l]~, .sucd:'ems'J!m[yhln~?~ OID Hl,e ,!:'aptwE'£ 00. SII,d~ Jfu.afm"€:": whiehth~l!l 'he'C(~!ne l"h~unuu!l1d:i;.';ll:e obj~,~j ... e of dl.e II,ttllik W~nl,!'e ])o~~i~,le, it· iS~'fl:n .'1Iiid ·to 'rl'-n~H,I[" 'e v:i!llluli.no'['l, 'Itf flu:! til:;J:~rillLil'l th, l'e(lF1'~ I.-he' :l'l'll'l::;i:don. ttl tentl:;; ~f te .t:.fI>JIll-

39'" lffiili,ps ~l"e thl! 'b9_ [£0[01' tll'!'l'.II-in smdies, b;nt, shoufd be C:li.ec~d b:,~ air _re0nIlJl.g:i:1Btmc~ ni"'Pho'togrsplis) 'And ground ~!(JliInllil~anL~, lfllJi' et'i'Of'S must be ,expee'rocL ]"I(I;I"'!(I:ver'I' Chfl.l~ges in. 'tn~1 ;Ee- r!Jjin,j e!!p!:!-ci~ny in the. rood -.Diet and drtlm1tg~ r..'VSte.ru, (lG;lC11f eon illLi£llv. -411. 'J'I1~'m;t1j ciij'l ii:.h;,·~~;rs m, ~\'~iluJJltea :i.n·tcrm~ 'oii>the If IHO:j~'fBg"fi.,.,e kclot:s. 9~]"'7a(t.iO:[J fields of fu'c collCefilllleTI' .and 6Lwel' ol~stacJ~" .and ro·'V.I_cs (){' OO{l,TI.liIiluni~ll,ti(ll!1.

Itt," mtj!'31'!)~ti0111 ~ff;ha hrutnRficld. is ,e&.~fi.H<'liL ~ o~~e;r -eo ~il,il'iO'

. c

e:itecLilre, fU' t)(!,b~::.:rr 'Ill:PO:[1 'llie etler.i1Y, to ·[co,~['tr.~l the nl,:;Ln~uV't':r __ Q'f one~fS

(I'!Inl. ti1o.pIJ~~ and .00 p:r.e~'~nt S1uJI.:I!;i:lehy· ~he i.me.iny. U: Is olIt!l;liioo'

:ITOI1U (:Dthil.l1llFlI'dmg elleTrn{i,I1.Il.s._ .

Q. Ficlik' ;1 (h·e are ~.selljj:d_ tuHH~ .;le1~us~+ 01:1 tb,e. ,l)i~'IlSi'\- , Ute ·'c~nt'lllld.N: ~1~ to _IHa:.I'.e his m.~ti.ll ai:.tllt:k ;in ~n·rn.!~ larckillg in ,g{;!O(!

HeJd>s: tid.' Jl].lcj;J tllttllf:!' dd.eru, ·]e~'. B<f'.1>r.fnjC~~h;~,f f.i.l:€! ·al'e.. fo,ul~(l In }e\7(',l

.or lI11ITOl'.tn:]y s.I:Oping' M.]["e(.e:I~es oJ: (11' 'fl g!:.i:liUrut .

e, C,rnUJL'o}'W . f, 1it1d (U) 'i];f U]~y QCCelJi:t' w.'~(t1tbe!'.,COlilcnnhlUmt ]6 Pl'(f.t~tf3ion. m<g~riin;si' ob~~vaJ!JiCl:h .il'(JID -p:e grounai. :n.nd !Ii):.. Oo'!fNlis pi'"ot~tlQll .iIl~ins· .Ili;e,;' Thlji, i.rIIf).lll def~.:,~"e poSition i~ Oriie h8.vihg co.Meal]ll(';lW~.:~m:l C<lVffi:: w:it;binbu.t m;one .in. fr«.l.t.. nf: it 'rh~ iEit{,a ·k is best <f;ti:~m'ed lJ.l' 'i::eD"ain ".:If(lol'ding' g<)od (;.oi[I.I~e!dm ·n;tiJu: lu,ghout tlie tlcpt:1l ~ E the· ;H:l\-'n]jc:e~ -O;meeaim!!lll1, fmd '!~'l'e1l,'; i11mn ground 'i'\'earClo.~~\'iil'-e:[.o IDe ro~!ndin br{ll!i;e,ll WO(I(lr.d te~~T.llirJ.

d. OlNlta 1" s ~tl'etm·J~.i.1l £tiat:ut>e!E wMch i"!npe;d~ :l:he:n1,(lI\-e-m~nJ. of tnilifillFcJ' :I"1::,.rce.s~ r]'b~J7 lIre ,!IX! w,~l"rosiJ!l:g jml)l(lrt!lllCII'I in lil"Qd:aln"'i'1il'l:~ i~l"e-whel·!:'Ir.I:at~[!$ Qf Il'lCiC'hfJilllzcrl: ~il~i' a[-.e' eru])~O'~. AJ:t.hough

. . ~ -I'

eiri.~f:Iy ,f.~thr{lflb!!,'P. to t11::' der_fl".:lIUlf! Uiey may be 'O'T g)1!{if. impol"il.:fUlL"e

in J!-t'ol~t:'t.:i:l'Ig· the. i!u~ 'Gf <!J:.ti::ar.king anlta, ScifilC .0,-[ ,:tbe comi:moli. te.rl'fl:ltl 01''''' arille;:; 3J'e. nlolitlhdn!'l~ r i vers, hedles 'or ,Y;-.:!.:er ,m:a,l'}.h~,

]11: ' , . • U 1 it" l'

gu I,J.Slf', steep 1F!~. nes, '):!:U(I. X~NI.~r'l'e i'i"OOt s •.

e, llQ~~trf-8' ()f (ft)lmliim~~:t;at:i~'.Ii in ·~ud.e li~'Qa~ls, rft'ibri}ai4~\\1!~.te:n-'i'JifB ~ 'm] :Ij.nv~~y$ ntld t~lcii' i'M~iliHE'lt. 'rhey :1il'1:)_ iwpl1:r1tnn -. iil'boUt rriIellisr..1 ~ '~~nll cl.e;t~ns.~v·e··~p~rfLlti"Ons /oJ' the lIl;iIJ~'eLl'it'Jl'tof ·t-I."OOPS ~Iid. s!~ppllil's. Tl-Col.) il} small bod:ie.,:; U1UOiVt' ,~LC'rn s t6mit;ry rle:adi1y'!hl~t ill the <)pf'F'u:ti(i)lS of: 1111~gi! b~1131 :5 ui ii1Wi'., routes 01 eemm u]licnoon .a re f,i'[ v ibil iUl.p:oti-fI"l"!-ee.

41., F'flabu:l.'t~1jI st.rch ;:l" l)J"]d~!1:'~~ streams wood" nnd tou>n =. d1vld~p]"m~t]'c:lI.lJ.:r all t~.frtt in i'I~ I Q mOl'~ or l(lSS sepn- .. a te nrens, SUd:L an =P~M fn~quoe[ltJy 'c'Qnl'>:i"'t~ of 1l- 'to'fllley ly.ing betwl'ell f;vi'o l"id~s. or all (IIl~n :SPllee!Jct'iHI~1l twn woods, \V11~~ t(he ·te.l~l1i"];1il fenbu'f, ew~l~}s.ing: th.'~ :a,l'C;t p:~w"nt I~hof._.('l :13re lini:l Obs.(;l''i'!I!:B~OIl b:r~oi!'t, fl'll')tn P,,~!tlOU$ 'iOutscide .. tb.e !LJ.'i"',a is i!llI~L a C(Jm:p(irfil1M?r1t.

l\.. 0f.lJ.tll parh"J:iI{i-"lit'-or ,~ihich 'l11~ ]oI!b,Fll'r ri"xjso:~t-eRds Ri. OHl d ieectien of movement of ;[iI. fm~ ~, or j"B(:lds to\ynriJ 0[' l:i1to It 'd~r'efl ive pl)smon .!!,;: called n 'O(W"l'irj,()1", JI:1 gm.1!;!ral a ,ooF}~.i;[1ol." i~:voi:'S 1'];r :a. t.,nl ;khec:J!i14L~ -.it l~IU]t"5 ob .... .finrO'ltiol1l IInd(lli;~'L:it fit,[!- ~E.·iiJD1:r tile" ff:mlir:sbytbl;! ,dJe.f-e.ndl!a'. Fm:~n.tiu;r s,t.fUltLpoinL ot terrain, i~ is d,e'sirabie ti;;liit Ixmmla.I."1.'lS betw~~nta~~,]cal UIJLits .i:n th9 ntUtck: srn,i)111d ~()~ncide gmemTiy 'winl t'l.'li~b~.nnd;fll],t~ ·of cD1~t"itlOI'~:in arde:r 'dlatfi- 5h~gl,e ani t mayoonh~ol t'h(!tr~'raln, feaJl1il'l' I~-O~.rn. ,v:l~i';]nlirect fii'e ,c[~J.ilbe,b«Ju~ht to he.,<ll" on tt'(lfliliS ~\!ll'tlihi the.eOFt'i-dpr:,

Iu the defell:>e, b(;:tlIl_(l;niie~ 31--e USl];:iU:r llrJC3tecl '!ix'in'-lll eorrldors, To at55l11;:a unity ofdte·f~ve d:ig1?05.itj1f.i]l$~ tbe ])Olmd!lL"}, withinthe cerrldor should 'bill ~ci: lQc.'it(!:d_·,. as ·to w,c.lude within the seetor of a ~aclj l~~: I!!-Ill,t of <l.ppn>p',rif;lb s.b,· avem!~·I>'f. ap!:>rooch t.o tJleposition.. '11;1 1{)t;(t1eboumlp,rie.s withiin ~JIIl fivel.'llil'e oil: lJI])pfl).El;.cb dh:id.es l"Cbpon.fd"liU.itJ .al,tlitira:1 areas,

A 't:Oll1l'ifI.:rtmn~lt t~r:ll.fch, e;;:t6ni1lE ftC'tQ~~ t'llil: dil~~t10rl (If ml}f;.'el!lf':nt '~'I'l) :r'6l)(~, ~~'ID;\~'hith f'5<,~~IJit:i~ l~")J~fiH~l with it d'!llf~nj;i"li'C :l\~nt, ~S!. ~H,nl'!rl 'ell' '(~i~"I,;V1Ti,din'.. jCl:m;;-eo.l'rhl"':i,~ -!'~1'i:~1' tb!? d~:~~I$ll, l~~\"i'Q.ve~~[!::;d~ l~mw,;l!el1):eI1dktllOl.l· 'W tJll:l d!.l'tl:c'tiu(lor ~fi'l.'~l:!'~e- 1~1'1~~~ti: ]l]!. ~Jl:bl.d.m;'i'd.o deilll S1IJc.ee.o;Bi:~lel,'" will:! eJ]eIJ!m,~;;; ·of thfl-hoot'irl1l! IXl~]ii.:{!Oli, Dnr]r)gfh~ Pl;.dv3.1ll~ ~hC5'A ~~-5t~ oIrC(r~;he aitiMke'ri)Jd]~ttep. :fOll: ,Ob$~~·'1g::t:i,gD ~]~d ,nli:e, as '!{Ile:1:l, Il£'shclwr be:hif.!dwl:Li.ch be: may l'e:'O]~fl_nEl;~r.hi::':l Wlits ..

S!liPTLQ$"Y.~l -CONDQCT IN BAT'I:L~'

,U~ 1'11e cQ;mIl~i1,nd~r"s,!.d!l!;:']:!'ion:f(J:t .. Ms. unitasa wh,ole.; (lfin th{'; missi-Q]1 s,t~ ,SUhOlfd.illn,W 1:]:!J!its :!:ll!. :S1J.p poti:, ,o:f the (J,hcl~l:Oll~"""l'6 'OO'ft'll)]Jll [~·iC~~B(!.~0 511bC')Idh:IIl,~es b~ d (-~l' ,a:lld c·ruili2:ja~ IlMft:;ii' 'l:\'hid~ ,gil'eS U.l:e~Jli:.

- •. - I • I ~ •

fl,~~a~m ofl).~~iO:ll" aippl:opJijd~t'} t~; itJL~iv p~'of~~~.n'il It1l.Oi~¥[cdb~~ to, MH~ .situatiour to their '(lQ;pl3l'icl!~b,~]Hy); .1!:'J~~ t! ,the t:e).[~ntl! dC2i~"

{3,", A:fflm.: pI'oT]d1i1gioJ' tJl!fJ! 18SUfi1[1IGe '!il'! ,()~i.]e:J)·~i~ th,~ cO:lrul1\ln[l,r-r. l).~:il:{le.'l ]liJlmBeU whe.ro he can ~@,.",t !iXlmt~."(l] th& l;o.~lr.seof ,!I,i<Z:t!nn. m:nd e:;",~.u:t, his ]~ad~I':51d~). Hi~, COTIU1Ll=tmd. P(I.!iit l1if(n-d~ ,thill ,ail\'a1)!b!t~ ~f 'e.ff-blb!i~,,~hetl ;<;iigml: 1 C(Jm~DUn::iJ~Jl:[ Ion, V\7hcf! Q'PPf'lil'd!!ltll h' og'O!'!:'.?, .,.n d WUl!illllhis .pl~m:e ,tit then:QlID1l&nd 1]Q!St is ,fI,o'i:; l~;r-.!,,"VntrJ'- l~q~Llroo". he ·dslt.'i hi>:; ~mbord~[I;are' L(~R1mancl£!'5 JIJ'lcl his troops in order to Ilb-pir,e 'L"O~liiden"\e ~md t'i> ,I<I&~U l:eJ~ll!il]~eJ1 £ t1}flt his €Ircl¢ri5 Ill:~ lm~~r6itoocl, .and. p1"Q]~~'l'l.'!' ~xf'oC:n~-ml,

~~4,. W"h0.niil~!'" th,e 'COIH!<,HI:;ude:!.' le.~n;11.s_1ItS, ~onl.1It}f1HGlp'u.st~he: ,8}loIJM (1I'i~,.llLhh~ ii1tfllf:l~ es tp, fnTlli~~" llb.B~ tob~ fI1.ud@ol' H'l,e:rtStlJiJ?S h)btlah:r..1~ in 1U!l!t'k:lll~lt$xm. I::d" fn;lhlr'e l;lon~il!lh~lIl=~~,S, .;lIIa should infurm hie ,;;:~n-I[ wh~'1! hB rnn h~ l'e~~)uh~d.

'~iL ])lll'iTlg th Li'd«is}vc. pha~e, of h:"t:!Je,rL:Ille,pl ,l~, (If .f.h~ I:OlIllimana(~~" is XIVl'Jlll' Hu} cri:tl("aJ 1»oi!.l1t;. err IICt.~O]i["

46 ... A 'M1:mml,ul.[lel"!n.flucnlt;O$bh~ eOO:l"sl:!! I;)J S~b~(rtN~nt:'!'{lti~u ~T' his ~'Elnrteit::;;hlpj' by thE" ,],],;(l pf bi$~~I'\'~S, by O~ tun'p:~nt [~Il'~kl!iJ'Q:ffl:n;iU~;l]) :iil.n.d ,otJJli.lr&l!lliPod:ing[j:r~l 1!jlll:lhy It,b'B eDllIllt'~,yi'ltfl[]'tof l,'I(!rIlJblJ't'n1finh~)n

(lnd tI r.L~u~~'Q~d~l]~i.£, , '

41. l'bc, d!ll'ildQll err 1l~~.H.:j;~~t~1 QP~i!',ZLtjoll CIJj n !Seh3JerJ!llhEl ,l?1:c~iBte@,.

StH'!(lm;sfuJf!ng~!l!'e!~t"\'l- :SOIEL-e:~irm'S :p.l~gl'P.i8S: ,!;Cl' sJow,]y thl:l:~ the- ,~j:rl"" lTIRd('! nra no~i!'P!ned:i."lc,l.r 'I!l,.pp:n'eut A.tofrbe.r time~~, U~el Pl'O'g];e:;w 8'0' ks!. tha t the gl1 ins m:l~.e CSJf.]. be c:llp;[bii.l~liI'1ll onrJ ~J thl:l:!fl o~l aggn~{o'\i"~ ~nd :f'an~i.gbt-edleadil.l"Ship,.

'J'rJ1QPS !~re llse(] ~].Pi.'iipidlf iI)the, de()isi"'!;lphl!~i;:s IO!F flQH'lb!lt. ,l'his' ~Hrit~onmm;;1:. 'be .mtji(lll)a.~~ h.;y 'the: qoomll'lllncliel" l1:m1 his >;lo:Iff who tah t:t!:Tiidym~~.~me6.,fiO'r l'.eph~Deln!~Jldt oaf meIil: I]n~t:sy t.l!;!U1s[lIJrl .. ,;l,~:ld. w~~~jGn8.. m~d £01' 'I'C.pI!ilIli:S~h:;Hlent of II.IUmHEI.lt!On ITI;nd '(f~hcr :s;I,!,PlJiJies.

11

1Vbell tlJ.fl sitU:3itiOR _pe:l'1i.1itsb'~ilS _whi:bli ~m;.-e hlmn heavily ,eriI~i:il~~d are ![Iestc;d ~nd ~ol1'ga:n.ii:«.~ b(!'lof'~ooihgas:;.i:b'1ll.ed .11 ne.w -and.impu!.:i.c;.ti!tt

-SiEif.TI.o:N vn ~S'rAFF'

~8.- 'fb!:!: st!I.1J 3:!1S:l'St-s the coll1'ITIandm'; to I'li!~ 1!}._·Umt tba.t he I!fh.y :reqyi:~, -by fl'l:'o,·iding infnnnntion, data, and, ndvi~~ bJ' p~~"!lil'ilg dcQU]ed phLl1s·-and Ol'd(l1'5 in nceordanca "vith his dimetknls· ~m.d bJ '@JiiIilf'E'clli:illg,"Sudl.snpeI' Jsion ovesrhe e~ecuf;;ioJ:ll. [l,t his, Olft1el~ as llile .m.Ety p:~l'!~be. A ':.'!t~ff ,,",diioor1 -:IS .. s:ucib., d.o'133 not exm!'ci~~ c:(!:mmalliel.

49,. 'I'lu:l:~tF.lJr maybe div.hlifJ'd. into tva g!'mipj~--the. f!6:f1Jm':tiJ, ,·stu!· ~nd the ,~pemnll!.t-a1!. 1:1'1_ hu~g'3-lInits. t~l,e3~-tW-O se~iJ[ff grOt1p;1; llLre $llpit<~ l'al~ l~~!d_ disi:irect; in -~maru.!.!r- unim they me1'~ intd) ,ei"Ji,c:i1. othiri-; !LllcJL_ one 5tt1ff OmCI?l" jll'&[~1'~ntI5 is chn.'rgr-'!d " .. Ith dllti~s ]?~rt:'i.:in:ffrg 10' bil'th'

:s:t.'I,il'grO'Llp!!'. ' -

00. In e\iet'yll~dql!l;al'~~th01lI"1l ~sa c(mstSt.nt to nde'!l.~;Y ki -i:ntlilt.i.p,ly· P~l~)D.lIel, ,exI1i!-n(i the fi1l!i.~l=io_n-s.of 8t~O' -lildilninistl.\"!jtio:n !lDd ,i!JecIUTllitl.'t(flY l'eI.;~l"ds.'n'illd O'mce eqn itl(IJJ(I!:l"1t~ _'l'lu! (Ji):RlilnlJ.~ ?r. ~·s't: tJijj,(J:id, Mh ezp;a,t itm.. 11\ ' lUllSt organize ill he:u1lrlm'l."tQI'S 00 a'S M 1'!:L-"tin~i.ll. 'its:l'eallikmS£ f,t),!' p'l"Olnr.~ m(nl'er.m;mt;.;

.s:~'Ji'lQlii V I II COMR..4.rl' ORDERS

5]. r:phl! a.[lli:w.l'i(,Y. '1:0 i!',me on:lel'$ is 'au in]iettl.ul. ,lllU ,tioIl or eomn:I.and. ()il'del'~ ai."e-n.Ol"ID}:illj .i$u~·-t·o ne.tI; ~lli!J.:L-di.Gl!~k; ~amm:l:ooars. D :pg_~ sing tl!e uur.m~l .channels of c-QJOJUMld is (iCZiQ,["tcdto, m:d;~T in tlIl'g'~mt mtu,,'l'l"io~l::;', iru;ll.cll e_~:Ses [1(lith t:hei!oITIn}ttn,Lll~I' -i$S;~1ing' and th[~ M:i.I:li!rlnndtl" l'~i·'I'i.,1g' tl.1c~ 91-0.,('1' rltowd UQtifJ i u~''Ule~Lut(l cmnIillandffi.ll of i1:Spm.llOrL as ~ • ~ p'!]$ibl~~

52 . .orders ltliL.y hi3 itlmr- co:mpJcl~ QI: D'Il-.,b"IDlil:iI,hi:l:'Y.

I!'r],~ order is C01l'lp1:.r:lB1;\":!l[!!!] 'Jt ~Ol'C~':;:; alless iulal ~w.,p.~t$ and pli.lJ_re.;j, of tb{fO'j_Yfl.fl).tiUIL C(. pl(lte Q.rd~I'S i:ui;illll~ ,miss:ioIJsto aU 5UJJI Nlimn'~ nr~t-$ eh!l.l·ge-d with i:ha &XBClI.tio!1pi ~ctichl oper.Ltjl):ll~ in '0ill.·I'ying,out the cOffil:TIa:'mCla:ris pJ au,

]l;rt1fJraeiilw'1/ 01-dB]:S :tl:l;e used. w~.tm 5p!6i}tl ill d:clivary alltil'"Aoc'Utiol) is 'lll'l.pel.J:'a:ttll'e.If.:rnWRfID.fu.ry IDrde~ al'e issl1et\,-tl ~ivcly as the 81tll.nti.on developE! .lll:Jid decislo!Ils IlJ;!lil m'v'ii1e~ ,and OOII!i~ .. t ,G!: ~pm:'at6l! ]nS[i'uetions Lo on~ (iii' mote StLbO:I;'.rJJnR;t~ unill! p.E€';:iio.l:ibing Chil·Iin.rte~.1h is to play 1:11 the. ' pa,' U-().I!I. :~r -iii. the si:lpa;i;a:U: phases tJ.I_~m(}f. 'I'his pCOClJ dure '\'Iii'ill he Rl~f!:i~I in. di1~rsi,?!1S ,and. smaJ1m-units. F riL£1ncn~a~ 'OTI1(!1'S ma,y be either Oral'ot- ·l'il:,jt. n. Tl:ie:y ~~r ~onclse bUF ;!l.ot at6:u~

12

r..}..~n:;ru or· ch!J;ity I!!-Il~d {ooisrlon of (>$~,nljlll ill,fanna:ti.ou. Instl"tre~ ] i rms 'i~ucd in inl-gtnent'titi'Y olNlerl; mavbe l'ep~il.te(l in a cl.tlnp1etl'l B.9ld· 011101"1' ~)I: in ~n ;mn~x if-o.on5id{'!'!li{] d:E!sil':i'kI:~]~.

:; 1-1, 01'&r:ts ~h~iiild be oFiin:~l;ted sum ientil' ~fll'h"'l!m] h'il.f1SfI'l~ith~{1i in J$U"'h ffll~m ~s taper.mit subo<1'dimt;t.e' ~O;l1Iurf!l.nd(!. tlui fl1:t:xlmum. :pe:ri.(t(ts . to iroou[lnoiter~. ,~o l'E:Iim~,t;-B ~hei:r- own i:tl'l~l:i.:i;on· ~ to j'8l'nle illeil" ffi:'del'S~ nn ~;(lI prep,a.ro, t:he:u' trG!OPcSIOl'· {I.re ,oontem.!jlu:i:ed .8plli.l"~~tiOIl!.. COIl1~ numdm~·slw;u~d.oo fll"m t<dol . ..: ll,.U rlk"lIIlYs In)f~IUl, S1!1(}~, .,ili~TilFll.l"·

tlOI1 p-f-~i.lurs.-in their 10'i,~'el" 0ChelO1J1!l~ - _

5·1. lbl iatl.ail'f alituatl .. O'!lS, it: ml'il"'l:' 'be; uet"e~.r.1I' or d.e$'I:l'!I'~led:(j i~1.il~ ~m

L.r ~ .,

Ordt'ii' Ai l\\ICl.rJl. Q! iIociip!!l'l.ding 0lJe!.J~at.icm (wm' ing orders], .l\"'-!lrl.l.~ hog Qrr1~l' coutains lrk-f!(;'!'m::ltio.]l ·W h.i:d\ ,~rm!bJIlE ubo:t\:UI1~t(). 'O'ltlm~md('l"s to nHi;.k(l p!i.'.l·p::rra;tiijil"lsf(ir iii: toUref.ll p'~~u;e~l tlpo.r1ttiJ©n. ltE p:riuitipg,1 J?iiFp(k";e i ·[,0 ~in m.o Ill€! f'!il' pl'epa:imb)I:Y llm3lslU"es'and W C(l .. 1l'!~.1"Ii~ the. Cl!erl,.")' of the til:O(l!Il';;:"

00: .All· Girder 'should I'Jol]Il tl'e£p.HS!:i U[)(I]!l the PiffHr."~RU~' o'f a su..bl!lil.''"' d1J1Jl.te.. n, sh.mlM ,~.a]!tail:1 e,:eryUi.intg U~:!lit th.e swbol'rilil1:iII'he !m:tst klllow t C''lh'ry out t~ is" mi. '·i:ol!l ~ hl!l:1! n thil:l~!" mor ;

-,fl_ OIIl];ll!l·s·:musl: bfn1~11" sud expli it and. n b['ief :ISi.'S- eonsistent, "W:it111 rJa'rity' sbo1l."t gEll~enraii a:re ,e.:ilsi.l!Y~lmd<:l"$ton.t {Na:ei1.y ~ 9ntTi"'l f. 'n-TH)'t'l,lffnt tlun;. fiUJh/fl,iq!f,/!!.. The 1l10I 'lU~Jil;t d.]1!! satiation: file IfI'lfea'-1:e!I:. 'the need. fo'l" con ·'i~Ue&il in :the order, AT!V sNtem!!,ul: of reasons ior ~il8m'€~ ~iI.opted JioUlllCi be HnlftOO to 'W}lllt 1~ m:~OO-S5ary to oli[;1:il,l in 't.clligett 600];el·.Iltio,1l rll!um sl1bQ~il!iiIJ.ntt'_;_;;:.; -11[!i.;rdled instmcHons 101' ~1'?;1Xi,(1tv of eOI'l.t.irngellcies. r Pl"tlSCl':ipti(JrJ,jO ,tJ't:1t'lll~e alTl:f!'ttel' Df train]lll"'l d,!j '~ot 11l1ilrpire c()n6d~neo !lUg "hn.:'~ uoplace in an order. TJ'h-i,~] nnd :m.e~n]]l,~]I.'!;S eX~l~~OOlS dlvido ~6,'"pUi~lsIbi]:itiY md. le!lJct to' ~he edoption 0:[- 'h:df I1Hil~l>ltre- ·by subordinates, E,:-r9ggeJ'3tl>d and bombnFie 'ph roses imfj_te ridicule :mrl Wilken the. for ~,p, of .[ill l'd!~l". E;:oi:])!!"I!lSs::imIS a.'cb as atu.'lck v;:,g(mouf!;_lyl'~, if used in oiliclro.'$, ,m]'~ ]lOot on.ly "Vt':I'lloSil' andmsaningl ss, hut [end. to weak n '(he luF.'c:e of ~Ub~q;_l1e.Ht aI·a .~ iiI w"hi. h sueh~prt'~i!llrrs do not a.ppe<::rr. _

til. Oi.lle1'5 i:>boulcll pre>:c[·i.ibeon1y so flu' n'!'; >I}[ldJ:tioIlS11mIl.be. fnreseen.

Ord.e:rs~vhich. f-IttelElJ.t to.l'eg~[lli.ilite; ]([I~,t(O(l;rst(lO :fnr.:llll the. fl]t:l'I1'e result . . in J-r&)_ue.n cil.."l<D.6.'1!:S.. 1?l"el]!lle.nt. changes ill' (H'flm:'s m-edn'Hd .the means 1:1£ i:!;fnjl:l.c(lmmtU,.[,~;tl.ti(l,n. causa '(}OMn,.jon ,!!(mlm:ir-ilU1i]i!.[;·1"t11dmg, Im-. pose' ll~dl~s bml'{lsblp:~ en th'E!u['\OOpS~ m~d injucetheir Il1Qrn1e.

Orde-I:' ilS1Sl1Gt1. by Siritm.111Ilatessh (lU Id Jl:O~' lIB mere - petition of

til.> f:ll:Oil1 J ighGl" authority wIfIil 3Jdi~;iom; or their Qwn, ":ew (H'clel'S

rHr d~a~Qr· al~}(lH1oro SHtii;fatIory.

58., As n I"lde it :ils dceSll'ab]>e t.O .. kIliRip (lontem.p.i1:l.ied t1Joperrltiop,s s~~t 11.',_ lung, ., p-~Ib[e nnd 1"0 ·confin~ lr.11ow~ll'dg thercof toO .a f'Gw stn:ff

13

0!~l1!: and! s(~nior 00llUnannEll'S, HV\'Y!E!'!te<i,' IIp'j!I'l'l-ntl'y. inbi u~cion no UJdJ; should be,-in dOl1!l.ht lil~. tOi.wh:1t tlllEl ~.mm~lld{!l' 'W~j}$s '~t to' c\]O. 1iVbll1lever: lk:1l(l,w]~d:W of hls,iuwn.ti{);ml i;". nec~Sl~:yoo insure '~:Ei,e COI:I-p<watl:o;B oft.be;mlits:' eDga~'!Ii&1 'II, ,oom11li3Dd'i!r.'d,o~s not, hesil;ioo t~ di8- cliRiS th~ tJ?nU ,oo!noornreil!. 'I,gfihOr!ll;n~e oJ hiS :i.nh!l1t:ions ID:llJ' ;u.ftffl! lend .t,Q,.1na,u;tiv-ity. ~:n th~ ~l't. of -8l1bOroif!_.'Uesi.

5:g:. ·n J.~ impossible to pr.e.~l,jOO-, !~leta,il~d, i01:tns- of o!:uets,t,o nt. -c,""lllJ' tacti~il =ritliS tiQn. '1'0 :nte(mp,t_ tn do so wl:lldrl 1"G'lutt ',lin. a.h"~:gi,d, fotml an~1:8 l"olltinc ;fi:tyle of EQ<_p,l'QssiC:JIl W1U9h ,l'{M1d 'EiDt be in, aceord wit:h tbe,~ctic.:tl rCl]l),b:cel1'l.ents presented by ·tha t1h-el'~ si tll.m.tioml.hl!l.\t l!Lri~ in war. oro tj],e; lilXbm:.t .pr,acti~hte, hOiW'm"Eit;, It has: bae:ll found eiEcient; and cOllvooient t.Qclamfy c~:lIl;1b9.t o])(le'-A:s nCD!!H,"ding '~P tihei:l'

'PW',(HIS'e, and ,~opa ,[lnd,i'~)Tl" some of tbese. to lid,opt R. st:aIldlU'cl Beq:LI~Ilee of com.p_o;rltl)Q~, T.hls ,makm. for' ~lliSe {)flll1.U!lmst~ndiogl' tbe t!; \ a.idanc.e of o:misgion:~ ,F,tnd l:l1!ad,y r-!der~Ill'lCl. ,lii~OI'E!:{n'er I' expm'.ien e h:IS ;;;l]J()wrt tootliLJil onlc1:' which C3:!:1 iJbe m.is~mdGl,.;;tood, ""ill be misullcllenr100d aJlid, fbrllt, l\[loibl-ii'l.\w, thj:s.,dtlilllgnill'~ if;is' nMe.sEillF'J ,to -€QJ1.0"lt! e¢i'l;;;~.in, r\d~s ml!l:till,g to the d.esiglll~a.tion!j:, (Ii boundarles, a tB:!.'h. of 1:l.nm, ~d ;[Jla~ m.iili'm.ry Wl'inmol,og"v:, ahbtin'in:ti:.on:s~ d,eigm~tiDns: ,00:

Wllit:s! nn<iI th~ ITh:a.

:Gil A0Wl-CiXe.s: Il1ia:ybG-]&"'U:ll(l W1lJlIC(I'1'llfl);lUllYCOOl.loot mr,ile:-l'Si.. ,ei:lf.iel· 1:0]" ~l;' vit;y'" G~a:ri ;:r!, or s:imp]kii:;y~::I!Ol' ez::u:n.pte m!l;p~'- m'erhi.jsph~t'(l~ gn.plu;; ,:~H,ld sk~~!G'h~---I(J,t to [I.illp~li" lUIJ:t,im:Ll.fIlT aspects. {If @If!j 6p~l'atic Il, if the vlJJll1m,e. of detail. is too great for, ililJclll~ion in 01' 0,1'(1, r,' iliSl'l:f. 'I'h.e more w,o-bila the opern-tl@Ji ~lIe less opPQr.hmttj" t1ml"e will 'be. for a.11ll~Xes. IDem. an R.1IJ1l1\}; has limit~d distribution, t Il"min ]:11_ t,l'~!CUOn" ~ont!il,.inecll th,@.l-eia must ~ repeaom in erder to i[[sm.'€!

(:(I01-ill.nfftiuU,,, .

'~A. In 'e\~y ~nl~ ~t~uii'J~g op,e;mU9ig 'lH'i().(Mtb,t1'$ is pl~~Qi'ibed bi'y th eOIill:i:n~1n(i.'fi1: 'irhcil~~el' ]lrac.tll:'lbl~. This pfOootil1l:C 00i\i'0fS t11 B i: atnies of ()pe'['a,tioo~wbkh lend lh.i.lrn:~~h;vs to 8, definite. or druul· ,~tnii7..ed preeednre with()ut losa of cliecti:\"~m~5. The aiI(lPti.C'Jll €Jf sueh precedures W,ill$lV~tW:le: In the prC[lIl'l,ntt:ion ;i.ulcl~u.[iLn(!e. 0:£ midl'lil~ m.i:nin:tiz.e fiJi). chnnr;e;s fIB.' coafusien and errors ,~hlJlt under ;~t~ of c~]flb4t,~ '!ful!l!f g:reat]y,,~inl1PlHy and, ~Pr..c[itel tl]I'.) esecuticn ilf operfL~tJ.oll~ IiI 'Ijh:e -field.

S:r."'1I·I~lX C9]}DrL1ND FOSTS

"G'l. For convmue-!llf;e Qf iD:p~mti'lm, in ,ciUnp(ligu~ the -h~dqIL'\r" l"!S O£i';B b.l'ge. lmit is ~nC1-!i1d mt~': ~ f~orward s.nJ:i ,8, rear ;W&eJiI'ilfi, l'fhe:1l d~bl(), heru.dqID.!I.l'tB;r;,e; of miililler units W;JIY b~ si.mIlarly divld.ed.

'The .foJ:'Willtii. eeh~)ml cmr~j~t~· ~~r ,~he "i:<lif i!igunci,es l'111Il~('diprely re.qllh."Cd by OIl! 'Ii.iOIl.mH!.lldoer- fcw ;l!iSi tanee ill 1:JiCtlCf11 opcr.:ttiOli&; 'I'h~ rrn!" e 11.-1:'101} COlliitsts of h .~r.n-iIIj.l1.i:llg 'hu[l' ageltc~ whirh hnve I.lilrniflr'~trn.th'"e ~.i.1l1~s.,

(;3,· T;h{' . i/m:nv_u,d pM" ]S I:b~ 1l;l'CJlIlion of. Ute J!lIl'n':IDTd ~_hdUilJ of (~lt~f.ldq~!:liJ,;i't~f;S. AU ag:~.cl~. 'ij)f '~i:;pml t~nt~:IUII.lIi('fiLion Cllnt!t~I" ~,t ~b:e

GO"Qlnii.mldpp~.. - .

'M. Ell .n:1I.)' ~~.e!:t.~!1_ll (If"'1iI! epmmrrlid pafd;!, CO:[1~1Icnitio~1 ·i,s !l;,oi'lu!.lrl to thf) di"p{H;;i:ti~ll. of b'~'OlDS in th p]lmqf 6p¢.i~-;j tiOl:lS rf,t:!1ih!$'~of IJ:O.m.uliUniC:1iLt.l0Pt l'~Ili:remenI5 01.£ .sigfl.f.i.,1 .eol1l!l.llur':iCllti"tirJ 1i1ace' for; • .:tail ';iI,j:, iviti:esj WY'r'r.rfJ.nd. cQJite.~lmf;nt:. In tile ease of di ... ·iHiot.'1~ ~~ud. lar;)f i: ilJ1iJiit<i"tJ.l.e .J:l~:('~.~ (ll,e:,;i..'illj~ wjr.e l!i.IU~S i; hnpflrt~mt

Rt':Tll0t,~ I()(;iiHon of a CIJlln1'!l1tlld ! 05t win.} 11},·vcel;. to sn bOfdJi.!lll w.

UI:I1 t::r pJJl~-a ·MI. ~lD'~e~~!n"J~ oo.l·1I;1~~f.I ~ .tb~ 'lIT]en11;:'i of sign:!] com:mn!JJi~ c(:!ti:(m~ .cleJni.·F< Ule raft" tiissioD '0'£ 'Ilolile-E's and irtfoT.luaJUOD· II.mID makes tll(!·ti,~l c'D!!1tr"ol :ilim~'nJf.:,

Tlu'l1~.i,gh the' ·u'!J.e oJ mtlE.9l1' tll':!],n;:":pmi -a' colmtUtnd 'p:ilst clmlie moved quickly 6,\~I'a. ~·orls.ide:table dii~b;!noe. l~'.r-.eqnent I-umges; 'iu tbt: hx:ii.U.on !Jill: thlll ~!m.riar.ld :pcl1!;i; nT,a ~ 'I'oid[.i.,.(IIipaJ,tic:n!;lir-]y in lill tg;e nni,t:.9.,. llil.lldl,r:gel,mit9 he:i()..l.·~ :il e-hall1[C of Iecationn :J:l]k'1,,{1e,. th.e neeesmlJ' m(!uru; ,tli SignaJ.ID'!Inil1.~~l1k'Ht1Qn. :fo-rtbe .new OO:IDJ!UHld ['l0<;!~ "mllst l;J.e. r.stnblwt.etl.'

'65:, .t~ CO'L]]m:andil' -mti;i;f; k t']:l :m.peno.r nn~ SUhol'a:iilc(!1:fe unit inf·od:moo. Q.f tll.e 11~'I!JltiI1!1 bLll.d co.n.tem:plntod mO\""ellie,n-~ -o:r hi s ellmi!Hlnd. 1)Q~"t·

Iilt'''-. Each lar_ge unit unanun . '" the k~elI.timt .of its ,ea11Ifl!mmr:t posr 'a!'ld~ wheD.~~cti(.'.'1ll;t~e" thE ]'IX'fit;hl(D'i, ~J the ~UI1l1y~anJ~] post or eneh . .of .itsrnaj'(u' !'·:ulbon.li!lllt units, In l"apidl~~ -ill'O"1'ing situlfitio!1R; .it. Ill::!!.y 'be :[l('!{.~'r.y te Clil~d 5i,l!l.ml-diufLLe Im]lt .. if:o~~k'<C.'~ aDd l'epOl't the leeat:iOi:i.$ of their ewn 'fJ.lnIIJ.aml po d"'~ In <!."dosely eeerdinated opmmtkmJ1' :req_ll1rlrig tbe·IflQ.·e:!11ei:lr, uf .Cl,omm,~rt,d p'o~l!., e-:adi hl.r~ u.I1H 'millY des- 5gl:i,lite its; ·own i'lx:i~ of sib,'ll'[lf (~nrmillidd:]Ol~h)f [laming ·the ·p:~·obiible. 5ucC:~'I'e ]O{'J[-~ons 'of iit.~l."O'"lmal1d·pO"1).:~I'·fial:·aB sIllCb:iO(!~11;i{Jon'. can I"q~I~Q.tlf!l'blv be. 'iQ~'eSt~ei[l) m.nl _1:l'lril."l.T s"ilQ]]Ill.dy· 'niSSigi~ ID.H axis:. Ot: si:""ImJ

'CtluLll1lmi;.flti urto (!~L~h ~f' its" mltj'~r ~bo·l'dil~a-te"uliit's., ..

61. On the!TI!u'ch~ a COIIUI13ml P'D" may m.lIic17e by bounds :.Iton"' n :[le.s:i{{llfl.tetJ: n;I1.1it.1J n~' D't nUL)' m.o,ve nt a (lcsi~tlLte{[ .Pl!{,Cie in'9, column, 6S. I.Il. c:.ombal:,.t;hC']oc-;u,l.;ionqf c.mR.1Jl1iJ:nd 'Posts "fOol' !illiiaH 1m.i.~ :LI1 p~ij)!:\:i!nity to a good 'i;:Ihser\'~~Ullil post :lJid f'Dt ll!l.!\ge un:its :IDpl;o::mn.ity to a. ~nit~ble·l~n ling- .~.eld iis ,[].ebilE~h!c.

6~. Tlw' .ltbilit.y of lfledJcmIi,jzed~nits .8ndpar;a.ci!tltte ,(;l'oo,p"s, t'0 strike q,uk,]dym tel).:r. ~Ul'ef~£; ·iI,d..ie-dtl~ tb$ i1Ie.~I;;fof~Q\~lliit]ng Mn1m.a.n1!]. 'posts w'en i01CWat'fl, both ini..]m o.mmse.md defense, A forWard. Iocation

assures ;FJ" t'C'II'I~dn fiegl'e~' {l:f OlU!I:il'olilncl ~l"otect:.:lOi1 by the: (':OH11'l:!l:t i:rool~'· tl11J {It mmand .po.:;b\,,;riIl! t~O'l ~ ea.si1y be .. ,CI[t off' from the units ij... CQiltniJ ~ :illiid t] u~ne.t-\~e.'t'i!Ol~tcill.":91 tl1e ~·OIl:l:IDill~(l. i;;; lu:l-ol'lIbl, ICH:"lted t(Vtrl~~t nlp,tdfy ,dl.'n.Jllgiilg ~~t~ili.'lio!lii:s.

70.. "rile 1l1:ain:te:nlli.lli..\e oi,,;;-f.t:rec:y 2!f.t9.t.be 1Jcft..a'tiOO of. 'com,mnoo pests, p.i,d;ioLlhirl.y O;I ·l;u·.g;;:: lI.h1.~t.", is 9:[ gre,ni>."lml) ()]:'COJ:.1UI'6, "l'hi~y ru-e the SP~[l.]R.! . 6..lljlll·'til' oj! llO's~il~ lii:tpl:rnM-:met:han:L~d unit .. ~ par~lchlilte hri~]. '" Md ,c~"f.ali:.f'. Thh fmr,eai: m.l.1kas It: 1IT\~.!lary 1I0t only to PIDQ'v-idil:~11rit:y ag::li1l5t &u~p4:i'ro- i.ltt~ frem I~ifhe.rtbe. &1T: or wr-OiJlll:d" but 'a:i:w teu ~ gI e;L(, car not tediselese t1~ei:r: l(!1e~,IjIliS 'I] sueh tl'OIJ'PS:.· d.Q(!il 3lm~lI1.j; :£rnfJl tJ.Hi· ~1i' is (l11Didol" DlpllI'tlhllc'e. '!"rnilic in :m.d! lfillilt of. co;rmTI::im:d 110Sl! i:s rigi£lly .c·o:IJtiollcd. L:rn..mling fii![ds, deepping ~nfl IJir:l,-u]} gJrotOl(ls~ H11il r.a!J1io s,ta,tion:s are plllced.. at tl; d.i:.tt!LflCIi'i. Sigm; to .l'Il~lrk Ufull'ir ~OO11tilllilS !lull t'heh'out~", lh2MJ~};tre 'Ill.aed SP~g;'~ iugly-w'tln the diUl~oel' is gn.'e!llt~ not: a.t ~.; in P'lI(,e.. of signs b"l]id~ m~ I)OI!te61 to point lhu "fRY aJI(1 .1];I~~'i;gei."$ !ll"@.gi'i'8n 'Iutlr~ proo:i-~ ln5i t'[u,\.timl,'

Sf; ~~ON X'

~lGNAIJ ,C,OJlUH)1fIC!'\'IIO:N

'7l!. 1"l!Ie ejliciell.l i!X'IJn:J.~1l; O,:I.coJnln::tnd and .he prompt. L:atl.nsmis~jOJl iJii't1fiJr:IIlR lOTI and in~i.:nlc.t~()nS reqniee the "bl.h~\,]]Jill~!lt s : ,-1' tslinhle ' ~11 imP 'I!l,:f s:ignal fJ JID1.iUlllWltI911. Signal eemmunzeation is effrmed b,Y ~h1'1i~] "[l!l.BoJl.U:ll;lUfl h2€ ll'l}.l~~f.-"Ie.l's. Euti:r~ [l@.pemdenw caunot. be l~Ia;M...d lIpOrl allY Olile lllIl41ns· :nItel"rul.'h~ me!ll1£ must be pmvideG.

T~ Ev I'Y COm.lllJi~M~i3l' i!i1 i'eE]?IJIl.51ililo for' the establishment uad maintenanee Qi' Lhfil sigmtl C'o:rnmnm.irnoQ'u ~. iE'll1L 'Of his un]t and for il~ A.li 'i!;!Jlll .ol)ru,.uloi:l as a, fi'~l.l't of the: -y-tem 0:1: the nm hig;};~el" comrnaad, Signal /':'OIliltnlfli(?ilI~~tHm $Y5t:!ilru mastbe ~i'n'1phl ij]ex,iblEl rome! prop,{:':r:ly us "J..

The est,,' li"bHlcl1t. and ll'I;flintC'JlnIl(,6 of sig;]!!ll cemmuuieafion between ::iUpeF.LOiL Il.n.d. !!ll~:lT(fi!t,de units ji the l'~spu~!Ulibil~ty of HliEl Sll'~l'l r t.:.o[lllmuJdl!I'j bet-ween adjal,"flnl unit ~ iliL"Il.d.Cq, by their oomrnen sJJpedor.. A. Ui!I.1t :S,J;,lPl)Orting jUlol,h~L" :by £r~' is N5punfi;ibl~ fm' the ~"stnbH":lr'IUeti, and 'millnteil;Hl~ of ,slt.."i'fiil! eommunieation witb the

• _. ~. r - -

fSU P [1 ~ll.·t'e d nnit,

Ii!, The various liQ.l'!lll1$.' 'of £igt'l~'1I!I OOlfnl'il,[E![~.h:mt·ion ~tre f':(JI i;!'[tlploy.ed thal. 'they ~l)p~emen,t e.a~h otbcr. rrbos-e n!quirlIl.g great I ,xp<'.llditol"e oi" ,eirud and.m[l,tfu.ie] are not,IJilsl1l.ll(l.d when n~s SE!'rvjrn, reqnh'ed M,rE bl; efroctili'lily perfu!tl'iled oy le ,ej,&bo.r:He, means,

"'l~. 'llfhoo he.'ldqn:it,h:m~: 9.1:: in movemellt ~ignfd eomrmmicafion is m~mb[illed lJetwlcen a~.ld ,v!thi11Loolu::ral~l~vl:ne~ms o~f 'I<--ehi,eW:'[r-.r rsdle, ~h-p~ii:IIleSj lUl,d_ motor Q¥ !llOUflled me$CJl.~Js. .'

16

76" T11 Oliflll.mnd. po-,::IJ.;;·;J_iHl ad~'flnC\e m~::tga ,(!:e-nt-e.-rs: ;11'e. 'the iP;oHb61 ):lU]]'l:ts.m dl(l:il1 iti.~ll in:; la.U;nt.iOl'J ~) f the'~i ~;I1d uo,m_rrnm ie:n i.tlU sy:Jt~u'J;. ~m:lr ·liIOl'lD-ai..iQ~l.i$ giten ~o Hi"' si"gn:fillor tolIlmncic.'l:re:n Ol:1:it."ell' I)~ Ii; 1Ulit N_l!ilt.h~~1 .0 pr,Qjm.-tL>il o:IJ'i?JI:u~i OJi 'HJld tnlC, locaUon ilnt!. ,mOVeI1tLr:nt. 0 f ,', ·Hlln;I1lJl.PQ~t!:ii in .: rli~ri to: .f.oli:ilit8te the l11"ilinpt ·e. ~h~i. !uneiliL ![If f.ig:m.Ll i;ommu.nicatl"Q!).. T1:II:~ .neceSsal'yi BS r!:.C'~,i6iIJB "t.h~J)l}f,{lE' {I reo PI'S" p~u·.L1itb£ ·th~~'I!l!n~~ sl.&lla1 ~F.'eOllil:lll;u:~ii!.:~ti::aD officel!.'~ in;[!it CI'!.-clnIllMW]t~ th~ ~:H~e-&tilJ!f,I~ of tiLe, c(im~l1axlille[;,. Gol!timIJ·nillia·ti'fii!I'L ()'Hke:s of fl:l:i[be.I'

...:. ... . . -. ~

llnit s :J:il:i.<i;iJlt:iillll (;.10'00 'CQQPUll!:i-lOl~ witl ~h ,:>igrid ol'diom_rnuroJi£l!l,t~,on

,~tmc~' 'hf th,!!.~lmT:din~t~uni;l-

'r(j·.J{iA.'i'f2fr.(!(;ii1ftT~ ~r,e. O[) ']'l1teUi ~~·he commnml pcsrsof nll :nU]'ts d.oWIl to :snd :i.i'i~lndhlg h!)ttal:itl,llit and lit the Ea:tiT t;'"cheltms ot hcn,tlQl11WL fi?'m ]f1J"2J:' WJ1Is: by :the -sign;~l em]iUUln:iicflti.o~n l't'rs6~H'i.e1 dJ!l't"ho C'Q[mi'llilll d. ).Jj~SiI.Ji,."": 'l:C:iLt~:$."a:,~ the conrl:Li!.i,;:m~ler an d ~tl1liflJy OOQlili)111 Hltg tlll··' t mlil81lIirJi_$i.(l,n. 'o:f·.:~t~i~g· o·~d.m:s.l 11lpcnts_;ID.nd OH1~i[' D!.l'!S-, '<lgi3. wlLh,[ll! avaa<lll~1il ~;gtltll ag>U\d~ ,nnd h!i'·OOq:IB.di:ti11g'th~.cl!.e:1ilf@;ry or hi' ~ming 1l1tl' ":lgC:., h. :gtilfi~·ri]~ th o,l!'yp·b~rt'ipjd.ng .('Hl!ifcilOCl'YPU)g[:'L,~hing OfUl;es.jlllgc,. iI,il 1'1"1 'the :n .. .s;P9'mlibility of lli'Elwes."".llf,"e wntFr.

11. Aft '~~t'@ 11O-·1:$Ug.fJ C'. 'It,iel'& are ei:{;;1blil'h:Nliwheflevr:r TleMed f(jr thcrll'Cilpfiou mid .: ~"h.y of ml($ages~ rI1fOJ.'!.1m'[i.o~~ its l6 their Iecation i.. ah'\~i~Y;:; ·tL'3USIJ;littC'.] to flll:l tJ.:l;lQL:r.:::

Adnu1L-e l'l:I!:"~:;;ilge, 'ntel.'l;"aI~ £l:elluen~ly· ~nployed ill Lblt I.'ecfllnullti!;I:!i:H1C' OPo.F~It.lml. tlcf Ja'o'ge,'lbli:t~ D:s' eoU~'"1:ing'1l9iuhs' 1.nJ: me; ~ges of, svvei1~,1 r, cunnn i .-"Illl:.e de:mch.meJI~t8.

78, The mCQl~I,l,fotl 0eul;P,]' is net l"f~ponsIWe, If-OI'tlu)~ J]]~~'i.-b.-e::;: whlclJ, ::aL~

./Z" 'Iransmitl~ed {].ii:eetiy "I)~'? the 'I'f'"ritet' to the fIId(h~"- ~,~ by k]epbtme

. 0[" pN.'i5Ol1f!.1Jl.gen y. ,.

b. HAndIed by the ulilil.i.:i'Y QJ' "-i viI J?<i~htl &.-ni~,

e. Loo,,] m-es, IlIgcshet\lI"en strtl1 :-edins of tho sill.IT1fi! .11!~ndqu.tJ;de~ JIJI~;d-ed 1\[ the $::i'lUi'~ plaoe,

7ft The mes::;n.g1l o~nter (,ran 1>.1111 its mr..~,g~ .In.·a;ecti:r'drmh-= wi~ .the: e181!~ifirll:t"ltiol'l'<ii~1W ui,"gl':llC-ji' :iil1tWc.t W. IJ~~We. ·'ll:1I:.iI~~l:.

so. 'he~· if'it~l' does n'l'l't(J,I-dI.i~hHly ·<dl!{:;ig.lla~e tllep. I'tiC{llllrmeaf15 hy ;"hid'l :n; :1lI,lessag-el:; t.o 1m ~.rut.. n hi ·tJ,C$lJLti '[1. l1~eSS1_,g~ U"a.o.,.mitted ya ]lill}·tilIl:U!:;U· luean .. n!! 81;1 ma:l'lili·.1t ..

SL I'Iiel'lfJ of ~ignaJ c!!lJl!it)Jlm.h."~i~ion jnl;!]lld:~ win~ rl:!.dwjo \T-iSJ!,lr~l and sound 0 mmun1Cli1:tion, P~gC9I16!. a]l'p]:lll~!. ;[11'!:ll:r.l.I.l~$e.ngc~

S2.Wir€l comm l.mic2rtJQJ,1 (t;.e:It.\'l)"h"iJrlIelt~[~grnph i:flc:ud~l~,""pb. printer) On.~itllte51.l1!.e blltsj,etcr;:.hnichl meens Q:i" signa] .eommunic!ltioo. I[![l"U!!® Inf'anky oi :iLiiO:Ili . .a:.ndthll butga'lfn~t 11~d,qlllIDi;teI's. It, w~.n :mJ.l,t! .. however, nlW"IlYs be: nYaH~b]1li Jo~ 61g;ria1. ~QmmUni(mtj"n OO!ave.en fon1(1S ()pel'tiltin'g lit II. t\OOlISid~~ljIG. d~1;[all,t'e 101:001. :~.clJ. oilieI', he,t~eill

17

~l'lOtJIj wlli Is 'ar.ul 'the hjg~]er cQIIinumll en flIe II:lM-cli! nnd .. lIIf!t\'i''l'ien th~ ~d~::llileer! botllps wli:lilli!1l.l:'ea;r in tlomb:at. Rapidly chn,ngil1g 5ii;J~iII1i:ol!1s, ~t:b. ~g '1I'1'~~, ,m' reb~tl ltIf5ilciJ j, the, -p~a'cBieflibi1iiQr=flf i!t:. cmp]o·y;. ·mn;n.t TIJil pl)Ss'i.hilit,y·:o~f ijtilnl'6ii;!:l f!lID"tl~rin. in 'C1~~,illl iill IDtliintimiR !nlIllit ilhc lxlifi.'cliloned. ~i~~ ."l.r~~-y9;tell:uBllS. t:hc'i'wf6i[~ ,beill"ll)?,plolJitm:ted

.. by o,th.@.!'ruE':!It~ •

.Al~OtI;h. '!.'IITre 'lloimn~caUpn is 'a, ·~"l.'el;rl!ive;]y ~:fu mem:il6;,. 1.l1~Te' is a\lw~ys ;the p~i,bilitJ of moslile: iint~l'ee.ption. \'fh~n' snelr intereep;l;~O:lli, iis:pn!lctt~blc, it. is inllrl'\i'i~..I.h]e'~ employ 'W:i.~~ eO!ill.lllum.;m.:·,oJ]! fut ·fhe··tr:mm1~WTI. ill dfl~ir text of 'Pkill!S:-,'r,<hie"h i:!-l~ .11:0'1;.[0' lie '~ccuted

i!n,~~iF,\,teJy. .

S'1L' Ih,~o <'~'rrlmllllij(;ntiO:l:):. is :~~6.i3Jl:y fiPIjl.ib::{bM~ m spcl:tiing di&.:- 1~ilces b~twe~ wid.ely :8~'in-a~d:j:'riohaef(Jl:l:e!Jl;l:retW(,'il)} ground aIi;l;l air, and, in th~' fire~sW'i,!p~~'Qil!l of the .f;IliI",al'd. :u'e;a" Ii; is '100_ 'vUlT!! rahl~ than wilie:·6tlmiTI~!Iucnfi{mta·hos.tlle :£i.t-e~ aUG. 1- ! 1[ler:efo1:'el ill- VII[1I·ab~.~ E!llJ?)]?leu!i~nt tQWil'e !;y.:lm]ffi, ill cOll(b:Jit. It, is: s ibjoot., h~werve:r~ 'b~, s!:liI.ti~ .to hostile i]Jt~de;~.'CI~G~1 tOy inta-:c-ep,rLi.i:ll!ll I :alld to leeation 'by tJ~e mC}ny.

IlliC):oep,t.i,mn;of ,~ajo"Ji:rt"~~S"Jll1;ui!the pl~l!:med. D]"i'f~ 'on Inu~ t19 "ll:Ee~l e V\'!iL in me l6eiI11.ung of nle,SS:lg,e& ill code 0[' . ipiIElJ'·., "\i\ hl.'lU In~qmf.'tAllel:]iO!IlI: i;'titUfl'd fQl'j i:h~ CO'I.(tll~~tudel· m:lli>'i; odI.eci 113 '!;v'he IlH,',i' tl'l!!.'! -~'0Y - 0::[ SIIDr:ling thE.'l:p~e~~ in Ole dEJal: btI~,l'Ilel.~hsthe "\7llb:u~ W tl~ai<m"'!n'Y of mf{pooatiti.11 o6nttrim~(j. rlilere.in. R::adi.on·l)nSlfni5i11on jn lJ16C· 3,;l' i jl.ill'itifi~t in sjbm,~i{ni . \;vL.ed ill~' hlme"\\'i!Ml"llble toU,ie mleIDY is hu Iffid:ent fu~ ,e... ... pl~i .d;iQ!l of tb~ in:[OI"JfLlatlnn' ntaw\'.di ;rn the m~s~tge..

Darb kg: c~~1n~ll . .:p.l~~iil of qp'OC!1!:t:iousl !~e of .['8.c1:.1o tl:l.oot be :tFjgidly m'lhirt d 01' ~t TIHij'·'Jenb~ prQ<hlb'il~':d! b::!" higher e Imma.nd(:(i.~,

84. "\TiElta.l 9g:JllLh,lllmnu.ci. t]OD (1u:n:~J]- g.:ill:l'll'oteclmjjcs~ l'),jn~e1,,) :is nol "uita:h]e fill.: long m~~~ Ol" c;J\'UI' ]mIg ,lI.isb":Il.ee£ hut; 'I1!1'i . :5 'l'!S}_J~~ .(;lid a[ppHcrLil0nrol" C(JInllllUnJ.(:!lting 'X'.iJhin 'aJI!ld 1rIeM\~.eJ'lJ smaU nuj~ and \V Wh :ll,i~'l1lr,me:l,by ~,few' :shore si;b"lltlls m. acl:tlli'wult:(1. "i'ri,tli. apreirl"fIj~ged ,- de •.

S';" Su,lIlm:l 'CaTII1D:Ul.n.lI!'I.Lti.Olli lStlS>e.Q chi y to ~P' ,(:O~U.~ ·om ,).1- 1'11:1. as

[,!, • l~rt5 j} .i3ttra.iit, atti~nti:on, 'aDd tu trru]~rrit. sh(}:~ pr" .tl:'irln1,~d

j.riffi:m."'tl~" •

atL H6wlng :pi~~~ ,c%;t."t :3,!.l!leu:[[fi; Cl,f t'tlmmtll:Ut:atiJIg ft~ m f!.'()CJ~ tUl'thc: I'(l1I.l' when, U]'C'I" means lhfi;'li-""(! fJlH(jid~

8'1. Ail~pl.ane III '-' e!lger;; l:Ilii.y be ell!lp1(>J'~cl w:he.1il di.E~3Jlt:e~ i.l.lte·I!' .... eniflg: old.a~]es OJIhc I~P"QtI!Ild, i?1: other' beto-~ 'Of Hie sitnati upre· ... ·,~.ttho: use of other :me,;,i-1~' or whil"1lJ ~mO!le rapId. ~r:ii"lru.-msioll is. r~i_lh:iEJ;d Hamlru'l,u ;b~ ,utlb:cnli']~ ,a,ccQmJPti~~!il..d.

. .itt;

$. Signal eonummleetlon b4.l['\wn. .rlu'pl:m ><:: f[:nil: grtlllil{l is ace mpl.lsbed by .wentLS. of r~ruo"visu[llig[J:!118t .lilld drop ,~,l pil';k~lrp messages. In eombat, dl'l0'PI ing And pi k-up gl'uwc]s M"C \\Zi.t;ibIi~.hel1 :o'eaI' lm:i t eO.lllll1D.fllln pests ,~k l~(jiu n lied. On i:lle .mm."911, the,r itiI'C e-sJa~b· J:iffie.dr[ot.1!l1.r' the loc3:t'ion ]' bi~l1 ;r COJnmaID.d rsand at PQi~ aJolg Uliir l'Ol:me of maDaD, ·Th.'{)11pirng IIDd p,jc;k.up ground" !U'll iJe:rdJned. by the disp;!,ay ofp:meJs. ~lo:v.i1'J.g. ve.h~.t.le~ ,.C1e:;i~~;ri~W ~tpj r~eii!i1~ dJlop:ped m"mjlg~~ [ll'e' J)l'ol'I~'edfi!l.c;llL.nlS: by. ,yll]~~J~ tbe,y (;.otll he e;l:illy iililllti.ied.iJromi::he ·ait~. Aiil]:I.m.nes Dr flight -IDll·Y :.be.' u!led to rel y :r~di.o mess;..'1g~heLwem ground .fm;Cffi.

ISft· Solilll l'cH5mc.e· eannet b~ plaeed upon taE! tecli.n:lcfll mel'f.llS ,oif: il~gna] CillIliITlllUi -~di!)n.. Their ahsenee or i:ailm:-c ·to fUn:eii~r~ oes ~ ... ~ rull1w thll oomtmmde:r (fJfhi2: :r:e:;ponsibility of' keeping JiriglJlel.';:. ]o:wer, and nil.jru(1I2tn,t uuits iniOl:met;l of the> sit'l!l:ilti,lltli. Ea.(;·h. '0'i'11- Ma.nille11' pro.videa :for the tnlJ.lSWJ.i$~i~¥1 of onl~J;:lS, M'orll1;l.tion~ and :!!:',epOl'W by mean!> of ures1;en~rs,

90. M~!JtI@:cl'!>:n"e- dir:;rmll.c.bil by \'I!I.e mooSt ~.ffi.cle'l1l; me:ms .fif~;nln~pori; a::v~l.ilnJbl,l'_ 11:1. hasti)o t;iH"r'it.m·y .it IE;fliY 11!f;j ad:v.a..ut.~~ge01't~ to nse :aJio'Pjan~' '01: Ittru.ore.d'i'ebi:d~" In: to p,ro'i'Id~ un .,O],rmed esem'j;:, .tIl tombat!l·mOllUnte.oLi[~ bicycle!, mDton:ycle~ :n.ncl m.(I~or ,tIl.eSS.e:l.1g~u'. nre emplo~,oo as- :EM," .~cn,rwar(h .a.t; h~ttle TIM and.' a~~a'&i:n ~[pen:U:it;, RnnnID'I:Lu:r,e ru:ed. ill iiltemOl'B ad.l·an'ted units.

fll. Fo];". ,ea'li1ffi"mg li)~ di$blW!:Sr l:eJIl~ of .ll'H.'f~[J.grilI:·6m{l~ bec:omill neros::..···lry. 1Vhen l'e1u,)"S are .e!!·t~lhlis.hed, .rn]ny (,(lOn OOti~lg" PnJ.S . are ~El'l1illly .plalL'M Itt. ,v@'I~-m;ru'ked }DQllUS o'l!!~be mti~~n~~!' l'f)llt;-es,.

92·, Im1POrt:mt rnes .• 'ges nre ofbm sent byhru 91' nHn:~ TIl.e. !;'ll,~tJi!, l!i1ho ·t'.1"'alilcl. s.ep<Il:r3,t~ly. Ofl'lc-e['s-:aredliIJJl~·lliJred(o.r the. t[':o.I:iI:;mi~iool of im:PQrlan me,"'"llg('.~, wil,en e.:q>lIlIlatIl;:m, !')elai:rv,eo tJlc ~tullthm.o.!I· additionill infm~llI:l~,ix~n is ;TI~{[fih:ed.

;93,. "he offiee,ll' or nQncoIl1t~ionl?d ,officer i'!3l}11.tclli·ng: It 11il~6I1_(ll' giv:e.'>:him necess:Lf'Y 'i:l1sb~ct1:o:iL,> ~ q~t.ill~iioll,! rout4';~rl.i?iil of m(:l~:':' :nw.n~ 'd~Hlgello][ls :points to. 100 ~')7(l,id!Gd, pbl'l.::ewherc tile:"' .ilS tQ I'~lJQ1<t idt& delillel'Y (!If th{'\llleSlH!g~.),~ 'J11t s j.8i 0'1 e l~d.ll-li!ll.ln)Ot';Hll.re wh~:w ,~j?C:j1·pr:ecauti(lin$ pDfn~Lm:t. Ui~ 'V.~ of clt,fl('(:t.i.tm.a'I_5i.gn$"

9t. Mel85,em~l"S _l'a.m.ve jJte t·ight-o\f~\'i"~fY and must be gl.'1"tm fill pract.icahle- a~igd.a:ll(!. AU commanders will 3.98U n1e,~~uge,!I~ i11' EJ;Il.~dit;ing ;d:e:Hve:~'J' o:f Rll1$:t"g8:$.